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Jute, a natural fibre, has been in use for various purposes over the centuries throughout the world.

Jute Industries of Bangladesh Jute - The Golden Fibre: Jute, a natural fibre, has been in use for various purposes over the centuries throughout the world. It is the bark of a slender tropical plant belonging to Tiliaceae family with two species Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius. Breakthrough in textile technology during the industrial revolution helped jute emerges as an amazing fabric from its traditional image of a raw material for cordage and rope. Since then the innumerable additions, modifications and innovations in manufacturing process turned jute into as indispensable material for an unconventional uses. The process of developing diversified use of jute still goes on unabated despite the challenge and threat from its synthetic substitutes. Jute (Corchorus capsularis & Corchorus olitorius), Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) and Roselle (H. Sabdariffa var (Altissima) are vegetable best fibre plants next to cotton in importance. In the trade there are usually two names of jute, White and Tossa. Corchorus capsularis is called White Jute and Corchorus olitorius is called Tossa Jute. In India & Bangladesh Roselle is usually called Mesta. Jute fibres are finer and stronger than Mesta and are, therefore, better in quality. Depending on demand, price and climate, the annual production of jute and allied fibres in the world remains around 3 million tonnes. The fibre finds its use in the producing as well as in consuming countries in the agricultural, industrial, commercial and domestic fields. Sacking and Hessians (Burlap) constitute the bulk of the manufactured products. Sacking is commonly used as packaging material for various agricultural commodities viz., rice, wheat, vegetables, corn, coffee beans etc. Sacking and Hessian Cloth are also used as packing materials in the cement and fertilizer manufacturing industries (New J.H. 1993). Fine Hessian is used as carpet backing and often made into big bags for packaging other fibres viz. Cotton and wool. Origin: After a lot of debate, there seems to be an agreement that White Jute originated in the IndoBurma region and Tossa Jute in Africa. Kenaf originated in Angola in Africa and Roselle originated in Sudan of Africa (Singh, D.P. 1983). China is also considered as one of the places of origin of Jute. According to some scholars, some provinces of the southern parts of China are the secondary centres of origin of' Tossa and White Jute. (Peikun Huang 1992). Major Producers: Bangladesh, India, China, Myanmar, Nepal and Thailand are at present the major producers of Jute, Kenaf and Roselle fibres. India, Bangladesh and China are the large producers.


Climate: Jute cultivation requires specific climate and land. It requires early rains in March, May and June and intermittent rain and sunlight thereafter till August, temperature between 28째C and 35째C and humidity between 70% and 90%. This type of climate is available in areas between 30째 Latitude North and South of the earth. Kenaf and Roselle grow almost throughout the world both in tropical and temperate areas. Soil: Soil conducive to producing jute are of three types: 1) Loamy soil 2) Clayey soil 3) Sandy soil Loamy soil usually produces the best fibre. The clayey soil yields a short crop. Also plants grown on clayey soil do not ret uniformly. The sandy soil produces coarse fibre

Jute in Textiles Textile Fibres Natural Fibres VegetableAnimal (Cellulose) hair (Protein) Stem Bast

Leaf

Seed

Fruit

Jute, Kenaf Ramie, Flax, Hemp,

Sisal, Cotton, Coir Manila, Kapok Phormium Tenax

Manmade Fibres Mineral

Rayon

Natural PolymerSynthetic (Regenerated) Polymer

Cellulose Ester

Other Manmade (Synthetic)

Alginate Natural Rubber

Viscose, Tri-acetate Cupro, Acetate Modal, Deacetylated

Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation: Climate bestowed Bangladesh with the opportunity to become the natural home of the best quality Jute and for this Bangladesh is the world's largest grower of quality Jute. This gives Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation an advantage over other Jute goods manufacturer to produce and cater the needs of quality jute goods world over. Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation, well known as BJMC is the world's biggest state owned manufacturing and exporting organization of all kinds of Jute goods. Research, innovative experimentation towards product development and modernization approaches are the other contributing elements to its unmatched success it has established over the years.


End Uses of Jute Goods Jute Goods can ideally be used as: • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Bags and sacks for packing almost all kinds of agricultural produces, minerals, cement etc. Packs for packing wool and cotton; Wrapping materials / fabrics; Carrier and backing fabric for carpet and linoleum; Cordage and twines; Webbing to cover inner springs in auto-seats and upholster furniture; Cargo separator in ship; Cloth for mine ventilation and partition; Filling material in cable; Roofing and floor covering apparel; Footwear lining; Wall covering and furnishing fabric; m. Fashion accessories; Soil erosion control fabric and many more.

Advantage of Use of Jute Goods Jute, having been the most environment-friendly natural fibre because of its inherent unique properties has counts of advantages over other man-made artificial polymer fibre products. • • • • • • • •

Under stress jute extends only 0.5% to its stable form and so gives wonderful dimensional stability. The hairy surface of jute fabric gives it a capacity to grip any surface it comes in contact with. They can, for this reason, be stacked high and wide without any risk of slippage. The ignition temperature of jute is 193˚c. It thus remains very stable up to near ignition point. Even at boiling temperature, its intact physical properties guard it from undergoing possible distortion. Jute being hygroscopic and auriferous permits normal breathing and humidity to the contents and so ensures their storage without deterioration. Hooks may be used freely and easily on jute products during handling as its innate properties cover up the pierced holes immediately after. It thus prevents seepage loss of contents during transportation and allows itself to be re-used over and again Jute being natural is biodegradable. It does not plug the natural pore of the earth soil and surface. When burned, it emits the same fume as a burning wood as we know, is nothing dangerous. It has no adverse effect on human body and the Mother Nature as a whole.

Jute Growing Area In Bangladesh Legend Northern Jute (White and Tossa) Soft District Jute (White and Tossa) Jat Jute (White and Tossa) District Jute (White and Tossa) Hard District Jute (White and Tossa)


PRODUCTS Over View

- Food Grade Jute Bags Product Range

a) Sacking Cloth: Width:22"-30"; Weight: 11-24 ozs. Weaving: Plain and Twill; Colour: Natural; Packing: 5001000 yds./bale b) Sacking Bag: Sizes: As per requirement; Weight: Standard or light; Sewing: Overhead Dry Sewn, Overhead Tar sewn, Safety sewn (optional); Colour: Natural, Bleached; Branding: Up to 3 colour; Packing: 200-500 bags 1 bale (Flat or folded).


Some Standard Sackinq Baqs: Twill Bags: A. Twill bag (44"x26.5" - 2.62 lbs.), B.Twill Bag (44"x26.5" - 2.25 lbs.), L.Twill Bag (44"x26.5" - 2.50 Ibs), Binola Bag (44"x26.5" - 2.00 lbs.), Corn Sack (41"x31" - 1.75 to 2.15 lbs.), Cement Bag (29"x20" - 1.25 lbs.), Coffee Bag (40"x26" - 2.00 lbs.), Grain Sack 60"x30" - 3.25 lbs.), Sugar Bag (48"x28" - 2.50 lbs.). Double Warp Bags: Heavycees (40"x28" - 2.25 lbs.), Lightcees (40"x20" - 2.00 lbs.), D.W. Flour Bag 58"x28" 2.25 lbs.), D.W Salt Bag (45"x26.5" - 1.75 lbs.), D.W Nitrate Bag (35"x26" - 1.25 lbs.). A) Hessian Cloth: Width: 22" to 80", Weight:5 to 14 ozs./sq.yd., Colour: Natural, Semi-brite, Full-brite, Bleached and Dyed; Packing: 700 - 2000 yds / bale or in roll. B) Hessian Baq: Sizes: Available as per buyer's requirement; Sewing: Herackle and Overhead (safety sewing optional); Colour: Natural, Semi-brite, Full-brite, Bleached, Dyed; Branding: up to 3 colour; Packing: 500-1000 bags flat or folded per bale. C) Some Standard Bags: Australian Bran Bag, Fertilizer Bag, Japanese Rice Bag, Onion Pocket, Potato Bag, Shopping Bag ete. Carpet (Secondary) Backing Cloth (CBC) Width: 47" - 203"; Weight: 5.5 - 9.0 ozs./sq.yd.; Packing: 500 - 1000 yds.1 roll. Jute Yarn and Twine Quality: CB, Hessian and Sacking; Ply: 1- 3; Count:8 - 20 lbs.; packing: Precision / Mack roll in hank. Wall Covering Cloth: Width: 40" - 145"; Weight: 8 - 10.5 ozs.; Packing: 300 - 1000 yds./ roll. Wool Pack Qualities: Standard wool pack, Australian New Improved Wool Pack, New Zealand Wool Pack, Mini-Wool Pack, Coffin Type Wool Pack; Packing:25 - 50 packs / bale. Tarpaulin and Canvas Cloth: Width:36" - 45"; Weight: 14 - 20 ozs.; Porter & Shots: Tarpaulin 10x10, Canvas 14x14, packing: 1000 yds. / bale. Jute Soil Erosion Control Fabric: Width: 1.22 m; Weight: 610 gms. / m; Warp: 6.5 ends / 10 cm.; Weft: 4.5 ends / 10 cm.; Packing: 600 - 900 m / bale. Jute felt: Types: Single sided (SS) & Double Sided (DS) needle punched felt; Width: 54"; Thickness: 1/4" & 3/8' packing: 25 yds. / roll.


Rot Proof Fabric and Baq: Normal Jute Fabric and Bag treated with anti - rot chemicals to impart extra longevity for use in adverse conditions. Scrim Cloth: Width: 27" - 80"; weight: 5 - 20 ozs./ sq. Yd.; Packing: 1000 - 2000 yds. / roll. Jute Mat: Width: 3 feet, Length: 150 feet; Quality; Plain & Design; Weight: 2.25 - 2.50 lbs. / yd.; Packing: 150 feet / roll; Use: Both side. Jute Diversified Products: Various types of jute and jute blended products for household and furnishing uses.

Price List Ref No. BJMC/PC-PL/0707131/45

Date 01/07/2007

HESSIAN: Prices of all Hessian cloth and bags are to be calculated using following basis price: Quality

PXS

Packing

Shipment

Price

40/10oz/40 Normal

11X12

2000 Yds.

Jul07 - Oct'07

24.50

40/10oz/40 Food Grade

11X12

2000 Yds.

Jul07 - Oct'07

25.50

SACKING: Prices of all Sacking bags and cloth are to be calculated using following basis price: Quality

PXS

Packing

Shipment

Price

Std. B. Twills Normal

6X8

300 Bags

Jul07 - Oct'07

62.00

Std. B. Twills Food Grade

6X8

300 Bags

Jul07 - Oct'07

64.00

CBC: A. Prices of following quality of CBC is as under: Quality

PXS

Shipment

Price

163.5/5.5oz/36

9X8

Jul07 - Oct'07

58.00

B. Prices of all other CBC are to be calculated using following basis price: Quality

PXS

Shipment

Price

150/5.5oz/36

9X8

Jul07 - Oct'07

54.00

JUTE SOIL SAVER: Price of following quality of Jute Soil Saver is as under: Quality

PXS

Shipment

Price

48"- 1.22lbs/Yd.

6.5X4.5/10cm

Jul07 - Oct'07

21.00

Notes : 1. Prices given above are in US Dollars per 100 Yds/Bags FOB Bangladesh Ports. 2. Differential Chart issued by BJMC on the 3rd Oct'96 along with its subsequent amendments will be applicable for price differentials. 3. Domestic price may be obtained from BJMC Local Sales Desk. 4. Prices will remain unchanged until further orders.

Jute Industries at a Galance


Dhaka Zone:

Bangladesh Jute Mills Ltd.

Karim Jute Mills Ltd.

Latif Bawany Jute Mills Ltd.

U.M.C Jute Mills LTD.

Qaumi Jute Mills Ltd.

Rajshahi Jute Mills Ltd.

Khulna Zone:

Aleem Jute Mills Ltd.

Carpeting Jute Mills Ltd.

Crescent Jute Mills Ltd.

Eastern Jute Mills Ltd.

Jessore Jute Industries Ltd.

Peoples Jute Mills Ltd.

Platinum Jubilee Jute Mills Ltd.

Star Jute Mills Ltd.

Chittagong Zone:

Amin Jute Mills Ltd.

Amin Old Field Ltd.

Gul Ahmed Jute Mills Ltd.

Hafiz Jute Mills Ltd.

Karnafuli Jute Mills Ltd.

Development of Decorative Fabric

M.M. Jute Mills Ltd.

R.R. Jute Mills Ltd.


Bagdad-Dhaka Carpet Factory Ltd.

Furat Karnafuli Carpet Factory

Non Jute Mills but work for jute based product:

Galfra Habib Ltd.

Mills Furnishing Ltd.

Jute-Fibre Glass Industry

The production and export figures of BJMC products during the last 5 years are as follows: Year

Production (in .000 Export( in .000 Export Earning (in million MT) MT ) Taka)

199798

255

160

4620

199899

236

220

5614

199900

235

202

5411

200001

246

223

5996

200001

246

223

5996

200102

249

217

64741


RUNNING JUTE MILLS Sl. No Name of Mills

Address

Telephone Nos.

1.

Latif Bawany Jute Mills Demra, Dhaka Ltd.

PABX- 7400009

2.

Karim Jute Mills Ltd.

PABX - 7400011 - 7400020

3.

Bangladesh Jute Mills Ghorasal, Narshingdi Ltd.

PABX - 06254/287

4.

United-MeghnaChandpur Jute Ltd.

PABX- 0621/62651, 62590

5.

Nishat Jute Mills Ltd.

6.

Karnafuli Jute Mills Ltd. Rangunia Chittagong.

PABX- 637078, 637622/9-12

7.

Furat-Karnafuli Factory.

610735

8.

Gul Ahmed Jute Mills Sitakunda,Chittagong Ltd.

9.

M.M. Jute Mills Ltd.

Sitakunda, Chittagong. Ex-630381/227 , 630389/227

10.

Amin Jute Mills Ltd.

Sholoshahar, Chittagong

11.

Amin Old Field Mills Rsholoshahar, Ltd. Chittagong.

12.

Hafiz Jute Mills Ltd.

Bashbaria, Chittagong. 611143

13.

R.R. Jute Mills Ltd.

Bashbaria, Chittagong. 03028

14.

Bagdad-Dhaka Factory

15.

Development Decorative Fabrics

16.

Crescent Jute Mills Ltd.

17.

Platinum Jubilee Jute Town Mills Ltd Khulna

Khalishpur,

18.

People's Jute Mills Ltd.,

Town Khulna.

Khalishpur,

19.

Daulatpur Ltd.

Mills Town ,Khulna.

Khalishpur

20.

Star Jute Mills Ltd.

Chandani Mohal,Khulna.

762719,762727

21.

Eastern Jute Mills Ltd.

Atra,Khulna.

PABX- 78529,785564

22.

Aleem Jute Mills Ltd.

Atra,Khulna.

PABX- 785206-8

23.

Jessore Jute Industries Rajghat,Jessore. Ltd.

04222-254

24.

Carpeting Ltd.

04222-231

25.

Rajshahi Jute Mills Ltd. Shyampur, Rajshahi

0721-750806

26.

Quami Jute Mills Ltd.

PABX72247 Dir. 72180,72097,72053

Mills Narshingdi. Tongi, Gazipur.

Carpet

Rangunia, Chittagong

of

Mills

Rangunia,Chittagong. Town Khulna

PABX- 9800101-3

724826,611175

PABX- 682057

Carpet North Kattali,Chittagong.

Jute

Jute

Demra,Dhaka

PABX- 682057

751918 611099

Khalishpur, PABX041/760284,760285,760904

Noapara, Jessore.

Raipur, Shirajgonj

PABX- 041/760291-5 PABX- 760082-3-7615069 PABX- 760282


Bangladesh Producing & Consumption::: ...

ANNEX-1 Raw Jute: Raw Jute Production, Domestic Consumption and Export 19992000200120022001- 20022000(Actual) 2001(Actual) 2002(Actual) 2003 2002 2003 Estimated July- JulyMarch March

Decrease (-) or increase (+) Comparing to the last year

1. Volume of production 40.84 (bales in lakh)

42.93

51.37

43.16

0

0

2. Volume of export 16.51 (bales in lakh)

15.55

14.11

17.00

9.98

16.32 (+) 64%

32.75

32.95

29.00

20.84 20.43 (-) 2%

4. Export Income 364.64 (Taka in crore)

350.97

375.35

374.00

263.56 333.29 (+) 27%

(in Dollar)

65.43

66.06

65.04

46.51 57.44 (+) 24%

0

3. Domestic Consumption 31.47 (bales lakh)

in

US

72.75


ANNEX-2 Jute Goods: Production, Domestic Consumption and Export 19992000200120022001- 20022000(Actual) 2001(Actual) 2002(Actual) 2003 2002 2003 Estimated July- JulyMarch March

Decrease (-) or increase (+) Comparing to the last year

1. Volume of production 4.98 (lakh M tonne)

4.83

5.36

6.05

3.93

3.85

(-) 2%

2. Volume of export 4.14 (lakh M tonne)

4.26

4.21

4.87

3.25

2.79

(-) 14%

4. Export Income 1134.13 (crore in Tk)

1204.01

1260.12

1470.06

980.96 883.56 (-) 10%

(USD)

229.11

224.50

226.64

250.38

169.13 152.34 (-) 10%

0.92

0.87

0.81

0.99

0.61

3. Domestic Consumption (lakh tonne)

0.65

(+) 7%

M

ANNEX-3 Actual production of consumption of jute for last three years 19992000(Actual)

20002001(Actual)

20012002(Actual)

2002-2003 Estimated

10.25

10.75

12.84

10.52

40.84

42.93

51.37

43.16

3. Stock at the 17.68 beginning of the year

10.31

4.60

8.45

4. Total availability

53.24

55.97

51.61

1. Area of cultivation (Acre in lakh)

jute

2. Production

5. Domestic consumption

58.52


(a) Jute mill: BJMC

13.58

13.99

14.20

11.00

BJMA

6.16

5.43

4.51

4.50

BJSA

8.73

10.33

11.24

10.00

mills

28.47

29.75

29.95

26.00

(b) Paper mill

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

(c) Domestic use and 3.00 handicrafts

3.00

3.00

3.00

(d) Total domestic use 31.47 (a) + (b) +(c)

32.75

32.95

29.00

6. Loss

0.23

0.37

0.46

0.00

7. Volume of export

16.51

15.55

14.11

17.00

8. Export income 364.64 (crore in taka)

350.97

375.35

374.00

9. Stock at the end of 10.31 the year

4.60

8.45

5.61

Total jute

FIGURE-1 Production, usages, export and volume of stock of raw jute for the last Four Years

ANNEX-4 Domestic market/price of raw jute Month

2001-2002 (July-March)

2002-2003 (July-March)

Decrease (-) or increase (+) Comparing to the last year


Average Cumulative Average Cumulative Average Cumulative Price Average Price Price Average Price Price Average Price July

487.00

487.00

323.00

323.00

(-) 34%

(-) 34%

August

399.00

411.00

301.00

306.00

(-) 25%

(-) 26%

September 366.00

393.00

299.00

302.00

(-) 18%

(-) 23%

October

399.00

395.00

302.00

302.00

(-) 24%

(-) 23%

November 425.00

401.00

311.00

304.00

(-) 27%

(-) 24%

December 443.00

405.00

307.00

304.00

(-) 31%

(-) 25%

January

462.00

409.00

308.00

305.00

(-) 33%

(-) 25%

February

470.00

412.00

312.00

305.00

(-) 34%

(-) 26%

March

461.00

413.00

312.00

305.00

(-) 32%

(-) 26%

ANNEX-7 Jute Goods: Production, Domestic Consumption and Export 199920002001200220012000(Actual) 2001(Actual) 2002(Actual) 2003 2002 Estimated JulyMarch

20022003 JulyMarch

Decrease (-) or increase (+) Comparing to the last year

1. Volume of 16.51 export (bales in lakh)

15.55

14.11

17.00

9.98

2. Income 364.64 (crore in taka)

350.97

375.35

374.00

263.56 333.29 (+) 27%

(M USD)

65.43

66.06

65.00

46.51

2258.00

2660.17

2200.00

2641.00 2023.35 (-) 23%

72.75

3. Average price 2208.00 (Taka in each bales)

16.32

57.44

(+) 64%

(+) 24%


(USD in each 44.07 bales)

42.09

46.82

38.00

64.60

35.19

(-) 24%


Jute, a natural fibre, has been in use for various purposes over the centuries throughout the world