ENGINEERING COLLEGE CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Change Plan BY
Fawaz Ali AL-Harbi Submitted to
Prof . Tomas Ucol Ganiron Jr
Contents : ►Introduction
►Purpose of the Change Planning ► Changes in Construction Projects * Types of change * Causes of change * Effects of change
► Change Management Process ►Conclusion
The re-work problem is often caused by poor project change management. During construction projects, many decisions have to be made under uncertain conditions.
Designers, engineers and other professionals have to make assumptions based on existing available information and their experience. If any assumption is proven wrong, some decisions have to be revised.
â–şChanges can result from : # Stakeholder . # Work which was more difficult than anticipated. # Delays in procurement. # Increases or decreases in estimated costs. # Risks triggered. # Mistakes.
â–şPurpose of the Change Planning # Manage and control change during the Implementation Project.
# Evaluate and prioritize all changes to the project implementation plan at the institutional level. # Provide a process for implementing change required by the system.
► Changes in Construction Projects A) Types of Change A change that occurs during a project can be a “gradual change” or a “radical change”, depending on the degree of severity.
1) Gradual Change, happens slowly over a prolonged period and its intensity is low. Gradual changes often occur during the design development stage.
2) Radical Change is sudden, dramatic and has a marked effect. Radical changes occur more often at post fixity or post design development phases.
B) Causes of Change 1) External Causes may be due to technological changes, changes in the customer expectations and tastes, changes in government and policies, and changes in the economy.
Internal Causes may result from changes in management policy, changes in organisational objectives and changes in the long-term survival strategy of the organisations .
3) Effects of change The effect either Direct or indirect effect
A) Direct Effects ■ Addition of work. ■ Demolition of work already done ■ Time lost in stopping and restarting current tasks in order to make the variation ■ Revisions to project reports and documents
B) Indirect Effects ■ Loss of productivity due to Reprogramming. ■ Change in cash flow, financial costs, loss of earnings.
■ Increased risk of co-ordination failures and errors. ■ Lower morale of work force
►Before Start implementation of plan change we should have answer to the following questions :
♣Understanding why the change is needed? ♣What is the justification for the change? ♣What is required for executing the change? ♣ Will it take more time or more money?
â–ş Change Management Process
1) Start Up This contains the proactive requirements that are essential for effective change management
2) Approval Once the evaluation step has been completed it will need to be approved by appropriate member of the team (usually the project manager) and maybe by the client depending on the nature of the change.
3 ) Implement and Review Once a change is approved, it needs to be communicated to all team members whose work is affected by the change. If necessary, schedule of work needs to be adjusted and new schedule needs to be agreed by the whole team.
At the end my presentation I will say , The changes are often inevitable. The key is how to avoid or reduce the negative impact of changes.
Thank You for Listening