PORTFOLIO Lauren Ovca
email | email@example.com phone | 217.369.2376
CONTENTS Undergraduate Studies
Design I: Concept
Residence Fall 2013 6
Design II: Order
Superimposition 12 Spring 2014
Building Tech I: Wood
Superimposition CD Set Spring 2014 16
Amphitheater Spring 2014 19
Building Tech II: Concrete Design III: Context
Concrete CD Set Summer 2014
Healing Over Time 28 Project 1 Fall 2014 2
Design III: Context
Case Study Project 2 Fall 2014 31
Context Analysis 33 Project 3 Fall 2014
Learning Environments Project 4 Fall 2014 35
Intimate Environments 39 Project 5 Fall 2014
Design IV: Complexity
A Fire Watchtower 42 Project 1 Spring 2015
An Inhabited Bridge Project 2 Spring 2015 47
S.T.E.A.M. School 51 Project 3 Spring 2015
Building Tech III: Steel
Steel CD Set 56 Spring 2015
Urban Design & Community
New Orleans, LA Project 1 Fall 2015 60
Carbondale, IL 63 Project 2 Fall 2015
Design V: Southern Illinois Ecology Center - Spring 2016 66 Integration
Passive Disaster Relief 72 Spring 2016
HydroLoop 75 Fall 2016
4 Main 84 Spring 2017
Design V Transitions Re-Imagined 90 Genova, Italy Fall 2017
Design VI Community Connections 96 Spring 2018
UNDERGRADUATE STUDIES Southern Illinois University Carbondale, IL
DESIGN I: CONCEPT Professor: Adulsak Chanyakorn Undergraduate | Fall 2013
Designed for two instructors at SIU, the home serves as a place to rest and work. The studio and office are separated from the rest of the house through the buildingâ€™s articulation, yet is still easily accessible. The center courtyard also creates a private space while visually connecting it with the living room through large, two story windows.
Initial Form Sketches. Several section sketches were completed to compare different volumes within the home.
Left: First Floor Plan. The studio space is located in the southwest corner near the entrance. It is located away from the main functions of the house to create a quiet , focused space. Right: Second Floor Plan. The bedroom wing is located to the south of the home. This allows for a double volume space over the living area on the first floor.
Section Through South WIng
DESIGN II: ORDER Professor: Laura Morthland Undergraduate | Spring 2014
Circulation. The redesign of the shotgun house came from the pattern of “pockets” in pastries combined with the warm feelings of home. These ideas formed the concept of encompassing customers. Space was viewed three dimensionally, and areas were carved and defined by a series of panels.
Module. Through the use of a module, a CMU block (6x8x16) transformed into an overall 2’ x 2’ grid. This grid was applied to the layout and elements of the interior.
The goal of this project was to superimpose a bakery on the interior of a shotgun house in Cairo, IL. The spaces allow for a small kitchen to aid in local production, a display, as well as a generous seating area that provides formal and relaxed options for custormers. The project was also required to be completed by hand.
BUILDING TECHNOLOGY: WOODS Professor: Chad Schwartz Undergraduate | Spring 2014
Superimposition Construction Documens Partial Section
These construction documents were produced in conjunction with the shotgun house project designed in studio from the spring of 2014. The design portion of the project can be found on page 12.
Left: Partial Basement Wall Section Below: Partial Wall Section at Roof
Initial Sketches. Another student and I collaborated on the design of a bench. Our secion was responsible for the seating in the amphitheater.
Semi-Final Design. After refinement, this was the design we presented to the class. Throughout the development of the final scheme the poduct was altered slightly by the class
In the Building Technology: Woods class we had the opportunity to participate in a design build project at Touch of Nature outside of Carbondale, IL. The amphitheater was broken down into three pieces and each section designed one piece. The entire class participated in the build together.
BUILDING TECHNOLOGY: CONCRETE Professor: Norm Lach Undergraduate | Summer 2014
Concrete Construction Documents Precast Concrete Details: Below: Base to Foundation Wall Right: Double Tee and Flat Roof
The parameters of this project combined many different types of masonry construction into one building to give us experience using each method. The building is a sculpture factory with an attached office area
DESIGN III: CONTEXT Professor: Chad Schwartz Undergraduate | Fall 2014
This project examines the interaction between components of nature. Inspired by Andy Goldsworthy, this composition seeks Project 1 to emphasize order in chaos.
Healing Over Time
Case Study: National Museum of Roman Art
Precedence study is key in architecture. The goal with this project was to extract a series of lessons and techniques utilized by Rafael Moneo in the National Museum of Roman Project 2 Art that we may use in the future.
Aqueduct vs Museum
This project harkens back to ancient Roman architecture without simply mimiking or copying it. Instead he modifies aspects from the precedence. The aqueduct inspired the arched passages, and the reinterpretation of the brickwork creates a canvaslike surface , as the mortar joints are extremely thin.
Left: Moneo chose to manipulate scale within the museum. These alterations change the acoustics, viewing angles, and spatial presence when standing in various locations. Right: Light from the clerestory windows flow through the vast main cavity. In the basement, windows allow natural light to bathe the ruins.
First Floor Plan: Elevated passages provide the visitor with many different views of the artwork in the gallery.
Ground Floor Plan: The linear corridors were planned by Moneo to encourage a deliberate path through the exibit hall.
3: Addition of brick walls
4. Addition of roof and skylights. Basement Floor Plan: The columns are arranged in a grid pattern, yet vary in size to touch down carefully over the existing ruins.
1: Excavation of ruins
The section highlights the repetition utlized in the exhibit hall to emphasize the art within it.
2: Addition of concrete slabs
Page number 32
Context Analysis: Carbondale Public Library
All influences that contribute to the design of a project must be carefully examined including factors from the site, neighborhood, and region. This project Project 3 is the first from a set of three.
Left: A neighborhood study was conducted to gague the needs of the community. Right: A public transit study displayed bus routes capable of serving the library but additional stops would be required
Similarly to many buildings in downtown Carbondale, the library has a brick facade. It incorporates concrete accents on the exterior, and colored panels appear on the Brush Building.
Site Section of Existing Structures
Page 33 number
Graphic Site Analysis
Learning Environments: Library for the Visually Impaired
Left: Case study inspiration for form. Moneo varied the vertical spacing to accommodate the ruins. Right: New Form. The site contains many mature trees. The new building shofts and move around the trees creating an opportunity for courtyards. Left: Case study inspiration for grid. The cellular grid in the bascillica transformed into an ordering system for the museum. Right: Grid Manipulation. The existing library on the left was created using a grid system. The lines were pulled over to the new form to articulate the interior Left: Case Study Inspiration. Moneo shaped corridors from the Roman aqueduct. Right: Fenestration. The essence of the existing windows inspired the form for the new fenestration.
Strategic planning of space, materiality, and the manipulation of light help provide a multi-scensory, architectural experience.
Left: Case Study Inspiration for Circulation. The multiple axes in the Williamson, PA library is not ideal for the visually impaired. Right: New Circulation Path The existing library has one axis with an open floor plan, and the proposed structure uses two axes of motion. A multi sensory garden was incorporated within the main courtyard of the proposed structure. Plants were selected based on their textural qualities, smell, and color. The array of selected plants also allowed for year round interest in the garden.
These sections were taken from points on the main circulation path. Three layers created a multi sensory experience: warmth from the sun, a lowered ceiling to change acousics, and a bright strip of orange to aid with central vision loss.
Visual Comparison. The two renderings show normal vision versus an individual with impaired vision. The contrast of color and materiality in both the facade and plant choices help guide the individual in the space. The raised planter also acts as a handrail to the entrance.
Multi Sensory Garden. The central courtyard is a spacious, shaded, and interactive garden. One can experience a range of plants, each with a unique sensory quality. The raised planters around the edge change in elevation to display a different plant at each level with different features. Site Section.
Intimate Environments: Transitions Project 5 Fall 2014
The final phase of this project takes an in depth look into the construction of the space as well as the completion of a built detail element.
Bench Construction. The bench is located among raised planters in the garden. The materiality of the bench consists of wood composite, to withstand the exterior elements, and precast concrete planters. The connection is made with iron rods that slide through the back into the concrete.
DESIGN IV: COMPLEXITY Professor: Steve Turnipseed Undergraduate | Spring 2015
A Fire Watchtower on High Knob
Form Creation. Inspired by Garden of the Gods, the watchtower began as a series of concrete forms. The form was abstracted into a geometric shape to support the structure. Opaque, semi-translucent, and open panels were strategically placed to make the climb pleasant for the users. Left: First Floor Plan. Located 72â€™ above the ground, this level houses the residential portion of the watchtower. The space can comfortably house two park rangers at a time. The space includes bunk beds, a small kitchenette, a bathroom, living area, and storage. Right: Fire Observatory. The fire observation level allows for a 360 degree view to accommodate an Osborne Fire Finder.
Located in the Shawnee National Forest, High Knob is the site for a new fire watchtower that will serve as an iconic example for future towers. The watchtower incorporates a functional workplace, residence, and public observation deck while responding to the site factors, the need for space efficiency, and the structure.
Left: West Elevation Right: Site Plan The watchtower sits directly on top of the hill on High Knob.
Shops and residences once occupied the bridge in Huntington, Indiana. The original inhabited bridge fell into the river and was never rebuilt. This project proposes a new inhavited bridge on the same site. The building was shaped by the surrounding context including the city Project 2 grid and overall building typology.
An Inhabited Bridge
Left: Photo of the origninal inhabited bridge. Middle: Photo of the current bridge. Right: Grid Study.
Form Creation. 1. Three story volume of the bridge.
2. Divided into sections for number of units specified by program. 3. Intersections of northern city grid on front facade. 4. Intersection of southern city grid on front facade 5. Combination of grids and facade tilted according to the intersections. 6. Balcony space added on the second level.
Fenestration and Facade. The first image on the left represents the typical storefront found within Huntington. Each manipulation in the sequence is shown in red to arrive at the final facade used in the project.
Site Plan. The site plan shows the commercial first floor of the proposed building, the private park to the north for the residents, and a smaller public park to the south of the bridge.
The floor plan was created using a series of modules. There is an endcap, a two bedroom block, and a three bedroom block. The cores of each unit have been highlighted.
Left: The accessible endcap units contains one, two bedroom apartment. Middle: The two bedroom block contains three, two bedroom apartments. Right: The three bedroom block contains two, three bedroom apartments.
The small overall floor plan for the first level of the residental units shows the use of the module. The endcaps are shown in blue, the two bedroom apartments are in red, and the three bedroom apartments are in green. The varying shades indicate the unit separations. Site Section.
Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math, STEAM Schools seek to provide students with an alternative education that changes the way they learn. Located on a pier in Galveston, TX, the charter school sets out to break the mold of traditional classroom learning Project 3 with collaboration and exposure to the natural environment
S.T.E.A.M. Charter Middle School
Left: Figure Ground. Middle: Grid Study. Right: Site Inventory. The site has many factors converging at once where it touches the mainland including a sea wall, a varying tide, a jetty, and a main boulevard. Form Creation. 1. Initial pier volume. 2. Prevailing winds. 3. Building sliced to relieve wind loads. 4. Building divided in accordance with program 5. Building subdivided 6. Excess portions building removed.
7. Building shifted to provide more shade. 8. Overhangs added for increased visibility.
Floor Plans. The blue shows the locations of the collaboration labs. These spaces serve as classrooms. Three include wet lab areas, two have attached music rooms, and they all have a media level located on the third floor. The green section shows the large instruction auditorium, stage, and multi-purpose room. The orange displays the administrative area. The red displays the cafeteria and kitchen area
Elevation In Main Circulation Path.
Left: Image of the main circulation path.
Below: Image inside one of the collaboration labs
BUILDING TECHNOLOGY: STEEL Professor: Adulsak Chanyakorn Undergraduate | Spring 2015
Steel Construction Documents Left: Aluminum Composite at Floor Right Top: Curtain Wall at Floor Right Below: Curtain Wall at Foundation Wall
The building is a bank with three other tennant spaces on the first floor. The second and subsequent floors are comprised of offices. It is a mid-rise steel structure.
Right: Wall Section at Parapet
Below: Parapet and Roof Drain Detail
URBAN DESIGN & COMMUNITY Professor: Craig Anz Undergraduate | Fall 2015
The first of two fast paced, group urban design projects is located in New Orleans, LA. The project is geared to continue growth in the area West of the French Quarter with the addition of small businesses, mixedProject 1 use and live/work units, and affordable residential. We also mixed in elements of the traditional architecture for a smooth transition.
New Orleans, LA
Site Plan. The site is located between four different neighborhoods in New Orleans: Treme/Lafitte, CBD, Iberville, and Tulane Gravier. It also includes a section of the Lafitte Greenway.
1. Commercial 2. Mixed-Use 3. Medium Density Residential
4. Low Density Residential 5. High Density Residential 6. Cemetary Historical Center 7. Louis Armstrong Museum
The lower right corner shows the extent of our site.
Cemetary Historical Center
High Desity Residential
The second group urban design project was located in Carbondale,IL. The city wanted to create two new hotels downtown, a multi-modal transportation center, and bring in more residential and commercial spaces.
Left: Zoning Map. Red-Primary Business Pink-Secondary Business Orange-Medium Residential Yellow-Low Residential Right: Building Mix Blue-Service Yellow/Orange-Residential Red-Commercial Teal-Civic Site Plan. The darkened buildings are located within our site.
3. Multi-Modal Transportation Center 4. Market
Multi-Modal Transportation Center
DESIGN V: INTEGRATION Professor: Shannon McDonald Undergraduate | Spring 2016
Southern Illinois Ecology Center Right: Concept Sketches Left: Site Plan
Located on the Mississippi River in Chester, Illinois, this ecology center focuses on the interactino between organisms and their environment. The buildings cascade down the steep hillside reaching into the landscape. Outcroppings in the buildings allow for views, daylighting, and natural ventilation.
Left Top: Ground Floor Plan Left Middle: East Elevation Left Bottom: Longitudinal Section Right Top: Wall Sections Right Bottom: Cross Section
Left Top: Roof Framing Left Bottom: Exterior Rendering Right: Classroom Reflected Ceiling Plan Right Bottom: Interior Rendering
Left Top: Research Ground Floor Left Middle: Longitudinal Section Left Bottom: Cross Section Right:
1. Residential First Floor 2. Residential Top Floor 3. Cross Section 4. Elevation
HONORS THESIS Faculty Advisor: Shannon McDonald Undergraduate | Spring 2016 The project was accepted to the American Society of Civil Engineers. It will be presented at the biannual AEI conference in April 2017 and published.
Passive Disaster Relief Throughout the course of the project four case studies were selected, each in one of the four major climate zone categories, in the United States. The form, glazing, materials, orientation, and construction assemblies were analyzed to identify key similarities and differences. Three additional studies were also completed. One on each climate zone individually and the best passive design strategy for each, a transportation study, and an extensive analysis of the four different types of insulation used in the case study homes.
Top: Elevation Studies Bottom: Floor Plan
Too often individuals that have endured natural disasters have no where to go. They may be crowded into shelters or given inferior, substandard housing. The key goal of this shelter is to create a home that minimizes the need for active systems through the manipulation of materials and passive design.
Throughout the design process, the home was transfered to Integrated Environmental Solutions Virtual Environment energy modeling software. The design was tested in each climate zone, and after each test, the design was altered to increase overall efficiency. At the conclusion of the project. the design exceeded the 2030 challenge goal of 44kBTU/sq. ft. for a single family home in all four climate zones. The highest energy usage occurred in the hot/airid zone at 42kBTU/sw. ft. while the lowest energy usage occurred in the temerate climate zone at 5kBTU/sq. ft.
Right: Axonometric of Home Below: Cross Section
GRADUATE STUDIES Clemson University Clemson, SC Genova, Italy
DESIGN STUDIO III Professors: Ulrike Heine David Franco Santa Cruz Henrique Houayek Ufuk Esroy Graduate | Fall 2016
Right: Concept Diagram The path of water began to carve out circulation paths and existing topography dictated building location. The programâ€™s main feature utilizes a gravity-fed, natural water treatment approach that engages public interest
Right: Form Creation
Left: Site Plan The site acts as a transition zone between Main Street and Falls Park. It activates a missing piece of the streetscape by bringing the forgotten water treatment process to the heart of downtown, offering an alternative access point to the river.
Located between a bustling downtown and a picturesque park with an active waterway, sits an isolated and univiting industrial site in Greenville, SC. This project reconnects the urban loop around Falls Park and links contrasting environments through an engaging hydrological treatment process. This project was completed with Michael Mioux.
Right: Fourth Floor Plan Left: Second Floor Plan 1 3
Creating local wetlands on the north river bank provides a habitat for animals to thrive in coexistance with humans. They also act as an educational tool on how to repair broken watersheds. 1. Greenville News
2. Water Treatment Facility 3. Residential
Below: Cross Sections Through Constructed Wetlands
Left: Exterior Rendering of Water Treatment Facility Below: Physical Model
Middle: Facade Studies Left: Energy Flow Diagram Below: Algae Panel Cycle The bioreactor algae facade on the south side of the building directly uses its own byproduct; after the algae is scraped from the windows, it is burned for thermal energy. The released CO2 is captured and pumped back into the panels to stimulate more algae growth. Bottom: Section
Right: Inerior Rendering
Below: Cross Section of Water Treatment Facility The hot/humid climate of Greenville presents many climactic challenges. Passive strategies were selected carefuly to mitigate the sometimes uncomfortable climate.
DESIGN STUDIO IV Professor: Dan Harding Graduate | Spring 2017
Studio Members: Gabriel Berlineri, Ryan Brown, Lauren Divinagracia, Atika Jain, Lillian Jones, Matthias Kelly, Tyler McKenzie, Ailed Mazas-Feranandez, Lauren Ovca, Julian Owens, Juhee Porwal, and Katie Turner. At the beginning of the semester we all participated in many design charettes which included models, perspective drawings, discussions with the clients, and diagrams. The product was a series of CNC cut pieces that were assembled on site without the use of powertools, nails, or screws.
Left: My contributions to the design charettes. Right: Perspective of final design.
In this design/build semester, our studio took on the challenge of desinging a black box theater for Summerton, SC. Throughout the semester we utilized and furthered a building system developed by previous students in the course called Sim[PLY]. This semester was highly collaborative both between students and with the community.
As the semester progressed, my role was in the preparation of the assembly book documents with Juhee Porwal. Our goal was to craft an understandable step-by-step guide for the construction of the theater. This required collaboration with the design team and the fabrication team.
Left: Exploded axonometric view of theater. 1. Roof 2
2. End Caps 3. Wall System with shelving 4. Bench
Below: Diagram highlighting connection points for metal zip ties.
The project consisted of 203 3/4â€? plywood pieces, and there were 45 unique types of pieces. This was the first studio to adapt the Sim[PLY] system for a structure other than a traditional building. The system uses a series of notches and tabs to interlock pieces together. They are then secured with stainless steel zip ties. There were four chapters to the assembly book: the bench/ floor, end caps, back wall, and roof.
Top Left: Bench/Floor system construction step. Top Right: Back construction step.
Lower Left: End cap system construction step. Lower Right: Roof bracing system construction step.
Top Left: End cap in progress. Top right: Roof bracing detail. Below: Final construction photos.
DESIGN STUDIO V Professors: Henrique Houayek Nicola Delledonne Luca Rocco Graduate | Fall 2017 Location: Genova, Italy
An assimilation of cultures
This studio project was to address the increasing number of refugees fleeing to Italy, and blend them into the community or help them transition to a new home. Elizabeth Widaski and I completed an infill project that provided temporary housing, legal services, employment counseling, and classroom facilities.
The project also aimed to give back to the city by creating much needed green space and community space and provided resources for the both the immigrants and the public. In the simplest terms, this project is about transition of people through spaces, the transition of activity through a community, and the transition of people into new lives.
DESIGN FOR WATER DESIGN FOR ECOLOGY
112% of the horizontal surface area on site is created green space
DESIGN FOR WELLNESS
of floor area with views to the outdoors
Top: Concept and massing diagrams. Right: Axonometric
182% of storm-water managed onsite during a 2 yr, 24 hr event
DESIGN FOR INTEGRATION
63% of occupants in the building are comfortable using passive systems
Left: Floor plans in decending order, moving from the private residential levels, through the semi public levels with classrooms and services, to the public ground level with small shops and a market. Right: Site plan showing the elevated highway in the orange dashed line, the bus routes and stops in pink, and our site in orange. Below: Rendering of ground level showing the elevated highway, cantilever, and market space.
Right: Section perspective
The perforated metal facade pattern directly relates to the program behind it. The holes get smaller as it ascends from public space like the resource center to private space like the residential units. Some of the panels are operable, creating a constantly changing facade and allowing for natural ventilation, daylighting, and views to the outdoors.
of the building can be operated on daylight alone
of the building is mostly well lit by daylight
SIZE OF PERFORATIONS
Right: Night rendering
PRIVACY OF SPACE
One of the most important things learned during this project is that sustainability is not only about how to save energy; it is a multidimensional subject. The project addresses multiple facets of sustainability, like social inclusion, environmental strategies, and added value in the community.
65% of the floor area is within 15â€™ of operable windows
Top Left: Exploded facades Bottom Left: Seasonal thermal energy storage system.
Operable Perforated Metal Screen
Perforated Metal Screen
Right: Axonometric section through atrium
net embodied CO2 of project Efforts to reduce CO2 of the project include the large amount of added green space and using locally sourced materials.
Mechanically operated skylights allow indirect sunlight into the atrium and open to ventilate the space
Operable Angled Curtain Wall System
DESIGN FOR ENERGY
10,608kWh/yr renewable energy produced per year
DESIGN STUDIO VI Professors: Ulrike Heine Ufuk Ersoy Dustin Albright Graduate | Spring 2018
The project intends to create a community for students that are new to the area through the design of indoor and outdoor public space while making them feel at home.
There are two typologies of housing on site: three high density buildings towards the research campus with commercial ground floors and ten townhouses responding to the forest and lake edge to the south.
Right: Site Plan Surrounding: Section perspectives taken from various locations on site.
As Clemson University hopes to expand its graduate population through a new research campus, this project seeks to serve this group while responding to the bustling new campus and the calmness of the outdoors. The project was completed with studio partner Ailed Mazas.
Unit Types Studio
Middle Top: Rendering of the North Facade
Visible in this view is the open air vertical circulation space. It is protected by a cypress screen and is unconditioned.
Middle Bottom: Sample floor plans Below: HVAC Distribution ADA Accessible Units
Residential Level Two Bedroom Units
Right: Rendering of South facade. Each unit type was designated with a specific facade design. When the units were varied both in plan and section, a diverse and unique facade emerged. Fiber cement panels extend from a cypress rainscreen to provide shading and privacy to the balconies.
Right: Cross Section The project meets the 2030 challenge with passive design strategies alone. If solar panels were integrated in the future, the project would be net zero and have excess energy to be sold back to the electrical grid.
Left: North Elevation Middle: North Section through the unconditioned circulation space Below: Details from the North Section
A | Parapet Detail
C | Railing Detail
REFERENCES Architecture + Community Build Studio. (2017). Student Collaboration 4 Main. Bose, Shumi. (2014). In conversation: Rafael Moneo. Blueprint, 334, 64-74 Hamilton, E., Isely, M., Jariwala, S., & McKinney, J. (2015). Student Collaboration-Urban Design. Nash, Amanda. (2014). Student Collaboration-Amphitheater Brench Design. National Museum of Roman Art Exterior. (2009). Image. http//spain. aricaustermann.com Mazas, Ailed. (2018). Student Collaboration-Community Connections. Mioux, Michael. (2016). Student Collaboration-HydroLoop. Scwartz, Chad. (2014). Amphitheater. Image. Weston, Richard. (2010). Key buildings of the 20th century: Plans, sections, and elevations. New York:W.W. Norton & Co., p. 42 Widaski, Elizabeth. (2017). Student Collaboration-Transitions Re Imagined: An assimilation of cultures.