I trust that you had a wonderful first day in teambuilding, and are thoroughly enjoying being right in the thick of committee work. Committee work is the perfect environment to share ideas and mix them with the ideas of the rest of your committee, moulding them into something truly wonderful and groundbreaking. Don't worry if it feels like you are going in circles at first - your chair will stop you from going off the tracks and guide you towards a successful resolution. With one more day of committee work ahead of you, I must remind you of the session theme - stability for unity. Think of the ways in which your resolution can aid the current European situation, for the true aim of this session is to examine your topics in such a way that you are also seeking pan-European stability.
As General Assembly looms closer, don't be nervous, but instead be excited. You have been given a wonderful opportunity here at this session to exchange thoughts and opinions with the brightest young Turkish minds, so I ask you to really make the most of it - have your say and make your voice heard. And remember, you alone are one piece of Lego - but with your committee you work together to build the foundations of that lego tower we are reaching for - you must rely on each other for strength and stability. All the best for the rest of the session!
- Beth Thayne (Editress) 2
MIGRATION - MOVING FOR CHANGE
MOCK DEBATE: RESOLUTION
A POCKET GUIDE TO GENERAL ASSEMBLY
DELEGATES IN ACTION
U.S. ELECTIONS MATTER TO US
INSPECTOR LEGO: GALLERY
IMPRESSIONS OF ISTANBUL
THE POWERS OF THE PURSE
MOVING FOR CHANGE Migration is a social phenomenon that is particularly prevalent in countries of the European union. Particularly countries such as Turkey, Greece and Italy, because of their geographical position, host immigrants both from regions of the Balkan peninsula and Asia. The causes of immigration lie in political, social and financial based issues faced by the migrating citizens in their home countries. The political instability in countries of origin, especially the imposition of dictatorship or even worse, the outbreak of civil war, causes large masses of people who are persecuted for their political beliefs to leave their homeland in search of political asylum in democratic countries- such countries are all European ones. Often, the imposing anachronistic, theocratic regimes approved decades ago which are ridden with ignorance, and destroy culture, can be the driving reason behind people leaving their countries and seeking a better social position and fate in a country that respects human rights, culture and achievements. The political and social crisis almost always leads to the destruction of estates, shortages, unemployment and poverty. Due to this, even members of the population that are not politicised citizens, are forced
to leave their homeland, due to poverty, deprivation and are driven by their willingness to search for a better life, a life, however, which proves to be elusive. Migrants have to go through an uncertain adventure, a dangerous journey, believing that, in any case, the new place will guarantee, because of the political stability, first of all, their survival and better living conditions as well. However, they have to face various kinds of headwinds: Living in a social, cultural, religious place completely different from that in which they were born and raised in, is the harshest confrontation with their difficult fate. The foreign language is the first and most fundamental barrier to
communicate with the inhabitants of the country that hosts them. The different customs, lifestyles, values and beliefs of European societies make them feel lonely, and miserable. The difficulty of finding a place to stay is followed by the difficulty of finding a job. At earlier times, finding job was easy for an immigrant; Most of them were working under harmful conditions, at jobs that native people refused to take. That was an unofficial law and still, there are many cases where legal immigrants are getting lower wages than the local workers and remained uninsured, simply because of their desire to work.
suffering the consequences of racist behavior, since the xenophobia, insecurity and intolerance are increased within their region. As far as these countries are concerned, the impact of migration seems to be only negative, as nowadays the number of immigrants has grown rapidly and as a result, the host countries are now unable to physically induct the immigrants, let alone The situation described above in issues of labour was accepted a few years ago because make them citizens of the local communities. of an important condition; there were plenty This, though, does not mean that of jobs offered that immigrants undertook immigration has no benefits for host and got paid for. Today, however, that the countries. Recently, neglected countryside financial crisis affects most European has been revived, fields have been cultivated countries, the future looks hopeless for and the construction sector has developed European workers. It is obvious what this means for the immigrants in these countries. and become highly profitable because, as I have discussed, immigrants are willing to The situation becomes worse, keeping in work in difficult and lower-paid jobs. mind the uncontrollable numbers of immigrants from North African countries Furthermore, local communities have because of political crisis there. developed the principles of tolerance for diversity towards immigrants. They were Last but not least, an unfortunate asked to implement democracy and in many consequence of moving for immigrants is that they become victims of racial racism and cases, the application of these policies were if not by the society as a whole, at least by a successful on a local and a national level. They realized that the prevalence of a large number of citizens of their host dictator can only lead to social upheavals. country. Prejudices, phobias, the sense of More often than not these days, the threat and national fanaticism that are international situation seems to be harder nowadays believed to be the causes of this social behavior, constantly increase because than ever before. European societies that once flourished have to coexist with of the destitution of the native citizens and immigrants. It is obvious that in order to the degradation of their quality of life. And accomplish this goal, the implementation of this impacts on both the perpetrators and the immigrants. Immigrants, indeed, are not a credible immigration policy is required. A only marginalized and socially excluded, but policy that will lay the foundations and also, in many cases feel that their lives are in limits in order to achieve the aim; relieved immigrants and reassured citizens of the danger. host countries. The host countries themselves are now 5
A POCKET GUIDE TO GENERAL ASSEMBLY Distinguished members of the board, honorable judges, guests and delegates, GA you are recognised! Since this is a National Selection Conference, it is inevitable that some of you are newcomers to EYP. For that reason, the press team is delighted to present you a pocket guide to a successful General Assembly!
1) Don't be extremely competitive. Everyone is aware that this is a NSConference and not everyone can be selected, but honestly, the jurors don't appreciate speeches and points aimed to humiliate other delegates. 2) Try not to read directly from the paper. It will be better to make a note of what you want to say and speak to the audience normally, as if you were in committee work. Post-its might help. This is an effective way to capture the audience's attention and establish credibility while speaking. It might be challenging at fist, especially if you are not used to speaking in public, but once you get used to it, it will make you feel more comfortable while delivering a point.
3) Your Direct Response is a really important placard! However, it can only be used once for every resolution so don't waste it. Use it carefully! 7
4) Try to avoid unnecessary vocabulary in your speeches â€“ it is the argument that is interesting, not the fancy language. Furthermore, don't try to impress the jury by asking pointless questions to prove that you are participating, for they will not be impressed so easily. 5) Be confident your body language. Looking at the audience will make you more engaging, rather than standing still as if you were petrified and speaking to the wall.
6) You have probably heard this thousands of time, but DON'T PANIC! We have seen panicked delegates mispronouncing words, trembling, forgetting what they wanted to say (awkward silences) and even, fainting (yes, we have seen that as well) because of panic.
7) Have FUN! Isnâ€™t it true that we all just want to have fun in the session? Take it seriously, of course, but enjoy it as well!
Good luck tomorrow in General Assembly! PICTURES BY
CHANGING ENVIRONMENTAL CLIMATE, CHANGING POLITICAL CLIMATE As the Kyoto Protocol, adopted on
gas emissions from 1990 levels,
11 December 1997, expires at the
raising the share of EU energy
end of this year, discussions to have
consumption produced from
a common policy on fighting climate
renewable forces to 20% and a 20%
change are more intense than ever.
improvement in the EU’s energy
Everyone is anticipating the efficient
solutions from their leaders by the end of the 18th session of the
As a step to reach those aims, the
Conference of Parties (COP 18.)
EU has adopted the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) which
If we first examine what has the EU
basically aims to reduce the
done so far, we see a positive
carbon emissions by creating a
picture in terms of fighting climate
free trade market for the
change. For example, EU leaders had
companies. By 2013, we will
set 20-20-20 Targets in March 2007.
continue with the 3rd and last
To explain briefly, those targets sets
phase of the EU ETS, and we are
3 key objectives for 2020:
curious to see that this scheme
A 20% reduction in EU greenhouse
actually works. 9
Until now, I have only discussed the
as the US and China have their own
bright side of our plight, however there
carbon markets but this means
are some serious problems which
nothing if all those carbon markets
cannot be ignored. The EU Member
are not linked.
States have already taken the responsibility for this fight, but what
Last but not least we are hoping that
about the rest of the world? Even
COP 18 which will be held in Doha,
though the EU and Australia will link
Qatar next week won't be a failure
their carbon markets in 2015, the EU
for all of us as we have experienced
could not reach its aim to urge other
before, in COP 15, COP 16, COP 17,
countries to create a common carbon
and that this success will lead us to
market. It is true that some countries
a victory against climate change.
have their own carbon markets to reduce carbon emissions, but the implementation of strict measures is not Thus, this situation creates unfair competition between the companies which are located in EU countries and in non-EU countries. Big emitters such 10
DAVID MEIJERS AND GEORGE ROSS
TURK-EU?! Why? Kenan: You have only been to Istanbul in Turkey, right? You haven’t seen most of it. Turkey as a whole is not the same as this small part called Istanbul. We have a lot of bad places too. There is a large gap between different parts of society. We have very rich areas in Turkey but also very poor areas. We need to recognise how large this gap is.
In 1987, Turkey applied to become a member of the European Union (EU) and the country was officially recognised as a candidate for full membership at the Helsinki summit in 1999. However, entry negotiations are taking a long time and many doubt whether Turkey belongs in the EU. This is a session of the European Youth Parliament, an organisation that promotes European integration and identity, playing the EU anthem at Opening Ceremony. George Ross and David Meijers used the lunch break on Friday to find delegates willing to give up their free time to talk about this issue. First, we talked to Kenan and Batuhan. Could Turkey be part of the EU? Kenan: I think it is quite obvious why we are not in the EU.
So you think these less developed areas are keeping Turkey from joining the EU? Kenan: Well, first the country needs to improve for us to get into the EU. I don’t think we meet the standards of the EU right now. But there are also impoverished areas in the EU, what is the big difference? Kenan: Do you know about all the problems Muslims face, how we are often perceived as terrorists? If your passport says that you are Muslim, people think badly of you. That has to stop. I’m not actually Muslim, but it says so on my passport and everyone outside my country thinks that is a bad thing. I don’t think that everybody in Europe thinks that. Do you really think that is the reason that Turkey doesn’t join the EU? Kenan: It’s not because of the religion, I think it’s because our 11
country is slightly less developed than the majority of the EU. I went to Italy last year for a community project and the public high school actually had the same standards as my private high school. The standards in Turkish schools need to improve. Would you want Turkey to join the EU in the end? Sure. We wouldn’t have to get visas for everywhere, which would be good. We turn to Batuhan. Should Turkey join the EU? Batuhan : Yes, because of everything Kenan said. I come from Adana, this is my first time in Istanbul and everyone is so cool! If we were part of the EU we could meet more interesting new people. But what do you think about the economic issues the EU is currently facing?
Batuhan: I think the EU is in an economic crisis at the moment but it can be overcome. I think all European people should be equal. If this principle of equality is followed across the EU, also between countries, they could solve some of the economic problems. How stable do you think Turkey is and the EU is as whole? The session’s theme is Stability for Unity so we thought it would be interesting to find out how stable you think Turkey is as well as the EU. Batuhan: Turkey is stable, we are happy. Then why do you need to join the EU? Batuhan: So we can improve our country and ourselves and meet new friends like you guys. I want to meet people from around the world, that’s why I’ve come here. One last thing about human rights: How do you feel about the position of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) people in Turkey? Kenan: The laws that affect them are stupid. For example the new law in the army about them not being allowed to join is really stupid. They aren’t going to harm anyone. This law should be abolished Do many people in Turkey feel the same as you about LGBT rights? Kenan : Well if there were a lot of people felt the same as me it wouldn’t be a law. Batuhan: In general, Many Turkish people think Europeans hold prejudice towards us. 12
After our interview with Kenan and Batuhan we looked for a second pair of delegates to discover if they shared the same views. After a little bit of searching we found Sinan and Irmak. What do you think about Turkey possibly joining the EU? Sinan: It won’t be good for Turkey to join the EU. The economy of many EU countries is down at the moment: Spain, Italy, Greece. While Turkey’s economy is growing rapidly. The Turkish Lira is rising every day. So Turkey should stay on its own? Yes. But the European Youth Parliament is very useful for me. Meeting other teenagers is fun. Irmak, Do you agree that Turkey is better off outside the EU? Irmak: Well, up until two months ago I talked like Sinan, but then my history teacher and I talked about this topic and it changed my view. He said that if Turkey joins the EU, then Turkey is going to have more power in the whole of Europe and Turkey will be able to use resources in Europe, so Turkey’s going
to be a bigger power in the world. What do you think is the biggest barrier between Turkey and the EU? Irmak: well, the culture is very different. Sinan: It’s not culture, it is about religion. Irmak: Religion is a part of the culture, right? Sinan: Yeah but the main reason is I think that the EU is a Christian union. There aren’t any Muslim countries in the European Union. Turkey has a large population and would get many seats in the European Parliament. The Christian countries won’t want to see a Muslim country in the parliament. Irmak: The cultures are totally different. The religion and traditions are just too different to get closer. If Turkey joined the EU, I think it wouldn’t be easy to integrate our culture and religion. And really, European people already have prejudices against Muslims, so I think they’re not going to say ‘we accept Turkey, they’re now one of us’. I think they are going to be against Turkey in the EU because the cultures and the 13
religions are totally different. Sinan: On this point I agree. Every religion is perfect for the ones who believe in it. Being in a union shouldn’t be about religion. It should be based on relationships, friendships. Irmak: If Turkey joins the EU, it is going to be the only Muslim country in the EU. Germany, France, and the other countries have a common citizenship together, but if Turkey joins the EU then I think it will not fit in.
instance, we had never really thought of the EU as a Christian union, because our societies are strongly secularised. After a bit of thought, however, we had to concede that all countries in the EU have cultures that are firmly founded on Christian principles, even if faith doesn’t have a large role in society nowadays. As to the perceived prejudice towards Muslims in Europe, we are afraid this is true for certain parts of
society. EYPers are often more openOne last question: The theme of the minded though, and we strongly believe session is ‘stability for unity’. On a scale that more interaction between Europe from 1 to 10, how stable do you think and Turkey can overcome the problem Turkey is? How stable do you think the of prejudice. EU is? Irmak: Turkey is 6. I’d give the EU a 5. Now that you have heard the opinions of Sinan: Turkey is 7. The EU is the most some of your fellow delegates, we dominant union in this world, so I encourage you to discuss this topic with would say 9. Talking to some of the delegates was very interesting for us as two WestEuropeans. Many of the images of the EU we heard were new to us. For
each other. It is important for the future of Europe, and especially for Turkish EYPers! 14
DELEGATES IN ACTION!
Ummm, I’m not so sure I’m comfortable with him ‘rum pum pumping’ my legs…!
But"can’t"you"feel" the"chemistry" between"us?!"
II"HAVE" ABSOLUTELY" NO"IDEA"WHAT" IS"GOING"ON!"
FORCING YOUNG PEOPLE TO EXERCISE SINCE 1988…
THIS I S A JELLYFISH...
U.S. ELECTIONS MATTER TO US The presidential election of the United States of 2012 was the 57th quadrennial presidential election (quadrennial meaning that it takes place every four years.) It was held on November 6th, 2012. The Democratic nominee, Presiden t Barack Obama was elected to a second term. His major challenger was the Republican nominee and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. As usual there were 4 major debate topics in the election: the economy and jobs,the national deficit,social policy and immigration and foreign policy. It seemed that Obama was winning in the last moments of the elections. Most major channels and media corporations projected that Obama and his running mate would be the winners. Finally on November 6th, Obama and Biden were announced as the winners of the presidential election after Romney
conceded the elections just before the last polls closed. The impact of Obama’s first term in Europe was like JFK’s ‘’Ich bin ein Berliner’’ some 50 years ago. When Obama was elected all Europeans took a fresh breath, it seemed like the turmoil George W Bush left to Europe as a legacy was dispersing. Europeans had such high hopes about Obama. They were stunned and charmed by the way Obama talked about how he was going to change the world. Even in Obama’s 21
2009 visit to Germany there was a huge crowd cheering for him. Unfortunately now he’d be considered lucky if he was able to fill a bus. But then, when the time came, it became apparent. Obama had done nothing more than create a mere illusion. Like most politicians around the world Obama could or did not keep his word. Closing down of Guantanamo was just a puff of smoke. The cessation of drone strikes did not happen and USA’s absurd interest in the MA did not go away as promised. USA kept pouring her resources into an endless war, ‘on terror’. Also the Palestenian question did not find its solution again as promised by the almight President. But even then Europeans still had hope. The point of breaking came when they realised that Mr. Obama did not even care nor did he even
pretented to care. Although Europe and America seem to be linked by their beliefs and their stance on a free community, there is a major problem between the westerners of Europe and Americans: the lack of a socialist party. Europeans believe that a left-wing party is essential for the balance of democracy. The lack of interest of the American society for anything beyond its borders and its indifference to the rest of the world seems to irritate Europeans the most. This alone is a way to push away the Europeans, losing the connection between the
two communities. We can say that all this is the doing of Mr. Obama not simply caring. But is he really the only one to blame ?
Inspector Lego Meet Inspector Lego fellow delegates! He is a highly esteemed detective of artistic talent. He has taken his precious time and effort to select each committeeâ€™s finest artwork of some of the most stable and united structures around the world. Here you will find precision, accuracy and pure, raw talent like youâ€™ve never seen before!
T! h####T! e####o! ######w! E####e! I#####r! F! F! E! l#!
B! i! g$! $! B! e! n!
The$Pyramid(s)$of$Giza! The$! Leaning$! Tower$! of$! Pisa!
The$Statue$of$ Liberty! 24
IMPRESSIONS OF ISTANBUL Making your own way to Taksim from the
from the bus driver who carried my
Sabiha Gökçen Airport is supposedly quite
suitcase to the lady sitting next to me
a challenge and an impressive
who offered to share her mandarin with
achievement for a first-time Istanbul
visitor. I can proudly say that I managed this myself when arriving, with no
When stepping off the bus onto Taksim
problems at all! Despite not speaking a
square, you are greeted by a powerful
word of Turkish, the çıkmak signs were
mixture of smells, noises and obscure
clear and the Havatas bus going to Taksim
Turkish shouts. You look around and
was waiting right outside and could not
the diverse combination of architecture,
have been more convenient for a confused
stores and cafés is marvellously unique.
stranger like myself. I was astonished by
Dotting the streets are rickety carts
how friendly and inviting everybody was,
selling warm simit and poğaça for only 75 kurus, filling the air with the comforting and familiar smell of freshly baked goods. In one corner you have a red Starbucks with all its Christmas festivities and further down the street you have a kafe with little wicker stools strewn haphazardly about the sidewalk, serving warm cups of thick, grainy Turkish kahve or a glass 25
of silence in the busy and bustling city of Istanbul, where car horns are blaring and the voice of the Muazzin leads and recites the calls for prayer. Despite it being a completely foreign city, you cannot help but feel a part of the laidback, yet active lives unfolding around you. Istanbul is an incredible city, rich in history, and I cannot wait to get the chance to explore it further! cup of Ă§ay with abundant sugar cups. Modern, glass buildings tower high above us and ancient mosques stand proud with their minarets defining the famous Istanbul skyline.
Striking contrasts are only one of the many aspects that make Istanbul the wonderfully abstract city it is. It unites Asia and Europe, Christians and Muslims, the Western world and the Eastern world, cultures and architecture. You wander around streets and feel like you are teleporting between different cities, countries and continents as the names of shops and the structure of buildings transform around you â€“ thereâ€™s even an Algerian street, Cezayir Sokak!
Istanbul has become a key conversation piece among the international officials as we consistently discover something new, unusual or surprising in this hot melting pot of diversity. There is never a moment 26
THE POWERS OF THE PURSE [Anything which] is a living and not a dying body will have to be an incarnate will to power, it will strive to grow, spread, seize, become predominant - not from any morality or immorality but because it is living and because life simply is will to power. -Nietzsche
The prevalent fraudulent and insidious tendency of bypassing established rules, deviating from morally and just practices through illegitimate means depicts the deceitful portrait of our faltering societies, engulfed, crippled by a deeply ingrained, subtle and latent art of corrompo. The menacing grip of corruption looms, hovers over vulnerable realms and institutions privy to the nefarious influence of the power of the purse, where abundance of material wealth governs mercilessly. Assessment of the mounting misconduct in financial and fiscal domains as a routine occurrence, innately rendered a widespread phenomenon due to our interconnected societies underpins the money-ridden mind set, profitmaking thirst harnessed by civilisation, by Man. Corruption emerges as an incurable, intractable disease â€“ a visceral force injecting its poison and seemingly infiltrating, ferreting its way towards the core of human activities and mentalities.
In times of woe, the unveiling and proliferation of innumerable fiscal scandals throughout the global arena lends an enhanced dramatic, tragic picture of the downfall of the once-unblemished figures of leading, towering figures and institutions. Ultimately, the sense of the erosion of national integrity entailed by the degrading portrayal of institutions regarded as the embodiment of a just society, blatantly sheds light on the pitfalls of capitalism has fallen into. The prevalence of corruption at stages of development underpins a inherently
dysfunctional, defective system 27
failing to safeguard justice and equityflawed to the marrow. The advent of this insatiable seek, hunger and salvation in amassing material acquisition, fuelled by ambition and greedy power stems from the wake of the civilization of modern society. Mirroring Rousseau laments on the concept of ownership, the machiavellian philosophy has become a benchmark, an engine behind bourgeoisie capitalism and unbridled quest for property in all its exploitative, coercive and enslaving forms. Man is imbued with a predominant and pernicious penchant for excess and a striking characteristic that follows suit – conceit. The influence and unlimited power of money entailing the neglect and disregard of ethnical practices disrupts the roots, the cohesive fabrics of our society that are confidence and trust in the governance we labour under. The arteries of our modern societies are hit by acts of sabotage of ethnical values – the nations are diseased, putrid bodies, echoing a Shakespearian saying. Yet, capitalism cannot function viably if want of trust. Unmistakably, more and more institutions vaunting the safeguard and insurance of justice, liberty and equality have lost their mask of credibility preciously stealthily conceal behind democracy’s flag and amid periods of prosperity. The flag has slackened and drooped – the nation stands no longer praiseworthy
ornamented with the crown of graft and deceit amid a multidimensional crisis. People feel beguiled by a system claiming its holistic approach and readiness to eradicate inequalities as the bill appears stained by numerous grey areas. Politics, for one, falls prey to the talons of corruption, which hasn’t withered with Time and evolving eras, driven by an everlasting, tenacious desire for power, intent on the perspective of gaining ever more electorates. Campaign investments are a booming, reaching record numbers- the $70 million fuelling the American presidential race alone offers an accurate insight of the dark recesses of exorbitant political expenses- a vulnerable field privy to the pit of corruption. Waves of dollars stream into promising candidates, endlessly competing for a scarce and increasingly disheartened, disinterested mass – embezzlement represents a secure resort, loophole for fulfilling incomplete aims amid the rush for the top emphasising the fostering of winner takes it all mind set. Without the solid principles of morality have our societies partially degenerated into the Hobbesian state of nature where man becomes wolf unto his fellow man? The rest is silence. 28