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CONT ENT 24

N a t u r a l P a t t e r n s : R o c k

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I n t e r p r e t a t i o nC e n t r ei nl o ma sd el a c h a y

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i l i vmu s i cp e r f o r ma n c ec e n t r e

S t udi o2. 0:ar tandar chi t et ur e S t udi o5. 0:ar chi t ect ur eandenvi r oment S t udi o8. 0:s emes t erabr od

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p a c h a c u t e c ’ sb a c k b o n e

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n e u r o l o g i c a l r e h a b i l i t a t i o nc e n t r espi n a l c o r da n db r a i ni n j u r i e s

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C O N S T R U Y EI D E N T I D A D

S t udi o9. 1:ar chi t ect ur eandur bani s m S t udi o10. 0:t hes i spr oj ect NGO


Natural Patterns STUD IO

2.0:A RT

AND

A RC H ITEC TURE

ROCK

T hi ss t udi oont het hi r ds emes t erofar chi t ect ur ewasaboutt heabs t r act i on ofs hapesf oundi nnat ur e. T he as s i gnment was t o t ake one s hape ofa nat ur alenvi r onmentand conver ti tonapat t er n.Nexts t epwas t o make i tpar tofan ar chi t ect ur al des i gn,as i mpl epavi l i onhonor i ngt hi s pi eceofnat ur ef r om wher et hes hape wasgot t en. T he cl as swasdi vi ded i nf ourgr oups ; eachgr oupgotdi f f er entnat ur al envi r onmentasdes er t ,r ock mount ai ns , beachand f or es t .Mygr oup gott he r ocks ,wewentont hes ear choft hem and f ound a gr eatvar i et yofs hapes , col or sandt ext ur es . We t ookpi ct ur esand s ampl es ,and af t ercol l ect i ng and anal yz i ng al lt he i nf or mat i on,eachofusgotonedi f f er entki ndofr ock,f r om wher ewet ook t hes hapef ort hepat t er n.

2


Igota ki nd ofs i l i ceous r ock;t hi si sat ypeofs edi ment ar yr ock t hat has s i l i ca as i t s pr i nci pal cons t i t uent ,t hepi ct ur eI had was t aken on a canyon near t o L i ma, t hes ur f acehad at ext ur ewi t hacl eardi r ect i on, i thad s t r i pest hatwer e s ect i oned on l i t t l e pi eces .

Dur i ngt hemani pul at i onandi nves t i gat i onoft her ock t hatI had,I pl ayedwi t hf i l t er s ,expos ur e,l i ghtands at ur at i onofcol or samongot her s . Whent hepi ct ur ecol or swer echangedt obl ackand whi t eInot i cedt hats omes hapeswer econs t ant l yr epeat ed,af t erdr awi ngand t es t i ngt hi ss hape,If i nal l y goti t .Anel ongat edt r apez oi ds hapecameout .

3


T he f i nali magesar e par toft he r es ul t of var i ous t echni ques appl i ed t ot he s haped ex t r at ed. As s ubt r act i on, addi t i on, voi ds andf i l l s .

R O C KP A V I L I O N T her es ul twasver yi nt er es t i ngex ampl eofhow as ur f acecanbet r ans f or medbyus i ngones hapeandpl ayi ng wi t hi t .

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interpretation center in lomas de lachay STUDIO 5.0:ARCHITECTURE AND ENVIRO NM ENT

The m ai n goalat thi sl evelw as to devel op a proj ect i nm erse i n nature. The assi gnam ent w as a desi gn for the Interpretati on Center i n Lom as de Lachay, w hi ch i s a naturalreserve i n the north of Li m a. Thi s center shoul d contai n a pl ace w here w orkers coul d perform thei r everyday j ob i n the best condi ti ons, w here vi si tors have a pl ace to stay,and a pl ace w i th l aboratori es w here speci al i sts can m ake thei r research.

conceptual i zati on To devel op the task I had to thought on a concept that w oul d l et m e rel ate archi tecture w i th such an especi al natural envi ronm ent. I thought on the i dea of roots and the w ay they adapt to the ground l i ke i f they w ere part of i t. Then I thought on the TARA tree, thi s ki nd of tree grow s l om as de l achay and i ti s speaci al because of i ts terri fyi ng appearance, i t has very tw i sted branches wi th thornes.

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fi rsti deas

PROJ ECT T he r es ul twas a bui l di ng t hatbl ends wi t h nat ur e , ent er s t he ear t h and f ur r ows i t s ways as a r oot .I t appear sonones i deof t he mount ai n i n a hol l ow s hape, wher e yous eewhathappens i ns i de.

Bei ngt heT ARA t heel ementi nwhi chIbas et heconcept,Ii magi net hebui l di ngasar oott r yi ngt ocome t ol i ght,s qui r mi ngbet weenl andandmakesi t s el fpar t ofi t .T he f i r s ti deaswer e emer gi ng ,It houghti na bur i ed bui l di ng onone s i de whi l e ont he ot hers ome openi ngswoul dappearont hemount ai n.

Ont hi ss i de oft he bui l di ng ar el ocat ed t he l i br ar yandt hevi ewpoi nt ,t o whi ch i ti sconnect ed by a cor r i dor wi t houtcover,wher et he s ky i sf r amed by t he wal l s.Ont hi ss i deoft he mount ai nt her ear eal s o r oomsf orvi s i t or s . Ont heot hers i deoft he mount ai n,t he bui l di ng emer gesasa t r ee l ooki ng f orl i ght .T he L abs and t he caf et er i a ar e l ocat ed on t hi ss i de of t hebui l di ng.

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ili vmusi cperformancecenter S T U D IO

8 .0 :S E M E S T E R

A BRO A D

Dur i ng my s emes t erabr oad att he Uni ver s i t y ofL i ver pool ,UK.It ook a ur ban pl anni ng wor ks hop.T he wor k wasdevel opedi ngr oupsandt het as k cons i s t edonaur banr egener at i onof an ar ea cal l ed Bal t i cT r i angl e ,t hi s ar eai si nt heDocksandf or mer l ywas t hes t or agear eaoft hegoodscomi ng t hr ought hemar i t i memar ket. T hear chi t ect ur eoft hi sar ea i smos t l y s ol i d,br i ck,asi nal mos tal lL i ver pool . We can f i nd many abandoned hi ghr i s ewar ehous es . Par toft het as kwast ogi vet hi spar tof ci t yans peci f i cus e,andt odevel opi t asavi br antnucl eo.

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p r o je c t Wet houghtont hei deaofami ni mus i cal ci t y,mus i cal cul t ur ei sver yi mpor t antf ort heci t y ofL i ver pool .A s er i esofbui l di ngst hats ur r oundt heent i r ear eaoft heBal t i cT r i angl ewer e pr opos ed,l eavi ngt hemi ddl ear eaasaf r ees pace.Fi el di st hendi vi dedi nt oar eass uch asMus i cFact or y,wher eever yt hi ngt hathad t obewi t hpr oduci ngmus i ci sl ocat ed,as wor ks hopsandof f i ces .L i vNos t al gi a,anar eawher eyoucoul dr emembert hemos ti mpor t antf i gur esofmus i ci nL i ver pool ,i nwhi chwecanf i ndmus eums .Andl as t l yL i vSt age, agr eats t agef ort hebi gges tconcer t s .T hi si deawoul dl eadL i ver pool t ot heeyeofmus i c i ndus t r yandf ul l yr evi t al i z et heBal t i cT r i angl ear ea.

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Natural Patterns STUD IO

2.0:A RT

AND

A RC H ITEC TURE

9


P ACHACUTE`S BACKBONE STUD IO 9.1:A RC HITEC TURE A N D URBA N ISM T heas s i gnmentcons i s t edonadeepanal ys i sofPachacut ecNei ghbor hood andapr opos al ofi deasf oranew ur bans ys t em t or eact i vat et hear ea.T hi s wor kwasdonei ngr oupsoft hr eepeopl e,oncet hepr opos al s t agewasover , eachper s ont ookapi eceofl andf ort hedevel opmentofamor epr eci s es ol ut i onf ort hequar r yhous i ngpr obl em.

F OOT PRI NT

ALTI TUDE

DENSI TY

5

10


analysis

Pachacut eci st hebi gges tandmos tpo- Dur i ngt heanal ys i swef oundoutt hatt hi s pul at ed nei ghbor hood oft he Cons t i t u- i nf or maldevel opmentwasgr owi ng wi t h t i onalPr ovi nce ofCal l ao.I ti spar tof noor der ,and s ooni twi l lbecomechao-

hi spl aceal s ohads ome Vent ani l l a di s t r i ct ,t hi sdi s t t i cthasgone t i c.Howevert t r i but es as t he wet l ands by t he t hr oughapr oces sofeconomi c,s oci al, at hatat r actl ot sofs peci esof cul t ur al ,pol i t i caland ur ban changes , beach,t r dsdur i ng cer t ai n per i odsoft he mos toft hem unpl anned,bei ngt hedi s bi ear ,t hi sf actwasver yi mpor t antbet r i ctwi t h mos t l y poor ,geogr aphi cal l y y ei twoul d pr omot e an envi r ondi s j oi nt ed and di s or gani z ed,wi t h wor r - caus yi ngl evel sofenvi r onment al pol l ut i on.

ment al conci ous nes s .

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C O NC E P T U A L I Z A T I O N

Whenwe wer e wonder i ng onanor de- t he ci t y and pr ot ect i ng wet l ands .T hus , r i ng met hod f orPachacut ec,we had t he ver t ebr ae, whi ch s t r uct ur ed t he t he i dea ofs omet hi ng el ongat ed t hat col umn,coul dbei nt er pr et at edasi ns t i t uhad t r ans ver s ebr anchest hatactasor - t i onalbui l di ngsands pacesneces s ar yf or gani z eron ot hers i de.Wecameupwi t h t he pr operf unct i oni ng oft he nei ghbor t hei deaofaver t ebr alcol umnascom- hood.T her oot soft hes pi nalcor d,whi ch put erconcept.T hes pi nepr ovi dess t abi i nhumanbodyar er es pons i bl ef ort r ans l i t yt ot he humanbody,t r ans l at i ng t hi s por t i ngemot i ons ,i nt hepr oj ectwoul dbe i deai nt oar chi t ect ur ewoul dbet hatt he r es pons i bl ef ort he phys i calr el at i ons hi p backbones t r uct ur eactasanor gani z er wi t ht hes ea. oft heci t y,cont ai ni ngt heex pans i onof

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i d e a s

Once we had a mor e devel oped con-

t hei rcar e.

cept uali dea ,we t houghtt hi nkoft hi s

T het r ans ver s ebr ancheswoul dbephys i -

ver t ebr alcol umn asa l i nealpar kt hat

cal connect i onswi t ht hes ea,l i keaar t e-

goest hr ough al lpachacut ec asa s u-

s analf i s hi ng por t ,docks ,acces st ot he

ppor tf ort hepopul at i ongr owt hand as

beachesandadi f f us i oncent erf orwet -

r evi t al i z i ngel ement .

l ands .Weal s ohadt hei deaofanaer i al

T hi sl i nearpar k woul ds er ve al s o asa

connect i on t hr ough a cabl e cart hat

boundar y bet ween t he ci t y and t he

cr os s ed t he whol e nei ghbor hood t o

wet l ands ,asar et ai ni ngwal l t opr omot e

r eacht hel owerpar twher et hebeachi s .

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N e u r o l o g ic a l rehabilitation centre S TU D IO

1 0 .0 :

TH E S IS

P R O JE C T

Asat hes i spr oj ect ,t het hemehast opl aywi t has etoff act or sascompl exi t y,s i z e, s i t e,pr ogr am and t he r el at i on ofal loft hem.T hi spr oj ectmus tbe bas ed on s t r ongconcept ual val uesandbel i ef s .I ti sanexer ci s et hatal l owss t udent st oexpl or et hei rowni nt er es t sandt odevel opauni queopi ni on.Reachi ngaconcr et e andcompl et epr oj ectdemons t r at i ngwhatt hei rhave l ear nedont hecar eer .

Ichos et o wor kon a Rehabi l i t at i on Cent ers peci al i z ed on t he t r eat mentof peopl ewi t hs equel sofdi s eas esori nj ur i esonbr ai nors pi nal cor d,wor ki ngont he r ecover yoft hei rhumancapaci t i esorqual i t i esf ort hei rever ydayl i f eand r eachi nganopt i mal phys i cal ,ps ychol ogi cal ,s oci al ,occupat i onal andeducat i onal devel opment . T hepr oj ecti ncor por at est heconceptofar chi t ect ur easat her apeut i cmedi um. Wher ear chi t ect ur eandt heenvi r onmenthaveadi r ecti nf l uenceont hebehavi orandr ecover yoft hepat i ent .

WH Y ? I nPer u,t her ei snor egi s t erofexi s t anceofacent ert hatof f er sacompl et e pr ogr am f ort he t r eat mentofbr ai n and s pi nalcor di nj ur i es ,t he cl os es t onei si nCuba ( CI REN) .

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H O W?

-

=

+

Heal t hcar e Ar chi t ect ur e commi t t ed t ot he envi r onment and pr omot eroft he cons t antr el at i onbet weenpat i ent andnat ur al envi r onment .

wh e r e ? l al i i b e r t a d t r u j i l l o

p e r u

t a b l a z o

h u a n c h a c o

view

T hepr oj ecti spl aced i nHuanchaco-T r uj i l l o,whi chi saci t yi ncoas t al nor t hwes t er nPer uand t hecapi t al of L aL i ber t ad Regi on.I ti st he cent r e oft he s econd mos tpopul ousmet r opol i t anar eaofPer uand mos tpopul ousci t y oft he Nor t h macr or egi onoft hecount r y. Huanchacoi sabeachs i det ownof Mochi ca or i gi nand a popul arvacat i on s pot .I ti st he mos tvi s i t ed beachofT r uj i l l oandi ti ss i t uat ed12 km nor t hwes toft he ci t yi na bay, onat er r aceatt hef ootofCampanamount ai n.T j hepr oj ecti ss peci f i cal l yi n elT abl az o,wi ch i s al s o f aci ng t he cos tand 3km away f r om hunchaco.

from

site

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P R O G R A M 12750 m2

TO TA L A REA Af t ert hes t udyoft hef unct i oni ng of di f f er ent i nt er nat i onal r ef er ence pr oj ect s as Gut t man I ns t i t ut ei n Bar cel ona or Rehab Bas el Rehabi l i t at i on Cent er ,and nat i onal ex ampl esast hePer uvi an I ns t i t ut e ofRehabi l i t at i on andS anPabl oRehabi l i t at i on Cent eri nL i ma,pl us t he anal ys i s of us er behavi or , t he pr ogr am was f i nal l y det er mi nat e.

u s e r s 928

USERS PER D A Y

PAT I ENT S T hecr i t er i onus edf orcal cul at i ngt he n u mb e r o f p a t i e n t s a n d p e o p l e a t 34% t endi ng t ot hi sr ehabi l i t at i on cent er ( f ami l y,medi cal ,admi ni s t r at i ve and er vi ce s t af f ) ,i sdet er mi ned by t he MEDI CAL s s t andar dsofMI NS A( Per uvi an mi ni s T EAM t er yofheat h) ,t hes es t andar dswer e 9% foundi nt he` Gui deeval uat i oncr i t er i a f or i nves t ment pr oj ect si nt he ADMI N heal t hs ect or ´ . AND S ERVI CE Wi t ht hecor r ectdat aofpopul at i on, S T AF F t her at eofpeopl ewi t hneur ol ogi cal

7%

F AMI L Y

50%

di s abi l i t i esandt her at eofpeopl eat t endi ngt heout pat i entcl i ni cf orneur ol ogi calcons ul t at i ons t hi s number canbedet er mi nat e.

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P R e c e d e nt s

R E H A BB A S E LR E H A B I L I T A T I O NC E N T E Rg r o o tk l i mme n d a a lr e h a bc e N T E R HERZOG & DEMEURON Bas el ,Swi t z er l and

KOENVANVEL SEN Ar nhem,Hol l and

b e i th a l o c h e mr e h a bc e n t e r

O N EK I D SP L A C ER E H A BC E N T E R

KI MMEL& ESHKOL OT BeerSheeva,I s r ael

MI T CHEL LARCHI T ECT S Ont ar i o,Canada

Dur i ng t he anal yz i ng pr oces soft hi spr oj ect s ,s ome f act or st heyhave i n common cameout .L at er ,t hi sf act or sbecamedes i gncr i t er i af ort hedevel opmentoft hepr oj ect : Wai vert ot heus ual apper eanceofaheal t hcent er ,t hei nt ent i ont opr ovi deal l pos s i bl es paceswi t hnat ur al l i ghtandvent i l at i ont hr oughi nt er i ori nt er i orpat i os . Regar di ngt hez oni ngofus es ,publ i car easr emai nont hel owerl evel s,pr i vat ez ones t endt obeatt het op.Mos toft hi ski ndofbui l di ngsar el ow r i s e,al l owi ngas moot hand uni nt er r upt edf l ow orci r cul at i onpat i ent s . T heyar e us ual l yl ocat ed out s i de t he ci t y,i nnat ur alnat ur alenvi r oment swi t hl ands capeval ue.T hear chi t ect ur ehasa good i nt er i or ex t er i orr el at i onbyar r angi ngt he r oomsout war d,max i mi z i ngt henat ur al l i ghti nt oi t .

I mpor t anceoft hemat er i al si nt heper cept i on oft hebui l di ngasaheal t hbui l di ng.El ement sas caneors t ones etabet t err el at i ons hi pwi t ht he nat ur alenvi r onment .Al s ot hi snat ur almat er i al s wor kasmul t i s ens or ys t i mul at or s .

ma t e r i a l i z a t i o n

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P R O J E C T SITE and accesibility T hel and i sl ocat ed ona t er r ace,30 met er sabove t he l eveloft he s ea. T he ocean i nt he f r ontand att he backands i des ,wecans eeuni f ami l i arhous es . mai navenue s econdar yavenue l ocal s t r eet

T hebes twayt oent ert hef i el di sf r om t hecor ner ,wher et hemai navenueands econdar yavenuei nt er s ect ,t hatwi l lbet hemai npr oj ectent r y,t hi si sneart hebuss t op andgi vesaneas i erandf l uentent r yi nt ot hepr oj ect .T hes econdar yors er vi ceent r ancewi l l bebes i det hes econdar yavenue,aswel l ast heent r acet ot hepar ki ngl ot .

DISPOSITION OF VOLUMES Regar di ngt ohow t hevol umesar eor der edont hef i el d,t hepr oyectpr opos al s hows s ever alvol umeswhi cheachcont ai ndi f f er entki nd oft her apy,t hi ss epar at ed vol umesar ear t i cul at edbyal i neal ci r cul at i oncover edbyabambool i ghtcei l i ng. T hepr oj ecti sor i ent edt ot hes out hwes t ,ast hevi ew f r om t hehos pi t al i z at i onuni ti sdi r ect ed t ot he l ands cape.T he openi ngsbet weent he t her apeut i c uni t sf r ame t he vi ewsf r om t hebackoft hef i el dt ot hes ea.

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FINAL PLOT PLAN

T H E R A P E U T I CU N I T MOT ORF UNCT I ONS

T he pr opos al s hows s ever al vol umes whi cheachcont ai ndi f f er entki ndoft her apy,t hi ss epar at edvol umesar ear t i cul at ed bya l i nealci r cul at i on cover ed bya bambool i ghtcei l i ng. T hepr oj ecti sor i ent edt ot hes out hwes t , ast hevi ew f r om t hehos pi t al i z at i onuni ti s di r ect edt ot hel ands cape.

F RONT

T he openi ngsbet ween t he t her apeut i c uni t sf r amet hevi ewsf r om t hebackoft he BACK f i el dt ot hes ea.

T hel and hasa3. 5m l eveldi f f er encebet ween t he hi ghes tand t he l owes tpar t , t hel owes ts i def acest hes eas i de,whi l e t hehi ghes tf acest heci t y.T hi sdi f f er ence i nl evel sgave t he oppor t uni t yt o pl ace t he vol umesont he s l ope and maxi mi z e l i ghtandvent i l at i oni nt hes pacesont he bas ement .

i n t e r i o rwi e wf r o mt h el a n g u a g et h e r a p y

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1F L O O R V i e wo ft h el a n g u a g et h e r a p h ya r e aWa t i n gr o o m T hewai t i ngar eai swher epat i ent sandf ami l i esus ual l ys pendmos toft het i me,s oi t wast houghtasacomf or t abl eandpl eas i ngs pace,t hi sbyi nt egr at i ngt hei ns i det o t hout s i de. .

I nt heHi dr ot her apyuni tt hecombi nat i onsofl i ghtand s hades ,t he us e of nat ur almat er i al s ,openand encl os ed s pacesand t he connect i on wi t ht he ext er i or ,make f ora hi ghl ys ens uous andr es t or at i veexper i ence.

H I D R o t h e r a p yU N I T v i e wo ft h ema i nc o u r t y a r d T he mai n cour t yar d i s i nt endedasa platform wher e pat i ent s can per f or m var i ous act i vi t i es asdancepr es ent at i ons or ar texhi bi t i ons . Next t o t he cour t yar di sa s mal l cof f e bar .

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o u t s i d eV i e wo ft h el a n g u a g ea n dL e a r n i n gt h e r a p h ya r e aWa t i n gr o o m Fort hef acadeIt houghti nbamboopanel st hatl etl i ghtandvent i l at i oni nt ot hehos pi t al i z at i onr ooms .Bet weenonebui l di ngandt heot hert her ei saf l ot i ngs paceconcei vedasal i vi nganddi nni ngr oom f ort hepat i ent s ,t hecoveroft hi ss pacewasal s o bamboo.

e l e v a t i o n

s e c t i o n1

s e c t i o n2

Sect i on1s howshow t hebamboopanel sact s ,l et t i ng i nl i ghtand wi nd ,s ect i on2 s howst hes amewi t ht hef l oat i ng vol ume,whi chi t sal s ocover ed ofbambo,i nt he backas or toft i ght l ywovenbamboopr ot ect st hei nners pacef r om t heout s i de.On t her oof ,pol ycar bonat ei sus ed f ori ns ul at i on,whi chal l owsl i ghtbuti s ol at esi tf r om humi di t y.

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v i e wo ft h eC o v e r e dc i r c u l a t i o n L i nearci r cul at i oncover edbyal i ghtbamboocover age,t hi sr oadact sast hel i nchpi noft hepr oj ect .

L i ke i nt he ment alt her apeut i c ar ea,t he mot or ar ea al s o have wai t i ng r ooms , whi char es i t uat ed ont hegapsbet ween bui l di ngs .T hi ss pacesopent hevi ew t ot he l ans cape,and gi vesa pl eas antenvi r onmentt ot hepat i entandf ami l y.

T heendr es ul ti sal ongbui l di ng wi t haf ew f l oor s ,i ti st her es ul tofas er i esofvol umes ar t i cul at ed bya mai ns haf t .T he bui l di ng i st r eat ed wi t hnat ur almat er i al ss uchas r ock,woodandbamboo,f actt hatmakesi t sappear eanceadapt abl et ot heenvi r onment .

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