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Research: The Essential Steps

BI216 Human Physiology Library Information

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Debbie Chaves, Ph.D. dchaves@wlu.ca X 3417

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Step 1: Identify and Develop your Topic † † † † † †

List key terms Write synonyms Think of words or phrases that subtopics Are there larger categories? Are there more specific words or phrases? Brainstorm

Step 3: Catalogues are for BOOKS † † † † †

TRELLIS at http://library.wlu.ca Keyword searching Subject searching Mining reference lists and bibliographies University library catalogues are for ‘known searches’

Step 1: Identify and Develop your Topic Step 2: Determine your Search Strategy Step 3: Catalogues are for BOOKS Step 4: Indexes and Databases are for JOURNAL ARTICLES Step 5: Do It Step 6: Evaluate what you find Step 7: Cite what you find

Step 2: Determine your Search Strategy †

Get an overview „ „

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Encyclopaedia Wikipedia (http://www.wikipedia.org/)

C-map (http://cmap.ihmc.us/) What type of information do you need? Where can you find this information?

Step 4: Indexes and Databases † † † †

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Which one should I use? Multi-searching E-resources E resources vs. print Web of Science, BIOSIS Previews, Scholar’s Portal, Medline, – Looking for people and laboratories not just articles Should I use Google Scholar?

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Step 5: Do It Set a timeline Start Early Can retrieve articles from Guelph and Waterloo through TUGDoc and other universities through RACER Iterative process – revisit previous work

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Step 8: Cite what you find † †

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T11 .S386 2006 – Reference 3rd Floor

Example of CBE Style: Donoghue AM, Howard JG, Byers AP, Goodrowe KL, Bush M, Blumer E, Lukas J, Stover J, Snodgrass K, Wildt DE. 1992. Correlation of sperm viability with gamete interaction and fertilization in vitro in the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus). Biol Reprod 46:1047-56. In-text citation: (Donoghue, Howard, and others 1992)

Scholarly communication How do I know if this information is valid? Peer Review The Expert vs. the Crowd

Example – HYPP in Horses

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Background †

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Scientific style and format : the CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers

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RefWorks and WriteNCite Providing enough information such that it can be found by another.

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Step 6: Evaluate what you find

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Step 1: Identify and develop topic Step 2: Background information Step 3: Find Books Step 4: Find Journal Articles Step 5: Do it Step 6: Evaluate what you find Step 7: Cite what you find

‘Impressive’

Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP) Disorder that affects sodium channels in muscle cells Occurs in horse but can occur in humans Typical for horse to have muscle weakness or even paralysis Muscles also may twitch Meant that horses breed for show like Quarter Horses began to carry gene ‘Impressive’

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‘Impressive’

C-Map

Main Page http://library.wlu.ca

Find Books

Find Articles

Find Subject Guide Biology

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Search Database = Find Article

Article Figure

RefWorks

RefWorks Bibliography Generator

Google Search

Ask for Help

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BI216 Human Physiology  

BI216 Human Physiology

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