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★ 2016 ★

Working Waterfront

Boatbuilders: Armstrong arrives: 4

The Finisher: Diane Salguero: 6

Team Kraken Up takes on R2AK: 10

Copper bottom changes coming: 14

Supplement to the Wednesday, January 27, 2016 edition of the Port Townsend & Jefferson County Leader

2016 Contents 4: Armstrong arrives 6: The Finisher:

Diane Salguero

8: Marina Cafe:

Great waterfront seat

10: Team Kraken Up: Prepping for R2AK

12: Masters of Metal: Andersen fills a need 14: Bottoms Up: Copper changes coming

On the Cover

Ossian Smith, a Haven Boatworks shipwright, works on the stern of the 105-foot fantail yacht Malibu at the Port of Port Townsend Boat Haven. Photo by Nicholas Johnson

In and out

Catalyst, a 74-foot vessel built in Seattle in 1932, hauled out for annual maintenance at the Port of Port Townsend Boat Haven in December 2015. Catalyst is a passenger excursion vessel, offering small-ship cruises in the Pacific Northwest and Alaska. Photo by Robin Dudley

A Working Waterfront Being a “working waterfront” is part of Port Townsend’s history from the late 1800s. Port Townsend Bay is the best natural harbor on Puget Sound, and the marine trades industry here is the best place for your boat project: construction, recreational, commercial, old or new. Thanks to the marine trades business people – from large outfits to independent contractors – nowhere on Puget Sound compares. “Port Townsend has the largest concentration and most variety of marine trades that I am aware of on the West Coast,” said Larry Crockett, who retires this year after 17 years as Port of Port Townsend executive director. “And we have a

good reputation for quality of work.” It’s an open yard, meaning owners may work on their own boats, bring in their crew from somewhere else, contract with local businesses – or all of the above. Port of Port Townsend rates and fees are middle-ofthe-channel with other ports in Puget Sound, according to a port study. “We’re still very inexpensive when it comes to moorage rates and that sort of thing,” Crockett said. “We have a moorage waiting list of 160,” while some nearby ports have vacancies at 30 percent. Port Townsend Boat Haven is more than boats. There are cafes, a fish market, coffee and beer breweries – and a 24-hour supermarket just across the highway.

Beyond the boatyard, the Northwest Maritime Center at Point Hudson and the Northwest School of Wooden Boatbuilding down the bay in Port Hadlock are educational and instructional stalwarts. The Port Townsend School District has a blossoming partnership to bring marine education to students, and students to the marine industry. As for marine science, the Port Townsend Marine Science Center at Fort Worden is right up there with the best. The stories featured in this edition of “Working Waterfront” introduce you to some of those businesses that make Port Townsend the place your boat would love.

Patrick J. Sullivan of the Leader

Boats love it in Port Townsend Port Townsend Boat Haven Haul-out Operations Hoist






75-ton 300-ton

1,599 247

1,570 282

1,543 314

1,646 281

1,598 259







Source: Port of Port Townsend Point Hudson Marina Nightly Guests Year












Source: Port of Port Townsend

WORKING WATERFRONT Editor: Patrick J. Sullivan Layout & Design: Marian Roh

[\ Published by the

Port Townsend Publishing Company 226 Adams St., Port Townsend WA 98368 (360) 385-2900 (360) 385-3422 (fax)

2 2016 WORKING WATERFRONT ✪ The Port Townsend & Jefferson County Leader

Newsroom: Patrick J. Sullivan, managing editor. Allison Arthur, assistant editor. Robin Dudley, arts editor. Nicholas Johnson, reporter. Copy editors: Katie Kowalski, Sunny Parsons. Marketing: Catherine Brewer, director. Jen Clark, Amy Jordan. Classifieds/Memorials/Legals: Donna Rosmaier, director. Susan Jackson, Nancy Fitch, Janay Collins. Circulation: Kaye Bailey, Desirée Alexander. Production: Sara Radka, director. Chris Hawley, Scott Herning, Marian Roh. Administration: Scott Wilson, publisher. Jennifer James-Wilson, associate Publisher. Accounting: Elizabeth Laing, Betty Grewell

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Armstrong Consolidated sets up shop; retains Gold Star Marine name for repair business


By Robin Dudley of the Leader

“We’re excited to be here in Port Townsend, to be here working and growing,” said Cory Armstrong, president of Armstrong Consolidated, Inc. (ACI), builders of new aluminum boats. ACI is occupying the Gold Star Marine buildings along the waterfront at Boat Haven, and did an asset purchase of Gold Star’s name, equipment and some structures. “We’re still operating under the Gold Star name for the service, refit and repair side of the business,” Armstrong said of the business that closed in 2015. “The demand seems to be there” for general boat maintenance and repair; they’ve been booking jobs since Jan. 1. “Our goal is to service the marine community and fill the gap left by Gold Star.” The main focus of ACI is building new aluminum boats. “The reason we came here was to manufacture new boats,” Armstrong said, “to design and market and eventually distribute a standard line of welded aluminum boats for the recreational market.” Most of Armstrong’s background is in custom boatbuilding; he’s managed the construction of more than 1,000 boats. His goal with ACI is production building – boats that he designed. “We still offer purpose-specific, built-to-order or custom” boats, he said, adding he dislikes the word “custom.” “It requires everyone to be an engineer,” he said, and “it’s difficult to grow a manufacturing business on a custom line.” ACI primarily builds catamarans – power yachts up to 54 feet in length. They also build trailerable sportfishing or recreational boats in the $150,000 range. Now being built in Building 2 is a 26-foot monohull, the trailerable Kestrel. With the ACI signature “deep-V” hull with a reverse chine, the efficient, stable Kestrel is designed to handle well in all weather. This one, now sitting on one of six dollies inherited from Gold Star, is

Cory Armstrong stands beside a 26-foot boat, Kestrel, in the Gold Star Marine building at Boat Haven in Port Townsend, the new home of Armstrong’s production aluminum boatbuilding business, Armstrong Consolidated, Inc. The company also bought the Gold Star Marine name and equipment, and is offering refit and repair services there, too. Photo by Robin Dudley

bound for Alaska Boat Brokers in southeast and south central Alaska this summer. Nearby, welding torches flash on a 36-foot charter fishing boat catamaran destined to go to work in Seward, Alaska, this summer. It was designed by Tim Nolan Marine Design in Port Townsend. “We like Tim. He’s also one of the reasons we wanted to come to Port Townsend,” Armstrong said of the well-known designer. ACI has a numerically computer-controlled hydraulic press brake in Building 2, a machine that bends metal, and a rolling machine used to curve pieces of metal. ACI is also now building a 6-foot-long model of their 34-foot Alegria catamaran, which they’ll bring to the 2016 Seattle Boat Show. ACI outsources the cutting of frames, stringers and hull pieces. “We basically get a kit,” Armstrong said. Using the pre-cut pieces, ACI assembles the hulls on a jig, or platform, typically upsidedown. The finished hull is turned over, tanks and other belowdeck

equipment is installed, deck and topside are built and the house or cabin is built on top or put on as a sub-component, before the mechanical and fit-out of engines and electrical systems are completed. “Aluminum is an ideal material,” Armstrong said. “It’s environmentally friendly, it’s recyclable, it’s clean to work with.” Lightweight aluminum boats are fuel-efficient, don’t require paints or finishes, and, after 3040 years of usable life, can be scrapped. “There’s value in it,” Armstrong said. ACI recycles as much as possible, he noted, including small offcuts and shavings. “I grew up in a remote area of British Columbia,” said Armstrong, who is a dual citizen of Canada and the U.S. “Our family lived off the land.” He went to school by rowboat, and didn’t have electricity at home until he was in high school. In high school in the 1980s, he learned aluminum fabrication and welding working for Western Aluminum Craft, building commercial seine-fishing boats. In the

early ‘90s, he Inc. His business partners started buildare Jeremy ing aluminum “Aluminum is an Cornelson, who boats with his ideal material. It’s ran Blue Waolder brother, ter Boatworks Josh, who conenvironmentally of Port Angeles tinues with that friendly, it’s for more than business, Armstrong Marine, recyclable, it’s clean 20 years; and Peggy Barnett, located in Port to work with.” general managAngeles. er. Armstrong’s “Ultimately, Cory Armstrong son Taylor also we had different president works at ACI as visions for our Armstrong Consolidated, Inc. an aluminum company [and] welder. Cornelit was more imson is operaportant to me tions manager to have a good relationship with my brother than and in charge of the refit and rehave that affected by trying to run pair business, Gold Star Marine. Armstrong is excited to be in a business together. It was starting to put unnecessary stress on Port Townsend, and said he came to PT largely because of Peter the family. “There was a lot of my lifework Quinn at the Jefferson County put into that,” Armstrong added. Economic Development Council, “Our designs and target markets who introduced him to the Local Investing Opportunities Network are different.” He left the family business in (LION), through which ACI found spring 2015, and began searching some local capital investors. Armstrong said he expects for a place to locate his own business, Armstrong Consolidated, ACI to increase its current work-

4 2016 WORKING WATERFRONT ✪ The Port Townsend & Jefferson County Leader

force of 15 to 30 within the next year or two. He anticipates there might be some problems with parking, as the Gold Star building’s access doors have parking spots right up next to them, which could block the port district’s TraveLift or cause problems with loading and unloading materials. He also said ACI employees are having some difficulty finding housing. “So far, we’ve had nothing but an overwhelming welcome, which makes me glad to be here,” he said. “We want to collaborate with other businesses in the port and the community, and are hoping to offer services in return.” ACI has “a good hydraulic press, along with an inventory of hoses and fittings. Things of that nature, along with specialty welding of aluminum and stainless steel, will be offered to clients.” ACI is hiring workers with knowledge of aluminum fabrication and welding, mechanical systems, finishing, hydraulics, propulsion installers, joiners and an in-house engineer and draftsman. “It’s not going to be easy,” Armstrong said. “Fortunately, we have a lot of support and a lot of experience behind us.”

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The Finisher Diane Salguero has gone from the ‘Root Beer Float’ to ‘Diane’s Dock’ By Robin Dudley of the Leader

Diane Salguero has been a professional marine finisher in Port Townsend for more than 20 years, and her roots here are deep. She took sailing lessons from Jim Daubenberger and Glenn Abraham in the 1970s, and made her own boat from a driftwood log and a plastic sail, which was dubbed the “Root Beer Float.” Her dad was a paint salesman at Eccles Garden Center, and she painted a few houses with him after she graduated from Port Townsend High School in 1980 with the goal of owning a flower shop. She moved to Vancouver, Washington, to attend Clark College, and she bought and owned a flower shop for a two years, starting at age 18. It was a stressful but invaluable inexperience, and taught her a lot about business management. She closed it, then managed a photography studio, and when she moved back to PT in 1985, she worked for photographer Paul Boyer for five years. In 1989 she started to work as a marine finisher, “just me and my little tool bag,” and her business has evolved from there. She also fished commercially in Alaska for four seasons and worked in a sail loft for a year, at Ellen Falconer’s Sound Sails. “I got stuck [in Port Townsend] because I bought my house,” she said. That was in 1988. “It kind of chains you to a place.” With her husband, she owned a 49-foot Sparkman & Stephens sloop, but they hadn’t finished it when they divorced in 2001. “That’s when I had to start getting serious about a career for me,” she said. “As a single mom, I had to figure out how to make a living.” The flexibility of finish work attracted her. “Being available to [my sons] was more important to me than a career. Parenting was my career.” She would bring sons Miguel and Marco to work

Diane Salguero stands on D Dock at Port Townsend Boat Haven, which she said a friend jokingly calls Diane’s Dock because she’s worked on so many of the boats. Salguero is an independent contractor who specializes in maintenance and repair paint and varnish for new and traditional yachts. Photo by Robin Dudley

with her, sometimes putting them in lifejackets in an inflatable boat tied off to the boat she was working on. She taught preschool while her youngest was in kindergarten, but wasn’t happy there and went back to boat work. “That’s when my business really started growing.” She’s also a certified guardian ad litem for Jefferson County Superior Court, advocating in the court system for kids who are wards of the state.


Although she’s well established now, being self-employed is difficult, Salguero said. The uncertainty about the next job is always there, and “it’s more expensive, because of self-employment tax.” Upsides are “the flexibility of this work, the fact that it’s outside,” she said. “That’s why it fit for me as a single mom.” “It’s been really good,” she said. “My business is built on referral. You get certain clients who have seen your work already, so you don’t have to sell yourself very much. It’s pretty

easy to assess a job, and be close and clear on your estimates.” Her established clientele includes many Jefferson County residents, among them some owners from Port Ludlow who have hired her every year for 20 years, and people who bring their boat to her from other counties. Regular maintenance saves boat owners money in the long run, she said. “It’s like changing oil on an engine.” Boats sit out in the weather, on the water and need attention. “In the Northwest, a big problem is moss and mold,” she said. “It’s a battle with Mother Nature. We’re always duking it out, but we have an understanding.” Salguero also watches people’s boats who leave for the winter. “I’m down here [at Boat Haven] pretty much every day, even in the winter,” she said. “Where’s my shop? Right there,” she said, gesturing toward the marina. “My business is outside, all day, every day.” She can point to a dozen boats she’s worked on – four are lined up in a row on D Dock, which she said a friend jokingly referred to as “Diane’s Dock” be-

cause of how many boats she’s worked on there.


Hers is a completely mobile business; she uses a work van. “Most of my work takes me to the boat,” she said. Her clients know to save their indoor paint work for winter; she’s outside in summer, her busy season. “You can make it work if you know how to do it,” she said of painting and varnishing exteriors in wintertime. “We have mild enough winters.” Salguero specializes in finish from the waterline up and project management. Most of her projects involve other pieces – systems, wood repair, rigging repair. “I refer, or I hire someone to fix that for the owner.” She knows a lot of people, which makes her valuable to boat owners. “I can pretty much service anything anybody needs, because of my contacts,” she said. “I’m here. I know these things. I have these connections.” And she knows who’s reliable.

6 2016 WORKING WATERFRONT ✪ The Port Townsend & Jefferson County Leader

Salguero is “picky” about making customer referrals. “It reflects on me,” she said. She’s also met boat owners who have had bad experiences, and has worked “to regain their trust in the community.” Salguero is a traditionalist when it comes to family values, she said, and when it comes to work ethic. “Bad eggs reveal themselves with their work and their work ethic.” Often, Salguero said, she has lunch with her competitors; they’re her friends, too. “There’s enough work here for everyone. We just need to be polite, and be accountable, and be courteous to one another.” She noted that independent contractors like herself bring a lot of work to Port Townsend, such as a boat she just finished working on that came from Roche Harbor, its owners renting moorage space for two months in Port Townsend and employing several people. “Even little old me, who doesn’t have a sign on a building, brings work from out of town,” she said. “We little guys count, too.”


She hires a handful of parttime employees in summer and into the winter; in mid-December 2015, she had just finished a big job re-caulking, painting and varnishing. Sometimes she hires young men from Gray Wolf Ranch, an inpatient substance abuse treatment center in Port Townsend, who start with her as volunteers. In its early years, she worked at the Northwest Maritime Center, running a volunteer program in the boat shop. That’s where she started working with volunteers from Gray Wolf. She teaches them useful skills, and if it works out, hires them. “One or two have stuck around for a couple years,” she said, though she thinks it’s best for them to move on from town. “They’re getting recovery and getting on with life.” Some have turned out to be skilled finishers, she said, after working with her and learning how to paint and varnish. “It’s what I’m good at.” She likes her trade, because she likes the people she works with. “I’ll be doing this as long as I can. I love my work,” she said. “Boat people are great people.”

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On the Menu Homemade food, cheerful conversation, waterfront seats By Allison Arthur of the Leader

Shipwright Ozzie Anderson saunters up to the counter at the Marina Cafe and announces, “I’ll have whatever you give me.” That’s because there is no menu at the Marina Cafe, located on the waterfront at Port Townsend Boat Haven. Anderson is a regular who trusts that whatever cook/waitress/owner Jen Takaki is preparing and serving that day is good and filling. Customers say Takaki dishes out more than delicious homemade chili, stromboli, salads, cookies and healthy muffins at her little eatery at 2800 Washington St. Takaki – who prefers to go simply by “Jen” – also treats customers to generous helpings of cheerful conversation. “I come here because she’s so cheerful,” says Chris Chimenti, who, like Anderson, orders whatever she’s making that day. It’s a Wednesday, which means it’s chili day, but it also happens to be the day the Powerball lottery has reached $1.5 billion. Takaki has bought a few tickets and is chatting about it as she takes orders. “If we win, everyone wins. I’d share with everyone down here. Everyone’s lives would change,” Takaki says, noting that customers have been good to her. “I’m not greedy. I just want to finish my goat fence,” she jokes, sharing, between orders, that she has six goats, one rabbit, four ducks, some old hens that haven’t laid eggs in years, and three dogs. And she loves them all. The conversation flows easily at the Marina Cafe, which Takaki has owned for five years. She’s recently signed another lease, so she isn’t going anywhere soon.


Jeffrey Johnson is having chili today as well. He works right above the cafe and smells things baking early in the morning. He eats at the cafe almost every day.

“Wednesday is my favorite. I never miss it. But I had to stop eating the cookies,” he says, holding up a double chocolate cookie he’s going to eat right after that chili. “Sometimes, I’ll come down and say, ‘I need eggs, and she makes me eggs and puts all kinds of fresh ingredients in with them.’” “You know,” he says, lowering his voice so Takaki can’t hear him, “there are old salty mariners who come here who’ve been able to cut back on their medications because Jen takes care of them. She’s like a mom. She makes sure they eat right,” Johnson says. A man steps through the door and starts talking to Johnson, who just bought Anchor Canvas, about some equipment he might be interested in. Johnson says he’ll be by tomorrow. Businesses is conducted informally at the cafe. People network over soup and sandwiches, talk about their projects, gripe and boast about business. More than anything, they say, it’s Takaki, not just her food, that keeps customers coming back. “It’s Jennifer’s personality. She makes you feel comfortable. And the food is good,” says Todd Flye, who owns On the Flye, a gelcoat and fiberglass repair business.


The cafe opens at 7 a.m., Monday through Friday and closes roughly around 4 p.m., so that Takaki has time to pick up her son, 6-year-old Henry. He’s why she does everything these days, including taking time off on weekends. “I knew I would love him, but I didn’t know I’d like him this much,” says Takaki, who became a mother at age 39. It’s near the end of the day, and a few people stop by wanting hot chocolate or a cookie. Jen serves them, all the while talking to a newcomer as if she’s just in her home kitchen and everyone has been invited to take whatever they want and enjoy. Ask about the paintings on the wall, and there’s a story behind every one. She paid $100 and traded two lunches for the photo of the Coral Sea, a boat that sank and was quite the talk of the maritime community. A charcoal drawing of the front of her cafe, done on Leader newsprint by Vincent Hovey, was a gift she felt honored to receive.

Taylor Kingsolver, 10, often comes to Marina Cafe after school to be with Jen Takaki, business owner, cook and waitress. He also sometimes sweeps up to make a few bucks. Photo by Allison Arthur

On the counter, there’s an oyster shell someone decorated with a sailboat on the inside. She traded a cup of coffee for it, which is all the artist wanted. She used to do a lot of trading for food, but that had to come to an end when people were offering half a hammer or a single shoe. Behind the counter is what she calls the “tab board,” which is lined with tabs kept by customers, who typically pay up every two weeks. There are only a handful of customers who owe more than $40, some dating back two years, but Jen gets a look in her eye and says, “There’s still time for them to pay up.” “It always works out OK,” she says of customers being honorable about paying their bills. “Most people call us the Break Even Cafe,” she adds. Taking over the place five years ago was easy, she says. “The minute the door opened, there was someone. It’s like he said, ‘Hi, I’m Al,’ and I said, ‘Hi, I’m Jen. Want a muffin?’” She’s been on a first-name basis with customers ever since, including dogs such as Torval, a regular canine customer who sits out front and barks, and then leaves once he’s satiated. She knows about 90 percent of

her customers man. Then, in by first name 2013, the cafe where now, although “If you put out good was friends gathshe admits that food and you treat ered to grieve sometimes she gets one wrong. people the way you after David Ewoldt fell “I called Ben ‘Ed’ for a year want to be treated, it off his boat drowned. and a half, and will all work out in and Takaki was he never corthe end.” moved by all rected me,” she the people who notes. stopped by to Jen Takaki When she pay tribute to owner first started out, Ewoldt. Marina Cafe she came in earHer family ly to bake and also has been be ready for cusinvolved in the tomers. These days, she comes at 7 a.m. and has business. Her father, Wally Takaki, “fresh stuff” out by 8 a.m. “I can bake and talk and watch helps out. He’s from Hawaii and ‘Good Morning America’ at the knows how to cook, she says. Her mother, Margaret, taught her evsame time.” Takaki has become a fixture of erything she knows about baking. During the summer, Takaki the maritime community at Boat uses a lot of her own fresh, homeHaven. She’s joined the Port Townsend grown vegetables in her cafe Marine Trades Association and meals. “I feel better when I eat here,” talked up the Port Townsend trades last year at the Seattle says one customer. A cup of chili and bread and a Boat Show. Her partner, Dave Zusag, a cookie is $5, and Takaki admits marine electrician, pops in on she’s not getting rich, but “I think a lot of it is if you put out good food breaks to help with cafe dishes. And the restaurant also has and you treat people the way you hosted a wedding and a funeral. want to be treated, it will all work The wedding was for a fisher- out in the end.”

8 2016 WORKING WATERFRONT ✪ The Port Townsend & Jefferson County Leader


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Team Kraken Up Prepping for Race to Alaska By Robin Dudley of the Leader

The Northwest Maritime Center’s 2015 Race to Alaska, an engineless boat race from Port Townsend to Ketchikan, Alaska, created a nationwide sensation. It was a ploy to get people interested in the kind of on-water adventures that take place in engineless boats, and it worked. Thousands of people followed the race online; it put Port Townsend even more on the nautical map. It’s happening again. This year’s 750-mile Race to Alaska (R2AK) starts on Thursday, June 23. As in 2015, there is a 40-mile qualifying race from Port Townsend to Victoria, British Columbia. Full-race participants then depart for Ketchikan. The first team to reach Ketchikan wins $10,000; second place wins (again) a set of steak knives. Boats are not allowed to have engines on board, receive pre-arranged supply drops or any other outside support, except the love and admiration of their fans. Last year, 60 vessels departed Port Townsend, and 40 vessels departed Victoria for Ketchikan. Team Elsie Piddock arrived first after five days, 4 hours and 17 minutes on the water from the start in Port Townsend. As of early January, 16 teams have already signed up for the full course of the Race to Alaska. One of those teams, the allwomen Team Kraken Up, was started by Kim Carver of Port Hadlock. “I didn’t aggressively try to start it,” she said. “I put a post on Facebook.” The post was a call for women who wanted to join an R2AK team, and responses poured in, Carver said. “Dozens of people said, ‘I’m in.’” When Marcella Braniff and Jill Russell joined, “I said, ‘you guys can be the captains,’ and then they brought [others] on board,” Carver said. Russell is a licensed mariner who teaches at the Pacific Maritime Institute and is studying to be a marine pilot for Southeast Alaska. She’s married to Braniff, also a captain, who worked for Un-Cruise Adventures, a Seattlebased company offering smallboat cruises. Carver also has

Keep an eye on Team Kraken Up in the 2016 Race to Alaska, the engineless boat race with a $10,000 prize. Team Kraken Up is (back, from left) coach and crew member Tara Morgan-Mulvenon, Katie Wixom, Alice Rhomieux, Kim Carver, Heather Carter, crew member and primary sponsor Julie Keim, owner of Compass Courses; (front) team leaders, the wife-wife team of Captain Jill Russell and Captain Marcella Braniff, with Ella Kucharova Skyped in from Montreal, Quebec, on the laptop between them. Courtesy photo

all-female teams signed up for the 2016 R2AK. The other is Team Sistership on an F-127 trimaran. “We’re not really playing up the all-female thing,” Carver said. “We’re all-human.”


The 28-foot rowing and sailing longboat Onward, designed by Kit Africa and built by Community Boat Project students and volunteers in 2009-2010, was purchased by Julie Keim of Compass Courses in Edmonds for the use of Team Kraken Up in the engine-free Race to Alaska. Courtesy photo

worked for Un-Cruise, as have Kraken Up teammates Heather Carter and Katie Wixom. Team Kraken Up also includes Tara Morgan, a professional rowing coach; Alice Rhomieux; Ella Kucharova; and Julie Keim, owner of Compass Courses, which is sponsoring the team.


Keim also bought the boat they’re going to use – the 28-foot longboat, Onward, designed by Kit Africa and built by Community Boat Project students and volunteers in lower Hadlock in 2009-2010. Keim paid $15,000 for Onward, “plus paint and delivery,” Carver said. It’s now in Edmonds, home of the team’s sponsoring business, Compass Courses, a maritime training school. Racing to Alaska isn’t cheap. Carver estimated it’ll cost “something like $30,000 for all nine people.” That includes $12,000 in drysuits, nine $300 oars, food, hotel rooms in Victoria, flights home

from Ketchikan and a $650 team entry fee plus $75 for each additional member. Each team member is making monthly payments to Russell to pay their share, Carver said. Carver also hopes to get a satellite phone for the team. “I’d really like to continue telling people about the race and British Columbia,” she said. Onward is a sailboat, but Carver is the only team member who knows how to sail. Their strategy, she said, is to approach the race “Soggy Beaver style – a lot of rowing.” In the 2015 R2AK, the paddle-powered Team Soggy Beaver finished seventh overall. “Our training schedule is intense. I’ve been getting swole,” she quipped. The biggest challenge for Team Kraken Up, Carver predicted, is “the mental endurance ... living in a small space for days at a time, being exhausted, having to pee and poop in front of each other.” Team Kraken Up is one of two

Carver worked for the Northwest Maritime Center and Wooden Boat Foundation for three years, orchestrating the organizations’ social-media presence. Like Jake Beattie, Northwest Maritime Center executive director and R2AK originator, she used to work in Seattle at the Center for Wooden Boats. When maritime center staff was starting the first R2AK, they tried raising the $10,000 prize money through an online crowdfunding Kickstarter campaign. “When we were getting down to the wire, I called Dan Blanchard,” the owner of Un-Cruise Adventures, Carver said. “He was interested and ended up donating a cruise for two for a contest. And he donated the prize money.” Carver was in charge of the social media for the 2015 R2AK. “It was a huge job, especially during the race,” when the R2AK Facebook page saw 20,000 unique hits each day, she said. Like tens of thousands of other people, Carver watched the online tracker to see where teams were. The job demanded “constant vigilance,” and “when there was a lot of activity, deciding what to post.” She researched back-stories of

10 2016 WORKING WATERFRONT ✪ The Port Townsend & Jefferson County Leader

teams, “things the public would engage with on a personal level,” and found photos and stories of the remote places the teams found themselves. “It was a way to get people to learn more about the Northwest, British Columbia and Southeast Alaska,” she said.


Carver also publishes “Jack Tar” magazine; there have been five issues so far. She accepts submissions from mariners – art, poetry, fiction, news about educational opportunities, “anything that would benefit hawse-pipers,” people who, in traditional sailors’ parlance, “came in through the hawse pipe,” or started working on sailboats at the bottom. With the magazine and her calendars, featuring images of women working in the maritime world, Carver is “trying to encourage minorities, women and hawse-pipers in general to excel in the maritime world.” When Carver started as a volunteer on the Lady Washington in 2003, she was promoted to first mate within a month. She’d been working on boats for years, mostly the Victoria Clipper, as well as on the San Juan Explorer as a whalewatching guide in the San Juan Islands, on tugboats, in the Great Lakes and British Virgin Islands and in New England, and on the Carlyn, a sail-training ship. “I’ve done a lot of different boat jobs,” she said. “I love the maritime community.”

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Ask around at Port Townsend Boat Haven about where to go for machining work, and you’ll soon be directed to Andersen Machine Shop. Ulfar Andersen, 72, learned machining in his father’s machine shop in Vestmannaeyjar, Iceland, starting when he was 8 years old. He began working there at age 15. He and his wife, Halla Njalsson, moved to Port Townsend in 1999, a relocation Andersen credits to Pete Chaffee, who “kind of talked me into coming here and taking a look,” Andersen said in his Icelandic accent. Andersen’s first machine shop here was located on Washington Street, at the current location of SOS Printing. Then he rented space from Mike Galmukoff at Boat Haven before building his current shop, located at the boatyard’s northeast end, next to the Sims Way fence and the sharp corner of Jefferson Street behind the port administration building. “Our specialty is probably not to say no,” Andersen said. He’ll do everything from small jobs to production, from automotive to food-processing machine repair and, of course, anything required by boats. In 2007, Andersen acquired a computer-numerically controlled (CNC) lathe. He brought out a heavy bag of identical small round parts made by the CNC lathe, then slid open the machine’s doors to show how it works. The lathe quickly cuts the end of a piece of metal and makes a radius inside, quickly switches tools to cut the inside and make a bevel, and then another tool cuts the piece off, all in a matter of seconds. In 2015, Andersen Machine Shop got a second CNC machine, a Haas, which is geared to do many more kinds of parts, Andersen said. The new CNC machine “has

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Ulfar Andersen, wife Halla Njalsson and son Thor Njalsson squeeze in between a workbench and their new computernumerically controlled (CNC) machine at Andersen Machine Shop in the Port Townsend Boat Haven. Photo by Robin Dudley

“Our specialty is probably not to say no.” Ulfar Andersen Andersen Machine Shop

Thor Njalsson programs the CNC machine, which was added in 2015 at Andersen Machine Shop. Photo by Robin Dudley

kept us a lot busier in the past year,” said Thor Njalsson, 29, who works in his parents’ shop. “With CNC, it costs less to make more than one part,” he added, demonstrating the machine in action. The equipment is about the size of a minivan, with wide windows through which one can watch the machine’s

robotic arms swiftly unfold, turn and drill, guided by the instructions programmed into the panel beside the big sliding doors, which automatically lock to prevent accidents. Integrated Marine Systems Inc. of Ballard, a maker of refrigeration equipment for boats and one of Andersen’s biggest clients, helped to persuade him to get the

machine. Andersen also does “lots of little stuff.” He has done machining for Port Townsend Rigging, the Northwest Maritime Center, Brion Toss Rigging and “a lot of boat owners, mostly in the summer,” he said. It might be more difficult to find any business in the boatyard that he hasn’t done some work for, he said. He’s got plenty of business, all through word of mouth. Andersen primarily works with stainless steel, as much of that metal is used around saltwater, he said. “Also bronze, brass, titanium and regular steel, of course.” His wife, Halla, is integral to the business, managing the bookkeeping, billing, packing and shipping. “What do I not do?” she quipped.

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Copper Bottoms Seismic shift coming to recreational boat industry By Robin Dudley of the Leader

For hundreds of years, copper has been used to inhibit growth of unwanted plants and animals on boats’ bottoms. However, the harmful chemicals released into the water by copper-based and other “antifouling” paints also leach into the water and can harm marine ecosystems, particularly in marinas, where a lot of boats are concentrated. In an effort to protect the marine environment, the Washington State Legislature in 2011 passed Bill 5436, prohibiting the use of antifouling paint containing copper on most recreational vessels. Beginning in 2018, it will be illegal to sell a new recreational boat with antifouling paint containing copper. Starting in 2020, it will be illegal to sell paint containing more than 0.5 percent copper intended for use on a recreational vessel, and illegal to apply antifouling paint containing more than 0.5 percent copper to a recreational vessel under 65 feet in length. Recreational vessels are defined as being used, leased, rented or chartered primarily for pleasure. The law does not restrict copper paint on commercial vessels, such as commercial fishing boats or vessels that carry paying passengers, or any other boats that are subject to U.S. Coast Guard inspection. “The dirty little secret is boats are pretty toxic and pretty bad for the environment,” said Bob Frank, owner of Admiral Ship Supply, Inc. at Port Townsend’s Boat Haven. He estimated bottom paint comprises about 20 to 25 percent of his sales from January to May, and about 15 percent in summer. Most of his customers are commercial boat owners, “like fishermen,” he said. Frank guessed that 40 percent of his customers are working on wooden boats. He pulled a few gallons off

A worker in a protective suit and respirator applies bottom paint to a sailboat at Port Townsend’s Boat Haven in summer 2015. A state law passed in 2011 outlaws the application of copper-based bottom paints to recreational vessels under 65 feet in length beginning in 2020. Photo by Robin Dudley

the shelf to check the labels. Pettit’s Trinidad Pro is 60 percent cuprous oxide (copper). “The cheapest copper paint is about $80 a gallon,” he said; high-end paints cost up to $350 per gallon. Pettit makes a slime-resistant paint that’s $250 per gallon. “There’s more growth in stagnant marinas,” Frank explained; growth of slime, seaweed and critters on a boat’s bottom is affected by how much sun it gets, too. “Nobody comes in asking for non-copper bottom paint,” Frank said. “Copper is the only thing that kills the toredo,” a worm that eats wood.” Alternatives to copper bottom paint are pretty poor in performance.” Copper bottom paint is ablative – it’s designed to “slough off, like a bar of soap,” Frank said. He noted that some tuna fishermen won’t use paint with more than 25 percent copper. “They think the tuna don’t like it,” he said, adding “24.7 percent is typically the lowest you’ll find in a copper paint.”


Like others in the marine trades who were asked their opinion of copper bottom paints, Frank pointed out that alternatives to copper bottom paint are also likely to harm marine ecosystems. “What’s the new poison going to do?” he said. “People want to hear that there’s this magic eco-paint.” Rick Oltman, owner of Cape Cleare Fishery, has been researching the subject; his business is dedicated to sustainability and environmental friendliness. He has been testing a copper-free Pettit bottom paint called Hydrocoat, a latex-based ablative bottom paint that uses biocides. He’s keeping careful records of the paint’s performance, recording details such as the weather when it’s applied, and how well it works. “It’s copper-free, but it might have something worse,” Oltman said. “What else do you do when you paint bottom paint on something – you’re trying to kill something.” Al Cairns, Port of Port Townsend environmental compliance officer, agreed. “Many

of the new non-copper alternatives are substituting zinc as the biocide which is also an aquatic toxin, so it begs the question if we’re not just kidding ourselves about making for a healthier marine environment with this copper phase-out.” Dave Thompson, a shipwright who has worked on wooden boats for about 40 years, observed that copper bottom paint is the only thing that stops toredo worms, wood-eating organisms that live in the marine environment. Thompson said he thinks the ban on copper bottom paint is “a wonderful idea, if they ever develop a non-copper paint that actually works.” The effect on the local wooden-boat community, he said, will be “a lot of fouled bottoms.” He’s seen what happens to wooden boats that spend time in the water without copper paint – “Toredos eat it.” To see what it looks like, he said, “go look on the beach, at the logs. There’s holes in them.”


Wooden boats are Port Townsend’s working water-

14 2016 WORKING WATERFRONT ✪ The Port Townsend & Jefferson County Leader

front’s claim to fame, and businesses are likely to be affected by the state’s upcoming ban on using copper-based paints on recreational boats. “If [the law] made an exception for wooden boats, that would make all the difference,” said Julia Maynard, co-owner of Haven Boatworks, a full-service boat repair and restoration company in Port Townsend that specializes in wooden boats. “And there’s not as many” wooden boats, she pointed out. Maynard said copper-containing bottom paints are particularly important for wooden boats. She noted that sheet copper is still allowed, but it’s expensive – about $4 per square foot. In centuries past, wooden boats’ hulls were sheathed in sheet copper, with creosoted felt underneath, she said. Frank also noted that the USS Constitution, aka “Old Ironsides,” a 217-year-old wooden sailing ship in Boston, is getting redone with sheet copper. Most of the wooden boats in Port Townsend don’t have that kind of financial backing,

ganisms and water quality. Will the mandated change away from copper-based paint for recreational boats cost wooden-

State boatyard permit issued this summer ton Public Ports Association (WPPA), which he said is critical in providing a voice with legislators and staff in Olympia, since one permit governs every port, large and small, on the waterfront or inland. “These are state rules and Washington state is the hardest in the nation,” Crockett said. “We’ve been successful in making our case that the benchmarks [Ecology] set are so strict, they need to give us time to have [cleansing] technology catch up,” Crockett said. “I think [Ecology] understands they can’t be so strict environmentally that suddenly thousands and thousands of jobs around Puget Sound will disappear overnight.” One of Port Townsend Boat Haven’s top selling points in the marine trades is being an open yard where people can work on their own boats. That privilege is at risk should people not follow the environmental rules. Crockett endorses the sign posted in the boatyard that reads: “Double Bag Your Paint Waste! If you don’t: Loose paint washes out of the dumpster, onto the ground and into the bay. Then we lose our boatyard permit. Then we replace the boatyard

with condos. Then we are all sad (except the condo owners).” Ultimately it’s up to the boat owners, Crockett said. “The port does not pollute. It’s the marine trades and the boat owners and I believe the worst offenders are the boat owners,” Crockett said. “Pouring your leftover half-gallon of paint in the port’s drain is not helping. We need to keep educating. If you want to have an open yard, you need to follow best management practices.” That message is being heard by most of those working at the Boat Haven, said Al Cairns, the port’s environmental compliance officer. “When we went to our marine trades a few years ago and impressed upon them the gravity of the moment they responded with ‘how can we help.’ We have worked together since then to develop sensible, do-able Best Management Practices and policies that, by and large, our tenants and independent contractors are abiding by. We still have some outliers though, and just one poorly maintained job site can have a seriously negative effect on the quality of the stormwater discharge.”

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The Port of Port Townsend boatyard, a significant economic driver in Jefferson County, is allowed to operate because it complies with a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit. The required permit, a result of the Clean Water Act of 1972, is administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, which delegates responsibility for the NPDES permit program to the state Department of Ecology. It’s a general permit that covers boatyards throughout the state, including SEA Marine at Point Hudson and the Port of Port Townsend Boat Haven. The current iteration is effective from June 2011 until May 31, 2016. The permit regulates how wastewater is monitored for pollutants, such as copper and zinc, before it is discharged into Port Townsend Bay. The new fiveyear permit is to take effect June 1, 2016. The permit is the “holy grail” for the boat yard’s existence, said Larry Crockett, who retires June 1 after 17 years as Port of Port Townsend executive director. Crockett has played an active role in the Washing-


Photo by Elizabeth Becker

Bob Frank, owner of Admiral Ship Supply in Port Townsend, displays some antifouling paints available at his chandlery. Photo by Robin Dudley

boat jobs here? “I don’t think so,” said Larry Crockett, Port of Port Townsend executive director. “I expect technology to catch up. The Navy and Coast Guard have been using alternatives. I think industry will adapt and the alternative products will become less expensive.” Copper also gets into waterways from household pesticides, water pipes and vehicle brake pads; state law demands that brake pads made after 2021 must contain less than 5 percent copper. An Ecology report called “Controlling Toxic Chemicals in Puget Sound” determined that pesticides account for a third of estimated copper release in puget sound; another third was divided between brake pads’ wear, boat paint and roof materials. The Port of San Diego has begun a Copper Reduction Program, and its website, portofsandiego.org, is a useful resource for those wishing to learn more.


however. And the local businesses that are hired to do maintenance on wooden boats are likely to feel the brunt of the bottom-paint ban. Most boat owners have their boats’ hulls cleaned and repainted every year or two. “If there is no exemption for all wooden boats, many of them will be lost, to worm damage, or to Canada, where there is no ban, and will greatly affect the marine trades here,” said Julie Anderson, office manager at Haven Boatworks. Since the law was passed in 2011, Anderson has maintained a file of news clippings and scientific studies related to the issue. Bill 5436 states that starting this year, the director of the state’s Department of Ecology may establish and maintain a statewide advisory committee to help implement the bill’s requirements. Ecology is to begin surveying manufacturers of antifouling paints to determine the types that are available, and study how antifouling paints affect marine or-


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