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Exposé anglais L1

Table des matières I Introduction:.......................................................................................................................................1 II Her life..............................................................................................................................................1 A Her childhood and her studies......................................................................................................1 B Her family life..............................................................................................................................2 III Her struggle.....................................................................................................................................2 A Her detention................................................................................................................................2 B Her international supports and her rewards.................................................................................3 IV CONCLUSION...............................................................................................................................3

I Introduction:

Aung San Suu Kyi is very famous because she is the Nobel Peace Prize thanks to her struggle for the liberty and the democracy in her country, Burma. She fights against the Military Junta which takes the power in Burma, in 1988. By the way, a Luc Besson's movie about her life and her struggle, brings out this year, the title is “The Lady”. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BOPhgANP3EA First of all, we will talk about her life, with her childhood and her studies and her family life. Next, we will study her struggle, first her detention and after her international supports and her rewards.

Illustration 1: Couverture biographie d'Aung San Suu Kyi

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II Her life

A Her childhood and her studies Aung San Suu Kyi was born on 19th June 1945 in Rangoon. She is the daughter of the general Aung San who negotiated the independence of Burma. Her mother was named Daw Khin Kyi. Her father was killed the 19th July 1947, 6 months before the independence by the rivals. After the death of her father, her mother and her brothers and sisters lived in Rangoon, the capital of the country at the time. One of her two brothers died when she was 8. Her mother was engaged in the social background and she had a growing importance between 1950 and 1960. She was named ambassadress of Burma in 1960 in Delhi in India. Aung San Suu Kyi studied in a English catholic school in Burma and she rejoined her mother in India in order to finish her studies at the Lady Shri Ram College in New Delhi in 1964. She moved in Great-Britain and she studied philosophy, politics and economics in Oxford between 1964 and 1967. She finished her studies by a doctorate in London. When she was 24, she moved to New-York in 1969 and she continued her studies and she became secretary in the Comity of administrative and budgetary of United Nations. http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aung_San_Suu_Kyi#Enfance.2C_famille_et_.C3.A9tudes

B Her family life Aung San Suu Kyi meets her future husband in the United Kingdom, more precisely in Oxford, in 1967. Her future husband is Michael Aris, a British man, who is a specialist about Bhutan, Tibet and Himalayas' cultures. They marry in 1792, when they are in New-York. In 1973, Aung San Suu Kyi give birth to her first child, Alexander Aris, in London. And, in 1977, she give birth to her second child, Kim Aris, in Oxford. During this period, Aung San Suu Kyi and her family lives between the United Kingdom and Bhutan because of the Michael Aris' studies about the Bhutan and the Tibet. In 1988, the family stability is stop. Indeed, the Aung San Suu Kyi's mother fall ill, she was staid in Burma. So, Aung San Suu Kyi overtakes her mother in Burma for look after her in her old days. But it's in the same period that some demonstrations break in the country. These demonstrations are for the democracy in the country. Aung San Suu Kyi participates to the creation of a politic party : “the National League for Democracy” 1. She becomes the leader of this party and the symbol of Liberty in Burma. But in 1989, she puts in detention by the Military junta, and her family life is sacrificed for her country's liberty.

1 In september 1988

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III Her struggle

A Her detention She was arrested on the 20th July 1989 and the military government proposed her the freedom only if she left the country, she refused. In 1990, the party of Aung San Suu Kyi won the election and she became prime minister but the military junta cancelled the results. In 1995, she was released but if we left the country it was clear she couldn't go back in Burma. So she couldn't see her family in Great-Britain. She never saw her husband again even if he had a cancer, and he died in 1999 without his wife because the Burmese government refused him to come in Burma. In 2000, she put in jail again she was released on the 6th May 2002, she declared : “It's a new area for the country”. In 2003, she was put in jail but she had health problems so she was transferred in a house arrest. The 28th November 2005, the military junta extend her obligation to stay in her residence by the law of 1975 to protect the state from the destructive elements. This law allow the state to put someone in jail while 5 years without reason. In 2006, she spent her 61 birthday in house arrest, she hadn't the right to phone, her letters was controlled and she couldn't have access to medical care. In all, she was required to stay at home while 7 years. Her health declines but she was arrested again in 2009, this detention was also to prevent the elections of 2010. The 13rd November 2010, the Burmese police released Aung San Suu Kyi. She was allowed to stand for legislative elections of 1st April 2012. http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aung_San_Suu_Kyi#D.C3.A9tention_en_Birmanie

B Her international supports and her rewards Aung San Suu Kyi is a Nobel Peace Prize. She obtains this huge international recognition in 1991, for her struggle for the democracy and the liberty of her country, the Burma. She gets others Prizes for the Human rights or the Freedom of thought or enough, any rewards in different countries, like France, in 2012, the “Legion of Honour”. Aung San Suu Kyi has got some supports of the more powerful countries in the world, like the USA or the United Kingdom. Moreover, an American magazine, chooses Aung San Suu kyi like “the hero of our time”, in 2006. And in the same year, she considered by the Forbes magazine like the 47th women the more powerful in the world. The politicians get involved in her liberation's struggle, in 2007, some former politicians did a petition for the liberation of Aung San Suu Kyi. And Mendela chooses her as honour member of the group “Global Elders”. This group promotes the peace and the human rights in the world. Moreover the politicians, some artists decide to support her in their songs. Like U2 with his song “Walk On”. And in 2012, the director Luc Besson, chooses to tell her story in a movie “The Lady”, which relates her life, her struggle for her country, the Burma.

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IV CONCLUSION

She is the symbol of the struggle for the Liberty and the democracy in her country2. She puts her family life aside for her country progress. This year, the Military Junta, lets her politic party participate to the legislative elections in Burma. It's a huge advanced in the struggle of the democracy in Burma but, we can wonder ourselves if this progress will continue in the future.

Illustration 2: Combat d'Aung San Suu Kyi

2 Burma

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Developpement formate