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ALASKA E-BOOK BY: SEKRET MCLAURIN


A-Anchorage Anchorage is the largest city in Alaska. Anchorage was discovered by a group of Russian explorers in 1784. The Russians sold Anchorage to America in 1867 for the sum of $7,200,000. An earthquake struck South central Alaska on March 27 th 1964.


B-Benny Benson Benny Benson was a 13-year old orphan who won the Alaska flag contest in March 1927.Benny Benson won a gold watch with his flag design on it, and they also gave him $1,000 for a trip to Washington.


C-Caribou A Caribou is the largest member of the deer family. It lives on the North Slope on Alaska during the summer so that it can eat off of the plentiful food supply. Caribous are found in northern regions of Alaska.


D - Dog Sledding Dog Sledding was not a sport until the late 1890’s. Alaska is famous for dog sledding. A Jr. Iditarod is a 148 to 158 mile sled dog race for mushers 14 to 17 years old. Dog sledding was included in 1932 in the Winter Olympics at Lake Placid in New York.


E-Eskimos

Eskimos do not live in igloos! Eskimos live in houses like we do. They have almost everything like us. Most of the Eskimo groups relied on sea mammals for food. Fish and caribou were the next importance on the list. Some Eskimos do live in houses like we do and some do not. Some Eskimos live in tents made out of caribou skin.


F-Flag Alaska's State Flag has the North Star in the right hand corner and the Big Dipper in the center. The flag was design by Benny Benson, a 13-year old orphan in the 7 th grade. The North Star can be used as a guide to the Alaskans to locate Polaris.


G - The Great Seal When Alaska was still a district, the first Governor designed that district on a seal. When she/he designed it, it had all most everything that ever happened in Alaska. The seal of Alaska was a great representation of the forty-ninth state.


H-Haines If you wanted a self-guided walk up to Haines Mountain it would take 1.6 miles to walk up it. Hiking Haines is a good several days hike. Haines is located in the southeastern area of Alaska. Traveling this way would be your shortest gateway to Glacier Bay. Haines has 260 different kinds of bird species.


I-Igloo Some Igloos have windows made of blocks of ice or seal guts. Hunters in Alaska can build an Igloo in about one hour. An igloo can be any size, but mostly just big enough for the family. The only thing you need to build an igloo is a snow spade and a saw. A man could stand on a igloo with out breaking it.


J-Juneau Juneau is the state capital of Alaska. Over 800,000 visitors experience Juneau’s wonderful beauty. Juneau has 130 miles of hiking trails. Behind Juneau is a 1,500 square mile glacier ice. Juneau has 114 species of birds and several species of whales.


K - Kuskokwim Delta The Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta is one of the largest river delta in the world. The Yukon and the Kuskokwim Rivers both empty out in the Bering Sea in the west coast of the U.S. Alaska. The nickname of Kuskokwim River is the Kusko River. This river is 724 miles long and moves southwest of Alaska.


L - Lance Mackey Lance Mackey is an American dog sled racer from Fairbanks Alaska. He is a three-time winner of the 1,000 Yukon Quest. He was nominated in 2007 for a ESPY award. Lance was in the first position. In 1983 Lance’s older brother Rick won wearing bib #13. In 2007, which was Lance’s sixth Iditarod he also won wearing bib #13.


M - Moose The moose is the largest species in the deer family. Male moose have antlers and they are called bulls. Female moose do not have antlers and they are called cows. Moose mostly habitate in a wetland area on the northwest side of a lake.


N-Northern Lights In order to get the full visual of the Northern lights you should stay away from the places were there are not that many lights or it will be hard to see. The northern lights are also called Aurora Borealis. The reason they are called the northern lights because the poles of the earths magnetic field.


O-Oil In Alaska oil is a natural resource. Not only oil is a natural resource ,but gas, coal, gold and silver and a whole lot of other stuff. Oil was form of the remains of plants and animals from a long time ago. Oil was here over 300 million years ago. We have used oil over 5000 years. Oil can be found under ground where there are a lot of rocks.


P-Parka A parka is a coat that people use in Alaska to stay worm. Parkas sometimes have wolf fur around the edge of the hood. A parka can protect your face from below freezing temperatures and strong winds and if your in Alaska frost bite. Parkas originally made out of caribou and seal.


Q-Quartz Lake

Quartz Lake is about 10 mile long lake that travels north of delta junction. It was named by early mineral prospectors. Most of the lakes shore is private property. The recreation are has access to both Quartz Lakes and nearby little lost lake. The lake is fairly shallow in a lot of places but not all places.


R - Red-legged Kittiwake

The Red-legged Kittiwake is a seabird species in the gulf family. Adults are 35-40 cm long and a 84-92 cm wingspan. Kittiwakes mostly spend there time in the North Pacific, North Atlantic and Artic Oceans. During the summer they mostly form noisy colonies. They are the only gulf species that nest on cliffs.


S-Seals of Alaska Harbor seals are one of the most widely disrupted sea mammals in the coast of Alaska. Harbor seals represent a marine resource. Counts of harbor seals have decreased in some areas of Alaska over the last 20 years. The decreased in the numbers is most in the Kodiak Archipelago of the gulf of Alaska.


T - Taigas

Taigas is the worlds most largest terrestrial biome. It is located in North America and mostly travels through Canada and Alaska. Taigas is mostly used to only describe the more barren areas. Taigas stretches along the southern pacific ocean. It also includes the Kodiak archipelago.


U-Unalaska Alaska Unalaska, Alaska is the largest fishing port in the US. Unalaska is the 11th largest city in Alaska and it has a community about 4,000 residents. Unalaska is located on Unalaska island neighboring Amaknak island. The official name for Unalaska is the Dutch Harbor.


V -Valdez

Valdez is a city in Alaska. Valdez is one of the most important ports in Alaska. Valdez was named in 1790 by Salvador Fidalgo a Spanish explorer. Steamship companies promoted the Valdez Glazier as a better way to reach the Klondike gold field. In 1907 a shootout between two railroad companies Valdez hope.


W - Willow Ptarmigan

The Willow Ptarmigan is the state bird of Alaska. In the summer males plumage (layer of feathers or pattern and color) is marbled brown and reddish around the neck and breast. In the winter both male and female plumages become completely white except for the tail it stays black.


X – X-back Dog Harness A dog harness is a piece of equipment for dogs. A harness is worn with a collar and used as a leash attachment. This design was made prevent choking. There are three different types of harnesses: the freight harness, the h-back harness, and of course the x-back harness.


Y–Yak A Yak eats about 1/3 as much hay as a cow eats. Adult Yaks can weigh up to 600-800 lbs. and stand 4.5 feet at the shoulders. They can live to be 20 to 25 years old. At two years of age, a Yak can start to pack up 150 pounds. It is the downy undercoat that sheds off during the spring.


Z – Zinc The Red Dog mine is a zinc lead mine located in northwest Alaska. The Red Dog Mine is one of the worlds largest zinc producer of zinc. The red dog is located on a piece of land owned by the NANA Regional Corporation. Zinc is a major resource in Alaska. Not only Alaska uses zinc the US uses zinc in a lot of stuff.



Sekret McLaurin