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International Association of Multidisciplinary Research

2011-2013 Officers

President dr. genaro v. japos Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines

Vice-President for Asia Prof. Dr. Tatik Suryani STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia Vice-President for Middle East North Africa Dr. Liza M. Gernal American College of Dubai United Arab Emirates Secretary Dr. Terfa Kahaga Anjov Benue State University Makordi, Nigeria

Treasurer Ramesan Madahvi Azadboni University of Mazandaran Islamic Republic of Iran Auditor Dr. Vipan Kumar National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies, New Delhi, India

pio dr. TANZILA NABEEL Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan

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Table of Contents IAMURE 2011-2013 Officers

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Vision and Mission

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Messages

Dr. Zenaida G. Gersana

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Dr. Genaro V. Japos

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Conference Programme

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Keynote Speech Dr. Tatik Suryani

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Outstanding Global Researcher

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Outstanding Global Research Leader

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Other Awardees

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Plenary Session Day 1

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Plenary Session Day 2

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Plenary Session Day 3

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IAMURE Administrative Personnel

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Message Republic of the Philippines Office of the President COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION Region X, 9000 Cagayan de Oro City e-mail: chedx@hotmail.com Our warm greetings and congratulations to the International Association of Multidisciplinary Research (IAMURE) headed by Dr. Genaro V. Japos, President, for holding the Global Conference on Education, Business, Engineering and Sciences (GCEBES 2012) on October 24-26, 2012 at the Marina Bay Expo and Convention Centre, Singapore. The theme: “The Role of Education, Business, Engineering and Sciences in Building a New Knowledge Economy”, reminds us to actively participate in the latest stage of development in global economic restructuring, or be left behind. Thus far, the developed world has transitioned from an agricultural economy (pre-Industrial Age, largely the agrarian sector) to an industrial economy ( with the Industrial Age, largely the manufacturing sector) to post-industrial/ mass production economy(mid-1900s, largely the service sector) to knowledge economy (late 1900s – 2000s, largely the technology/human capital sector). This latest stage has been marked by the upheavals in technological innovations and the globally competitive need for innovation with new products and processes that develop from the research community. Worldwide examples of the knowledge economy taking place among many others include Silicon Valley in California; aerospace and automotive engineering in Munich, Germany; biotechnology in Hyderabad, India; electronics and digital media in Seoul, South Korea; petrochemical and energy industry in Brazil. The Commission on Higher Education, Region 10, is passionately supporting this endeavor for this is in line also with Agendum 3 of the National Higher Education Research Agenda 2 (2009-2018) which says:” Generating new knowledge needed for the advancement of higher education as well as for national development. . .Under NHERA 2, the higher education sector will continue to work in tandem with the science and technology, industry, agriculture, energy and other sectors to address the research priorities for development. . .” Once again, CONGRATULATIONS!

ZENAIDA G. GERSANA, Ph.D., CESO III Director IV

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Message Welcome to the Global Conference on Education, Business, Engineering and the Sciences held at the Marina Bay Expo and Convention Centre, Republic of Singapore. We have chosen this venue for its world strategic importance as Asia’s best convention destination. We at the International Association of Multidisciplinary Research has chosen as our theme The Role of Education, Business, Engineering and the Sciences in the Building of a New Knowledge Economy to emphasize the role of research in the development of nations. We believe that oral presentations and journal publications must inspire and spur the application of new knowledge to change the world. Global conferences such as the GCEBES 2012 provide the venue for dissemination, critical inquiry, application and translation of research into meaningful and creative solutions to the manifold problems of society. Singapore is a world model of astutely designed knowledge economy. We have much to learn from Singapore in terms of how they used research to develop their country and strategically position itself as a world economic player. The annual productivity of Singapore’s research by its four universities as evidenced by publications in journals indexed by Thomson Reuters and Scopus Elsevier is equivalent to 10 years of her neighboring countries. This time we create more opportunities for critical discussion of pressing issues revolving on the theme with the hope that such discussions can generate collaborations among researchers from different continents. What we do after the conference speaks about the impact of this event . We organized IAMURE in August 17, 2011 and so far we have staged three international conferences in the Philippines held in Cagayan de Oro City, Bacolod City, and Cebu City and three conferences in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Bangkok; Thailand; and Singapore. We have lined up for 2013 conferences in Beijing, China; Inchon, South Korea; Siem Reap, Cambodia; Jogjakarta;Tokyo, Japan; Taiwan and the Philippines. The Conference Declarations we have crafted as syntheses of the scientific papers have helped define our advocacy for world development. So far, we have catered to over a thousand researchers in 12 months and have published nine journals with different frequency of issue. The recent ISO certification for QMS 9001:2008 by the AJA Registrars Inc. has helped us reinvent our culture of work to comply with international standards.

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We have pursued with vigor the recognition of researchers around then world to motivate our researchers to produce quality research even under adverse conditions. Yes, we have witnessed the heart rending experiences of our participants who personally paid their travel expenses and publications to attend our conferences. Behind every presented and published article is an interesting story of sacrifice and struggle. Indeed, we researchers work best in both ideal and adverse conditions. The search for talented researchers has revealed a rainbow of talents from poetry, to dance, and song. These talent presentations provide the artistic complement to spice up our scientific sessions . The journal evaluation of IAMURE has finally taken off and soon we will be putting up an indexing service and hopefully and Asian Impact Factor to promote the citation of articles and the utilization of journals from Asia. We shall seek recognition from the Ministries of Education of our respective countries. We continue to do what must be done armed with courage and determination to make a difference in the world. As President, i commend the efforts and dedication of my team composed of Jony V. Berjes, Executive Vice President; Irish Jane P. Balios, Vice President for Operations; Lawrence S. Babanto, Web Administrator ; Kaye Hazel N. Abao, Executive Editor; and Dzan Michael Minoza, Technical Assistant. We commend the efforts of the university presidents and research directors for supporting the delegates. We expect to find friends from among ourselves and to forge ties that last longer. Together, we explore the beauty and bounty of Singapore!

Dr. Genaro V. Japos President, IAMURE

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Conference Programme Global Conference on Education, Business, Engineering and Sciences (GCEBES 2012) Marina Bay Expo and Convention Centre, Singapore October 24-26, 2012 Theme: The Role of Education, Business, Engineering and Sciences in Building a New Knowledge Economy

10:11-10:15 a.m. Oath taking of new members 10:16-10:35 a.m. Forum with Winners 10:36-10:45 a.m. Round Table Discussion with Researchers 10:46-12:00 a.m. Paper Presentations Level 3, Hibiscus 3713

Day 1 (October 24, 2012): Conference Program Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 8:00- 9:00 a.m.

9:01 – 9:04 a.m.

Registration and Pictorials

9:05 – 9:11 a.m.

Artistic Performance

9:12 - 9:20 a.m.

Opening Remarks Dr. Genaro V. Japos President, IAMURE& PAIR

9:21-9:26 a.m.

Welcome Address Dr. ernesto o. golosino Holy Name University, Philippines Messages MS. Julia Stavenko National Research University Higher School of Economics Moscow, Russia Dr. Glibert R. Arce President, University of Northern Philippines, Philippines Presentation of the IAMURE ISO 9001:2008 Certification by AJA Registrars Inc. Keynote Speaker MR. PAul B. Bagatsing General Manager, AJA Registrars Inc.

9:36 – 9:55 a.m.

Global Diamond Award for Quality Assurance 2012 Mr. Paul B. Bagatsing AJA Registrars Inc. Awarding Ceremonies

9:56 –10:05 a.m.

Outstanding Global Researcher Dr. Djuwari STIE Perbanas, Surabaya, Indonesia Outstanding Global Research Leader Dr. Gilbert R. Arce President, University of Northern Philippines, Vigan City, Philippines

10:06-10:10 a.m.

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1:00 – 5:00

Invocation Dr. Randy A. Tudy Cor Jesu College, Philippines National Anthem of Singapore National Anthem of the Philippines

9:27-9:35 a.m.

LUNCH

Presentation of delegates by country and pictorials

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Paper Presentations Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Emcee: Dr. roel palo anicas Saudi Electronics and Home Appliances Institute,Saudi Arabia

Day 2 (October 25, 2012): Conference Program Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 8:00 - 9:00 a.m.

9:01-9:04 a.m.

Registration Invocation Jezreel s. lopez De La Salle Lipa, Philippines National Anthem of Singapore National Anthem of the Philippines

9:05 – 9:11 a.m.

Signing of Memorandum of Understanding

9:12 - 9:20 a.m.

Opening Remarks Dr. Maria Nancy C. Cadosales La Salle University, Philippines

9:21-9:26 a.m.

Welcome Address Grace Edmar Elizar del Prado Western Visayas College of Science and Technology, Philippines

9:27-9:35 a.m.

Message Emarlie Van Heerden Tshwane University of Technology South Africa

9:36 – 9:55 a.m.

Keynote Speaker Dr. Tatik Suryani President, STIE Perbanas Surabaya Indonesia

9:56 –10:10 a.m. Global Talent Competition 10:11-10:44a.m.

Round table Discussion for Global Research Collaboration

10:45-12:00 a.m.

Paper Presentations Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 LUNCH

1:00 – 5:00

Paper Presentations Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Emcee: Mr. Brian gil s. sarinas John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University-Arevalo, Philippines


Day 3 (October 26, 2012): Conference Program Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 8:00 - 9:00 a.m.

Registration

9:01-9:04 a.m.

Invocation Dr. Victoria O. Sumanpan Mindanao University of Science and Technology Philippines

9:56 –10:05 a.m. Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2012 Dr. Charito G. Ong Mindanao University of Science and Technology, Philippines Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2012 DR. CRISTETA F. GAPUZ Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Global Diamond Award for Best University Research and Development Program 2012 Dr. Cristeta F. Gapuz Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University

National Anthem of Singapore National Anthem of the Philippines 9:05 – 9:11 a.m.

Artistic Performance

9:12 - 9:20 a.m.

Opening Remarks Dr. Ernesto O. Golosino Holy Name University, Philippines

9:21-9:26 a.m.

Dr. Florida U. Ursulom University of Northern Philippines Philippines

Global Diamond Award for Best University Research and Development Program 2012 Dr. Gilbert R. Arce President, University of Northern Philippines

9:27-9:35 a.m.

Message Dr. cristeta f. gapuz Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, Philippines

Global Award for Journal Publication Editor Nurul Hasanah Uswati Dewi STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia

Global Diamond Award for Scientific Discovery Prof. Isidro T. Savillo ISCOF, Philippines

Global Diamond Award for Research Book Authorship 2012 Dr. Djuwari STIE Perbanas, Surabaya, Indonesia

9:56 –10:05 a.m. Awarding Ceremonies Outstanding Russian Researcher 2012 Ms. Julia A. Stavenko National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

Global Diamond Award for Research Book Authorship 2012 Dr. Roel Palo Anicas Saudi Electronics and Homes Appliances Institute, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Outstanding Indonesian Researcher 2012 Soni Harsono STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia

Global Diamond Award for Student Researcher 2012 Annsharina del Rio De La Salle Lipa, Philippines

Outstanding Indonesian Researcher 2012 Nanang Shonhaji STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia Outstanding Indonesian Researcher 2012 Nurul Hasanah Uswati Dewi STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia

Global Diamond Award for Student Researcher 2012 Jezreel S. Lopez De La Salle Lipa, Philippines

Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2012 Dr. Ernesto O. Golosino Holy Name University, Philippines

Global Diamond Award for Student Researcher 2012 Jazel C. Dulay Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, Philippines

Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2012 DR. Florida U. UrsUlom University of Northern Philippines, Philippines Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2012 Mr. Brian gil s. sarinas John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University-Arevalo, Philippines

10:06-12:00 a.m.

Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2012 Dr. Renan P. Limjuco University of the Immaculate Conception, Philippines

1:00 – 5:00

Paper Presentations Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 LUNCH Paper Presentations Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Emcee: Milessa H. Arganoza Western Visayas College of Science and Technology, Philippines

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keynote speech The Strategic Value of Multidisciplinary Research and How to Leverage it in Higher Education Tatik Suryani President of STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia Vice President of South East Asian Association for Institutional Research Vice President, International Association of Multidisciplinary Research Introduction In the global competition and complex business situation, every business is undergoing significant changes. For that reason, the problems dealing with business have also become more complex and developed so dynamically. For example, the problems that arise in marketing cannot be solved by merely the theory of marketing because it often also requires solutions with the help of the technology. Another example is the problem in the field of human resource management. This problem often requires psychological and technological approaches. This can also be for another problem in other functional business areas. In facing the era of Asian economic community with one Asian market, the business issues are, of course, closely related to the culture in the countries of Asia and Southeast Asia in particular. These will become an important issue. How to solve the growing problems by means of multidisciplinary perspectives in which this is done without leaving the cultural aspects. Are business research approaches--that were previously widely implemented—able to provide significant solutions for business nowadays? Such a phenomenon is now becoming a challenge for colleges that do a lot of business research. Business research as part of the main activities in the college has a strategic role to support the sustainability of higher education, in which, all should be adjusted to the present condition. For example, according to White, et al (2012) productivity problem has also been considered the most important factor to be paid attention. This is because in the knowledge-based society, the research productivity plays an important role in determining college excellence. The critical problem is that the industries in the countries of Southeast Asia—except Singapore—have synergy and utilizes colleges optimally, especially business faculties in their efforts to conduct research that supports the development of their business. In connection with the condition above, it is time to find solution how to increase business research productivity. In this event, the paper attempts to deal with such ways through the multidisciplinary research approaches. Multidisciplinary Approaches in Business Research The need for doing research using multidisciplinary approach has lately increased, especially for solving the business problems. Many business problems require the completion of the comprehension and integrated perspectives. There are several reasons why this multidisciplinary approach is gaining its important role. First, business is part of the society in which the situation now is very complex and these complex problems have their dynamic changes that require a more comprehensive approach. Second, the fact is that one single approach or perspective is often not able to provide solutions in the business nowadays. Third, the business desires to gain a competitive edge, without having to sacrifice for a failure in one of the functional business aspects and interests of stakeholders. Therefore, various approaches and perspectives are required.

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Multidisciplinary research is often referred to as interdisciplinary or trans-disciplinary in some studies. Most researchers define a multi-disciplinary research as a collaboration of researchers from various scientific studies. The involvement of some fields of sciences has implication of having a viewpoint on the object under the research and the approach being adopted. Although the science involved is a social science, with some areas of social sciences involved approach, the results would be different. For example, Lemmink (2005) in his article “The need for more multidisciplinary research” generalized that of 161 authors in journals that do cross-functional collaboration is only 25%. This number is relatively small. It shows that-despite high multidisciplinary research needs in practice--it was not so easy to do it. With a variety of different disciplines and different scientific approaches to convince other researchers, it will not be easy either to do it. It has been a challenge for the researchers conducting multidisciplinary research. In reference to the actual research done in business, it is actually with a clear research focus, for instance, in the areas of business, the research objectives should also be clear. Beside, the actual gap can be eliminated. Sidorova and Isik (2010) in the research in business process, the research scope covers various existing business processes. By having the clear domain, the researchers can the research and identify the needs of disciplines to solve business problems much easier. The process involved in the business is presented in Figure 1.  

Figure 1. The four cornerstones of business process research Sources: Sidorova and Isik (2010: 296) As seen in Figure 1, the business issues appear in various aspects of business processes. For example, the research in the field of marketing and customer relationship management cannot be separated from the business process design, performance measurement, and so are the other depending on the problem at hand. If the researchers are able to precisely select the area of ​​science that is needed and to select the appropriate methodological approach, it is expected that the result can optimally solve the problems being encountered. The objective approach (mainstream) as well as the qualitative approach can be adopted in accordance with the normative issues to be solved. The problems in the field of human resources--especially related to performance management and industrial relations-- are now becoming increasingly complex. This condition is due to the diversity of human resources and the unclear existing laws. The problem of industrial relations between the workers and management can not only be approached by the perspective of the law alone, but this also needs considering other factors such as cultural values a​​ s well as the behavioral aspects of individual workers and groups, human resource management. In that case, the adoption of innovative technologies for new product development may not be studied just from the process and development process, but also from the behavior of the market, and a review of the technological aspects. In such circumstance, the presence of possible multidisciplinary studies of complex problems should be done. In addition, the success in the implementation of multidisciplinary research--especially in universities--is again, influenced by the wisdom of the researchers to appreciate the differences of scientific approaches. The openness and commonality of the purpose can be enhanced and the scientists’ egoism that sees their own field of science as the greatest should be eliminated. In other words, the solid research team cannot be realized if such poor attitude emerges among researchers.

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The Higher Education Strategy in Improving Multidisciplinary Research with Industries Universities that have achieved their world-class recognition is one of the keys to success because of the quality and productivity of research that they have conducted. Times Higher Education -QS World University Ranking--in determining the ranking of the world’s best universities—also uses the aspects of research as the highest portion (60%) higher than any other aspect such as quality of the graduates, teaching and graduate employability. Therefore, the universities can achieve their high productivity in research and intellectual property if they also have a high quality of their faculty staff and researchers, and these must be also supported by students, systems, infrastructure, and research traditions. In connection with the above argument, White, et al. (2012) argues that there are many aspects which can play an important role in influencing productivity in research in universities, especially the business school. A study by White analyzes some aspects such as (1) conscientiousness, (2) personal research priority, (3) time management skills, (4) academic rank, (5) summer research support, (6) doctoral student support, (7) time available for research, (8) preparation course, and (9) research department priority. From the study conducted, the only aspect is the conscientiousness which has no significant effect on the performance of the research, while the other factors have significant influence. For universities, to do research with industries is of course induced by some interests. Such interests can be stated as the following. 1. To improve skills in conducting research for the students and faculties, the faculty members should conduct research in industries with various backgrounds of sciences, This is expected to provide wider horizon and the results can be used for the teaching materials so that it has also side effect on the quality of learning. 2. .To obtain financial resources, the university sustainability is determined by the number of their students and income sources from other sides. In this case, research activities can be the best way to do such efforts. 3. To increase the participation of universities as educational institutions, the universities should contribute to the society, especially the industry as one of the stakeholders of higher education institutions. 4. To strengthen research collaboration, the network should also be done so that, in the long run with the trust given in the research, this effort can have an impact on the employability of graduates in some industries. 5. To gain access to the infrastructure applied research must also be done. Large industries have good facilities in research through research entrusted to college and this, in turn, will open access to faculty members and students to use the facilities and infrastructure. Therefore, in conducting a business research, universities should have a strong and extensive network with industries. By doing so, the universities not only can shape up the relationship with industries in real practice but also improve the quality of teaching and community service activities. This networking and its reciprocal relationship, in practice, depends on the perceived benefits by both parties: the universities and the industries. In such instances, the industries will provide confidence to the universities when the research results provide ways for overcoming the problems faced by the industries. To increase the relevance of business research conducted with industries, universities must identify the problems faced by the industries in general as well as specific issues that require solution derived form multidisciplinary research. In addition, to make such efforts successful, the universities should provide as the following. 1. Initial capital sufficient to identify the potential for multidisciplinary research which is needed by the industry. 2. Clear management systems in the organization of multidisciplinary research. 3. Resources such as those researchers have as the intellectual wisdom. 4. Facilities and infrastructure used to support research. It is noted that providing the resources for the research in industries with various disciplines of science is not an easy task, especially if the geocentricism still exists among the researchers or faculty members in universities. For researchers who have been selected to support multidisciplinary research, there must be some ways as the following. 1. Understanding with a broad mind regarding research methodology and scientific traditions of the various fields of sciences and always open to different ideas. 2. Having willingness to learn. 3. Being able to communicate and work together in a team and others. 4. Being positive, having integrity, and upholding the code of ethics of research.

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In addition, for doing a collaborative research that can be carried out clearly, there must be a model of cooperation that is developed based on the following principles. 1. There must be a clear contract, particularly regarding the scope of cooperation, purpose, duties, and obligations of the related parties such as industries and universities, as well as the time period of implementation of the research. 2. The duties and the code of ethics in research must be formulated so as not to cause problems in the future, especially when conducting research and involving the post postgraduate research. 3. There is certainty of the research budget and the system being adopted. 4. There is clarity about the copyrights of the findings and publications. 5. There is a clear problem solving when a conflict of interest happens. Conclusions The trend in business research development has been increasingly competitive and more complex. However, the problems surrounding such a phenomenon can be of good opportunities for the universities to take part for their contribution to industries. His participation is expected to help the industries solve the problems through the research conducted collaboratively. Therefore, multidisciplinary research is seen as an appropriate means to solve such complex problems because this type of research is more comprehensive in providing solutions. For promoting the establishment of better multidisciplinary research quality and encouraging research habit involving the universities, the universities themselves should formulate appropriate strategies to promote their resources for creating optimal benefit through research activities. The resources need to be prepared, concerning financial capital, management systems of organizing multidisciplinary research, research resources, as well as the facilities and infrastructures. Thus, it is worth noting that the clarity of research conducted in collaboration with industries must be the basis of the implementation of the business research. It is expected that—through improving the quality and productivity of multidisciplinary research with the industries—the efforts asserted above can improve the performance of universities in terms of the quality of education and teaching process, research and other performance, recognition by the society, and universities’ sustainability. LITERATURE CITED Sidorova, A. and Oyku Isik 2010 ”Business process research: a cross-disciplinary review”, BusinessProcess Management Journal, Vol. 16 Iss: 4 pp. 566 – 597. White, Charles S, James, Karen, Burke, Lisa A. , and Richard S. Allen, 2012 ”What makes a “research star”?: Factors influencing the research productivity of business faculty”, International Journal of Productivity and Performance, Management, Vol. 61 Iss: 6 pp. 584 – 602. Karlsson, Jan., Anderberg, Alsie, Booth, Shirley, Odenrick, Per, and Marita Christianson 2008 ”Reaching beyond disciplines through collaboration: Academics’ learning in a national multidisciplinary research program”, Journal of Workplace. Learning, Vol. 20 Iss: 2 pp. 98 – 113 Jos Lemmink 2005 ”The need for more multidisciplinary research”, International Journal of Service Industry Management, Vol. 16 Iss: 1 pp. 7 – 9. Sola Adesola, Tim Baines 2005 ”Developing and evaluating a methodology for business process improvement”, Business Process Management Journal, Vol. 11 Iss: 1 pp. 37 – 46

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Global Conference on Education, Business, Engineering and Sciences (GCEBES 2012)

Outstanding Global Researcher

Dr. Djuwari

STIE Perbanas, Surabaya, Indonesia

Outstanding Global Research Leader

Dr. Gilbert R. Arce

President, University of Northern Philippines, Vigan City, Philippines

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Global Conference on Education, Business, Engineering and Sciences (GCEBES 2012)

Outstanding Filipino Researchers 2012

Dr. Ernesto O. Golosino Holy Name University Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines

DR. Florida U. UrsUlom University of Northern Philippines Vigan City, Ilocos Sur, Philippines

Mr. Brian gil s. sarinas

John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University-Arevalo, Philippines

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Global Conference on Education, Business, Engineering and Sciences (GCEBES 2012)

Outstanding Filipino Researchers 2012

Dr. Charito G. Ong

Mindanao University of Science and Technology, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines

DR. CRISTETA F. GAPUZ

Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Bacnotan, La Union, Philippines

Dr. Renan P. Limjuco

University of the Immaculate Conception, Davao City, Philippines

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Global Conference on Education, Business, Engineering and Sciences (GCEBES 2012)

Outstanding Indonesian Researchers 2012

Soni Harsono

STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia

Nanang Shonhaji

STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia

Nurul Hasanah Uswati Dewi

STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia

Outstanding Russian Researcher 2012 Ms. Julia A. Stavenko

National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

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Global Conference on Education, Business, Engineering and Sciences (GCEBES 2012)

Global Diamond Award for Best University Research and Development Program 2012 Dr. Cristeta F. Gapuz Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Global Diamond Award for Best University Research and Development Program 2012 Dr. Gilbert R. Arce President, University of Northern Philippines Global Award for Journal Publication Editor Nurul Hasanah Uswati Dewi STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia Global Diamond Award for Research Book Authorship 2012 Dr. Djuwari STIE Perbanas, Surabaya, Indonesia

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Global Conference on Education, Business, Engineering and Sciences (GCEBES 2012)

Global Diamond Award for Research Book Authorship 2012 Dr. Roel Palo Anicas Saudi Electronics and Homes Appliances Institute, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Global Diamond Award for Student Researcher 2012 Annsharina del Rio De La Salle Lipa, Philippines Global Diamond Award for Student Researcher 2012 Jezreel S. Lopez De La Salle Lipa, Philippines Global Diamond Award for Student Researcher 2012 Jazel C. Dulay Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, Philippines

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DAY ONE

The Higher Education Challenge in a Developing Economy: A Perspective on the Student Development Curriculum in South Africa Emarlie van Heerden vanheerdenms@tut.ac.za Tshwane University of Technology South Africa Time: 10:45 – 11:05; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The South African political liberation of the mid-nineties brought greater access to higher education (HE) for a large section of the population. However, the purposeful and fundamental curriculum reform and transformation in basic and secondary education has impacted heavily on the higher education sector. At the same time, the socio-economic shifts in the world economy is putting severe pressure on higher education to remain relevant. This requires major paradigm shifts in institutional curriculum and approach to continue to produce the students required in a knowledge economy. South African universities are dealing with alarming trends in student under-preparedness while working on implementing a national agenda on “access with success”. This paper is based on an extensive mixed method review with both qualitative and quantitative data and a subsequent systematic thematic analysis. The researcher set out to uncover the perspectives and understanding of opinion leaders, national authorities, institutional leadership and practitioners. In sharing the outcome and interpretation of the review, the author interprets it as strategies and interventions that can be formulated as critical components in ultimately addressing socio-economic needs of the region. Strategic decisions on student development and support is indicated as one such core action for the future of a university of technology in Africa. Case-examples based on related findings in the Faculties of Engineering and Science will be shared.

Work Motivation and Organizational Commitment of the Faculty of the Private Higher Education Institutions (PHEIs) in Region 1, Philippines Roel Palo Anicas roel@sehai.org Saudi Electronics and Home Appliances Institute, Saudi Arabia Time: 11:06 - 11:25; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The study determines the levels of work motivation and organizational commitment of the faculty of the Private Higher Education Institutions (PHEIs) in Region I, Philippines as basis for formulating the ROEL PALO ANICAS [RPA] Integrative Formula. The study uses the descriptive-correlational survey method. It utilized a three-part questionnaire and seven (7) PHEIs offering non-allied medical courses in Region I served as respondents. A result reveals that the faculty is qualified in their respective positions because they possess the minimum requirements for their appointments. The work motivation of the faculty is more or less uniform; but the level of organizational commitment differed significantly, which implies that some have a lower level of organizational commitment. Age, highest educational attainment, and position were not significantly influenced by their levels of work motivation and organizational commitment due to individual differences on their perceptions. Faculty who are rewarded for their exemplary performance are stronger in their commitment while age and academic rank appear to have no significant relationship to work motivation as well as academic rank, which has no significant relationship to organizational commitment. Therefore, the administrations of each PHEIs in Region I are encouraged to adopt the ROEL PALO ANICAS [RPA] Integrative Formula.

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GCEBES 2012 • ISSN: 2094-9529 Marina Bay Sands Expo & Convention Centre, Singapore


DAY ONE

Driving a Point: A Research Pedadoxis in the Graduate School Reynaldo O. Cuizon acayogyog@yahoo.com University of Mindanao Philippines Time: 11:26 – 11:45; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Pedagogical dilemma may be considered as a cause of low research performance. If taught well, then students are motivated and skilled to do research. The study looked into the paradoxes within the pedagogical praxis in teaching research in the graduate school because it holds a strategic position in creating a research culture. The schema blending paradox, pedagogy and praxis were termed in this study as pedadoxis. Via qualitative cross-case analysis, this study discusses the paradoxes encountered, roles played and strategies used by the informants and their implication on the promotion of research culture. It was found that the paradoxes encountered fell within categories on downgrading teaching tasks, sacrificing teaching principles, incapacitating the capacity, committing omission, entering the exit, matching the mismatch, turning between two gods, and hoping for the promising. The roles played were described as whether settingin, setting-out, setting-about and setting-free. The teaching strategies were categorized as style, process, convergence, focus, and control. Resolutely, the pedadoxes emerged were described as requirement versus qualification plus those of Robertson’s (2005) six contradictions that characterized the emergent learner-centered teaching role. The point is that, while the pedadoxical disparities remained un-patched-up, the development of capability and motivation to do research is hampered – making research culture rather rhetoric than a reality.

Influence of Work and Education on the Level of Desire and Intent toward SocioEnvironment and Financial-Economic Wellness of Working Professionals Sheila Maloles sheilamaloles@yahoo.com De La Salle Lipa  Philippines Time: 1:00 – 1:20; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The paper’s thesis is on the factors that influence pro-profit and pro-social behavior of working professionals in Batangas. Research draws conclusion from 213 respondents majority were female; majority age of 23 – 35; single, employed in private institutions in finance and banking. Respondents expressed their choice between socially and financially predisposed issues interpreted as behavioral intent. Desire for socio-environment wellness is higher then desire for financial economic wellness. Majority of the respondents exhibited Mild Socio-Environment Bias (21%), Socio-Economic Responsible (17%) and Mild Financial-Economic Bias (19%). Using statistics for non-parametric samples (Spearmans, rho), position correlates significantly with financial bias at .219* . Further analysis was done by grouping respondents from extreme socio-environment bias to balance behavior and balance behavior to extreme financial bias. The former with majority from manufacturing industries and works with rank and file position had position (.208*) and degree of education (-.247**) as factors that significantly influenced their behavior. For the latter with majority from financial and banking sector and holds middle management positions had degree of education (.228*) as significant factor that influenced their behavior.

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The Effect of College Image towards Recommendation Preference: A Case Study at STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia Soni Harsono soni@perbanas.ac.id STIE Perbanas Surabaya Indonesia Time: 1:21 – 1:40; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The success of Universities to attract prospective students undoubtedly depends on the university’s Image. When it has good image, the university can be assumed to have attracted prospective students. Therefore, the most important thing is whether the university image is felt by the students as they expected. How to relate the recommendation preference with other parties is required. In this case, the prospective students should be molded into the university image.. This research tries to get accurate data on the students’ evaluation towards the university image. This research uses 150 students of STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia as the respondents. These students were of the Batch 2009 -2010. These 150 students were taken by accidental sampling. The analysis used in this study was Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with SmartPLS (Partial Least Square) program version 1.0. The result shows that university image has significant effect on the recommendation preference with positive direction. It also shows that when there is a good experience with STIE Perbanas Surabaya (university) the students tend to recommend other prospective students and make them confident with this university.

Study Skills of First Year Education Students and their Academic Performance Maria Nancy C. Cadosales nancymari71@gmail.com La Salle University Philippines Time: 1:41 – 2:00; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Freshmen take time to adjust in their college life. A number of priorities are considered to survive in the tertiary level, one of which is complying the academic requirements. This present study describes the study skills of the freshmen students in the College of Education, La Salle University, Ozamiz City. The framework used in identifying the study skills of the first year students were adopted from Lucas and Corpuz (2007:4). These study skills were correlated to the students’ academic performance using Kendall’s Tau B, Chi-square, and Multiple Regression tests. There were one 128 first year students who were taken as respondents of the study. The study reveals that the first year students have the skills in organizing and planning their work, preparing assignments or projects, and note-taking and reading. The students’ skills in organizing and planning one’s work; working with others and utilizing resources and feedback; note-taking and reading; and, preparing an assignment/project correlate with their grades. The best predictor of students’ academic performance is note-taking and reading. First year college students need to form the habit in studying their lessons to improve their academic performance.

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GCEBES 2012 • ISSN: 2094-9529 Marina Bay Sands Expo & Convention Centre, Singapore


The SME Perception towards the Accounting Standard Without Accountability (SAKETAP) and Self-Assessment System for Increasing Voluntary Tax Compliance in Indonesia Putri Wulanditya putrid@perbanas.ac.id STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia Time: 2:11 – 2:30; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are the important factors for increasing the country’s economic growth. Since the accounting standard of financial equity without public accountability (SAK-ETAP) has been adopted per January 2010, it is really challenging for the SMEs in their businesses. This study tries to test empirically the effect of internal and external factors on the SMEs’ understanding towards SAK-ETAP. This study also tests the perception difference between the SME’s. Finally, it also tests the effect of the SME’s understanding towards SAK-ETAP on tax compliance with the self assessment as the intervening variable. This study uses primary data in which the data collection was done using questionnaires distributed to 130 respondents of SMEs in Sidoarjo and Surabaya cities. The test analysis was done by means of crosstab, independent sample test, and regression. It shows that the personal factors have significant effect on the SMEs understanding towards SAK-ETAP. These factors are education, types of their businesses, and the number of human resources. Among the findings, it was also found that the different perception is due to the incomprehensive understanding towards the regulation. Thus, the understanding of SAK-ETAP has no effect yet on the tax compliance. This is due to their habit of using the third party for making financial report and tax compliance as well as the feeling that the tax compliance is considered coercive.

Research Commercialization and Economic Sustainability: Basis for Establishment of Research Utilization Office in Universities of Region XI, Mindanao, Philippines Alvin O. Cayogyog acayogyog@yahoo.com University of Mindanao, Philippines Time: 2:31 – 2:50; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Peralta (2008) viewed Intellectual property rights as valuable assets that could help propel a company or even a nation towards economic well being. However, Amorado (2012) cited the alarming fact that most researches ended into their shelflife tragedy. Grounded on these contentions, this study sought to determine the contribution of research commercialization to economic sustainability of universities by utilizing a mixed method of research via triangulation technique. Findings confirmed the validity of both contentions. Key informants from government agencies of region XI and selected university administrators were united in their perspective that universities must become self-reliant by strengthening their income generating capacities through commercialization of their marketable researches. However, the quantitative findings revealed that although there were enough university inventions and innovations, the extent of research commercialization was still very low which resulted to only 14.6 % contribution to their own economic sustainability. This study inferred that the current mindset of universities in region XI is not yet for research commercialization because such endeavor has not woven into their research culture. Hence, the establishment of research utilization and commercialization office in universities is an urgent need.

GCEBES 2012 • ISSN: 2094-9529 Marina Bay Sands Expo & Convention Centre, Singapore

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Philippine Silk Technology Promotion and Commercialization: DMMMSU-SRDI’s Social Responsibility for Livelihood Generation and Climate Change Adaptation Cristeta F. Gapuz cfgapuz@yahoo.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines Time: 2:51 – 3:10; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Sericulture is an agro-based industry which has socio-economic and environmental potentials. This paper presents the RDE management practices and strategies employed in the CHED funded project entitled, “Silk Technology Promotion and Commercialization: CHED-DMMMSU Strategy for Employment Generation of Young Graduates as Agribusiness Entrepreneurs and in Support to RA 9242” and also a bird’s eye view on the project. The RDE management strategies resulted to increased outputs and social responsibility in promoting livelihood generation and climate change adaptation and mitigation using sericulture as a tool and at the same time garnering international research awards and outputs relevant to attainment of institutional objectives and performance indicators educating clients to earn additional income and promoting climate change adaptation. Thus, sericulture should be included in national and global socio economic programs for environmental sustainability and livelihood generation.

Beneficial Effects of Ashitaba (Gynura nepalensis): Users’ Testimonies Florida U. Ursulom florida_ursulom@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines Time: 3:21 – 3:40; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Ashitaba (Gynura nepalensis, Gynura procumbens, Gynura acutifolia) is the ashitaba grown in the Philippines. Ashitaba (Angelica keiskei Kodzumi) originated in the Island of Hachijo, Japan. Both ashitaba have been studied by researchers using animals and in test tubes and have been claimed to be anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, and anti-diabetic.Generally, this study aims to widen the dissemination of the beneficial effects of ashitaba (Gynura nepalensis) based from testimonies of users. This study utilizes the descriptive method of research with data presented in tabular form and analyzed in textual manner, used quota sampling, interview with guide questions, and frequency and percentage and rank.Findings showed that giving a lighter and healthier feeling, emitting stomach gas and giving a lighter feeling, and giving energy ranks 1, 2, and 3, respectively; on the other hand, aiding in dialysis, treating pharyngitis, goiter, and pain in nipples ranks last among the testimonies of respondents.Based on findings, it is concluded that ashitaba (G. nepalensis), is a health enhancer, medicine and good for health maintenance. Further, it is recommended that the result of this study be widely disseminated to help the poor, rich, pharmacologists, food businessmen, researchers, and other interested identities.

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GCEBES 2012 • ISSN: 2094-9529 Marina Bay Sands Expo & Convention Centre, Singapore


Corporate Actions and Company’s Value: Evidence from Indonesia Stock Exchange For Ten Years Nurul Hasanah Uswati Dewi STIE Perbanas Surabaya Indonesia Time: 3:41 – 4:00; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The purpose of managing a company is to prosper the owners, in which the higher the company’s value, the more they can describe the owners’ welfare. Company’s value can be reflected in financial performance and company size as seen in the total assets, sales, and market capitalization. Agency theory that leads to the opportunistic nature of management will result in poor quality of earnings and corporate value. In general, the objective of corporate actions such as mergers and acquisitions are to achieve a synergy or value-added. Since such effort is intended to provide added value, it is expected to create more long-term added value than just temporary. Therefore, the impact of the announcement of the merger can’t be seen after the merger or acquisition takes place, but its changes need monitoring afterwards. Based on several previous studies, the research was conducted to see the effect of merger and acquisition announcements on company’s value. It took one year before and after mergers and acquisitions.The sample was companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange for ten years, from 2000 until 2010. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test was employed in this study. The result shows that there is difference of impact on the company’s value before and after mergers and acquisitions.

Sericulture Silkworm Larvae Production and Distribution: A Support to People Empowerment Through Income Generation Francisco V. Gapuz, Jr. cfgapuz@yahoo.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines Time: 4:01 – 4:20; October 24, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Sericulture is a viable agro-based industry and a potential tool for income generation and environmental sustainability. Its development, however, should be backed up by provision of basic support systems among which, is third instar silkworm larvae production and distribution to farmer-clients to produce cocoons. This case study presents a situationer on this aspect of the industry as experienced by the DMMMSU-SRDI from 2009 to 2011. In support to sericulture technology commercialization, silkworm egg and third instar larvae production and distribution management strategies were employed. As a result, 88.85 boxes of third instar silkworm larvae were distributed to farmer clients from 2009 to August 2012 producing a total of 1,842.65 kg fresh cocoons valued at PhP 212,653.00. Cocoon production can provide additional income to clients, hence, sericulture support systems should be strengthened.

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Interpretative Dialogue: Cultural, Socio Spiritual Dimensions and Auditors’ Competence in Implementing IFRS Convergence in Indonesia Nanang Shonhaji STIE Perbanas Surabaya Indonesia Time: 4:21 – 4:40; October 21, 2012 (Day 1) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The convergence of local GAAP to IFRS in Indonesia is influenced by cultural, sociospiritual, and internal auditors’ competence when they report the financial statements to the management. This study employs an interpretive paradigm as a tool to answer the research questions and supported by empirical facts. In turn, this utilizes the theory as the basis for analyzing the realities during the research process. This study tries to determine the relevant values ​​of the dimensions of cultural, spiritual, and internal auditors’ competence to implement IFRS convergence in Indonesia. The results of this study indicate that the internal auditors within the scope of social life cannot separate the elements of culture that is formed in the implementation of IFRS convergence on the financial statements. Internal auditors understand their task as well as spiritual demands. Internal auditors’competence is interpreted as sufficient capability through formal education and experience as an accountant. This study also provides some suggestions and limitations for further research consideration.

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GCEBES 2012 • ISSN: 2094-9529 Marina Bay Sands Expo & Convention Centre, Singapore


DAY TWO

Integrated Education Intervention to City Problems on Solid Wastes Management emelda agbisit University of Northern Philippines Philippines Time: 10:45 – 11:05; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Parallel and even the ending-result of man’s quest for civilization and life’s modernization is the proliferation and voluminous accumulation of wastes, either it be agricultural, household, industrial and commercial. United Nations report(2002) had stressed the ever-deteriorating and worsening situation and condition of the whole land and its environment. In like manner, World Health Organization in its evaluation(2002) made an updates having disclosed the worsening adverse effects of poor waste management globally to all life forms specially on humans. In relations, various economic activities to support modern day lifestyles have created unsustainable patterns of production and consumption which have led to crisis proportions of waste, pollution and resource depletion in all parts of the world, and in Asia in particular, with its fastgrowing economies. Today, most local governments and urban agencies have, time and again, identified solid waste as a major problem that has reached proportions requiring drastic measures. This study has made focused on the role of education and its facets-be it formal or informal to the different sectors, institutions, entities and other individuals being the primary concern and actors for the much needed interventions.

Do Student-Student Interactions Improve their Language Learning: A Comparison between GTM and CLT Approaches Reza Raissi raissi_reza@yahoo.com University Teknologi Malaysia Malaysia Time: 11:06 – 11:25; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The interaction hypothesis for second language learning has been supported by empirical research demonstrating that learning is facilitated by interaction in the target language. Such research has established that conversational interaction with native speakers of the target language can facilitate second language acquisition (e. g., R. Ellis & He, 1999; R. Ellis et al., 1994; Gass & Varonis, 1984, 1985b, 1989; Han, 2001; Iwashita, 2003; Leeman, 2003; Mackey, 1999,2000; Mackey & Philp, 1998; McDonough, 2001; Philp, 2003; Silver, 2000; Swain & Lapkin, 2001, 2003; Varonis & Gass, 1985a). However, interaction between native speakers (NSs) and nonnative speakers (NNSs) differs in significant ways from interaction between NNSs (Bruton & Samuda, 1980; Garcia-Mayo & Pica, 2000; Gass & Varonis, 1985a, 1989; Leeman, 2003; Pica et al., 1996; Swain & Lapkin, 1998, 2001, 2003). Because of these differences, the question of whether foreign language learning is facilitated by NNS¬-NNS interactions remains unanswered. The purpose of the current research is to investigate this question to this end the researcher used two different and famous approaches of language teaching communicative language teaching (CLT) and grammar translation method (GTM) in his two different classes to see whether interactions can help them to improve their language proficiency . He noticed useful results that can be used for different pedagogical purposes.

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School Performance of Children of Overseas Filipino Workers: A Basis for an Enhanced Learning Program Rochele L. Marinduque jechele07@yahoo.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines Time: 11:26 – 11:45; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The study aimed to determine the school performance of children of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW) as to cognitive, social and emotional aspects.The study was conducted from October 2011- September 2012. Seventy college students from Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, Agoo La Union, Philippines were selected using purposive-convenience sampling. Descriptive-correlational design and structured questionnaire was used in the study. Data were treated using Frequency counts, Percentage, Average Weighted Mean, T- test, One-Way Analysis of Variance, Tukey’s test and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The study revealed that most of the respondents were female, second year, with a Php15,001- 20,000 family monthly income, nuclear family whose father is working abroad, and at school age when parent work abroad. The respondents have good school performance as to cognitive, social, and emotional aspects. There is no significant difference in the school performance of the respondents as to profile. There is no significant relationship between the school performance and the respondents’ age when parent’s migrated overseas, year level, family monthly income and parent’s number of years working abroad. The respondents sometimes encountered problems in their school performance. An Enhanced Learning Program was formulated and proposed to improve the school performance of OFWs’ children.

On-the-Job Training: Demand of Engineering Education Enrichment Aniceto R. Rialubin University of Northern Philippines Philippines Time: 1:00 – 1:20; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 On-the-job training provides the venue for developing further the special manipulative skills for engineering students. If it is integrated in the Engineering curriculum, the gap between theory and practice could be minimized or discarded. The competencies required for OJT are computer skills, technical skills, managerial skills, communication skills, and other skills like getting true design assignments; the preferred number of hours for engineering OJT is 210 hours and should be offered during summer; and, the preferred sequence of activities for engineering OJT are: 1) one-day orientation on all the skills/ competencies needed for engineering OJT; 2) deep orientation on communication and other skills for one day; 3) computer skills in one week; 4) technical skills in 3 weeks; 5) managerial skills in one week; and, 6) integration of all the competencies in 2 weeks. It is recommended that OJT should be integrated in the Engineering curriculum as enrichment of Engineering education and to serve as a response to the demands of time. All the above-mentioned competencies should be strictly observed and implemented. In effect, the students could become competitive and productive. Indeed, engineers are the key players in national development and global economy.

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The Use of Platonic Solids in Probability Concepts Renan P. Limjuco ren02lim@yahoo.com University of the Immaculate Conception Philippines Time: 1:21 – 1:40; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The author discusses the geometries of Platonic solids and their relevance to some probabilistic situations. Specifically, what is highlighted is the fact that Platonic solids such as tetrahedron, hexahedron, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron, are all solids each of them bounded by a definite number of congruent faces. Just like what is usually done in hexahedron, each of the solid’s faces will be numbered and the probability of getting a specific number for a certain experiment- an outcome generating activity, is determined. Ordinarily, two cubes or a pair of dice are used in measuring the probability of getting a certain sum if they are rolled in a game of chance. As an extended treatment, one may use two tetrahedrons, or two octahedrons, to come up with 4 x 4 –matrix or 8 x 8 – matrix tables respectively, to enumerate all the possible elements of the sample space for the situation. This is not difficult to imagine if one is familiar with the 6 x 6 table formed to list all the possibilities of numbers showing up if a pair of dice is thrown. The odd pairing of, say a hexahedron and a tetrahedron can also be explored. Needless to say, the use of two dodecahedrons or two icosahedrons can be very stimulating to the students. To top it all, any pair-combination of these Platonic solids can without a doubt deepen and enhance the concepts of probability.

Development of an Automotive Charging System Trainer with Safety Device Nicanor B. Balbin nickbalbin@yahoo.com Bicol University Philippines Time: 1:41 – 2:00; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Charging system plays a vital role in the automotive electricity. Although most of the automotive technology students have familiarized the wiring diagram, they found difficulties in installing or connecting the actual wiring circuits; often times resulted to damages in charging system components. This charging system trainer with safety device was developed through the R & D Process to enhance the knowledge and skills of automotive technology students on troubleshooting and connecting or installing the charging wiring circuit. It was found out that this device provides safety feature for the whole system and the user with the use of inline fuse in the different electrical wire; in case of short circuit or wrong connection, the fuse gives up instead of damaging the whole system or causing fire. This device likewise achieved zero air pollution through the use of electric motor instead of petrol engine. It offers technical advantages such as :facilitate T-L process and improve the quality of output, provide troubleshooting activities on defective alternator, defective voltage regulator, run-down battery, faulty wiring connection, open and short circuit and belt tension. It provides economic advantages like: eliminates an expensive petrol engine that basically drives the alternator, electrical consumptions is obviously lesser than gasoline or diesel fuel. High-cost components are protected by a safety device for possible damages due to faulty connection.

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Giving Joint Project: A Simulation of Game Theory Adrian Tamayo dagnytamayo@yahoo.com University of Mindanao Philippines Time: 2:11 – 2:30; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 This study employs the game theory in evaluating the effectiveness of giving a joint project as a teaching strategy. Game theory as a tool helps the students as decision makers to decide on a particular course of action against another as a response to the anticipated course of action of a co-member. A total of 178 students enrolled in economics were asked on their response, either “to goof off” or “work hard” towards completing a project. Multinomial logit analysis was used to determine the choice behavior of the students given the likely behavior of a group member. Multinomial logit is an appropriate model for multiple-coded dependent variable. The findings characterized the students’ behavior towards doing a project. Most of the students prefer to work in a group to complete the project, however, this preference decreases as the student moves up on year level: the first year were 99% less likely to do the job independently, second year were 94% less likely to do a project individually; third year students were 93% less likely to finish the project individually. Rural students were found to prefer doing the project alone and allow the group member to enjoy the output in free – ride mode. This may be because they want to earn more friends or wanted to get higher grades or simply because they are meek and are vulnerable to some sort of academic exploitation. Presence of a female in the group will cause pressure to each member to contribute efforts to finish the project. Older students also tend to practice leadership in a group. The study affirmed the applicability of the game theory in various fields and even in determining instruction strategies to assist student in their learning.

Context Based Mathematics Problem Solving: Cognitive and Affective Effects on Bit and BS Voc-Tech Students Arlene D. Hortillosa arlenedh@yahoo.com Western Visayas College of Science and Technology Philippines Time: 2:31 – 2:50; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 This study compares the cognitive and affective effects of the Context-Based and Traditional approach on voc-tech students. Quantitative data were collected using a Pretest and Posttest examination in mathematics problem solving to assess the levels of students’ problem solving performance and an attitude, beliefs and confidence (A-B-C) questionnaire. For qualitative analysis, the students’ journals, interview responses, and the teacher−observers’ and raters’ notes and comments were analyzed.The results showed that the students have a very low analytic level and limited content knowledge in mathematics prior the intervention. However, the context-based approach, enhanced the students’ problem solving skills as exhibited by the numerically higher scores and improvement in the quality of the experimental class’ solutions and responses to the problem solving posttest. After the treatment, ANOVA on the scores in the mathematics problem solving test revealed that the context-based approach had a significant effect on the voc-tech students, but only on certain topics of mathematics in terms of approach, program and ability level. Results also revealed that the experimental group showed a significant improvement in their attitude and beliefs in mathematics problem solving compared to their counterparts in the control group.

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Paragon’s Theorem: An Extension of the Napoleon’s Theorem Teresita A. Paragon teresita.paragon@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University-Arevalo Philippines Time: 2:51 - 3:10; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The present study was premised on the Napoleon’s Theorem, which states, if equilateral triangles are erected externally or internally on the sides of any triangle, then their centers form an equilateral triangle. Restating, the outer and inner Napoleon triangle is equilateral. Paragon’s theorem had for its base triangle, the outer Napoleon triangle. Proofs were presented as suggested by Altshiller and Court (1952). Identified properties of the Napoleon’s Theorem as extended by the Paragon Theorem were: (a) outer Napoleon triangle is positively oriented; (b) lines AX, BY, and CZ are concurrent at point F and they make acute angles of 600 with each other at F; (c) segment AX = BY = CZ; (d) vertices A, B, C of ∆ABC are symmetric to F in the sidelines MN, NL, and LM of the outer Napoleon triangle ∆LMN; (e) area of ∆ABC is the difference of the areas of the Napoleon triangles ∆LMN and ∆L’M’N’ (f) sum of the areas of the Napoleon triangle ∆LMN and ∆L’M’N’ is the average of the three outward equilateral triangles on the sides of ∆ABC; (g) sidelines CB, CA, and AB of ∆ABC are the mediators or perpendicular bisectors of the segments LL’, MN’,and NN; (h) configuration has other properties such as ∆AZ’Y = ∆AZY’= ∆ABC, also ∆BX’Z= ∆BXZ’= ∆ABC; (i) centroids of the inner and the outer Napoleon triangles coincide with the centroid of the original triangle ∆ABC; and (j) converses of the theorem were given, of which one is a lema or a preparatory theorem. The findings only illustrate that the ten properties identified which resulted from the configuration formed by a triangle- the equilateral triangles on its sides, the Napoleon’s triangles, and various connecting lines and circles were all true. It may be concluded that the Napoleon’s Theorem is rich in theoretical results and can be extended.

Development of Innovation Process Model Using S-BPM Approach Julia Stavenko ystavenko@hse.ru National Research University Higher School of Economics Moscow, Russia Time: 3:21 – 3:40; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The innovation processes management increasingly gain importance due to tough competition and constantly changing business external and internal environments. In this article, different approaches to the innovation process management are compared. Then some requirements of implementing and managing innovation processes are introduced considering the ad-hoc nature of innovation activities. After that overall innovation process model is proposed with incorporation of expert communities consisting of internal and external experts among employees, suppliers, consumers, research institutions and competitors. As a result, a flexible and useful innovation process model is presented based on a theoretical framework, empirical studies and S-BPM approach.The given research was held in a frame of the contract № 13.G25.31.0096 with the Ministry for Education and Science of Russian Federation «Creation of hi-tech manufacture of unstructured information processing in cross-platform system on the open source software basis in order to increase management efficiency of innovative activity of enterprises in modern Russia.

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Phytoplankton Diversity in Offshore, Port and Ballast Water of a Foreign Vessel in Negros Occidental, Philippines Brian Gil S. Sarinas bg_sarinas@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University-Arevalo Philippines Time: 3:41 – 4:00; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Introduction of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens in our ocean is one of the greatest threats according to the IMO (International Maritime Organization). Alien or invasive species travel from one ocean to the other through ballast water from the international shipping industry which is very inevitable. In the Philippines, few existing studies were established on phytoplankton composition in ballast tanks of a foreign vessel, thus this study is conducted. This study aimed to identify the phytoplankton diversity of offshore, port and ballast water from a foreign vessel docking in Negros Occidental, Philippines. Furthermore, this study aimes to determine the cell density, species diversity and evenness and physicochemical characteristics such as pH, temperature and salinity. A total of 39 liters were taken from the middle column of the offshore, port and ballast tanks through sounding pipe and siphon technique. Temperature, pH and salinity were measured in situ. All water samples were preserved with Lugol’s solution and transported in the Phycology laboratory at Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center-AQD. This study provides baseline information on phytoplankton diversity present in offshore, port and ballast water from a foreign-going vessel in the Philippines and that toxic or harmful algae such as Pseudo-Nitzschia present in this study are indeed transported from one port to the other through ballast water from the shipping industry.

Promising Silkworm Hybrids: A Boon for Sustainable Silk Industry Cristeta F. Gapuz cfgapuz@yahoo.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines Time: 4:01 – 4:20; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Development and sustainability of sericulture industry depends on many strategies. Among these is multilocational testing of developed silkworm hybrids to determine the most adaptable in each location, season and climatic type with emphasis on yield performance. Ten silkworm hybrids were evaluated in four locations under various agro-climatic conditions in the Philippines for their adaptability and stability. Yield data of all the 10 hybrids (DMMMSU 209, DMMMSU 406, DMMMSU 203, DMMMSU 436, DMMMSU 408, DMMMSU 218, DMMMSU 224, DMMMSU 213, DMMMSU 346, and DMMMSU 222-check variety) tested at University of Rizal System (URS) Tanay, Rizal; Quirino State College (QSC) Quirino; representing climatic type III; Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU)Batac, Ilocos Norte, and Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University-Sericulture Research and Development Institute (DMMMSU-SRDI), Bacnotan, La Union representing climatic type I were consolidated and analyzed. A combined analysis of variance across locations, climatic type, season and year was performed. Adaptability and stability of 10 silkworm hybrids were determined using the Bilbro-Ray (1976) procedure. Comparison of means using LSD was also performed. Results showed that all the hybrids were considered stable with average adaptability. DMMMSU 203, DMMMSU 406, DMMMSU 408, and DMMMSU 346 were the best performing hybrids.

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Gonad Rematuration and Reproductive Cycle of the Mud Clam, Anodontia edentula, in Guimaras, Central Philippines Milessa H. Arganoza mhelshuyo@yahoo.com Western Visayas College of Science and Technology Philippines Time: 4:21 – 4:40; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Anodondia edentula locally known as imbaw bayi is a commercially important mud clam harvested for human consumption in Central Philippines. Since it is used as a source of food and livelihood to the local gleaners, it was observed that fewer and smaller mud clams have been harvested. Thus, regulating proper collection of this organism and a sound knowledge of its reproductive cycle are necessary. This study aims to describe some aspects of the reproductive biology of A. edentula. Fifty mud clams were collected and dissected every month. Monthly monitoring of the gonadosomatic index in the study shows that A. edentula spawns throughout the year. Under laboratory condition, male has shorter gonadal rematuration than females. Spent male A. edentula that spawned will spawn again after three weeks through serotonin injection while females will spawn gain after six weeks as long as intrinsic and extrinsic factors are met. This type of maturation schedule suggests continuous reproductive competence. Higher spawning rate is obtained in clams reared with mud substrate than without mud substrate but survival rate was found to be higher for clam reared without mud substrate than with mud substrate. Results of this study provide useful information for the management of this bivalve species.

Development and Adoption of Prototype Machines for Organic Fertilizer Production Manuel A. Bajet Jr., Ed.D. manuelbajet@yahoo.com

University of Northern Philippines Heritage City of Vigan, Ilocos Sur

Time: 4:41 – 5:00; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713

The study focused on designing machines for organic fertilizer production Developed machines undergone series of trials to test its performance. Chopping capacity and texture were sued to evaluate the dual powered foliage chopper. On Multi-purpose mechanized chopper, outputs on different trials were analyzed using t-test and on mechanized bio-fertilizer pulverizer performance was evaluated analyses of the data were done using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Results showed that motorized dual powered foliage chopper took 8 minutes to chop the Sargassum sp. while on kakawate, it took 6 minutes while the foot powered , it toom 10 and 8 minutes chopping the Sargassum and kakawate leaves respectively. On multi-purpose mechanize chopper using fresh and dried cornstalks, a significant difference was noted between inclined and straight positioning of blades wherein the machine performs better when the blades are inclined. The same result when dried and fresh tobacco stalks and fresh rice hay will be used. However, no significant difference on performance of the machine when chopping bananas, papaya or sugarcane baggaisse. Thus, both the sharpened blade and incline 200 and straight position design on blades of the machine can be utilized. On bio-fertilizer pulverize, inclined blades chipped can pulverized in high speed.

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DAY THREE

Bilingual Mastery as Effectual Medium of Instruction in General Education Courses Annsharina del Rio Jezreel Lopez De La Salle Lipa Philippines Time: 10:45 – 11:05; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The medium of instruction used in class has a vital role in the learning of the students in the Philippines. Most of the schools strictly promote the use of the English language more than Filipino (national language) in classroom lectures and discussions regardless whether the course is major or general education (GE) such as Philippine History, Math, Social Sciences, and Philippine Literature. This research aims to determine the preferences of students regarding medium of instruction in the teaching of GE courses, know the preferred medium of instruction of college students and identify the effectuality of bilingual practices among GE teachers. The descriptive research design is used in the study. The researchers sought the cooperation of 60 student-respondents who are enrolled in GE courses in De La Salle Lipa (DLSL) in Batangas, Philippines. The respondents are asked to answer a survey questionnaire. Based on the results, DLSL college students prefer both English and Filipino as the media of instruction in classroom lectures and discussions. Most of the respondents claimed that they can express and perceive learning in both languages.

Error Analysis of English Sentences Written by Administrators at STIE Perbanas, Surabaya, Indonesia Djuwari djuwarideket@gmail.com STIE Perbanas Surabaya Indonesia Time: 11:06 – 11:25; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Error Analysis (EA) in Second Language Acquisition (SLA) is one of the interesting studies in linguistics, especially when the errors being analyzed are made by the Indonesian people. English is a foreign language for Indonesian but this language, in STIE Perbanas Surabaya, is considered one of the components in the administration staff’s performance appraisal (PA). This paper attempts to explore the possible causes of errors of English written by the staff of STIE Perbanas Surabaya. The subjects being analyzed are the written English taken from the test results of English done recently. The data were taken from 20 sheets of test results concerning the two types of written test. The first was the guided writing test and the second the free writing test. The data were analyzed using the theory of Error Analysis (EA) by firstly, classifying into the levels of sentence construction: phrases/ word formation and sentences. It can be generalized that most of the staff were influenced by their first language (L1) in both the morphological construction and the sentence levels. It is advisable for the institution to let them be exposed to English in their daily lives so that they can acquire English.

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A Training Module for Motivative Language Teaching  Charito G. Ong charito19752002@yahoo.com Mindanao University of Science and Technology, Philippines Time: 11:26 - 11:45; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 This research scrutinizes how teachers motivate their students to learn in their language class. Motivation especially the intrinsic one is a critical part of the education process. Hence, the language teacher needs to develop and encourage classroom motivation. Language games were then in this research adopted to engage students in tasks and to encourage their verbal potential in designing their own linguistic game episodes. Selected were freshmen Nursing students. They were divided into four groups: Executive, Legislative, Judicial Type Suggestion group, and control group. After the first game episode design, participants reviewed guiding gatekeepers’ diverse suggestions and went on their second game episode design. Twice game episode designs were scored by assessing gatekeepers. The researcher hypothesized that teachers with diverse motivative styles could influence differently on students’ creativiy performance. Besides, through designing game episodes in a problem solving based gaming environment, students could develop higher-level abstract thinking ability and linguistic thinking ability. Praise in the classroom is most effective when teachers recognize that students work not for them but with them and for their own immediate selves. It was moreover notably found out that students are hugely dependent on their teachers’ motivative attitude in the classroom setting.

Wound Healing Effectiveness of Moringa oleifera (Malunggay), Psidium guajava (Guava) and Caulerpa lentillifera (Ar-arusip) Extracts Jazel C. Dulay jazelcastrodulay@yahoo.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines Time: 1:00 – 1:20; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The study purported to determine the most effective organic agent for wound healing among Malunggay, Guava and Ar-arusip. It was conducted from November 2011- September 2012. The study is true experimental using 24 albino mice and divided into phases namely Verification of plant samples; Preparation of materials, subjects and plant extracts; and, Infliction of incisions, application of treatments and determination of treatment effectiveness. Data were treated using Mean, One-Way Analysis of Variance and Tukey’s test. Results revealed that the rates of wound healing in mean days of Expressed juice of Malunggay was 7, Expressed juice of Guava was 6.67, Expressed juice of Ar-arusip was 4.67, Ethyl acetate extract of Ar-arusip was 8.33, Hexane acetate extract of Ar-arusip was 6, 33% Malunggay, 33% Guava and 33% Ar-arusip was 12.67, Plain Normal Saline Solution (PNSS) was 6.67 and Distilled water was 6. There is significant differences between 33% Malunggay, 33% Guava and 33% Ar-arusip versus Expressed juice of Malunggay, Expressed juice of Guava, Expressed juice of Ar-arusip Hexane extract of Ar-arusip, PNSS and Distilled water. Expressed juice of Ar-arusip is the most effective organic agent for wound healing. Expressed juice of Ar-arusip, Guava and Malunggay could be utilized for wound healing.

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The Effects of the Brown Alga, Cystoseira moniliformis (Kützing) Hauck Crude Extract on the Fasting Blood Glucose Level of Alloxan-Induced Hyperglycemic Albino Mice (Mus musculus Linne, 1758) Menelo C. Hongayo menelo20022003@yahoo.com  Holy Name University, Philippines Time: 1:21 – 1:40; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The study was done to investigate the effects of the four fractions Cystoseira moniliformis crude extract on the fasting blood-glucose level of alloxan-induced albino mice, Mus musculus Linne 1758. The four fractions of C. moniliformis crude extracts were administered via intraperitoneal injection at a dose of 10mg/20g mice on diabetic albino mice. The fasting blood glucose-level, body weight and body temperature of diabetic mice were determined. Histopathological examinations on the mice pancreas were also done. The efficacy of the four fractions of C. moniliformis crude extract treated on alloxaninduced diabetic albino mice showed to be consistent in lowering the Fasting Blood Glucose Level (FBS) to normal range. No significant differences were found between Group C diabetic mice treated with Glibenclamide on Group D (p>0.05) treated with hexane fraction of C. moniliformis crude extracts, Group E (p>0.05) treated with diethyl ether fraction of C. moniliformis crude extract, Group F (p>0.05) treatd with n-Butanol fraction of C. moniliformis extracts and Group G (p>0.05) treated with aqueous fraction of C. moniliformis extracts on the fasting blood glucose level, body weight and body temperature on hyperglycemic mice. Concurrent histopathological studies of the pancreas of these animals showed regeneration by hexane fraction treated group, diethyl ether fraction treated group, and aqueous fraction treated group, which were earlier necrosed by alloxan.

Production and Commercialization of Double Burner Claystove Made-up Mainly of Termite Mounds RAQUEL J. DULLIYAO Kalinga Apayao State College, Philippines Time: 1:41 – 2:00; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Escalating costs of cookstoves and fuel characterize the industry and the many markets worldwide and yet, growing issues on health risks and environmental degradation were identified and accounted for its devastating effects with their use for cooking. Reportedly, 3 billion people worldwide use simple traditional stoves which contributed 2.5 to 10 percent of climate change through the emission of carbon dioxide. Hazardous effects includes accute and chronic illnesses contributing to 1.9 million premature deaths annually (WHO), was ranked fourth causing health risk in developing countries The research has successfully developed a double burner claystove made-up of termite mounds intervening mostly cooking serious problems and limitations. Product different facets have adopted principles of Product research and development, Science and Technology, Engineering and Business. Involved soil analyses by x-ray diffraction; elasticity; efficiency and marketability test. Mineral components are(1) Micah; (2)Amphibole; (3) Plagioclase; and (4)Quartz. Higher elasticity at 16%MC compared to 21.6%MC in standard clay. Features include economic use of fuel, convenience and sootlessness, sanitary, safe and smokelessness. Impact includes Good health, poverty alleviation, sound environment, waste mitigation and conversion, sustainable income-generating activity with high and continuous demand.

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Dawning of Banking Practices Among the Low-Income Earners in Casigayan, Tabuk City EDNA P. YUMOL Kalinga Apayao State College, Philippines Time: 2:11 – 2:30; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 To the National Economy, declaration of savings by the government would be the most desirable and promising statement to be imparted among its constituents. People would anticipate more economic provisions because of the positive financial implications that may lead to the upliftment of the general economy. Relatively, to an ordinary Filipino family with limited meager income and resources, the concept and introduction of savings seems to be an irony amidst economic scarcity that hardly meets even the basic needs of the members. This study was conducted to determine the feasibility of establishing an economic program involving basically the principle and practice of compulsory thrift and savings among families, households, and individuals who earn at least average monthly income, who are being paid on minimal daily wages, on contractual, commission, or on seasonal basis. Tailored on adopted microfinance model, the study has identified respondents from among the society with common bond of interest and condition. Polices on members strictly followed, savings, loans and collections policies established, microfinance was set; agreed minimal regular savings were maintained and pooled; loans with minimal interest were granted, trainings, workshops and regular meetings conducted.

A Model of Catholicity for Catholic Schools Randy A. Tudy randytudy@gmail.com CorJesu College, Inc Philippines Time: 2:31 – 2:50; October 25, 2012 (Day 2) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 To assess and make the Catholic schools faithful to their mission in the Church, the study was designed to establish a model of the Catholicity of Catholic Basic Education schools in Davao Provinces. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods of research was used. The qualitative method was utilized in generating internal and external factors on the Catholicity of Catholic schools through focus group discussions (FGDs). The FGD outputs were analyzed and were used to construct the framework of the study and became the basis for the survey instrument. The data gathered from the survey instrument were subjected to Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), producing four factors to measure Catholicity and seven External Factors affecting Catholicity. Using Structural Equation Model (SEM), findings revealed a significant influence of the External Factors to Catholicity while the seven observed variables showed positive contribution to the latent variable External Factors. Moreover, the four observed variables showed significant contributions to Catholicity. Thus, the model measures Catholicity looking at the four observed variables and is further influenced by the seven observed variables under External Factors. Based from the SEM findings and supported by related literature and studies, the model of the Catholicity of Catholic Basic Education Schools in Davao Provinces is theoretically, theologically and empirically founded.

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Development of Quality of Life Index of Students in Campus: An Alternative Measure for Quality Philippine Higher Education GRACE EDMAR ELIZAR DEL PRADO ramsaragrace@yahoo.com Western Visayas College of Science and Technology Philippines Time: 2:51 – 3:10; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, HIBISCUS 3713 This manuscript proposes to construct a welfare index in campus to alternatively measure quality education coming from the direct revelation of student clientele. The index is a composite of several dummy indicators treated to evaluate the existence of a latent variable, expected to manifest a superior quality education. The resulting revelation outcome, LVC (Latent Variable Confirmation) is then compared with an arbitrary target objective benchmark, LVC* of at least 85%. This single-valued index is employed to depict an overall scenario on how well services offered by Schools or Universities have been accessed by the student-clientele. Any measure indicator falling below the benchmark receives a categorical subjective description of “Terrible”, otherwise “Not Bad”. The average of the indexes shall define the overall quality of life index of students in the campus which could gauge the prevailing quality education. A low index provides information about the Administration’s poor delivery of services to the most number of students while a better mark indicates the Administration’s competence and sincerity in providing the required welfare conditions for its clientele.

The Effects of Emotional Exhaustion on Job Satisfaction and Its Impact on Performance Bagus Suminar bagus@perbanas.ac.id STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia Time: 3:21 – 3:40; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Lecturers have a variety of roles, namely research, teaching and community services. To fulfil those roles, they can experience emotional exhaustion. A person who is experiencing emotional exhaustion is characterized by the depletion of emotional resources, such as feelings of frustration, despair, sadness, helplessness, depression, apathy towards work, irritable and easily offended and felt shackled by the tasks in the job. These conditions make a person feels unable to provide his or her jobs. The aim of this research is to examine the relationship among emotional exhaustion, work satisfaction, and lecturer performance. The research was done in STIE Perbanas Surabaya. This study uses primary and secondary data, with the number of samples of 40 lecturers. Path analysis is used to determine the effect of a variable or set of variables to another variable, whether direct or indirect influence. Based on the results of data analysis, it shows as the following: (1) Emotional exhaustion has no direct influence on the lecturer’s job satisfaction (2) Emotional exhaustion has no direct influence on the performance of lecturers. (3). Lecturer’s job satisfaction has a direct and significant influence on the performance of lecturers (4). Job satisfaction didn’t mediate the influence of emotional exhaustion on the performance of lecturers.

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Mulberry R & D Six-year Development Plan Implementation and Output: The Quest for Philippine Silk Lilia Ancheta lilia.ancheta@ymail.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines Time: 3:41 – 4:00; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University-Sericulture Research and Development Institute (DMMMSU-SRDI) played a pioneering role in developing the silk industry in the Philippines. Its sericulture program now established as an enterprise engages large, marginal and small land holders to plant mulberry and rear silkworms to enhance their income and create employment for family labor year-round. This paper critically reviewed the implementation and output of the SixYear (2006-2011) Mulberry R&D Plan to measure changes and progress towards objectives and outcomes. As most R&D institutions in developing countries that operate with limited financial resources for R&D, DMMMSU-SRDI was required to effectively and efficiently make its research outputs available for use by the local industry and the society. Strategic objectives were established to attain the goal of transferring sustainable and cost-effective mulberry cultivation technology for increased production of quality cocoons. Research projects were rafted and prioritized with guidance from experts and stakeholders in annual agency in-house review. A set of management elements with associated goals was used to guide the R&D program. Communication and participation of researchers in actual technology transfer resulted to the establishment of 45 sericulture demofarms in eight provinces of the country having a total area of 21.5 hectares.

The Dawn of Social Enterprise as Economic Model Ernesto O. Golosino ernesto_hnu@yahoo.com Holy Name University Philippines Time: 4:01 – 4:20; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 The plunge of giant economies around the world brought about by the notorious financial crisis created a scenario of despair, anxiety, anguish and uncertainty. Such is the complete turnaround of what capitalism advocated. In his famous book “The Wealth of the Nations” Adam Smith seemed to be madly in love with free enterprise as a new weapon to advance societies and depart from antiquity. His passion was later on proved wrong by the emergence and resurrection of two horrific U.S Financial Crisis. So, what lies ahead for capitalistic economies? On the other end, cooperatives steadily carve its name under the shade of capitalism. It runs unnoticed due to its unique approach. With the fall of free enterprise, society started to admire the humble yet persevering paradigm of cooperation. With this exciting phenomena, the researcher wish to ascertain the primordial role played by cooperatives as it shape simple communities into self-reliant enterprise. The researcher utilized qualitative method benchmarked from the contentions of many scholars. The results indicated that cooperative is a thriving industry with wholistic intent; that is capability building among its members and setting aside profit as an individual pursuit.

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Gender and Development (GAD) Programs (EO 273) of LGUs and the Utilization of Funds in Selected Barangays of Cagayan de Oro City: An Assessment for Intervention Victoria O. Sumanpan vos1223@gmail.com Mindanao University of Science and Technology, Philippines Time: 4:21 – 4:40; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Gender and Development (GAD) is one international concern that many countries had vowed to address (Beijing, 1990). In the Philippines it has been enacted into a law called EO 273 (1995-2025) or the Philippine Plan for Gender Development. The study aimed at assessing the Cagayan de Oro City sampled barangays of their implementation of EO 273 and the utilization of the 5% allotted for Gender and Development (GAD) programs, projects and activities. The twenty (20) sampled communities were those with top ten (10) highest Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) and another ten (10) barangays which belong to the lowest IRA. Some 220 respondents answered the survey questionnaire. Statistics employed were Pearson Correlation procedure and t-test for two independent groups. Findings revealed that all the selected sampled barangays were not able to spend the 5% mandated for GAD PPAs. Therefore, EO 273 was not fully implemented although minimal expenditures were done for GAD activities such as: Celebration of International Women’s Day annually. Lack of awareness of the EO 273 was noted. The respondents however, wanted more advocacy-seminar/trainings on the EO 273. The respondents were highly satisfied with projects on health and nutrition like feeding program while they expressed low satisfaction on project on AIDS. As to socio-cultural projects, the respondents were most satisfied on the aspect on leadership. On economic projects, the most satisfying was about cooperativism and recycling of solid waste while business and employment got low satisfaction.

Viewpoint of Air Pollution from the Rural Areas of Mindanao Dindo Donald A. Manulat, Jr. Jasmin P. Sumagang, RN Prince Dane A. Manulat Iligan Medical Center College, Philippines Time: 4:21 – 4:40; October 26, 2012 (Day 3) Venue: Level 3, Hibiscus 3713 Air pollution is a grave threat to the environment and to the human health. It has been a great pursuit for a feasible solution in dealing with the carbon emissions and other greenhouse gases regardless of its sources. Within the Philippine context, transportation is the greatest contributor of air pollution which is followed by the industries. While the top deadly diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, and respiratory diseases can be caused by air impurities. This study employed a quantitative approach using a questionnaire adapted from Gatersleben and Uzzell (2000) of the University of Surrey, UK. The findings stated that the people from the rural and conflict affected area of Mindanao lack in-depth knowledge on environmental awareness specifically on the sources and risks of air pollution. Ironically, majority of the respondents are 23 to 33 years old and are working professionals. Moreover, most of the respondents (34%) claimed to sometimes notice themselves the air pollution on their neighbour and 6% claimed doesn’t know it exists. While most people believed they can contribute to solve air pollution problems, only around half of the respondents believed that people are willing to cooperate in principle. Furthermore, people believe that air pollution problems are caused by factories or industries, followed by transportation and human activities. However, people foresee air pollution problem will get worse 10 years from now.

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Administrative Personnel President

Dr. Genaro V. Japos genarojapos@gmail.com +63 917 7035283

Executive Vice President

Jony V. Berjes jberjes@gmail.com +63 917 7175669

Vice President for Operations

Irish Jane P. Balios

irishane_100907@yahoo.com.ph +63 917 7263153

Executive Editor

kaye hazel n. abao kayzelchin@gmail.com

+63 9058996667

Web Administrator

Lawrence S. Babanto babanto.lawrence@gmail.com +63 917 7263155

Admin Assistant

DZAN MICHAEL C. MIテ前ZA dzanminoza@gmail.com +63 926 3345117


Philippine Association of Institutions For Research (PAIR)

Agusan del Sur School of Arts and Trade Aklan State University Asian College of Science and Technology Bataan Peninsula State University Bohol Island State University Brokenshire College Bukidnon State University Capitol University Carlos Hilado Memorial State College Cebu Normal University Central Mindanao University Cor Jesu College Davao Central College Davao Doctors College Father Saturnino Urios University Holy Cross of Davao College Holy Name University Iligan Medical Center College John B. Lacson Colleges Foundation – Bacolod John B. Lacson Colleges Foundation –Arevalo John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University Jose Rizal Memorial State University La Consolacion College – Bacolod La Salle University Liceo de Cagayan University Lyceum of the Philippines University Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific Mindanao Sanitarium and Hospital College of Medical Arts Foundation, Inc. Mindanao University of Science and Technology Misamis University Mountain View College Notre Dame of Dadiangas University Notre Dame of Kidapawan College Notre Dame of Marbel University Our Lady of Fatima University Pampanga Agricultural College Romblon State University Saint Joseph Institute of Technology San Pedro College Southern Christian College Surigao del Sur State University Surigao Education Center Surigao State College of Technology Universidad de Zamboanga University of Bohol University of Mindanao University of Northern Philippines University of San Jose Recoletos University of the Cordilleras University of the Immaculate Conception Wesleyan University Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan University of Cebu


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