History It had hardly ended the war when the conference opened. There had met the representatives of forty-four countries that decided to create an organization embodying a genuine culture of peace. In their view, the new organization shall establish the "intellectual and moral solidarity amongst mankind" and thus preventing the outbreak of another world war. At the end of the conference, thirty-seven countries founded the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. The Constitution of UNESCO, signed on November 16th (1945), was started on November 4th (1946) after ratification by twenty countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, France, Greece, India, Lebanon, Mexico State, New Zealand, Norway, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States Some countries have quit the organization punctually for political reasons but they have all returned to UNESCO: South Africa was absent from 1957-1994, the United States of America between 1985 and 2003, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, from 1986 to 1997 and Singapore from 1986 to 2007.
Main goals (in the video): Attaining quality patterns in education for all and lifelong learning: - Every child in the world must have access to free primary education; - UNESCO is piloting efforts to ensure that at about 2015 education to all becomes a reality; - UNESCO seeks to end discrimination against girls. - Reduce by half the number for illiterate adults. - Seeks to guarantee education in emergency situations (postwar regions or those in crisis).
Evaluating water resources - UNESCO is piloting efforts to reduce by half the number of people in the world without access to drinking water by 2015;
Encouraging the preservation of natural resources - Bringing public awareness of solar power as a sustainable and efficient alternative energy;
Through these means, UNESCO achieves other important goals: Mobilizing science knowledge and policy for sustainable development. Addressing emerging social and ethical challenges Fostering cultural diversity , intercultural dialogue and a culture of peace . Building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication.
Structure Director-General Office of the Director-General
Education Natural Sciences Social and Human Sciences Culture Communication and Information
External Relations and Cooperation Administration
Ambassadors Sheikha Mozah Bint Nasser Al Missned, Claudia Cardinale Her Royal Highness Princess Firyal of Jordan, Princesa Firyal da Jordânia, Mrs Chantal Biya, Mrs Patricia Velasquez, Mrs Ute-Henriette Ohoven, Mr Pierre Bergé, Mr Jean-Michel Jarre, Mrs Veronica Campbell-Brown, Mr Marc Ladreit de Lacharriere