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Vol. 24 No. 3

May - -XQH‡

Included in this issue...

TWIABA - A Nevada Patent Medicine

The Elusive L.R. Comstock Bottle Collecting Hawaiian Style Did a Medicine Bottle Change History? I didn’t know an Antique Bottle from a Hole in the Ground What’s the Value of that Insulator More Connecticut Glass... North Side Dig Baltimore and Albany Bottle Show Reports $7.00

and so much more...


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On the web: americanbottle.com Email: info@americanbottle.com


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Vol. 24 No. 3

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No. 207

Table of Contents FOHBC Officer Listing 2012-14 2 A Reminiscence of 53 years of Bottle Did a Medicine Bottle Collecting in South Carolina - Part 2 Change History? President’s Message .................... 3 by Harvey S. Teal ................................. 26 by Jack E. Fincham ..................... 50 FOHBC News .............................. 4 I Didn’t Know an Antique Bottle from Twiaba, A Nevada Patent a Hole in the Ground. Medicine Shards of Wisdom .......................8 by Don Fritschel .................................. 32 by Eric McGuire........................... 52 Albany Bottle Show Report He was in my own backyard the Whole by Jim Bender ............................. 12 Time or On the trail of the Elusive L. R. Comstock Baltimore Bottle Show Report by Tod von Mechow ..................................38 by Dave Maryo............................ 13 Bottle Collecting Hawaiian Style More Connecticut Glass by Rick Ciralli. ............................ 16 by Mike Polak ............................................43

Classified Ads & Ad Rate Info ..62 Membership Directory ..............65 FOHBC Show-Biz Show Calendar Listings .............67

Membership Application ...........72 Whats the Value of that Insulator? North Side Monster by Don Briel ......................................... 47 by Jeff Mihalik............................. 20

Next Issue

• “Younger Generation”, Eric Richter • Digging up the Past in the Fifth and Wood Corridor, Mark Belko

• Newton Iowa Pharmacist H.J Skiff, Mark Wiseman • X.L.Dairy, Ken Morrill

Don’t miss an issue - Please check your labels for expiration information. Fair use notice: Some material above has been submitted for publication in this magazine and/or was originally published by the authors and is copyrighted. We, as a non-profit organization, offer it here as an educational tool to increase further understanding and discussion of bottle collecting and related history. We believe this constitutes “fair use” of the copyrighted material as provided for in Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Law. If you wish to use this material for purposes of your own that go beyond “fair use”, you must obtain permission from the copyrighted owner(s).

WHO DO I CONTACT ABOUT THE MAGAZINE? CHANGE OF ADDRESS, MISSING ISSUES, etc., contact Business Manager: Alan DeMaison, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077; phone: (H) (440) 358-1223, (C) (440) 796-7539; e-mail: a.demaison@sbcglobal.net To ADVERTISE, SUBSCRIBE or RENEW a subscription, see pages 63 and 72 for details. To SUBMIT A STORY, send a LETTER TO THE EDITOR or have COMMENTS and concerns, Contact: Martin Van Zant, Bottles and Extras Editor, 208 Urban St., Danville, IN 46122 phone: (812) 841-9495 or e-mail: mdvanzant@yahoo.com BOTTLES AND EXTRAS © (ISSN 1050-5598) is published bi-monthly (6 Issues per year) by the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc. (a non-profit IRS C3 educational organization) at 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077; phone: (H) 440-358-1223; Website: http://www.fohbc.org Non-profit periodicals postage paid at Raymore, MO 64083 and additional mailing office, Pub. #005062. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Bottles and Extras, FOHBC, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077; phone: 440-358-1223 Annual subscription rate is: $30 or $45 for First Class, $50 Canada and other foreign, $65 in U.S. funds. The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc. assumes no responsibility for products and services advertised in this publication. The names: Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc., and Bottles and Extras ©, are registered ® names of the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc., and no use of either, other than as references, may be used without expressed written consent from the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc. Certain material contained in this publication is copyrighted by, and remains the sole property of, the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc., while others remain property of the submitting authors. Detailed information concerning a particular article may be obtained from the Editor. Printed by Modernlitho, Jefferson City, MO 65101.


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The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors is a non-profit organization for collectors of historical bottles and related collectible items. Our Primary goal is educational as it relates to the history and manufacture of historical bottles and related artifacts.

FOHBC Officers 2012-2014 President: Ferdinand Meyer V, 101 Crawford, Studio 1A, Houston, TX 77002; phone: (713) 222-7979; e-mail: fmeyer@fmgdesign.com First Vice-President: Bob Ferraro, 515 Northridge Dr, Boulder City, NV 89005; phone: (702) 293-3114; e-mail: mayorferraro@aol.com. Second Vice-President: Jamie Houdeshell, P.O. Box 57, Haskins, OH 43525; phone: (419) 722-3184 email: jhbottle@hotmail.com Secretary: James Berry, 200 Fort Plain Watershed Rd, St. Johnsville, NY 13452; phone: (518) 568-5683; e-mail: jhberry10@yahoo.com Treasurer: Gary Beatty, 3068 Jolivette Rd., North Port, FL 34288; phone: (941) 276-1546; e-mail: tropicalbreezes@verizon.net Historian: Richard Watson, 10 S Wendover Rd, Medford, NJ 08055; phone: (856) 983-1364; e-mail: crwatsonnj@verizon.net Editor: Martin Van Zant, 208 Urban St, Danville, IN 46122; phone: (812) 841-9495; e-mail: mdvanzant@yahoo.com. Merchandising Director: Sheldon Baugh, 252 W Valley Dr, Russellville, KY 42276; phone: (270) 726-2712; e-mail: sbi_inc@bellsouth.net Membership Director: Jim Bender, PO Box 162, Sprakers, NY 12166; phone: (518) 673-8833; e-mail: jim1@frontiernet.net

Conventions Director: Tom Phillips, P.O. Box 240296, Memphis, TN 38124; phone: (901) 277-4225; e-mail: tomlisa.phillips@gmail.com Business Manager: Alan DeMaison, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077; phone: (H) (440) 358-1223, (C) (440) 796-7539; e-mail: a.demaison@sbcglobal.net Director-at-Large: Gene Bradberry, 3706 Deerfield Cove, Bartlett, TN 38135; phone: (901) 372-8428; e-mail: Genebsa@comcast.net Director-at-Large: John Panek, 1790 Hickory Knoll, Deerfield, IL 60015; phone: (847) 945-5493; email: paperbottle1@aol.com Director-at-Large: John Pastor, PO Box 227, New Hudson, MI 48165; phone: (248) 486-0530; e-mail: jpastor@americanglassgallery.com Midwest Region Director: Randee Kaiser, 2400 CR 4030, Holts Summit, MO 65043; phone: (573) 896-9052; e-mail: pollypop47@yahoo.com Northeast Region Director: Ed Kuskie, 352 Pineview Dr, Elizabeth, PA 15037; phone: (412) 405-9061; e-mail: bottlewizard@comcast.net. Southern Region Director: Jack Hewitt, 1765 Potomac Ct, Lawrenceville, GA 30043; phone: (770) 856-6062, e-mail: hewittja@bellsouth.net. Western Region Director: Dave Maryo, 12634 Westway Ln, Victorville, CA 92392; phone: (760) 617-5788; e-mail: dmaryo@verizon.net Public Relations Director: Pam Selenak, 156 S. Pepper St., Orange, CA 92868; phone: (714) 633-5775; e-mail: pselenak@yahoo.com


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FOHBC

President’s Message Ferdinand Meyer V FMG Design, Inc. 101 Crawford Street Studio 1A Houston, Texas 77002 ferdinand@peachridgeglass.com I Iwrite this report today in Apriland and Inotice that reflecting snowstorms t is early Sunday morning sit here at and blizzards are in the forecast for the Rockies and tornadoes TimoleonÕs Diner in quaint Keene, New Hampshire while are projected in coffee advance a major in the Plains. drinking some toof warm me weather up (it is front 45 degrees outside, The birds are chirping outside here in Houston as the trees are chilly for a Texan). The Yankee Bottle Show starts here shortly filling with new leaves. We are expecting cooler weather (in and will be a fun conclusion to a long weekend of bottle events the low 40s) here at the house later this week. This constant that started out with gatheringremind at Federation members Mark change, diversity and amovement me of our hobby. Always and Anniegoing VuonoÕs something on. in Stamford, Connecticut on Friday and included Columbus Day Hayfield event last in WoodRightthe offHeckler the bat (hey, baseball season just started week!) stock Connecticut yesterday. I amAntique thinking that this and in Valley, the forefront is the FOHBC National Bottle was theThe exact spot, two yearsin ago thatthis theJuly great Shows. Manchester National New today, Hampshire is almost sold out as far as dealer tables. We even had to increase Feldmann story that I retell in this issue of Bottles and Extras, our on hotel roomsyou andenjoy all indications areand thatpictures. this will John be got take its wings. I hope the article one “grand slam” of a show. Occurring in New England for the and Sheila are wonderful people that represent the foundation first time, we haveofplanned great seminars on fascinating topics and cornerstone our great hobby. like What Connecticut Glass Rarities by Rick Ciralli, 20th Century a whirlwind of events since our great EXPO in late South Jersey Glass by Thomas Haunton, Blown Three Mold July in Reno, Nevada. Every time I think of this event, I am Glass by Ian Simmonds, New Hampshire Glass Factories and reminded of how grateful I am, and we all should be, of Marty Products by Michael George, Mount Vernon Glass Co. - History, Hall, Richard Siri, the RenoWolff, BottleEarly Club20th andCentury the legions Products and People by Brian Milk of helpers thatinpulled off this and mega event. Marty evenEmbossed reported on a Marketing New England Markings and Seals strongBottles financial success that demonstrates yet again, that our Milk by Jim George and Al Morin, Saratogas by George organization is gettingDemijohns stronger and marching forward. Waddy and Uncovering by Dave Hoover. And to The top 2013off, FOHBC National in Manchester, Hampshire next this historical flask king, Mark Vuono New will be giving a talk at the Awards Banquet! There will also be the Norman C. Heckler year is progressing smoothly with a majority of the tables sponsored Newsold. England Bottle Battle (colored utility already being Lexington, Kentucky willmedicines, be our location bottles, whimsical objects) on Friday evening and the Glass for the 2014 National, so make your plans here, too. You can Works Auction on for Saturday Youbycanvisiting find much get information both night! events ourmore website, information about the show on the FOHBC.org web site. A big FOHBC.org. Tom Phillips, our Conventions Director, was thanks to Michael George and Maureen Crawford (show chairs), even in the southeast this week looking at venues for the 2015 Tom Phillips (conventions director) and Rich Ciralli (seminars) National. It was not too long ago that we were much more for their continued effort to make this the best National yet. short-sighted. with this advance planning and public The artworkNow for the marketing components are being announcements, can stake claim on a dateBottle that will help developed for thewe FOHBC 2014our National Antique other show chairmen decide when to hold As an Show in Lexington, Kentucky. The events on their Aug. events. 1-3, 2014 aside, know that there were nine bottle will be did heldyou at the Lexington Convention Center. The shows Hyatt this weekend,Lexington includingwill onebeacross pond? hobby to is so Regency the hostthe hotel and isOur connected the Convention Center. Sheldon Baugh and Randee Kaiser will strong. I see the glimmer of change even with our shows. LetÕs be servingmore as co-show chairpersons. is a to historic city promote and grow our hobby.Lexington Bring people the shows. and was founded in 1775. Lexington has many area attractions Bottles, glass and positive change are contagious. including Ashland (Henry Clay’s Home), Mary Todd Lincoln’s House, Shakermembership Village at Pleasant and thoroughbred Federation is alsoHill, drastically up which ishorse excitfarms. We are even thinking about calling our bottle contest the

ing. We will a major new Shootout membership drive Lexington ‘Runbe forannouncing the Roses’. With the Reno in 2012 and thethis upcoming Battle in Manchester, later monthNew thatEngland uses a Bottle 2,000-member target. Wethis are seems appropriate. I wonder what the bottle categories will be? nearing 1,200 members now. So if you are a member, stay with Stay as more be posted soon. are so many us, tuned if youÕre are information undecided, will please join! There The FOHBC will also be announcing the location for Extras, the 2015is exciting things planned. Our magazine, Bottles and National Antique Bottle Show in the Southern Region very undergoing a major face lift, we have a new web site,soon. by the We are finalizing our contracts with the host facility and hotel and time you read this, we will be 1,000 members plus on our are extremely excited about the city that was selected from a pool FOHBC facebook page, the FOHBC Virtual Museum is of seven or eight contenders. Our Federation membership is broken moving forwardand (look major soon) and we into four regions nowfor it isa time forannouncement the South to shine. I will have just sent our first digital newsletter to a large audience of give you a clue on the location…”Choo-Choo”. people. new your FOHBC. That The leaves us Federation, with the FOHBC Expo in 2016. Boy do we need new blood andthere! persons to carry the torch. I will be haveWe some great possibilities reaching some ofthink our membership for our pictures of your I wouldout liketoyou all to about increasing National Shows to two days foron the the public. With better marketing bottles, assistance web site, articles and and stories for planning makethe thisweb happen successful. Ashelp it stands Bottles we andcan Extras, site,and thebe newsletter and on the now, we are having an increasingly difficult time putting together Virtual Museum. If you would like to volunteer, in any area, it anwould outstanding with seminars,and a banquet, an auction, a bottle be veryshow much welcomed appreciated. contest and all of the other great things in a one-day with aand You will also notice a new section in the frontshow of Bottles half day for early admission. If we think bigger, we will get bigger. Extras called Letters to the Editor. I am not sure why this was Our Federation national shows should be events to remember. notThe there in some form or another before but we really want to Federation would also like to thank all of our members who hear your stories and ideas and howMuseum we can ‘Fill do things better. have graciously contributed to the Virtual the Bottle’ You can send an e-mail, write a letter or call any campaign. The development fundraising gifts, as of this writing,board are member, including myself any time. Our contact information very close to the $10,000 dollaratmark. We really need more to make is in this magazine web site.web site and click on this successful. Please and visit on thethe FOHBC.org In thetoJanuary/February 2013 issue Bottles Extras, we the bottle give a gift, get information andofsee a list ofand donations. Design for the museum continues in this monumental will bedevelopment starting a two-page Regional Overview section where endeavor we hope to have the ‘virtual’ architectural the we will and highlight incoming information from the plan fourofregions museum unveiled by the Manchester National. that make up the Federation (northeast, southern, midwest and The Federation alsomaterial realizes please that ourforward strengthtoisyour our Regional western). If you have membership and with that said, we need to grow our membership Director. If you visit the web site or received our newsletter, base. While we are now at our highest membership level ever, we you will see that Regional News is now appearing in a different are short of our planned milestone of achieving 2,000 members. and more refreshing format in these venues too. We are in the midst of a 2,000 Member campaign to broaden our We are only as strong as our weakest link.ofI our use collectors. this expreshorizons, and to unify the many types and ages sion often in business and in my general conversations We also have announced a contest to award a prize to any newwith people.or Keep an open be positive, to prize help, for give member renewal from mind, three years back or and more.tryThe constructive criticism and move Eagle/Cornucopia, forward. Smile and someone 2013 is a GII-11, half-pint pontiled Pittsburghwill smile backbeaded to you. Listen and youdonated will hear story. Step made flask with edges generously by aFOHBC Membership Jim Bender. forward andDirector tell a story. Look at your collection and find that Timesbottle have or changed. I have said it this times before. We missing link. This is what is many all about. Our best asset are stronger as a group. We have so many things to tackle and is all of our great members. we need Think of the giant for stamp, I amyour alsohelp! looking forward to theorganizations great 49er Bottle Show in coin, toy and yes, gun collectors. Where would they without Old Town Auburn, California in December. We be usually go to organization and support? If you know someone who collects the Festival of Lights parade each year after the show. We love bottles or is interested in our hobby, get them to join. If it is time it because the horses, dogs, goats, people and trucks all are to renew, renew. Every person counts. adorned with lightsatfor a nearing show is so Well, as I glance myChristmas. word count Remember, I see that I am much better if you make it an experience. While you at a the zone that will fit in one page. Thank you all very much are for the show,emails visit showing a collection, go to a museum, have dinner with a many support, constructive criticism and about bottle friend, goWe on are a dig etc.getting Theremany are somore many things youtocan what you collect. also new articles do to stay with ourMake greatyour hobby. it a amultichoose from.connected Happy collecting. plansMake to attend show ordimensional two and tell experience. us your story. Happy autumn and winter.


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FOHBC News From & For Our Members A Thought Provoking and Inspirational Communication Dear Mr. Meyer, I just spent a cold, crusty Maine Saturday poring over your Peachridge blog and website. It is all very inspiring.

I grew up in southeastern Massachusetts and starting digging bottles in the neighborhood at age 12 (ie. 1976). By 14 I had my own bottle shop in our cellar, a sign on the tree out front (see above), had a table at the local flea markets, went to several major auctions at Bob Skinner's, was advertising in Old Bottle magazine and was a paid-up FOHBC 'at-large' member. After shipping out to college in 1982 (UMaine) I took a break and now at 48 am circling back a bit, hence these observations. 1. My brother, cousins and I were collecting in the late 1970s as kids, which was when the pursuit perhaps peaked in general popularity, certainly as gauged by average price. The Charlie Gardner auction at Bob Skinner's was a catapult. Interestingly, the prices of low to medium range bottles today have not changed much in the past 35 years. A Doyle's Hop Bitters is still about $30, a Drakes Plantation is $50, a run of the mill olive amber cornucopia and urn flask is still about $75; an aqua, smooth-based Union Clasped Hands is still about $50. Antique dealers are still trying to get $20 for a clean Hood's sarsaparilla. In this respect, antique bottles are a terrible investment! Using the

price of gasoline as a metric, a normal National Bitters or Indian Queen should cost nearly $1,200 today. If you bought a Drake's Plantation bitters for $55 in 1978 and held onto it for all this time, it would only be worth about $15 today in 1978 dollars. But I think this is an incredibly good thing since it keeps fascinating old bottles well within the means of the most modestly endowed collector, ie. kids. And you can always go digging.

2. I like your blog piece (Read: Bottle Shards in Window Jars) about keeping shards of oddball or unknown bottles even if they aren't whole. This is important since it re-emphasizes the role of bottle diggers and collectors as historic archaeologists and preservationists. Regular archaeologists don't toss shards -- they are the purpose of the excavation. In my intense bottle digging phase (19751982) we were 'trained' by the market to leave behind in the dirt anything that wasn't whole, displayable and saleable. Part of it's an education thing, part of it might have been our youth, but there is a lesson here. Adding another scuffed up but whole root beer colored Drake's Plantation to the world doesn't add much (maybe $20 in


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your pocket) -- but that shard of a really weird, unknown piece might be the key to a long lost puzzle or at least a new bread crumb along the way. Toss it, and all information is lost. 3. FOHBC at its outset had a mission (or at least I perceived it this way at 14) to create a sense of legitimacy to both the pursuit and end product of the efforts of a lot of disparate diggers and enthusiasts nation-wide. In the 1970s bottle collecting had a legitimacy problem - straight antique dealers felt a bit awkward setting up a table next to a bunch of grungy blue collar people (or kids) who got themselves happily muddy every weekend digging in dirt and put their newfound wares on a flimsy card table in a cow pasture. Bob Skinner and Norman Heckler at Skinner's in Bolton, Mass. did a lot to change this - certainly the prices and turn-outs they were getting helped change perceptions amongst the more fastidious. But I think the biggest contribution Bob made, and Norm has now made many times over, is that a lot of these glass objects are truly deserving consideration as legitimate folk-art objects, even if they were ultimately intended, paid for and designed to serve a purely mercantile interest. Art and artistic expression will always squeeze itself like toothpaste out of the weirdest crevices. This is not something a 14 year-old fiendishly digging for a Berkshire Bitters might appreciate, but can easily be seen by the same person a few decades later. 4. Lastly, I note your keen interest in obscure bitters bottles. At 14 I was advised by older collectors to find and focus on one area and dig in as deep as possible. So I decided to focus on free sample bottles. My rule was it had to be embossed 'sample' or 'trial size' or be so small that it couldn't be anything but a free sample (thus eliminating tiny pill or perfume bottles which were actually intended to be that size). Sample bitters bottles are the coin of the realm for this narrow field. The best embossed free sample bitters I have is a tiny Hentz's Curative Bitters -- Free Sample - which I bought from Tommy Mitchiner through the Old Bottle Magazine in 1978. Embossed sample bitters are really hard to find and easily confused from merely 'small-sized' bitters bottles which I believe were used post-1900 as flavorants for mixed drinks (ie. Angostura bitters, Abbott's bitters). The key I've used as an indicator of a true 'free sample' bitters is the Dr. Harter's wild cherry bitters. It's an exactly replica of the one quart bottle but is only 3.5 inches tall; I think that was clearly a give-a-away at a medicine show. So this is kind of a request, but it would be cool if sometime you could do a little photo spread on your blog of some of the sample-sized bitters bottles in your collection and maybe a call-out to your other bitters fiends for what they might have kicking around in the sample-sized realm. They are a genre unto themselves.

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Thanks for all your work, Douglas Watts Augusta, Maine P.S. Here's a funny story about Bob Skinner and Norm Heckler. Our dad was a landscaper but also pruned apple trees in the winter in Bolton, Mass., just a short distance from Bob's auction gallery in Bolton. My brother and I bugged our dad drive us 50 miles to a few of their first post-Charlie Gardner bottle auctions. We would get our little gold plastic auction paddles and go through the whole preview and look at everything and figure how to spend our $50. I was 14, my brother was 16, and we knew the going price of everything, so we would sometimes bid over what we actually had for money, thinking that if we got it dirt cheap, we could get the money from dad to pay Bob Skinner and then sell it to the lurkers in the parking lot and get the paying price back and pay back dad. Bob and Norm would switch off at the gavel every hour or so. We loved the auction patter that Bob and Norm used and would copy it all the way home. After the first few auctions we had perfect Bob Skinner and Norm Heckler impersonations down. Neither Bob or Norm were hard sell. It was clear Norm knew exactly what a specific bottle should go for: he was and is an encyclopedia. So one day I was bidding and bidding and bidding all day but always got outbid by $10 at the very end by some guy in the back row because me and Timmy only had $50 between us. And finally I hung on to the bitter end and had the high bid on a deep olive amber cornucopia and urn flask for $80 and Norm looked around the room and said, "I have $80 in the front ... is there any advance? .... And it is, $80 to 49." And then Norm looked right down at me and said, "That's 80 to 49." And then the whole room burst in applause since everyone had seen us kids trying and trying to buy something all day but never succeeding. Then we thought, oh crap, we actually bought it. Gotta go talk to Dad and get some more money. He was out in the parking lot yakking with Fred Schwiekowicz, a bottle dealer from around Brockton, Mass. Dad paid the $30 extra that we didn't have but told us we'd have to work it off mowing lawns and digging holes. Which we did. But we had a real Early American flask !!! Doug, we are so grateful for you taking the time to share some stories and insights from your past. This is what it is all about. Your communication was so precious that we decided to post it here in Bottles and Extras. Since posting on my web site, I have had a number of people ask me, Ă’Do you still have the sign?Ă“ Readers, please for more more pictures picturesand and Readers, please visit visit FOHBC.org FOHBC.org for links related to this article. Ferdinand links related to this article. - Ferdinand


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Jeff: First of all, thanks for the compliment. As with many difficult and challenging questions that have been presented throughout the course of the Virtual Museum project, I have always gone back to my statements that this Virtual Museum should parallel and draw from real ÔPublicÕ projects such as Museums, Performing Arts Centers, Opera Houses etc. Many times these venues have major philanthropy and public support to get off the ground and get built. This allows for a more honest and pure experience rather than having the City, State or Federal government build a project. This also allows for an independent group to be on the board and guide the project without undue influence. In Houston alone, we have the Hobby Center for the Performing Arts, Wortham Center, Jones Hall, Alley Theater etc. Each of these projects was built by public and member donations ranging from major to grass roots giving. Kind of like Separation of Church and State.

Note: The following e-mail exchange between Jeff Burkhardt (Cedarburg, Wisconsin and Ferdinand Meyer V (FOHBC President)

Virtual Museum Fundraising Greetings FerdinandI was "taken aback" by the recent solicitation I received for a contribution to the Virtual Museum project. I was going to keep my mouth shut, but my concern keeps eating away at me. A couple of years ago when I saw the FOHBC balance sheet, I was shocked to see a balance totaling the better part of $100,000. My immediate reaction was "What could the Federation possibly do with...how could it ever use or need that kind of money? Why does the Federation retain that magnitude of assets in cash? While the Federation today is a far cry from what it was then (thanks to you and others!), I still feel there must be a substantial balance there. Therefore, why should anyone need to contribute additional monies to any Federation project? Thanks in advance for your reply. Best, Jeff (Froggy) Burkhardt

Though financial support from the FOHBC may have gotten this moving sooner, I did not feel like it was a deal breaker had the money not come. Just like many projects I am working on across the United States, major projects take time. You have the initial idea, the conceptual work, financial planning, design development, funding, construction documents, construction, project administration and eventual operation. You also have the economy, politics, regime changes and all the other stuff with every project. This all applies to the Virtual Museum too. I hope this helps. I am going to tag you for a position on the Virtual Museum Board or to be a consultant. See you in Baltimore. - Ferdinand FerdinandThanks for answer which make some sense. It does not, however address the Federation's significant cash, just sitting there. Unfortunately, it reminds me too much of the many corporations today that sit collectively on billions in cash, not doing anything with it to grow our Economy. My anger at that could fuel much further discussion that would get into politics which I choose not to bring into my hobby/hobby relationships. - FROG Jeff: Here was a response from our treasurer yesterday that I did not address. Sometime in the distant past the FOHBC was given a house. The proceeds after the sale were put into investments.


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Ferd, I donÕt think the average collector, Federation member or not, realizes that the interest off of our investment money is what keeps us afloat. They donÕt know how much the magazine alone drains our finances. Good answer to Jeff by the way. - Gary (Beatty) - FOHBC Treasurer

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2013 National Antique Bottle Show 6HPLQDUV$QQRXQFHG‡0DQFKHVWHU

The investment interest has really helped the FOHBC in certain areas, even through some difficult economic times. We are trying to boost membership, start up merchandise again, the Virtual Museum, create a better magazine, which will generate more advertising, have a better national show (three profits in a row) etc. All could bring in more cash which is sorely needed operationally. - Ferdinand

Win This Flask!

GII-11 , 1/2 pint , pontiled, Eagle / Cornucopia, Pittsburgh made flask with beaded edges Michael George, show chair and Rick Ciralli, seminar coordinator for the 2013 FOHBC National Antique Bottle Show in Manchester, New Hampshire just announced officially, an exciting line-up of seminars and presenters that will want to be added to your show agenda. Wow, what a line-up. The best-of-the-best and the who-of-the-whoÕs will share some time and insight with us in some fascinating areas. All seminars will occur on Saturday morning, 20 July and are open to any member of the Federation or person attending the show. Actual times and locations will be posted at a later date. Please mark your calendar now! Jim Bender (FOHBC Membership Director) announced a contest to award a prize to any new member and renewal from 3 years back or more. Our goal is to reach 2,000 members. The Contest is effective as of the Baltimore Bottle Show and shall run post date from 01 January 2013 to 31 December 2013. FOHBC Board Members are not allowed to win the prize. The FOHBC thanks Jim for graciously donating this flask from his personal collection. Please visit FOHBC.org for tribute news and articles for recent sad news regarding the loss of Ken Lawler and Ken Schwartz. We even lost a bottle mascot named Pepper. FOHBC.org

Note: Please visit FOHBC.org for a complete list of seminars and information about each topic and presenter.

Thank You Nicole and Norm! Good Afternoon Ferdinand, While perusing Peachridge Glass earlier, we saw that you are collecting pictures for the Virtual Museum. WeÕd like to ÒdonateÓ our collection of pictures. I can easily access the pictures for all auctions after Auction 90. I also have pictures for most, but not all, auctions after Auction 58. Please let us know what we can send along to help out. Kind Regards, Nicole Puhlick Norman C. Heckler & Company


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Old bottles still pack a punch! An unopened bottle of Italian table wine is causing quite the commotion in Germany where the staff at the Pfalz Historical Museum are was debating whether or not to open what is believed to be the world’s oldest bottle of wine. The bottle was buried with a Roman noble near the German city of Speyer around 350AD. The 1,650year-old bottle, which was discovered in 1867 intact and still sealed with wax, has been on display at the museum for over a century. The museum’s wine department curator Ludger Tekampe says: “We are not sure whether or not the wine could stand the shock to the air. It is still liquid.” Professor of wine Monika Christmann believes the wine is probably not spoiled, but “it would not bring joy to the palate.” I guess so much for the older the better as some folks believe when it comes to wine. Personally I’ll take a sealed bottle of J. H. Cutter Extra Old Bourbon. Anyone have one? I’ll take the empty if that’s all you’ve got. Shards Continued on page 9

Bottle expert extraordinaire Matthew Levanti will assist the Editor with Shards of Wisdom, so send in your news or bottle updates to: Matthew T. Levanti, 700 Skyline Ct. Placerville, Ca, 95667 m.tigue-levanti@hotmail.com


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Glass Beach Out on the California coast in Mendocino is a popular tourist attraction known as glass beach. The beach is literally covered in sea glass in all sizes and colors and is a most impressive example of mankind’s negligence being beautifully repurposed by nature. Now I’m not one to frown upon an old dump, but this beach was used as a dump by the Military base in years past, resulting in quantities of broken glass being tumbled into the ocean. The result, now many years after the dump went out of use and the ocean washing the glass in and out is quite a sight to see. The beach is a state park, so collecting is not allowed, (I know, I know), but it is well worth a visit I believe. Access: go to the north end of Ft. Bragg, turn west onto Elm St. at the traffic light by Denny’s. Drive 3 blocks and park where the road turns to the right. From the parking are there is a ¼ mile path out to the beach. Thanks to my friend John Nicholson for bringing this to my attention over on the “Bottle Collectors” page on Facebook.

Shipwreck beer is to be the newest drink Shipwreck beer is to be the newest drink with the in-crowd on the Aland Islands of Findland in the Baltic Sea. A local Brewer is to begin producing beer inspired by bottles found on a 19th century schooner that experts believe sank in the 1840’s. Five bottles of beer, still sealed, along with 168 bottles of Champagne were recovered from the wreck three years ago. Finnish scientists, (their very top men), opened and studied the beer to devise a formula for a recreation of the hop packed lager that the local Stallhagen brewery will produce. Production of the “brew” is expected to start some time in 2014. I was unable to reach for comment any of the scientists to ask if they sampled the beer from the old bottles! Shards Continued on page 10


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Breaking News about Repro Jars From the Findlay Bottle Club of Findlay Ohio there is news of new repro canning jars on the market. These new jars are very well done, and were made from casts of the originals. It’s hoped that they were only made in a small batch, but keep in mind that that rare find at a flea market or show could be smoke, and you don’t want to get burned! The 8 new jars to watch for are: • YEOMAN’S FRUIT JAR -- in quart & half gallon (quart not pictured) • JOSHUA WRIGHT -- half gallon • WHITALL’S PATENT MILLVILLE ATMOSPHERIC -- square shoulder quart • POTTER & BODINE -- wax seal quart • BAKER PATENT FRUIT JAR -- quart • GRIFFINS PATENT 1862 -- quart -- in Amber & Cobalt. (Amber not pictured.) Thanks to the Findlay Bottle Club and collector Larry Munson for bring these jars to light.

Montana Bottle Collectors Association 2013 Old Bottles, Antiques and Collectibles Show & Sale

Butte Civic Center Annex 1340 Harrison Ave. Set up: Friday May 31 at 3 PM, but may not be unpacked and set up prior to 4 PM. Early Birds: Friday, May 31, 2013 4 PM – 8 PM; $5 and covers both days. General Admission: Saturday, June 1, 2013 10 AM – 4 PM. $3

INFO: James Campiglia, Show Chairman (406) 219-3293 or (805) 689-0125 Email: jameschips@bresnan.net or Erich Weber, Secretary/Treasurer (406) 227-8154 or (406) 439-0563


Bottles and extras

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RENO

50TH ANNIVERSARY SHOW &SALE SHOW & SALE ANTIQUE BOTTLE & COLLECTIBLES CLUB

JUNE 28 & 29, 2013 Grand Sierra Resort 2500 East Second Street Summit Pavilion Saturday Showing:: 9:00am 9:00 am-4:00pm - 4:00 pm General Admission $5.00 Friday Dealer Set-up:: 8:00am 5:00pm 8:00 amto - 5:00 pm Friday Early Bird::9:00am 5:00pm 9:00 amto - 5:00 pm $10.00 (775) 345-0171 Contracts:: Helene Walker (775)345-0171 Information:: Marty Hall - rosemuley@att.net Rooms: $89 night 800-501-2651 code ANTQ6

Rooms: $89 night (800) 501-2651 code ANTQ6

Bottles*Coins* Tokens Advertising* Small Antiques* Collectibles Rooms: $89 night (800)-501-2651 code-ANTQ6

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The Capital Region Antique Bottle Club (CRAB Inc.) held its 16th annual show and sale last November 11 at the Polish Community Center located on Washington Avenue in Albany, N.Y. There were 50 dealers from mainly the Northeast Region, filling the show room to near capacity. The tables were full of every kind of bottle one would hope to find at a show. Jason Privler and Fran Huges go out of their way to make all dealers and guests feel welcome and happy. The morning starts with free coffee, orange juice, bangles, donuts and fruit for all the dealers during set up. The tables are spaced so no one feels crowded like some shows tend to be. The lighting is great and getting in and out is a breeze with large doors and a huge parking area. CRAB also offers some great displays every year. This year was no different with top notch displays of poison, magnesium, pharmacy and nailsea bottles. Over 100 collectors came through the door to purchase items for their collections. Sales were strong, according to most dealers. I was able to sign up a few new members to the FOHBC. Anyone interested in joining the club can contact Fran Huges at 518-377-7134 or fhuges@nycap.rr.com. Dues are $15 yearly. The club has over 60 members and holds monthly meetings. It publishes monthly newsletter as well.

Please, everyone back local clubs and keep our hobby alive and growing. Clubs and shows are the backbones of the hobby.


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Bottles and extras

Baltimore

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Please visit FOHBC.org for extensive coverage of the 2013 Baltimore Bottle Show

Photos by Dave Maryo

Baltimore Bottle Show Report By Dave Maryo

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been looking forward to my to Baltimore I hadhad been looking forward to my triptrip to Baltimore forfor

months. It’s always great bottle show and severalseveral months. ItÍs always a greatabottle show and I also Iattend also attend the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors meeting meeting during during the the same same weekend. weekend. My My flight flight out out was was the the day after the February Los Angeles club meeting. day after the February Los Angeles club meeting. II was was exhausted exhausted from from working working through through the the day day and and attending attending the the LA LA club club meeting meeting the the night night before, before, but but II was was still still excited excited to to be be on on my my way way to to Baltimore Baltimore for for the the weekend weekend of of events. events.

The FOHBC meeting took most morning The FOHBC meeting took most ofof thethe morning on on Saturday, but we got a lot accomplished. the Saturday, but we had a good meeting and gotI spent a lot accomafternoon resting and calling some friends to see if they plished. I spent the afternoon resting and calling some would show.beMost said they wouldMost be at the friendsbe to attending see if theythe would attending the show. show, but would one lucky told me sixteen feet down said they be atdigger the show, but he onewas lucky digger told in an early hotel privy pulling out some fantastic 1840 to me he was sixteen feet down in an early hotel privy pulling 1860 bottles and would attendbottles this year. out some fantastic 1840not to 1860 and would not attend this year. The next morning I arrived at the show

The next morninglots I arrived at the and found and found the parking already fullshow at 6 AM. It was a the parking already full at 6degrees a.m. It with was agusts long of walk long walk to lots the building in 28 wind to the building degrees with gusts of wind blowing so hardinit 28 stung any exposed skin. I metblowing Baltiso hard it stung exposed skin. I met Baltimore Bottle more Bottle Clubany member Andy Agnew at the entrance Cluband member Agnew the entrance and bottle I was table I wasAndy finally in the at worldÍ s largesttable antique finally in the nation’s largest antique bottle show! After show! having a good night’s sleep on Saturday I was ready to visit somea old friends and meetonsome new ones. Afterwith having good nightÍ s sleep Saturday I was ready to visit with some old friends and meet some new ones.The The amount amount of of information information that that II gain gain by by attending attending these shows is more than I could gain by reading these shows is more than I could gain by reading ananentire entirefull room full ofon books on antique room of books antique bottles. bottles. TalkingTalking to otherto other collectors, especially advanced collectors, can help collectors, especially advanced collectors, can help you you learn more about bottles in your own collection and learn more about bottles in your own collection and exposeyou youtotoother otherbottles bottlesthat thatyou youmight mightlike likeeven evenmore more expose theprocess. process.Each Eachtime timeI Igo gototoaalarge largebottle bottleshow showI I ininthe learnsomething somethingnew newabout aboutglass glassproduced producedininthe theearly early learn years of our country. I also learn about other types rare years of our country. I also learn about other types ofofrare bottlesand andearly earlyglass glassproducts. products.No Nomatter matterwhat whattype typeofof bottles bottles you collect, going to a large show like Baltimore bottles you collect going to a large show like Baltimore or or Auburn a great learning experience. Auburn can can be abe great learning experience.


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My first stop on the sales floor was at John Pastor’s My therare salespattern floor was at John PastorÍ s next table. first Johnstop has on some molded bottles in his table. John has some rare pattern molded bottles in his auction that I wanted to examine in person. His partner Liz next auction that I wanted to swirl examine in person. His smiled and set four globular bottles on the counter. I partner smiled andand set 4seeing globular bottles on colors the love thisLiz type of glass the swirl quality and the counter. I lovecaused this type the quality in this group me of to glass pauseand for seeing a moment before and the colors this group me to a moment picking upinthe first one caused to examine it.pause Next, for I stopped at before picking up table the first one to to him examine Dale Murschell’s to talk aboutit.the Wistarburgh Glass Works. Dale has a wealth of knowledge about Washington Crossing the Delaware River Pot Lid

Wistarburgh. I purchased his book on Wistarburgh last year and had some questions to ask him about the products Next I stopped at Dale MurschellÍ s tableenough to talkto tocatch him produced at the glass works. I was lucky about the Wistarburgh Glass Works. Dale has a wealth up with Dale and discuss some of the characteristics ofof knowledge I purchased Wistarburghabout glassWistarburgh. products. I thanked Dale his for book takingontime Wistarburgh andonhad to ask him to talk to me last and year moved to some talk toquestions other collectors. about the products produced at the glass works. I was lucky enoughatovery catch up small with Dale and discuss some of I spotted rare, free-blown globular bottle the characteristics of Wistarburgh products. I to on Jeff and Holly Noordsy’s table glass and moved closer thanked Dale for taking time to talk to me and moved take a look. Their table is always sure to make me stoponand to talkatto other collectors. I spotted a very small free look their bottles and glass. I don’t knowrare what I enjoy blown globular on Jeff s table more, the items bottle they bring forand saleHolly or theNoordsyÍ artistic displays and moved closer to take a look. Their table is always sure they create with all their great bottles and glass. Talking to to make me stop and look at their bottles and glass. I donÍ t them you can learn a lot about both early New England and know what I glass enjoyproducts. more, theNext, itemsI they bring or Midwestern stopped byfor to sale talk to the artistic displays they with allone theirofgreat bottles Norm Heckler. Norm hascreate always been my mentors and glass. Talking them you learn a lot about for collecting earlytobottles and can glass. Norm has had both some early New England and Midwestern glass products. Next I great sales lately with fantastic bottles. Most of the bottles stopped talk to Norm Heckler. has always and glassbyintohis latest sales have had Norm closing prices that been one of my mentors for collecting early bottles would drain my bank account, but there have been aand few glass. some great sales lately with fantastic bottlesNorm latelyhas thathad I have seriously considered even at that bottles. MostAs oftime the bottles in his latest sales price range. movedand on Iglass realized that I was caught have had closing prices that would drain my bank up in the crowd and I could no longer move freely around

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account, there have a few bottles lately that the show.but I now was justbeen moving with the crowd and I have seriously considered even at that price range. As time stopping at some tables along the way. moved on I realized that I was caught up in the crowd and I could no longer move freelyhelping aroundout theatshow. I now was I spent some of my time the FOHBC just moving with the crowd and stopping at some table to talk to collectors about the FOHBC and tables along the way.It was also a chance to get off my feet for a membership. while and talk to other FOHBC board members. I decided spent some of crowd my time helping outtoattalk theto FOHBC table to Iget back in the and stopped Bill Ham to talk to collectors about the FOHBC and membership. who was at the Glass Works Auction table. Then in one It was a chance to aget off mypot feetlid forthat a while andCindy talk to of thealso isles I spotted fantastic I knew other FOHBC board members. I decided to get back in the would like. I knew the pot lid would be out of my price crowd and stopped to talk to Bill Ham who was at the range, but I talked to the man behind the table anyway Glasshe Works Auction Then one ofbethe I since had two othertable. pot lids thatinmight inisles my price spottedWhen a fantastic pot at lidhis that I knew would his like. I range. I looked name tag Cindy I recognized knew the pot lid would be out of my price range, but I name immediately. I asked him if he was the same Ben talked to the man behind the table anyway since he had Swanson that sold his collection of 1,300 pot lids at the two otherRooke pot lidssale thatinmight in mysmile price appeared range. When Hammer 1990.be A large on I looked at his name tag I recognized his name immediately. his face as he confirmed that it was his collection. He went I asked he was Ben Swanson sold his on to tellhim meifabout histhe firstsame attempts to sell thethat collection collection ofin1,300 pot lids the he Hammer sale in to museums England andathow came toRooke sell the 1990. A large smile appeared on his face as he confirmed collection through Harmer-Rooke. that it was his collection. He went on to tell me about his firstWe attempts sellconversation the collectionabout to museums in England had a to great pot lids and I asked and how he came to sell the collection through Hammer if I could take a picture of the pot lids he had for sale. I Rooke. Wethat hadmy a great about and I explained wife conversation collects pot lids andpot shelids would asked if I could take a picture of the pot lids he had love to see the large multicolored example of the potfor lid sale. I explained that my wife collects pot lids and she showing Washington crossing the Delaware River. He was would to love to see thetook large of the happy oblige and themulticolored pot lids out example of his display pot lid showing Washington crossing the Delaware River. case and arranged them on the table for me to photograph. He was oblige and tookthe thethree pot lids Ben toldhappy me hetoplans to consign pot out lidsof tohis display case and arranged them on the table for me Glassworks Auctions for a future sale. Maybe I willto have photograph. Bentotold me of he Ben’s plans to three pot another chance by one potconsign lids forthe Cindy’s lids to Glassworks Auctions for a future sale. Maybe I will collection. have another chance to by one of BenÍs pot lids for CindyÍ s collection. After having looked over all of the sellers’ tables,

I spent some time over at the displays. The milk glass After having looked all of the sellerÍ s tables I spent display stood out from over the others. It had some wonderful some time over at the displays. The milk glass display early glass and I had a chance to talk to Gary Katzen about stood of outthe from the in others. It had some wonderful earlyit some pieces his display. The more we talked glassevident and I had chance to the talksame to Gary Katzen was thatawe shared passion forabout early some of the pieces in his display. The more we talked glass. It was getting toward the time I needed to leave itfor wasflight evident that theand same passion for found early any my back towe Losshared Angeles I still had not glass. It was getting toward the time I needed to leave for items to purchase. my flight back to Los Angeles and I still had not found any items to purchase. at sometables, of the IsellerÍ s While looking While at somelooking of the sellers’ ran into tables I ran into Jerry Forbes and he told me about a dealer Jerry Forbes and he told me about a dealer that had a rare that Angeles had a rare Los Angeles whiskey for sale. Jerrytotook Los whiskey for sale. Jerry took me over the me over to the dealerÍ s table to take a look. I already dealer’s table to take a look. I already had an examplehad of an example thethe whiskey, butright the price and and it the whiskey,ofbut price was and itwas wasright my first waspurchase my first and lastday. purchase thetoday. last of the It was of time go and I said my

final good-byes to my bottle collecting friends. As I packed washeaded time totogotheand I saidfor mythe final good byes to my upItand airport long flight home I was bottle collecting friends. As I packed up and headed already thinking about attending the show next year. to the airport for the long flight home I was already thinking continued... about attending the show next year. with images from the Baltimore show continued..... displays


15 Bottles and extras

Barber Bottles - Steve Charing

18th Century Milk Glass - Gary Katzen

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American Stoneware - Bill Thomas


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MORE CONNECTICUT GLASS ...

ÒRare lip treatments and base finishes on free blown bottlesÓ

Bottles and extras England. They comesizes, in many They come in many colorssizes, and colors and forms. The size rule always forms. The size rule always comes into comes into play. The smaller and play. The smaller and larger examples are larger examples rarer. considered rarer. are Theconsidered way the glassblowThe way the glassblowers and their ers and their workers made these was truly workers these truly a work a work ofmade art. With thewas molten glass on the ofend art.ofWith the molten glass on their blowpipes they wouldthe huff end their they would and of puff andblowpipes, roll their rods on their marver huff and puff and roll their rods on tables. They would get the desired size their marver Theyawould getatthe and shape andtables. then attach pontil rod desired size and shape and then attach the other end, push it in a tad and then cut athe pontil the their othershears. end, push it in otherrod endatwith Then finish athe tadlip and cut the other end with by then adding a string or a blob of their shears. Then they’d finish lip more glass. In the later productionthe years by adding a string or a blob of more they would have added a lipping tool glass. In thealater production resembling caliper to create a years tapered they would have added a lipping collar etc.. Then they would crack offtool the resembling a caliper create a tapered pontil rod and slide it to onto a paddle and collar etc. Then they would into the annealing oven for thecrack final off the pontil rodBottles and slide onto a cooling process. wereitmass paddle and into annealing oven for produced this waythe with only a few excepthe final cooling process. Bottles were tions. Here are a few of those examples. mass produced this way with only a few Below exceptions. are a fewglobular of those (Fig:1)Here is a gorgeous examples. bottle in a better than average size and a tad "out of round" in it's form. It's about Below (Fig: is a olive-amber. gorgeous The 10.5" tall and in 1) a rich globular bottle in a better master gaffer expanded the than neck average and size and a tad “out of round” in mouth areas and outwardly rolled aits form. It’s about 10.5”liptall and2).in a handsome thickened (Fig: rich olive-amber. The master gaffer expanded the neck and mouth areas

by RICK CIRALLI c/o RCGLASS

C

ollectors of early American and New England glass can all Collectors of earlythe American andwares New England glass can all appreciate the appreciate beautiful that were produced in the late beautiful produced in the lateThe 18thearliest and early 19th century 18th andwares earlythat 19thwere century glasshouses. bottles were glasshouses. The earliest bottles the wereuse freeofblown or blown the use of free blown or blown without a mold of anywithout kind. When aone mold of any kind. When one thinks of an American free blown bottle, one thinks of an American free blown bottle, one can’t help but think canÕt help butbottles think of globular bottles of course thechestnut "ubiquitous" chestof globular and of course theand “ubiquitous” bottles. nut bottles. made inearly various early glasshouses throughout the These wereThese madewere in various glasshouses throughout the Eastern Eastern The examples shown in article this article most likely fromNew New region. region. The examples shown in this are are most likely from England, Connecticut. Some glass blowing techniques were England,specifically specifically Connecticut. Some glass blowing techniques specific to certain bottles. bottles. These would have included strings, seals, were specific to certain These would haveapplied included applied handles bands of glassor tobands name aoffew that to were donea with somewere sort of strings,or seals, handles glass, name few that done tooling. These are rare exceptions to free blown globular bottles and chestnuts with some sort of tooling. These are rare exceptions to free blown and are thebottles basis for this article. and are the basis for this article. globular and chestnuts I Ihave been a fan of the earlyearly globular bottlesbottles from New havealways always been a fan of the globular fromEngland. New

Fig 1: 10.5” globular bottle Fig 1: 10.5” globular bottle


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the periodand when made, color of theEdwin metal reference, one itofwas my all timethe favorites, is the and use of applied threading all indications Atleethe Barber book entitled Americanare Glassware, Old of known items from this glassworks. earliest and New. Copyright 1900. Go to the smallThe section on source of reference, and one of my all time Coventry on page 57. Read about globular decanters and favorites, thea Edwin Atlee a tall vase is with spherical bodyBarber with a book snake entitled like American Glassware, Old New (Copyright ornament wrapped around theand long slender neck. There 1900). to the small section on page is also Go a pretty good track recordon of Coventry tableware items like 57. Read about globular decanters and a tall vase applied handle pitchers, creamers and even bowls with with a spherical bodyWe with snakelike ornament this type of threading. havea also excavated some wrapped around the long slender neck. There is shards near the glassworks site with the threading also a pretty track record of tableware clearly evidentgood as well. Those are retained in theitems colleclike handleofpitchers, creamers and even tion applied of the Museum Connecticut glass located in bowls with this ofdate threading. Coventry, CT. Astype of this and time, it is the only

Fig Expanded neck mouthlipwith handsome lip Fig 2:2:Expanded neck and mouthand with hansome

known example of such a decanter and is unique and have also excavated some shards near the ultraWe rare! glassworks site with the threading clearly evident asThe well. Those are retained the typical collection of the next globular bottle isin more in form and Museum of Connecticut glass located in Coventry. color and is also about 10.5" tall and in a darker shadeAs of of this date and it is the only known example olive-amber (Fig:time, 4). Upon close inspection of the of such a decanter andwill is unique ultravertical rare! tooling applied blob lip you see twoand distinct lines (Fig: 5). It is my opinion that these were used to typical secureThe somenext typeglobular of wire orbottle stringistomore seal the top. in form and color and is also about 10.5 inches tall Examples of closures would have been wooden or cork. and in a darker shade of olive-amber. (Fig: 4) Upon This also could be the signature mark of a specific close inspection of the applied blob lip, you will see glassblower. two distinct vertical tooling lines. (Fig: 5) It is my

Fig Attractive pour spout Fig 3:3:Attractive pour spout

then proceeded an attractive pour lip. spout andHe outwardly rolledtoa form handsome thickened (Fig: 2) (Fig: 3). On the interior section of this pour spout, there is a distinct line. Ittoappears to be exactly at the He thentooling proceeded form an attractive pour point of(Fig: the "pinch". Then he used an ancient technique spout. 3) On the interior section of this pour of an applied or snake of glass around the neck. spout, there string is a distinct tooling line. It appears to be The practical arethe one“pinch.” can grip Then oneÕs he fingers exactly at thetheories point of used an around the threads when object inter-of glass ancient technique of anutilizing appliedthe string oror snake twine some type of string or leather straps and hang it around the neck. The practical theories are one can like aone’s saddlefingers flask. Aaround simple the globular bottle then utilizing became grip threads when an exceptional serving decanter graspedoratleather a the object or intertwine some that typewas of string table and poured goblets, tumblers glasses. straps and hanginto it like a saddle flask.orAwine simple globular It is unique is exceptional impossible toserving have twodecanter identical bottle then because becameitan free blown items letatalone oneand withits any applied poured features. that was grasped a table contents This goblets, exceptional bottle isorattributed to the Coventry into tumblers wine glasses. It is unique glassworks 1813-1848. Thetomethod of manufacture, the because it is impossible have two identical free period when wasalone made,one the with color any of the metal and the blown items,it let applied features. use ofexceptional applied threading all indications of known This bottleare is attributed to the Coventry items from this glassworks.The Themethod earliest source of Glassworks (1813-1848). of manufacture,

Fig Example 2 (on right) Fig 4:4:Example 2 (on right)

Fig 5: Tooling lines Fig 5: Tooling lines


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Old Charlie paid $2 for it. Both of these are attributed to the Pitkin Glassworks (1783-1830). Again, we have excavated shards at the site with these types of tooling marks in various lip treatments and those are also retained in the collection of shards at the Old Manchester Museum in Manchester, Conn. In my 35 years of collecting bottles and glass, these are the only two intact examples (Fig: 7 and 8) of these types I have ever seen or handled. I know there is a connection!

Fig 6: Beautiful Chestnut on the left

Speaking of chestnuts, here are two more examples with some “extras.”(Fig: 9 and 10) Again, perhaps the glassblower used a tool and inserted it into the base to create a spray of faint lines all coming from the center. This was done before the pontil rod was attached as the lines are under the pontil scar. There is no known utilitarian function of this base tooling so it has to be a “signature” of some kind. Or was the object pushed up against some type of insert to create uniformity in the base area? Intriguing? Absolutely!

Fig 7: Beautiful Chestnut tops

Fig 9: 2 more Chestnuts Fig 10: Base of above Chestnut Fig 8: Base of Chestnut on the right

opinion that these were used to secure some type of wire or string to seal the top. Examples of closures would have been wooden or cork. This also could be the signature mark of a specific glassblower. This is a chestnut (Fig: 6) with the same type of tooling lines confined in the lip area. These lines are more pronounced. At 8 3/8 inches tall, this beautiful bottle was in the famed (Charles) Gardner collection and was lot No. 1991 in the legendary sale back in 1975. It sold then for $55 plus the buyer’s premium.


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Fig 12: Base tooling of the Chestnuts

their daily quotas to make, slowing down the flow of work to add some extras to the bases for no apparent reason seems inefficient, but it was obviously done on a few examples that withstood the test of time remarkably well!

Fig 11: Chestnut on the right

Rare? Unequivocally! This first example is 8.25 inches tall with a pleasing plump form. (Fig: 11) The second example is a smaller green bottle around 5.5 inches tall and again with the same type of base tooling done the same way. (Fig: 12) These are attributed to a Connecticut glasshouse, probably Pitkin or Coventry (1783-1830). I tried to highlight the lines. Since New England chestnuts are readily available in just about every bottle auction or show, why are there not more of these available out there? Since these were mass produced and the gaffers had

So there we have it! Some rather common to scarce examples of utilitarian wares (Fig: 13) with some unique and rare features. All are from my personal collection and probably done by a glassblower named George Hanover from Pitkin & Coventry. More on that later... Next up, I will show some rare base finishes on some utilitarian dip-molded bottles. Like I always say, Knowledge is Power... If any of the readers out there can share some examples or shed some light, please feel free to contact me directly. Rick Ciralli can be reached at richardciralli@sbcglobal.net

Fig 13: Some rather common to scarce examples of utilitarian wares with some unique and rare features.


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NORTH SIDE MONSTER [dipped but worth the effort ] by Jeff Mihalik

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before I ever dug my first Wayay before I ever dug my first city city privy in Pittsburgh, I

privy in Pittsburgh, I visited a visited a relative living on the North relative living on the North Side of Side of Pittsburgh. Their home was Pittsburgh. Their home was right on right on one of the main roads and one of the main roads and was a was a huge brick structure built huge brick structure built sometime sometime in the early 1800s. Of in the early 1800テ不. Of course the course, the conversation that day conversation that day included how included how I was a privy digger I was a privy digger and how I was and how I was curious about what curious about what the backyard the backyard looked like (i.e., if there looked like (i.e., if there was room was room for a privy) as many of the for a privy) as many of the properproperties were developed all the way ties were developed all the way to to the back alley. We then went out the back alley. We then went out back to take a look. Although most back to take a look. Although most of the backyard was covered with of the backyard was covered with concrete, has a gazebo, and large concrete, has a gazebo, and large gravel filled parking area, there was gravel filled parking area, there was however, a strip of natural ground however, a strip of natural ground

Not sure why I look so serious - Jeff


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cover separating the parking area from the gazebo and concrete. Hmmm, I need to probe this some time. Well, turn the clock ahead about 6 years and several Pitt Panther tail gates later, and I once again started to think about this property and the potential to dig. Having now dug many Pittsburgh city privies, I knew that this area of town had produced several very memorable digs in the past. For the past 5-7 years, this neighborhood has been going through revitalization and many of these former stately homes have either been completely remodeled or have undergone extensive restoration. Being so large and on the main street, these homes were typically owned by wealthy families when originally built. I had sent John (the property owner along with his wife Stacy) one of the recent articles I wrote (Digging 60) that was about a dig just up the street from their property. That really sparked their interest. While visiting after a Pitt Panther game (Pitt plays football games at Heinz Field where the Steelers play and this is within walking distance of John and Stacy’s home), I went out to the back yard again. There were some changes, such as a fish pond, but on the other side of the yard along the fence line, there was a suspicious hole. John told me how he started to dig out some bushes and how the roots kept going down and he could never get to the bottom. Wow! I had a strong feeling this was a privy! It was agreed we could probe and go from there. Once I told Tim that we had a

tentative permission (John still had to clear everything with Stacy), it didn’t take long for him to stop by while he was in town working and probe the spot. I got a phone call that day from Tim and it’s Wham! bam and thank you, ma’am, it’s a wood-lined privy and it feels crunchy. I call John and we have the OK to dig, but have to wait after a party they are having. We set up the dig for the following week and we can’t wait. The typical wood-lined privies in this area of town are usually about 10 to 12 feet deep and 4 to 5 feet in length and width. When we finally started to dig we had a heck of a time getting through all the roots from the bushes that used to grow in this area but down we went. It wasn’t long until we got our first bottle, an unembossed flask. It was at least blown in mold so that was good for starters. Another foot down and Tim pulled out a small medicine, but it’s embossed with the name of the proprietor and it’s pontiled! It was found up along the wall so this indicated that the privy was most likely dipped. We’re stoked now and our minds spin with thoughts of a loaded pontil pit. As Tim proceeds to dig, maybe 15 to 20 other bottles are found, but none pontiled. Before long Tim sees another bottle along the opposite wall. He slows down his digging and we carefully extract this bottle. The next thing I knew Tim was holding up a complete quart scroll flask! Wow again! Things are looking good even though not much was coming out of the middle parts of the pit except newer bottles; it looked like the dippers left some good stuff along the walls. Tim had three walls

Tim just starting the dig out


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I had sent John (the property owner along with his wife Stacy), one of the recent articles I wrote (Digging 60) that was about a dig just up the street from their property. That really sparked their interest

John the owner on his back porch

exposed now but where was the fourth? He probed in that direction but hit fill dirt, so we concentrated on trying to get as deep as possible on one side of the pit before opening it completely up. Tim built a ledge and down he went. At this point, everything coming out of the hole was pontiled, but mostly shards of sodas, medicines, flasks, you name it. As Tim is busy digging, I’m pulling up the buckets and then dumping them in our trash cans. Because of the layout of the backyard, we had to put our dumpings up hill just a little off from the privy in the back of the lots parking area. All of sudden Tim is quiet and that is usually a good sign something has his attention in the pit. I go over and see a big smile on his face. It’s a soda, embossed, iron pontil and it’s cobalt! Tim

The author checking out the pit

Fish Pond on other side of Privy

hands up a M.S. Johns, Pittsburg. Tim has dug several of these but this was my first. Not long after that, a green iron pontil block letter John Ogden soda is found followed by an aqua example, both complete and in excellent shape. Two colored iron pontil sodas, I’m ecstatic. Oh yeah, forgot to mention by this time we were into some Pittsburgh poopy soup. I never see this when digging outside of Pittsburgh but it is a very common sight here. Tim has to use a small bucket to bail out the “water” and then I have to transport to a good trash can without any is sloppy holes. This


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Author setting himself up for the fill

and messy and not for the faint of heart. But Tim knows what lurks beneath the muck. As we finally get towards bottom on this one side, Tim starts finding shoes and I mean like 20 or 30. He also finds a nice crude emerald green blacking bottle with a huge and crude open pontil. Then another grin and a yell, as Tim pulls out a beautiful green free-blown open pontil porter with a weird looking top. What can I say, it’s just a killer. We head over to the opposite side of the privy. By now all our cans are filled and I’m putting dirt on the ground. That just makes for more filling time later, but we got to keep at it. There were not a lot of bottles found going in this direction except a really nice iron pontil quart Buffums Porter Pittsburgh. It has that Pittsburgh porter top and very rare in the quart size and maybe unique with Pittsburgh embossed on it. Other finds include an early red ware pot, iron pontil sauce bottle and some other odds and ends. Tim is trying to find that last wall, but we are now about 7 feet from the opposite wall and can not go any further due to our heading towards the fish pond and we do not want to chance undercutting and draining that so Tim does the best he can but has to quit. He hates to do this as sometimes the best finds are deep along the walls of the privy but we have no choice. This privy pit turns out to be 4 feet wide, about 10 feet long, and 12 feet deep! Time to fill ‘er in. John is watching and suggests that we remove the rock wall that is separating the privy spot from his parking area. We do this and place a trap there trying to construct a chute for the dirt to dump into the privy without us having to carry the trash cans down the hill. This ended up working nicely. We know that we are going to

Tarps, just making it easier to fill

Just to show you what kind of room we had to find the privy

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need some fill so John empties any trash lying around his basement and yard such as a couple old cement bags, bricks, anything he can find to help fill in the hole. John plans on putting another fish pond here so it was not necessary to level the spot, but we made sure to pack the dirt in as tight as possible. Once we were If the Shoe fits completed and had the trucks loaded back up, Tim and I split up the finds and we put aside several nice bottles including one of the pontil Ogden sodas, the red ware pot, and several local druggist bottles for the owners. This was a great dig. We didn’t hit it big but did get a couple beautiful shelf bottles and uncovered some of the early history of this property that will now be back on display in the home.

Treasures cleaned up

Some of the better finds

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Part 2 of 4

A Reminiscience Reminiscence of 53 Years of Bottle Collecting in South Carolina by Harvey S. Teal

Antique Bottle Collecting Histories One of a series...

Up and coming digger Lebby Clementi with Steve Harris in trench off King and Spring streets in downtown Charleston. (Courtesy of Vic Svendsen


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New Directions in Bottle New Directions in Bottle Collecting Collecting

B

y the late 1960s, much interest had developed in the

Bywhole the late 1960s, much interest had in being the area of bottle collecting. Thisdeveloped interest was

whole area of bottlebycollecting. This was being sparked primarily new sources of interest bottles across the state sparked primarily by newWhen sources bottles across theis 15 to in city and town dumps. youofhave a dump that state in city dumps. When you have a dump 20 feet deepand andtown 200 yards long, quite a number of people can that 15 to feet deep and 200they yards long,it. quite a were dig is there for20 a long time before exhaust There number of of people dig there for a long time before a number townscan in South Carolina where people started they exhaust it. There were a number of towns in South digging in their dumps. Carolina where people started digging in their dumps. There were various dumps here in Columbia. One was There various here in Columbia. Onea was about sixwere blocks from dumps the State House. At this spot, steel about six blocks from the State Attracks. this spot, a had company was located beside theHouse. railroad A dump occurred here where a ravine and athe little streamtracks. ran beneath steel company was located beside railroad A the railroad and thenhere under the area where steel company dump had occurred where a ravine andthea little was located. This dump was loaded with under dispensary bottles stream ran beneath the railroad and then the area and others fromcompany the 1880swas andlocated. ‘90s. This dump was where the steel loaded with dispensary bottles and others from the 1880s dump located here was called the Huger Street and ïAnother 90s. dump and was the chief city dump for Columbia starting in the early 1900s ending about came to light during Another dumpand located here was1920. calledItthe Huger construction of an interstate highway into town. In spots, it Street dump and was the chief city dump for Columbia was 30 in feet in- and out-of-town starting thedeep. earlyDozens 1900s and and dozens ending of about 1920. It people began to dig there for a few years. came to light during construction of an interstate highway into town. In spots, it was 30 feet deep. Dozens and People to dig on those places and to they dozens of in-began and out-of-town people began digbegan thereto look out in the country and call up grandpapa and see if he for a few years. had any old bottles. Many individuals contracted “bottle collecting fever”toduring People began dig onthose thosetimes. places and they began to

look out in the country and call up grandpapa and see if Letany meold relate one personal digging story from this he had bottles. Many individuals contracted period. The story began on July 3, 1965. My wife had gone ñbottle collecting feverîduring those times. downtown to do some shopping and while she was doing that, Let me relate one personal digging story from this I decided to scout around where excavation was occurring and period. The story began on July 3, 1965. My wife had might be turning up old bottles. gone downtown to do some shopping and while she was doing that, I decided to scout around where excavation As I approached the excavation for a parking garage was occurring and might be turning up old bottles. across from the main post office in town, I saw a ceramic pint ginger bottle lying top of thefor ground. I hustled over, As Ibeer approached the on excavation a parking garage pickedfrom up the the hole being dug for the across thebottle mainand postpeered officeinto in town, I saw a ceramic garage foundations. About four feet down, a five-foot pint ginger beer bottle lying on top of the ground. I layer of glass and bottles looked at me. hustled over, picked up the bottle and peered into the hole being dug for the garage foundations. About four The site was behind theof oldglass C.C.and Habenicht Beer Bottling feet down, a five-foot layer bottles looked at Plant. The ground sloped away to a former gully and the me. company had thrown away lots and lots of bottles it couldn’t site was the old C.C. Habenicht Beerand some use.The Maybe somebehind came from out-of-town breweries Bottling Plant. The were other types ofground bottles.sloped away to a former gully and the company had thrown away lots and lots of bottles it couldnÍt use. Maybe some came from out-oftown breweries and some were other types of bottles.

Harvey Teal Below: Dark green pontiled George Washington/Fells Point historical flask dug by Vic Svendsen on same day as Baltimore Bottle Club show. (Courtesy of Vic Svendsen)


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I didn’t have a shovel or any digging tools with me, but that did not stop me. I jumped into the hole, scratched around and liberated 15 or 20 bottles. After taking my wife home, I returned that afternoon and found about 100 bottles. These bottles dated to the 1880s and early ‘90s and included beer, soda water, Hutchinson and a few other types of bottles. For about a month, I went to the site every afternoon after work and dug until dark. No other collector was to be seen. I talked to the construction people and they explained they were just going to haul off the dirt, debris and bottles and for me to get all I wanted. When I explained I feared one side of the hole might cave in on me, the foreman called over the bulldozer operator and had him shave off the overhang at the hole for me. I called my brother to come over and we dug there together a couple of times.

Then He Had Company A month after I found the site, a newspaper reporter discovered it and put an article in the Columbia Record along with a worker holding a bottle. The next day when I arrived at the site, there were 12 people digging. My exclusive had ended. In the meantime, I had acquired 700 to 800 bottles. I had taken home so many of a few types of these bottles, I’d reached the point of not picking them up. Most of the individuals who showed up to dig were friends. We were competitive, but in this case, there were plenty to go around. Although competitive, we kept it on a friendly basis. This would stand us in good stead when we later organized the South Carolina Bottle Club. This is a part of the Columbia story, but let me return to Charleston and address the matter of why so many bottles were found there. In 1800, Boston, Charleston and Philadelphia were the largest cities in the United States. Charleston remained the largest city in the South until bypassed by New Orleans by 1830. It would remain the largest city in South Carolina until well into the 20th century. In Charleston, the “honey wagons,” as they were called, emptied their Diggers 3: (L-R) Paul Jeter, Harvey Teal and John Derrick (Courtesy of Harvey Teal)

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contents from cleaning out privies into the marshes near the rivers or in low places. Many collectors dug the marshes. In the early days, collectors mostly dug privies, however. When large hotels began to be built, urban renewal projects undertaken and interstates traversing the city, places to dig materialized. Several collectors amassed wonderful collections of antebellum Charleston colored sodas, drugs, bitters and medicine bottles from these sources. Their bottles generally dated much earlier than those found elsewhere in the state. Although I got in on Charleston digs in only a limited way, over the years I managed to acquire some wonderful bottles from that port city. My collection includes several examples of drug, medicines, soda water, beer, bitters, Hutchinsons and whiskey bottles, plus a few others. However, I never pursued Charleston bottles to the extent I have other South Carolina bottles. I knew I could not match the better local Charleston collections unless I spent tons of money to purchase rare bottles. Toward the end of the 1960s, I had stopped looking for bottles out in the country. Dumps and privies caused me to begin digging for bottles in more urban places. At first, it was difficult to locate privies in Columbia, but we soon began to find them.

Trio Becomes a Team When I say “we,” I am referring to three people. Paul


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Jeter, like myself, was a school administrator. John Derrick was the purchasing agent for an Allied Chemical plant located on the outskirts of town. The three of us became a bottle digging team who dug trash pits, privies, wells, hedgerows and dumps in Columbia for more than a decade. Almost every weekend would find us digging bottles. We found untold numbers of drug bottles from about 40 different local drugstores dating from the 1870s to the early 1900s. Dispensary bottles, local sodas, beers, medicines, etc. regularly showed up in privies and elsewhere. Back then, it was fairly easy to get permission to dig a privy, but there were times when we needed permission to dig other kinds of places. Such a place was the site for a new highway department building to be constructed in 1977 about three blocks from the State House. The building was being placed in an area where a small creek had been covered over with about 15 feet of fill dirt.

Steve Harris with a nice whole chamber pot dug out of a Tradd Street privy in Charleston. (Courtesy of Vic Svendsen)

When digging the foundation for the building it became necessary to clean out all that fill dirt and construct a culvert over the creek in order to get a solid foundation. This excavation uncovered a dump along the creek. Several persons tried to get permission to dig the site for bottles, but had failed. I met with the construction company owner and was able to convince him to let us go in there for one night. The three of us dug from dark until about 3 a.m. Bone weary and sleepy, we locked up the site, loaded our cars with more than 400 bottles, and caught a few hours’ sleep. The next afternoon we met and divided the bottles. The bottles dated from the late 1860s to about 1890, about two years before the S.C. Dispensary came into existence. There were lots of early bottles from Columbia and a number of bottles from elsewhere including one late historical flask. Growing out of all our digging in Columbia, in 1976 Paul Jeter and I decided we would put together a publication on what we had found in our capital city. We called it Columbia’s Past in Glass. We had done such extensive digging in Columbia and had such a good handle on what was here until everything that’s been discovered since our publication came out in 1976 can be listed on one page.

Virgil Svendsen (L) and Steve Harris with a couple of nice black glass bottles dug fromm an Alexander Street privy in Charleston, S.C. (Coutesy of Vic Svendsen)

Since then, of course, we have learned far more historical information about the drug stores and breweries which had bottles, plus the merchants who had flasks with their names and other information embossed on them. We’ve learned more information about these matters, but we included about 95 percent of what has turned up to date. Examples of most of these bottles are in my collection. Jeter and Derrick also have examples in theirs. Our publication was added to my library, along with


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Dr. Huggins’ dispensary book published in 1971.

Well-Digging Profitable One of the sources where we found old bottles was wells. Many lots in town not only had a privy, but a well. Over time, a well might go dry or the water become unsuitable for drinking for one reason or another. The homeowner then had a 10- to 60-foot-deep hole in his backyard. He could haul in dirt to fill it, or he could fill it with kitchen garbage, yard trash, etc. over time. That’s what often happened. Our Columbia digging team dug over a dozen wells in town and recovered hundreds of bottles in the process. In Columbia, wells were found in a variety of soils. Some were in hard clay, others in soft sandy soil; Many of the wells originally had wooden curbing supporting the sides, especially those located in sandy soil. Wells in hard clay did not require any lining to support their sides. We rigged up a 5-foot-high metal frame, placed it over the top of a well and attached a wheel to it. We then threaded a nylon rope over the wheel and tied a bucket to one end of the rope. As we dug down, we would windlass the bucket full of soil and debris to the top, dump it and repeat the process. Sometimes we would find bottles starting at the top for a few feet and then encountered dirt that had been hauled in to fill the well. We usually did not dig further. I suspect we may have missed many bottles by not doing so. It

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required much faith and commitment to continue digging for 20 or more feet in the hopes the trash layer would resume later. The trash and debris in one well in particular proved to be a time capsule dating from about 1920 back to the Civil War. We do not know just how deep this well was since we stopped digging at 60 feet and had not reached the bottom. I have chosen to relate the digging of this well since I found it to be one of the most interesting and productive we ever dug. The lot on which this well was located sat only a short distance from the headquarters of the Columbia Police Department. Several diggers, including our team had dug 10 or 15 privies and trash pits along the perimeter of the lot. In the middle of the lot next to the street sat an abandoned house used by vagrants. One of these diggers discovered the well and dug it down to five feet, but was too skittish to dig further. He had found several straight-sided Cokes dating from just before 1915 and a few local soft drink bottles dating to about 1920. He refilled the well. Shortly thereafter, our team began to dig this well. In the first 10 feet, we moved from straightsided Cokes and local drink bottles to monogrammed S.C. Dispensary bottles. They date from 1899 to 1907. By now, we were at about the 15-foot level.

Beaming Vic Svendsen with a pair of 1790s black glass bottles. ( Courtesy of Vic Svendsen)

We dug 15 more feet and entered the


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era of palmetto tree S.C. dispensaries dating from 1893 to 1899. We were finding many local Hutchinson bottles and local beers and a few non-Columbia bottles. At this point, we had reached about as deep as we could with our equipment and as deep as we felt comfortable to dig. With some regrets, we filled in the well. During the next year, we thought often about that well, knowing we were finding good bottles while we were digging. At this point, another brother of mine, Hollis Teal, entered the picture. He was a recent career Air Force retiree. A few years earlier, he also had become interested in collecting bottles. I told him about the well and he persuaded our team to re-dig it.

Getting In Deeper We began about 6 p.m., on the Friday night before the Labor Day weekend. By 9 p.m., the four of us had re-dug all of the first 30 feet that had been dug about a year earlier. At that point, we threw two old doors we found stacked beneath the abandoned house over the top of the well, threw a little dirt over the doors for camouflage and retired for the night. The next morning, we removed the well covering and began to dig in the un-dug portion of the well. Almost immediately we found more S.C. Dispensaries, including a pint round amber and an amber half-pint we broke while digging it out. It was not long before we passed from the dispensary era and moved into bottles from the 1880s. We unearthed lots of local beers, Hutchinsons and other bottles. We closed up the well that afternoon in the fashion of the previous night and decided we would rest up on Sunday and return Labor Day. Bright and early Labor Day morning, we removed the well covering and prepared to reenter the well to begin digging. We were using two 22-foot-long, chain-linked ladders to enter and leave the well. We were now at a depth of between 45 and 50 feet. Hollis wanted to be first in the well and quickly descended to the bottom. In a minute, he called up saying he felt “funny” and was going to come out. I told Paul and John, “He’s lost his nerve. When he gets out, I’ll go down and dig.”

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As soon as Hollis reached the top, I hopped onto the ladders and quickly descended to the bottom and started digging. In about a minute, I began to breathe very rapidly. A light came on in my thick skull. There was very little oxygen in the bottom of that well! I quickly climbed out and informed the others of my suspicion. To test the oxygen level, we lit a piece of paper with a match and dropped it into the well. At about 10 feet, it snuffed out. That confirmed my suspicion. We tied a cardboard box to the end of a rope and lifted it rapidly up and down to stir and mix the air. We then lit another piece of paper and it burned all the way to the bottom. It was Labor Day and getting an air pump seemed problematic. A trip to my home secured two 30-foot long watering hoses. We tied one end of the hose to the top of our rig and dropped the hose into the well. We continued our dig by sucking air out of the hose as we needed it. Three o’clock in the afternoon found us about the 60foot level. We had added a 10-foot aluminum ladder to our equipment and were about as deep as we could go. I was the last person in the hole and at the very end, I dug a broken U.S.A. Hospital bottle. We had moved from 1920 back to the Civil War! We tossed all the debris and dirt back into the well and divided up the bottles and that ends the story of that dig. This story illustrates how persistent and dedicated to collecting bottles many of us are. In retrospect, it may also illustrate how unsafe it might have been to dig 60 feet into the ground where the air quality is in question. I dug a couple of wells in Charleston with others, but they were not productive. They usually were bricklined and were about only 8 to 10 feet deep. I dug one in Georgetown, S.C., with the Glenns and have a small black glass bottle on my shelf from it. A few other wells out in the country were not productive. With all this interest here in South Carolina and elsewhere prompted by information on bottles and the experience gained over time in digging bottles, there were enough reasons to congregate and organize a bottle club. To Be Continued...

The FOHBC Editorial Committee for Bottles and Extras is looking for stories and articles for the next year and outwards. Please consider contacting the Bottles and Extras Editor, Martin Van Zant (mdvanzant@yahoo.com) with your ideas and questions.


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In 1971, there were more cows than people living in Vermont. And many of the people populating the Green Mountain State had lived there for several generations, particularly those in the smaller towns and rural areas. There were probably many family heirlooms stashed in some of those older houses, but, at the time, I had no interest in “old things”, and especially no interest in old bottles. (Why would anyone collect empty bottles?) But that was soon about to change. My wife and I, and two small children, were living in Jericho, Vermont, a small rural community about 15 miles east of Burlington. On the morning of Mother’s Day 1971, one of our neighbors, a town “selectman,” called to invite us to join a group of townspeople who were venturing into “the Range” that afternoon. “The Range” was an 11,000-acre wilderness that the U.S. Government leased from the township, and re-leased to the General Electric Company for armament testing. At the time, GE was testing its Vulcan guns…. Six-barrel, 20-mm, Gatling-type cannons, capable of firing 6,000 rounds per minute. These would be mounted in the wings of F-16 and later, F-18 fighter jets. Due to almost daily firings, “the Range” was completely encircled by fencing, and had very restricted access. However, Young lady with a treasure of a find.

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according to the contract with the government, townspeople were allowed to enter once each year, in order to “seek out the common boundary” where three townships came together. It sounded like fun so we agreed to join. At exactly 1 p.m., the four of us piled into our old Jeep and joined a line of about 15 high-clearance vehicles at the main entrance to the Range. A guard opened the gate and the caravan headed up the dirt road. The lead vehicles stopped occasionally at road forks for map checks, and within half an hour, they stopped in a wooded grove of trees. After a short walk, a cement obelisk, about three feet tall, was found. This was the point where Jericho, Bolton, and Underhill townships came together at a common intersection. A can of white paint appeared and the marker soon had a new color. With mission accomplished, out came the picnic lunches, beer and snacks. For the next hour a carnival atmosphere prevailed, with adults chatting and laughing, while kids raced through the woods playing games.

IIDidnÕt Didn’tKnow Know anAntique Antique Bottle an Bottle fromaa from Holeininthe the Ground Hole Ground B yDon Don F ritsche l by Fritschel


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Soon it was time to leave, and the motorcade wound its way down from the wooded hills onto the flats. About a mile inside the gate, the lead vehicles stopped next to several old cellar holes at the side of the dirt road. In Vermont, “old cellar holes” were usually rectangular holes, about five to eight feet deep, with rock lined walls. Sometimes trees, as large as two feet in diameter, grew from the bottoms. In most cases, the holes were filled with debris from the house that had once stood above. Often there were bedsprings and other metal that had not disintegrated during the 70 to 100 years since the property had been abandoned. As we watched, several of our neighbors jumped into the cellar holes and began clearing junk out of the way, so they could attack the dirt floor with rakes and shovels. I thought this looked hilarious and I started taking pictures of the melee. Suddenly, someone held something up and shouted, “I found one!” It was a clear glass rectangular bottle, about 6 inches tall, with the lettering that read: E.B. WILLIAMS / DRUGGIST / JERICHO, VT. I was stunned. There was no drug store in the tiny village, just a post office, a garage, and an old mill. I was told that the drug store had burned down in 1906 and had never been rebuilt Soon, another bottle was found. This one was similar to the first, except its embossing read: DR. W.S. NAY / UNDERHILL, VT. Underhill was another small village, about three miles east of where we now stood. Then, some of the older members began to speak: “I’’’’’’ve heard of Dr. Nay! My mom and dad used to go to him!” Another said, “I read a book that he wrote called ‘The Old Country Doctor.’ It tells what it was like to go to school here in the 1800s. The teacher used to lock him in the wood box if he misbehaved!” Finally, a realtor friend, who was in his late 50s, quietly spoke, “I was the last baby that Dr. Nay delivered.” Suddenly, the commotion in the bottom of the cellar holes was no longer funny. This was cool stuff! It was living history coming out of the ground! We were hooked! We spent that summer combing the remote jeep roads in the state, looking for abandoned home sites. We mostly dug bottle shards, but those pieces represented historical flasks, inks, bitters, mineral waters and scarce Vermont medicines! That next winter, we made numerous trips to the University of Vermont’’s historical library and compared its old town maps to our modern topographic maps. When we found a building on the 1800s maps that

Two early druggist from small local VT. towns


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Shards from years of digging

:

did not appear on our topo maps, we drew a circle. That location would yield an old cellar hole, or a forgotton town site. x

During our travels around the state, we met a bottle digger by the name of Jack Brooks. He had taken an entire year off from work in order to dig, and had amassed a collection of many types of antique bottles. When we told him that we had a slight preference for the Saratoga-type bottles (my wife had gone to school in Saratoga Springs), he showed us his collection of “Saratogas” from the state of Vermont and suggested we concentrate on those, since there was a limited number of embossings from the state. Little did we know how difficult some of them would be to find. The next 40 years followed a classical pattern. Bottle digging gave way to bottle shows, and then to bottle dealing. Bottle collecting expanded to include “go-withs,” such as bottle-related souvenir china, almanacs, trade cards, documents and other ephemera. Those interests broadened to include similar materials, but from a wider scope of antiques. Eventually, I found myself with a resale tax number and an antique shop name. What about that earlier advice to pursue the “Vermont” Saratogas? Today, I have examples of all the known embossings from the Green Mountain State, except two. My collection includes color variations, plus two known error bottles, as well as the elusive ALBURGH A SPRINGS, VT., in a pint size. These are joined in the bottle cabinet by inks, flasks and pontiled medicines. And the quest continues. I am still hooked! But every so often, I reflect back, nearly 42 years, to that day in “the Range” when I didn’t know an antique bottle from a hole in the ground. On that day, everything changed.


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He was in my own backyard the Whole Time or On the trail of the Elusive L. R. Comstock by Tod von Mechow

I

had just received a copy of Minnesota Soda Water Works by Austin Fjerestad in Soda the mail andWorks was by I had just received a copy of Minn. Water flippingFjerestad through all of the pages at thethrough pictures all of of Austin in the mail and looking was flipping bottles andlooking the biographies of theof various was the pages at the pictures bottlesbottlers. and the Ibiograparticularly in any information on L.R. Comstock phies of the interested various bottlers. I was particularly interested in of St. Paul, since I had attempted to do some research him any information on L.R. Comstock of St. Paul, since Ionhad in the past:to do some research on him in the past: attempted

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bought theBreweriana book The Bottles, Breweriana And Bottles, And Advertising Jugs ofAdvertising Minnesota Jugs of Minnesota 1850-1920 Ron was Feldhaus. There was 1850-1920 by Ron Feldhaus.byThere a picture of the a picture of the Comstock bottle and a later pontiled cobalt Comstock bottle and a later pontiled cobalt blue pony blue pony ÒComstock marked “Comstock St Paul, Min.” marked & Steere&StSteere Paul, Min.Ó Wow, two Wow, two pontiled blue sodas from Minnesota! pontiled blue sodas from Minnesota. To that point no historical information had surfaced on Comstock or To that point nodated historical surfaced Steere. The book theseinformation bottles circ.had 1860 and 1865 onrespectively. Comstock orI Steere. The book dated these circa disagreed with these dates andbottles believed 1860 1865, respectively. I disagreed theyand were more like 1855 and 1857. with these dates and believed they were more like 1855 and 1857. Minnesota in the 1850s was the frontier. In 1848, when Minnesotabecame in the 1850s was frontier. In 1848, when the Wisconsin a state, thethe area that was to become Wisconsin became a state, area that was to become Minnesota Territory hadthe a European population of just the4,500 Minnesota Territory had a European population of just people. The Minnesota Territory was formed in 4,500 Minnesota Territory was became formed in and 1849people. and grew quickly. Saint Paul the1849 territorial grew quickly. Paul became territorial capital. Theby capital. The Saint population swelledtheand was about 30,000 population swelled and was about 30,000 by 1854 and 150,000 1854 and 150,000 by 1857. The Mississippi River around bySaint 1857.Paul Thebecame Mississippi Riverattraction around Saint became a a tourist and Paul an estimated tourist attraction an estimated tourists visited there 56,000 touristsand visited there in 56,000 1856 alone. Saint Paul was in ripe 1856for alone. Saint Paul was ripe for a soda water bottler a soda water bottler serving these tourists and the serving these tourists and swelling who population of Easterners swelling population ofthe Easterners had enjoyed a who had enjoyed a carbonated beverage back home. carbonated beverage back home. Minnesota entered the Minnesota the1858. Union on May 11, 1858. Union onentered May 11, thelate late1990s, 1990s,when whenresearch research materials materials were InIn the were becoming becoming more available viavia the the Internet, I tried to dotosome research on more available Internet, I tried do some research Comstock, but to no avail. This guy proved elusive. on Comstock, but to no avail. This guy proved elusive. I paged through Saint Paul section new AsAs I paged through thethe Saint Paul section ofof thethe new Minnesota book, I anticipated that newly discovered Minnesota book, I anticipated that newly discovered research would either prove oror disprove that dates I placed research would either prove disprove that dates I placed onon these bottles. these bottles.When WhenI got I gottotothe thesection, section,I saw I sawthe thetwo two bottles and quickly scanned thethe text forfor thethe biography, butbut bottles and quickly scanned text biography, sadly what I found was: sadly what I found was:

30 years a friend of mine the OverOver 30 years ago, ago, a friend of mine was was at theatBrimfield Brimfield Flea and had purchased a pontiled Flea Market andMarket had purchased a pontiled blue sided blue soda sided soda “L. R.&Comstock & Min.Ó Co St Paul marked ÒL. marked R. Comstock Co St Paul I did Min.” not “It would be interesting to know story R I did know not even know werebottles pontiled bottles from let It would be interesting to know the the story of LofRLComeven there werethere pontiled from Minnesota, Comstock, as to date no information is known on him in Minnesota, alone a blue sided bottle. Yearsthe later, I The stock, as to date no information is know on him in Minnealone a blue let sided bottle. Years later, I bought book

L.R. COM


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Minnesota. dothat know heafter came1860 afteras1860 sota. We do We know he that came no as no mention mention was was found found to to him him in in the the 1860 1860 Census, Census, but but he he is not in the 1865 is not in theeither.” 1865either.Ó Dang, in Minnesota have more research Dang, the the guysguys in Minnesota have more research resources resources than thanIIhave haveaccess accesstotoon onthe theInternet Internetand andhave still come up blank. It seemed that the story Comstock have still come up blank. It seemed thatofthe story of would remain untold and remain what I believe to bewhat the earliest part Comstock would untold and I believe to of Minnesota bottle history would remain some be the earliest part of Minnesota bottlelocked historyupwould where. pagedup through rest Iofpaged the book looking remain Ilocked some the where. through the at other nice and rare Minnesota bottles, many from towns that I had rest of the book looking at other nice and rare Minnenever heard of, but the Comstock mystery kept tugging sota bottles, many from towns that I had never heard at me. In the doing research mystery in the past, I have at times found of, but Comstock kept tugging at me. In one key piece of information that reveals much more. If doing research in the past, I have at times found oneI could find maybe I could unlock themuch Comstock key that piecekey, of information that reveals more.mystery. If I could find that key, maybe I could unlock the ComBymystery. the end of the book, I had decided to take another stock shot at researching Comstock. My researching skills have been honed over asIIhad havedecided learnedtotechniques to crack By the end of thetime book, take another open historical records. shot at researching Comstock. My researching skills have been honed over time as I have learned I startedtowith Ancestry.com, where there is a wealth techniques crack open historical records. of records listed. I tried entering Comstock in Minnesota and pressed Of the many records presented. I started withsearch. Ancestry.com, where there is a wealth Iofwas focused on the ICensus RecordsComstock for Minnesota. Minnesota records listed. tried entering in Minnesota did own census 1855, 1857 records and 1865, in addition andits pressed search.inOf the many presented. I to thefocused U.S. Census 1850 and 1860.forThere are also IRS was on theof Census Records Minnesota. Tax recordsdid thatitsrecorded payments made by and merchants Minnesota own census in 1855, 1857 1865 to fund the Civil WarUS during the of years 1862-1866. in addition to the Census 1850 and 1860. Brewers and soda bottlers to pay special tax and I have There arewater also IRS Tax had records thata recorded found many obscure brewers and bottlers at these payments made by merchants to fund the looking Civil War records. these taxesBrewers were dueand monthly, so you during theMany yearsof1862-1866. soda water can really pinpoint and end dates of these merchants. bottlers had to pay start a special tax and I have found All of obscure these records cover periodlooking that Comstock many brewers andthe bottlers at these should have beenMany in Minnesota. records. of these taxes were due monthly, so you can really pinpoint start and end dates of these Nothing! the old records often thethat names merchants. AllWell, of these records cover the have period

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spelled wrong or the people transcribed the records Comstock should have beenwho in Minnesota. did not correctly interpret the handwriting of the census takers. I tried or “sounds like” Nothing! Wellthe thesoundex old records often have thesearch. names spelled Nothing! What county is Saint Paul in? Ah, Ramsey. wrong or the people who transcribed the records did not Let’s try all males in County last names correctly interpret theRamsey handwriting of whose the census takers. I start “COMS.” Nothing!likeÓ search. Nothing! What triedwith the soundex or Òsounds county is Saint Paul in? Ah, Ramsey. LetÕs try all males in How county about: whose last names start with ÒCOMS.Ó Ramsey Nothing! • Anyone with the initials L. R. How• Anyone about: with the initial R. • Anyone with the initial L • How about all of the males living in Saint Paul ‡$Q\RQHZLWKWKHLQLWLDOV/5 between the ages of 22 and 62. ‡$Q\RQHZLWKWKHLQLWLDO5 • Anyone in the whole country named Comstock! ‡$Q\RQHZLWKWKHLQLWLDO/ ‡+RZDERXWDOORIWKHPDOHVOLYLQJLQ6DLQW3DXOEHWZHHQ the Nothing, ages of 22Nothing, and 62. Nothing! OK, I have to switch gears. Let’s check Minnesota marriage, birth and death ‡$Q\RQHLQWKHZKROHFRXQWU\QDPHGOLNH&RPVWRFN records. There are lots of records to look at here, but again no luck. Civil War Nothing! military records: nothing. OK, let’s Nothing, Nothing, Ok I have to switch gears. look at newspaper and history books and family histories: LetÕs check Minnesota marriage, birth and death records. nothing. There are lots of records to look at here, but again no luck. Civil War military records: nothing. Ok, letÕs look at I then started a seriesBooks of target Newspaper and History andsearches: family histories: nothing. • Comstock Soda • Comstock “mineral water” I then start a series of target searches: • Comstock bottler • “Comstock & Steere” ‡&RPVWRFN6RGD • “Comstock and Steere” ‡&RPVWRFN´PLQHUDOZDWHUµ • Comstock Steere ‡&RPVWRFNERWWOHU ‡´&RPVWRFN 6WHHUHµ Nothing and I am out of tricks. If I only had a ‡´&RPVWRFNDQG6WHHUHµ first name that might help, but nothing. I think of those ‡&RPVWRFN6WHHUH Minnesota researchers who likely came up with dry results. Was I being that others Nothing andarrogant I am outtoofthink tricks. If after I onlyyears had aoffirst name trying to find a trace of Comstock, I could succeed in that might help, but nothing. I think of those Minnesota

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cracking the safe? The vault remained tightly sealed. OK, I have a few more avenues; Google it. I entered in “Comstock & Steere” and get the expected Ebay related hits. Try Google Books and Newspapers to no avail. What if I try Comstock soda, Comstock “mineral water,” Comstock bottler? Again I get nothing. Ok, how about “L R Comstock?” Here is an entry to an 1880 Census record at Ancestry.com. I take a peek. Interesting, L. R. Comstock (aged 58) and his wife Julia A. (aged 47) both born in Canada were living in Richmond, Virginia. His occupation is listed as a tinner. Tin is used to line the inside of the copper fittings that are used to manufacture soda water. How did two Canadians end up in Richmond? Usually, they crossed the border and settled in the northern states, like Minnesota! My senses are tingling. I suspect this is the guy, now I just have to prove it and now I am armed with two valuable pieces of information to help: the suspect is Canadian and born in about 1822 and his wife is named Julia A. I go back to Ancestry.com and search the Census records for someone named Comstock born in Canada about 1822 plus or minus 5 years. Bingo! There is an 1870 Census record. Opening it, I find our new friend L. R. Comstock, a tinner, living in Keokuk, Iowa in 1870. Bonus! His wife J. A., was born in Minnesota! I’m getting closer. His children are also listed with their birth places. Laura, born 1860 Missouri, J. M., born 1862 Nebraska, Franklin, born 1866 Missouri. Now I know that Comstock was born in Canada, married a girl from Minnesota, was in Missouri in 1860 and moved around a lot. I don’t see any records for the 1860 Census and the records for the 1890 Census burned in a fire. It is doubtful that he lived until 1900, but I look anyway. alone a blue sided bottle. Years later, I bought the book WHAT! A 1900 census record in Chester County, Pennsylvania—where I live! This guy ended up in my backyard and as a bonus now I know his full name: Levi R. Comstock, widower born June 1821 in Canada and living in the Chester County Home. This is gold! Once you have the first name, additional possibilities are opened up. The safe door is creaking open, I just need that last piece of information to solidly put Comstock in Minnesota and I find it! I search for Levi R. Comstock and I find the following record:

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To all whom these presents shall come, Greetings; Whereas Levi Richardson Comstock, of Ramsey County, Minnesota Territory Has deposited in the GENERAL LAND OFFICE of the United States, a Certificate of the REGISTER OF THE LAND OFFICE at Minneapolis whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Levi Richardson Comstock according to the provisions of the Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled “An act making further provisions for the sale of the sale of the Public Lands,” for The South East quarter of the North East quarter of Section Seven in Township One hundred and Sixteen, of Range Twenty one, in the District of Lands subject to sale at Minneapolis, Minnesota, containing Forty acres. According to the plat of the Survey of said lands, returned to the General Land Office by the SURVEYOR GENERAL, which said tract has been purchased by Levi Richardson Comstock ……………… In Testimony Whereof, I, James Buchanan, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, have caused these letters to be made PATENT, and SEAL of the GENERAL LAND OFFICE to be hereunto affixed. GIVEN under my hand, at the CITY OF WASHINGTON, the Second day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and Fifty seven and of the INDEPENDENCE OF THE UNITED STATES the Eighty first BY THE PRESIDENT: James Buchanan By G. H. Jones Secretary. L. N. Granger, Recorder of the General Land Office

L.R. COM THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA CERTIFICATE No. 1011

This is the jackpot! It clearly indicates that Levi Richardson Comstock was living in Ramsey County (Saint Paul) in 1857 and purchased farm land outside of Minneapolis. In 1860, based on the census records, he had moved to Missouri and ended up in a poor house in West Bradford Chester County in 1900. Once I had the full name, a plethora of records became available indicating Comstock was an inventor and innovator. The following are records found in chronological order:


Date

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Source

Notes

1850-08-20 1850-09-10 1857-04-02 1866-11-06 1866-11-06 1868-10-27 1869-04-20 1869-04-30

Heartford, WS Madison, WS Saint Paul, MN Macon, MO Macon, MO Keokuk, IA Keokuk, IA Keokuk, IA

Census Census Land Grant

28 year old Tinsmith & family 28 year old Turner in hotel

1870-07-12 1870-10-04 1871 1871

Keokuk, IA Keokuk, IA Keokuk, IA Keokuk, IA

Census Patent 107,880 Keokuk Directory Keokuk Directory

1871 1871-11-24 1872 1872-12-06 1873-01-21 1873-06-17 1873-07-08

Saint Louis, MO Toronto, ON Saint Louis, MO Philadelphia, PA Baltimore, MD Baltimore, MD Philadelphia, PA

1873-08-12 1874 1875 1875-02-16 1876-04-11 1876 1877

Baltimore, MD Saint Louis, MO Saint Louis, MO Richmond, VA Richmond, VA Richmond, VA Richmond, VA

1879

Richmond, VA

1880-06-12 1881 1882

Richmond, VA Richmond, VA Richmond, VA

1884 1890 1891 1893 1894 1896 1900-06-01 1901-11-17

Saint Paul, MN Saint Paul, MN Saint Paul, MN Richmond, VA Richmond, VA Baltimore, MD West Bradford, PA Chester County, PA

Patent: 59,363 Patent: 83,467 Patent: 89,027 The Daily Gazette, Davenport

Patent: 59,362 Stove Pipe and Damper Stove Pipe Drum Refrigerator and cooler Railway Stove Levi R. Comstock, of Keokuk has just patented a railway car stove

Water-Cooler & Refrigerator patent right, res cor Main and 9th Comstock Bros. & Co., (T. G. & E. Comstock, F. Collins, T. Castle, S. Emery, and C. Castle,) manufacturers of stoves and hollow ware, cor Johnson and 12th Saint Louis Directory tinner, r. Arsenal, se. cor 8th Patent 1229 extension of patent 2064 Revolving flue radiator Saint Louis Directory tinner, r. 1235 S. 7th Patent: 132,635 Heating stove and Drum Patent: 135,083 Oyster Packing Cans Patent: 139,873 Manufacture of funnels Patent: 140,577 Improvement in means for draining basins Patent: 141,765 Heating Stove Saint Louis Directory inventor, r. 2021 S. 7th Saint Louis Directory inventor, r. 411 Carroll Patent: 159,797 Stoves Patent: 175,854 Improvement Hot Air Furnace Richmond Directory tinner h 409 w Broad that might help, but nothing. think of&those Minnesota Richmond Directory tinner Shanks,I Barrett Wilson h 409 w Broad Richmond Directory tinner Shanks & Barrett h 2207 e Franklin Census Richmond Directory inventor, h 2207 e Franklin Richmond Directory iron worker, h 2207 e Franklin. In 1883 Geo W Pettway is living at 2207 e Franklin Saint Paul Directory res 150 Eva Saint Paul Directory Julia A., boards 605 Marion Saint Paul Directory Julia A., boards 605 Marion Richmond Directory tinner h 2810 e Clay Richmond Directory tinner rms 1511 e Franklin Baltimore Directory tinner, 14 w Hill Census Widowed Death Certificate Born Canada, Age 80, Blacksmith

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I also find a record in the Comstock family history, A history and genealogy of the Comstock family in America: Family 1485 § 5527. LEVI RICHARDSON COMSTOCK (Richardson, Levi, Lydia, William, Thomas, Samuel, Samuel, William) born Mallorytown, Canada, 1822; died after 1877; married, Ont., Canada, about 1842, Elizabeth Billings, b. Canada, March 23, 1824; d. Mayville, Mich., Feb. 28, 1873, dau. of --- and Theodosia (Spencer) Billings. Elizabeth Billings separated from Levi and married (2nd) in Canada ---- Hastings. Levi R. Comstock was a tinsmith, He was living in Milwaukee, Wisc., in 1848-’49, and was in St. Louis, Mo., in 1872-’75. He married (2nd) a French woman, name unrecorded. CHILDREN 7724. Polly…b. Canada, July 31, 1843…. 7725. Levi H.. b. Oshawa, Ont., March 21, 1845 7726. Phoebe...b. Aug. 16, 1847 7727. Almon… b. Milwaukee, Wisc., Aug 11, 1851 7728. Lemuel… d. in infancy. 7729. Matilda….b. May 19, 1853 In the 1850 Census, Henry L. M., son of Levi, was 5 years old and born in Canada. His sister Phoebe Ann was 4 years old and born in Wisconsin. This indicates that the young family moved from Canada to Wisconsin in about 1846. None of the Comstocks were found in the 1855 Wisconsin Census and none were found in the September, 1857 Minnesota Census. There was a Max Steahr listed in the 1857 Minnesota Census as a 36 year old tinner in Saint Paul. So how do we pull this all together? Levi Richardson Comstock was born in Mallorytown, Ontario, Canada in June 1821. He was a tinsmith and tinner by trade. He married Elizabeth Billings about 1842 and their first two children Polly and Henry were born in Canada in 1843 and 1845 respectively. The young family moved to Wisconsin about 1846. Four more children were born there.

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The marriage between Levi and Elizabeth was not a happy one and the two split up, which was highly unusual in the 1850s. Elizabeth moved back to Canada and eventually remarried. Levi moved to Minnesota, where he established a mineral water manufactory about 1854 or 1855 in Saint Paul. He partnered with a Steere, likely Max Steahr (Steere) also a tinner, about 1856 or 1857. In 1857, Levi brought several tracks of land, likely as an investment or on speculation perhaps with proceeds from selling the mineral water works. He met a Julia A. and the two appear to have moved out of Minnesota during 1857. By 1860, Levi and Julia married and their first daughter was born in Missouri. In 1862, they were in Nebraska, and by 1866 they were in Macon, Missouri, where Levi was granted his first in a series patents for improvements to heating and cooling devices, which continued over the next decade. By 1868, the Comstock family moved to Keokuk, Iowa. In Keokuk, some related Comstocks were involved in the foundry business manufacturing stoves, likely with Levi’s patents, and other types of hollow ware. Levi then moved to Saint Louis in 1871. In 1872 and 1873, he was bouncing between Philadelphia and Baltimore filing more patents, before returning to Saint Louis in 1874 and living off the proceeds of his patents. In 1874, he moved to Richmond, Virginia, where he was issued two more patents. Things appeared to start going downhill in Richmond and he left in 1882 or 1883 and appears to have returned to Saint Paul, where we lose track of him until he appears back in Richmond in 1893. A couple of years latter, he moved north to Baltimore and then further north to the Chester County poor house, where he dies on November 17, 1901. There is still some speculation on Comstock’s mineral water business in Saint Paul, but at least we know who he was and when he was there and how he ended up in my back yard.


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Bottle Collecting Hawaiian Style by Mike Polak

Left to Right: Willy Thomas, Bert Morita, Mel Tanaka, Glenn Takase, and Glenn Kunihisa of the Hawaii Historical Bottle Collector’s Club. Club dues are $12 per year; learn more about the benefits of becoming a member by visiting www.hawaiibottleclub.com

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’ve attended great bottle shows, enjoyed some wild and fun digging adventures, but I never did a show or dug for bottles in Hawaii. Hawaii became a state in 1959, but began centuries earlier when a 1,600-mile-long fissure on the Pacific Ocean floor produced the Hawaiian Ridge that formed the Hawaiian Islands: Hawaii (The Big Island), Oahu, Kauai, Molokai, and Lanai. While working on the 7th edition of “Bottles: Identification and Price Guide,” Mike Leong and members of the Hawaiian Bottle Club helped with the “Hawaiian Bottles” chapter, and Brent and Blake Cousins were featured in the “Digging for Bottles” chapter. Mike and I talked about joining the club for its annual bottle show, held in conjunction with the “Hawaii Collectors EXPO 2013” show last February 22-24 for a book signing, and Brent, Blake and I talked about getting together to go digging. The timing was right, the location even better, and the trip was planned. The “EXPO,” held annually at the Blaisdell Exhibition Hall the last weekend in February, is produced by the Hawaii State Numismatic Association (HSNA), and includes approximately 250 booths with 500 dealers. Besides antique bottles, collectors in large numbers checked out Hawaiiana collectibles, surfing memorabilia, vintage jewelry and clothing, rare coins and currency, fossils, shells, art deco, oil paintings, postcards, books and much more. Approximately 40 club members set up sales tables displaying large collections of multi-colored Hawaiian bottles including whiskeys, beers, gins, medicines, milks,

Alejandro Gasnen of the Hawaii Historical Bottle Collector’s Club is holding a “Hawaiian Soda Works, Honolulu H.I.” Hutch. (Approximate value: $1,500-$2,000.) siphon (seltzer water) bottles, Japanese glass net floats, and applied color label soda pop bottles. Of course, I picked up some nice bottles: A “W.C. Peakcock & Co. /Honolulu HI./Wine & Liquor Merchants”, 1880-1890 amber whiskey; “Hollister & Co. / Honolulu” aqua Hutch soda


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Mike Polak (left) and Pake Zane of the Hawaii Historical Mike Polak (left) and Mike Leong, co-President of the Hawaii Historical Bottle Collector’s Club, manning BottleCollector’s Club “hanging loose” at the Hawaii Polak’s table at the Hawaii Collectors EXPO 2013. bottle show.

Clesson Toyama and Russell Koivori of the Hawaii Historical Bottle Collector’s Club hold a copy of the “Antique Trader® Bottles Identification & Price Guide.”

Jim Leonardi of the Hawaii Historical BottleCollector’s Club surrounded by fishing net floats and collectible bottles.

water bottle,1883 ; “Garden Island” Hawaiian scene-ACL soda pop bottle,1950, and a Carter’s cobalt blue master ink,1880-1900.

After the “EXPO,” we flew from Oahu to Hilo on the Big Island of Hawaii, which is almost twice as large as all of the other islands combined, for the digging adventure. From Hilo we drove north for an hour with the Pacific Ocean on our right, and lush green mountains on the left, to the town of Honokaa where Brent and Blake Cousins live. Honokaa’s roots go back to1873 when the Hamakua Sugar Plantation began operations. While there, I picked up a nice “Hamakua Soda Works/Honokaa, Hawaii”, circa1930s.

Of all the bottles, the Hawaiian soda water category drew the most attention. It has a unique history of its own, and ranks right at the top for the majority of Hawaiian bottle collections with prices ranging from $55 to $5,000. During the 1880s and early 1900s, when the pineapple and sugar plantations were the basis of Hawaii’s main economy , the owners embossed their company names on these soda bottles, sold the filled bottles to their field workers for a nickel each, and charged the cost back to the workers’ company store accounts. The company would then collect the empty bottles for refilling, and continue the cycle. In essence, the field workers were always in debt to the company store. During this time, there were more than 44 different soda companies manufacturing Hutchinson, blob top, crown top and over 270 variations of BIMALS (bottles blown into a mold) soda bottles.

The next morning, I met with Brent and Blake and we traveled Circa 1880-1890 medium amber “W.C. Peacock & Company” whiskey bottle bought at “Collectors EXPO 2013.”


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to one of their “secluded digging spots.” All digging spots are secluded and kept secret from other bottle guys. If you asked me where we were going, where we had been, how we finally found the spot, or even how we found our way out, I couldn’t tell you. It’s not because I need to keep the spot secret, it’s because I had absolutely no clue as to where we were. I might as well have been blindfolded. We started descending a steep hill that was maneuvered by holding onto thick bamboo trees the entire way down. I confess that I did some slipping and sliding before reaching the bottom. We continued on through a deep valley working our way around huge boulders and thick jungle vegetation and found the remains of an ancient homestead that dated back approximately 300 years. Because it is considered sacred, we only took photos and didn’t disturb anything in the area. After hiking for 45 minutes, we arrived at the digging site. I began to get more excited entering the area as I noticed numerous remnants of 1860 - 1880 broken bottles, pottery shards, dishware and other similar artifacts. Brent and Blake were also excited since they had recently found a “Hoffschlaeger Co. LTDCo-President of the Hawaii Historical Bottle Collector’s Honolulu” dark amber whiskey bottle while digging in the same Club Paul Kanehiro (left) and collector Dwight Kaai. area. Their bottle is circa 1900-1910 and is valued at $175-200. There were two of these bottles for sale at the “EXPO” for $225 each. We began digging and ended up being approximately 7-8 feet below the top surface of the area. While we found a lot of common whiskeys with great colors, medicine bottles and other artifacts, we didn’t find any early embossed whiskeys or soda bottles. We found remnants of early items, but nothing complete. We dug for about 4 hours and would have gone longer, but we were losing light from the day. And, we needed light to hike out of the area. While we didn’t find some of the very earlier bottles, we had a lot of fun trying. There’s no such thing as a bad day of digging. As for myself, it was even better. I’m in Hawaii, digging where I never could imagine being, learning new history and finding historical bottles and relics from Hawaii’s past. Now, how cool is that? My wife (Jacque) and I also want to say thank you, to Brent’s and Blake’s parents,Tom and Carmel, for inviting us to their house for the best homemade pizza we’ve ever had. Before heading back to Oahu, we visited with Tracey and Arnold Akau of Waimea. Arnold, who is a long time Hawaii bottle digger and collector, is also the last of four generations who has worked for the Parker Cattle Ranch. He recently retired after 30 years. Tracey has also worked with the Parker Ranch for 23 years as manager of their retail shop. When we entered their home, the first thing I saw was Arnold’s bottle collection. I was in awe. I would consider his collection of sodas, whiskeys, medicines, milks, pottery and other Hawaiian artifacts as being in mint or near mint condition. He then tells me that he actually doesn’t have everything displayed because of a lack of space. Amazing! We swapped digging stories and agreed that I needed to return for some future digging and fishing. Tracey and Arnold Akau with part of his Hawaiian bottle collection.

A Big Mahalo to Mike Leong and the Hawaiian Bottle Club, Brent and Blake Cousins and Tracey and Arnold Akau, for treating us to some great fun experiences, and showing us the true meaning of the “Aloha Spirit.”


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Brent Cousins and Mike Polak at the digging site on the Big Island of Hawaii.

Mike Polak, Blake Cousins and Brent Cousins at the end of a good day of bottle digging.

Circa 1880-1900 tooled-top whiskey bottles found during the Hawaii dig.

Blake Cousins and Mike Polak at the digging site on the Big Island of Hawaii. “Bottle Shows and Digging-Hawaiian Style”, is reprinted with the expressed permission of “Antique Trader Magazine/Krause Publications”, a Division of F&W Media, Inc.”.


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What’s the value of that Insulator? By

Don Briel

What Whataaspecific specific insulator insulator is is worth worth at at any given point in timeinistime easy. is what buyer and seller given point is It easy. It is the what the buyer mutually to and consequently the insulator and selleragree mutually agree to and consequently changes hands. But the valueBut is what several the insulator changes hands. the value is collectors arecollectors willing toare paywilling for a very similar what several to pay for In days past there waspast littlethere concern ainsulator. very similar insulator. In days was about insulator value. As often as not insulators little concern about insulator value. As often as wereinsulators traded and no traded moneyand evernochanged hands. It not were money ever was a case of “IItlike and likeyours mineand -changed hands. wasyours a case of you “I like let’s like trade”. But, whattrade”. is the But, real value ofthe an real you mine -- let’s what is insulator now days? now days? value of an insulator As As the the insulator insulator collecting hobby has matured over the years theyears valuethe of value an insulator seems to be matured over the of an insulator ever more more Much is known seems to beimportant. ever moreMuch important. moreabout is what’s rare what’s known aboutand what’s rarenot. andToday, what’smost not. collectors Today, have acollectors reasonably good idea of what’s most have a reasonably good out ideathere, of desirable, and what they want acquire what’s out there, what’s desirable, andto what they long before theylong actually seethey oneactually for salesee for one the want to acquire before firstsale time. trades taketrades place,still (and are a for forWhile the first time.still While take very fun part now is nearly place, (and areofa the veryhobby) fun part of there the hobby) now always equal valuethe element. With element. many there is the nearly always equal value generations of Price Guides (andGuides I emphasize With many generations of Price (and I GUIDES) there is much accumulated knowledge emphasize GUIDES) there is much accumulated of what anyofgiven worth. But, what knowledge whatinsulator any givenisinsulator is worth. determines the value?the value? But, what determines

CD 260 CALIFORNIA in peach image Pole Top Discoveries

There Thereisisonly onlyone onething thingthat that makes makes any any item, insulators included, have have value.value. Simply put, item, insulators included, Simply someone mustmust wantwant the item and and be willing to pay put, someone the item be willing something for it. More are there to pay something for it. importantly, More importantly, are many peoplemany that people want the item andthe is item thereand a limit on there that want is there many are available? When it comes ahow limit on how many are available? When to it collectibles and antiques theand supply is generally veryis comes to collectibles antiques the supply limited and there are more buyers want the generally very limited and there arethat more buyers itemwant than the there is supply. There are three main that item than there is supply. There elements that determine value. They arevalue. desirabilare three main elements that determine ity, availability (or conversely rarity), and condiThey are desirability, availability (or conversely tion. and condition. rarity),


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Desirability

relativelyThey high are priced due always to sharing their history with Telegraph. almost available in shows and the Transcontinental Telegraph. They are almost auctions, but command premium prices. always available in shows and auctions, but command premium Personalprices. preference is a very important factor.

H.G.CO. beehive

Desirabilityisisby byfar farthe the most most important important factor factor in Desirability in determining the value of an insulator. Desirability determining the value of an insulator. Desirability has has many components including style, color, specific many components including style, color, specific embossing, history, and most importantly personal embossing, history, and most importantly personal preference. preference. If If no no one one desires desires to to have haveaaspecific specific insulator insulator its value will be zero. The willalways almostgo its value will be zero. The value willvalue almost always when a style isThe unusual. The“Mickey CD 257 up whengoa up style is unusual. CD 257 “Mickey Mouse” for example is quite common, but Mouse” for example is quite common, but has become has become the hobby’s icon and is highly sought the hobby’s icon and is highly sought after. If the color after. the color is very such as cobalt, is veryIf attractive such asattractive cobalt, amber, etc. the value amber, etc. the value will go up. For instance, a yellow will go up. For instance, a yellow amber H.G.CO. amber H.G.CO. beehive is worth 1,000 times the same beehive is worth 1,000 times the same insulator in aqua. insulator in color aqua. isThe amber color is veryunusual desirable. The amber very desirable. Both style Both unusual style attractive colortogo hand-inand attractive colorand go hand-in-hand increase the hand to increase the desirability, thus increasing the desirability, thus increasing the value of an insulator. value of an insulator.

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A specific detailed embossing cancan make thethe desirability A specific detailed embossing make desirability increase for the specialty collector, but does littlefor forthe increase for the specialty collector, but does little the general collector and tends to have less impact onvalue. general collector and tends to have less impact on the the value. Recently, mold numbers have been talked Recently, mold numbers have been talked about extensively, about extensively, but only a few really care but only a few collectors really carecollectors about mold numbers. about mold numbers. While the While the specialty collectors arespecialty willing tocollectors pay moreare for a willing to pay more for a specific mold number, the specific mold number, the average collector would not. average collector would not. If an insulator is tied to an important historical event the If an insulator is tied an important historical eventA desirability, and hence thetovalue will generally increase. the desirability, and hence the value will generally good example is the E.C.&M.CO. insulator. The E.C.&M. increase. A good is the E.C.&M.CO. CO. insulators areexample fairly common, but relativelyinsulator. high The E.C.&M.CO. insulators are fairly common, but priced due to sharing their history with the Transcontinental

y

E.C.&M.CO. insulator

CD 257 “Mickey Mouse

Personal preference is ahave verysimilar important factor. for When many collectors preferences When many collectors have similar preferences for any any given type of insulator the value is driven upward. given type of insulator the value is driven upward. This This is also one of the variables that causes fluctuations is price also one the variables that causes in in overoftime as preferences tend tofluctuations change. price over time as preferences tend to change.


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How available an insulator is in relation to how desirable it is directly affects its value. Rare insulators (only a few known to exist) have very low availability and tend to be quite valuable. This is particularly true of rare styles, less so if a common color is rare within a style, and even less so for a specific detailed embossing within a style. But remember, there are always exceptions.

Obviously, condition is also a very important factor in determining insulator value. Recent price guides all have their value ranges based on Very Near Mint (VNM) condition as a standard from which to set the values. For any given insulator the value will go up if it is in mint condition and will go down if the condition is anything less than VNM. For insulators in the very low value ranges the slightest amount of damage can make them worthless. Insulators that have very high values will see their values drop based on the amount of damage, but due to their high desirability and low availability, may still hold a

relatively high value even when the damage is significant So how does one determine the value of an insulator? If a CD 138.9 ‘twin pin’ insulator in VNM condition with a book value of $20,000+ is found in an antique store with a $10 sticker price and sells -- is that the value? Nearly every collector would be willing to pay that price and a whole lot more. It would be ridiculous to think $10 was the value so a single sale can be meaningless. If a VNM condition insulator is on a sales table at a show, priced below the current book value, and doesn’t sell -- does it mean that insulator is over valued? Maybe there are dozens of collectors that would gladly pay the price, but aren’t at the show or have spent their allotment on something else that day. Failure to sell an insulator one or two times doesn’t alone indicate too high of a price. A rule of thumb that the McDougald’s used was ‘what would ten buyers pay for a particular insulator?’ That is still a good rule of thumb that was used in the current price guide, but how is that determined? Basically, selling prices of insulators must be watched continually to see how much they are selling for. This is done through observation at shows, collecting auction data, monitoring on-line sales, etc. Any one sale is a data point. A single data point for an insulator can be misleading, but many data points for similar insulators develops a pattern for that class of insulator. This works

well for commonly sold insulators, but what about those that only sell once every ten or twenty years? These usually tend to be the higher end values and are probably the least accurate listings in any price guide, thus value ranges and a reasonably high, open ended cap on value ranges. This takes us back to the first observation. The worth is based on what the buyer and seller agree to and in this case truly represents the value for those very rare insulators.

Clear White Swirled Insulator

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The current price guide is based on thousands of data points, years of experience, and input from dozens of long time collectors. It is what the title says -- a GUIDE. The value ranges tend to be fairly accurate and are a very good starting point for any serious price negotiation. The value ranges do not take into account sentimental value, “I must have it at any cost” value, nor the frenzy created by “I am going to win this auction” mentality. Factors such as junk in the glass, fizziness, bubbles, milk swirling, underpours, etc. all affect value. It would be nearly impossible to create price ranges for such defects as each one is unique and highly dependent on the premium a buyer places on such defects. Color is also one of the most controversial aspects of value. In a few cases fine line differences can make large value differences. Buyers should let their individual tastes guide them and not someone else’s color interpretations. In conclusion, the price guides give us the generic value ranges and are a good reference book, but we must use a lot of common sense and go from there. For many collectors value is a distant second to the fun and friendships of the hobby. However, value enters in at some point for everyone. Like all things in life, get educated in your pursuits before pursuing high value investments. Caveat emptor or “Buyer Beware” holds as true with insulators as with anything else. About the Author of this Article – This article is written by Donald R. Briel, the author of the current price guide for North American Glass Insulators. For more detail about the author visit www.InsulatorPriceGuide.com and click on ‘About the Author’. The intent of this article is to give the reader a better understanding of how insulator values are determined. Always let knowledge and wisdom guide your purchases. Reprinted with permission from Crown Jewels of the Wire magazine, February 2012.


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Did a Medicine Bottle Change History? Duffy窶冱 Malt Whiskey By Jack E. Fincham, Ph.D., R.Ph. Professor of Pharmacy Practice University of Missouri Kansas City School of Pharmacy

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In this photo you will find various materials from a alcohol based product named Duffyテ不 Malt Whiskey. The Duffyテ不 bottle was a patented bottle (they were amber, corked bottles and appeared to be medicinal) shown in the photograph (Sullivan, 2008). Also depicted are an advertising button, an advertising trade card, and several Duffyテ不 Malt Whiskey measuring / administering spoons.


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During the Prohibition period in the US 1919-1920 period, this product was sold in pharmacies (drug stores) and grocery stores as a ‘nutritional supplement’. It was popular so as to allow people to legally consume alcohol during Prohibition in the guise of taking ‘medicine’. It was not sold after 1926. It might be a stretch to assume that the pretty amber bottle changed history, but the ingredients and the marketing of the product certainly did affect how drugs were marketed and purveyed in the U.S. Duffy’s Malt Whiskey Bottle and Brand In the 1870s, Walter B. Duffy inherited a cider refining business from his father, Edward, who had begun business in Rochester about 1842. In 1881 the Rochester Directory lists Duffy as a Distiller & Rectifier of Alcohol, French Spirits, Malt, wheat, Rye and Bourbon whiskies. The business was located in Rochester at 27 & 29 Lake Ave. It was in 1886 that the company first boasted of itself as producer of the “Celebrated Duffy’s Malt Whiskey”, which it advertised as the “greatest known heart tonic” or also as a “nutritional tonic” (Duffy’s, 1885). Duffy concocted a story that in the bearded gentleman appearing on the buttons, trade card, etc. was in fact a bearded scientist who had apparently discovered this medicinal tonic. The photograph shows the trading card, which on the reverse side lists testimonials for Duffy’s Malt Whiskey from Kentucky State College, and other professors and analytical chemists, dated March 15, 1885. The two glass spoons shown had teaspoonful, desert spoon, and tablespoon lines of measurement (5, 10, and 15 ml respectively). The bowl of the spoon indicates: “Duffy’s Pure Malt Whiskey – a Medicine”. These spoons were provided free by the company to consumers in lieu of distributing shot glasses, the intent in the end was similar. Duffy’s was advertised heavily in the popular papers of the time across the country. Please see Figure 1 for just such an advertisement. The line directly under the caption reads: “Yes madam we sell the genuine only. It is absolutely pure and greatest known stimulant.” Honest Druggist. Alcohol Promoted as Medicine in the Latter 19th and Early 20th Centuries During the pre-prohibition, during prohibition, and after as well, alcohol was promoted as a “medicine”. The Volstead Act outlined how alcohol could be obtained during Prohibition in the U.S. During the 14 years of prohibition, liquor containing prescriptions could be obtained from physicians for about $3.00 and subsequently obtained from pharmacists for $3 - $4.00. Duffy even convinced pro-temperance groups that the Duffy’s Malt Liquor was in fact a medicine. Use and abuse of alcohol in the U.S. is not a recent phenomenon. The use of alcohol was indirectly promoted by noted medical journals as well. For example, in the June 1902 issue of the Medicus (Frederick County, Maryland), in reference to how much liquor a man could consume notes the quantity which could be consumed over a decade and one-half by a person is 2,000 gallons over 15 years. On page 198, the following excerpt is found: “According to the Philadelphia Medical Journal, it is very rare that a man survives his 100th jag (e.g., year). The maximum capacity of a man for alcohol is about, 2000 gallons of whiskey in

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fifteen years. This amount would equal consumption of 46 ounces of liquor per day for 15 years! It was commonplace in the 1880s for the products promoted as patent medicines to contain alcohol, codeine, cocaine, and other opiates. The rapid expansion of glass bottle manufacturing via mechanical means helped fuel this expansion and promotion of medicines containing alcohol. The 1906 Food and Drug and Drug Act Figure 1. Duffy’s Pure Malt Whiskey In a series of eleven articles Samuel Hopkins Advertisement from the Utica, NY, Herald Dispatch, 1900. Adams (Fee, 2010) wrote for Collier’s Weekly in 1905, “The Great American Fraud”, Adams exposed many of the false claims made about patent medicines, pointing out that in some cases these medicines were damaging the health of the people using them. The series had a huge impact and lead to the passage of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act. This act in effect was seen as a means to control the abusive marketing of concoctions as medicines. However, in 1911, the Supreme Court ruled that the intent of the law only applied to ingredients and their make-up, and not to the claims made about the products. This as can be imagined stirred quite a controversy. The December 1, 1911 The Outlook (1911) provided scathing indictment titled “A State Which Punished Patent Liars” extoling further action to impact the abuse. The Journal of the Massachusetts State Medical Society (1911) noted this as a ”black eye” for the history of the US Supreme Court. The next major event in the evolution of U.S. food and drug law is the passage of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938. Several major changes in the law resulted from the passage of this act. This is where history was finally changed. This passage did away with the legal requirement for the government to prove an intent to defraud by a manufacturer, this then was the final blow for the patent medicine promoters, including the patented medicine bottle and promotion of Duffy’s Malt Whiskey. References

Adams SH. The Great American Fraud. Collier’s Weekly 1905. Duffy WB. Duffy’s Malt Whiskey Absolutely Pure and Unadulterated for Medicinal Use. Duffy Malt Whiskey Company, 1885. Editorial, The Health Master. Journ. M.S.M.S. (Massachusetts State Medical Society), 1911: July: 349-50. Editorial, A State Which Punishes Patent Medicine Fraud. The Outlook and Independent, 1911 (2 December): 794-5. Fee E. Samuel Hopkins Adams (1871-1958): Journalist and Muckraker. American Journal of Public Health, 2010, 100(8): 1390-91. Medicus, 1902, X(6): 198. Sullivan J. How Mr. Duffy Outwitted Uncle Sam - and Got Rich. The Potomic Pontil, 2008 (April): 2-4.


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ELKO

TWIABA A NEVADA PATENT MEDICINE by Eric McGuire


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Nevada was not known as a place for patent medicine development. Most of the population was focused on mining and ranching.

An undated 19th century view of Elko, Nevada, nestled in the sagebrush plain of the Humboldt River.

One of most significant ne the of the most significantevents eventsin

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the development of the western in the development of the United western States was the completion of the United States was the completion ofTransthe continental Railroad in 1869. It instantly Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. It changed changed development patternspatterns and transinstantly development and portation modes throughout the West. transportation modes throughout the West. The The railroad also had the initial effect of railroad also had the initial effect of funneling funneling nearly all the movement of nearly all the movement of people and goods people and goods along the rail corridor, along rail corridor, passed town through whichthe passed throughwhich the railroad the railroad town of Elko, Nevada. of Elko, Nevada Elkowas wasdesignated designatedthe thecounty countyseat seatofofElko ElkoCounty, County, Elko Nevada, Nevada, which which was was created created on on March March 5, 5, 1869, 1869, from from land land previously located in Lander County. Elko County hasa a previously located in Lander County. Elko County has surface surface area area of of 17,023 17,023 square square miles miles -- the the fourth fourth largest largest in in the United States. TheThe town of of Elko waswas initially established the United States. town Elko initially in 1868 as a temporary housing and equipment established in 1868 as a temporary housing andcenter equipfor construction of the easternofend the Central ment center for construction the of eastern end ofPacific the portion of the Transcontinental Railroad. After the railroad Central Pacific portion of the Transcontinental Railroad. completed its project the town continued to be a populated After the railroad completed its project the town continplace, as a hubplace, for the ranching ued to serving be a populated serving as aand hubmining for the community for northeastern Nevada as well as serving as ranching and mining community for northeastern the government center for the county. By 1870 it hadfora Nevada as well as serving as the government center population approaching 1,200. The population must the county. By 1870 it had a population approaching have been of a special type of person, obviously 1,200.comprised The population must have been comprised of a of pioneering willing to embrace isolated surroundings special typeblood, of person, obviously of pioneering blood, and harsh conditions. willing to embrace isolated surroundings and harsh conditions.

Elko is located in the northwest corner of Nevada, about 150 miles west of the Utah border

Nevada was not known as a place for patent medicine development. Most the population focused on Nevada was not of known as a place was for patent medimining and ranching. Its first two medicinewas patents came cine development. Most of the population focused out Virginia whichIts may expected since it was on of mining andCity, ranching. firstbetwo medicine patents came out of whichearliest may beyears. expected the largest cityVirginia during City, the state’s Elkosince it was the largest cityfor during the state's years. was an unlikely place medicine to beearliest patented, but it Elko wasthe an unlikely place for medicine beNevada, patented can claim third known medicine patenttofor but it is can claim the third by known medicine patent for which also represented the earliest known embossed Nevada,patent whichmedicine is also represented by the earliest known Nevada bottle. embossed Nevada patent medicine bottle. Three individuals helped in helped the development of TWIABA Three individuals in the development OR NEVADA NATURAL HAIR RESTORATIVE OF of TWIABA - OR NEVADA NATURAL HAIR WHITE SAGE. OF TheWHITE first activity noted filing of RESTORATIVE SAGE. Thewas firstthe activity a patent ingredients of the The patentees noted wasfor thethe filing of a patent for product. the ingredients of were William P. Thomas, an Elko lawman, and Joseph the product. The patentees were William P. Thomas, an F. Boardman, about which, nothing canabout be found. He is Elko lawman, and Joseph F. Boardman, whom probably the same Joseph F. Boardman who was


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nothing can be found. He is probably the same Joseph F. Boardman who was counted among the voters of Darwin, Inyo County, California, in its 1875 Great Register of Voters. He is listed as a miner, age 33 years and born in Massachusetts. The patent application is signed by two witnesses, Tom Cox, the obligatory attorney who undoubtedly prepared the application and Samuel Gaston, another Elko lawman. Their patent application is dated January 6, 1871 and with great speed, by March 14, 1871, a patent was granted. The details of the patent were exceptionally easy to comprehend, and in fact, so easy that it is amazing the U.S. Patent Office even granted Patent for Improvements in Hair-Restoratives. such exclusivity for the product. Boil down six pounds of freshly individuals involved with this product were lawmen - Fitch, cut and three pounds dry white Thomas and Gaston. sage in a gallon of water until half the water is gone. Add one-half ounce oil of bergamot (essence of orange) and a Fitch set about ordering bottles from one of the two pint of alcohol. According to the patent, when applied, this glass works located in San Francisco, California, along substance will restore hair to bald heads and return the hair with the necessary labels, boxes and other advertising. On to its original color. May 6, 1871, the first advertisement was printed in the San Francisco newspapers. The indigenous Shoshoni tribe commonly used white sage (Salvia apiana) as a tea, and incense, but there are no references to its native use as a hair restorative. Twiaba was, by constituency, an alcohol-laced Earl Grey Tea. This writer submits that Twiaba would have become much more popular if the directions for use recommended internal use instead of external application. The name “Twiaba� has yet to be identified as a Shoshoni word, but it seems likely to have been borrowed from their vocabulary. Perhaps the most illustrious individual involved with developing Twiaba was the sheriff of Elko County, Nevada, - Joshua Benjamin Fitch. Born in 1831 in Baltimore, Maryland, Ben Fitch came West with the initial rush to the California gold country. He was a storied person befitting a stereotypical man of the West who could seemingly do anything he set his mind to. With his primary occupation as sheriff, Fitch apparently gained control of Twiaba from the beginning, probably by providing the funds necessary to market the product. Joseph Boardman became the actual compounder of the ingredients and William Thomas was silent in the operation, perhaps bought out and happy to liquidate his interest - a wise choice. Thomas had been a lawman who worked for Ben Fitch. In fact, three of the

At this early stage, it appears that Fitch and Boardman were doing all the work in management, preparation and

The first advertisement for Twiaba in the Daily Alta California (San Francisco, Calif.), May 6, 1871.


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It is also likely that Gaston made no profit on the Twiaba venture. At least by 1875, he was in the livery business in Elko County.(2) Gaston eventually moved to Shasta County, California, and became a miner in his later years. He died there on November 6, 1909.

Daily Alta California (San Francisco, Calif.), November 16, 1871.

Sacramento Daily Union, May 3, 1873

advertisement of Twiaba. By November of 1871, Fitch arranged for the large San Francisco wholesale druggist, Charles E. Hinckley, to act as agent and market and sell the product. This would certainly relieve a prominent lawman of his less hazardous activities in order to focus on controlling threats to society, of which there were plenty in Elko. Apparently, Hinckley was not happy with the effectiveness of Twiaba, since his advertisements only lasted a couple of weeks. Ben Fitch must have predicted that Twiaba was not going to be the success that he had hoped for. He sold out to Samuel Gaston in November 1871, one of the witnesses to the federal patent application for Twiaba, and who worked for Fitch as a lawman.(1) As the new owner of Twiaba, it is likely that Gaston procured the new agency with Sacramento druggist, Terry McMorry, whose first Twiaba advertisement appeared in January 1872. McMorry continued pushing Twiaba for a year and a half until the last advertisement appeared May 3, 1873.

Nothing more could be found that documents the existence of Twiaba after the termination of McMorry’s advertisements. It is likely that the product had been in the hands - and on the heads - of the public for a sufficient time to test its effectiveness, and the trial failed. After all, with claims that surpass Rogaine, if it had worked as promised Twiaba would still be on the market today, and Ben Fitch and associates would have been some of the richest men in the West - and perhaps the world, all due to the frail human insecurities caused by hair loss. Without doubt, Ben Fitch played a major role in bringing this short-lived product to market. Even though his involvement was even shorter than the life of the product, this important figure behind Twiaba deserves a little more documentation. Fitch was not just a gun-toting lawman who tried his hand at patent medicine. A brief quote in the San Francisco Call on November 30, 1896, gives some insight into his character: “Fitch is part of the history of this State and Nevada. He was the foreman in the building of the Montgomery block, one of the few remaining landmarks of pioneer days. He built the courthouse, jail and State University at Elko, Nev., where he was Sheriff in 1868-72 and in 1880-84.”(3) “But the most interesting part of Ben Fitch’s career is when, in the 70’s, he was a candidate against Partick

01. Elko Independent, November 18, 1871 02. Nevada State Census, 1875 03. Actually, Fitch was elected sheriff of Elko County on June 21, 1869, re-elected November 8, 1870; resigned October 8, 1872, re-elected and re-elected again on November 2, 1880.

November 5, 1878,

Embossed TWIABA / WARRANTED on the side panels, the bottle is medium aqua in color with applied top and smooth base. It is 7” in height. It is likely that all bottles were blown in 1871 but certainly no later than 1873.


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Crowley, the incumbent, for the position of Chief of Police of this City and County.� The Montgomery Block in San Francisco, noted above, was built in 1853 and was then the largest commercial building west of the Mississippi. It was claimed to be fireproof and earthquake proof and built under the direction of Ben Fitch as construction foreman.

Some closer views of the Twibia Bottle

Fitch is documented as being in Oroville, Butte County,

California, in 1858 when the town was struck by a large fire. His liquor store, located on the east side of Huntoon Street, suffered considerable damage on July 6th.(4) Fitch remained in Oroville for a few more years but went back to San Francisco in 1862 and opened the Eureka Billiard Saloon with partner, Oscar Wetherbee, above the Eureka Theatre at 314 Montgomery Street, in April of that year. Fitch was a gambling man and hedged his bets whenever he could. At the same time he, along with four others, (5) formed The Best Chance Gold and Silver Mining Company, for the purpose of mining in the Echo District of Nevada Territory. (6)

Advertisement for the Eureka Billiard Saloon from the Daily Alta California, April 25, 1863. 04. Sacramento Daily Union, July 8, 1858 05. One of his fellow trustees was Jacob Strahle, who built the billiard tables used in the Eureka Billiard Saloon. 06. Daily Alta California, March 1, 1863 07. ibid, 2 October 1865

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In 1865, Oscar Wetherbee left the saloon partnership and Fitch took on Stephen F. Merritt to fill the vacancy. Never to be idle, Fitch also co-created the Bay View Park Stock Association with partner I.M. Harter. No doubt with some selfish motive, Fitch loved to race and trot horses, and such a venue would satisfy his fancy and perhaps turn a profit. This association was composed of about 100 of San Francisco’s most prominent and wealthiest residents for the purpose of racing horses with substantial purses at stake.(7) By 1867, Fitch had closed the Eureka Billiard Saloon and had no more interest in the Bay View Park Stock Association. In partnership with Joseph W. Little, he opened the Market Exchange Saloon in the rear of the Odd Fellows Hall in San Francisco. Little left the partnership and Fitch continued with his saloon. Moss never grew in the shadow of


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Fitch. In January of 1869, he sold the Market Exchange to James McCabe, the former barkeeper on the paddle wheeler Chrysopolis. Along with his ubiquitous penchant for greener pastures, and undoubtedly forecasting some economic opportunities coming out of the opening of the transcontinental railroad, Fitch headed for Elko, Nevada. Fitch was well connected with a number of influential men in San Francisco. Throughout his life he continued to invest in the excitement of mining. After all, it is often akin to gambling, and in the end he did not fare well. He continued his mining investments during 1863, all in the new “boom” territory of Nevada. Along with John C. Gibson and Thomas Gardner he formed the Brighton Gold and Silver Mining Company (8). Fitch also formed the Gibson Gold and Silver Mining Company with G.S. Chapin and J.C. Chapin as well as the Orizaba No. 2 Gold and Silver Mining Company with J.C. Gibson and Alonzo Fenn.

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Barney Cosgrove stabbed a woman, Annie Nelson, with whom he had been living, in sixty or seventy places. Her screams brought Constable Banks to the scene, and a scuffle between Banks and Cosgrove ensued, in which Banks received a severe stab in the side. Sheriff Ben Fitch and Deputy Sheriff John Meadowcraft, hearing the noise, came to the rescue, and arrested Cosgrove. Fitch fired three shots at him, one taking effect in the left breast, going clean through him. Nelson will probably not recover. Cosgrove’s wound is not considered dangerous. . . Lynch law was freely talked of yesterday. (11) Just one more story, as noted in the Sacramento

(9)

In 1868 Ben Fitch married the widow, Mrs. Julia Stevenson. Born in Chazy, Clinton County, New York, in 1846 she moved to Oroville, California, with her parents in 1852. Julia first married A. Stevenson, the County Recorder of Butte County, in 1862. One son, Fred Stevenson, was born to her but she was widowed in 1865. She then married Ben Fitch. Daily Union: From the Sacramento Daily Union, September 6, 1872 Fitch immediately began his career as sheriff of Elko County, when elected in 1869, which came with a number of “wild west” gun-slinging Perhaps it was a desired hiatus from all the shooting events too numerous to completely recount here. One and chasing bad people that caused Fitch to resign his example occurred back in San Francisco. Ben Fitch had a position as sheriff on October 8, 1872, but more likely was far reaching reputation as an expert in the world of billiards his vision that a lot of money could be made in the building and many high stakes and high profile tournaments were industry. The Nevada State Legislature had designated held in that city. Sheriff Fitch was called from Elko to Elko as the location of the University of Nevada, which judge a match in 1870 between Deery and Dion. Deery would be a lucrative construction contract. The hot and won and the crowd was invited to Deery & Little’s Billiard dry condition of Elko made wooden buildings particularly Saloon to meet the champion, . . . “filling the place to its vulnerable to fire. In fact, Ben Fitch lost a building to fire utmost capacity.” Revelry continued late into the night and on October 16, 1869. (12). He was the first to establish a a call was made for the crowd to leave before the doors brick-making plant in the town to provide for the option of were closed. One in attendance was Bernard Connolly, using fireproof building material, so he was in a strategic who did not want to leave and had to be ejected by force. position to win building contracts for public structures. He then drew his pistol and aimed at one of the bouncers. This fact led him to construct the courthouse and jail in Fitch was near at hand and deflected the pistol which Elko and finally the University of Nevada in 1873. (13) caused Connolly to shoot himself in the leg. Fitch received only a slightly burned hand.(10) Profits were undoubtedly realized from his construction activities and again, Fitch invested in the mining business. In June of 1870, Fitch was in the middle of another This time he was involved with the incorporation of the skirmish in Elko, as reported by the Alta: Cornucopia Consolidated Gold and Silver mining Company “Yesterday morning about 3 o’clock, a man named to acquire mining lands and mines in Elko County. The 08. ibid, October 23, 1863 09. ibid 10. ibid, February 5, 1870) (Note also that the Sacramento Daily Union of February 5, 1870, reported that Fitch received a gunshot wound from the ball passing through his hand in this fracus. The Alta version is

likely the most correct.) 11. ibid, June 7, 1870 12. ibid, October 17, 1869 13. Sacramento Daily Union, October 25, 1873


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other directors were J.W. Pence, L.I. Mowry, Edward Chatlin and Mrs. M. Pierson.(14) The Cornucopia mines were highly profitable for a short time, but the town was abandoned by the early 1880s. Even though his residence was Elko, Ben Fitch opened another saloon in San Francisco in 1876. Advertised as a “Gentleman’s Retreat,” it was operated by John T. Veal who was recently from Chico, Calif., where he was a bartender. The saloon soon became notorious as a gambling house which was a strictly illegal activity in California. The first raid by police occurred on November 18, 1876. The establishment was surrounded and upon entering, no one was there except the watchman at the bottom of the stairs, who was arrested. A complete layout of Faro equipment was confiscated, but the raid was an embarrassment to the police. Advertisement for Tahoe Kidney Cure which ran in the San Francisco Morning Call from May 7th to June 7th, 1893

The San Francisco Call commented that, “It simply proves that gamblers can be taken only by the application of chloride of sodium to what, in cattle, is that posterior prolongation and tapering termination employed by the quadruped to dislodge insects.”(15) The next raid was more successful. Shortly after midnight, a police posse again surrounded Fitch’s saloon, breaking down the door and rushing upstairs where a full house of gamblers ran for the doors and windows, but a total of 42 were taken prisoner. Twenty-three were each released on $40 bail and the remainder . . . “enjoyed the cool, pure air of the City Cattle-pens.”(16) Fitch’s Saloon was only history after that date. Veal went back to Chico and eventually operated a stage line. Fitch was elected sheriff of Elko County again from 1878 until 1884. The mid to late 1880s witnessed Ben Fitch open the Bulls Head Hotel in Wells, about 50 miles east of Elko, which he advertised as . . . “the grandest and finest in the State of Nevada” (17) He maintained the hotel until February 8, 1893, when a fire started in the building which eventually consumed the entire business district of the small town.(18) Apparently financially compromised Ben Fitch, once again, tried his hand in the patent medicine business. With several influential business partners who incorporated as The Tahoe Medical Co., Fitch was appointed general manager and sole agent for its only product – TAHOE KIDNEY CURE.(19) The company was incorporated in Reno, Nevada, on January 24, 1893, and received Federal Trade Mark No. 22,569 on February 28, 1893, which consisted of a monogram “ T.M. Co.” Still living in Elko, he set up an office in San Francisco as the company’s main headquarters. For most of the 14. 15. 16. 17.

Daily Alta California, March 30. 1875 San Francisco Call, November 19, 1876 ibid, February 4, 1877). Elko Independent, September 18, 1887

Reno Evening Gazette, December 12, 1893

year Fitch went on the road to pitch the new product and to set up sub-agencies. Tragedy struck on November 9, 1893, when Fitch’s wife, Julia Fitch, passed away in Elko. She was buried in the Elko Cemetery with a simple carved wooden marker so typical of small desert towns. Remarkably, that wooden slab exists today – still readable – but whitewashed to help preserve its rather delicate nature. Her death must have dealt a heavy blow to Fitch as he quit his new venture, and the Tahoe Medical Company soon languished and became just a memory. The company’s president, Wm. R. Chamberlain, died in Reno on December 17 , 1895. (20) Without a job, Ben Fitch was likely living on his meager savings, but by the end of the following year he was broke. The Call noted . . . “J. Benjamin Fitch, dealer in patent medicines, has filed his petition in insolvency. Liabilities $12,273, assets nil.” (21) 18. 19. 20. 21.

Rocky Mountain News (Denver, Colorado) February 9, 1893 Weekly Gazette Stockman (Reno, Nevada) March 16, 1893 ibid, December 19, 1895 San Francisco Call, November 28, 1894


ottles and and extras xtras Bottles

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Ben Fitch’s “golden years” were less than ideal. In 1896, at 65 years old, Fitch applied for the job of Superintendent of the Building of Schools, in San Francisco. The incumbent was Isaac P. Kincaid, who was expected to be re-appointed as his competition of four other candidates were not seen as strong. The exception was the fifth candidate, and the Call exclaimed . . . “It is not so, however, with Ben Fitch, a first-class mechanic of the old school, whose claim for precedence is getting a strong backing.”(22) It was not to be, however; as Fitch was not appointed and he was not known to hold down a job after this date. Ben Fitch’s health began to wane after the beginning of the new (20th) century. Suspecting his end was near, Fitch gifted some property to his only known relative, his niece, the widow Mrs. Fredericka (Freddie) Bellemere, in December 1905.(23) She had a difficult life since 1883 when her jeweler husband, Augustus Bellemere, “accidently” shot and killed his best friend, John Kelly, while in an alcoholic stupor.(24) The shame must have been difficult to bear for her. Fredericka moved across the San Francisco Bay to Oakland where she was employed as a servant but moved back to San Francisco in 1910 where she died on March 12, 1917. The only positive element in the passing of Benjamin Fitch in San Francisco, on January 25, 1906, was for him to have missed the destruction of that city at the hands of the great earthquake and fire by 2 ½ months. Conversely, he would have delighted in witnessing the Montgomery Block, the only downtown survivor of the great catastrophe – that marvelous piece of San Francisco he had a hand in constructing. End Notes: Special thanks is extended to Toni L. Mendive of the Northeastern Nevada Historical Society and Museum for responding to my requests for information.

A TWIABA bottle, set amongst the sage of the Nevada desert. A rare reminder of the many failures in life that so many have endured. In a strange twist of fate, this failure now represents a real treasure that the original proprietors could never have imagined. 22. ibid, November 30, 1896 23. ibid, December 8, 1905 24. Sacramento Daily Union, July 23, 1883

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Classified Ads FOR SALE

The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors

Bottles and Extras Advertising Rates

For Sale: “2012-BREAKING NEWS!-2012” - 7TH Edition: DISPLAY ADVERTISING RATES “BOTTLES: IDENTIFICATION & PRICE GUIDE” – The “BOTTLE BIBLE” – 700 New FULLB&W Page 1/2 Page 1/4 Page 1/8 Page 4” Col. 3” Col. 2” Col. COLOR PHOTOGRAPHS- 3 1 Issue $175 $90 $50 $20 $30 $25 $20 New Chapters: “Black Glass 2 Issues* $300 $175 $90 $35 $55 $45 $38 Bottles” , “Hawaiian Bottles” 3 Issues* $450 $235 $130 $50 $80 $65 $57 and the “Top Ten Bottle 4 Issues* $600 $315 $170 $65 $105 $85 $75 Destinations”; 55 Revised 5 Issues* $725 $390 $210 $80 $130 $105 $85 Chapters of Comprehensive 6 Issues* $850 $475 $250 $95 $150 $125 $90 Pricing, A Comprehensive Research Guide, Chapters on: Color Page Cover 1/2 Page 1/4 Page 1/8 Page Classifieds: History & Origin of Bottles & 1 Issue $200 $225 $125 $80 $45 10 cents per word Glass, Age Identification, Digging 15 cents per bold 2 Issues* $350 $400 $200 $130 $75 Methods, Determining Bottle word 3 Issues* $525 $600 $300 $200 $110 Values, Trademark Identification, $2 minimum 4 Issues* $700 $800 $400 $280 $150 Bottle Club Guide, Glossary of monthly charge ad 5 Issues* $825 $1,000 $500 $375 $190 should be typed or Terms, Bibliography, Auction printed 6 Issues* $1,050 $1,200 $600 $425 $230 Houses, and more. Send Check/ Money Order for $30 ($25 Book/$5 *Consecutive issues with no changes Shipping) To: Mike Polak, PO Box Digital Copy and or camera ready copy preferred but not required for display ads 30328, Long Beach, CA 90853, PH: 562-438-9209, E-mail: bottleking@ earthlink.net, Web-Site: www. ***** 50% Discount ***** bottlebible.com. For Sale: In Clear Glass The Great Dr. Kilmers Kidney, Liver and Bladder Cure. Warners Remedy, Diabitic, Rhumatic, Liver Cure. Contact John M. Spellman (315) 871-7203 or spellmanjc@tds.net For Sale: Green, iron pontil, eight sided Powell and Burrs mineral water, Burlington N.J., very nice example $2,200. Green iron pontil G. A. Kohl Lambertville N. J., squat, also a very nice example $150. Contact Kevin Kyle (609) 209-4034 For Sale: #1) I.P. cobalt soda R. C. Wortendyke, 7 panel, Agent Superior Mineral Water (offers) XX ‘Mint”. #2) J.W. Harris I.P., Soda, New Haven, Conn. (offers) “Mint”. Contact Robert Renkar,

For FOHBC member clubs

All ads must be paid for in advance Make checks payable to FOHBC (Federation of historical Bottle Collectors) Send Payment to: Alan DeMaison, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077 Send AD copy and/or questions to: Alan DeMaison, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077 Ph:(h) 440-358-1223, (c) 440-796-7539 e-mail: a.demaison@sbcglobel.net

Issue Date January/February March/April May/June July/August September/October November/December

AD Deadlines

Deadline November 1 January 1 March 1 May 9 July 5 September 1


Bottles and extras 35 Mandel Dr., Southington, CT. 06489 or (860) 628-4396 FOR SALE: Tooled 7 oz crown sodas: San Francisco Soda Works, aqua, some crudity and string of ash through the glass $40; base embossed San Mateo Bottling Works H.L. attributed to Henry Loose $20; Four mold base embossed L also P.C.G.W., This is also a Henry Loose bottle while in Lovelock, NV & dug in the same hole as previous. Pacific Coast Glass Works $40; Williams Bros, San Jose, W monogram, aqua, mint $35; San Jose Soda Works A.J. Henry, aqua, mint $40; Pacific & Puget Sound Bottling Co., Seattle, Wash., ice blue aqua, mint $35; E.L. Billings Sac City, Geyser soda, applied blob, darker aqua, mint $60. Contact: Jean M. Pouliot, Box 205, West Glacier, MT 59936 or (406) 888-9092 FOR SALE: LONG ISLAND MEDICINE BOTTLES by George William Fisher and A Historical Guide to Long Island SODA, BEER & MINERAL WATER BOTTLES & BOTTLING COMPANIES 18401970. Contact: lisoda@optonline.net

WANTED WANTED: COLORED HUTCHINSON’S FROM PENNSYLVANIA. AMBER, COBALT, CITRON, GREEN. I HAVE COLORED HUTCHS FROM MANY STATES TO TRADE. HIGHEST PRICES PAID FOR ANY PA. HUTCHS I NEED. R.J. Brown, 4114 W. Mullen Av., Tampa, Fl. 33609. Phone (813) 286 9686. email: rbrown4134@aol.com

May - June 2013 WANTED: Nesquehoning, Pa. various Hutchinson and Siphon Bottle embossed with Richard Brown, Nesquehoning, Pa. R.J. Brown 4114 W. Mullen Av., Tampa, Fl. 33609 Phone (813) 286 9686. email: rbrown4134@aol.com WANTED: Bottles from Saratoga and Los Gatos, California, these bottles would include, Pacific Congress Springs, Azule Seltzer Springs, and others I probably do not even know about. Also, other items from the area that would be of interest such as old posters, wooden cases, etc. Contact: Frank Dutro Cell: 408-533-3124 or frank@ wildwoodmarket.com WANTED: Dr. Kilmer’s Cough Cure Consumption Oil Catarrh, specific 8 5/8 “ and Dr. Kilmer’s U & O Ointment Binghamton. Two sizes of Indian Cough Cures: 7 1/8” and 5 ¾” tall. John Whitney, 5709 E 22nd St., Tulsa, OK 74114, (918) 835-8823 (H) or (918) 232-1231 (m) WANTED: Rare and unusual Dr. Kilmers bottles and all advertising. Also, pre-1900 labeled patent medicine bottles, pills, tins, and advertising for either private sale or consignments for my cataloged drugstore/apothecary absentee auctions held three times per year. Please call any time to discuss or email. Contact: Terry McMurray, PO Box 393, Kirkwood, NY 13795, ph:(607 775-5972, or email:mcmurrayauctions@aol.com WANTED: Montana Milk bottles: Looking for early embossed, tin tops, etc and hand blown such as A.S. Rife from Dillon (Whiteman creamline bottle), Butte Milk Depot and Montana Dairy, Butte Dairy & Anaconda Milk Depot. Also nicer pyro such as war slogans and 2 colors. Especially seeking Kessler & North Edge Dairy Bozeman pyros. jameschips@bresnan.net or 805-689-0125 in Bozeman, MT.

63 WANTED: South Carolina bottles ESPECIALLY early sodas & DISPENSARYS. (803) 781-0170 or email: rustycann@mindspring.com WANTED: Spangler Soda Water bottle from Bryan, Ohio; clear glass; embossed; circa 1920’s; will pay almost any price based on condition. Contact Justin at masters1122@yahoo.com WANTED: Monopole Bitters, Fess Bitters and Blossom’s Badger Ale. Highest prices paid. Contact Steven at 414-403-4860 or steve@ mrbottles.com WANTED: CLIFFORD / & / FERNALD’S // ORIGINAL // INDIAN / VEGETABLE / BITTERS / BOSTON MASS // or any other Clifford bottle. Contact Tom Clifford at (440) 582-2252 or (440) 477-2300 WANTED: Clyde Glass Works Flasks; quart, pint, half pints in citron, puce, cobalt blue, wheat, light yellow, and orange amber colors. Invoices, letterheads and anything from the glass works in paper. Contact John M. Spellman at (315) 871-7203 or spellmanjc@tds.net WANTED: N. J. Sodas and Beers, panels, mugbased, colors, pontil or smooth based. Contact Ray Buch (908) 735-5014 WANTED: Drugstore bottles etc. marked Davis and Davis, San Andreas, Cal. Antique sash and door hardware (1850-1865) for our 1861 house restoration project. Contact: Rurik Kallis, P. O. Box 1496, San Andreas, CA 95249-1496 or thornmansion@goldrush.com WANTED: anything with “Southern California Packing Co. Los Angeles Cal.” On it. Usually has a round medallion on the front with a palm tree and house. Glass insert on lid often matches front


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of jar. Comes in many different sizes and shapes, including catsup bottle. Contact John Swearingen (805) 492-5036 or email: fruitjars@ verizon.net WANTED: the following bottles in cobalt. Arthur Christ in quart, Buck + Rayner Mineral Water, J. A. Lomax Famous Weiss Beer(also in green), all from Chicago. Contact: Carl Malik, P. O. Box 367, Monee, IL 60449 or (708) 534-5161

Bayet & Williams O’Fallon, Cairn & Hickey Peoria, Peoria Seltzer Water cobalt, A. L. Matthies Chemist & Apothecary Peoria, Dan L Kaiser Quincy, MR & HW Lundblad Quincy, Geo De.Puyt Waterloo. Contact: Theo Adams, 3728 Fair Oaks, Granite City, IL 62040 or (618) 781-4806 or email stlouissoda@aol.com WANTED: American bottles embossed with WILKINSON. Also JAMAICA GINGER bottles and go-withs that I don’t currently have. Interested in bottles with no damage. Contact: tim@wilkinson.org

WANTED: Looking for bottles from H. E. Bucklen Co. – Dr. Skeeter’s Great German Cure for Comsumption; Dandelion Bitters; Juniper Tar Cough Remedy; Kindly Koff Cure; Dr. King’s Croup and Cold Syrup and King’s Hop Cordial. Contact Jerry at (405) 602-2053 or (405) 749-7937

WANTED: John Lomax bottles from Chicago, IL. Looking for colored quarts and round bottoms. Contact: Ray Komorowski at (708) 848-7947 or komo8@att.net

WANTED: Illinois blob top soda’s: A & FX. Joerger Alton, L. Ab.egg Soda Manufactory Belleville, J. N. Clark Belleville, J. Fisher & Rogger Belleville,

WANTED: Schnapps bottles in rare colors and molds. California pharmacy bottles embossed with Oranges or Lemons. California Orange juice bottles. Bakers

Get your wanted ad or for sale ad in today or send your show info in today

Full Colour BBR Established 1979

The world’s first full color bottle magazine simply got Better and Bigger. Packed Full of the information you need on the UK & world wide bottle scene. Well-researched articles & all the latest finds. Upcoming sales and full show calendar. Personal check, Mastercard/Visa, even cash.

1 year Air Mail subscription $60

BBR, Elsecar Heritage Center, Barnsley 2, Yorkshire, S74 8HJ, England Ph: 011-44-1226-745156 Fax: 011-44-1226-321561

Bottles and extras Orange Grove Bitters in odd colors, damage O.K. California packing crate labels. One or a collection. Have many common to rare labels for trade. Contact Tom Spellman at (909) 931-2458 or tom@davewilson.com WANTED: Finger Lakes, New York, Wine Bottles, embossed and/or labelled (Penn Yan, Hammondsport, etc.), and other early labelled wines. Also Peppermint Bottles: Hale & Parshall, Hotchkiss. Folk art bottles. Chris Davis, (315) 331-4078, email: cdavis016@rochester.rr.com WANTED: Pontiled patent mineral waters, iron pontil or open pontil. Also like early oval slug plate sodas. Kevin Kyle (609) 209-4034 WANTED: Wyoming bottles, crock jugs, tokens, and calendar plates. Cabin bitteres, squares, ladies legs. looking for The Borton Cure bottle. Contact Warren Borton (801) 561-0438 or WCBorton@msn.com

Contact: FOHBC Business Manager: Alan DeMaison, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077; phone: (H) (440)-358-1223, (C) (440)-7967539; e-mail: a.demaison@sbcglobal.net

Where there’s a will there’s a way to leave Donations to the FOHBC Did you know the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors is a 501C(3) charitable organization? How does that affect you? It allows tax deductions for any and all donations to the FOHBC. You might also consider a bequest in your will to the FOHBC. This could be a certain amount of money or part or all of your bottle collection. The appraised value of your collection would be able to be deducted from your taxes. (This is not legal advice, please consult an attorney) I give and bequeath to the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077, the sum of $____________ to be used as its Board of Directors determines. The same type wording could be used for bequeathing your collection or part of it, however, before donating your collection (or part of it), you would need the collection appraised by a professional appraiser with knowledge of bottles and their market values. This is the amount that would be tax deductible. Thank you for considering us in your donation plans. Ferdinand Meyer V, President Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors


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FOHBC MeMBersHip DireCtOry *52 members gained this period. The names below represent persons agreeing to be listed within Bottles and Extras and on the FOHBC Website in the Private Member Portal.

New Members Brett Allred 1335 W. 31st Street Erie, PA 16508 814-864-1282 Blob top beers, squat sodas & hutchinsons, advertising items Jan Ammann 2922 Glaeser Road Bellville, TX 77418 979-877-3028 janammann@sbcglobal.net Medicines, sodas, foods, bitters, fruits, etc. Love green and cobalt colors Ed Barber 45659 SE 1129th Street North Bend, WA 98045 425-888-1179 Etwcb4@comcast.net

Bath, ME 04530 207-443-5027 dumondmd@comcast.net Saratoga’s Matt Hampton 5864 Lynn St San Diego, CA 92105 619-454-4222 m.hampton@asiheatinsandair.com Soda bottles Vern Huffstetler 108 Ridgecrest Rd. Graniteville, SC 29829 615-585-9827 huffstetlerv@bfusa.cm Poisons, Souhern beers, oil bottles Joe Huggins 137 Dixon La Sykes, MD 21784 443-829-4179 josephhu40@hotmail.com Stoneware, signs

Michael Bauer 1140 East Park LN Fostoria, OH 44830 419-619-4097 bm67j@aol.com Insulators, misc bottles, postcards

Paul Irby 5981 River Oaks Dr. Flowery Branch, GA 30542 770-967-3946 irbybottles@juno.com Georgia antiques & milk bottles & pottery

Christian J. Buys 2053 Sidewinder Ct. Grand Junction, CO 81507 970-210-0343 christianbuys@gmail.com General

Stephen R. Jackson 1020 Maryland Ave. Suffolk, VA 23434 751-934-7984 sjackson@wilsav.com Warner’s Safe Cures, Craig’s Cures

John M. Derrick 116 Bookman Mill Road Irmo, SC 29063 803-781-0170 rustycann@mindspring.com SC bottles

Marty Jensen 749 Chester Creek Rd. Brookhaven, PA 19015 610-872-7550 tiger101@comcast.net Chester PA

Mark Dumond 11 Corliss St.

Jeremy M. Kemp 13 Hempland Lane

York, North Yorkshire YO31 1AZ United Kingdom (+)44 7810 578725 jeremymarkkemp@yahoo.co.uk Pre-1850 British medicines (glass and stoneware), pontilled British sodas Dave Kern 1872 Robin Way Bethlehem, PA 18018 610-691-3720 kerncdt@aol.com Digging Privies, dumps Matthew Knapp 8360 Jordon Valley Way Frederick, MD 21702 301-698-5927 mknapp@smartronix.com Medicines Kevin Kyle 230 Cedarville Rd. East Windsor, NJ 08520 609-209-4034 K_Sfarms@juno.com NJ Sodas and Mineral Waters and Script Jugs Tom Marshall 15 Brooke Hill Rd. East Haddam, CT 06423 860-873-8380 marshall-cheryl@sbcglobal.net New England/Pitkin, early blown glass utilities Ronnie Pevahouse 2076 Oliver Ave. Memphis, TN 38134 901-414-2644 oliverave@comcast.net Bottles, stoneware, flasks, jars, advertising Glen C. Phillips 102 Country Hills Dr. NW Calgary, Alberta T3K 4X2 Canada 403-453-5741


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Bottles and extras

FOHBC MeMBersHip DireCtOry glenphillips67@gmail.com Embossed and labeled drugstore bottles from across Canada(BIM and ABM), all variants of Canadian poison bottles (BIM only), select Canadian proprietary medicine bottles(BIM only)

Gene & Merleen Wambolt 2438 Darby Rose Lane Sparks, NV 89436 775-343-2038 gene.wambolt@yahoo.com Nevada sodas, convention bottles

Timothy Pillow 5418 Elmhurst Drive Evansville, IN 47711 812-306-5711 hoosierhiker@aol.com Bottles & stoneware from Indiana, early European & American black glass

Stephen Youker 82 Feeder Dam Rd. South Glen Falls, NY 12803 518-743-0494 sgyouk@hotmail.com Mineral water, general collecting

Ken Previtali 22 Rodline Road Danbury, CT 06811 kmp2kis@comcast.net Ginger Ale bottles Robert Renkar 35 Mandel Dr. Southington, CT 06489 860-628-4396 Antique Bottles & Radios Tom Riel P.O. Box 143 Bradford, PA 16701 mayortomriel@aol.com Raymond Simonds 41 Mason Farm Road Ringoes, NJ 08551 908-380-25-36 tsimo123@comcast.net Medicines pre-1906, cures, private die stamps medicine

New Clubs Antique Poison Bottle Collectors Association 312 Summer Ln Huddleston, VA 24104 540-297-4498 jjcab@b2xonline.com Poison bottles National Association of Milk Bottle Collectors Attn: Julian Gottlieb 18 Pond Place CosCob, CT 06807 203-869-8411 gottmilk@msn.com

Welcome back Jim Lilley Dudlap Lilley Properties 930 Martin Luther King Jr Blvd Chapel Hill, NC 27514 919-260-6778

Get your Ad in today! Send advertising info to: Alan DeMaison FOHBC Business Manager 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville OH 44077

Changes Joseph Coulson 889 Berry Rd. Greenwood, IN 46143 317-385-0956 jcoulson@leaderjar.com Fruit jars John & Brenda Farley Sr. P.O. Box 757 Cordova, TN 38088-0757 901-755-0461 Everything Donald L. Garrison 920 Highway 138 NW #317 Monroe, GA 30655 770-207-7145 Dgarrison@bellsouth.net Saratoga bottles Paul E. Sims 880 Kelly Rd. Thomasville, AL 36784 334-830-3754 Psimsco@yahoo.com Alabama pottery Henry & Joyce Taylor 116 E. Cabot LN Westbury, NY 11590 845-897-5563 Early bottles & glass


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FOHBC Sho-Biz

Calendar of shows and related events FOHBC Sho-Biz is published in the interest of the hobby. Federation affiliated clubs are connotated with FOHBC logo. Insulator shows (courtesy of Crown Jewels) are indicated with an insulator. Information on up-coming collecting events is welcome, but space is limited. Please send at least three months in advance, including telephone number to: FOHBC Sho-Biz, C/O Alan DeMaison, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077 or e-mail: a.demaison@sbcglobal.net Show schedules are subject to change. Please call before traveling long distances. All listings published here will also be published on the website: www.FOHBC.org

May 2 – 5 Las Vegas, Nevada International Perfume Bottle Association’s Convention, 25th Silver Anniversary!, Tropicana – Las Vegas, 3801 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109; 702.739.5445, Thursday thru Sunday – Friday night auction is a public event – Saturday and Sunday are public events to the Exhibition/Vendor Hall, For all details please contact Deborah Washington, Convention is for members only – contact Deborah for further details, International Perfume Bottle Association, www.perfumebottles.org, Contact: Deborah L. Washington, Convention Chair and Board Member, 773.324.7124, brasslady@comcast.net May 4 & 5 Caloundra, Queensland Australia, Sunshine Coast Antique and Collectables Club hosts the Australian National Bottle Show, Caloundra Indoor Sports Stadium, North Street, Caloundra, Queensland Australia. Public: Saturday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm, Sunday 9:00 am – 3:00 pm. Dealer set-up, Friday 2:00 pm – 8:00 pm. Contact Club Secretary Lyn Foster, Tele: + 61 7 5494 1106, email: coastalsigns@pacifictelco.com.au or Club President Peter Watts, Tele: + 61 7 5441 3692, email: joyce_watts@bigpond.com May 4 Gray, Tennessee The State of Franklin Antique Bottles & Collectibles Association’s 15th Annual Show & Sale, Appalachian Fairgrounds, 100 Lakeview Street, Gray, Tennessee 37615, Saturday, 04 May from 9:00 am – 3:00 pm, No Early Admission, Set-up: Saturday, 04 May from 7:00 am – 9:00 am, Free Admission, Club: State of Franklin Antique Bottles & Collectibles Association, sfabca.com, Info: Melissa Milner, show chairman, 230 Rock House Road, Johnson City, Tennessee 37601, 423.928.4445, mmilner12@chartertn.net

May 5 Antioch, Illinois Antique Bottle Club of Northern Illinois, 38th Annual Antiques, Bottles and Collectables Show and Sale at the Antioch Senior Center, 817 Holbeck, Antioch, Illinois 60002, Open to customers 9:00 am to 3:00 pm. No early admission and no early birds, Set-up: Sunday morning 7:00 am to 9:00 am, Free admission and free appraisals, Antique Bottle Club of Northern Illinois, Contact: John Puzzo, Show Chairman, 679 Dane Street, Woodstock, Illinois, 60098, 815.338.7582, johnpuzzo@sbcglobal.net May 5 Utica, New York 19th Annual Mohawk Valley Antique Bottle Club Show at the Italian Cultural Center former Sons of Italy, 644 Bleecker Street, Utica, New York 13501, Sunday, 9:00 am – 2:30 pm, No early admission, Set up: Sunday 7:00 am, $3.00 Admission, Mohawk Valley Antique Bottle Club, mohawkvalleybottleclub.com, Peter Bleiberg, Show Chairman, 7 White Pine Road, New Hartford, New York 13413, 315.735.5430, PMBleiberg@aol.com May 11 Mansfield, Ohio The Ohio Bottle Club’s 35th Mansfield Antique Bottle & Advertising Show & Sale, 9:00 am to 2:00 pm, Early Buyers Friday 3:00 to 6:00 pm at the Richland County Fairgrounds, Mansfield, Ohio. Info: Bill Koster, 330.690.2794 or Ohio Bottle Club, P.O. Box 585, Barberton, Ohio 44203, www.ohiobottleclub.org May 17 & 18 Kent, Washington The Washington Bottle and Collectors’ Association’s Annual Spring Antique Bottle, Insulator, Collectibles and Relics Show and Sale (Kent Commons, 525 4th Avenue North, Kent, Washington, Saturday 9:00 am to 3:00 pm. Early admission: Friday 1:00 pm to 6:00 pm, Set up: Friday 11:00 am and Saturday 8:00 am, Admission: Early buyers Friday $5.00

– Free admission to the show Saturday. The Washington Bottle and Collectors’ Association, www.wbcaweb.org, Contact: Niel Smith 206.783.0215 May 18 Coventry, Connecticut Museum of Connecticut Glass 9th Annual Outdoor Bottle and Glass Show, Including Exhibits/Tours (200th anniversary of start-up of Coventry Glass Factory. 9:00 am – 2:00 pm, early buyers: 8:00 am, www.glassmuseum.org, Museum of Connecticut Glass, Rt. 44 & North River Road, Coventry, Connecticut, Contact: Noel Tomas, 27 Plank Lane, Glastonbury, Connecticut 06033-2523, 860.633.2944, lsamot@cox.net May 18 Kokomo, Indiana Antique Lightning Rod and Glass Ball Show, 815 N. Washington Street, Kokomo, Indiana 46901, 9:00 am – 5:00 pm, Admission Fee: $3 per person or &5 per family, 12 and under free, Info: Sandy Easley, 765.868.3092 evenings from about 5:30 pm to 10:00 pm EST. May 19 Washington, Pennsylvania Washington County Antique Bottle Clubs 39th Annual Show & Sale, 9:00 am til 2:00 pm at the Alpine Star Lodge, 735 Jefferson Avenue (Exit 17 off I-70), Washington, Pennsylvania 15301, Admission $3.00, Info: Ed Kuskie, 352 Pineview Drive, Elizabeth, Pennsylvania 15037, 412.405.9061 May 30 – June 1 Grantville (Hershey), Pennsylvania 33rd National Association of Milk Bottle Collectors (NAMBC) Annual Convention at the Holiday Inn in Grantville at the junctions of Interstates 80 and 81. For more information visit www. milkbottlecollectors.com or email Penny Gottlieb, PennyGottlieb18@gmail.com June 1 Ballston Spa, New York Annual Saratoga Bottle Show, Ballston


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(More) Sho-Biz Spa High School, 220 Ballston Avenue, Ballston Spa, New York 12020, Saturday, 9:30 am to 3:00 pm, No Early Admission, Set-up: Friday, 31 May, 7:00 pm to 9:00 pm and Saturday, 01 June, 7:00 am to 9:00 am, Admission: $3.00 Adult, $1.00 Children under 12, National Bottle Museum, nationalbottlemuseum. org, Roy Topka, chairman, 4 Firestone Lane, Clifton Park, New York 12065, 518.779.1243, rmt556@yahoo.com June 01 Butte, Montana Montana Bottle Collectors Association 2013 Old Bottles, Antiques and Collectibles Show & Sale, Butte Civic Center Annex, Harrison Avenue, Butte, Montana, Saturday, 01 June 2013 10:00 am to 4:00 pm, Early Admission: Friday, 31 May 31, 4:00 pm to 8:00 pm, Setup: Saturday, 10:00 am to 4:00 pm. Can bring bottles in at 3:00 pm, but no display until 4:00 pm, Admission: Early Bird $5, Saturday General Admission $3, Montana Bottle Collectors Association, Contact: James Campiglia, Show Chairman, P.O. Box 530, Helena, Montana 59604, 805.689.0125 or 406.219.3293, jameschips@bresnan.net

Saturday, Set-up: Saturday 6:00 am to 9:00 am, Admission: $3.00 regular and $10.00 for early admission, Contact: Jack Hewitt, Co-Chairman, 1765 Potomac Court, Lawrenceville, Georgia 30043, 770.963.0220, hewittja@bellsouth.net June 8 San Diego, California San Diego 2013 Antique Bottle & Collectibles Show & Sale, Al Bahr Shrine Temple, 5440 Kearny Mesa Road, San Diego, California 92111, Show time: 9:00 am to 3:00 pm, Early Admission: 8:00 am to 9:00 am – $10.00, Set-up: Saturday, 7:30 am, Admission: 9:00 am to 12:00 pm $2.00; Noon to 3:00 pm free admission, Antique Bottle Club of San Diego, www.sdbottleclub.org, Jim Walker, 858.490.9019, jfw@internetter.com June 8 Raleigh, North Carolina The Raleigh Bottle Club Annual Show & Sale, public $3: 9:00 am – 3:00 pm, dealer setup: 7:00 – 8:00 am at the James Martin Building on the North Carolina State Fairgrounds, 1025 Blue Ridge Road, Raleigh, North Carolina. Info: Whitt Stallings, 919.781.6339, awhittstallings@ planetebay.com www.raleighbottleclub.org

June 2 Brick, New Jersey Jersey Shore Bottle Club 41st Antique Bottles, Postcards & Local Memorabilia Show & Sale, Brick Elks, 2491 Hooper Avenue, Brick, New Jersey 08753, Donation: $3, Show time: 8:30 am to 2:00 pm, Children under 12 Free. No early admissions. Set up 7:00 am, Contact: Charles at c_jonsen@yahoo.com, 2135 W. County Line Road, Apt. 7A, Jackson, New Jersey 08527. Table application at www.JerseyShoreBottleClub.com. Additional contact name: David Tripet, Assistant Show Chairman, 28 Hatfield Road, Toms River, New Jersey 08757, 732.244.5171, dtripet@comcast.net.

June 22 Tallahassee, Florida 7th Annual Tallahassee Antique Bottle Show & Sale, at the North Florida Fairgrounds, 441 Paul Russell Road, Tallahassee, Florida 32301, Saturday, June 22nd – show starts at 9:00 am and closes at 3:00 pm. Early Admission: Friday, June 21st – dealer set up beginning at 3:00 pm; early bird/buyer starts at 5:00 pm, Set up – Friday 3:00 pm; Saturday 8:00 am, $3 admission; early admission on Friday is $15 and includes a dinner, www. floridabottles.com, Contact: Britt Keen, 1140 Renae Way, Tallahassee, Florida, 850.294.5537, britt_keen@hotmail.com

June 8 Atlanta, Georgia 43rd Atlanta Antique Bottle Show & Sale, Smyrna Community Center, 200 Village Green Circle, Smyrna, Georgia, 30080, Saturday, 9:00 am to 3:00 pm, Early admission is 6:00 am to 9:00 am

June 22 Tulsa, Oklahoma The Tulsa Antiques and Bottle Club 36th Annual Bottle and 5th Annual Antique Advertising Show from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm at the Tulsa Flea Market in the Expo Center at the Tulsa Fairgrounds, 21st Street

and Yale Avenue, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Free admission, no early buyers. Dealer set-up Friday June 21 from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm and Sat. June 22 from 6:00 am to 8:00 am. 200 show tables plus a 500 table flea market. Contact Richard Carr (a bottle guy) at 918.687.4150 or 918.478.6119 or Henry Tankersley (an advertising guy) at 918.481.3820 or 918.663.3218 or henry@ americanbanktulsa.com June 28 & 29 Reno, Nevada 50th Annual Reno Antique Bottle Show at the Grand Sierra Resort, 2500 East Second Street, Reno, Nevada, 89595, Show Hours: Friday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm, Saturday 9:00 am – 4:00 pm, Friday Early Lookers 9:00 am for $10, Saturday General Admission 9:00 am $5, Grand Sierra Resort rooms $89 per night Promotion Code – Antq6, Tele: 800.501.2651, Reno Antique Bottle Club, Contact Helene Walker for Contracts, P.O. Box 1061, Verdi, Nevada 89439, 775.345.0171, Rosemuley@Att.net July 13 Richmond, Rhode Island Come to the Little Rhody Bottle Club tailgate swap meet at the Richmond Antique Center, three miles East of Route #95 on Route #138. Bring your own tables, 9AM - ???. Free set up for non-members. For more information contact William or Linda Rose at (508) 880-4929. July 19 – 21 Nashville, Tennessee The National Insulator Association’s 44th Annual Show & Convention, at the Franklin Marriott Cool Springs, 700 Cool Springs Blvd., Franklin, Tennessee 37067, Capacity for 135+ dealer tables, 25+ Display tables, Raffles & Walk-in appraisals, Incentives for early sales table registration. July 20 & 21 Manchester, New Hampshire Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors presents the 2013 National Antique Bottle Show, at the Radisson New Hampshire Expo Center, 700 Elm Street, Manchester, New Hampshire 03101, 1.800.967.9033. Banquet is on Friday evening, 19 July 2012. Quality collectors from across the USA will be gathered for the first National


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(More) Sho-Biz Show to be offered in New England. Visit FOHBC.org for more information or contact Michael George, 603.765.8079, earlyglass@gmail.com July 27 Birmingham, Alabama 10th Annual Birmingham Antique Bottle & Folk Pottery Show, Bessemer Civic Center, 1130 9th Ave SW, Bessemer, Alabama 35022, Saturday, 27 July from 8:00 am thru 3:00 pm, Early Buyers on Friday, 26 July from 4:00 pm thru 8:00 pm, Dealer Set up Friday, 26 July from 4:00 pm thru 8:00 pm, Saturday FREE Public Admission; Friday Early Buyers $10, www.alabamabottlecollectors.com, Tom Lines, Show Chairman, PO Box 382831, Birmingham, Alabama 35238, 205.410.2191, albottlecollectors@hotmail.com July 27 Leadville, Colorado Antique Bottle Collectors of Colorado Leadville Show at the National Mining Hall of Fame and Museum Convention Center, 117 10th Street, Leadville, Colorado 80461, Open to the public 9:00 am to 4:00 pm, No early admission, Set-up starts at 6:00 am. Public enters at 9:00 am. Show closes at 4:00 pm. Takedown 4:00 pm to 7:00 pm, Admission: $3 all day 9:00 am to 4:00 pm. Antique Bottle Collectors of Colorado Inc., Jim and Barb Sundquist, Show Co-Chairmen, 303.674.4658 July 27 & 28 Adamstown, Pennsylvania 12th Annual Shupp’s Grove Bottle Festival at the famous ‘Shupp’s Grove’, 1686 Dry Tavern Road, Denver, Pennsylvania 17517, 6:00 am to dusk, early buyers Friday, 3:00 pm, Contact Info: Steve Guion, 717.626.5557 affinityinsurance@ dejazzd.com July 28 Altoona, Iowa Iowa Antique Bottleers 44th Annual Antique Bottle & Collectibles Show & Sale, Meadows Events Center, Prairie Meadows Racetrack & Casino (I-80 Exit 142), Altoona, Iowa, 9:00 am – 2:00 pm, Contact Info: Tom Southard, 2815 Druid Hill Drive, Des Moines, Iowa 50315, 515.490.9590

August 10 Vicksburg, Mississippi 15th Annual Vicksburg Antique Bottle Collectors Annual Show & Sale, 9:00 am to 4:00 pm at the Battlefield Inn, 4137 I-20 N. Frontage Road, Exit 4-B, Vicksburg, Mississippi, Admission: $2.00, Info: Russell Schaffer, russll2@bellsouth.net August 17 Urbana, Ohio 4th Annual Urbana, Ohio Antique Bottle and Jar Show at the 4-H Building, Champaign County Fairgrounds, 384 Park Avenue, Urbana, Ohio 43078, Saturday, 9:30 am – 3:00 pm, No early admission. $1.00 Admission Benefits a Junior 4-H Council, Antique bottles, fruit jars, flasks, inks, stoneware, milks, insulators, bitters, advertising and more. Held in conjunction with the Urbana Paper and Advertising Show, Information: John Bartley, PO Box 53, North Hampton, Ohio 45349, 937.964.8080 or jbartley@woh.rr.com August 17 Houston, Texas - Houston Antique Bottle Show (info forthcoming) September 14 Downieville, California Downieville Antique Bottles & Collectibles Show and Sale, Early Lookers: 8:00 am – 10:00 am, Admission: $10, Free Raffle Ticket included! Open 10:00 am – 3:00 pm, Free General Admission. Located in the Downieville School Gym on Hwy. 49 in the Historic Gold Rush Country, Featuring Bottles, Insulators, Gold Rush Items, Advertising, Saloon, Mining, Western Related Artifacts and Go Withs. For Show Information: Rick & Cherry Simi, 530.289.3659 email: ricksimi@att.net Online: www. oldwestbottles.com/downieville_show. php, Display Info: Warren Friedrich 530.265.5204 FOHBC Member Club September 21 Santa Ana, California The Los Angeles Historical Bottle Clubs 47th Antique Bottle, Fruit Jar, Insulator Show & Sale will be held at the Santa Ana Elks Lodge, 212 Elk Lane, Santa Ana, California 92701, Dealer setup 6:00 am – 9:00 am; Early Buyers: $5, 8:00 am

– 4:00 pm; General Admission: $3 – 9:00 am – 4:00 pm. Info Contact: Don Wippert, donwippert@yahoo.com, 818.346.9833 or Dick Homme 818.362.3368 September 22 Indianapolis, Indiana The Indianapolis Circle City Antique Bottle Club will host their 1st Annual Show. There is limited space for about 60 tables. Set-up 7:00 am to 9:00 am, Show hours: 9:00 am – 3:00 pm. Indianapolis Marriott East, 7202 East 21st Street, Indianapolis, Indiana 46219. Hotel rates available make sure to mention the Circle City Bottle club for a discount. Tables are going fast. Contact Martin Van Zant, 208 Urban Street, Danville, Indiana, 812.841.9495, mdvanzant@yahoo.com September 22 Buffalo, New York 15th Annual Greater Buffalo Bottle Collectors Association Annual Show and Sale at the Polish Falcons Hall, 445 Columbia Avenue, Depew, New York 14043, Show Time: Sunday, 9:00 am to 2:00 pm, Set-up: from 7:00 am to 9:00 am, Admission: $2.00, children under 12 free, Greater Buffalo Bottle Collectors Association, gbbca.org, Info: Joe Guerra, Secretary, 29 Nina Terrace, West Seneca, New York 14224, 716.674.5750, jguerra3@ roadrunner.com September 28 Memphis, Tennessee The Memphis Bottle Collectors Club presents their 28th Annual Antique Bottle & Advertising Show at Agricenter International, 7777 Walnut Grove Road, Memphis, Tennessee 38120, Collectors from 25 States, 9:00 am – 4:00 pm, Early Admission Available, Admission $5.00, www.memphisbottleclub.com, Show Chairman: Gene Bradberry, 3706 Deerfield Cove, Bartlett, Tennessee 38135, Tele: 901.372.8428 or 901.359.8428 September 29 North Carolina 12 Annual Greensborough Antique Bottle Show at the Farmer’s Curb Market, 501 Yanceyville Street, Greensboro, North Carolina 27405, Sunday, 9:00 am - 3:00 pm, No early admission, Dealer setup


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(More) Sho-Biz Sunday 7:00 - 9:00 am, Admission: $1, Southeast Bottle Club, Contact: Reggie Lynch, President, PO Box 2286, Forest, Virginia 24551, 704.221.6489, rlynch@ antiquebottles.com October 5 Richmond, Virginia Richmond, VA 42nd Antique Bottle Show and Sale, Chesterfield County Fairgrounds, 10300 Courthouse Road, Chesterfield, Virginia 23832, 9:00 am – 3:00 pm, Admission: $3, Early Admission at 7:30 am for $10, Info: RichBottleClub@comcast.net or Marvin Croker 804.275.1101 or Ed Faulkner 804.739.2951 October 12 Woodstock, Connecticut Annual Heckler Columbus Day Hayfield Event October 13 Keene, New Hampshire Yankee Bottle Show

November 03 Elkton, Maryland The Tri-State Bottle Collectors and Diggers Club, Inc., 41st Annual Antique Bottle and Collectibles Show and Sale will be held on from 9:00 am to 2:00 pm at the Singerly Fire Hall, Routes 279 & 213, (I-95, exit 109A), Elkton, Maryland 21922. Admission – $3.00 – Children under 12 Free. Contact: Dave Brown, 302.738.9960 or Email – dbrown3942@comcast.net November 9 Jacksonville, Florida The Antique Bottle Collectors of North Florida present their 46th Annual Antique Bottle Show at the Fraternal Order of Police Building, 5530 Beach Blvd, Jacksonville, Florida 32207, Saturday 8:00 am to 3:00 pm, Early Admission: Friday 5:00 pm to 8:00 pm, Early Birds, Friday, 5:00 pm to 8:00 pm, $15 Early Bird admission. Free admission Saturday, Info: Mike Skie, Show Chairman, 3047 Julington Creek Road, Jacksonville, Florida 32223, 904.710.-0422

November 23 Milford, Ohio The St. Andrew Antique Bottle Show, St. Andrew Parish Center, 553 Main St, Milford, Ohio, 9:00 am – 1:00 pm, Admission $4. Early admission 7:00 am, $15. Contact: Steve Singer, 1684 Autumn Oak Drive, Batavia, Ohio 45103, 513.732.2793, singersams@yahoo.com August 1 – 3 2014 Lexington, Kentucky Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors presents the 2014 National Antique Bottle Show, at the Lexington Convention Center, 430 West Vine Street, Lexington, Kentucky 40507, 859.233.4567. Banquet is on Friday evening, Lexington is a historic city (founded 1775) located at the cross-section of Interstate 64 and 75. Louisville, KY and Cincinnati,OH are just an hour away. Lexington has many area attractions including: Visit FOHBC.org. Sheldon Baugh and Randee Kaiser will be serving as co-show chairpersons.

Save The Date

28th Annual

ANTIQUE BOTTLE & ADVERTISING SHOW Memphis, Tennessee Agricenter International 7777 Walnut Grove Road Memphis, Tennessee 38120

Saturday, September 28th, 2013 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Collectors from 25 States Early Admission Available

Admission $5.00

www.memphisbottleclub.com www.fohbc.org Show Chairman Gene Bradberry, 3706 Deerfield Cove, Bartlett, TN 38135 (901)372-8428 (901)359-8428

San Diego 2013

Antique Bottle & Collectibles Show & Sale Saturday June 8, 2013 Al Bahr Shrine Temple 5440 Kearny Mesa Rd San Diego, CA 92111

DISPLAYS

RAFFLES

Two Floors, 9,000 Sq. Ft. 100+ Tables

Come For The Day, Spend The Weekend Close To Hotels, Beaches, Sea World & The Zoo Dealer Set-up 7:30 AM “Early Bird” 8:00 AM $10.00 General Admission 9:00AM – 12:00 PM Free Admission Noon – 3 PM Kids under 12 free with adult

$2.00

Mike Bryant Chairman

INFO: Jim Walker (858) 490-9019 jfw@internetter.com www.sdbottleclub.org DISCOUNTS TO AREA ATTRACTIONS

FREE PARKING

AWARDS FOR DISPLAYS


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Membership Benefits The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors cordially invites you to join a dedicated group of individuals and clubs who collect, study and display the treasured glass and ceramic gems of yesteryear. The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors (FOHBC) is a non-profit organization supporting collectors of historical bottles, flasks, jars, and related items. The goal of the FOHBC is to promote the collection, study, preservation and display of historical bottles and related artifacts and to share this information with other collectors and individuals. Federation membership is open to any individual or club interested in the enjoyment and study of antique bottles. The Federation publication, Bottles and Extras, is well known throughout the hobby world as the leading publication for those interested in bottles and “go-withs”. The magazine includes articles of historical interest, stories chronicling the hobby and the history of bottle collecting, digging stories, regional news, show reports, advertisements, show listings, and an auction directory. Bottles and Extras is truly the place to go when information is needed about this popular and growing hobby. In addition to providing strength to a national/international organization devoted to the welfare of the hobby, your FOHBC membership benefits include: • A full year subscription the Federation’s official bi-monthly publication, Bottles and Extras • One free ad per yearly membership of 100 words for use for “wanted” items, trade offers, etc. • Eligibility for a discount at FOHBC sponsored shows (National or EXPOs) towards “early admission” or dealer table rent • Access to a knowledge of the world of antique bottle collecting unavailable elsewhere • Contact information for clubs devoted to the study of historical bottles • A forum for your writings, articles, and editorials regarding the hobby • Participation in the nomination and selection of Federation members for the Honor Roll and Hall of Fame • Federation-sponsored writing, show poster, and newsletter-design contests • Free publication assistance for your book or manuscript • And more... We encourage Affiliated Bottle Club memberships by offering these additional benefits to your group: • Display advertising in Bottles and Extras at an increased discount of 50% • Insertion of your bottle club show ad on the Federation website to increase your show’s exposure • Links to your club website free of charge, as well as assistance with the creation of your website • Free Federation ribbon for Most Educational Display at your show • Slide programs for use at your club meetings • Participation in Federation sponsored insurance program for your club show and any other club sponsored activities Finally… We need your support! Our continued existence is dependent upon your participation as well as expanding our membership. The Federation is the only national organization devoted to the enjoyment, study, preservation, collection, and display of historical bottles. The FOHBC welcomes individuals who would like to contribute by running for Board positions or by sharing their expertise and volunteering their talents in other areas of interest such as contributions to our publications, assistance with the Federation’s National and EXPO shows, or through membership promotion. If you haven’t yet joined our organization, please do so and begin reaping the benefits. If you are already a member, please encourage your friends and fellow collectors to JOIN US!! For more information, questions, or to join the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, please contact:

Alan DeMaison 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077 phone: (H) (440)-358-1223, (C) (440)-796-7539 e-mail: a.demaison@sbcglobal.net or visit our home page on the web at FOHBC.org


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Bottles and Extras Individual and Affiliated Club Information

FOHBC Individual Membership Application For Membership, complete the following application or sign up at www.fohbc.org (Please Print) Do you wish to be listed in the printed membership directory? (name, address, phone number, email address and what you collect) { } Yes { } No

Name ____________________________ Address ____________________________ City _____________ State __________ Zip _____________ Country _______ Do you wish to be listed in the Telephone ___________________________ online membership directory? Email Address ________________________ (name, address, phone number,

Bottles and Extras FREE ADS

Category: “WANTED” Maximum - 60 words Limit - One free ad per current membership year. Category: “FOR SALE” Maximum - 100 words Limit - 1 ad per issue. (Use extra paper if necessary.)

email address and what you collect)

Collecting Interests ____________________ { } Yes { } No ____________________________ ____________________________ Would you be interested in ____________________________ serving as an officer? {

} Yes

{

} No

Addtional Comments __________________ Would you be interested ____________________________ in contributing your bottle

knowledge by writing articles for the Bottles and Extras? { } Yes { } No

Membership/Subscription rates for one year (6 issues) (Circle One)

United States - second class $30.00 - second class for three years $75.00 - first class $45.00

Canada - first class $50.00 Other countries - first class $65.00

(all first class sent in appropriate mailer) Add an Associate Membership* to any of the above at $5.00 for each associate for each year

Name(s) of Associate(s) _________________________ *Associate Membership is available to members of the immediate family of any adult holding an Individual Membership. Children of ages 21 or older must have their own individual membership. Associate(s) Members enjoy all of the right and privledges of an Individual Membership

Signature _________________________Date_______ Please make checks or money orders payable to FOHBC and mail to: FOHBC Membership, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville OH 44077 Effective 9/2011

Affiliated Club Membership for only $75.00 with liability insurance for all club sponsored events, 50% discount on advertising in the Bottles and Extras, plus much more, Contact: Alan DeMaison, FOHBC Business Manager 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville OH 44077 (440)-358-1223 or a.demaison@sbcglobal.net

Clearly Print or Type Your Ad Send to: Alan DeMaison FOHBC Business Manager 1605 Clipper Cove Painesville, OH 44077 or better yet, email Alan at: a.demaison@sbcglobal.net

Article Submission Requirements: All Bottles and Extras articles or material need to be submitted on CD (preferable) or an email using a compressed (zipped) file. The file must be created by Microsoft Word, Publisher or Adobe N-Design so the editor does not have to retype the work. High-resolution digital images are our preferred format. Please submit digital images on a CD according to the instructions below. We will accept e-mail submissions only if the image resolution is acceptable. The e-mail or CDs must have only ONE subject per transmission to minimize confusion. Each image must be accompanied by a caption list or other identifying information. Professional-grade equipment is a must to achieve the size and quality image we require. The highest setting on the camera should be used for maximum resolution and file size. Only high quality images will be considered. Please do not send photographic prints or scans of images—the color and quality are generally not up to par compared with digital images or slides scanned by our imaging department. We will consider exceptions for photos that can’t be easily found, such as older historical images. We rarely use slides anymore and prefer not to receive submissions of slides due to the time and liability involved in handling them.


American Glass Gallery TM

We are currently seeking quality consignments for our 2013 auction schedule! As a consignor, please consider the following benefits to help ensure your valued items reach their highest potential: Z Competitive consignor rates and low buyer premiums Z Broad-based and extensive advertising Z Experience, knowledge, honesty and integrity Z Attention to detail and customer service

For more information, please give us a call!

Pictured here are items to be included in our Spring, 2013 Auction.

"NFSJDBO(MBTT(BMMFSZt+PIO31BTUPSt10#PY /FX)VETPO .JDIJHBO QIPOFtXXXBNFSJDBOHMBTTHBMMFSZDPNtFNBJMKQBTUPS!BNFSJDBOHMBTTHBMMFSZDPN


FOHBC C/O Alan DeMaison, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077

Please CheCk your information and notify us of errors.

FOHBC.org

With over forty years of auction experience, you can’t go wrong with Hecklers Now accepting consignments for our 2013 auction schedule

Pictured Left: Washington - Classical Bust And “Baltimore X Glass. Works.” Portrait Flask in screaming yellow from Baltimore Glass Works, Baltimore, Maryland, 1840-1860.

Norman C. Heckler & Company

Auctioneers of Antique Bottles and Glass, Period Decorative Arts, Singular Art Objects & Estates

(860) 974-1634

| www.hecklerauction.com | info@hecklerauction.com

B&E May_Jun2013 finalx  

Bottles & Extras, May-June 2013 Issue

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