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Cre ated

by: Mad ison O


- Alaska Folk Festival The Alaska Folk Festival is held in Juneau. It is in April and starts on the 11th ends on the 17th. The Alaska Folk Festival has music, fantastic food, games, prizes and much more!!! The Alaska Folk Festival is a great way for people show their personalities and express themselves and also show what kind of music they like. Each performer has 15 minutes to do their act so the take turns back and fourth doing their performance. The Alaska Folk Festival is important to Alaska because it is one way people can show the way they feel.

- Bowhead Whale • The Bowhead Whale got its name from its high arched lower jaw. They are dark black, brown or gray with white spots on their chin and belly. They can be as long as 12 feet. Their two foot layer of blubber protects them from freezing waters. It is also know as the Greenland Right Whale or Arctic Whale. They live in Arctic region and can break through 20 centimeters of frozen ice.

• Bowhead Whales are important to Alaska because it is their state marine mammal and they may become extinct.

- Caribou The Caribou is in the Deer family and can weigh 500 pounds and up. They are a gray and brown with white on the neck and have up to three feet of antlers. They feed on Moss and Lichen. They are also color blind but can fight by charging it’s prey. They can get as tall as 4-5 feet. One strange thing about Caribou is they can sleep in water. Caribou’s are always on the move, one reason is that flies are flying around them all the time so they walk around trying to get them away. Caribou are important to Alaska because people rely on their meat and use them for transportation and also for milk.

- Dog Mushing Dog mushing first began in the 1400’s. People race over 1,500 miles in ten to fifteen days with snow storms, jagged mountains, and frozen rivers in a race called the Iditarod. Dog Mushers must have Wheel Dogs, Team Dogs, Swing Dogs, and Lead Dogs. Lead Dogs are the most important dog is the Lead Dog because it reads the Mushers commands. One of the rules are: You can’t race your dogs at night.

Dog mushing is important to Alaska because it is Alaska state sport and its common for people to use Dog Sleds to travel with.

- Emerald Isle • Emerald Isle is also known as its real name Kodiak island was second largest island in the U.S.A. The Kodiak Bear and the king crab arenative to the Island. Emerald Isle is called Emerald Isle because the place is so green. A active people do daily is hunting, fishing, farming, and gathering. It also has a lot of trees, plants, and flowers.

• Emerald Isle is important to Alaska because it is a really good place for animals to live because of the trees and plants.

- Flag of Alaska • The Flag of Alaska was designed by a 13-year-old orphan named Benny Benson in 1927.There were over 700 entries! The flag shows eight gold stars, that forms the Big Dipper and the North Star, also with a dark blue color. The Big Dipper symbolizes the bear. The blue background represents the sky and the Forget-Me-Not flower (That is Alaska's state Flower). The flag was chosen in May, 1927 by Alaska Territorial Legislature. • The Flag of Alaska is important to Alaska because it represents their nation and is apart of them.

- Glacier Viewing • Glacier Viewing is an activity where you can sit a spy Glaciers. You can see them by plane, car, or even by sea. Take a cruises in Alaska and see them! It is possible to walk on a Glacier. There are estimated to 100,000 Glaciers in Alaska. When you are there you will hear Glaciers fall into the water (SPLASH!!). You can see Glaciers at Glacier Bay, Tracy Arm, Hubbard Glacier and many more places. Juneau has some Glaciers in the capital. • Glacier Viewing is important to Alaska because it is a activity a lot of people enjoy.

- Hiking • Hiking is an outdoor activity and is also physical activity were you walk mostly on trails. It is a fun way to exercise. Hiking is popular thing to do in Alaska and really fun to just to relax and enjoy the scenery. In Alaska you can Hike on mountains or in the Tundra. Hiking and Walking are two different things. First of all it is slower and you have to be careful were you step. • Hiking is important to Alaska because it is a fun way to exercise and you can get close to nature.

- Igloos • A Igloo is a house for shelter made out of snow. There are three different types of the Traditional Igloos. The first is the smallest which is a temporary Igloo and is only used for one or two nights. The second kind is a middle-sized Igloo which is usually used for one or two families. A Igloo is one single room. Last but not least is the largest Igloo. It is built in groups of two and some are built for temporary and other for nearby living. These have up to five rooms and could hold 20 people! • Igloos are important to Alaska because it is their shelter and their home.

- Jago River • The Jago River is located North of the Arctic Circle in the upper North-eastern corner of Alaska. The River even has some Glaciers that flow in it. You can go down the River but most trips down the Jago River people use small craft such as inflatable kayaks or canoes. Animals are seen along the Jago River, including Bears, Wolves, Fox, Moose, and a couple other animals too. Fishing is great at the River with a couple of different kinds of fish. • The Jago River is important to Alaska because it provides food for people and you can take a vacation down there.

- Kayaking


• Kayaking is when you use a kayak to move on water. It is like canoeing but it’s a little bit different. Kayaking is also when the person sits in the boat where the person faces forward, legs in front, using a double bladed paddle. A canoeing is when some one sits in the boat and the person faces forward and sits or kneels in the boat, using a single bladed paddle. Canoes can be closed or open. There are many different kinds of Kayaks. • Kayaks are important to Alaska because it is a sport and people can have fun going down all the rivers of Alaska.

- Lynx • A Lynx is a medium-sized Wildcat and have four legs. The Lynx has a short tail and has black tips of fur on the ends of its tail. They have ruff under their neck , with black bars (not very visible) resembling a bow tie. They have large padded paws for walking on snow, and long whiskers on the face. Their color variety from brown from goldish from white. They occasionally have brown spots everywhere. They also have white fur on their chest. • The Lynx is important to Alaska because it is where it lives and it cant survive anywhere else.

- Mount McKinley • Mount McKinley is the highest mountain in the USA. Its elevation is 20,320 feet. Erosion has stripped away the sedimentary rock’s top and bottom and has made it somewhat softer. Five large Glaciers flow off the slopes of the mountain. The Glaciers names are: Peters Glacier, Muldrow Glacier, Traleika Glacier, Ruth Glacier, and last but not least Kahiltna Glacier. • Mount McKinley is important to Alaska because you can go Glacier viewing, Hiking, or just enjoy the view.

- Northern Lights • The Northern Lights are lights that naturally appear in the sky at dark. The Northern Lights are also called the Aurora Borealis and happen at night when its really cold and really dark in mainly the polar regions. They are caused by the interaction of Earth's magnetic field with the flow of highlycharged particles from these Sun. Collisions of these particles with atmospheric molecules causes energy emission as visible light. The Northern Lights are really great and pretty!

The Northern Lights are important to Alaska because They are very rare to see and is a breath taking view!

- Old Crow River • The Old Crow River is a Wetland in Alaska and is one of the most important ones because it is good for breeding for several other animals. It is located north of the Arctic Circle. The River has very rich soil and that is great for farmers to plant their vegetation on. The climate there daily is usually about -10 degrees. In the summer its around 35 degrees. The river has a little part of history because scientist have located over 20, 000 fossils and some are in museums. • The Old Crow River is important to Alaska because it is apart of history because of all the fossils there.

- Polar Bear • The Polar Bear is the largest bear and lives in the Arctic area. It is a Carnivore and the adult male bear weighs from 7701,500 pounds while the adult female bear weighs haft the size. The Polar Bear is close to the Brown Bear but the Polar Bear is adapted to colder temperatures, moving on the ice, and the snow. Most of their diet is seals. Although most bears are born a land, they spend most of their time on sea. Now they have become endanger because of so much ice melting. Polar Bears are important to Alaska because their fur is good for making shoes called toboks and they are endangered.

- Quinhagak • Quinhagak is a city in Alaska and has a population of 555. The village has a lot of cannery business and in the summer the number of Salmon increase and becomes a great place to fish at. It is also a great place to fish for Trout, hunting Caribou, birds, moose and it is also good for picking berries.

• Quinhagak is important to Alasa because its really good for fishing and a couple people live there and don’t wont to leave.

- Red- legged Kittiwake • The Red-legged Kittiwake is a bird in Alaska and is close to the Black-legged Kittiwake. Some of the other differences from these two birds include the shorter bill, larger eyes, a larger, rounder head and darker grey wings, and in the juveniles, which barely differ from the adults, lacking the black tail band and 'W' across the wings of juvenile Blacklegged Kittiwakes. • The Red-legged Kittiwake is important to Alaska because they are so cute.

- Salmon • Salmon are born in fresh water, then migrate in the ocean and then return back the fresh water to reproduce. Salmon lay eggs and Salmon are really good fish to eat. They will slowly change from the silvery blue of a fresh run fish from the sea to a darker color. Salmon can make amazing journeys, sometimes moving hundreds of miles upstream against strong currents and rapids to reproduce. While moving throw their journey up stream most of these fascinating creatures die because the water is to shallow or the current. • Salmons are important to Alaska because they provide food for other animals and humans too.

- Tongrass National Forest • Tongrass National Forest is the largest National Forest in the United States. Most of its area is part of the temperate rain forest, and is perfect enough to be home to many species of endangered and rare animals. Several Alaska Native tribes live throughout the Forest. The is the perfect place to take a vacation to because you can walk throw some of the Forest and go Hiking, picture taking, and sight seeing. • Tongrass National Forest is important to Alaska because it is a home for animals, tribes and other people.

- Unalakleet City • The Unalakleet city is a city in Alaska and is has a great harvest of Salmon and King Crab. It also has many other animals like for example Caribou, and the Bearded Seal. The City also has a large, clean river called the Unalakleet River and it has trees, a Tundra, and lots and lots of trees. Unalakleet is the first checkpoint on the Norton Sound in the famous Iditarod Trail Sled Dos Race 851 miles from the start in Anchorage. The first Musher to reach this check point wins the Gold Coast Award and $2,500 in Gold Nuggets. • The Unalakleet City is important to Alaska because there are a couple of contest held there like Iditarod contest.

- Valdez • Valdez is a City in Alaska with the population estimated to about 4,020. Valdez is one of the most important ports in Alaska. The port of Valdez was named in 1790 after the Spanish naval officer Antonio Valdés y Fernandez Bazán. You can go sightseeing and look at the Marine life and go see Glaciers, deep-sea fishing, and skiing which is a great thing to do if you are on a trip to visit Alaska. This is a great place to have fun! • Valdez is important to Alaska because there is history that happened there and there is a lot of great things to do.

- White Water Rafting •

White Water Rafting is a challenging outdoor activity using an inflatable raft navigating throw a river or other bodies of water. This activity is usually done in white water but can be also done in really rough water, this makes it trilling and exciting. This became a sport in the mid 1970’s. Even though you can have a guide the process is a little bit dangerous and time consuming. The modern raft is an inflatable boat with materials made out of multi-layered rubberized or vinyl fabrics with several independent air chambers. The raft size can be to 11 feet to 20 feet long.

• White Water Rafting is important to Alaska because it is a fun sport and is very thrilling.

- Xtra Cold Climate With snowfall constituting a bulk of the annual precipitation each year that makes this state xtra cold climate. The climate in the extreme north of Alaska is an Arctic climate with long, very cold winters and short, cool summers. For most of the days in the Winter the temperature is usually –10 degrees. The Southeast is wettest and warmest part of Alaska with milder temperatures in the winter and high precipitation throughout the year. The highest temperature is 100 °F in June 12, 1915. One of the best things about the cold climate is there is plenty of time to go sledding, or build snowman's.

- Yukon Gold Rush • The Yukon Gold Rush is where gold was discovered there in the 19 century. The Gold was first discovered in Rabbit Creek, which was later named Bonanza Creek. It is not clear who made the actual discovery. Many people say their on onion but no one no’s for a fact. News reached the United States in July 1897 and people went crazy to look for it. It was in the city that many would go up north in search of wealth. • The Yukon Gold Rush is important to remember because it was a big celebration in that time.

- Zoo of Alaska • The zoo in Alaska is in Anchorage and around 200,000 people visit a year. The zoo is currently home to more than 100 birds and mammals representing some 50 species. The zoo has the widest variety of animals native to the state of Alaska as well as some not such as Siberian Tiger, Amur tigers, Bactrian Camels, and a couple other animals. • The Zoo of Alaska is important to Alaska because lots of people enjoy seeing all the animals.

Madison Owen  

This is an ebook on the state of Alaska.

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