Snapshot Analysis Methodology
Street Health Report Methodology
On the evening of November 12 and in the morning of November 13, 30 volunteers plus participating shelter staff administered the “Snapshot of Streets and Shelters” survey in the downtown areas of Halifax and Dartmouth. In total, 140 people who participated in the survey self identified as homeless and are included in the analyses on pages 2 and 3.
Between January 13 and January 23, 2009, 23 volunteers and CAH staff administered the Street Health Survey to 158 individuals who identified as being “homeless”. In this analysis, homeless means being without a home for at least 10 of the previous 90 days prior to being interviewed. Respondents were interviewed as they were accessing services at 6 Halifax emergency shelters and 7 resource centres, and were given a $15 honorarium for their participation.
For the purposes of this short analysis, the sample of homeless people included: those who stayed in one of 6 participating emergency shelters on the night of November 12; those using one of the 7 participating resource centres who self-identified as not having a place to call their own for the night; and those who slept rough on the streets and in public places of downtown Halifax and Dartmouth and who self-identified (as above). The survey instrument was a one-page questionnaire with 14 questions querying: place of birth, the immediate reason for no shelter, whether respondents attempted to access shelter and what happened when they did, where respondents stayed ‘last night’, how long without shelter, how many times homeless, regular source of income, selfreported health and accessing treatment, ethnic background, age, gender, family status and number of dependent children staying with respondent. For further information on Snapshot data collection procedures, the survey instrument, or the analysis presented in this Report Card, please contact Community Action on Homelessness.
The survey instrument was developed by Street Health in Toronto, Ontario and adapted for the Halifax context. It consisted primarily of close-ended questions on demographic factors, participant’s health and well-being, health determinants, lifestyle factors, and access to care and services. The full Halifax Street Health Report will be issued by Community Action on Homelessness in the summer of 2009. For further information on the Street Health Report data collection procedures, the survey instrument, or the analysis presented in this Report Card, please contact Community Action on Homelessness.