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Passive Voice is used when the focus is on the action. e.g. My bike was stolen


Purposes of Passive Voice • The agent is unknown. e.g La Voz was founded in 1920. • The agent is clear from the context e.g.La Voz is sold at newsstands


• You want to avoid mentioning the agent e.g.Lots of mistakes were made in the article • The agent is mentioned only if it conveys information. e.g.The book was written by Cervantes


Structure of Passive Voice • Object (D/I) • Active verb

Subject Passive Verb

(BE in the same tense as Active verb + Past Participle of active verb) e.g. They eat apples e.g. Apples are eaten


Passive Voice in Tenses subject

tense Simple present

Past progressive Present perfect

object

active

Mary

writes

books

passive

books

are written

by Mary

Mary

Is writing

books

passive

books

are being written

by Mary

active

Mary

wrote

books

passive

books

were written

by Mary

active

Mary

was writing

books

passive

books

were being written by Mary

active

Mary

has written

books

passive

books

have been written

by Mary

Present progress active Simple past

verb


Passives with two objects •

They gave her a nice present I D

1. She was given a nice present 2. A nice present was given to her


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passive voice  

structure of passive voice

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