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ISSUE NO. 20

Dream Come True

ONO

MISO AJI ROCKFISH STEW & LOCAL CRAVINGS

Robert Bihm’s 105 lb Symbol of Thanks PAGE 36

PROS AND CONS OF FISHING LINE

Display until May 31, 2016

CYCLES AND RHYTHMS

READING NATURAL RESOURCES


The Alaska Lehi

Opakapaka

Recover a Tagged Bottomfish or O‘io?

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Onaga

Call (808) 265-4962

Drawing will take place on January 1, 2017 for the summer 2017 fishing season.

Be prepared to provide the following critical information: 1. Your name, address and telephone number 2. Capture date, Island and fishing location 3. Tag number 4. Fork length: measure from tip of the nose to “V” in the tail 5. Species: (The Deep Seven) Opakapaka (Pink Snapper), Onaga (Longtail Snapper), Hapu‘upu‘u (Hawaiian Grouper), Ehu (Squirrelfish Snapper), Kalekale (Von Siebold’s Snapper), Gindai (Brigham’s Snapper), Lehi (Silverjaw Snapper) and Oio (Bonefish).

HOOKUP Ehu

Gindai

Kalekale

Reward: In return for your valuable information you’ll receive a special t-shirt reward plus a recovery letter stating how much the fish grew, distance traveled and days at liberty.

Hapu‘upu‘u

O‘io

You could also win a food and pupu serving dish from Aloha Chill’R, the best way to keep your pupus cool and the pests away. Quarterly prize drawings will be held.

MAHALO TO OUR GENEROUS SPONSORS

Promotion will run through calendar year 2016 2

LAWAI‘A MAGAZINE

For more information about PIFG and its programs, visit www.fishtoday.org

ISSUE TWENTY 2016

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ISSUE TWENTY • SPRING 2016

Sections 7 / INSIDE

32 / FISH STORIES

8 / E HOIKE MAI

44 / BARBLESS HOOK GALLERY

10 / FROM THE DECK

46 / BOTTOMFISH TODAY

12 / WHAT IS IT?

50 / FISHING LINE

14 / AUNTY KWONG’S KITCHEN

54 / CYCLES & RHYTHMS

16 / SHORELINE TECH

56 / PIFG KOA

18 / READER TIPS

60 / KELA A ME KEIA

Ono Food Features

20 / MISO AJI 24 / LOCAL CRAVINGS 30 / ROCKFISH STEW

R O B E R T S H I B U K A W A 7 1 . 9 L B S

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ISSUE TWENTY 2016

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Inside

B Y T H E L AWA I ‘A E D I TO R I A L B O A R D

ISSUE TWENTY SPRING 2016 Publisher Pacific Islands Fisheries Group Editor Pacific Islands Fisheries Group pacificfisheries@gmail.com

GO ON AN

Alaska Reel Adventure!

A

lthough a couple of months late, PIFG and Lawai’a want to wish all of our readers good fishing and good weather at sea for a

Design Darin H. Isobe > Art Director darini@hawaiiantel.net

safe and Happy New Year for 2016. This past year saw lots of ahi for our New Year’s celebrations but not as much “red fish” in

the markets. See the letter in this issue from a bottomfish fisherman that Contributing Writers Todd Allen, Gary Beals, Robert Bihm, John Clark, Kelsey Cruz, Brian Funai, Scott Haraguchi, Stephen Kilkenny, Brian Kimata, Sean Masaki, Shaquille Rapanot-McGuire, Paulo and Ed Sugimoto,

Don’t forget to check out the PIFG Koa section for details on how to win a trip to Alaska through our subscription promotion. Sign up for a two year subscription and have your name entered to win a fishing adventure for two from Alaska Reel Adventures and Alaska Airlines.

Advertising Inquiries pacificfisheries@gmail.com

As we sat down to write this editorial, news outlets were reporting that Alexander and Baldwin was closing its division of Hawaiian Commercial and

Letters and Comments pacificfisheries@gmail.com

Sugar Co. on Maui and laying off close to 700 employees. We’ve seen this

Lawai‘a Magazine Every attempt is made to publish Lawai‘a 4 times a year. Printed by Journal Graphics Portland, Oregon USA

felt for the people whose futures were suddenly made uncertain. But this

Interested in submitting a story and photos? Send to: pacificfisheries@gmail.com

Hawaii’s Premiere Alaska Fishing Destinations

provides some insight as to why that might have been.

happen over and over through the last several decades and each time we’ve one is different. For many kama’aina, it is the end of the one icon that was a physical reminder of our roots here in the islands. The HC&S operation, which some still called a plantation, symbolized to many of us the one thing that connects our diverse ethnic backgrounds and the cultural practices that were brought here by our ancestors. Shared with other people who had

www.Lawaia.net

• Anchor Point Lodge • Shelter Lodge

come from different parts of the world and even modified to fit our unique environment, these practices, in turn, shaped the island communities that we live in today. We even formed our own language in Pidgin English. For many of our ancestors that came from poor farming and fishing villages, another thing that they brought was a determination and ability to live off of the land and that extended into the ocean. People from the

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coastal towns of Asia and Europe were familiar with fishing and seafood from their area and eventually learned how to fish for and eat what was available to them here in this new land. They learned from the Native

Dreaem Come Tru

Hawaiian fishermen and the immigrants shared their knowledge with others in return. How ulua fishermen learned about the “ulua houses” of East Honolulu from a Native Hawaiian man from Kuliouou and how Japanese

ONO

I MISO AJ H STEW RO CK FIS S CRAVING & LO CAL

Salmon • Halibut • Black Cod • Rockfish Dungeness Crab • Alaskan Spot Shrimp

lb hm’s 105 Robert Bi Thanks Symbol of PAGE 36

PROS

AN D CONS

OF FISHIN

G LIN E

HMS AN D RH YT CYCLES URAL RESOUR CES

REA DIN G

Reservations & Info: Call (808) 551-1993 or email info@alaskareel.com

Display until

NAT

May 31, 2016

ON THE COVER: Robert Bihm’s 105 lb symbol of thanks.

6 LAWAI‘A MAGAZINE ARA Lawai‘a Half-page Ad_FNL.indd 1

1/15/16 8:50 AM

immigrants brought the thrownet with them in the late 1800s and taught

together, sharing resources and knowing your neighbor. The Hawaii we

the technique to Native Hawaiians are but two examples.

know is one where people show up at your door with mangos, fish or

With so many people coming here these days for so very different

something they baked, and you send back the container with something

reasons and not necessarily identifying with the Hawaii of our kama’aina

in return. It’s one where people got together to talk about community

roots, the closing of Hawaii’s last plantation should serve as a reminder

problems instead of standing on the side of the road and holding signs in

that preserving our culture and heritage is even more important today.

anger to protest. Today, it is very different as communities are becoming

Many newcomers will say that the plantation working conditions were not

very disconnected and even intentionally insulated from others, where

ideal but what our ancestors endured and sacrificed by working and living

“Keep out” has replaced “Welcome” on signs and entryways. Aloha is rapidly

there made us into a society that we value; one that emphasizes working

being replaced.

ISSUE TWENTY 2016

7


Elisha Lum Barred Jack

Leif Yamamoto White Papio

Jean Kuboyama Awa Aua Sam Kuboyama Papio

Austin-Bryce Hino and Leighton Aoki 4 lb tako

Cameron Hunter Sera and Ladd Papios Kapu Yasumura 30.7 lb Kagami Ulua

Austin Sensano Uku (from shore)

Chris Keliinoi Oio

Steven Kam & friend Omilu and Uku

Email digital photos as jpg files. Please take pics at your highest setting possible. Email jpg photos to: lawaiamag@gmail.com Include all info please. All pics sent become the property of Lawai‘a Magazine.

SEND US YOUR PICS

Tyrone Agapay Omilu

Edy Nakamura Barred Jack

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Harry Sanchez-Hanaoka 3 1/2 lb omilu

Danny Kadowaki White 2 lb White Papio

Darin Enomoto 4 lb Oio ISSUE TWENTY 2016

9


From the Deck BY GARY BEALS

Basic Seamanship - 7 Using and interpreting lights The U.S. Coast guard has a large number of lights used in different locations and situations. In this document we will deal with just a few that are common to boating and fishing here in Hawaii. For those that wish to go in-depth on this subject, visit this link to provide more information. http://www.uscg.mil/d13/ docs/usaidstonavigationsystembooklet23dec03.pdf Situation #1: Entering a harbor channel at night. Red colors, red lights, and even numbers indicate the right side of the channel as a boater enters from the open sea or heads upstream. Green colors, green lights and odd numbers indicate the left side of the channel as a boater enters from the open sea or heads upstream. Most mariners use the saying, “ Red right returning” to place the vessel in the correct line when returning to the harbor. Situation #2: Finding the correct ‘line’ when entering a harbor at night. As the boater enters a channel or harbor at night they should use the ‘Range Lights’ to determine if they are on the correct line or the middle of the channel. Range lights are light pairs that indicate a specific line of position when they are in line. The higher rear light is placed behind the front light. When the mariner sees the lights vertically in line, he is on the range line. If the front light appears left of the rear light, the observer is to the right of the range line; if the front appears to the right of the rear, the observer is left of the range line. Range lights are sometimes equipped with high intensity lights for daylight use. These are effective for long channels in hazy conditions

when dayboards might not be seen. The range light structures are usually also equipped with dayboards for ordinary daytime use.

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Situation #3: Finding the correct ‘line’ to shore when night-diving. A variation of the ‘range light’ may be rigged by the diver to safely guide them back to an entry/exit point on the shoreline. Use two lights attached to a pole or some other similar object. Place one light above the other and at an elevation that can be seen from several hundred yards offshore. When entering the water, the lights should be lined up vertically with the same situation as the diver lines up to exit the water.

Basic Nautical Terms - 7 Navigational Aids Aid to navigation: A device or structure external to the ship, designed to assist in determination of position, to define a safe course, or to warn of dangers or obstructions. Dayboard: The daytime identifier of an aid to navigation presenting one of several standard shapes (square, triangle, rectangle) and colors (red, green, white, orange, yellow, or black). Mark: A visual aid to navigation. Often called navigation mark, includes floating marks (buoys) and fixed marks (beacons). Range: Two or more objects in line. Such objects are said to be in range. An observer having them in range is said to be on the range. Two beacons are frequently located for the specific purpose of forming a range to indicate a safe route or the centerline of a channel.

Lihue Fishing Supply • Tel (808) 245-4930

A Place Where Tails Come True

(808) 247-0938

Kai Gokan A KAUA‘I FISHING TRADITION SINCE 1950

We are OC16’s top-rated show for the second year in a row thanks to you!

Dedicated to Hawai‘i’s fishing community 10

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ISSUE TWENTY 2016

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What Is It? BY SEAN MASAKI

The Transition to Fishin’

I

’ve been a diver my whole life, from hunting for shells in the tide pools as a child to hunting big pelagics as an adult. When my wife recently bought me a 17 foot Mako for my 41st birthday I got excited. Here was a great opportunity to learn a new skill: deep sea trolling. I purchased a couple of new rods and dug up my conventional reels that I used for Ulua fishing back in college and headed out with fellow dive partner of 20 years, Shane Hirayama, and his friend, Sean Saei. The game plan was to troll out to U buoy and hopefully pick up some fish for dinner. We dropped the lines out as soon as we got out past the reef and spent the next couple hours trolling unsuccessfully. As we passed U buoy we saw a couple of Mahi and our hopes got up. First pass at the buoy, nothing. Second pass, still no bites. We drove past a few more times without success. Three other boats came by and they too were unsuccessful. After the last boat left the buoy, I thought to myself, “If the fish don’t come to me, then I’ll go after the fish!” Shane and I suited up, grabbed the spearguns and jumped in. As soon as I hit the water, two Mahi swam right up to me, not 4 feet away. I quickly loaded two of my four bands and shot the closest Mahi. After a short fight, Shane and I jumped in the water again. I saw a bunch of bait fish under the buoy and figured I’d shoot it in hopes that the struggling fish would attract a Mahi or Ono. I took aim and shot the biggest bait fish in the school.

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I let it struggle on the end of my spear for a few minutes, but the dive was cut short when Sean, who was driving the boat, spotted another boat approaching. We exited the water and, as I removed the bait fish from my spear shaft, I thought to myself, this thing looks like a yellowtail. I took a picture of it, then threw it into the cooler. We trolled unsuccessfully for the next half hour and decided to head to the reef for some diving. As we approached the reef, Shane put on a Yozuri Crystal Minnow lure and hooked up with a barracuda. Anxious to get back in the water due to the extreme heat, Shane and I jumped in and we both picked up a couple of nice sized Uhu. I spotted a good sized Tako and brought it to the boat. We had enough reef fish so I figured we should try bottom fishing with that fresh Tako as bait. Shane and Sean Saei got their spinners out, dropped their lines and immediately started taking hits. Shane was the first to hook and land a giant Mu. Sean then got a strike and scored with another trophy Mu. Shane dropped his line back down and got another big strike, landing another monster Mu. Shane let me borrow his pole. I quickly threw on a blinking Tako leg and sent it down. After a few minutes, I took a big hit and landed a fat Mu. With the cooler full of fish, we decided it was time to head in. I have a lot to learn about fishing but I’m definitely hooked! I did some research when I got home and, apparently, the yellowtail is a very rare catch in the main Hawaiian Islands. I sent a picture of the yellowtail to Sterling Kaya who then sent it to Lawai’a Magazine. They confirmed it was indeed a yellowtail. Bruce Mundy of NOAA provided some insight about the species and movement of the yellowtail. It turns out that brand new information leads scientists to believe that my fish is one of a couple of species that show up in Hawaii from the West, North and East Pacific with mine likely being from the East. There were at least ten other yellowtail circling the buoy. Hopefully they will be able to establish a population in Hawaii!

ISSUE TWENTY 2016

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Aunty Kwong’s Kitchen

Lawai‘a- Gear Guys and Fine Vendors

Visit the following stores to get your next issue of Lawa‘a Magazine.

Shutome Chowder

BIG ISLAND J. Hara Store 17-343 Volcano Hwy. Kurtistown, HI 96760 808-966-5462

This is a tomato-based chowder, similar to a Manhattan style clam chowder. Be sure not to overcook the fish. When it is perfectly cooked, the shutome will be soft and silky, not dry at all.

Directions: Combine water and hondashi powder in a medium soup pot and bring to a boil over medium-high heat. Add the clam juice, stewed tomatoes, celery, onion, bay leaves, thyme, and dill. Return to a boil, then lower the heat and simmer, with the lid slightly ajar, for about 30 minutes. Season to taste with salt, pepper and sugar. Add cubed shutome and simmer uncovered for 2-3 minutes, until the fish is barely cooked through.

JESSE VICTOR AND RACHEL SAMSON

Ingredients: 2 cups water 2 teaspoons hondashi powder 2 cups clam juice 1 – 12oz can stewed tomatoes 3 celery ribs, diced 1 small round onion, diced 2 bay leaves 2 tbsp dried thyme 2 tbsp fresh dill Salt, pepper to taste 1 tsp sugar (optional) 1 lb shutome, cut into 1” cubes

New Maui Fishing Supply 1823 Wells Street #4 Wailuku, HI 96793 808-244-3449

Dean’s Drive Inn 45-270 William Henry Rd Kaneohe, HI 96744 (808) 247-1300

King Fort Magazine 1122 Fort St. Honolulu, Hi 96813 (808) 538-0266

Sawada Store 132 N Cane St. Wahaiwa, Hi 96796 (808) 622-4861

S. Tokunaga Store Inc. 26 Hoku Street Hilo, HI 96720 808-935-6935

West Maui Sports & Fishing Supply 843 Wainee Street #F3 Lahaina, HI 96761 808-661-6252

Ewa Beach Buy & Sell 91-775 C Papipi Road Ewa Beach, HI 96706 808-689-6368

McCully Bicycle & Sporting Goods 2124 S. King St. Honolulu, HI 96826 808-955-6329

Tamashiro Market 802 N. King St. Honolulu, Hi 96817 808-841-8047

KAUAI Lihue Fishing Supply 2985 Kalena St. Lihue, HI 96766 808-245-4930

MOLOKAI Molokai General Store 301 Ala Malama Kaunakakai, HI 96748 808-553-3569

Mark’s Place 1610 Halekuhana St. Lihue, Hi 96766 808-245-2522

OAHU Brian’s Fishing Supply 1236 S. King St. Honolulu, HI 96814 808-596-8344

MAUI All About Fish 3600 Lower Honoapiilani Rd Lahaina, HI 96761 (808) 669-1710

Charley’s Fishing Supply, Inc. 670 Auahi St., #A10 Honolulu, HI 96813 808-528-7474

Hana Pa’a Fishing Co. 1733 Dillingham Blvd. Honolulu, HI 96819 808-845-1865 J. Hara Store 3221 Waialae Ave. Honolulu, Hi 96816 808-737-7702 Kalihi Pet Center 1199 Dillingham Blvd #101, Honolulu, HI 96817 Ph. (808) 841-5234 Kaya’s Fishing Supply 901 Kekaulike St. Honolulu, HI 96817 808-538-1578

Nanko Fishing Supply 46-003 Alaloa St Kaneohe, HI 96744 Phone:(808) 247-0938 Nervous Water Fly Fishers 3434 Waialae Ave. Honolulu, Hi 96816 808-734-7359 Nico’s Pier 38 Fish Market 1129 N. Nimitz Hwy Honolulu, Hi 96817 808-540-1377 POP Fishing & Marine 1133 N. Nimitz Hwy Honolulu, Hi 96817 808-537-2905

Tanioka’s Seafood and Catering 94-903 Farrington Hwy Waipahu, Hi 96797 808-671-3779 Waipahu Bicycle & Sporting Goods 94-320 Waipahu Depot St. Waipahu, Hi 96797 808-671-4091 SAIPAN Mariana Fishing Tackle & Sporting Goods Beach Road, Susupe P.O. Box 500726 Saipan, MP 96950 670-234-6320

North Shore Place Names: Kahuku to Ka‘ena Author John Clark’s fascinating look at Hawai‘i’s past, told through the stories hidden in its place names.

UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI‘I PRESS HONOLULU, HAWAI‘I 96822-1888 www.uhpress.hawaii.edu/ 14

LAWAI‘A MAGAZINE

ISSUE TWENTY 2016

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Shoreline Tech B Y B R I A N K I M ATA

problems with your drag system.

washers made of carbon fiber have

If you are a do it yourselfer, a visual

become the new standard of the

inspection of the drag washers will tell

industry and are now found on many

you a lot about them. A broken or torn

of the latest models. They are, however,

disc is an apparent problem but look also

not for everyone. Smaller reels utilizing

for contaminants and worn surfaces. Are

fine lines may not be able to obtain light

the washers stuck together or stuck to the

settings using carbon fiber washers since

drag cup? Take a good look at the metal

they usually move the drag curve toward

discs. Are any bent or corroded? These are

a heavier setting. Felt washers still work

all signs of a drag that’s in disrepair but a

best in those applications. What carbon

drag can perform badly and look perfectly

fiber does offer is greater pressures, a

fine as well. How it behaves is the true acid test.

greater range, durability, smoothness, and a longevity not found in other compositions. Companies like Smoooooth

Many ailing drag systems can be rebuilt without needing new parts. This is

Drag, make applications for many reels that are not originally equipped

particularly true of systems using felt washers. If they aren’t too badly worn,

with them, so upgrading can be a cinch. These high tech washers can be

they can be cleaned and lubricated back to health. Rusted metal discs can

greased as well, enhancing these properties. Just be sure you are using a

be cleaned and sanded as well and can even be straightened if they are not

grease designed for drags because using anything else would probably hurt

bent too badly. Just be sure that your disc is made of stainless steel if you

performance. You can help extend the life of your washers by tightening

are going to sand them.

them as you rinse your reels and storing them loosely once they have been

Sometimes it is preferable to replace the washers entirely. While most

cleaned. Tightening the washers helps to keep water and contaminants out

factory systems work fine, many reels, especially older models, use drags

of the system when you are cleaning them while keeping a loose drag during

made of materials that could perform better if they were upgraded. Drag

storage keeps them from getting over compressed.

QUESTION: How long will my drag last before it needs to be serviced and what do you think about aftermarket drag washers vs stock ones? ANSWER: I have linked these two questions together as

spool, sometimes it just wears out. The length of time it takes for these

they are related.

washers to go bad varies greatly depending on how and where the reel

If you use your reel with any regularity, you have probably noticed

was used, the amount and size of fish caught on it and the type of system

the drag system’s performance declining. A lack of smoothness,

installed by the factory. Reels exposed to a lot of salt spray, like trolling

decreases in drag tension, inconsistent settings and odd

and some casting reels, typically require more frequent servicing. Long,

noises as the line pays out are typical signs of a failing

sustained runs against the drags and improper care and storage will also

drag system. Your reel’s drag can go bad for a variety of

shorten a drag system’s life significantly. What’s important to note is not

reasons. Salt, other contaminants and rust are typical

the amount of time or usage upon the reel but how the drag is actually

causes but, because your drag system is a brake for your

performing that counts. It may take years or just a few trips to create

Today’s tip: Looking for an even stronger or more consistent drag? Consider an “Ultimate” system from Bryan Young. Bryan’s Ultimate system uses more washers within the same confines, adding more surface area and therefore higher drag pressures. This also provides a more consistent drag at less than peak settings. It can be a great option if you are doing a total rebuild on your reel.

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ISSUE TWENTY 2016

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Reader Tips Separating a Stuck Two-Piece Pole If you fish long enough, you will probably come across that instance when your two-piece pole refuses to come apart again at the end of the day. Most people simply try twisting and pulling the two halves apart. But if that doesn’t work and if even two guys working at it fails, there are different techniques that you can try. If two guys are working at it, the safest way for both parties and the rod is to have people stand on each side of rod and each grip a top and bottom half. Don’t try to pull apart “tug of war” style. Also, never push/pull on guides. Brian Kimata of Brian’s Fishing Supply advises: BRIAN FUNAI

ABSOLUTELY do not muscle it. If you have enough guys or guys strong enough, you will twist the rod apart before the joint separates.

Rainbow Paint & Fishing Supply Inc

From shorecaster and tackle distributor, Don Becker: Graphite and fiberglass can react quickly to changes in temperature and you can use this to your advantage. Placing ice on the joint or on the male section will likely make it contract. You can also use the A/C in your car by laying the pole in front of the vent (with some maneuvering through the windows). Some also add a hot towel on the female side to make it expand.

pole or pull the pole to create tension throughout the rod. Push with one hand on the bottom half of pole and the other on the top half. While pushing, twist the top section off. Since you are using the hole or stand for leverage on the pole, you can even do this without touching the bottom half of pole. Just push or pull and then twist the top half. One other way to use the same concept is to place the rod ferrule over your knee, grip the top and bottom sections, one with each hand, push down and (gently!) bend the rod while twisting the two sections in opposite directions.

Some helpful tips: From others: To get better grip on the rod sections, wrap with a rubber jar opener pad, bungee cords or other similar materials.

From East Oahu shorecaster, Darin Martin:

185 Akaula Street Eleele, Kauai, Hawaii 96705 Phone (808) 335-6412 18

LAWAI‘A MAGAZINE

This technique that he learned from guys at Bamboo Ridge to get stuck poles apart seems to have worked best. They use a slight bend in the rod to break the vacuum that sometimes holds the sections together: Place butt end of pole in a hole in the ground, like a pole stand drilled in the rock or pvc pipe set in concrete. A solid rock or sand spike might work. Make sure the hole allows an even distribution of pressure on the butt cap. You don’t want a point load on the butt cap that could cause it to form a dent. Now that pole is standing up with you facing it, you can push the

To prevent your rod from getting stuck in the first place, there are some things you can do. Part of the problem is that a vacuum of some sort is created. This happens almost always because the rod was put together while wet or while it was raining. The techniques above seem to help break the vacuum seal. Some apply bee’s wax or Parafin wax for sealing jelly jars before assembling. Some even suggest applying the oil from your face from around the nose! That definitely worked for the old metal ferrules but not sure about today’s rods. Some feel you should not use surf wax since they feel it is made to provide better grip when using on a surfboard – the opposite of the objective here. If you use wax, be careful not to get sand or dirt on or in either section of the rod. Others recommend graphite pencil “since rods are graphite.” One more thing to remember is that some rod ferrules with dowels are meant to have a gap between the top and bottom sections. Some early Nitros and European rods have these types of ferrules. When you assemble these rods properly, the dowel remains exposed and the ends of the top and bottom pieces of the blank do not touch. Do not file the dowel to fit or try to force the sections together. The theory is that the dowel will eventually wear down and the gap provides some “play.” The tip section will be able to fit snugly on the dowel as the dowel wears down over the life of the pole.

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AJI - JAPANESE FOR AKULE OR BIG EYE SCAD

DUANE AND TINA FUKUMOTO ARE A GREAT HUSBAND AND WIFE TEAM WHEN IT COMES TO FISHING AND PREPARING THEIR CATCH FOR DINNER.

(MISO FLAVOR) 20

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Duane is a great all around fisherman who is very successful at catching ulua, oio, moi and others in a variety of ways, but especially by shorecasting and whipping or plugging. Tina prepares everything Duane brings home but is no slouch out on the water herself, as she’s well known for her skill at catching oama when the annual runs make their appearance around the island of Oahu. Duane and Tina recently shared how they prepared fried akule stuffed with miso, ginger and green onions at a recent Atlapac Fishing Club outing. For this dinner, Duane and Tina got their akule from the family of the late Joe Bryant, better known as “Akule Joe”. Joe’s son, Will Bryant, still fishes for akule and lives across the street from the Fukumotos. Whenever they go fishing for akule, the Bryants share fish with the Fukumotos. Tina Fukumoto: Duane’s mom learned from her mom and I got the recipe from her. Just miso, little bit of sugar, grated ginger and green onions mixed into the miso - stuff the fish with it and fry it with a little bit of salt and pepper. Serve with hot rice. Duane Fukumoto: Stuff the miso in the belly, then salt and pepper fry it. When it’s done, eat the miso and rice together….oishi

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BY ED SUGIMOTO

The next stop in our poke seeking adventure takes us to the mom and pop food specialty store appropriately called Local Cravings.

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ocated in the middle of Kalihi’s popular City Square Shopping Center, Local Cravings was actually a spinoff of owner Jim Shigemoto’s original business, the custom T-Shirt printing shop called the T-Shirt Lab. “We actually owned that one first,” explains Shigemoto, a Castle High grad. “The landlord knew that I was a Seafood Manager so he asked if I wanted to open up a poke shop [next door].” Shigemoto is no stranger to the world of seafood. As a former Seafood Manager at Foodland for 15 years, he understands the importance of using fresh seafood and is adamant about never using frozen fish in his poke. “There’s a BIG difference between fresh and frozen. Being a Seafood Manger for that long, [I know that] fresh makes a difference.” At his shop, Shigemoto offers local favorites like Spicy

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Ahi, Shoyu and Limu with kukui nut, as well as Spicy Crab & Ahi, which has been catching on as of late. They also carry a wide variety of nonseafood related products, including quinoa salad, crack seed, candy, F’Real milkshakes, Slush Puppies, Samurai Hawaiian Frost, and a host of hot foods, including Lau Lau, Kalua Pig, Roast Pork, Char Siu, and Char Siu Chicken. Can’t decide? No worries. You can actually mix and match your favorite hot food item with your favorite poke choice, making it the ultimate “have it your way” poke bowl experience. Building on his success, Shigemoto recently expanded his reach by opening up a second location in the form of a mobile lunch wagon. Parked at Waiahole Poi Factory out on the windward side, you can get your poke bowl fix there daily. So whether it’s windward or town, hot or

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cold, spicy or limu, the possibilities are endless. Rest assured, though, that you will never find their poke bowls using previously frozen fish. Your local cravings can count on that.

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Rockfish Stew

Over the summer, I spent 10 weeks as a PIFG intern at Shelter Lodge in Alaska to work as a cook. It was honestly the best experience I’ve ever had and I would love to do it all again. This was my first time away from home, by myself, to do bigger and better things. Even though I was homesick half the time, after a while, I noticed the staff around me were basically family and Shelter Lodge had become my new home for the summer. One of my final projects was to create a five course dinner for the staff on our day off. I literally stressed about this for a couple weeks, debating on what to make. At first, I was going to make it based on all of my favorite foods from home. Then I ran my ideas by Kenji, the boss, who laughed a little and said, “Not everything is about you. You have to make it more Alaskan,” which actually made total sense because it would sum up everything that I learned through the internship. I wasn’t confident about my dinner, but everyone kept telling me I’d do awesome and encouraged me to just have fun with it and do my best. Not everything went as planned but it came out better than I expected. It even brought the other cooks to tears because they were so proud of me. I got this recipe from my school cookbook and adjusted it a little bit. It’s called Fisherman’s Stew but I changed it to Rockfish Stew because the main protein is Rockfish. You could also use local fish such as opah, ahi, au and shellfish like clams, shrimps or mussels. The night of the dinner was the first time I made it and surprisingly it turned out great so enjoy! :-)

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BY KELSEY CRUZ

PIFG 2015 Intern Leeward Community College Culinary Arts School Student

INGREDIENTS 2.5 lbs 2 fl oz 10 oz 10 oz 2 tbs 1 lb 1 gal 8 fl oz 4 3 tbs 1 tbs 1 tbs 2

Rockfish, small dice Olive oil Onions, julienne Leeks, julienne Garlic, chopped Tomato concasse Fish stock White wine Bay leaves Parsley, chopped Dried thyme Dried basil Lime Juice

F I S H STO C K : Mirepoix, Black Cod heads, water -Bring to boil then simmer for an hour and strain.

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Fish Stories

BY STEPHEN KILKENNY • PHOTOS BY AUSTIN KILKENNY

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t was just another Hilo Casting Club Summer Classic that my brothers, Austin and Jordan, and my good friend, Kahana, decided to fish together. It was a three day tourney. We got to our spot the day before and started setting up all the poles, tied on some leads, and let ‘em fly. We had a few hours left before “start fishing time” so, in the mean time, we started catching bait. It was a slow night; only picking up a couple reds here and there. So we decided to kick back, sharpen some barbless hooks, and get some frozen tako and live baits ready. The clock struck 12:01 and the baits went down. We waited and waited, nothing; no ratchet, no bells ringing. So we took a little nap until 5 am when it would be time to double slide. Not even ten minutes and ding ding, “Jordan your pole!” Jordan got to his pole, set the hook, and battled a nice omilu! Everyone was stoked, thinking the dawn patrol was gonna be action. But “zeros” after his fish. I got bored and decided to grab my dive gear to find some tako since fishing was slow. Jumped in, hoping the water was gonna be clean but, no, it was murky. My brother and I searched and searched, checking every hole, but still didn’t have anything in our bags. Giving up, we started heading in and something caught my eye. It was a tako! So I breathed up and made my way down to the bottom 60 feet below, tickled it out of its hole, and made my way back to the rocks. Stoked about getting some prime bait for the night, we decided to recast all our poles before the sun went down. One by one we cast them out. Keeping in mind I had some blinking tako, I made sure to get my last pole stuck out extra far. Bombed out my Penn 4/0 and BIS (that Jordan won in the Tokunaga Challenge). Night came and everyone started prepping all the barbless hooks and getting the baits ready. Down went the blinking tako on a barbless 16/0. With big hopes of getting some strikes, we fished small game through the night waiting for an ulua! But it was a silent night. My alarm went off at 4:30 am and it was time to recast for the dawn patrol. We started jacking up and re-casting. But when I got to the pole with my farthest cast, instead of jacking it up I decided to leave it, remembering I still had some blinking tako left from the night before. We got our live baits, bridled them up, and slid them down. Now it was a waiting game. I was putting the bell on my last pole when, ding ding, “Kahana your pole!!!!” Kahana started boosting and working the fish and in no time he pulled the fish to the surface. We had our first ulua of the tourney!!

I got the camera out, started snapping some pics of Kahana’s ulua, and Austin’s pole bent over. Austin got to his pole and put some heat on the fish. The line started rising to the surface and just when I was gonna say, “Hope it’s not a shark”, it started jumping!!! “Austin you got a huge barracuda! “ It didn’t even take 2 minutes and he had it on the rocks! We were all pumped; a huge 30 pound cuda and a 45 pound ulua in the cooler. It was now about 6:40 am so we started making breakfast (spam and eggs). We made our way down to the camp to watch the poles while we ate and talked story (it was 7:45 am). I didn’t even get a bite of my food when Rrrraaaaw, rrraaaaaw! “Stephen your pole!!!” I threw my plate down and ran to my middle, right pole that I had double slid baits. Line was peeling off. I waited ‘til she stopped, grabbed my pole, set the hook, and the fight was on!! Right away I could tell this wasn’t a small fish. Couldn’t turn its head, but I constantly put the heat on the fish. It started rubbing and eventually got pinned on the bottom, super far out. Quickly I put the pole in the stand, kept a little pressure on and gave it line when it would take it. I felt a pop and my heart dropped, thinking I lost the fish! But it just released off whatever it was stuck on. Without giving the fish an inch, I planted the butt of the pole and started working it. It started getting closer so Kahana and Austin started moving poles to clear lines; going left and right, under and over the other poles until we finally saw color! I hopped to the front and winched it to the surface. Austin grabbed the leader and pulled it in. He grabbed the tail and I grabbed the head. It hit the rocks. I looked at the fish and noticed it bit the blinking tako from the night before (although I had a double slide down). I was super surprised it bit the little piece of tako...but elephants eat peanuts. I grabbed the camera and started taking pics. I knew it was a big contender, because I could barely lift it. Finally, after struggling to hold it up for some shots, Kahana grabbed his tape and made

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some measurements. He said, “It’s gonna be close,” 50 1/2” by 42 1/2” was the call (length and girth). So knowing it was close, (to being a hundred) he grabbed his scale. Austin and I put the fish on the scale and it read 101!!! I sent a pic to my brother Jordan, (being that he missed out on the dawn patrol because of work) and told him, “We got a big one!” Knowing it wasn’t a certified scale, he said go weigh ‘em at the club. So Austin and I ran over to our club scale house while Kahana held down the camp. I couldn’t drive fast enough to the scale! Knowing it was close, I wanted to weigh it as soon as possible so it wouldn’t lose any weight. We met up with Steve Corpus, the secretary of Hilo Casting Club, and let the scale do the talking. It topped the scale at 102.3! Then it hit me, I had finally accomplished my biggest goal: catching a hundred pounder!!!! We started heading back to our spot and, boy, I was smiling all the way back. Got back from Hilo and sat on my cot just talking about fighting the fish. Called my parents and my other brothers and told them the news. I was pumped and we still had one more day to fish! After talking story and all, it was back to business. We recast our poles. Jordan got back from work, so we hit the water one more time to find some tako. And bomb, not even ten minutes we had two tako. We headed back and just cruised till nightfall. It started getting dark, so we dispatched the takos and started baiting the hooks with fresh blinkers.

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It was about 2:30 am when Jordan heard some ratchet and yelled out “Kahana your pole!” We stumbled out from the tent and bam another fish on the rocks and in the cooler. Just like clockwork, the 4:30 am alarm went off so everyone gave their last hurrah since it was weigh-in day. Another thirty minutes passed and Kahana’s pole went off again!! This fish acted the same as Austin’s barracuda. It went straight to the surface so we knew we had a nice kaku on! It was another beauty. Jordan grabbed the leader and it soon made a new home in our cooler. It was maybe 6:30 am and I noticed that I forgot the safety line on my pole. Right as I was making my way over, my other pole started bending so I yelled, “Strike!!!” The guys ran down. It wasn’t long before I pulled up a nice 25 pounder. We packed up and headed out to the weigh-in. I ended up getting first place ulua. Jordan got third place omilu and Kahana got closest to 25 pounds. It was an awesome tourney because we all caught fish*. I caught my dream fish...a 102.3 pound ulua! Every ulua fishermen has the same dream of catching the elusive 100 pounder and my dream came true on July 25, 2015 at 7:45 am. Thanks to Kahana Itozaki, my mentor and friend; I learned it all from you! And thanks to my brothers Ryan, Jordan, and Austin, my partners in adventure. *Editor’s note: All fish in this article were caught on barbless circle hooks. Stephen, Jordan, Austin, and Kahana all use barbless circle hooks and have been very successful in tournaments as well as in their personal fishing efforts.

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Fish Stories BY ROBERT BIHM

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y name is Robert Bihm. I am from Kauai and I would like to share the story of one of my biggest dreams coming true, the catch of my 105.2 lb. ulua. I would like to first start off by thanking the guys who taught me how to fish for ulua. When I was a young boy, these guys took a young kid fishing. What they taught me stuck with me ever since and played a role in who I am today. I will never forget that. Thank you, guys: Fish Rames and Kimo Asuncion and Jessy Vaughn, for taking me on my first fishing trip when I was in the 6th grade and giving me the Newell Reel that I ended up catching the hundred-pounder on. Saturday, August 1st, one day after the full moon, two of my good friends, Brennen Bucao and Dustin Kubo, and I headed into my favorite fishing spot on Kaua’i, a place called Ulua Point- a place that I have been fishing at for 20 years and have pulled hundreds of ulua out of. We had high spirits and were anticipating “big action” this night with the big moon and tide. Upon arrival, we started setting up and rigging up our poles. I cast out my favorite pole, a new IRW Heavy Action Slayer with that Newell my friend Jessy gave me, loaded with 60 lb Ande Monster Yellow line. Got a good cast and “stuck” my lead. After that I made sure my friends were set up and they had their poles out in prime spots. We kicked back for a while and waited for it to get dark so we could slide some bait. 8:00 p.m. came and we decided it was time. I prepared two slides of fresh tako, about a pound and a half each. Hooked my 16/0 hook right between the eyes and slid them down at the same time as my partners. We went back to the cave where our camp was and talked story over a few liquid beverages. We talked about our friend’s hundred-pounder that he had caught there a few years earlier and how we thought this spot was due for a big ulua to come up. It was now about 8:20 and the moon just rose behind the clouds. We could barely see it. Moments later the clouds cleared and the moon revealed itself. That’s when I heard it. No bell at all - just a quick rip of ratchet “zzzzzz” and then it stopped. I shined a light at my pole and it was standing straight up, line all slack. I ran to the pole thinking it cut or spit the hook, but as soon as I was about to grab the pole, it laid over and started peeling line fast. I took off the bell and tie down and tried to take the pole out of the holder. There was so much pressure that I had a hard time but got it out. The fish continued to peel line out and run left. I followed and the fight was on. The fish took quite a bit of line on the initial run and stayed kind of high in the water but we could tell it was a big ulua from the pulsating in the tip of the rod. I’ve caught five big ulua in the high 80 lb. range and figured this fish to be a little smaller, maybe 70 lb. range, only because my 80s took a lot more line on the initial run and almost spooled me. But with this fish, I kept a lot of pressure and a tight drag and got him turned around early in

I knew immediately that this was the biggest ulua I ever caught and I was ecstatic, screaming with joy the fight. The fish was real strong though and I could feel my back getting sore but I was only 10 minutes into the fight. I realized I had to change my stance and technique so I began fighting the fish with the pole in my elbow area in the nook above the forearm, allowing me to gain line and boost. The fish began to swim to the right and started going down to the deep. I once again followed the fish back to the right where it initially bit the pole. He was coming in and was close now, straight down and making a few left to right runs right in front of us. I knew the fish was close and gave everything I had, boosting and watching out for big wave surges that were coming in. I could see the Bimini knot on the surface and knew the fish was real close. After about 17 minutes into the fight, a big wave came to the left of me and I could see the ulua. It was then that I could see his size and it looked huge. The fish got sucked back down with the receding water but was right in front of me about 15 feet down. That’s when my friend, Dustin Kubo, came with the long gaff and, as the next surge washed the fish up, he gaffed it right in the head. Perfect shot! But when the water receded back down Dustin almost went with the fish. Then our other friend, Brennen, came and assisted Dustin and they began to hoist the big ulua up on the rocks. I knew immediately that this was the biggest ulua I ever caught and I was ecstatic, screaming with joy. My friends were too and they both told me “This is him. This is a hundred pounda!” I was in disbelief and so happy but had doubts of it being a hundred pounds. I knew it was real close. This fish had a real big girth of 46 inches and a huge head and mouth but was kind of short, 58 inches long. I was thinking maybe kind of short in length to be a hundred pounder. I picked the fish up and realized it was real heavy and might be the one so my friends took some pictures of me holding the fish. I was stoked with big smiles and couldn’t wait to get the fish on a certified scale in the morning. We then secured the fish in a pond, tying him down so the waves couldn’t suck him out to sea, and continued fishing for a while. We caught several smaller ulua right after, then tried to get some rest but I couldn’t sleep all night. I was so happy and excited and just wondering if the fish had 100 lbs. Morning came and the waves had picked up. The ocean was a lot rougher. We packed up and the three of us were securing the

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Fish Stories

This fish had a real big girth of 46 inches and a huge head and mouth but was kind of short, 58 inches long

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Fish Stories Dreams come true!

I then went to the hospital and got a bunch of staples to close the cut in my leg. I’m still fishing but have a bigger smile on my face than ever.

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fish to my backpack when, all of the sudden, I heard a huge wave explode on the rocks in front of us. I quickly looked up only to see a wall of white water coming straight at us. The wave pounded us and scattered our gear all over the rocks. It probably bounced us off every rock in there. When the wave receded I tried to stand up and realized I had been badly injured. I looked down and could see the bone in my leg. There was a huge gash in the shin area and I had rock rash all over my body. I looked around to make sure all my friends were okay. They were nearby and hurt also but not as badly as I was. The big ulua was still there also, along with all our gear. I knew I was injured bad and needed to go to the hospital but this fishing spot, Ulua Point, is in a remote area, far from help. To get to this spot you need to hike a one-hour trail of rugged terrain or boat in. Luckily I had my 1 4 foot Zodiac anchored nearby but I was in no shape to swim to the boat and pull the anchor. That’s when I asked Dustin and told him he had to be the one to get us out of there. I was feeling nauseated, in pain and bleeding a lot. Dustin pulled it off and he got close to the rocks with the boat. I managed to climb aboard in between big swells. Brennen passed the gear and fish and somehow got it all on the boat. We were on our way back to the harbor. My friends and girlfriend were there waiting and told me I needed to go straight to the hospital but I said not until I get the fish to my friend Robert Shibukawa’s house to weigh on his certified scale. Everyone protested against that decision but I insisted and we made our way to the scale.

My friends assisted me out of the truck when we got to Robert’s house because I couldn’t walk at that point. We prepared the scale and it was the moment of truth. They put the fish on and I can’t even explain the anticipation at that time. I was just hoping to see triple digits. With Dustin and Brennen holding me up, we read the scale at 105.2 lbs. All of us were yelling and screaming with joy and I was jumping on one leg while they were holding me steady. So happy! I was in tears since it was such an emotional moment for me but I was so happy. I started thinking back to how chasing this hundred pound ulua has been a mission in my life and felt accomplished. But it also reminded me of all the sacrifices I made along the way pursuing the hundred pound ulua: relationship wise, missed days at work, injuries, but I would do it all over again- that’s for sure. I believe with perseverance, dedication and hard work, goals can be achieved. For me, dreams come true. And remember, if you have a chance to take kids fishing, you will be teaching them something that will stick with them for life and might play a role in who they become in the future. I have to say thank you to my girlfriend Dana for her support and understanding for my love and passion for ulua fishing and not complaining too much about me going fishing just about every weekend. Special thanks to John Martinez for mounting my 100 lb ulua. His work is second to none and he is a true artist. Thank you Kubo, Brennen and Robert Shibukawa for being awesome friends and fishing partners. Aloha and hope you enjoyed my story. Dreams come true!

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Fish Stories

Fish Stories

B Y S H A Q U I L L E R A PA N O T - M C G U I R E

BY TO D D A L L E N , AS TO L D TO S COT T H A RAGU C H I

Monsta Kagami Ulua on a Sub-Surface Waxwing Lure

Rod: 11 ft Cabela’s Sea Striker Reel: Daiwa Saltist 4500 Line: 6 ft – 40 lb Seaguar fluorocarbon leader, 50lb green Powerpro main line Hooked on: August 20, 2015 at 11am on a falling tide that bottomed out at 2:15pm at 0.8 ft

117 lb ulua

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y name is Shaquille Rapanot-McGuire, born and raised on the island of Molokai. On Saturday June 13, 2015 I caught my dream catch: a 100+ lb ulua. It was just another typical fishing trip with my brother, Matthew McGuire, which turned into a fishing trip that I’ll tell for the rest of my life. During that day, I was busy working a Saturday morning. I felt lucky and decided, “Why not go throw pole”. I called up the brother, decided on a spot and went. We got to the spot only to find someone there already so we found a second spot that we had never fished before. As the sun began to set, we set our poles in the water and slid some bait. Then I decided to catch a live bait and, boom, table boss about 3 lb straight slide. I figured why not try some live bait. Sitting down, cruising for about 45 minutes and then out of nowhere, bang, action! RING, RING, RING, ratchet, then nothing. Bang, got to the pole and gave it a couple of yanks but it felt stuck. Held it for a bit then, bam, he started peeling line! I couldn’t stop the run! He kept fighting. I looked down to find myself almost spooled on my 4/0 Penn Senator; losing hope, losing line with no way to stop him or to turn his head. My reel was almost spooled so I decided to hold the spool and hope for the best, knowing sooner or later someone was bound to give up. Sure enough, he gave in. I gained about half a spool and, boom, one last run and he was done.

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Mahalo ke Akua for the blessing and the opportunity to have caught what every fisherman dreams. It’s definitely a dream come true. But, like they say, better to be lucky than to be good. I couldn’t have done it alone or without my older brother, Matt. He helped me capture this monster. First fish of the year - why not let it be a big one!

odd Allen started throwing a Kaku lure from shore with his relatively light 7ft Ugly Stick and Penn Sargus 3000 last September. After landing his first papio he was hooked on plugging. He moved up to the bigger plugs like the Mark Whites, Outbluffs and GT Ice Creams and purchased beefier spinning rigs. His largest fish to date was a 5 lb uku and it had been two months since his last strike. Todd decided to try the 4.53” 2.1 oz Shimano Waxwing in the Bone color after watching a very convincing YouTube video. The onshore wind was causing the winged lure to tumble, and it started to rain hard enough to question whether he wanted to return to the better casting Mark Whites, or just sit out the rain for a bit. His 15th cast lay out nicely and reached the sweet spot of the reefy dropoff. Halfway into the retrieve, Todd saw the water break around the lure. He thought it was wave slop and kept cranking. The splash happened again and on the third slurp he felt a solid hookup and his rod keeled over. The line was disappearing at an alarming rate so he tightened the drag to prevent getting spooled. The fish stopped running and dove into a cave, and Todd could feel the sickening scrape of the line against the cave roof. He loosened the drag and miraculously the fish swam out the way it went in.

After 15 minutes of strong runs, cave scrapes and line gained, Todd saw the wide silvery side of what looked like a world record omilu. He didn’t expect to bring the strong fish in this close but now that it was within grasp he really wanted to land it. Todd was fishing the reef shelf alone without a net or gaff so he decided to time the waves and surf the big fish over the reef edge. Todd steered the fish to a slightly calmer spot on the shelf and, just as he grabbed the ulua’s tail, a wave broke on him and sucked out his legs. In an instant, he was flopping in the water next to the thrashing fish, with his rod crashing on the rocks and the line dragging on the reef. Back bloodied and adrenaline pumping, he scrambled to his feet, hoping his rod was in one piece. Miraculously the rod was intact and the Waxwing’s rear double hook, notorious for slipping in slack line conditions, was still connected to the fish. He eased the fish in close, watched the sets and reached for its tail again. When he pulled it up the sloping shelf, he couldn’t believe the size of the largest Kagami ulua he ever saw. It taped out at 38 inches and Todd brought it close to the GoPro he had mounted on the beach before releasing it. He estimates it weighed at least 35 lb, one of the largest Kagami uluas caught on a swimming plug anyone has heard of.

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Daven Dayoan 93.9 lb ulua. 1st Place 2015 Tokunaga Ulua Challenge.

barbless hook Thomas Jenkins 41 lbs (right side)

JJ Balucan Ulua

gallery Kimber Uemura 44

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Kaiaka Kahaialii

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Bottomfish Today The following letter was circulated during the past 2015 holiday season by a Hawaii bottomfish fisherman. His message was meant to help the people and other interested parties that regulate or try to influence Hawaii’s “Deep 7” bottomfish come to a better understanding of this unique Hawaii fishery.

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Subject: FW: UFA Bottomfish today 12.22.2015 Date: Tue, 22 Dec 2015 15:03:15 -1000

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his time of year is the pinnacle of our bottomfish fishery in terms of demand. Attached are two photos of “red” bottomfish sold today at UFA. Due to strong windy conditions at sea which prevented all but the most hardy from fishing, this is all that was caught and landed on Oahu today. Based on “price”/demand, this is a special time of the season where fishers purposely target “smaller” bottomfish. The reason is that it is not just about catching big loads of bottomfish but selectively targeting specific sizes and species that seafood consumers look for during Hawaii’s traditional holiday season market. Although what you see in the photo being sold is part of the catch, the “true” purpose of this fisherman’s trip was to catch bottomfish to give away for Christmas. Even with the high prices, the priority of the fishing trip was to satisfy the “traditional” significance of giving this time of the year. Some fishermen cannot afford expensive gifts but a gift of fish at this time of the year is priceless and highly valued by those who are fortunate enough to receive it. The story behind the photos included illustrates the reason why the Deep 7 bottomfish fishery is so important to our islands. It is not just about harvesting and making money but it is really about satisfying and perpetuating our cultural and traditional heritage. It may perhaps be difficult for others to understand this but it is the way of our fishery and our livelihoods here in Hawaii. As Hawaii fishermen, we have an obligation to fish responsibly and sustainably to protect our fishery for future generations. Hawaii’s bottomfish fishermen have learned and practiced self imposed fishing regula-

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“The consequences of increased management measures for this fishery have the potential to deteriorate Hawaii’s unique cultural and traditional heritage that relies on this fishery.”

tions for generations, especially our “highline” or most successful bottomfish fishermen. If this were not practiced, we would have no bottomfish as we speak today. Self taught and imposed fishing practices, such as rotating fishing areas, rotating target species, targeting selective sizes, a balance of harvesting for home and market needs and following existing management rules, has lead to a sustainable fishery. These unwritten rules or practices are totally ignored by management, yet it has been fundamental to sustaining this fishery. In the eyes of Hawaii’s bottomfish fishermen, this practice or way of generational fishing is the reason that we have a sustainable fishery. This is supported by decades of relatively flat or steady bottomfish landing data for the fishery. In light of that, it would seem that additional management measures to further sustain this fishery at this point are unnecessary. The consequences of increased management measures for this fishery have the potential to deteriorate Hawaii’s unique cultural and traditional heritage that relies on this fishery. To ignore such important aspects of this fishery is insensitive and irresponsible. I encourage those who manage and weigh-in on fishery decisions to observe the market and landings next week before New Years, when the demand for Deep 7 bottomfish will be greatest for the year. Perhaps then and only then will you have a better understanding of Hawaii’s premier local fishery. Mahalo to our dedicated commercial bottomfish fishermen who have for decades continued to harvest sustainably and have kept our heritage alive and well in Hawaii. Mahalo, A Hawaii Bottomfish Fisherman

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BRIAN FUNAI

What Type of Fishing Line Should I Use?

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• Monofilament is relatively inexpensive. It stretches, which acts as a shock absorber when a fish jerks erratically, but also delays the hookset when a lot of line is out. Mono is translucent but not transparent so fish with good eyesight can see it. • Braided line is much thinner than the same strength mono line. 30 lb braid is the same diameter as 8 lb mono and is treated with slick coating to cast even better than mono of the same diameter. Braid hardly stretches which is great for feeling the nibble but not so good if your rod is really stiff and your drag is set too tight. Braid is resistant to sun light and heat but is not as abrasion resistant as mono and fluorocarbon when used on our jagged reefs. It’s costlier than mono but will last a long time. Braided line consists of individual strands of man-made material “braided” into one line and dyed. Because it’s dyed and not translucent, fish see it very easily. • Fluorocarbon line has the same refractive index as water. So it’s virtually invisible underwater although you can easily see it out of the water. It’s also more abrasion resistant than mono and braid, however, it retains the shape it was wound in more than the other two line types. Fluorocarbon comes in leader material and main line, and is the costliest of the three lines. Fluorocarbon leader is stiffer and harder than Fluorocarbon main line because the main line is treated to be cast easily. COMPARATIVE PRICING To give you a feel for relative costs, here’s the approximate average pricing per yard of line. • Maxima Ultragreen 15 lb mono - $0.06 • PowerPro Green 15 lb braid - $0.09 • Seaguar Blue Label 15 lb fluorocarbon leader - $0.40 HOW DO FISHERS IN HAWAII USE THESE LINES? Since braid doesn’t take up much space on the spool, casts well

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and lasts a long time, people use it both as main line and as “backing” to be kept as a reserve in case a big fish hits. Fluorocarbon leaders can be attached to this braid backing so the fish don’t see the line the hook is connected to. You get the best of both worlds: nearly invisible line near the fish and strong, thin, castable line on the spool. Fluorocarbon main line is used on bait casting reels and conventional reels but doesn’t lay tightly on spinning reels because of the line twist introduced by the 90 degree motion of the rotor. If you’re on a budget you could still use braid as your backing, for months at a time, and splice on a “top shot” of mono so you’ll be casting the mono. Splicing a short piece of fluorocarbon leader, when stealth is needed, shouldn’t break the bank. Then, when your inexpensive mono top shot gets nicked up or coiled you can replace just the mono, keeping the braid backing as is. LINE CONCERNS • Mono - Sun, heat and chemical fumes age and weaken the line. Store in a cool, clean area. • Braid - Because the line is strong and thin, it slices through human skin very easily. Don’t wrap braid around your hand when tightening knots and breaking off snags. It’s prone to wind knots and backlashes if not packed tightly on reel. • Fluorocarbon - This line is weakened by friction so paying more attention to tie your knots is critical. Moisten the line and knot well before cinching down on knots. It also holds “memory” so avoid kinking or pinching line in tangles. Unlike mono or braid, “fluoro” main line sinks and may get caught up in the reef if you let your bait sit too long. RECOMMENDED KNOTS Always moisten the line first when tying knots regardless of type of line. Out of simplicity, I use the Uni knot with all types of line, and when I need to join two lines I use the Uni-to-Uni knot. There are a lot of knot tying resources available in print and online that cover stronger knots than the Uni. http://www.netknots.com/fishing_knots/ is one of many good sites with animated drawings that make the instructions easy to follow. • Mono - Any high breaking strength knot will do. • Braid - The coating on this line makes it slippery. Make sure you cinch tight and leave a bit of tag end so the knot doesn’t undo itself. The Uni-to-Uni knot is a good one to use when joining braid to another line. The FG knot is a very popular knot to join braid to mono or fluorocarbon, but will require some practice to tie. • Fluorocarbon - This line is stiffer than mono and slippery. When you tie your knots, you’ll need to make sure you don’t have loops overlapping and cutting into each other more than necessary. Take your time, moisten well, and slowly cinch. A sloppily tied knot will cut into itself and snap off under pressure.

BRIAN FUNAI

Back in the day, things were much simpler. There was only one type of fishing line commonly used in Hawaii: monofilament, referred to as “suji” or “mono”. Now we have braided synthetic line (ex. PowerPro), and fluorocarbon leader and fluorocarbon main line. What’s the difference and what are the pros and cons?

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INTRODUCTION TO “CYCLES AND RHYTHMS” B Y PA U L O

The ability to “read” natural resource cycles and detect underlying rhythms was essential for the survival of the ancient Hawaiians. This knowledge has been eroded because contemporary Hawaii relies on imported food rather than locally produced food. Nevertheless, wisdom about sustainable resource use accumulated by Hawaiians through generations of observation, experience and perception is a priceless legacy. Ancient Hawaiians were able to manage and sustain their resources and, at the same time, provide valuable food for consumption by knowing the spawning cycles of all of the target species available to them, of which uhu is an example (see table*). Hawaiians would place “Kapu” or restrictions on harvest of that particular species during these critical spawning times. Protecting fish during spawning season assured that stocks would be renewed for future generations. Usually during spawning, fish tend to aggregate, making harvest easier. It was important, therefore, to know when and how long these seasons occur. Once the majority of spawning occurs, harvest would be allowed. Only through adaptive management could this be possible. Rotating harvest to other species during these times provided alternative food sources for people. There was no written Hawaiian language prior to the early 19th century, so traditional knowledge was transmitted from generation to generation through chants, stories and demonstration. Hawaiian kupuna (wise elders) and kahuna (experts) still are accustomed to transmitting their knowledge orally rather than through writing. Some critics claim that teaching traditional knowledge of natural resources directs learning to a more “primitive” level, away from the schooling needed to prepare students to work and function in a highly technological and individualistic society. In reality, traditional knowledge better prepares students to live harmoniously in their communities and to be more self reliant in meeting food and other needs. Another compelling reason to include traditional knowledge in contemporary education is to stimulate systems thinking about local ecosystems, environmental issues and management needs.

This information was developed from working with knowledgeable fishermen from a particular area and may differ from other islands, localities and species.

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PIFG KOA

W

e’re well on our way through the new year and 2016 looks to be busy for the Pacific Islands Fisheries Group. Here’s a quick snapshot of things to come. Make sure you check out our 2016 Lawai‘a Magazine subscription promotion for a chance to win an Alaska fishing trip for two courtesy of Alaska Reel Adventures and Alaska Airlines. Anyone want to tag some fish? Tagging workshops are being hosted by PIFG to train fishermen who want to participate in cooperative research efforts to tag Ahi and Striped Marlin throughout the Hawaiian Islands. Workshops were held last December on Kauai, Oahu and the Big Island, demonstrating proper fish handling and tagging techniques. Another round of tagging workshops is planned for the first half of 2016. So, if you want to help with fisheries science, too, sign up to participate in PIFG’s volunteer cooperative research tagging projects. For more information, email us at pacificfisheries@ gmail.com or visit www.fishtoday.org. Educating Hawaii’s Future Culinary Stars on Fresh Local Seafood The Pacific Islands Fisheries Group’s “Sea to Me” program is alive and well as we continue to support sustainable fisheries and educate the seafood industry and consumers about Hawaii’s fresh, locally sourced and healthy fishery products. Small grants from the Mayor’s Office of Economic Development and NOAA’s Marine Education and Training Program allowed PIFG to work with Oahu’s high school culinary instructors and students to bring local pelagic fish into the classroom and network with industry professionals. Teachers and students received

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materials and lectures about Hawaii’s local pelagic

overview of the hospitality industry in Hawaii,

fisheries and the seafood products that they deliver

preparing for job interviews, professionalism

to market each day. Information was also provided

on the job, creating proper table settings and

on process and regulatory safeguards to ensure fish

providing good customer service. PIFG also

are delivered fresh and wholesome to the consumer.

featured Ahi poke demonstrations using locally

Instructors and students also received hands-on

sustainable ingredients.

experiences working with fresh pelagic fish (Ahi and

Finally, The Calabash & Cooks event to benefit

Nairagi), breaking whole fish down, loining, filleting

the Malama Learning Center (MLC) was held

and preparing a multitude of fresh seafood dishes.

on Saturday, February 26, 5:00 to 8:30 pm on the

A total of 378 high school students participated

center court at Kapolei High School. Tents and

in fifteen class lectures and nine lab sessions during

tables were set up for 10 food stations (6 schools

the fall semester of 2015. Participating culinary

plus 4 professional chefs). Entertainment, cultural

programs from the leeward and central Oahu areas

activities and a country store were also featured.

included Kapolei High School, Campbell High

PIFG sponsored the “Ahi Poke Bowl Contest”

School, Waipahu High School, Waianae High

at the Calabash and Cooks event at Kapolei

School, Radford High School, and Moanalua High

High School. Students from Kapolei, Waipahu,

School.

Campbell, Radford, Moanalua and Waianae high

PIFG also sponsored the “At Your Service”

schools presented Ahi poke bowl creations for

training program for approximately 100 students

professional judging. They were joined by Roy’s

and teachers at the Career & Technical Student

Ko Olina, Pono Plates, Chef Eddie Mafnas and

Organization Leadership Conference at the Hawaii

Earl Dayton in providing tasting plates of other

Convention Center on Friday, February 26 from

foods for 400 guests.

9:00 to 11:30 am. The training focused on an

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Lawai‘a Magazine – Subscribe now for a

1) Visit www.fishtoday.org and click on the Lawai‘a

chance to win an Alaska fishing trip for two!

magazine to purchase a subscription online via pay

Lawai‘a Magazine is going into its ninth year of

pal. Be sure to sign up for 2 year subscription!

publications. That’s twenty issues celebrating our

2) From the same Lawai‘a web page, select “contact

fishing and seafood heritage and culture, highlighting

us” to send us an email with your details and a

the local fisheries that sustain our community and

Lawai‘a representative will get right back to you.

honoring the people who dedicate their lives to fishing and managing our natural resources. PIFG and the Lawai‘a team thank everyone who has made this magazine a continuing success.

3) Call us at (808) 265-4962 to place an order over the phone. 4) Look for us at upcoming 2016 fishing community events across the state.

Help us celebrate this milestone by signing up now for a two year subscription to Lawai‘a Magazine and you’ll be entered into a drawing for a chance to win a dream fishing adventure for two to Alaska. Alaska Reel Adventures and Alaska Airlines have partnered with Lawai‘a Magazine and PIFG to support the 2016 Lawai‘a Magazine subscription drive. It’s easy Bottomfish Cooperative Fisheries Project PIFG would like to thank all those who participated in the 2015 Bottomfish Cooperative

Bob Moffitt, Bryce Whittaker, Dennis Colon,

to sign up and be entered to win. Here are four ways

Eddie Ebisui III, Kent Onaka, Marc Kawamoto

to enter:

and Reno Young.

overcome by great support and hard work. We

HOOKUP Sign up for a 2 year LAWAI‘A Magazine subscription and be entered to win an Alaska fishing adventure for two. Courtesy of Alaska Airlines and Alaska Reel Adventures. Drawing will take place on January 1, 2017 for the summer 2017 fishing season.

Fisheries Project, including our NOAA partners. The project faced many challenges that were

The Alaska

Guam Bio Sampling Project As this project came to a close at the end of 2015,

would like to thank the following Captains and

weather conditions this past year made fishing

Observers from the 5 main Hawaiian Islands who

conditions difficult, as reflected in fish landings. We

made this project a great success. Captains: Basil

would like to thank our Guam partners for their hard

Oshiro F/V Okalani, David Miyaki F/V Misti III,

work and dedication. Special thanks to Eric Cruz

Greg Holzman F/V Iolani, Jon Moribe F/V Amy

Guam NOAA staff, Manny Duenas, Michael Duenas,

C, Kenneth Corder F/V Munchkin, Kevin Awa

Matthew Oritz, Vince Pereda, James Borja, Ken

F/V Kuulei Aloha, Layne Nakagawa F/V Naomi

Borja and Julian Flores.

You could also win a food and pupu serving dish from Aloha Chill’R, the best way to keep your pupus cool and the pests away. Quarterly prize drawings will be held.

MAHALO TO OUR GENEROUS SPONSORS

Promotion will run through calendar year 2016

K, Nathan Abe F/V Ride On, Norman Tan F/V

Lawaia Alaska Airlines Promotion.indd 1

2/24/16 9:21 PM

Noreen T, Mike Abe F/V AO Shibi IV and Roy Morioka F/V Renee NV. Observers: Brealand Tam,

Finally, MAHALO to all of our readers who have submitted photos of their latest catches and great stories of the one that didn’t get away!!! We are also excited to hear your ideas about what new things you’d like see featured in Lawai‘a Magazine. Please send us an email at pacificfisheries@gmail.com with your ideas.

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Ka Leo o ka Lahui. 27 September 1889. Local News. Mose Manu of Hana reported that someone who fished with dynamite is being held on $50.00 bail.

Ko Hawaii Pae Aina. 10 May 1890. P. 3.

BY JOHN CLARK

I

n 1978 I met a fisherman who was missing his right hand. He told me he’d lost it in a fishing accident when he was young. He said he’d been fishing for akule with dynamite, but that the dynamite they were using was unpredictable. The stick he’d been holding had a fast fuse and blew up in his hand before he could throw it. That was the first time I ever heard of anyone in Hawaii fishing with dynamite. Alfred Nobel invented dynamite in 1867, and by the early 1870s it was in Hawaii where it was used for road and tunnel construction. Creative fishermen, though, figured out how to use it for fishing. When you throw a lighted stick of dynamite into a school of fish, the explosion stuns or kills them, making them easy to net. Unfortunately, injuries and fatalities often followed its use, but I didn’t realize then how widespread they were until recently. I was doing some research in the Hawaiian-language newspapers, and I ran across the term “lawaia kiana pauda.” I realized it meant “dynamite fishing.” “Kiana pauda” literally means “giant powder” and is also spelled “giana pauda, ” so I did searches on both and came up with dozens of hits. The first article that follows is a public notice announcing a law in 1872 prohibiting fishing with explosives, but apparently the law was hard to enforce. The rest of the articles detail arrests and tragedies that happened while fishing with dynamite for more than 50 years after the law was enacted.

Kuokoa 10 August 1872. P. 2. A Law. Forbidding Fishing With Explosives. Resolved by the King and the Legislative House of the Hawaiian Islands assembled within the Legislature of the Kingdom: Article 1. No person shall fish with Dynamite, or explosives of another sort, in the harbors, rivers, lakes, lagoons and all seas of this Kingdom. Approved on this 3rd day of June, A. D. 1872. Kamehameha R.

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Kuokoa. 29 March 1884. P. 3. Local News. On the 17th of this month, a man from Koloa named Kamahina went fishing with dynamite, and while he was fishing in that way his right hand was shredded to bits. Doctor Smith of Koloa amputated his hand, and in what the doctor reported to us, this is the injury of people whose hands are maimed, which he then amputates, and the reason is dynamite.

Full Thanks. I give my full thanks to the Hon. Antone Rosa, Lawyer for us in the case of the Crown versus Kahalepauole, Henry Baresa and two other people, for fishing with dynamite, charged and convicted by the District Court of Waialua, Oahu, and released by the Foreman of the Jury under the petition of our Lawyer Antone Rosa. Therefore I raise my right hand for us to shake hands forever. If you are the lawyer, the bones are saved, and if you are the Representative, the [Hawaiian] race is saved. I belong to you forever. Yours truly, Henry Baresa. Waimea, Oahu, May 9, 1890.

Ka Makaainana. 27 February 1899. P. 8.

Regular Advertisements. Castle & Cook: Powder, Matches, Dynamite, Lamp Wicks Of Numerous Varieties.

Both Hands Gone Here at Niulii Mill, while Lukua (male) was going to fish with dynamite and while he was setting it on fire with both of his hands, that was when that dynamite immediately went off, and both hands were gone. Doctor Bond was immediately telephoned. He arrived and the two hands were amputated, being stumps at this time. He [Lukua] remains in this difficulty with grief and sorrow, since these are a person’s great helpers, necessary for life. He is a worker for this company here in Niulii under the supervision of the Superintendent, R. Hall. He is like an adopted child for these Caucasians at this time, in being afflicted by this injury. On Friday, the 17th, was this quite gruesome event. The advice of the Great Book is quite appropriate: “All things have a time.” J. M. Kawelo. Niulii Mill, Kohala, Hawaii, February 25, 1899.

Kuokoa. 7 May 1887. P. 2.

Ke Aloha Aina. 21 September 1901. P. 2.

Kuokoa. 27 December 1884. P. 3. Local News. From the [ship] Lilinoe it was heard that dynamite blew off one hand of W. Lovell, while he was fishing. His fingers were extremely shredded, and the doctor operated until his wrist was completely gone.

Kuokoa. 3 January 1885. p. 3.

Hand Shredded by Dynamite. In Alika, South Kona, dynamite took the hand of Kimo Naihe and what remained on the body was a shredded stump. His chest was also burned and his thigh was perforated. The cause for this injury was as follows: On the morning of this day, this man went to blow open the harbor where canoes are lifted, since this is quite a terrible harbor. He dug in and made a hole in the stone, and then inserted the dynamite with a rag and lit it on fire. For a long time, there was no explosion at all, and he thought it had gone out. He grabbed it and blew on it, and that was when the dynamite exploded and the injuries described above were received. At a guess, he was going to blow up fish, but that is not certain. The injured man is in Ka‘u, where the doctor is treating him. J. Isaia.

Several reports were received about a Japanese man being blown up last Sunday by dynamite, while he was fishing. His body was shredded to bits and the parts that were found were collected in a basket. This horrible, unfortunate accident was seen in Pohoiki [Puna, Hawaii island].

Kuokoa. 12 June 1903. P. 5. Local News. In Keanae, Maui, while Kaina was fishing with dynamite, he was blown up and died. He was thirty-six years old, and he worked as a farmer.

Kuokoa. 26 January 1917. P. 2. Several [News] Items From Hawaii And Maui. Due to fishing with dynamite, a Chinese named Mou Kee, a shopkeeper in Kaupo [Maui], had both his hands blown off, but his life was spared because of a lucky accident.

Kuokoa. 10 June 1921. P. 4.

Local News. Because some Hawaiians went fishing with dynamite, Henry Kekoanui and Peter Pedro were arrested by Officer A. S. Kauhaihao.

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4/29/12 10:14 AM


Kuokoa. 11 December 1924. P. 5. Three People Arrested for Blowing Up Fish. At Maili Bay, Waianae, this past Saturday, three Filipinos named Calino Mosano, Pedro Indeno and Segundo Hiranaga were arrested by Joseph Tavares, the guard and caretaker for fish and birds of the territory. At 9 o’clock in the morning last Monday they appeared before the court to answer for the charge brought against them, which was their fishing with dynamite. All three of these Filipinos were clearly found blowing up fish with dynamite, according to Tavares. Tavares was in Maui County last week and while he was on Maui, four people were arrested by him for the same offense, like these Filipinos who were arrested. Two of these people are youngsters. The sea was stormy around the shores of Maui last week, according to what Tavares reports. [Translations by Jason Ellinwood.] Although dynamite fishing is no longer practiced in Hawaii, it’s still common in other parts of the world, where it’s also known as “blast fishing.” According to various accounts on the internet, injuries and fatalities continue to happen today like they did before here in Hawaii.

Dynamite was used as a form of fishing gear in the past and, while the reason for banning it was primarily because of safety problems, people eventually recognized that it had impact on the ecosystem. But the practice continued illegally for some time, like many other regulated practices, until it conformed to social norms. Explosives have pretty well stopped as we know it but other gear types that are banned may still be in the process of conforming socially - eg use of chlorine, etc. Nevertheless, the law prohibiting the use of explosive that was put on the books way back then is still there today: EXPLOSIVES, ELECTRO-FISHING DEVICES, CHEMICALS, POISONS AND INTOXICANTS – HAR 13-75, HRS 188-23 Unlawful to fish with, attempt with, or to have in possession on or near the shore where fish can be taken. Permits may be issued for certain legitimate purposes.

Lehi

Opakapaka

Onaga

Recover a Tagged Bottomfish or O‘io? Call (808) 265-4962

Ehu Gindai

Be prepared to provide the following critical information: 1. Your name, address and telephone number 2. Capture date, Island and fishing location 3. Tag number 4. Fork length: measure from tip of the nose to “V” in the tail 5. Species: (The Deep Seven) Opakapaka (Pink Snapper), Onaga (Longtail Snapper), Hapu‘upu‘u (Hawaiian Grouper), Ehu (Squirrelfish Snapper), Kalekale (Von Siebold’s Snapper), Gindai (Brigham’s Snapper), Lehi (Silverjaw Snapper) and Oio (Bonefish).

Kalekale

Reward: In return for your valuable information you’ll receive a special t-shirt reward plus a recovery letter stating how much the fish grew, distance traveled and days at liberty.

Hapu‘upu‘u

O‘io

For more information about PIFG and its programs, visit www.fishtoday.org 62

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