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PORTFOLIO KAM SIU HAN LAWRENCE


EDUCATION 2013-2016

SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN Architecture and Sustainable Design Bachelors of Science in Architecture Current Cumulative GPA: 4.92/5.0

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2016

MASSACHUSETTES INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, USA Singapore Winter Abroad Programme

KAM SIU HAN LAWRENCE 28 December 1992 Singapore Citizen

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2014

Summer Exchange: Architectural Design 2009-2010

NATIONAL JUNIOR COLLEGE, SINGAPORE H2 PCME/GP/PW 6 Distinctions in GCE ‘A’ Levels Captain of Track & Field (Cross Country)

28D Dover Crescent #23-73 Singapore 134028 6686 0767 (H), 9183 8564 (HP) lawrence_kam@mymail.sutd.edu.sg

ZHEJIANG UNIVERSITY, CHINA

WORK EXPERIENCE 2015

BECA CARTER HOLLINGS & FERNER (S.E.ASIA) PTE LTD Environmentally Sustainable Design Intern Performed a full thermal comfort study (natural ventilation + solar analysis) for Kwong Wai Shiu Hospital, Singapore Managed BCA Green Mark Certification for various local clients including Nanyang Technologial University

2013

ST JAMES CHURCH Youth Ministry Intern Organized and led a youth community trip to Banchang, Thailand Designed a full website as well as posters, videos and art installations

2011

SINGAPORE ARMED FORCES BMTC Media & Parent Engagement Specialist Processed and edited over 10,000 photos for public viewing Developed the front and back-end of BMT Graduation Parade website


AWARDS 2016

2015

RESEARCH / PRESENTATIONS KEPPEL AWARD OF EXCELLENCE SUTD Junior Year Top Student (Architecture) SUTD HONOURS LIST (DEAN’S LIST) Consecutive years for Junior, Sophomore and Freshmore

2015

Research Project Description: Redesigning a front desk lobby space for Ascott Residences 2015

SUTD + ZHEJIANG UNIVERSITY Asian Leadership Programme Scholarship

OPEN HOUSE, SUTD Project Exhibition, Asian Leadership Programme

SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN ASED 2015 Design Award 2nd Prize 2014

SUTD + THE ASCOTT LIMITED

Project: New Leaf Eatery 2014

RE:PUBLIC – HTC STUDENT CONFERENCE, SUTD Project Exhibition Project: Block 53 Toa Payoh

2013

SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN SUTD Undergraduate Distinguished Scholarship

TECHNICAL EXPERIENCE

LANGUAGES

DRAWING / MODELING / REPRESENTATIONS

• •

English Mandarin Chinese

Hand drawing, Model making

3D Modeling: Rhinoceros + Vray, Autodesk Revit, Sketchup, Blender, Unity

GENERAL INTERESTS

Computation: Grasshopper, Kangaroo, Karamba, Weaverbird, Sawapan

• • • •

• •

• •

Simulation: Autodesk CFD, IES VE, PHOENICS, Umi/ Archsim + DIVA, DesignBuilder

Programming Videography Soccer Dance

Graphic Design: Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, Flash

PROGRAMMING / DATA PROCESSING •

C#, Python, HTML5, CSS, PHP/MySQL, JavaScript

Excel + Macro

"Lawrence has shown good commitment to the works assigned to him. Reliable, thinking out of the box, presenting solutions. Impressive as an intern." u RECOMMENDATION FROM IRENE YONG, DIRECTOR, BECA CARTER HOLLINGS & FERNER (S.E.ASIA) PTE LTD


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02

TROPICAL HIGH DENSITY

HOUSING PROJECT AT JOO CHIAT

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02

PSEUDO-BISTABLE CHAIR

WAVE CANOPY

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02

SUSTAINABLE URBAN CENTRE

TOA PAYOH RESIDENTIAL

STUDIO

STRUCTURE & COMPUTATION

SUSTAINABLE DESIGN


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04

05

06

SUTDx SATELLITE CAMPUS

ONE NORTH MUTLIPURPOSE CENTER

FABRICATION LABORATORY

RESTAURANT AT WEST LAKE, HANGZHOU

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04

05

06

FORCES FROZEN

DYNAMIC FABRIC FACADE

CARDBOARD TUBES GRIDSHELL

WAFFLE GRID PAVILION


STUDIO TROPICAL HIGH DENSITY HOUSING PROJECT AT JOO CHIAT SUTDx SATELLITE CAMPUS ONE NORTH MULTIPURPOSE CENTER FABRICATION LABORATORY RESTAURANT AT WEST LAKE, HANGZHOU


A01

TROPICAL HIGH DENSITY

TERM 7 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

MAY 2016 OPTION STUDIO | INDIVIDUAL PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: CARLOS BANON Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


The system of branching is nature’s answer to the efficient division of flows: forces, circulation and transport. By using the branching as void, opportunities are created for the typical highdensity mixed use building to respond to its local conditions. Light and wind can permeate into the building, as well as pedestrian roads and river

canals. The branching system extends not only within, but onto the facade also. Internal division of spaces is no longer able to follow the verticality of the typical plan, but because the dynamism of the branching, every floor now has a unique combination of enclosed spaces separated by naturally-ventilated, brighly-lit corridors.


A01

HOUSING PROJECT AT JOO CHIAT

TERM 6 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

DECEMBER 2015 CORE STUDIO | INDIVIDUAL PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: OLIVER HECKMANN Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


In an attempt to reintegrate and reignite the community spirit of Joo Chiat, this housing project aims to surround both residential and commerical around courtyards. This facilitates visual and physical interaction through the minimization of distance and obstructions. However, in understanding the privacy required in residential

units, the concept of "overlapping courtyards" is introduced. This verticality creates the separation between public and private, yet retaining the proximity between the two. This concept extends through the neighbourhood level to the unit level, redefining how the allocation of programs should be and subsequently the way of living.


A02 SUTDx SATELLITE CAMPUS

TERM 5 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

MAY 2015 CORE STUDIO | INDIVIDUAL PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: PAULINE ANG Adjunct Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


The spatial constraints of the site demanded an efficient and innovative use of space to cater to a large student population. The two lecture theatres and one auditorium are stacked above each other based on their geometry to achieve space optimisation, leading to the creation of three plazas. The three large volumes are then spaced

apart vertically to allow for the smaller spaces to fill in the gaps and form the transition from public to private. Circulation then wraps around the building, forming a continuous path with greenery lining the sides. The result is a very open city campus, generous to the public, reflecting the accessibility of education to the masses.


A03 ONE NORTH MUTLIPURPOSE CENTER TERM 4 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

DECEMBER 2014 CORE STUDIO | INDIVIDUAL PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: CARLOS BANON Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


This multipurpose center is formed by three L shapes placed according to the slope, minimising the work needed to modify the terrain. Depending on size, programs are placed along the long or short side of the "L"s. Within the L-shaped volumes, the distinct yet connected spaces allow for overlaps and multi-functional uses, as well as

a mixture of indoor and outdoor areas. There are minimal doors and walls that separate the space, rather, by a turn to the left or right, or up and down. Thus, the spaces remain open and versatile. Users can shape and experience this center however they wish. The facade reflects the spontaneity of the spaces within.


A04 FABRICATION LABORATORY

TERM 4 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

NOVEMBER 2014 CORE STUDIO | INDIVIDUAL PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: CARLOS BANON Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


This project explores the concept of "thirty-fifteen": thirty centimeter slabs are regularly spaced fifteen centimeters apart, forming the everything from benches to barriers, walls to windows, and floor to facade. These slabs are stacked vertically, forming two interlocking L shapes, which creates a central courtyard in the middle. The spacing

in between the slabs aids the positive effects of light, porosity and ventilation, while removing the negative effects of glare. Programs are arranged in a clockwise manner around the central courtyard, from discussion rooms to the laboratories, mimicking the process of design from concept to fabrication.


A05 RESTAURANT AT WEST LAKE, HANGZHOU SUMMER EXCHANGE / ZHEJIANG UNIVERSITY, CHINA

PRESENTED IN SUTD LEARNING CELEBRATION CARNIVAL / SEPTEMBER 2014 PRESENTED IN SUTD OPEN HOUSE / MARCH 2015 JULY 2014 CORE STUDIO | GROUP PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: WU JING Associate Professor, Zhejiang University


一个以森林深处的山丘为范例的建筑。到此驻足的 客人能够在山丘上欣赏怡人的风景,亦能够在绿色 的庇荫下轻松地进餐。这个建筑自然的形态和结构 不止能够让它融入四周的环境里,同时也能满足它 功能上的需求。它的特色使客人们能够真正地远离 市区的忙碌及一成不变的节奏,到这里享受大自然 的平静。

A structure mimicking a hill in the heart of the forest. A breathtaking view atop the hill or a relaxing dine beneath the grass roof. The use of organic shapes and structures creates a functional yet unobtrusive architecture. Guests can then truly escape the busyness and rigidity of city life and enjoy the tranquility of nature.


STRUCTURE & COMPUTATION PSEUDO-BISTABLE CHAIR WAVE CANOPY FORCES FROZEN DYNAMIC FABRIC FACADE CARDBOARD TUBES GRIDSHELL WAFFLE GRID PAVILION


B01

PSEUDO-BISTABLE CHAIR

TERM 7 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

MAY 2016 MATERIAL COMPUTATION | GROUP PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: SAWAKO KAIJIMA Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


Pseudo-bistability is the phenomenon in which the system has one stable state and another pseudo-equilibrium state when load is applied, and self-restores when the load is removed. This was applied into the scale of a chair, with the idea that the chair is initially round in its rest state for mobility, but is stable and comfortable once

a person sits on it. This required an innovative design solution to rework the stubborn flow of forces without mechanical parts. Through the 3D-printing of multi-material prototypes, the project was a success and triggered a wave of interest from several top researchers in a research arm of the university.


B02 WAVE CANOPY

TERM 7 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

MAY 2016 MATERIAL COMPUTATION | GROUP PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: SAWAKO KAIJIMA Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


5 kN/m2

8m

12 m 0.5 kN/m2

CONTEXT

Folding and bending are common techniques to increase the structural stiffness of material. This design uses variations of waves to combat various loads. Using Sawapan as the material computation tool, the design undergoes an iterative process of geometry, material and optimisation to achieve the best possible structure.


ITERATION 1

ITERATION 2

DEFLECTION

ITERATION 3

DEFLECTION

DEFLECTION

f(x) = 0

f(x) = x

f(x) = - sin (x) [0, π]

CONTOUR (MINIMA)

CONTOUR (MINIMA)

CONTOUR (MINIMA)

PLAN / SECTION

PLAN / SECTION

PLAN / SECTION

max-deflection = 0.002632 m max-stress = 23.8 MPa

max-deflection = 0.004703 m max-stress = 50 MPa

ITERATION 4

max-deflection = 0.002189 m max-stress = 37.8 MPa

ITERATION 5

DEFLECTION

ITERATION 6

DEFLECTION

f(x) = cos x [0, π]

DEFLECTION

f(x) = sin (2x) [0, π]

f(x) = - cos (2x) [0, π]

CONTOUR (MINIMA)

CONTOUR (MINIMA)

CONTOUR (MINIMA)

PLAN / SECTION

PLAN / SECTION

PLAN / SECTION

max-deflection = 0.001426 m max-stress = 31.7 MPa

max-deflection = 0.000826 m max-stress = 27.3 MPa

max-deflection = 0.002121 m max-stress = 29.6 MPa


47.5m

2.26m 9m

ELEVATION (LONG)

12m

8m

47.5m PLAN

CLADDING


B03 FORCES FROZEN

WINTER EXCHANGE / MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, USA

JANUARY 2016 INDEPENDENT ACTIVITIES PROGRAMME | WORKSHOP INSTRUCTORS: CAITLIN MUELLER Assistant Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology LANCELOT COAR Associate Professor, University of Manitoba / Researcher at Centre of Architectural Structures & Technology


Inspired by Swiss engineer and designer Heinz Isler, this workshop explored the world of structural ice shells for architecture. Through the power of shape and curvature, thin shells can achieve impressive strength and stiffness. The week-long workshop involved research, experimentation, designing and hands-on fabrication using fabric

with two materials: frozen water and wax. The final installation was displayed outdoor in the MIT campus. In relating to architecture, materials are not often used fully to its natural properties, often conforming to the box designs determined by architects. This workshop reverses the process, with materials at the forefront.


FABRIC ICE SHELLS

The fabric ice shells combined two materials with very contrasting properties. Fabric is a soft, lightweight material devoid of stiffness, while frozen water is completely opposite. The method of creating such a shell is similar to Gaudi’s hanging chains, where fabric is initially hung upside down to find its own form. Then, it is sprayed with water and left to harden in sub-zero temperatures of Boston’s winters. Finally, the hardened ice shells are flipped over to be left standing on its own.


FABRIC WAX MODELS

Ice shells requires specific conditions, particularly sub-zero temperatures, and it is often unable to stand for long due to sublimation. Wax is a viable alternative which exhibits 1:1 structural propeties as to fabric ice shells, with the benefit of being fabricated in room-temperatures. It is also able to stand more permanently. Scale models can be quickly fabricated with wax and interesting geometric shapes can birth from such rapid prototyping.


B04 DYNAMIC FABRIC FACADE

TERM 6 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

DECEMBER 2015 BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING | GROUP PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: STYLIANOS DRITSAS Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


This facade is part of an overall skyscraper design located at the Central Business District in Singapore with a side with a clear view of the Marina Bay. The skyscraper was to function as offices by day and residential apartments by night. Hence, the facade needed to reflect its changing character from day to night. A dynamic

fabric facade was chosen because of the material properties of fabric which has translucency and flexibility. In the day, the scissor arms extend such that the interior is shaded from direct sunlight. At night, the arms retract, and the view to Marina Bay is unobstructed. From outside, the skyscraper is also seen differently by day and by night.


B05 CARDBOARD TUBES GRIDSHELL

TERM 5 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

APRIL 2015 DIGITAL DESIGN AND FABRICATION | GROUP PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: STYLIANOS DRITSAS Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


A cardboard tubes structure creates a hideout for people to sit or lie underneath. A fully covered half creates a more intimate setting, while the other half opens up to the public. The night lights cast shadow, extending the pattern of the structure onto the ground. The design process incorporated several stages: the resultant form was determined

using form-finding with Kangaroo, while Rhino + Grasshopper was used to generate the code for fabrication. Optimisation using Excel was also employed to minimise material wastage. The parts were fabricated using several machines including laser cutters and saws, and were prepared assembled over a period of one week.


B06 WAFFLE GRID PAVILION

TERM 5 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

RUNNER-UP FOR SUTD ASED COMPETITION APRIL 2015 STRUCTURE AND ENCLOSURE DESIGN | GROUP PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: TONI KOTNIK Associate Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


The task was to design a pavilion suited for Ferrari’s LaFerrari. Given the car’s sleek and fluid nature, we aimed for a bold, futuristic design by supporting a shelter with one pillar only, complimenting highend technology and design of the car. The roof, structure and support is indistinguishable being made from the same material, similar to how the

car’s roof also blends seamlessly with its windows. The subtile curves of our design compliment the bold curves of the car, while the white colour and reflective materiality help enhance the visuals of the car. The roof slopes towards the front as a welcoming gesture towards the entrance, and from the side presents a visually appealing pavillion.


SUSTAINABLE DESIGN SUSTAINABLE URBAN CENTRE TOA PAYOH RESDIENTIAL


C01

SUSTAINABLE URBAN CENTRE

TERM 7 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

MAY 2016 URBAN SUSTAINABILITY | GROUP PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: ALSTAN JAKUBIEC Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


The challenge was to design a high-density neighbourhood with a Floor Area Ratio of at least 7, and incorporate urban sustainable principles in aspects such as Urban Heat Island, Daylighting and Energy Consumption. The eventual design challenged the norms of buildings as rectangular boxes by creating a mountain-like roofscape. Solar

PVs and urban farming can be placed on the roofs, while a high amount of daylight reaches the ground due to the slanted roofs. A multi-layered road and pedestrian network is introduced to create a walkable city, while amenities and gardens are strategically placed to create a sustainable environment.


The site allocated is Sungei Bedok, which is surrounded by a residential estate to its west and an industrial estate to its east. The challenge was therefore to connect the two as well as the various transport nodes surrrounding the site. In questioning what sustainability consists of, three design goals were formulated (right).


C02 TOA PAYOH RESIDENTIAL

TERM 6 / SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN

DECEMBER 2015 ARCHITECTURAL ENERGY SYSTEMS | GROUP PROJECT INSTRUCTOR: ALSTAN JAKUBIEC Assistant Professor, Singapore University of Technology & Design


This project is composed of two parts: first, to design an urban massing which responds to the sun and wind, and second, to run energy calculations of a thermal shoebox model of a typical unit. For the first part, kinked buildings was proposed to try to catch and divert wind into the open spaces in between the blocks. The optimal

massing was chosen after running a series of CFD simulations in DesignBuilder. For the second part, the unit was designed as an open plan concept with cross-ventilation and vertical shading to increase ventilation heat removal and reduce solar heat gain. Annual energy calculations were run also in DesignBuilder using EnergyPlus.


(+65) 9183 8564 lawrence_kam@mymail.sutd.edu.sg


Lawrence Kam: Architecture Portfolio 2016