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P SYCHOLOGY Department of Psychology, 321 Asbury, American University, Washington, DC 20016-8062 www.american.edu/cas/psychology E-mail: psychology@american.edu Tel: 202-885-1710

A Message from the Chair

Description of new curricular changes, e.g., Certificate Program, The Psychology Department is offering a new graduate certificate in the Psychobiology of Healing The Psychobiology of Healing Certificate Program provides a thorough understanding of the science of healing and the therapeutic mechanisms that elicit healing responses. Through understanding the application of scientific method to the evaluation of integrative healing strategies, students will be prepared to design clinical trials, evaluate the scientific data from these trials, and discern the clinical potential of healing methodologies. In studying the psychobiology of healing, students will learn the mechanism of action of healing strategies. This program also

provides a thorough review of the historical and scientific developments in the field of healing and enhances students' knowledge of health as well as holistic, integrative, and other lifestyle modalities for preventing and recovering from illness and for sustaining wellbeing. The program’s director Dr. Deborah Norris.

New Courses by New Faculty Professor Arthur Shapiro is teaching a new course he developed in cooperation with the Biology and Mathematics Departments PSYC-597 003 Topics in Psychology Computational and Graphical Neuroscience This course considers information processing within a single neuron (or across one or two neurons) as well as the interactions of networks of neurons and how these networks relate to thought and perception. The course meets with BIO596 002 MATH-580 002. Professor Catherine Stoodley is teaching a new course in developmental Neuroscience. PSYC-497 003


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Department of Psychology Newsletter

Topics in Psychology (3) Developmental Neuroscience This course examines the interface of neuroscience and child development, with a focus on the neuroscientific basis of developmental disorders. A basic introduction to the brain and nervous system provides the backdrop for further explorations of how changes in the brain underlie behavioral changes during development. Students are introduced to the experimental methods used to study normal development and developmental disorders. The course provides up-to-date understanding of the neurobiology of major development disorders including Autism, ADHD, and Developmental Dyslexia.

Katie Edwards (BCan -- Behavioral Pharmacology & Health Promotion Laboratory) and Joshua Clark (Clinical -Stress and Emotion Laboratory)

Dr. Gregory Busse’s Science Writing class

Psychonomics 2010 – St. Louis, Missouri: Joyce Oates (Memory and Cognition Laboratory) going over her poster with Esra Mungan a BCAN alum Tim Hohman (Memory and Cognition Laboratory) presented a poster in Denmark entitled Flexibility of Event Boundaries in Younger and Older Adults in June.

Description of Clinical and BCaN Ph.D. programs

The PhD degree program in clinical psychology enables students to obtain intensive training in both research and applied clinical work. Fully accredited by the American Psychological Association Committee on Accreditation (COA) since 1972, the doctoral program reflects the scientist-practitioner model of training and provides students who are interested in both clinical practice and research with an integrated curriculum of clinical intervention and empirical laboratory analyses of a variety of clinical issues. Faculty supervise students on topics such as affective and motivational processes in depression, anxiety disorders, AfricanAmerican issues, eating disorders, cognitive


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AU Department of Psychology assessment and therapy, smoking, drug expectancies, child clinical issues, sports psychology, and human services program evaluation. The PhD program equally emphasizes clinical training. Psychology doctoral students participate in experiential psychotherapy practica and psychological assessment sequences in the first year of the program. In the second and third years, doctoral students participate in psychotherapy practica based on the object relations and cognitive behavioral theoretical traditions. Students graduate from the program as clinical practitioner/researchers, an outcome that is consistent with the Boulder training model in psychology.

Janani Vishwanath and Jen Cobuzzi (BCaN -Psychopharmacology Laboratory) Janani Vishwanath works in the Psychopharmacology laboratory assessing the balance of the rewarding and aversive effects of caffeine. She utilizes two inbred strains of rats that respond differently to drugs of abuse. These strains provide a way to assess the relative genetic contribution of drug abuse liability. Janani has been working on several projects aimed at investigating caffeine's effects on locomotor activation as well as its aversive properties. Given that drug abuse vulnerability has been

characterized as the balance between the aversive and rewarding properties of drugs, her work is integral in further characterizing these rat strains in relation to commonly abused drugs. Jen Cobuzzi spends her time in the Psychopharmacology laboratory investigating the contribution of genetics in the behavioral, physiological and neuroanatomical differences that are seen in response to chronic administration of opiates. Her research utilizes two inbred strains of rats (Fischer 344 and Lewis) that have been found to have different immune reactivity, stress responses, and differential responses to a number of drugs of abuse. Using the conditioned taste aversion preparation, Jen measures the relative contribution of the rewarding and aversive effects of the drug itself thereby providing further insight intro drug use and abuse liability. The PhD degree program in behavior, cognition, and neuroscience (BCaN) provides a rigorous and flexible graduate education where students receive in-depth training in a largely apprenticeship style. This is the degree of choice for students interested in applying biological and molecular principles to behavior with a broad-based neuroscience curriculum and specialized research training in the biology of behavior (e.g., drug addiction, cognitive processing, and neuropsychology). Doctoral students choose to concentrate on one of the traditional areas of behavior, cognition, or neuroscience or combine portions of two or more of these areas for an individually tailored regimen that is specifically suited to their interests. In all cases, the objective is to achieve academic expertise in a specific content area through research and core coursework while


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Department of Psychology Newsletter

broadening the scope of knowledge and research skills through electives and laboratory rotations.

student Michael Turchetti, Dean Starr, and Professor Zehra Peynircioglu. Program Evaluation Research Laboratory

The strengths of the BCaN PhD program lie in the eclectic approach, quality teaching opportunities, flexibility in training and affiliations with prestigious area institutions, such as the National Institutes of Health, Walter Reed Army Medical Center and Georgetown Medical School. Scholar teachers from other disciplines enhance each of our focus areas by offering their expertise and supervision in research topics including biology, chemistry, linguistics, computer science and physics. Students who have an undergraduate or master's degree in a field other than psychology, such as biology, chemistry or computer science, are welcome to apply to the BCaN program. Through classes, research, teaching practica and grantsmanship training, students leave the program capable of teaching and doing independent and funded research in the behavioral neurosciences. Undergraduate Psychology Programs

Psychology students and faculty are joined by the CAS Dean, Peter Starr at AU Preview Day on Friday, October 29, 2010. Pictured are Professor Gishawn Mance, Undergraduate

Presentations in Olympia, WA & San Antonio, TX Sarah Hornack, Jose Hermida, and PERL Director Brian Yates are presenting talks on meta evaluation and cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis in to program colleagues in Olympia, Washington and to the American Evaluation Association in San Antonio, Texas.

External funding received Dr. Brian Yates, Professor of Psychology in the College of Arts and Sciences, has received a renewal for another year of a five-year $191,329 contract to collaborate with researchers at Westat Corporation, the Missouri Institute of Mental Health, UCLA, and Washington State on a study of the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of gender-sensitive treatment for substance abusers. 2. This research, funded with a grant to Westat by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, uses interviews of female patients as well as providers as well as state databases to measure the costs and benefits of substance abuse treatment that is more tailored to the needs of women. In his work in this multi-site study, Dr. Yates measures and contrasts these costs to the benefits that more gender-sensitive treatment may produce: possible reduced use of health care and criminal justice services in the future. Publications, writing 1. Dr. Yates published a chapter in a book on Evaluation in the Face of Uncertainty 2. Dr. Yates has in press an invited chapter on Program Evaluation: Outcomes and Costs of Putting Psychology to Work in the Handbook of Research Methods in 1.


AU Department of Psychology Psychology, published by the American Psychological Association. 3. An invited chapter written by Dr. Yates on quantitative methods also has been revised and is being considered for publication in another handbook. Jenny got her internship in Miami, FL! We gave Jenny (far right) a send-off to her APAapproved clinical internship in Miami, FL. Yeah Jenny!

Jay Gorman joints PERL Our newest member of PERL is Jay Gorman, who was admitted this fall to the Clinical Ph.D. program in Psychology at American University. Jay’s on the right in this photo, and already has his own page and bio at this website. Check it out!

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Department of Psychology Newsletter

Professor David A.F. Haaga places 44th out of 21,856 in Marine Corps Marathon on Sunday, October 31, 2010 finishing in 2 hours 44 minutes and 38 seconds.

Description of MA program Overview of new faculty, e.g., Art and Catherine

Arthur Shapiro Associate Professor Psychology Arthur Shapiro specializes in the areas of visual perception and cognitive


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AU Department of Psychology neuroscience. He did his undergraduate work in Mathematics (Computer Science) and Psychology (Cognitive Science) at U.C. San Diego. He received his PhD in Psychology from Columbia University and did post-doctoral research at the University of Chicago in the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences. His research concentrates on color, motion, visual camouflage, and low-light-level vision. He is best known for creating a series of visual phenomena ("illusions") that have arisen from this research. The illusions elucidate the connections between perception, the brain, and the physical world, and have been regularly recognized in international contests associated with vision science conferences.

examines differences between central and peripheral vision and presents a new visual illusion, which can be seen at the following website: http://illusioncontest.neuralcorrelate.c om/2009/the-break-of-the-curveball .

Degrees PhD, Psychology, Columbia University Post-Doc, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Chicago BA, Mathematics and Psychology, University of California, San Diego In October, Professor Arthur Shapiro published a paper in PLoS One entitled "Transitions between Central and Peripheral Vision Create Spatial/Temporal Distortions: A Hypothesis Concerning the Perceived Break of the Curveball" (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3 Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.001329 6). The paper received coverage in over 100 news outlets; Professor Shapiro was interviewed on NPR's All Things Considered and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's science program Quirks and Quarks. The paper

Catherine Stoodley Assistant Professor Psychology Catherine Stoodley is interested in the neuroscience of cognitive development, particularly the role of the cerebellum in learning and skill acquisition. She uses neuroimaging and behavioral studies in healthy people and clinical patients to investigate the functional anatomy of the cerebellum and the type of processing that the cerebellum performs.

Degrees PhD, Neuroscience, University of Oxford MS, Neuroscience, University of Oxford BS Biology, Tufts Universit


Page 8 Description of plans for Director of the Center for Behavioral Neuroscience The university has initiated a search for a Director of our new Center for Behavioral Neuroscience. The Director’s faculty appointment will be in the Department of Psychology with a possible joint appointment in Biology. The director will bring distinguished scientific work and administrative accomplishment and will maintain an active externally funded research program. The Director will organize and submit training grants, mentor other faculty in grant application writing, attract additional new personnel (faculty, postdoctoral fellows and students), and develop and coordinate research themes and programs. Through these activities, the Director will build a strong Center and enhance the profile of our existing doctoral program in Behavior, Cognition and Neuroscience. New director of BCaN Ph.D. program, Dr. David Kearns

Brendan Tunstall and Dr. David Kearns review fresh data from a current study of drug addiction

David Kearns earned his BA in Psychology at Rutgers University and his Ph.D. in Psychology at American University. He investigates the effects of drug-paired cues on drug-seeking behavior and is especially interested in developing methods for reducing the impact of such cues so that the risk of drug relapse

Department of Psychology Newsletter might be reduced. He is currently Principal Investigator on a 5-year National Institute on Drug Abuse grant that is concerned with this topic. He has authored more than 15 publications in the past 5 years, including the chapter on Pavlovian conditioning in the Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience. Highlights of Psi Chi and Psychology Club Overview of Internship program for undergraduates Undergraduate involvement in research Twins, Sophie Cassell and Dr. James Gray, are investigating how growing in a twinship affected other twins’ individuation and identity development, and how fraternal, identical, and one sac vs. two sac identical twins differ in their individual identity development. Most psychologists agree that developing one’s own identity is an integral step in a person’s psychological growth. This individuation process varies, and one population where it is unique is in twinship. Twinship creates a different envirionment for identity development because twins are frequently seen as a pair as opposed to individuals, and the relationship between twins as well as society’s perceived notion of twinship influences the process of psychological identity development. Alexis Carlson is a sophomore in Dr. Laura Juliano’s Behavioral Pharmacology & Health Promotion Laboratory. She helps to run subjects for smoking-related


AU Department of Psychology studies. Alexa Desko and Maria Briscione are doing research in Dr. Anthony Riley’s psychopharmacology laboratory. Alexa is a senior who is studying strain differences in opioid receptivity in the LEW and F344 rats. She is trying to determine if these animals have differential neurochemistry that mediates their differential reactivity to morphine. Maria is a sophomore who is studying the neurochemical basis of the aversive effects of cocaine. She is examining how exposure to monoamine reuptake inhibitors impact cocaine.

Junior, Alexander Rose-Henig is working with Professor Alan Silberberg to test whether a pigeon sees a visual illusion created by Professor Arthur Shapiro. Several students are doing research in Dr. Weiss’ Stimulus Control, Incentive Motivation and Animal Learning Models of Drug Abuse Laboratory. Elizabeth De santis, senior-- "Motivational Factors in Blocking" Elana Canetti, graduated May 2010-"Using Reinstatement to Deepen the Extinction of Conditioned Suppression" Emma Melchior-Schultz, senior-- "The Ghost in the Addict: The Effect of Drug History on the Conditioned Inhibition of Drug Seeking" Theses and Dissertation Defenses – Spring, Summer and Fall 2010 January 26 -- Jennifer O’Brien – Thesis title: "Motivation for Smoking Cessation: Differences between Attempters and Nonattempters." February 19 -- Zach Hurwitz – Thesis title: "The Differential Expression of Male Sexual Behavior in the Lewis, Fischer and Sprague-Dawley Rat Strains.” February 25 -- Daniel Albaugh – Thesis

Page 9 title: “The effects of MDMA preexposure on MDMA-induced taste aversions.” February 26 -- Andrey Verendeev – Thesis title: "Assessment of Individual Differences in the Rewarding and Aversive Effects of Morphine". Suzanne McGarity -- Dissertation Title: Gender and Individual Differences that Affect Young Athletes' Preferences for Specific Coaching Behaviors March 24 -- Katherine R. Marks – Thesis title: “Rats Can Learn that Cocaine and Food Reinforcers are Smaller than Expected: A Test of a Computational Model of Addiction.” April 8 -- Paul Harrell – Dissertation title: “Expectancy Processes in Affective and Cognitive Responses to Nicotine.” April 15 -- Sarah Doyle – Thesis title: “Parental Optimism & Self-Efficacy: Associations with Cognitive Development in Children Born Pre-Term.” April 15 -- Angela Gray – Dissertation title: “Religious Coping, Psychological Distress, and Attitdues Toward Seeking Psychological Help Among African Americans.” April 21 -- Anna Colangelo --Thesis title: “Reducing Explicit and Implicit Mental Illness Stigma through Perspective Taking.” April 27 -- Terena Herbert – Thesis title: “Monocyclic Beta-Lactams as Neuroprotective Agents against Glutamate-Induced Toxicity.” May 4 -- Karen Pulliam – Thesis title: “Psychological Response to Athletic Injury: The Impact of Gender, Athletic Identity, and Cognitive Appraisal.” May 11 -- Timothy Hohman -- Thesis title: “Malleability of Event Boundaries in Autobiographical Memory.” May 26 -- Meaghan Leddy -Dissertation title: “Obstetriciangynecologists' practices, knowledge, and


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Department of Psychology Newsletter

decision-making regarding the diagnosis of postpartum depression and psychosis.” June 21 -- Jennifer Hansen – Dissertation title: “Paternal Contribution to Disease Care in Parenting a Child with Type 1 Diabetes.” June 22 -- Sarah Skopek Kohlstedt -Dissertation title: “Psychosocial Development in College Students: A Cross-Sectional Comparison between Athletes and Non-athletes.” June 29 -- Kate Lou – Thesis title: “Mothers and daughters: Perceived similarities and differences and the impact upon fear of fat in a college aged sample.” June 30 -- Emily Farr – Thesis title: “Parent perceptions of their premature children: Associations with cognitive and motor development.” July 6 -- Vera Bossel – Thesis title: “The Effects of Automatic Evaluation of Facial Attractiveness on Mimicry.” July 20 -- Kasaan Holmes -- Thesis title: “Examining The Effect Of Ego-Resileincy On Perceived Stress And Quality Of Life For African American Adults: A Cultural Stress Resistance Model.” October 12 -- Jennifer L. Cobuzzi – Thesis title: "Non-precipitated Withdrawal in Opiate-Dependent Fischer 344, Lewis and Sprague-Dawley Rats". October 21 -- Antoinette Tate – Dissertation title: “Psychologists' judgments of preadolescent clients: Gender and weight comparisons.”

Clinical Psychology: Drs. SchlossKapson, Gray, Ginsberg, Bauman, Glasofer, Wenze, and McGarity

Drs. Kohut, Riley (faculty), and Davis

Drs. Erickson (faculty) and Young

Recent MA and Ph.D. graduates Chesley Christensen wins University Student Award for his work comparing natural and drug rewards. Faculty research interests


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AU Department of Psychology Anthony H. Ahrens, Ph.D. Gratitude, mindfulness and fear of emotion. Michele M. Carter, Ph.D. Anxiety disorders, African-American issues, cognitive therapy, depression.

GiShawn Mance, Ph.D. Prevention; community interventions; depression; African American youth; mental health disparities; stress and coping; impact of culture and context on treatment. Scott Parker Psychophysics and related areas.

NoemĂ­ Enchautegui-de-JesĂşs, Ph.D. Job stressors, work-family balance, and coping resources in low-income families and communities; African-American and Latino issues; women and children/youth well-being Bryan D. Fantie, Ph.D. Human neuropsychology, behavioral & cognitive neuroscience, brain dysfunction, cognition, emotion, head injury, bipolar disorder, depression, behavioral genetics. Maria Gomez-Serrano, Ph.D. Neuroscience, basic physiology, immunoreactivity, epigenetic factors in drug abuse, maternal behavior in drug use and abuse. James J. Gray, Ph.D. Eating disorders, OCD, trichotillomania, cognitive behavior therapy, psychology of religion.

Human memory and metamemory and cognition in general Anthony L. Riley, Ph.D. Psychopharmacology, prenatal drug effects, drug addiction and abuse, drug interactions, taste aversions. Arthur Shapiro, Ph.D. Visual perception and cognitive neuroscience, color, motion, visual camouflage, and low-light-level vision. Created a series of visual phenomena ("illusions") that elucidate the connections between perception, the brain, and the physical world and can be seen at www.shapirolab.net, and www.illusionsciences.com.

Kathleen C. Gunthert, Ph.D. Stress and coping, depression, cognitive therapy, body image, anxiety.

Catherine Stoodley, PhD. Neurophysiological underpinnings of development and developmental disorders such as developmental dyslexia; regional specification in the human cerebellum for cognitive and motor functions.

David A.F. Haaga, Ph.D. Cognitive assessment, depression, cigarette smoking.

Alan M. Silberberg, Ph.D. Learning theory and choice behavior, behavioral economics

Laura M. Juliano, Ph.D. Smoking, caffeine, drug expectancies, placebo effects, anxiety Stanley J. Weiss, Ph.D.


Page 12 Classical and operant conditioning, motivation, stimulus control, behavior and pharmacology. Carol S. Weissbrod, Ph.D. Developmental-social, emotional behavior, child clinical issues, sports psychology.

Department of Psychology Newsletter NIDA grant awarded to Dr. David Kearns and Dr. Stanley Weiss is on the American Today website, http://american.edu/americantoday/ca mpus-news/20090901-drug-addictionnih-grant.cfm. Notable books and papers

Brian T. Yates, Ph.D. Program evaluation (cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses) applied to almost any human service system (e.g., substance abuse treatment, supported housing, paraprofessional and consumer operated services). Departmental talks (see David Kearns who has introduced this) Colloquia September 29 -- Dr. Esther Sternberg (NIH) spoke on "Brain Immune Interactions in Health and Disease" October 6 -- Dr. Will Joiner (NIH) gave a talk entitled: "Internal monitoring of movement for planning and perception." October 13 -- Marc Bornstein (NIH/NICHD) spoke on "Toward a Behavioral Neuroscience of Parenting" October 27 -- Professor Catherine Stoodley (Psychology/CAS) will present "Functional Topography of the Cerebellum: An fMRI Study" November 3 -- Professor Naomi Baron (AU/LFS) will present "Control Freaks" December 8 -- Professor Anthony Riley, Chair (Psychology/CAS) will present "The Paradox of Drug Taking: The Role of the Aversive Effects of Drugs" APA accreditation Invited talks given by our faculty Grants and contracts

Faculty News

Laura Juliano is now on the Editorial Board of a new journal entitled: Journal of Caffeine Research: The International Multidisciplinary Journal of Caffeine Science

Barry W. McCarthy just published Enduring Desire: Your Guide to Lifelong Intimacy with Michael Metz. Routledge (2010). Professor by Day, Martial Arts Instructor by night. Most Wednesday and Thursday evenings, Professor Brian Yates doffs his academic attire (jeans, shirt, jacket) and dons his martial arts "gi." Children from 6 to 12, and Adults from 13 to their 60s learn karate and jujitsu from "Brian" at two studios of the Tompkins Karate Association (TKA: www.tkasudo.com). He works with other martial arts instructors to teach Tang Soo Do style


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AU Department of Psychology karate, and two levels of jujitisu (escapes from grabs combined with various throws). His two studios are at Bauer Drive Recreation Center and Dufief Elementary School, both in Montgomery County, Maryland. "It's a very different type of teaching," Brian Yates notes. But it's equally rewarding. This is a way of helping the community. Ultimately, you learn that force is NOT the way to resolve conflicts.'

Fall 2010 Volume 1, Issue 1

and cost-benefit of gender-sensitive treatment for substance abusers. 2.

This research, funded with a grant to Westat by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, uses interviews of female patients as well as providers as well as state databases to measure the costs and benefits of substance abuse treatment that is more tailored to the INSIDE THIS ISSUE needs of women. In his work in this multi-site study, Dr. Yates and Sarah Hornack, a Clinical Ph.D. student, A Message from the Chair measure and contrast these costs to the benefits that New Curricular Changes more gender-sensitive treatment may produce: possible Description of Graduate Programs reduced use of health care and criminal justice services New Faculty in the future.

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An Equal Opportunity, Affirmative Action University

Dr. Brian Yates, Professor of Psychology in the College of Arts and Sciences, has received a renewal for another year of a five-year $191,329 contract to collaborate with researchers at Westat Corporation, the Missouri Institute of Mental Health, UCLA, and Washington State on a study of the cost-effectiveness

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The Elements of a Newsletter

Program director: Carol Weissbrod Email: cweissb@american.edu

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Fitting an Article into a Tight Space

American University Department of Psychology 4400 Massachusetts Ave. NW Washington, D.C. 20016 Ph: 202-885-1710 Fax: 202-885-1023 e-mail: psychology@american.edu Website: http://american.edu/cas/ psychology/clinical.cfm

Effective?

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New Director of the Center for Behavioral Neuroscience 3

Contact Information

Is More Gender-Sensitive Treatment More Cost-

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Department of Psychology Newsletter


AU Department of Psychology

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Psychology Newsletter -- Spring 2011