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Which came First: the Fishery or the Farm? the california Water crisis continues With No end in sight. in this special issue, central Valley Native Dan Dooley tells Us Like it really is.

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[ from the publisher’s desk ]


Got Water?

Publisher R.J. Latronico

Creative Director Jennifer Lingard

Contributors Not being a native Californian has its advantages and disadvantages. One advantage is not having to choose sides between my northern and southern California friends and their respective MLB or NFL teams. The disadvantage in this may be that I am still a die-hard Chicago Cubs and Bears fan. Another advantage I have over a native Californian has to do with my outlook or perception of things. To illustrate this I’ll tell you my response when someone says to me they think it’s cold outside. Every time I respond with the simple phrase, “you don’t know what cold is.” I can do that as an ex-Chicagoan. On another level let’s look at the current water crisis in California. There is definitely a water crisis here, I know that for sure. Yet, only a few of our elected leaders are really trying their best to resolve it. Why? I don’t know. Chicagoan’s have Lake Michigan. It stands always ready to supply plenty of water to the Windy City and outlying areas. In the spring and summer we have plenty of rain, thunderstorms and even the occasional tornado. All this results in a lot of rain, hail, sleet and snow in the city and on the crops — corn and soybeans, mostly. So much rain falls in the Midwest, that I can remember as a young boy my father waking me from a deep sleep in the middle of the night to help him lift the furniture off the ground in our finished basement. We elevated it onto cinder blocks, so the rising floodwaters wouldn’t ruin it. I guess I was a flood control expert then and didn’t even know it.

for our future; a renewable water source we are able to use effectively and efficiently for both the rural and urban needs of our very dry state. I’m no water expert, but I feel the battle for water in California has gone on long enough. It’s time now to implement a series of smart solutions. This subject is very complicated, I agree. To me (Midwest perception, again) this means that one innovative solution may not be enough. Water is necessary for all life and livelihoods. Farmers need it, fishermen need it and even our conservationists need it. So, let’s quit the grandstanding, the fighting and the political rhetoric. Let’s agree on scientifically solid solutions to the problem that are able to meet key long-term goals. God forbid, but If a natural disaster were to strike tomorrow in the Delta-Bay area and half of the California Levees were destroyed, I know there would be an emergency effort on all levels of government — Local, Federal and State, to pull together and do what must get done for the greater good of the people. This has always been and will continue to be how America operates. Let’s not wait for a natural disaster to get mobilized, let’s do it now people! (Editors Note: At press time the National Weather Service issued a Tsunami Warning to California Coastal communities. This warning was the result of an 8.0 earthquake that occurred 20 miles beneath the ocean floor near Samoa and American Samoa in the Pacific Ocean.)

In California, people always forget that most of the state is, or was at one time, a desert. If it weren’t for good old American ingenuity and the taming of the rivers by early settlers, most of where we now live would be under water.


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Contact Information VOX POP Influentials Volume 4 Issue No. 5 September/October 2009

Advertising Sales Stephanie Avila Executive, Editorial and Advertising Offices at: 100 Willow Plaza, Suite 410 Visalia, CA 93291 Phone: 559.636.2503 Fax: 559.635.9810 News, Projects, Comments & Letters Every effort has been made to ensure the information within this publication is complete and accurate at the time of publication. VOX POP Influentials does not warrant such accuracy or the claims of its advertisers. Vox Pop Influentials is published 6 times a year by Latronico Communications 100 Willow Plaza, Suite 410 • Visalia, CA 93291

Postmaster: Send address changes to Vox Pop Influentials, 100 Willow Plaza, Suite 410, Visalia, CA 93291 Subscriptions: U.S. - $17.60 yearly. $30.80 for two years. $40.70 for three years. Single copies from publisher are $3.50 to cover issue, handling and shipping. Canada and foreign mail rates on request.

Address Change: Please send imprint of old R.J. Latronico, Publisher

This leads us to our present day dilemma of trying to find a safe and secure water supply

Alana Unger, Harvey Mackay, Kurt Eichsteadt, David Hummerickhouse, DDS,

address from recent issue with new address and Zip Code to: Vox Pop Influentials, 100 Willow Plaza, Suite 410, Visalia, CA 93291



September/October 2009

From The Publisher’s Desk [2] Got Water? The Central Valley Doesn’t and Here’s Why

Wealth & Finance


[6] Harvey Mackay writes about rejection. Did you know that the authors of Chicken Soup for the Soul were rejected 33 times by various publishers? The 34th one said yes! [9] Rich People Who Made It and What They Did With It: Kurt Eichsteadt discusses how Ray Watt introduced the idea of condominium ownership in California in the 1960s. In his career he built more than 100,000 units of housing, shopping centers, colleges and offices here and in Hawaii. He also staged an event that helped change the role of women in society.

Health & Wellness [11] If you’re now in a bad mood or stressed out, Alana Unger can tell you eggsactly what you need to do to change your bad breakfast habits and start feeling better.

Happening to [20] What’s Our Water & Why? This month we feature two fish as our Vox Pop Influential’s along with Central Valley native,

[29] Dr. David Humerickhouse reaps for us a bountiful harvest of ideas this month addressing such topics as oral cancer, teeth whitening and new dental technologies. He also has some good advice for the dental phobics out there.

Dan Dooley. 21 years ago a lawsuit was filed by 14 environmental, fishing and conservation organizations to restore water flow to the San Joaquin river. The renewed flow has just begun.

Entertainment [28] Where would we be without Kurt Eichsteadt and his entertaining DVD recommendations? He covers both the wonderful, feel-good movies of the summer, as well as those you need to avoid.

As an attorney, Dan Dooley was part of the original San Joaquin River lawsuit and settlement. Today he is Vice President for Agriculture and Natural Resources at the University of California. Dan agreed to present us with the facts of the story entitled: What’s Happening With Our Water & Why?


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n Before it Beats You! o i t c e j Re

“How are you getting along?” asked the old timer of the new sales rep. “Not so good,” came his disgusted reply. “I’ve been insulted in every place I made a call.” “That’s funny,” said the old timer. “I’ve been on the road 40 years. I’ve had my samples flung in the street, been tossed downstairs, manhandled by janitors and rolled in the gutter. But insulted – never!” We all deal with rejection differently. But if you’re in the sales game, you better get used to it because rejection is – and always will be – part of business. If it was easy to succeed in sales, everyone would want in. Rejection helps knock out the weak. In doing my homework before corporate speeches, I often talk to the company’s head of sales and ask what skills are necessary for a good sales rep in their industry. Dealing with rejection is always on the list because not everyone can handle all the rejections that are necessary in order to be successful. Too many people just give up. They don’t realize that in order to get the yeses, you must hear the nos. Here is my advice in dealing with rejection, because Lord knows, I’ve had plenty over my career: Don’t take it personally. You shouldn’t consider yourself a failure if you get rejected. You have to remember that the person isn’t rejecting you; they’re rejecting what you’re selling. The sooner you move on, the sooner you’ll make another sale. Leave the door open. I always thank the person I’m calling on because they took valuable time out of their day to meet or talk with me. I’m grateful because you never know if your paths might cross again. You might revisit them down the road. They could call you back. And don’t forget about referrals. Never say no for the other person. Don’t anticipate rejection because then you won’t even try, let alone give your best effort. Prospects can read defeatism in your voice and


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body language. If you don’t believe in what you are selling, how can you expect a prospect to buy it? Keep your confidence up.

Altogether, they received 33 rejections over a period of three years. So what did they do? They submitted their book to still another publisher.

Analyze every failure, but never wallow in one. I always want to know why people say no, and I’m not afraid to ask. Was it me? Was it my product? Price? Think about what you could have done differently. Then record it in your post-call notes. The next time, you’ll be better prepared.

The 34th publisher said, “YES.”

Know your percentages. Unless you’re new to sales, you soon realize how many calls you have to make for each sale. Always remember that your next sale could be just around the corner. Make that extra call before you call it a day. Remember past achievements. Look back to your past sales and business successes. How did you feel? This will help ease the rejection of today. Consider the market. Realtors, mortgage bankers, car dealers, and construction companies will tell you that cycles come and go. That’s not a pass to stop working, but an opportunity to hone your skills and be ready for better times. Take a break. If you’re feeling down, do something you like – exercise, read a motivational book, listen to a favorite song. Just don’t stay away too long. And never take a break when you’re on a hot streak, only when you’re in a slump. Two men wrote a book containing a collection of inspirational stories. The two authors figured it would take about three months to find a publisher. What happened next is as inspirational as any of the stories in their book. The first publisher they approached said, “NO.” The second publisher said “NO.” The third publisher said, “NO.” The next 30 publishers said, “NO.”

After 33 rejections that one “Yes” launched the spectacular publishing success of Chicken Soup for the Soul, written and compiled by my good friends Jack Canfield and Mark Victor Hansen. The “Chicken Soup for the Soul” series has so far sold more than 30 million copies – all because Canfield and Hansen had the willingness to fail over and over, but to keep going until they succeeded. Mackay’s Moral: Don’t get dejected if you’ve been rejected – just get your skills perfected! n Reprinted with permission from nationally syndicated columnist Harvey Mackay, author of the New York Times #1 best seller “Swim With the Sharks Without Being Eaten Alive.”

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[ wealth and finance ] kurt eichsteadt


Rich People Who Made It … and What They Did With It

Ray Watt:

When Condos Came to California


Ray Watt started working at the age of 11 and never stopped. By the time he passed away at the age of 90, he had helped introduce condominiums to California, built more than 100,000 units of housing, shopping centers, colleges and office buildings in California and Hawaii and even served in the Nixon Administration. He seemed to be singularly focused on his work. But he also staged the first tennis battle of the sexes and gave millions of dollars to a university he didn’t attend. Ray Watt, who built all those housing units, was dubbed the “impresario of the emerging West Coast lifestyles in the 60s and 70s” by the Wall Street Journal. He recently passed away in July of 2009.


Watt started at an early age and never looked back. One of seven children, his family moved to Los Angeles when he was five. He started working at Douglas Aircraft in Santa Monica when he was 11. By the time he was 25, he was assistant superintendent with 1800 men working under him. Following the Second World War, he joined the family construction business for a time, riding the post-war construction boom caused by the housing shortage. In 1947, he and his brother built a trailer park for $8,000. They worked from dawn until dark. He named the company “Day and Night.”

an individual unit.) Or, as Watt put it, “The problem with co-ops was that you had one loan for the entire building.” He started working to change the law that would allow condominiums, which became legal in California in the early 1960s. Soon, he was building more condos in Los Angeles County than anyone else. At one point, Watt journeyed across the Pacific to make an impact in Hawaii with a partner, George Isaacs. Together they built numerous projects on Oahu, Maui and the Big Island where they built affordable housing as part of the state’s Villages of Kapolei. He was originally selected to build just one aspect of the project. State officials appreciated his direct, no-exaggeration approach and when a Japanese developer pulled out, the state turned to Watt to build a second portion of the project. Throughout the 1960s, Watt continued to expand his operations, but there were changes. In 1966, he sold 50% of his firm to Boise Cascade Corp. for $10 million in stock which expanded his capital base. A year later, he sold the remaining 50% and it became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Boise. As the ‘60s ended, R.A. Watt was the second-largest residential construction company in the country, behind only Levitt & Sons, creator of Levittown on Long Island. He diversified and developed shopping malls, timeshares, condos and master plan communities. At the same time, Watt’s career took a different direction. During the Nixon Administration, Watt served as Assistant Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. He also was a former president of the National Corporation of Housing Partnerships, established by Congress to accelerate the development of middle and low-income housing.

POPCULTURE INTERLUDE As Watt’s business continued to expand in the 50s, he encountered a roadblock. At that time, most multi-family dwellings were rentals or co-ops. (Co-ops are buildings where residents own a piece of the entire building and that allowed them to live in

For a guy who seemed extremely business like and focused on serious things, Watt staged a remarkable event that helped in the changing role of women in society. (Even if it was business related). To jump-start sales of his San Diego Country Estates, a project with 3000 home

Billie Jean King After winning the Battle of the Sexes Match against Bobby Riggs in 1973 sites and condos with tennis courts, he promoted the battle of the Sexes Mother’s Day, 1973. The number-two ranked women’s tennis player Margaret Court took on an aging tennis star, Bobby Riggs. Riggs won and that lead to him facing Billie Jean King in a similar match in the Astrodome. She dispatched him quickly. Meanwhile, after the Riggs-Court match, San Diego Estates residences were selling at the rate of 125 a month.

Returning to the private sector in the 80s, Watt once again hit the ground running. He developed or acquired 50 malls in California, Nevada and Arizona. He managed them along with hundreds of thousands of square feet in office and retail space. While he was at it, he built Fairbanks Ranch in Rancho Santa Fe which included


an equestrian center that hosted the 1984 Olympic events. By the early 90s as real estate entered a downturn, he turned over day to day management of his company to his son, Scott. his involvement with USC spanned decades even though he attended UCLA. he was a member of the USC Associates (founded in 1959), which is considered the school’s premier support group. In 1968, he was elected to the USC Board of Trustees. A year later, in 1969, he donated $1 million for a building that was named in his honor-The Ray and Nadine Watt hall of Architecture and Fine Arts. his support of USC was wide ranging, from architecture to athletics, to the USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center and to the USC School of Policy. he was also a member of the Friends of USC Libraries. In 1984, he chaired the USC trustee planning committee that helped with USC’s involvement in staging the 1984 Olympics. That same year, for his Olympic involvement and his contributions to campus landscaping, he was honored with the naming of Watt Way, a major thoroughfare on the USC Park Campus. In 2005, he made a second $1 million gift to the Robert h. Timme Architectural Research Center, which was in addition to Watt hall named for Timme, a former dean of the USC School of Architecture. he also used his professional background to help with the planning for the addition. Watt’s activities extended beyond the university. he was a trustee in hugh O’Brian’s Youth Foundation. O’Brian was a famous television actor in the ‘50s who starred as Wyatt Earp in a 50s television series. Even today, the foundation helps 10,000 high school sophomores in all 50 states and 20 countries. he was a director for the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Youth Foundation. In 2008, just a year before his death, a Boy Scout Center in the heart of Los Angeles was named in honor of Watt and another contributor, John C. Cushman.

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In 1974 he received an honorary doctor of law degree from USC Builder Magazine named him one of the 100 foremost builders of the 20th century In 1985, he was inducted into the National home Builders hall of Fame In 2001, he received the Industrie’s Spirit of Life Award from Los Angeles Real Estate and Construction which raises money for the City of hope, In 2008, the Century City Chamber of Commerce designated him as its Individual Citizen of the Year

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R.A. Watt is a fascinating combination…a guy who seemed almost obsessed with work with a laser-like focus on the business, but found plenty of time for philanthropy and, of course, the first tennis battle of the sexes.And, by the way, he forever altered the real estate business in California. n


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breakfast b reakfast - still still Not Getting iit? t?

Let me hand feed you some ideas to get your day started. Grab a glass of milk or juice and one of these quick fixes. Remember to include some protein for blood sugar and hunger control! (yogurt, milk, cottage cheese, cheese, nuts, peanut butter, eggs, meat, beans or tofu)

All right, what’s the deal deal? Many of you still aren’t eating breakfast even though we agreed that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. We even explained that eating breakfast would help you be: • More able to perform better at work and learn at school. • More likely to make healthy eating choices and not overeat for the rest of the day. • More likely to be in a better mood and handle stress better. • More likely to have a higher metabolism. (burn more calories) • Less likely to gain weight (for multiple reasons). • Less likely to have a mid-morning energy crash. I’ve heard lots of excuses, even that eating breakfast makes your hunger go crazy. This can actually happen if you eat only carbohydrates and no protein. If you eat, for example, a piece of fruit or a piece of toast, you have eaten carbohydrates that will raise your blood sugar to a healthy level for optimal energy. however, without protein to hold the blood sugars steady, you’ll have a mid-morning blood sugar and energy crash. To pull up out of the crash, your hunger signals kick in and tell you to eat more. Avoid this mid-morning munchie need by adding protein to your breakfast (grab a boiled egg or stick of string cheese for example). high fiber choices (whole wheat bread or bagel, oatmeal, high fiber cereal, etc.) will digest slower and help you feel full longer also.

eggsactly a Good start • Boiled eggs. have cooked and ready to grab from the fridge. • Egg sandwich, burrito, taco, pita. Add eggs to any whole grain. • Scramble-ins: Toss in pre-cut fresh or frozen veggies or salsa. • Try microwaved eggs: beat eggs in small bowl, cook 30 seconds, stir, cook another 30 seconds. Enjoy. smooth-start smoothies keep frozen berries, bananas, peaches, etc. on hand to make quick, tasty, breakfast drinks to go. • Blend fruit and milk or juice (try light juice) in blender. • Add protein powder, powdered milk, yogurt (plain or flavored), or soft tofu for a protein source. • If needed, make it sweeter with a little honey, vanilla or other flavor extract, or artificial sweetener. • Pour left over smoothie mix into Popsicle molds and freeze for a cool treat later or freeze in ice cube trays and add to your light lemonade drink mix for a flavor boost. No-Wait Waffles and Pancakes: • Use a low-fat mix & forget messy, high calorie butter and syrup. • Drop fruit pieces or chocolate chips onto pancakes as they cook for a cooked-in flavor boost and a grab and go treat. • Wrap a pancake around cooked turkey bacon and go. • Top a low-fat whole grain frozen waffle with a sprinkle of powdered sugar, some fruit or a bit of peanut butter. • Make pancakes on the weekend and store in plastic bag for a quick heat-and go option during the week. Place plastic wrap or wax paper under and between pancakes to prevent them from sticking together.


You Go for Yogurt or Cottage Cheese • Grab a spoonable or drinkable yogurt. • Mix fresh, frozen or dried fruit, nuts or cereal into the yogurt. • Mix fresh or canned fruit or apple butter into cottage cheese. • Mix salsa or fresh tomatoes into cottage cheese. (Try as a dip with toast wedges, tortilla chips.) Love Those Leftovers • Heat ‘em and eat ‘em!

Go With the Grain for a Good Start • Aim for 3 grams of fiber or more per serving for a fiber boost. • Aim for 8 grams of sugar or less per serving (check cereals). • Try different breads, English muffins, and bagels. (Spread on a little peanut or apple butter; light margarine and honey or fat free cream cheese mixed with cinnamon and sugar, jam, or honey. Or Melt on some low-fat mozzarella and add sliced tomatoes.) • Make low-fat muffins ahead and freeze in freezer bag. (Thaw in microwave for about 30 seconds for a quick fix. Use whole wheat flour and regular flour in recipe. Replace oil or butter in recipe with equal amount of pureed bananas or prunes (baby food), pumpkin or applesauce.) Simply Cereal • Cold or hot, instant or not, cereal is a great breakfast choice. Grab a protein source to help the cereal last all morning. • Mix fresh, frozen or dried fruit or nuts into cold or hot cereal. • Pre-stuff baggies with dry cereal to grab and go. Mix in dry fruit, nuts, and pretzels for quick grab trail mix. • Slice bananas or other fruit into a bowl and cover with milk. Snag a Sandwich • Make your favorite “lunch” sandwich for breakfast. • Try peanut butter with banana slices or fat free cream cheese (mix in a little honey) and strawberry slices on whole wheat bread or toast. • Fry an egg (use nonstick spray or a coating of 12

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olive oil) with the yolk popped and slide into some bread or an English muffin with a little light mayo or margarine. Add turkey bacon, low fat cheese, salsa, etc. as desired. Pick Up a Pita/Burrito/Wrap To Go • Fill a pita, tortilla, or wrap with scrambled eggs, a little cheese, crumbled turkey bacon and salsa. • Spread on some fat free cream cheese, cinnamon and sugar or honey, and fruit slices. Roll and eat. • Spread on peanut butter & fill with apple or banana slices. • Make bean, egg or potato burritos ahead of time. (Wrap in plastic wrap and freeze in freezer bags. Microwave and go!) Pizza Power • Spread pizza sauce or spaghetti sauce on an English muffin or bagel. Add low-fat mozzarella cheese and melt in microwave or under broiler. (Keep pre-sliced mushrooms, olives, and other pizza toppings handy for quick add-on options.) • Leftover U-bake or other healthy pizza (low fat toppings, low-fat cheese or light on the cheese, use no oil in pan when pizza is cooked) is great warmed up or cold for a quick breakfast start. n

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What’s happening




& Why...

– Interview by R.J. Latronico

[ featured story ] What’s Happening WIth Our Water?

the Endangered Species Act and Clean Water Acts. We can talk about those separately if you want. In the 1970s I was the Deputy Secretary of the California Department of Food and Agricultural. We were working on the original Peripheral Canal Program with the Department of Water and Resources. I left that position in 1980 and thereafter was appointed to the California Water Commission by the Governor. The first peripheral canal initiative was on the ballot in 1982, while I was on the Commission. Cool, Clear & Controversial? Take a good look at that cool, clear, refreshing glass of water next time you’re thirsty. Right before it slides down your throat to nourish every cell in your entire body, stop and ask yourself, where exactly did it come from? How long did it take to get to you, and most importantly, what would you do without it? Without going into a lot of complex details that only a hydrologist could appreciate, we asked a farmer, attorney and natural resources expert for some good, honest water information. We were fortunate to speak with Dan Dooley, he’s all three of these, rolled into one. R.J. Latronico: What is your position at the University of California? dan dooley: I have two titles, I am the Senior Vice President for External Relations and the Vice President for Agriculture and Natural Resources. How are you involved with water issues in California? We run an organization that has about 1100 academics on campuses and in the County Cooperative Extension. Many of these academics work on water related issues. What type of water research is going on now? The water related research going on at the University of California is vast. We have an economist and hydrologist, for example, working on a variety of studies. Others are doing work on sensing technologies, so that we can monitor water run off better. We also have people working on fishery biology, water quality and irrigation technologies. There are a whole host of things that we are doing.

Since I was the chair of the California Water Commission I got involved at the policy level for California water issues. In the mid 80s I began representing some water interests, including some of the irrigation districts on the east side of the San Joaquin Valley. By the late 1980s I had many clients in the San Joaquin Valley working almost exclusively on water issues. The San Joaquin River case was filed initially in December 1988. In January 1989, petitions for intervention were filed on behalf of almost all of the Friant water districts. I represented a number of those districts. So, I was involved in the case from its conception. Let’s fast forward to the final settlement two years ago. How did Judge Karlton rule? Let me first cast the issue. The Friant project authorized to eliminate water flows in the San Joaquin River, between Graveling Ford and Mendota pool during certain periods of the year. Graveling Ford on the San Joaquin River is six or seven miles west of Highway 99. Mendota pool is right near Firebaugh, on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley. So, for a large portion of the year that stretch of the river is completely dry. The lawsuit sought to invoke a provision of the California Fish and Game code (Section 5937), which essentially says the operator of a dam shall release enough water over, through or under the dam to maintain a fishery below the dam in good condition. That is the relevant provision. It had never applied to a federal project, which the Friant project is. It was litigation of the first impression, meaning the legal questions had not previously been addressed by any court. There were other causes of action, but they didn’t really relate to releases of water for fisheries. The trial court had ruled, and the appellate court confirmed that the law applied to the Friant project. We were set to go to trial on the question of how much water would be required to maintain a fishery and what kind of fish should be maintained. The trial date was set for Valentine’s Day of 2006.

Lets talk about the Endangered Species Act (E.S.A) and the San Joaquin River litigation. Tell me how you first got involved with this as an attorney?

The Districts in the Friant community that I represented had nearly half of the average annual water supply provided by the project. They had a substantial stake in the outcome. We were convinced that a train wreck was coming, the judge was not at all sympathetic to us, and he was likely to rule with meat cleaver rather than a scalpel. If the judge did what we expected enormous dislocation and hardship would occur.

The San Joaquin River litigation didn’t have anything to do with the Endangered Species Act. It involved a completely different state law. The issues in the Delta, on the other hand, involve a combination of

I was authorized by my clients to see if Senator Feinstein and some of the Valley Congressmen would encourage the parties to return to the settlement table. Fortunately, Congressman Radanovich and Senator


[ featured story ] What’s Happening WIth Our Water? Feinstein agreed to help. We then developed some fundamental principles to guide the negotiations. Based upon encouragement from the Senator and Congressman, the Friant interests and the plaintiffs agreed to return to the settlement table. It’s important to note that there was a significant bit of new information that came out in the summer of 2005. As we were exchanging expert reports, which is done in preparation for trial, the plaintiffs’ expert hydrologist and fishery people were opining that a lot less water was needed to restore a fishery than had previously been stated. We had our experts analyze their experts’ reports. Our experts determined that the plaintiffs were seeking an average annual amount of water to restore the fishery at 140,000 acre-feet. This represented about 12% of historic Friant supplies. Before plaintiffs produced the expert report, we had been assuming it would take about 40 percent of our historic supplies to restore the fishery. So we took the position that if we could lock them into a number of acre feet they proposed and they agreed that they wouldn’t go over that number, there was a potential settlement. That’s how things got started, and then they agreed. The fundamental principles for Friant were no additional cost and a cap on the amount of water. The final settlement embodies these principles. We achieved our objective in that regard. We did get some other things on top of this, but those basic core principles are embedded in the settlement. Can you please explain for us non-ag folks how the Friant Canal basically works? Does it carry water from the Delta? Friant Canal takes water out from Millerton Reservoir northeast of Fresno and delivers water to Arvin and Edison, just south of Bakersfield. It also takes water north to serve the Madera Irrigation District and the Chowchilla Water District. So, it basically serves the east side of the San Joaquin Valley, from Chowchilla to just south of Bakersfield. Is that water exclusive for farming? No. The City of Fresno has a Class One contract for 60,000 acre-feet. There are several other municipal deliveries as well - Orange Cove and Strathmore, for example, but it is primarily agricultural. How did all these water right issues get started? The water right that underlies the Friant water project came from the historic Miller and Lux interest in the Los Banos area. The Federal Bureau of Reclamation built the Delta-Mendota Canal. This canal takes water from the


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Delta and delivers it to the Mendota pool in return for the Miller and Lux water rights in the San Joaquin River. Without the Delta deliveries to what we call the exchange contractors in the Los Banos area, you would not have the water rights to support the diversions in the Madera and Friant-Kern canals. I see now why this issue is so complex. Essentially, Friant has two classes of water. The Class I Right is considered to be a firm water right. That’s 800,000 acre feet of Class I contracted entitlement. The Miller and Lux exchange contract (water deliveries that the Federal government takes from the Delta, through the Delta-Mendota Canal) is 800,000 acre-feet. It is essentially a bucket for bucket exchange in terms of firm water rights. Then there are Class II rights in the Friant division. These are less reliable. It’s water delivered in wetter years. So, where we are today isn’t something that just happened overnight? Oh no. All the underlying water rights go back to the early 1900s. The Federal Bureau exchange contract was entered into during the late 1930s. It is a decades old system. If we have a very wet winter would there still be a crisis over water? I think that there is always going to be tension in California over water. It’s very territorial and geographic. For the most part, elected officials, regardless of their party, represent their own geographic interest. I think that is true in water, more so than many other issues that come up. We are all in the same boat about these water issues (no pun intended), so why is there so much controversy? Well, there are some people that try to make it partisan. Mr. Costa understands the issues and has worked very hard in effectively trying to resolve them. I don’t know where we would be on water in California if Senator Feinstein hadn’t been a very outspoken proponent on more reasonable balanced approaches. She certainly is not a flame-throwing environmentalist when it comes to the water issues. She is perhaps the only politician that can look some of the environmental community in the eye and tell them that they need to get real and reasonable, and sometimes they do. The San Joaquin River case is a good example where the environmental community would have had a much better result had they gone to trial. But they couldn’t say no to her. She basically forced them to enter into a real settlement process.

[ featured story ] What’s Happening WIth Our Water? Do you think that this issue became more intense when the federal government offered farmers subsidies and incentives encouraging them to grow more crops decades ago? If we were considering these major projects under the current environment, they would be very different than they were or are. You could also say that of highway projects or almost anything. The rules have changed, but at the time that these projects were authorized and constructed I think people reasonably thought that they were appropriately designed and operated. We all have 20/20 hindsight. The reality is that substantial economies have developed and millions of people rely on these projects and it’s not as simple as saying that we are going to blow them up and start from scratch. The impact on people would be intolerable. It takes much more creativity than just simply saying we’re going to go back and redesign them. The U.S Department of Agriculture has designated 50 of California’s 58 counties as natural disaster areas because of crop losses from the drought we’ve now been experiencing for three years. Are Governor Schwarzenegger’s hands tied by the Federal government relative to this issue? Why doesn’t the federal government get more involved? It’s a little bit hard to say that they are not involved. I understand what some of the key leaders are saying, but when you get down to the operating level, the Mid Pacific region of the Bureau of Reclamation and Fish and Wildlife service are very engaged in the discussions on how to fix the Delta. At the policy level what’s being asked is that they intervene, specifically to file emergency exemptions from the Endangered Species Act. Politically, that is tough to do. I always tell people that I believe there are some flaws in the Endangered Species Act, but one of the things that I remind people is that the last time that it was re-authorized one of the co-sponsors of the bill to re-authorize the Act was Newt Gingrich. In California, the Republicans all rally against the Endangered Species Act. When you get east of the Mississippi, where there are very few endangered species in comparison to the west, it’s a no-brainer vote for the Republicans. It’s not as simple as saying if the Democrats would get off the dime we could do something. We do have eastern Republicans who have generally supported the Endangered Species Act. It’s a very complicated political dynamic. Your family has farmed the Valley for some time now. Did they ever have an issue with water on the acreage that they farmed? Occasionally. Most of our water supply is ground water, so we’ve had issues with falling water tables, particularly in the last few years. We’ve had to drill new wells and deepen other wells, that sort of thing. Historically, the dry periods are followed by wet periods and there’s some replenishment of the ground water.

In my role at the university, I’m increasingly convinced that climate change is real and that this may be more than just blip, in terms of the historic hydrology. There may be a change in hydrology that’s occurring here and if that’s the case then there will be some long-term concerns even in our own farm operations. We certainly have been sensitive to water issues for decades. My grandfather was involved in creating the Kings County Water District. My father served as Chairman of the Board of it for many years. I already detailed my involvement. We certainly understand the importance of water to our operation. Your brother, Cal Dooley was very involved in water issues while he was in office, correct? Oh sure. Any elected official has to pay attention to water. I think that when Cal first ran, he said that the three most important issues to this district are water, water and water. There is no question any one in a public policy position representing the San Joaquin Valley has got to understand the basics of water issues. Is there a source, perhaps an Internet site, book or expert that you could recommend to our readers so they can understand this further? There is no single comprehensive source, but there is the Watershed Center at UC Davis. Their website is They also have an E-library as well. It’s an interdisciplinary group, and it includes one of the economists that has been talking about the impacts of the drought a lot. His name is Richard Howitt Davis. Jeff Mount is a hydrologist there and he’s also a member of this group. They both have done some of the more recent work on the Delta. Howitt, Mount and their colleagues at the Center have collaborated with the Public Policy Institute of California on two studies comparing the futures for the Delta. They have recommended a peripheral canal as a part of the solution. I think that they have been doing some of the most creative research about options and policies. On the Delta, in particular, they have reframed the debate a little bit. I would refer to them on the Delta. They talk about the levees, the fish and moving the water. Are you familiar with the Two Gates proposal that’s on the table? I believe that proposal is to place removable gates in the Delta to block the threatened fish from getting killed by the pumps. Yes, a little bit. I’m not intimately familiar with it, but I am certainly aware of it. It is an interim fix and I think that there is fairly wide spread support for that. I think that the major water agencies are going to fund it, if I understand it correctly. What about organizations like the Bay Delta Conservation Group and Delta Vision? Can you explain how they operate? The Bay Delta Conservation Planning is an effort under the Endangered Species Act (E.S.A.) to develop an ecosystem plan for the Delta. Part of the problem with the Delta that’s currently under the E.S.A. is that they are managing it species by species. You have requirements for winter run salmon, requirements for delta smelt and so forth. They are not always compatible. There is a provision of E.S.A. where you can do an ecosystem conservation plan that considers all of the needs of the Delta. If the plan is adopted it could permit some of the endangered species as long as the projects are operating


[ featured story ] What’s Happening WIth Our Water? consistent with the plan. That’s really what’s been needed for a long time, but it has been so difficult to get people to even talk about it.

The huge fluctuations from year to year make for great difficulties for south of Delta exporters.

That group is currently engaged in trying to put together a Bay Delta Conservation Plan under E.S.A. This would be a significant step forward, but it will take some effort to make it happen. The Delta vision process and the Governor’s Blue Ribbon Task Force have issued reports that had some good ideas. Other recommendations were pretty far out. They raised the hackles of many in the water community because of proposed significant changes in water rights law. It also created some concerns in the Sacramento Valley among some of the Delta water right holders.

Secondly, I think that there is an increasing recognition that you can’t really manage the Delta ecosystem effectively, unless you have a way to move fresh water to the southeast portions of the Delta and release it along the way of the canal. That may be as important a reason to have a Delta conveyance facility as any. That it is necessary to managing the Delta itself. I personally believe that some sort of conveyance facility is necessary.

Some of the provisions of the Delta Vision report relating to how you manage these systems and govern them, may be incorporated into an ultimate water package that comes out of the legislature, perhaps even this year. It certainly hasn’t received wholesale endorsements in any quarter. Getting back to the peripheral canal in the Delta, is this multi-billion dollar project truly going to alleviate the problem that we have up there? For three decades now we’ve been trying to manage the Delta ecosystem with water flows alone, and it’s been unsuccessful. In terms of biology, a number of species are going to hell in a hand basket. We’ve had significant curtailments of water exports from the Delta and we’ve had water quality problems. It just isn’t working. By the way, a lot of people talk about preserving the Delta like it is this pristine ecosystem. It is as altered an ecosystem as you can imagine. The Delta used to be a great big marsh and estuary. Now it’s a series of islands and channels. It’s by no means a natural ecosystem. A lot of people lose site of that when they talk about trying to preserve the Delta. Way back in 1982, the concern over the peripheral canal was that it was simply a mechanism to get more water south of the Delta. Quite candidly, some of the Delta exporters thought that this would be a way they could actually increase their water diversions. Today, I don’t think anyone has an expectation that they will get more water south of the Delta than they historically did. Most would be tickled pink if they could get 60 or 70 percent of their historic deliveries. The objectives are very different now. Reliability of deliveries is a major concern.


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If you look at the Watershed Center’s website and review their Delta studies, you will see that they recommend an isolated conveyance system. The group includes the fishery biologist that was an expert for the plaintiffs in the San Joaquin River case. Even he says that this is the best option for fixing the Delta. There is a growing consensus that it is necessary. In tying it all back to the San Joaquin River, it is important to note that Delta conveyance is very important to the Friant interest. If things get really bad and the exchange contractors and the Bureau of Reclamation can’t deliver Delta water to the Miller and Lux folks in Los Banos to meet their exchange obligation, the Bureau of Reclamation must provide them with water from Friant Dam. Even though they have the first right to pump from the Delta, if things get really bad in the Delta and pumping is curtailed, then they have a right to call upon the San Joaquin River. And that impacts the Friant. Getting a Delta conveyance fix will increase the reliability of deliveries to the exchange contractors and improve the security of the Friant supplies. Has there ever been any other alternatives discussed like desalinating salt water and transporting it? Are there other technologies and resources being explored? They are being explored, but most of those alternative systems don’t have the capacity to generate water in the quantities sufficient to meet shortfalls, and the relative costs are so high. If desalination technologies were to improve, it certainly could become a source for coastal communities in applying some potable water supply. But in terms of meeting irrigation demands, it is highly unlikely that it is going to be a significant component.

[ featured story ] What’s Happening WIth Our Water? There may be some drainage water or other brackish waters that are much less concentrated in terms of salinity, where it does makes sense to do something with it. If you can improve the quality of that type of water you may be able to use it for irrigation. Another opportunity exists through biotechnology and plant genomics. We can develop some crop varieties that are more tolerant to higher concentrations of salt. Then you could actually use some of that brackish water to irrigate certain types of crops. If you look at a longer time span this is an area where technology and innovation can make some significant impact. Looks like there will always be both an ag demand and a metro demand for water. Both those demands have to be balanced. Correct. The marginal amounts necessary to support urban growth are relatively small over time. Dick Howitt at UC Davis did some studies a few years ago that suggested that all of California’s projected urban demand for water for this century could be met by reallocating only 10 percent of the water used for agricultural. We are clearly using less water per capita today than previously and are constantly learning how to grow crops more productively with less water. There are lots of opportunities out there for technology to intersect with demand and help us manage usage more effectively. Do you think that if we built more dams 20 years ago that we would have these same problems today? They would have made some difference, but not dramatic differences. If you look at Temperance Flat or the Sites facility (which is an off stream reservoir on the west side of the Sacramento Valley) they create a fair amount of storage, but their actual yield of annual water is relatively small and certainly not significant enough to alter the dramatic impacts of reduced deliveries because of the drought and the pumping limitations in the Delta. They would add flexibility for water operations. It’s a critical issue and there doesn’t seem like there are any simple answers. If there were, we would have done it a long time ago. It’s a great field for lawyers and engineers. (Laughter.)

Congressman Devin Nunes (R 21) has been at the forefront of the water battle for many years now. His family has a dairy in Tipton. Congressman Nunes is vehemently opposed to taking water from farmers for the sake of fish. Congressman Devin Nunes: On Wednesday, September 30th, I attended a meeting at the Department of Interior. Those in attendance were a virtual ‘whose who’ in the leftist environmental movement. Included among them was the Water Czar himself, David Hayes, as well as his patron, Bay Area Congressman George Miller.

Feinstein and a host of liberal lawmakers, the Secretary dismissed the need for immediate relief in our region and reiterated tired arguments about the complex nature of California water policy – more lip service, but no help from Washington. During my brief remarks, I told Secretary Salazar, in no uncertain terms, that he and the Democrats in Congress were waging war against the people of the San Joaquin Valley. They have rejected seven separate efforts in the House and one in the Senate – each of which would have provided temporary water relief to our region. Congress must pass a temporary measure to protect our water supply. Only after this can we move forward in search of larger solutions. The following is an excerpt from our October 2007 interview with Congressman Nunes. His views on the water issue 24 months ago remain unchanged today. Many people don’t understand that our 21st Congressional District has more agricultural output than all but eight states. If our little district were a state, it would be the ninth largest state (in terms of its Ag economy) in the country. That’s how much food comes from Tulare County. Some farmers are being subsidized not to grow crops. Other farmers are selling water rights they don’t have or are not using. The whole thing is messed up. Has it always been that way? It’s getting worse. We’re in a situation where more and more people in this state are placing more and more demands on the water supply. Even our infrastructure hasn’t kept up. We’re at a crossroads. The people of California don’t fully understand how our agricultural system works, but as long as they can go to the grocery store and food is available, it’s not a big problem. Do you think that a balance can be reached between the environmentalists and the farmers? Do you think that’s possible? When you have people truly looking for solutions then it’s possible. But the radical environmental groups are impossible to deal with. Their lawyers pick apart every single law. They’re not looking to be reasonable. We’ve put forward some reasonable solutions and we’ve tried to engage the environmental community in issues like Temperance Flat, but they are totally against it because it’s a dam. Even though this particular dam would be in an area that would do no environmental harm and it could drastically improve the environment by creating more water. So, when they oppose something like that, you can’t say that they are being reasonable. So, a couple of new dams and a new canal could retain our water for a longer period of time and we’d all be better off as a result. A peripheral canal could move the water in larger quantities – around the delta and provide a flushing capability. It’s a win-win situation. Sometimes we make things a lot harder than they really are to fix. They’re not that hard. What’s hard is getting people to focus on it long enough to say that’s what we need to do. As long as people living in San Francisco, L.A. and San Diego are able to turn on their tap water, they’re fine. n

At this meeting, Secretary Salazar again denied the existence of a man-made drought in California. Flanked by George Miller, Dianne


November/December 2005


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DVD Diary Our mission at DVD Diary is to suggest DVDs or downloads that are worth your time and/or money. And this is a good month with several solid suggestions. THE PROPOSAL with Sandra Bullock and Ryan Reynolds. This is highly entertaining with a great cast, including Betty White who gets a huge out-loud laugh by raising her eyebrows. Bullock, the boss from hell, is about to be deported because she never got the proper work permits. She forces her assistant, Reynolds, to marry her. He agrees. In exchange, he gets a promotion and a trip to Alaska for an important family birthday. We know where this is going and how it ends up, but it’s so well done. Super cast. Not for kids, even though there’s nothing really offensive. PG-13. Sexual content, nudity and language. (They are naked, but you can’t see anything. It’s a funny moment.)

AWAY WE GO with John Krasinki and Maya Rudolph. A couple in their thirties are expecting their first child, but they think they don’t have their lives figured out. They travel across the country, visiting important people in their lives searching for the answers to life. This is the feel- good movie of the summer of 2009, directed by Sam Mendes ((American American Beauty and Revolutionary Road Road), Away We Go is a warm look at relationships and parenting. A small movie and highly recommended. Rated R. Language and sexual content.

YEAR ONE This is kind of a thin premise, a buddy movie set in prehistoric times, but the characters talk and act like they’re in a Judd Apatow movie (he’s one of the producers). Surprisingly, it delivers. Harold Ramis directed and co-wrote the script. Jack Black and Michael Cera are expelled from their village and set out to find what’s beyond the hills. They find Cain and Abel, a crazy emperor and other zany adventures. It’s not a great comedy on the scale of Animal House, but it’s very funny and well done. Not for the easily offended, but recommended. Rated PG-13. Parents strong cautioned. Crude and sexual content throughout. Brief strong language and comic violence.

STAR TREK (2009) This rebooting of the franchise, directed by J.J. Abrams (creator of Alias, Lost and director of Mission Impossible III), was the best big action movie of the summer. You don’t have to be a Trekkie to enjoy this one. This movie works on all levels, a great story, spectacular effects, characters to care about, suspense, humor. The story itself is the beginning of James T. Kirk’s career as a captain. It explains how he joined up with Spock, Zulo, Scotty and all the rest. Of course, they must save the universe. Highly recommended. Sit back, relax and enjoy. Excellent cast: Chris Pine (Kirk), Zachary Quinto (Spock), Simon Pegg (Scotty) and Eric Bana as Nero, the villain. Rated PG-13. For sci-fi action and violence, a brief sexual content. (Milder than a lot of prime time television.

FROM THE VAULT In 2002’s “The Good Girl,” Jennifer Aniston also moved away from the superstar persona as a small-town married woman whose dull life becomes extremely complicated when she takes up with a young clerk at a discount store (Jake Gyllenhall). A moving performance. With John C. Reilly, Tim Blake Nelson and Zooey Deschanel. Rated R. Sexuality, some language and drug content.

DVD DON’T Land of the Lost Will Farrell stumbled badly in spite of a script by writers with some solid TV credits. Skip it. 28

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Dental Harvest


all. Harvest time. In the Central Valley, these words often evoke mental images of the gathering of crops planted and tended throughout the year. Corn is being chopped, alfalfa continues to be cut and bailed, almonds, walnuts and pistachio trees are shaken, the nuts gathered, and processed Numerous grapes are harvested for a variety of products. I thought that now would be a good time to gather together several pertinent dental topics that I have covered in the past and provide an update and summary. One of the most important things your dentist can do for you is the oral cancer and soft tissue exam. That’s why it was one of my first topics in this magazine several years ago. Frankly, it isn’t often that we see cancers in the mouth but, when we do, they can progress and quickly cause severe outcomes. The incidence for oral cancer in the U.S. is about 10.5 people per 100,000. This varies some between men, women, and races.

The important thing to remember about oral cancer risk is that if you use tobacco, the rate goes up. If you drink alcohol, the rate goes up. But if you use tobacco and alcohol, the rate goes up – way up. The effect is significantly more than just adding the risks from tobacco and alcohol together. If you fall into this category, I would be sure somebody is routinely checking my mouth and looking for changes in the gums, tongue, floor of the mouth, palate, throat, and cheek tissues. You can be on the “look-out” also. Sores and red and/or white spots that hang around for more than two weeks should be evaluated by your dentist. Another development that came out quietly more than 10 years ago, but one that seems to continue accumulating supportive evidence, is the relationship between periodontal (gum) disease and cardiovascular disease. With cardiovascular disease, fatty substances buildup on the walls of the arteries. The blood flow may then become so constricted that it can cause heart attacks and stroke. Several theories exist to explain the relationship between gum disease, stroke, and heart disease. But one thing we clearly are aware of is that people who have periodontal disease are twice as likely to have coronary artery disease, as compared to those people without periodontal disease. A similar relationship has been observed between stroke and periodontal disease. Clearly, something is going on here. Wow! That kind of information makes you want to stop and floss your teeth right now. Whitening teeth works. It is safe and effective. We’ve been doing it now

for a couple of decades using stabilized hydrogen peroxide gels that are placed in prolonged contact with teeth. Essentially, that’s it. If you can get the whitening gel to stay in close intimate contact with the teeth, you’ll get whiter teeth. Simple? Well, you may wonder about this after looking at all the different whitening products out there. It seems there are a myriad of different ways to whiten your teeth these days. But actually, research has shown that the whitening effect isn’t that complicated. It’s dependent on the strength of the gel you’re using, the time it’s actually in contact with the tooth surface, and the type of tooth discoloration. Laser whitening, whitening booths at the mall, gel strips from the store, and custom trays from your dentist all work if you can just keep the gel from being washed away by your saliva. That’s where a custom tray made from molds of your teeth really stands out. It’s mostly a matter of how much money do you want to spend to achieve the desired result. My previous VPI article (July/ (July/a aug a ug 2009) on tooth whitening offers some additional details to help with your decision regarding which method may work best for you. Technology, technology, technology. It seems everything we do is linked to a semiconductor chip somewhere these days. Even my toaster has decisionmaking electronics in it. Where does it end? The dental field is no different. Dentists also are bombarded all the time from different gadget manufacturers. However, there are some bits of technology that stand out and are gaining wider acceptance by the dental profession. Digital dental x-rays really seem to have found their place. The major advantage is that the radiation exposure for a digital image can be 1/10 of the typical exposure for a regular piece of dental x-ray film. amazing! y you can get more radiation walking out to your car on a sunny day than from a digital dental x-ray. These digital images can also be analyzed with software to help provide decay detection earlier.




Dental lasers have been around for a while. Some are used for decay removal, gum disease treatments, surgery, and treatment of blisters and sores of the mouth. The scope and methods of dental treatment by lasers seem to be ever-expanding. As the costs for this equipment drops, look for this technology to start popping up in your dentist’s office. Finally, what good is it to have all the latest technology, equipment, and insight if you can’t take advantage of it? I talking about you dental phobics out there who know that you should get your teeth and gums checked, but you’re so absolutely frightened by the thought of visiting a dental office that you continue to delay, delay, and delay. Somehow you hope that things will get better before there’s decay, decay, decay. We both know that dental problems simply don’t get better with time and inattention. Moreover, your intense fear may have taken complete control of the logical side of your mind. This fear has grip on you that you can’t seem to shake. I understand. I know what you’re going through. I get it. Over the past 25 years I have seen and successfully treated numerous patients who have had an abject fear of dentistry and everything associated with the dental office. Fortunately, there are safe methods to allay these fears and help you enjoy a successful dental visit. Take time to discuss with your dentist the use of sedation medications available to you. There are a variety of methods and types of sedation techniques at your disposal

that actually work. Can you imagine having a calm dental appointment of which you remember little or nothing? Think of what it would be like to have a pain-free smile. Overcome the fear and make the phone call to schedule a routine check up. That one call may just change you whole outlook on life and perhaps how long you will live. n


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Vox Pop Influentials - September / October 2009  

Welcome to Vox Pop Influentials Magazine. The Central Valley's Voice Of The People - Innovative, Inspirational, Inside Magazine.