L A U R E N
M A C K E N Z I E R I C K S L A U R E N M A C K E N Z I E R I C K S
SELECTED PROJECTS 2005-2012
PROFESSIONAL SEARS CROSSTOWN REDEVELOPMENT I-BANK, ONE COMMERCE SQUARE NCRM ADMINISTRATION PARKING SCREEN LRK RECEPTION DESK BULLOCK MASTER BATHROOM
ACADEMIC URBAN ANCHORING CEMETERY VIRGINIA TECH PEDESTRIAN TUNNEL ROANOKE GRADUATE ARCHITECTURE SCHOOL BLACKSBURG TOWN CENTER STONE MEMORY PALACE SOUTH MAIN STREET URBAN PLANNING COPENHAGEN ART HOTEL ST.LOUIS COMMUNITY POOL SHREWSBURY METROLINK STATION VILLA MAIREA CASE STUDY
PERSONAL WASH U CARNIVAL ENTRANCE TABLE INK PAINTINGS SKETCHES PHOTOGRAPHS MIXED MEDIA METAL WORK
SEARS CROSSTOWN REDEVELOPMENT I-BANK, ONE COMMERCE SQUARE NCRM ADMINISTRATION PARKING SCREEN LRK RECEPTION DESK BULLOCK MASTER BATHROOM
SEARS CROSSTOWN MEMPHIS,
Sears Crosstown is an abandoned Sears warehouse in one of the most diverse neighborhoods in Memphis,TN. Crosstown Arts has hired LRK/DIALOG to redevelop the building into a â€˜vertical urban villageâ€™ with a focus on the arts and healthcare. The 1.5 million square feet of existing space will be transformed into a cancer clinic, high school, retail, art
making labs, performance space, health and wellness center, daycare center,residential and much more. The idea behind combining all these different uses is that they can be better together. I have gained invaluable experience working from the beginning on such a large project in collaboration with another firm.
SKETCHUP MODEL OF EXISTING BUILDING FROM SOUTHEAST
SKETCHUP MODEL OF EXISTING BUILDING FROM NORTHWEST
CHEMOTHERAPY : 3,253 S.F. PHLEBOTOMY : 1,499 S.F. PATIENT SERVICES : 315 S.F. WAITING ROOM : 2,105 S.F. CHECK OUT : 360 S.F. SUB WAIT : 1,630 S.F. PODS : 5,497 S.F. WINGS : 448 S.F. SUBWAIT B : 274 S.F. RADIOLOGY : 7,215 S.F.
GROSS FLOOR AREA :
1ST FLOOR : 26,828 S.F. 2ND FLOOR : 26,887 S.F. TOTAL : 53,715 S.F.
TENANT’S EXISTING SPACE ALLOCATIONS
INFUSION VISIT INACTIVE WAIT TIME ACTIVE WAIT TIME
INACTIVE TREATMENT ACTIVE TREATMENT
300 MINUTES SUB WAIT
60 40 20 15
SCALE : 1/8” = 1’-0”
EXAMPLE OF EXISTING
OF TENANT RELATIONSHIPS
The enormity of the Sears Crosstown project has allowed me to work on a variety of different stages. There is the shell and core and the overall concept for the building in addition to the individual tenant’s layouts. It has been interesting
learning to compartmentalize the project in order to make progress. The project’s layers of complexity have forced me to delve into various details while still maintaining the overall concept and schedule.
OPEN PLAY AREA
9,705 SF THEATER 47,559 SF
CHC 11,789 SF
ENTRY TO PARKING GARAGE
4,279 SF RETAIL KIOSKS
RETAIL OPEN PLAY AREA
FOOD TRUCK KITCHEN
EXISTING PARKING GARAGE
14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
WEST CLINIC PORCH
SKETCHUP MODEL OF BUILD-OUT OF I-BANK, OCS
I-BANK ONE COMMERCE SQUARE MEMPHIS,
I-bank is a local bank in Memphis. LRK has designed the buildings for its multiple locations around town. The branch in One Commerce Square is its first branch downtown and in a historic skyscraper. The idea is this branch would cater to a younger age group.
ABOVE: LOBBY ELEVATION - EAST TOP LEFT: SKETCHUP MODEL FOR LOBBY LAYOUTS BOTTOM LEFT: SKETCHUP MODEL FOR BANKER OFFICES
TELLER’S ROW SOUTH ELEVATION
S E C T I O NC C U T
B E A
S E C T I O N B SECTION C U T CUTBAT WIDEST A T DIAMETER 3’-6”
(3’-5 1/2” off of ground plane)
In addition to the build-out of the new bank, I-bank requested studies for a “personal finance pod,” that would be on display in the main lobby of One Commerce. The “pod” would ideally be a place where people could stop and checking on their finances in a comfortable, private
location without having to go into the bank. The I-bank brand is very important and therefore the source of inspiration for the “pod.” The “pod” becomes an inhabitable logo for I-bank, complete with bench and touch-screen computers in the back of the “i.”
FINANCE POD SKETCHUP
STUDY FOR FABRICATION OF PERSONAL FINANCE POD
SECOND STR EET
ST MA RTIN
BUTLER AVENUE 9’-6”
SECOND STREET ELEVATION
BUTLER AVENUE ELEVATION
ST. MARTIN ELEVATION
CONCEPT DRAWINGS FOR CLIENT APPROVAL
N AT I O N A L C I V I L R I G H T S M U S E U M A D M I N I S T R AT I O N BUILDING PARKING SCREEN MEMPHIS,
As part of the renovation of an existing building behind the National Civil Rights Museum (NCRM) for the administration, a parking screen was needed to hide the new parking lot as well as hold the line of the built environment along the street. It was an extremely low budget project with specific requirements to hide the grills of cars. BUILT SECOND STREET
DIMENSIONED PLAN FOR
BUILT SECOND STREET ELEVATION
PLAN OF LOCATION FOR TEMPORARY DESK
TEMPORARY RECEPTION DESK LRK MEMPHIS,
LRK recently consolidated their Memphis office from two floors to one and are renovating a new lobby and reception area on the fifth floor. While these renovations are in progress, it was necessary
to move the receptionist down to the fifth floor. The new reception desk was intentionally designed to look temporary to signal the construction of the office as well as to be as economical as possible.
COMPLETED TEMPORARY RECEPTION
EXISTING FLOOR PLAN
B U L LO C K M A S T E R B AT H RO O M R E N OVAT I O N MEMPHIS,
Memphis neighbors asked for help laying out their new master bathroom. The existing space consisted of the original master bath and a sitting room. They wanted to do as little work to the exterior of the house as possible, which meant leaving all the windows. The wife requested a walk-in closet, vanity and claw foot tub. By placing the closet in the center of the room, I was able to leave all the windows as well as provide privacy for the tub and toilet.
NEW PLAN FOR RENOVATED MASTER BATH
URBAN ANCHORING CEMETERY VIRGINIA TECH PEDESTRIAN TUNNEL ROANOKE GRADUATE ARCHITECTURE SCHOOL BLACKSBURG TOWN CENTER STONE MEMORY PALACE SOUTH MAIN STREET URBAN PLANNING COPENHAGEN ART HOTEL ST.LOUIS COMMUNITY POOL SHREWSBURY METROLINK STATION VILLA MAIREA CASE STUDY
AN URBAN ANCHORING CEMETERY MEMPHIS,
PHOTO COLLAGE OF CHIPBOARD
This thesis proposes an urban infill cemetery in Memphis, Tennessee. By infilling seven blocks within the arts district of downtown Memphis with a new urban cemetery, further significance is given to both the city and the cemetery. Because it would be a newly built cemetery, it could initially function as an urban park and become a cemetery over time as the space is needed to remember the dead. The same elements of the cemetery would compose the park, but by allowing a slow transformation from park to cemetery, the resulting public space will carry much more meaning than either space could do alone. The cemetery connects the continuing evolution of the city with the lives of its citizens. Each block is different yet linked and intertwined, just like Memphis residents. The blocks are multi-use and as such, share the history and legacy of those who have died with those who live in and visit the city.
AERIAL OF EXISTING CONDITIONS WITH CEMETERY INFILL OVERLAY
MAP OF RELATIVE DISTANCES TO DOWNTOWN ATTRACTIONS - SOUTH MAIN, BEALE STREET, TOM LEE PARK, FEDEX FORUM
GRAPHITE PLANS OF CEMETERY
GRAPHITE CONTINUOUS SECTION THROUGH ENTIRE CEMETERY
PHOTO COLLAGE OF CHIPBOARD MODEL
An integral part of my thesis was the actual process of drawing/painting/ making the thesis. This coincided with the idea that the cemetery would be transformed as people lived and touched it. Similarly to how materials weather and take on the imprint of their surroundings, I wanted my drawings to have the imprint of the transformation of the cemetery - hoping that the layers of graphite and ink would convey some of the inexplicable qualities I was trying to give to the cemetery. It was also an exploration of the combining the digital and physical to achieve desired effects. INK COLLAGE OF BURIAL WALL AND STEPS
burial plots for church
dropped burial plots wall
skylight to tombs below storage
window to surroundings
GRAPHITE SECTION THROUGH
COLLAGE OF SECTION THROUGH CHAPEL GATHERING SPACES
INK COLLAGE OF SECTION THROUGH CHAPEL URN WALLS
The large scope of my thesis allowed me to work at a variety of scales, from connecting to the urban fabric down to designing a tomb. Moving back and forth to different scales provided me with an internal checks and balances system. Focusing on the smaller scale also gave me the freedom to explore new variations of putting the dead to rest. In my opinion, today’s society has put such a distance between itself and the reality of death; therefore creating an imbalance in the grieving process. Providing people with a variety of ways to “bury” their loved ones, whether its in a coffin or in a crematorium, will start to let people heal.
AND ELEVATIONS OF TOMBS
gathering/ ceremonial space
gathering/ ceremonial space walkway
GRAPHITE PLAN OF
tomb water elevated family plot
elevated family plot
BLACKSBURG TUNNELS BLACKSBURG,
Group Members: Mike Wendt
The current crossing over Priceâ€™s Fork Road from residential Blacksburg to Virginia Techâ€™s campus is dangerous, for pedestrians as well as drivers. Our proposal provides a safe alternative to an otherwise hazardous daily crossing by drawing pedestrian traffic under the road through a series of tunnels.
EXISTING SITE WITH PROPOSED PARK OVERLAY We have not only enlarged an existing tunnel system on the site, but through this, proposed the beautification of the stream and surrounding park space. By allocating space for a cafe inside the park space and tunnels, we are providing a catalyst for a new urban space, not just a cross walk.
COMPUTER DRAWING/PHOTO COLLAGE PLAN OF
PLAN OF TUNNEL STEPPING STONES AND LIGHTS ABOVE
Although the primary reason for the tunnel is to cross Prices Fork Road safely, the tunnel can also be a respite from the hot Virginia summers with shade and water. The lighting in the tunnel is a similar pattern to stones that allow pedestrians to pass over it
at three points. The stone and lighting pattern takes inspiration from the reflections of the water. A lightwell will protrude up through the surface of the median giving internal natural light to the tunnel. Lighting is an important element in safety.
TRANSVERSE SECTION RENDERING THROUGH TUNNEL
PLAN OF MIDDLE TRIANGLE WITH CREEK AND CAFE
COMPUTER RENDERING OF CAFE/BAR AND TUNNEL
SECTION THROUGH PLAZA AND BIKE STORAGE IN TRIANGLE CLOSEST TO VIRGINIA TECH
The parks are made up of a combination of the grass and trees as well as hardscape surfaces for special events. Large Steps in each triangle not only provide access to the parks but set up stages for performances and school events.
Covered and secure bike storage will provide a safe location for students to store their bikes while they are in class in a central location between the school and their residence.
COMPUTER RENDERING OF CAFE/BAR UNDERNEATH
SECTION THROUGH MIDDLE
The cafe will activate the parks and tunnels in lower traffic times. The cafe transforms the tunnels from more than just a crosswalk into a destination.
T H E H I L L AT O L D MAIN STREET BLACKSBURG,
LANDSCAPED HILL DOWNTOWN TO NEW
Old Main Street differs from the rest of Main Street because of its steep slope. To emphasize the hill, most of the site is excavated out, essentially doubling the height of the hill. In addition, the excavation will provide enough space to almost double the existing retail. There is a continuity between the old and new construction by following the line of the hill, increasing the density of activity and life of the site.
The steps that lead down to the end building are designed with varying sizes and functions, providing a setting for a variety of potential activities. One main pathway can be followed all the way down as other pathways feed in to it, extending from the stores progressing down the hill. A stepped landscape is created by using a variety of different materials and greenery. A boundary wall, mimicking the sedimentary rock walls found in Virginia, is created that protects the new space from the traffic of Main Street. This new project attempts to give life back to Old Main Street through references to the surrounding context.
SECTION LOOKING SOUTH AT RETAINING
EXISTING SITE WITH PROPOSED PLAN
A new building that is taller than the any other buildings in downtown Blacksburg will mark the top of the hill as well as connect downtown Blacksburg with Virginia Tech. This building will offer a new setting for varying activities such as a music venue, restaurants, or gallery.
OFFICE - FIRST FLOOR
RETAIL - GROUND FLOOR ELEVATION OF NEW BUILDING
CAFE - BASEMENT 1
GALLERY/ PERFORMANCE SPACEBASEMENT 2
CHIPBOARD MODEL OF NEW BUILDING
VIRGINIA TECH A RC H I T E C T U R E G R A D UAT E SCHOOL BLACKSBURG,
EXPLODED WALL SYSTEMS
SITE FOR VIRGINIA TECH ROANOKE ARCHITECTURE GRADUATE SCHOOL
Expanding Virginia’s Tech Master’s Architecture Program would require new facilities with the potential to relocate to downtown Roanoke. The new site in Roanoke provides a widely different experience compared to the rural location in Blacksburg. In combination with new studios, library and classrooms, apartments for the graduate students and visiting professors create a unique setting for the school. Although living in the same building as studio is convenient, a separation between school and outside life is necessary. The housing grows vertically over the school but there is never a direct connection between the school and the housing with out first going outside. Having outside space in an urban environment is also essential to creating the best atmosphere for a school.
ELEVATION MATERIAL STUDY
PLAN MATERIAL STUDY
LIBRARY RESIDENTIAL LOBBY
STUDIO RESIDENTIAL STUDIO CLASSROOMS LAUNDRY RESIDENTIAL LOBBY
CAMPBELL STREET ELEVATION
studio loft kitchen (loft above) balcony
entrance bed room
kitchen bath room
APARTMENT FLOOR PLAN
SECTION/ELEVATION OF LOFT AND KITCHEN
STONE MEMORY PALACE
From the stone the width and height of doors and windows developed, followed by the entire structure. The exterior stone wall is the constant. It never varies in width or height. The ground around it as well as the interior floor plates move to adapt to the wall. The whole structure is based on a
three foot by three foot grid which came from the size of the stone wall. To create interior movement, two light wells penetrate the space. The open air structure opens up completely, first at the threshold between the first and second space, and second , at the end, to courtyard.
Taking the inherent qualities found in Hokie stone on the Virginia Tech campus, a building was slowly developed around those qualities. The contrast of light and dark created by the texture of the stone was a defining element for the project. The exterior stone wall is mortarless so that light can shine through to the interior through the â€œjoints.â€? The section of the wall also varies, creating dark and light. PLYWOOD MODEL
COPENHAGEN ART HOTEL Christianshavn,
PHOTO COLLAGE OF FOAM CORE
Located on the corner of two canals in the historic neighborhood of Christianshavn, the relationship between the existing built fabric, the water, and the hotel becomes very important. With an underground art gallery serving as the connection between the hotel and restaurant, the historic urban pattern is not disturbed. By maintaining a smaller foot print, the building can then facilitate outdoor activity around it, and pedestrian life in Copenhagen is a top priority.
FLOOR PLAN 2-6
The hotel and restaurant are split a part by a public walkway on the ground floor. The open floor plans on the ground floor also provide space to invite the public. The restaurant being separate from the hotel also opens it up for a larger population. The art gallery underground will also draw people to this corner in Christianshavn. Dramatic stairs on either side of the public pass-thru help create a unique atmosphere for this particular corner.
AERIAL SITE PLAN
AERIAL SITE PLAN
PHOTO COLLAGE OF FOAM CORE MODEL PUBLIC SPACE IN BETWEEN HOTEL AND RESTAURANT
COMMUNITY POOL St.Louis,
PHOTO COLLAGE SITE
SKETCHES OF DIFFERENT PROGRAMS IN BUILDING
In an existing park in St. Louis Missouri, there is need for a community pool. The lake provides a special circumstance to locate the pool on the water, which is sunken into the surrounding landscape. The building would be a tool to separate specific experiences found on the site and enhance the unique qualities. Different materials and
angles were explored to understand how best to achieve these pure experiences of water, trees, grass, and sky. By creating clear separations of experiences, a distinct separation of program was almost inherently defined, with the pool to one side and all supporting programs on the opposite side of the main entry hall.
COLLAGE SECTION-PERSPECTIVE OF
OF INTERIOR OF
SHREWSBURY METROLINK S TAT I O N St.Louis,
WITH METRO, HIGHWAYS, RAILWAYS AND RIVER
Multiple techniques were to study the qualities of an existing metro station, The station sits at a connection between residential, highway, river, and industrial. By taking specific lines from these different areas, a new topography emerged, which was then integrated into a new way of parking. A large part of the system came from a new lighting system
that would interact with the existing web of power lines. The intersection of the overhead system and the topography created holes which created natural light and circulation. Integrated into this parking system is a variety of services that the average commuter might need access to such as a bank, dry cleaning service, and grocery store.
ONE - RETAIL
lighting parking parking
CASE STUDY: V I L L A M A I R E A , A LVA R A A LT O Noormarku,
organic vs. orthogonal
deviation from the grid
public vs. private
bracketing of the courtyard
served vs. service
BUTTER BOARD MODEL
After a thorough and intense graphic study of Alvar Aaltoâ€™s Villa Mairea, I was charged with recreating the drawings of the master with Rapidograph pens and ink on Mylar. Simultaneously, I created a physical model in order to try understand his process. The project marked the beginning of a lifelong interest in Finnish architecture with multiple pilgrimages to Finland as well as Villa Mairea.
WASH U CARNIVAL ENTRANCE TABLE INK PAINTINGS SKETCHES PHOTOGRAPHS MIXED MEDIA METAL WORK
ENTRANCE TO THURTENE CARNIVAL Washington University St.Louis, Missouri Group
Thurtene Carnival is an annual charity fund raiser run by the sororities and fraternities of Washington University in St. Louis. There was a competition within the architecture school for the entrance of the carnival. The carnival is built by students, who do not typically build. Therefore, the dumpsters fill up quickly with large scraps of building materials. The sculptures guarding the entrance are a result of reusing the discarded materials. The scraps are screwed together in various ways and then covered with an elastic white fabric.
PHOTOGRAPH FROM DAY ONE OF THURTENE CARNIVAL
WO O D TA B L E Testing various characteristics of wood as well as learning technical skill in handling wood, a new “material” was developed. The grain of wood determines so much of how it can be used. Using knowledge of wood and tools, an abstraction of wood grain was made from wood. Multiple types of wood were stripped into extremely thin slic-
es, perpendicular to the grain of the wood. These strips were then soaked, bent, and dried into curved forms. All of the strips combined into a pattern resembling wood grain were set into a walnut frame. Lastly a resin epoxy was poured over the “wood grain” to give the tabletop a solid surface.
PERSONAL PHOTO ARCHIVE
M E TA L S C U L P T U R E S Charged with making two metal sculptures, I gradually became comfortable with the various techniques of manipulating metal. Sheet metal and tube metal require different skill sets, from welding to stretching and bending.