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table of

contents PAIR Member logos Messages Dr. Zenaida G. Gersana Dir. Alfonso P. Alamban Dr. Mariano M. Lerin Dr. Teresita T. Tumapon Dr. Veneracion G. Cabana Dr. Lesley C. Lubos Mr. Jose Maria Z. Valdehuesa Dr. Genaro V. Japos Conference Keynote Speakers Dr. Alvin B. Culaba Dr. Carsten Evers Prof. Dr. Suryani Tatik Outstanding Asian Research Leaders 2011 Outstanding Asian Researchers 2011 Outstanding Filipino Researchers 2011 Asian Research Journal & Editor Awards 2011 Asian Research Journal Consortium Awards Asian Leadership Merit Awards 2011 Conference Program PAIR Officers IAMURE Officers Concurrent Session Papers Country Papers

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Philippine Association of Institutions For Research

Agusan del Sur School of Arts & Trades (ASSAT)/TESDA-CARAGA Aklan State University Asian College of Science and Technology Bataan Peninsula State University Bohol Island State University Brokenshire College Bukidnon State University Capitol University Carlos Hilado Memorial State College Cebu Normal University Central Mindanao University Cor Jesu College Davao Doctors College Fr. Saturnino Urios University Holy Cross of Davao College Holy Name University Iligan Medical Center College Jose Rizal Memorial State University John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University Inc. - Arevalo University Inc. - Molo La Consolacion College La Salle University-Ozamiz City Liceo de Cagayan University Lyceum of the Philippines University Maritime Acedemy of Asian and the Pacific Mindanao Sanitarium Hospital College Mindanao University of Science and Technology Misamis University Mountain View College Notre Dame of Dadiangas University Notre Dame of Kidapawan College Notre Dame of Marbel University Our Lady of Fatima University Pampanga Agricultural College Romblon State University Saint Joseph Institute of Technology San Pedro College Southern Christian College Surigao del Sur Polytechnic State University Surigao Education Center Surigao State College of Technology Universidad de Zamboanga University of Bohol University of the Cordilleras University of Mindanao University of Northern Philippines University of the Immaculate Conception University of San Jose Recoletos Wesleyan University Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan

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Commission on Higher Education

Once again, we salute Philippine Association of Institutions for Research, Inc. (PAIR) and Liceo de Cagayan University for sponsoring the 8th PAIR Asian Conference on Academic Journals and Higher Education Research on August 17-20, 2011. Through these years, PAIR and Liceo de Cagayan University are two institutions that have been relentlessly “Propagating the research Culture” in this part of the nation. For this, CHED is always behind all their efforts and endeavors in implementing their various research programs and projects. These two organizations are on track in realizing the following priority themes for multidisciplinary/multisectoral research in the National Higher Education Research Agenda (NHERA) – 2 (2009-2018): food safety and security; enhancing indigenous renewable energy source in the domestic energy mix; development of vaccines and diagnostics kits using indigenous materials; disaster risk management; Pollution control; Climate change especially on the issue of global warming; future ASEAN; and, peace process and conflict resolution. Once again, CONGRATULATIONS!

ZENAIDA G. GERSANA, Ph.D. Director IV

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Department of Science and Technology

Greetings to the organizers, participants and guests!!! ASEAN 2015: One Vision, One Identity, One Community is now in our midst. The said pact charts the future direction of ASEAN as a community that is politically, economically, and socio-culturally stable and competing vigorously with the rest of the world. In preparation for the eventuality, social scientists and education researchers in the area of humanities discussed the complications of various shared Asian roots and identity to nation-building, bilateral trade and economy, poverty alleviation, education reforms, gender equality, food security and re-branding Filipinos. On the other hand, those in the applied and basic sciences talked about climate change and its impacts to socio, political, and economic stability and security, including the development of alternative feedstock for bio fuels, alternative energy, disaster mitigation, and management. This Asian Conference on Academic Journals and Higher Education Research with the theme, “Practical Breakthrough Solutions for a Sustainable Asian Region” is a fitting occasion to share experiences and best practices as the Philippine gears for ASEAN 2015. Rest assured that the DOST, through NRCP, and in partnership with the academe, other government agencies and the private sector, will continue to embark on significant researches and activities that support the government in attaining our aspiration to be elevated to the developed status in the near future. In behalf of DOST, I congratul ate the organizers and participants of this conference. Good luck to all of us!!! May we have a fruitful sharing of experiences.

ALFONSO P. ALAMBAN, CESO IV Regional Director DOST Region 10

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Liceo de Cagayan University Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines

The Liceo de Cagayan University is steadfast in its commitment to development through scientific research in the areas of education, health and environment, business and management, and biodiversity. Cognizant of the vital role of research in development and with globally focused outlook, the university takes with honor the task of hosting the 2nd International Convention of the Philippine Association of Institutions for Research (PAIR) – the first university-sponsored international research conference to be staged in the city. This is a major event that provides venue for researchers in various fields across countries in the Asia Pacific and Africa to disseminate research findings relevant to the emerging trends and issues in various fields the convention encompasses. The event is also seen to establish diverse range of connections between the local and foreign researchers, thereby internationalizing research undertakings that shall further facilitate knowledge exchange to bring about innovations in areas of common concern. As host institution, the Liceo de Cagayan University warmly welcomes all participants to the convention and wishes all a truly meaningful assembly and stay in the City of Golden Friendship.

Dr. MARIANO M. LERIN, CPA University President

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Liceo de Cagayan University Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines

At the risk of mixing metaphors and drawing some concepts from nature, may I propose that this rare event be considered as an earnest attempt to direct the flow of waters towards the river of Asian research.  As we go through the paper and poster presentations and open forums, may we gain new approaches to integrating the rivulets of science into a running stream of knowledge that, in turn, becomes a river of experience flowing To employ another metaphor, this breath-taking possibility should excite us in transforming the often abstract or esoteric field of research into an art form which validates our common humanity. At the beginning day of this Conference, like an orchestra unassembled, the different notes may seem to be discordant sounds.  However, the several days that follow should give us Asians opportune time to have each of our artists play their piece. Come plenary time, our scientists assembled become a great orchestra, producing a symphony that unites us Asians towards a common goal – the pursuit of research to uplift the lives of our communities and contribute to sustainable development and peace for all of the Asia Pacific and beyond. For more than ever, we need to dialogue with each other, face to face; and share with colleagues the latest and significant findings in the Asian research world. May this unique gathering provide us participants the distinct advantage to become fearless advocates of cutting-edge ideas that can help shape a vitally creative future for human kind!  

TERESITA T. TUMAPON, PhD Dean, School of Graduate Studies and VP for Academics (concurrent)

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The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 Mt. View College, College Heights, Valencia City, Bukidnon

Please allow me to congratulate the Philippine Association of Institutions for Research, Inc. (PAIR) and the Liceo de Cagayan University for their Leadership in setting a higher bar of research in the Philippines. In organizing the 8th Asian Conference for Academic Journals and Higher Education Research with participants coming from countries in Asia and beyond, you have provided a venue for an effective worldwide communication of scientific investigations so research can be placed at the center of priorities in higher education institutions. Having been involved in research studies on both sides of the Pacific, I can truly appreciate the work that you are doing in nurturing a robust culture of research in this country. I would like to especially salute PAIR President, Dr. Genaro V. Japos for his vision coupled with unbounded enthusiasm and wealth of ideas making PAIR a trailblazer among research associations in the Philippines. Once again, CONGRATULATIONS and God bless.

Veneracion G. Cabana, Ph.D., F.A.H.A. Editor-in-Chief, Asian Journal of Health, Liceo de Cagayan University, Cagayan de Oro City Director, Center for Research, Mt. View College, College Heights, Valencia City, Bukidnon Visiting Scientist, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637

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Liceo de Cagayan University Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines

Fellow Researchers, Welcome to the City of Golden Friendship! This 2nd International Research Conference of the Philippine Association of Institutions for Research, (PAIR) gives us another round of exchanging views, ideas, and innovations on the present day issues and trends that are emerging in research. With much anticipation, this endeavor will result into a brilliant success, even way beyond the expectations from each of you. And, of course our deepest gratitude to you all for responding to this invitation. As a researcher, I have always implanted the enthusiasm of conducting extensive studies, especially in the field of Bryology, specializing on mosses. I have been using my field and expertise in furthering my studies in Biodiversity which I have presented not only in the Philippines, but also in other International conferences. I am just thankful that many of the people have shown their eagerness of knowing more about my studies. Finally, I am hoping that there will be more conferences of this kind in the near future, to be with you again. While you are in the City, please enjoy our place and our people. Mabuhay and once again, our warm Welcome to you all!

DR. LESLEY C. LUBOS Editor-in-chief, Asian Journal of Biodiversity and Associate Research Director Liceo Mindanao Center for Biodiversity and Conservation Research and Publication Office Liceo de Cagayan University Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines

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Liceo de Cagayan University Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines

It is with great pride that I commend the collaborative efforts of PAIR and the Research & Publications Office of the Liceo de Cagayan University in convening world-class researchers from ten countries. Countless emails have been exchanged in the past four months across continents and today we are witnessing the result of all that hard work and dedication. May the next four days not only enrich our research experience but also allow us to appreciate each other’s cultural differences. Let us not forget that all our presentations today will not have been possible without the inspiration of Allah or the One True Being. As we say in Liceo, “Nil Sine Numine!” Congratulations everyone!

Joe Z. Valdehuesa, MBA Conference Chair

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The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research (a recognized regional affiliate of the American-based Association of Institutional Research) with 50 institutional members and over a thousand individual members across the country welcomes delegates from the Asian, American and African continents to the Asian Conference on Academic Journals and Higher Education Research and the Asian Conference on Research Journalism on August 17–20, 2011 hosted by Liceo de Cagayan University led by Dr. Mariano M. Lerin, CPA, the President. We have chosen the theme “Practical and Breakthrough Solutions for a Sustainable Asian Region” to generate new discoveries from different disciplines to insure the future of our Asian continent. The output of this conference is an evidence-based declaration for Asia synthesized from the 260 scientific papers by Dr. Anthony M. Penaso of Central Mindanao University. This year’s conference offers new features: (1) the publication of selected papers in appropriate Asian Journals; (2) competition for research publication and oral research presentations; (3) recognition for Asian researchers, leaders and academic journals; inclusion of research journalism for advocacy; (4) forming international partnerships among delegates and signing of MOUs and MOAs; (5) organization of the International Association of Multidisciplinary Research, which is the international version of PAIR; and (6) launching of the International Accreditation of Academic Journals. I therefore invite everyone to join these new organizations so we can push the frontiers of research and publication into the 21st century! Our main focus is for researchers to get published in reputable journals indexed by Thomson Reuters, Scopus and Elsevier for only then can our researchers’ scientific outputs be counted in the global competitiveness of our respective countries and world ranking of our universities. The people of Cagayan de Oro City are friendly and loving. Experience our warm hospitality and culture.

Genaro V. Japos President, PAIR and IAMURE Director, Research and Publication Liceo de Cagayan University

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Keynote Speaker

Acd. Alvin B. Culaba, Ph.D. President, The National Research Council of the Philippines Executive Vice President, De La Salle University

At the outset, I congratulate the organizers of this 4-day convention that enlists speakers from other Asian countries for gathering the best of our researchers and research leaders in various fields of discipline from different organizations. I speak to this body as President of the National Research Council of the Philippines of the Department of Science and Technology. The NRCP is the only national government agency with a specific mandate by law to promote, spur, support, fund, and implement research in the basic sciences across a wide array of disciplines. NRCP supports and publishes studies that intend to elicit and discover basic knowledge that will lead to the propagation of meaningful technologies and to the exploration of scientific solutions to the country’s myriad problems. NRCP prioritizes researches that are within the priority areas of the National Integrated Basic Research Agenda (NIBRA) of the agency, which caters to various disciplines in the natural sciences, including social sciences and humanities represented by the agency’s 13 scientific divisions. In the 21st world of global technology, I see a couple of challenges that confront research organizations and institutions and individual researchers. I will mention three. One is the challenge to internationalize the reputation of our organizations. In the context of a global community, internationalization seems to be the inevitable direction if we want to ensure that the studies that we conduct will cater to, be used by, and have a significant impact on a large pool of end users across the globe. Internationalization in terms of research will entail that the researches that we do are scientifically rigorous that can pass even the strictest of international criteria. When our focus both as a researcher and a research organization shifts to the international spotlight, we will gradually be building our own credibility because essentially we are raising the level not only of our competencies but also of our competitiveness. In this context hence, we must make sure that every year we produce at least two scientific studies that merit publication in ISI journals. By subjecting ourselves to the ISI publication test, that means we commit to having our researches reviewed and refereed by the most competent pool of our research leaders who have established for themselves a formidable reputation in the international science community. The ISI path is arguably the one way forward to internationalization. Two, the challenge is to elongate the spectrum of our research interests. With this I mean that we consider prioritizing studies in least explored disciplinal sciences i.e. those in the fields of technology and other sciences, without necessarily neglecting our usual interests in natural and social sciences. Technology apparently drives the growth motion of the world in the 21st century. International research and funding organizations are now capitalizing on the wide range of benefits of various technologies produced out of our research discoveries in the basic sciences that can offer science and technology solutions to the world’s problems. Industrialization and technological innovation evidently drive first world economies. One least explored thus unpopularized discipline is computing science. My own observation is that the field of computing science has not been fully explored in the Philippines both as a scientific discipline and a development tool and perhaps not too many are fully aware of its usefulness and indispensability in the country’s development other than in the common fields of business and computer industry. As a discipline though, computing science seems to have yet to find its own niche in the country’s research priority areas and it has yet to be clearly reflected even in DOST’s own research priority blueprint. For instance, the usefulness of computing science in ensuring a secure cyberspace network, or in developing tools for digital humanities and in automated language processing

have yet to be fully appreciated by a significant pool of end users. In fact, computational science, the extended discipline of computing, may find its relevance in corporate accounting and in large scale numerical configurations, yet we have limited if not unpopularized knowledge in high performance computing or parallel computation, as well as in computational modeling and simulations. Perhaps not too many of us convened here are aware of the many potentials of computing science i.e. in ICT development, computer engineering, neural networking, geo-engineering, development of physical and architectural infrastructures i.e. 3D modeling and 3D mapping, as well us in developing innovative measuring and computing techniques for physical infrastructures development. That computing science is useful in measuring and monitoring component risks in infrastructure and disaster risk reduction management is something that has yet to become a priority area in basic science research. The bigger role of computing science in other unfamiliar fields i.e. biomimetics and biomimicry, mining unstructured data, or in cellular automata has yet to be appreciated to its full extent by our researchers and academics. Again, I do not mean to suggest that we abandon or neglect our research priorities in the common disciplines of biological sciences, chemical sciences, and physical sciences. Indeed, research studies on genetic engineering, nanotechnology, and biosensors for example are very, very important that we should not lessen our vigor in pursuing and widening our discoveries in these fields. For research organizations and institutions represented here, the next step then is for you to determine which of the least explored disciplines your organizations can begin to prioritize, and how you can tap the needed manpower and resources to support your pursuits in those areas. Relative to this, there has been a lingering proposal—of which I suppose you are aware—that the Philippine government put up a new department: Department of Information and Communications Technology. Obviously the proponents are confident that in a world largely dominated and run by technology, the creation by law of an independent ICT department will provide not only the necessary leverage and structural body but also infuse the needed resources and expertise in further exploring and fully benefiting from the advances of communications and technology. Recent developments, however, tend to dim the prospects of a separate ICT department since while the proposal is not going to be shelved, an ICT agency will just be attached to the Department of Science and Technology. Three, the challenge is how each of us can have easy access to and share our relevant scientific literatures. Fact is that subscription to scientific literatures, especially those produced and published by highly esteemed international research bodies, is costly. A zealous researcher will have to hurdle rather exorbitant charges taxed by these organizations if only to avail himself of precious scientific data to support his own study. At times, this predicament is what impedes researchers to pursue further a very important study. At NRCP, we have a move to address this seeming impediment. The NRCP Governing Board has mobilized the NRCP IT personnel to create a scientific database accessible via the NRCP website that lists our over 3,000 members across the Philippines and abroad with their corresponding disciplinal expertise, recent publications, and recent research projects. Any one can access and procure data from our website provided of course that both the NRCP and the author are sufficiently acknowledged in their studies. Those interested to peruse a more extensive set of data on any particular study by any of our NRCP researchers can write the Council for that purpose and the Council will then facilitate the process. Also, there is a move initiated by NRCP Vice President, National Scientist Dr. Lourdes J. Cruz, in collaboration with the Commission on Higher Education Zonal Research Centers in the Philippine regions, for the establishment of a common electronic database where studies will be published in a common reference website accessible to researchers worldwide provided certain viable conditions are met. This initiative aims largely to facilitate easy access to and broaden the coverage of scientific literatures, as well as lessen costs on subscription if not to totally unburden researchers with too expensive subscription fees. My challenge is for all of us here to explore the possibility of resources sharing with the use of electronic technology. Let us consider the prospect of having our publications in ISI journals accessible in a common electronic database for the benefit of both our domestic researchers as well as the foreign ones. My own conviction is that our institutions can become a lot stronger and more respectable as centers for scientific researches if we dare to tread the unexplored paths in science and technology development. Reputable scientific studies by our organizations that provide science and technology solutions and better the lives of both our human population and our natural ecosystem can be a sure step toward an enviable international recognition. That is how we build—if painstakingly and rigorously—our organizational and individual reputation as a researcher. Together, let us commit ourselves to that quest. Maraming salamat po at mabuhay ang Philippine Association of Institutions for Research, Inc.

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Dr. Carsten Evers is the Power Plant Manager of STEAG State Power Inc., a company that owns and operates the most modern thermal power plant in Mindanao, Philippines. He is considered as an authority in the field of Mechanical Engineering in general, and thermal power plant management and operations in particular, after hurdling all the rigid academic preparations leading to his field of profession, at the same time, acquiring handson experience and expertise through his professional assignments in the different parts of the world. His expertise covers comprehensive disciplines in Mechanical Engineering that include gas and steam turbines management and operation, power plant measurement and test engineering, power plant process optimization, and power plant commissioning, operations and maintenance.

DR. CARSTEN EVERS Keynote Speaker

He studied Mechanical Engineering at the University of Bochum in the German North RhineWestphalia Region, where he also obtained his Doctorate in Mechanical Engineering as Summa cum Laude. He published several papers covering studies on Thermophysics and Chemical Engineering Technology. These include: International Journal of Thermophysics (23) No. 6, 2002; Chemie Ingenieur Technik (74) Nr. 7, 2002; and Chemie Ingenieur Technik (71) Nr. 10, 1999. He started his career in 1996 as Assistant Professor at the University of Bochum, before joining the Steag group in 2002 to assume various responsibilities such as Plant and Process Engineer; Energy, Turbine and Measurement Technology Engineer; Commissioning Engineer for Turbine and Balance of Plant; Head of Turbine Department; Deputy Commissioning Manager, and now as Power Plant Manager --- the youngest so far to hold such position in the roster of plant managers of STEAG State Power Inc. His leadership and management prowess enables STEAG State Power Inc. to sustain the reputation of efficiency, reliability and responsibility in all aspects of its business and operation. Dr. Evers was born on May 7, 1970 in Germany’s 2nd largest City of Hamburg. He speaks German, English, French and Spanish.

Keynote Topic #2 The Energy Challenges of the 21st Century by Dr. Carsten Evers

The world faces one of its toughest challenges: energy security and sustainability. The irreversible upward trend of global consumption has put enormous pressure on the world’s energy supply. While the path to sustainability will clearly be provided by renewable energy, non-renewable sources like oil, gas and coal will remain to be an indispensable fuel that will keep the world’s economy up and running at least in the next decades. Striking a delicate balance in the global energy mix becomes imperative. At the rate the world’s energy consumption is growing, there is a huge investment requirement to bring in additional renewable capacities at the same time increase efficiency levels of conventional energy conversion. In this manner, the 2009 Copenhagen Commitment on keeping low the climate impact will be more meaningful, doable and realistic. Conventional power and energy sources will provide the necessary transitional shift towards global energy security and sustainability. Appropriate technologies are available for countries to adapt and replicate. There is also a need to heighten global consciousness on the importance of accountability and responsibility in the context of ensuring sustainability and even survival of humanity. Responsible consumption is as important as responsible production. Best practices on the triple bottom line concept of PPP (Profit, People and Planet) are abundantly available and can provide the inspiration for world to emulate. The academic and research sector also play crucial roles in providing impetus to the continuing search for viable solutions at the same ensure a continuing growth of the human capital who will take on the responsibility of meeting the challenges of the future.

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Keynote Speaker

Prof. Dr. Tatik Suryani

President of Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia tatik@perbanas.ac.id

ENHANCHING RESEARCH QUALITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION LEVEL IN ASIAN COUNTRIES Everybody believes that by doing the research, he or she can accelerate the development of research in life such as improving quality of life, social well being and welfare, economic, and sustainability. As part of Asian society, all research activities by any institution in Southeast Asia should have a commitment to work together to solve the problems that exist in this regional area. For example, at low levels, such research activities should be able to solve the problem at the institutional levels and its entire problems, while in a broader scale; they should also be able to solve problems in the scale of the society of the whole Southeast Asia. The development of Asian countries is assumed to have shown an improvement after the crisis, and therefore, it can make the Asian researchers optimistic in doing such a collaboration. The issues of economic sustainability and harmony in the nature, labor, and quality of education that have emerged in most countries in Southeast Asia can be made important issues. In addition, the most recent issue that must be anticipated is the plan of the Asian market in 2015, in which this will have implications for the occurrence of various changes in society of Southeast Asia. The developments mentioned above, of course, demand that the government as policy maker and the universities should take action with their roles

to actively solve the problems by doing research using proper and right methodology. However, until now the performance of research, especially in that of universities and other institutions in the form of patents in the countries of Southeast Asia has not yet shown significant results. Besides that, their publications in international journals as published and recognized internationally in Southeast Asia are still considered in a limited number. In Southeast Asia, we acknowledge that the research community has been established that is the community of professional associations of various fields, as well as intergovernmental cooperation. The existence of South East Asia Association for Institutional Research, (SEAAIR), Philippine Association of Institutions for Research (PAIR), the Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning (ASAIHL), the Asian Forum on Business Education (AFBE), and still others are the appropriate means for sharing and exchanging the research products and research collaboration. Especially, when all these research activities are published widely and globally recognized in the media, they will become more valuable for each researcher and country. On the other hand, research synergies that produce excellent research in the context of Southeast Asia have not much been done. This paper describes the condition of current research and the barriers of accelerating research activities as well as the way how to find the solutions.

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The International Association of Multidisciplinary Research & The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research

Outstanding Asian Research Leader Award 2011 Maritime Education Research

Dr. Angelica M. Baylon Director for Research and Extension Services Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific Mariveles, Bataan, Philippines

Vadm Eduardo Ma R Santos, AFP (Ret), MAAP President + 63 2 741 1024 local 4031 or + 63 9194768128 ambaylon_maap11@yahoo.com / ambaylon@gmail.com

ANGELICA M. BAYLON, PH.D. Recipient of several academic scholarships, Dr. Angelica M. Baylon holds the degree Doctor of Philosophy in Education obtained at the Manila Central University and currently finishing other doctoral degree in chemistry at University of Santo Tomas. Her position as director for Research and Extension Services of Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific greatly engages her in research, setting an impressive profile in research by far. Research leadership accentuates her achievements in research. She received several citations for outstanding leadership in research to include that of CHED, PhilARM, PAIR, PAEPI, UNYAP, and PAMI, among others. Her service to promote quality research extends to engagement in peer reviewing of local and foreign papers, membership in an editorial advisory board, and speakership in both national and international conferences. Her other notable accomplishments in research include among others the publication of articles and research papers in national and international refereed journals, development and implementation of EU-ASEAN project, conceptualization and initiation of the artificial reef project in a village in Bataan, facilitation of linkages with local and foreign institutions for research projects, and election as president of the Philippine Association of Extension Program Implementers (composed of 80 higher educational institutions).


The International Association of Multidisciplinary Research & The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research

Outstanding Asian Research Leader Award 2011 Higher Education Research

Dr. Anthony M. Penaso Vice President for Academic Affairs Central Mindanao University Maramag, Bukidnon, Philippines

Dr. Maria Luisa R. Soliven CMU President anpen1972@yahoo.com +6391 75487859 ANTHONY M. PENASO, PH.D. With remarkable academic profile having earned five doctoral degrees, Dr. Anthony M. Penaso is the Vice President for Academic Affairs of Central Mindanao University in Bukidnon. Along research, he was then the Vice President for Research and Extension for almost 8 years of CMU and director of Northern Mindanao Consortium for Agriculture and Resources Research and Development. He has a wide range of interests and strong engagement in research as shown by a significant number of his research works on educational leadership and management and mathematics education published in local and international journals and by his leadership in funded projects and studies on sustainable development. In the international scene, he has gained prominence in the field having been granted fellowship in several international scientific communities in United Kingdom, South Korea, China, and India and membership and committee chairmanship in both national and international research associations. His speakership and paper presentation in numerous research forums across nations and regions in the country and his engagement in research as peer reviewer and guest editor in three Philippine journals further evidence his fervour to promote scholarly research. Highly recognized for his outstanding accomplishments in research, he received several citations such as CHED-MAEP Outstanding Research in Mathematics and NOMCARRD Regional Best Paper for Development Category.


The International Association of Multidisciplinary Research & The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research

Outstanding Asian Researcher 2011 Philosophy and Education Research

Dr. Eddie R. Babor Holy Name University Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines

Fr. Francisco T. Estepa President, Holy Name University eddiebabor@yahoo.com +639088888837 EDDIE R. BABOR, LL.B., PH.D. Holding the degree Doctor of Philosophy earned at the University of San Carlos, Dr. Eddie R. Babor is the director of the Publication Office of the Holy Name University, Tagbilaran City. He has a strong research profile in the field of philosophy. For the past five years, he accomplished at least 31 research works published in scholarly journals for philosophy and theology in the country and abroad, the most prominent of them is the Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy. Among his research works, two are Hirsch-indexed and five were cited in Google Scholar Citation Gadget, thereby giving his research works a global reach. His contributions to research go beyond the conduct of research itself. To advance quality research, he serves as editor-in-chief of LUMINA, a global, refereed, interdisciplinary research journal of the Holy Name University; editorial board member, PHAVISMINDA Journal; and referee, Liceo Journal: Higher Education Research, a CHED accredited journal. He was then an editorial consultant of the Philosophia; editorial board member, Liceo Journal; and referee, Siliman University International Journal and Research Review Journal of John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University.


The International Association of Multidisciplinary Research & The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research

Outstanding Asian Researcher 2011 Business and Governance Research

Prof.Dr.Tatik Suryani President (Dean) of STIE Perbanas Surabaya Indonesia + 62315947151 tatik@perbanas.edu

DR. TATIK SURYANI President of the STIE Perbanas Surabaya in Java, Indonesia, Dr. Tatik Suryani holds a doctorate in Business. Her interest in and commitment to research are highly pronounced by a significant number of her research works published in different international conference proceedings and national reputed journals. Most importantly, her research works are indexed in research databases particularly in the Web of Science of Thomson Reuters and Scopus, which are among the best indexing organizations in the world. Thus far, two of her studies are Hirsch-indexed and four cited. Other significant contributions she has made along research include peer reviewing of foreign papers, speakership in international conference, and panelling research presentations in international conferences. For her proven track record in research, she was awarded for thrice competitive research grants by the Higher Education Directorate General of the Republic of Indonesia.


The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research

Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2011 Health Education Research

Dr. Anacleta P. Valdez Dean, College of Allied Medical Professions Lyceum of the Philippines University Batangas City, Philippines

Dr. Peter P. Laurel LPU – Batangas, President 09174069652 / 0437233549 / 0437230595 apvaldez@lpubatangas.edu.ph / anniejunvaldez@yahoo.com

ANACLETA PRING-VALDEZ, RMT, MD, MHA, FPSP Based in Batangas City, Dr. Anacleta Pring-Valdez obtained her doctor of medicine at the University of Santo Tomas and took her postgraduate residency training in Clininal Pathology in the Philippine Orthopedic Center. Currently she serves as head of the Department of Pathology of Mary Mediatrix Medical Center and department head of the Blood Bank Center of Daniel Mercado Medical Center. Her expertise is well shared in the academe as she acts as dean of the College of Allied Medical Professions of the Lyceum of the Philippines. As medical practitioner and academician, she has advanced the interest of the field through research works, most of which published in the Journal of Department of Pediatrics UP-PGH. Her involvement in research stretched far as she took stand as research paper presenter, speaker, and facilitator in various conferences in the country and abroad and served as peer reviewer and member of the editorial board of a refereed journal. In recognition for her contributions to research, she was conferred Institutional Research Award during SY 2007-2008 and Achievement Award for Exemplary Performance in Research in 2001 by the university she serves. Several other special awards were given to her for her sterling performance in the field of teaching and laboratory medicine.


The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research

Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2011 Science Education

Dr. Andrea G. Azuelo Faculty, Researcher College of Education Central Mindanao University Maramag, Bukidnon, Philippines

Dr. Maria Luisa R. Soliven CMU President azuelonenecmu@yahoo.com 09175481991 ANDREA G. AZUELO, Ph.D. Obtained her Doctor of Philosophy in Biology at the Central Mindanao University in Bukidnon, Dr. Andrea G. Azuelo, a full professor of CMU, has work profile of high note. She was then the dean of the College of Education, research coordinator of the College, principal of the CMU High School, adviser of the CMU HS Science Club, and coordinator of the CMU HS Natural Science Division. She has immensely engaged herself in research work in the field of biology. Some of her competed studies done in the mountains of Bukidnon and of significant value to the field explored the ecological status of bryophytes, the geologic features and wonders of caves, morphology and economic value of some herbal wood plants, identification of some mosses, and inventory of rocks and minerals. Notably, she conducted 26 scientific studies on advance ecology, advance systematics/taxonomy, advance genetics and plant growth and development. Utilizing research findings, she developed several instructional materials for biology lectures and laboratories, some of these materials were nationally published with copyright. A published researcher and author of instructional materials, she was highly sought as resource speaker, evaluator, and trainer in various seminars, workshops, and conferences in the region. For exhibiting strong leadership in research projects, she was awarded Plaque of Merit as Adviser of Investigatory Project (Ten Outstanding Young Scientists of the Philippines) and Provincial Sigham Award as Science Club Adviser, among others.


The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research

Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2011 Marine Biology

Dr. Maria Rio A. Naguit Dean, College of Education Jose Rizal Memorial State University Katipunan, Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines

Dr. Edgar S. Balbuena President, Jose Rizal Memorial State College rionaguit@yahoo.com

MARIA RIO A. NAGUIT, PH.D. Dr. Maria Rio A. Naguit, who earned the degree Doctor of Philosophy in Marine Biology at the Siliman University, is the research director of Jose Rizal Memorial State University System in Dapitan and concurrently the dean of the College of Education of its campus in Zamboanga del Norte. Her outstanding contributions to her field are evidenced by the publication of several of her research works in scientific journals especially that of the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. Not only her works were published but some were also cited in studies abroad. Her studies of great significance in the field brought her as paper and poster presenter to international assemblies. Also, she demonstrates strong leadership in research undertaking, heading an ongoing research project on marine reserves in collaboration with Siliman University and working as research partner for other ongoing research projects, one funded by the Philippine Commission on Higher Education while two by the Indonesian Directorate of Higher Education. A significant number of her accomplished funded collaborative research works on ecology and speakerships in trainings and seminars speak highly of her as research specialist in the field.


The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research

Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2011 Marine Conservation

Joel G. Becira CFMT Research Coordinator/Asst. Prof. IV Western Philippines University Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines

Dr. Ria S. Sariego President, Western Philippines University Puerto Princesa City, Philippines +63 (048) 433-4367 • j_becira@yahoo.com

JOEL G. BECIRA Research coordinator of the Western Philippines University – Puerto Princesa Campus in Palawan, Joel G. Becira has made himself an established researcher in the field of marine conservation having done several studies on several topics of interest in biodiversity particularly those on coral reefs, mangroves, and topshells. Scores of his studies were published both in national and international reputable journals. His contributions to research in the field were regarded by national and international scientific communities as evidenced by his speakership on research topics in various conferences such as those in Japan and Thailand, his recognitions for quality research, and his peer review engagements. For several times he was awarded for best research paper during the Zonal R & D conferences in Southern Luzon. For his expertise in the field, he was tapped for peer reviewing of scientific papers on ecology for publication in international refereed journals. His active involvement in various research undertakings is indeed notable advancing the conservation and preservation of the natural environment.


The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research

Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2011 Public Governance

Mervin G. Gascon Chairperson, Department of Governance Studies University of Southeastern Philippines Davao City, Philippines

Dr. Perfecto A. Alibin President, University of Southeastern Philippines 09082849663 nexxus_mgg@yahoo.com MERVIN G. GASCON A candidate for Doctor of Public Administration at the Ateneo de Davao University, Mervin G. Gascon is the designated chairperson of the Department of Governance Studies of the Universtiy of Southeastern Philippines, Davao City. He has deeply immersed himself in the field of administration and governance as well as research. He is a fellow of the International Association of Traffic Safety Science Forum in Japan and of the Philippine Young Leaders in Governance. Actively involved in research, he is a member of the National Research Council of the Philippines, Southeast Asia Association for Institutional Research and Philippine Association of Institutions for Research. To his credit as researcher are his research works, most of which were on community development, published in refereed journals and presented in research forums in and out of the country. His strong commitment to research is markedly translated into his unselfish involvement in various community extension activities in which he is a leader/proponent of community-based projects. Likewise, he has made himself an agent of information dissemination through speakership in seminars on diverse topics in the field. For demonstrated excellence in research, he garnered awards such as Best Technical Poster during the 78th NRCP General Assembly and Best Paper Presenter in a world conference in Thailand.


Asian Leadership Merit Award 2011 Organizing a PAIR Regional Research Conference

Gold Award Dr. Carmen C. Menes Research Director La Consolacion College – Bacolod Carmen_menes@yahoo.com

Asian Leadership Merit Award 2011 Organizing a PAIR Regional Chapter in Western Visayas

Gold Award Dr. Rolando A. Alimen Research Coordinator John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University - Molo

Asian Research Journal Consortium Awards 2011 Diamond Award Electronic International Scientific Research Journal Consortium www.eisrjc.com Dr. Arulsamy Anand Executive Director, EISRJC Philippine Electronic Journals www.ejournals.ph Mr. Maximo T. Gomez Executive Vice President

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Asian Conference for Academic Journals & Higher Education Research Conference Program Day 0 (Tuesday – Afternoon) 2 pm Pryce Plaza Hotel Lobby Distribution of Kits for Pre-registered participants On-Site Registration of Walk-ins

9:30 Message Dir Alfonso P. Alamban Director, Department of Science and Technology Region 10

DAY 1 (Wednesday - Morning) August 17, 2011 Pryce Plaza Hotel

Presentation of Plaques of Recognition Dr. Donna Lou E. Neri Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2009 Liceo de Cagayan University

8:00 - 9:00am Distribution of Kits for Pre-registered participants On-Site Registration of Walk-ins Notes: Presenters: Grand Ballroom Walk-ins: Hotel Lobby 8:30am Ribbon Cutting of Painting Exhibits of Glenda Demafeliz and the Exhibits of the Asian Winners 9:00am Opening Ceremonies Invocation Philippine National Anthem PAIR Hymn Welcome Song Ms. Aizel A. Ruga 9:07 Declaration of the Opening of the Asian Conference Mr. Jose Ma. Z. Valdehuesa Conference Chair 9:12 Welcome Address Dr. Mariano M. Lerin, CPA President, Liceo de Cagayan University, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines 9:17 Opening Remarks Dr. Genaro V. Japos President, PAIR & IAMURE 9:25 Message Dr. Zenaida G. Gersana Director, Commission on Higher Education, Region 10

9:35 Introduction of Keynote Speaker Dr. Lesley C. Lubos Editor, Asian Journal of Biodiversity Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2009 Liceo de Cagayan University 9:40 Keynote Address Dr. Alvin B. Culaba Philippines President, National Research Council of the Philippines Department of Science and Technology Presenters: Asian Research Award Dr. Mariano M. Lerin, CPA President, Liceo de Cagayan University Dr. Genaro V. Japos President, PAIR & IAMURE 10:10 Presentation of Outstanding Asian Research Awards Dr. Ma. Florecilla C. Cinches Chair, Asian Research Awards Presenters: Outstanding Asian Research Awards Dr. Mariano M. Lerin Dr. Alvin B. Culaba Dr. Genaro V. Japos Dr. Zenaida G. Gersana Dir. Alfonso P. Alamban Mr. Jose Ma. Z. Valdehueza 10:30 Introduction of the Keynote Speaker Dr. Teresita T. Tumapon Vice President for Academic Affairs Liceo de Cagayan University Editor-in-Chief, Liceo Journal of Higher Education Research

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10:35 Keynote Address 2 Dr. Carsten Evers Power Plant Manager STEAG State Power Inc. Presenters: Asian Research Award Dr. Mariano M. Lerin President, Liceo de Cagayan University Dr. Genaro V. Japos President, PAIR & IAMURE 10:55 Country Paper 1 Philippine Journal Accreditation Services (JAS) of the Commission on Higher Education: Ensuring Quality in Higher Education Publication Towards Internationalization Dr. Roberto N. Padua Co-chair, Technical Working Group Commission on Higher Education Journal Accreditation Service Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Angelica M. Baylon Roberto N. Padua Research Impact Award 2010 Outstanding Asian Leader 2011 Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific 11:15 Country Paper 2 Philippine Electronic Journals: Making the Scholarly Works of Filipinos Available to Researchers and Educators around the Globe Mia Monica M. Santos Acquisitions Coordinator for Library Solutions (Local) C and E Publishing Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Eddie R. Babor Director of Publication Holy Name University 11:35 Country Paper 3 Electronic International Scientific Research Journal Consortium: Connecting the Research Minds Dr. A. Anand, Executive Editor – EISJRC Dr. Gismo V. Agulan – President – BCTA Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Consorcio S. Namoco Jr. Outstanding International Researcher 2010 Mindanao University of Science and Technology

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12:00 LUNCH Pictorials by Country Dr. Salvador C. de la Peña III Master of Ceremonies August 17, 2011 – (Wednesday – Afternoon) Concurrent Sessions 1:30 pm Ballroom A – Education 1 (Code 17A) Ballroom B – Education 2 (Code 17B) Ballroom C – Business and Management (Code 17C) Kamagong Hall – Health and Environment (Code 17D) Molave Hall – Biodiversity and Conservation (Code 17E) 5:00 pm Country Experiences on Journal Accreditation System and Best Practices 6:00 pm Evening Session of Concurrent Sessions 7:30 pm DINNER Asian Conference for Academic Journals and Higher Education Research Conference Program August 18, 2011 Pryce Plaza Hotel DAY 2 (Thursday - Morning) 8:30 Invocation Dr. Veneracion G. Cabana Editor-in-Chief, Asian Journal of Health Outstanding International Researcher 2010 Mountain View College 8:35 Welcome Address and Distribution of Plaques of New PAIR Institutional Members Mrs. Alma B. Segismundo Research Director University of Northern Philippines Vigan City, Ilocos Sur Vice-President, PAIR 8:40 Presentation of Delegates by Country Dr. Merian C. Mani Vice-President, Research, Extension and Publication Romblon State University PIO, PAIR


8:45 Introduction of the Keynote Speaker 3 Dr. Salvador C. dela Peña III University Editor, Liceo de Cagayan University Associate Editor, Asian Journal of Business and Governance 8:50 Keynote Address 3 Prof. Dr. Suryani Tatik President, STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia Vice-President South East Asian Association of Institutional Research Associate Editor, Asian Journal of Business and Governance Presenters: Asian Research Award Dr. Mariano M. Lerin, CPA Dr. Genaro V. Japos Mr. Jose Ma. Z. Valdehuesa 9:15 Evidence Based Declaration for Sustainability of the Asian Region Dr. Anthony M. Penaso Vice President for Academic Affairs Central Mindanao University Outstanding Asian Leader Award 2011 Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Lesley C. Lubos 9:35 Country Paper 4 Filipino Children and TV Advertising: Some Variates on Requests to Purchase Advertised Merchandise Dr. Mary Gretchen F. Chaves University of the Philippines – Cebu Presenter: Asian Research Award Mervin G. Gascon Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2011 10:00 Country Paper 5 Teachers’ Efficacy as Predictor of Self-Efficacy among Students Tanzila Nabeel Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan Presenter: Asian Research Award Joel G. Becira Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2011

10:25 Country Paper 6 Reflections of Two Distinct Principals: Preliminary Perspectives on How the Principal Preparation Programme Contributed to their Self-Efficacy Development Associate Professor Dr. Hamdan Bin Said University Technologi Malaysia Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Evelyn R. Campiseño Outstanding Research Manager 2010 Jose Rizal Memorial State University 10:55 Country Paper 7 Making Sense of Ethical Democracy in Nigeria in the 21st Century Terfa Kahaga Anjov Benue State University Makurdi, Nigeria Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Andrea G. Azuelo Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2011 11:20 Open Forum 12:00 LUNCH Announcement of Special Awards, Pictorials and Signing of MOA and MOU Dr. Anacleta P. Valdez Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2011 Master of Ceremonies DAY 2 (Thursday – Afternoon) Concurrent Sessions 1:00 Pm BALLROOM A - EDUCATION 1 (Code: 18A) BALLROOM B - EDUCATION 2 (Code 18B BALLROOM C- EDUCATION 3 (Code 18C) KAMAGONG- Business and Management (Code 18D) MOLAVE - Health and Biodiversity (Code 18E) 5:00 pm Forging of Partnerships and Signing of MOU and MOA Parallel Sessions in 5 Venues 6:00 pm Evening Session of Concurrent Sessions 7:30 DINNER

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10:05 Country Paper 9 Plethora of Indian Education: Are We Following the Development Path? Dr. Vipan Kumar Teri University New Delhi, India

Asian Conference for Academic Journals and Higher Education Research Conference Program August 19, 2011 Pryce Plaza Hotel DAY 3 (Friday – Morning) 8:30 Invocation Mr. Alexis Deodato S. Itao Rogationist Seminary College – Cebu 8:35 Welcome Address Dr. Esmenia R. Javier Executive Vice President/VP for Academic and Research Lyceum of the Philippines University-Batangas President Networks of Calabarzon Educational Institutions ( NOCEI)

Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Reynalda B. Garcia Research Director Lyceum of the Philippines University – Batangas 10:30 Country Paper 10 Differential Level of HDL Apoprotein Genes in AtherosclerosisSensitive and Atherosclerosis-Resistant Mice Dr. Veneracion G. Cabana Pritzer School of Medicine, Department of Pathology University of Chicago and Mt. View College

8:40 Presentation of New Delegates by Country Dr. Precila C. Delima Isabela State University

Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Daisy Palompon Research Director Cebu Normal University

8:45 Message Dr. Ma. Mercedes A. Joson Vice President for Academic Affairs La Consolacion College - Bacolod Presenter: Plaque of Appreciation Dr. Jes B. Tirol Research Director, University of Bohol Mr. Jose Ma. Z. Valdeheuza Conference Chair 9:10 Tapestry of Asian Dances Kagay-anon Dance Company Dr. Glenn Reyes Artistic Director 9:40 Country Paper 8 Marine Mammals and Seabirds of Savu Sea, Indonesia Dr. Wilson L. Tisera Universitas Kristen Artha Wacana Kupang, Indonesia Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Ma. Rio A. Naguit Outstanding Filipino Researcher 2011 Jose Rizal Memorial State University

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10:55 Country Paper 11 The Economic Performance of Southeast Asia: Growth by Industrial Origin Dr. Grace Edmar Elizar-del Prado Chair, Social Science Research Center Western Visayas College of Science and Technology Lapaz, Iloilo City, Philippines

Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Joy M. Mirasol Research Director, Bukidnon State University Auditor, PAIR 11:20 Open Forum Lunch Announcement of Special Awards, Pictorials and Signing of MOA / MOU Alexis Deodato S. Itao Master of Ceremonies DAY 3 (Friday - Afternoon) CONCURRENT SESSIONS


1:00 pm BALLROOM A – EDUCATION 1 (Code 19A) BALLROOM B – EDUCATION 2 (Code 19B) BALLROOM C- EDUCATION 3 (Code 19C) KAMAGONG HALL- Business and Management (Code 19D) MOLAVE HALL – Biodiversity (Code 19E) 5:00 pm Organizational Development and Skills Enhancement 6:00 pm Evening Session 7:30 DINNER

Asian Conference for Academic Journals and Higher Education Research Conference Program August 20, 2011 Pryce Plaza Hotel DAY 4 (Saturday – Morning) 8:30 Invocation Dr. Ricardo C. Briones Director of Research Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University 8:35 Welcome Address Dr. Rezyl R. Mallorca Vice Chancellor for Research Development and Linkages La Salle University – Ozamis 8:40 Presentation of New Delegates Mr. Bernardo C. Lunar De La Salle -Lipa

8:52 Country Paper 12 Female Criminals of Pakistan: Personal and Socio-demographic Profiles Dr. Gul Muhammad Baloch University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Presenter: Asian Research Award Dr. Fredisminda M. Dolojan Research Director Quirino State College Maribel G. Valdez Master of Ceremonies 9:15 Concurrent Sessions BALLROOM A – EDUCATION 1 (Code 19A) BALLROOM B – EDUCATION 2 (Code 19B) BALLROOM C- EDUCATION 3 (Code 19C) KAMAGONG HALL- Business and Management (Code 19D) MOLAVE HALL – Biodiversity (Code 19E) 12:00 Lunch Pictorials and Signing of MOU/MOA 1:00 Concurrent Sessions 5:00 Announcement of Special Awards

8:45 Message Dr. Angelica M. Baylon Director for Research and Extension Services Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific – AMOSUP-PTGWO-ITF, Philippines President of the Philippine Association of Extension Program Implementers (PAEPI) Presenter: Plaque of Recognition Dr. Jose Jurel M. Nuevo Assistant Research Director Our Lady of Fatima University

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Asian Research Journalism Conference Program Day 0 (August 16, 2011) 2pm Registration and briefing of participants at Pryce Plaza Lobby Day 1 (August 17, 2011) 7:00am – 8:30am Kamagong Hall Introduction to Research Journalism Overview of the Asian Conference Program Criteria of the Research Journalism Competitions Assignment of Participants for Coverage 8:30am – 9:00am Spot Interviews with Scientists at the Lobby and at the Bar 9:00am – 11:00am Events Coverage for the Opening Ceremonies 11:00am – 1:00pm

Writing News Feature forWebsites, Local Newspaper

and Social Networking Sites Dr. Salvador C dela Peña, III Associate Editor, Asian Journal of Business and Governance Lunch is at Café Cagayan, Pryce Hotel 1:00pm – 5:00pm Continuation of Writeshop and Critiquing of Outputs 5:00pm – 6:00pm Coverage of the Academic Journal Forum – Parallel Sessions 6:00pm – 7:30pm Covering Local and Foreign participants during Concurrent Sessions 7:30pm – 8:00pm Dinner Day 2 (August 18, 2011) 7:00am – 8:00am Accessing and Evaluating Online Scientific Literature Dr. Genaro V. Japos President, PAIR Venue: Cyber Club Internet ang Gaming Lounge (RN Pelaez Blvd. Kauswagan, CDO) 8:00am – 8:30am Travel to Pryce Plaza Hotel 8:30am - 10:30am Coverage of Plenary Session 10:30am 12:30nn Lecture on Video Coverage Mr. Shaun Alejandrẽ Uy Manager, Zealep Advertising 12:00nn – 1:00pm Lunch 30

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1:00pm - 2:00pm Competition 2 Uploading Video Clips in YouTube and website 2:00pm – 4:00pm Writing the Peer Review Report Dr. Donna Lou E. Neri Editor-in-Chief, Nursing Journal Associate Editor, Asian Journal of Health 4:00pm – 5:00pm Press Conference with Scientists Day 3 (August 19, 2011) 5:00am – 7:00am Guesting in Television Stations Dr. Lesley C. Lubos Editor-in-chief, Asian Journal of Biodiversity 8:30am – 11:30 Lecture Demo on Technologies for Quality Assurance of Research: Plagiarism Detection, Reference Checker, Citation Gadget with H-Index, Gunning Fog Index, Flesch Reading Ease and Formula Checker at Domain Internet Cafẻ (2nd Floor RN Pelaez Blvd.) Mr. Bernard A. Gutierrez 11:30am – 2:00pm Preparing for TV Interviews Dr. Lesley C. Lubos 2:00pm – 3:00pm Proclamation and Awarding Ceremonies 1. Required Technologies:Wifi ready technologies 2. Video / cassette recorder 3. Camera with tripod Required Skills 1. Ability to transfer pictures from camera to the laptop and converting pictures to .jpeg format for text integration. 2. Converting word documents to pdf and vice versa. 3. Uploading articles in social networking sites (facebook, multiply, etc) and YouTube. 4. Collaborating with home university webmaster for uploading of features and news. Pre-Conference requirements for registration 1. Name, cell number and email of your university webmaster. Name of your university website. Brief webmaster that he will upload your articles as part of the competition. 2. Name, cell number and email of university assigned web editor so your entries can be edited fast prior to web posting. 3. Name of local newspaper, names of editor-in-chief and section editors, their cell and landline phones, telefax, newspaper website and contact emails. You need to arrange that you will contribute articles for publication in their newspaper.


The Philippine Association of Institutions for Research 2009-2011 OFFICERS President dr. genaro v. japos liceo de cagayan university vice-president mrs. alma b. segismundo university of northern philippines secretary dr. rolando a. alimen john b. lacson foundation maritime universitymolo treasurer dr. jes b. tirol university of bohol auditor dr. joy b. mirasol bukidnon state university pio dr. merian catajay-mani rOMBLON STATE UNIVERSITY

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International Association of Multidisciplinary Research 2011-2013 OFFICERS

President dr. genaro v. japos liceo de cagayan university pHILIPPINES vice-president for asia PROF. DR. TATIK SURYANI STIE PERBANAS SURABAYA, INDONESIA vice-president for middle east north africa dr. liza m. Gernal united arab emirates secretary DR. TERFA KAHAGA ANJOV BENUE STATE UNIVERSITY MAKORDI, NIGERIA

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treasurer RAMISAN MADAHVI AZADBONI university of MAZANDARAN ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN auditor DR. VIPAN KUMAR TERI university NEW DELHI, INDIA pio dr. TANZILA NABEEL ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN


Concurrent session papers (day 1)

Journal Accreditation System and Best Practices: The JRMSU Experience Evelyn R. Campiseño jrmsu_vpred2009@yahoo.com Jose Rizal Memorial State University Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 17 – Ballroom A This paper presents the parameters of the journal accreditation process adopted by the Philippine Commission on Higher Education (CHED) Journal Accreditation System (JAS) which Jose Rizal Memorial State University has satisfactorily met and satisfied the criteria set by the Board of Evaluators after having passed and declared category B (National Category). The parameters of the journal accreditation and evaluation system includes: the editorial board, the refereeing system, the printed journal, and the regularity and timeliness of publication.

Efficacy of Plagiarism Detection Software for Quality Assurance of a Research Journal Bernard A. Gutierrez firebern_2006@yahoo.com Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 17 – Ballroom A The study validated the efficacy of the plagiarism detector software for quality assurance of the Liceo Journal of Higher Education (2007-2010). Results revealed that the journal had a high level of originality (91.31%) and low level of plagiarism(8.34%. Only 23.72 percent were validated as true plagiarism from the 550 detected cases giving the software an efficacy rate of about 24 percent. The sources of plagiarism include the web links, wiki pedia, news, social networking sites like face book and multiply, blogs among others, indicating the use of grey literature and non-authoritative sources.Failure to properly document sources is the main cause of plagiarism. The editorial board implemented a strong quality assurance mechanism.The intervention scheme adopted for the writers reduced the incidents of plagiarism.

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Enhancing Income Generating Projects (IGP) in a Sericulture R and D Management Set-up: The DMMMSU-SRDI Experience Angelina T. Gonzales at_gonzales2007@yahoo.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 17 – Ballroom A The paper discusses how the income-generating projects were enhanced in a Sericulture R&D Management Set-up as experienced by the DMMMSU-SRDI. The SRDI is mandated to conduct researches and extend technologies through education and training. The SUC Normative Financing Scheme resulted to reduction of R&D budgets, thus, compelling us to look for strategies in enhancing IGP in support to R&D and to meet criterion of policy makers in budget evaluation - returns from research. The strategies are: IGP Unit creation, income sources identification, research prioritization, processes and equipment to achieve efficiency in the production system, stronger R&E linkages, and deposition of policies in R&D for monitoring and evaluation.From 2005 to 2010, SRDI earned P8,970,829.00 income from R&D-based products and services, i.e., mulberry (Morus alba) cuttings, saplings, leaves, silkworm (Bombyx mori Linn.) eggs; silkworm larvae, cocoons, novelty items, raw silk and silk fabrics; cocoon-processing services. The handwoven, suksuk-designed 100% silk fabric contributed 46% of the income amounting to P 4,713,824.00, indicating a market niche.A practical solution to sustain research activities can be attained by developing strategies, even in an atmosphere where academic excellence is of prime consideration.

Constraints in Conducting Socio-Economic Programs in Sericulture: The SRDI Management Strategies/ Intervention Pura S. Obille puraobille@yahoo.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines 2:51 – 3:10 August 17 – Ballroom A The Sericulture Research and Development Institute (SRDI) remains an important source of technologies and expertise being mandated to conduct research, train sericulturists and extend technologies. Factors affecting socio-economic aspects of the industry were: insufficient cocoon price, few farmer cooperators, and lack of capital. The institute implemented the following to sustain its operations: “staff’s wife/husband/ children” recruitment scheme to increase farmer cooperators, “plow back income” scheme to finance extension expenses, concentration of activities only in nearby localities in the recruitment of farmers to cut on operational expenses, subsidies/labor assistance in mulberry/silkworm rearing house establishment, “flexi-time” scheme as allowed by regulatory government agencies, and appeal for cocoon price increase. SRDI updates the socio-economics factors affecting the industry. A farmer with 0.25–5.00 hectares mulberry plantation with 3 rearings at 4 boxes/rearing/year resulted to cocoon yield from 22.0 to 407.0 kg., a revenue of P52, 500.00 from cocoon sales, giving a 12% ROI. For a 3.14kg. raw silk produced, a total of P5,266.00 was incurred with a break-even cost of P1,677.00, a net income of P323.00/kg, with 19% ROI. Progress in sericulture will encourage more farmer-clients at the countryside through practical solutions and strategies to sustain the industry.

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Gender Role and Climate Change Mitigation Practices among B’laan tribe in Glan, Saranggani Province Daisy M. Alburo daisyalbz@yahoo.com University of Southeastern Philippines Philippines 3:31-3:50 August 17 – Ballroom A ]This study aimed to look into gender role and climate change mitigation practices and their implications among the B’laan tribe in Mudan, Sarangani Province. This study used both the quantitative and qualitative methods in analyzing the data. Percentage was used in assessing socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents. Qualitative methodologies were key informants interview, informal discussion and direct observation. A total of 80 respondents were included in the study chosen through purposive sampling. Majority of the respondents are female, 36-45 years old, with 6-10 members of the family whose income ranges from 1,000.00-5,000.00php and whose main source of family income is farming. The household basically is the domain of the woman while the man takes care of the food production. Climate change has greatly affected agriculture where B’laans are largely dependent on especially during dry season. In times like this, the woman is forced to involve in income-generating activities, worse, sometimes she has to leave her home and children to the care of her husband and seek employment as house-helper. This has drastically brought about changes in gender role. When this happens, decision-making which traditionally resides on man now is transferred to the woman.

Competencies Inventory for Mathematics Teachers (CIMT) Edmundo C. Lopez edcalopez@yahoo.com Surigao del Sur State University Philippines 3:51-4:10 August 17 – Ballroom A The study developed the “Competencies Inventory for Mathematics Teachers” (CIMT). It can be used as an initial step in recruiting mathematics teachers. It reinforces enhancement activities for inadequate mathematics teachers and advancement program for teachers with mathematics competencies.The CIMT was a Thurstone scale type. Its 151 raw scale items which were derived from students’, teachers’, and administrators’ perceptions on mathematics teachers’ competencies were produced using Delphi technique. The S-value, the basis for scoring and Q-value that discriminates good and poor items were determined. After series of validation, the final CIMT has 75 scale items equally distributed among three components: Preparation of Teacher, Instructional Competencies, and Affective Competencies. The validation showed the following results: content validity (97% relevant items); concurrent validity (r = 0.371), convergent validity (r = 0.279); divergent validity (r = 0.092); predictive validity (t = 6.614); known-group validity (F = 9.974). These values indicated that the CIMT is a valid scale with high reliability index of 0.987 Cronbach’s alpha. This affirms that the developed 75 scale-item inventory is reliable and valid for use as a tool to identify competencies of mathematics teachers. Backtracking analysis is recommended to determine its potential and power to predict mathematics teachers’ competencies.

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The “Remnant” in Amos: Evidences for a Threefold Characterization and their Universal Implication Jose Manuel S. Espero Mountain View College Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 17 – Ballroom A Amos is one of the Old Testament (OT) books which shared the pervasiveness of the remnant theme in the Holy Scriptures. However, there is a non-consensus among scholars as to the nature of the remnant in Amos. To investigate the meaning of the “remnant” in Amos, the historico-grammatical method of exegesis was used in this study. A canonical intertextual investigation was also applied. Based on evidence analyses, the remnant in Amos unfolded as a threefold characterization: historical, faithful, and eschatological. The use of expressions like “that day” (9:11-12), “the days are coming” (9:13), language for restoration “they shall plant vineyards and drink their wine” (9:14b), and “they shall never be uprooted” (9:15) connoted eschatological overtones. In the broader sense, the eschatological remnant includes God’s faithful believers throughout the ages. In conclusion, the “remnant” in Amos exemplified the concept of the existence of people who are true to God throughout the era of human existence. As long as one clings to this relationship, s/he could always hope for survival, existence, and even salvation, or suffer complete meaninglessness. This was the most likely message that Amos wanted to drive home when he employed the “remnant” concept in his book.

Climate Change: Root Cause and Mitigations Through Individual Action Evelyn R. Cacatian cacatianevelyn@yahoo.com Western Philippines University Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 17 – Ballroom A The study presents the root cause of climate change. It backtracks to the different phenomena that ultimately lead to the determination of its root cause. It also presents the sources, the extent and pattern of environmental destructions that contribute to the worsening of its impacts. With the current situation, this also presents the options whether men will go for sustainable development with algebraic increase in global temperature or limit demand to basic needs with prolonged existence in a theory supported with graphical presentation. Secondary data and phenomenal observations were used in the analysis of the complexity of the different activities and the interrelatedness of these activities to environmental destructions. As environmental destructions are caused not only by natural phenomena, human activities, calamities/ catastrophes but also by the wastes generated in these activities and the disposal of these wastes, it also presents theories on wastes generations. With the detrimental consequences of environmental destructions, global warming and ultimately climate change, this also discusses the advantages of the application of the concepts of maximization and minimization over other mitigating measures. It also shows that application of these concepts pose to be an appropriate, effective and encompassing mitigations wherein massive individual action can be taken.

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Dances of the Bukidnon and Manobo Indigenous Groups in the Province of Bukidnon Lincoln V. Tan Bukidnon State University Philippines 4:51 – 5:10 August 17 – Ballroom A Dances of the Bukidnon and Manobo Indigenous groups are expressions that depict the culture of indigenous groups making Bukidnons unique to other provinces. In this study, it tries to document these different dances of the Bukidnon and Manobo Indigenous groups. This study used the historical and descriptive methods to know the background of the tribe and describe the costumes, props, movements and interpretations of beliefs and traditions from dances. Moreover, the participant-observer technique was employed with immersion activity. Results revealed that Bukidnon and Manobo indigenous tribes have similarities in their characteristics in their dances, use the same musical instruments and differ on the beat and rhythm, differ in costumes and designs, and have similarity in their figures and steps. They usually have mincing steps, jumping, hopping, stamping, wide or long stride of walking steps.

Effect of AMF Inoculation, Diazotrophic and Inorganic Fertilization and Biocide Application on the Yield of Corn (Zea mays L.) Precila C. Delima precy_delima@yahoo.com.ph Isabela State University Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 17 – Ballroom A The effect of vascular –arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (VAMF), N Fertilizer and Biocides on the efficacy of Bio-N on Corn productivity was studied under field conditions. Results showed potential benefits of this microbial biofertilizers with their combination with suboptimal and optimal amount of N Fertilizer. Significant findings were revealed in yield used with the recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer (T10) with 7,550 kg/ha (7.55 MT), ¾ of the recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer with MykoVAM (T9) yielded 7,895 kg/ha (7.895 MT) which ranked first followed by ½ of the recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer without herbicide application (T19) with 7,571 kg/ha (7.571MT) which are very near to the potential economic yield of 8 tons per hectare. Differences in growth were observed. The effect of biocide is not straightforward.

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Ecology and Genetic Structure of Giant Clams Around Savu Sea, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia Ma. Rio A. Naguit rionaguit@yahoo.com Jose Rizal Memorial State University Philippines 6:21 - 6:40 August 17 – Ballroom A Giant clams are harvested by coastal communities around Savu Sea for food. As one of the important inhabitants of the reef, their status in terms of abundance of adult population and recruits was assessed. The genetic structure of Tridacna maxima was also determined for use in the establishment of network of MPAs around Savu Sea. There were four species identified during the survey: Tridacna crocea, T. maxima, T. squamosa and Hippopus hippopus with T. maxima as the most common in all sites. Clam density ranged from 0.33 ind./ m2 to 19 ind./ m2. Population subdivision was found to be highly significant among the five T. maxima populations as assessed using the Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA).The percentage of total molecular variation within samples was 73.20%, and that among samples was 26.80%, amounting to FST = 0.26798 which is significant (p-value = 0.014). However, pairwise comparison revealed genetic relatedness between some populations.

Genetic Variability Within the Population of the Vulnerable Mindanao Endemic Blue-Capped Kingfisher (Actenoides hombroni) using Polymorphic DNA Markers Lothy F. Casim lothyfcasim@gmail.com University of Southern Mindanao Philippines 6:41 – 7:00 August 17 – Ballroom A The restricted range and small population size of Mindanao endemic blue-capped kingfisher (Actenoides hombroni) and the degradation of its habitat provide an ideal case to study the genetics of this species. DNA samples were taken from A. hombroni netted from Nursery and Gabunan, Rogongon, Iligan City and Kimangkil, Bukidnon. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis and agarose gel electrophoresis were used to assess the genetic variability within its population.The random primer used had generated 25 reproducible RAPD markers showing three distinct banding patterns with low polymorphism. Shared or specific fragments were counted and genetic similarity within population was calculated. The similarity coefficient (F) estimation revealed that there were more pairs of individuals with F values equal to 1 (high genetic similarity) and having no F value equal to 0 (low genetic similarity). Results suggested that there is a considerable low genetic diversity that existed within the population of A. hombroni, which could be explained by their geographic proximity. Findings of this study are significant most specially in the formulation of conservation strategies for the Mindanao endemic and vulnerable A. hombroni.

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Hybridization and Genetic Improvement of Mulberry Varieties for Sustained Biodiversity of Mulberry Crestilyn N. Damasco Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines 7:01 – 7:20 August 17 – Ballroom A This research focused on the evaluation of Open Pollinated Varieties (OPVs) for sprouting and rooting characters growth, yield and quality for effective utilization in crop improvement for sustained mulberry biodiversity.The OPVs Alf-004, Alf018, Alf-028, S61-019, S54-019 and the Batac variety were set up in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The four year pooled data were analyzed using the Analysis of Variance across season and DMRT for further test of significance. Correlation Analysis was used to determine the association among yield related characters.Number of branches per plant (NoB), length of longest shoot (LLS), plant height (PH), moisture content (MC) and moisture retention capacity (MRC).Propagation characters as to sprouting percentage (s), rooting percent ®, fresh weight of roots (FWR), fresh weight of shoots (FWS), length of roots (LR), length of shoots (LS), root to shoot ratio by weight (RSR wt), root to shoot ratio by length (RSR L) and number of root (NoR) were considered.Results revealed that the best performing mulberry OPVs based on growth, yield, quality and propagation traits are Alf-004, S61-019, S54-019, S61-011 and Alf-025. These varieties are expected to contribute towards a sustained quality mulberry leaf production and biodiversity for the silk industry’s growth and development.

Challenges and Opportunities of Graduates, Alternative Learning System- Accreditation and Equivalency (ALS-A&E) Program, Schools Division of Cagayan de Oro City Lourdes G. Tolod lougtolod@yahoo.com Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 17 – Ballroom B This paper documented how the five graduates/ beneficiaries of the Alternative Learning System– Accreditation and Equivalency Program (ALS-A&E) survived the challenges and took advantage of the opportunities of the system. The five graduates were once drop-outs due to poverty or addiction to computer games and barkada (peers). Difficulties did not stop them from realizing their dreams for a bright future. Their personal inherent characteristics allowed the graduates to survive the challenges. A strong determination, deep sense of commitment, great desire to become fully functioning individuals, selfsufficiency, and positive and future-oriented thinking embody their will to survive. Moreover, the realization of having not only a “good life” but also a “great life” in the future and ultimate state of being gave them inner strength during challenging times. Finally, the graduates considered the A&E Program a great opportunity. The Program really changed their lives. The program served as the best alternative to their former lives. They are indebted and grateful to DepEd, and most particularly to the Schools division of Cagayan de Oro City.

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The Effectiveness of Constructivist Approach-Based Experiments in Teaching Selected Physics Concepts Lorelie C. Tabago Isabela State University Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 17 – Ballroom B The study developed constructivist approach experiments to determine its effectiveness in teaching physics concepts. The quasi-experiment following a non-equivalent control group design was used. Two sections of 2nd year BSIT students of Isabela State University-Cauayan Campus were involved. The study administered pre-test and post-test. The scores in the achievement test and standardized attitude inventory test were compared and the significance of their difference was determined using the t-test. The control group and the experimental group were equal in terms of cognitive level in Physics. However, the students exposed to the constructivist approach of laboratory teaching had significantly higher posttest scores and higher mean gain scores than the students exposed to the traditional approach after the study was conducted. The experimental group developed a more positive attitude towards Physics than the control group. Moreover, there was a significant difference between the post achievement scores and post attitude scores of the students exposed to constructivist approach-based experiments and traditional experiments. The Constructivist Approach Experiments are effective in enhancing students’ achievement and in developing a more positive attitude towards the subject than the traditional approach.

Level of Awareness on Solid Waste Management among Residents of Five Coastal Villages Ma. Eloisa S. Penado Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 17 – Ballroom B

The study was conducted in order to determine the level of awareness towards solid waste management among residents in the five coastal villages of San Joaquin, Iloilo. The study also tried to measure the level of awareness towards solid waste management among the residents when categorized into sex, age and educational attainment and identify whether there were significant differences in the level of awareness towards solid waste management among the residents when categorized into sex, age and educational attainment.Using the descriptive-survey research design, this study included 150 residents of the five coastal barangays namely Lawigan, Cata-an, Balabago, Tiolas and Igcondao. The sample was selected using the purposive-convenience sampling, whereby 30 respondents were taken from each of the five barangays.Data gathering instrument used was a researcher – made questionnaire and analysis of data employed the use of both descriptive and inferential statistical tools. Findings revealed that as a whole, the residents of the five coastal barangays were only moderately aware about solid waste management. When tested for significance, results revealed that there were significant differences in the level of awareness on solid waste management among the residents when grouped according to age and educational attainment, but not when grouped according to gender.

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Level of Disposition toward Teaching of Second Year Students of School of Education of Xavier University Saturnina B. Absin neningksd@yahoo.com Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 17 – Ballroom B This study determined the level of disposition toward teaching of the 139 second year college education students of Xavier University during SY 2010-2011 in terms of the following: responsibility for learning, interpersonal skills and collaboration, professionalism, communication skills, and higher level thinking skills. The students’ profile considered in the analysis included gender, Quality Point Index (QPI), and course enrolled in. The study employed purposive non-probability sampling method and descriptive research design. The findings reveal that, in general, the second year college education students have not yet attained the desired qualities expected of them as future teachers. They lack the higher level thinking skills, self-discipline in taking on the personal responsibility to keep learning new things, the art of questioning, effective communication, and inter- and intrapersonal skills. They lack motivation and determination to be very well disposed in the teaching profession. It is highly recommended that an intervention on career guidance be given to these students to deepen their understanding about becoming a teacher and to guide them in re-examing their goals in life.

Acceptability and Effectiveness of the MAK System in a State University Juanita B. Pascua nitzpascua@yahoo.com Nueva Vizcaya State University Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 17 – Ballroom B The study determined the level of acceptability and effectiveness of the NVSU Monitoring and Attendance Keeping (MAK) System in relation to various profile variables. The result indicated the MAK System is generally more acceptable to female faculty members and staff than their male counterparts. Respondents with longer length of service believed more on the effectiveness of the MAK System in enhancing performance of the personnel, faculty and administrators. The study indicated that the higher the level of acceptability of the MAK System, the higher would be its level of effectiveness in terms of inducing better attendance and punctuality, performance, change in attitude/behavior, and the overall effectiveness. Some of the problems mentioned by the respondents include “The MAK is not functioning during brown out”, and “MAK machine constantly changes its time.” Furthermore, from the list of other concerns of the respondents, ‘power supply’ was the most frequent. Some of the recommendations from users include the following: ‘there should be standby battery or generator or any power supply available and be ready to use in case of brownouts or any power failures’; and ‘consistency of the set time in the MAK machine for the personnel and staff to possibly synchronize their timepieces’.

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Teachers’ Competence in Teaching Reading andLanguage in a District of Surigao del Sur,CARAGA Region, Northeastern Mindanao Philippines Loveleah B. Albarillo loveleah_0611@yahoo.com.ph Father Saturnino Urios University Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 17 – Ballroom B The study investigated the level of competency of instructors in teaching reading and language in a school district of Surigao del Sur, Northeastern Mindanao, Philippines. The study used the descriptive design. The researcher selected a group of 50 teachers from among the seven schools. The result confirms that teachers were not able to teach competently in reading and language, not able to master the different skills in reading and language, have the deficiency in making inferences, reading and interpreting information as well as making judgment and conclusions on selections. The study concludes that teachers who handled language teaching tend to have better vocabulary development in their reading skills. Teachers who give greater importance to their job success and adequacy tend to have better developed study aids in reading skills. A teacher with the passion to teach brings about the positive change in the learning environment of the students.

The Role of Forest Guard Towards Tour Guiding Activities in Sibalom Natural Park, Antique Analin A. Jover analin_j@yahoo.com St. Therese MTC Colleges Philippines 3: 51 – 4:10 August 17 – Ballroom B This is a phenomenological study to find out the features of Sibalom Natural Park and the roles of Bantay Gubat Members in tour guiding activities. The study is anchored on the Role Theory and British Functionalism Theory by Malinowski which states that human behavior is guided by expectations held both by the individual and by other people. The basic tenet of this theory is the cultural features of the people and the functions they perform. The study utilized primary information from the respondents. An interview using semi-structured interview guide to gather necessary data and information was done. Furthermore, the study used purposive sampling method in choosing 20 Bantay Gubat as respondents, one local government unit (LGU) representative and one from Protected Area Management Board (PAMB) which serve as major sources of information. The results of the study showed that the different characteristics of Sibalom Natural Park (SNP) that attract tourists were the Rafflessia, wild animals, semiprecious gemstones and Mt. Porras. The responses showed that the role of a Bantay Gubat(Forest Guard) was not only to protect and conserve the natural resources found in SNP but also as a tour guide. The types of tour they provided were educational.

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The Extent of Academic Freedom in Philippine Education Ricmar P. Aquino aquinoricmar@yahoo.com Isabela State University Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 17 – Ballroom B This qualitative research was an attempt to study the extent of applicability of academic freedom in Philippine education in terms of its concept and development. Freedom of the teacher or research worker in higher institutions of learning means to investigate and discuss the problems of his science and to express his conclusions through publication or in the instructions of the students. Political or ecclesiastical authorities or administrative officials of the institution are barred from interfering with this right of the teacher unless the same is contrary to professional ethics. Academic freedom is exclusively the domain of academic community. Academic freedom may be viewed from the point of view of the educational institution and the members of the academe. The first point of view speaks of the freedom of the institution to determine the qualification of its teachers, the course of study and admission policies. From the standpoint of the members of the academe, academic freedom is the freedom of the teacher or research worker in institutions of higher learning to investigate and discuss the problems of his science and to express his conclusions either through publication or in instruction of the students, without interference from political or ecclesiastical authority, or from administrative officials of the institution.

The Connection between Moral Commitments and Psychological Health Ramezan Mahdavi Azadboni dr.azadboni@yahoo.com; aliindian2001@yahoo.com University of Mazandaran Islamic Republic of Iran 4:31 – 4:50 August 17 – Ballroom B The significant role of moral values and moral commitments in human life is neglected neither by philosophers nor by psychologists. One of considerable points regarding the role and function of moral value concerns psychological function and achievement. This paper deals with the psychological role and function fulfilled by moral commitment. According to religious teachings psychological aspect of human life has connection with moral commitment. The writer attempts to explain how moral values and commitment could be related to psychological health. The discussionis confined to general understanding of moral values in all world religions but mostly the references are limited to Islamic teachings.

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Primary Level Sense of Values among Elementary Laboratory Pupils: A Basis for Character Formation Program Lora A. Añar Bukidnon State University Philippines 4:51 – 5:10 August 17 – Ballroom B This paper investigates the primary level sense of values of elementary school laboratory pupils of Bukidnon State University for character formation program. It focused mainly on the frequency of practice of the following values: honesty, courtesy, helpfulness and cooperation; resourcefulness and creativity; consideration for others; sportsmanship; obedience; self-reliance; industry; cleanliness and orderliness; promptness and punctuality; sense of responsibility; love of God and Patriotism or love of country. It also answered the sources that influenced pupils’ values and the comparison of the ratings as observed by the teachers, student teachers and classmates. A total of sixty pupils were chosen as subjects who have problems in school such as misbehavior and other disciplinary problems. Questionnaires were administered to 18 teachers, 120 student teachers and 180 pupils. Thirty (30) of the subjects were interviewed. Results showed that the sixty (60) subjects sometimes observed the primary level sense of values. It also showed that among the fourteen values,resourcefulness and creativity, courtesy, industry and sense of responsibility were the ones least practiced. A character formation program for every grade level is suggested to be developed to strengthen the primary level sense of values among elementary grade learners involving their parents, guardians, teachers and student teachers.

Government Microfinance Program on Cooperatives: Realities, Benefits and Women’s Participation Ferdinand T Abocejo fertesabo1127@gmail.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 17 – Ballroom B The study examined the contributions of microfinance programs channelled through cooperatives for the government’s poverty alleviation microcredit beneficiaries. We implemented the study through personal interviews with management representatives from sample cooperatives and randomly selected cooperative members who were microfinance program beneficiaries. The study used qualitative-quantitative descriptive survey design utilizing primary and secondary data. Majority of the interviewed respondents were women. Government microfinance program improved assets, capital build-ups and profits of cooperatives. Income levels increased among microfinance program beneficiaries. Augmentation of family and household incomes improved the living standards of member recipients. There was expanded access to microcredit and education by children of program beneficiaries. Women empowerment was evident with strong participation of wives in leading micro-entrepreneurial activities.However, with relatively large household size, exits from the poverty threshold among member households were not substantial. The study also found that many member beneficiaries keep renewing their loans becoming habitual/perennial borrowers from micro-credit lending with availed loans not used anymore for microenterprise activities.

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Cultural Relativism and the Realistic Approach of Moral Values Ramezan Mahdavi Azadboni aliindian2001@yahoo.com University of Mazandaran Islamic Republic of Iran 6:21-6:40 August 17 – Ballroom B The main mission of world religion such as Christianity and Islam is morality. A significant meta-ethical question regarding morality is related to the question of subjectivity or objectivity of moral values. Traditionally the ethical objectivity was a dominant view but since the modern era the view of ethical subjectivity and relativism has been increased. The main reasongiven for this view is the diversity of culture. The aim of this paper is to deal with the moral realistic approach in presence of cultural diversity. The writer arguesthat cultural diversity could not and should not be a serious challenge for the moral uniformity. Therefore, one is justified to keep and hold the view of moral realism in presence of cultural differences.

Factors Structure of Reasons of Use of OBU-MANUVU Dialect among the Indigenous Youth in Marilog District, Davao City Daisy M. Alburo daisyalbz@yahoo.com University of Southeastern Philippines Philippines 6:41 – 7:00 August 17 – Ballroom B The study determined the factors structure reasons of use of Obu-Manuvu dialect among the Indigenous youth in Marilog District, Davao City. A survey questionnaire elicited the responds of respondents. Data were analyzed with the use of descriptive statistical tools such as frequency counts, percentage and weighted mean. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was used.Results showed that majority of the respondents are female, ages 16-20 years old and in their high school level. The respondents strongly agree that they are using their dialect for their cultural integrity, pride, utility and survival. In oral form, they always use their dialect with their co-tribe; oftentimes use it in their school; never use it in their church; sometimes use it in their home and seldom use it in their community. They sometimes use it as a form of endearment when they are texting.There are two significant factors that underlie the structure of reasons of using Obo-Manuvu dialect: preservation of cultural integrity and survival of identity.

A Refereed Asian Conference Proceedings & Book of Abstracts AUGUST 2011 • ISSN: 2094-9529

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Mathematical Model of the Environmental Destructions Caused by A Product: First Step Towards Biodiversity Conservation Evelyn R. Cacatian cacatianevelyn@yahoo.com Western Philippines University Philippines 7:01 – 7:20 August 17 – Ballroom B This study presents a on the extent of destruction caused by a primary product in every activity that it undergoes. Secondary data were used in the study. The results show that a product undergoes several activities such as: resource extraction, production, marketing, utilization and disposal of wastes. The inclusion of resource extraction and disposal of wastes as economic activities originated at Western Philippines University. It also shows that resource extraction caused the greatest extent of destruction. This was followed by production, utilization, marketing and disposal of wastes. The results further show that within the 24-hour period an ordinary individual utilizes more or less 100 different kinds of primary products and services. Each product requires at least five inputs or resources each of which undergo these different activities. Performance of each activity requires several secondary, tertiary up to the nth product which also require inputs that also undergo these five activities and so on and so forth. Two concepts that could minimze destructions and be useful in biodiversity conservation are maximization and minimization. Conclusion: Mathematical modelling plays a crucial role in estimating the extent of destructions thus awakening mankind on remediation that could lead to biodiversity conservation.

Product Development of Sea Cucumber Powder Milagros C. Subaldo msubaldo@yahoo.com Southern Philippines Agribusiness and Marine and Aquatic School of Technology Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 17 – Ballroom C The medicinal and nutritional value of sea cucumber propelled the development of dried sea cucumber powder technology so it will be easy to use and readily available in the local market. The technology’s goal is to promote nutritional awareness and utilization. The technology utilizes any commercial species of sea cucumber. Processing of sea cucumber powder involves procurement of raw materials, washing, evisceration, slicing, drying, pounding, sifting and packing. A Returns on Investment of more than 300% is expected if sold at 3 grams per pack. Further, other economic importance of this powder includes for consumption, pharmaceutical, biomedical and veterinary purposes. A study was conducted to test the sea cucumber powder as food seasoning. Test trials results indicate that majority of the respondents rated the product from more acceptable to most acceptable in terms of its taste, palatability, color, texture and odor .Participation to trade fares and distribution of brochures were done as product promotion and patent application on the technology was submitted to the Intellectual Property Office. Finally, this value-adding technology support the gleaners to have additional income.

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The Vessel Traffic Management System at the Batangas Baseport: Basis of Enhancing Vessel Traffic Services at the Batangas Bay Flora V. Javier flora.v.javier@gmail.com Lyceum of the Philippines University Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 17 – Ballroom C This study assessed the status of implementation of the Vessel Traffic Management System at the Batangas Baseport. Specifically, it determined the previous and current state of marine traffic in Batangas Bay, identified the marine hazards that have become evident at the Batangas Bay Area and determined the vessels’ compliance with the rules or provisions of the VTMS and the subsequent imposition of penalty fees for non-compliance. The study utilized the descriptive method of research. Personal interviews were conducted with the management and concerned offices. The gathered data were analyzed using frequency, rank, sum, mean, percentage and ratio. Results showed that there was heavy marine traffic during the period under study. Most marine accidents involved collisions and grounding while spill incidents were mainly oil or oil products of small manufacturing companies, cargo ships or tankers were relatively small in quantity compared to world record of oil spills. There was an effective implementation of the Vessel Traffic Management System at the Baseport as evidenced by the vessels’ compliance with the provisions of the VTMS that has resulted to avoidance of accidents. The reasons of non-compliance are generally minor in nature which requires minimal penalty fees.

Graduates’ Transition from Study to Employment: A Tracer Study of the Radiologic Technology Graduates of the Lyceum of the Philippines University- Batangas SY 1997-2007 Anacleta P. Valdez anniejunvaldez@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines University Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 17 – Ballroom C A ten-year tracer study of Radiologic Technology graduates of Lyceum of the Philippines University SY 19972007 using a survey-structured questionnaire was conducted to examine retrospective contribution of their education to their current work. The objectives of the study included the determination of graduates’ job-placement profile; how relevant are school-related factors like curriculum, instruction, faculty; student services; organization and administration, physical plant, facilities and laboratories to the job placement; the determination of what skills developed while at school are considered useful in meeting the demands of their present work and the formulation of a program that will enhance the relevance of the college curriculum and services. A total of 97/122 (80%) graduates responded where 78%(76/97) are certified licensed radiographers. All respondents were employed on a full-time basis aligned to the program. The following were found to be very relevant in meeting the demands of their jobs: curriculum, instruction, competencies of the faculty, student services, organization and administrative services. Concluding, the intellectual, communication and interpersonal skills, competencies, and work-related values they learned and developed while at school as well as the performance in written and oral assessment of the employers were considered the most important contributing factors in seeking employment after graduation.

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Enterprise Development through the Metal Craft Technologies Utilization Project Marciana P. de Vera University of Northern Philippines Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 17 – Ballroom C The study investigated the enterprise development through the metal craft technologies utilization project. Different communities/municipalities of Ilocos Sur were the clients of the skills training program. There was 10% reduction in cost of fertilizers of the farmer beneficiaries in the utilization of organic fertilizer on botano pesticide and bio-fertilizer production through the use of Dual Powered Foliage Chopper, Multiple Foliage Chopper and Bio Fertilizer Carbonizer. There is an increase of productivity of the farmers with the use of prototype metal fabrication on farm equipment such as mechanized traditional tracer, and motorized tracer. The level of enterprise development of the utilized and research-based metal craft technologies is “High.” The Research and Development technology for the extension package of the Adopt-A- Community and School Program has provided the different activities for the environmental friendly projects for the beneficiaries and co-operators. The study concludes that the technologies being developed provided the different machines for organic fertilizer and pesticide/insecticide enhanced the physical and environment friendly project. A total of P242, 810.00 because the counterpart of the Local Government Unit or the cooperating agencies/entities.

Technical and Allocative Efficiencies of State Universities and Colleges in Region IX using Data Envelopment Analysis and Pareto Optimality hanete2003@yahoo.com Jose Rizal Memorial State University Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 17 – Ballroom C The study aimed to determine the technical and allocative efficiencies of the six State Universities and Colleges in Region IX using Data Envelopment Analysis and assessed based on Pareto Optimality. The descriptive method of research was utilized aided by data mining. The respondents of the study were the six State Universities and Colleges in Region IX. The statistical tools employed were mean, percentages, and two-way analysis of variance.The study revealed that the allocation of financial resources among SUCs in the region did not only differ in their ability to transform inputs into outputs but hardly results to producing the optimal combinations of instruction, research, and extension. The study concludes that out of the six SUCs only one came out to be both technically and allocatively efficient. Other SUCs produced the sub-optimal bundle of outputs but has the ability to improve its situation and focus on the alignment of its own mission. University and College officials shall shift resources in a more efficient manner thereby ensuring maximum outputs given inputs.

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Microfinance: A Vital Tool for Micro-Enterprise Development in Isabela Sherwin T. Mostoles Isabela State University Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 17 – Ballroom C The study assessed the economic impact of MFI program to the growth of micro-enterprises in Isabela. The selected MFI were ASKI and TSPI with 162 respondents. Descriptive research was used. Results showed that majority were engaged in marketing and had5-year membership. All acknowledged that MFI had high contributions towards their economic growth in terms of size of capital, return of investment, net profit, net worth, and total assets. They agreed to encounter problems with MFI in its operation in terms of high risk in operating microfinance; very slow business growth probability; voluminous number of small transactions; microfinance had a very volatile market; microfinance operation had high costs of monitoring and evaluation; loan repayment rate was very poor; loan proceeds were oftentimes utilized in other purposes; very slow processing of loan that caused lost of business opportunity for micro-enterprises; term of loan was very short and frequent repayment schedule hampered micro enterprises cash flow. They recommended measures/solutions to MFI: reduction of documents needed to fast track loan processing; replacement of collateral based-lending to cash-flow-based lending; increase on amount of loan; and giving reasonable grace period for repayment; strict monitoring of MFI to ME in the use of loan; strict collection drive to improve repayment rates.

Managing Talent for Competitive Advantage: Perspective from Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Liza M. Gernal lizagernal@yahoo.com United Arab Emirates 3:51 – 4:10 August 17 – Ballroom C In managing the new age, talent management serves as the bloodline of organizations to cope with the labor market and to compete globally. This study threshed out the lived experiences of respondents who are Corporate Executive Officers (CEO) in multinational organizations within the Gulf Cooperation Council. Part of the selection criteria, all respondents are locals and within the age of 45 and above. The researchers employed the descriptive approach with case study as the method via in-depth personal interview. It was found out that many challenging workforce issues within GCC confront the organizations today including: low levels of employee engagement, self-organizing scheme, high turnover rates, managing diversity, succession planning programs, and leadership investment. To be competitive, specific interventions were also shared by the respondents.

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Carbamates and Organophosphorus Pesticide and Residue Detection in Selected Vegetables from Benguet and Nueva Vizcaya: Its Implication to Food Safety and Farmers’ Re-entry Precila C. Delima Precy_delima@yahoo.com.ph Isabela State University Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 17 – Ballroom C This research determined the presence of carbamates and organophosphate(OP) pesticides and residues in vegetables belonging to Cruciferae such as cabbage, Chinese pechay, and cauliflower from two vegetable provincial producers: La Trinidad, Benguet and Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya and distributed in Cauayan City Public Market using the Colorimetric Spot Technique (Rapid Detection Kit) provided by the National Crop Protection Center, University of the Philippines, Los Banos, Laguna. Two factors were considered in this research: first the location where vegetables were produced (Factor A.) and the type of vegetables (Factor B). This study used the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in Factorial with three replications to allocate treatments. Location and Vegetable combination interaction had no statistical significance on the amount of pesticide residue. However, cabbage (T1) had the highest amount of organophosphate pesticide residue followed by Chinese pechay (T2) and cauliflower (T3). In terms of location or vegetable source, Benguet (S1) showed the highest mean pesticide residue followed by Nueva Vizcaya (S2). String beans , Baguio Beans and tomatoes registered positive with the Carbamate Detection Kit. The Blue Spots corresponds to Carbaryl. None of the treatments analyzed exceeds the safe level of toxic substances.

Information System Development of Competence-Based Appraisal Implemented in Higher Education Institution Mochamad Nurhadi STIE Perbanas Surabaya Indonesia 4:51 – 5:10 August 17 – Ballroom C The system of performance appraisal is considered an important factor for managing human resources in higher education institutions (HEIs). Such a system in HEIs has become the basic system for making HEIs competitive with others. This research attempts to integrate performance appraisal using competencebased appraisal (CBA). From this system, the HEIs are supposed to manage all activities related to their human resources and carriers. The methodology implemented in this research is by making the soft wares of CBA model (the concept) and then the try out was done to find out both the weaknesses and strengths of the soft wares, and finally the improvement was conducted as well. The evaluation of these soft wares covers the aspects of validity and reliability testing so that the soft wares are really proved to be completely applicable. The results provide the HWIs with information about both the weaknesses and strengths and therefore the system was made perfect based on such findings. It can be concluded that using CBA in HEIs, all the activities related to human recourses in HEIs can be rated. Thus, this CBA system enables the HEIs to do their human resources appraisal more accurately.

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The Development of Market Orientation Based on Organizational Perspective for Creating Business Performance of Banking Industries in Indonesia Tatik Suryani tatik@perbanas.ac.id STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia 6:00 – 6:20 August 17 – Ballroom C Less research in banking industries has focused on developing conceptual frame work of market orientation based on organizational perspective. Yet, the organizational system in any company, especially the banks is considered very important factor. The previous studies on market orientation that were conducted partially in manufacturing industries found that some of variables of organizational system have effects on market orientation and business performance. This research has the main objective to develop a conceptual framework for developing market orientation and its effect toward business performance in banking industries. The study involved 128 branches of banks which were used as the sample. All instruments used in the research had been tested for the purpose of getting their validities and reliabilities. By using Structural Equation Modeling, it was found as follows: Firstly, leadership style, specifically transformational leadership, formalization, and learning orientation have positive effect on market orientation; secondly learning orientation, rewards system (market-based), and centralization influence directly the business performance in banking industries, and finally, market orientation has its positive effect on business performance. Concluding, it is very important for banking managers to develop market orientation by establishing organizational systems such as transformational leadership, formalization, and learning orientation.

A Critical Investigation of Carriage of Passengers by Sea and the Emerging Need for Improved Regulation Lazaro Ernesto C. Valdez, Jr. attyjcvaldez@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines University Philippines 6:21-6:40 August 17 – Ballroom C Shipping was once seen as the safest and most environmentally friendly way to transport passengers and goods. However, in all aspects of transportation accidents do happen. This paper reports a case study which examined the core issue that hounds the Philippine Maritime Administration on the liability of the shipowner. Data were collected from an in-depth review and analysis of Marine casualty investigation reports, Philippine Supreme Court decisions, Philippine Civil Code provisions and treatises of well known publicists of international maritime law on M/V Princess of the Stars accident. Based on the investigation, the Special Board of Marine Inquiry concluded that the immediate cause of the capsizing of the passenger vessel was failure of the master to exercise extraordinary diligence and good seamanship thereby committing an error of judgment that brought the ill fated vessel in harm way into the eye of typhoon Frank. Furthermore, the capsizing of the vessel was the failure to effectively implement Safety Quality Management. Notwithstanding the above findings, yet there were no actual findings of negligence on the part of the vessel since findings of the Board of Marine Inquiry are not conclusive upon the courts, then the limitation of liability will come into play.

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Success Factors of Business Graduates of Lyceum of the Philippines University: Its Implications to Curriculum Functionality Dante O. Lubis Lyceum of the Philippines University Philippines 6:41 – 7:00 August 17 – Ballroom C This study focused on the employees’ performance of business graduates from the College of Business Administration of Lyceum of the Philippines University as basis for success factor. The study used the descriptive method of research. It utilized a three-part questionnaire and selected business graduates of the Lyceum of the Philippines University’s College of Business Administration served as respondents. Results revealed that business graduates of LPU are in their respective line of business-related jobs. They are technically capable of handling jobs assigned to them; their skills acquired from the school helped them to be productive in their present positions as they are mostly frontline employees. They were treated with respect, which gives them a sense of accomplishment. Their behavior in work and quality outputs are acknowledged as their commitment to the attainment of goals. Further, this is reflective of student’s persistence in doing work, maintaining of quality of work performance. Their positive attitude in their workplaces is clearly manifested as they are relatively new on their jobs. The work habits of fresh graduates manifest their desire to be efficient and effective in the accomplishments of desired targets.

Atis (Annona Squamosa) Tea Jane Mary Grace Remedio Bohol Island State University Philippines 7:01 – 7:20 August 17 – Ballroom C The main purpose of this study was to determine the acceptability of Atis (Annona squamosa) Tea in different quantities per serving in terms of color, odor and taste. This study was conducted at the Food Technology Shop of Bohol Island State University, Main Campus during the year 2011. The study utilized experimental research in preparing the different quantities of Atis (Annona squamosa) Tea as well as in evaluating its acceptability level. Random sampling was used to determine the participants of the study which includes the laboratory and academic instructors of the university. There were 32 participants who evaluated the product through sensory evaluation. The product has undergone sensory evaluation using the questionnaire patterned after the Hedonic Scale to identify and rate their sensory preferences as a way of evaluating its acceptability level. The participants checked the appropriate point of scale which best described their preference on the product. The data were gathered, computed and interpreted employing the average weighted mean. In the light of the findings of the study, The 6-gram per serving of Atis (Annona squamosa) Tea suits the preference of the respondents in terms of its color, taste and odor where its degree of acceptability is rated with like very much.

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Wing Ecomorphology and Flight Performance of Bats in Pisan Caves, Kabacan, North Cotabato, Philippines Krizler C. Tanalgo tkrizler@gmail.com University of Southern Mindanao Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 17 – Molave Hall This research was conducted to study the functional morphology of the wings and itsflight performance of bats from Pisan caves, Kabacan, Cotabato, Philippines. This was carried out using mist netting method and measurements of basic wing components of bats that includewing span (B), wing area (S) and mass (M). Flight parameters such as aspect ratio and wing loading were derived from the values of wing component and predictions were made using aerodynamic principles. A total of 48 individuals representing eight species were studied. Results showed that Emballonura alecto, Myotis horsfieldii, and Pipistrellus javanicus have an average wing loading and low aspect ratio that indicate an intermediate speed in flight and exceptional maneuverability that is appropriate for catching moving preys in a cluttered environment. High wing loading and low aspect ratio were noted in Cynopterus brachyotis,Eonycteris spelaea, Hipposideros diadema, Rhinolophus arcuatus and Rousettusamplexicaudatus. These values indicate that these bats though fast flyers, have poor maneuverability in terms of flight performance. The study concludes that wing morphology of bats affects flight performance and habitat selection of bats which implies that maintenance of the habitat leads to the stability of the species population.

Some Medicinal Bryophytes Species, their Ethnobotanical Uses, and Morphological Adaptations in Bukidnon Natural Parks, Philippines: A Literature Review Andrea G. Azuelo azuelonenecmu@yahoo.com Central Mindanao University Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 17 – Molave Hall Medicinal bryophytes and their morphology features and ethnic uses was examined and documented. Field collections of bryophytes were made through transect walks or floristic survey along the two mountain sites of Bukidnon, namely: Mt. Kalatungan and Mt. Kitanglad. The number of taxa currently determined with medicinal properties was based from the collected species. The species with medicinal uses was generated from a pool of resources, literature review and scientific journals. Description on their morphology characters was made using microscopy examinations. Taxonomic treatment include leaf orientation, stem structure, sporophyte characters and their habit were used to identify into families, genera and species. Species composition between study sites was also compared. Visual habitat as to substrate preference and identification for each species was employed. Results of the study highlights the difference in the morphological features among species of medicinal bryophytes, their ethnic uses, and adaptations within the forested area. Results showed that Mt. Kitanglad exhibited a total of seventeen (17) species of medicinal bryophytes. Of these, eleven (11) are mosses belonging to seven (7) families in eleven (11) genera and six (6) liverworts belonging to five (5) families in six (6) genera; while Mt. Kalatungan exhibited a total of fourteen (14) species of medicinal bryophytes. Of these, eight (8) are mosses belonging to six (6) families in eight (8) genera and six (6) liverworts belonging to five (5) families in six (6) genera. The moss species with medicinal properties belongs to the genus Sphagnum, Polytrichum, Rhodobryum, Fissidens, Bryum, Mnium, Dawsonia, Philonotis, Pogonatum, Barbula and Plagiomnium. The liverworts species include Marchantia, Pallavicinia, Herbertus, Riccardia, Dumortiera and Plagiochila. The species under study exhibited antimicrobial activity, anti-tumor, anti-cancer, antileukemic activity and healing effects based from documented analysis. A Refereed Asian Conference Proceedings & Book of Abstracts AUGUST 2011 • ISSN: 2094-9529

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The Vertebrate Fauna in an Afforested Site in Negros Occidental, Philippines Joji D. Linaugo enarlinaugo@yahoo.com La Consolacion College Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 17 – Molave Hall The vertebrate biodiversity of a small afforested site (converted from sugarcane plantation) managed by the Mother Consuelo Agricultural Research Institute of the Augustinian Sisters of Our Lady of Consolation in Bago City, Negros Occidental was assessed. The survey revealed that the site supports at least 43 species of birds, three species of bats, two species of grounddwelling mammals, six species of amphibians and five species of reptiles.

Community Analysis of Laguna de Bay at Binangonan Fresh Water Station: Its Implication to Algal Diversity Precila C. Delima Precy_delima@yahoo.com.ph Isabela State University Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 17 – Molave Hall Geographically located southeast of Manila, Laguna Lake is used for multiple resources such as fishery, irrigation, power generation and navigation. Recently, the lake has been considered as a source of potable water for Metro Manila. A Limnological study of the Lake was conducted to assess its present status in terms of planktons and its potential. Plankton species were identified using the taxonomic key by Needham and Needham. The physico- chemical characteristics of the water at Binangonan Fresh water station were assessed. Results show that a total of five algal species were identified as primary producers. The phytoplanktons Cyanobacteria like Spirullina major and Lyngbya limnetica dominated the lake. The Clorophyta chlorella vulgaris and Pediastrum sp. were found to be distinct in the lake. Copepoda (copepods) are the zooplanktons observed.Laguna lake is still suitable for aquaculture, recreation and industrial use. The lake is still considered as eutrophic.

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Diversity and Status of Butterflies across Vegetation types of Mt. Timpoong and Mt. Hibok-hibok, Camiguin, Mindanao Joliesa Mae S. Toledo Central Mindanao University Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 17 – Molave Hall Diversity assessment of butterflies was conducted to provide information on species composition, diversity trends cross vegetation type’s status, and distribution of butterflies in Mt. Timpoong and Mt. Hibokhibok, Camiguin Island. This study was carried out using catching net to collect butterfly species in the two mountains of Camiguin namely Mt. Hibok-hibok and Mt. Timpoong from December 2009 to May 2010. The study revealed 81 species of butterflies in both mountains; 73 species were collected in Mt. Timpoong and 41 species in Mt. Hibok-hibok. Species richness of butterflies showed that there is a decreasing trend across vegetation types in both mountains. Highest diversity level was observed in the agro-ecosystem of Mt. Timpoong (H’= 1.70) and Mt. Hibok-hibok (H’=1.48), respectively. Status assessment showed 18 or 22 % endemic species out of which, 14 are present in Mt. Timpoong and only 8 are present in Mt. Hibok-hibok.

Status of Plant Biodiversity in Mt. Malarayat Bernardo C. Lunar colonelc4b@yahoo.com De La Salle Lipa Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 17 – Molave Hall The study determined the vegetative structure, assessed the current status of plant biodiversity in Mt. Malepunyo, one of its peaks. Herbarium of its floristic composition served as the baseline for future monitoring and scientific undertakings in the area. The quadrat technique was used to determine the vegetative structure and ecological dynamics of the forest of Mt. Malarayat- Malepunyo. The size of the quadrat was 100 square meters each (10x10 m). A total of 20 quadrats used were situated more or less along the trail to the peak. The study recorded a total of at least 104 species under 60 families; of which 46 species are indigenous or native to the Philippines; 27 species are introduced; 23 species endemic to Mt. Malarayat; while 9 species were unclassified. Eleven (11) were threatened species included in the conservation priority areas. The flora is composed of 67% trees, mostly from families Moraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae, Meliaceae and Rubiaceae. The undergrowth layer includes shrubs (13%), vines (11%) herbs (5%) and ferns (4%). Its potential threats and anthropogenic disturbances include presence of invasive species, impacts of unregulated tourism activities, small scale timber poaching, hunting and land conversion.

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Diversity of Butterflies in the Selected Key Biodiversity Areas of Mindanao, Philippines at the Eminent Climate Change Alma B. Mohagan almohagan@gmail.com Central Mindanao University Philippines 3:51-4:10 August 17 – Molave Hall Butterflies are important for pollination of many farm crops and forest species, biomass converter, agent of controlling weeds, source of drugs and genetic material for the development of new breeds. The study provided information on the species level-diversity, status and similarity of butterfly species composition in 4 selected Key Biodiversity areas of Mindanao at the eminent climate change. Data used for species monitoring, distribution, biogeography and conservation of butterflies in Mindanao, Philippines as climate change progresses. Belt transect, time constraint and transect walk sampling were employed in the study from February 2010 to April 2011. We captured a total of 252 identified butterfly species. Species diversity level using Shannon-Weiner index showed fair level in most of the sampling sites. Highest species richness was observed in Mt. Kitanglad H’1.959 (148 species), followed by Mt. Apo H’=1.755 (104 species), Mt. Timpoong H’=1.579 (79 species) lowest in Mt. Musuan H’=. Species diversity level was low in Mt. Kitanlad H’=1.209 (23 species). Mt. Apo (South Cotabato) had the highest species endemism (42 0r 42 %).Endemism is higher forest habitats in higher elevations. Bray-Curtis analysis showed that all study sites are unique habitats for butterflies. The results suggest further monitoring to carefully analyze the diversity and status of butterflies.

Diversity of Lacewings (Neuroptera) in Mt. Timpoong, Camiguin Island, Mindanao, Philippines Marde Luz A. Lacuesta Central Mindanao University Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 17 – Molave Hall Diversity of (Neuroptera) Lacewings in Mt. Timpoong, Camiguin Island, Mindanao was conducted to provide information on species composition of Neuroptera present in Mt. Timpoong. Visual searching, opportunistic and light trap sampling methods were employed to obtain lacewings species in three vegetation. Results revealed three (3) families, namely; Chrysopidae, Hemerobiidae, and Osmylidae and five (5) species of lacewings. Shannon Index of diversity showed that montane had the highest level of diversity (0.58), followed by agro-ecosystem with (0.447) and dipterocarp with (0.386) as the lowest. Diversity of lacewings in Mt. Timpoong showed low level of diversity. Local status assessment showed that Chrysopela sp.2 and Osmylidae unidentified sp.1 are the most common species found in Mt. Timpoong, Camiguin Island, Mindanao. Chrysoperla sp. 1 and 3 as locally rare and Hemerobiidae unidentified sp. as very rare. Osmylidae unidentified sp.1 was considered as new record in the Philippines. Dendrogram of species composition across vegetation showed two (2) clusters of habitats. The dipterocarp is a habitat (38%) with unique species composition due to association with aquatic habitat. The second clusters were the Montane and Agro-ecosystem forest with (52%) similarity index. The results suggest specificity of habitat for lacewings. Osmylidae were the most abundant; a new record and endemic.

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Microhabitat Preference of Anurans from Three Key Biodiversity Areas in Mindanao, Philippines Elsa May D. Baron delimaelsa@yahoo.com San Pedro College Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 17 – Molave Hall Data sets from several anuran inventories conducted in seven different sites within mainland Mindanao Island were analyzed. The visual encounter technique was used to sample frog species. Twenty-one species representing six families were documented from seven sites of three Key Biodiversity Areas: Mt. Hilonghilong, Mt, Tagub-Kampalili, and Lake Sebu. This represents 20% of the total currently known Philippine anuran species. A total of 461 individuals of anurans were accounted in this study. Only one species Megophrys stejnegeri, was sampled in all sites. The most represented species in terms of number of individuals is a rhacophorid, Philautus surdus. The site with the highest number of species was documented from the montane forest site of Mt. Hilong-hilong while the least number of species was accounted from the lowland forest site of the same KBA. Fourteen of the total species recorded are endemic species and majority of which are Mindanao Faunal Region Endemics. Also, eight of the species are currently listed under the vulnerable category of International Union for the Conservation of Nature. Majority of the species were found to occupy at least two of the three microhabitat categories: aquatic, ground, and arboreal. Overlaps in use were also observed for several species: ground-aquatic and arboreal-ground.

Assessment of Fishes by Drift Net Method at the Angat Reservoirs Elaine L. Pascual charmed_ecl@yahoo.com Our Lady of Fatima University Philippines 4:51 – 5:10 August 17 – Molave Hall Freshwater fishes are important sentinels of environmental conditions and play a crucial role in the ecology and sustainability of the natural ecosystem. This study dealt with the study of fresh water fishes by drift net method at the Angat watershed reservation located at Norzagaray, Bulacan from December 11 to 17, 2011. The environmental variables such as turbidity, pH level and water temperature were taken to state the conditions of the sampling sites. The fishes caught were photographed, measured and weighed based on the protocol set by the National Museum. The freshwater fishes sampled belongs to five (5) species under four (4) families which were caught from the four sampling site. The most abundant was from the family Cichlidae which consists of two species namely, Oreochromis niloticus and Tilapia zillii. The other species belongs to the family Channidae which consist of the species Chana striata and family Cypriidae which consist of Cyprinus carpio carpio. The diversity of this sampling was determined by using the Margalef’s index. The maximum diversity value was at 0.085.

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Butterfly and Odonata Fauna of Mt. Melibengoy, Mindanao, Philippines Dorothy A. Antesa Notre Dame of Marbel University, City of Koronadal, South Cotabato,Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 17 – Molave Hall An inventory and assessment of butterfly and odonata fauna in various vegetation types of Mount Melibengoy was conducted and studied. Field collections of butterflies, damselflies and dragonflies were made from May to December 2008 using opportunistic and transect walk sampling. Inventory of butterflies showed the presence of 6 families, 44 genera and 60 species. Out of 20 rare species of butterflies, Parantica dannatti reyesi, Delias levicki borromeois and Delias woodi t’boli were endemic in Mount Melibengoy, a status recommending conservation efforts. The study also revealed the presence of 3 families, 12 genera and 14 species for dragonflies and 3 families, 4 genera and 5 species for damselflies. The dragonfly and butterfly fauna is also rich with insular species and further assessment.

Ethnobotanical Inventory and Assessment of Medically-Important Roots in Cebu City, Philippines Jay P. Picardal jaypicardal@yahoo.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 6:21 - 6:40 August 17 – Molave Hall An ethnobotanical study on medically-important plant roots was conducted in Argao, Naga, San Fernando, San Remigio of Cebu Island, Philippines. A total of 25 informants from each study sites were interviewed who are considered (bisaya’ng mananambal). The study recorded 18, 22, 16, 21 different species of plants claimed to have medicinal uses. The most common ailment cited by the traditional healers is ‘relapse’, which has the highest number of cited plants used for treatment. The modes of preparation are either concoction or decoction. The common mode of administration is oral intake, by drinking the wine or the water from concocted or decocted root/s as needed and until the ailments get well. The effectiveness of the medicinal plants used by the traditional healers vary from each study site according to perceived effectiveness of each plants used. The medically-important plant roots cited by the traditional healers from the four municipalities reported to be very effective in treating ailments/diseases are the mandalusang puti [Justicia sp] in Argao, mangagaw [Euphorbia hirta Linn] in Naga, kapayas nga laki [male Carica papaya] in San Fernanado), and wachichao [Orthosiphon aristatus] in San Remigio.

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Diversity and Status of Butterflies in Barangay Maitum, Tandag, Surigao del Sur Ray Kristoffer C. Ramirez crinoidz@yahoo.com Central Mindanao University Philippines 6:41 – 7:00 August 17 – Molave Hall Diversity assessment of butterflies of Maitum, Tandag, Surigao del Sur was conducted. The study was carried out using transect walk and opportunistic sampling. Butterfly nets and traps were used to collect sample butterflies. A total of 104 species of butterflies belonging to 68 genera and 5 families. Species richness of the butterflies showed higher in the dipterocarp forest (89) than the agroecosystem (51). The dipterocarp forest had greater mean individuals (4.173) than the agroecosystem (3.712). The diversity level was fair in dipterocarp forest (H’= 1.638) as compared to the agroecosystem area with low level of diversity (H’= 1.369). Dendrogram for similarity of species composition showed a fairly low species between the two study stations. Assessment of status showed that 57 species (54.8 %), were common 16 (15. 3%) were rare, 12 (11.5%) were rare Philippine endemics, 6 (5.7%) were common Philippine endemics, 2 common Mindanao endemics, 1 rare Mindanao endemic, 1 very rare eastern Mindanao endemic, and 9 (8.6%) were undetermined. Barangay Maitum, Tandag, Surigao del Sur is the home of 104 species of butterflies and the dipterocarp forest is the home of diverse and endemic species of butterflies for conservation.

A Preliminary Study of Macrofungi at Bazal-Baubo Watersheds, Aurora Province, Central Luzon, Philippines Edwin R. Tadiosa ertadiosa@yahoo.com Philippine National Museum Philippines 7:01 – 7:20 August 17 – Molave Hall A preliminary study of the diversity of macro fungi was conducted at the Watersheds in Aurora Province, Central Luzon, Philippines. Four transect lines were established from 50m as to 900m as with 20m x 50m quadrat sampling each transect line (TL) and an interval of 50 meters between quadrats. The fungal species within the quadrats along the TLs were recorded. Opportunistic sampling method was used. Simpson’s Index was used in assessing diversity. Field sampling of fungi resulted to the identification of 26 families, 42 genera, and 72 species with a total of 684 individuals. Of which 57 are basidiomycetes, 14 are ascomycetes, and one is myxomycetes. The frequently occurring fungi were found at the range from 10 to 25%. These include Polyporus sanguineus (25.14%); Schizophyllum commune (23.18%); Hexagonia tenuis (22.15%); Ganoderma applanatum (20.46%); Daldinia concentrica (18.92%); Cookenia tricholoma (17.24%); Polystictus xanthopus (16.26%); Auricularia auricula (14.20%); Amauroderma rogusom (10.08%); and Ganoderma lucidum (10.02%). The remaining 62 species are rarely found in the forest. There is high fungal species diversity at Bazal-Baubo Watersheds compared with those other forest ecosystems in the Province. We found that fungal species richness decreased slightly with increasing elevation in areas relatively dry.

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Species Richness and Status of Family Fissidentaceae in Mindanao Lesley C. Lubos dawsonia@yahoo.com Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 7:21 – 7:40 August 17 – Molave Hall This study sought to achieve the following objectives: (1) identify and classify the species of Family Fissidentaceae and (2) determine the distribution and conservation status of such species in the selected mountains in Mindanao. The survey of Family Fissidentaceae species was conducted in the selected sites within the four provinces of Mindanao: Province of Camiguin - Mt. Timpoong, Mt. Hibok-Hibok, Binangawan Waterfalls, Katibawasan Falls, Ardent Hotspring, Tuasan Falls; Province of Misamis Oriental - Mt. Sumagaya; Province of Bukidnon - Mt. Kalatungan; and Province of South Cotabato - Mt. Matutum. These areas were selected because of their accessibility and no systematic studies on Family Fissidentaceae in these areas have been conducted yet. Field collections were made using alpha taxonomy method. The specimens were collected 10 meters away from each side of the trail, from base to the upper portion of the mountains. The study has established a new record: 6 species grow in the different mountains in Mindanao and 4 of these species are newly found in Mindanao. The 6 species found in Mindanao account for 17 % of the 35 species of in the Philippines.

The Robotfoto of a Healthy Individual: Surfacing Perception of Filipino Children Through Doodling Michael Joseph S. Diño Our Lady of Fatima University Philippines 1:31 – 1:50 August 17 – Kamagong Hall The study aims to surface the perception of less fortunate Filipino children of a healthy child. The study utilized a Qualitative Phenomenological approach through doodle scan. The total populations of 30 K-II level preschoolers were selected as respondents. The clarity and brevity of the key informants’ doodles has made the researchers to come up with major and minor themes defining a “healthy individual”. The two (2) major themes are: (1) Pictures of a Healthy Child, and (2)Features of a Healthy Child. The first dimension, Pictures of a Healthy Child is further divided into minor themes, namely: (1) Healthy individual as Vegetarians, (2) Healthy individuals as Neat Dressers, (3) Healthy Individuals as Rest-Bounty, and (4) Healthy Individuals as Clean Personas. Features of a Healthy Child, as the second dimension, involves the subjective aspect of being healthy further divided into minor themes: (1) Healthy individual as Familyoriented, (2) Healthy Individual as Peer-oriented, (3) Healthy individual as Care-oriented, and (4) Healthy Individual as Spiritual-oriented.

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Awareness and Utilization of Health Services by Caregivers of Patients with Maladaptive Behavior in Batangas Province Cecilia C. Pring cclpring@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines University Philippines 1:51 - 2:10 August 17 – Kamagong Hall A professional help is needed before a person can be declared as mentally ill. It is quite alarming that there are unreported cases of mental illness that needed help but afraid to seek consultation for fear of social stigma. This study aimed to assess the level of awareness and utilization of mental health services by caregivers of patient with maladaptive behaviour in Batangas Province. Descriptive type of research was used in this study. Data were collected through the use of a structured questionnaire and interview. To analyze the data gathered, the researchers used weighted mean. Results indicate that most of the patients with maladaptive behaviour were aged 35-44 years. Majority of them were male coming from the lower level of socioeconomic status. It was also found out that caregivers were aware of the different health services offered by the Department of Health; however, not all of them are available in the medical institution, where they seek consultation. The only government hospital with mental health services in Batangas Province is the Regional Hospital situated in Batangas City. The study concludes that health services which should be available to patients are not fully implemented.

Correlates to Decision-Making Among Nurse Middle Managers in Southern Philippines Maria Chona V. Palomares Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 17 – Kamagong Hall The study aimed to determine the correlates to decision-making among nurse middle managers in southern Philippines. Eighty two respondents were chosen through purposive sampling, thirty middle managers and fiftytwo clinical instructors. The standardized questionnaire was used in gathering the data. Majority of the managers are Roman Catholics and are in the position five years below. Role clarity is high on giving faculty members the guidelines of their expected activities. The code of ethics on nurses and practice was assessed highest and lowest was on nurses and the profession. They dominantly practice delegating. They gave priority on personal and cultural needs with high emotional intelligence on self-management and empathy. Significant difference was observed on nurses and practice and nurses and co-workers. Decision making style was dominant on group consensus. The delegating leadership skills and socio-cultural influence were strong correlates to decision-making styles in all dimensions. Emotional intelligence on self-management were significant correlates to autocratic decision making, while social skills were correlates to consultative and group consensus. The managers’ dominant leadership skills in delegating led them to formulate decisions through consultations and group consensus. They exercised total responsibility in facilitating, coordinating and supervising clinical instructors/students in the management of safe patient care.

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Factors Associated to and Notions on Stress Between Administration and Academic Personnel of SLSU Jude A. Duarte jaguarprince17@rocketmail.com Southern Leyte State University Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 17 – Kamagong Hall This study evaluated the factors associated with and notions to stress between the administration and academic personnel of Southern Leyte State University. It is posited that the respondents’ perspective on stress sources and symptoms would depend on factors such as age, length of experience and number of office designations. Pertinent data from 60 administration personnel and 65 academic staff were gathered through a descriptive-normative survey method of research. On the whole, the administrative and academic personnel of SLSU had manifested serious susceptibility to stress sources and symptoms which was significantly affected by the academic personnel’s age profile, and slightly affected by the length of service of both academic and administrative staff. In contrast, the academic personnel’s number of office designations had affected both their perspective on stress sources and symptoms while an effect was only observed on stress sources in the case of the administrative personnel. Thus, it can be deduced that the SLSU administrative and academic personnel’s notions to stress sources and symptoms vary to some extent due to the nature and gravity of their job and assigned tasks. In the light of the findings, the formulation of SLSU Employees Welfare Administration Program is greatly recommended.

Predictors of Nurses’ Licensure Examination Performance of Nursing Graduates in Cebu Normal University Daisy R. Palompon daisypalompon@yahoo.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 2:51 – 3:10 August 17 – Kamagong Hall The Nurses’ licensure examination is conducted by the Professional Regulatory Commission to screen Nursing graduates who will be licensed to practice the nursing profession. The study determined the predictors of licensure examination performance of nursing graduates. The study used the descriptive design using inferential techniques. Some 163 graduates were studied based on their College Entrance Examination performance on IQ test, nursing aptitude test, the composite score of science, math and English tests, college grade point average and pre-board examination performance and the correlations of these variables with licensure examination performance. Results revealed that all variables significantly correlated with licensure examination performance but only two significantly predicted licensure performance, college grade point average and pre-board examination. The study concludes that students’ academic performance in their baccalaureate program and their performance in the pre-board examination are significant bases in determining the success and failure of students’ licensure examination performance.

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Health Researches in Ilocos Region: Quantity and Quality Edelyn A. Cadorna delcadphd@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 17 – Kamagong Hall This study analyzed the health researches conducted in Ilocos Region focusing on quantity and quality. The descriptive research design was utilized in the study. The respondents were the health researchers in Ilocos Region. The data needed in the study were gathered through the use of a questionnaire and supplemented by documentary analysis and interviews. The quality of the researches was evaluated by the researchers themselves and then validated by two research experts. Results showed that there are 241 health researchers and 248 health researches conducted in the region. The health researches conducted in the hospitals were mostly clinical, while those conducted in the academic institutions were theses and dissertations. Majority of the researches were conducted by individual authors, and personally funded and mainly focused on local concerns. Most of the researches were published in research and scientific journals, disseminated through forums/conferences/research displays/exhibits, but they were not actually utilized.In general, the health researches conducted in the region have average quality. They are moderately relevant and responsive, highly effective, highly scientific, highly transferable, but slightly disseminated. Furthermore, the personal and professional variables of the respondents contributed significantly to the quantity and quality of the health researches conducted.

Paradox of Hope: Eidetic Insight from the Experiences of Relatives Accompanying Critically Ill Patients Reagan J. Sarmiento Our Lady of Fatima University Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 17 – Kamagong Hall The employed a qualitative phenomenological approach which explored the experiences of accompanying relatives of critically ill patients. Five (5) key informants were carefully chosen from two (2) tertiary hospitals in Metro- Manila. The study used reflective analysis of in-depth semi-structured interviews. The narratives yielded three themes and two subthemes which are: (A) to stay or to let go and intricacy of making decisions. The subthemes are (A.1)An Irony of Sanguinity: Belief in Prayer, faith and miracles (A.2) Making Ends meet. (B) Assimilation into the health care provider’s reality and doing the things we do inside and outside the ICU. (C) Acceptance of Status quo: enduring and suffering under the rules. Further reflective analysis of the themes revealed the eidetic insight: that being an accompanying relative of a critically ill is a phenomenon of paradoxes, which involves belief in the lesser chances, the constant struggle to make decisions and their adaptation to an alien reality.

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Prevalence and Complications of Schistosomiasis in Bukidnon, Philippines Lourlyn P. Mansaguiton Mountain View College Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 17 – Kamagong Hall Schistosomiasis is a trematode parasitic disease endemic in Bukidnon where watery fields sustain the growth of the snail intermediate hosts of the parasite. The project determined the trends of the prevalence and complications of schistosomiasis in Bukidnon. Data were gathered from the annual morbidity and mortality reports submitted to the Provincial Health and the discharge logbook of the selected hospitals. Results showed that schistosomiasis is endemic in nine municipalities and two cities of Bukidnon. The morbidity trend revealed that schistosomiasis in the province of Bukidnon ranked 8th in 2005. Morbidity increased despite major advances in the drug treatment of the disease. Schistosomiasis was prevalent in the adolescent age-group (10-14 years old) in 2006 and 2007 but prevalent in productive age group (15 – 49 years old) in 2005, 2008 and 2009, highest in males suggesting the occupational hazard of farming and fishing among the males. San Jose, San Fernando had the highest infection rate among the municipalities of Bukidnon. Complications were highest for the liver, followed by gastrointestinal, cerebral and renal complications.

Salmonella Contamination in a Southern Philippines River: Implications to Health Education and Outreach Donna Lou E. Neri donnaevasco@yahoo.com Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 17 – Kamagong Hall Threatened by industrialization and rapid urbanization, the Oro River has, for the last 20 years, endured high levels of chemical, bacterial and mineral contamination, endangering the floral, faunal and human ecology. A cross-sectional study to determine Salmonella contamination of the Cagayan de Oro River in Southern Philippines was conducted from October to December 2009. Water samples were specifically collected along six urban villages from the upstream, midstream, and downstream river. Merck-Rambach Technique was utilized to detect the presence of Salmonella in the water samples collected every month for three consecutive months. A survey was also conducted to determine the possible factors which may have contributed to the Salmonella contamination of the river. Salmonella was detected in each water samples collected. Implications to health education, research and community outreach include the following: 1) dissemination and translation of research findings into concrete policies and actions for disease prevention as well as river conservation, 2) advocacy for people empowerment through strategic health IEC activities, and 3) promotion of active community participation and ownership on programs and projects related to this phenomenon.

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Child Abuse: The Profile of the Abuse and the Abuser Jezyl T. Cempron jezyl_cempron@cebuinternationalnursingconference.org Cebu Normal University Philippines 4:51 – 5:10 August 17 – Kamagong Hall Discipline in the Filipino culture is often carried out as a corporal punishment, if carried to the extreme would constitute as an abusive situation. The study sought to make an accurate picture of the abusive situation. The study used the descriptive research using documentary analysis. Results of the study revealed that the greater incidence of child abuse occurs most commonly in female children between the ages 12 – 18 years old, in low socio-economic families and to parents whose highest educational attainment were high school level. These abuses lasted for 1 – 5 years before it was reported to the proper authorities for intervention. The most common perpetrators of the abuses were the male neighbors followed by the female neighbors and the cohabiting husband; adults whom the parent/s entrust the care of their children. The study revealed that the most common form of abuse was physical abuse in the form of hitting, followed by child-rape, spousal abuse in the presence of the child and verbal assault, respectively. The study concluded that child abuse damages the child not only physically but also psychologically. The parents’ low socioeconomic status contributes to the stress and trauma of the child.

The Effects of Capsicum annuum (Bell Pepper) Extract in Lowering the Blood Cholesterol Levels of Oryctolagus cuniculus (Dwarf Netherland Rabbit) Jose Jurel M. Nuevo deanjurelmnuevo@yahoo.com Our Lady of Fatima University Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 17 – Kamagong Hall The primary point of the investigation was to determine whether Capsicum annuum extract can effectively reverse the hyperlipidemia induced to Oryctolagus cuniculus (Dwarf Netherland Rabbit). Capsicum annuum was chosen as the subject of this study for it belongs to the Family Capsaicin which other members were known to decrease high cholesterol levels contributing to several cardiovascular diseases based on previous research studies. This study employed the experimental research method. To establish the effect of Capsicum annuum, six rabbits were utilized. The researchers established the blood cholesterol baseline of the rabbits by feeding a non-fat diet for a period of three days. After testing for the baseline, the rabbits were induced with a fatty diet consisting of pellets having 3.5% crude fat for three days and cholesterol determination was repeated. The six rabbits were then divided into two groups randomly. The first group was fed with a fatty diet with the treatment of 5 mL of Capsicum annuum extract for three days while the second group was fed with a fatty diet without Capsicum annuum extract. After the experimental phase, a post-cholesterol determination was conducted to determine if there was a change in the rabbits’ blood cholesterol levels. The post-cholesterol results showed that the first group fed with fatty diet with the Capsicum annuum extract had a decreased blood cholesterol level compared to the baseline while the second group fed with a fatty diet without Capsicum annuum extract had an increase in blood cholesterol level. Therefore, there is a significant difference in the blood cholesterol level of Oryctolagus cuniculus fed with a fatty meal without Capsicum annuum extract and fatty meal with Capsicum annuum extract. These findings suggest the anti-hyperlipidemic activity of Capsicum annuum extract, which may be used as healthy regimen in individuals who are high risk for cardiovascular diseases associated with hyperlipidemia.

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Effectiveness of Hylocereus andatus (Red Organ Fruit) as SalmonillaShigella Agar Nathaniel B. Rañon Our Lady of Fatima University Philippines 6:21 - 6:40 August 17 – Kamagong Hall The study was aimed at evaluating the inhibitory property of Hylocereus undatus (Red Dragon Fruit) extract against Salmonella typhimurium grown on Salmonella-Shigella Agar. Eighteen Salmonella-Shigella Agar (SSA) plates were mixed with varying amounts of Red Dragon fruit extract which served as experimental plates while the remaining six pairs of SSA plates do not contain any fruit extract, hence, served as control media. All in all, eighteen plates were inoculated with suspension of Salmonella and Shigella species using the spread plate method. Three control plates were inoculated with Salmonella typhimurium only while the remaining three control plates were inoculated with Shigella flexneri only. After incubating at 37⁰C for 24 hours, a colony count was performed on all plates to determine the effect of varying amounts of red dragon fruit extract in inhibiting the expected growth of Salmonella and Shigella species. The result of the study showed that the growth of Salmonella was inhibited on all plates with red dragon fruit extract while Shigella was not in any way inhibited. These findings suggest the inhibitory effect of Red Dragon Fruit extract against Salmonella which may prove useful in isolating all other organisms of interest aside from Salmonella typhimurium.

Cryotherapy as Comfort Measure of Magnesium Sulfate Administration Jezyl T. Cempron jezyl_cempron@cebuinternationalnursingconference.org Cebu Normal University Philippines 6:41 – 7:00 August 17 – Kamagong Hall Preeclampsia is a disorder when hypertension arises in pregnancy, endangering the life of both mother and baby. With no proper management, it may progress to eclampsia where life-threatening seizures may occur. As a preventive measure, preeclamptic women are given Magnesium sulfate as muscle relaxant. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of cryotherapy on pain reduction for patient’s receiving intramuscular Magnesium sulfate administration. There were 30 preeclamptic women in VSMMC given with Magnesium sulfate. One group pre-test and post-test only to determine the effectiveness of cryotherapy. A third datum, pain score without ice pack application, was taken to find which of the contributing factors: developed pain tolerance or intervention applied, is responsible for the change in pain levels during the course of the observations. The results showed that cryotherapy is an effective intervention in decreasing pain experienced during the intramuscular Magnesium sulfate administration.

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Hoku Cryokinetics for the Reduction of Labor Pain on the Active Phase of Labor Fleoy Y. Ysmael Cebu Normal University Philippines 7:01 – 7:20 August 17 – Kamagong Hall Hoku is located on the medial midpoint of the first metacarpal, within 3 - 4 mm of the web of skin between the thumb and forefinger. The study evaluated the effectiveness of the use of ice massage on the energy meridian point, large intestine 4 (Hoku), during contractions to reduce the woman’s perception of labor pain. This one-group, pretest-posttest design was instituted among 30 primigravid Cebuano women. The study utilized a 100 mm Visual Analog Scale (VAS) to numerically measure pain levels before and after using ice massage on the left and right hand. Pain response difference being evaluated consisted of four elements: pain before and after ice massage of left hand and pain before and after ice massage of right hand. Results indicated significant pain reduction with a mean difference of 18.93 mm on the left hand and 20.87 cm on the right hand. Hoku cryokinetics on the left Hoku point would highly yield the same analgesic effect with that of the right Hoku point. The study concludes that ice massage on either hand is a cost-efficient, safe, non-invasive, non-pharmacologic and effective method in reducing labor pain.

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Concurrent session papers (day 2) The Lived Experience of Teachers: A Reflection on Interpersonal Relationships Maria Antonia Crudo-Capili tonettecrudo@yahoo.com Trinity University of Asia Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 18 – Ballroom A This is a phenomenological study on the experiences of ten teachers in a private high school as they relate with the different people in the school and in the process redefined their roles as teachers in the context of today’s society. The lived experiences of the teachers became the empirical data which were reflected upon until the essence or “eidos” of the narratives emerged. The narratives reveal the multiple and conflicting expectations of different social groups that teachers relate with in school as a result of the ever changing society. A reflection on their stories disclosed that teachers are trapped by their role “to teach” which prevents them from addressing compounded roles delineated by parents, students, and administrators. Teachers, as well as other concerned social categories in the school, are challenged to meet the demands of the times in their effort to share the responsibility of giving a holistic education to the students. As a result of the study there should a reorientation as well as an update on the roles and expectations of each social group in school taking into context the changed outlook of the students brought about by the complexities of the rapidly changing society.

Determinants of Licensure Examination Performance of the Teacher Education Graduates in a State University Juanita B. Pascua nitzpascua@yahoo.com Nueva Vizcaya State University Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 18 – Ballroom A This study determined the correlation of personal and educational related factors with the LET performance of the Teacher Education graduates. The respondents’ personal and educational data were gathered from the Registrar’s records while the result of the LET performance was taken from the PRC through the LET Review Committee. The study used the descriptive survey method with the use of documentary analysis. T-test was used to determine the difference in the LET performance when grouped according to gender and degree course. F-test was used to determine if there is significant difference in LET performance and English proficiency of the respondents. Scheffe Post Hoc Test was utilized to determine the significant difference in English proficiency in terms of the percentile ranks. There were more female respondents than males and there were more elementary education than secondary education respondents. The English proficiency of the respondents ranged from 23.00 to 73.75. There were more passers from the Elementary level than those from the Secondary level. Moreover, females’ performance in LET was statistically the same with their male counterpart while the BEEd performed better than the BSEd and all other courses combined (BSMath, BSAExt, BSHT, BSIE, BSAEd). Degree Course, GPA, English Proficiency, and Admission Test Scores indicated significant relationship with LET performance.

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Predictors of Teachers’ Reading Skills in a Rural School District in Northeastern Mindanao, Philippines Loveleah B. Albarillo loveleah_0611@yahoo.com.ph Father Saturnino Urios University Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 18 – Ballroom A Reading is a problem for teachers in the Philippines. It becomes even more acute for teachers in Surigao del Sur, Northeastern Mindanao, Philippines. I designed a study that determined the predictors of the reading skills of teachers in a rural school district. To analyze the data, I used the frequency, weighted mean, Pearson Moment-Product Correlation Coefficient, and regression analysis. I also used a standardized reading test as the reading instrument. On top of that, I asked the teachers to build a personal profile with socio-demographic and pedagogical variables. I gathered the data through a questionnaire. The results revealed that the quality of reading skills is low or poor. The teachers do not teach competently in language and reading. They have higher order skills in scanning and points of view. They have average levels of vocabulary. They use study aids infrequently. They have low levels of reading comprehension. Age is the most important predictor of reading skills. It tends to decline as teachers grow older. They read less the longer they stay in the service.

An Evaluation of Students’ Problem-Solving Skills Sylvino V. Tupas t2bing03@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Colleges Foundation-Bacolod Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 18 – Ballroom A This descriptive research determines the performance of 12 BSMT and 17 BSMarE freshmen students in solving general mathematics problems. They were pre-selected cadets who are scholars of Odfjell, ASA and were enrolled in a Maritime School in the Philippines first semester school year 2009-2010. Two sets of test instruments of similar context and style were used as pretest and post-test. The selected problems included quality as routine or non-routine and multi-step problem and within the context and level of the students. Result shows a significant improvement in the performance of both BSMT and BSMarE students and as a whole at 0.05 alpha. Further, students developed various heuristics which includes Guess and Test, Working Backwards, Act it Out, Use of Diagram, Use of Algebra, Direct Counting, and Systematic List. Significant performance of students in the posttest is an indicator of the effectiveness of the problem-based learning (PBL) approach. Exposing them to various routine and non-routine problems enable students to apply mathematical concepts and understanding into real life problem situations. This makes mathematics more relevant which enhanced students’ interest and level of performance in mathematics.

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Organizational Spirituality and People Management Practices of Selected Banks in Batangas City: Basis for Proposed Measures Towards Management Effectiveness Esmenia R. Javier erjavier48@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines University Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 18 – Ballroom A The study investigated the level of organizational spirituality and people management practices in selected banks in Batangas City. It also looked into the significant differences between the responses of managers and their subordinates on the level of organizational spirituality and people management practices. Likewise, this explored the extent of association between the constructs organizational spirituality and people management practices. The study used a self - structured questionnaire that focused on the ten best people management practices. It also used the Organizational Spirituality Assessment to describe the level of organizational spirituality. Results revealed that there are excellent practices of organizational spirituality among the bank managers and their subordinates which reflect an effective leadership style. Bank managers have very good to excellent implementation of best practices on people management which imply that they develop the people’s skills, knowledge and attributes to improve the organizational performance. Moreover, managers’ implementation of the best practices on people management is not in any way influenced by their level of spirituality. Finally, managers and subordinates perceive in similar manner the way they practice spirituality in the work place and the extent the managers manage and develop their people to achieve business goals.

Delivery of Health Programs in Relation to the Public Service Commitment among the Village Community Health Workers Jofi V. Mahilum Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 4:51 – 5:10 August 18 – Ballroom A The study determined the relationship between public service commitment and delivery of Health programs among the village health workers in the Northern Mindanao. The study was done through the descriptive-correlational research design. The respondents were composed of 150 VHWA and 300 beneficiaries. High extent of public service commitment was manifested on the dimensions of justice and sincerity, social responsibility, volunteerism, responsiveness to the public and civic consciousness. There was a consequence on the ratings of the health workers and the beneficiaries on the public service commitment, thus, the high ratings on the specified public service commitment was controlled against bias of self-assessment. The same was true on the high extent of the health programs on the provision of essential drugs, emergency treatment, family planning, prenatal and postnatal care, health promotion and patient counseling. A high relationship appeared between extent of delivery of health programs and public service commitment in terms of social responsibility, volunteerism and behavioral dimensions. In conclusion, public health programs are effectively delivered when these village health workers possess a positive work attitude and commitment to work. Commitment to public service weighs down the financial and economic return for the services rendered through a strong sense of volunteerism and social responsibility.

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Philosophical Orientation on Education of College Faculty in La Salle University – Ozamis Emma O. Sauna lsuresearch@yahoo.com La Salle University, Ozamis City Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 18 – Ballroom A The study aimed at finding out what educational philosophy is being espoused by majority of the college teachers of La Salle University and what educational philosophy is being upheld by each college or school. Ninety-two (92) college faculty from different colleges and school served as respondents of this study. The descriptive method of research was employed. Survey questionnaire on educational philosophy inventory was used. The statistical procedure that was used in the study was the percentage distribution. Results revealed that majority of the CAS faculty are upholding the progressivism and eclectic philosophies of education. The Accounting teachers and majority of the Computer Studies, Education, and Hospitality Management teachers espouse the progressivism school of thought. Most of the Business and Economics, Engineering, and Nursing faculty members are eclectics who do not subscribe to one particular philosophy. Aside from being eclectic, the Nursing teachers are also equally essentialists, behaviorists, and progressivists. The study concluded that the educational philosophy being espoused by the majority of the faculty in the entire college unit is progressivism.

The Internet Usage and Exposure of Pornography to High School Students of the La Consolacion College – Bacolod Integrated School Rogie P. Bacosa carmen_menes@yahoo.com La Consolacion College - Bacolod Philippines This study is concerned with the internet usage and the exposure of pornography to the high school students of La Consolacion College Bacolod Integrated School. Students comprising of 47% males and 52% females participated in the descriptive survey. Data showed that students, usually males, mostly access the internet at home about 3 to 4 times a week. Majority have computers at home with internet access and surfing is on the average of 1 to 2 hours daily. Seventy-nine percent access the internet for social networking. Majority visited chat rooms. Students think that the internet can be dangerous. Students have been exposed to pornography on the internet and in other media forms. Most exposures are accidental. Friends are the usual source of these materials. Curiosity is the best motivator and students become more curious to sex after exposure. Cellular phones are used by most students to circulate pornographic materials through file-sharing. The extent to which students come into contact with pornography is often underestimated. Since pornographic material is easily accessible and distributed between individuals, a multi-static holder approach is proposed between parents and educators in guiding students through safe internet usage. Laws and stricter online service-regulations should be seriously implemented.

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The Social Construction of Salangdan in Alfred Schut’z Phenomenology of the Social World Jiolito L. Benitez jollylbenitez@yahoo.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 4:21 – 4:50 August 18 – Ballroom A The purpose of this paper is to talk about a unique cultural practice known by its local name, salangdan, and to consider it within the context of Alfred Schutz’s view of social reality. Salangdan is a local generic term which signifies the various unique ways by which friends address and greet each other in their everyday life interface, and according to which they interpret their friendship. As a common sense thought construct, salangdan is grounded on the lebenswelt (life-world) which Schutz considered as the paramount social reality. The life-world or the common-sense world is a grand arena of social action to which can be traced the origin of all social relationships. Schutz posited the ‘we-relationship,’ the very plane on which salangdan occurs, as a necessary condition toward a genuine intersubjective understanding in the face-toface situation.

Economics in the Pre-school: A Way to Prolong the Existence of Lives on Earth Evelyn R. Cacatian cacatianevelyn@yahoo.com Western Philippines University Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 18 – Ballroom A This study presents the importance of integrating Economics in the pre-school, primary and elementary curricula. It shows the advantages of the integration and the entry points on how Economics could be used to attain environmental conservation, sustainable economic development and to prolong the existence of lives on earth. Secondary data were used in the study. The results show that integration of economics in the curricula is the main avenue through which man’s existence on earth could be prolonged, the reason for sustainable economic development through biodiversity conservation.

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Development and Validation of Modules In English 2: Writing In the Discipline Mardie E. Bucjan mardie_bucjan@yahoo.com.ph Surigao del Sur State University Philippines 6:21-6:40 August 18 – Ballroom A Writing is one of the four macro-skills to be developed in language among the students. The modules aimed to enhance the basic organizational, judgmental and mechanical writing skills of students. The study utilized a content validated feedback questionnaire. The study employed the descriptive method of research. The study underwent the four phases of material development namely: design phase, development phase, field-try out phase, and evaluation phase. The data were statistically treated using the arithmetic mean and analysis of variance. The results of the study revealed that contents; activities, exercises and techniques used in the modules were varied allowing the students to work independently and creatively; the over-all assessment of the pool of experts, teachers and students revealed that the modules were appropriate to the level and needs of the students; and the results of the evaluation revealed that there is no significant difference in the perceptions of the students, pool of experts and instructors on the format, content and organization of the modules. These conclusions were drawn: The varied activities and techniques used in the modules were very helpful to the learners, and the tandem of teaching and learning was evident allowing the students to work independently. The modules were relevant and useful in the class because these answered the need of the students to improve their writing skills. The format, contents and organization of the modules were generally commendable as perceived by the three- group of evaluators.

Predictors of Nursing Board Examination Performance Remedios T. Navarro University of Northern Philippines Philippines 6:41- 7:00 August 18 – Ballroom A This study determines if the UNP College Admission Test (UNP CAT), Nursing Aplitude Test (NAT) and academic performance are significant predictors of the Nursing Board Examination Performance of the graduates of the University of Northern Philippines for the period 2006-2009. The descriptive-correlational method of research was employed with documentary analysis as primary tool for data gathering. The respondents consisted of the 750 Bachelor of Science in nursing graduates, who were first takers of the Nursing Board Examination. Data were analyzed through frequency, percentage and multiple regression analysis. Majority of the Nursing graduates performed at a good level in the UNP-CAT, and at a very good level in their academics. Most performed at an average passed level in the NAT, and majority, at a fair level, in the Nursing Board Examination. The UNP-CAT, NAT and academic performance, taken singly and as a whole are significant predictors of performance in the Nursing Board Examination. Students who perform better in the UNP-CAT, NAT, and in their academics tend to perform better in the Nursing Board Examination. Academic performance as the best predictor underscores the importance of the kind of education and training the university provides to its studentry.

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Moral Change in Global Village: Islamic Perspective Seyed Aliakbar Rabonataj aliindian2001@yahoo.com University of Mazandaran Islamic Republic of Iran 7:01-7:20 August 18 – Ballroom A The attacks and criticism against ethics is a common part of philosophy. In modern age, due to scientific revolution and its great achievement and development, some scholars argue against any ethical system based on religion. But in the present century, the attacks against ethical role of religion take a different shape. Present century is distinguished from other centuries by its Information-Technology character .It is easy to see with wonder how Information-Technology has reduced the world to a global village through internet and satellite. The question is whether in such a world –global village-moral values are workable and possible? Educational and moral values, in general, aim at producing desired changes in the new generation. This goal was always fulfilled through building limited condition and making barriers. Today, it is impossible to keep new generations away from other cultures due to Information-Technology. It means in global village, making barriers do not work, and in such a world how one can fulfill moral values? The aim of this paper is to discuss the role of moral values in global village by giving a spiritual notion of humanity. I attempt to the possibility of ethical role of religion in contemporary globe by discussing Islamic ethical principles.

Free Night High School in a Private Catholic College: A Vehicle for Social Transformation Carmen C. Menes carmen_menes@yahoo.com; ccmenes@yahoo.com 09176463427; 09106735515 La Consolacion College – Bacolod Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 18-Ballrom B This paper provides a brief account on the contributions of La Consolacion College Bacolod-Free Night High School Program (LCCB-FNHSP) to social development through basic education in the city of Bacolod. The investigation generally looked into the impact of the program on the local government’s thrust on accessible education, while the expected competencies and the holistic preparedness for higher education of the beneficiaries were specifically delved and explored. Descriptive-evaluative research was used in this investigation. Primary source of data were graduates who are gainfully employed in various establishments in Bacolod. Focused group discussion was conducted with them. School records on academic performance of students and alumni of the night high school program were used as secondary source of data. Since its inception, the program has produced hundreds of graduates who have successfully gained employment in local, national and international enterprises. These beneficiaries have shown academic competence in their college education and have eventually acquired competitive skills for employment and professional service. The program received the local government’s ‘Banwahanon Award’’ for social development, is LCCB’s concrete action for social transformation. Its FNHSP contested the statement that poverty is a strong predictor of illiteracy and unemployment.

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Scaled Ability Scores and Grade Point Average Among Students in La Salle Integrated School Rezyl T. Mallorca lsuresearch@yahoo.com La Salle University – Ozamis Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 18-Ballrom B Descriptive research design was employed in this study to investigate the relationship between students’ Scaled Ability Scores (SAS) and Grade Point Average (GPA). It was found out that (a.)Students from Grade 1 performed better based on their SAS in English than those students from the other grade levels and they also perform highly based on GPA; (b.) Majority of the students in La Salle Integrated School in grades 1-7 perform well in English; (c.) Grades 4, 5 & 7 students perform the least in English; (d.) Grade 7 students perform the least in Math; (e.) Grade 5 students perform the least in Science; (f.) Majority of the grade 7 students’ GPA falls under the average level of performance; and (g.) Students with high Scaled Ability Scores get high Grade Point Average. It is therefore recommended that academic administrators and or core area coordinators and teachers should devote some time to check and revisit the curriculum of English, Mathematics and Science per grade level to address students’ mastery, competence and readiness issues.

Competencies of Career-entry Medical Technology Graduates of Lyceum of the Philippines University: Basis for Enhancement of the Internship Training Program Anacleta P. Valdez anniejunvaldez@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines - Batangas Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 18 - Ballrom B The role of medical technologists in the clinical laboratory has changed greatly over the years as a result of changes in the laboratory environment. Curricular reform is essential to improve the products and services that educators provide for their customers. This study assessed the entry-level competencies of the Medical Technology graduates under the Allied Health Science Education leading to Medical Technology curriculum SY 2002-2006 of the Lyceum of the Philippines University. The respondents were the chief medical technologists and training officers of hospitals where senior students are sent for their internship training program. A total of 126/138 (98%) graduates were evaluated using a structured-type questionnaire. The indicators were derived from the model developed from the various competency-based standards of recognized Medical Technology certifying bodies. Generally, the graduates’ entry-level competencies like professional responsibility, professional laboratory skills and safe work practices fall under the “always” category with a weighted mean of 4.71. However, attention should be given on equally important core competencies like critical thinking; problem-solving and decision-making; communication, teamwork and interactive skills; instrumentation and computer skills as well as leadership and teaching responsibilities need further improvement and retooling.

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Achievement Levels of the Br. Martin Simpson Laboratory School Students: Basis in Designing Development Program Wenny M. Caseros wenny_cs22@yahoo.com La Salle University – Ozamis Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 18 -Ballrom B This research was conducted to find out the achievement level of the BMSLS students as basis in designing development programs. This is important to improve the quality of instruction that the school offers to its clientele. The findings revealed that that majority of the respondents had low to very low mastery of English, Reading and Mathematics. Thus, it is recommended that the proposed development programs be implemented.

Teacher’s Life After School Ma. Mercedes A. Joson ditas_joson@yahoo.com La Consolacion College - Bacolod Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 18-Ballrom B What are our teachers’ religious, economic, social and professional practices and conditions? Do these practices and conditions reflect a work-life balance? Are our teachers still able to rest and enjoy life after school? These are the questions posed by the study, Teachers’ Life After School. Respondents of this undertaking were 67 teachers from the Integrated School to College level. It was a descriptive research utilizing frequency and percentage. Results showed that our teachers are generally active and practicing Catholics. Socially, they are active in using the social network in communicating with their students. Most of their evenings and week-ends are spent preparing work related materials. Only 7% indicated that they are able to rest during evenings. Economically, the majority aspire to save but are not in the position to do so at present while professionally, most teachers aspire to earn their doctoral degree. Though a related study in 2009 concluded that generally, LCC teachers have a high state of wellness, this current research concluded that most teachers do work related tasks during evenings and week-ends. Hence, there are work areas that need to be improved to give teachers more time to relax with their families and enjoy life.

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From Παιδεία (Paideia) to Φιλοσοφία (Philosophia): A Rereading of Plato’s Philosophy of Education Alexis Deodato S. Itao lexasem@yahoo.com Rogationist Seminary College-Cebu Philippines 3:31 – 4:10 August 18 -Ballrom B In Plato’s philosophy, there is already a clear-cut distinction between basic education and higher education. But for the most part, this distinction has been overlooked because perennially, Plato’s philosophy of education has been exclusively identified with Idealism. While in part Idealism may describe Plato’s philosophy of education, it remains on the whole an incomplete description of Platonic education. The Republic alone narrates several descriptions of how παιδεία (paideia) – the education of children – should be like, making it clear that for Plato, basic education is not only important but also necessary. So by ignoring these descriptions, Idealism fails to present an essential component of Plato’s educational philosophy. But not only does Idealism miss this crucial aspect, it also writes off other elements which Plato values and holds dear. For one, Idealism simply distinguishes the difference between two types of worlds – the Sensible and the Ideal – but does not clarify the difference between two types of knowledge – ἐπιστήμη (epistēmē) and γνῶσις (gnōsis). Most of all, Idealism merely names the ultimate level of the Ideal World but does not identify the ultimate goal of education: ομοιωσισ θεωι (homoiōsis theōi). For this reason, this paper aims to deconstruct Idealism and expose its various oversights.

The Ati-Atihan Festival: Its Impact to the Economy and Tourism Industry in Kalibo, Aklan Christopher G. Galopez polaris_tops@yahoo.com St. Therese MTC College Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 18 -Ballrom B Ati-Atihan is a feast held annually in honor of the Senior Sto. Niño concluding on the third Sunday of January in the town of Kalibo, Aklan .The study aimed at assessing the economic and tourism impact of the Ati-Atihan Festival to the Municipality of Kalibo, Aklan. This descriptive study involved 120 respondents composed of residents, businessmen and local government officials who were selected using the purposive sampling method. A one-shot survey was conducted to gather pertinent data and treated using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results revealed that respondents believed that the Ati-Atihan festival had an impact on the economy of the town by bringing about the expansion and improvement of local products and in increasing the economic activity in the town. It had an impact on the tourism industry by attracting tourists both locally and internationally. However, significant differences were found concerning the impact of AtiAtihan festival. Thus, certain recommendations were formulated for the enhancement of the celebration as well as to boost the tourism industry and the economy of the municipality.

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Confucius on Virtues: Paradigm of Social and Moral Order Eddie R. Babor eddiebabor@yahoo.com Holy Name University Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 18 -Ballrom B

This paper explores Confucius’ concept of virtues. This is achieved by analyzing his thoughts on Ren, Zhong, Shu, Yi, Li, and Xiao. The paper seeks to apply Confucius’s thoughts on these virtues as a paradigm for a transformed social and moral order. The paper argues that if confucius’ ideas on these virtues are applied, the world will be transformed into a more decent, just, and humane locus for all human beings to dwell. Ren, as human-heartedness, Zhong and Shu as the two ways through which Ren can be practiced, while Yi as rectitude or righteousness, with Li as propriety, and finally, with Xiao as devotion and respect to parents, there is no doubt that there will be no more chaos, disorder, conflict, and antagonism, but peace and harmony in the whole world.

Learning Organization as a Model for Strategic Change: A Qualitative Inquiry of Capitol University Experience Francis Thaise A. Cimene fcimene2002@yahoo.com Capitol University Philippines 4:51 – 5:10 August 18-Ballrom B This study endeavored to determine the organizational learning climate of Capitol University using the seven action imperatives of a learning organization model. These seven action imperatives include the following: creating continuous learning opportunities, promoting inquiry and dialogue, encouraging collaboration and team learning, creating systems that will capture and share learning, empowering people toward a collective vision, connecting the organization to its environment, and providing strategic leadership for learning. Data were gathered through descriptive method of research and this was done by quantitatively (using numbers) and qualitatively characterizing the variables of interest relative to the Institution. Although the orientation of this study is both quantitative and qualitative, the method of research lies heavily on the qualitative perspective. This study found out that Capitol University has all the mechanisms to become a learning organization. Creativity Circle of the Quality Management System and the adoption of the Operational Quality Plans with built-in quarterly assessment procedures. Based on the findings, this study developed a model for strategic change customized for the Institution with these features: (1) a constant readiness for change rather than building readiness for a predetermined change; (2) continuous planning; (3) improvised implementation, and (4) action learning. The success of this proposed model for strategic change depends on the attitudes of the administrators, teaching and non- teaching personnel, and the students towards change.

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Deterministic Model for Economic Utility of Conservation and Development Strategies Apolinar T. Paulican apaulican@yahoo.com Mountain View College Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 18 -Ballrom B Global competition among nations results in massive and accelerated modernization and industrialization particularly in many developing countries like Philippines. However, the trend towards industrialization necessarily implies a certain degree of environmental damage which greatly affects the ecological system. Yet, while enjoying economic growth and prosperity, society should be concerned about sustainable development as well. A net social welfare function is maximized using linear utility function assuming different “competitive behaviors” in conserving and/or developing (exploiting ) resources. Conservation and development efforts are modeled as competing species on limited resources. Actual data from Pujada Bay, City of Mati, Davao Oriental were then used for empirical validation of the models.

Mapping of Elementary Education Infrastructure in India: A State and District Level Analysis Vipan Kumar vipin.nistad@gmail.com TERI University New Delhi, India 6:21-6:40 August 18-Ballrom B Education plays an important role in a country’s development process. Indian education system comprises the elementary, secondary and tertiary levels. Over two decades India registered a significant growth in the educational infrastructure at tertiary level of education but elementary and secondary levels of education are struggling with low accessibility of infrastructure and resources. This is affecting the quality of education particularly at elementary level of education which is responsible for growth in secondary and tertiary education. The assessment of infrastructure across the country is very difficult due to regional inequalities and economic diversities. This paper is an attempt to map accessibility of infrastructure at elementary level of education at district and state level in India. For mapping and analysis, advance computation techniques like GIS and contour mapping techniques are used. A novel technique and algorithm was developed to represent the data in various formats in the qualitative way; to the knowledge of the authors this novel representation of data is hitherto unreported in the open literature. Analysis confirms that there are regional inequalities in the accessibility of required infrastructure and in some states the situation is pathetic despite various government initiatives.

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MyLyceumTechLearn - A Learning Management System for the Lyceum of the Philippines University:  An Instructional Aid for Teachers Roselie B. Alday roselie_alday@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines University - Batangas City Philippines 6:41 – 7:00 August 18 -Ballrom B The main function of the Learning Management System (LMS) is to extend the instructional time of the teachers in a way that lectures and other instructional materials, hand-outs and presentations be provided to students even if the students are outside the classroom or even at home, provided that they have computers with internet access. The initial features of the LMS provide access to faculty members and students as authorized users, give access to teachers to post lectures, assignments and others to be accessed by the students. MyLyceumTechLearn has been integrated in the Lyceum of the Philippines University– Batangas webpage as a major link that can be accessed only if the student is officially enrolled in the subjects designed to deliver the LMS way or the student is an authorized user. Since the IVLE is a product of webpage development, the techniques followed the principles of user-friendliness and easy access for the users.

Psychological Function of Religious Practices Hossein Yousofi hoseinyosofi@yahoo.com University of Mazandaran Islamic Republic of Iran 7:01 – 7:20 August 18-Ballrom B There are different sorts of disorder in human life. Some disorders take place directly in the human body which some disorders happen in the soul that is why we are not able to classify them as physical phenomena. The link between bodily health and spiritual health due to religious involvement by a committed person is a general accepted fact and finds a significant favor among the scholars. Avicenna, a great muslim philosopher and physician, admitted and defended the relation between physical and mental health. The aim of this paper is to deal with the relationship between human bodily-mental health and religious involvement. An argument and detailed explanation is given on why and how religious involvement by a committed person will warrant human mental and bodily health. This paper while presuming that all world religions are in common in this regard but is limited to Islamic perspective. It will be articulated on the basis of Islamic teachings that praying as a first value advice in Quranic verses and other religious practices play an effective role to warrant human health.

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College Faculty’s Skills in Facilitating Student Learning: A Framework for Faculty Enhancement Maria Nancy Q. Cadosales marianancy_qc@yahoo.com La Salle University - Ozamiz Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 18 – Ballroom C This study evaluates the college probationary faculty’s skills in facilitating student learning. They come from the seven colleges and one school of La Salle University, Ozamiz City for the first semester of the academic year 2008-2009. A framework for faculty enhancement was designed based on the findings of the study. The present study reveals that the faculty across the seven colleges and one school show very satisfactory mastery of the topics they teach. Moreover, the findings reveal that the students rated the college faculty very satisfactory in the way the faculty asks good questions that develop their critical thinking, discusses how lesson can be applied to their practical life situation and experiences, utilizes instructional time productively, and teach clearly with a voice loud enough to hear by everyone. However, there is a need for enhancement trainings and seminars for the college faculty especially on variety of teaching techniques and strategies to make the lessons more interesting and challenging, and using instructional materials and audio-visual aids. When grouped according to colleges, it was found that the College of Education was the only college whose faculty was rated outstanding.

Assessing An Asian University’s Organizational Effectiveness Using the Malcolm Baldridge Model Flora V. Javier flora.v.javier@gmail.com Lyceum of the Philippines University - Batangas City Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 18 – Ballroom C

The study assessed the organizational effectiveness of LPU using the Malcolm Baldridge Assessment Instrument which defines organizational effectiveness in terms of seven categories, namely: leadership, strategic planning, customer and market focus, measurement, analysis and knowledge management, human resource focus, process management and business results. The study employed the descriptive survey method, where 37 department heads, 28 admin personnel and 59 faculty members served as respondents. The study revealed that both leaders and subordinates agreed that LPU is making progress in terms of the seven categories. The leaders and subordinates had congruent perceptions on the organizational effect leaders of LPU when tested by individual criteria, the leaders were found to have higher perceptions in the areas of employees’ knowledge of the school’s mission and vision and who their important customers are and in soliciting subordinates when planning. Enhancement measures were proposed in the area of process management, measurement, analysis and knowledge management.

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LCCB as a Professional Learning Community (PLC) in the Eyes of the Faculty Margarita P. Infante margeinfante2005@yahoo.com.ph 09394294532 La Consolacion College - Bacolod Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 18 – Ballroom C This study aimed to assess, through the perceptions of its faculty, the practices of La Consolacion College Bacolod (LCCB) relating to professional learning communities (PLC). Ninety-two faculty responded to the 52-item standardized instrument “Professional Learning Community Assessment-Revised” developed by Dr. Diane Olivier of the University of Louisiana measured perceptions towards the practice of the six dimensions of PLC. Results revealed that teachers positively perceive and agree that LCCB is a professional learning community by virtue of the evident practices of the PLC dimensions. Of the six dimensions, ‘collective learning and application’ ranked first, while ‘shared and supportive leadership’ was ranked the lowest. The perceptions of the teachers significantly vary, indicating that teaching classification, teaching experience, and affiliation in the program has an influence on how a teacher recognizes various institutional practices. The more those teachers are involved in practices of the College, the more likely they are to impress positive perception. The study concluded that LCCB is a legitimate professional learning community from the eyes of its teachers and affirmed the finding of a previous related study that a shared and supportive leadership continues to be a need and demand by the faculty of the College.

Canonical Correlation Analysis of Student Perception on Instructional Quality and Satisfaction Henry C. Encabo hencabo@yahoo.com Brokenshire College Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 18 – Ballroom C The study models student perceptions on instructional quality and student satisfaction using canonical correlation analysis. Data from two survey occasions were modeled to assess the strength and relative consistency of the instructional quality variables in predicting student satisfaction. Results show that student’s perception on the adequacy, usefulness, accessibility, safety and convenience of the learning facilities and their perception on the faculty teaching strategies and subject matter knowledge are the most influential factors of student satisfaction. Canonical functions and cross-loadings derived from the data sets show similar pattern or trend which is taken to indicate consistency of the models. The implication of the findings to managing student satisfaction among higher education institutions is briefly discussed.

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Adaptability of the Skills Training and Technology Transfer Programs of the Extension Services Office Marciana P. de Vera marcianadevera@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 18 – Ballroom C The study determined the adaptability of the different skills training and technology transfer programs of the Extension Services Office, University of Northern Philippines in the Province of Ilocos Sur. The respondents of the study are the clients of the different communities where programs and projects of the UNP Extension Services Office were implemented. The study used the descriptive survey and interview method of research. There is an increase on the level of productivity of the different skills training and technology transfer program. Through the different skills training and technology transfer program, a total of 1,626 clientele were benefitted; 1,865 participants rendered 550 days of service. There were also 56 communities assisted after the conduct of the skills training program. The different skills training and technology transfer produced employment and livelihood projects. As part of the institutional support, there is a separate Extension Services Office in the university, with vehicles, full time extensionists, extension specialists and coordinators.

State-of-the-Art: Personnel Performance Evaluation of La Consolacion College – Bacolod Rodjun B. Navarro La Consolacion College – Bacolod Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 18 – Ballroom C This paper is a brief report on evaluation of personnel evaluation system that provides data-driven suggestions for improving personnel evaluation. From the perspectives of the personnel, it sought to determine whether the current system adheres with or observes generally accepted principles in personnel performance evaluation. It also determined the issues and concerns from the perspectives of the personnel themselves and get their recommendations as to how the system can be improved. Results reveal that the personnel evaluation system is adherent to the generally accepted principles in personnel performance evaluation. However, there is a need to address deficiencies which can be done through the development of an evaluation manual. It is important that the school must consider the participation of all sectors in the process. In such a way the sense of ownership is being developed. Limitations in the current personnel evaluation systems must be kept in mind as future improvements and changes are made. Results can be used as guide in the design of a new approach to faculty evaluation for the institution. Moreover, it also describes an experience of evaluation that could be useful to investigators elsewhere.

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Student Organizations of LPU: Assessing their Performance Towards the Attainment of Institutional Goals Reynalda B. Garcia rbgreslb@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines University – Batangas Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 18 – Ballroom C This study assessed the performance of student organizations of the Lyceum of the Philippines University in terms of organization’s objectives, operations, and outputs/achievements, and determined how student organizations contributed to the development of the institutional goals. Participants of study were the active members and the advisers of all recognized student organizations for the school year 2006-2010. The research used the descriptive method of research with triangular approach where empirical data were supported with qualitative analysis and interviews with student organization members and advisers. The data were treated using weighted mean, ranking and t-test. Results revealed that LPU student organizations provide activities which contribute to the academic, socio-cultural, cognitive and personal development of the students, thus, student organizations play an important role in attaining the identified institutional goals. A student organization development program is proposed which focused on the organizational needs and assessment to help realize institutional goals.

Graduate Students’ Conceptions of Statistical Inference Liza Lorena C. Jala azilanerol@yahoo.com University of Cebu Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 18 – Ballroom C In the Philippines, graduate education programs in non-statistical disciplines require statistics and research methodology courses, which aim to equip graduate students with the knowledge and skills needed for the applications of statistical tools particularly in thesis or dissertation work. In this paper, graduate students’ conceptions of basic ideas and processes of statistical inference were assessed using pre-post classroom self-assessments, interview, examination of students’ work samples, classroom observations, and a modified adaptation of a researcher-made Statistical Literacy Assessment Scale. The results revealed several common misconceptions on the concept of sampling and sample representativeness, parameter estimation and in making inferences based on sample data. Based on these findings, an instructional module anchored on constructivist learning will be developed to deepen graduate students’ conceptual understanding of statistical inference.

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Singapore Experience of the HRM and Tourism Students of Lyceum of the Philippines University in the Context of Cross Cultural Orientation Initiatives Sevilla S. Felicen sevillafelicen@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines University – Batangas Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 18 – Ballroom C This study aimed to determine the cross-cultural awareness of hotel and restaurant management and tourism students in Singapore”. Specifically, level of cross-cultural orientation of the SIAP participants in terms of customs and tradition, language and tourism and hospitality industry practices; the significant relationship between the profile of the respondents and their level of cross-cultural orientation and the programs that may be implemented to increase the level of cross-cultural orientation among future SIAP participants. This study also aimed to determine the experiences and challenges met by the HRM and Tourism student in Singapore because this will be helpful for the college in developing various programs and interventions for the students’ preparation in the program. The descriptive method of research was used in the study. Instruments like questionnaire and interview were further utilized in gathering the primary data. The data gathered were statistically treated using the percentage, weighted mean and the eta-squared.The result revealed that most of the respondents have equal chances of being placed in an Student Internship Abroad Program (SIAP) exposure regardless of the selected profile variables. They have adequate level of cross cultural awareness to the customs and traditions and values however, they are willing to adjust specifically in their ability to use English language in speaking and communicating with Singaporeans.

Integration of Gender Sensitivity and Health Care Response to Victims of Violence Against Women (VAW) Dennis B. Coronel denniscoronel40@gmail.com University of the Philippines – Davao 2:31 – 2:50 August 18 – Ballroom C This qualitative descriptive study examines the curriculum content of selected nursing schools in Northern Mindanao with regard to the integration of gender sensitivity and health care response to victims of violence against women (VAW) in the training and formation of future health care providers. The results of the study revealed that gender sensitivity and health care response to victims of violence against women were covered and integrated in the course content of the curricula. Psychiatric nursing, pediatrics, maternity nursing, adult health, community health nursing, and gerontological nursing were reported as areas of instruction where these topics were integrated. It was also revealed that while issues of health care response to victims of violence against women were well taken up in terms of scope. The curricular content did not adequately address the issues on gender and health care response to victims of VAW. In conclusion, the inclusion of issues on gender sensitivity and health care response to victims of violence against women in the nursing curricula does not necessarily guarantee the full inculcation and development of such essential nursing attributes, skills and attitudes deemed essential to better respond to such health problem situations. The quality of institutional mechanisms directed towards faculty development, particularly on the pursuit of graduate studies and attendance in seminars and trainings that are relevant to the faculty members’ field of specialization, has a major impact on the standard and quality of classroom instruction. Access to skills training and updated information, such as that on gender sensitivity and VAW, is found to be dependent upon the support and endorsement of the institution. Lastly, central to the inadequacy of content and degree of integration of these topics is the lack of access to trainings for its faculty members on such pertinent issues, as well as a more systematic strategy for curriculum development.

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Comparative Study on Textual Space of Journal Articles’ Abstracts Djuwari djuwari@perbanas.ac.id STIE Perbanas Surabaya Indonesia 6:00 – 6:20 August 18 – Ballroom C It is common that every publication of journal has its own in-house-style of writing, and therefore, it determines its specificity, including especially the specific textual space of abstract writing. In addition, an abstract of any journal article is considered the most important part of the whole article itself because it can lead the readers to foresee what the article is about. This paper attempts to explore the textual space of the abstracts of journal articles. By doing so, it can also reveal the specificity of abstracts writing of different research journals. This study is comparative study and qualitative in nature. The abstracts used as the sample cover two journals: one is Ventura, the journal of economics, business, and accountancy, published by STIE Perbanas Surabaya and the other is Liceo journal of higher education, published by Liceo de Cagayan University. Using the textual space as an instrument, this study is supposed to explore how the moves of abstracts of the two journals are structured. The results are intended to provide some information about the textual spaces of the abstracts and therefore the specificity of the journals are revealed.

Women’s Political Participation in the Province of Batangas Ma. Rosario B. Tamayo chery_tamayo@yahoo.com.ph Lyceum of the Philippines University- Batangas Philippines 6:21-6:40 August 18 – Ballroom C The study focused on women’s participation in electoral politics in the province of Batangas, their priority programs, the factors that impede their participation, and the platform for action that Lyceum of the Philippines University Batangas can propose to help improve or increase women’s political participation in the province. Descriptive-correlational method was employed utilizing convenient sampling. Survey questionnaire and interview was utilized in data gathering. Respondents of the study are women politicians who won in the 2007 local election. Findings revealed that majority of women politician’s priority is health. They were recruited by political parties and their political experience is by being councilors in their respective areas. They believe that support of the community, family and personality are the factors for winning. Lack of financial resources and the type of electoral system as well as the lack of quota reservations are the socio-economic factors that impede women’s participation. On the other hand, the cultural and institutional factors include lack of party support including money and other resources and the lack of coordination and support from women’s organization and other NGO’s, how women are portrayed in media is believe to be the ideological and psychological factors that impede women’s participation in politics.

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Factors Related to Students’ Perception of and Performance in Information Technology Subject at John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University – Molo Tito Cyrus J. Bosque tcjb@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Maritime University – Molo Philippines 6:41 – 7:00 August 18 – Ballroom C This descriptive study ascertained factors related to students’ perception on and performance in Information Technology at John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University- Molo, Iloilo City. The respondents of this study were the 111 irregular third year students taking Information Technology as an elective subject, who were classified as to high school of origin, entrance test results, grades in Math and grades in English, and laboratory grades in IT subject. The data used in this study were gathered through the use of a 20-item researcher made perception checklist, and the students’ records from the registrar. The mean (X) and the standard deviation (SD) were used for descriptive statistics. The t- test for independent sample was used to determine the significant differences between variables with two-level categories such as high school of origin.

DDPKAROMA Ecotourism Value Chain Analysis Paterno Sarol Baguinat III Jose Rizal Memorial State University Philippines 7:01 – 7:20 August 18 – Ballroom C

Ecotourism sustainability has become an important part of government plans and policies. Its contribution to the socio-economic growth and development is recognized to have brought prosperity and higher standards of living to people. This study analyzed the ecotourism value chain in DDPKaRoMa Growth Corridor utilizing the tourism value chain model of Gollub (2004). Percentage and weighted mean were used to determine the rate of tourist inflow. SWOT analysis, FGDs and mapping workshops were conducted to obtain needed information from government offices and private entities As a result, constraints and opportunities of the chains were identified, critical entry points for equitable intervention design and actions were recognized and understanding of the chain linkages and functions were generated. Analysis of tourism circuits showcase ecotourism products and services of the Corridor around a specific interest known as the eight themes identified for the purpose of developing DDPKaRoMa ecotourism packages. It is recommended that promotion and marketing of ecotourism products and services, capacity building and improvement of the skills of tourism service providers and frontline workers all throughout the chain be given utmost priority so as to attain ecotourism sustainability in this part of Mindanao.

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Feasibility and Desirability of an Agri-Aqua Tech Secondary Laboratory School in Binuni, Bacolod, Lanao del Norte Daryl S. Quinco La Salle University – Ozamis Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 18 – Kamagong Hall Field study was done to determine whether the proposed agri-aqua technology secondary laboratory school in Binuni, Bacolod, Lanao del Norte will be acceptable to the residents in terms of an alternative secondary education for their children. The study is also conducted in order to determine whether the income derived by the proposed project be enough to cover the necessary expenses and capital investments required to realize the project. The study revealed that the proposed project is acceptable to the residents in terms of their willingness to send their children to the facility for their secondary education. The survey also showed that sixty percent (60%)of the respondents can only pay as much as P100.00 per month as tuition for their children’s education. The result of the financial computation revealed that in order for the school to be operationally feasible, scholarship grants, and donations should be tapped. With the university’s resources and existing manpower, this study can be made possible in order to realize the vision of the school to make the LaSallian education accessible and available to the youth especially the poor and at risk.

The Batangas Province Tourism Industry: Basis for Improved Tourism Program Angelie Marie L. Vizconde angelvizconde@yahoo.com.ph Lyceum of the Philippines University - Batangas City Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 18 – Kamagong Hall This study focuses on the different tourist destinations in the Province of Batangas visited by local and foreign tourists. It further looked into the facilities, services offered by these tourist destinations and how they affect the influx of tourism industry in general. Likewise, it determines the socio-cultural and economic development of the province in particular. This study used the descriptive research design. Respondents were local and foreign tourists who visited destinations in the province of Batangas. A selfmade questionnaire and interviews were used as the basic tool of investigation. The study revealed that the most frequently visited attraction is beach resort for it is a venue for diving and aqua sports activity. Majority of the local and foreign tourists who visited Batangas are male. Batangas is visited due to the affordability of the tourist attractions and destinations including the amenities offered. Local and foreign tourists were satisfied in visiting beaches mainly due to the warm accommodation of the Filipino staff and personnel.

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Prepaid College Education Plan: An Alternative Leverage For HEI’S to Finance the Needed Infrastructure Raymundo C. Dolor La Salle University – Ozamis Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 18 – Kamagong Hall

The study was on the possibility of issuing a prepaid college educational plan to the parents of students enrolled in the Integrated School of La Salle University and the financial viability of using the cash generated from it to finance the needed infrastructure of LSU. Results showed that the said plan is desired by 117 parents of LSU-IS and that it will generate cash of approximately P4.9M a year and approximately P23M in 5 years which is enough to finance the needed future infrastructure.

Corporate Citizenship and Governance Practices in Holy Name University, Tagbilaran City, Bohol Ernesto O. Golosino ernesto_hnu@yahoo.com Holy Name University Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 18 – Kamagong Hall The school is widely viewed as one of the major institutions in society. It assumes a socially responsible role for itself that has given rise to two competing paradigms, corporate citizenship and governance. Corporate Citizenship (CC) has become indispensable in modern business discourse; yet identifying and defining what Corporate Citizenship (CC) means is open to questions. The concept looks beyond self –interest and recognize that an institution belongs to a larger group that expects its responsible participation. Governance on the other hand serves as in important mechanism to ensure continued growth and accountability for organizational resources and strategy. This study sought to present the theoretical and empirical analyses of the diverse applications of the concepts in a school setting. A review of the Corporate Citizenship and governance literature provides the backdrop to develop an integrative framework that highlights the various steps of the Corporate Citizenship and governance design and implementation process. This study presents a model of how corporate citizenship and governance principles can be integrated in the overall operations of the school to ensure that all its stakeholders can aligned their efforts with the institution’s stated strategic direction.

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The Living Conditions of College Students in Boarding Houses and Dormitories in Davao City Ruel A. Brillantes patwel_18@yahoo.com Holy Cross of Davao College Philippines 2:51 -3:10 August 18 – Kamagong Hall The assessment of the conditions of student-boarders or dormers in Davao City is a significant effort to promote policies and guidelines that will address the growing concerns of students living in boarding houses or dormitories. The physical and environmental attributes of these temporary shelters influence the holistic well-being of the students. Data elicited through survey involving respondents and focused group discussions among selected groups of student-renters/boarders reveal that the stay of a student in a boarding house/ dormitory has significant contributions to his/her personal, social, academic and emotional growth, but has nothing to do with the development of his/her spirituality. Results demonstrate further, that they have recognized their boarding houses/ dormitories possessing good basic housing facilities. However, the respondents felt the deficiency in the provisions of safety and security facilities especially on fire escapes or exits and fire extinguisher. This manifests that most operators have violated some requirements set under the Building Code of the Philippines.

Customer’s Awareness and Satisfaction of Services in an Archdiocesan Institution Danilo L. Mejica danilomejica@rocketmail.com Holy Cross of Davao College Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 18 – Kamagong Hall Anchored on the premise that institutional evaluation is essential and presenting the outcome is vital for organizational operation and enhancement, this study was conducted to provide input for institutional decision-making to enhance services for its clientele. The focus of assessment is the archdiocesan institution of Davao city, the Holy Cross of Davao College, Inc. Using a descriptive-evaluative design through a constructed questionnaire, observations of 1,446 respondents involving the Board of Trustees, administrators, academic and non-academic personnel, students, parents, and alumni were gathered, collated and interpreted. Observations expressed full knowledge and high level of satisfaction on the program for spiritual growth, measures for the physically-challenged, ease in processing transactions, availability of instructional aids, transport services, food services, parking areas, access to Learning Resource Center, programs for socialization, and functional use of facilities. Services to be put in place or needing enhancement are wellness program for personnel; waste disposal management; safety and security measures; professional advancement for personnel; professional mentoring and coaching; academic mentoring of students; and maintenance and repair of facilities. The assessment provided an opportunity for the whole institution to assess its relationship with its clientele and stakeholders.

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Gleaning, Drying and Marketing Practices of Sea Cucumber in Davao del Sur Milagros C. Subaldo msubaldo@yahoo.com Southern Philippines Agri-Business and Marine Aquatic School of Technology Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 18 – Kamagong Hall Gleaning, drying and marketing practices of sea cucumber in Davao del Sur was conducted to document the local practices, common species gathered and to identify problems along with the adopted practices. Results disclosed that gleaning was done by skin diving with the use of air compressor or hand picking in intertidal reef flats during low tide. Species usually gathered includes Stichopus horrens, Holuthuria scabra, Stichopus hermani, Thelonota anax, Holothuria fuscolgiva, Holothuria fuscopunctata, Bohadschia marmorata and Holothuria whitmaei. Drying process for beche-de-mer production includes washing, evisceration, washing, boiling, soaking in brine solution, smoke drying and sun drying. However, soaking in brine solution was practiced only by processors in the 1st District of the province purposely to extend its shelf-life. Selling was done in “all-in” basis, cash upon delivery and buyers were the one dictating the market price. Flows of dried sea cucumber from processors were through wholesalers coming from Digos City and Davao City and shipped to Manila and Korean markets. Problems identified along with the adopted practices were non-selection as to size utilized for consumption or for sale. Also, problems on poor drying practices, packaging materials used non-utilization of entrails and disposal of waste.

Community Adoption on Research-based Technologies of the University of Northern Philippines Manuel A. Bajet Jr. manuelbajet@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 18 – Kamagong Hall Research-based technologies were designed and extended to several communities in the province of Ilocos Sur, for utilization and technology transfer to farmer co-operators. Most of the technologies generated especially on machines were geared towards the advocacy on organic farming. Also, there is a strong support of the university in the implementation of R.A.100681 an act providing development and promotion of organic agriculture in the Philippines. Technology transfer were facilitated to several communities in the province of Ilocos Sur. A total of 325 farmers benefited and adopted the technologies. Organic fertilizers produced by farmers were utilized in their respective farms and another source of livelihood to some where they go into mass production of organic fertilizers and were sold in local market. Further, the adoption of technologies by farmers gained strong support from Local Government Units (LGU) from the provincial level to barangay level, the Provincial Agriculture Office, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and non-government organizations. The utilization of research-based technologies generally helped farmers in improving their productivity in yield and in income. Also, there is an effort towards the protection of the environment and reviving soil fertility.

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BISU Main Campus Electrical Energy Consumption: Basis for Improvement Teofanes V. Sarabosing Bohol Island State University Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 18 – Kamagong Hall

This research aims to assess the status of the electrical power system of the university as well as determine the perceptions of the electrical experts on the satisfaction rating of the school’s electrical system. The research used the descriptive survey using documentary analysis, observation and survey questionnaire. There were 8 respondents. Results showed that the overall rating of BISU Main Campus electrical system was fair. This means that there are still aspects that need to be improved such as the implementation of a maintenance program and the hiring of maintenance personnel. The researchers recommend that there must be an approved program for the maintenance of the BISU Main Campus electrical system and its personnel. The personnel should not be the instructors themselves but designated electrical technologists must be hired. Furthermore, there should be a periodic inspection so that defects may be detected and given remedies the earliest time possible to avoid accidents. There should also be fund allotment that should be imposed for the maintenance and personnel.

Students’ Performance and Satisfaction with the Cisco Academy Networking Program: Basis for a Proposed Pedagogical Action in Blended Learning Evelyn Z. Red researchlybat@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines University - Batangas Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 18 – Kamagong Hall Staying competitive in the IT field is a challenge. The use of IT certification programs carries a number of vital issues and implications for higher educational institutions, teachers, administrators, students, and the IT industry; hence, there is a compelling need to collect and share IT certification program data to facilitate comparative analysis across HEIs that are using certification programs. This study presents a summary of key findings among the Bachelor of Science in Computer Science (BSCS) students in the Lyceum of the Philippines University Batangas’ performance and satisfaction level in Computer Networking 1, the first course in the four-course certification program. It used the descriptive method of research. Respondents of the study were the 71 BSCS second year students who took the course during the Second Semester of SY 2009-2010. Frequency distribution, Pearson r and weighted mean were used for data analysis. The performance and level of satisfaction of the students in Computer Networking addressed their learning experiences and showed an evidence of the pedagogical richness of the program and the contribution of the Computer Networking 1 teacher. In conclusion, the course actively engaged the students in the learning process and provided a clear understanding of the subject matter.

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Growth Performance of Dipterocarps after 11 Years of Domestication: Rainforestation Experience in Tropical Karstlands Rumila C. Bullecer mslling@yahoo.com Bohol Island State University Philippines 6:21-6:40 August 18 – Kamagong Hall Today, there is an urgent call for intensifying ecosystem rehabilitation efforts through sustainable measures like restoring the forest cover using native species. Sixteen (16) dipterocarp species are found so far to be endemic to Bohol. Some of these endemic dipterocarps were domesticated in 1998-1999 in 2- ha land. The site had an elevation of 350 meters ASL, rolling topography, karstic, very shallow soils. This research and development effort mainly aimed to determine the domestication potentials of some indigenous timbers in degraded karst lands. The survival, height, diameter, vigor and phylogeny of the planted species were periodically measured / monitored for a decade now. The dipterocarps originally planted were white lauan, narig, mayapis, quisumbing guisok, guisok-guisok, manggasinoro, bagtikan, and tanguile. During the last 3 years, mangachapui, yakal-malibato and palosapis were enriched in the area. The report focuses on the performance of the original dipterocarps established in the area although the performance of the latter is briefly cited. The organic matter accumulation has also been monitored. All species survived with narig showing the best adaptation during summer or months of low moisture. White lauan exhibits the highest diameter and height growth. This was followed by bagtikan and mayapis.

Acceptability of Mabolo”Diospyrus blancoi” Cake: Basis for a Proposed Technology Package Regucivilla A. Pobar regupobar@gmail.com Bohol Island State University Philippines 6:41 – 7:00 August 18 – Kamagong Hall This study ventured to produce cakes with Mabolo fruit as main ingredient. Mabolo fruit was used because many do not like to eat it due to its strong unpleasant cheese-like odor. The study determined the acceptability of the three treatments of Mabolo Cake. These three treatments are the T0 or Plain Mabolo Cake, T1 - Mabolo Cake with Cinnamon and Raisins and T2- Mabolo Cake with Molasses. The three treatments underwent evaluation as to its appearance, texture, color, taste and overall liking. The study used experimental and descriptive survey methods and used ANOVA as statistical treatment. A total of twenty panelists evaluated the Mabolo Cakes. The findings showed that Mabolo cake with Molasses ranked first in appearance liking, while Plain Mabolo Cake topped in texture, odor, taste and overall liking. The study concluded that Mabolo fruit can be eaten even if it has unpleasant odor as long as it is processed and used as flavoring or ingredients in cakes. Cake can be made more nutritious with the addition of other flavorings like mabolo, cinnamon and raisins and molasses. Mabolo cake is generally acceptable.

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Growth Response of Bago (Gnetum Gnemon) Cuttings to Various Rooting Agents Rumila C. Bullecer mslling@yahoo.com Bohol Island State University Philippines 7:01 – 7:20 August 18 – Kamagong Hall Domestication of forest-based floral resources like Gnetum gnemon, with young leaves and immature flowers are popularly eaten, promote ex-situ conservation of the species. G. gnemon is an excellent source of Vitamins A and C. However, the species remain largely forest-based and unresponsive to natural cutting propagation. The seeds remain dormant for 5 months to 1 year. This study determined the growth response of bago cuttings soaked for an hour in the following rooting agents : ANAA (1 tbsp/li of water); IBA (500 ppm); pure coconut water and plain tap water. Results showed T-2 (ANAA) and T4 seedlings (control) had the highest survival of 75% and 67% respectively. On leaf production, T4 (control) was significantly higher than the other treatments. Treatment 1 (IBA) produced the highest average number of roots. The study concluded that bago or Gnetum gnemon can be successfully propagated through cuttings with the use of rooting enhancers. However, care should be taken in the selection of the cuttings. Highest survival was observed with the greenish cuttings containing only a few brownish pigmentation and containing two nodes. Mortality was higher in the more mature or too young cuttings and those with one node only.

The Metacognitive Correlates of Students’ Biological Sciences Performance for an Improved Science Instruction Prose Ivy L. Yepes pilg_yepes@yahoo.com Southern Leyte State University Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 18-Molave Hall This study assessed the biological science performance and its metacognitive correlates among freshman college students of Southern Leyte State University. The students’ performance is believed to be influenced by their learning styles; reading strategies; and their problem solving meta-levels. Students’ performance is likewise thought to be affected by the teacher’s teaching styles and the matching between the teacher’s teaching and students’ learning styles. The students’ performance in biological science, their learning styles, reading strategies, and their problem solving meta-levels were analyzed employing a quantitative method of research. The instructor’s teaching styles were also treated using such method to determine whether the teaching styles matched with the learning styles. On the average, the respondents manifested a generally low performance in biological sciences particularly in comprehension, critical thinking and problem-solving skills, which were significantly affected by their sensing/intuitive and sequential/global learning style preferences; their problem solving meta-level processes; and the moderately matched teaching styles and learning styles. The study concluded that the biological science students’ performance is a function of learning style preferences, and their problem solving meta-level processes. Moreover, students’ performance is greatly affected when there are mismatches in the teaching and learning styles.

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The Mediating Effects of Graduate Faculty Habits of Mind on Core-Self Evaluations and Adult Learning Perspectives: Implications to Graduate School Teaching Ma. Florecilla C. Cinches fcinches@liceo.edu.ph m.cinches@y7mail.com Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 18-Molave Hall The intricacies of teaching-learning situations in graduate education are complex and unpredictable owing to the dynamics of adult learners pursuing graduate studies. Most of the graduate students are full-time professionals who come for classes on weekends and who are into juggling their jobs, family responsibilities with the demands of school. Adult learning literatures suggest that adult learners in graduate schools need teachers who could both address the diversity of students’ multi-faceted roles and maximize the richness of their life experiences as learning resources. This paper discusses the influence of the graduate faculty’s habits of mind on their core self-evaluations and adult learning practices. The study sampled forty-one graduate professors from three non-sectarian universities in Northern Philippines. Using Baron and Kenny’s (1986) Mediating Model, the study reveals that habits of mind mediated the relationship between how the faculty regard self (core self-evaluations) and how they view their adult learning practices. The study concludes that habits of mind play a central role in the instructional decisions of the graduate school faculty in facilitating learning. Theoretical implications of the study are drawn for the population involved in the study.

Meta-Evaluation of Faculty Performance Evaluation Tools in SUCs in Leyte Provinces Francis Ann R. Sy farsybeauty@yahoo.com Southern Leyte State University Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 18 -Molave Hall Any institutions like academic need to regularly examine the performance of their faculty not only to make certain that students are getting the most excellent learning but also to meet the quality of education the school desires. Relative to the success of the evaluation process is the evaluation tool itself. It was the purpose of this research to deal with the commonalities and differences of the evaluation tools of SUCs in region 8 in Leyte Provinces, to assess the evaluation tools against the standard of Stufflebeam, and to determine the extent of faculty’s support to the items of the different tools. The study utilized the meta-evaluation method as well as the focus group discussion, interviews and site visits to support the quantitative findings. The results led to conclusion that the performance evaluation tools have commonalities and differences unique to their respective institutional goals. Though, despite those differences, their evaluation tools passed the criteria of Stufflebeam. Based on that theory, majority of the SUCs in Leyte Provinces falls short on the involvement of the faculty in the formulation of the tool, thereby causing problems which the study finds solution to come up of a valid and reliable prototype faculty evaluation tool.

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Perceptions of Secondary School Teachers on the Utilization of Educational Technology Vicpher D. Garnada vdgarnada@yahoo.com J.H. Cerilles State College Philippines 2:31- 2:50 August 18-Molave Hall The study investigated the perceptions of public and private secondary school teachers in selected municipalities of Zamboanga del Sur Province, Mindanao, Philippines on the utilization of educational technology. The descriptive research design is used in which questionnaire was employed as main instrument in gathering data from the 132 public and 34 private secondary school teachers. The study revealed that majority of the respondents was female and more or less 31 years of age. Most of them were taking masters; Makabayan had a great share as to their area of concentration. Nearly everyone was neophytes with permanent status in the service and attended 1 to 3 times on trainings/seminars in educational technology. The public secondary teachers mostly utilized television, DVD player and radio/ cassette tape player, while majority of the private secondary teachers utilized computer with internet connection, computer printer and DVD player. The teachers both in public and private secondary schools perceived that they rarely used educational technology in their teaching. This also leads to their uncertain disposition towards the role of educational technology in the teaching-learning process. The perceptions between the two groups of respondents on the utilization of education technology revealed to have no significant difference.

MTB-MLE: An Approach in the Teaching of Literature in the Tertiary Level Rommel V. Tabula rommeltabula@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 18-Molave Hall This experimental descriptive-correlation study determines the effectiveness of the Ilocano language as a medium of instruction in the teaching of Philippine Literature to tertiary students whose native language is Ilocano. The study also looked into the academic performance of students in the three learning domains: cognitive, affective, and psychomotor. This study involved fifty (50) first year Accountancy students of the University of Northern Philippines who were enrolled in Philippine Literature during the Second Semester of the Academic Year 2010-2011. It utilized pretest-posttest control group design. The study employed frequency and percentages, weighted mean, Pearson r, t-test, and two-way analysis of variance. In the conduct of the study, the experimental group used only literary masterpieces written in Ilocano or literary texts translated from English to Ilocano with Ilocano as MOI, while the control group used literary pieces in English with English as MOI. For control purposes, there was only one instructor for both groups, one who is multilingual that can skillfully speak the Ilocano language and creatively write grammatically correct Ilocano sentences. Problem statements and hypotheses were anchored on the several assumptions on Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE), the study of language in descriptive linguistics and the psychology of learning.

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Waste Management of Simirara Coal Producer in the Philippines: Influence Towards Teaching Marine Pollution at the Maritime University, Philippines Miguel G. Gayo Jr. Miguel.gayo@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Maritime University – Molo Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 18 -Molave Hall The study determined the level of environmental awareness among the residents at the Simirara Island at the Municipality of Caluya, Antique, Philippines. The researchers attempted to ascertain the influence of waste management awareness and practices towards teaching marine pollution at the maritime university (JBLFMU-Molo) in the Philippines. The researchers employed descriptive design by using survey, interview, and narratives of the professional researchers towards teaching marine pollution. Descriptive statistical tools were used in this study. Quantitative data were analyzed using the “Environmental Rating Scale” designed by the researchers. The data-gathering instrument was subjected to reliability and validity procedures by experts in research, statistics, instrumentation, and environment. Qualitative data were captured by using interviews and narratives by the professional instructors teaching marine pollution. Comments, suggestions, and remarks of the respondents regarding the environmental awareness and its influence towards teaching marine pollution were incorporated. Results revealed the waste management awareness of the residents of the municipality and its influence in teaching marine pollution at the maritime university. Qualitative information dwelt on the environmental awareness and its influence to the teaching of marine pollution and STCW.

Leadership Capability of Bachelor of Science in Public Administration in USEP-CGBE Mintal Campus Daisy M. Alburo daisyalbz@yahoo.com University of Southeastern Philippines Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 18 -Molave Hall This present study was pursued to measure the leadership capabilities of the Bachelor of Science in Public Administration in USEP-CGBE Mintal campus. With the 200 respondents, the study utilized Focus Group Discussion (FGD) for the formulation and the basis of the questionnaire and the survey questionnaire to gather relevant data which were analyzed using factor analysis. The following are the findings of the study; majority of the respondents in the study are female, ages 18 to 20 years old, catholic, college level, single, fourth year students, whose gross monthly family income is P5, 000.00- P10, 000.00, whose parent’s occupation are farmers, who have the number of siblings of 1 to 3, whose attended school/ university leadership training and a member of school/university organization. Study shows of the leadership capability of the BSPA students in terms of their openness for public critique, good motivator, risk taker, good communicator and values, is high. Study shows that the structure of the leadership capability of the BSPA students in USEP-CGBE have the good personal values fallowed by the good motivating skills, risk taker, good communicators, hard worker and sensitive to public opinion.

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Implementation of Transformative Learning Design in Environmental Science Course of De La Salle Lipa Marisol A. Laguardia colonelc4b@yahoo.com De La Salle Lipa Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 18 - Molave Hall This study determined the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in the implementation of transformative learning design in the Environmental Science course of De La Salle Lipa, Lipa City. Using research, the study used the SWOT Analysis. The strengths of transformative learning include: achievement of the three La Sallian attributes (ELGAs) such as critical thinker, excellent communicator and socially responsible citizen through holistic approach; final product/performance task which is the first “Environmental Concert for A Cause” became the basis of learning; and, teachers became creative, imaginative and experimental in design and implementation. In terms of weaknesses, the following were identified; time constraints for planning and practicing for the concert; size of the class; and, the rubrics or basis for grading the students were not uniform for all teachers. The following were the opportunities identified: link aging and networking with public and private sectors; more interesting teaching – learning strategies considering multiple intelligences and individual differences; and, profound information and research targets. The identified threats were: security and safety of students and teachers during field/ outdoor activities and concert due to lack of adult or teacher companions; and, resistance of parents and guardians in allowing students to participate in various activities.

Love and the Mentally Challenged: Unraveling the Affective Domain Roselle J. Ranario bkind2roselle@yahoo.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 18 -Molave Hall This study describes the affective domain on the psychology of emotion among mentally challenged male students as manifested by their love and attraction towards the opposite sex. Included in the study were the MCs in selected SPED Centers, aged 15 years and above, who were observed to have marked liking or attraction toward another person, be it in school or at home. The mentally challenged are also capable of loving, based physiologic, emotional behavior, and socio–emotional experience. However, respondents and experts believed that it is risky to allow mentally challenged individuals to marry due to the following reasons: the possibility that the MC can become pregnant; An MC will experience a trauma or psychological damage if she becomes pregnant or gives birth; the likelihood that the individual will voluntarily engage in sexual activity or be exposed to situations where sexual intercourse is imposed upon her; the inability of the MC to understand reproduction or contraception and the likely permanence of that inability and the ability of the MC to care for a child.

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Morphological Analysis of Gay’s Spoken Discourse Ariel B. Lunzaga abl.slsu.to@gmail.com Southern Leyte State University Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 18-Molave Hall The language of gays known as gayspeak has now earned respect from the community and observably been infused in the mainstream language of the society. Language is evolving and with its changing nature, existing language needs to be documented for posterity reasons. Gayspeak is not an exemption. It has to be analyzed especially its morphology. This study focused on the morphological analysis of the language of gays who were studying at SLSU-Tomas Oppus in SY 2009-2010. Specifically, it identified the common vocabulary of local gays and the corresponding meanings through a self-administered questionnaire and an informal conversation. Based from the information provided by 20 purposively selected college gays, it was learned that gay speak is simply an adaptation of the mainstream language like English, Filipino, and Cebuano. For purposes of shielding from the chasms of the heterosexuals, gays construct their language through simple reversal, syllabic reversal, simple reversal with affixation, clipping with affixation, straight words with affixation, and connotation through images. It was concluded that the spoken discourse of gays in the campus violates the rules of English grammar yet used by gays for purposes of expressing themselves in a way unrecognizable by the discriminating straight men in highly patriarchal society.

Competence of Instructors as Correlate to the Academic Performance of Students Melrose A. Sali-ot melrosesaliot@yahoo.com J.H. Cerilles State College Philippines 6:21-6:40 August 18 - Molave Hall This study determined the competencies of college instructors and their correlation to the academic performance of BEED students of WMSU-ESU in Region IX as basis for improving teaching-learning process. The study used the descriptive-survey method. The statistical tools used were the weighted mean, t-test, Z-test, and coefficient of correlation by Spearman’s formula. Results revealed that college instructors were much competent in terms of planning, teaching materials, instructional strategies and techniques, communication with the learners, learner reinforcement involvement, and professional standards. The BEED students were sometimes affected on the intellectual, physical, psychological, environmental, and teacher factors. On the extent of comparability between the responses of the two groups of respondents on the competencies of instructors, the most prevailing variable is communication with the learners. On the factors affecting the academic performance of students, the most prevailing variable is intellectual ability.

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Research Capability of State Educational Institutions: Its Relationship to their Faculty’s Involvement in Research Renato B. Salmingo chmsc_rds@yahoo.com Carlos Hilado Memorial State College Philippines 6:41 – 7:00 August 18 - Molave Hall This study ascertained the influence of faculty’s attitude and involvement in research on the research capability of state educational institutions (SEIs) in Western Visayas. Conducted in February 2002 among the 293 randomly selected faculty members of SEIs, this descriptive-correlational research utilized a researcher-made data-gathering instruments. Descriptive statistics employed were frequency counts, means, and standard deviations. Inferential statistics included the t-test for independent samples and Pearson’s r. Results show that the SEIs in Western Visayas were “slightly capable” of doing research and development activities. The faculty had “positive attitude” towards research and were “sometimes involved” in research activities. Significant differences were noted in the perception of research output: in their attitude towards research when grouped according to gender, teaching experience, research output, and management support, and in their involvement in research when grouped according to age, educational qualification, research outputs, and management support. Finally, the faculty’s perceptions of the research capability of SEIs and the faculty’s perception of the research capability of SEIs and the faculty’s attitude towards research were positively and significantly correlated.

Technical/Vocational Training Needs of Loon, Bohol Dominique M. Angel Bohol Island State University Philippines 7:01 – 7:20 August 18-Molave Hall

The study determined the Technical/Vocational training needs and available training facilities of the residents of Loon, Bohol. Specifically the study determined the technical/vocational training program that can be proposed to alleviate poverty in the municipality. This study used the descriptive-survey design and utilized the questionnaire as a tool for gathering data. The data were interpreted using the percentage of measurement, ranked and were presented using pie graph. The results showed that among the 11 technical/vocational training options, Food Technology was the respondents’ primary choice. The survey revealed that the most abundant training facilities available were also for the same trade. Based on the findings, the researchers concluded that the residents of Loon are more inclined to preparing and cooking food. Evidently, the highest percentage of available training facilities is also for Food Technology. They find this discipline significant to learn and they believe this could alleviate the economic crisis that they are currently suffering from. The researchers recommend that the Office of Extension Services ought to utilize the findings of the study for its Community Extension Program.

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Concurrent session papers (day 3) Cognitive Learning Strategies Among Teacher Education Students: Their Implications for Improving Classroom Practices Manolita N. Alvaro plubrica@yahoo.com Benguet State University Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 19 – Ballroom A The study was conducted with the goal of determining the cognitive learning strategies among CTE students and their implications to classroom teaching. A descriptive method of research was used to find the students’ perceptual modality preference for learning among students, cognitive learning strategies and factors which are significant predictors for determining their cognitive learning strategies. Results showed that diversity in the classroom exists, the students are visual and group learners. The preference of working in group and verbal learning makes the students learn better than learning independently. Students’ characteristics have influence in various aspects in the classroom practices. The study concluded that students’ characteristics such as gender, language spoken and ethnic origin are significant predictors in determining the level of preference of students in terms of cognitive learning strategies. A model was formulated for improving classroom practices in which the College of Teacher Education should operatein a multicultural perspective with regard to teacher education programs. The model includes a development framework for curriculum restructuring, teacher development and student development.

Students’ Insights and Experiences of On-the-Job-Training in the Workplace Mariza P. Manlagaylay dr_jmirasol@yahoo.com Bukidnon State University Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 19 – Ballroom A The study looked into the students’ on-the-job training insights and experiences in the workplace. It attempts to identify the learning skills that the students gained in the workplace. It determined how the workplace helped to develop the students’ learning skills. This qualitative research utilized data from the students’ narrative reports and journals. Results showed that there were 62 OJT students in 2006, 130 OJT’s in 2007 and 121 OJT’s in 2008. These OJTs were assigned to different agencies both in Malaybalay City and in the Province of Bukidnon. There 13 municipalities and 14 agencies in Malaybalay City where these OJTs were deployed. The students have good learning from their on-the-job-training. The learning skills were then categorized according to affective,cognitive, and psychomotor skills. The study also concluded that the workplace has helped develop the students’ learning skills through the programs that the agencies provided for them. Communication skills are very important in the workplace.

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Dialects, Beliefs and Practices of the Tinguians of Abra Digna Jocelyn L. Abaya jl_abaya@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines 2:11-2:30 August 19 – Ballroom A

This descriptive research identified the dialects, beliefs and practices of the Tinguians in Abra utilizing a questionnaire, interview and ethnography. Only 22speak the 11 Ethno linguistic dialects: Adasen, Balatok, Banao, Belwang, Binongan, Gobang,Inlaud, Mabaka, Maeng,Masadiit and Moyadan; while 14 municipalities speak the Inlaud dialect. Tani was the mode of marriage.The Danon was done on moonlight nights.The Sabong was discussed when the marriage was set. One is assigned for the Billite to all the relatives and friends when the marriage was set.The dead were not embalmed.Bagungon lasted only for three days. Somebody does the Beccaang to the relatives and friends about the death of a relative. Taradyo was collected. Tadek was danced during marriage and burial. Uggayam and Salidummay were chanted during death and danon. The dead were buried in the yards, under the houses or stairs. Balliwes was danced after the burial. Golgol was done a day after the burial. Today, Bagungon, Taradyo, Waksi and Tadek are still practiced.

Developmental Status Among School Heads in Selected Public Secondary Schools in Cordillera Administrative Region Percyveranda A. Lubrica plubrica@yahoo.com Benguet State University Philippines 2:31-2:50 August 19 – Ballroom A The study on the developmental status of school heads in selected public schools in the Cordillera Administrative Region using total enumeration of principals of secondary schools in public schools of Benguet and Ifugao. The data were collected by the use of a questionnaire. Results on the extent of application of knowledge and skills acquired by principals in school-based management was observed satisfactory indicating a need of support and guidance to principals and school heads in performing their functions in their respective school system. The school principals significantly differ in the extent of application of their knowledge and skills in school based management approaches. Student outcomes can be most powerfully impacted through improvements in curriculum and instruction, and school-based management efforts which failed to address these areas in public secondary schools. The study concluded that the school based management approaches are significant factors in affecting the development of performance standards of students and staff.

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Poverty’s Political Face: The Case of Pasil, Cebu City Rhoderick John S. Abellanosa rhoderickjohn_abellanosa@yahoo.com University of San Carlos, Philippines 3:11-3:30 August 19 – Ballroom A While much has been said about poverty particularly from a quantitative (economic) point of view, yet there is a compelling need to understand it from a qualitative and political perspective. Coming from the notions of Amartya Sen and Robert Chambers, on poverty as capability deprivation and absence of wellbeing, this study seeks to portray a political face of the poor’s condition. Beyond the usual depiction of the poor as living below the poverty line what kind of lives do they have in the much larger landscape of the structure of power relations? The study believes that beyond the views of poverty in mainstream social science, the poor’s portrayal and understanding of their own condition must be considered, to interrogate and eventually enrich some of its assumptions. Pasil is used as a case to provide an empirical illustration of the study. The village is located in Cebu City, a bigger proportion of which is a slum area. Methodologically, the study used qualitative data collection techniques such as Focus Group Discussion and Key Informant Interview; socio-political analysis and analyis of interview and discussion transcriptions are part of the interpretive process.

The Use of Bruner’s Modes of Representation in Teaching Second-degree Polynomials Jerr A. Cabahug jerhe_cabahug@yahoo.com University of Cebu Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 19 – Ballroom A In teaching mathematics, one of the common problems of teachers is how to teach unfamiliar and abstract concepts in a way that the students make sense of them. One of these ways is the use of the different teaching aids which are reflected in Bruner’s Theory. In his theory, Bruner argued that conceptual understanding could be enhanced if students are exposed to different representations of a concept. In particular, he identified three main types of representations: concrete, iconic, and symbolic. Bruner’s theory stipulates that all three modes can be utilized in introducing abstract concepts for students. Based on this theory, this paper discusses one possible set of activities in teaching the topic of factoring second-degree polynomials. In this set of activities, the students will be taught first to factor polynomials using algebraic tiles which constitutes concrete representation of the concept; followed by factoring polynomials using pictures as iconic representations; and lastly, the students will be taught on how to factor polynomials using algebraic patterns which are the symbolic representations.

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Trimestral Scheme of the Regular Graduate Programs of a Catholic HEI in Cebu City Victoria U. Sy marivic125@hotmail.com University of San Jose Recoletos Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 19 – Ballroom A The trimester based academic system is designed to provide greater flexibility in course offerings and availability. Furthermore, the system is believed to help students focus better in their subjects while at the same time enhancing their level of comprehension. This study examined the outcomes of the implementation of the trimestral scheme of the regular graduate programs offered by the University of San Jose-Recoletos as evaluated by the students (both currently enrolled and alumni) and the professors. The core components of the scheme being evaluated were: time frame, course achievement and content and financial concerns. In terms of the effectiveness of the scheme when measured according to the three factors, the currently enrolled students and professors found the program to be effective, but for the former students and alumni, the program was perceived to be less effective. As to the problems encountered, except for the professors, the students as well as the alumni opined that they encountered serious problems in the course of pursuing their studies under the trimestral schedule.

Textual Intercourse: Gadamer’s Penetration into the Depths of Understanding Alexis Deodato S. Itao newlexasem@gmail.com Rogationist Seminary College – Cebu Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 19 - Ballroom A As rational animals, human beings not only have the ability to think but also the capacity to understand. Human rationality is constituted by thinking and understanding. The immediate connotation of rationality, however, is almost always thinking. Hence, to speak of man as an animal rationale is to speak of man as a thinking being. But following his mentor Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer insists that man does not only think, but most importantly understands. To understand is an essential part of being human, of being rational. But what is understanding? What does it mean to understand? The issue of human understanding is not something simply epistemological; rather, it is something hermeneutical. That is to say, understanding always relates to the act of interpretation. In his monumental work Truth and Method, Gadamer diligentlyconsiders the matter of human understanding from a purely hermeneutical perspective. This paper, then, aims to synthesize Gadamer’s hermeneutical theory and argues that for Gadamer, human understanding is essentially characterized by a kind of textual intercourse, that is, a dialogic interaction or an intimate exchange of horizons between an interpreting subject and a text which, in very broad terms, can refer to any object of interpretation.

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Validating LAS: A Designed Active Listening Tool for Development of Prosocial Skills Vicky D. Isonza vickydiscaya@yahoo.com Holy Cross of Davao College Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 19 – Ballroom A This pilot study examines the content validity of Listening, Acknowledging and Sharing (LAS), a tool designed to measure skills that involve active listening, empathy and perspective taking aimed towards the development of prosocial skills. Grade six pupils were engaged in triadic interaction as talker, listener and observer. Four quantitative and two qualitative measures comprised the analysis that sought evidence for the construct’s internal validity. The correlation matrix provided information on dimensions for the regression model. Seven dimensions significantly comprised the regression model for LAS namely: paraphrasing, acknowledging, checking for understanding, owning feelings, awareness, wording and encouraging. Accuracy of the measures were evidenced by the minimization of variance errors, an acceptable range of internal consistency, theoretical soundness through measurement of actual involvement where statistical factors match with rational structures. Further studies that would enhance the construct’s internal validity and establish the instruments’ external validity is recommended.

Mindanao Indigenous Dances: Evolution Towards Healing Modality for the Therapeutic Dance Education Ma. Rosita A. Hernani hernani_rose@ymail.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 4:51 – 5:10 August 19 – Ballroom A Indigenous dances particularly T’boli, Manobo, and Maguindanawon of Mindanao are considered as eminent folkdances because of their distinctive patterns that reflect the tribal lifestyle, costume and traditions. Indigenous dances have purposes and intentions; the tribes would dance to appease the gods, heal the sick, drive out evil spirit and to celebrate meaningful community life.This study focuses on the indigenous dance healing components otherwise known as therapeutic elements. To fully cover the dances’ different vignettes, four research techniques are utilized: Interview tribal members or dance performers, dance researchers, and choreographers; Review and analysis of the dance literatures; analysis of the dance basic movement, props, costumes; and the researcher’s reflection. This study concluded that indigenous dances have healing properties that can be utilized as therapeutic elements for individual and group activities. Further, this research deduces the applicability of its healing properties as part of dance education that aims are to promote wellness and wellbeing, and amelioration of maladies. The researcher recommends preservation by promotion of these dances not only to dance professionals but also to other enthusiasts.

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Hydraulic Jack-Operated Valve Spring Compressor Marjun C. Cerezo mar_m_a@hotmail.com Bohol Island State University Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 19 – Ballroom A The study designed and assessed the performance of the Hydraulic Jack Operated Valve Spring Compressor and Mechanical Valve Spring Compressor. This study employed the experimental design. This was conducted in the Automotive Shop of the Main Campus of Bohol Island State University (BISU), Tagbilaran City. The participants were the 3 automotive instructors, 5 technicians and 22 automotive technology students in the year 2011. The researchers used an observation guide and questionnaire to gather data. The data were interpreted through the use of the t-test to determine its significance. The results revealed that the Hydraulic Jack Operated Valve Spring Compressor could remove and install valves in a shorter time as compared to the Mechanical Valve Spring Compressor. Moreover, there was a significant difference between the respondents’ perception in terms of the safety of the device. The researchers concluded that the experimental device could perform better and was safer to use than the conventional device. The researchers recommended the following: Automotive Instructors and Service Technicians may make use of the experimental device instead conventional device as this would save them time in finishing the concerned job. Moreover, the use of the said device ensures them working safely and effectively.

Hinatuan Passage Development Area-Integrated Coastal Resource Management Project: A Solution for a Sustainable Coastal Resources Management Jaime O. Puracan librans_55@yahoo.com.ph Surigao State College of Technology Philippines 6:21-6:40 August 19 – Ballroom A The Community Based Coastal Resource Management Project in Malimono, Surigao del Norte was a two-year project implemented in the municipality of Malimono. It is composed of four components namely: Coastal Environment Rehabilitation, Protection and Management; Constituency Capacity Building; Livelihood and Enterprise Development; and Project Management, Monitoring and Evaluation. This project was implemented to address the economic and environmental issues in the community which caused the residents to live below poverty line. Among these issues were the degradation of the coastal environment, depletion of coastal resources, and encroachment of commercial fishing boats into the municipal waters and lack of alternative livelihood. The successful implementation of the project was attributed to the use of the Cooperative Management Approach (CMA). Results showed that component 1 did not only address the environmental issues but it also contributed in the improvement of the economic condition of the direct beneficiaries and the community. Component 2 provided the beneficiaries the needed knowledge and skills in the rehabilitation, protection, and the sustainable management of the coastal environment and at the time in the management of their respective organizations and livelihood enterprises.

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Motor-Operated Sand Sifter Anacleta K. Perez mar_m_a@hotmail.com Bohol Island State University Philippines 6:41- 7:00 August 19 – Ballroom A The study developed a motor operated-sand sifter. It described the main features of the equipment in the aspect of preparation, design, materials and cost, procedure of assembly and operation and parts and functions of the equipment. An experimental research method was used employing actual assembly and direct observation of the performance of the equipment. The study was conducted in Bohol Island State University, Selected mechanical engineering students did the actual testing with the supervision of the researchers. The results were based on actual observation and data gathered during the experiment. The 5o angle of inclination of the rocker in 200mm displacement sifted the biggest volume of sand. It measured 2.78 m3/hr. The kind of sand sifted was 87.30% passing by volume through the sifter. The fine aggregates comprise 87.30% of the total mixture while the bigger sizes comprise 12.70% of the total mixture. The bigger sizes of sand that remained in the sifter are removed automatically passing through the sifter opening. It was concluded that motor- operated sand sifter was very efficient in sand sifting as compared to manually operated sand sifter. It is very applicable in construction industry.

Crisis Management and Problem Solving Competencies of Executives in Selected Industries Aster A. Daan aster_daan@yahoo.com Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 7:01-7:20 August 19 – Ballroom A This study assesses the crisis management and problem-solving competencies of executives in industries in the southern Philippines. The descriptive research design was employed. A purposive sampling technique was used in the selection of the 92 executive respondents. The questionnaire was the main research tool. The frequency count, percentage and weighted mean were used. Results of the study revealed that the most prominent crisis management competencies are planning for recovery detection and prevention, expansion of creativity and initiative and communication techniques. Meanwhile, the competencies which fall below the average scale are revitalizing objectives and prioritizing activities. The executives’ dominant problem solving competencies are win-win approach, goal setting and group centeredness, rational decision making and SWOT analysis. This indicates that the executives perform well in producing new ideas and concepts which are useful to the development and productivity of the industries. The study concluded that executives used rational techniques and encouraged creativity which generated wider variety of solutions to a problem. The executives analyzed all sides of a situation and determined the practical and appropriate action.

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Constructivist Instructional Practices in Secondary School Science Classes Erwin F. Cadorna University of Northern Philippines Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 19 – Ballroom B

The study examined the instructional practices linked with constructivism that are used in secondary science classes. Using the descriptive method of research, 115 science teachers in selected secondary schools in three divisions (Ilocos Sur, La Union and Abra) answered the survey items which probed constructivist practices. The instructional practices related to constructivism were classified into cognitively challenging and active learning. Cognitively challenging instructional practices covered meaningful thinking and problem-solving. On the other hand, active learning practices covered project making, group work, and transmission-oriented (reversed) practice. Results showed that the secondary school teachers used constructivist instructional practices in their Science classes. There were more teachers who used active learning than cognitively challenging instructional practices in science classes. The most commonly used active learning practice was group work and the most commonly used cognitively challenging practice was deep thinking and probing questions. Furthermore, the constructivist instructional practices were generally used weekly by the Science teachers. They used these constructivist instructional practices when introducing new information, using learning activities and in assessing Science learning.

Beginning Teachers’ Views on Science Learning: A Probe on Constructivist versus Traditional Frameworks Mario P. Obrero mpobrero@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 19 – Ballroom B The study dealt with the traditional and constructivist views of beginning elementary school teachers on science learning. Eighty-nine respondents accomplished a questionnaire, consisting of 20 statements supporting either the traditional or the constructivist frameworks. The study used the descriptive design. Results showed that the statements with the highest means were: Learning is the transmission of knowledge; Science is viewed as a codified body of knowledge; it is a set of facts, principles and procedures; Teachers are seen as learners themselves and as facilitators and collaborators in student learning; Classroom tasks are student-centered; Learning is the interpretation and negotiation of ideas; it is influenced by the learner’s prior knowledge. The first two statements describe the traditional model while the next three support the constructivist framework. The study concluded that the respondents strongly agreed on four traditional views and eight constructivist views and agreed on the remaining six traditional and two constructivist statements.  Beginning teachers should be trained on the use of constructivist teaching strategies to help them understand how constructivist learning differs from traditional learning, and to equip them with the skills of implementing a constructivist science classroom.

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The Effect of Constructivist Teaching Approach on the Conceptual Understanding of Biology Students Marlyn D. Ronsairo colonelc4b@yahoo.com De La Salle Lipa Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 19 – Ballroom B This study determines the effects of constructivist teaching approach on the cognitive and affective levels of conceptual understanding of Marine Biology of BS Biology students. The study used the pre-testposttest one-shot experimental design. The participants were selected using purposive sampling. Data and other information needed in this study were gathered mainly through conceptual understanding test, formal interviews and journals. The mean and t-test for dependent samples were used. Results revealed that the extent of cognitive level of conceptual understanding in Marine Biology of the students based on their journals was observed to a very great extent. On the other hand, the extent of affective level of conceptual understanding of the students in Marine Biology as revealed in their journals was observed to a great extent. Moreover, the findings also showed that there is a significant difference on the students’ level of conceptual understanding based on their mean scores in the test after using the constructivist teaching approach. The students learned and appreciated Marine Biology through constructivist teaching approach based on the interviews conducted to them.

SMS- Based Education Services: Harnessing Its Role in Communication and Student Support Services in the Academe Rimalu B. Serrano precy_delima@yahoo.com.ph Isabela State University Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 19 – Ballroom B This paper presents the development of Short Messaging System (SMS) as an education service to complement the University’s student support services such as grade releases, enrolment information, university announcements, internship and job opportunities and others. The objective of this paper is to harness SMS to support its students’ and stakeholders’ need of information – a breakthrough in Isabela State University. The SMS-based education services in the university not only provide students easy to access to valuable information but also a possible Income Generating Project (IGP) for the university. This study shows the successful implementation of the project in Isabela State University – Cauayan Campus.

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Clinical Internship WPA as Best Predictor of Performance in Medical Technologist Licensure Examination Jasmen S. Pasia jazzy_theo@yahoo.com San Pedro College Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 19 – Ballroom B This study finds the predictors of the performance of SPC graduates in the Medical Technologist Licensure Examination (MTLE). Mixed – methods research design was utilized in describing the identified predictors of the performance of the graduates in the MTLE. Respondents were the 304 graduates distributed according to the year of graduation from 2005-2009 who took the MTLE. Results of this study demonstrated that independent variables were correlated with the performance of the graduates in the MTLE, with clinical internship WPA having the highest coefficient of correlation of .540. The study concluded that clinical internship WPA is the best predictor for passing the MTLE. This may suggest that a strengthened internship program would help improve the graduates’ performance in the MTLE.

Igcabugao: A Potential Tourist Destination in the Southern Part of Iloilo, Philippines Ma. Rhona J. Pelasol rhona_p@lycos.com St. Therese MTC Colleges Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 19 – Ballroom B Philippines is endowed with abundant natural tourist attractions. One of the provinces in the Philippines is Iloilo wherein the town of Igbaras is found. Igbaras is considered as one of the leading tourist destinations in the province due to its bountiful hidden attractions such as Igcabugao Cave, Lapusan Cave, with an underground river, and Guiritsan Falls. This study was conducted to determine the potential of Igcabugao as a tourist destination in the southern part of Iloilo. Videos and pictures of Igcabugao were used by the researchers and focused group discussions were conducted among tourism students of the different colleges and universities in Iloilo City. Qualitative thematic analysis was used to analyze the findings of the study. Results revealed that Igcabugao has a lot of natural attractions as potential tourist destinations in southern part of Iloilo. It also concluded that it would take the cooperation of residents, local government and the tourism sector to develop it as a tourist destination drafting a Sustainable Tourism Development Plan for Igcabugao.

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Problem and Activity Approaches: Their Influence to Students’ Achievement and Retention Scores in Introductory Probability and Statistics Fernando T. Herrera Fernan_herrera@yahoo.com Saint Joseph Institute of Technology Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 19 – Ballroom B This study determines the effects of the problem and activity approaches to students’ achievement and retention scores in Introductory Probability and Statistics. A pretest-posttest quasi experimental and control group design was used in the study to test the effectiveness of the three approaches of instruction. The Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of unequal n’s and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) of unequal n’s were used. Pretest was used as a covariate in the study. The study revealed the following results: Students who were exposed to problem-based instruction were as good as those who were exposed to lecturediscussion. There was a significant difference in the students’ achievement scores as influenced by the three methods of instruction. The study concluded that students exposed to problem-based instruction performed better than those exposed in the activity method.

Development Transformation Experienced by Marginalized Beneficiaries of a Government Sponsored Microfinance Program Emiliana J. Lozano lozano_emiliana@yahoo.com Father Saturnino Urios University Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 19 – Ballroom B A microfinance program involves livelihood access through borrowed capital to capacitate women in marginalized communities to improve their quality of life. The study elicited the perceptions of beneficiaries on the transformation in their lives as a result of their availment of microfinance program of the City Social Welfare and Development Office of Butuan City. The study utilized descriptive method adopting qualitative research technique by means of focused group discussion, personal interview and on-site observations. The study revealed that technology acquisition was the most appreciated area of development because it enabled them to start their projects efficiently and handle them effectively as compared to doing things by their common sense. They realized the need to pay their loan on time for use by others rather then delving on dole-out mentality. They understood that saving money in the bank is a form of investment rather than hiding it in any part of their house with no future benefit. They learned how to absorb instruction, clarify matters and comply with the needed output. The study concludes that the beneficiaries affirmed the tangible benefits translated to development of their greater capacity to access capital, utilize the same productively and support their socio-economic needs.

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Dimensions of Complexity of Sibling Relationship Renalyn J. Valdez rjvaldez@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines University Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 19 – Ballroom B Our relationship with siblings and the role we portray in the family define our image, character, and selfesteem. Sibling rivalry is the desire to surpass a person’s brothers and sisters or to maintain dominance over them. This study looks into conflicts brought about by sibling rivalry and the extent this rivalry is affecting sibling relationships. In- depth interview was used to find out the level of rivalry and closeness between brothers and sisters. Subjects were selected based on the perceived closeness and rivalry between brothers and sisters regardless of age. Results showed that most eldest siblings are closer to their father, while younger siblings are closer to their mother. Also, daughters are closer to their fathers and that sons are closer to their mothers. Parents have higher expectations to the eldest child than to the younger siblings, and expect the eldest to be the standard or the model of the younger siblings. Rivalry is caused primarily by parents’ perceived favoritism. Most siblings are happy and proud of their siblings’ accomplishments. Younger siblings usually apologize to older siblings. The study concluded that sibling relationship in terms of closeness and rivalry is mostly determined by relational schemas occurring in a family. The extent of conservation leading to level of openness and intimacy, and conformity leading to adherence to sibling roles and definitions affect how siblings see and communicate with one another. These relational family schemas are dependent largely on culture – the Filipino culture.

Causal Model of Negotiation Competency of School Administrators in Bukidnon, Philippines Nenita I. Prado nen_itaas@yahoo.com Central Mindanao University Philippine 4:51 – 5:10 August 19 – Ballroom B The study established the causal factors of effective negotiation of Basic Education Administrators in Bukidnon for the School year 2009-2010. This study used the responses of 289 Basic Education Administrators and Teachers in the Province of Bukidnon. A likert-type survey questionnaire was reliable with a Cronbach-alpha coefficient of 0.91 which indicates high reliability in gathering information. Correlation, stepwise regression analysis, full model regression and path analysis were employed in data analysis. Administrators were competent along the following tasks of having effective negotiation: presence of common goal, administrators were competent, faith in one’s problem-solving ability, belief in the validity of one’s own position and the other’s perspective, motivation and commitment to work together, mutual trust and has clear and accurate communication. They were compromising negotiators and have very high confidence in handling conflict. Moreover, administrators have high moral judgment, high leadership leverage and were highly skilled in negotiation. The study concludes that leadership leverage in terms of credibility, persistence, friendliness, authority and best alternative to a negotiated agreement had the most contribution on effective negotiation competency. This is the model that best fits the negotiation competency of School Administrators.

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Recollection as Tool for Environmental Education Bernardo C. Lunar colonelc4b@yahoo.com De La Salle Lipa Philippines 5:30 – 5:50 August 19 – Ballroom B The Christian Foundation for Children and Aging (CFCA) is one organization that responds to this call of providing environmental awareness and education through an environmental recollection. Environmental recollection was conducted among twenty student respondents who are scholars of CFCA. The research was conducted to determine the extent of influence of the knowledge gained in the environmental recollection on the students who joined the activity. Using a researcher-developed questionnaire, data on the level of knowledge on four environmental issues: global warming, climate change, waste management and resource preservation and the action plans were gathered. Results show that the student respondents are well informed of the environmental issues prior to the environmental recollection but a significant increase in the level of knowledge was found after the environmental recollection. They strongly agree on the plan to preserve the resources and the proper waste management procedures. They get information on environmental issues from their teachers, while majority also obtain them from media, seminars. The study concludes that there is significant association between waste management, prior level of knowledge in resource preservation and the post level of knowledge in all environmental issues and the number of sources from which they get the information.

Material Recovery Appraisal of Faculty Room and Cafeteria Solid Wastes: The Case of Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) Danesto B. Anacio dbanacio@yahoo.com University of the Cordilleras Philippines 5:51 – 6:10 August 19 – Ballroom B The material recovery potential of faculty rooms and cafeterias was determined in three higher educational institutions (HEIs) using a waste assessment and characterization survey (WACS). Samples were collected in faculty rooms for a general period of six days. In the case of cafeterias, key-informant interviews and visual inspections helped estimate solid waste quantity and characteristics. Results show that approximately 90% of solid wastes in faculty rooms are potentially recoverable, as residual wastes only account 6% - 11%. In cafeterias, more than 50% could be potentially recovered. Furthermore, it is estimated that monetary returns from these recoverable materials range on a rate of P1.59 – P11.98 per day ($1.00 = P43.00), while per capita waste generation in faculty rooms range from 0.8kg/capita/day to 2.9 kg/capita/ day. The study concludedthat sound solid waste management (SWM) techniques and programs need to be enhanced in the three HEIs to recover reusable and recyclable wastes.

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Information and Education Campaign on Solid Waste Management and Household Practices in Butuan City Fernando T. Herrera Fernan_herrera@yahoo.com Saint Joseph Institute of Technology Philippines 6:11 – 6:30 August 19 – Ballroom B This study investigates the level of Information and Education Campaign (IEC) on Solid Waste Management (SWM) and household practices on solid waste disposal in Butuan City. Using the stratified random sampling, ten (10) villages were selected with households as the main unit of analysis. Results revealed that the level of IEC in both rural and urban villages of Butuan City was poor. Public forum or general assembly, focus group discussion, installation of tarpaulin and other signs, television ad and radio broadcast, house to house information campaign, and school campaign were seldom carried out. Lack of institutional support and inadequate provision of garbage disposal points and Mass Recovery Facilities (MRF) from other concerned government agencies, non-government organizations and HEIs were evident. It was also reported that majority of the households had their own garbage storage bin with considerable number of them having separators for biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes. Some opted to use plastic bags and sacks instead. Many of those in rural areas buried their biodegradable and nonbiodegradable wastes on the ground. A few of those in the urban areas disposed their bio-degradable wastes on the available garbage stations but burned those non-biodegradable waste materials. Some waste materials were sold to scrap shops for monetary considerations.

Compliance to Philippine Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 in Northern Mindanao Lydia B. Tubella lydstubel@yahoo.com Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan Philippines 6:31 – 6:50 August 19 – Ballroom B The genuine intent of the law on ecological waste management is to capacitate people towards synergized, self-sustaining and responsive collaborative action. The study determined the extent of compliance to the law on waste management program. The study used the descriptive design including survey questions, interviews and observations. The results showed that 9% had experienced presence of health problem incidence related to Waste Management while 91% did not experience.On the contrary, 6% had clean canals and drainages, 18% had clean parks, 7% had clean rivers, 56% had clean streets, and 3.75% were able to generate new livelihood as part of their Solid Waste Management program while 96.25% had none. In conclusion, the extent of compliance to RA 9003 among villages in terms of availability of physical and non–physical components was not fully extensive and fell short of RA 9003’s mandated requirements resulting into undesirable socio-economic implications, except for the issue on health and sanitation. After ten years since the Act was implemented, the efforts of the villages to provide for the political, financial and administrative requirements relative to the implementation of RA 9003 was inadequate.

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Children with Special Needs in Davao City: A Policy Analysis Danilo L. Mejica danilomejica@rocketmail.com Holy Cross of Davao College Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 19 – Ballroom C Davao City pioneered the country’s Welfare Code for Children. Legal norms dictate that disabilities are inclusive of special needs and impairment. The UN Convention for the Rights of Children specifies that the State is responsible for providing care and protection for children with disabilities and special needs. The study used the descriptive design with qualitative method.Past and current laws, policies, agreements and other documents on children of international, national and local coverage were analyzed through content analysis and made as bases for a legislative proposal for children with special needs in Davao City. Emerging evidence indicates these children are missing essential services because of inadequate legislation. The study concludes that most laws and policies examined have a social and rights-based integrated model of disability which local legislators of Davao City would find useful as guide in crafting the local ordinance for children with special needs.

Socio-Economic Employment Status of Filipino Migrants in Australia Galiciano V. del Mundo Lyceum of the Philippines University Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 19 – Ballroom C The study aimed to describe the socio-economic and employment status of Filipino migrants in Australia and its implications to college education. It utilized qualitative descriptive method of research involving 114 Filipino migrants in Australia as selected respondents through purposive sampling technique. The Filipino migrant workers were basically in their prime to meet the challenge of professional life and employment demands of the Australian labor market; they were into every kind of job – be it professional type of job or white collar jobs, or plain blue collar work. Computer literacy is one important job requirement in Australia. Those who migrated to Australia had realized their aspiration for a better life in that country. Foreigners who look for jobs in Australia would not encounter problem or difficulty as they are assured of job placements before they leave the country of origin. The study concludes that Australia is the land of promise for most Filipino migrants in search for better job opportunities. College degree from the Philippines is not a guarantee of a better job in Australia as its standard of quality education starts from the basic education level.

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Impact on the Adoption of Research-based Mechanized Bagoong Squeezer Manuel A. Bajet manuelbajet@yahoo.com 09262043643 University of Northern Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 19 – Ballroom C

Research-based technologies had been designed and extended to several communities in the province for utilization and technology transfer to farmer co-operators. Most of the technologies generated especially on machines were geared towards the advocacy on organic farming. Also, there is a strong support of the university in the implementation of R.A.100681 an act providing development and promotion of organic agriculture in the Philippines. Technology transfer had been done to several communities in province of Ilocos Sur. The study used the descriptive design. A total of 325 farmers benefited and adopted the technologies. Organic fertilizers produced by farmers were utilized in their respective farms and another source of livelihood to some where they go into mass production of organic fertilizers and were sold in local market. Further, the adoption of technologies by farmers gained strong support from Local Government Units (LGU) from the provincial level to barangay level, the Provincial Agriculture Office, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and non-government organizations. The utilization of research-based technologies generally helped farmers in improving their productivity in yield and in income. Also, there is an effort towards the protection of the environment and reviving soil fertility.

Automated Class Scheduling System Zina D. Sayson Bohol Island State University Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 19 – Ballroom C The study tested the functionality of Automated Class Scheduling System in terms of speed, data handling, accuracy, security, stability and adaptability in making class schedules. This study was conducted in Bohol Island State University Main Campus, Tagbilaran City during the second semester of school year 2010-2011. The respondents of this study were the 6 expert instructors in the field of computer programming. They tested and evaluated the functionality of the program in terms of its design, accuracy, data handling, security, stability and adaptability. Another 8 instructors who are in charge of making class schedules determined the functionality of the system in terms of speed, accuracy, data handling, stability and adaptability of the software. Separate set of questionnaires were given to two groups of respondents. The study concluded that the manual and the automated class scheduling systems are both functional. However, the automated system is more functional because of its extra features which solve the primary problems in creating class schedules.

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Global Leadership Skills and The Role of The Human Resource Management Practitioners Wilma G. Magdale Wilma.Magdale@steagstatepower.com STEAG State Power Inc. Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 19 – Ballroom C Global competition requires human resource practitioners to develop global capabilities and skills. Global Leadership skills address this need. The study investigated the level of global leadership skills of the human resource management practitioners and their roles. It determined how demographic profile affects the level of their global leadership skills and their HR roles. Using descriptive design, the study surveyed 53 HR practitioners. Results revealed that HR practitioners rated themselves very high on their level of global leadership skills and very satisfactory in their HR roles. There was a significant relationship between the HR practitioners’ level of global leadership skills and their roles. The HR practitioners showed high ability to lead in a global setting. They performed competently as recruiter. The study concludes that HR Practitioners with higher global leadership skills performed well as counselors, negotiators and recruiters. The HR practitioners’ personal attributes do not affect in the performance of their roles and in the acquisition of their global leadership skills.

RCSTruC: A Structural Software for Doubly Reinforced Concrete Beam Design Mary Ann P. Mar mar_m_a@hotmail.com Bohol Island State University Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 19 – Ballroom C The main purpose of this experimental study is to design structural software for doubly reinforced rectangular concrete beam design. The structural software is called RCStruC (Reinforced Concrete Structural Calculator). This study determines the performance of the structural software in terms of accuracy of the results, speed in generating results, and convenience of use. Further, this study determines whether there is a significant difference in the performance of RCStruC and the manual process of performing structural analysis. The respondents of the study were ten structural designers and practitioners in the city. The researchers used questionnaire to gather data. The findings manifested that RCStruC was perceived as very satisfactory in terms of accuracy, speed in generating results, and convenience of use. Furthermore, RCStruC was consistently perceived as very satisfactory while the manual process was generally perceived as fair. The researchers concluded that RCStruC significantly produces quicker, easier and error-free structural analysis results than the manual process. It is recommended that structural designers and practitioners should be encouraged to use the software package, RCStruC, to minimize errors and obtain easy and quick analysis output.

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The Implementation of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSRs) of the Agri-Business Firms in Bukidnon Beverly B. Bicar Bukidnon State University 3:51 – 4:10 August 19 – Ballroom C

This paper ascertains the implementation of the corporate social responsibility of the agri-business firms in Bukidnon. The study used the descriptive design. The results showed that the agri-business firms have been implementing several projects to address the different concerns of the communities where they are situated. They give priority to the acquisition of equipment and technology that are environmentally friendly and their farming practices indicate their concern for the preservation of the environment. They also sponsor scholarships and grants to students who are financially challenged but academically gifted. Projects for community development are being conducted. Employment of local residents as farm hands is prioritized ensuring the inflow of income for the host communities. Some of the firms are documenting the implementation of their CSRs while others admit that they still have to explore their options to measure the social impacts of their projects.

Improvised Digital Logic Simulator Julius C. Castro Bohol Island State University Philippines 4:11 – 4:30 August 19 – Ballroom C

The study designed a device as an aid for instruction in the Computer Engineering Laboratory. This also establishes the accuracy of the output of the simulator device and the reliability of its operation. Knowledge in hardware designing and programming in PIC Basic Pro had been employed to make the design of the simulator device. A PIC microcontroller served as the processing unit and several input/output devices were utilized for user interface. The cost of the construction of the prototype is Php 7,716.00 including the cost of labor. By carefully recording and tabulating the outputs of the device for several trials in a form of observation guides, relevant data had been gathered to validate its functionality and performance in terms of its intended use in the laboratory. The researchers concluded that the simulator device exhibited accurate results/outputs for up to five-variables in a function and four functions in every trial. The binary equivalent of the LED outputs, matched those in the truth tables in the manual computation. It is recommended that the functionality of the device be improved with the use of a more powerful microcontroller like the PIC 18fXXX series to provide higher memory and more I/O terminals.

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Perceived Classroom Motivational Approaches of Teachers and Learning Styles of Generation Y College Students Grace V. Santos Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 19 – Ballroom C

This study explores the learning styles and some unique characteristics of a particular group of Generation Y College students in a university. It applied the Felder’s Learning Style Model and the Generation Model of Howe and Strauss to determine how they regard their teachers’ classroom motivational approaches. It used the descriptive survey method with survey questionnaires complemented with key informant interviews. Data were gathered and organized to address the main concerns of the study, which included the college students’ learning styles, salient and unique characteristics as Generation Y and their perception of their teachers’ motivational approaches in the classroom. Results of the study confirmed the theory of Felder on Learning Styles on the existence of the four types of continuum in the manner that the students learn; major stipulations of the Generational Model of Strauss and Howe were also confirmed in this study. The study concluded that the motivational approaches of effective teachers and used often in the classroom were viewed differently by the students, reinforcing the Generational Model further that this present Y generation has different perspectives, attitudes and behavior compared to the generation of their teachers and/or the past generation.

The Relationship Between Leadership and Employee Morale in Higher Education Jedidiah Kenoma Goodness dtindustry@yahoo.fr Jabah Investment Nigeria 4:51 – 5:10 August 19 – Ballroom C JABAH INVESMENT COMPANY LTD (JIC), like many other institutions of higher education, is facing new challenges, including budget cuts, a new funding formula, changes in technology, mergers, new leadership, and a call for increased research productivity and graduation rate. All these challenges have contributed to dampened staff morale and have led to some resistance and apprehension. The aim of the study reported in this article was to explore the morale, commitment, satisfaction and perceptions of staff of UNISA’s College of Economic and Management Sciences (CEMS) and to explore the relationship between leadership and morale. A self-administrated web-based survey approach was used in a census to collect information among all 604 CEMS staff members. A 42.1% response rate was obtained. The results revealed an overall satisfaction index of 62 and that of CEMS leadership of 61. The study revealed that there is a relationship between leadership and morale, and those leadership competencies such as communication, fostering trust and team building set a clear direction for the college impact on morale. It is recommended that morale surveys should be conducted to obtain the requisite information before developing strategies that relate to employee morale, retention and performance.

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Mothers’ Awareness on Climate Change and their Environmental Roles and Practices Ariel B. Lunzaga abl.slsu.to@gmail.com Southern Leyte State University Philippines 5:30 – 5:50 August 19 – Ballroom C These are practices of the mothers within and outside their homes that are related to environmental protection and preservation. The study described the housewives’ views on climate change and its effects to environment and heath. Using a combination of qualitative and quantitative procedures, a questionnaire containing both open- and close-ended questions was used to gather data. The mothers were chosen using convenience sampling technique. The results revealed that mothers’ indigenous opinion about climate change is that it is all about high temperature, extreme weather conditions, and unpredictable shift of season. As its causes, some educated mothers attributed it to ozone layer depletion, people’s irresponsible disposal of wastes, and people’s production and use of pollutants like pesticides. Others, however, considered the phenomenon as an act of God, a punishment to people’s deliberate destruction of nature. The mothers believed that climate change is the major cause of skin diseases and low agricultural productivity. The study concluded that the mothersconsidered cleaning the surroundings, stoppage of garbage burning, teaching the children to be environment friendly, planting more trees, encouraging others not to engage in illegal logging, and prayers as their strong means of protecting the environment.

Health and Economic Vulnerabilities of the Indigenous Peoples (IP) to the Effects of Climate Change Narcisa S. Bureros jrmsu_vpred2009@yahoo.com Jose Rizal Memorial State University Philippines 5:51 – 6:10 August 19 – Ballroom C An analytical framework for estimating the health and economic vulnerabilities of the indigenous people of Zamboanga del Norte to the effects of climate change is proposed and validated in this paper. Vulnerability, as used in this research, refers to the extent of risk and exposure of the IPs to the physical manifestations of climate change considering their coping mechanisms. Applying such a framework to the Subanen and Kalibogan tribes in Zamboanga del Norte, results show that the indigenous peoples of Zamboanga del Norte were very vulnerable in terms of their economic and livelihood sources consisting mainly of traditional farming and fishing. The indigenous people were likewise found to be highly vulnerable in terms of their health in the event of aberrant weather conditions. The IP’s low educational attainment coupled with unstable, albeit, subsistence level income make their ability to cope with the effects of climate change minimal and insufficient to surmount the adverse effects of extreme weather conditions. The study concluded that the analytical framework for estimating vulnerabilities tend to underestimate the true vulnerability values because of the absence of more information that can be used to enhance these estimates.

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Sericulture for Sustainable Environment and Income Generation – the Case of the CHED-DMMMSU Sericulture Project Francisco V. Gapuz, Jr. Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines 6:11 – 6:30 August 19 – Ballroom C

Sericulture is a tool for the socio-economic benefit of clients in the rural areas.It has potential role for climate change adaptation as a result of the implementation of the CHED funded project. The study was conducted in Bacnotan, Balaoan and San Gabriel, La Union. The study used the descriptive design. Data were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages. Results showed that sericulture provided labor opportunities within the household for five to 75 years old;labor generation for children of five to 24 years old is 41.18%. The total fresh biomass production of mulberry in the different project sites is 130,767.7 kg (about 28.57 tons/ha/yr). The 44,050 mulberry trees planted in the different areas has a total carbon dioxide sequestration of 172,977.5 kg/yr at a rate of 12,666kg/ha/yr (just one area with less than a year) to 53,998.65 kg/ha/yr in all other mulberry production areas. The study concluded that sericulture is a good tool for climate change adaptation and mitigation manifested by its high rate of CO2 sequestration, prevention of erosion, use of marginal lands coupled with its income and labor generation potentials in almost all age levels. Thus, promotion of sericulture should be supported.

Proposal to Rehabilitate the Makato – Numancia River: Views on “Bakong” and “Tangab” Methods of Catching Fish Nilo B. Ortega ersortiga@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Maritime Foundation University – Molo Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 19 – Kamagong Hall The study explored the views of the proposal for rehabilitating the Makato-Numancia River in the Province of Aklan, Philippines. The study employed qualitative research design and the modes of data-collection were interview, focus-group-discussion (FGD), and documentary analysis of village and municipality resolutions concerning river management and “Bakong-Tangab” modes of catching fish. The participants of the study were selected residents of the six (6) villages. Results revealed the comments of the participants regarding “Bakong” and “Tangab” as methods of catching fish and its environmental effects and threats to the MakatoNumancia River. Moreover, the results showcase the suggestions, comments, and views shared by the participants to enlighten concerned residents and individuals on how to rehabilitate the Makato-Numancia River.

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Rapid Assessment and Feeding Guilds in Selected Rubber and Oil Palm Plantation in North Cotabato Lothy F. Casim lothyfcasim@gmail.com University of Southern Mindanao Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 19 – Kamagong Hall The degradation of tropical rainforests in Mindanao has augmented the interest in the potential value of commercial plantations for the conservation of biodiversity. However, it is not yet apparent how this type of land use affects forest bird fauna since there were no studies conducted yet to document birds in commercial plantations, particularly in North Cotabato. Hence, this study was done to determine occurrence of birds in Carumba Oil Palm Plantation (COPP) and Platinum Rubber Plantation (PRP) in North Cotabato. A combination of mist netting and transect walk technique had recorded 30 birds species belonging to 6 orders, 19 families and 26 genera. Passeriformes was the most represented order having 20 species, six of which were country endemics and two were Mindanao faunal region endemics. Noteworthy was the presence of one threatened species (Alcedo argentata) from PRP with a vulnerable conservation status. Results indicate that oil and rubber agro-forestry systems contribute to conservation efforts by serving as habitats to endemic bird species. In addition, major feeding guilds of birds were also determined. Insectivorous species predominated in both areas. This high number of insectivorous species delivers a natural pest control service in the plantations which is beneficial to farmers and owners.

Status of Windowpane Oysters (Placuna placenta) at Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines Rolando A. Alimen ralimen@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University – Molo Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 19 – Kamagong Hall The study determined the status of windowpane oysters (Placuna placenta) at the Municipality of Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines. Using the Line Intercept Transect (LIT) technique, the windowpane oyster shells (Placuna placenta) were determined. At each site, 2-3 transect lines were laid on the intertidal floor parallel to the shore. For the physico-chemical measurements: water temperature was measured using thermometer; the transparency of the water was assessed using secchi disc; salinity and pH were measured using refractometer and pH meter; and the dissolved oxygen was measured using Winkler’s methods. The data collected were analyzed to get the biometric relationship. Results showed that the number of oyster increases as substrate from muddy-sandy to soft muddy slowly changes as depth increases. Common windowpane oysters found are juvenile (31-45 mm) and having a shell thickness of 1.89 mm. The lengthwidth relation and length-shell thickness relation are highly related, with an r value of 0.9439 and 0.5872, respectively. The study concluded that the populations of the site are mostly juvenile, in which imposing a windowpane oyster sanctuary in its natural bed is highly recommended.

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Ecological State of Coral Reefs in Pandan Island for Conservation and Developmental Planning Joel G. Becira j_becira@yahoo.com Western Philippines University Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 19 – Kamagong Hall In Palawan, Philippines, Honda Bay is fast becoming a target recreational site for curious domestic and foreign visitors. The general objectives of this resource assessment are to gather information regarding status of the marine resources in Pandan Island, and to provide recommendations for their sustainable use. Assessment was done using line intercept transect (LIT), fish visual census (FVC) and an imaginary transect belt for coral cover, fish, and macro-invertebrates, respectively. Average live coral cover around Pandan Island can be categorized as good (57%), with stations 7 and 1 and 2 categorized as excellent (76100%) and fair (26-50%) conditions, respectively. Some 178 fish species were recorded in Pandan Island waters of which seven (7) highly target and 29 common commercial fish species were found. The estimated total reef fish biomass around Pandan Island is 588 mt/km2. A total of eight macro invertebrate (shells, etc.) species belonging to five family was found around Pandan Island. The study concluded that of these eight species, six are commercially important,Tridacna crocea (taklobo), Tridacna squamosa (taklobo), Hippopus porcellanus (taklobo), Trochus niloticus (topshell), Pinna nobilis (tarab), and Bohadschia marmota (sea cucumber). Five of these species the T. crocea, T. squamosa, H. porcellanus, P. nobilis, and T. niloticus are listed as endangered species by International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Views on Silver Pompano Towards Sustainable Environment on Global Warming Mitigation Cicero D. Ortizo cdojblfmu@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Maritime University – Molo Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 19 – Kamagong Hall The study determined the perceptions of JBLFMU-Molo faculty and students and their views on Silver Pompano as a mariculture study. Quantitative method of research was employed through the use of the data-gathering instruments and interview. Respondents of the study were the 75 marine instructors and students at the maritime university in the Philippines. Descriptive statistics used were frequency, percentage, and rank. Results revealed that the Silver Pompano (Trachinotus blochii) mariculture is an attempt to take part in the environment and global warming mitigation issues. Most of the respondents observed that the global warming/extreme heat is the major problem that confronts the environment today. The respondents’ primary source of information regarding global warming mitigation was the news from the media. They also perceived that the major cause of global warming problems was due to man’s act of negligence. Majority of the respondents in the study were involved in environmental-friendly global warming activities. The study concluded that an effort to take part in the activities towards sustainable-environmental global warming initiatives lead to a willingness to take roles in the planning stage of any program.

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Button Slotter Ian Jhel H. Tare Bohol Island State University Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 19 – Kamagong Hall

This study was aimed to design, fabricate and assess the performance of a Button Slotter for the Garments Technology Shops of the Main Campus of Bohol Island State University in Tagbilaran City in the year 2011. Specifically, it sought to answer the questions on the machine design, bill of materials, parts and functions and procedure in assembly and operation. Second, it sought to determine the performance of the buttonhole slotter. Third, it also determined the significant difference between the conventional way of making buttonhole and the buttonhole slotter. Included in the study is a proposed action plan in the utilization of the device. The researchers used the experimental method and used the t-test to determine the difference in the performance of the control and the experimental set-up. The results indicated that the buttonhole slotter has a very good performance, implying that the respondents were very satisfied by it and that there is a significant difference between the conventional way of making buttonholes and the buttonhole slotter in terms of their performance. The researchers concluded that the buttonhole slotter has a very good performance better than the conventional way. Thus, the device is suitable for implementation as a replacement of the existing conventional way.

Phytochemical and Pesticidal Properties of Barsanga (Cyperus rotundus Linn.) Solita Evangeline S. Bañez solitabanez@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 19 – Kamagong Hall The study was conducted to test the phytochemical screening and insecticidal testing of Barsanga (Cyperus rotundus Linn). The study used the experimental research design in actual laboratory setup. Three phases were included in the pursuit of this study: the extraction process , the qualitative test (phytochemical screening ) and pesticidal test. Results showed that the ethanol extracts of the leaves, stems and roots of barsanga contain therapeutic components such as alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids and sterols. This implies that the plant is a good source of treatment for hypertension, tumor, wounds, sores, boils, stomachache, diarrhea, sore throat, burns, ulcer, nasal congestion, cough, hemorrhage, malaria, other rectal disorders, viral and fungal infections, inflammatory and cytotoxic activities. The LibermannBurchard test for triterpenes showed negative results which implies then that barsanga is not a good source of Vitamin A. The tuber of Barsanga (Cyperus rotundus Linn.) can be made into an effective pesticide. It is more effective than Carbamate and has almost the same efficacy as that of Organophosphate. The study concluded that the use of barsanga tubers as an ecology friendly pesticide can be integrated in the production technology package of local agricultural production.

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DMMMSU-SLB: The First Sex-linked Silkworm Strain in the Philippines Julieta P. Abuan Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines 4:11- 4:30 August 19 – Kamagong Hall Sex-linked is a sexual dimorphism in the larval markings of silkworm which is controlled by genes located in the sex chromosomes that makes the sexes readily distinguishable through to the larval markings on their skin. The study was conducted to evolve sex linked Bivoltine silkworm strain to eliminate the 29% of the labor required in the egg production process.Silkworm hybrid Jam 125 x Jam 124 was collected from Korea in the year 1997. Extraction, isolation and fixation of the sex-linked Bivoltine silkworm strain from this hybrid was done.Two larval markings, were observed in the larvae of the evolved sex-linked silkworm strain, coded as DMMMSU SLB. All the larvae that possess plain or without anybody markings are males while those larvae with dark double mark are females. DMMMSU SLB facilitate identification of male and female silkworm which eliminates the cutting of seed cocoons, pupal sexing and coupling steps in the commercial hybrid egg production since the time and labor required is greatly reduced by 44.00%. DMMMSU-SLB speeds up sex segregation by 320% and causes little sexing errors by 0.22% compared to other strains. The study concluded that DMMMSU-SLB has great potential for commercial hybrid egg production with higher ROI of 234% than normal bivoltine strains with only 150.9%.

Plant Diversity, Status and Conservation Initiatives in Three Mountains Ecosystems in Mindanao, Philippines Victor B. Amoroso amorosovic@yahoo.com Central Mindanao University Philippines 4:31 – 4:50 August 19 – Kamagong Hall This research determines the plant diversity, status and conservation initiatives in the three mountain ecosystems in Mindanao, Philippines. Representative specimens were pressed, dried, poisoned and mounted as herbarium vouchers. To determine the index of general diversity for trees, 20x20 m sampling plots were established per vegetation type, and in each sampling plot, a 5x5 m sub-plot was laid to determine the species diversity for pteridophytes. Transect walk and sampling plots in 3 mountain ecosystems revealed several vegetation types with Mt. Malindang having 9 types, Mt. Hamiguitan with 5 types and Mt. Kitanglad with 3 types. Species richness was highest in Mt. Malindang (1,164 spp.), followed by Mt. Hamiguitan (878 spp.) and the lowest in Mt. Kitanglad (661 spp.) The montane vegetation had high species richness and diversity values than the dipterocarp and mossy forests. Mt. Kitanglad had the highest number of threatened species (92 spp.) while Mt. Malindang and Mt. Hamiguitan had 34 and 35 threatened species each, respectively. As to endemism, it showed that Mt. Hamiguitan had high endemism (34 %) than Mt. Kitanglad (21%) and Mt, Malindang (16%). The study concluded that the 3 mountain ecosystems showed 64 species as new record in Mindanao and 21 species in the Philippines while 2 species of Nepenthes are new to science. Conservation Initiatives are given to protect the remaining threatened and endemic species of plants and their habitats.

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Sprouting and Rooting of 32 Mulberry Collections Under La Union Conditions Merlita A. Dacayanan Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 19 – Kamagong Hall Mulberry (Morus spp; Moraceae) is a perennial tree crop, which provides sustainable economic and environmental benefits. Its foliage is the only natural feed available for the silkworm Bombyx mori L for the production of silk. The mulberry germplasm bank of the Sericulture Research and Development Institute of the Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University (DMMMSU-SRDI), based at Sapilang, Bacnotan, La Union maintains different exotic and indigeneous collections. For crop improvement and to identify suitable parent materials, this study aimed to determine the variability among 32 collections, and select varieties with high propagation traits. Pooled data of 2008 and 2009 evaluations on sprouting, rooting and proliferation rate at 20, 60 and 90 DAP, respectively, were subjected to Analysis of Variance. Selection of variety was done using the Least Significant Different (LSD) using Batac, a widely used variety for cocoon production, as check variety. Results revealed that there was no significant variation among the 32 mulberry collections as to the number and weight of roots and root-shoot ratio by length and weight. Identified parent materials for drought resistance and improved rooting capacity are S3 Papua, King, MA Collection 2 and H4.

Flexi Drawing Instrument Guisseppe T. Cinches Bohol Island State University Philippines 6:21 - 6:40 August 19 – Kamagong Hall

This research introduces an instrument that would help students in technical drawing. The researcher dubbed the device as Flexi Drawing Instrument (FDI). Aside from the conventional drawing instruments, there are already existing devices that are parallel to the present research. There existsan Adjustable Angle T Square that is rotatable and has dual functions of drawing lines and angles. This drawing instrument can only provide 30, 45, 60, and 75 degree angle. The dual functions instrument can only be used one at a time. One can only draw an angle unless the t square is not used. This type of instrument cannot satisfy the needs of our drafting and drawing students for it is very limited in its function and has a limited degree-angle available. Multi-Mark Layout Tool is another drawing instrument that is multi-functional. This instrument can take multitude of measuring, marking and layout tasks. Furthermore, it can be used as t square, trimming tool, and depth gauge in one unit. But this drawing instrument is not ideal for drawing huge images or structures because it is only six inches long. The study concluded that the flexi drawing instrument is only good for drawing an accurate short line that is beneficial for carpenters.

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Geological Assessment of Bukidnon Caves and their Biodiversity Status Andrea G. Azuelo azuelonenecmu@yahoo.com Central Mindanao University Philippines 6:41 - 7:00 August 19 – Kamagong Hall

An investigation into the geology and biodiversity status of Bukidnon Caves, Philippines is presented with the following objectives: 1) determine the geologic structures of the cave; 2) assess the ecologic features with respect to the caves’ physico-chemical parameters; 3) inventory the cave macrofauna and floral species at the caves’ vicinity; and 4) identify any conservation strategy employed.Four caves in Bukidnon namely: Lawaw, Libon, Manimayag and Cari-is were currently studied and assessed as to its geology, ecology and their biodiversity status. Descriptive methods involving survey and qualitative analysis was employed. Results revealed on the similarities and differences on the occurrence of geologic features such as speleothems’ formations, alluvial deposits and water bodies. The caves differ in their geomorphology. The distribution of the unique macrofauna within the cave zones varies and floral species at the vicinity had shown differences in their ecological adaptations. Looking at the state of biodiversity of the cave and the role of its existence in nature could be an important component of the earth’s ecosystem.

Class Size and Academic Performance of BISU-MC Engineering Students Adelaida Leonor C. Cayunda Bohol Island State University Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 19 – Molave Hall The main thrust of the study was to determine the relationship between class size and the academic performance of Engineering students of BISU MC during the academic years 2008-2009, 2009-2010 and 2010-2011. The study usedthe descriptive documentary method wherein the academic performance ratings were obtained from the Registrar’s Office. Z-test and Pearson r were used. The results showed that there is no significant difference in the academic performance of students belonging to a class of less than or equal to 50 and students belonging to a class of greater than 50. It was also found out that there was no significant relationship between class size and academic performance of students. The study concluded that class size has no bearing on academic performance contrary to popular beliefs.

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Research Collaboration among Selected HEIs and Industries: Inputs to Research Technology Management Rogelio D. Cango chmsc_rds@yahoo.com Carlos Hilado Memorial State College Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 19 – Molave Hall This descriptive study determines the factors predicting industries’ research collaboration with HEIs in Regions 6 and 7 in the Visayas Region, Philippines. Data were gathered through survey and interviews from 59 respondents and documentary analysis of records of HEIs. Results showed the HEIs had electronics/ computer as main offering and less than 10% research budget. Industry respondents were solely private. Technology management activities were to a great extent, level of effectiveness in strategies as exploiter, extender, and follower was effective. More than three-fourths had no HEI collaboration, those who collaborated, produced two or more R&D projects. The industry-related factors are all predictors for extent of collaborative projects. Only R&D activity and status predict propensity, number of patent s and R&D out sourcing. For technology-related factors, only path-navigating activities are predictors. Problems to collaboration were: lack of government support; centralized R&D; lack of facilities and resources; lack of awareness on R&D; IP protection skepticism; lack of linkage initiative; and lack of implement at ion guidelines/ application.

Computer-Aided Multifunction Eeprom Dumper Esmeraldo C. Danie Bohol Island State University Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 19 – Molave Hall The study designed a Computer-Aided TV Receiver EEPROM Dumper at the Bohol Island State University – Main Campus. The study utilized the experimental design. There were 30respondents composed of 20 BS Electronics III students and 10 selected technicians who rated the device in terms of level of performance in the areas of Efficiency, Safety and Convenience of Use. The data gathered were treated statistically using weighted mean for rating and interpretation. Results showed the description of assembly was rated “Good” since the device can easily be assembled since the circuit included only few numbers of electronic components and followed a simple design. In the Level of Performance in terms of Efficiency, it was rated “Good” because the device was able to effectively diagnose EEPROM Chips problem. In terms of safety, it was rated “Good” for the device was safe to use and operate. In terms of Convenience of use, it was also rated “Good” since the device was user-friendly. The researchers concluded that the device can be a great help to the technicians in troubleshooting TV Sets and ready to be introduced to the market.

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The City/Municipal Social Welfare and Development Officers In Region I: Nineteen Years After Devolution Agustin B. Guinid augieguinid@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 19 – Molave Hall The study examined the conditions of the city/municipal social welfare and development officers (C/ MWDOs) in Region 1 after 19 years under the devolved set up. The study used the descriptive design. The subjects of the study were the 92 city and 125 municipal social welfare and development officers. Mean and Pearson r were employed. The C/MWDOs do not see any reason anymore to pursue higher studies. Seemingly, the respondents are better off now than under the previous setup. Aside from receiving higher salary and benefits, the respondents are now more in control of the activities of their offices unlike in the past when they function merely as administrative arms of the provincial and regional offices of national agencies . A marked increase is noted in the quality of services. Regardless of income classifications, the respondents contended that they have either adequate or more than adequate allocations for the services they handle. The processing period for the release of financial assistance, likewise, have been abbreviated. The study concluded that reactions of the respondents to certain issues are not a function of personal and office attributes or characteristics. The extent of implementation of the Magna Carta for Social Workers did not significantly vary among LGUs regardless of income classification.

Speaking Proficiency Level and Motivation of Teacher Education Students Rommel V. Tabula rommeltabula@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 2:51 – 3:10 August 19 – Molave Hall This descriptive-correlational study aimed to determine the significant relationship between the studentrespondents’ speaking proficiency level and their level of motivation. Moreover, it attempted to find out if sex, course, type of high school graduated from, and place of residence would modify the relationship between the student-respondents’ speaking proficiency level and their motivation level. The data were gathered using the descriptive design.Some 40 first year teacher education students of the University of Northern Philippines were purposively sampled.The study employed frequency and percentages, mean, Pearson r, and simple linear regression. Results revealed that there exists a significant relationship between the student-respondents’ speaking proficiency level and their level of motivation, and that the moderator variables significantly modified the relationship. The study concluded that speech teachers should provide different classroom activities which motivate students to speak more proficiently, and that curriculum developers must emphasize vocabulary development to help students improve their spoken English.

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Correlates to Word Problem Solving Capabilities in Algebra of the First Year Engineering Students Melanie D. Lugo melanierul@gmail.com De La Salle Lipa Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 19 – Molave Hall Word problems are topics in Algebra which are abhorred by most students. The study aimed at identifying the correlation that contribute to problem solving capabilities of freshmen college students who were enrolled in Algebra of De La Salle Lipa. It was anchored on three groups of correlates that contributed to problem solving capabilities of students; personal, cognitive, and social factors. The respondents’ entrance examination result in Math and the word problem solving scores were considered. It was found that respondents’ attitude towards problem solving had affected their capabilities to a large extent. Study strategies have been affected to a large extent, while only one affected their capabilities to a small extent. There is a significant relationship between the problem solving capabilities of the students in the three factors. The common problems exhibited were wrong representation, wrong computation, and use of trial and error method, misinterpretation, forgotten formulas, and forgotten concepts. The study concluded that the cognitive and the social factors had a significant effect on the problem solving capabilities of the students.

Adaptability Trial of Hybrid and Inbred Rice Varieties under Corona Clayloam Condition Andrew F. Detera AFDetera@gmail.com Sorsogon State College Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 19 – Molave Hall This study was done in one of the ricefields of Sorsogon State College Castilla Campus at Mayon, Castilla, Sorsogon to determine the best rice varieties adaptable in a location specific lowland ricefield specifically under Corona clay loam condition. This experiment also evaluated and characterized the agronomic or morphologic traits of rice cultivars in farmers’ field and identified the most productive and promising rice cultivars. Results of morphologic characteristics of the five varieties tested showed that for plant height NSIC Rc 222 was the tallest for wet season (WS) and NSIC Rc 212 and NSIC Rc 214 for dry season (DS). PhB71 performed just as good as NSIC Rc 214. Same variety got the highest productive tillers in both seasons and differed significantly over the four inbred varieties. NSIC Rc 222 exhibited the highest number of filled grains per panicle. This is significantly different from the other varieties. Only NSIC Rc 214 gave a significantly higher weight for 1,000 grains per replication than the other varieties for both seasons. PhB 71 had the highest yield performance during the wet season and is significantly different with the other Inbred varieties. It is concluded that the hybrid (PhB 71) and the inbred rice variety NSIC Rc214 were adaptable under corona clayloam condition in both seasons. Among the inbred rice varietiestested, NSIC Rc214 was found to be the most productive and promising variety in terms of yield. The hybrid variety (PhB71) is more productive than any of the inbred varieties under this present study.

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The Use of Study Partner in the Manifestation of Science and Language Skills Bernardo C. Lunar colonelc4b@yahoo.com De La Salle Lipa Philippines 4:11- 4:30 August 19 – Molave Hall To transform the students into scientifically literate individuals, teachers utilize various teaching strategies and instructional materials including textbooks. A Study Guide was tailor made to the students of De La Salle and was used as Study Partner. This study employs the inquiry- based instruction through the 5 E’s of science lesson: Engage, Explore, Explain, Extend and Evaluate. Results showed that the use of the Study Partner in Human Anatomy and Physiology had been contributory to the enhancement of the language and science skills of the students. The study concluded that the use of the Study Partner had developed the process skills, reasoning skills and the critical thinking skills of the students as well as the reading and writing skills. The process skills and the critical thinking skills developed were also found to have significant contribution to the final grade of the students in Human Anatomy and Physiology.

Transcendental Leadership Style among Secondary School Administrators as Determinants of Teachers’ Performance Nicasio H. Baguio nhbaguio1947@yahoo.com Misamis University Philippines 4:30 – 4:50 August 19 – Molave Hall The study determined the extent of application of the transcendental leadership style by the school administrators of secondary schools in Iligan City, Lanao del Norte during the school year 2009-2010 as perceived by 165 teachers.    The research was descriptive in nature and used researcher-constructed questionnaire and PAST for   teachers’ performance.  The data were statistically treated with percentage, weighted mean, Pearson correlation coefficients, chi-square and multiple linear regression. The study disclosed that the length of service and civil status of the teachers significantly determine the extent of the application of transcendental leadership style on the vision and mission, and the sex of the teachers significantly determines the extent of the application of the organization’s superior – subordinate relationship.  The extent of the application of transcendental leadership style concerning the organization’s vision and mission and organization’s superior-subordinate relationship significantly determine the performance rating of the teachers. The administrators should conduct regular monitoring of the teachers, promote improvement of their spiritual development, and encourage their professional growth.  Incorporate managerial aspects of transactional theory and the charismatic aspects of transformational theory in the summer institute for the executive positions in the DepEd.    

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Community Journalism: Its Roles in Ilocano Language and Culture Presentation Rommel V. Tabula rommeltabula@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 4:51 – 5:10 August 19 – Molave Hall This study attempted to explore the social roles of community journalism in the preservation of Ilocano language and culture in Metro Vigan. Specifically, it determined the extent of effectiveness of the social roles of community journalism; the significant relationship between the profile and the social roles of community journalism; and the significant difference of the extent of effectiveness of community journalism when reader-respondents are grouped according to municipalities. Using a researcher-constructed and fieldvalidated instrument, data were purposively gathered through informants from the four municipalities and one city of Metro Vigan. Two hundred fifty (250) participants were involved in the study and the following statistical tools were utilized: frequency and percentages, mean, Pearson r, ANOVA, and Scheffe’ test. Results revealed that majority of the respondents are female; a great number of them belong to the parent age or 20-39 years old; majority resides in the rural areas; most of them are skilled workers; and many of them widely read Bannawag. The study further disclosed that there exist significant relationships between the personal attributes of the respondents and the social roles of community journalism. Furthermore, significant differences in the responses between and among the reader-respondents exist when grouped according to municipalities.

Measurement of Critical Angle for Total Internal Reflection and Index of Refraction of Water Felix L. Nistal felixnistal@gmail.com Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 5:11 – 5:30 August 19 – Molave Hall The principles of fiber optics can be explained by measuring the index of refraction and the critical angle for total internal reflection. The paper reports on the measurement of the critical angle for total internal reflection and the index of refraction of water using a self-constructed apparatus. The method used was experimentation with the use of laser light to obtain the total internal reflection and the index of refraction. The result showed that the apparatus was effective and efficient in measuring the critical angle for total internal reflection and index of refraction and of water was tolerable compared to the standard value. The percentage error of the critical angle and the index of refraction obtained a minimal percentage error. The self-constructed and invented apparatus was effective and efficient in measuring the property of light, index of refraction of water and critical angle for total internal reflection. In light of the findings, The researcher highly recommends to the faculty who are teaching the field of science, specifically, physics for the immediate dissemination of information about this technical study that will serve as the solution of school’s problem of the inadequacy of laboratory facilities particularly on the areas of optics.

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The Pikit Agricultural Colony: A Study of Descendants of the Cebuano Colonos Within a Century (1913-2011) Hector P. Carbon hpcarbon@yahoo.com Southern Christian College Philippines 6:00 – 6:20 August 19 – Molave Hall This is a study on the first and second generation offsprings of the Cebuano colonos of Pikit Agricultural colony which was established in 1913. The study evaluated the extent Pikit Agricultural Colony fulfilled its mandate. The study used the descriptive design. Results showed that the colony as an experiment on multiethnic co-existence is a failure.There were very few Muslims and indigenous colonists among Christian colonos in the four villages originally assigned for colonization. In most colono villages, Christian inhabitants prefer to live among themselves than allow other groups to settle in their villages.Pikit did not develop into an agricultural base for production of basic foodstuff for the nation. Internecine strife prevented it from progressing into what it was planned to be. The original villages of colonos and their descendants have increased in population over a ninety year period except village Calawag. Children of colonos in this villagesmigrated to other places even outside of the country. The study concluded that the descendants of colonos consider the venture of their parents and grandparents as success. The government planners and some economic analysts consider it a failure.The agricultural colonization in Pikit was a catalyst for the growth and development of Cotabato in particular, and of Mindanao in general.

Multiple Intelligence-Based Learning Preferences of Students, Modes of Delivery and Assessment Tools Used Miguela B. Napiere miguela_napiere@yahoo.com Lourdes College Philippines 6:21-6:40 August 19 – Molave Hall Based on Gardner’s (1983) Multiple Intelligence (MI) theory, this descriptive study examines the dominant intelligences and learning preferences of 232 freshmen in a school in Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines. The dominant modes of delivery and assessment tools used by 14 instructors in the basic subjects were also examined. Results revealed that students have dominant musical-rhythmic and spatial-visual intelligences; and, they prefer to learn through linguistic and intrapersonal means. The dominant modes of delivery used were intrapersonal and logic-based modes; and the assessment tools used were primarily related to the interpersonal and logical-mathematical intelligences. The study concluded that students who have strong intrapersonal intelligence tend to prefer to learn in linguistic ways. Each mode of delivery used in classes is significantly related to each assessment tool. The study suggests the need for more instructional strategies that will tap the musical and visual intelligences of students; and more opportunities to demonstrate their learning through active involvement, sound-related activities, and reflection-stimulating ways.

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Impact of Corporatization on Higher Education Renato F. Malate renmalate@yahoo.com.ph Jose Rizal Memorial State University Philippines 6:41 – 7:00 August 19 – Molave Hall Corporatization of State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) in the Philippines is stipulated under Republic Act 8292, otherwise known as the Higher Education Modernization Act of 1997, allowing SUCs to engage in corporate activities generate revenues. The study covered five SUCs in Region IX in terms of their implementation of corporatization, and its effect on access, growth, fiscal autonomy, and quality education. The research method used was quantitative-descriptive survey using a prepared questionnaire. Other data and information were obtained from annual/official reports. The results of the study revealed that corporatization schemes adopted by SUCs were mainly from income from school fees (74 percent) and from use of economic assets or Income Generating Projects (IGPs) (26 percent). T-test showed that the impact is not significant in terms of access, fiscal autonomy, and quality education of SUCs. The study concluded that the corporatization resulted to improvements and significant effect on SUCs’ growth in terms of number of program offerings, faculty development, and extension projects.

Competencies of the Bachelor of Science in Fisheries Graduates of the Western Philippines University Elsa Carmen N. Montaño ecnmontano@yahoo.com Western Philippines University Philippines 7:01 – 7:20 August 19 – Molave Hall This study assesses the Bachelor of Science in Fisheries’ graduates competencies and how they fare in their job as assessed by the employers. The study employed the descriptive survey and correlational methods of inquiry that involved 46 graduates. The data were statistically treated and analyzed with the use of frequency, percentages, mean, ranking, weighted mean, Chi-square and Cramer’s coefficient. Results revealed that most of the graduates were employed in the government agencies. They found the curriculum of the BS Fisheries course relevant in the nature of their employment. The graduates revealed that they can work with others. These capabilities of the graduates were affirmed by their employers. They found the graduates very prepared for work. Significant association existed between the graduates’ nature and status of employment in terms of present employment status, place of work and employing skills and their professional preparation as to reasons for taking the course. The employers’ assessment of the graduates in terms of their job performance, quality of graduates being employed, employment skills and other skills were significantly associated to the graduates reasons for taking the course. It is concluded that graduates nature and status of employment are the results of their professional preparation.

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Concurrent session papers (day 4) Productivity of Rice Producing Regions in the Philippines: DEA Analysis Mila T. Benabise mtbenabise@yahoo.com Quirino State College 9:15 – 9:35 August 20 – Ballroom A

Rice is the staple food of Filipinos and with the uncertainty of rice imports in the country, food security now is the main concern of the Philippines to feed the increasing population. This study determined the productivity and efficiency performance of the 15 rice producing regions of the Philippines from 19962006. A non-parametric Malmquist-DEA analysis was used to determine the regional and serial productivity indices, annual and by administration efficiency indices, improvement in outputs and reduction in resource inputs were determined, and the effects of calamities and excess inputs to efficiency using regression analysis. The results of the study indicates that the overall productivity of the Philippines experienced improvement, but the overall efficiency of rice producing regions from 1996-2006 were inefficient. The Philippines should improve its rice production by 171 metric tons per year and 0.073 metric tons on yield per hectare. The study concluded that a decline in overall efficiency of the regions is caused by using or having surplus inputs in rice production. This non-improvement in efficiency was aggravated by the incidence of calamities such as floods and typhoons, drought, and incidence of pest and diseases in the regions.

Trends in Philippine Political Behavior from the Lens of Existing Government Policies Ana Leah L. Dungog analeigh8@yahoo.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 9:36 – 9:55 August 20 – Ballroom A Politics always is an interesting topic in all spheres of endeavour. It has great significance in the lives of the Filipinos. The intensity differs on the varying attitudes of people towards the entire dynamics of the political system. These diverse beliefs and values which define the situation in which political action takes place make our political culture a class of its own. More often, Filipinos blame the occurrence of political chaos to the political leader. We then consider the factors that trigger political behaviour. With this in mind, the researcher zeroed in on the trend of Philippine Political Behaviour through the various political events from 1980- 2010 in the quest of defining the evolution of our political culture, three decades hence. This study is anchored on Pluralism and Elite Theories and the Conflict Theory. Qualitative-trend analysis was used utilizing data mining. The political events selected are salient national events. The results of the study reinforce the great significance of election in the political landscape, which explains why atypical political events occur prior to and after an election. The study concluded that Philippine Political Culture is best understood through a deeper consideration of political behaviour.

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Development of an Enriched Lubi-lubi (Ficuspseudopalma) Noodles Fely A. Habla fely.habla@yahoo.com Sorsogon State College Philippines 9:56 - 10:15 August 20 – Ballroom A This research focuses on the development and acceptability of an enriched lubi-lubi (Ficuspseudopalma) noodle utilizing its puree as indigenous ingredients. Noodles were developed and enriched using lubilubi leaves. Experimental method was used by extracting the puree of lubilubi leaves and used as flavor and packed/stored in polyethylene bag. Of the three trials conducted the enriched lubi-lubi noodles was rated much acceptable. Based on acceptability level, trial 2 was rated as much acceptable as to taste and color and acceptable as to texture and odor. Results were obtained across prepared products, indicating the evident taste and aroma of lubi-lubi leaves through varied degrees depending upon the quantity of puree used. The researchers observed correct mixing methods or techniques used flavorings and other materials that nicely blended with lubi-lubi puree as suggested by evaluators; the accepted ones were then standardized. The researchers concluded that lubi-lubi leaves are potential flavoring in the preparation of enriched lubi-lubi noodles and accepted among consumers.

Employment and Adjustment Issues of the Physically Impaired Graduates of Higher Education Institutions Helen B. Boholano hibihag08@gmail.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 10:16 – 10:35 August 20 – Ballroom A This study discusses the employment status of PWDs in Region VII.A descriptive normative surveymainly quantitative research design was used in this study.The frequency,percentage and graphical presentations were used. The results of this study challenged the perception that persons with disabilities (PWDs) who graduated frominstitutions of higher learning are able to find jobs, attainpermanent employment status, and achieve job satisfaction. Persons with disabilities reported adjustment issues concerning the dissemination of information in theworkplace and status of employment which was hardlysatisfactory as only a minority achieved permanent statusand had accompanying fringe benefits afforded to tenuredemployees. The study concluded that there is a low job satisfaction amongpersons with disabilities. Therefore there is a need to evaluate the training obtained in the academe to realign the skills andcompetencies with those necessary in the workplace.

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Production Practices of Backyard Goat Raisers in Quirino Province Julie A. Manuel Quirino State College Philippines 10:56 – 11:15 August 20 – Ballroom A The production practices of backyard goat raisers in Quirino were evaluated to establish benchmark data. This is to identify possible production gaps and management disparities that disrupt optimum production of goats in the province. The results can later serve as an index in setting for the suitable interventions meant to improve the raiser’s production practices for the progress of the Quirino Goat Industry. The survey covered 102 backyard goat raisers coming from selected barangays of the six municipalities in the province who owns at least two goats. Results of the study showed that majority of the backyard goat raisers in Quirino still lacks the necessary technical knowledge and skills in housing and fencing, feeds, feeding and pasture management, breeding, care and management of their stock as well as the knowledge in disease prevention and proper waste management.

Cebuano Politicians’ Sustainability through Greene’s Law of Power Gary B. Lapiz instructor_lapiz@yahoo.com.ph Cebu Normal University Philippines 11:16 – 11:35 August 20 – Ballroom A This study determined the Cebuano leaders’ sustainability in power/position based on Robert Greene’s laws of power using a descriptive-qualitative cross-case research design where Cebu City and the Province comprise the research locale. The researcher employed a non-probability purposive “snow-ball” sampling in the selection of the informants using shadowed data on the process from the experts in the political field. Personal and professional backgrounds or leadership styles of political leaders from political entities and civic organizations are not absolute predictors for each of the leader’s political sustainability. Political sustainability is relative to each of the politician’s personality and strategies which politicians are identified to have used Greene’s laws of power. In the practice of politics, consciously or unconsciously, informants of both agencies used Greene’s laws of power directly or indirectly more for personal gain, interest for more power or its status quo and prestige over communal or others’ interest precisely because politics has two facets: good for those who do good and evil for those who do evil. Craving for power turned out to be addictive and a habitual calling of prolonged political career. Thus, power turns out to be a form of discernment in both theory and practice in actual administration.

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Vermi-Based Organic Fertilizers in Vegetables Urban Agriculture: An Adoption Strategy to Climate Change Edwin T. Lasdacan Quirino State College Philippines 11:36 – 11:55 August 20 – Ballroom A The performance of pechay, cherry tomatoes and green pepper to varying frequency of vermitea foliar fertilizer application was evaluated for 19 days for pechay, 5 months for cherry tomatoes and 6 months for green pepper. The crops were grown in pots with an equal proportion of garden soil and vermicast. Sixteen pots per crop were prepared and divided into four groups where each group received the following: no vermitea application , once, twice, and thrice spraying for the whole growth duration of pechay and per month for cherry tomatoes and green pepper. An equal proportion of water and vermitea was used in spraying. The results revealed significant effects of vermitea on the number and weight of leaves and prominent midribs were further observed in the leaves of pechay applied with vermi tea are manifested between the treatments in terms of number of fruits produced per month, total number of fruits produced for six months and weight of fruits. The peak production of fruits is in the second and third months and slowly declined in the succeeding months. The study concluded that vermitea also prolonged the fruiting period of the crops.

Development of a Sugar Free Chewy Candy utilizing Pili Oil and Pili Pulp Flour Geraldine F. de Jesus giggydj95@yahoo.com Sorsogon State College Philippines 11:56 – 12:10 August 20 – Ballroom A The development of a sugar free chewy candy is formulated as an additional product of pili utilizing the pili pulp oil and flour. This is a non caloric food since no sugar was added to the product but aspartame was used instead. A total of 20 panelists composed of students and teachers from Food Service Management evaluated the sample using a 9 Hedonic scale method. Two trials were made, one with the addition of sugar syrup which is termed as low calorie and the other is without the addition of sugar syrup thus termed as a sugar free chewy candy. Comparative test result revealed that the former was rated as like slightly and the later as like moderately. Nutrition information was computed based on the nutritional content of the raw materials used and the following were obtained at 50g per serving or approximately 10 pieces of the product: Calories 80, calories from fat 15, total fat 1.4g with daily value of 2%, transfat 0g, saturated fat 1g with 5% DV, cholesterol 13.6g with 5% DV, sodium 94 mg with 4%DV. The total carbohydrates is 10g, 4%DV, dietary fiber is 0, sugar 0, protein 7.5g. Others were Vitamin A 1%,Vitamin C 2%, Calcium 25% and Iron 1%.

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Mechanized Refrigerant Recovery and Recycling Machine Manuel A. Bajet manuelbajet@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 20 – Ballroom A The mechanized refrigerant recovery and recycling machine was conceptualized with the intension of designing a cost-effective technology to be utilized in minimizing the expulsion of refrigerant in the atmosphere and making it available and affordable to local consumers. The technology’s goal is to promote utilization of locally available resources through recycling such as bars, stainless sheets, refrigerating materials like copper and aluminum tubes flare union, nuts, tees, adopters and compressors.The UNP refrigerant recovery and recycling machine can be utilized for vacuuming cooling units like refrigerators and air conditioner; recovering refrigerant from malfunctioning cooling units to the refrigerant tank; recovering and recycling of refrigerant from cooling units to another unit; and self-vacuuming or its capacity to clean its own piping system. The study concluded that UNP Refrigerant recycling and recovery machine is a cost-effective technology and can perform better compared to foreign refrigerant recovery and recycling machine found in the market today.

Development of Pili Briquettes- An Alternative Fuel Concepcion J. Cambaliza cjcambaliza@yahoo.com Sorsogon State College Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 20 – Ballroom A This study deals with the development of pili briquettes out of agri waste materials from pili. The unused pili pulp from pili growers and processors of Sorsogon were utilized. Survey questionnaires, observation and interviews were used to determine the extent of usage of the piliagri-waste. To find the best formulation of briquettes the researchers utilized the dried natural waste material of pili composed of the pulp, small twigs or leaves and the sap as the binder. Another formulation used carbonized pili skin and pulp and cassava starch as binder. Three trials formed a combination. The resulting briquettes were then compared as to friability, smoke and odor emitted, and heating efficiency. The results revealed that the use of dried pili pulp twigs and leaves produced briquettes that easily chip with heavy smoke and offensive pili odor and has poor burning efficiency. The briquettes utilizing carbonized pulp and cassava starch paste as binder were found more efficient. There is minimal smoke and tolerable odor. From among the trials, trial 2 was the most accepted formulation. The study concluded that briquettes can be producedcomparable to the local and commercially produced fuel. This venture will contribute to the socio economic improvement of Sorsogon.

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Enhanced Technology Utilization and Productivity of Banana Farmers Through IEC Materials and On-farm Demonstration Fredisminda M. Dolojan fredisdolojan@yahoo.com Quirino State College Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 20 – Ballroom A The infestation of Banana Bunchy Top Virus disease wiped the banana plantations in Quirino province. The farmers were left with nothing. The new package of Technology (POT) on banana production generated by PCARRD was introduced through the S&T Anchor Program in the province. Ten farmer cooperators were chosen from the banana farmers who are capable of following the prescribed POT. There was one farmer cooperator who demonstrated the POT in ½ ha. In the area of saba, seven farmer cooperators for lakatan, and two farmer cooperators for latundan. There was 100% adoption of the POT in the use of tissue culture as planting materials, deleafing, sanitation and weeding. There were 90% of the farmer cooperators who practiced fertilization, however only 60% of the farmer cooperators practiced the recommended planting distance and desuckering. It is concluded that the adaption of the interventions is very effective in increasing yield of farmers.

Development, Production, Utilization, and Commercialization of Phycocolloid Drippings as Foliar Fertilizer for Crops Graciela L. Caballero Southern Philippines Agriculture, Business, Marine & Aquatic School of Technology Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 20 – Ballroom A Studies on phycocolloid drippings were conducted to determine its effect to plants. The nutrient content of phycocolloid drippings was also analyzed. A Complete Randomized Design was used in the studies for dendrobium, oncidium, mango and rice (laboratory condition) while a Randomized Complete Block Design was used for chrysanthemum, pechay, mungbean and rice. There were five treatments: T1-0%, T2- 25%, T3-50%, T4-75% and T5-100%. Phycocolloid drippings from Kappaphycus sp. contains Nitrogen (0.14%), Phosphorus (1.14%), Potassium (3.25%), Calcium (0.018%), Magnesium (0.041%), Copper (12.50 ppm), Zinc (50 ppm), Iron (trace) and Manganese (trace). The pH is 5.2. Significant differences in plant height increment were observed from all the tested plants consistently showing the tallest plants from those sprayed with phycoccolloid drippings except for the 100% and the 0% the shortest plants. The 25% drippings. There is a positive relationship between the increase in the rate of extract to the increase in the number of leaves, the leaf area index, and the yield in grams (with and without roots) of pechay. The extent of germination was 100% from the seeds soaked in 50% and 25% drippings whereas, 93.33% and 9.67% for seed soaked in 75% drippings and tap water, respectively. The study concluded that least germination was observed in 100% drippings (63%). Phycocolloid drippings showed comparable results on all parameters measured for rice (tillering, number of productive tillers, height and yield) with the recommended commercial fertilizer and mungbean.

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Needs and Capabilities Towards the Development of Web Services at Sorsogon State College School of Graduate Studies (SSC SGS) Michael P. Gamba gamba.michael@gmail.com Sorsogon State College Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 20 – Ballroom A This study aimed to develop a web service based on the priority needs of SSC faculty and students of SSC SGS. This made use of survey and interview to gather data from randomly selected 81 faculty members of the four campuses of the College and 96 students of SSC SGS. Results revealed that both faculty and student respondents of the four campuses of the College were familiar with the internet surfing. Further, it showedthat online enrolment ranked number one priority web service by the two groups of respondents. The first priority of the faculty is training on web interactivity while the students’ priority is online thesis advising.The developed web service allows processing the incoming and outgoing data suchas online enrolment and evaluation of grades. Users’ data such as profile and othersensitive information are being secured through encryption and decryption process before and after they are saved in the designated databases. All students in the SGS have their own credentials before they could access their data for evaluation of grades and during the enrollment process. However, payment of tuition fees and the like had not been included in the development due to accounting rules and regulations.

A Multi – Purpose Solar Powered Apparatus Romeo G. Seguban romeoseguban@yahoo.com Isabela State University Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 20 – Ballroom A The fabricated a self-contained solar-powered apparatus that could be used as substitute for alternating current (AC) power.This researcher used the Project Development Method (PDM). A descriptive-evaluative research design was applied to test its performance. The completion and fine tuning of the project was undertaken by the researcher at the Electronics Technology Shop of the College of the Industrial Technology and Education (CITE), Isabela State University. The project was constructed for efficient and effective lighting conditions and other AC functions. It consists of .75A, 10W solar panel, a 12V input, 220VAC output inverter (1,500W), 12V, 17AH battery, charging system, 1K 1/4W resistors and light emitting diode (LED) white (140pieces). The project is used for lighting, at night with an efficient illumination. The project is suitable to charge 12 volts and 6 volts lead acid battery. It is not waterproof. Results showed that the project is effective for wide lighting applications, charging, and source of alternating current (AC) power for light duty appliances and the defects found in this utility model were revised and redesigned. The study concluded that the Multi-Purpose Solar Powered Apparatus can be replicated for instructional purpose in technology shops.

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The Effects of Psychoeducation of Parents on Parent-Child Relationship Among Hearing Impaired Children Sol J. Dalonos soldalonos@yahoo.com Department of Education Cagayan de Oro City Division Philippines 3:51 – 4:10August 20 – Ballroom A Education is concerned with everything that helps the children to develop their potentials. It begins at birth, and the parent is at the heart of the educational process. The study was conducted to assess and determine the levels of attitudes, awareness, skills in parenting, involvement in school programs and parent-child relationship among parents of hearing impaired children before and after psychoeducation with the same group. It used the quasi-experimental design with the self-made survey questionnaire and informal interviews for the children. The findings showed the existence of significant differences on the levels of attitudes, awareness, skills in parenting, involvement in school programs and parent-child relationship between the evaluation of perceptions before and after the psychoeducation. From the findings, the conclusions are made, parents’ psychoeducation helped both parents and children improved their attitudes, increased awareness, developed joy in parenting, active involvement in school programs, and improved the levels of parent-child relationships. The recommendations are focused on the psychoeducation for parents to be a part of the regular program of the schools spearheaded by the administration. A more intensive psychoeducation should be done not only to parents but also to other caregivers. Same must be done also to children with hearing impairment if feasible to help them understand more of themselves. A time series evaluation of psychoeducation effects must be done to ascertain the degree of durability of the changes experienced.

Organizational Membership of Fisherfolk in Fishing Villages in Palawan, Philippines Oscar G. Nalzaro ognalzaro2000@yahoo.com Western Philippine University Philippines 4:11 – 4:30August 20 – Ballroom A This study was conducted to determine and analyze the demographic characteristics of fisherfolk; identify membership and benefits/incentives, existence and activities of organizations, types of interventions on regulations, legislations and fishery laws implemented. A total of 247 fisherfolk were considered from selected fishing villages of Mainland Palawan from Taytay, San Vicente, Quezon, Aborlan and Puerto Princesa City. Fishing is the main occupation with monthly income of PhP5,739.92. Household size was five and age of 30-39 years old. Educational attainment among women were elementary graduate while men reached elementary level. Majority were married and most of the fisherfolk were Bisaya/Cebuano. Further, majority were members of Fishermen’s Cooperative, Fishermen’s Association and BagongSiglo and Taytay Sa Kauswagan, Incorporated, Urban Poor Association and Neighborhood Indigenous Association. Fisherfolkavailed of trainings and technology, credit assistance, livelihood opportunities, access to facilities and marketing of fish catch.The interventions formulated to address issues in fisheries include fishing vessel and gears licensing, on access to fishery resources, law enforcement and on exclusive fishery zones and resource use limits. Furthermore, fisherfolk should be encouraged to become members to government or NGOs to be empowered for community participation and in addressing fishery issues.

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Decolonizing the Lifeworld through Educative Action Jiolito L. Benitez jollylbenitez@yahoo.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 9:15 – 9:35 August 20 – Ballroom B JurgenHabermas’ diagnosis of the contemporary social crises reveals a colonization of the lebenswelt (lifeworld). The lifeworld is said to be colonized when social infrastructures such as political, economic, media systems, among others, subvert the shared identity, values, and goals of the people. This subversion ramifies into manifold social pathologies, at the core of which is the problem of legitimization. When the people feel that the government, the media, the church (religion), the military and police, the judiciary, and the legislature are unjust and therefore do not deserve their support and loyalty, then there is a problem of legitimization. Habermas seeks to rationalize the relationship between the lifeworld and these parasitic systems by attempting to revive the people’s capacity for communicative action. Communicative action entails the substitution of violence with public discourse, deliberative consensus, and participatory citizenship.This paper argues that imperative to Habermas’ communicative action is educative action. The goal of enabling the citizenry to participate in public discourse as a mode of rationalization clearly underscores the importance of education. Education both as “educare” (to nurture or to form) and “exducire” (to lead out of ignorance) is primordially at the realm of social interface where the participants seek understanding.

Performance of Third Year Students in Science and Technology III in Selected High Schools Hermenegildo F. Samoy Quirino State College Philippines 9:36 – 9:55 August 20 – Ballroom B This study identifies the factors influencing the performance of third year students in Science and Technology in the Division of Quirino. The study used the descriptive design. A questionnaire composed of checklist and a teacher – made achievement test were used to gather data from the 309 junior students from the selected secondary high schools in the Division of Quirino. The frequency count, percentage, mean T-test and F-test were used. Results revealed that respondents got an academic performance level of 37.47 expressed in Mean Percentage Score (MPS). Significant difference exists between academic performance of students in Science and Technology when they are grouped by teachers’ gender, age, civil status, highest educational attainment, attendance to training and workshops, number of teaching preparations, and number of years teaching Science and Technology III. The identified methods and strategies used in teaching Science and Technology III were very often used. The use of experiment, problem solving method, demonstration, lecture, cooperative learning, concept mapping, computer aidedinstruction, reporting, and the use of rule play, differ significantly with the performance of the third year students in Science and Technology III.

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Understanding of Greenhouse Effect and Societal Consequences of Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emission Cesar B. Ortiz Bukidnon State University Philippines 9:56 - 10:15 August 20 – Ballroom B

Studies had been conducted that focused on pedagogical techniques for promoting conceptual change. There were 164 BEE-fourth year students who participated in the study during the first semester of 20102011. They had already taken up Environmental Science and Ecology in the previous semesters. The study used the descriptive design. There were five types of answers given by the students, all more or less incomplete, but with potential to be developed. Students’ responses also indicate that they do not fully understand the societal changes as a result of drastic reduction in CO2 emission. Nevertheless, they were well informed about how dangerous is the depletion of ozone layer to humans.

Pagsusuring mga Istratehiyang Pagtuturong Wikang Filipino Eleanor G. Garingan Quirino State College Philippines 10:16 – 10:35 August 20 – Ballroom B

Ang pananaliksik na ito ay tungkol sa pagsusuring mga istratehiyang pagtuturo at pagkatutong wikang Filipino sapamamagitan ng paglalarawan–pagsusuring pamantayan upang masuri ang kabisaan ng paggamit ng mga istratehiya sa pagtuturong pangwika sa pagpapataas ng antas ng pakikilahok ng mga mag-aaral. Ang pag-aaral na ito ay isinakatuparan upang matugunan ang suliranin ng mga guro at mga mag-aaral dahil sa kakulangan ng mga kagamitan. Lahat ng mga sangguniang aklat at mga kagamitan ay ginagamit ng mga guro at dapat lamang na madagdaga nang mga kagamitan ng mga guro upang higit na malinang ang mga kaalaman, kakayahan at kaugnaya ng dapa matamong mga mag-aaral.

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A Philosophy of Man from Man Alex Y. Tiempo rokgel@yahoo.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 10:56 – 11:15August 20 – Ballroom B There are many interpretations concerning the nature of man. An Old Testament passage from the Book of Psalms reads: “What is man that thou art mindful of him?” This question, though springing from Sacred Scriptures, is not simply a religious query uttered by a devout follower of God’s commandments, but one that is highly philosophical. When one asks, his main intention is not just to seek an answer to the question, but to propose as well some meaning that is hidden behind the language used. In the words of the German philosopher Hans Georg Gadamer, “The essence of the question is to open up possibilities and keep them open.” Understandably, the original purpose of the one asking the question is to know the importance of man’s life – that is, to find out the reason why God created him in the first place. Yet other than the creatorcreature relationship that is self-evident in the passage, there is some theory that transcends the JudaeoChristian terminology: the basic truth about the nature of man. Just what exactly is this theory appears to us more as a puzzle to solve than a ready solution, to use another biblical passage, “delivered on a silver platter.

PCPS Program Implementation in the Division of Quirino Carmelita dela Cruz Quirino State College Philippines 11:16 – 11:35 August 20 – Ballroom B This study assesses the PCPS program implementation in the Division of Quirino. It determined the profile of the ICT teachers in the Division of Quirino. The study used the descriptive design. The researcher used a questionnaire as data gathering instrument for teacher respondents. A total of 18 teacher respondents from 15 public secondary schools in the division of Quirino served as sources of data. The simple percentages, frequency counts, t-test, and F–test were used. Results showed that all respondents are teaching at an average of 3.22 years. Two have attended a National /Regional training and eleven have attended local in-service trainings on Basic Computer Operations and five have no training so far. The respondents are described as proficient. Among the four knowledge of applications, the competency for basic computer operations, use of productivity tools, knowledge in hardware and network maintenance and use of ICT technology for professional practice is average. The study concluded that the lack of teacher training on PC maintenance and servicing the security of ICT facilities together with outdated competencies down to the lack of training on computer aided instruction affected the PCPS program implementation.

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Viable Solutions in Addressing Climate Changes Through Private (BCCFI) –Public (LGU) Partnerships Angelica M. Baylon ambaylon_maap11@yahoo.com Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific Philippines 11:36 – 11:55 August 20 – Ballroom B This paper articulates the partnership between the private sector represented by the Bataan Coastal Care Foundation Inc (BCCFI) and the public sector represented by the various localgovernment units (LGUs) in the Province of Bataan. The partnership was initiated based on common objectives of these two (BCCFI and LGUs) institutions to build better coastal governance, increase awareness , promote community participation in coastal management and explore ways for dynamic and sustainable publicprivate partnerships in addressing climate changes . Since February 2000, BCCFI has actively led in partnering with its various stakeholders in the province‘s 11 municipalities and lone city to implement the Bataan Integrated Coastal Management Program (BICMP) with focus on the 87 coastal villages. As manifested in the socio-economic investment survey form that was accomplished by, among and between the BCCFI members in close collaboration with the local government units. Through varied approaches and entry points, BCCFI, served as catalyst in protecting the environment in Bataan either individually or collectively, within their respective spheres of influence and capabilities. This is a case point that could be explored as one of the strategies and actions for ASIAN networking on coastal resource management in addressing climate changes.

Computer-Assisted Collaborative Learning and Academic Performance Emeliza T. Estimo eestimo0322@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Colleges Foundation - Bacolod 11:56 – 12:10August 20 – Ballroom B

For effective teaching methodology in Maritime English Instruction, this paper examines the effect of the Computer-Assisted Collaborative Learning (CACL) Model on the academic performance of maritime students in terms of their scores in the summative test, pretest and post test, and midterm examination. Anchored on the Johnson, Johnson, and Smith’s (1991) framework on Collaborative Learning and Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, a series of CACL-based modules covering the midterm topics enriched from the existing Instructor’s Guide for Maritime English was tested with two experimental groups of students against two other classes who were exposed to the Traditional Method (TM) of instruction. The four groups of students were categorized into academic achievers and non-academic achievers. Results revealed a significant improvement on the academic performance of all groups after their separate exposure to the two methods. Results from the midterm exam and the summative test further revealed that there is no significant difference on the academic performance of the groups of academically advanced students. For the groups of non-achievers, however, those who were exposed to the CACL model had significantly scored higher than those who were taught using the Traditional Method.

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Collaborative Learning in Small Group Discussions and its Impact on Resilience Quotient and Academic Performance Luis G. Evidente jblcf-bacolod.edu.ph John B. Lacson Colleges Foundation – Bacolod 1:30 – 1:50August 20 – Ballroom B This paper is a quasi- experimental investigation on the impact of Collaborative Learning (CL) in Small Group Discussions (SGD) on the development of the eight components of Resilience Quotient (RQ) and the Academic Performance (AP) of students in Maritime English classes. Using different statistical tools such as mean and standard deviation, t-test for dependent and independent samples, the study revealed that students who have a higher academic performance tend to also have higher Resilience Quotient. Evidence also showed that a high level of RQ could enhance academic performance and that RQ could be developed through constant exposure to small group discussions at a certain period of time. Evidence in the study also showed that too much dependence on the teacher as the main source of learning in the traditional approach could lead to some regression or decline on the students’ personal vision thereby lowering their level of resilience. There was also some evidence that the improvement in the level of RQ can also be a teacher factor. Moreover, it was noticed that working in small groups could give students the opportunity to affirm their personal beliefs and individual capabilities in accomplishing their tasks in the teaching and learning process.

Identifying Quality Teachers Through Student Achievements and Subjective Evaluation Dr. Vince Sinning drsinining@gmail.com Southland College, Kabankalan City Philippines 1:51 – 2:10August 20 – Kamagong Hall Leaders of educational institutions have attempted to identify and hire “quality teachers” based on their credentials. However, research studies have suggested that quality teachers should be identified based on their job performance. The researcher suggests that in identifying and hiring quality and effective teachers, school leaders should use the collected data based on the teacher’s job performance, student achievements, and subjective evaluations by school leaders, peers, and parents. High-performing teachers with minimum qualifications would be providedwith opportunities under the faculty development scheme to meet the standard paper qualifications and requirements as mandated by School Districts (in the case of schools in the United States); the Commission on Higher Education or by the Department of Education (in the case of schools in the Philippines and other countries). The researcher proposes that school leaders adopt the suggested measures that would help identify quality teachers based on their job performance and value-added contributions.

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Development and Evaluation of a Teaching Guide in English Plus Ryan D. Remolacio Sorsogon State College Philippines 2:11 – 2:30August 20 – Ballroom B The study devised a teacher-made test to identify the needs and difficulties of the students in English Plus and the results were utilized to revise and enrich the syllabus. The descriptive –evaluative method was employed in this research. A teacher-made test was administered to 200 students selected by random sample. Content analysis of the syllabi of the professors and instructors were used as basis in constructing the teacher-made test. The areas under the English Proficiency Test in the SSC Admission Test were also considered. Results of the study revealed that naming words, word groups and paragraph organization are areas with performance level (PL) of 0-49 and are considered as difficult while areas like vocabulary, modifiers and verbs with (PL) of 50-75 are considered as nearly difficult. These results are the basis of the revised and enriched syllabus. It is concluded that almost all competencies in the areas cited were all considered as needs and difficulties of the English Plus students. Thus, there is the need for the inclusion of these competencies in the syllabus and an outline of a teaching guide.

Spirituality and Work Stress of Teacher Education Institution Faculty in Cagayan de Oro City Salvador C. dela Peña vadz_2000@yahoo.com Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 2:31 – 2:50August 20 – Ballroom B Very little has been empirically explored on the association between spirituality and work stress in the academic setting; thus, this study involving full-time education faculty of colleges in Cagayan de Oro City was conducted. Standardized tools were used to determine the levels of spirituality and work stress. An indepth interview with the top and lowest ten on spirituality was conducted to further validate the findings. This study’s findings reveal that the faculty’s extent of work stress was low. As to spirituality, they considered themselves highly spiritual. Moreover, the study showed that age, gender, educational attainment, and length of teaching experience did not significantly influence the teachers’ level of work stress. However, only gender was found to have a significant influence on the faculty’s level of spirituality. Finally, no statistical evidence was found that the faculty’s level of spirituality had a significant effect on their level of work stress. However, results of the in-depth interview reveal the practical significance of spirituality in relation to work stress. Therefore, the findings offer insight into the limitation of empirical study to measure objectively the spiritual domain of man. Hence, the role of spirituality still cannot be dismissed despite the lack of statistical evidence.

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Child Labor in Small-Scale Banana Plantations in Davao City, Philippines Mervin G. Gascon nexxus_mgg@yahoo.com University of Southeastern Philippines Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 20 – Ballroom B This is a rapid assessment study on the socio-economic and specific working conditions of 150 child laborers in the small-scale banana plantations in Davao City, Mindanao, Philippines. This study used quantitative and qualitative methods in analyzing the data. Cross tabulation (Chi-Square) was employed to appraise the association of respondents’ awareness on basic children’s rights and socio-economic characteristics. Qualitative methodologies used were survey, key informants interview, informal discussion, direct observation and focus group discussion. The results revealed that majority of the child laborers in small-scale banana plantations in Davao City are 11-17 years old, male, middle children in their brood, Catholic, Bagobos, with monthly family income of P1,000-P5,000. Most respondents started to work at the age of 11-17 years old, currently out-of-school, work at temporary status in the banana farms, work as helpers/all-around workers/limpisadors. The study concluded that age, particularly the 11-17 year old group; birth rank, particularly the middle children; ethnicity, particularly the Bagobos; monthly family income, particularly the P1,000-P5,000; source of income, particularly those who obtained their income from banana plantation; father’s occupation, particularly the farmers/growers; mother’s occupation, particularly the housewives group are significantly associated with the respondents’ level of awareness on children’s rights.

Determinants of Quality Engineering Education in Northeastern Mindanao, Philippines Levita B. Grana granalevy@yahoo.com Saint Joseph Institute of Technology Philippines 3:31 – 3:50August 20 – Ballroom B This paper examines the quality of engineering education in Caraga Region, Northeastern Mindanao, Philippines. The 2008 Malcolm Balridge National Quality Award (MBNQA) Education Criteria was used as framework in determining the quality of engineering education. The study determined the relationship between competence and the performance of the teaching and learning functions to the quality of engineering education. The competence of the engineering faculty was based on the 2008 criteria of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) and the extent of performance on the teaching and learning functions was based on the principles of Scholarship of Learning and Teaching. A descriptive-correlational design was used employing regression analysis. Results reveal that the competence of the faculty and the performance of their teaching and learning functions influence the quality of engineering education. The quality of engineering education is significantly determined by the significance of results of the teaching and learning processes and the adequacy of preparation. The clear goal setting, degree of participation in the professional societies, and appropriateness of methods used fairly contribute to the quality of engineering education.

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Causal Effects of Selected Domains on Students’ Performance in Maritime Schools Assessment Program: Structural Equation Model Janet D.Barrera jandlbar_56@yahoo.com Misamis University Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 20 – Ballroom B The study analyzed the performance of the BSMT students in Maritime School Assessment Program (MSAP) in English, Mathematics, and Technical courses. Intellective and non-intellective variables such as the Purdue Non-Language Test, SRA Verbal Ability for language and quantitative skills were deemed to predict the performance of the students in the MSAP.  A structural equation model was then formulated on the basis of the findings of the study. The research was descriptive in nature. Documentary analysis served as the source of the data which were analyzed using frequency counts, percentage distribution, mean, Pearson product moment correlation and multiple regression analysis.  The results revealed that the students’ PNLT was significantly correlated with basic algebra skills, grammar and reading comprehension; and with the students’ performance in the deck watchkeeping and seamanship. The language component of  SRA of the students was significantly correlated with their terrestrial navigation and collision regulation competencies.  The quantitative component of the SRA of the students was significantly correlated with their performance in the deck watchkeeping and seamanship.  A structural model of the MSAP performance was formulated (MSAP Performance = 14.50 + 1.27 (PNLT) + 2.63 (Language) - 0.31 (Quantitative) + 0.321 (Mathematics) + 0.699 (English). 

A Reflective Analysis of Facebook as Social Capitol: Iys Role in Transforming the Cultural Values and Language Proficiency Among Filipino Students Leah V. Cadiao drlvcadiao@yahoo.com Occidental Mindoro State College Philippines 4:11 – 4:30August 20 – Ballroom B The surge of technological advancement in this “knowledge society” is pushing the limits of human ability. Hence, the emergence of social network sites such as Facebook, Friendster, Tagged, Twitter, You Tube and the like have become a “basic” for nearly everybody and have led a lot of youth to social networking and fun as well as hands on, minds on and authentic learning experiences. In this study, the researchers explored the Facebook phenomenon as the latest trend among teenagers in the Philippines. It has become a fad nowadays and is the most popular online social network site formation and maintenance of social capital. Thus, this paper aimed to ascertain the Facebook as social capital; its role in the daily activities of Filipino teenagers and arrive at transforming the said popular social networking into classroom practices. The study also determined the transformation brought about by Facebook phenomenon in terms of cultural values, attitudes and language proficiency as evidenced in the different reflections, testimonies, and insights given by the respondents. A researcher - made questionnaire was developed for this purpose and employed the descriptive survey method. The respondents of the present study were 250 college students from the private university of Iloilo City and state college of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. They were purposively selected on the basis of their prolonged exposure to Facebook which became almost a part of their frequent routine. The quantitative data derived from this study were analyzed by utilizing appropriate statistical tools such as weighted mean, standard deviation, percentages and independent t – test. To further substantiate the quantitative results, a semi-structured interview was conducted among the randomly selected respondents and owners of various social networking sites.

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Perceptions on Aging and Retirement Among Government Employees of Quirino Cynthia Grace T. Valdez Quirino State College Philippines 9:15 – 9:35 August 20 – Ballroom C Cynthia Grace T. Valdez Theelicitedperceptions on aging, retirement, preparation and the prospective activities that the government employees of selected agencies in Quirino Province would like to do when they retire. Descriptive method of research was done. Data were collected through the use of questionnaire and informal interviews. Results were analyzed through frequency counts, percentages and chi-square test. The results show that the mean age of future retirees is 56.30 years old, females and currently married, but only few have graduate degrees. It revealed that the respondents have started thinking about retirement but have not prepared for it yet since their finances at present is intended for the education of their children. Retirement means being able to enjoy life, time to do the things they like and time to pursue their hobbies. Their preferred activities after retirement are to establish a business and take care of themselves and to work for pay after retiring from their current job. Among the disliked aspects of retirement are missing the camaraderie of their co-workers and having health problems.There is a significant relationship between the respondents’ nature of work and their willingness to engage in paid work after retirement. The marital status of the respondents and their educational attainment has a significant relationship with the most disliked aspect of retirement.

Self-Efficacy and Self-Care Management Outcome of Chronic Renal Failure Patients Paolo Angelo G. Balaga icytravis@yahoo.com Cebu Normal University Philippines 9:36 – 9:55 August 20 – Ballroom C Patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) often fail to comply with their diet therapy, as well as hemodialysis and medications, caused by low perceived self-efficacy which undermine the effectiveness of self-care. This paper looked into self efficacy and self-care management outcome of patients with CRF utilizing Bandura’s Self-Efficacy Theory as basis for self-care management guidelines. Respondents included 50 randomly chosen CRF patients acquiring hemodialysis in Cebu City who answered the researchermade questionnaire. Exploring patient’s self-efficacy, the researcher observed that many respondents claimed compliance to diet, hemodialysis treatment and medications and showed hypoalbuminemia and hyperphosphatemia throughout the year. Diet adherence was positively correlated to albumin levels, had inverse relationship to interdialytic weight gain levels and no significance to preblood urea nitrogen levels. Kt/V and urea reduction ratio levels possessed no significance to compliance with hemodialysis. Meanwhile, compliance with medications had direct bearing on hemoglobin and hematocrit levels and had inverse relationship to phosphorus levels. In conclusion, self-efficacy has bearing on self-care management outcome of CRF patients. Health professionals need to constantly evaluate patient’s self-efficacy in compliance to improve prognosis and quality of life of CRF patients.

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Comparative Study on the Efficacy of Three Varieties of Tambis(Syzygiumaqueum) as Antimicrobial Agent and its Phytochemical Component Levitah C. Mapatac chingmap@yahoo.com Caraga State University Philippines 9:56 - 10:15August 20 – Ballroom C The use of medicinal plants is a deeply rooted tradition which transcends the social strata of the Philippines. Syzygiumaqueum (local name of water apple) belongs to family Myrtaceae found to have three comparable varieties the red, green and white varieties. The study aimed to compare the three varieties of Syzygiumaqueum in its antimicrobial activity and the presence of secondary metabolites. Fruits an leaves were collected and subjected to histochemical test, Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial activity against Gram negative bacteria Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Gram positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis; and fungi Aspergillusflavus and Saccharomysescerevisiae. The screening of bioactive components indicates the presence of alkaloid, tannins, glucosides, formic acid, tartaric acid, flavonoids and steroids. Crude ethanolic extracts of fruits and leaves of the three varieties showed to be effective against the growth of S. aureus, B. subtilis, E. coli and P. aeroginosa. However, no inhibition was observed against Aspergillusflavus, Saccharomysescerevisiae.

Inventory of Commonly Used Agricultural Chemicals in Farms and Plantations in the Province of Bukidnon Estela C. Itaas estelacitaas@yahoo.com Bukidnon State University Philippines 10:16 – 10:35 August 20 – Ballroom C This study conducted an inventory on the commonly used agricultural chemicals in farms in the province of Bukidnon. Types of agricultural chemicals commonly used for high valued vegetables were identified; the volume or concentration of agricultural chemicals applied to farmers farms and the frequency of these agricultural chemicals applied by farmers in a given cropping period were determined; it also identified common practices of farmers on chemical waste disposal; it also crafted the implications on the use of these agricultural chemicals to human health and environment; and finally it formulated recommendations that can be proposed relative to the use of these agricultural chemicals to ensure the safety of the community and the environment. A survey research using cross-sectional design was used. The target population were the upland farmers and the planters in the municipality of Lantapan, Province of Bukidnon selecting only 130 farmers of high valued crops.

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Temporal Changes in Mycoflora of Oiled Coastal Habitats in Southern Guimaras, Philippines Brian Gil S. Sarinas bg_sarinas@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University – Arevalo Philippines 10:56 – 11:15 August 20 – Ballroom C The study was conducted after almost three years to determine if there is recovery of normal mycoflora in the same study sites. Specifically, it aimed to describe fungal population in terms of species composition and fungal load per site according to sample type, compare similarity of fungal population among sites and sample type, and quantify fungal density. Samples were collected at the same eight sites. Samples were composed of beach water, beach soil, mangrove surface and sub-surface soil. Fungi were enumerated and isolated using the spread plate serial dilution technique and identified based on colony and microscopic characters using available keys and monographs. In general, fungal density appears to have increased over the three year period. There is also the dominance of the hyphomycetes similar to 2006 data, although not necessarily of the same species composition. The reduction of oil could have possibly caused a shift from oil-degrading species to the re-appearance of the normal mycoflora. Changes in fungal assemblages and density could possibly be signs of initial recovery and re-establishment of normal fungal flora among the disturbed habitats.

Contribution of Smoke-Belching Vehicles to the Green House Gases Concentration Bernard G. Gilaga nard_3373@yahoo.com.ph Jose Rizal Memorial State University Philippines 11:16 – 11:35August 20 – Ballroom C Among 212 nations in the world, the Philippines is ranked 48th in terms of carbon emission in the transportation sector. The study sought to determine and estimate the amount of gaseouspollutants emitted by the vehicles in Dipolog City in relation to the overall gaseous pollutants of the Philippines. Results revealed an annual gaseous pollutant contribution of 1,072929.597%V for carbon monoxide and 501,282,073.1 ppm for hydrocarbon emission which, together, roughly explain 6% of the country’s overall GHG (Green house gases) output per year. Considering that there are 122 cities in the Philippines, the 6% GHG contribution of Dipolog City is considered well beyond the normal threshold. The study also identified some of the factors leading to this inordinate amount of GHG output of the city, such as, but not limited to: (a) strict implementation of the standards for vehicle emission levels prior to renewal of registration, and (b) strict monitoring and implementation of the anti-smoke belching law or the Clean Air Act (RA8749).

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Distribution of Anuran Species in Loboc Watershed of Bohol Island, Philippines Reizl P. Jose gzl_4@yahoo.com Bohol Island State University Philippines 11:36 – 11:55 August 20 – Ballroom C The Philippines is rich in biodiversity and Bohol Island is among the many places in the country requiring attention for conservation efforts. For this reason, a surveyo f anurans was conducted in Loboc Watershed, the forest reserve in the island. Different sampling techniques were used. Three transect lines was established and were positioned perpendicular to water bodies parallel to the existing trails. A 10x10 meter quadrat size was established along each transect line. A visual encounter technique was used along each established quadrat and identification was done using a field guide.Fifteen species of anurans were recorded. One species belong to families Bufonidae (Bufomarinus) and Megophryidae (Megophryisstejnegeri); two to family Microhylidae (Kalophrynuspleurostigmaand Kaluolapicta); six familyRanidae(Fejervaryacanc rivora, Limnonectesleytensis, Limnonectesmagnus, Platymantisguentheri, Playmantiscorrugatus, and Ranagrandocula) and five Rhacophoridae (Nyctixalusspinosus, Polypedatesleucomystaxleucomystax, Polypedatesleucomystaxquadrilineatus, Rhacophorusappendiculatusand Rhacoporuspardalis).The disturbed nature of the area still recorded endemic and threatened species. This suggests that forests and critical habitats in the area need to be protected and conserved.

Dissolved Metals Present in Wastewater Effluents Among Passenger Vessels in the Philippines Ma. Lona T. Torrigue John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University-Arevalo Philippines 11:51 – 12:10 August 20 – Ballroom C There is little or no information available in the literature about the dissolved metals present in wastewater effluents among passenger vessels most especially in the Philippines. Thus, this study serves as baseline information on the presence of dissolved metals in greywater effluents from the passenger vessels in the Philippines. The study quantified the dissolved metals such as copper, nickel and zinc as listed in the priority pollutants of U.S. EPA. These metals were measured by the flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS) and their means was determined for each sample. Three vessels were sampled and three liters were collected from each vessel. Copper, nickel and zinc (µg/L) was very high as compared to the standard values set by the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. The highest average value of copper was 145. 17 µg/L, 149.73 µg/L for nickel, and 754.6 µg/L for zinc.There is a significant difference (p < .05) of dissolved metals among the passenger-vessels sampled. Since metals can accumulate in the living tissues, this study stresses the importance of wastewater treatment facilities in passenger vessels to prevent or to minimize metal contamination in the marine environment.

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Potency of Medicinal Leaves in the Growth Performance of Broiler Chicks Levitah C. Mapatac chingmap@yahoo.com Caraga State University Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 20 – Ballroom C Recent bans and restriction on the use of animal antibiotic growth promoters stimulated interest in bioactive secondary metabolites of plant sources as alternative performance enhancers. The study investigated the Phytochemical composition of the ethanolic leaf extract of different medicinal leaves. Ethanol extracts of different medicinal plants including Persia americana (avocado), Psidiumguajava(guava), and Moringaolifera (malunggay) were tested using the disc diffusion method for their antimicrobial activity against the common poultry pathogens Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The antibacterial activity of the extracts was directly proportional to the presence of secondary metabolites that made it actively performing. Guava and avocado extract showed almost all the secondary metabolites screened while only flavonoids and alkaloids were present in malunggay extract. Using one way ANOVA and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT), final weight and weight gained has significant differences including some body parts of the chicken. Among the treatments, guava decoction had better growth performance compared to other sources. The study concludes that guava decoction alternative substitute for antibiotics in the chicken. One way of reducing the processed antibiotic costs is through the utilization of the antibiotic properties of the medicinal leaves.

Job Stress and Satisfaction of Grade I Teachers in Diffun Districts, Division of Quirino Cynthia Grace T. Valdez Quirino State College Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 Day 4 – Ballroom C This study was conducted during the school year 2010-2011. All Grade I teachers of Diffun Districts were considered were utilized. The study assessed the degree of job stress and satisfaction among Grade I teachers. The study used descriptive method of research. Results revealed that Grade I teachers are young, single, Ilocanos, and are holding Teacher I position. The teachers occasionally experience some of the symptoms of stress and other symptoms were experienced by the respondents. Some of the sources of stress occasionally occur among the respondents but others do not occur as sources of stress from among the teacher respondents. Ethnicity does not affect the frequency of occurrence the sources of stress. Educational attainment is a factor of variation as frequency of occurrence of such sources of stress. The respondents are most satisfied with the people they get along with in the workplace and are least satisfied with how they are being paid. Highest educational attainment significantly affects one’s level of satisfaction. Pay and stress are significantly related, that as one receives a higher pay, he/she becomes more stressed about the job he/she does. The study concluded that teacher respondents are likely to be more stressed when given more work, receives a higher pay, when being supervised and gets promoted.

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Seaweed Foliar Fertilizer for Lettuce Grown Under Protected and Conventional Cultivation System Cesar A. Limbaga, Jr. Southern Philippines Agriculture, Business, Marine & Aquatic School of Technology Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 Day 4 – Ballroom C The study was conducted to assess the performance of lettuce grown under protected (tunnel type) and conventional cultivation systems. Lettuce under protected cultivation performed better as shown by highest percent head formation, yield, and percentage of marketability than open field grown lettuce. Field grown lettuce with supplementation of phycocolloid regardless of the concentration produced more leaves, matured earlier, and had higher percent head formation and yield than control or no supplementation. Protective structured was more profitable than open field condition due to the higher marketable yield obtained under the system compared with open field. Application of phycocolloid provide a higher net income than no supplementation or control. Leaf chlorophyll content of phycocolloid supplemented lettuce was significantly higher than control. Control plants obtained the least potassium level as compared to plants with phycocolloid foliar supplementation of any levels. Phycocolloid contained the valuable macronutrients, micronutrients and hormone (6-Benzylamino purine) which involved on cell division thereby affecting development responses of plants.

Dwarfing of Carabao Mango through Radical Pruning and Rejuvenation Practices Nila Nanette S. Revilla Southern Philippines Agriculture, Business, Marine & Aquatic School of Technology Philippines 2:51 – 3:10 Day 4 – Ballroom C The study established dwarfed trees of mango grown in high density which were planted for over 15 years. Specifically, it determined the tree responses on different cut length such as 0.50 m, 1.0 m, 1.5 m , and 2.0 m from the central axis. These responses include days to shoot emergence, average length of lateral branches, and number of leaves produced per branch at an age where first floral emergence was observed after cutting. Mango trees cut at 2 m, 1.5 m and 1 m from the central axis produced shoots relatively earlier than trees cut at 0.5 m from the central axis. Significantly longer lateral branches were observed in mango trees cut at 0.5 m and 1.5 m compared to trees cut at 1 m and 2 m. Number of leaves per branch at 8.5 months after cutting showed no significant differences among treatments. Number of branches ranged from 83 to 102. Radical pruning of Carabao mango trees to a minimum cut length of 0.5 m from the central axis could not destroy the tree, but rather attain shorter trees easier for farmers to control pests, spray the trees, bag fruits and harvest them.

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Rainfall forecasting model in the Province of Isabela Reyson P. Raymundo reysonraymundo2003@yahoo.com Isabela State University Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 Day 4 – Ballroom C Climate and rainfall are highly non-linear and complicated phenomena, which require sophisticated computer modeling and simulation for accurate prediction. An artificial intelligence technology allows knowledge processing and can be used as forecasting tool. The application of Artificial Neural Network (ANN), to predict the behaviors of nonlinear systems has become an attractive alternative to traditional statistical methods. This study introduces two fundamentally different approaches for designing a model, the statistical method based on Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) and the emerging computationally powerful techniques based on ANN. In order to evaluate the prediction efficiency, twenty (20) years of mean annual rainfall data from year 1990 to 2010 and within the 75 km radius of PAG-ASA, Echague, Isabela, Philippines was used. The ANN and the MRA approaches are applied to the data to derive the weights and the coefficients respectively. Better performance of the ANN or MRA models were measured by the criteria of the least Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), and highest Efficiency Coefficient (EC).The study reveals that ANN model can be used as an appropriate forecasting tool to predict the rainfall, which out performs the MRA model in the province of Isabela.

Assessment of Teachers’ Instructional and Other Development Needs at Misamis Annex Elementary School: Basis for CES Action Plan Flordelis J.Ejercito ejercitof@yahoo.com.ph La Salle University – Ozamis Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 Day 4 – Ballroom C Teaching is a dynamic activity which requires teachers’ intellectual, emotional, moral, social, and instructional competencies. Thus, this present study assessed the instructional and formation needs of the teachers and the students of Misamis Annex Elementary School (MAES) for the School Year 2010 – 2011. This study also involved the 14 teachers of MAES for the academic year 2010-2011. Data were gathered through the use of a researcher-made questionnaire which was submitted to the experts for face validity. Frequency and percentage distribution were used to establish the teachers’ profile. The findings of the study revealed the various formation and professional needs of the teachers in terms of classroom methods, assessment, instructional technology, dealing with students, classroom management techniques, and dealing with professional issues. The teachers also perceived that students need formation programs for their intellectual and spiritual growth and development.

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Competency of Cooperative Managers in Relation to Financial Status of Cooperatives in the First District of Davao del Sur Luciano D. Nasibog Jr. Southern Philippines Agriculture, Business, Marine & Aquatic School of Technology Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 Day 4 – Ballroom C The study examined the perceptions of Davao del Sur First District cooperative managers and the perception of sample cooperative employees. The respondents of this study were the managers and sample employees. A paired-samples t-test and independent sample t-test were performed to compare the two groups. The results of the t-tests were then correlated with the financial standing of the cooperatives using Pearsonr. The results also indicated that the average length of employment as cooperative managers of the cooperatives was approximately 3 years. The human and communication skills were above average. Of the total 260 respondents, only 24, or 9 percent reported an increase in financial growth while 72 cooperatives, or 28 percent, were financially unstable reporting a decrease in financial growth in the last three years. The relationship between the cooperative managers and sample employees’ perceptions regarding management skills competencies and the performance of cooperative managers is linear. The correlation between the summated competency and performance score was significant with a very strong relationship between the variables, r(86) = .71, p<.05.

Filipino Teachers’ Experiences in the United States: Lessons for Teacher Education Curriculum Estela C. Itaas estelacitaas@yahoo.com Bukidnon State University Philippines 9:15 – 9:35 August 20 – Molave Hall The paper ascertained why Filipino teachers go abroad. It also describes their experiences, challenges, opportunities and the coping mechanisms to meet their challenges. Qualitative method of research was employed using observations, interviews and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) in gathering the data. Results revealed that the teachers go abroad for a greener pasture, to have a decent home, to provide world-class education for their children, for professional and personal development to enhance their teaching and speaking skills. The teachers must be equipped with classroom management techniques, mastery of the subject matter both in content and in pedagogy, creativity, innovativeness coupled with patience and respect for students in order to survive the teaching job in the US. One of the greatest challenges that confront the Filipino teachers abroad is the lack of support from school administrators, communities and family members. The use of educational technology, language barrier, culture shock, homesickness and adaptability to the work environment are some of the memorable experiences and challenges encountered by the Filipino teachers abroad. The teacher education curriculum should be enhanced by integrating techniques for appropriate classroom discipline, innovative teaching strategies, and effective classroom management adaptable to the students abroad.

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Maritime Students’ Online Collaborative Learning in Virtual Teams: A Research Teaching Experience Rolando A. Alimen ralimen@yahoo.com John B. Lacson Maritime Foundation University – Molo Philippines 9:36 – 9:55August 20– Molave Hall Virtual teams are fast becoming a critical imperative for business organizations because of the popularity of the internet, intranet, instant messaging, online discussion boards, video, audio conferencing and other tools which have made it easier to communicate and coordinate people at a distance. Many educational institutions are similarly experiencing an increased use of information technology to communicate within and outside the classroom. Therefore, developing learners’ ability to work effectively in a virtual team setting may be considered to be an important pedagogical goal for many higher education institutions. As online instruction becomes increasingly popular, instructors and administrators are working hard to improve maritime students’ online learning experience in the teaching of Research.The use of collaborative learning through virtual teams present a set of observations on how physical, temporal, and social separation of learners affect the learners’ learning processes in research. This paper is a case study reporting a research project investigating the experience of using virtual teams in Research. Online challenges were identified and potential solutions to such challenges were advanced.

Applicability of the Theory of Planned Behavior to Social Marketing Utilization Among the National Government Agencies Harold P. Pareja peaceloreto@yahoo.com Civil Service Commission Philippines 9:56 - 10:15 Day 4 – Molave Hall The study determined the utilization level of social marketing among the national government agencies in Northern and Southern Mindanao (Regions X, XI, XIII), to identify the determinants of social marketing utilization and to examine the applicability of the Theory on Planned Behavior. Despite the fact that focal persons have poor competence in social marketing, there is still a high utilization of social marketing in the covered agencies. High agreeability among the regional executives and focal persons serves a positive cognitive disposition towards full utilization of social marketing. The identified independent variables in the study were not good determinants of social marketing utilization and of agreeability towards social marketing utilization. Azjen’s Theory on Planned Behavior used in this study did not find support. It is recommended for the NGAs to provide opportunities to focal persons on social marketing capabilitybuilding; future researchers to explore other variables that can influence social marketing utilization which include but not limited to social behavior in the context of policy implementation and predictors of readiness of the public sector in social marketing utilization; and there is a need to rethink about the assumptions of the theory and that organizational contexts should be accounted for.

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Bukidnon Folk Stories of Waterways: Water Protection Practices Maribel G. Valdez Bukidnon State University Philippines 10:16 – 10:35 August 20 – Molave Hall

This research is on the folk stories of five of the seven tribes of Bukidnon, Philippines, categorized according to myths, legends and folktale. These are water stories of how the indigenous peoples use their waters. The respondents were the tribal chiefs, datu (male leader) and bai(woman leader) of the Higaonon, Matigsalog, Manobo, Umayamnon, and Tigwahanon tribes. Most of these tribes are called after the rivers of these municipalities. The storytellers are those identified by the Assembly of Datus of Bukidnon and those approved by the Council of Elders. After the permission to conduct this study was approved by the Council, a communal prayer called pamuhat was made with offering of food, spirits and slaughter of pigs and chickens. A grand tour question was asked, “What folk story do you have in your community that tells about how the water in your river is being used?” Recordings generated four myths, three folktales and seven legends. Theories were generated after these were grouped according to similarities of water practices.

HRD Capacity and Politics in the Implementation of Policies of the Civil Service Commission Harold P. Pareja Civil Service Commission Philippines 10:56 – 11:15 August 20 – Molave Hall This study determined the level of implementation of the policies of CSC in Caraga Region from 20032008. It employed descriptive design with mean, sd, t-test, F-test and multiple regression analysis as the statistics used while hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Most heads of agencies are “slightly unethical” because they rigidly adheres to rules, take neutral position in conflicts, and are being a good guy regardless of the quality of work. The CSC policies on personnel movements were “fully Implemented”. There are no significant differences in the level of implementation of the policies in the agency classification and in the accreditation status. Accreditation status, budget, HRD skills and politics have not significantly contributed in the implementation of CSC policies. The CSC succeeded in ensuring a bureaucracy characterized as politics-free. Being accredited does not guarantee higher level of implementation and so with the agency classification. Despite the HRMOs’ efforts to increase their skills and competencies, they have not contributed to policy implementation. Thus, it is recommended the following: review the agency accreditation programs, evaluate the offered trainings and conduct studies on impact of trainings in policy implementation and on correlation of implementation and corruption.

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dxBU 104.5 FM Field Based Listenership and Needs Assessment for Radio Programming Romeo R. Lapeciros, Jr. Bukidnon State University Philippines 11:16 – 11:35August 20– Molave Hall The study gathered baseline information from intended listeners of dxBU 104.5 FM. The results are used in the radio programming and choice of content.Total respondents was 2,583. Data analysis used descriptive statistics. The most listened types of program format are news and public affairs, radio music and drama formats. The sectors preferred to listen to drama format three times a week, to music radio, and news and public affairs program every day; 6-7 in the morning for news, for music program 9-10 in the morning, drama format 2-3 and 1-2 in the afternoon and for discussion and interview between 8-9 in the morning. Saturday is the most favoured day. Most of the sectors listened to news and public affairs program and music format for 1 hour. Each sector needed certain type of information: love and courtship, difficult subjects in the university, reproductive health, family problems, livelihood and entrepreneurship, government insurance services, farming technologies and cost of fertilizers, household tips, politics and governance, elections, health care, employees’ benefits and privileges, politics and governance, and health care.

Lifestyle of City Village Residents Associated to Climate Change Jay D. Telen Jose Rizal Memorial State University Philippines 11:36 – 11:55August 20 – Molave Hall

This study determines the lifestyles associated to climate change among the residents in the city barangays of Dipolog and Dapitan. Results revealed that the study is dominated with students and young professionals with ages 11 to 29 years old whose behaviors and practices in the workplace, at home and workplace combined, in social and economic interactions, and in the home seemed to have mitigated and aggravated the impact on climate change. Lifestyles of respondents in the workplace ranked highest. It was also found out that there was a significant difference on the lifestyles at home, in the workplace, in social and economic interactions, in the home and workplace combined between professionals and nonprofessionals in Dipolog and Dapitan cities. It concludes that practices of office workers and homemakers prove to have increased or aggravated the effect of climate change yet they have compelling reasons to be value-focused in some ways like being organized, health conscious and comfortable, thus lifestyles of residents in highly urbanized areas particularly those office employees have to be subjected to some behavior modifications to address climate change mitigation.

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­Trends in Global e-Journals Usage in the Philippines Jun Brian P. Tubongbanua briantubongbanua@yahoo.com Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 11:56 – 12:10 August 20 – Molave Hall A good research journal must be available online and in the Philippines this modality is already available. The study analyzed the web analytics data of the Philippine Electronic Journals as means to establish trends in global e-journal usage. The study used the descriptive design. Results showed that 181 countries have utilized the 35 journals in the PEJ; majority (84.16%) of the 15,877 unique visitors of the PEJ are Philippine-based. Some 7.48% of unique visitors are from 5 foreign countries: USA, UK, India, Australia, and Canada. Some 26.30% of page views resulted in fulltext downloads, indicating that 1 out of 4 articles viewed is downloaded for use. Most (88.47%) unique visitors downloaded articles they viewed, suggesting that 9 out of 10 unique visitors download articles. Every article is downloaded 17 times on the average. Every journal in the PEJ has close to 2000 page views, 453 unique visitors, 531 visitors, 512 download, and 3 countries viewing. The study concluded that given the average rate of downloads at 2000 per 15 days and page views increasing at 2000 per 15 days, the rate of fulltext downloads has been stable.

Nontraditional Beliefs of Secondary School Science Teachers as Correlates to Teaching Practices Ray Butch D. Mahinay raybutch.m@gmail.com DepEd – Cagayan de Oro City Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 20 – Molave Hall This study investigates the relationship between science beliefs and science teaching practices among the 94 public secondary school science teachers in Cagayan de Oro City. A descriptive-correlation method of research was employed. A survey tool from the National Council of Teachers in Mathematics was modified, tested and validated to suit the change of the subject domain which is from math to science. Results showed that the science teachers have primarily nontraditional levels both in their science beliefs and teaching practices. Analysis yielded a correlation coefficient of 0.509 which denotes that there is substantial relationship between the two variables and a p-value of 0.00 at 0.05 alpha-level which interprets that the correlation is highly significant. From the focus-group discussion, barriers in the belief-practice continuum was revealed like students’ low comprehension levels in English and Math, limited classroom size, and absence of modern science AV materials. Despite the limiting factors in the process, the high level of belief and practices of the science teachers are attributed to the fact that 52% of them have taken postbaccalaureate studies where they learned updates on science instruction and 78% had attended 6 times or more on the trainings provided by the Department of Education.

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Evaluation of the Knowledge of the CSU Canteen Operators and Personnel toward Food Safety and Proper Food Handling Natividad R. Mamaoag nrmamaoag@carsu.edu.ph Caraga State University Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 20– Molave Hall The study evaluated the knowledge of canteen personnel on food safety and food handling of the CSU campus canteen personnel and operators. This study was anchored on the theory that the school operators and personnel employees must wash their hands and exposed portions of the arms after touching human body parts, using toilet room. Handling animals, equipment/utensils, as often as necessary to prevent cross-contamination, when switching between raw and ready-to-eat food, and after engaging in other activities that contaminate the hands. Results revealed that food hygiene and environmental hygiene only got good scores out of 40 respondents, 36 or 90.00 percent respondents got the correct answer for the proper maintenance of the comfort rooms with a mean of excellence. Food sanitation performance indicates average passing scores.In terms of Personal hygiene, the data implies average performance in the personal hygiene performance of the personnel and operators. The study concluded that the level of understanding of the food handlers were at critical and needs to be improved through proper demonstration, training through information dissemination about proper way of food safety processes.

The Electricity Technology Program of Selected State Universities and Colleges (SUCS) in Mindanao Campong B. Daluma kimdaluma_2008@yahoo.com Mindanao University of Science and Technology Philippines 2:11 – 2:30 August 20 – Molave Hall This study is internal assessment of the Electricity programs and allied fields of selected state universities and colleges (SUCs) in Mindanao that have programs recognized as Center of Excellence (COE) or Center of Development (COD). The study also described and assessed the Electricity Technology Program and allied fields of these two MSU units. The study used the descriptive design. It was found out that faculty members of SUC’s were educationally qualified. It was also found out that SUCs had ten-fold higher annual national budget allocation for Electricity technology and allied fields than the annual national budgetary allocation of the two MSU units and that SUCs have multi-million funds from their income-generating projects (IGP). The equipment and facilities used in the electricity technology and allied fields in the SUCs can meet national standards while that in the MSU units cannot meet national standards. However, the equipment and facilities of both SUCs and MSU units cannot meet global standards. The study concluded that instruction, research and extension programs of both SUCs and MSU units were found to be handled by qualified administrators, faculty and staff. But funding of these programs wereten-fold higher in the SUC than that in the MSU units.

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Factors Influencing Success in College Introductory Physics in Higher Education Institutions of Butuan City Levitah C. Mapatac chingmap@yahoo.com Caraga State University Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 20 – Molave Hall This study is on the academic performance of freshmen in Introductory College Physics in four schools in Butuan City namely; Father SaturninoUrios University (FSUU), Butuan Doctors College (BDC), Saint Joseph Institute of Technology (SJIT) and Agusan Colleges (AC).The modal responses for performing Physics related activities corresponded to low regularity or occurrence. The laboratory experiment has specific format wherein there will be less discovery in the experiment and there was rarely discovering misconceptions in physics. The modal responses of the respondents were occasional for all the physics activities. Majority of physics topics were discussed in about 3 weeks time especially on mechanics, electromagnetism, heat and kinetics theory wherein the topics were considered as the basic foundation of the college physics course. FSUU respondents showed an alarming manifestation hence, topics on mechanics, electromagnetism, optics and waves were only discussed for about 2 weeks. These topics should be discussed in a month time for the discussion of the concept together with its application. The topic on heat & kinetic and relativity was given only a week time for discussion which was considered as difficult and should be given enough discussion.

Consumer Utility Function: Initial Findings through Lagrange Optimization Method Ferdinand C. Paurom fx_paurom@yahoo.com Capitol University Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 20 – Molave Hall The main problem in utility theory or its variant theory of consumer choice is that consumer is assumed capable of rational choice; yet, such choice is incapable of translating itself into rational numbers. On this account the assumption of rational choice remains dubious. This paper utilized Lagrange optimization method to approximate consumer utility function measured in cardinal units. The utility function was derived from the US deflated annual per capita consumption of pork and beef from 1980 to 1998 (United States department of Agriculture, USDA, 1998). This paper demonstrates that when quantities of pork are consumed that in effect gives diminishing marginal levels of pork consumption in opposite monotonic direction with beef consumption. Changes in the level of consumption demonstrate convincingly of the changes in approximated consumer utility function consistent with the properties of indifference curve and with the axioms of consumer rational choice. The findings will provide further insights on utility theory making it discussable and testable in the future. This paper begins with a brief review of what have been postulated by utilitarian economists or also known as “consequentialists” notably Jeremy Bentham in the 17th century and subsequent economists up to Daniel Kahneman and Tversky in 1979.

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Estimation of Interdependent Behavior of City Government Units of the Philippines Using the Linear Expenditure System Ronald D. Estrada nhaldsky_cml@yahoo.com University of Southeastern Philippiness Philippines 3:31 – 3:50 August 20 – Molave Hall The main objective of the study is to estimate the demand of the basic social services provided by the city governments in the Philippines, with and without the influence of spatial effects using the Linear Expenditure System. Results revealed that cities with higher incomes are dependent to locally-generated income while cities with lower incomes are dependent on IRA funds. Results also showed that the LES model incorporated with spatial effects fits the data reasonably well compared to the LES model without spatial effect. Fiscal interactions among cities were found significant with education and social welfare services. Subsistence expenditure level of each service sector was found statistically significant except for local tax revenue that was treated as negative expenditure. Some identified cost variables of respective service sectors were found significant predictors of subsistence expenditure level of each service sectors. All marginal discretionary income shares were found statistically significant across the service sectors. Similarly, both population density and saving rate of the previous year significantly predicted marginal discretionary income share of each service sector. Elasticity results revealed that all basic social services were found to be normal goods and demands for these services tend to be inelastic with respect to government income.

Teachers’ Attitude Towards Information Communication Technology (ICT) in Basic Elementary Education of Selected Schools in Iligan City Enerio E. Ebisa enerio_ebisaphepm@yahoo.com Mindanao University of Science and Technology Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 20 – Molave Hall The successful pedagogical use of ICT depends on teachers’ attitudes towards utilizing those equipment’s and materials such as computer, laserdisc, TV and many others. This paper explores teachers’ attitudes towards ICT in the seven identified public elementary schools in Iligan City using complete enumeration in identifying the population. It is a descriptive – evaluative method of research using primary and secondary data in generating information. The data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The Technology Attitude Survey (TAS) was adapted to assess teachers’ attitudes towards the general use of technology as an educational tool in the classroom. The findings revealed that teachers in Iligan City have positive attitudes towards information technology. It was also found that teaching experience had a negative correlation with attitudes, whereas qualification and age had a positive correlation. There was a weak correlation between training and attitudes. Gender and Grade level taught were found not significantly correlated with attitudes towards ICT. Further studies on qualitative in-depth analysis are needed to provide deeper insights.

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The Prevailing Research Culture of Graduate Students Sol G. Simbulan Bukidnon State University Philippines 9:15 – 9:35 August 20 – Kamagong Hall Research culture of graduate students comprises the patterns of research behavior and thinking. The descriptive method of research was utilized in the study. One hundred three randomly selected graduate students from the five masters degree program of Bukidnon State University (BSU) Graduate School served as the respondents of the study. Results revealed that of the nine subculture indicators for research, the graduate students strongly agreed that they practiced six, namely: (a) compliance of requirements, (b) accountability, (c) collaborative climate, (d) research ethics, (e) scholarly presentations, and (f) benchmarking. They agree that the indicators on publication and dissemination, mentoring and scientific inquiry were also evident in the University. Of the six different degree programs, the graduate students in English Language Teaching, Educational Administration, Science Education, and Mathematics Education indicated that they strongly agreed on the presence of the indicators of research culture, while the Guidance Counseling and Public Administration students simply agreed that BSU graduate school fosters these. The responses of the student in both the open-ended questionnaire and the focus group discussion have similar strands of thoughts on the indicators investigated in the study. The study concluded that majority of the respondents indicated that the research culture is achieved in the actual conduct of a research study which is culminated by their thesis writing.

Experiences in the Commercialization Potential of Suksuk for Hand Woven Silk Fabric Rubelyn V. Delfin rvd_37@yahoo.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Philippines 9:36 – 9:55 August 20 – Kamagong Hall Suksuk is a distinct heritage of the Filipinos. This weave designing technique is unique and intricate. However, this method is limited only to a few old weavers and now this has become a dying industry. The experience of losing such heritage has promoted research on product development that would revive the industry and making a trademark in Philippine Silk. The study documented the steps and its designs. As to date, 21 designs were adopted to suit silk. The economic analysis of each design was computed and analyzed. Among all the designs, the mass production of double cross diamond and block showed profitability but it is not logical to invest. The commercialization of the silk fabrics produced was included in the fashion show and are regularly displayed at the one-stop-shop of the institute and to the exhibits and trade fairs attended. Moreover, the designed butterfly, binakol diamond and IPB logo was one of the DMMMSU uniforms for its employees, for the Senators and Congressman of the Republic of the Philippines and lawyers of Region I respectively in support to RA 9242. For CY 2008-2010, a total sale amounting to P 1,409,356.00 was realized and is expected to grow in the market.

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The Graduate School Faculty with Enhancement Trainings in Research Capability Corazon G. Alava Bukidnon State University Philippines 9:56 - 10:15August 20 – Kamagong Hall Strengthening the research capability of the Graduate School faculty at Bukidnon State University (BSU) would require that they have a very good understanding and utilization on the different research approaches. The study highlighted the assessment of seventeen graduate school faculty at BSU who have undergone some enhancement trainings in research approaches particularly the confirmatory data analysis (CDA), data mining or exploratory data analysis (EDA), and theory formulation and development. The study assessed the extent of their understanding on these approaches, as well as, their extent of utilization of these approaches. A 24-item questionnaire was utilized in gathering the data, coupled with the interview guide questions for the Focus Group Interview (FGI). The results revealed that the faculty rated themselves to have very good understanding and utilization on the CDA, especially because they are advisers or panel members of the thesis committee. They encouraged their students to conduct researches employing this approach. The EDA was moderately understood and utilized, while the theory formulation and development although understood was less utilized, because of limited or no exposure to such types of researches.

Online Inventory and Monitoring System of Cagayan de Oro City Health Office Darryl M. Nuyda Darwaves_19@yahoo.com.ph Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 10:16 – 10:35 August 20 – Kamagong Hall This study aimed to develop and implement an online inventory and monitoring system or medical supplies of the City Health Office (CHO) of Cagayan de Oro. Specifically, it aimed to provide the CHO with a system that allows all users to make supply – related transactions easily and speedily. The system also allows for an accurate tracking of inventory records. It creating an online inventory and monitoring system that uses PHP for the front-end, SQL Server for the back-end and Windows Server for the operating system. The new system provides the City Health Office with an efficient and convenient system for inventory of medical supplies of the CHO of Cagayan de Oro. The system generates accurate reports and facilitates transactions fast. Being efficient and convenient, the proposed system will improve the healthcare services of the City Health Office and that of barangay health centers.

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Teaching Performance of Graduate School Faculty and their Students’ Achievement Mercedes Gloria D. Ramos Bukidnon State University Philippines 10:56 – 11:15 August 20 – Kamagong Hall This study on the teaching performance of the graduate faculty and achievement of students is one indicator for quality assurance in the Graduate School (GS) at Bukidnon State University (BSU). Seventeen faculty members teaching in the Graduate School and 314 graduate students served as the subjectrespondents of the study. A guide for teachers’ class observation on their performance was used to evaluate the faculty, while the grades of the students were taken from the submitted grade sheets of summer and first semester of school year 2010-2011. Findings revealed that the GS faculty were rated as outstanding in all the teaching performance indicators by the graduate students. The students’ academic achievement were mostly clustered in the ratings of 1.5 to 1.25, averaging to 1.38 and qualitatively described as Excellent. There was a negligible relationship between the faculty’s teaching performance in all indicators and the academic achievement of the students, although it is higher in research and extension integration. This indicates that teachers are still important motivators for students to perform very well in their graduate and research work.

Effects of Vee Diagram and Concept Mapping on the Achievement of Students in Chemistry Dominic T. Polancos dpolancos74@gmail.com Liceo de Cagayan University Philippines 11:16 – 11:35 August 20– Kamagong Hall This paper presents on the results of an experiment that compared the effectiveness of the use of Vee Diagrams against that of Concept Maps in learning chemistry concepts. It followed a quasiexperimental and a non-equivalent comparison group approach. The experiment involved two classes of third-year students of Liceo de Cagayan University High School in Cagayan de Oro City during the school year 2009-2010. Before the intervention, two similar tests were prepared, the pretest (PRT) and the posttest (POT). The t-test and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were used to analyze the delta between the PRT and POT. The POT result shows that there is no significant difference in students’ achievement between these two approaches: Vee Diagrams and Concept Maps. Evidently, both helps students develop a rich system of concepts and their learning strategies that stimulate learners not only to use concepts that have already internalized but also to build conceptual interconnections. The conceptual interconnections that help students formulate theoretical explanations about observed changes. Teachers should stimulate students to integrate knowledge from the various scientific disciplines. The findings point to the importance of emphasizing connections between concepts in high-school Chemistry instruction.

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OLPC Future Concept of Real Time Classroom Management System in Developing Countries Saikat Gochhait sgochhait@yahoo.co.in Taxila Business School, India 11:36 – 11:55 August 20 – Kamagong Hall We believe education is the most critical issue which creates the foundation for the other UN Millennium Development Goals. Without education how can we ever hope for improved incomes and economic growth? Only through education can we hope for a thoroughly sustainable environment and find ways to combat diseases which have plagued third world nations and claimed countless lives. Since 2002, the OLPC (One Laptop Per Child) program, a non-profit organization, has been set up to oversee the creation of an affordable educational device for use in the developing world. Its mission is to create educational opportunities for the world’s poorest children by providing each child with a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop with content and software designed for collaborative, joyful, self-empowered learning. Our intention is that local governments and NGOs will use our solution to broadcast educational material, specifically native language content which is currently lacking in these remote areas. This method is lowcost; we are being realistic, we know it’s not broadband. But it’s not a requirement that the transmission must be fast. The transfer takes places in the background. So we should consider that children are not market they are mission.

Content Mastery through Guided Inquiry Based Learning and Attitudes among School Students in Ecology Class Andrea G. Azuelo azuelonenecmu@yahoo.com Central Mindanao University Philippines 11:51 – 12:10August 20 – Kamagong Hall The study examined the students’ content mastery in ecology through guided inquiry-based learning among high school students of Central Mindanao University Laboratory High School, Musuan, Bukidnon. Descriptive survey research was used involving pretest-posttest design. An attitudinal survey questionnaire which was adopted and modified, and an interview schedule was also employed. Descriptive statistics such as mean, frequency values, percentages, and correlation analysis were also used. Results of the study revealed that with guided inquiry-based learning, students’ content mastery were found in their order of inquiry skills namely: Evaluating, Questioning, Analyzing, Hypothesizing, and Investigating. Over-all results showed significant gain scores when students are exposed to guided inquiry-based learning with emphasis on Questioning and Analyzing. Three of the five learning activities in an inquiry environment were found statistically significant. The students’ attitudes identified in their order of preference such as perceiving science values, enjoyment of science and the physical science environment were found to exhibit positive attitudes in ecology. In a Guided Inquiry-Based Learning, several inquiry skills were identified by the students while performing in the laboratory ecology. These skills would be an important tool to emphasize effective teaching and learning for both content comprehension and

acquisition of the processes skills among the students.

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The Research Culture among SUCs in Caraga Region 13 Shyla O. Moreno shylamoreno@yahoo.com Surigao Del Sur State University Philippines 1:30 – 1:50 August 20 – Kamagong Hall The study investigates the research culture of the faculty of the different State Colleges and Universities (SUCs) in Caraga towards the conduct of research. Quantitative type of research was used. Qualitative research was used to determine the respondents’ attitude and role-value relative to the conduct of research. To triangulate the result of the study, the researcher conducted an interview, do ocular visit and focused group discussion to the faculty – researcher. The results revealed that respondents’ attitude towards the conduct of research was positive as “Very Much Interested” in conducting research; administrative support was evident through financial assistance with other incentives like plaque of recognition and tour for faculty – researcher who has presented in an international venue. Most of the researches can be categorized as institutional, or those which are published in the Research and Development (R & D) in – house review conducted by the research office of every institution but did not go through a peer review nor published in a refereed journal despite the full support of the administration. Utilization of research output is limited much as most researches are school – funded. Qualifications and experience in both teaching and administrative areas matter so much in the conduct of research.

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Sequestration Capacity of Tampilasan Forest Christopher P. Tagupa Jose Rizal Memorial State University – Tampilasan Campus Philippines 1:51 – 2:10 August 20 – Kamagong Hall This study estimated the carbon dioxide sequestered and stored in the forest trees of Jose Rizal Memorial State University - Tampilisan Campus reservation. The study site contained the tree species Mahogany (Swieteniamacrophylla), Gmelina (Gmelinaarborea), Mangium (Acacia mangium), Rubber (Heveabrasilliensis) and natural forest trees (e.g. Dipterocarp species, etc). Trees were classified into sapling, pole and standard sizes, based on their diameter at breast height (DBH)). An allometric method, establishing the relationship between tree height, stem diameter and wood density, was used to estimate the amount of carbon dioxide sequestered and stored in forest trees. Results revealed that standard - sized trees have better CO2 sequestration potential than the saplings and pole-sized. These trees have the biggest merchantable height, trunk diameter and wood density. Among the species considered, Gmelina had the highest amount of CO2 sequestered and stored in stem followed by Mangium, Rubber and Mahogany at standard size. In addition, regression analysis indicated that the rate of CO2 sequestered and stored on trees are related to the growth characteristics as trunk diameter (DBH) and total height. Moreover, the forest stand of JRMSU-Tampilisan Campus reservation has a total sequestration capacity of 88.17 kT CO2.

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Propagation Techniques of Endangered Sablot (Litseaglutinosa) Lour. C.B. Rob. Alfredo R. Rabena alfredorabena@yahoo.com University of Northern Philippines Philippines 2:31 – 2:50 August 20 – Kamagong Hall Sablot known as LitseaglutinosaLour. C. Rob., also known as Litseasebifera is a medium sized woody tree, evergreen, 20-25 meters high with cream flowers usually blooming on January to February with fruit diameter of 10-15 mm. This research determined the growth of Litseaglutinosa using different types of planting stocks. Seed germination was earliest after planting in a clay loam type of soil at 60% germination viability. The growth of sablot in terms of height was highest using the clay loam type of soil. Only clay loam and sandy loam were significantly different from each other in the sablot height. Among the four soil types, clay loam showed the most number of leaves, and there were no significant differences on the number of leaves grown in all the soil types. The growth of sablot in terms of length of leaves was longest using clay loam. There was a significant difference in the length of leaves to the different soil types. The growth of sablot in terms of width of young leaves was widest in clay loam but shortest in sandy loam. The lowest length of old leaves, which were located at the lower portion of the plant was measured in sandy loam . Although there was a significant difference in the width of old leaves planted in four soil types. Leaves grew almost constant by its width but grew fast by its length. Marcotting the stem from a standing sablot tree gave rise to roots but turned to hardened callus-like formations which could not germinate true and permanent roots needed to sustain the growth and survival when they are separated from the mother tree.

Diversity and Distribution of Flora in CIT University Campus Esperanza Manabat Cebu Institute of Technology University Philippines 3:11 – 3:30 August 20 – Kamagong Hall This study aimed to determine the diversity and distribution of flora in the CIT University campus. This is done to understand the ecological significance of plants to the community and stakeholders, especially those species of economic or medicinal value.  The researchers gathered data by employing list quadrat method. Plants were identified using binomial nomenclature and unidentified samples were brought to the biology laboratory for further examinations and character analysis. There were nine areas selected as sampling sites. Simple univariate analysis and percentages were used to evaluate diversity and distribution of plant species. The study has identified sixty-six (66) families and one hundred seventy-four genus and species. With this, CIT University sampling sites are considered to have diverse number of plant species. Using simple univariate analysis, the results showed that plants were more diverse in sampling site 1 (SS1) compared to other sites, and sampling site 9 (SS9) had the least number of plant species identified. Sampling site 1 (SS1) also had the highest number of medicinal plants (52 species) and poisonous or toxic plants (15 species) identified. On the other hand, SS2 had the most number of pollution absorbing plants. These results implied that plants were unevenly distributed due to plants specific ecological niche and selectively favor certain ecosystem for their survival and reproduction.

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Positive Behavior Support: An Exploratory Study of Its Integration as Basis for a Modified Behavior Management – High School Level Marian B. Alaba Mindanao University of Science and Technology Philippines 3:31 – 3:30August 20 – Kamagong Hall This study has provided a modified behavior management system in the framework of Positive Behavior Supports for the high school department. Research questions were answered in the current behavior management system status, case referral status, the necessary corrections and modifications, and the modified behavior management design. The conceptual framework was anchored on the multiplicity principle of mixed research method. Eight survey instruments, interviews, and observations were employed to four administrators, twenty-six staff, twenty parents, and one hundred seventy five students. Data were limited to the high school department only. Results revealed that the existing Behavior Management System put more weight on the PBS goal of decreasing problem behavior in its current system and missed two equally important goals of a proactive system: prevention of problem behaviors and increase of positive social behaviors. However, it fared well having established a system that kept problem behaviors manageable but not without lapses. Support systems to establish the two other goals and refine the existing one to align with the PBS standards were designed while integrating the unique nuance of spirituality in all the three goals. Direction of further research was suggested.

Initial Assessment of Phytoplankton and Zooplankton Composition in Ballast Water Tanks of an Inter-island Passenger-Cargo Vessel in the Philippines Melchor M. Magramo John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University-Arevalo Philippines 3:51 – 4:10 August 20 – Kamagong Hall Numerous studies have been conducted on ballast water species composition and diversity in other countries but not in the Philippines. Thus, the present study aimed to provide baseline information on the species composition of ballast water in the inter-island passenger-cargo vessel in the Philippines. Specifically, this study aimed to determine the presence of phytoplankton and zooplankton composition in ballast water tanks; compute the Shannon-Weaver diversity index and Shannon’s evenness and lastly, to determine the species richness and species density of the phytoplankton and zooplankton species measured in cells/ml using the haemacytometer technique. Composite sampling was employed having one liter of ballast water was used per ballast tanks. A total of 15 genera of phytoplankton and one genus of zooplankton were observed. Chroococcus sp., Nannochloris sp. and Protococcussp. had the highest cells/ml while Ankistrodesmus sp., Micromonas sp. and Synedra sp. had the lowest cells/ml. The common phytoplankton observed in ballast tanks were Nannochloris sp. and Protococcus sp. Copepods are almost seen in all ballast tanks. The phytoplankton and zooplankton composition was found to be non-invasive in nature showing their ubiquity in the marine environment. This study provides an initial assessment or preliminary list of phytoplankton and zooplankton composition in the passenger-cargo vessel in the Philippines.

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Economics Made Easy Jane Aw Yang Huey, BEcon (Hons), MEcon Lecturer – Faculty of Business Management MARA University of Technology, Malaysia

This paper examines how the author uses various methods in his book to make the learning of economics easier. In Economics Made Easy, the author, David S. H. Ng discusses economic concepts step-bystep, keeping the technical jargon to a minimum. He includes the integrative approach, visual approach, combination of skills, flowcharts, standard mathematical tools and equations into his book to facilitate students to improve their learning. It covers the basic economic concepts in a simple and straight forward manner. The book comprises of six parts in two sections -- four parts in the Microeconomics section and two parts in the Macroeconomics section. The author also uses data tables, diagrams and worked examples in most of the chapters. However, this book lacks real life examples. Learning needs to be more inclusive and relevant to real life. Students will be pleased to know that the things they have learnt can be applied to the real world. Bibliography according to topics should also be provided at the end of the book to increase the student’s knowledge. In order to keep students interested in learning, some games and debates needs to be incorporated into this book. All these methods will help to develop students’ understanding of concepts.

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country paperS Philippine Journal Accreditation Services (JAS) of the Commission on Higher Education : Ensuring Quality in Higher Education Publication Towards Internationalization Country Paper 1

Dr. Roberto N. Padua Co-chair, Technical Working Group Commission on Higher Education Journal Accreditation Service The paper examines the Journal accreditation process adopted by the Philippine Commission on Higher Education and analyzes the results of the accreditation process for three years: 2009, 2010, and 2011. Results revealed that less than 10% of all journals submitted for accreditation through the CHED-JAS have marginally satisfied the criteria set by the review Board. The main observations made by the review Board on the journals which did not satisfy the accreditation criteria focused on the absence of a good refereeing system and the qualifications of the Editorial Boards.

Philippine Electronic Journals: Making the Scholarly Works of Filipinos Available to Researchers and Educators around the Globe Country Paper 2

Mia Monica M. Santos Acquisitions Coordinator for Library Solutions (Local) C and E Publishing

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Electronic International Scientific Research Journal Consortium: Connecting the Research Minds Country Paper 3

Dr. A. Anand, Executive Editor – EISJRC

Dr. Gismo V. Agulan – President – BCTA

Behavioral Coaching and Training Academy Inc was established in the year 2008 with an aim of cultivating passion, ability, spirituality and success in one million individual’s life. Our company was initially organized to conduct educational seminars, but through our researches and readings, we found out that to grow and develop a country, all the citizens should be oriented and educated on information and communication technology. This is the secret of success of Finland, Taiwan, Singapore, and Ireland among other developed countries.To help our country develop, our company had created educational e-Resources (e-library) for the use of Individuals and Institutions:Philippine Educationale-ResourcesCenter: This website is meant for individuals to access the e-library. Customized e-library: In this service we assist private institutions to develop their own e-library. Philippine StateColleges and Universities e-library Consortium: This website registers the state colleges and universities as members in the consortium and provides access to the e-library. Philippine Elementary/High School e-library consortium: This consortium was created for the elementary and high schools in the Philippines. We also found out that many colleges and universities don’t have the infrastructure to publish internationally their journal/research, hence we established EISRJC. E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium (EISRJC) came into existence with the objectives of providing a platform for the: Universities/ Colleges and educational institutions to publish their journal online worldwide; and Individuals to publish their research articles in the international journals; and Universities/Colleges and educational institutions to index their journals in the EISRJC; EISRJC is the first Philippines based international indexing consortium. We also observed that there are no forums or associations to promote education research in the Philippines, hence we established Asian Educational Research Association (AERA). AERA aims to: (1) Promote the practice and utilization of educational research with a view to enhancing the quality of education; (2)Dissemination of scholarly research article in educational research through AERA Research Journal; (3) Inviting distinguished local and international researchers to share research findings and experiences; and (4) Promote and facilitate collaborative research efforts.

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Filipino Children and TV Advertising: Some Variates on Requests to Purchase Advertised Merchandise Country Paper 4

Dr. Mary Gretchen F. Chaves University of the Philippines – Cebu This study investigates the relationship between children’s propensity to request the purchase of merchandise seen advertised on TV and the children’s amount of TV viewing hours, their attitudes towards TV advertising, and the children’s age and gender. A dyad survey of 250 parents and children (aged 7 to 12) was conducted on January 2011 among urban middle income households in Cebu City, Philippines. The results show that children watch a weekly average of 2.5 and 3.8 hours of free TV on weekdays and weekends, respectively. Majority of the children believe that TV advertising is good for them. Also, majority of the children request their parents for merchandise advertised on TV, such as fastfood items, toys, hair and body grooming products, milk and chocolate drinks and snack foods. The correlations analyses show the absence of significant relationship between the amount of the children’s TV watching hoursand their purchase requests. Also, the findings indicate the lack of significant relationship between the children’s favorable attitudes towards TV advertising and their purchase requests. Finally, the correlations analyses show that both age and gender are not correlated with the children’s merchandise requests. Implications to policy makers, consumer advocates, marketers and parents are discussed.

Teachers’ Efficacy as Predictor of Self-Efficacy among Students Country 5

The goal of the study was to empirically examine the role of teachers’ self-efficacy as a predictor of general perceived self-efficacy among students. For this purpose a sample of 300 teachers and 300 students was selected from different educational institutions of Pakistan. Teachers were categorized into two groups; experienced and novice. Experienced teachers had professional experience of teaching at least for a period of 15 years and novice teachers having an experience of teaching for at least five years. The students’ ages were grouped into two categories; students belonging to early adolescence (13-14 years) and students belonging to late adolescence (18 to 19 years). In order to achieve the objectives of the study two instruments i.e;Teachers’ self-efficacy Scale (Schwarzer, Schmitz & Daytner, 1999) and General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES) (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 2000) were used. Statistical analyses of the study revealed a significant positive correlation between teachers’ self-efficacy and general self-efficacy among students. Experienced teachers showed more teachers’ self-efficacy as compared to novice teachers. Overall mean scores of female students were comparatively higher on General self-efficacy scale as compared to the male students. Students belonging to the late adolescence showed more self-efficacy as compared to the students categorized as early adolescence group. Simple linear regression analyses suggested that teacher self-efficacy contribute positively to self-efficacy among students. 176

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Reflections of Two Distinct Principals: Preliminary Perspectives on How the Principal Preparation Programme Contributed to their Self-Efficacy Development Country Paper 6 Effective principal preparation is a strategic necessity to face the forthcoming “tsunami” of challenges associated with the leadership position in the 21st century. This recognition of the need for specific preparation for aspiring school leaders has been slower to emerge worldwide and in many developing countries such as Malaysia, preparatory training is still not a prerequisite requirement for appointment as a principal. This paper reports on the preliminary findings on the principal preparation programme in Malaysia and the effectiveness of the program elements in contributing to the self- efficacy development of the aspiring principals. The qualitative study captured the “live experiences” of two distinct principals and ��presents their perspectives on how specific elements within their principal preparation programme catered to their self- efficacy development. Reflections of the principals led to the conclusion that, although the principal preparation program was viewed as effective in imparting knowledge and skills needed for principal leadership but it could still improve on inducing purposeful elements or experiences to enhance the sources of efficacy beliefs which are vital for self-efficacy development.

Making Sense of Ethical Democracy in Nigeria in the 21Century Country Paper 7 The practice of democracy without insisting on its ethical values is bound to fail in any part of the world. This is what is currently going on in Nigeria. Are the principles of democracy congenial to these values? If they are, why are Nigerian politicians who are operating democratic style of governance do not reflect these democratic values in their actions and words? This research study sets out to examine the possibility of making sense of the existing ethical connotation inherent in the practice of democracy to its practitioners in Nigeria, Africa and the world at large. Does democracy as it is practiced in Nigeria induce or otherwise jettison ethical practices? The study adopts the socio-ethical method to critically examine the mutual interactive effects of the relationship between ethics and democracy. The study discovers that due to the high level of poverty in Nigeria and Africa political leaders prefer to think, act work in order to satisfy their personal interest to the detriment of the interest of the public. The study concludes that at the moment there is no mutual relationship between ethics and democracy in Nigeria. The achievement of this link is the beginning of development in Africa.

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Marine Mammals and Seabirds of Savu Sea, Indonesia Country Paper 8

Dr. Wilson L. Tisera Universitas Kristen Artha Wacana Kupang, Indonesia The main objectives of the study were to identify marine mammal and seabird species present in Suva Sea, get an estimate of the relative abundance of each marine mammal species, identify threats to the cetacean populations and work with local stakeholders to make conservation recommendation. About seven species of dolphins, one whale and five seabirds were observed in the northeastern part of Savu Sea. Whale hunting still exist particularly in Lamalera and Lamakera, with 18 sperm whales caught in just four months in 2010.

Plethora of Indian Education: Are We Following the Development Path? Country Paper 9

Dr. Vipan Kumar Teri University, New Delhi, India Although the Indian economy has experienced rapid growth over the past decade but the low levels of education and formal training of the workforce are a matter of concern. Workers without education and skills are stuck at the bottom of the labor market with low productivity and earnings. The lack of skills, the inability of the workers to adapt to changing technological and market conditions, constrain the growth of the economy and lead to a lop sided growth structure in which the majority of workers are not able to participate effectively in the development process. Higher education is equally suffering as 92% of the eligible population fails to reach higher education level. Therefore total number of PhDs in India remains low in comparison with the other developing countries like China which has expanded its higher education with respect to its growth. India requires therefore a mammoth growth in terms of enlargement of her education system. India requires nearly 2 million schools by the year 2030 to accommodate the studentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; equivalent to 100% GER. This is a massive task both in terms of capacity building as well as governance. 178

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Differential Level of HDL Apoprotein Genes in AtherosclerosisSensitive and Atherosclerosis-Resistant Mice Country Paper 10

Dr. Veneracion G. Cabana Pritzer School of Medicine Mountain View Department of Pathology University of Chicago and Mt. View College Mice do not develop spontaneous atherosclerosis. However, analysis of certain inbred strains has made it possible to establish that genetic background determine the extent of susceptibility to this disease and its often fatal consequence, coronary heart disease. C57BL and FVB, atherosclerosis sensitive and resistant, respectively, in that they have differential atherosclerotic responses to dietary challenge are among these strains. It is known that HDL, the so-called “good cholesterol” is protective against atherosclerosis. ApoA-I and apoA-II are the structural proteins of HDL. ApoA-I is needed for HDL formation and high levels of apoA-I is associated with longevity. A number of studies have examined the physiologic activities of these proteins, however, less is known about their level of production. The aim of this mini-project is to determine whether these two strains of mice have different levels of apoA-I and apoA-II production which could contribute to their respective responses to atherosclerotic challenge. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay of cDNA derived from liver and intestinal RNA using commercially obtained primers and the SyberGreen indicator were performed to compare the production of apoA-I and apoA-II in these two strains. There was a significantly higher level of apoA-I and apoA-II mRNA in the atherosclerosis-resistant FVB strain compared to the C57 strain in the liver and intestines. The levels correlated with their HDL cholesterol concentration. Other genes involved in lipoprotein metabolism that were tested such as apoE, apoB, ABCA1 and ABCG1 had no significant differences. In conclusion, these results suggest that genetic differences in the production of HDL may contribute to the genetically-related resistance to atherosclerosis and point to a possible genetic reason for differential occurrences of heart disease in human population. These results provide another basis for lifestyle modifications in genetically predisposed individuals for, as the saying goes, “genes load the gun while lifestyle pulls the trigger.”

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The Economic Performance of Southeast Asia: Growth by Industrial Origin Country Paper 11 What explains economic growth in Southeast Asia? The region’s growth rate generally has varied very widely. Using the country’s specific base years and local currency, time series results revealed that Myanmar grows the fastest and is to double production capabilities in only two years. Driven primarily by agriculture, garments, construction and tourism sectors Cambodia’s growth double in two years as well. Lao People’s Democratic Republic, a once centrally planned economy, doubles in three years. Doi Moi Reforms take Vietnam 10 years to realize fully development plans while Indonesia’s remarkable growth of 11.78% takes the country only six years to grow two folds. Philippines and Thailand need to wait 19 and 16 years respectively. Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Singapore, though grew slowly, dominate welfare satisfaction indexes since governments continue to provide people top priority. Overall, the manufacturing sector is largely fueling growth, supported heavily by construction, trade, public administration and other sectors. This means an economy needs massive production and international trading to grow. Heavy investments on construction, telecommunications and electronics are required as well. Behind all these, rests the effective capabilities of the public administration sector in managing efficiently the financial servicing and gigantic active trading of Southeast Asian countries.

Female Criminals of Pakistan: Personal and Socio-demographicProfiles Country Paper 12

Pakistan is the male-dominated society. In such a scenario of ‘subjugation’, we find females involved in crimes. This exploratory study was conducted in Women’s prisons of Sindh province of Pakistan. It was a ‘census’ population of 100respondents. Findings showed inmates were involved in six types of crimes i.e. Drug Trafficking (26), Murder of Husband (25), Kidnapping (23), Murder (18), Robbery/Theft (5), Child Trafficking (2) and Extra-marital relationships (1). Marxist-Feminist criminologists mention poverty and patriarchal society as etiology of the causation of female crime; findings support this theory. Out of 100 respondents, 72 were illiterates; 76 belonged to very poor and poor families. Husbands of only 17 inmates had jobs, 5 were old/ ill/begging, 11 were doing nothing/gambling, while remaining 57 were farmers / laborers. Only 5 inmates were treated normally while husbands of 36 inmates had bad and violent behavior. Husbands of 42 inmates were 10-20 years older than them. Thirty out of 100 women inmates had male co-accused; almost half of them were male family members.

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Asian Conference