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The Pitchfork lugoff-elgin high school





Anti-bullying campaign in Kershaw County schools next school year. [5] 8-9


Students share what Lent means to them [8] 10-11 CENTERSPREAD

SAT undergoes changes effective Spring 2016. [11]

Victoria Phan

Managers/Editors Allison Barnette | Advertisement Manager Rachel Droze | Photography Editor Leyia Grant | Print Managing Editor


Joey Dorton and Rob Evans are honored through “Race to the Press Box” [13]

Matheson Deese



Find out the effects of water dehydration on your body. [15]

Tyler Faulkenberry Rhaegan Hall Michaela Miller Makayla Rippy



Zombie Apocolpse becomes growing trend. [16]

Shannon Team



Staffer’s sister loses close friend to cancer. [19]

Staffer of the Month Thank you, Rhaegan, for your patience and dedication during this issue of The Pitchfork. We couldn’t have done it without you!




Rhaegan Hall

Staff The Pitchfork

The Pitchfork is a publication produced at Lugoff-Elgin High School. The magazine is completely student-generated through the efforts of the newspaper class. The publication material may not always reflect the views of the Kershaw County School District. Content is controlled and edited by the staff editors. Only legally protected speech adhering to the legal definitions of libel, obscenity, and the invasions of privacy will be published in The Pitchfork. Two print issues are produced every year and virtual issues are uploaded monthly at Production costs are covered through the sale of ads and fundraisers. Advertising information can be obtained by contacting the ad manager at (803) 438-8015. The purpose of The Pitchfork is to inform the student body, faculty, and community members of news, information, and issues that may affect them. The Pitchfork accepts news releases, guest columns, and sports information releases. The Pitchfork is an active member of SCSPA, SIPA, and Quill & Scroll. 1284 Highway 1 South Lugoff, SC 29078

editorial cartoon [MAKAYLA RIPPY]

Strictly Educational standardized education leads to hesitation in self-learning editorial

Thomas Edison invented the lightbulb. Henry Ford founded the Ford Motor Company. Andrew Carnegie founded the greatest steel industry of his time. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. Benjamin Franklin was an inventor, writer and politician. None of these men ever obtained a college degree. The “Strictly Educational” editorial cartoon features elementary school students stating what they want to be when they grow up. The students rattle off careers that require at least four-year college degrees. However, Thomas Edison says he wants to invent things without going to college. In response, he receives his reprimands. While this scenario did not actually happen, Edison did not attend college. He was self-educated and later became one of the most important and well-known inventors in history. Typically, to be labeled as “successful” and “intelligent,” a person must go to a four-year college and have a steady

and high-paying job. However, Edison, Ford, Carnegie, Lincoln, Franklin and countless did not have to in order to be labeled as successful and intelligent. Albert Einstein once said, “The only thing that interferes with my learning, is my education.” Not everybody was born to go to college and get a bachelor’s degree. Not every intelligent person who has the power to be successful goes to college. Sometimes the most successful people are those who learn without an education without a set standard. There are numerous jobs that are crucial to a functioning society that do not require formal education, such as culinary careers, building maintenance and construction. Educational institutes prior to college, the workforce, or the military should prepare students for what they want to do. Not everybody was meant to go to college and to receive a formal education. Some were meant to shine through their own learning.



bus offered for students during inclement weather

A five-minute walk in 30 degree weather. Feels like 20 degrees, thanks to the wind. Rain that feels like balls of ice, pelting purple noses. Might as well be Antarctica. Wait, there is that shuttle bus, right? If the weather conditions outside get too dangerous, there is the option to use one of the school buses to carry people from the back parking lot of the annex to the bus loop at the main building, or vice versa. “[The bus] is a good idea because it is useful,” Brock Robinson, sophomore, said. “It will keep people out of the rain and keep them from getting sick.” According to Mr. Cameron, weather that qualifies the use of the bus includes lightning, high winds, and heavy rain mixed with cold temperatures. If the weather is too dangerous, the bus will not be used. Weather is watched for the amount of rain coming down, lightning, and extreme winds. A delay will be called for if any of those

conditions are severe enough. According to Mr. Cameron, when it was used in December, due to rain and cold temperatures, not many people took advantage of it. They chose to walk instead of ride the bus. However, Kenyatta Anderson, junior, decided to walk instead of riding the shuttle bus to the main building because the bus was too crowded.. “There were too many people on the bus, so I just walked,” Anderson said. “But, if they use it again and it is not full, I will ride on it because the annex is far from the school and I do not want to walk in the rain.” In the past, students have been kept at the annex or at the main building if weather conditions were too bad. Keeping students at the schools instead of moving them is also an option. If students will take advantage of its services, the bus will continued to be used if the weather calls for it. “When I rode on it, the bus was overcrowded, but it was better than walking,” Hannah Bradley, sophomore, said. “I would probably ride on it again.” photo by MATHESON DEESE



April 2014


We told them it was a problem in our schools. They decided to take action. Based on the 100 question “Communities that Care” survey taken by students in the spring of every school year, students reported that bullying is a problem in Kershaw County Schools. To attempt decreasing bullying in Kershaw County Schools, the Safe Schools and Healthy Schools organization started the “See It, Stop it - No Bullying!” campaign geared towards the idea of antibullying in schools. “I feel as if people overlook bullying, especially when we get to high school,” Alivia Wiseman, junior, said. “People do not realize that what they are doing is considered bullying.” While the campaign is a work-in progress, poster, logo, and video ideas were presented to the high school students who participate in junior leadership and are in the student council cabinet at all three high schools in the district. “[The campaign] will help a lot, especially if teachers get involved and help support it and I think that if it is more widely talked about throughout the schools and administrators, then it will help,” Wiseman said. “I feel like it is a good idea.” During junior leadership and student council meetings with Kevin Rhodes, project director, the students were presented with poster and logo designs, as well as input on how to make the campaign more eye-catching, noticeable, and influential to the student body. “I feel like people will see the visuals and posters and they will think ‘hey, we need to get the word out to everybody to stop bullying,’” Will Jones, junior, said. “I think people will take into

consideration that bullying is actually a big deal and that it is not just something to joke around about and it needs to stop.” According to Rhodes, the campaign will kick-start in schools in the 2014-2015 school year. However, it is likely that KCSD schools will see posters and public service announcements soon. “Bullying is the kind of thing where the bully sees they person they want to bully and they say ‘oh I want to bully them,’” Jacob Thrall, freshman, said. “They do not realize how bad the bullied person feels. [The campaign] kind of shows the bullied person’s viewpoint.” While there has not been any plans to place a counselor in schools specified for bullying, Rhodes encourages those who are bullied to seek any adult they feel comfortable talking to. “I feel like it is unbeneficial to those are being bullied, especially if those people are scared to say something about it or mention it,” Wiseman said. “It does not really have ways for someone who is uncomfortable about their situation or shy to come about it and tell someone. Safe Schools and Healthy Students targeted junior leadership and student council to promote the campaign, with hope that all students get involved with the campaign and eventually the community. They sought feedback from not only student leadership groups but from school administrators, teachers, community leaders and parents through a variety of leaders. “We are hoping to see it expand throughout Kershaw County,” Rhodes said. “Bullying does not just happen at school. We want this to be a community-wide campaign. I want to see it be successful and we want students to take ownership of every aspect of the campaign.”


story [VICTORIA PHAN] photo courtesy of Safe Schools/ Healthy Students

safe schools/ healthy students start bullying campaign





students express opinions on emancipation of minors story [VICTORIA PHAN]

She filed a lawsuit demanding her parents pay for the rest of her private school tuition, pay for her current living and transportation expenses, and to commit to pay for her college tuition and legal fees when she filed against them. But she left her parents’ home months ago. And she is 18. 18-year-old Rachel Canning left her Lincoln Park, New Jersey home at the end of last October and moved into the home of her friend in a nearby town. Canning filed a lawsuit against her parents declaring that they “forced” her out of their home. She seeks a court’s official declaration that she is unemancipated. “I think [parents] should help us as much as they can if the child deserves it,” Emma Russell, sophomore, said. “After the child turns 18, I do not think they are really obligated to help, especially in [Canning’s] case.” In South Carolina, minors can only be legally emancipated if they are 18 and have graduated high school. Before the child is legally emancipated, an emancipation order must be filled out from a family court office. Then, an official hearing is scheduled for a judge to approve the emancipation. “I think at 18, [a child] is legally emancipated but I still think it is [their] parents’ rights to still keep watch over their child because it is their child,” Russell said. However, Canning’s parents claim that Rachel was never forced out of the family’s home but took it upon herself to leave the house because she did not want to follow their rules.



April 2014

Because of their claim that Rachel left based on her own will, they filed against the lawsuit, refusing to pay the rest of her high school private school tuition and future college tuition expenses. “I do not think they should pay for her college,” Katie Ray, senior, said. “She moved out and that was her own choice.” Blaine Burris, junior, believes parents should stop providing for their child if the child makes it perfectly clear that they do not want their parents intervening in their life and if the child is financially stable, whether they are going to college, the workforce, or the military. “I think most parents should provide financial assistance,” Burris said. “But eventually, I think they should provide less and less and eventually limit it so that the child can learn to live on [his or her] own. [Everyone] should eventually become financially stable or find some useful things to do with [him or her] life and that does not necessarily mean to go to college because college is not meant for everybody.” While Russell does not plan on becoming fully emancipated from her parents until she graduates college and is financially stable, she believes parents should stop providing for their child if their child is doing nothing to prepare themselves to be independent if they are over 18. “When [a person] goes out in the world and tries to make something of [themselves], I think that establishes that [they are their] own person now,” Russell said.






Marriage or enlistment in military service by a minor is an implied emancipation.

Express emancipation takes place when a parent agrees with its child that the child may leave and collect its wages and control its assets.

When a court grants emancipation for particular legal purposes, it is an implied partial emancipation.

When parents fail to have control over and provide care and support for their child, it is an implied emancipation.

South Carolina does not have a specific emancipation statute or procedural rule.

“Emancipation� of minor laws specify when and under what conditions children become independent of their parents for legal purposes.



POCKET T N LE participants face selfsacrifice for 40 days of lent story [MAKAYLA RIPPY] You miss the sweet taste of chocolate and the juiciness of biting into a cheeseburger. You wish you could refresh yourself with an ice-cold soda on a hot day. But it will all be worth it in the end. No matter the denomination, Lent serves the same central purpose--to give something up for forty days until Easter in order to become closer to God. Sacrifices for Lent can range anywhere from giving up social media, sodas and fast food to complete fasting during the full 40 days. Erin Fowler, junior, is Methodist and has given up chocolate for Lent. “I gave [chocolate] up because it is very addictive,” Fowler said. “It is hard, but I feel like setting a goal and eventually achieving it will be worthwhile.” In the Catholic interpretation of Lent, participation goes on for 40 days to represent the 40 days Jesus endured in the desert, facing temptation from Satan. Participants face the same kind of temptation when enduring their own 40 days of Lent. Carrie Poulin, sophomore and Catholic participant of Lent, has given up all junk food and has been successful so far in her journey. “I dislike participating in Lent because giving up things is hard, but I still do it because I know it is important and expected of me by virtue of being Catholic,” Poulin said. Lutherans, Methodists, Episcopalians, and Anglicans also participate in Lent, although it begins with an individual’s choice to take the first step. The decision on what days are celebrated during Lent also depend on the church and congregation of the church itself ( Lynn Smith, bookkeeper, is Methodist and has participated in Lenten traditions for 15 years. For Lent, she has decided to work on her patience. “To me, Lent is a walk with Jesus to the cross—a sacrifice you give to represent the large sacrifice that was made for us,” Smith said. “It is a way for me to relate and reflect on God



April 2014


making the ultimate sacrifice.” Along with Catholics, other denominations can participate in the different stages of Lent, such as Fat Tuesday, Ash Wednesday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Easter Sunday. Fat or “Shrove” Tuesday is the day before Lent when participants binge in a feast before Lent in order to prepare oneself for fasting. On this day, palm branches are burned to represent the ridding of sins. The following day, Ash Wednesday, the ashes from the branches are used to draw a cross on the foreheads of participators. On Maundy Thursday, the Thursday before Easter, most churches hold communion and foot-washing services, along with a Passover meal. Good Friday is the final Friday before Easter when Christians recognize the suffering, crucifixion, and death of Jesus on the cross ( “Lent is a time to focus on the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ during Easter,” Oscar Rosales, senior and Catholic participant, said. “It is a period of emphasis on prayer and repentance, and a time when I go through self-denial.”




student struggles to fit in story [RACHEL DROZE] The stares, the whispers, the questions. Wondering who will ask today. Born with the umbilical cord wrapped around his wrist, Reed Outlaw, junior, had his lower right arm amputated shortly after birth leaving him with one hand. Since Outlaw has always been used to having this disability, he never needed to adjust to it. However, learning firsts, like tying shoe laces, were a challenge growing up. “It was hard learning to do things like regular kids,” Outlaw said. “[But] I was a pretty normal child.” Playing baseball for ten years, Outlaw learned to overcome his challenges. He pitched and played second base on tee-ball, pony league, and travel ball teams. “I got really good at removing the glove and [playing] was almost seamless,” Outlaw said. “It was fun. Everyone looked up to me.” However, the physical aspects are only a piece of the challenge Outlaw faces every day. His self-consciousness made it difficult to be social with other people and making it hard to go out in public for fear of confrontation. “I was self-conscious about it,” Outlaw said. “I still am. It is a challenge not to be [and the challenge] has not really changed. When people say they feel bad for me, I feel handicapped. But when they say it is cool, it makes me confident.” To make meeting new people easier, Outlaw tells funny stories and jokes about what happened to lighten the mood. “Normally, I just try to forget and remind myself that dwelling on [it] just makes me feel less than everyone else,” Outlaw said. For Outlaw, fitting in is the challenge, but he does not let the disadvantage get in his way and wants others to do the same. “[Do] not let a disability define who you are,” Outlaw said. photo by ALLISON BARNETTE FEATURES


Go Your Own Way photo by MATHESON DEESE

superintendent of SC schools plans to reinstate alternative courses story [MATHESON DEESE]

Classes geared towards college for students not aiming towards college. High school. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, out of 3.2 million youth who graduated from high school between January and October 2012, 66.2 percent were enrolled in college in October. However, that leaves 33.8 percent of graduates not enrolled in college. Mick Zais, state superintendent of schools, has decided bringing back alternative courses would benefit future students. This means students who do not intend on going to college after high school will now have the option to take an alternative course, instead of courses designed for college preparation. Alternative courses are not courses offered at the Applied Technology Education Campus (ATEC) in Camden. Formerly known as Tech-prep courses, alternative courses are designed to be a better fit for students not planning to go to a four-year college. They are designed to be more applicable to everyday life. “[We should] stop the pretense that every child can and should pursue a four-year college preparatory curriculum,” Zais said. LEHS students have the option to choose a path more directed toward a technical education or a workforce job rather than a four-year traditional degree. They can do this with courses such as Civics, Algebra 1A and Algebra 1B. This gives students that have decided they would not like to pursue a four-year degree the option to take a class that would be beneficial to their path. Now that Zais has decided to put alternative courses back in schools, students who do not have a desire to obtain a four-year degree will have more options for picking courses.



April 2014

“I think [alternative courses] being put back is a good idea,” Shane Ariail, sophomore, said. “Not all people are going to make it to college.” Ariail is currently enrolled in Civics and does plan on going to a four-year school, but he believes that people should be able to take courses that would help them get to a two-year school or even straight into the workforce. Ty Allen, freshman, is currently enrolled in Ms. McAvoy’s Algebra 1A class. He feels the class has prepared him for future situations in which he will have to deal with algebra. “I think later in life the things I learn in [Algebra 1A] will be useful,” Allen said. “But, some things I know I will not end up using.” Calvin McRoy, history teacher, teaches Civics for tenth-graders, a class that is an intro into U.S. history, government, economy, and some law education. “[Civics] is a good class for students who struggle with U.S. history,” McRoy said. “We talk a lot about citizenship, being a responsible citizen, obeying laws, and contributing to society.” Zais believes that giving students skills they can apply is important. He thinks that students become disinterested, disengaged, and can cause discipline problems if they feel that they are in courses that will not apply to them. “[We] cannot force people to learn,” Delaine Pearson, US History teacher, said. “When [we tell] a student that [we] are preparing them for college and that student has no desire to go [to college] and is really looking toward working as soon as they are out of high school, [they are] going to wonder why they are even in high school; everyone is not going to go to college, everyone does not need to go to college. What they do need is a skill. High school should be giving them skills.”



changes to be made in SAT

Studying for hours, losing a Saturday morning and taking a test for three hours and forty-five minutes to help determine a college choice. The SAT is designed to assess a student’s knowledge of reading, writing and math. Colleges and universities use the test to determine admission and scholarships. Effective in spring of 2016, changes in the rigor and scoring of the SAT will occur. Tanner Odom, junior, has taken the SAT once and does not think he did well. He does not like the way the test is set up. “[The current test] is not an accurate way to scale someone’s intelligence,” Tanner Odom, junior, said. “It tests how good of a guesser you are and how fast you can do it.” On the SAT now, the test is scored in two sections: Math recorded as one score and Reading and Writing recorded as another score. According to, the redesigned SAT will include three sections: Evidence-Based Reading and Writing, Math, and the Essay. The test will be scored on a 400 to 1600 point scale with Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and Math being scored


on a 200 to 800 point scale and the Essay will be reported separately. Incorrect answers will not count against the score and students will only get points for correct answers. Lorraine Russell, senior, took the SAT twice and while she thinks she did well, she believes the changes will be beneficial to students. “From what I am hearing about it, it seems like it it would be better in terms of the content of the SAT,” Lorraine Russell, senior, said. “The new test seems a little more rigorous. [Students] definitely have to buckle down on that one. [They] cannot get by on just guessing. [They] would have to actually study like they would for class.” Teachers will also have to change the way they prepare their students for the SAT. Wendy Mullis, English teacher, helps prepare her students to take the SAT by assigning them passages to read, practicing sentence completion, writing practice argumentative essays, and having weekly stems units. “I think [the changes are] a good thing,” Mullis said. “I think it will be more difficult for students. It will be a truer indicator of their ability to analyze and think.”

Who is CollegeBound? Senior Population % Surveyed Seniors Surveyed (358 Total Seniors) (142 Total Seniors) Attending College Asian





African American




























100% 100%



photo by LEYIA GRANT

dumb jocks

athletes balance schoolwork and sports schedules

The stereotype of “dumb jocks” is that athletes are barely making it, being in school only to play their sport. However, students who participate in sports find that performing well in school is easier while their sport is in season. Connor Tully, junior, swims for the Jeep Rogers YMCA in Lake Carolina swim team all year and runs cross-country for the school in the fall. Every day he practices swimming for one and a half hours and does weight training for two-and-a half hours. While he swims for the YMCA he maintains a B average in Honors Pre-Calculus, AP US History, and AP Chemistry. He says his classes and practice schedule have helped him develop self-discipline. “I feel like my grades are higher when I am doing a sport because I am more focused on what I need to be doing,” Tully said. This also holds true for student athletes on a national level. A study conducted by the North Carolina High School Athletic



April 2014

Association showed that students who participate in sports have higher GPAs (average 2.86) than non-athletes (1.96 average). Some student athletes also participate in sports out of school. Erin Carraway, sophomore, plays volleyball for the school and is currently playing for Magnum volleyball club. She attends practice two to three times a week for twoand-a half hours. While taking AP European History, Honors Algebra II, Honors Chemistry and Spanish I being a student athlete has taught Carraway how to stay organized and manage her time to complete all of her assignments. “I have to make sure I stay focused and use my time wisely,” Carraway said. “If we have extra time in class I am usually studying.” Like Carraway, Trinity Hollins, freshman, has had to learn how to manage her time so


that she finishes her school work. Hollins is taking Algebra I, Physical Science, Drama I amd IBA. After school, Hollins runs track, practicing for two and a half hours every day after school, and dances contemporary hip-hop and pointe at Columbia College after track practice until 10:00 p.m. “I make sure I do my homework at school so I do not have to worry about it after practice,” Hollins said, “I usually do my homework in class, so I only spend 15 minutes doing homework at home.” Hollins chooses to participate in sports not only because she enjoys it but because she enjoys spending time with friends while doing so. “Being a student athlete is fun,” Hollins said. “It makes school more interesting. When one is in school just to do work, it is boring. When playing a sport, [school] is fun because working with friends to get better at something is enjoyable.”


ABLE club of South Carolina sponsors race in honor of Joey Dorton and Officer Rob Evans story [MICHAELA MILLER] Friday nights lights. Band performing. Cheerleaders shouting. Screaming fans. Referees’ whistles. Grunting football players. The commentary from the announcers echoed out from the press box followed with a firm and encouraging “Move Those Chains.” Joey Dorton, 1984 Lugoff-Elgin graduate, and Officer Rob Evans, middle school resource officer, worked in the press box during the varsity football and baseball games. Dorton also served on the Kershaw County School Board and ABLE Club, and Evans was the school resource officer at Lugoff-Elgin Middle School and served as the middle school assistant basketball coach. In the late summer of 2012, Dorton passed away in a single car accident. In the fall of 2013, Evans passed away from a heart attack. A $1,000 scholarship has been created in memory of the two men to help an athlete attain a higher education. The recipient of the Dorton/Evans scholarship will be decided upon anonymously by the families of the men.

“I am humbled seeing something such a scholarship going in memory of his and Joey Dorton’s names,” Evans said. “[These] two men really loved participating in sports and being in the press box. I know the scholarship is going to go towards an athlete that has the same kind of passion towards sports that they did.” The recipient of the scholarship has to have played at least one season on a varsity sport, turn in two letters of recommendations, provide high school transcripts, and write a one-page narrative about what Lugoff-Elgin High School and the community mean to them. Choosing the recipient of the scholarship will be based largely on the narrative provided. “[The person who deserves the scholarship is] someone who needs [the scholarship] the most and was [involved in] athletics,” Shon Belton, senior, said. “[It needs to be] someone who is not just a good athlete but that has shown leadership throughout high school,and academic [excellence].” To raise money for the scholarship fund the LEHS ABLE club created the Race to

the Press Box 5K, held on May 17, 2014. Participants can sign up at strictlyrunning. com. “I feel like I need to [participate] because [Joey] was my uncle and I miss him,” Sarah Cashion, junior, said. “It is a way to remember him. [My goals is] just to finish. I am not a runner [so] I do not have a time [goal].” Amanda Holland, head of The Race to the Press Box, anticipates getting 160 participants in the race. After the race, participants will receive goody bags and an after party with food, vendors, and entertainment. “[The hopes are that] we will introduce another generation to health and wellness, we [will] be able to sponsor a student through the scholarship, and for this to be an annual event,” Holland said. “[We want] to keep Joey Dorton and Officer Evans in [our] memories because they were good men. [We] encourage all students to register and participate. Even walkers are welcome. This needs to be successful for [the event] to grow.”

photos courtesy of the families of DORTON AND EVANS



inexpensive ways to make household products


Fabric Softener 11 cups (use ¼ per load/ 8 cent a load) 2 cups of hair conditioner 3 cups white vinegar 6 cups hot water

Shower Spray 2 cups water 1 cup distilled white vinegar 10-15 drops tea tree oil

Put all ingredients together in a big container and stir. Pour all ingredients into a spray bottle and gently shake.

All Purpose Cleaner

2 tsp Borax 1 tsp washing soda ½ cup white vinegar 2 cups hot water ½ tsp dish soap Combine all ingredients in an empty spray bottle. Shake gently.

Laundry Detergent 1 bar soap 4 cups hot water ½ cup Borax 1 cup Arm and Hammer Super Washing Soda Grate bar of soap and add to saucepan with water. Stir over medium-low heat until soap dissolves. Fill 5 gallon bucket 1/2 w hot tap water. Add ingredientsstir until all powder is dissolved. Fill bucket. Stir. Fill to top with hot water. Stir, cover and let sit overnight. Stir and fill an old dispenser 1/2 full with soap and fill up with water. Shake before each use.



April 2014

Cleaning Wipes good quality paper towels 1 cup vinegar 1 cup of water essential oil Add a few drops of dish soap in container. Cut through the middle of the paper towels. Add ingredients to container. Add a few drops of essential oil and dish soap. Gently mix. Remove cardboard from paper towels. Place paper towels in container. Cover and turn upside down. Wipes are ready once paper towels are saturated in the solution.

Window Cleaner ¼ cup white vinegar ¼ cup rubbing alcohol 1 tablespoon cornstarch 2 cups warm water Mix all ingredients together in spray bottle. Shake well.


1 Fatigue

Water is the most vital source of energy in the body. Dehydration causes the enzymatic activity in the body to slow down, resulting in tiredness and fatigue

2 Athsma and Allergies

infograph [MAKAYLA RIPPY]

When dehydrated, your body will restrict airways as a means to conserve water. In fact the rate of histamine produced by the body increases exponentially as the body loses more water.

dehydration causes problems in the body

1 2

3 Skin Disorders

Dehydration impairs the elimination of toxins through the skin and makes it vulnerable to skin disorders such as dermatitis and psoriasis, as well as premature wrinkling and discoloration


4 High Cholesterol

When the body is dehydrated, it will produce more cholesterol to prevent water loss from the cells.




High Blood Pressure The blood is normally about 92% water when the body is fully hydrated. When dehydrated, the blood becomes thicker causing resistance to blood flow and resulting in elevated blood pressure.



6 Bladder or Kidney Problems

A dehydrated body accumulates toxins and acid waste and creates an environment where bacteria thrive, resulting with the bladder and kidney becomming more prone to infection, inflammation, and pain

8 Constipation

When dehydrated, the body draws water from the colon in order to provide fluids for other critical body functions. Without water, wastes move through the large intestines more slowly or sometimes not at all, resulting in sonstipation


9 Joint Pain or Stiffness

All joints have cartilage padding which is composed mainly of water. When the body is dehydrated, cartilage is weakened and joint repair is slow resulting in pain and discomfort. Iillustration [MAKAYLA RIPPY] HEALTH


ThE Real Myth obsession of zombie apocalypse spreads through media story [RHAEGAN HALL]

“Zombies are apocalyptic in nature. They belong to a class of monster that does not just hunt humans, but seeks to obliterate that entire human race.” -Max Brooks A Zombie apocalypse is a particular scenario of apocalyptic fiction that customarily has a science fiction/horror rationale in a zombie apocalypse a widespread rise of zombies, that are hostile to human life, engage in a general assault on civilization. The idea of the zombie apocalypse branches from myths such as cannibalism in the South Pacific where humans ate the brains of their enemies in order to gain their powers ( The “zombie apocalypse” has been spreading across the world. From phone apps that allow people to take images and transform themselves into zombies to tv shows and movies. The zombie apocalypse has become an obsession across the world. “[I know] zombies are not real, but the thought of it is really interesting,” Madison Minich, junior said. One of the tv shows that people show interest in about the “zombie apocalypse” is the “Walking Dead.” The show is about people trying to survive the zombie apocalypse, but when they have trouble identifying other humans, they forget who the real enemy is. “ [The show] is different from the rest because it has so much action in the show through the killing and the fighting, the other shows are just drama,” Nathan Vaughn, sophomore said. Charles McCray, junior, watches the Walking Dead photo [ALLISON BARNETTE] and purchased the video game. He also plays games like Call of Duty, which involves the killing of zombies. “I believe that people act really attached to the idea of zombies,” McCray said. “They think it is a real thing, and it affects their mental state.” It can affect the mental state through certain illnesses such as, “Walking Corpse Syndrome” which is an uncommon neuropsychiatric disorder in which patients experience false beliefs that they are dead and also believe they have lost vital organs. “It depends if a whole bunch of cannibals get together and try to eat people then it photo [MAKAYLA RIPPY] could happen. I take the myths seriously,” McCray said.



April 2014




In the book, Divergent, by Veronica Roth, Beatrice “Tris” Prior must make a choice that will change her life forever: where does she belong? In Tris’s world, there are five factions— Abnegation, Amity, Candor, Dauntless, and Erudite—each valuing a different character trait ranging from kindness to bravery. Born in Abnegation, Tris must decide whether she will live the rest of her life in a community that despises vanity and selfishness, or join a different faction and leave her family forever. The story follows Tris as she makes her choice and goes through the initiation process. If she fails initiation, she will become Factionless, having no home or family to rely on. But as the process continues, corruption within the factions threatens the entire system and Tris is the only one who can get inside. Overall, the story holds the readers’ attention with action, betrayal, fear, and romance. The plotline and language steer the novel towards young adults, but teens and adults will also enjoy the action-packed story. I highly recommend Divergent for anyone looking for the “new” Hunger Games.

Starring Shailene Woodley as Tris, The movie Divergent holds true to the original storyline. While including the vital pieces of the story such as the Choosing Ceremony in which Tris chooses her faction, and her struggle to become a full member of her chosen faction, the movie excludes less significant events such as the hostility between the initiates that introduces important characters and their relationship to Tris. The movie focuses primarily on Tris and her trials and less on her impact and relationship with the other characters. Few alterations were made to the events included in the movie and the progression of events is easy to follow and understand. However, there are places that leave the viewers questioning why a character acted the way he or she did and why the action caused certain reactions in others because the writers did not expand on the relationships of the characters the same way Roth does in the novel. Overall, the movie was fairly accurate and developed the story well. I would recommend the movie for anyone



illustration [ALLISON BARNETTE]



Innocence staffer’s cousins show pure innocence opinion [TYLER FAULKENBERRY]

They pray every night asking God to help them make it through the night safe and sound. They pray they won’t have bad dreams. They pray they can have fun the next day. Then they end their prayer every time by asking God to tell their dad they love him. Grace and Savannah, “The Girls,” lived with their mom in Charleston. My uncle—their dad—was no longer seeing their mom, so he returned back to our area. Later on, their mom was on the news, charged with operating a meth lab in her own home. She was charged with exposing it to two children who were living with her at the time. They were taken to a local hospital and then

turned over to the Department of Social Services (DSS). Their dad had already been charged with several different misdemeanors and had his own problems. Because of those problems, he was not fit to be the caretaker of The Girls. My grandma went to court asking if Grace and Savannah could live with her. Before The Girls moved in with my grandparents they moved in with my family. They came into my home, and I thought, “Oh great. More small children running around.” My attitude changed quickly, though. I played with them everyday after school and I helped them with any problem they had. I was there for them no matter what. They

Last Danc e


insisted I camp with them in the front yard, have picnics, and play hide and seek. Savannah did my hair regularly and Grace taunted me until I finally



She is so beautiful. How did I get so lucky? Those were his thoughts. I cannot believe he is dying. These were hers. I was with my sister the day of her Prom. I watched my mom do her hair, her makeup, and help her into the most beautiful dress I had ever seen. It was bright yellow and contrasted perfectly with the golden locks that swirled gracefully around her head. But despite the happy colors and the traditional norm of being in a good mood for prom, none of us could give a genuine smile. They were fake—plastered on our faces to hide what we knew to be true. It was only a few months before when we heard the news. My sister was the first to find out, coming from the dead-toned OPINION

February 2014

voice of his father over the phone. “Josiah has cancer.” With those three words, my sister’s entire life crumbled in front of her. I watched her morph into a shell of her previous self. I could hear her crying herself to sleep at night. Days would go by without seeing her because devastation had selfishly hidden her from the world. On days when I did see her, she walked like she herself was dead. I remember Josiah. I remember seeing him with my sister at church camp, and he was constantly putting smiles on the faces of the people around him. He seemed to have such a contagious personality. His eyes had bags under them. All of his hair was gone—not even an eyelash remained. The color had faded from his



photos courtesy ofTYLER FAULKENBERRY

chased her down and tickled her until she couldn’t take it anymore. They were my friends. They were some of the best friends I had ever met. And they were only small children. They remained optimistic when I couldn’t. If I was in a bad mood, they made sure I had someone to play with. I looked out for them, and they looked out for me. Then they moved to our grandma’s. I was upset, and I was even a little depressed. They weren’t moving far. They would only be 20 minutes away, but I still couldn’t stand the thought of not being able to see them when I came home every afternoon. At the time, their father was living on

staffer’s old

my grandparent’s property in a small trailer, but he was still not allowed to be in contact with Grace and Savannah. They asked to see him, but they only got to see him every once in a while with my grandma’s permission. On the way home one night in February, the roads were icy and his car flipped. He wasn’t wearing his seatbelt, so he was ejected from the car and the vehicle landed on top of him. He was died immediately. The Girls no longer had a dad on Earth. Even though they were young, they understood what happened. They were upset, but soon they understood they would see him again. And for now, they are strong. They miss him, but they know he is watching. The Girls have a home, their own

er sister los

face, replacing his tan complexion with a pasty white. His bones jutted from his face, as if he was a skeleton. But despite the toll that the chemotherapy took on him, he still had a genuine smile on his face when he saw my sister. The nurses at the hospital helped

photo courtesy of MAKAYLA RIPPY

es friend to

room, a bed to sleep in, and two loving guardians to take care of them, along with a huge family to always be there for them. They attend a private school that can teach them at their own pace, and they know they can always count on dinner being on the table when they are hungry. They’re healthy and growing. But more importantly, they are finally home. They are incredibly young and have had more trials than most adults. They are an amazing example to everyone they come in contact with. This isn’t necessarily my story, but I definitely played a part in it. And maybe one day the two of them will be able to read my story and understand my thoughts and see how their strength and innocence stand as an example to everyone around them.


create the scene; the lights, the music, the streamers. It was like they knew that this would be his last prom. But still, he was smiling, and it was still so contagious that my sister couldn’t help but smile right back at him. Tears flowed from her eyes, but he wiped them away, and told her

that everything would be okay. If only she believed him. Josiah Allen died only months later, and left a scar in our hearts deeper than any cut could ever make. photos courtesy of MAKAYLA RIPPY

photo courtesy of MAKAYLA RIPPY OPINION


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