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,jo; 4 • brk;gh; 2015


yP r h ,e; j pah jkpo; rpwg;gpjo; This issue in Tamil is a translated version of LEISA India magazine. This includes selected articles from LEISA India, originally published in English. Address : ame Foundation No. 204, 100 Feet Ring Road, 3rd Phase, Banashankari 2nd Block, 3rd Stage, Bangalore - 560 085, India Tel:

+91-080- 2669 9512, +91-080- 2669 9522

Fax:

+91-080- 2669 9410

E-mail: leisaindia@yahoo.co.in

Leisa India Chief Editor : K.V.S. Prasad Managing Editor : T.M. Radha

yPrh vd;gJ Fiwe;j ntspapL nghUs; kw;Wk; epiyj;j Ntshz;ik vd;gjd; RUf;fkhFk;. Rw;Wr;RoYf;F cfe;j topfspy; cw;gj;jpiaAk;> tUkhdj;ijAk; ngUf;f tpUk;Gk; coth;fSf;F njhopw;El;g kw;Wk; r%f hPjpapyhd tha;g;Gfis cs;slf;fpajhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ cs;@h; ts Mjhuq;fs; kw;Wk; ,aw;ifapd; Nghf;Ffis msTld; gad;gLj;jp Njitg;gLk; NghJ ghJfhg;ghd msT ntspaPL nghUl;fis jpwd;gl ifahs;tjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ Mz; kw;Wk; ngz; coth;fis> me;j r%fj;ij Ragyk; kpf;fth;fshfTk;> rf;jp kpf;fth;fshfTk; khw;wp mjd;%yk; mth;fspd; vjph;fhyj;ij jq;fs; nrhe;j mwpT> jpwik>kjpg;gL P > fyhr;rhuk; kw;Wk; mikg;Gfis mikf;f cjTtjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ khwptUk; #oy;fs; kw;Wk; NjitfSf;F Vw;g coth;fs; kw;Wk; ,ju gq;Fjhuh;fspd; jpwikfs;> gq;Nfw;G mZFKiwfs; %yk; gyg;gLj;JtjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ ghuk;ghpa mwpitAk;> mwptpay; g+h;tkhd mwpitAk; ,izj;J mjd;%yk; nfhs;if cUthf;fj;jpy; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jp vjph;fhy tsh;r;rpf;F rhjfkhd #oiy cUthf;FtjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ xU fUj;J> xU mZFKiw kw;Wk; tpNtfkhd nra;jp.

Translated by Suresh Kanna. K Translation coordination Poornima Administration Rukmini G. G. Design and Layout M.S. Vasanth Christopher Printing L.S. Graphic Prints, Chennai Cover photo Begari sammamma grows multiple crops in her field to fight drought Photo: AMEF Different editions

• Regional Editions Telugu, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Punjabi and Oriya • Farming Matters The Global edition in English • LEISA Revista de Agroecologia The Latin American edition in Spanish • LEISA India The Indian edition in English • AGRIDAPE The West African edition in French • Agriculturas, Experiencias em Agroecologia The Brazilian edition in Portuguese The editors have taken every care to ensure that the contents of this magazine are as accurate as possible. The authors have ultimate responsibility, however, for the content of individual articles. The editors encourage readers to photocopy and circulate magazine articles.

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Supported by MISEREOR, Published by AME Foundation yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

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czit tpl mjpfkhf Fwpg;ghf ghjpf;fg;gl;l r%fq;fspy; ,Ue;J tUk; ngz;fSf;F Ntshz;ikapy; caphpdg; gd;kak; tho; t pw; F k; rhtpw; F k; ,ilNa kpfg; n ghpa tpj; j pahrj; i j fhl; L fpwJ. kpfTk; mjpf nryT nfhz;l> Mgj;jhd tzpfg;gaph;fis ,urhad Ntshz; Kiwfspy; tpistpj; J mjdhy; fld;gl;L> tptrhapfs; jw;nfhiy nra;Jnfhs;tJ ,e;jpa tptrhapfs; kj;jpapy; mjpfkhf ,Uf;Fk; mNj Ntisapy;> ngz; tptrhapfs; njhlh; e ; J Fiwe; j nrytpy; caphpdg; gd; k a Ntshz; nfhs; i ffis filgpbj;J tUk; ,g;gFjpapy; xU tptrhap $l jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhs;stpy;iy. Ntshz; caphpdg; gd; k ak; vd; g J ,e; j r%fj;jpd; ghuk;ghpaj;jpy; xU gykhd gFjpahf> Mdhy; mJ kl;LNk mth;fSf;Fs; nra;Ak; tptrhaj;jpw;fhd rhpahd topahf njhpfpwJ. caphpdg; gd;ka Kiwjhd; gUtepiy khwptUk; #o;epiyapy; rhpahd cj;jputhjk; vd;gij mth; f s; njspthf Ghpe; J itj; J s; s dh; . NkYk;> mth;fs; tsh;f;Fk; gaph;fs; mth;fspd; czTf; fyhr;rhuj;ij Rl;bf;fhl;LtJld;> rikayiwapy; cs;s czTf;Fk;> epyj;jpw;Fkhd njhlh;igAk; ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. cjhuzj;jpw;F Nrhsj; j pypUe; J jahhpf; f g; g l; l czTld; JtiuAk; Nrh; e ; J czthfTk; > epyj; j py; NrhsKk; > JtiuAk; el; G gapuhf xd; w hf tsh;f;fg;gLfpwJ. ,t;thW jdpj;Jtk; tha;e;j ‘gz;izapypUe;J rikayiw” khjphpahdJ E}w;whz;Lfshf mth;fs;jq;fs; gz;izapy; Ntshz; caphpdg; gd; k aj; i j capNuhL itj;jpUf;fpwJ. ,e;j czTg; ghuk;ghpaj;jpw;F ngz; fNs kpf Kf; fpakhd topfhl; b fshf ,Ug; g jhy; mth; f Ns Ntshz; caphpdg; ghuk; g hpaj; i j vLj; J r; nry; g th; f shfTk; cs;sdh;. caphpdg; gd; k a gz; i zfs; cly; h P j pahd tho;it kl;Lk; tsh;j;njLf;ftpy;iy. khwhf mit ey; n yhOf; f > caph; r ; # oy; kw; W k; Md;kPf Ntshz; tho;f;ifiaAk; jUfpwJ. ,g;gFjpapy; cs;s kf;fs; caphpdg; gd;kaj;ij epiwa jpUtpohf;fspd; topahfTk; nfhz;lhb mq; F `P N uhf; f s; milahsg; g Lj; j g; g l; L yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

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gfph;e;J nfhs;tjpy; ngUik nlf;fhd; tsh;r;rp epWtdk; (B.B.v];) vd;w muR rhuh epWtdk; r%f kw;Wk; nghUshjhu mstpy; Xuq; f l; l g; g l; l jypj; r%f ngz; tptrhapfs; kj; j papy; gzp nra; J > ,e; j tptrha kf;fspd; mwpit mth;fSf;F gfph;eJ ; nfhs;stij fle;j 25 Mz;Lfshf topelj;jp tUfpwJ. ,e;jg; gFjpiar; Nrh;e;j ngz;fs;> Fwpg; g hf r%f kw; W k; nghUshjhuj; j py; Fiwthf cs;sth;fs; ngU Kjy; fk;Nghbah tiu jq;fspd; mDgtq;fisAk;> tptrhak;> tptrhapfs;> tpQ;Qhdpfs; kw;Wk; nfhs;if tFg;Nghh; Nghd;Nwhh; jq;fspd; tptrhak; Fwpj;j fz;Nzhl;lq;fis gfph;e;J nfhs;tjw;fhf Fiwe;j gl;rk; 100 Kiwf;Fk; Nky; gazk; nra; J s; s dh; . mth; f s; rh; t Njr khehl; L miwfspy; tuNtw;fj;jf;f Mz; kw;Wk; ngz; tptrhapfs; cs;slf;fpa ghh;itahsh;fis re;jpj;Js;sdh;. 2003 Mk; Mz;L mth;fs; fdlh ehl;bd; tpf;Nlhhpahtpy; eilngw;w cyf ,aw;if Ntshz; fhq;fpu]py; fye;J nfhz;L ciuahw; w pdh; . mq; F ghh; i tahsh; f shf $bapUe;j kf;fs; ,e;j ngz;fspd; mDgtq;fis Nfl;L ghjpj;J czh;e;jjhf njhptpj;jdh;. ek; g pf; i fapd; cr; r j; j py; > ,e; j ngz; f s; elkhLk; caphpdg; gd;ka jpUtpohit elj; j Muk; g pj; j dh; . 1998 Mk; Mz; b y; ,Ue;J xt;nthU tUlKk; mth;fs; xU khj fhyj;jpw;F 50 fpuhkq;fSf;F nrd;W mq;F caph;r# ; oy; Ntshz;ikia> tpijfspd; kPjhd fl;Lg;ghL kw;Wk; ,aw;if tpis nghUl;fs; tpw;gidf;$lk; Nghd;wtw;iw gw;wp tpthjpj;Jk;> nfhz;lhbAk;> mjd; topahf tptrhapf;Fk;> kz;Zf;Fk;> tptrhaj;jpw;Fk;> Rw;Wr;#oYf;Fk; cs;s cwTfis ntspg;gLj;jp tUfpd;wdh;. ,Jtiu mth;fs; ,e;jg; gFjpapy; cs;s 150>000 6

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

tptrhapfis nrd; w ile; J mth; f Sf; F me; j g; gFjpapy; cs; s ghuk; g hpa tpijfs; kw;Wk; gaph;fspd; nrOikiaAk; fhz;gpj;J tUfpd; w dh; . ,e; j pa muR ,e; j caphpdg; gd; k a jpUtpohf; f is ,e; j gpur; r idf; F kpf Kf;fpakhd r%f fyhr;rhu gpur;rhukhf mq;fPfhpj;Js;sJ.

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czT nfhs;if kWtbtikg;G ,e;jpahtpy; muR epWtdq;fshy; xU rpy gaph;tiffs; kl;Lk; Njh;T nra;ag;gl;L mitfNs czTg; gaph;fshf Cf;Ftpf;fg;gl;Lk;> MjuT mspf;fg;gl;Lk; tUfpwJ. gy tifg;gl;l rpWjhdpaq;fs;> ghuk;ghpakhf ekJ cs;Sh; r%fq;fshy; cz;zg;gl;L te;j me;j Cl;lr;rj;Jkpf;f jhdpaq; f s; mjpy; ,lk; ngwtpy; i y. 2013 Mk; Mz;L ekJ tuyhw;wpy; Kjd; Kiwahf muR rpWjhdpaq; f is czT cj;jputhjj;jpw;fhd jhdpaq;fshf mq; f P f hpj; J jdJ Gjpa Njrpa czT cj;jputhj rl;lj;jpy; Nrh;j;Js;sJ. jypj; ngz; tptrhapfs; > nlf; f hd; tsh; r ; r p epWtdk; > rpWjhdpaq; f Sf; f hd ,e; j pa $l;likg;G Nghd;wtw;wpd; ePz;l gj;jhz;L fhy Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F gpwF jw;NghJ rpWjhdpaq;fis ,e;jpahtpd; nghJ czT jpl;lj;jpy; cWjpahf Nrh;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J vq;fSf;F kl;Lkd;wp ,e;j ngz;fSf;Fk; xU kpfg; nghpa kfpo;thd jUzk;. jq;fspd; ntw;wpfs kw;Wk; gzpfis mth;fs; thndhyp kw; W k; FWk; g lq; f s; thapyhf gfph; e ; J nfhs; f pd; w dh; . jP h ; f ; f khd cWjpAlDk; > jPh;khdj;JlDk; mth;fs; jhq;fs; re;jpj;j r%f> nghUshjhu kw;Wk; ghypd hPjpahf xJf; f g; g l; l epiyfis vjph; j ; J Nghuhb Njrpa nfhs;ifia kWtbtikg;G nra;Js;sdh;. NkYk;> 2013 Mk; Mz;by; rpWjhdpa rhFgb nra;Ak; ehq;fs; Mg;gphpf;f,e;jpa rpWjhdpa $l;likg;ig Jtf;fp ,e;j rpWjhdpaq;fs; Fwpj;j jfty;fis mjd; Mg;gphpf;f gpwg;gplj;jpw;F nfhz;L nrd;W> ,uz; L fz; l q; f Sf; F k; ,ilNa Gjpa Njhoikia cUthf;fpAs;Nshk;.


tpijfs; Njh;T nra;tjw;F Njitg;glk; KOikahd mwpT grdl;g+h; eurk;kh Nghd;w ngz;fsplk; epiwe;Js;sJ.

nra;j gzpfSf;fhf Njrpa kw;Wk; rh;tNjr mq;fPfhuj;ij ngw;Ws;sdh;. cjhuzj;jpw;F gs;spf;F vg;NghJk; nry;yhj> vOjg;gbf;fj; njhpahj 55 taJila mQ;rk;kh vd;w ngz; tptrhap> jw;NghJ Me;jpug;gpuNjr khepyj;jpd; Ntshz; caphpdg; gd;ka epGzh;fs; FOtpy; cWg;gpduhf cs;shh;. murhq;f mjpfhhpfs;> tpQ;Qhdpfs;> nghJ r%f Mh;tyh;fs; kw;Wk; Clfq;fs; njhlh;r;rpahf ,e;j ngz;fspd; gz;iziaAk;> tpijfisAk; ghh;f;f ,e; j gFjpf; F tUfpwhh; f s; . ,th; f spd; ntw;wpf;fijfs; njhlh;rr ; pahf nra;jpj;jhs;fs; kw; W k; njhiyf; f hl; r pfspy; ntspte; J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. ehl;bNy Kjy; Kiwahf> ,d;W ,e;j gFjpapy; 50000 n`f; N lh; epyg; g ug; g hdJ ,e;jpa Njrpa caphpdg; gd;ka thhpaj;jhy; ghuk; g hpa ,lkhf mq; f P f hpf; f g; g l cs; s J. caphpdg; gd;kaj;jpw;fhd rh;tNjr $l;lj;jpy; vq;nfy;yhk; caphpdg; gd;kak; eilKiwapy; cs; s Njh me; j ,lq; f is nfsutpf; F k; fUj;J cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. me;j gFjpf;Fk; mjd; caphpdg; gd;kaj;;jpw;Fk; nfhLf;fg;gLk; ghuk; g hpa milahs rpd; d khdJ> Njrpa g+q;fhf;fSf;F nfhLf;fg;gLk; mNj msT

ghJfhg; G lDk; kw; W k; rpwg; G me; j ]; J fs; mspj;Jk;> me;j tptrhapfs; kw;Wk; r%fq;fSf;F Cf; f j; n jhifAk; fpilf; f r; nra; A k; . ,e; j milahs rpd; d khdJ ,e; j pa murhq; f k; xuq;fl;lg;gl;l FLk;g Ntshz;ikapy; <LgLk; tptrhapfSf;F MjuTk;> caphpdg;gd;kaj;ij ghJfhf;f mth;fs; nra;JtUk; gq;fspg;ig mq;fPfhuk; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;w mOj;jkhd nra;jpia njhptpg;gjhf ,Uf;Fk;. ghuk;ghpa milahsrpd;dk; vd;why; vd;d nghUs; vd Nfl;Fk; NghJ nkf;gl;g+h; ngz; tptrhap ];t&gh gjpyspf;fpwhh;> ‘vq;fSf;F ve;jtpjkhd epjp rk; g e; j g; g l; l gad; f spYk; Mh; t k; ,y; i y. vq;fis kfpo;r;rpailar; nra;tJ> vq;fSf;F fpilf;Fk; ,e;j mq;fPfhuk;jhd;”.

ngz;fspd; rf;jp jq;fspd; gz;izf;Fk;> fz;Nzhl;lq;fSf;Fk; mth;fs; mspf;Fk; ftdk; ngz;fspd; Ra khpahijia kpfg; nghpa mstpy; $l;bapUf;fpwJ. fhrpk;Gl; fpuhkj;ij Nrh;e;j tpij ghJfhf;Fk; tptrhap ghuk;kh xUKiw ,e;j ek;gpf;ifia muR mjpfhhpfs; mtuJ gz;izia ghh;itapl te; j NghJ ntspg; g Lj; j pdhh; . ‘xt; n thU khjKk; ePqf ; s; rk;gsk; thq;fp gzj;ij cq;fs; igfspy; epug;Gfpd;wPh;fs;. Mdhy; vd; tPl;bw;F yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

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te; J ghUq; f s; > ehd; tpijfshy; epug; g p itj;Js;Nsd;. ePq;fs; vd;NdhL rkkhdtuhf KbAkh?” tho;f;ifapd; kw;w epiyfspy; mth;fSf;F mspf;fg;gl;Ls;s xJf;fg;gl;l epiyapy;> ,e;j ngz; f s; Ntshz; caphpdg; gd; k aj; i j eilKiwapy; nra;JtUtjpYk;> ghJfhg;gjpYk; xU Gjpa cauj; i j mth; f s; ehl; b Yk; > r % f j; jpY k ; > ,y ;y q;f s p Y k; f p i lf;fg; ngw;Ws;sjhf czh;fpd;wdh;. ,e;j gFjpapy; cs;s ngUk;ghd;ikahd ngz; tptrhapfs; nrhy;tJ vd;dntd;why;> jw;NghJ mbf;fb mth;fspd; MNyhridfs; ngw; g ; g l; L > mth;fspd; FLk;g gz;izfspy; vLf;fg;gLk; KbTfspy; Kf; f pa gq; F mspf; f KbfpwJ vd; f pd; w dh; . rP y khkpb yl; R kk; k h jdJ %d;W Vf;fh; gz;izapy; gd;dpuz;L czTg; gaph;fis jdJ fztNuhL Nrh;e;J rhFgb nra;J tUfpwhh;. mtuJ fzth; mthplk; te;J kw;wth;fs; eP xU Kw;Nghf;fhd tptrhapahf xl;Luf gaph;fis epyj;jpy; gaphpl Ntz;Lk; vd

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MNyhrid nrhd;d NghJ> mth; KOtJkhf ,t; t if gaphpfSf; F vjph; g ; G njhptpj; J - Kjypy; jhd; jdJ kidtpia fye; J MNyhrpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd $wpAs;shh;. mg;gb mth; jdJ kidtpaplk; Nfl;lNghJ> mtuJ kidtp ‘cdf;F igj;jpak; VJk; gpbj;Jtpl;ljh? xl;Luf tpijfSk;> xhpdg;gaph;fSk; ekf;F vjw;F Njit? ehk; gaphpLk; gaph;fspy; ekf;F kfpo;r;rpapy;iyah?” vd nfhe;jspj;Js;shh;. yl;Rk;kh Nghd;w $h;ikahd kw;Wk; ftdKs;s ngz;fs; jq;fs; r%fq;fs; kw;Wk; mjidAk; jhz;b jhq;fs; ngw;Ws;s mq;fPfhuj;jpdhy; jq;fspd; fzth;khh;fsplk; kpFe;j khpahijia ngw;W kfpo;fpd;wdh;.  P V Satheesh is one of the founders of DDS and its General Secretary. For more information: visit http://www.ddsindia.com or e-mail: satheeshperiyapatna@gmail.com %yk:; yPrh ,e;jpah> khh;r; 2014> thy;a+k; 16> ,jo; 1


epyk; rPuoptij Fiwf;f $l;Lr; nray;ghLfs; caph;r;#oy; ghJfhg;gpw;fhd epWtdk; kdpj nray;ghLfshy; khw;wpaikf;fg;gl;l mNef ,aw;if Rw;Wr;#oypy; ghJfhg;igAk;> tho; t hjhuj; i jAk; ,uz; L k; xd; W f; n fhz; L gad; n gWk; tifapy; njhlh; G vw;gLj;Jtjw;fhd Nehf;fk; cs;sJ. #oypay; MNuhf;fpaj;ij kPl;fTk;> mJ nfhLf;Fk; NritfSf;Fk; Njitg;gLk; mZFKiwahdJ> gz;izapy; ,Ue;J fpilf;Fk; cs; kw;Wk; ntsp tUkhd topfis gyg;gLj;jtjhfTk;> fhLfis ghJfhg;gjhfTk;> Vo;ikia Fiwg;gjpy; gq;fspg;gjhfTk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j jftha;thdJ uh[];jhdpy; cs;s goq;Fb fpuhkj;jpy; $l;L Kaw;rpapd; tpisthf r%f fhLfis kWcUthf;fk; kw;Wk; GJg;gpj;jYk;> kz; rP u opit Fiwg; g jpYk; Vw; g Lj; j pa jhf;fq;fis Mtzg;gLj;jpAs;sJ. rpj;uth]; vd;w goq;Fb fpuhkkhdJ gPy; vd;w goq; F bfspd; ,U Fy gphpTfSk; tho; e ; J tUfpd;wdh;. njw;F muthsp vy;iyia xl;b mike;Js;s ,e;j fpuhkj;jpw;F “rpWj;ijfspd; ,y;yk;” vd;W ngah;. fpuhkj;jpy; cs;s kf;fs; ,e; j fpuhkj; j pd; mlh; e ; j kw; W k; tskhd fhLfs; kw; W k; rpjwpf; f ple; j gs; s j; j hf; F gFjpfis cila epy mikg; G nfhz; l rhFgb Kiwfis epidtpy; itj;Js;sdh;. vdpDk;> fle;j Mz;Lfspy; tskhd jhtu kw;Wk; tpyq;Ffspd; gd;kaj;jd;ik ngw;wpUe;J ,e;j ‘rpWj;ijfspd; ,y;yk;” gy;NtW caph; kw;Wk; capuw;w fhuzpfshy; tskpoe;Jtpl;lJ. epy rP u opg; G > fhLfs; mopg; G > eP N uhilfs; twz;Lk;> epyg;gad;ghl;L Kiwfspy; Vw;gl;l khw; w q; f s; r%fq; f spd; tho; t hjhuj; i j Nkhrkhf ghjpj; J s; s J. ,e; j khw; w q; f s; r%fq;fspd; r%f fl;likg;GfspYk; fLikahd tpisTfis Vw;gLj;jpapUe;jJ. rpj; u th]; fpuhk gQ; r haj; j pw; F s; rf; h pah> ghk;ughuh> gpgy;rhhp kw;Wk; Fz;lyh vd;w ehd;F tho; t plq; f s; cs; s dh; . ,e; j fpuhkkhdJ> tdtpyq; F ruzhyaj; ; j pd; vy; i yapy; 217 n`f; N lh; epyg; g ug; i g cila fhLfis nfhz;Ls;sJ.

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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

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ePh; Nkyhz;ikapy; Kd;Ndw;wk;: kz;zpy; mq;ffg; nghUl;fs; ,Ug;gJ cs;@h;> kz;ly kw;Wk; cyf mstpy; ePh; my;yJ ePh; Row;rpapy; Kf; f pa gq; F tfpf; f pwJ. Vnddpy; mJ kz; z py; eP h ; ,wq; F tjw; F k; > mq; N fNa jq;Ftjw;Fk; cjTfpd;w fhuzj;jjhy; Kf;fpa gq;F tfpf;fpwJ. mq;ffg; nghUl;fs; mjpfk; cs; s kz; kioeP i u tpiutpy; kz; z py; cl;nrYj;Jtij mjpfg;gLj;jpaJ. ,e;j ePuhdJ jhtuq; f s; gad; g Lj; j pf; nfhs; s my; y J mbkz;zpd; Moj;jpw;F nrd;W epyj;jb ePiu kPz;Lk; GJg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;sTk; cjTfpwJ. nghJthf epyj;jb ePuhdJ tPLfSf;F FbePh; kw;Wk; ePhg ; g ; hrdj;jpw;F MjhukhfTk; ,Ug;gjhy; mjid kPz;Lk; GJg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;sr; nra;tJ ,d; w paikahjjhFk; . kz; z py; mq; f f nghUl;fspd; msT FiwAk; NghJ> mJ ePiu gpbj; J itj; J f; nfhs; t J Fiwe; J > mjpf mstpy; tope;NjhbAk;> kz; mhpkhdj;ijAk; Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. ,jd; nghUs; vd;dntd;why; jhtuq; f Sf; F Njitg; g Lk; eP h ; FiwtJk; > epyj; j beP h ; kP z ; L k; GJg; g pj; J f; n fhs; s J FiwtJk; MFk;. rpj;uth]py; caphpdf; fopTfs; kw; W k; mq; f fg; nghUl; f s; ngUfpapUg; g J> epyj;jb ePh; cah;tjw;Fk;> Kd;ngy;yhk; Mz;bd; ngUk; gFjp ehl;fspy; tdg;gFjpapy; cs;s epyg;gug;gpy; cw;gj;jpahFk; gUtfhy ePNuhilfs; twz;bUf;Fk;. ,g;NghJ mit mjpf fhyj;jpw;F tope;NjhLtijAk; fhzKbfpwJ. ,J jpwe;jntsp fpzWfspy; cs;s ePh; tuj;J mjpfhpj;jpUg;gjw;Fk; cjTfpwJ. jpl;lj;jpd; nray;ghLfs; Jtq;Ftjw;F Kd; fpuhkj;jpy; ,Ue;j 50 jpwe;j ntsp fpzWfspy; 40 fpzWfs; tuz;bUe;jJ. jpl;lj;jpd; nray;ghLfSf;F gpwF jw;NghJ 10 fpzWfs; kl;LNk jz;zPh; ,y;yhky; ,Uf;fpwJ.

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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

mutsp kiyg; g Fjp Kjy; Nrhl; l hehf; g +h; gPlg+kp tiu ePz;L tUfpwJ. Nky;gFjpay; mike; j pUe; j fhLfs; mopf; f g; g l; l jdhy; fPo;gFjpapy; gs;sj;jhf;Ffspy; cs;s Ntshz; epyq;fs; nghpa mstpy; rPuope;J Nghtjw;F fhuzkhdJ. ,g; g Fjpfspy; caph; r ; # oy; GJg;gpg;gjpy; ikag;gzpahf cs;sJ cs;@h; r%f mikg;Gfis Ghpe;J nfhs;Sk; Kaw;rpAk;> $l;Lr; nray;ghLfis GJg;gpg;gJk;> fhLfs; kw;Wk; nghJ epyq;fis mth;fs; fhyq;fhykhf mtw; i w ghJfhg; g jpYk; > eph; t fpg; g jpYk; mth; f s; filgpbj; J te; j r%fq; f Sf; F rhjfkhd ghJfhf;Fk; fhymsit gyg; g Lj; J tJk; MFk; . ,ize; j fhLfs; Nkyhz;ik Vw;ghLfs;> fhLfis ghJfhf;Fk; cj; j puthjj; i jAk; > Cf; f j; n jhifiaAk; kw;Wk; fhLfis ghJfhg;gJ kw;Wk; GJg;gpj;jy; nray;ghLfspy; cs;@h; r%fq;fs; gq;nfLg;gjw;Fkhd tha;g;igAk; mspf;fpwJ. kdpj nray;ghLfshy; khw;wpaikf;fg;gl;l gy ,aw;ifahd Rw;Wr;#oy;fis ghJfhg;gJ kw;Wk; mjid tho;thjhuj;NjhL njhlh;G Vw;gLj;jp xd;wpy; ,Ue;J xd;W gyd;ngWk; tifapy; khw; w paikg; g jw; f hd tha; g ; G fs; cs; s d. #o;epiy kz;lyq;fspd; MNuhf;fpaj;ijAk;> mJ nfhLf;Fk; NritfisAk; GJg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F xU mZFKiw Njitg;gLfpwJ. me; j mZFKiwahdJ gz; i zapd; cs; kw;Wk; ntsp tUkhdj;ij gyg;gLj;JtjhfTk;> fhLfis ghJfhg;gjhFk;> Vo;ikia Fiwg;gjpy; gq;fspg;gjhfTk; vd;w ,ize;j Kaw;rpahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,J kWgbAk; ntspaplg;gLk; fl;LiuahFk;. ,jd; Kjy; fl;Liuia ‘epyr;rPuopit Fiwg;gjw;fhd $l;L Kaw;rpfs; - rpj;uth]; fpuhkk; > NfhFz; l h jhYf; f h> cijg; g +h; khtl;lk;> uh[];jhd;” - xU jftha;thf www. sapplpp.org vd;w ,izajsj;jpy; fhzyhk;.  %yk:; yPrh ,e;jpah> nrg;l ; k;gh; 2014> thy;a+k; 16 ,jo; 3


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mjd; topahf ,aw; i f kWcUthf; f j; i j K];bNfhNtyh vd;w fpuhkj;jpy; Muk;gpj;jJ. 125 Vf;fh; epyg;gug;gpy; ,f;fpuhkj;ij Rw;wpAs;s tUtha; jhpR epyj;ij ghJfhf;Fk; gzpia Jtf; f p mth; f is rkhjhdg; g Lj; J tjw; F xU tUl fhyk; vLj; j J. mjd; jhf; f k; fpl; l j; j l; l cldbahf czug; g l; l J. rpy Mz; L fspy; > NkYk; 7 fpuhkq; f s; ,jpy; ,ize;jd. ,d;W 7500 Vf;fh; mLj;jLj;j tUtha; jhpR epyq;fs; ghJfhf;fg;gl;Lk;> fhL kWcUthf;fk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. gq;Nfw;G mZFKiwahdJ r%fq;fs; jq;fSf;Fs; xd;whfp nghWg;Gfis vLj;Jf; nfhs;s cjtpaJ. xt;nthU fpuhkj;jpYk; tdg; ghJfhg; G FOf; f s; (td rku\; r pd FO- tp.v];.rp) cs;sd. midj;J gzpfSk; tp.v];.rpapd; fz;fhzpg;G gzpahsh; topahf Nkw;ghh;itAk;> fz;fhzpg;Gk; nra;ag;gLfpwJ. ,e;j fz;fhzpg;G gzpahsh;fs; xt;nthU ehSk; me;j gFjpapy; Nuhe;J te;J CLuT nra;gth;fs;> jP itg;G my;yJ kuk; ntl;Ljy; Nghd;w Ntiyfs; eilngWfpwjh vd fz; f hzpj; J mt; t hW ,Ug; g pd; tp.v]; . rpaplk; njhptpj;J cldbahf mtw;iw jLf;Fk; nray;ghLfspy; <LgLthh;fs;. ahNuDk; tpOe;j kuq;fis vLj;jhy; mth;fSf;F mjpf jz;lk; tpjpf;fg;gLk;. vdNt cs;@hpy; cs;sth;fs; ve;j kuk; tpOe;jhYk; vLg;gjpy;iy. xt;nthU tp.v];.rpAk; jP mizg;G jd;dhh;tyh;fis nfhz;bUf;Fk;. xt;nthU tUlKk; 60-75 fp.kPfF ; jP guTtij epWj;Jtjw;F jP jLg; G fs; mikf; f g; g Lk; . tp.v]; . rpapd; cWg;gpdh;fs;> fz;fhzpg;G gzpapy; <LgLth;fs; kw; W k; ,izg; G f; F Otpd; njhz; l h; f s; > mq;F ML khLfs; Nka;g ;g jw;f hf 25 fp.kP njhiytpy; cs;s fpuhkq;fspy; ,Ue;J tUk; Nka;gth;fSf;F ,jid tpsf;Ftjw;fhfTk; tpsf;F Vw;w jPia jtph;f;Fk;gb epiwa Neuk; nryT nra;thh;fs;. 2002 Mk; Mz;L ,e;j tp.v];.rpf;fs; xNu $l;likg;ghf fy;gts;sp ku tsh;;g;Nghh; $l;Lwthf ,izf;fg;gl;L 2008 Mk; Mz;L V.gp.vk;.V.rp.v]; rl;lj;jpd; gb gjpT nra;ag;gl;lJ. fpuhk kf;f ; s; fy;gts;spapy;

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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

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cz;ljhy; ,we;J NghdjhfTk; fpuhk kf;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;. epiwa gRf;fs; thfdq;fs; Nkhjp ,we;J Ngha; cs;sd. Gdpjkhf gRf;fspd; ,wg;ghdJ> cs;@h; r%fq;fspd; czh;Tfis nghpJk; Gz;gLj;jpAs;sJ. NfhapYf;F mUfpy; cs; s eP N uhil fha; J k; > khRgLj; j g; g l; L k; > mjdhy; fhy;eilfs; Fbg;gjw;F ,dpNky; jz;zPh; fpilf;fhj epiy Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. fy; g ts; s papd; eP N uhilfs; fhw; w hiyfs; mikf; f g; g l; l jw; F gpwF tw; w j; njhlq; f p tpl;ld. kpd;rhu J}z;fs; kw;Wk; Gtpj;njhLg;gpd; fhuzkhf mJ epyj; j pd; kP J Vw; g Lj; J k; ntg; g k; epyj; j b eP i u ghjpg; g jhf kf; f s; $Wfpd;wdh;. gs;sj;jhf;fpy; cs;s ePNuhilfs; kz; mhpkhdj;jpd; fhuzkhf jilg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,it midj;Jk; Neubahf Nghpr;ir kuq;fis ghjpj;Js;sJ. fha;e;J Nghd Nghpr;ir kuq;fs; goq; f is cw; g j; j p nra; a hjjhy; mit nghUshjhuj;jpw;fhf mtw;iw ek;gpAs;s fpuhk kf;fis Neubahf ghjpf;fpwJ. fpl;lj;jl;l me;j gs;sj;jhf;fpy; cs;s midj;J ePNuhilfSk; tw; w p me; j tdj; j py; caph; r ; # oy; rP u opit Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ.

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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

caph; r ; # oy; kw; W k; tdk; #o; e ; j gFjpapy; epWtg; g l; l fhw; w hiyfs; mg; g s; s j; j hf; F gFjpapd; #oypaiy khw;wp mjd; tpisthf tdg;gFjpapd; epyq;fs;> ePNuhilfs;> Gw;jiufs;> tho;thjhuk;> tdg;gFjpapd; ePh; epiyfs; kw;Wk; mUfhikapy; cs;s fpuhkq;fs; vd midj; i jAk; ghjpj; J s; s J. cs; @ h; kf; f spd; tho; t hjhuq; f is ghjpj; j NjhL my; y hky; > tUlj; j pd; ghjp ehl; f s; ,e; j kWcUthf; f k; nra; a g; g l; l #oy; e piyia ek;gp ,lk; ngah;e;J Nka;r;ry; njhopy; nra;Ak; kf;fisAk; ghjpj;Js;sJ. xU mikjpahd gs;sj;jhf;fhf ,Ue;j gFjp> ,g; N ghJ ke; j khd nkd; i kahd Rod; W rPWk; jfLfshy; kpfTk; ghjpg;gile;Js;sJ. fhw;whiyapy; ,Ue;J jpBnud;W tUk; tphpry; rj; j q; f s; kw; W k; epWj; j q; f s; > ek; i k Rw; w p fhzg;gLk; nropg;G mq;F cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gLk; kpd;rhuj;jpy; xU nkfhthl; $l ngwKbahj cs;@h; kf;fspd; tpah;it kw;Wk; ,uj;jj;ij cwpQ;rpjhd; vd;gij ekf;F epidTgLj;JfpwJ.  Farukh Riaz, Anita Sood, Saroj Bhayana and Alpna Sharma Paryavaran Jagriti Abhiyan Committee S o c i e t y f o r P r o m o t i o n o f Wa s t e l a n d s Development 14 A Vishnu Digamber Marg New Delhi 110002 E-mail: spwdenvironment2012@gmail.com %yk:; yPrh ,e;jpah> nrg;l ; k;gh; 2014> thy;a+k; 16 ,jo; 3


rpWgz;izfs; ngUk; kjpg;gPLfs; xUq;fpizf;fg;gl;l ney; kw;Wk; kPd; tsh;g;G Ntshz;ik

uQ;rd; Nf. ghz;Nl kw;Wk; mIPj; Fkhh; ghz;Nl xbrhtpd; NguopTfs; Vw;gLk; gFjpfspy; cs;s rpW tptrhapfs;> jq;fs; FLk;gq;fspd; czT kw;Wk; Cl;lr;rj;J ghJfhg;ig cWjp nra;tjw;Fk;> gUtepiy khw;wq;fspd; jhf;fq;fis rkhspf;fTk; Gjpa topfis fz;lwpe;J tUfpd;wdh;. fha;fwp Njhl;lq;fs; kw;Wk; ney;-kPd; Ntshz; Kaw;rpfs; tptrhapfSf;Fk; mth;fspd; FLk;gq;fSf;F Njitg;gLk; czT> Cl;lr;rj;J kw;wk; tUkhd NjitfSf;Fk; cjTfpd;wJ. cyfpy; gl; b dpahy; mtjpAWk; kf; f spy; ngUk; g hd; i kahNdhiuf; nfhz; l rpW tptrhapfNs> cyfpd; ngUk; g hd; i kahd kf;fSf;F czT mspf;fpd;wdh;. cz;ikapy; FLk;g tptrhapfs; cyfpy; Efug;gLk; cztpd; ngUksT gq; i f cw; g j; j p nra; t NjhL kl; L ky; y hJ> Rw; W r; # oiy ghJfhg; g jpYk; cjtp tUfpd; w dh; . mjpf cw; g j; j p nryT> Fiwthd kf#y;> Mjutw;w nfhs;iffs;> gUtepiy khw;wj;jpdhy; Vw;gLk; tpisTfs; Nghd; w vz; z w; w rthy; f is re; j pf; F k; NtisapYk; Ntshz;ikapy; njhlh;eJ ; <Lgl;L tUfpd;wdh;. xbrhtpy; cs;s tptrhapfs; Ntshz;ikapy; njhlh;e;J <LgLtjw;fhf ,aw;if NguopTfSf; F vjpuhf njhlh; e ; J Nghuhb tUfpd;wdh;. Eglh Nghd;w khtl;lq;fspy; twl;rp tptrhapfis ghjpf;Fk; Ntisapy;> nfd;uglh Nghd; w flNyhu khtl; l q; f spy; njhlh; e ; J Vw;gLk; nts;sg;ngUf;F tptrhapfis kpfTk;

ghjpf;fpwJ. tptrhapfs; gUtepiy gpwo;rr ; pfis rkhspf; F k; tifapy; Gjpa Kaw; r pfshf fha; f wp Njhl; l q; f s; kw; W k; xUq; f pize; j Ntshz;ik Kiwfis nra;JtUfpd;wdh;. ,e; j fl; L iuahdJ ,uz; L ntt; N tW Gtpapay; gFjpfspy; cs;s rpW tptrhapfs; kj;jpapy; vg;gb ,e;j Kaw;rpahdJ ek;gpf;if tpijfis tpijg;gjw;F cjtpAs;sJ vd;gij gw;wp tpthpf;fpwJ.

fha;fwp rhFgb %yk; twl;rpia vjph;nfhz;lJ Eglh khtl;lj;jpd; fhhpah; tl;lj;;jpy; cs;s Nlhnfy;glh fpuhkj;jpy; cs;s gdkyp gpfpuhTf; F 2 Vf; f h; nrhe; j epyk; cs; s J. tUlk; KOf; f mth; miu Vf; f h; epyj; j py; fha;fwpfs; gaphpLthh;. mq;F cs;s fpzw;wpd; %yk; ghuk; g hpa eP h ; ,iwf; F k; fUtpapd; (nld;lh) cjtp nfhz;Lk; mthpd; gaph;fSf;F ePh; gha;r;Rthh;. FLk;gj;jpy; cs;s xt;nthU yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

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cWg; g pdUk; ,uz; L kzpNeu ciog; i g nrYj;jp fha;fwpfis mth;fs; cz;gjw;Fk;> tpw;gid nra;tjw;Fk; mWtil nra;J tpLth;. ‘xt;nthU ehSk; epyj;jpy; ePh; gha;r;Rtjw;F Fiwe;jgl;rk; xU kzp Neuk; vLf;fpwJ. kw;w xU kzp Neuk;> kw;w Ntiyfshd fis vLj;jy;> kz;iz Nth;g;gFjpfspy; nfhj;jp tpLtjw;F nrythfpwJ” $Wfpwhh;. gdkyp. “epykhdJ cq;fspd; ciog;ig jpUg;gp nfhLj;JtpLfpwJ -eP epiwa Ntiy nra; j hy; epiwa ngw; W f; nfhs; ; t ha; . ,e; j Ntshz; i kf; F ed; w p. ehq;fs; fha;fwpfis njhlh;eJ ; rhg;gpLtNjhL kl;Lky;yhky;> tpise;j nghUl;fspy; ghjpia mUfpy; cs;s re;ijapy; tpw;gjd; %yk; ey;y tUkhdKk; fpilf;fpwJ” vd;fpwhh; rhd;Rf;lh> gdkypapd; kidtp. gdkypia NghyNt> epiwa fpl; l j; j l; l 30 tptrhapfs;> jq;fspd; FL;;k;g MNuhf;fpak;> Cl;lr;rj;J kw;wk; tUkhdj;jpw;fhf mth;fspd; nfhy; i yg; G wq; f spy; fha; f wp rhFgbapy; <Lgl;L tUfpd;wdh;. cz;ikapy; ,e;j gFjpf;F ,e;j fpuhkk; cjhuzkhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;fpwhh;> mNrhf; gl; e haf; . ,th; twl; r pia vjpuhf tptrhapfs; Nghuhl Cf;Ftpf;Fk; fpUiga;ah kw;Wk; tpfh]; vd;w ,uz;L cs;@h; muR rhuh epWtdq;fspy; jd;dhh;tyuhf gzp Ghpfpwhh;. mUfpy; cs;s Nkhnlhrpy; fpuhkj;jpYk; ,J Nghd;w gzpfs; eilngWfpwJ. ,e;j fpuhkq;fspy; cs;s kf;fs; nrq;fy; #is Nghd;w gzpfSf;fhf Me;jpu gpuNjrk; kw;Wk; ,ju gFjpfSf;F ,lk; ngah;e;J nry;tjhy; ,q;F eilngWk; khdhthhp Ntshz;ikahdJ kpfTk; rPuw;w epiyapy; ,Uf;Fk;. mjpfhpj;J tUk; twl;rp kw;Wk; gaph; rhFgb ,og;gpdhy; ,lk; ngah;jy; vd;gJ xU njhlh; epfo;thf ,Ue;jJ. ,Ug;gpDk;> me;j #o;epiyia fpuhk kf;fs; fha; f wp Ntshz; i k %yk; ntw; w pfukhf vjph; nfhs; f pd; w dh; . ,uz; L muR rhuh epWtdq;fs; nghUj;jkhd muR jpl;lq;fspy; fpuhk kf;fis njhlh;G Vw;gLj;Jk; Kaw;rpia nra;J tUfpd;wdh;.

mjph;\;lj;jpd; Fsq;fs; mNj khtl; l j; j py; Nghld; njhFjpapd; FRk;Fz;lh fpuhkj;jpy; cs;s rpf;lhh; kI;`p kw;Wk; cIy; kI;`papd; fijfs; kjpg;G tha;e;j Nkw;Nfhs;fs;.,e;j ,uz;L FW tptrhapfs; jq;fspd; tho;tpw;F md;whl rk;gsg; gzpiaAk; kw;Wk; mth;fSf;F nrhe;jkhd rpW Jz;L epyj;ijAk; ek;gp cs;sdh;. 18

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

khdhthhpahf cs;s rpW epyg;gug;G mbg;gil czTj; NjitfSf; F $l NghJkhdjhf ,y;iy. ,Ug;gpDk; ,e;j ,uz;L tptrhapfs; kfhj; k h fhe; j p Njrpa Cuf Ntiytha; g ; G cWjpaspg; G jpl; l j; j pd; cjtpf; f hf gs; s p rghtpdhy; Njh; T nra; a g; g l; L > Fsq; f s; ntl; l njhlq; f pa xU tUlj; j pw; F gpwF ey;y epiyikf;F rw;W khwp cs;sJ. Nkh nghf; f hhp NahIdh (gz; i zf; Fl; i lfs; jpl;lk;) jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; mth;fs; xt;nthUtUk; ,Ugjhapuk; &gha; cjtp ngw; w dh; . me; j ,Ugjhapuj; j py; nghUl; f s; kw; W k; $l; L r; nrytpdq;fs; njhif Nghf> rpf;lhh; kw;Wk; c[y; ,UtUk; KiwNa gjpide;jhapuk; kw;Wk; gjpdhd;fhapuk; epjpia ngw;wdh;. rpf;lhh; jdJ 70 gq;F epyj;jpy; 4 gq;F mstpw;F Fsj; i j ntl; b > jdJ fha; f sp rhFgb epyj;ij Rw;wpYk; Ntyp mikj;Jf; nfhz;lhh;. mth; 40 gq; F epyj; j py; ntq; f haj; i jAk; > 10 gq;F epyj;jpy; jf;fhspiaAk;> Fsj;jpd; fiuapy; ntz; i l> #hpa fhe; j p kw; W k; ,ju cs;@h; fha;fwpfisAk; gaphpl;lhh;. “ Mz;L KOtJk; ehq;fs; fha;fwp cz;gNjhL kl;Lky;yhky; kPjKs;stw;iw tpw;W Mz;Lf;F gjpide; j hapuk; tiu rk; g hjpf; f pNwhk; . njhiyapy; cs; s Me; j puhtpw; F kP z ; L k; ehd; ,lk; ngau Ntz;bajpy;iy” vd;fpwhh; kfpo;r;rpNahL fhzg;gLk; rpf;lhh;. c[y;Yk; $l jw;NghJ mtuJ gz;izapy; 50 gq;F epyj;jpy; ePh; gha;r;rp ntq;fhak; cw;gj;jp nra; f pwhh; . mth; jdJ gz; i z tug; g py; Mh; f hh; ,izj; J s; s hh; . mjd; % yk; ,e; j tUlk; gjpdhd;fhapuk; tUkhdk; <l;LtNjhL kl; L ky; y hky; efuj; j pw; F ,lk; ngah; e ; J nry; t ij epWj; j p tpl; l hh; . ,e; j ,uz; L tptrhapfSNk> Fsq; f is ntl; L tjw; F jq;fspd; FLk;g cWg;gpdh;fisNa gad;gLj;jp ntl;bAs;shh;. mjd; nghUs; vd;dntd;why; kfhj; k h fhe; j p Njrpa Cuf Ntiytha; g ; G cWjpaspg;G jpl;lj;ij gad;gLj;jp ,e;j ,uz;L rpW tptrhapfSk; Fsq;fs; ntl;bajhy; me;j Ntiyf;fhd Cjpak; ,th;fs; FLk;gj;jpw;Nf fpilj; j NjhL mth; f Sf; f hd nrhj; J k; cUthf; f g; g l; l J. fpuhkj; j py; cs; s NkYk;

,e;j xUq;fpize;j khjphp gz;izahdJ> FLk;gj;jpd; Cl;lr;rj;ij $l;Ltjw;Fk;> tptrhapfspd; nghUshjhu epiyia cah;jJ ; tjpYk; cjtpAs;sJ.


epfOk; nts;sg;ngUf;F tptrhapfis ney; rhFgb nra;a Kbahky; fl;Lg;gLj;jp te;jJ. Mdhy; jw; N ghJ tptrhapfs; “ghpth; j d; ” vd;w ngah; nfhz;l fd;rh;d; Nty;LitL kw;Wk; INuhg;gpa a+dpad; MjuT ngw;w gy ehLfs; Nrh;e;j Kaw;rp %yk; fpilf;Fk; Gjpa cjtpia Mh;. rp. B.rp vd;w cs;@h; muR rhuh epWdj; j pd; %yk; ngw; W s; s dh; . fd; n rd; rkhy; Nghd;w rpW tptrhapfs; jq;fspd; rpwpa ney; tay;fspy; $Ljyhf kPd; tsh;g;G kw;Wk; fha; f wp rhFgbfis ,izj; J f; nfhs; s cjtpia ngw;Ws;sdh;. mWtilf;fhf cs;s fj;jphpf;fha;

Gdkyp jdJ fha;fwp Njhl;lj;jpw;F ePh; gha;r;Rfpwhh;

vl; L tptrhapfs; ,Nj Kiwia gpd; g w; w p gad;ngw;wdh;. ,e;j fpuhkk; jw;NghJ mUfpy; cs;s kw;wth;fSf;Fk; J}z;LNfhyhf mike;jJ.

fd; n rd; D f; F 2000 kP d ; FQ; R fs; kw; W k; mjw;F Njitahd czTfs; kw;Wk; fha;fwp tpijfs; kw;Wk; fd;Wfs; nfhLf;fg;gl;ld. 2013 Mk; Mz; L [{d; khjk; mth; jdJ nfhy;iyg;Gwj;jpy; cs;s 50 gFjp epyj;jpy; xUq;fpize;j gz;izia mikf;f Muk;gpj;jhh;. me;j Jz;L epyk; gaph; nra;Ak; epyg;gFjpNahL mjpy; ney;gaph; kw;Wk; kPd;fs; gpiog;gjw;F VJthd FskhfTk; khw;wg;gl;lJ. jz;zPh; tUtjw;fhd topAk;> mjpfg;gbahd ePh; kl;Lk; ntspNawp kPd;fs; taypd; cs;Ns jq; f ptpLk; tifapy; ntspNaWtjw; f hd topAk; cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. gz;iz tug;Gfs; fha;fwp Njhl;lkhf khw;wg;gl;lJ. gaph; nra;Ak; epyj;jpw;Fk;> fha;fwp Njhl;lj;jpw;Fk; mq;ff cuq;fs; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

xUq;fpize;j ney; kw;Wk; kPd; tsh;g;G gz;izfs;

xU tUl fhyj;jpy; jdJ rpW nfhy;iyg;Gw rhFgbapy; fpl;lj;jl;l 200 tpOf;fhL tUkhdk; fpilg;gjhy; fd;nrd; jw;NghJ ngUikkpf;f tptrhapahf jpfo;fpwhh;. ‘ehd; ney;ypy; ,Ue;J &. 5000 rk;ghjpj;J te;Njd;. ,e;j tUlk; ney;ypy; vdf;F fpilj;jJ Nghf kPd; tsh;g;gpy; &.8000Kk; > &. 3000 fha; f wpapy; ,Ue; J fpilj;jJ” vd;fpwhh;. mth; NkYk; $Wifapy; “ ehd; ,g;NghJ vdJ FLk;gj;jpw;fhf fha;fwpfs; kw;Wk; kPd;fs; thq;Ftjpy;iy” vd;fpwhh;. mth; jdJ Foe;ijfSf;F kpjptz;b thq;fTk;> mth;fspd; fy;tpr; nrytpdq;fSf;Fk;> kw;Wk; FLk; g j; j pw; F gy topfspYk; cjtp nra; J tUfpwhh;. [d;kpn[ah vd;w cs;@h; muR rhuh epWtdj;jpd; gzpahsh; $Wifapy; “ ,e;j jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; cjtp nra;ag;gl;l midj;J tptrhapfSk; ,Nj Nghd;w gyid ngw;Ws;sdh;. mNjhL kl;Lky;yhky; ,e;j xUq;fpize;j khjphp gz;izahdJ FLk;gj;jpd; Cl;lr;rj;ij $l; L tjw; F k; > tptrhapfspd; nghUshjhu epiyia cah;j;JtjpYk; cjtpAs;sJ.

Nfd;luglh khtl;lj;jpd; uhI;efh; njhFjpapy; cs;s gj;khdhtgl;dh fpuhkj;jpy; njhlh;e;J

fd;rh;d; Nty;LitL epWtdj;jpd; gUtepiy khw; w k; Fwpj; j jpl; l j; j pd; njhopw; E l; g

mNrhf; gl;ehaf; nrhy;tJNghy;> tPl;Lf;fha;fwp Njhl;lk; vd;gJ Vw;fdNt eilKiwapy; cs;s xU tof;fkhf ,e;j gFjpapy; ,Ue;Js;sJ. fle;j fhyq;fspy; xt;nthU FLk;gKk; mjd; nfhy;iyg;Gwj;jpy; FLk;gj;jpd; Cl;lr;rj;J Njitf;fhf fha;fwp Njhl;lj;ij nfhz;bUe;jJ. fhyg;Nghf;fpy; ,e;j tof;fkhdJ epUj;jg;gl;lJ. ,e;j khw;wjpw;F $ypahl;fs; gw;whf;Fiw xU Kf;fpakhd fhuzk;. jw;NghJ ,e;j jd;dhh;t njhz;L epWtdj;jpd; Kaw;rpapd; tpisthf xt;nthU fpuhkj;jpYk; 20 Kjy; 30 tpOf;fhL FLk;gq;fs; nfhy;iyg;Gw fha;fwp cw;gj;jpapy; <Lgl;LtUtij fhzKbAk;. ngUk;ghNyhdhh; re; i jg; g Lj; j f; $ ba mstpw; F cghpahf cw;gj;jp nra;J mjd; %yk; jq;fspd; epjp Njitia g+h;j;jp nra;J nfhs;fpd;wdh;.

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

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fQ;rk; jdJ fha;fwpfSld;

xUq;fpizg;ghsh; rNuh[; Nj]; ,e;j Kaw;rpfs; kpfTk; gaDs;sjhf fhz;fpwhh;. “[fl;rpq;g+h; kw;Wk; Nfe;juglh khtl;lq;fspy; Gay; kw; W k; nts; s k; ghjpj; j gFjpfspy; cs;s rpW tptrhapfs; ,e;j fyg;G gz;iz khjphpia ntw;wpfukhf gpd;gw;wpajhy;> mJ Nghplh;fspd; jhf;fq;fis mth;fs; rkhspf;f cjtpAk; > FLk; g j; j pd; czT> Cl; l r; r j; J kw;Wk; tUkhdj;jpw;F $Ljy; tha;g;Gfis cUthf;fp je;Js;sJ. ,e;j khjphpfs; ,e;jpa flNyhu gFjpfSf;F kl;Lky;yhJ gq;fshNj\; gFjpf;Fk; gadspf;f ty;yJ vd;gij epUgpj;Js;sJ. ney;-kPd; Ntshz;ikahdJ ney; tay;fspy; ,Ue;J ntspahFk; ckpo;it 23 tpOf;fhL mstpw;F Fiwj;J> gUtepiy khw;wk; Nghd;w nghpa gpur;ridfSf;F jPh;thf cs;sJ” vd;fpwhh; Nj\;. midj;J tptrhapfSk; Nghplh; kw;Wk; tWik xopg; g pw; f hf Nghuhb> czT> Cl; l r; r j; J 20

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 4 • brk;;gh; 2015

kw;Wk; tUkhd cj;jputhjj;ijAk; cWjpg;gLj;jpAs;sdh;. nghUshjhu hPjpahf mth; f s; Viofshf ,Uf; f yhk; > Mdhy; mth; f s; jq; f splk; cs; s cilikfis nfhz;L kpfg;nghpa xU Rtil gjpj;Js;sdh;. epyg;gug;gsT rpwpjhf ,Ue;jhYk;> ehd; nra;a Ntz; b aJ vd; g J gUtepiy khw; w j; j pd; jPikfis Fiwg;gJjhd; vd;gjw;F rhd;Wfs; NghJkhdjhf cs;sJ.  Ranjan K Panda BASERA, R/3-A-4, J. M. Colony, Budharaja Sambalpur 768 004 Odisha, India E-mail: ranjanpanda@gmail.com Ajit Kumar Panda Co-Conveno Water Initiatives, Odisha %yk:; yPrh ,e;jpah> brk;gh; 2014> thy;a+k; 16 ,jo; 4

Tamil - Dec 2015  

LEISA India

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