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c M 0 1 8 3S

,T STANDAFItrt CHINESE

A MODULAF

APPFIOACH

STUDENTTEXT M O D U L E3 : M O N E Y M O D U L E4 : D I R E C T I O N S

SPONSOF]ED E]Y AGENCIES OF THE UNITED STATES AND C)ANAC)IAN GOVEFNMENTS


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T h i t p u b l i c a t i o' rs l o b e u j e dp . m d a r r1 1! J D D o (o t ' n s r ' L cnl q m ' l t d v o e R o n n e l a t p a r ro l t h e D e f e n s e L a n g L a g pe ' ; g r a r ( ; F { d . n r a n d . o . i e 5 d e r i r . I n q u r F : (on<ern'ngthe useol rater ah, in.lrding requestsror (opie<,,hoLld be add e$ed Det€nsetanquageInetllute ForeignLanguaqe Cente. Nonr€sidentTraanind Division Prsidio of Monterei ca 93944-5006 Topicsin rhe areat of politi6, intrnational relalrons,moret, et ., whi.h mav be contideredascontoveEialfrom someDointsoi v ew. areeom€rimes in.luded irilhe l a n q u a g ei n i r r u ( l r o nf o r D L I F L C pe6onne may .o stLdenu Ihemrelverin positionswhere . (led rlda^tdndrnq oI m a t e r i a l so f t l i i n a t u r e ro rren r.s or r1e prerelce of contoveBialstat€ments-whether rea of aooaf€nr-inoltFlC materiatrshoutdnot b e c o n r t r u e da s r e p r e 3 e r r n gr h e o p ' r ' o r i o ' r h e w " r e ' 3 . l h e D l t f t ( , o r r h e DepartmentofDelense. Actlal brand nahet and burine$esare sometm€r cted in DLtFl,Cinrtrudiona m d t e r i a l1r 0 p r o v ' d ei n n r J ( r i o r' n o o n L n . d l o r ! a . d m e . n ' n g rT h e3 e l e c r i oonl tu<hproprietirytetm3.ndnom.\\b"\pd\ol€vo.rl-eirvaluefo,'nnructionrnthe langoage. lt doet not constiiute endocement of any produd or (ommercia ent€rprise,nor i5 it in1€nded10 invite: comDarronwith other brand namesand busine$esnoimentioned In DLIFLCpubl .at ons, the words he, him, and/or /lir denote borh ma5<!line and feminine gende6 lhn naleme.t does nor apply to trannation3 oi toreisn The DLIFLCmay not have l!l riqhts to the materia15it prod!ces. Purchateby the ( J r o r e r d o e si c t L o r : r r u r " d L : l - o _, c t , o . l o r ' e o o d u ; l r o n ,r e e de o r \ h o w i r i t o r p o l r t G - r p . . r . p ' o o L d s d i l ' b u r e db y I e D . . l . C m a y b e L s e d, n a r y n o a . o r prorit settinq wirhour prior dppfoval from the DLIFLC


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PREFACE ,4}b'!v

::sr.!:llrn"4.: .""r.,ed.e held 11 felt

lD-er{encv ra'r to addresg

Amroach ortgtnated !n s

tn tne u s hh€6e raterlal8

tc retlect

d wbtch ftte ol a o D.et the requtrd.nts dd acadeErc fi Etitrtions. c.!t.ar

A Prolect e&ra xet eotadr asencj hteulsence

ile

6.b@1 cr the Natlonal s€curliv Asencv' da the U.s Erder III, Jo.elh c lensrd rlurler-lby4 (Dl,I)r r@. R. kzuo shiisa {NsA):

offlc'

.x1t1.

tel€$e

Lesllge

txe arJptoroslc

of ldutation,

Jobn lo63 (crAJ i ed ri{o! IW c$ts' Butc]]lndon' Fatriff $1 (rs])l 1a F€trov toE)j ed

zoriz (crrls ).

PFiect tn 19?! loard 5.t rp th€ cnteBe co!€ crrtcula rach ot lhe .tt U s. .!her asdtstsce' F*--*,

Tde h.lect *d

i*.dl*

!.oleci

c.o!i.laato!'

ed a lIentls

cosc

65 foned cons13tlns of lib the rafl

cf 1917,

ln nte., dd rues v!€6 of !!os Udaetdttv alpotrted deputv lroJect cooritlldor'

&d arso serteil o! th. !13A1ns c.ucil cou Tne llentls lroleci. to revld thelr de!1sn fo! tne mierials &d let !.€ulsrv lnstltute

tho @L.it in close c"!e!ei1on !urv' vlih trre plsnins couctl sd trth tne cbtnese Etaft ol i]le rotelg! service fotutE of tne cdplexe!Harvey develoled tlE rnstactlonal t!. c@ulcatrondso ito.tned rstertela, oa 3elf-6tuav bs":cr63'roo sludetrt!er'Byro-3 tea W M. la'al€' ' !bra rrad Jol.ed ihe 3t'ff to !'odule 6. Burr'.quelt ti:e D6terlars *. tto ir'"y r"* *"i.4 Foduce


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..r.ct€dtfchu&0.Gm' rtea-d lt, ed Yuhul c.

o llovlded at vutou6 rtre3 ry vincent E4cieo, 1t3. !. lovd€n, ,t r v, Ff,l{s, Dob. !ds, !h. e ltiller slrs c. Iblr, oit lGtldgeD sro?., ft! F.au.itd o! iap€ !€co.di4! ms dtrected ty Jos€ I,t. Rdlrez of th. ror.ll. &atce Iletttut€ Recoittng studto. Tlre chin€s. .crtlr waa yll.ed ny l,ls. Che, M3. ch€n, rrr. ghd, MB, D1&, rc, I{I, 1.1!.Knuo, rll, I,t Bcrtpt 'a3 re.d by Ms. !an1e, r43. Ba.rJ, U!. !ass1&o, MB. lrrrr, M5. Pote, dd rrs, Srryp€. The eraDhrcr ?e!e lroatlced by ,rohn hstltute Aldlo-V1eual gaeFl sadote, cbter ot audlo-yi3u6r. steoard

supefllslon of Josern A,

cb1ne6€: A Modutar Apo'o4h t!.

sd the unrfelslry

loletgjr senlce Inetturei i)re teauese L€a&r's 1! rofce lcde&yj th. Irrtv€rBrty of Ir nolst or vlrslata.

6f trre !.f.ns. ,llfiic 6ulpolt tFing,

lsgrage In3t n€c.srary to support bctuded coo.dtnatton, s!a!x1c ed latedafB nec !roof!..dlns, ldnttn8,

e!,

Nttorlzcd

rhe

(t/ cor6 cullcuru

PloJ.ct roard


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coNtEt{ts

3

I. rcotr,n nibet,"

"!t.c.,'

|"

26 28

I I

R.l6ree

"s@'"Xot.c !l!GI

)

beettGr

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&d lollte

!al.dr'd

rlld.tlEt

Gt.

(!&c, d&!e)

I ! ql 7

7 i,

t', t-

'.tlcl"

3'

umt 3 Fcfe6c.trot........ R.duDrtcstcd Gbr (t&rq) 'o!rq*.it6. ylib @ 3@t4.. rltL o!J.ct. od @ .6it c@tEl.@ ldJâ&#x201A;Źctt%l c!!. at.t@t. !lh. Nk r !g t6 t.!t.tlE voclbl'Idy

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{color.)

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sd !.qurt!

. .

,7 59 R.!d6c. f,otei ft. !r4.1 cout.! -49' Ti!. @!n. t! ioltc po.tti6 itth colll.tto !g t! .$i4r.. r{od1i.l!s rrEs.! rltb jE

co@ted olt.ctr


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voc6llrsy

Eoo*.!

voc.bulqy

.

l{oldr

(ntlba.

1l . C1'BB!od)

66 61 7' 71

d.!@t!!tio!E

rb. !r.!o.rtloi.r

e.'! aI!

F."",r"s the q,.'ti; D r t I I o .

"r!b 'ht b" shl : - ' - , , . .

. .

F.rordc. ndes

obJecrlves . M,r of lErJr's

F.tererce rn st l1l !€!8,

"toEdt

: ud 4&8,

"toEd3"

cdPl€rton te rD irhent' !!l@&lns

h!. fo! c-rT4e voclbulay.

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The foE atr.crlds Place ftlar dtb -!!!!r ed tb. v€lbs sht, y6u. sd

.

. r3r .

.

zal

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Eoo6r,.r(r}1lss r, nrtu€) .

158

. . .

ur9. ro! c-l t.!.

r61 ri.

verb. 1!'

!!€!.311!mal "iffi&"

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c"Fe*a

or ar!€ctlod srth lri! ad sl!

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7n !r€!d1trons1

vert 4i

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a brlldtls ctlo!6 l*lile (![t1dfn$ ua Instltuild., ry !.o6t.!

1T8

r35

u{11 5 a!3 tot c-r Tale .

ZL Ddlns

"r6!.,i

\96 L91 "aa.I!'


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MODULE4: DIRECIIONS ehe Direcrloi8 uodde (DrR) vrrr

serore oretlns th

Dad.,

you tu3t tat€ dil lasE tbc vol| crliellon

e @dures lqy .r.o

be hcllded.

OBJECTIVES

clE

th€ E4rlsb

&t ld

arr.d{e.

ro

dr..ctrons

cdF.baa t,

equrEle.t

811

.rou$

to

!€lomtrate ud€!3t&dr thdster}y3t€!. Dl8ti.sri3h

1 . ,li.ct

b€tyeen EErJtls ud Tatlet e:are6do!. lo! dtlectlonr .lttes ln rbtch ttey ml1d be w.a.

e@eon€ (u6$g shsre-seltace

ty

dr!€ctlons) to y&rous !1&€B


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Taipei \

Idt

a--11<t

H mlE=_l nG.-* E

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ffi|1 ll! lu

E_]lll ,, ir ll3

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r=T l l l l i:,t7---==1li;'t

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UNIT T TAFGET I.IST xi zhidao tu :lidao ru6'E!

lio rdf;itins qi, zlme .6r? c6ns zhEri v;ns 2!6 z.:u. Diore

86 6hi, c6ns uhili ytzhl zdu,

F6.hbu, ddole lnrEu) zAi rAne zu6 zd!, dul bu dur?

Ilio. tri zhliiaole.

xrtsrie.

a.DDrrrorlr rEeulRt! locr'3ur.AnY

(noi lresented on c-r &d P-1 tapet)

Do you knd

ol the llu6!:1


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UNIT 2 TARGETLIST nl .hldao D6Bda. D$.ylD6,utn Bxt b! shi zlr 'h!r rfutnr

D&nyt,6.nn or*:.

qn, zEee rlu?

zhrrse fendlii

D. yo! rld vrerhr xovle !-he.te. i!

th€ D6.gdan i! thfu qea?

tui do I 3.t mr nele to tb. D6,sd6! ttr*re ne.te.?

dns d6!g

,iole dt!!g€ rni;u, b!111.8 srrl D6!sde! cit3h1clE55.

l'1.!

N6nbls 6n1 '6hgdEn C6.Ed6!. Diaaylnetuan Jti zit D6nsdln cElrr:1ch&sd6fbtlD.

0n the 30urh Btd-a ls D6.sdar Pa.x.

3 . en ki! dli])Jlng ylqli!, qn IrAnyis. p6ndou. reldlEr In!.

rlbiu

v6 x16n

ydr etyou r!1

Y6uyrs€ ai!.!41!n.

you be}e t,chcd

Th€ !oY1e t]j.lter is lut o! rhe vest rld. or ur. !6nsde! fi!'r.r. l.for. I so to s.. tbc !d!€, I & trrEt soiDg to rt31r e f!!.na. I5 th€!€ s !r4e Y...

Fh.'.'B

tu tw

cenry

a a.!1ety .ho!.

ADDITION'I REq,IiED VOCAIII,A.RY {et Fe..!t.d o! c-1 6d P-r iap.s) t,

vttblM!

(rAlhi,n)

1. 8.

8. 9.


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U N I T3 TAFGET LIST r. Nl

Laolii, nlr y6u Dtr shndel x6!€dJlns ,alrE y6u yts. xt.nu-i xdsfnllns

LeoliA, xinlru, shidlan lt ,hA!

Doulddd

tbt

ls Y.rt

t]]c Uev Cltnd Book-

5. dir6u Jli shi xlnnuashndrin.

htrdtaa

or the .ast Blde ot the

6 , Daoxl.nud shGrAnqn, rEee

?.

c6!s dlDan chnqu, ch66bEr gu51, lrn shi ttrginlYis Dil i6.

tun to the 1.u go out the €rtrsc., lorrh, ed thltts rransinJls

laolla, nalse dt16u sh{ xlnhu6

txcude ne, ts that hulrdlq

IJIITIONA! REAUINM VOCAIUIAiY (nat presented on c-1 sil P-1 tales)

the td


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(nrm of a d.luhent lt.

d}tbgtld

16. xribrd

stor.

rn

(shinsbl6n)

(jrEbie) saeln..tni

tb. uderr.ltl

1S. z!6!sJ$a (z!6!d1er)

tho dditl€, tr€ r!4e 1n !€tvesn

19. DtretleE (!6nablen)

b..1der ft:t

to! alonB.lde ori


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UNI' 4 TAAGETIIST 1. Qlhs,elr caltilg ztr n6ut

r,r4y I a*r T.l.

xtal. dr!!tl,

Jln LtnJld ro.

2, qlnsaEn, nllen rlEll y6u elyou

tb.

rd

13 tbclc

r Pllc.

il,oor are e!6

do I g.t t!.!e

to s.t

ea ItrE (lu.t)

co dmrirtlBr

!ofd?

(so)l

co .t'.ls!t to the n.c!. Oo u! t!. 16 siatlrr .!iI tbe EP deP.ltd.nt (Jui) o! in. tlgrlt.

xlshEu,lla! zal !rli? zit Da:u, {t's r.l tE\ ,Jti

cr .fl

tb. vry 1n,

TIDITIONAf, iIQI'IRED VOCIIIJI,III (!ot !r...!i.d o! c-r ed P-1 tsles)

6.

dutdtn

(dub$!!)

?.

zblbiu

('!:ftld)

6.

lAbian (!41b1@)

r@!?

to ibe 3.cona

er.r.to!

}I3Y I 4kt

0! xh.t

!.

ig the dhlhs

ii!€! you b.Y. aotift ot! th. €revatorr th.! rar1], .€e lt.

YBu. xlt l6u, rulbtd ltn 6ha. Y..,

sa.g bdu r"tzll du, sba!€ 16u! y6un1& J1n 6hr D-tt dltnde.

rher.

th.

5td.

!41!ai

es.r

f@'

.ad (occur tu !1e€ Elds) 6ufac. (occur lh Dree EldBl


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UNIT 5 TARCETLIST

il

zhEosh€Me itlt@gl

that place de you looktls !o!1 r e 1ooir.g ro! larc t\ of n6lJrDs

3. ngdI.s last rosd, s.ctlon l.

qlng+n, itnlng

zll n6u?

ri.y I .3h, vlere tu arey

t?

Yd Erk (Btr.rgnt) Ybuitd

dtytue rn}6u Jln Ehl

5 . alnsvE. zhltrdo ln snl !baM.

nr€ frrst

lDtersectro!

oa the .tsbt

Uay I aser vhdt road lo th151

zhe iht zh6qshEn!!11i.

arD1r10!r, nxQllnrD voclsuta.nY (not lreee.tea on c-l ea P-l tales)

a 1&. (ltrltugl

iiooftJr

8.tevey,

entlece

!eile6,t!1e udelgloud

rerh.'


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UNIT 1

REFEAENCE LIST I

!,

Ifd d& tnfaltlns qn.

!:

nl zltda. t!

A:

Da6 nilt

c:

c6!g lhErl lrtru zud r6u.

c:

,t Io !\!u'

cr

tn et!€ y6u Dlole $riu' rdu, Jln dt. k.

q\

'hidq.

zl@

Ya!

zdu' aut bu

R,l6u, dt6l. l&!u' dbr e6 zntd& L.

zir

Yd!*i.,

atnsva!' c6!e zlau dio lF bt!3 qn' r&s ]'iu z6u, dll D:

rd Bbr, c6ng zh![

Do you tnd

of tle

[u-'!Et

z6u?

zAr vils

A: 16 n6r v&s d

c:

f,uilE1

]']tbl

rlb.a you h.f !€eched tb. t!t.r...tto!, i!.! rou sp t6 ths !1€!t. r,Jh.! tE! hlYo rc&h.it th. rnte!you 36 to t!. !ls!t, 6ectiolr i!.. I1lrt

I gp to the I.ft.

It tDlt

r.b.n yo! haE re.cb.d after tb.t, t]1. htefrectto!, tb.r You 3P io Gooit, l!€

aot tt @.

Thsrk 'bq

qy I .Etr to 8pt t!@ heF to t!. Io thlt b.!l you s. io the !I8!t. no, t@

hle

rbu 3p 't!ardi.


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IDDIrIOMI FTQI'IRID VOCIIUIAiY l@t !!$eateal o! c-l dd P-r ta!..) 1o.

f&6u&zr

(rilguiE)

(B;tJtDs)

8n*L

sis&

t!

latpel


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l*"*

T T

fl*4-

Nco#einousi


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(r.iret)

luts&

corf..!.ac

.td.,

.hoD (dlrt!s)

Jtn

.li.m&,

.tt.!

tbrt

(@lt-93-!!gle-i!!e!.)

(1tt.rduy!

1I6

io!6

.c!oo1i)


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REFEhENCENOIES Ni

9! 13 s.d

gs, i.

s

*y",'

.re rrb,'.o 0 ''go1rB ro lhe 3cturry"

r, *d

&d

rd "e.rd*;

'*r, 'i

,:;, eol"s ,r.avrB) ad,.

rd,ild'Dl's

F:-rl3!r3!r++:.s.+j!!!E1-s!-rs*q" I e sous io shei3]1d!. l€caf€

di3

a! a.tron v.r

sh+ yd bn dept dqIN.d1!

ro go.

sollg

(o!thd,1]J, n!'. sITvaIIor)

h. ru

DAr...on: & thls exchere dio 1s rct tbe fun rr! b.ebg "ro 'rto.'r l;;i-fi; r" rh€ !,adi!l;.r p.elorltio!.f rc$ rhe vclt

e€ b.stmlns rltb dao hdlcet.3 ih€ d.sttlatlo!. {ottce th.t pl.!ostth6 @ln Ye*, rn4. r! &srt.b tbey lalryrouo'th€Ye'b.

Ta r!1 Xlinni.r

!hir.

sh€ oiaved !_!9!g_I9!4

arls !1 d1-I9 huilrNe.

Pr.E.. cha.se rt ror !e.

v6g&-!ar4!:!s sn. qeloritional

vo!!

t.

a1rrys fotld€d

1r?

snoudnoulhldgethltrs


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'coffeehouselr: p€o!r. say t!6t t!€ dotfeehoEc '4 ! se rifittld, to luop€e colcelt frrot .iropted ny tbe Ja!ee.. oi! th.! t'e3!1et€d ].l.E.ry!rac$'b.E! 6r .@thln€ sd ta* eitb a fd6bd tor h@s, s@ .off€€hou to t !4kaoua of t..6!a.a u8ht @1c. q te co@!.rttd, offettls . ilore! Hna. ol colL€ 1! aitdatlo! io . €rt.tnr of fnlt ibl.r$ .nd Eott drtll3. 6@tt!€o th€E lay .r.o b. ! 3hot !e!u tlcludtng tt@ suh u tt.d !Ic.,

Do you bov o! iL. tutdt

trje rclh ,biat. arro truerat-hto 4$allt.d

e}lle

!.es 'to &!@n or ito L!ry oi,r' ,lotnd v..t. E!3rtEb s nto hd,'!!t 1n tlE sd.. ot nto

rrih,i

tu the !es!trY. Tbe r€$

lhIds

it

!E!lg

.!d

ls r sttt€

€!d3 r. ! nek.r

be

vs$.

rcldr'ro6 {jEf,b he rE4."r Es!, 'to !. .rca.iv."). IoovlE {rhtdEl ; arl1 c;rr&r6d ;;;;v$r1!g (lltqe or IcqJ, dld rtrtls rdh"*) 'nh !q (!*." !E1), ,! r *!te Erb, 3!&!9 cu oorv te ;;:;gaii". re t6r n4

rE ytql6! bn rhlai. ,iee dlo 2b$ rlrt dalzit rhlitao Ie. 15 qin16n hal ti ,brdlo ta ylh& yt dio zh6.gg@qn, !!441:

E4!€&g

ro r.r.r to chib!. to E er to h.rtce

rle (a. $ filrd6).

sriultiold.

{.

itldlrt L.d hd to a.t L.r. lefe.r but @ !e }!@. y.ar be ntdllt Ist bd that !€

r! m. of ih. syrkbk! oftm us "!.a!tttuL,r! t! u€d t6 cc@Nitr

rrs


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3.

th€ v€rn z6u as '!to re.ae," 1n tbe 5€!te!ce enor€' "o* .r I;; s. ry ".y .r,"

rEr€. z3u zrrli€. lan yE Layi. Hdrrr h6i b6 1ut rbu. TblE Beltsce

co!3tsts of a tolic, ado lall tlj8t tollc, s!!gg

o! tb€ destrnatlo!,

yhl1e z!! r*u!$

o!

!!ce.), L lld

!!s$

nirdn:

u.rt.

th.

r3 ft]y rdely u6ed aE a ftlr ra*edpleFoBltlonally'

vim.

h.r. you go to th. ].ft.

E!!

l!

dodern chrnese.

"1o."'tovuG":

!!48. . ,ion or!_ .hi:e $s rblri d]$ !e !rciow@d @E

hdd*'

o..ns 61!!\v

xost rr'equentlr'

eiu ud dAo !&v or ''o \ddd$

!&E

rr9


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loltce

tnni

i'o

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!E!o.til,oh.l

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occs

PnEPOSTTTOIA!

c6!s,hUr

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a qs.aressed by a vold 1b cn{bese, lrftat do.s the lI9 bs.I clo'e?")

r'!.! yd laE reshed tlre 5e.o!it htelde.tto!'@th.lorth3ld€ on the 1s th€ !64den [tr{et. 3outn sid€ is D6ngda, PdI.

's1de.'

Nlen lt

t3 a4ded to a direc-

ls a

Instance, bErblar

!!

!E1. on the .th.r

uinx rEr z6u. 'yo. t6. -lb ti, znE, end y6.r ;ih--br-' r -U!s-G odr's r.^-.* lElbldn!,

.d - B t h e r d D u s u a U ssed

virh-;;lR. fi_)]:3!E

'\ddds':

!!

nre dher d :eclion vords (!!!6, rh. nee or 3 rlace {,n .d],i

m

' ,- vde q:lren

-!1s!.

'see urit r,

n6lbtff: T!6. locatlor tolit3 de nolns ('ctrns ue tran.lated !!to lDgltsh

as topic3

J.


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c6@an

rarc-r+4 :!:j!!!!e: .-q'

eds).

I-Lera!'y

rr&,

"Eorr. rrhalr," s ir 's&.en,' *" 9.l3gr!!4@, se!.

Belry,

of a r&sâ&#x201A;Ź (;rsd glEd

iD BE1J!4,

e4!sd! rv.eer"bles), lgliL

(ess!.

d6lzn:plo (he& proort3

b.."-",;dakr,.@r.-

ek. r , !Igs!!b

(.?{c.s 3!d

"1ah_'e-1, r . a n n e ds @ d , ) , L 6 ! e q r 6{ . a n q ) . E s { c t u & e t ! . ' ) , e&:gl (b..I r n e . r d r r s . d s r, ilncci: o:cu.d \Fs.rsbres), 4!tg!sgs i! to MoE.er")! lisli! {pork, port rrbs' sioad 'eo), l! ..hick{r, Ia.du.< , ed hd:xlen (seafoodr.

:.

i t

i'

139


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r!.

is JuBt on the lorre th.eie! 'e!t ola. of tb€ D6naden uarr€t.

!9!!!-s-I9:-.q 'J61":

lre€la-Led as I'r!Ehr.'

r! edrier bar.rrar th16 vold Bd "Jst,' to s.b!.nce, ID this l!! ls L!&slated aE "rt8!t" (r!9). dllcctio!

"1,h. v.sr llde ot rb. D64dio }|!rr.rr}latr, SEdE! ct{sbicblqd. '{'*e! s !*L 6tde": d, ;;tiiGBuv,-'E-D6!gdr. ln. to.s rcdlrylDs !fira3. 1s @!ked stth -!!9, lncontEttozhE!f

4!3!339!-!94C.

;;;;, ;;ir, '.*, i.*r.i rr'""ir." d;, L sr, ne€6. !a!y chtrete !1ace

'no'th or rhe (D!ryrlls) 1s*€' isourh or tre (Dilstlns) 1*e' 'rorth ot ihe (Yerbe) r6ou$ or ih. (Iel16r) rrldr or rhe (rarh,!g) iflest of the (rilhgnE) 'rnortbern calttal"

1.

rln chnre zhaise tindiin aArs d6lg zlu! dni nu

8,

seo, lalnien! sxl D6hsdd! cAishichlns. 6.biernel

!iae!" !lY€!i Doui8rds" loutethd' ,

EE


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13 j!.r ve6i slde or rhe @.L.tr

calshichtrade xiblau

o! th. 1' th4t

note3 oi Nos. 7-9

eords sd shl. v8u. and zlr' :g:

. s"d

t-

shl, rI!,

ed 3!i

de tEi.rat.d

uo'g !"e rhree v.rb6. -exrsrrt... sol rr us.d LoGrloD; &d $r _s s.d .o!

F''B!XCE

I,IST TnINSLATION

rh. D6.sdd,, usk.;)

the D6nsdd! r,tE-L€t.)

Dliav:.Fruab4!

locrr.d on rhe @ketrE vest grd€.) {$ere,3

a 'drety

sboF

orobabry rcr phrase Lbe 3enlence thjs Er


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xian qn ]<ln ytg. !5.5|ou.

filsi

s!, rne th€ Elb :!r,

sotng to v!5{t 4 rrtena.

ls r'equ€ntly forb'.a

ry a

&Elrsb"bero:e"

kandr yiis

Ylrc: uori;-ffid

I lls$!

ire! tbe vord vtre 15 or r.onereso, 1i;&3

Idthercapleceto}'{cddvrn Yes. Txerere a raltet]l 3ho!. It's

-;nd.!n r:brad y;u...?

,,:"i;;Ea;-.",,,n.ns

ltu a1lo€ the rcr n o u ( 1 D U_ . m .

4!

*.

rh

'.v a'ff*,

Z!! arLd, tm rcs

ro ie F I! crbe8e, rord o.de! ls u

b


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Es v&lery 3hop Ftndiin llbisr

cE tid

y6u {yrs€)

idr nerr

Hhele ts the dlltlr

ej&!G.i;;;;

.-"--".

lrd

,tore th&r relts llace t. bw candy," o!, lore lrte!&rk, y th13 lhrese has been teft orr tne eld of ur€ Thls er!!e63ion eithe. the lerBon ena

Itdi ttlsde, !h*se.

roor?

-1a"'c3ndj3e'..r"

rerer to & "cq{y 3ro'ei' or s "c&ay aepetueni.i (n i'ce rhat the En€lisr 4 sobeth!4 ls soLD.)

xrionaitn, \ulery shop,rriB a sDa11Fho! lnslde a bdldtls. In . greet bus. eil .od.. rn a bor€1, lusei! the.ho! rculd s.11 cledetr4!

rldd1e 6chool (trle equl€lent of sd 3enior hish school) lulor

Aftei he h* boxgnt E@e thlh3s, he qill eo to see a f.iend, cmpletro! le i6 !r&€d


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$ Dit !a!'& le. I b.usrrt lrce bv1s. vE Dill. .h13. fidEn. I holshi t.tr rrce boers Ii ibe ociple for r&i!, lg lo $ed r! aofie! setttlg, fie ae!€ndelt .Iauoe of . .eltence. th thio c$e, the elr€r :g r. l16ceil dtreciry afte! th€ 3sut of trre ohlect is rt.t.d, Afte! be b.lsht th. looks, be reft. ta Jrn !n!

(:

Aft.r ne tousht ttve boolB, b. left.

rn hslrsb, y. senelauy a63isn left od rrsh.r &!!&s!, I!l!1!!r, lrcr the rotot .r v1d ot r n the (y6u) r.rtr eit the,art<et yru be o! (ros) the rlght.i It r. c@o! lo! cbllese to asetsn rett .rd lisbt fr@ lne !.t!t oa vtd o! th. obl b€fd !tsl* b. it.sc.lt.it t! clrn... !. b.lns o! th. rrsn

o D{Ietr

r1t} tx€

rn a lhotogrlp]]. ]n Bslt.b, losi Feopr. ?odd 6aJ ibat c@de [l 1. to the r.ft of c@ad.]'G In rh. llctue !.Id. I! cht!eE.! yEubru. loy p.oDr€ rclrd B.y r,l t6n*hl zel M! l€nr!]id.

rongznr Ma rong:nl


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of cou.€, the vay of a!ls!t's b.tb r.nsuaB€s ud yttn atlt frlt

t.ft ed rlshr v*!€6 .lr!.tlo!s.

?rtb rpe!.L6r 6f

'!r!@rv.ch@r." rhish schoor" (rlt.!alIy, iedr I!&$,'!rdd.4!!s:sq. oiudy,study"J: I' Taivor !r1@y .ch@I lncludd sraa.! on. thousb 31x. Ju16r hrsh Echoor h.. gr!4€' {r!&aji)


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AOOSTEB VOCABULARY

!!1!,s:,!-.!9!r:!s

"a sLr.tch $aducdD8 (ytl'uii, ytpltn, }{n (ytdr5, yl!l;n,

yrc6is)

shanb (yt!14n, ln3hul (yldl, !'a d'o! otq)

llUtnzl

(yls., ytr$n,

"a 'trdch

of")

bdozl (ytll !6011' r't bs stde'ri ylchi6:a, ytzlan !6021, ia b'ilstonr) *d. .be! (ytz$. yfte) qr tls (rt!1tn, 'ra strttch of't) Jnrals (ytct, ytchEDg)

cErdt (yll<$r, yl!14!) nlttec. waoln tastlon@lcar

;he,, (yi;G)

tenl


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nE (ylch-ae; rtdul, 'r! !1re o?.) xinsxbg (ytla). !â&#x201A;Źnsalns (yl!61 r..i!o-

.LiI;;TyliGt)

blora!6: (ylcbt s, ylct) xtao h6, rdo xt (yltldo)

'tatfans (y'cl, richlrg)

shmf!2l (ylse, yl!tt!,

"a .tretch ofr)


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DRIILS

!!sg!g:

D6dsdnn DiaaylDsraa! zai !hE! fnlh. {ft. DElsdED TrPlt.r !n tht3 dea.)

16

.hl bu &n, D6nsdib Dl!,rloslltn *! zh:r tnJlr? (rr tr)€ D6nsdanrhe't.! 1a v6a r6azhi lla 3hl !u sbt lel

3 . {l lansyd J{E zar nlr rqtn.

nl !6nsou lid 8bt !u 6b1 zat !a! !!1Jlns

raldll!

srrt !u shl zil rlit

nak€ .halsdla'

6 . [alg. rua]li. e4€ fllslaE

ztr zh] AJ]', z

zhe! dllD.

! g

Nltse narllo ll!1g. rlDslid

shl !u 3h1 rel rbts! Bhl bt rh1 zit zhat shl tu uhl t&

urrE!

r I

fnJl! y!! E!99!9i: Dlaiytnslla ytnn6,a u? (rs ther. s ba,l in the

ror ,ralyllsrnnD rfun $u (rs ther€ a b.!r< tu th6 or the Idle

ctlshl.chins tnlu 3 . ta Jle rnjl,

ydu yi.]l!,s

y6u s6nsl{& E?

als€ tensuEE tijt!

yEu

)

c&s}lchEns fiJln yE! Eelyd ylll rd lti

t

ln y6u Deiyo! s6Dsja6!?

trtlg. :laxlt ,.

th€t.I?

N!t.

te!s!!d

?illD ylu lelyo! t

in y8u !.lyou


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Nalse shErgdlehrnJln yau 7 . DsnedancerBbtcbl,€ lijtD

rl&e rhllsdri! fiu

fiJlo ylu !ely@

slsda! cirshtcxlns riJtn y6u !.iyou

s.ear.r: rra{yl,5 n! fnJrn ylu

&g:

D6n3dEnrut.

c sblchirs oht h! shr "ir !6!gda!

Derrouyld6's? lls rbd. . hld rn tle vlcrnl.ry o{ th€ bri.

Glsrua! na! riJln

fiJt!

r8u belyd y8u !.1you

y8u Eryou rtf;det

BErllns FlDdrta dJlD ylu leryou at€e .h;lsdlen

rnll!

yEu ..ry.u

d JtE fnJt! y6! oelyou a{extbl

Yinndi€ obl ru sb1 zal dl-qyloBtutn rilt!? (Id t]]e tat 1! rb. v1clltty or th. erle tn.dt.!?)

xuExtao rhl bu sbl zir s6b6tu,! firgd.

,bt !!

sI! rtr n.I rfuh?

Dl\yb6irar 3ht b! 6rd dl !!Ur!s !!sdt& fiJtr? !l!.ha!g 6hl bu 3bi ztr !als. ru!:rao

lrt

bu shl rnt

Jld f!Jt!?

Reosnre lnrr EE$!r:

D6lgd,ih DrlnylnsEan 6ht !u lhl zir zn!! (I3-tbe D64di. rheater

lggr En zlr zh$ fnltr.

zh& rut!

dl!4'l!!]rn!. . laryd (not !!oud bere. !be!e,' !o @rle tree&! rd t!& se..)

1n tb13 a!e!? )

0R

!6ruden Draaylh6db 6hl ru 3hi zlt 'hEr

snsai, Dtnnyl!6nr& aht rit (Ihe 6!gdd!

{re rhe n54di. fteat.. 1! iht. sear)

Irl.are!

11 ln


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D6nsdencai6hlchla

,hI tit

!( zn zna! liJtn.

zhlr djl!

xrilbAlon ,.

l{il taqde sni tu sbi tar !h!! lEilln8 rindti!

sbl ru .hl za1

B( ,tj

sr)l rh

d,:!

,!a!

tidt!.

zh}l fiJtr

zhtr fnlln.

natyou

lElJou

!!1JIns land$! rht zEl zlir ttrlla.

l.

gs!&s41494-ug! ytln6ns dbam. -You: I|I rbtd& tu 'hi&o rllltns -sD.sl€r: m zbldrc slar€ Ehlhou rdl !6!? ihlhd rdt !!n El (!o yru ild at ')ret tl@ tI€ (b ym *rd 3t $rat t1@ tle b.nk o!en61) l{i zhiil&

3 . ti d

r})lde

n61t B?

nlrge $!s!:*i

T6nszhi thId.6

5 . !a!s xtinsh€ns fi

.ii

Jt!!6le

e1,eD ,hics

d

rhi y;u dn6dre sh6m.

rhid&

!t

!.il

tdlgde

? , 1A AkeD 'Hdao 6in T6bgzhl 6I€E

Bblhou s6n6zub ia?

xtns

nt zllde

bu zhid'o rllnans

zel !611?

T! zhlda? iu zhrde n:18e ftlElnhrr d l6rszht

thl&o

h

zhidlo !l y6u

!a!s xteGlens zhide bu ,htdao nt Ni e1!e! rhlda6 b! zhrdao ltl

t6.sde

te $t.n zhlit& !u zbtd& snn $nsrhl 6!€u. shahou s6ns.uat


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reanston p.r1l spearer: c6ns rrrEr di. (co-Fe

h.E to r!a..) c6'g !6nsd;! 6!stu& ado dianrllsN& qi.

oR

(c!.J

Eg: csls 'la! alo har qi,!re z6u? (Eca no you so rrcr ner€ to c6Dg DsDsdaac6!6tu6j dao

liflIffi*":lie"-* ,6hsdE!

dEm

m-qa;a p.,r

tc.-r'-

(ro so tre

rd tne @re rhester.)

a&t.

lar}

ro th.

nrght?)

c6B n6.sd;! cn,stuin dA. celshrchEi€qn. a1,!

c6q Dbqdeo c6o€rdn d& cilshlchiE cn, ralg q16 du, .l!t b! dur?

c6!s ch6nsanrlE dlo sa.rlrnr

c6!s chdlsi, tEEe

z8ut

Jri dAo sarrrlG

oU

c6nsaiiM6h Dalta dto nttd! Ln

c6os a16dtn DtJ16 dio Rtt6i !U on. vd!€ d rdu. dut ru dul?

c6ngJcuEishudr,! d!. r6.sinJtDs

c5D€ cu;lslut

Li at

iJgddtld

Drjr. qi, "e,g bEr ,6u; d;r 6"

c6ns c}'4.s6! .rla dt rclsrnJlls

su!.trtutlo. sp.!ke!:

c6.g cl6!9tu ,ri; dlo vde.njtna

"e" ya,"s,,o; ; liii. d.

pltn

!E cbnle zhlls. faldd! d6!€ !5ur dut ;an8

. (gg) xa (Afrer

I c@ out oi

the eut.

:E! r6l:hn& ,rrirs.Jrldlb

di€ xr

{Aft* r 6e dt or rhrr rrotet, I €e to rh€ ve8r. xidrr)

nrgbt?)

v6 chnle *a1e faldr& rtlg zour dur bu dul? l6n

}I

*":1..:

r,! .hir. rbEtse feldin vanr- n6. .6!, dul bu durl bli

*":iH

va chme zhlrge d.dlin yans b61 hu, dur nu dul? zd8

*":i*":

;lii""

ffii"" *ii""

'inda! vehs!6! z6u,

rrndlrn,r!s h;l zEu, f.nddn Ya€ zu! z6u,


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5. va chn!. zhalge tendt;n v:dg zuE Dalbto r6u, dul tu itut?

{6 chnk zl:ls€ faliua!

6.

wlDs rt .h e zhilse rildI& '6u, dli tu dnt? d$$n

W chm. zha1g. ftldtaa

?.

16 crlnr€ rElse !a!dri! vals Yiu d6nA t6u. dul bu dul?

x! chn& rr€Iee rtndGD

tF@10r

plur

-SEsre!:

zu6nte! .hl drlnvl@dt! (grd t'@sdi! ce16!tchaha (ro the l.ft 1. th. Edt€ th.ater.J

tu6!1u -Your D6n:diD cElshrcb!4d. 6h1 dtlNiayub. (1o the lcti or the !6.sdi!

Ydunld

y6u thA$da!.

zb?!s. ftnddla.

rll

xld@irlna.

3 . zllblu {trbrs 5 . z!&rer

di

ta4de.

yblnt@

zu6lrd

ldu

ehr !t1 t&gae.

riu b!1nnode.

ybu !4fti.d..

.,5ne.tlrd€ retli'u

y6! rtldlb.

celshtcblDsd€ zu6bidr ]du ft!d1a!.

6 , Ybubl@ ].!! bu t6ned..

Dtilytd6|!l!4.

' 1 . ljtln1u

rildilDd.

sht 3halsaib.

Y&lrgs

r'i1tl&E

rlu Dtl

shl shanBdrtt


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Tresforraiion prt1I sneai.r: chishicblqae r$18 _ rdu dlAryllg n!. (ro the y€5! or th.

Igr: nals€ dtaryl!6Di! lln dr c-rsbrchEsd. dnlls.

DrdnyinsyunndeytlrjsD

Nlrge !t1 ba.d€ Jli ,tl dlislnsind. vttnle.

3 , cdnslende llbrry xu6xli.de d6lgbrar ,.

IinsG!.

y& ltl

y8u 'el yEu ytnn6!e.

nannlaF yEu 3hEgalan.

Ytun6nedeybubrdr ybu fEreubi,

1 . rddtalde bllbtad ydu

(Th!r E@1. tb€te' 1' to th. ve* or th€ Euret.)

neig. !n1 qlshulde Jli zar s6lstu&dc n!1g€ yf.h6hs J1i ,tr &a*aode Na13esbdnsditDlli ra1s. rn,8uttr nE1ge diturllee!!

!t1 fi.sud!!d.

l1i ztl yloidlsde lrn rir

r:ndd!d.

coblrmrl.n pfr1] l9lr {He soe' io lee s

ri qi xua zh6,ssuohu!. ra qt ldt ylb:r

6hn.

r; qn rar sbt, ri qn huir rt qn kan ditnylns.

!e q! D!1

ai len dltlyrlg ytql!,! qn r.dny1& !6,6,0. to ..o

qn ha zh6lssuobua ytqlc!.

!. dr! . @Y1.,

$ xli!

en bit .hn ytq16n, ti xli! qn hu& ai tan dltlylng ytq!6D! ta xt&r qU an s6lgzua yiqjtn, ta xtiib oi ktn zbto rilbi.


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qn lErsuo r.lqrin,

td xii!

qi $n L1! xld!€b.rg ylqlh' qn d1 ytdllr d1!hxar,

lre!As!, c! F

dtAlylns ylqr6,,

z1!6!ss!o hla ylqld!,

te

(Ift.! h. rdsrts & trl€nd' soer to E€€ a @r1..)

ra '&

be

rbn yh6u, qn ru€ z}6lsse

re bu& qlln ybbu' qi dr !bd.

3. Ci L& drilyLs ,.

tE xl;!

fgs: Ii ran !6nsyou ylbbu, qn ki'

(refoE s..1'g irl€ ro'ls, h€ fllri go6s to vrdlt I ftrod.) qn ra

qi .rih

ylqldr,

qn Ba!az!6 JIqian,

te *tna

t. na!

re lir

t&s rlhEu, qn I|!

dlnvlfi.

qn

6. '1, tlat

qi lit

rl ldi dlluin d1!nrd!.

ylhau, qn Len d


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!s!r9s!9-ts1! $sg:

zh!. y6u Gryou 'r1 (ce) lltl@ (]s-trPre s c&dy 'to!.

xlE6!

tn nir ydu @lyou Dtt

xu6*Ao ni! yEu E.ryou DAr Ylngr6nzldlElde? d6nsb!@r Itr

y& nelr.q Dtr l6rtae?

rdzbtder

ctt.hlcbxrull

nenbrs!

ydu Deryou Dll

fgg:

YEu, !i! tarsde ltl llbl&!. (Yd, tb.r.'s . caldy stor.

YEu,blt qtshulde ztt ruEbrau. Y6u, dr

Ytusrâ&#x201A;Ź! rldtild.

15u, ltl

l6z1d. za! yBubl@.

ztr


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U N I T3

I

!

LIST NEFERENCE

! 1: 2,

\ld :lEns .hnqu dl

A: !6.tit,

!d! ylu !8

ls tn.r€ a llee

shnder

c: r6nernJfis t ta #u ylg. xrnh!6 s"nnaG!,r.!n di. 3. Ar xlDnul shndGn ll ,]1a!

!.

!

J&En

ttde tr e [d chlF rialsflJt.€ lorldsd

loolstorc tbai ir

tr4 chlnd Boor.tore ru

Is tl.

o!

ftd

c: Bn yub! hin Jt..

Itt!

A: z:@. qnt z&t}€ qn t6yl

Be do I 3o? Id tt po!3$1. to set

c: zEurrreqi !€yi.

Ittr

st

f.ri

tr

I

1ti3 very c16s..

rl

c:

6. !a:

c6!s dt'a! cbnqu' cb6o lEt s!-!1, lln srrl r6!€fijl!€

!o65$re

to set th.r.

ry r€.r'Llq.

t@ io the You ao olt ihe .ltrecer !o'th, &d that'3 lalgrnllDg

rE- c6!6 deEln chlqu, ch6! th6 rclth.

dlyise d!16u lin ebt

16 that corlectr

c. a .ho!c dlot6ce, .nd the ltnt on the bdlalls .treet tE th. x.t dnrDa Boohsto!€.


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ArDnroMr,Rraurll! vocalLlrrr {not lre'ented o! c-r ed !-1 r.F.)

(na.

of . deluirelt

16. 3hinenldr { shlnsble) r.

xldtim

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!.?

dltlylla

n:ise

ti ,.

chnq! 1. E?

sharsd

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le @?

.hnqu L ..?

ch3hlch&s

clilat

bw

L s?

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tl

ltrtri!

r]! !€t ti!6F Ee lat lt!

(

lhtnsrr: c)rnq[ 1.. .a1s€ diilvIDE. nllse dieaylnE. .hnq! rc.

tdns x$!dhe.g diri rl E61 dA. !ats. TE hat !€t cbibr

cUshfth&g !e.

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UNIT 4

F€FEREIiICE LIST

l.

ar

aligr>n cdntlns 'A! jtr6u?

2. A: bu, vE zud dllnr! dio Ert6u. xlAr€ dt&rl rans lEbre z6ur l:

3.

xiare dlentl, vtls ybu z8u, Jrn shl ca5rl4.

A: alm?Elr niren rxErt y6u @rrou rlrlde dtreg? c: 16!. c6ns zh-l]l r,tns z!6

rau. xlr 16u,Jr!

M.y I a8I, o! In.t

rtoor

1d th€

ohr I t6rre rne elevlto' to th. second ar@r. r{h.! I h3v. ri1.b sottetr off rh. .I€fatorr

€leEtor, HlJ I ekt

so io rhe dsbt, ls thee . !r.4.

Y€8. ir@ h.!.

y4

4nd to

so to the 1crt.

ka,lian 1e.

!-. A: rd xien c6nerhE]l 'tns zu5 z!u. Ralhduia r6urt l1n ke.Jr6 k, sbl bu

t.

I!@ Xele I ftEr ao i6 rh. 1€ft. rJt.! rhar, lh.' r b.ve eoc dffi.t.t.6, I'11 E€e rt. I. thtr

A: rl16u lil dit6?

D, {r!s hburtzhl z6u. sh&g 16!, ydutle

lli

Ehr .lt

Iov do r ser rhele (so)? co BtE1er1t to rbe !eL. 16 (Jst)

6- r a: v6 rrEDvlrs nauytzhl z6!, 6haq 16!, zudble lli sh}, ohl bu snl?

D: B6 shl.

Y6ulie Jin ebr

co

on th. rkbt.

rlfft, I ao ,tEtshr to tb. b@t. lben! I so !!6tel$. ard tL. E! itelalilent ls o! rho left, I. No, rhe D.! d.!ur'e!r

r. (luEt)


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xh.r.

t5 tb6 ruhelt

T'IITIOIII, nIQIJIRD VOCAIUIARI (n t p!€edt.il @ C-I *!n P-l tr!..)

9.

ddilAa

(dublab!)

1o,

zbabt& (.ha$I@)

rL.

Dtbtd

tb. .t&

tetlsi

.t.1!cu€,

.t

*ro..

tro,

(!li!1@)

.!d .u14.

q6

(occu.

rdlyr

i!

(oc.r.

.t61*

1'1&. h!d.l Ir D1,4. Ea!)


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":'r:.â&#x201A;Ź

tb.

1l!! rlfld.

dttele

srde felnEi

&F..

f!@t

a !r.ce en..e beir 1r cut tloo!, Btory of a butliuns 3tltrcs.t rt.lrayr .t.I!s 'ur... *rch

(occu. 1! 4&.

w!ds)

YrJ', rhlch slce

.!d Gccu6 1! prace @!da) to solc@. dmstar!.

io !1a. {!!.losltlonat

t1l

rel})


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REFERENCE NOTES

llt6!?

l.: clt!.lpE !E the b.a ror th. dl.rls rco ot a holor. a bo.. l, s -lADtlE. and d hdeDddent !e.t.u&L ls !

rr&lutu).

t! !b. qu..ttd

IlIfu

"ybat flod,"

rE@4

ere ur.sr\,

bu, ri rua dtinil da6 ad6u. xl.r. dieltr !t!s nlbla

0h, r t.ke tne .rd.ror ro th. .ecolit tloo!. t!€n I nd€ gotten orf th. .l.Yarolr *rch Fy do

14€

xhd you hEre sotte! olf tne €revato!, gototle'leht'

drell,

v&a you .ou,

3

&

zua dlirtlr rh. v.!t zub. u!.ratlv "to .11.' d.!-;;-to .r u@;poltaLro" icE , pre.. ho!r, t.alb, so vrJ'E@e;-si" .tc.). ThE tb€ lhrs€ ,uA dl&iI E€a$ nto rld€ the.1evatd." E1fu:

!r. ;i6;!

!d tor rrtlo" t.

!o. the aunc! of a

tld UisE,

pao !!r6u: ftla r !19 r3 th. srD verr, bedrDg'ro rb. rtr"r;;!tuc. ut.;;-\y, r!.rchds.2 !e&B ,'rrdrDs th; erevaior n'. v.rr dto r!.@nrv uded hsre.d of -!:;deo... qq, \o go !o...," ro! !ur!g ,.v.rFpt*es !o b. "*6.d th.."sn. ta rle! dao lErJIns, '6!h3u zlr aio sbllyils.

Itr solDs io 3E1lI4 f1r6tr sld t!.! io 6rrEry6lg.

r78

{t


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Notic. tn4t the ye'b ison 1d @.d ln th. Elsttoh trestarlon 6€nt€!ce! arthowh rne chln

ol thlr

'rco 'btcb Er?'t 1! cbi!.s€, you r!g: io mr rbe qwstlon rotud! vhet6 so?'r_.tdd oib1.n (n6r. n&) z6ur ro E.y -$!6rhr;r3g 'co rbt "8r," tde rlls 'q'qd rou u;;-i;:-;-;!i;;il (rhil]. zhir) t61 and tld p;bian {nLu. ntr) di.

3.

aingy6r, ntuen zhari y6u ,eiyou lifEe

dii@E?

YEu. c6.s zbtsu 'tns zu8 z8u. xrl r6u, lli *lnjrs

zEu, rrnxdu *lt I6utI lri

kallle

le, shl bu sb1?

@e3,

rlte.a11y,

Mty I a8r, 15 rbele e pree

ro g€t

Ye6, Frm bere yd 3o io th. tel.. ani! th€! you'rt

Fl@ b.!e I ft.st so ro tb. reft. Aft€. thut, 'h€r I b.ve son. itsstai.r, I.1l 6€e lt. tu rhat 1rl

e !1&.

llt*elly @&6 ,'d$F.d 4lltq "solcm€ dohrtahu" tootd 4t Fbase

Ib.r.

th.|]| .ut hllr,i

d! uDp.! rtory.i

I'be Eosu.!

dew: de3ceid !s 3 roy.r 6t.!y.

n€ E$ \&lE,

nave drled4y l.eled lollon rsucb * sd,

t'to Eee,i 1. dar€a r cowourD vB! or REsl]1,r. rot

abou! c@Joud v.rbd uade Lp of s ve'h tldtcarlng \o exrJ.) fouded by . ".,b indlc.ll.s dl,{!t;!

(tELo. Eq): s!gs, r!qs!

ver! !ad. up of ah dclioD verb (!&. \o

"ro t@Lr) Nd a verb e4r.$r!g

look erth rbe re6url or p.rc.ivrng,,'Lhlt

I;;-r;

see.,' codr$r

ibe keD

116kede lEsb1 Ear 6nJrln.

le c.r1.d r r!ran!r,

179

i,h.rFcu$tns esrarush.ar."


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H€re &e other e*upl€o

'to usis," E!8,

o! c.dlNd

ol r.*li

fttt6

contdtnlng

ih.

Ye!b.

&d !3e:

Ta san ht shu6 hul n.. Nl il.€Jld 1. lct !u? Gdld dtrg. 1&Eu, dns

6he t3 ldtrns

vlt]1 ]rcu,

(1tt.!!r\Y, rlle you flEt ]€ft. !\rh.! y@ s.. the tlrct 1!te$.ctun l€ft.r') t1@,

(Aitidtlo!4r chlis.telrstlcB ed us.s of c@!Md v€rtB o! reElrt .xpldn€il $ren eM!1eB occu ln th€ urt R.r.!€,ce !ldt.. )

0! ?h.t

5.

!1oo!

ue

G!3

vlu

n.

5o1d?

iov ao I s€t thelo (go)? co co .iBlgbt to the t4r. ulEt.tra' ad tn. B, de!dt!€!t rs (l!3i) @ tle !ls!t,

6.

Hd :lin vins hau ylzhl r6u, 6bt!s r6u, rudtlu Jrn shl, 86 rhl.

rrFt'I3odtlarghtto !h.!, I so uprtatE. E! it.!stD.!t 15 o!

Ybulre Jr! rbl ltl

!9Er-9s-I93,-:q .hourd b.ab 'vhat rt]6u ltl dtt(? *.it llto tugltBb &rudrLllr-u rtr Drac."on 'b't rlon!' rrld . suoj€ct is sitit€d: "r* . ri"F-*u-* ;t!*e: "oD rhat flod do pu! vcrb t' rrto D..rlv€ t.o'.: !!Si[ 6elr tr!p6?" o! lhe "or shat fl@r s9 @!. !91q1 "3ol 3ha8 r6u mqr. rtL.r.Iry. illcmd io & up!.r .torr," lut rs'

130


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7.

xl8bbulli!

r& dâ&#x201A;Źre

zei nir1. vtls rt !6!. zlr

. .

Ll'Fratly,

d.h6rr1tu

r

tbq.,

rod,,.

co alt rh. ny

"htch lsrlrles

h!

conrsttr!

::j,i.r;'r;""i:,; :::;";;$"#f"riT."'itr"tf "',i;.i"y".:ff;-\.:l,^_

i3,t o-rse,4$i!13s.

rn onln!.

To b.

!o ! r@

vtib

:,::iTliff ,i"'"ff'i:ff:'ji:,:.i3 **,1::i1"".''."",'"-',ai"-i;, **i. rlr*d!y, ,, !&!-I! bach," Bo-to,te r'b6rd*

't*rds

I n lI I a'.I !

r3r

bslrub, yo! 6ry rn ftr.i"e, toi, "qy


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9.

auiniin (dutbl;nr)

ihe 61d€ t4clnei aclo6d lr@'

10. dabr'n (zhaibrs) 11. nible (na1n:e!)

end l.ccur 1! r1e€ aords) suf&€ (occud 1n prEces!ds)

&E!-g-f44L1e!c]-!ssc:I!!-1!sr!s!94 !cs:3q is a pl3e rcld.

oa6, gs&as cd

t€ aodltled !v ' 3s !hr6e. ror etdple: trtAyrbarutn rar s6beru6nde m€ thester (rlteEllr, drtDrtn. ,dtIs

Z6!.1t!cr orisinery, tlts .rons t]]e Etd€ of a buildln

ro.d leLnea

rml.s

irhe trr€.te!

i'

at txs

s1d.'l)

b e oren! roof€it .o!!ldo! rlsttte a dfs. io baumyr

ute!yo!lave?a6.edthldlg!tu'

fl'e \*b

t!,

"ro s(*.''

rtde rnlee d&6!, rans y6! dr, Jln 6hr cedihs.

uhen you huve € go to tbe llsrrt,

.nd tlaiis

the

Ilke th€ ve$ !!g, $g bu6i be ro11d.d erth.! hy a 'ora nmtlg the pr&e .rt.red or ttr . d1.€cti6m.1 €ndl!€ tuch aE 9g oi lgl. co t! and s. to tn€ left. {rrltrs nl Jlnqr' 't!B 2!6 zdu, lti sb1 lar ti6d., (aa €xcelll@

1. lho pb!a6€ alnr lln,


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..

ft.

svlr6br.

dr!.ctlon

-!99

,ofa8 rtre l!

r.ldri

!ry r. tdo.d to a drrNloD

ed Es sy h. ued aner !&s,

8ud e -!sld,

-!ec, o' 4!.1s.

wld 'sb

u !e!.

r, of th. dt,etlo!

ilo$ not cebro. 'lth 6r !ry dllectlor ftrns s -t ao. ror $sttncer does noi c@tiD€ ?lth "1€fti chut r.14. ) ro@ €nd14 h -rd !!. .s!.c1411J

r]'e 3ylkbt. roe

txe

-r:c!GI,

-lEr does, -!t6(,)

i'au!f&e,irlqy 1r lot *

r33

s1s6 b. ana€dto e dliectlo' c@n

*

-!:!!GI.

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vocAolJlaFY loosYEn 4gg:sEs-!eg-I4.9gl.s:e!c

Jtnla

.h!set6!s r!E_!4!lEAri dlgcbils

!th. thinrr

liir6ultn,

qtt6utba!

tiaa$!

C. lde'


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Jln8chlJd r&1!!t!l;

tinsuird,

s3!sarJ6 r!Eg)

fa!gd4r,

D6tlax dasd (r6

ftrdrb

i! daxd)

hav€ 3r!i!1€ E:artsl I{$t.E-ltyle

!ou.€ erth

tledrattun! sud.!

robloua of c@ccttng c6u!ryua., e.ch coaiysd rulouitcd ty rlYbg qu4!!erg .obloud

13t

Ytth loucB

&ud

.


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ORILLS

l9g: atDseld, !41 rbnd. !A! JIl6u? (H!y I uk. on ri4t fl@r *e

sp€ax.r: alnq4h' cE.!6 z {cu€) lei .hna. (nsv- 6rk, o! 'h.t .hr

,.

rs th€ tolIeil)

q&g'ln, dr shnde,tr Ji6u? !!t Dljtna.

dlgr'a!|

ql!sv!.,

aIDgv:D, Dli Llade sir Jl$ur

at1 ptltide .Ar Jlr6!?

ztt Jl16u?

qlnsrtn, Dil t6rgd. 'al JlI6d

e!qv!n, n!s!iib!

qt,sra!, r1lodlti

qbsr'!!, .a.ut zar ln6u?

z:1 1116!?

lir Jlr6ur

el!s'ln' ia1 rliplnsde ztl J!r6u?

5 . aLgeln, cadd rat J[6ut

sp.ar.r: aIbstlD' c;lttDs let lll6u?

l9g: alasei., c&rtlns zU :rl6u' dul bu aur?

qtnsven, c&d zit lu6!?

qlnelta!, clEq6 ua1 3enr6u' dul bu

(cu.) l' ( ,y_i -I. ." ch.r tr@! ls trre irtlhg ro@?)

3 . aligva!, ri

Itr

tCqa.

z!

alnsr.alt !11 r}lnde rtl !l

(ll3r I err th. dlDrls r@ 1. 16 oD the 'scond noq. tbtt corr.ct?)

dui?

.A!

t.

Dtr !fidd€

atDsfl!, 6t1 t&sd. t! dutl

llr6d

qlnsein! dt bu dut?

Itr6u?

qlDsrln, !A1 huipinsd6 lal J!r6u? 11n

$6

tl1 lil6u,

ehirde zlt Elr6!!

dul dul

ltl hliplnsdo ,& !ir6u, elrutl.' dd bu itul?


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?.

ti1 lil6q?

ahgv:n,

ltl

al!s':!,

!i1 fdtzLae

}{!l!a.

,& Jl$rt

qtns*!,

DiI yi6Ende tal .-d6u,

elngr'anrltr rar't de rtr alltu,

e9s49!-.!!:]! -s!.a!.!:

radvao dt rbn. (sgg) "h_udl}o (l qt

io tw.

boo!. )

qtddvan, l!l! -rou: r{6 yl6 6Et dhn. NJtn y6u @lyou !hndl!!? (l vut to tqr . booL, HAYI $Lr 15 tbe. u h.obtorc v! yao '& tC!a. qtDa,a!,,b4! $Jt! y6u ElYou aet t'lsae?

3. {n y$ Dll dtt(. !.

ti8 yao huan qi6n.

Bhirdlib ytnndDg

!hC! rJb ylo !& d.tti. eiasth' yiu leryou sbnda!? ful! xB ylo }lui! q1tu. qftgrC!, r in jdu &$Du yl!h64?

?h&

qrnc,ln, zblt rE yeo rb dii.yl.s. yE! elye filt. dli$ln6ror!?

,.

16 yt Eli beo. 1 . x! yno dl

r.12!6.

ler beoae 6L!gdlt!

,6 yt Ell nao. a:!gr'a!, tlBr Inll! yBl Giy6u lit !4.a.? l.6 y6o D't tar'to. y6u el}bu $li!

qllsGr! zna! ehdisir1d!?

!Ers!&ge!!9!-!41! sosal.r: rl16u dr

d!r(t

toi:'ri"-ri"i' -. ** ,tt$u lai hu;llns? 3 . tn6u Dn t6!6? Jlr6! lit

!6n!ryi!?

rdd6u r'i16u tinr6!

EAl dltdd.? -Iou: b16u 16! ElFu (on tho .*o!d flod lE thd. . !1&. \nD!. E!! sa tord?J stdl6! x!r6!

ylu leryd y6! GrYd

6ad6u yEu etyo!

r6?

ltt lel lal

h!E!t!sa.? t6!gde? p6!z1t!tdâ&#x201A;Ź?


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5.

sl16u '6u @ryou !

t€lziod€?

6.

ltnr6u t6u lel1ru dtl rlzhld.?

1.

xnr6u td! D.ry.! lti

d!bd.?

Ee4r19s-!r!r s!..*er:

nt! ru6 dlt*r (ee)

dlo rlal.

l}lblaD

(rd..-. th. .r.".ror t" rhe .e.dd r1oor.)

Mn tul dltntl 3 . nl! zln dlalil

dio .116!.

O!, ,uA d*nrl dio rtr6!, -rale alllil rels yau 16{, dd tu dul? enns z!6 2E!, d.ui !u dutt

6

dao rlnl6u.

ylrhi

rdrr dul !u d!r?

zuA dttntl

dio si!r6u.

our ,G nteftl dao e6!r6\ dar. dtarrr l!!s yau ylzn( z6ur iiul

6 . nt! ru8 ditnil

d5o q 6r.

bur .ua ateltl de. ql16u, :lEI. dleltl sita nEltie 26!, dul tu

1 . it!

dio !!16u.

our .ui dtahit dlo !!r6u, riU. itrtltl veDs lultid zdu, aut

zud dtbtl

,.

de! dr6u.

deltl

5 . !l!

dlbr8n

(0h, I id}6 the eldato! io the geconit floor, rJt.! I blve sot!€n ort ih. .r.r6idr

a1trtl nl! zui dlantl

diertl. via

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!ae$:e!-ts!r s!.ae!:

16 xlin c64 zhell rrls (cu.) xl; t6u

(ir;T, r eo r'.' to tn. rrsh.)

3 . !6 xlan c6q rhht vensh& !!u.

nGxr;n c6nszh;1r lt s lnud

xl! 16u

16 xiar c6ns zh;u *'Ars Ybu yizhl zEu. r!l!s l6u

DrrU

slesl<er: )dtk

dlintI

(rne E! tlust:

vl4

c6!g 'hE11 vils

tur '6!.

F6'nnu3hins 16uItn xenJlo r€,

ri6 xrdn .6De zhirl Ytns lBn zbu. RdDnSu xtn r6u Jln kid16n 1., lrE *te! c6a zhau vtrs !atl& Rdnibu€bt g 16u J1n tlliien

,B!. 1.'

16 rte! c5ns rhllt vlns yau vlzh! du. ialnAu .bE!a t6u lrn kinJld

rer 3hl tu .h1?

{E rle! c6.g zbErt silg zuE Ylzht zEu. n&biu xlt 16! Jln Lall1e

7 . r'5 rG! c6.s zhal rn'g zu! ytzht t6u. xlA 16u

Trssfo@tlo!

I{B :ldh

rS xte! c6!s zhari yils hau Ytzhl '6u. $irriu :la 16! lin ta!Jr.!

t . r,t xiEn c6ng znau '!!s h6!

c.

1.' 3bl !u dht? kllltm (r|rst, r go r$tr hde to the Ibeo I 3o dnel,ltrsl rrsht. andIrlI 3.e lt, Rtbt?)

h*.

t6 xlEn c6.s zhlu ltns zuE zEu.

ylzhl ,6u.

-You: !5 xii! c6a zhCu rtns Yau xti 16u lln rtu. ndnhbu

vau

-You: Dulbul. :1!r. illeltl YtnB dbrd 15! Jrn shl !i1 dttid.r (E*$e E , oeg I get off thc

1. d.ldtEent to tb€ rtht

!s!

d€pa

@nt?)

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xia1c drAnti rlns ,ub z3u Jln

Duibuqlr xttre dlantl vt s ninle zdu lri srrl ent *nde?

139


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Dutbwl, xr;1. ariltl d!

,,

x1;re dtltI vtus y& ytzrrl rdu lln Ehl btl yndnde.

rulblql, :rtre dlentt r.anB nEbl& 16! J1n Ehl Etf i:si!de?

{1t1. altltl rEls ru6 ytz!! rdu lin Bht !n| tansde.

Dllbuqt, jttl€ drinf 'h!e lEble z6u lin Bhi Dtl t6qde?

6 . x1t} ,!!

?.

rAns ltbte

l1n 6hi ,hl hualilsde?

drtltl

v&s n$ts

J1n 6h1 lil

y ht

lanilrEnde,

tulluql, xGre dlAltl rdns libl.n z6u Jri shr Iti !6!z!r'@.te? z6u Jln Bhr n

,6! Itn sbt Etl ztdl!'d€.

ztdl-mae?

&r!e!!g-!I!! sEeaker: tl l.ans h6u r.lzhl z3!, .hi4 16u! ,uUb16 {0o .t*lshr

to tr€

ad rtrs on rn. reft,J Nl lE4

lbu yl'lt

z!u, shlrs 16!,

3 . ni na4 h6u ylzhl z8u, xri 16u,

I|I !:.s hbu ytzbl zEu! rd

r6u,

nt rtls h6u yiznt z6u, .h!,s 16u, duilrAn t1n dh!,

!99: 16., ri r€ls h6u ,hl z6u, 6bntu r6u r.!rs zrb zlu, lrn LenJro &, 6rri tu shl? (0Lay, I so ai.eci,1y io rhe !&k, u9orai!6 &d ro th. 1eft. sit lrl-1 se. tt. nio, !i *6s n6u ytzhl ztu, Bbans 1,6!, i.tns r.bu z6u, trn *AnJle 1e, ni6, 16 ralg r:6u Jizhi z;u, *le t6u, rsla,uEtie z6u, Jln LinJrd 1., [io. ri vehBhau yir!1 zbu, iA I.ns r,6ubrq z!u, l1n klrjim

16u, 1et

aao, 16 ring hdu ylzhl zEu, ahalg 16u! ytrrd z6u, lri rnllle re.

5 , fi eens hdu ytzhl zEu! slals l6u, y6u!1e lln snl.

Hto, vd vn s h6u ytzbt zdu, shdns l6u, vlng ybubl& z6u, ltn ktlile ].. sri tu .ht?

1 . trl rans bnu yirht z5u. I1t 16!.

t!o, f6 'i!s ylrbl ,&,

hbu yizrt z6u. x1a 16u. Jtn ta l& 1€. snt


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sD.sr€!, xlehE[lran rt1 sh6de

:9lr: c:su8 z-ll sha@ dtfds? (tih€le t'

(cu.) c:suB (vh;iE 1' thc v@brod?)

the to

.t?)

3 . t6-rtl zal sha6e dtfansr tllnti

t.

ze! ,b€ee dlf.nel

utl htoae ral srr6e6 dlfesl

l.G1 laode ,er .h€@ dlres? Mtr y$lnde

zhl 3he6e dli&sl

!99r9!rs-E:g sDea'ke!: Clndin.

xI6h!E!14!

(cue) r6utl !6.ub1a! {rry-T asr, '11;rc-t" tt. '4b].oi?

16!tt zit !b6@

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zi! !|1r' 'h 16ntl !6!a!1i!, (ttr. thdc. t.riil. th.

)

qIlsrln, c&$ ra1 6b6@ difs.€? r6utl t6ultd 3 , qtq*n,

!g:

rl1 th6M

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,at

zlr l.l1lr zal l6ft zl1 !l]lt

ttl

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ba!!ie.

zal hirt, zil zu3!1e. za1 !i11,

ltl

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6 . alnsyt!, 'tr

?ar,aode .ti

1 . alngvl', eir !6lrrvinde lat

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-1

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ler r6utl !6nâ&#x201A;Źb1d!.

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UNIT 5

LIST R€FERENCE

E. Il yEu share €nl a? ,.

a:

qrie.an' zbittdo $ !$

B:

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I'taJ I dk' ftts

N6ljlng xlli.

t!4t

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for? Yot r@lfig ,1&e * r e rooH.s ro! I&€ tlr of td'Jlls E$t Eo!d! secttd r.

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t

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c4i sentr6. JIE' Jin thl nd lns t6!gr,n Ytdui!.

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rn! bl€!.n b.. x1!'1e.

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9..A:

rB ral vtns qri! rlu x"uans rat yirtl&,

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a

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ad€lercud

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iEFEiENCE NOTE6

rlai

I do rd

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m.d!a tbt .ro.! !6t tt@Lt. 15t. t6& bs ! r.ry ab.i!*i E!!: tro.l.ttoD E h!tt.r," est-ry tlto esu.b, 3@ ot lt. c@.!.! n6tt.tlrn.!d'tblns.r tb.t !0!g!cu.I.o 5u.r4.r,n You b.E lemd tlnll. *! !.rc. 1. u.n io !.t ! to t.!at!l. thl!.., !.q thrrE.r !Es! xba u.d trl vdu .!arâ&#x201A;Ź

to q!@ 8hl u? t.

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rthls,i 1s oubrde of SEiJils, llonouced 3!g- tr the v.y *81-, mt.rrars. ih. roms:!i-! \hrc,n !g-, Ittri.t,r' ad r u.d lor au ion-3.{ll@ EFeaxers. !!-, Inecolvelsttlon|yalhouldaso tbese rom6 lf 6notbe! ?e*on uE€B txa.

-t16o Ir s cNt.!

fo. 1o!s, tr16tr!s rhtlsr,

yon say "{h!t

sntneEe y6! s{r "{h!t $ad $ 6hl .haMe 1n? You @y ,ot resre out rte 1sr

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dlvla.il tD Ttl-:i-r EAy .L0

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c:

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A: a:

tou to 6 !od.

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tdnsttt! sE qttrg !r ht! drt4yl4, hao !u hdol d6u ylu B: uhlr !&stri! kts, Erd d.€tlan zel

nd

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a tev eeek hw. I thlr* tnat alt.. r{u b. .1f lt]!es8 lcsB.n You

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q-!!E: r"-ili-ii6Ln.r

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tiole

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nl ztr r.tne qtl! ,6u yldlln.

|4.,]r I 66}!

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nry Ee afi{

like &!!4 enlc! td !i6. q#nbra! (eiiltor, qrarlsn) hbubian (h3utou, hdE1.!) shaqtis (ohalgiou, uhabslli) al;&le) x1enre (riitd, z5u

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lranrieo llienrry res3 r'ev nridse.t' c$le zh:ige tianqi6o, Jln

pedestrlan oYerla3s, tlatrs

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Dtxr! xlnd6n aao utelauy

leds flhen you haye cone out of thrs !.d4-

3

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0 DBtlls

sleaire!: otnFln. zhltl6o ln (sge) {anlllg ,6!g1i (r6y I ast, 'h.t !oad. Ql!s?!!, 1!?

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J

hl xdlerrrdur6!ri rldqi!. !t trtlfns xlli tran!. $ tdlJfus E1i ?1autn.

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sDes!.rr !l yanr narle

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zbu yldtn!,

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slealer: HE!& vlnr old! zbu ytdrE!. rfi!64 ztr ynrnt6, dut !u dut? (9rll9) dlylge (r co ! }1r talle! .,hâ&#x201A;Źtd, &d l1rey t rs

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rd zel rels $ zlu yldl5!, sedals ra1 ].butl&, a* h

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rE ztr rios d6!g z6u yldi&. zlEt1e dt,ts. r,)}5u Jrn 'm qt!64, dut tu dul?

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sDeare.: ra c6mor6! zhn zal nalce h6toG. (cu€) nl6r (f,€ u3€il to rlv. on

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rb4t .rrey. )

2 . 116rnqt

.6!sqr6!

zbn ,al

I; sag€ shtnsse )aa zln zar nalge findlen. tlen Ie lllJre ,.

qnnlG ,hi zil !6rsyou

{l riqb c6!sq{,! zir cu;lshua Ln ri s:s. shlngs. Jal rtl !Us. tildlln ri llllle

qnnrar:11 la!€vou lrE

x6!s r6nszni c6Dsqt6! zh! !a1 rrlalgc rrdtors. n16n

Ir6ngr6!g,ht c6nsq16i zti r!!is.

zhaq t6nszhl qnnl6 *n zal nils€ hntoa. 't!

zbals r6nezbt qi!t& 'e1 !&e€ hdtoDs zhue Jtse rtuat

't. reEen c6.sq!G zhn tl1 serllt6!.

1 . sDe*er: dt znio .h6@ dllul (Lr'-.t F!*.'..: y.' LooLls ro!?)

ra!.a c6nsqlln zal sedlii!

(It!

rooktE

IrE zrrlo zh5n$Ie!

to! trlnlle

d.

3. ff znio sh6t?

sang xiilgh.rs

riE zhi. r6!s x16!.h.ns.

5 . fi zxtr sh6ee dlree? 6 . nt zbi. db611

H6 UEtUns

1 , fi zllo 6h6@?

ylrniDs

v6 zbi. rtzhans $ftll

dt

rnb.

Boad.)


Learn Chinese - Foreign Service Institute - Text 7