Page 1

N 1:100 Ground Floor Plan

N 1:100 First Floor Plan

Conference Room


1:100 Section

Architectural Intention

Structural Model


Concrete Slab

Primary Columns

The site is prepared by digging trenches for the raft foundation,

The concrete slab is poured, providing a sturdy base for the

The ground floor columns are brought to the site and connected to

deeper at the points which transfer the largest loads to the

main activity space as well as a secure anchor for the universal

the concrete slab with base plates which spread the load over a

ground. Compacted earth is covered with hardcore and sand

columns to be bolted to through base plates.

larger surface area to be transferred in the foundations.

binding to provide a suitable surface for the concrete slab.

Structural Build-up

Secondary Columns

Primary Beams

Secondary Beams

The metal runner provides a good connection for the C-section

The steel beams are bolted to the ground floor columns,

The steel girders complete the first floor framework and provide a

steel columns in the metal stud frame.

strengthening the structure. Diagonal bracing helps to secure the

base for the steel floor decking.

north-east facade and will later provide a base for rigid thermal insulation boards.

Structural Build-up


Primary Columns

Roof structure

Corrugated steel decking lies on top of the girders and is fixed

The first floor columns are secured in place with bolted connection

The second floor structure follows the similar principles as the

in place between the primary beams.

plates. A structure similar to the ground floor primary beams is created,

ground floor. Runners support a secondary structural system of

transferring structural loads directly down to the raft foundation.

C-section steel columns. However the roof structure is different. Plywood box beams span the width of the activity space, secured onto steel beams (which are in turn supported by columns) spanning the length. A sprung floor is built on top of the concrete slab, meanwhile screed is poured onto the decking to create a solid and even first floor surface. Once a damp proof membrane is wrapped around the building, it is insulated and clad. This is followed by the introduction of windows and roof tiles supported by a tertiary structure of battens and counter battens.

Structural Build-up



Ventilation Warm air rises upwards in the two-storey activity space and escapes through the glazing of the roof lights directly above as well as the north-east facing windows.

Winter sun vs. Summer Sun Due to the cave-like nature of the activity space, users are sheltered from the glare of direct sunlight for most of the day and the excessive heat that this can cause.

Load path diagram The load from the roof travels down the primary structure and through the concrete raft foundation where it is dispersed into the compacted earth below. The load from the steel roof beams is transferred along the timber box beams, which span the shorter distance of the activity space.

Environmental Factors

Steel I-Beam

Damp Proof Membrane

Spans the length of the activity space Timber Box Beam Spans the width of the activity space Steel L-Section Diagonal bracing to give lateral stability to the pillar Steel Post & Beam Construction

Damp Proof Course

Concrete Floor Slab

1:50 Wall Section / Envelope

1:10 Foundation Section & Plan

1:5 Roof Detail

Design in detail  

construction & structural principles

Design in detail  

construction & structural principles