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What is Just? Education, Excellence and Equity Laurie Posner, IDRA Difficult Dialogues The Humanities Institute, UT-Austin April 2, 2012


Family Income Gap Growing (1945-2008) 120,000 80th percentile 20th percentile

Amount (in 2008 dollars)

100,000

113,205

80,000

84,458

60,000 40,000 20,000

41,469

27,800

25,892

13,356

2008

2005

2002

1999

1996

1993

1990

1987

1984

1981

1978

1975

1972

1969

1966

1963

1960

1957

1954

1951

1948

1945

0

Year Adapted from “The American Dream, Then and Now,” Greg J. Duncan and Richard J. Murnane in Whither Opportunity? Rising Inequality, Schools, and Children’s Life Chances (Russell Sage Foundation, New York, 2011).


Enrichment cannot depend on family income 10,000

Amount (in 2008 dollars)

9,000

8,872

Top income quintile Bottom income quintile

8,000

6,975

7,000

5,650

6,000 5,000 4,000

3,536

3,000 2,000 1,000

835

1,264

1,173

1,315

0 1972 to 1973

1983 to 1984

1994 to 1995

2005 to 2006

Year Adapted from “The American Dream, Then and Now,” Greg J. Duncan and Richard J. Murnane in Whither Opportunity? Rising Inequality, Schools, and Children’s Life Chances (Russell Sage Foundation, New York, 2011).


College Completion Gap by Income (’61-’64 and ’79-’82 cohorts) Fraction Completing College

0.60 0.50

0.54

1979 to 1982 birth cohorts 1961 to 1964 birth cohorts

0.40

0.32 0.30

0.36

0.21 0.20 0.10 0.00

0.09

0.17 0.14

0.05 Lowest Quartile

2nd Quartile

3rd Quartile

Top Quartile

Income Quartile Adapted from “Inequality in Postsecondary Education” by M. J. Bailey and S. M. Dynarsky, in Whither Opportunity? Rising Inequality, Schools, and Children’s Life Chances, (Russell Sage Foundation, New York,2011).


Texas Public Schools 

  

Student enrollment – 2nd  Over 4 million students; 60 percent economically disadvantaged, up 45 percent in decade Wealth (GSP) – 2nd Per Pupil Expenditures – 38th Average Salary of Public School Teachers 31st 

Poorest schools (all levels) – least access to qualified teachers

In 2011 billions cut from preK, k-12 education and scholarships

Sources: Texas Legislative Study Group, 2012; US Census; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Kids Count; Ed Fuller, 2010 Study on the Distribution of Teacher Quality in Texas Schools


Texas: Per Pupil Spending

IDRA, 2011, Data sources: TEA data and Equity Center


Since the 2011 session, how are inequities and funding cuts in education affecting schools, families and communities? schoolfunding.crowdmap.com/


What is just? Education, Excellence and Equity