Laura Rennekamp (a) 452 Parker Ave Philadelphia Pa, 19128 (c) 803.608.4511 (e) email@example.com
Table of Contents
Saul High school
Steinberg Dietrich Entry Plaza
Copper wire used to connect and space metal layers Punctured aluminum ďŹ‚ashing
Overlapping copper with punctures to enable water to travel through layer Steel tubing with steel conduits
Path of rain drops
The Device, composed of a variety of metals, reacts to and gives insight to the moisture content of the site over time, by creating patterns of rust. The use of metals also enables the device to not only be changed by the site but changes the site as well.
The Device Fall 2006
Copper layer overlapped to enable rust to develop over a longer period of time
View looking through the copper layers
Project: To develop a campus master plan for Saul High school using an abstract process. The process consisted of a series of line drawings transformed into 3-dimensional space. The 3-dimentional space created by the lines is then developed into the new building for the school. The ďŹ nal scheme uses a series of buildings that correlate the building program with the extended landscape. Between the buildings are a series of connected water features or best management practices used to mitigate stormwater on site and create a pedestrian friendly atmosphere.
Saul High school Philadelphia, Pa Fall 2007
Water ďŹ‚ow diagram
Section through water feature
Campus : Philadelphia
I VE R
TREES / SHRUBS TREES / SHRUBS TREES / SHRUBS TREES / SHRUBS TREES / SHRUBS
R LL KI
Philadelphia University Campus
Center city Philadelphia
WARE RIVE DEL A
( Cephalanthus occidentalis )
( Amorpha fruticosa )
( Salix discolor ) ( Populus tremuloides )
FORBS / FERNS FORBS / FERNS
FORBS / FERNS
FORBS / FERNS
FORBS / FERNS
( Potamogeton natans )
( Sagittaria latifolia )
( Lobelia cardinalis )
( Impatiens capensis )
( Monarda fistulosa )
ZONE 1: SUBMERGENT ZONE - WATER 3 - 5 FT DEEP PLANTS
ZONE 2: EMERGENT ZONE - WATER 0 -18 IN DEEP PLANTS
ZONE 3: WET MEADOW ZONE - PERMANENT MOISTURE PLANTS
ZONE 4: FLOOD PLANE - FLOODING DURING LARGE STORMS PLANTS
ZONE 5: UPLAND ZONE - LOW MOISTURE PLANTS
GRASS / SEDGES GRASS / SEDGES GRASS / SEDGES GRASS / SEDGES GRASS / SEDGES N/A
( Scirpus acutus ) ( Equisetum fluviatile )
( Panicum virgatum )
( Schizachyrium scoparium )
USE LAN OL HO SCHO
School of Architecture (upperclassmen) School of Architecture (underclassmen) School of Architecture School of Design and Media, School of Engineering and Textile) School of Design and Media, School of Engineering and Textile)
Main : Underclassmen
Main Side of Campus Freshman Side of Campus
E USE LAN OL HO SCHO
Main : Underclassmen
USE LAN OL HO SCHO
Main Side of Campus Freshman Side of Campus Vehicular Trafﬁc
Campus Emulsion Spring 2008
Campus Emulsion uniﬁes Philadelphia University’s campus by creating a system of buildings and landscapes that act as an emulsion in which the landscape holds the buildings suspended in space. The goal is to encourage interdisciplinary design and learning through integrated student workspace. The design also focuses on integrating the built environment with the natural ecology by creating a building placed partially underground to allow free ﬂow of water over and through the building where it will be used in a grey water system. Access water then cascades over a series of balconies that ﬁlter the water and release it back into the landscape.
View looking down the crowded amphitheater at the movie projected on the drop down movie screen.
The Common Tie is a commercial, pedestrian corridor located just north of center city Philadelphia, within the museum district. The site’s history dates back to the 1800’s. To the time of the Reading Railroad which passed through the large depressed corridor in the center of the site. This project transformed the corridor into a commercial streetscape and is an extension of Philadelphia’s museum district.
The Common Tie Urban Park Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Fall 2009
Section A: East/ West
Section B: East/ West
View looking at infrastructure from southwest entry staircase.
Section C: North / South through amphitheater
Neighborhood Connections Churches Places to buy food Vacant areas (opportunities for expansion) 1/4 mile radius around each point Public transportation
Incubate Farmers Market Competition: Delaware Valley Green Building Council (DVGBC), 2009 Collaboration: Grace Herman, Anders Boodey Spring 2009
Incubate is a ďŹ‚exible, interactive venue for Brewerytown. The market acts as an incubator that accelerates social, economic and ecological revitalization. Socially the program is ďŹ‚exible to accommodate the constant changes and growth of the local economy and community.
Ecologically, the architecture of the market adapts to the environment by opening and closing. Economically, Incubate encourages local business, and spending by offering spaces for new business and classes. The market is as an incubator, designed to accelerate regeneration.
View of Incubator Farmers Market from the corner of 29th and Girard with architecture partially open.
Earth Play explores natural play through creating wilderness areas where children have the ability to invent their own form of play. The program includes an orchard and planting beds to teach kids to grow their own food. The landscape provides a hands on learning experience that connects the school program with the community through circulation and visual display.
Earth Play Cook Wissahickon Elementary School Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Fall 2009
This project also involved a series of design charettes where the kids helped design the fence that would act as a gateway to their community. In addition to the master planning the class was asked to complete a set of construction documents.
Woodland Residential is an exercise in designing within to meet strict impervious cover requirements while handling stormwater on site.
Woodland Residential Residential Entrance Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Fall 2009
Existing Impervious Cover Area
Back Walkway................................. Back door Patio............................... Concrete Patio................................ House.............................................. Deck................................................ Steps................................................ Boulder Wall (east).......................... Boulder Wall (west)......................... Triangle wall................................... Shared Drive (off property)............. Shared Drive (on property)............. Neighbors Drive.............................. Residents Drive...............................
162.1289 42.8612 52.6673 1737.818 486.5539 40.9 47.3363 49.0521 13.3606 1907 745 589 1175
0.67% 0.17% 0.20% 7.20% 2.00% 0.16% 0.19% 0.20% 0.05% 7.90% 3.10% 2.40% 4.90%
Proposed Impervious Cover Area
Additional Impervious Granted..... Removal of Concrete Patio........... Removal of Back door Patio........... Removal of Back Walkway............
+70.00 +52.67 +42.86 +162.13
% Impervious 0.45% 0.20% 0.17% 0.67%
lkway ad oor P te Pad
Red areas too steep for construction
Stepping Stones............................. Rock Gathering Space................... Wood Gathering Space.................. Main Walkway...............................
–21.00 –150.00 –129.00 –19.00
rvious Impe 0.67% Feet 9 28 0.17% 162.1 2 1 6 0.20% 42.8 73 7.20% 52.66 8 1 2% 1737.8 39 5 .5 0.16% 6 48 .9 40 0.19% 63 0.20% 47.33 1 2 0.05% 49.05
0.17% 0.20% 0.07% 2.00%
The proposed entrance design with two gathering spaces is within the Impervious and slope limits of the site.
Diagram: Describes the relationship between walkway and ground plane 17
Reading Viaduct Thesis/ Capstone Project Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Fall 2009 - Spring 2010
Site location map
Enlarged site Location map of focus area
Reading Viaduct - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Built in the 1890s, the Viaduct is a combination of earthworked embankments, bridged steel structures and arched masonry bridges, that used to run commuter trains to the Reading Head-house (terminal at 12th and Market Street) now currently known as the Pennsylvania Convention Center. Service on the Viaduct was discontinued in 1984, when the Center City commuter tunnel was opened. Today the Viaduct’s four commuter tracks have been overtaken by grasses and trees. The Reading Viaduct is the perfect opportunity to encourage sustainable transportation. I propose the adaptive reuse of the Reading Viaduct infrastructure to encourage just that. “The Philadelphia Viaduct” is a linear park that focuses on connections, using a dual path system that accommodates pedestrians and cyclists. The journey begins in the outskirts of the city, follows the old rail lines as they slip through several North Philadelphia neighborhoods to arrive in the heart of the city.
Schematic Drawing 1
Precedence The Highline of New York and the Promenade Plantee of Paris provide visitors with a unique perspective of each of the cities. These public spaces provide occupiable space designed speciﬁcally for pedestrians and create a second tier of social interaction that link neighborhoods and park spaces together to strengthen community bonds between adjacent neighborhoods. The elevated walks provides an aerial nature walk complete with courtyards and trellised arbors. But the life of the promenade is not limited to the surface; the Promenade utilizes its arches to accommodate studio and workshop space for local artists and craftsmen, many of whom can be seen working from the street. These artists and craftsmen have brought a traditional vibrancy to this post industrial landscape. Landscapes built from old industrial relics provide a new innovational space that urges the user to reevaluate their historical landscape. Duisburg-Nord Landscape Park and Emscher Park located in the Ruhr Valley are known for their innovative strategies for revitalization of brownﬁeld sites. These parks have given designers a new way to visualize what was once considered waste land. Emscher Park is the largest urban regeneration project in the world and has proven to be immensely valuable to the ﬁeld of landscape architecture. Duisburg-Nord captures the character of the existing postindustrial landscape and enhances it while converting it into occupiable spaces that foster a variety of recreational and educational activities. Duisburg-Nord is also efﬁciently designed in terms of ecological processes.
Site Character These photos illustrate the character and essence of the existing Viaduct structure and landscape and act as a guideline for what I intended the proposed park to embody. The goal in this project is not to “change” the site and make it shiny and new. But rather to capture the essence of the site, embody it and make it functional. The Reading Viaduct is to be an asset for the daily cyclists, commuters, dog walkers, joggers, and pedestrians. It’s a place that local residents can come together, it’s a place to be.
What sets the Reading Viaduct apart from other linear parks such as the Highline and Promenade Plantee is the change in form through out this stretch of land. Elevated Section (yellow) The elevated section which begins at Vine Street and travels 10 blocks north, northwest. While traveling along this section the viewer has a sense of exposure. The elevation focuses your concentration outward on the existing surroundings and infrastructure. Here the user is offered a unique perspective of both the city’s immediate and extended context. The strong visual connection celebrates the city and connectivity. This section is the focus of this project and will be considered phase one in the design and construction process. Submerged Section (red) The Viaduct ramps down to street level at Broad then drops down thirty feet to the next section. This section, runs west parallel to Callowhill but is submerged below the street. The experience through this section is one of enclosure. This portion unlike the ﬁrst provides a refuge from the city and a place to retreat. Because of its enclosed quality the focus here has more of a reﬂective inward focus. Though because it is not fully enclosed it offers glimpses of the surrounding context, which allows the viewer to understand their location within the greater context of the city. Enclosed Section (blue) At 21st street the third section of The Viaduct begins; it’s path continues northwest as it travels under Pennsylvania Avenue. This section takes on an underground quality. It becomes completely isolated from the street life above, safety becomes incredibly important is spaces such as these. At last it daylights again in a wide ﬁeld at the base of Kelly Drive and Fairmount Park just north of the Art Museum.
Regional Connection Elevated Viaduct Submerged Viaduct
Enclosed Viaduct Center City Open Space
Open Space for Neighborhoods /CTMGV
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Proposed Viaduct Park Existing Green Space
Together these sections provide a variety of ways to experience the city of Philadelphia and form a linear park that provides a sustainable transportation link from Fairmount Park and Kelly Drive to Center City. 23
Connection to Public Transit Regional Rail Line Reading Viaduct Septa Bus Routes 2
Septa Subway Routes Broad Street Line
Market- Frankford Line
Connection to Bicycle Network Proposed Bike Lanes at Viaduct Level Proposed Bike Lanes at Street Level CTMGV
Existing Bike Lanes
The Reading Viaduct provides the city with the opportunity to encourage sustainable transportation by expanding its bicycle network and encouraging use of public transit. The current Regional Rail line bypasses this section of the city, providing no service the neighborhoods in this area. But the north end of the Viaduct, runs parallel to the existing train route, which offers the opportunity to add a new station. The station will not only provide the existing neighborhoods with a greater connection to the rest of Philadelphia but it will provide a destination point and bring activity and users to the viaduct.
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Reuse Opportunities Proposed Viaduct Park
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Activation by Building Use
Proposed Viaduct Park Building Activation
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The existing buildings along the Viaduct provide the Viaduct with many of its potential users, therefore programmatic elements will be strongly inﬂuenced by the surrounding buildings and activities. Take for example the Community College of Philadelphia which sits along the submerged section of the Viaduct. This establishment is important to the success of the viaduct. Adapting program such as a wireless connection in the park, a large performance/ amphitheater space and bicycle storage will accommodate the needs of these users drawing them into the park while providing an extension to their campus.
This map illustrates the change in experience according to the height of the buildings lining the elevated corridor. It also takes into consideration the structure of the viaduct underneath your feet. In some areas the experience is one of enclosure, here the focus of the viewer is concentrated inward. These areas may be potential gathering and seating areas with more ornate planting because the buildings provide a protective barrier from the wind and sun. Other areas are extremely expansive and provide an experience of exposure. In these areas the city of Philadelphia is exposed to the user allowing them to view the city as a palimpsest, a landscape constantly changing with remnants of the past still legible.
Schematic Drawing 2
Soap factory located at 10th & Noble (in use) 5
As one walks along the Viaduct they are taken on a journey through a landscape dotted with buildings from Philadelphiaâ€™s industrial past. Some of these buildings have recently been renovated into successful artist studios and galleries others, still vacant, provide the area with the chance to grow and evolve.
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Constraints surrounding the Viaduct include access. In it’s current condition there is only one access point. However further analysis of the site enabled multiple access points that ﬂow into the existing circulation paths. Because the majority of the Viaduct is not at the same elevation of the street the connection points become critical and have potential to become social gathering spaces.
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The master plan identiﬁes three areas where the Viaduct can easily be connected seamlessly into the surrounding context. Program is developed around these nodes to encourage and strengthen community connections to the Viaduct.
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The concept development of the project overlays the physical connection to the existing streets social and circulatory systems with the existing experiential quality of the site. The dual path system moves along the original railroad highlighting positive views of the city and the layers of its past.
Inventory & Analysis
Area 1: The Center City Connection which connects the Viaduct and the lower north Philadelphia neighborhoods to Center City Philadelphia. Area 2: The Hamilton and Bicycle Transit Center Connection. This area provides access to and from the Viaduct in the center of the elevated trail. It also provides access to the proposed bicycle transit center located in the abandoned bicycle factory. Area 3: The Fairmount Connection located at the north end of the site. This connection focuses on the winding bicycle ramp and proposed train station.
Schematic Drawing 3
Schematic Drawing 4
Center City Entrance
Perspective showing the fantastic overlook of Center city Philadelphia
North / South Elevation
Perspective showing the abandoned train station at Spring Garden transformed into the proposed Cafe.
Bicycle Factory Entrance
Perspective showing the Viaduct and ramp down to the proposed bicycle facility in the abandoned bicycle factory. 35
The landscape for the new Wharton extension is intended to signiďŹ cantly improve the visibility of this entrance while making the entrance ADA accessible. Path of rain drops
Diagram Water ďŹ‚ow
Perspective from 37th street walk
Steinberg Dietrich Hall Plaza Wharton School of Business Philadelphia, Pa Fall 2011
Accessibility is provided by a sloped walk zigzagging between the terraces. The paving throughout is proposed as reclaimed bluestone already on the site. An integral part of the entry court is that the paving continues into the lobby to blur the line inside and out.
Perspective northeast corner of plaza looking towards 37th street walk.
Planting is simple comprising three types. Ground covers that ﬁll the planting beds between the plaza and existing building to provide privacy to the ofﬁce spaces. Tall canopy trees provide dappled light without obstructing views of the entrance. And small ﬂowering trees will add seasonal color framing either side of the lobby and providing a more intimate sitting space at the lower level of the terrace. The grading concept directs storm water to the central planting beds and away from the building where it can ﬁlter naturally and inﬁltrate.
Path of rain drops
Calender of process
Seismic Bench Fall 2011
Entire bench was to be built from one 8’ x 4’ piece of plywood
Seismic, is the winning entry of the 2011 Designphiladelphia Challenge to design and fabricate a bench in ďŹ ve days using only plywood, screws and glue. Our design was a result of visual collaboration on speed. The design focuses on a ripple effect that emanates from the point and wraps around the bench exposing the layers of the plywood and creating a structure that reacted to its environment. The ripple creates an interplay of conceptual opposites: dark and light, hard and soft, thick and thin, solid and void. The red plane at the base of the bench provides support as well as a surface for sunlight cast through the holes to land. Collaboration: Michael Cheney, Chris Landau, Chris Hanley, Henry Moll, Michael Cheney, Laura Rennekamp
Published on Apr 10, 2012