Page 1


Hormonal

5 Main Factors For Men INFERTILITY

Abnormal Sperm

Testicular

Epididymis, Seminal Vesicle and Prostate

Coital Disorders


Causes Related To Glands Controlling Testicular Function 1. Delayed puberty. 2. LH, and FSH deficiency.  Congenital hypo-gonadotrophic hypogonadism (pituitary gland hormones)  Kallman’s syndrome which is associated with abnormal sense of smelling.  Destruction of pituitary and hypothalamic glands due to  Trauma  Irradiation  Tumors  Medications  Surgery. 3. Hyperprolactinemia due to pituitary adenoma or a side effect(s) of some medications.


Hormone/ Diseases

Testosterone LH

FSH

Remarks

Primary Testicular Failure

Low

High

High

Oligospermia /Azospermia

LH Receptor Deficiency

Normal (ineffective)

Normal (ineffective)

Normal (ineffective)

Germinal cell Normal failure

Normal

Normal

Retrograde Ejaculation/ Obstruction

Other Endocrine Deficiency

Low

Low

Low-Growth Hormone, TSH,Corticotr opin

Low


Disorders Related To Epididymis, Seminal Vesicles And Prostate:  Congenital causes:  Vas aplasia,  malformation of caudal \ corpus epididymis,  Obstruction of seminal vesicles.  Infectious epididymal obstruction:  Some of the Microorganisms that may also cause infections are staph, gonorrhea tuberculosis, trachoma, anaerobes and Chlamydia.  Vasectomy: A procedure done for male contraception in this procedure a cut in seminal ducts is done which will cause male infertility.


Coital Defects  Inappropriate time  Erectile dysfunction  Using ointments or creams  Hypospadias  Congenital Penile Defects.  Retrograde ejaculation

Acquired cause  Neurological injury due to spinal cord injury.  Pelvic fracture.  Pelvic surgery.  Diabetes.  Prostate surgery.  Bladder surgery.  Urethral dilatation. Congenital causes  Stenosis of the external urethra.  Stenosis of the external valve due to hypertonic muscles  Congenital anomaly of the internal valve.  Congenital stenosis of bladder neck.


S E M E N

Immotile cilia syndrome Necrospermia

Increase viscosity

Periaxonemal abnormalities

A B N O R M A L

Enzymes Deficiency Pus In Semen Zinc deficiency Decreased A.T.P

Abnormal Prostaglandins. bicarbonate deficiency

Membrane malformation Disorders in calcium metabolism


Causes of infertility in men  

To Read the Article and many more articles go to ww.layyous.com Causes of Infertility in Men-Testicular Disorders and those related to epid...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you