Signposting to relevant materials YouTube clips 1. Transgender children (FULL) documentary – Victoria Derbyshire, BBC News – 7 April 2015 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mWSAdWhB6yM) ‘Jessica, who's 8, and Lily, who's 6, explain what it's like to feel they've been born in the wrong body. In an incredibly rare interview, Victoria Derbyshire speaks to two young transgender children, to get an insight into what their lives are like and what help and support is available for other children in their position. Victoria Derbyshire has been speaking to two of the youngest transgender children in the UK – with permission from their parents and with the support of the children's schools. Medical experts were also consulted.’ 2. ‘Things not to say to a Trans person | Breaking the mould – BBC Three – 21 May 2015 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pvBwWeG4Rpc) ‘BBC Free Speech asked Paris Lees, Fox Fisher, Veronica Blades, Adeleh Sasansara, Munroe Bergdorf, Dani Gibbison and Harry Taylor to pick out questions they often hear. We asked, so you don't have to!’ 3. Transgender Teens & Understanding Gender Identity Video – Parent Insider – 5 May 2015 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vqoJDIvo7F0) PLEASE NOTE: This video is American and although the majority is of relevance, in fact some of the support highlighted is not available or of relevance here in the UK. ‘Many individuals are transgender, affirming a gender other than the one they were assigned at birth. While some children and adolescents identify exclusively as male or female, others feel their gender lies somewhere between," said Dr. Martine Solages, adolescent psychiatrist at Children’s National Health System.
"Gender identity is a result of a complex interaction of influences including biological, social and cultural factors." Transgender children and adolescents "can struggle because their feelings and behaviour are out of sync with societal expectations for their assigned gender." Learn more about gender nonconformity and how parents and children can reach out for professional support’.
Resources/publications 1. ‘Understanding Gender, FAQ’ – Trans-parenting.com – 2014 (http://www.trans-parenting.com/understanding-gender/faq/) Again, this is an American website but is useful as it gives an insight into young transgender people. It is predominantly aimed at parents/carers but is most certainly a valuable read. 2. ‘Think your child might be transgender?’ – NHS Choices – 19 March 2015 (http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Transhealth/Pages/Transparentalworries.aspx) This is a NHS based webpage about young trans people. Again, it is focused on parents/carers but it is very insightful. The webpage also contains other useful links which may be worth exploring. 3. ‘Trans Terminology’ – Channel 4 – 2015 (http://www.channel4.com/programmes/my-transsexual-summer/articles/all/transterminology) An extremely useful webpage which clearly explains different terminology related to being transgender and the transgender community. Helpfully, it also highlights terms to avoid, which is as important as the correct terminology! 4. ‘Living my life: Information for people who currently identify as trans or who are beginning to explore their gender identity’ – NHS UK – date unknown (http://www.nhs.uk/livewell/transhealth/documents/livingmylife.pdf) 5. ‘Trans Youth Sexual Health Booklet’ – Gendered Intelligence – date unknown (http://cdn0.genderedintelligence.co.uk/2012/11/17/17-14-04-GI-sexual-healthbooklet.pdf) ‘The Trans Youth Sexual Health Booklet for young trans people was produced by Gendered Intelligence youth as part of a "You Know You" Young Leaders Sex and Relationship Project at Terence Higgins Trust. The project allowed young trans people, who may not have not accessed mainstream sexual health education (due to a lack of relevance to their own bodies and/or discomfort with the topic) to learn about sexual health. This booklet was written in response to the project and is aimed at young trans people and their partners’. 6. ‘A guide for young trans people in the UK’ – NHS UK – 2007 (http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130107105354/http://www.dh.gov.uk/pr
Television programmes 1. ‘My Transgender Kid’ – Channel 4 – 6 October 2015 (http://www.channel4.com/programmes/my-transgender-kid) This programme follows Paddy and George, two trans children from Leicester and Warrington. Most kids realise they are transgender by the age of 6. At present, 4 times more kids come out as transgender than ever before. Paddy is a 7-year-old trans girl from Leicester and she lives with her Mum – Lorna – and Dad – Paddy. Paddy still goes to school as a boy, however the school are aware of her situation. Paddy wears what she wants to at home. Lorna and Paddy say they wanted to take part in the programme as they wanted to raise awareness. Paddy doesn’t recognise herself as a boy in any of her childhood photographs. The family are very supportive, and let decisions be led by Paddy’s actions and thoughts. Paddy (senior) is very supportive and is shown helping Paddy do her nails which is so lovely to see. Lorna is also portrayed as being very ‘in the know’ about varying transgender definitions and terminology which is also encouraging to see. Although the family are concerned about bullying, both parents and Paddy know they are doing the right thing. Paddy says that ‘getting married as a girl’ would make her ‘really really happy’. George is also 7 years old and transitioned from female to male to be a trans boy at the age of 4. George lives with his Mum – Hayley – sister and twin sister in Warrington. Hayley describes George being drawn to anything male and anyone male and how this has always been really important to him. George had to move schools as they wouldn’t accept his transgender identity, however he is now at a new school who ‘respect his wishes’. In the programme, George meet Nic – a 34-year-old trans man who went to school with Hayley. George really opens up to Nic which shows the need for trans role models for young trans people. 2. ‘Girls to men’ – Channel 4 – 13 October 2015 (http://www.channel4.com/programmes/girls-to-men) This is a television programme about three British trans men who are transitioning from female to male.
Alfie – 17 – Student – beginning on testosterone (T) in one month and is really excited as he has always wanted to be male. He has lived as a boy for two years.
Ethan – 19 – Student Billy – 26 – DJ – been on T for three years and has been ‘passing’* really well. Billy wants phalloplasty (the construction or reconstruction of a penis) as he considers this essential to his male identity.
Themes and information present in the programme include:
On the NHS you can start T at 18 but privately you can have it from 16 Some trans men find it complimentary when people say ‘you look like a man in drag’ However, some people ask ‘are you a glorified dyke?’ which is very offensive to trans men Many trans men choose to wear a ‘packer’ which is padding or a phallic object worn to resemble a penis beneath clothing Packers have advanced in recent years and it is now possible to urinate through certain models and even use them for sexual penetration. A binder is a piece of clothing used by trans men to flatten their breasts in order to appear to have a flat chest. However, it is essential that the correct size is worn as this can cause bruising and other problems if not worn properly T is injected every three months. Before starting on T, trans men will have to decide whether to harvest their eggs, in case they want children in the future. Many will want to do this, however many do not as they do not want to be a ‘mother’, which is associated with being female Dr Nim Christopher is the only surgeon in the whole of England who undertakes phalloplasty Many see surgery as a scary process, as it is the beginning of the end There has been a seven times increase in referrals for minors to gender identity clinics. And there is still a sense that ‘treatment is for the lucky few’
3. ‘My Trans Story’ – Channel 4 – 2015 (http://www.channel4.com/programmes/mytrans-story)
News articles 1. ‘The story of two transgender children’ – Victoria Derbyshire – 7 April 2015 (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-32037397) This is a news article which is linked to one of the YouTube videos highlighted above. 2. ‘How should parents react when children question their gender roles?’ – The Telegraph – 8 April 2015 (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-life/11521648/Transgender-childrenHow-can-parents-react-to-questions-about-gender.html)
‘The number of British children who have been referred to the NHS for transgender feelings has more than quadrupled in five years. Radhika Sanghani explores how this affects parents and ask the experts what signs they should look out for’. *It is widely acknowledged in the transgender community that ‘passing’ isn’t the best word to use. However, it is also noted that this is probably the best of a ‘bad bunch’ which is why ‘passing’ has been used in this document.