Issuu on Google+

Farming Handbook


Farmers’ Work

Experience the farmers’ work and understand how hard them work

Weeding Remove the dead flowers and grass

Plowing Plow the soil for the plants

Sowing Sow seeds to plant

Watering Water plants regularly

Sunning Sunshine makes the plants grow


Cleaning Pests Check the plants for pests

Fertilizing Use organic composts to fertilise farmlands

Cultivating Growing Sprouting Growing after after four days seven days

Harvesting Harvest vegetables as they become ripe


Seasonal Crops

Understand that crops are seasonal in order to eat the health vegetables

Scallion January

Eating scallions can eliminate toxins and prevent the common cold in spring

Leek February

Eating leeks benefits for livers and enhance circulatory system in spring

Amaranth

Tung Choi

Gourds

Loofah

A ‘hot’ person should eat amaranth to cool-down in summer

Tung Choi can prevent heatstroke

Vegetables are not so sweet, this is a good time to eat gourds

Loofahs are rich in Vitamin B and are good at removing spots

March

April

May

June


Bamboo Shoots July

Taro

Kale

Celery

August

September

October

Kale can easily improve constipation in autumn and prevent flu in winter

Celery helps digestion and increases appetite

Mid-Autumn Bamboo Festival is a shoots are very good time common in to eat taro. summer Eating taro can benefit our stomach

Garlic

Radish

In the winter, eating garlic can improve blood system

Radish can enhance body metabolism and is suitable for winter

November

December


Organic Composts

Understand the pros of organic composts and comprehend the cons of chemical composts

The organic materials can decompose from soil in the nature, and then release some nutrients into the plants. In fact, farmers will use organic materials to feed the variety of organisms in the soil, then the organisms also release different nutrients in the soil. The crops gain enough plants nutrients in the soil and they can grow healthy and lush with less pests. Meanwhile, organic compost can improve the soil’s structure to create a fertilized environment suitable for organisms to live. It is important for organic composts to have enough time to decompose. Farmers will put the organic materials such as fish livers, bean grounds and dry leaves into the soil and make them decompose. A good organic compost can emit a fragrant smell and contain lots of nutrients.

Although chemical composts have no smell and easy to fertilize, they often damage soil. If using chemical composts, they will influence the original soil structure. When composts cannot provide enough nutrients to plants which will absorb nutrients in the soil. When chemical composts are not good enough to the soil, the plants and crops will die and the soil will lose the vitality and change the soil structure. In the long-term, the nutrients of the soils will be lose and it will be difficult to balance the nature here. Chemical composts will influence the balance of soil structure and will not provide the nutrients to the organisms in the soil. The organisms will die and become extinct. The results of this is that the soil becomes an undenominational soil and depends on more compost, this is a vicious circle.


Fish Livers

Dry Grass

Fruit Scraps

Bean Grounds

Dung

Coffee Grounds

Dry Leaves

Chicken Dung

Paper Box


Farm Tools

Understand the functions of farm tools and enjoy the interests of farming

The Rake Spreading the grain and firewood and levelling the farmlands

The Grass Mover Remove the unnecessary grass in farmlands

The Hoe Cultivating, farming and removing the soil to plant


The Three-claw Rake Spreading the stones and soil in farmlands

The Shovel Digging the stiff soil or stones to sow quickly and decompose organic composts

The Soil Rake Spreading straightening soil to seed in farmlands


The Small Raker Spreading the grain and firewood, and levelling in small area

The Sickle Cutting the unnecessary grass in farmlands

The Small Shovel Transplanting seedlings in small area


The Sprinkle Watering the crops to make them wet

The Spray Remove the harmful pests in farmlands

The Scarecrow Protecting the crops in farmlands to drive out birds


Sowing’s Methods

Understand the sowing’s methods and comprehend the characteristics of crops

Sowing into holes Sowing can be divided into two ways which are the direct methods to sow into farmlands. One way is sowing a hole into each seed. Digging a hole with 2cm and sowing a seed in each hole can provide enough space to sprout seeds.

Sowing into a long groove Another sowing method is to sow into a long groove that is 2cm deep. Each groove will be sown in a regular direction. This way suits for lots of crops to seed.


Growing in pots Some seeds are suited for sowing into pots and grow into seedlings such as beetroot. This sowing way can provide a bigger space to grow in a field.

Planting in fields Some special crops can be planted into a field directly. Their bud can be directly plant into a field and grow into a new crop such as potatoes and carrots.



NatureBack Farming Handbook