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1. Index 2. Introduction 3. About me 4. Prior knowledge 5. G.O. 6. Quote - natural resources 7. What is a resource? 8. G.O. resource 9. What is a natural resources? 10. Natural resources news 11. Natural resources cartoon 12. Types of natural resources 13. Water resources 14. Soil resources


Hi my name is Laura. I do this virtual booklet so all of us motivate to take care of the resources and start saving each resource. Each of us needs to take care of it because without it we can’t live. The natural resources are the ones that are found on Earth. It’s time all of us take care of our house, and animal’s house. If we don’t take care, where are we going to life?


My name is Laura Lorena Agredo Santa, I am 11 year old. I love to play, be with my family and read sea animals books. I like Math class, English class, but all the subjects are fun for me. My hobbies are: paint, draw and help others. I think that all of us can start taking care of the Earth now .


I THINK NATURAL RESOURCES ARE:  The ones that come from nature like it name say.  Some examples are: air, water, soil.  They are like the basic component from earth, with out it we can live.  They can be used to many activities like: water for agricultural, industrial and other kind of activities. Soil is made up of organic matter , that help plants grow on soil. Energy comes from water, sunlight, wind and other things that help us work easier.  All of us need this resources so we need to take so things into account before they finish.


Resources

sources or supplies from which benefit is produced, resources are materials that are transformed to produce a benefit and in the process may be consumed.

are

are Natural Resources

Materials found on Earth ,and are derived from the enviroment.

types

Nonrenewable

Renewable def

=

ex Fresh air,plants,water,soil, and trees.

Are the sources that can be replaced quickly

•Renewable resources cycle over and over •Nonrenewable resources cannot replaced quicky •Renewable resources used solar energy •Nonrenewable resources used sources to produced vapor,and obtain energy.

def •The two sources function us transducers converting energy from one form to another,and is useful for a purpose. •Both are natural resources

Resources that can`t be replaced quickly

Oil,coal,gold,silver,and diamonds

ex


Behold, my brothers, the spring has come. The earth has received the embraces of the sun and we shall soon see the results of that love! Every  seed is awakened and so has all animal life. It is through this mysterious  power that we too have our being and we therefore yield to our neighbors,  even our animal neighbors, the same right as ourselves to inhabit this land.  My love of our native soil is wholly mystical." -  Chief Sitting Bull (Tatanka Iyotaka), Hunk papa Sioux (1831-1890)


"The battle we have fought, and are still fighting for the forests is a part of the eternal conflict between right and wrong, and we cannot expect to see the  end of it ... So we must count on watching and striving for these trees, and  should always be glad to find anything so surely good and noble to strive for." - John Muir "Only after the last tree has been cut down…the last river has been  poisoned…the last fish caught, only then will you find that money cannot be  eaten." - Cree Indian Prophesy


A resource is a source or supply from which benefit is produced. Typically a resources are materials that are transformed to produce benefit and in the process may be consumed or made unavailable. Resources have three main characteristics: 1) utility, 2) limited availability, and 3) potential for depletion or consumption. Resources have been variously categorized as biotic. Vs . abiotic, renewable. Vs .non-renewable.


RESOURCES

the

Resources are divide in 2 :

one

Is call Renewable – resources : That are the ones that can be replaced quickly .

the the Natural resources are materials found on Earth. With this things we can survive.

Other is call Nonrenewable – resources : That are the ones that can’t be replaced quickly.

some Examples are diamonds, coal ,oil, silver and gold

some Examples are trees and some kinds of plants. other Examples but of renewable natural resources are : Air, water and soil


Natural resources occur naturally in environments that exist in a natural form. A natural resource is often characterized by amounts of biodiversity and geodiversity existent in various ecosystems. Natural resources are derived from the environment. Some of them are essential for our survival while most are used for satisfying our wants. Natural resources may be further classified in different ways.


Colombia needs to make better use of natural resources' By: CHRISTIAN BROWN / DRAFTING OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS | 24:12 | October 5, 2011 So said former Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers during his visit to Colombia. According to former White House aide, natural resources, infrastructure, education and the quality of government are "keys" to a successful economy. Mining activity, Summers said, should be more environmental commitment. "I am convinced that if Colombia takes its greatest strengths in the field of natural resources and the government is moving and moving fast and a strong economy will grow between 5 percent and 6 percent, rise to prosperity begins," he said. For the FTA between Colombia and the United States, Summers said he believes that in a month will be approved and signed. "Many see this treaty as something that expands when it is about to be approved, but today I am here to tell you that it will soon be a reality, I invite the country to build what is necessary to use it," he said. Summers's intervention came during Expogestion 2011, which was also attended by President Juan Manuel Santos.


By Sheryl Devour, Chicago Tribune 9:42 p.m. CST, March 7, 2012 Illinois Beach State Park has been closed since a devastating storm last summer downed hundreds of trees, making it unsafe for visitors. But a proposed law could help pay the costs for such a cleanup in the future, as well as for maintenance there and at other state parks. State Rep. Joann Osmond, R-Antioch, is sponsoring a bill that would allow the Illinois Department of Natural Resources to charge fees at properties it owns. The bill left committee Tuesday and could be up for vote in the House as early as March 22. Osmond said the state could generate $7 million to $8 million annually if it charged an annual $25-per-vehicle entrance fee that would cover Illinois Beach State Park, near Zion; Vole Bog State Natural Area; Chain O' Lakes State Park; and Moraine Hills State Park in northern Illinois, as well as other state parks.


.

This cartoon shows how people are wasting both money and natural resources all over our planet. On the left side, three different people are complaining about how people are wasting money "beyond their means." In response to this, the person at the bottom left is angry because they think the whole world has gone mad with wasting money and resources. Then, the man using the bulldozer on the right is saying "Whole?" in response to the angry person because he is taking chunks away from the Earth due to the "Human Over Consumption of Natural Resources," which represents how much we are wasting the world's natural resources.


There are 3 types of natural resources :

WATER SOIL ENERGY


The water at the same time which is the most abundant liquid on Earth, represents the most important natural resource and the basis of all life. Water can be considered a renewable resource when its use is carefully controlled, processing, release movement. Each water molecule is formed by an oxygen atom and two of hydrogen. Water resources are sources of water that are useful or potentially useful to humans. Uses of water include agricultural, industrial, household, recreational and environmental activities. Virtually all of these human uses require fresh water. 97% of water on the Earth is salt water, leaving only 3% as fresh water of which slightly over two thirds is frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps. The remaining unfrozen freshwater is mainly found as groundwater, with only a small fraction present above ground or in the air. Fresh water is a renewable resource, yet the world's supply of clean, fresh water is steadily decreasing. Water demand already exceeds supply in many parts of the world and as the world population continues to rise, so too does the water demand.


Water resources

are

Uses  Agricultural (69%)  Industrial (15%)  Household (15%)  Recreational  Environmental

Sources of water that are useful for humans.

Type s  salt water  fresh water

Ground water ( 30.1%) The Agriculture Water Quality Alliance is a partnership of agriculture industry groups, resource conservation agencies, researchers, and environmental organizations working towards the following vision

Industrial water use includes water used for such purposes as fabricating, processing, washing, diluting, cooling, or transporting a product; incorporating water into a product; or for sanitation needs within the manufacturing facility. Some industries that use large amounts of water produce such commodities as food, paper, chemicals, refined petroleum, or primary metals.

Household are services we use every day in our daily life. Primary body contact may consist of the following recreational activities depending on the characteristics of your water resource.

Environmental water may include water stored in impoundments and released for environmental purposes (held environmental water), but more often is water retained in waterways through regulatory limts of abstraction. Environmental water usage includes watering of natural or artificial wetlands, artificial lakes intended to create wildlife habitat, fish ladders, and water releases from reservoirs timed to help fish spawn, or to restore more natural flow regimes.

Distribution

Fresh water (3%)

Rivers (2%)

Saline oceans (97%)

LIQUID

Surface water lakes ( 87%)


DO YOU WANT TO LEARN MORE ABOUT IT, HERE ARE SOME TIPS TO SAVE WATER : Why do we need to save water? We need to save water because ocean water is very salty so, if the fresh water finish,we can’t use salty water for cooking, drinking, bathing .

What are some ways to conserve water ?  turn off the water while you are brushing or washing your face .  take shorter showers  don’t fii the tube


Of the 3% of fresh water,only three percent is frozen in glaciers and and polars ice caps. Water is a chemical substance chanced on that first refered that is a dihydrogen oxide. Water is a simple compound of hydrogen and oxygen. Water is a renewable resource.

Water is a very important resource for organisms. Life originated in water.

Of the 97% of water on Earth is salt water, and 3% is fresh water.

Water has three states, called solid, liquid and gas. Water has a cycle.

Water us a very important Resource!

Water is a chemical formula called H20.

Water has many uses like: Agricultural,Industrial,Household,Recreational,and Environmental activities.


It meets the target on drinking water Millennium Development Goal 6/03/2012 14:31 The world has met the goal of the Millennium Development Goals of halving the proportion of people without access to drinking water long before the 2015 deadline, according to a report released today by UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO). The work, entitled "Progress on drinking water and sanitation by 2012," notes that in late 2010 to 89% of world population (6,100 million people) used improved drinking water sources, which is 1% more than the figure that is projected on the MDG target, which was 88%. In this vein, the report published by the Joint Programmed for Monitoring Water Supply and Sanitation, UNICEF and WHO estimates that in 2015, 92% of the world population will have access to drinking water. The fact has been already reduced by half the number of citizens without access to drinking water is "good news especially for children", according to the UNICEF Executive Director, Anthony Lake. The official recalled that over 3,000 children die every day because of diarrheal diseases and therefore the achievement of this objective "will be very important" to save the lives of many children. However, Lake warned that even you can not declare victory, and that at least 11% of world population (about 783 million people) still lack access to clean water, and billions still does not receive services sanitation. "The numbers are still staggering," he said, "but the progress announced today are evidence that the Millennium Development Goals can be met will, effort and funding." The report notes, however, that the world is still far from achieving the sanitation target of the MDGs, and is unlikely to do so by 2015. And, only 63% of the world's inhabitants have access to improved sanitation, a figure that will increase only to 67% in 2015, well below the 75% target set in the MDGs. Currently, 2.5 billion people still lack adequate sanitation


Here I present a series of tips to make good use of the water we use every day. A. - Check pipes and faucets in your home to identify leaks that could have because sometimes you lose water without realizing it. 2.-You probably already have heard several times this advice but it is time to put into practice, put one or two bottles into the toilet water tank with this save 2 to 3 liters of water per flush. 3.-Say goodbye to the bath and shower use with this save about 150 more gallons each time. 4.-When do you brush your teeth like when you were kid, use a glass to prevent water run while you brush. 5.-Water your garden at dusk or in the early hours of the day to take advantage of your plants more water and do not evaporate.


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6.-Use biodegradable detergents and do not pour chemicals down the drain to avoid chemical contamination of rivers, lakes and seas. 7.-Reuse water as often as you can, many times the water we use in an activity we can use in others such as the water you use to wash your hands you can use it to wash the patio or water from the dishwasher and washing with a special installation you can use for the toilet. 8.-When washing the car and patios do not use the hose better use a bucket that will avoid the loss of up to 500 liters of water each time. 9.-With a simple installation on the roof of your house you can capture and store rain water in special tanks to make good use later. 10.-When you get water from the tank to tank home distribution, you must pay attention to turn off the pump and prevent sprinkle water (unless you have an automated system).


In our country and in all the parts of the world the worst problem apparently is the way we treat water because this is coupled with bad habits in the daily activity of people in these cases is to be in the personal care, cleaning, etc..all of us are irresponsible because which we are unaware, which seriously affect water consumption and also generate losses of this element and in turn, loss of money. Some of these bad habits are: 1. Wash the car. 2. As brushing teeth and shaving with the tap (pipe) open. 3. washing dishes. 4. Sometimes some friends like to play with water and stay wet and waste is big because while the keys are in it remain open.


Soil is complex mixture of sand, silt, clay and bits of decaying animal and plant tissue. Soil is the mineral and organic material on the surface Earth. It also the upper layer of Earth in which plants grow, most soil is form also by little rocks. The soil is also very important because from she we can eat(vegetables ,fruits) and there can live animals.


SOIL RESOURCE

composed

Soil is composed of both inorganic materials and living organisms. It provides the basis for life, giving nutrients to plants, which allow animal life to exist.

transformation we

Can lost Soil through erosion. Wind and rain can uplift soil that is made easy to transport by various human processes and take it somewhere else. Conservation efforts aim to prevent erosion and maintain life-giving nutrients that are found in the soil.

When bedrock breaks down, it is converted into soil. Some soil also comes from sediments that are left by the wind, a volcano, glaciers, or other sources.

some Societies have even collapsed due to mistreatment of their soil resources, so modern people must be cautious to avoid a similar fate. And the soil is very useful in many ways.

use

Soil is also used extensively in human production. It contains natural fibers, and produces lumber and crops that people consume.

Soil resource


Where does Soil came from?

What is Soil made up of?


What are SOIL HORIZONS? Soil horizons are the layers of the soil. There are 4 types of soil horizons. THE LAYERS ARE: The top layer O Horizon. Is the one that have rooting plants and trees on forest floor. The top layer A Horizon or Topsoil.It has roots,bacteria,fungi and other creatures.(finely descomposed rock) The top layer B Horizon.It is hard and it have some plants of layer A. The top layer C Horizon.It`s the parent material that was used to make the other layers.It is harder than the b Horizon and few things live there, and you can find some rocks.


SAND The largest of the soil particles. It is huge when it is compared to clay. When you rub it, it feels rough. This is because it has sharp edges. Sand doesn't hold many nutrients. SILT Silt is a soil particle whose size is between sand and clay. Silt feels smooth and powdery. When wet it feels smooth but not sticky. CLAY Clay is smooth when dry and sticky when wet. Soils high in clay content are called heavy soils. Clay also can hold a lot of nutrients, but doesn't let air and water through it well.


How does water get into the soil? When it rains, the rainwater pours into the pores in the soil. Pores are spaces in the soil that come in different sizes. They let in and hold water. They also let air in so that the small animals and insects living in the ground can breathe.

Why do plants grow so well in the soil? The soil has a lot of the things in it that plants like to eat. They don't really eat like you and me, though, they absorb nutrients with their roots. They also use their roots to drain water from the soil for a nice, refreshing drink. This keeps the soil from staying too wet. Roots help make soil, too. They split rocks into pieces that later become soil


CAN WE LOSE SOIL?

Yes. Soil "erodes" when there is nothing to help it stay in place.

How can we keep our soil in place?

Plant some grass, trees or other plants in areas where the soil is eroding. They help keep soil from moving around. Farmers have ways to keep the soil on the land so that they can grow food for us to eat. They use special machinery when they plant their crops, and they plant windbreaks. Windbreaks are rows of trees that are planted next to fields to keep the wind from blowing the soil away. When we try to save our soil it is called "soil conservation." Conservation is the best way to be sure that we have land to live on now and in the future.


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Colombia's main environmental problems are soil erosion, deforestation and the preservation of its wildlife. Soil erosion has resulted from the loss of vegetation and heavy rainfall, and the soil has also been damaged by overuse of pesticides. Deforestation has resulted from the commercial exploitation of the country's forests which cover approximately 45% of the country. Approximately 908,000 hectares (2,244,000 acres) of natural forest were lost annually in the 1970s to farming, erosion, and the lumber industry, but only 5,000 hectares (12,000 acres) were reforested each year; between 1981 and 1985, 820,000 hectares (2,260,000 acres) were lost each year, and 8,000 hectares (20,000 acres) were reforested. Between 1983 and 1993, Colombia lost another 5.8% of its forest and woodland. By the mid-1990s, Colombia had the tenth-largest area of mangrove swamps in the world, covering under half a million ha (1,235,500 acres). The nation ranked forty-third globally in industrial carbon dioxide emissions in the early 1990s, with a total of 61.5 million metric tons. In 1996, total emissions were at 63.3 million metric tons. Air pollution from vehicle emissions is also a problem, especially in Bogota. Safe drinking water is available to 99% of urban dwellers and 70% of the rural population.


The Colombian government has initiated several programs to protect the environment. By 1959, the Amazon forests, the Andean area and the Pacific coast were protected. In 1973, the government created the National Resources and Environment Code. The main environmental agency is the Institute for Development of Renewable Natural Resources and the Environment (INDERENA), established in 1969. Among other activities, it has undertaken extensive projects in the training of personnel in conservation, fishing, and forestry. The Colombian Sanitary Code, in force since January 1982, establishes pollution control standards. The National Environmental Education Plan for 1991–94 introduces environmental issues in the elementary schools. Endangered species in Colombia include the tundra peregrine falcon, Cauca guan, gorgeted wood-quail, red siskin, pinche, five species of turtle (green sea, hawksbill, olive ridley, leatherback, and arrau), two species of alligator (spectacled caiman and black caiman), and two of crocodile (American and Orinoco). By 2001, 35 of Colombia's 359 species of mammals, 64 in a total of 1,770 breeding bird species, 15 reptile species in a total of 356, and 429 of 51,000 plant species were endangered. The Colombian grebe and the Caribbean monk seal have become extinct.


•Using it for making crops,yards and planting plants. •Don`t cut down the trees. •Don`t burn more petrol •Reduce the contamination. •Loving our soil,because we need it. •Rotating the crops •Taking care to the vegetables •Protecting the biodiversity •Putting organic matter to conserve it

•Trowing trash to the foor. •Put to graze the herds on lands not suitable. •Cutting down trees on the forests •Burning petrol •The greenhouse effect on the atmosphere. •Wasting the wood and the wildlife on the forests. •The use of poisonous sprays.


Resources  

Natural resources

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