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PORT FOL IO Lazar Belić [M.Arch.]

VOL. 4

Via Paolo Frisi 6, 20129 Milano, Italy

(39) 389 4975 368 lazarbelic@msn.com

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lazarbelic.tumblr.com be.net/xxquii


Hello,

I am junior architect with passion in transdisciplinary approach in architecture, planning and design. I gained my professional experience as an intern in Wood-Skin studio , where I had the chance to enhance my analytical and design skills. I have been dealing with the innovative material of wood-skin and research on geometry which led to design of parametrically defined architectural elements and products. My professional career continues in studio of Andrea Caputo, where, as junior architect, I had the chance to participate in the development of master plan for logistic and eco-transport in Foggia, project of pavillion and project of conteporary gallery. My roles were conceptual design, modelling, technical documentation for executive projects. During my studies, I had the chance to be involved in various extracurricular activities, in which I improved the skills gained at University and developed new ones. Participation in many architectural competitions gave me the possibility to challenge myself with different topics and test my abilities in international context. During the course of Alta Scuola Politecnica, I have been involved in multidisciplinary projects, and developed tools and knowledge to work with other expertise. I am socially active person, and I have some reasonable volunteering experience, such as one month exchange program in United States with the topic of grassroots activism.


INDEX Cyborg Landscapes Frontstage Backstage Urban Grafting

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2016 | Graduation Thesis | CYBORG LANDSCAPES

Cyborg Landscapes cyborg

a fictional or hypothetical person whose physical abilities are extended beyond normal human limitations by mechanical elements built into the body

2016 / Academic Project Graduation Thesis Mentor: Elisa Cristiana Cattaneo with: Divna Desnica

Cyborg Landscapes is interested in the conditions of dynamic and less precisely defined physical territories that behave in response to existing but invisible energy fields, manifested in weather patterns, toxic threat, new geography, and evolving political borders. Such conditions operate outside of the formal infrastructure of the built environment, allowing new transient geographies to emerge that transcend environmental and political boundaries, providing opportunity for architectural speculation. Rather than assuming stability and explaining change, this means learning to assume change and explain permanence through the link of risk and knowledge. Instead of looking for architectural forms, this proposal is interested in looking for the forces, the flows, the energies, the rhythms that exist in this territory. It aims at

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providing methods for sensing, monitoring, testing, and revealing the everyday inputs of society’s superfluous consumption, of perceived infinite natural resources. Variable and elusive data sets that are inherent in understanding context today will be addressed, providing a framework for making space and for understanding and inhabiting these variable fields. Such atlases are inherently speculative and partial, a type of propositional geography that isn’t necessarily ‘the’ definitive authority on such dynamic assemblies of parameters. Rather, the mapping opens up sightlines for more focused or detailed ontographies within them. Situated in the territory of the Danube Basin, a place of transition, the proposal will be tested where the fluctuating and ephemeral conditions of its substance, its water, are manifested. The River

Danube has been and still is an infrastructure that promises the space of possibility, of expectation. Instead of thinking of the River Danube as a depot of our superfluous energy, this proposal will give a perspective on a possible Cyborg Landscape, an organism that has restored meaning and enhanced abilities due to the integration of artificial components and technology that rely on feedback. A network of devices that are responsive, adaptable, scalable, non-linear, and multivalent will be integrated above/on/into the water, assimilated in a landscape pattern gradient constructed on symmetric probability distribution. The landscape is performance, a tactical archipelago of living mechanisms.


CYBORG LANDSCAPES | Graduation Thesis | 2016

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Instead of looking for architectural forms, this proposal is interested in looking for the forces, the flows, the energies and the rhythms that exist in this territory.

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Pollution

2016 | Graduation Thesis | CYBORG LANDSCAPES

Phosphorus Pollution

Water Treatment Facilities

Protected Areas

Endangered Species

Invasive Species

Annual Average Percipitation

Flood Risk Areas

Alternations of River Continuity

Solar Energy Potential

Wind Energy Potential

Hydropower Plants

Ports

Waterway Classes

Nodes of Water Bodies

Points of Interest

Routes

Historical Borders

Recreation

Navigation

Energy

Floods

Habitats

Nitrogen Pollution

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CYBORG LANDSCAPES | Graduation Thesis | 2016

Nitrogen Pollution Long term average (2000 - 2008) Area-specific Total Nitrogen Emissions (kg N/ha/year)

Ruse

Belgrade Belgrade

Budapest Budapest

Novi Sad

Vienna

Bratislava

Vienna

Bratislava

Linz

Regensburg

Linz

Ingolstadt Ingolstadt

Ulm

2850

2800

2750

2700

2650

2600

2550

2500

2450

2400

2350

2300

2250

2200

2150

2100

2050

2000

1950

1900

1850

1800

1750

1700

1650

1600

1550

1500

1450

1400

1350

1300

1250

1200

1150

1100

1050

1000

0950

0900

0850

0800

0750

0700

0650

0600

0550

0500

0450

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0350

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0250

0200

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0050

0000

The mapping can be understood as function of a parameter that is mapped over the length of the river. To draw this function, the mathematical method of differentiation is chosen. The Danube is divided in sections of 50 kilometers, and each one is given a value. This distance is chosen as a measure that already exists in nautical literature.

0 <4 4-6 6-8 8 - 10 10 - 15 15 - 20 > 20 15 - 20 10 - 15 8 - 10 6-8 4-6 <4 0

The procedure makes an approximative view of the river, so the smaller the sections get, the data gets more dense and precise. However, the truth is that the data is changing every second with the flow of the river, so the real usefulness does not lie in the effort to achieve extreme precision. What we can observe here, is how some parameter changes over the length, and how it works with other parameters that are mapped.

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2016 | Graduation Thesis | CYBORG LANDSCAPES

Recreation

Navigation

Energy

Flood

Habitats

Pollution

Recreation

Navigation

Energy

Flood

Habitats

Pollution

Distribution over the lenght of the river

Distribution over the lenght of the river

Pneumatic Nutrient Removal Machine

Buoyant Wetland

Pneumatic Nutrient Removal Machine is dealing with the eutrophication vulnerable zones. The structure is made of capillaries which are distributed in different levels of rivers, bringing the polluted water to reservoirs. At the point of saturation, reservoir is closed, and the cycle of decomposition is initiated. During approximately two weeks of microbial decomposition, biogas is slowly being realized. The pressure is creating force that is filling tubes with biogas. As decomposition occurs the structure is growing, as an interactive indicator of the state of environment. After reaching the full volume, the tubes are harvested and the gas inside of them is used for production of biofuel.

Buoyant Wetland is providing temporary place for excessive dredged material. During the dredging period, sediments are disposed in the platform depot and mixed with soil. After this, the selection of native bioremediation plants are planted in the mixture to remove the toxins from the dredged material. During the cycle, sediments are cleaned from toxins, and plants are removed before they develop seeds, so they do not spread polluted biomass. In the end of the cycle, remediated sediments are sprayed back to the river. The function of buoyant wetlands is dual. They are providing recreational space for people, while remediating polluted sediments. Combination of these two functions, make the whole process of dredging and its impact on the environment visible to the public.

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CYBORG LANDSCAPES | Graduation Thesis | 2016

Recreation

Navigation

Energy

Flood

Habitats

Pollution

Recreation

Navigation

Energy

Flood

Habitats

Pollution

Distribution over the lenght of the river

Distribution over the lenght of the river

Multitrophic Fish Nursery

Energy Harvesting Mill

Multitrophic Fish Nursery is providing balanced micro-environment for surgeon nursery. With integrated approach it includes the whole river food web in one system. Sturgeons are nursed in a special cage, and by-products including waste are used as inputs by another species. Freshwater mussels are included as organic extractives, and aquatic plants as inorganic extractive. This combination, is providing favorable conditions for sturgeons growth. The role of Multitrophic Fish Nursery is not only production of fish, but also provision of testing ground for researchers. In controlled conditions, the behavior of endangered species can be tracked more easily then in wild environment. Moreover, the exposure of aquaculture as a part of Danube, shows the problematic of fish overexploitation.

Energy Harvesting Mill is proposing an alternative way of energy collection. Instead of creating a huge structure fixed in space, it imagines the â&#x20AC;&#x153;infrastructural landscapeâ&#x20AC;? composed of a multitude of devices. The units have much smaller energy production capacity and impact on environment then a present megastructures, but their value is that they create configurations - powerful landscapes that are integrated in natural ecosystem. Unlike, the dams that are seen on the Danube River now, Energy Harvesting Mill is scalable and flexible and can be modified to different sizes and arrangements. More than merely energy production the system is creating a new performative landscape that opens a dialogue between wind, river, nature and humans.

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2016 | Graduation Thesis | CYBORG LANDSCAPES

Cellular nature of soft systems creates a flexible configuration that is grown, shaped and defined over time as a result of the environment.

The landscape is performance, a tactical archipelago of living mechanisms.

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CYBORG LANDSCAPES | Graduation Thesis | 2016

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2015 | Architectural Design Studio 2 | FRONTSTAGE / BACKSTAGE

Frontstage Backstage stage

a raised floor or platform, typically in a theatre, on which actors, entertainers, or speakers perform

2015 / Academic Project Architectural Design Studio 2 Mentors: Stefan Vieths Matteo Aimini Nicolò Riva with: Alessandra Giron Martina Mitrović

The project started with analysis of the current state of Berlin’s urban tissue. The complexity and contradictory of the urban form of the city is a consequence of a long process of formation and trasformation of the city during many destructive and constructive historical events. To understand this complexity, the whole city can be viewed as a composition of solids and voids, where open spaces and strees are carved out of a solid mass. This perception of the city of Berlin was a generator for design methodology of the project. Since the project area was in the intersection of two important axes in the city (Michaelkirshstrasse and river Spree), the decision was to open a public space in this convergence point. The next step was decision to divide the program in two categories - called “frontstage” (exhibition spaces) and “backstage” (offices, laboratories);

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similar to divison of servant and served space. This division was then applied on formal level. The mass that hosts “front stage” program follows the direction of the river and creates the strong urban gesture, while the ”backstage” part finalizes existing fragmented urban tissue. These two elements were finally conected with the plinth, that hosted program related to both frontstage and backstage. The public space of a museum was created on this plinth, in tension between the two main masses. To articulate the form on the level of block, the concept of framing emerged. The main mass was carved, with the huge frame facing the river. This frame creates the strong visual connection with the rest of the city. The frame is also, part of the sequence of spaces, where the whole cantilevered part becames the open

space lobby and the entrance area. Articulation of interior space was done through the clear mathematically defined rational system that was applied on both masses. Contruction systems, interior divisions and facade are designed in the same system, which gave the human dimension to the monument-like masses. This project was published on KooZA/rch: http://koozarch.com/201 5/08/03/capturing-land scapes/


FRONTSTAGE / BACKSTAGE | Architectural Design Studio 2 | 2015

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The mass that hosts “frontstage” program follows the direction of the river and creates the strong urban gesture, while the ”backstage” part finalizes existing fragmented urban tissue.

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2015 | Architectural Design Studio 2 | FRONTSTAGE / BACKSTAGE

1. Open Space As it is located in the intersection between two axes, buildings where placed in the edge, defining a public open space.

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2. Hierarchy of Functions The main museum building is located at the edge of the river, while the research center works as its back stage and back facade.

3. Context Coherence

4. Filling Gaps

5. Connecting

The building were brought to the same heights as the ones presented by the surrounding biuildings.

The surrounding block was completed by adding the residential tower withinthe gap found.

A Platform was projected in order to work as a connecting element in between the two main typologies.


FRONTSTAGE / BACKSTAGE | Architectural Design Studio 2 | 2015

Level 3 exhibition space offices apartments

Level 2 exhibition space offices apartments

Level 1 exhibition space offices apartments

Level 0 museum lobby offices

Level -1 classrooms auditorium lobby storage

Level -2 auditorium changing rooms

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2015 | Architectural Design Studio 2 | FRONTSTAGE / BACKSTAGE

Section 1 The plinth as an open public space created between “frontstage” and “backstage”

Level -1

Level 0

Level +1

The plinth - hosting the program related to both “frontstage“ and “backstage“

The mass hosting “frontstage” program follows the direction of the river and creates the strong urban gesture, while the ”backstage” part finalize existing fragmented urban tissue.

Articulation of interior space is done through the mathematically defined rational system that is applied on both masses.

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FRONTSTAGE / BACKSTAGE | Architectural Design Studio 2 | 2015

Section 2 The plinth - hosting the program related to both “frontstage“ and “backstage“

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2014 | Architectural Design Studio 1 | URBAN GRAFTING

Urban Grafting graft

a shoot or twig inserted into a slit on the trunk or stem of a living plant, from which it receives sap

2014 / Academic Project Architectural Design Studio 1 Mentors: Cino Zucchi Matilde Cassani Paola Sturla with: Divna Desnica

The aim of the project was to reasearch the relationships between the physical metamorphosis of an existing urban landscape and the shift in its environmental qualities and social relevance. The project area is in the very center of Milano, in the midst of its older nucleus. The area is presently unresolved for a specific reason: the realization of an inner traffic ring planned in the Thirties was interrupted after WWII, leaving a series of run-down areas which were not built up because of their location along the envisaged “cut”. Today these areas are waiting for a new program and role, respectful of their delicate location and context but adequate to a contemporary metropolis and its new values. The design program includes a student hostel, services and a multipurpose space for

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events and expositions, plus the creation of a meaningful public open space in the form of a new square or urban garden. The challenges associated with the site, due to the historical situation and the density of the urban fabric, led to deep experimental consideration regarding the theme of contextuality and the implications of innovative design in a city such as Milan. The inherent belief in space as a protagonist of architecture, has led to the creation of common spaces for each floor and private or shared rooms of varying scale. These thread through the entire building as a strong narrative made up of vividly shaded nooks and terraces overlooking the landscape for the visitors to occupy. The facade of these common spaces articulated with perforations, made in Ceppo di Gre allow

diffused light to fill the room. As time changes, the mottled light shifts and plays across the room creating a peaceful ever-changing environment. The open space is a peculiar combination between spatial factors – the geometry and the surface quality of the architectural envelopes which surround it, the feeling of enclosure – and environmental ones, such as the different texture of the surfaces people will walk or sit on, concrete and stone. The design of the new public spaces is inserted in a “dynamic” rather than static dimension.


URBAN GRAFTING | Architectural Design Studio 1 | 2014

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“What we call urban design could be seen as an act of “grafting” a new organism onto an existing one, introducing a new physiology in an existing pattern.”

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2014 | Architectural Design Studio 1 | URBAN GRAFTING

Evolution of Form and Situation Plan The hostel is located in the historical center of Milan. Form is generated following existing urban tissue.

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URBAN GRAFTING | Architectural Design Studio 1 | 2014

Level 5 4 x 2 beds rooms 2 x 4 beds room

Level 4 6 x 6 beds room 1 x 8 beds room 1 x 12 beds room

Level 3 6 x 6 beds room 1 x 12 beds room

Level 2 6 x 6 beds room 1 x 12 beds room

4 Level 1

3

6 x 6 beds room 1 x 12 beds room

5 2

6 7 1

Level 0 1) Multifunctional space 2) Restaurant 3) Service block 4) Cafeteria and bar 5) Reception and Lounge 6) Service block 7) Lounge area

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2014 | Architectural Design Studio 1 | URBAN GRAFTING

Section 1 Open public space created between multifunctional space and hostel common areas

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URBAN GRAFTING | Architectural Design Studio 1 | 2014

Section 2 Facades articulated with perforations, made in Ceppo di Gre allow diffused light to fill the space

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