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{S>g|~a 2016 AยงH$ 2


efØeÙe JeeÛekeâ, efuepee Fbef[Ùee šerce leHexâ DeeheuÙee meJeeËvee veJeJe<eeËÛÙee MegYesÛÚe !

{S>g|~a 2016 A§H$ 2 ueerpee-Fbef[Ùee ns efveÙelekeâeefuekeâ Des.Sce.F&. HeâeTb[sMeve leHexâ ØekeâeefMele kesâues peeles. lÙeeÛeer DeeJe=òeer ceje"er Yee<esle ÙegJee ®jue DemeesefmeSMeve, veeiehetj ceeHe&âle uesKebeÛee ceje"er DevegJeeo keâ¤ve ØekeâeefMele kesâueer peeles. cegKÙe mebheeokeâ kesâ.Jner.Sme Øemeeo Des.Sce.F&.HeâeGb[sMeve JÙeJemLeehekeâerÙe mebÛeeuekeâ šer.Sce jeOee Des.Sce. F&. HeâeGb[sMeve ceje"er mebheeove ollee heešerue ÙegJee ®jue DemeesefmeSMeve, veeiehetj DevegJeeo mecevJeÙeve hetCeeacee Des.Sce.F&.HeâebT[sMeve ÙegJee ®jue DemeesefmeSMeve 23, oeleerj efveJeeme, vÙet Decejveiej, efÛeKeueer jes[, ceevesJee[e efjbie jes[, veeiehetj - 440034. Heâesve : +91-712-2743972 / 2743986 Fcesue : info@yraindia.org JesyemeeF&š : www.yraindia.org Des.Sce.F&. HeâeGb[sMeve veb. 204, 100 Hetâš efjbie jes[, 3 Hesâpe, yeveMebkeâjer, 2 je yuee@keâ, 3 jer mšspe, yebieueesj - 560085, Yeejle Heâesve : +91-080-2669 9512, +91-080-26699522 He@âkeäme : +91-080-2669 9410 F&cesue : leisaindia@yahoo.co.in JesyemeeF&š : www.leisaindia.org cegõkeâ : efovesMe «eeHeâerkeâ, veeiehetj cees. 9422119631

efuepee Fbef[ÙeeÛÙee ef[meWyej 2016 Ûee ne Debkeâ ceje"erceOÙes ØekeâeefMele keâ®ve DeeheuÙee heÙeËle heesnesÛeJeCÙeeme Deecneuee Deevebo nesle Deensle. ceneje°^ele ØeLece 500 heÙeËle DemeuesuÙee JeeÛekeâ Jeie& Jee{tve lees 1000 Je Deelee 1200 hes#ee peemle JeeÛekeâ Jeie& DeeceÛÙee ÙeeoerJej Deensle. keâener ceb[Uer lej Jeeef<e&keâ Jeie&Ceer osCÙeeme GÛÚgkeâ Deensle, SJe{e Øeeflemeeo efuepee Debkeâeuee efceUle Deens. `heeCeer' cnCepes peerJeve Deens. peeieeflekeâ heeleUerJej heeCÙeeÛeer iebYeerj mecemÙee efvecee&Ce Peeueer Deens. ns DeeheuÙeeuee ceeefnleer Deens. ceneje°^eceOÙes lej meOÙeeÛÙee mejkeâejves `peueÙegòeâ efMeJeej' veeJeeves peuemebOeejCeeÛee cees"e keâeÙe&›eâce iesuÙee Je<ee&heemetve neleer Iesleuee Deens. heeCÙeeÛes mee"s efkebâJee heeCÙeeÛeer GheueyOelee Je Keeueer peeCeejer heeleUer Ùee hes#ee heeCÙeeÛes JÙeJemLeeheve veerš vemeCes ne meJee&le cees"e, Keje ØeMve Deens. Mesleeruee heeCeer hegjJe"e DemeuÙee efMeJeeÙe heerkeâ Glheeove nesTÛe Mekeâle veener. Mesleer mee"er ueeieCeeNÙee heeCÙeeÛes ØeceeCe lemesner cees"s Deens. Flej GÅeesieemee"er ueeieCeeNÙee ØeceeCeehes#ee pejer les keâceer Demeues lejer Deefle heeCÙeecegUs heerkesâ Je ceeleer Ùee oesvnerÛes heCe vegkeâmeeve nesles. cnCetve heeCeer ¢ee DelÙeble ceewuÙeJeeve IeškeâeÛee Mesleermee"er MeeÕele Jeehej keâjves Deepe DelÙeeJeMÙekeâ "jues Deens. meoj DebkeâeceOÙes heeCÙeeÛÙee me#ece JeehejeÛes DevegYeJe uesKe ®heele Øeefmeæ kesâuesues Deensle. lÙeeÛeer hegvejeJe=òeer Deveskeâ ef"keâeCeer JneJeer. ÙeemeejKes Depetvener JesieJesieUs ØeÙeesie MeslekeâNÙeebveer keâjeJee ¢ee nsletves ner uesKe ceeuee ¢ee Debkeâeletve DeeheuÙee heÙeËle heesnesÛeJele Deenesle. DeeheuÙee Øeefleef›eâÙee DeeceÛÙee heÙeËle heesnesÛeCes DeeJeMÙekeâ Deens. cnCetve cegöece Ùee Debkeâemeesyele Gueš šheeueer Øeefleef›eâÙee/ Øeeflemeeo efceUeJee cnCetve Jesieueer meesÙe kesâuesueer Deens. ke=âheÙee efleÛee GheÙeesie keâjeJee ner efJevebleer. mebheeokeâ ceb[U

ueerpee cnCepesÛe yeensjerue ueeieleerÛee DelÙeuhe Jeehej Je MeeÕele Mesleer ØeCeeueer nesÙe. pÙee MeslekeâNÙeebvee heÙee&JeefCe&Ùe meblegueve ve efyeIe[efJelee Mesleer Glheeove Je Glhevve Jee{JeeÙeÛes Deens DeMee MeslekeâNÙeebmee"er ne Skeâ leebef$ekeâ Je meeceeefpekeâ heÙee&Ùe Deens. mLeeefvekeâ mebmeeOeveeÛee Je vewmeefie&keâ Øeieleer ÙeebÛee Mesleer ØeCeeueer ceOÙes ÙeLeeÙeesiÙe Jeehej DeeefCe iejpe he[uÙeeme kesâJeU keâener yee¢e ueeieleerÛee megjef#ele Je me#ece Jeehej ns ueerpeeÛes lelJe Deens. mJele:Ûes Ghepele %eeve, keâewMeuÙe, ceguÙes Je mebmke=âleerÛÙee DeeOeejeJej Deeheues YeefJe<Ùe GpJeue keâjCÙeeÛeer Gceea DemeuesuÙee ceefnuee Je heg®<e MeslekeâNÙebeÛes ns Skeâ Gpee&mLeeve Deens. Meslekeâjer DeeefCe mebyeefOele IeškeâebÛÙee menYeeieer heæleerves #eceleeJe=æer keâjCeejb ns Skeâ ceeOÙece Deens. Skebâoj Mesleer ØeCeeueer megOeejCee Je yeouelÙee iejpebevegmeej lÙee ceOÙes yeoue keâjCes DeeefCe nesCeejs yeoue ÙeesiÙe Øekeâejs Deelcemeele keâjCÙeemee"er ueerpee ns Skeâ ceeie&oMe&ve Deens. ueerpeeÉejs MesleerÛÙee heejbheeefjkeâ %eeve Je MeeŒeerÙe %eeveeÛee keâeUpeerhetJe&keâ efceueehe kesâuee peelees Je heg{s lÙee DeeOeejeJej DeeJeMÙekeâ OÙesÙe OeesjCes leÙeej keâjCÙeemee"er ØeÙelve kesâuee peelees. DeMee OeesjCeebÛee Jeehej, Øemeej, ØeÛeej keâjCÙeeÛes osefKeue ns meeOeve Deens. ueerpee ner Skeâ mebkeâuhevee Deens, Skeâ °erkeâesve Je jepekeâerÙe mebosMe Deens.

cegKe he=‰ Heâesšes : www.nrega.net MISEREOR founded in 1958 is the German Catholic Bishops' Organization for Development operation. For over 50 years MISEREOR has been committed to fighting poverty in Africa, Asia and Latin America. MISEREOR's support is available to any human being in need - regardless of their religion, ethnicity or gender. MISEREOR believes in supporting initiatives driven and owned by the poor and the disadvantaged. It prefers to work in partnership with its local partners. Together with the beneficiaries, the partners involved help shape local development processes and implement the projects. This is how MISEREOR, together with its partners, responds to constantly changing challenges, (www.misereor.de; www.misereor.org)

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Des.Sce. F&. HeâeTb[sMeve heejbheeefjkeâ %eeve Je veJeveJeerve leb$e%eeve ÙeebÛee mebiece keâ™ve DelÙeuhe yeenŸe ueeieleerÛÙee lelJeeJej vewmeefie&keâ mebmeeOeveeÛes Gòece JÙeJemLeeheve megefveef§ele keâjerle MeeÕele GheefpeefJekesâuee Øeeslmeenve osCeejer mebmLee Deens. nÙee nsletves oKKeve Yeeieele ner mebmLee ueneve Je ÚesšŸee Meslekeâjer kegâšgbyeemeesyele,efMe#eCe,ØeefMe#eCe,heejbheeefjkeâ %eeve mee"JeCe, efJeefJeOe mebmLee mebIešvee meesyele DevegYeJeebÛeer osJeeCe IesJeeCe keâjerle Mesleer heæleerÛes efJeefJeOe heÙee&Ùe meelelÙeeves MeesOele Demeles. Deieoer leUeieeUele peeTve ieeJeeleerue FÛÚgkeâ MeslekeâNÙeebmeesyele lÙebevee efJeefJeOe HeâeÙeosMeerj heÙee&Ùe GheueyOe keâ™ve osCÙeeÛes ØeÙelve nŸee mebmLesleHexâ kesâues peeleele. DeMee ef"keâeCeer Flej Deveskeâ Meslekeâjer, mebmLee-mebIešveebvee efMekeâCÙeeÛeer mebOeer cnCetve keâeÙe&›eâce DeeÙeesefpele kesâues peeleele. ÙegJee ®jue DemeesefmeSMeve ner mebmLee vewmeefie&keâ mebmeeOeveeÛÙee mebJeOe&veemeesyele lÙeebÛÙee ÙeesiÙe JÙeJemLeeheveeJej DeeOeeefjle «eeceerCe Je DeeefoJeemeer #es$eele ieefjyeerJej ceele keâjCÙeemee"er veJeveJeerve GheefpeJekesâÛes ØeÙeesie Je heÙee&Ùe efvecee&Ce keâjCÙeeme ueneve Meslekeâjer, Meslecepetj, DeeefoJeemeer Je «eeceerCe iejerye mecegneme ceole keâjerle Demeles. ÙeeceOÙes ceeefnleermee"er efJeMes<e ØeÙelve kesâues peeleele.Mesleer Je Meslekeâjer mebyeefOele efJeefJeOe ØeMveebJej OeesjCeelcekeâ heeleUerJej ÙeesiÙe les efveCe&Ùe Je yeoue Ie[JeCÙeeÛee efJeMes<e ØeÙelve Flej jepÙe Je je<š^erÙe heeleUerJejerue mebIešvebe meesyele kesâues peeleele. ueerpee Fbef[ÙeebÛes efveÙele keâeefuekeâ ceje"er ceOÙes ØekeâeefMele keâjCÙeeÛee Ghe›eâce ne osefKeue lÙeeÛeeÛe Skeâ Yeeie Deens.


Deveg›eâceefCekeâe

{S>g|~a 2016 A§H$ 2

04-06 ñdma (SWAR) Amo{cVmÀ`m nmÊ`mMr {dcjU ~MV H$ aUmao V§ÌkmZ _wi boIH$ … Ho$ . Eg. Jmonmc ^maVmVrc h¡Xam~mX pñWV ñd`§godr g§ñWm "Centre for Environment Concerns" À`m g_moa AË`ën nmdgmÀ`m àXoemgmR> r gdªH$ f Amo{cVmMo V§ÌkmZ {dH$ {gV H$ aÊ`mMo AmdmhZ hmoVo. eoVH$ ar d _{hcm eoV_Owam§Zm _XV H$ aVmZm PmS> m§À`m _wim§Zm ImÌrcm`H$ Amocmdm CncãY H$ ê$ Z XoUmao Amo{cVmMo V§ÌkmZ V`ma Ho$ co.

07-10 gmdZmVrc _moR> çm nmUcmoQ> joÌmVrc {d{hatMo nwZéÁOrdZ

H$ aÊ`mMo gm_wXm{`H$ à`ËZ _wi boIH$ … _mohZ S> m§Jr d A{_Vm ^mXwar CX`nyaOdirc gmdZm_Ü`o _moR> çm nmUcmoQ> joÌm_Ü`o nmÊ`mMr gmR> dU d Amocmì`mMo OVZ H$ aUo A{Ve` JaOoMo hmoVo. gm_wXm{`H$ à`ËZmÛmao Ë`m ^mJmVrc {d{har nwZéÁOrdZmÀ`m à`ËZm_wio nmÊ`mMr OmñV H$ mcmdYrH$ [aVm CncãYVm dmT> cr d JmdmV CËnÞdmT> rMr emídVr {_imcr.

11-13 _moaoUm `oWrc eoVmVrc nmUr ~MV _wi boIH$ … A{_Vm ^mXwar _Ü` àXoemVrc {~YmZ JmdmVrc eoVH$ ar nmUr dmnamÀ`m ZmdrÝ`nyU© nÕVtMm Adc§~ H$ ê$ Z EH$ m dfm©V XmoZ {nHo$ KoD$ nmhmV AmhoV. nmÊ`mÀ`m dmnamMr H$ m`©j_Vm eoVr_Ü`o dmT> {dÊ`mgmR> r ñWm{ZH$ H¥$ fr{dkmZ H|$ ÐmMo ghmæ` d g„m JmdH$ è`m§Zm {_iV Amho.

14-15 _{hcm§Mr g|{Ð` ^mOrnmcm eoVr _wi boIH$ … {haXoe Hw$ _ma MwZoam eoVr {H$ \$ m`Vera Zgë`m_wio AS> ^moam JmdmVrc cmoH$ eham§H$ S> o ñWcm§V[aV hmoV hmoVo. _{hcm§Zr gm_m{OH$ g§ñWoÀ`m _XVrZo JQ> m§Mr ñWmnZm H$ ê$ Z emídV eoVr nÕVrZo eoVr CËnmXZ ~è`mn¡H$ s dmT> {dco Amho.

16-18 _{hcm g§KQ> ZoMm `eñdr à`moJ _wi boIH$ … {ebw \«$ mpÝgg d gmam H°$ b_rAg Ia§ Va _{hcmM H$ ï> mMr eoVr CÎm_ H$ aVmV. nU Ë`m§Zm d§{MVM R> odco OmVo. gw_mao 1 cmImÀ`m Amgnmg gXñ` Agcoë`m Vm{_iZmSy> _{hcm g§KQ> ZoZo {ZíM` Ho$ cm H$ s, ""H¥$ fr n`m©daU Ho$ {_H$ c _wŠV H$ ê$ , n`m©daUr` eoVr nÕVrcm _hÎd {Z_m©U H$ ê$ d eoVr_Yrc _{hcm§Mo `moJXmZ {gÕ H$ ê$ .''

19-20 "Xw{_©i' Vo VyZ "_w~cH$ ' Vo H$ S> o H¥$ îUm Xohm[a`m JmdmMm H$ m`mnmcQ> _wi boIH$ … g§{MWmHw$ _maZ d gwZrc lrdmñVd AJXr gj_nUo Ho$ coë`m Ocg§YmaUm_wio H¥$ îUm Xohm[a`m JmdmVë`m cmoH$ m§Zr Amnë`m nmÊ`mMr gÜ`mMr JaO Va ^mJdcrM nU ^{dî`mVrc nmÊ`mÀ`m JaOoMr gmo` H$ ê$ Z R> odcr. ñWm{ZH$ nmVirda ^ŠH$ _nUo H$ m`©aV Agcoë`m cmoH$ g§ñWm§Mr _moR> r _XV `m JmdmMm H$ m`mnmcQ> H$ aÊ`mgmR> r Pmcr. nmÊ`mgmR> r qMVmJ«ñV Agcoco Jmd qMVm_wŠV hmoD$ Z Ë`m§À`m CnOr{dH$ m§_Ü`o d EH§$ Xa OrdZm_Ü`o gwYma {Z_m©U Pmcm.

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nmÊ`mÀ`m dmna AOyZ H$ _r H$ aÊ`mgmR> r d ^mOrnmbm CËnmXZmgmR> r "ñdma' Mm Cn`moJ H$ gm H$ aVm `oB©b `mMo à`moJ gwê$ AmhoV.

ñdma (SWAR)

Amo{cVmÀ`m nmÊ`mMr {dcjU ~MV H$ aUmao V§ÌkmZ Ho$ . Eg. Jmonmc ^maVmVrc h¡Xam~mX pñWV ñd`§godr g§ñWm "Centre for Environment Concerns" À`m g_moa AË`ën nmdgmÀ`m àXoemgmR> r gdªH$ f Amo{cVmMo V§ÌkmZ {dH$ {gV H$ aÊ`mMo AmdmhZ hmoVo. eoVH$ ar d _{hcm eoV_Owam§Zm _XV H$ aVmZm PmS> m§À`m _wim§Zm ImÌrcm`H$ Amocmdm CncãY H$ ê$ Z XoUmao Amo{cVmMo V§ÌkmZ V`ma Ho$ co. gwédmVrÀ`m MmMUrV _w»`V… XmoZ \$ m`Xo {XgyZ Amco. Ë`m_Ü`o {R> ~H$ qgMZ nÕVrnojm \$ ŠV EH$ n§M_m§e nmUr cmJVo; Am{U Ë`m_wio O{_ZrV nmofH$ n`m©daU V`ma hmoÊ`mg _XV {_iVo. `m V§ÌkmZm_mJrc _yi CÔoe _mVrVrc Amocmdm àIaVoZo Z dmT> {dVm g§WnUo dmT> dyZ {Q> H$ {dUo Amho. Ë`m_wio PmS> m§Zm nmUr emofyZ KoUo gmono Va hmoB©cM gmo~VM VoWrc gyú_ n`m©daU _mVrVrc {OdmUy§Mr H$ m`©j_Vm dmT> ob. 4

^maVmVrc g_erVmoîU/g_H$ moaS> dmhÿ àXoemVrc gVVMm H$ _r nmD$ g d _mÝgyZ_Yrc cm§~ I§S> m_wio Aën^yYmaH$ d Amo{cVmgmR> r nmdgmda Adc§~yZ AgUmè`m eoVH$ è`m§Zm eoVr H$ aUo \$ maM H$ R> rU hmoD$ Z ~gco Amho. nmÊ`mMr AS> MU gmoS> {dÊ`mgmR> r ^maV gaH$ maZo YaUo d VcmdmVyZ nmÊ`mMo nmQ> , Iyn ImocrVrc nmUr Cngm, {R> ~H$ qgMZ nÕVr Am{U AmVm h[aVJ¥hm§ gmaIo à`ËZ gVV Ho$ co OmV AmhoV. ^maVmV V¥UYmÝ` CËnm{XV H$ aÊ`mÀ`m R> am{dH$ àXoemcm _w~cH$ nmUr CncãY H$ ê$ Z "{^jmnmÌmcm AÞYmÝ`mMo H$ moR> ma' ~Z{dco, ho Oar Iao Agco Var AmVm h[aVH«$ m§VrÀ`m àXoemV A{YH$ jma hmoD$ Z CËnmXZ KQ> co Amho. Ë`mhrnojm nmÊ`mÀ`m A{VaoH$ s dmnam_wio ^yJ^m©Vrc nmÊ`mMr nmVir YmoH$ mXm`H$ ñVamn`ªV KQ> cr Amho. Aem n[apñWVrV XoemÀ`m àYmZ_§Í`mÀ`m "àË`oH$ W|~mVyZ A{YH$ nrH$ CËnmXZ' `m AmdmhZmcm nyU© H$ aÊ`mgmR> r MmH$ moar ~mhoa OmD$ Z ZmdrÝ`nyU© emoYm{edm` nmUr Am{U O{_ZrMr H$ m`©j_Vm dmT> {dUo eŠ` Zmhr.


Amo{cVmMo V§ÌkmZ H$ emgmR> r? Am§Y« àXoemVrc XwîH$ miJ«ñV ^mJmVrc eoVH$ è`m§Mo amhUr_mZ gwYmaÊ`mgmR> r _mJrc VrZ XeH$ mnmgyZ "Centre for Environment Concerns" (CEC) AWH$ à`ËZerc Amho. AZw^dmÀ`m AmYmao CEC À`m cjmV Amco H$ s Amo{cVm{edm` `eñdr eoVr hmoD$ eH$ V Zmhr. `m{edm` àË`oH$ J«m_rU ì`ŠVrcm dfm©VyZ {H$ _mZ 100 {Xdg amoOJma CncãY H$ ê$ Z XoUmè`m H|$ Ð emgZmÀ`m `moOZoMr A§_c~OmdUr H$ arV AgVmZm CEC À`m g_moa _{hcm§Mo H$ m~mS> H$ ï> H$ _r H$ go H$ aVm `oB©c ho XoIrc AmUIr EH$ AmìhmZ C^o R> mH$ co hmoVo. amoOJma h_r `moOZoV§J©V _moR> çm à_mUmV \$ i~mJm cmJdS> rgmR> r ~è`mM _{hcm§Zm amoOJma CncãY Pmcm. Ë`m \$ camonm§Zm àW_ VrZ dfm©V Amo{cVmMr Amdí`H$ Vm ^mgVo. Ë`mgmR> r _{hcm§Zm CÝhmù`mV S> moŠ`mdê$ Z Xyadê$ Z nmUr AmUmdo cmJVo. H$ m_ H$ R> rU AgVmZmgwÕm _Owar _hÎdmMr hmoVr. {edm` nmUr ghO d Odi CncãY Ago ZìhVo. Aem n[apñWVrV OmñVrV OmñV nmUr Am{U _Owar dmM{dÊ`mgmR> r n`m©`r AmocrV àUmcr eoVH$ è`m§Zm CncãY H$ ê$ Z XoUo Amdí`H$ hmoVo. na§namJV nm`m H$ _r nmÊ`m_Ü`o n[aUm_H$ maH$ AmocrV H$ go H$ aVm `oB©c `m~Ôc eoVH$ è`m§gmo~V MMm© H$ aVmZm cjmV Amco H$ s, \$ i~mJm, \w$ co d Am¡fYr dZñnVr ~mJm dmT> {dÊ`mgmR> r O{_ZrV JmS> coco _mVrMo _S> Ho$ hr nÕV \$ maM Cn`wŠV Amho. `m nma§nm[aH$ nÕVr_wio _S> Š`mVyZ nmUr nmPaÊ`mMm JwUY_© Am{U nmÊ`mÀ`m hiyhiy CncãYVo_wio PmS> o Mm§Jcr dmT> VmV. na§Vw Ë`mgmR> r nmUr dma§dma Q> mH$ mdo cmJVo. _S> Š`m§Mo AmH$ ma {ZpíMV Zgm`Mo VgoM Vo _mVrZo ~wOë`m_wio nmPaUo H$ _r ìhm`Mo. Ë`m AmYmao AÚmdV {dkmZ Am{U CncãY gmYZ gm_J«rgmo~V eoVH$ è`m§À`m AZw^dm§Mm dmna H$ aÊ`mMo R> aco. ZdrZ qgMZ nÕVr V`ma H$ aVmZm PmS> m§Zm _wimer gd©Ì ngaoc Agm Amocmdm ImÌrcm`H$ R> odVmZm H$ _rV H$ _r nmÊ`mMm dmna Pmcm nm{hOo Agm _w»` CÔoe hmoVm. `mì`{V[aŠV H$ ï> hr H$ _r Pmco nm{hOoV d {dOogma»`m D$ O}Mm dmnahr H$ _r Pmcm nm{hOo ho nŠHo$ S> moŠ`mV hmoVo.

XmoZ dfm©À`m à`moJmZ§Va n{hco _m°S> oc V`ma H$ ê$ Z Vnmgco Joco. Ë`m_mJrc _w»` VÎd _wimer nmUr nmohM{dUo hmoVo. na§Vw nmB©n ~wOyZ OmV hmoVm. dma§dma VnmgÊ`m H$ ê$ Z 2014 À`m gwadmVrcm A§{V_ g§aMZm/CËnmX "ñda' (SWAR) "eoVrcm nwÝhm VmOoVdmUr H$ aUmar AmocrV nÕVr' V`ma H$ ê$ Z amï´> r` amoOJma h_r `moOZoV§J©V \$ i~mJm§da Vr am~{dÊ`mV Amcr. "{R> ~H$ qgMZ'À`m VwcZoV Ho$ di EH$ MVwWmªe Vo EH$ n§M_m§e nmÊ`mVM qgMZ {Z`moOZ eŠ` hmoVo. hr àUmcr H$ er H$ m_ H$ aVo? nmdgmMo nmUr g§H$ {cV Ho$ co OmVo qH$ dm OdiÀ`m Oc gmR> çmVyZ nmUr AmUco OmVo. ho nmUr C§Mrda R> odcoë`m Q> mH$ sV nm` n§nmZo MT> {dco OmVo. Ë`m Q> mH$ sVyZ _moR> çm OmS> rÀ`m nmB©nZo eoVmn`ªV nmohM{dco OmVo. VoWyZ Ë`mnojm chmZ A{VZrc d C§{XamnmgyZ g§a{jV Zù`mÛmao PmS> m§À`m Amoirn`ªV Zoco OmVo. àË`oH$ PmS> m§À`m ~§wÜ`mnmer O{_ZrV JmS> coë`m _S> Š`m§_Ü`o hiyhiy gmoS> co OmVo. ho _S> Ho$ O{_ZrV 30 go._r. Imoc PmS> m§À`m _wimnmer amhrc Aem nÕVrZo JmS> co OmVo. àË`oH$ _S> Š`mVyZ XmoZ ~marH$ Zù`mÛmao aoVrÀ`m {nedrV nmUr hiydmanUo {Pan{dco OmVo. H$ mhr doimZo O{_ZrÀ`m d PmS> mÀ`m _wim§À`m nmUr emofyZ KoÊ`mÀ`m j_Voà_mUo emofyZ KoVco OmVo. nmÊ`mMm àdmh PmS> mn`ªV nmUr gVV nmohMoc Aem nÕVrZo {Z`§{ÌV Ho$ co OmVo. {OdmUy§Mr g§»`m dmT> {dÊ`mgmR> r OmJoda ~Z{dcoco {OdmUy IV PmS> m^modVr nga{dco OmVo. àW_ n[aUm_ gwadmVrMo n[aUm_ A{Ve` AmemXm`H$ hmoVo. Ë`m_Ü`o {R> ~H$ qgMZ nÕVrnojm EH$ MVwWmªe Vo n§M_m§e nmÊ`mMr Amdí`H$ Vm ^mgVo. H$ _r nmUr dmnê$ ZgwÕm PmS> m§Mr dmT> Mm§Jcr hmoVo. nmZm§Mr g§»`m d AmH$ ma Am{U PmS> o cdH$ a nŠHo$ hmoVmV. AmocrV Ho$ ë`mZ§Va EH$ m AmR> dS> çmn`ªV O{_ZrV Amocmdm H$ m`_ amhVmo. O{_Zrda VUm§Mr dmT> amoIë`m OmVo. O{_ZrV Am°ŠgrOZ Am{U Amocmì`mMo à_mU `mo½` gmÜ` Ho$ ë`m Joë`mZo _mVrV {OdmUy§Mr g§»`m _moR> çm à_mUmV dmT> Vo. gZ 2015 _Ü`o {R> ~H$ qgMZ nÕVrgmo~V VwcZmË_H$ Aä`mgmV ñdma qgMZ nÕVr A{Ve` Cn`wŠV AmT> icr. {deofV… Ooìhm Am§Y«m_Ü`o CîUVoMr cmQ> d nmÊ`mMr Q> §MmB© 5


`mgmR> rMm d¡pídH$ ZmdrÝ`nyU© {dOoVm ~jrg àmßV Pmco Amho. ZdrZ V§ÌkmZmcm AmË_gmV H$ aÊ`mgmR> r doi cmJVmo. XwîH$ mimgmo~V PJS> Umao eoVH$ ar `mMr VnmgUr H$ ê$ Z gwYmaUm Ho$ ë`mda ñdrH$ maë`mg eoVH$ è`m§Zm `m V§ÌkmZmMm ì`mdhm[aH$ àË`j \$ m`Xm KoVm `oB©c. ^maVm_Ü`o H$ m`©j_ qgMZ nÕVrcm _moR> m ~mOma CncãY Amho. ~mOmamgmR> r H$ m_ H$ aUo A{Ve` H$ R> rU ~m~ Amho. H$ maU Ë`m_Ü`o _moR> _moR> o CÚmoJ g§ñWm {deof V§ÌkmgmR> r Am{W©H$ _XV, emñÌkm§À`m kmZmcm g§ajU, emgH$ s` g§H$ cZ nÕVr BË`mXrgmR> r _moR> r qH$ _V _moOmdr cmJVo.

AgVmZm `m nÕVrMm n[aUm_ {deof OmUdcm. ñdma nÕVrZo nwT> À`m nmdgmù`mn`ªV PmS> m§Zm H$ _r nmÊ`mV {Q> H$ dyZ R> odÊ`mMr j_Vm {gÕ H$ ê$ Z XmIdcr. Oo {R> ~H$ qgMZ nÕVrV hmoD$ eH$ V Zmhr. _{hcm§À`m _Vo, ""ñdma nÕVr AmB©gmaIr KaÀ`m AÞmZo gdmªZm ^a{dVo, `mCcQ> {R> ~H$ qgMZ nÕVr _mUgmgmaIr gd© AÞ \$ ñV H$ ê$ Z Hw$ Qw> §~mgmR> r \$ maM WmoS> o {e„H$ R> odVo?

WmoS> Š`mV, ñdma nÕVr{df`r eoVH$ ar g_mYmZr AmhoV. `m_wio H$ _r nO©Ý`_mZ Agcocm àXoe _moR> çm à_mUmV `m V§ÌmZo Amo{cVmImcr AmUVm `oB©c. n§VàYmZmÀ`m "nmÊ`mMr H$ m`©j_Vm' dmT> {dÊ`mgmR> r ñdma qgMZ nÕVr nwîH$ i g§Yr CncãY H$ ê$ Z XoD$ eH$ Vo. nmdgmda Adc§~yZ eoVrH$ Sy> Z gmR> {dcoë`m nmdgmÀ`m nmÊ`mMm H$ m`©j_ dmna H$ aUmè`m nrH$ nÕVrH$ S> o diÊ`mMm H$ mi Amcocm Amho. A{V Vrd« nmÊ`mÀ`m dmnamnojm H$ m`©j_ nmÊ`mÀ`m dmnam_wio Amocmdm nwa{dë`m_wio XO}Xma eoVr nÕVrZo _mVrMr nmoV gwYmaVo. Ë`m_wio ^maVmVrc eoVr emídV hmoD$ Z Aën^yYmaH$ eoVH$ è`m§Mr {_iH$ V gwYmaoc ho ZŠH$ s.

Ë`mhrnwT> o OmD$ Z ñdma nÕVrZo AOyZ H$ _r nmUr dmnaVm `oB©c `mMm à`ËZ H$ aVmo Amho. gZ 2015 cm ñdmaÀ`m _XVrZo ^mOrnmcm Am{U \w$ cPmS> m§Mr cmJdS> H$ ê$ Z nm{hcr. Ë`m_Ü`o eoVH$ è`mcm Am{W©H$ \$ m`Úmgmo~V _mVr d PmS> m§Mo Amamo½` {Q> H$ {dÊ`mV _XV Pmcr. ^mOrnmcm d \w$ cPmS> m§Mr cmJdS> XmQ> Ho$ ë`m_wio Ë`m_Ü`o {R> ~H$ qgMZmnojm nmÊ`mMr EH$ Aï> _m§en`ªV H$ _r JaO ^mgVo.

K.S. Gopal Centre for Environment Concerns (CEC) Hyderabad, India Email :cecgopal@yahoo.com

^{dî`mVrc dmQ> Mmc

_amR> r AZwdmX : S> m°. {dZmoX IS> go

Source : SWAR A technology to drastically save irrigation water, LEISA India September, 2015

ñdma nÕVrÀ`m gwadmVrÀ`m AmemXm`H$ n[aUm_m_wio n°[ag `oWo Am`mo{OV Am§Vaamï´> r` àXe©ZrV 2015 gmcMm nmUr Am{U dZ DeeheCe Debkeâeleerue uesKeebÛes JeeÛeve keâjerle Demeeue. JeeÛeveeletve ceveele Deeuesues efJeÛeej, mJeleŠÛes ØeMve, Mebkeâe, metÛevee Ùee yeeyele leele[erves ÙegJee ®jue DemeesefMeSMeve uee heesmš Heâesve Éejs, FcesueÉejs keâUJee. uesKe JeeÛetve ØesjCee efceUeueerÛe efkebâJee ØelÙe#e leMeer ke=âleer kesâueer lej lÙeeyeeye ner keâUJee. DeMee ke=âeflebbÛee heefjCeece Peeuee lej nesner keâUeJee. DeeheCe Demes veJeveJeerve MesleerÛÙee MeeÕelelesÛes ØeÙelve keâjerle Demeeue lej lemesner ke=âheÙee keâUJee. 6


{dhra AñVarH$ aUm_wio nmÊ`mMm gmR> m dmT> bm.

gmdZmVrc _moR> çm nmUcmoQ> joÌmVrc {d{hatMo nwZéÁOrdZ H$ aÊ`mMo gm_wXm{`H$ à`ËZ _mohZ S> m§Jr d A{_Vm ^mXwar CX`nyaOdirc gmdZm_Ü`o _moR> çm nmUcmoQ> joÌm_Ü`o nmÊ`mMr gmR> dU d Amocmì`mMo OVZ H$ aUo A{Ve` JaOoMo hmoVo. gm_wXm{`H$ à`ËZmÛmao Ë`m ^mJmVrc {d{har nwZéÁOrdZmÀ`m à`ËZm_wio nmÊ`mMr OmñV H$ mcmdYrH$ [aVm CncãYVm dmT> cr d JmdmV CËnÞdmT> rMr

CX`nyanmgyZ 62 {H$ _r X{jUoH$ S> o Agcoco gmdZm ho _moR> o nmUcmoQ> joÌ XwîH$ mimÀ`m MH«$ mV gVV AS> H$ coco Ago. "{Vgao gwImo, AmR> do AH$ mc' åhUOo Xa VrZ dfmªZr Adf©U/XwîH$ mi d Xa AmR> dfmªZr Cnmg_ma (Vrd« XwîH$ mi) Ago `m ^mJmg Zoh_r

åhQ> co Om`Mo. {nT> çmZ{nT> çm `m ^mJmV Agcoë`m CWi {d{harÀ`m eoVrgmR> r, AmocrVmÀ`m d KaJwVr dmnamgmR> r _hÎdmÀ`m òmoV hmoË`m. XmoZ XeH$ m§nydu XwîH$ mim_Ü`o cmoH$ Aem CWi {d{hat_Ü`o Z¡g{J©H$ [aË`m CncãY nmÊ`mda Adc§~yZ amhmV hmoVo. ñWm{ZH$ g_whmZo/g_mOmZo `m {d{harVrc nmÊ`mMm gmR> m dmT> {dÊ`mgmR> r, {Q> H$ dyZ R> odyZ Ë`mMm dmna gdmªZm H$ aÊ`mgmR> r "Hw$ Am§ n[adma' `m AZm¡nMm[aH$ g§ñWoMr ñWmnZm Ho$ cr. na§Vw {d{har d g§ñWm `mo XmoÝhrhr g_mOmÀ`m gVV H$ _r hmoUmè`m AmñWo_wio ÌñV Pmë`m.

7


gmdZmMo _moR> o nmUcmoQ> joÌ ho Aadcr nd©VmÀ`m _Ü` nd©Vam§Jm d CÎmaoH$ S> rc gnmQ> ^mJmÀ`m CîU, go_r EarS> ^mJmV `oVo. `oWo A§XmOo 653 {_.{_. dm{f©H$ nmD$ g Omo gd©gmYmaU 25-31 nmdgmir {XdgmV Xadfu nS> Vmo. Ë`mn¡H$ s ~hþVm§e hm X{jUnpíM_ _mog_r (Z¡F$ Ë`) h§Jm_mV `oVmo. nmD$ g_mZ ho H$ _r d A{Z`{_V nÕVrMo AgVo d Xa VrZ dfmªZr XwîH$ mi `oVmo. dm{f©H$ ~mînr^dZ d dZñnVr CËgO©ZmMo (Evapotranspiration) à_mU gw_mao 1380 {_.{_. Amho. nrH$ dmT> rMm H$ mcmdYr Xadfu 90 Vo 135 {Xdg {_iVmo. `m ^mJmVrc cmoH$ dmVmdaUmVrc MT> CVma VgoM Ë`m_wio CËnÞ hmoUmè`m ÌmgmMm AZw^d KoVmV. gVVÀ`m XwîH$ mim_Ü`o H$ Yr A{Vd¥ï> r hmoD$ Z ÌmgXm`H$ n[apñWVr CX²^dVo. nmUcmoQ> joÌmVrc ~hþVm§e ^mJ hm H$ moaS> dmhÿ AgyZ nd©VmÀ`m CVmamdarc d Imoè`mVrc O{_Zr `m CWi Agë`m_wio A{Ve` H$ _r CËnmXZ XoVmV. _H$ m, CS> rX, Mdir, Jhÿ, MZm d _mohar hr `m ^mJmVrc _w»` {nHo$ AmhoV. EH$ nrH$ nÕVr VgoM _H$ m d Vwar Aer {_l {nHo$ `m ^mJmV gd©gmYmaUnUo KoVcr OmVmV. Eg.nr.S> ãcy.S> r. (SPWD) À`m AàH$ m{eV Aä`mgmZwgma _mÝgyZ h§Jm_mV _H$ m ho _w»` nrH$ KoVco OmVo. Ë`m_wio Ë`mcm Amo{cVmMr JaO ^mgV Zmhr. a~r h§Jm_mV JìhmMr cmJdS> Ho$ cr OmVo Á`mcm 6-7 Amo{cVmMr JaO ^mgVo. Varhr _mohargma»`m H$ _r nmÊ`mda `oUmè`m {nH$ m§nojm JìhmMr cmJdS> OmñV Ho$ cr OmVo. Jhÿ d _H$ m hr XmoÝhr {nHo$ _w»`Ëdo KarM ImÊ`mgmR> r dmnabr OmVmV. 60 Q> ŠHo$ _H$ m CËnmXH$ d 61 Q> ŠHo$ Jhÿ CËnmXZ Ë`m§Zr CËnm{XH$ Ho$ coco ho YmÝ` KaJwVr dmnamgmR> r Cn`moJmV AmUVmV. BVa {nH$ m§_Ü`o {hdmir h§Jm_mV _mohar d nmdgmù`mV Jdma `m {nH$ m§Mr cmJdS> H$ aVmV. gd©gmYmaUnUo 0.35 {~Km (EH$ {~Km åhUOo 2500 Mm¡._r.) O{_ZrV eoVH$ ar _moharMo nrH$ KoD$ Z Ë`mMo {_imcoco Voc KarM dmnaVmV d {dH$ VmV. gd©gmYmaU 0.65 {~Km O{_Zrda JdmaMr cmJdS> KaJwVr d OZmdam§gmR> r H$ aVmV. eoVrgmR> r Z dmnacocr O_rZ hr gd©gmYmaUnUo OZmdam§Zm cmJUmè`m gwŠ`m JdVmÀ`m cmJdS> rgmR> r dmnaVmV. 8

a~r h§Jm_mV gmYmaUV… {haì`m MÊ`mMr cmJdS> Ho$ ë`m OmVo d Á`m§À`m {d{hatZm nmUr AgVo Vo {Vgè`m {nH$ mMr cmJdS> H$ aVmV. AmVm eoVH$ ar WmoS> çm O{_ZrV a~r h§Jm_mV ^mOrnmcm cmJdS> H$ aVmV. Ë`mH$ [aVm {d{harÀ`m qH$ dm H$ mcì`mÀ`m nmÊ`mMm dmna Ho$ ë`m OmVmo. {deofV… S> m§Jr g_mO ^mOrnmcm cmJdS> H$ aVmV. SPWD À`m Aä`mgmZwgma Oar 81 Q> ŠHo$

cmoH$ m§Zm Amo{cVmMr gw{dYm CncãY Amho Var 6 Q> ŠHo$ O{_ZrdaM Amo{cV Ho$ ë`m OmVo. H$ maU H$ _r Agcoë`m {d{harÀ`m nmÊ`mMr nmVir ^yJ^m©Vrc nmÊ`mMm AVr dmna d (go_r E[aS> ) dmVmdaU åhUOo {d{har dfm©Vrc ~hþVm§e H$ mimV H$ moaS> çmM amhVmV. cmoH$ m§Zm dfm©À`m gmS> onmM _{hZo nmÊ`mMr CncãYVVm AgVo. nmUcmoQ> joÌmVrc nmÊ`mÀ`m H$ _VaVoMr Vrd«Vm A{V CVmamÀ`m O{_Zr_wio dmT> Vo. dmhÿZ OmVo. ~H$ arnmcZ ho eoVrcm n`m©`r ì`dgm` åhUyZ _rZm amdV `m Am{Xdmgr cmoH$ m§Mo CnOr{dHo$ Mo gmYZ Amho. na§Vw PnmQ> çmZo H$ _r hmoV Agcoë`m JdVmi O{_Zr_wio Ë`m§Zm _moR> o H$ in nmiUo H$ R> rU hmoV Amho. eoVr d ~H$ ar nmcZmMo EH$ {ÌV CËnÞ ho 15000 én`mnojm H$ _r {_iV Agë`m_wio Hw$ Qw> §~mMm CXa{Zdm©h H$ aÊ`mgmR> r nwaogo ZgVo. {d{hatZm Ho$ coë`m AñVarH$ aUm_wio AYm© hoŠQ> a O{_Zr `m A{V[aŠV ghm {H§$ Q> b dmT> rd CËnmXZ H$ aÊ`mg gj_ Pmë`m. AZoH$ Hw$ Qw> §~m§Zm OJÊ`mgmR> r amoO§Xmarda H$ m_ H$ aÊ`m{edm` JË`§Va ZìhVo. eoVmV {Z`{_V H$ m_ CncãY Zgë`m_wio Hw$ Qw> §~m§Zm XomZ doiÀ`m JaOm nyU© H$ aÊ`mgmR> r ^Q> H$ > mdo cmJV hmoVo. amoOJmamgmR> r ~hþVm§e cmoH$ CX`nya dm JwOamWÀ`m AZoH$ ^mJmV ñWcm§V[aV Pmco AmhoV. {d{harMo nwZ©OrdZ ~hþVm§e cmoH$ m§À`m {d{har `m nmdgmù`mV nmdgmÀ`m nmÊ`mgmo~V Jmi AmV Joë`m_wio A{Ve` dmB©Q> n[apñWVrV hmoË`m. Ë`m§Zm Amo{cVmgmR> r nwaogo nmUr amhmV ZìhVo. 2008 gmcr ñWm{ZH$ cmoH$ m§Zr CX`nya pñWV à`ËZ g{_Vr d doëg


Am°\$ B§{S> `m `m g§ñWoÀ`m _XVrZo {dhra nwZ©OrdZmMo H$ m_ gwê$ Ho$ co. àH$ ën ~Z{dVmZm Ago cjmV Amco H$ s nmUr CngÊ`mÀ`m Anwè`m gmYZm_wio doi d D$ O}Mr _moR> çm à_mUmV hmZr hmoV hmoVr. nmÊ`mÀ`m _waã`m_wio d ~mînr^dZm_wio nmÊ`mMm hmoUmam èhmg ho qMVoMo _w»` H$ maU hmoVo. {d{hatÀ`m g^modVr Zgcoë`m gwajm q^Vr_wio Aem {d{har OZmdao d _wcm§gmR> r YmoH$ mXm`H$ hmoË`m. Voìhm _{hcm§Zm d _wcm§Zm nmUr AmUÊ`mgmR> r 3 {H$ _r Xya Agcoë`m {d{hardê$ Z nmUr AmUmdo cmJV hmoVo. XwîH$ mimV hr n[apñWVr AOyZM {~H$ Q> hmoV hmoVr. àH$ ënmMm EH$ ^mJ åhUyZ 2008 _Ü`o ñWm{ZH$ m§Zr {d{harÀ`m nwZ©OrdZmÀ`m gm_wXm{`H$ à`ËZm§Zm gwadmV Ho$ cr. {d{harÀ`m AñVarH$ aUmgmR> r 15000-20000 én`m§À`m N> moQ> çm gh^mJmMr Amdí`H$ Vm hmoVr Or ñWm{ZH$ m§H$ S> o Anwar hmoVr. àH$ ënmÀ`m n[agamVrc cmoH$ EH$ _oH$ m§er Owicoco Agë`m_wio {d{harÀ`m Amgnmg g§gmYZmÀ`m {dH$ mgmÀ`m H$ m_mMm g_mdoe H$ aÊ`mV Amcm. g^mgXm§_Ü`o à^mdr gh^m{JVm nÕVrÀ`m {dH$ mgm_wio Ë`m§Zm emídV CnOr{dH$ m H$ aUo eŠ` hmoVo. {d{harÀ`m AñVarH$ aU d nmB©ncmB©ZÀ`m ì`dñWoÀ`m `m à`ËZm_wio dmnamgmR> r nmUr OmñV H$ mcmdYrgmR> r Cn`moJmV AmUUo eŠ` Pmco d eoVH$ è`m§Zm OmñV _Oya Z cmdVm Amo{cV H$ aUo eŠ` Pmco VgoM Ë`m§Zm nS> rV O{_Zrcm Amo{cV H$ aÊ`mMr g§Yr {_imcr. `m àH$ ënmV CËnmXH$ Vm dmT> dÊ`mgmR> r d {d{harÀ`m g^modVr nmÊ`mMr CncãYVm dmT> {dÊ`mgmR> r VrZ gyÌrMm Adc§~ H$ aÊ`mV Amcm. Á`m_Ü`o 1) nmÊ`mMr CncãYVm dmT> {dUo. 2) nmÊ`mMr CËnmXH$ Vm dmT> {dUo d 3) nmÊ`mMm Zme H$ _r H$ aUo. CVma H$ _r H$ aÊ`mgmo~VM nmUr AS> {dÊ`mMm H$ mcmdYr dmT> {dUo d nmÊ`mMo g§H$ cZ H$ aÊ`mgmR> r {d{dY V§ÌmMm {dMma Ho$ cm Jocm. A°Q> cg hm`S´> mo {OAmoQ> oH$ H$ Ýg§cQ> §Q> CX`nya `m§MoÛmao Ho$ coë`m joÌr` Aä`mgmÛmao Ago cjmV Amco H$ s Jmdm_Ü`o A{V {POcoco d ^oJm`wŠV ^y-g§aMZm {Z_m©U Pmcr Amho. hr pñWVr ^yJ^m©_Ü`o nmÊ`mÀ`m nwZ©^aUmgmR> r Cn`wŠV Amho. gd©gmYmaUnUo JmdmV nmÊ`mMr nmVir 2 Vo 20 {_. n`ªV AgyZ Vr Mm§Jcr JUë`m OmVo. g_wXm`mZo nmUr AS> {dÊ`mMr H$ ënZm gwM{dcr Á`m_wio nmUr O{_ZrV _wê$ eHo$ c.

`mMr gwédmV gm_y{hH$ JdVmÀ`m Hw$ aUmÀ`m O{_Zrda ~§Ymao, é§X ~§Ymao dm XJS> m§Mo MoH$ S> °_ ~m§YyZ H$ aÊ`mV Amcr. `m H$ _r IMm©À`m VmËnwaË`m aMZo_wio nmÊ`mMm àdmh Wm§~dyZ O{_Zr_Ü`o _waÊ`mg _XV Pmcr. `m_wio ImOJr O{_Zrda KoVë`m OmUmè`m {nH$ m§Mr emídVr d CËnmXH$ Vm dmT> Ê`mg _XV Pmcm. {d{harÀ`m AñVarH$ aUm_wio d nmB©ncmB©ZÀ`m ì`dñWo_wio nmÊ`mMm gmR> m dmT> cm d OmñV H$ mcmdYrgmR> r Ë`mMr CncãYVm dmT> cr. eoVH$ ar AmVm {d{har d Zmë`mÀ`m CncãY nmÊ`mMm dmna H$ ê$ Z a~r h§Jm_mV N> moQ> çm O{_ZrÀ`m VwH$ S> çm§da ^mOrnmcm {nHo$ KoV AmhoV. eoVH$ ar AmVm Ë`m§À`m doioMo {Z`moOZ Mm§Jë`m nÕVrZo H$ ê$ eH$ V AmhoV. Ë`m§Zm ^anya nmÊ`mMr CncãYVm Amo{cVmH$ [aVm {_imcr Amho. eoVrV ~mhoarc _Oya cmdÊ`mMr JaO H$ _r hmoD$ Z Ë`m§Zm nS> rV O{_Zrcm Amo{cV H$ aÊ`mgmR> r doi CncãY Pmcr. {d{harÀ`m AñVarH$ aUm_wio gmdZm nmUcmoQ> joÌmVrc 31 Hw$ Qw> §~m§Zm nS> rV O{_Zr Amo{cVmImcr AmUyZ Mm§Jë`m gwYm[aV dmUm§Mm dmna H$ ê$ Z OmñVrMo CËnmXZ KoUo eŠ` Pmco. gd©gmYmaUnUo 0.5 ho. à{V Hw$ Qw> §~mÀ`m O{_Zrda 6 pŠd¨Q> c OmñVrMo CËnmXZ KoD$ Z 12 én`o à{V {H$ cmo `m XamZo {dH$ co. Ë`m_wio Ë`m§Zr CnOr{dH$ m _moR> çm à_mUmV gwa{jV Pmcr. nmB©ncmB©ZÀ`m CncãYVo_wio nmÊ`mÀ`m `mo½` ì`dgWmnZmVyZ 106 Hw$ Qw> §~mZm nS> rV O{_Zrcm Amo{cV H$ aÊ`mMr àoaUm {_imcr d Ë`m_wio àË`oH$ eoVH$ è`mcm à{V {Xder A§XmOo 7000 {cQ> a nmÊ`mMr ~MV H$ aUo eŠ` Pmco. H$ maU nmB©ncmB©ZÀ`m dmnam_wio ì`dñWmnZ N> mZ Pmco. ~hþVm§e eoVH$ è`m§Zm {d{harÀ`m AñVarH$ aUmgmR> r àH$ ënmVyZ AW©ghmæ` {_imco d H$ mhr cm^mWm©Zr ñdV… H$ m_ H$ ê$ Z {d{hatZm nwZ©Or{dV Ho$ co. `m_wio Xwc©{jV {d{harMo nwZ©OrdZ H$ aUo eŠ` Pmco. Hw$ Am n[admagma»`m OwÝ`m g§ñWm§Zm nwÝhm V`ma H$ aÊ`mMo H$ m_ H$ R> rU hmoVo. na§Vw ñWm{ZH$ cmoH$ m§Odi H$ mhr {Z`moOZ hmoVo. Ë`m§Zm _mhrV hmoVo H$ s g§gmYZm§À`m ì`dñWmnZo~m~V ñnï> Vm EdT> çm KmB©KmB©Zo H$ aUo eŠ` ZgVo. åhUOo ZwgVr {d{harMr {Z{_©Vr H$ aUo EdT> çmn`ªV _`m©{XV amhÊ`mZr \$ ma H$ mhr gmÜ` hmoUma ZìhVo. Ë`m_Ü`o ~±H$ `§ÌUo_Ü`o ~MV JQ> m§Zm OmoS> Uo JaOoMo hmoVo. 9


doëg \$ m°a B§{S> `mÀ`m ^maVmMo g§MmcH$ lr. Amo_ e_m© `m§Mo _Vo, ~moAadoc Pmë`m_wio O{_ZrVrc nmÊ`mMm VwQ> dS> m {Z_m©U Pmcm Am{W©H$ òmoVm§À`m gwYmaUo_Ü`o `m g§ñWm§Mr _wio Agë`m_wio `m d àH$ ënmV Imoc Ho$ coë`m {d{harÀ`m nmÊ`mMr nmVir X{Ib KQ> br. g§ñWm§Mr {Z{_©Vr H$ aUo gmono hmoVo. H$ mhr _hÎdmÀ`m ~m~r

{d{hatÀ`m nwZ©OrdZmgmo~VM O{_ZrVrc nmÊ`mÀ`m eoVrgmR> r {d{hatÀ`m nwZ©OrdZmMo H$ m_ Oar n`m©daU d CnOr{dHo$ gmR> r cmJUmè`m _mJUrda {Z`§ÌU R> odUo JaOoMo Amho. ho nmÊ`mMr Mm§Jco Agco Var ~mø ~m~rda Xwîn[aUm_ hmoD$ eH$ VmV. Ë`mMo ~MV H$ aUmè`m qR> ~H$ qgMZ gma»`m V§ÌmÀ`m dmnam_wio eŠ` H$ mhr O{_ZrVrc nmÊ`mÀ`m Cní`mMo CncãY Pmcoco V§ÌkmZ d Amho. AÝ`Wm n«H$ ënmMm à^md O{_ZrVrc nmÊ`mÀ`m A{V \w$ Q> H$ dm AZwXmZmda {_iV Agcoë`m {dOo_wio gmdZm nmUcmoQ> Cní`m_wio cdH$ aM g§nyZ OmB©c. joÌmVrc O{_ZrVrc nmUr CngÊ`mMo à_mU _moR> çm à_mUmV Mohan Dangi Secretary, Prayatna Samiti, dmT> co. Á`m_wio O{_Zrdarc Agcoco CWi nmUgmR> o Oo 26-27, Mahavir Colony, Bedla Road, Badgaon Amo{cVmgmR> r d KaJwVr dmnamgmR> r Agcoë`m O{_ZrVrc nmUr Udaipur-313011, Rajasthan Email : prayatnaudr@gmail.com gmR> çmcm nyaH$ hmoVr Ë`mda VmU nS> m`cm cmJcm. hr g§gmYZo Amita Bhaduri H$ mhr cmoH$ m§H$ Sy> Z _moR> çm à_mUmV ImOJr Cn`moJmV AmUcr Project Director Society for Promotion of Waste Land Development Jocr. 14-A, Vishnu Digambar Marg, New Delhi- 110 002 `m H$ m`©H«$ _m_wio ^yJ^m©Vrc OcòmoVm§Mr OmJéH$ Vm Or `mAJmoXa Email : amitabhaduri@gmail.com ñnï> ZìhVr Vr dmT> cr. ZdrZ g§gmYZo {Z_m©U H$ aÊ`mgmo~VM `m Source : Community drive to revive wells in Sawna ^mJmV CWi {d{harEodOr Imoc ~moAadoc {Z_m©U H$ aUo gwê$ macrowatershed, LEISA India September, 2015 Pmco. gmdZm nmUcmoQ> joÌmV am~{dcoë`m àH$ ënmV g_mdoe _amR> r AZwdmX : lr. bú_rH$ m§V nS> moio Agcoë`m AcwIoS> m `m JmdmV AMmZH$ _moR> çm à_mUmV

~~ DeeJeenve ~~ DeeheuÙee heÙeËle lej Debkeâ heesnesÛeuee. legceÛÙee heefjÛeÙeeleerue keâesCeer JÙeòeâer efkebâJee mebmLee Deens keâe pÙeebvee ne efuemee Ûee Debkeâ melele heesnesÛeeJee ? Demesue lej hegef{ue leheMeerue ueiesÛe ÙegJee ®jue DemeesefMeSMeve, oeeflej efyeu[erie, Decej veiej, efÛeKeueer jes[, ceevesJee[e efjbie jes[, veeiehetj Ùee heòleeJej, Fcesue : info@yraindia.org efkebâJee otjOJeveer 0712-2743972 Jej keâUJee veeJe JÙeòeâeriele/mebmLeeiele (mhe° keâje) heo heesmšeÛee heòee ( hetCe&) Heâesve / ceesyeeF&ue Fcesue

10


XwîH$ mimV VJ YaUmè`m JìhmÀ`m {nH$ mMr eoVH$ è`mZr bmJdS> H$ obr.

_moaoUm `oWrc eoVmVrc nmUr ~MV A{_Vm ^mXwar Ag_Vc Agë`m_wio ImocJQ> ^mJmVrc O{_Zr, OmñV nmUr gmMë`m_wio Iarn h§Jm_mV Ë`m nS> rH$ amhVmV Va C§M ^mJmV Agcoë`m O{_Zr a~r h§Jm_mV {hdmiçmVrb YwŠ`m§_wio ÌmgXm`H$ R> aVmV. {nH$ m§da {H$ S> r d amoJm§Mm àmXw©^md Zoh_r AgVmo. VgoM gwYm[aV {~`mUo d eoVrMr `§Ìgm_J«r CncãY ZgVo. _Owam§Mr H$ _VaVm ho àíZ `m JmdmV gVV OmUdVmV. Ádmar, Vya, Jhÿ d _mohar hr {nHo$ àm_w»`mZo JmdmV KoVcr OmVmV. _Ü` àXoemVrc _moaoZm {OëømÀ`m {R> H$ mUmhÿZ 30 {H$ ._r. Xya `m ^mJmV VwarZ§Va a~r_Ü`o JìhmMr cmJdS> hr emídV nrH$ {ZXmZ ho Jmd dgco Amho. Om¡am VmcwŠ`mVrc `m JmdmV Owc¡ Vo nÕVr _mZë`m OmVo. na§Vw Joë`m H$ mhr dfmªnmgyZ VwarMo joÌ ho Am°JñQ> `m _{hÝ`m§V dm{f©H$ gamgar 450 {_.{_. nmD$ g nS> Vmo. AZoH$ H$ maUm§_wio KQ> V$ Amho. ~hþVm§e eoVr hr H$ moaS> dmhÿ AgyZ a~r h§Jm_mV nmÊ`mMm _w»` Vya H$ mT> UrZ§Va bJoM \$ ma _emJV Z H$ aVm JìhmMr òmoV hm ~moAadoëg AgVmo. `m JmdmV ~hþVm§er XwîH$ mir noaUr H$ oë`mZo H$ ï> hr dmMbo d nbodm (n{hbo {gM§Z n[apñWVr AgVo. VgoM H$ _r nmD$ g nS> ë`mg ~hþVm§e Q> miyZ nmUr ~MV H$ aVm Ambo. ~moAadoëg XoIrc H$ moaS> çm hmoVmV. JmdmÀ`m O{_ZrMm n¥ð> ^mJ

_Ü` àXoemVrc {~YmZ JmdmVrc eoVH$ ar nmUr dmnamÀ`m ZmdrÝ`nyU© nÕVtMm Adc§~ H$ ê$ Z EH$ m dfm©V XmoZ {nHo$ KoD$ nmhmV AmhoV. nmÊ`mÀ`m dmnamMr H$ m`©j_Vm eoVr_Ü`o dmT> {dÊ`mgmR> r ñWm{ZH$ H¥$ fr{dkmZ H|$ ÐmMo ghmæ` d g„m JmdH$ è`m§Zm {_iV Amho.

11


àW_V… A{Z`{_V nmdgm_wio eoVH$ è`m§Zm doioV noaUr d cmJdS> H$ aUo H$ R> rU hmoVo. Ë`m_wioM AmYrM 220-250 {Xdg Aem OmñV H$ mcmdYrÀ`m `m {nH$ mMm `m OmñV H$ mcmdYr AmUIr nwT> o T> H$ cë`m OmV hmoVm. VgoM W§S> rÀ`m {XdgmV nS> Umè`m YwŠ`m_wio _a d dm§P _moP°H$ amoJm_wio {nH$ mMo CËnmXZ H$ _r `oV hmoVo.

Amco H$ s VwarZ§Va KoVcoë`m JìhmMo CËnmXZ C{eam noaë`m_wio _mM© _{hÝ`mVrc dmT> coë`m Vmn_mZm_wio JìhmMo CËnmXZ H$ _r `oV hmoVo. hr g_ñ`m _Ü` ^maVmVrc gd©Xya àXoem§_Ü`o {OWo Vya `m {nH$ m§Mr cmJdS> _w»`Ëdo hmoVo {VWo Joë`m H$ mhr dfm©V AmT> iyZ `oV hmoVr.

OmñV H$ mcmdYrÀ`m {nH$ m_wio Ë`m§Zm BÀN> m AgyZ gwÕm CËnÞ _Ü` àXoemVrc _moaoZm {OëømÀ`m {R> H$ mUmhÿZ 30 {H$ ._r. Xya {ZXmZ ho Jmd dgco Amho. Om¡am VmcwŠ`mVrc `m JmdmV Owc¡ Vo Am°JñQ> `m _{hÝ`m§V dm{f©H$ gamgar 450 {_.{_. nmD$ g nS> Vmo. ~hþVm§e eoVr hr H$ moaS> dmhÿ AgyZ a~r h§Jm_mV nmÊ`mMm _w»` òmoV hm ~moAadoëg AgVmo. `m JmdmV ~hþVm§er XwîH$ mir n[apñWVr AgVo. VgoM H$ _r nmD$ g nS> ë`mg ~hþVm§e ~moAadoëg XoIrc H$ moaS> çm hmoVmV. JmdmÀ`m O{_ZrMm n¥ð> ^mJ Ag_Vc Agë`m_wio ImocJQ> ^mJmVrc O{_Zr, OmñV nmUr gmMë`m_wio Iarn h§Jm_mV Ë`m nS> rH$ amhVmV Va C§M ^mJmV Agcoë`m O{_Zr a~r h§Jm_mV {hdmiçmVrb YwŠ`m§_wio ÌmgXm`H$ R> aVmV. {nH$ m§da {H$ S> r d amoJm§Mm àmXw©^md Zoh_r AgVmo. VgoM gwYm[aV {~`mUo d eoVrMr `§Ìgm_J«r CncãY ZgVo. _Owam§Mr H$ _VaVm ho àíZ `m JmdmV gVV OmUdVmV. Ádmar, Vya, Jhÿ d _mohar hr {nHo$ àm_w»`mZo JmdmV KoVcr OmVmV. `m ^mJmV VwarZ§Va a~r_Ü`o JìhmMr cmJdS> hr emídV nrH$ nÕVr _mZë`m OmVo. na§Vw Joë`m H$ mhr dfmªnmgyZ VwarMo joÌ ho AZoH$ H$ maUm§_wio KQ> V$ Amho.

`mdarc EH$ Cnm` åhUOo H$ _r H$ mcmdYrÀ`m OmVr V`ma H$ aUo. na§Vw Ë`m§Zm Amo{cVmMr ì`dñWm Amdí`H$ hmoVr. VgoM ho gwÕm {ZXe©Zmg Amco H$ s H$ _r H$ mcmdYrÀ`m Vwar Á`mMr noaUr Owc¡À`m n{hë`m AmR> dS> çmV hmoD$ Z {S> g|~aÀ`m n{hë`m AmR> dS> çmV g§nVo. Voìhm eoVmV 5 Vo 8 _emJVr d AmocrV H$ aUo JaOoMo AgVo. `m_wio JìhmÀ`m noaUrcm Cera hmoVmo. gd©gmYmaUnUo noaUrcm Pmcoë`m àË`oH$ {XdgmÀ`m C{eamcm à{V {Xder CËnmXZm_Ü`o 1 Vo 1.5 Q> ŠŠ`m§Mr KQ> `oVo. VgoM Z§Va KoÊ`mV `oUmè`m {nH$ m§Zm OmñV g§gmYZo Ogo D$ Om©, {~`mUo, IVo d Amo{cVmMr JaO ^mgVo Á`m_wio CËnmXZ IMm©V Iyn dmT> hmoVo.

Vya H$ mT> UrZ§Va bJoM \$ ma _emJV Z H$ aVm JìhmMr noaUr H$ oë`mZo H$ ï> hr dmMbo d nbodm (n{hbo {gM§Z Q> miyZ nmUr ~MV H$ aVm Ambo. àW_V… A{Z`{_V nmdgm_wio eoVH$ è`m§Zm doioV noaUr d cmJdS> H$ aUo H$ R> rU hmoVo. Ë`m_wioM AmYrM 220-250 {Xdg Aem OmñV H$ mcmdYrÀ`m `m {nH$ mMm `m OmñV H$ mcmdYr AmUIr nwT> o T> H$ cë`m OmV hmoVm. VgoM W§S> rÀ`m {XdgmV nS> Umè`m YwŠ`m_wio _a d dm§P _moP°H$ amoJm_wio {nH$ mMo CËnmXZ H$ _r `oV hmoVo. OmñV H$ mcmdYrÀ`m {nH$ m_wio Ë`m§Zm BÀN> m AgyZgwÕm CËnÞ dmT> {dÊ`mgmR> r Xwgao {nH$ KoUo eŠ` ZìhVo. Ago gwÕm AmT> iyZ 12

Cnm``moOZm

n`m©`ñdê$ n `mM n[agamVrc H¥$ fr {dkmZ H|$ ÐmZo Z°eZc B{Z{gEQ> rìh Am°Z Šcm`_oQ> ao{Pc|Q> A°J«rH$ ëMa (NICRA) `m H$ m`©H«$ _m§VJ©V Amo{cVmÀ`m ZdrZ à~§YZ nÕVrMm àgma H$ aÊ`mMm à`ËZ Ho$ cm. 2011 _Ü`o ""n`m©daU ~XcmZwgma ^maVr` H¥$ frMr cd{MH$ Vm/AZwê$ nVm'' dmT> {dÊ`mgmR> r hm amï´> r` H$ m`©H«$ _ gwê$ H$ aÊ`mV Amcm. `m_Ü`o H¥$ fr {dkmZ H|$ ÐmÀ`m XoemÀ`m 100 g§doXZerc {Oëøm_Ü`o _mJ©Xe©Z d àmË`{jHo$ XoÊ`mMr O~m~Xmar XoÊ`mV Amcr hmoVr. `m A§VJ©V XwîH$ mimcm ghZerc JìhmÀ`m dmZmMr CncãYVm H$ aÊ`mV Amcr. JìhmÀ`m cmJdS> rMr doi AcrH$ S> o KoVcr Jocr. Á`mÀ`m_wio nwT> o CîUVoMr Pi {nH$ mcm _maH$ R> aUma Zmhr. eoVH$ è`m§Zr XoIrc H¥$ fr {dkmZ H|$ ÐmÀ`m _XVrZo nm[adm[aH$ nrH$ nÕVrV ~Xc H$ aÊ`mgmR> r doJdooJio n`m©` emoYÊ`mg gwédmV Ho$ cr. {ZYmZ JmdmVrc eoVH$ è`m§Zr H¥$ fr {dkmZ H|$ ÐmÛmao KoÊ`mV `oUmè`m ~¡R> H$ m§_Ü`o gh^mJ KoÊ`mg gwédmV Ho$ cr. Ë`m§Zr Ë`m§À`m eoVmV A{Ve` H$ _r _emJVrMm n`m©` Á`m_Ü`o EH$ dIaUr, XmoZ Zm§JaUr, gnmQ> rH$ aU d JìhmÀ`m OrS> ãcy-366 qH$ dm E_nr-1010 dmUmMr noaUr `mMm g_mdoe Ho$ cm. JìhmMr noaUr AmoirV ~r d IVo `m EH$ {ÌV noaUr `§ÌmUo Ho$ cr.


K|Mm `m {hadirÀ`m IVm§Mm gwÕm dmna H$ aÊ`mV Amcm. VwarÀ`m {nH$ mZ§Va H$ moaS> çm _mVrV JìhmMr noaUr H$ aÊ`mV Amcr. `m_wio JmXr dmâ`mda {~`mUo noaUrgmR> r cmJUmè`m doioMr ~MV Pmcr. VgoM n{hë`m Amo{cVm_Ü`o (Á`mcm ñWm{ZH$ ^mfoV ncodm åhUVmV) cmJUmam OdiOdi 10 Vo 15 {XdgmMm H$ mcmdYr dmMcm. `m nÕVr_wio O{_ZrMr _emJV H$ aÊ`mgmR> r cmJUmar D$ Om© dmMcr d Ë`mM~amo~a nmÊ`mMr XoIrc ~MV Pmcr. `m nÕVr_wio gd© nrH$ EH$ gmaIo dmT> VmZm AmT> ico. nmÊ`mÀ`m H$ _r hmoUmè`m nmVirMr YmoŠ`mMr K§Q> m cjmV KoVm eoVH$ è`m§Zr `m nÕVrMm Adc§~ Ho$ cm. eoVH$ è`m§Zr nmÊ`mÀ`m XmoZ nmù`m XoÊ`mg gwadmV Ho$ cr. n{hcr nmir noaUr Pmë`mZ§Va cJoMM {nH$ mMr Mm§Jcr CJdU hmoÊ`mgmR> r d Xwgao nmir n{hë`m nmÊ`mÀ`m nmirZ§Va 40-45 {XdgmZ§Va XoÊ`mV Amcr. eoVm_Ü`o AmocrV H$ aÊ`mgmR> r dm\o$ d gatMm dmna H$ aÊ`mV Amcm. Á`m_wio nmÊ`mMm OmñV H$ m`©j_ Cn`moJ H$ aÊ`mV Amcm. Á`m_wio JìhmMr CËnmXH$ Vm 53.8 pŠd./ho.n`ªV {_imcr.

n[apñWVrV CËnmXZmV Odinmg 11 Q> ŠHo$ dmT> hmoVr. JmdmVrc 32 eoVH$ è`m§Zr eyÝ` _emJVrMm Adc§~ Ho$ cm. Ë`m§Zm 2012-13 _Ü`o Odinmg 50 hoŠQ> a Jhÿ eyÝ` _emJVrZo cmJdS> H$ aÊ`mÀ`m nÕVr_wio 112 pŠd¨Q> c JìhmMo A{V[aŠV CËnmXZ {_imco. `m_wio 1.88 cj én`mMr ~MV JmdmV Pmcr. ZmdrÝ`nyU© eyÝ` _emJVrMo V§Ì {OëømVrc cJVÀ`m Jmdm§_Ü`o ngaco. 2013 _Ü`o A§XmOo 200 ho joÌmda `m nÕVrZo cmJdS> Pmcr. ho AmVm R> m_nUo åhUVm `oVo H$ s, `m nÕVr_wio OmñV CËnmXZ hmoD$ Z CËnÞ dmT> Ê`mg _XV Pmcr. eoVH$ ar `mH$ S> o eoVr H$ aÊ`mMm ZdrZ _mJ© åhUyZ nmhÿ cmJco Amho d gdm©V _hÎdmMo åhUOo ~XcË`m n`m©daUmZwgma eoVr nÕVr_Ü`o CËnmXZmÀ`m emídVrgmR> rMm hm EH$ ZdrZ _mJ© R> acm Amho. Anita Bhaduri Programme Director, Society for Promotion of Water Shed Development 14-A, Vishnu Digambar Marg, New Delhi-110 002 email : amitabhaduri@gmail.com

emídV d cd{MH$ /gwg§JV eoVr

JmdmVrc Odinmg 125 eoVH$ ar Hw$ Qw> §~m§Zr `m nÕVrMm Adc§~ Ho$ cm. VwarÀ`m H$ mT> UrÀ`m AJmoXa {Xcoë`m Amo{cVmMr d Vya H$ mT> UrZ§Va {Xcoë`m Amo{cVm_wio Amcoë`m CËnmXZmMr VwcZm H$ aÊ`mV Amcr. `m_Ü`o Ago AmT> iyZ Amco H$ s Z§VaÀ`m

Source : Water Saving in Agriculture in Morena, LEISA India September, 2015

_amR> r AZwdmX : lr. bú_rH$ m§V nS> moio

13


_{hcm§Mr g|{Ð` ^mOrnmcm eoVr {haXoe Hw$ _ma MwZoam eoVr {H$ \$ m`Vera Zgë`m_wio AS> ^moam JmdmVrc cmoH$ eham§H$ S> o ñWcm§V[aV hmoV hmoVo. _{hcm§Zr gm_m{OH$ g§ñWoÀ`m _XVrZo JQ> m§Mr ñWmnZm H$ ê$ Z emídV eoVr nÕVrZo eoVr CËnmXZ ~è`mn¡H$ s dmT> {dco Amho.

S> m|Jami ^mJmVrc eoVr MT> CVma, {dIwacoco O{_ZrMo VwH$ S> o, CWi d Yyn hmoUmè`m O{_Zr_wio ImcmdV OmUmam nmoV `m_wio AmìhmZmË_H$ M AgVo. Aem ^mJmVrc Hw$ Qw> §~mVrc nwéf _§S> ir H$ m_Y§ÚmgmR> r ñWcm§Va H$ arV Agë`m_wio _{hcm§da eoVrMr gd© H$ m_o nS> VmV. J«m_rU ^mJmV {dH$ mgmMo H$ m_ H$ aUmè`m "g§OrdZr' `m g§ñWoZo CÎmamI§S> amÁ`mVrc {^»`mgoZ `m VmbwŠ`mVrb AS> ^moam IoS> o 14

Amnë`m ^mOrnmbm ßbm°Q> _Ü`o VmamXodr

emídV d g|Ðr` eoVr nÕVrcm MmcZm XoÊ`mgmR> r {ZdS> co. g§OrdZrZo 51 Aën^yYmaH$ eoVH$ ar _{hcm§Zm XmoZ JQ> mV {d^mJyZ àH$ ënmcm gwédmV Ho$ cr. _{hcm§Zm g|Ðr` nÕVrZo eoVr H$ er H$ aVmV `mMo à{ejU XoÊ`mV Amco. eoVmVrc nrH$ Adeof d eoU dmnê$ Z Jm§Sy> i IV, ~m`moS> m`Zm{_H$ H§$ nmoñQ> Am{U Vac IV (Ordm_¥V) V`ma H$ aÊ`mMo à{ejU {Xco. `mì`{V[aŠV O¡{dH$ H$ sS> d amoJ {Z`§ÌUmÀ`m nÕVr~m~V à{e{jV Ho$ co. `m _{hcm§À`m JQ> m§Zr dm§Jr, \w$ cH$ mo~r, nÎmmH$ mo~r, Q> _mQ> a Am{U {_aMr `mgma»`m ^mOrnmë`mMo CËnmXZ KoVco. ~waer d {OdmUy`wŠV amoJm§nmgyZ ~Mmd H$ aÊ`mgmR> r {~`mUm§Zm nr.Eg.~r (PSB), Q´> m`H$ moS> _m©Mr ~rOà{H«$ `m H$ aÊ`mV Amcr. Zg©ar V`ma H$ aVmZm O{_ZrÀ`m _emJVrH$ S> o {deof cj XoÊ`mV Amco. _w»` eoVmV nwZ©cmJdS> H$ aÊ`mAJmoXa n§MJì`mV amonm§Mr _wio Sw> ~{dÊ`mV


Amcr. Ë`m_wio _mJrc dfmªnojm Mm§Jco CËnmXZ {_imco. Ë`mMo h§Jm_mVrc gamgar CËnÞ é. 47,000 dê$ Z 86,000 hOma n`ªV dmT> co. gmo~V Xw½Y ì`dgm` Ho$ ë`m_wio {_iH$ VrV gmVË` amIVm Ambr. VŠVm H«$ . 1 … ^mOrnmë`mMo CËnmXZ ^mOrnmcm dm§Jr \w$ cH$ mo~r nÎmmH$ mo~r Q> _mQ> a {_aMr

2013-14 pŠd¨/hoŠQ> a 1.0 1.5 - 2.0 1.5 - 2.0 1.0 - 1.5 40 - 45

2014-15 pŠd¨/hoŠQ> a 1.5 1.5 - 2.0 2.0 - 2.5 0.5 - 0.75 45 - 50

gÜ`m, `m IoS> çmVyZ XaamoO 50 {cQ> a XwYmMo CËnmXZ hmoV Amho. àË`oH$ dfu 8 Vo 10 cmImMr {_aMr {dH$ cr OmV Amho. g§OrdZr gmo~V CÎmamI§S> g|Ðr` CËnmXH$ ~moS> m©_m\©$ V ~mOmamn`ªVMr gmIir CncãY H$ ê$ Z XoÊ`mV Amcr Amho. OoUoH$ ê$ Z Cn^moŠË`mÀ`m _Ü`o Xcmc `oV Zmhr `mMr gmo` Ho$ cr Amho. Hirdesh Kumar Chunera Project Manager Sanjivani Vikas avam Jankalyan Samiti email : hirdesh.chunera@gmail.com Source : Organic vegetable farming by women LEISA India December, 2015

Vmam XodrMr H$ Wm AS> ^moam JmdmVrb 51 dfm©Mr VmamXodr ZmdmMr _{hbm Iyn YrQ> d ì`mdgmB©H$ A§e Agbobr _{hbm. g§OrdZr g§ñWoZo ~Zdboë`m 20 eoVH$ ar _{hbm§À`m JQ> m_Ü`o Vr OmoS> br Jobr. hm g|{Ð` eoVr H$ aUmè`m _{hbm§Mm JQ> Amho. Ë`mMo Zmd O¡{dH$ CËnmXH$ Cng_wh JQ> Ago Amho. KamVrb H$ m_mMm ^ma ~mOybm R> odyZ d bmoH$ m§À`m qZXoH$ S> o Xwb©j H$ éZ VmamXodrZo g|{Ð` eoVrMo à{ejU KoVbo. {VÀ`mH$ S> o 3.5 hoŠQ> a O{_Z Amho. Ë`m_Ü`o {_aMr ho nrH$ KoVbo. {edm` 20 X5 {_Q> aMo nm°br hmD$ g H$ éZ dmQ> mZm, H$ mo~r, ^|S> r, T> mo~ir {_Mu d dm§Jr Aem ^mOm§Mo CËnmXZ KoVbo. Ë`m {eam` VrZo nrM, âb_,A°àrH$ m°Q> Am{U noéMr 200 PmS> o bmdbr. {edm` 6 X5X 0.5 _rQ> aMo eoVVio ImoXyZ Ë`m_Ü`o _Ëñ`nmbZ Ho$ bo. _mgo {dHyZ Amboë`m n¡emVyZ Hw$ ¸w$ Q> nmbZmgmR> r eoS> C^mabo. AmVm Vr Xa_hm 6 Vo 7 hOma én`o S> oAar _YyZ H$ _mdVo d àË`oH$ {gPZbm {_aMrVyZ 20 Vo 25 hOma én`o {_iH$ V H$ aVo. nydunojm Xa_hm 10 Vo 15 hOma én`m§Mr OmñVrMr {_iH$ V nmhVm `mMm à^md JmdmVrb AZoH$ _{hbm§da Pmbm. {VÀ`m JQ> mVrb 14 _{hbm gwÕm Mm§Jë`mM à^m{dV Pmë`m AmhoV.

_amR> r AZwdmX : S> m°. {dZmoX IS> go

15


_{hcm g§KQ> ZoMm `eñdr à`moJ {ebw \«$ mpÝgg d gmam H°$ b_rAg Ia§ Va _{hcmM H$ ï> mMr eoVr CÎm_ H$ aVmV. nU Ë`m§Zm d§{MVM R> odco OmVo. gw_mao 1 cmImÀ`m Amgnmg gXñ` Agcoë`m Vm{_iZmSy> _{hcm g§KQ> ZoZo {ZíM` Ho$ cm H$ s, ""H¥$ fr n`m©daU Ho$ {_H$ c _wŠV H$ ê$ , n`m©daUr` eoVr nÕVrcm _hÎd {Z_m©U H$ ê$ d eoVr_Yrc _{hcm§Mo `moJXmZ {gÕ H$ ê$ .''

Oar eoVrÀ`m H$ m_mV _{hcm nyU© doi Jw§Vcoë`m Agë`m Var Amnë`m g_mOmV AOyZhr eoVH$ ar åhUOo nwéfM JUco OmVmV, _{hcm Zmhr. AJXr Vm{_iZmSy> amÁ`mV XoIrc _{hcm§Zm nwéfm§gmaIr eoV O{_ZrMr _mcH$ s {_imcocr Zmhr. n[aUm_r Ë`m§Zm eoVrgmR> r cmJUmè`m {Z{dð> m, H$ O© BË`mXrnmgyZ d§{MV ahmdo cmJVo. g_mOmV Ë`m§Zm gm_m{OH$ XOm© {_iV Zmhr. 16

JQ> mVrb EH$ _{hbm gXñ` eoVmda H$ m_ H$ arV AgVm§Zm.

Aem AdñWoV X{cV _{hcm eoVH$ argmo~V Vm{_iZmS> y _{hcm g§KQ> ZoZo 1994 gmcr H$ m_ H$ am`cm gwédmV Ho$ cr. gwédmVrcm Amamo½`mÀ`m {d{dY àíZm§da H$ m_mcm gwédmV H$ ê$ Z hiyhiy AÞgwajoÀ`m emídV n`m©`mda H$ m_mcm MmcZm {Xcr. Vgohr Amamo½` d Amhma `m ~m~r EH$ _oH$ m§da Adc§~yZ AgVmV. _{hcm g§KQ> ZoÀ`m _Vo "H¥$ fr n`m©daU' åhUOo, nma§nm[aH$ nÕVrZo emídV d ñWm{ZH$ dmVmdaUmer gwg§JV d cd{MH$ AgUmar nrH$ nÕVr hmo`. _{hcm g§KQ> ZoZo gwédmVrcm "Amamo½`Xm`r AÞ d Amamo½`Xm`r _mVr' `m {df`mda AZoH$ H$ m`©emim d à{ejU H$ m`©H«$ _ Am`mo{OV Ho$ co. {nH$ m§À`m dmT> rgmR> r d gwajogmR> r O¡{dH$ {Z{dð> m§Mr H$ er {Z{_©Vr H$ aVm `oB©c d dmnaVm `oB©c `m~m~V eoVH$ è`m§Zm à{ejU XoÊ`mV Amco. Ë`mVyZM ñWm{ZH$ nmVirda CncãY Agcoco eoU, Jmo_yÌ, XyY BË`mXr gm{hË` eoVrÀ`m


H$ ënm§Om

{Z{dð> mgmR> r dmnê$ Z, ~mhoarc {Z{dð> m§da Adc§{~Ëd H$ _r H$ aÊ`mMr gd` eoVH$ è`m§Zm cmJcr. `m nÕVr_Ü`o H$ ï> d H$ m_o H$ _r hmoV Zgcr Var {Z{dð> m§Mm IM© ~amM H$ _r hmoVmo Am{U Hw$ Qw> §~mMr AÞgwajm A~m{YV amhÿZ Amamo½`Xm`r Hw$ Qw> §~ AZw^dm`cm {_iVo. _{hcm gXñ`m§Zm EH$ nrH$ nÕVrEodOr {_l nrH$ nÕVr KoÊ`mg àmoËgm{hV Ho$ ë`m OmVo, Á`m_wio Z¡g{J©H$ n`m©daU ì`dñWm d O¡d{d{dYVm {Q> H$ dUo gwc^ hmoVo, {edm` _mVrMr gwnrH$ Vm dmT> Vo d EH§$ Xa {nH$ m§Mo CËnmXZ XoIrc VwcZoZo dmT> Vo. {deofV… _{hcm ñdV…À`m Hw$ Qw> §~mÀ`m AÞ{df`H$ JaOm ^mJdÊ`mÀ`m hoVyZo N> moQ> çm ñdê$ nmV H¥$ fr n`m©daU {Q> H$ dUmè`m H¥$ fr nÕVr Adc§~VmV. Oar g§KQ> ZoÀ`m gd©M _{hcm gXñ`m§Zm Aem

àH$ maMr eoVr H$ aÊ`mgmR> r O{_Zr CncãY Zgë`m Var KamÀ`m _mJrc OmJoV g|{Ð` nag ~mJ Cä`m H$ aÊ`mg àmoËgmhZ {Xco OmVo. (~m°Šg H«$ . 1 nhm) `oWrc eoVH$ è`m§Zm V¥UYmÝ` (Ádmar, ~mOar, ZmJbr) KoÊ`mg àmoËgm{hV Ho$ co OmVo. H$ maU `oWrc dmVmdaU d g§ñH¥$ Vrer hr {nHo$ gwg§JV AmhoV. hr {nHo$ `oWrc nma§n[aH$ {nHo$ AmhoV. na§Vw h[aV H«$ m§VrZ§Va `m {nH$ m§À`m OmJr Vm§Xyi {nH$ dÊ`mda ^a {Xcm Jocm. dmñV{dH$ nmhVm nmÊ`mÀ`m Q> §MmB©_wio Vm{_iZmSy> Vrc ~è`mM {Oëøm_Ü`o ^mVmMo nrH$ KoUo AdKS> OmVo Am{U åhUyZ _{hcm g§KQ> ZoZo VUYmÝ`mÀ`m CËnmXZmcm OmñV àmoËgmhZ {Xco. OoUoH$ ê$ Z nmUr Q> §MmB©Mm Ìmg {nHo$ KoVmZm _{hcm§Zm ^oS> gmdUma Zmhr d Hw$ nmofUmda ghOnUo _mV H$ aVm `oB©c.

17


~m°Šg 1 H$ ënm§Om hr ZmJaH$ m°B©cnmgyZ H$ mhr A§Vamda Agcoë`m JmdmV amhUmar EH$ _{hcm. Amamo½`mÀ`m H$ mhr ì`mYr_wio Vr H$ m_mda OmD$ eH$ V Zmhr. "Amamo½`Xm`r AÞ' `m {df`mdarc H$ m`©emioV EoH$ ë`mda Vr ñdV…Mr nag ~mJ {Z_m©U H$ aÊ`mg V`ma Pmcr. ghm _{hÝ`mnydu g|{Ð` nÕVrZo {d{dY ^mÁ`m {nH$ dm`cm gwédmV Ho$ cr. eoUIV d ñd`§nmH$ KamVrc H$ mS> r H$ Mam IV åhUyZ dmnacm. nag ~mJ H$ aUo ho {VÀ`m _Vo, OmñV H$ ï> mMo Zmhr. {edm` gd© cmJV \w$ H$ Q> M AgVo. {VMr _wbo XoIrc à^m{dV hmoD$ Z emiodê$ Z `oVmZm ZdZdrZ amon KoD$ Z `oVmV. `mVyZ àoaUm KoD$ Z ~è`mM _{hcm {d{dY àH$ maMr {~`mU§ O_m H$ aÊ`mgmR> r Vm{_iZmSy> _{hcm g§KQ> ZoMr _XV KoD$ BpÀN> VmV. Vm{_iZmSy> _{hcm g§KQ> ZoÀ`m EHy$ U 1 cmI gXñ`m§n¡H$ s Ho$ di % Q> ŠHo$ _{hcm§À`m Zmdo eoVO_rZ Amho. ~m°Šg 2 AemM EH$ m H$ m`©emioV H$ Ý`mHw$ _mar {OëømVrc O{_cm ZmdmÀ`m EH$ m _{hcm eoVH$ argmo~V {\$ cmo{_Zm, g_Ýd`H$ H$ Ý`mHw$ _mar {Oëhm `m§Mr ^oQ> Pmcr. O{_cmH$ S> o 3 EH$ a O_rZ Amho. O{_cmZo EH$ m AQ> rda Amnë`m O{_Zrda _{hcm g§KQ> Zocm eoVr _mo\$ V H$ aÊ`mMr g§Yr {Xcr. Vr AQ> åhUOo O{_cmcm _{hcm g§KQ> ZoMo gXñ`Ëd XoUo. ghm _{hcm§Zr EH$ JQ> H$ ê$ Z Vr eoVr g_yh eoVr åhUyZ H$ am`cm KoVcr. `oUmam IM© gdmªZr g_mZ H$ am`Mm d `oUmao CËnmXZ gdmªZr dmQy> Z ¿`m`Mo. Oa H$ mhr CacoM Va Vo _{hcm g§KQ> Zocm {dH$ m`Mo Ago R> aco. Aem àH$ mao O{_cm d _{hcm§Mm JQ> `m§À`m_Ü`o Vgm nmM dfm©Mm H$ ama Pmcm. Ho$ ir, gm~wXmUm Am{U ^mOrnmcm cmJdS> H$ aÊ`mMo R> aco. _{hcm g§KQ> ZoZo gwédmVrcm 4000 én`o Jw§VdUyH$ åhUyZ _XV Ho$ cr.

18

{\$ cmo{_Zm Am{U BVa gXñ`m§Zm ImÌr dmQ> V Amho H$ s AZoH$ _{hcm `m à`moJmMr nwZamd¥Îmr H$ aVrc. Vm{_iZmSy> _{hcm g§KQ> Z ho ZoQ> dH©$ _qhcmÀ`m Zmdo eoVr d Am¡nMm[aH$ ~±H$ H$ O© Aem {df`mda H$ m_ H$ arV Amho. H$ maU _{hcm§Zm ~±H$ H$ O© {_iV Zmhr. g§KQ> ZoMr àË`oH$ _{hcm gXñ` Xa_hm 100 én`oMr ~MV H$ aVo. Ë`mVyZ ~rO, Amamo½` d {ejU `m gmoR> r n¡go JaOy _{hcm§Zm H$ O©ê$ nmZo {_iVmV. Vm{_iZmSy> _Ü`o _{hcm§À`m Zmdo eoVr Iyn H$ _r à_mUmV Amho. Vm{_iZmSy> _{hcm g§KQ> ZoÀ`m EHy$ U 1 cmI gXñ`m§n¡H$ s Ho$ di 1 Q> ŠHo$ _{hcm§À`m Zmdo eoVO_rZ Amho. EH$ ZoQ> dH©$ åhUyZ _{hcm EH$ _oH$ sgmo~V H$ m_ H$ aÊ`mMm AmZ§X KoVmVM {edm` hr EH$ VmH$ X Amho Ago Ë`m§Zm dmQ> Vo. {edm` Ë`m§Zm ì`ŠV hmoÊ`mÀ`m d ZoV¥Ëdm_Ü`o `oÊ`mÀ`m g§Yr XoIrc {_iVmV. Ago ho gm_m{OH$ nmVirdaMo ZoQ> dH©$ _{hcm§Zm EH$ m nmVirn`ªV AÞ gwajmgmR> r Cn`wŠV R> aV Amho. Va Xwgè`m ~mOyZo gm_y{hH$ eoVr_YyZ hmoUmè`m dmT> rd CËnmXZm_wio J[a~rda _mV H$ aUo eŠ` Pmco Amho. Ë`mVyZ Ë`m§Zm Am{W©H$ d gm_m{OH$ Aem XmoÝhr ~mOyZr \$ m`Xm hmoV Amho. `m§Mr _wco Ë`m§À`m Hw$ Qw> §~mVrc _mVm d ^{JZr Hw$ Qw> §~mÀ`m O~m~Xmè`m d ZoV¥Ëd Ë`m§À`m hmVmV KoVmZm AZw^dV AmhoV. Ë`m Amncm AmdmO gd©Ì nmohmoMdVmZm AZw^dV AmhoV. `m _{hcm ZdrZ {nT> tVrc _{hcm§Zm H¥$ fr n`m©daU H$ go emídV eoVr d nma§nm[aH$ eoVr {Q> H$ dyZ R> odVo `mMr àoaUm XoUmao CXmhaU ~Zë`m AmhoV. Sheelu Francis Leader Women's Collective No. 10 East Street, Colattur Chennai-600009 Tamilnadu Email : womenscollection1@gmail.com Sara Calmins Intorn Women's Collective Source : Sustainable and resilient farming Women Collective's efforts, LEISA India December, 2015

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~XcmMo _m°S> oc Jmd nmVirda J«m_ eoVH$ ar _§S> imÀ`m ê$ nmV ^ŠH$ _ cmoH$ g§KQ> Zm C^r Pmë`m_wio nmÊ`mÀ`m òmoVmMo ~iH$ Q> rH$ aU H$ aVm Amco. A{V gj_ nmUr dmna d nmUr g§YmaUmÀ`m nÕVr dmnaë`mZo JmdH$ è`m§Zr Ë`m§À`m gÔmÀ`m nmÊ`mÀ`m JaOm ^mJdë`mM nU ^{dî`mVrc nmÊ`mMr qMVm XoIrc Xya Ho$ cr Vr hr n`m©daU gwg§JV amhÿZ. {nH$ mMr d CËnÞmMr dmT> `mgmo~VM gm_m{OH$ ~mOyZo ~aoM ~Xc Jmdm_Ü`o KSy> Z Amco. nydu Á`m _wcr Hw$ Qw> §~mgmR> r nmUr Xyadê$ Z AmUÊ`mÀ`m H$ m_mV Jw§Vcoë`m Agm`À`m Ë`m AmVm emioV `oD$ cmJë`m. EdT> oM Zìho Va J«m_ñWmZr Amnë`m JmdmMo Zmd H$ gmB© Xho[a`m gmoSy> Z H¥$ îUm Xho[a`m Ago ZmdM ~Xcco. Ë`m§Zr aoìhoÝ`y aoH$ m°S> ©_Ü`o nU JmdmMo Zmd ~Xcmdo åhUyZ {Oëhm A{YH$ mè`m§H$ S> o {ZdoXZ {Xco Amho. hr à{H«$ `m gwê$ Amho. Ranchitha Kumaran and Sunil Shrivastava Reliance Foundation RCP Project Office, 1st floor Gansoli, Navi Mumbai-400 701 Email: ranchitha.kumaran@reliancefoundation.org sunil.shrivastava@reliancefoundation.org Source : From scarcity to abundance Transformation of Krishna Dehariya village, LEISA India September, 2015

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Marathi - Dec 2016