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LIBER PRĪMUS

UNIT II Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6


CAPUT QUARTUM Vocabula ancilla, ancillae, f female slave cognātus, cognātī, m relative familia, familiae, f the entire household or family līberī, līberōrum m children paterfamilias, paterfamiliae, m the head of a household, usually the father pecūnia, pecūniae, f money servus, servī, m male slave domī

at home

tōtus, tōta ignāvus, ignāva

whole, entire, all lazy

adiuvō, adiuvāre, adiūvī creō, creāre, creāvī curō, curāre, curāvī doceō, docēre, docuī faciō, facere, fēcī labōrō, labōrāre, labōrāvī maneō, manēre, mansī vīvō, vīvere, vīxī

to help to make, create, produce to care for, watch over, supervise to teach to make to work to remain, stay to live, be alive

aliquandō dīligenter etiam forīs plerumque saepe tamen

sometimes hard, diligently also, even outside the home, outside usually often however

secundum+ ACC

according to, following


Familia Romāna Sunt in familiā Romānā pater, mater, līberī, et servī. Paterfamilias tōtam familiam curat. Ille saepe forīs labōrat et pecūniam facit. Mater domī manet. Illa forīs nōn labōrat. Aliquandō cognātī quoque domī vīvunt. Mater servōs et ancillās curat. Servī et ancillae domi laborant. Servī et ancillae secundum legem in familiā Romānā sunt, et paterfamilas eōs curat. Cur Romānī servōs habent? Servī familiam adiuvant. Servi domī et forīs labōrant. Servī plerumque dīligenter labōrant, sed aliquandō sunt ignāvī. Suntne līberī ignāvī? Ita vērō, aliquandō sunt ignāvī! Līberī tamen domī labōrant. Līberī patrem et matrem adiuvant. Cur Romānī familiās habent? Familia Romāna liberōs creat. Mater et pater līberōs curant. Servī quoque līberōs curant. Mater et pater līberōs docent. Plerumque mater fīliās docet, pater fīliōs. Servī aliquando līberōs docent. Cognātī etiam līberōs docent. Quot līberī sunt in familiā Romānā? In familiā nostrā sunt trēs līberī. Aliquando est plus, aliquando minus. Ille, that man, he Illa, that woman, she legem, law eōs, them


CAPUT QUINTUM Vocabula aedēs, aedis, f. cibus, cibī, m dīvitiae, dīvitiārum, f homō, hominis, m īnsula, īnsulae, f pauper, pauperis, m/f pecūnia, pecūniae, f vīlla, vīllae, f

building, house, temple food riches, wealth person, man apartment building; island poor person money country house, estate, farm

Rōmae

in Rome

alius, alia, aliud alia . . . alia difficilis, difficilis, difficile plurimus, plurima, plurimum rūsticus, rūstica, rūsticum

another one . . . another difficult, hard very many, most rural, in the countryside, rustic

dormiō, dormīre, dormīvī ferō, ferre, tūlī habitō, habitāre, habitāvī

to sleep to bring, carry to live, inhabit

plus quam rūrī ubīque

more than in the country everywhere

propter +ACC

on account of, because


Aedēs et Insulae Multi Romānī in urbe habitābant. Quot hominēs Romae habitābant? Plus quam decies centena milia hominēs! Ubi habitābant hī hominēs? Ubīque! Plurimī in insulīs habitābant, paucī in aedibus magnīs. Paucī hominēs etiam in viā dormiēbant. Hī hominēs aedem nōn habēbant. Hī hominēs erant pauperēs, et pecūniam nōn habēbant. Aliquandō cibum nōn habēbant. Erant multī pauperēs in urbe, et aliquando difficile erat Rōmae habitāre. Paucī Rōmānī dīvitiās habēbant. Hī Rōmānī multās pecūniās et magnās aedēs habēbant. Hī Rōmānī saepe multās aedēs habēbant, alia aedēs Romae, alia aedēs rūrī, et alia alibī. Dormiēbantne in viā? Minimē! Dormiēbant propter dīvitiās in aedibus magnificīs. Hī Romānī magnīs in aedibus vivēbant, et multōs cibōs et optimōs cōnsumēbant. Paucī Rōmānī vīllās rūsticās habēbant. Hae vīllae saepe erant magnae, aliquandō maximae. Multī servī in hīs magnīs vīllīs saepe labōrābant. Romānī igitur hās magnās vīllās amābant. decies centena milia, one million hī, these habitāre, to live alibī, elsewhere magnificīs, magnificent cōnsumēbant, were consuming, eating Hae, these hās, these


CAPUT SEXTUM Vocabula cibus, cibī, m cēna, cēnae, f epulae, epulārum, f lectus, lectī, m mēnsa, mēnsae, f nox, noctis, f. prandium, prandiī, n sella, sellae, f triclīnium, triclīniī, n vīnum, vīnī, n

food, meal dinner banquet, feast couch, bed table, course in a meal night lunch chair dining room wine

nūllus, nūlla, nūllum

not any, no, none

bibō, bibere, bibī cēnō, cēnāre, cēnāvī comedō, comedere, comēdī cōnsūmō, cōnsūmere, cōnsūmī edō, edere, edidī prandeō, prandēre, prandī recumbō, recumbere, recubuī sūmō, sūmere, sūmī

to drink to eat dinner to consume, eat up; waste, squander to eat to eat to eat breakfast, to eat lunch to recline to eat

dum

while

māne merīdiē nocte/noctū plērumque postmerīdiē

in the morning at noon, midday at night usually in the afternoon

ter

three times, thrice three times at day

ter (in) diē quotiēns?

how many times?

iuxtā +ACC

next to


Cibī Romānī ter in diē cibum saepe sūmpsērunt. Quotiēns tū cibum in diē cōnsūmis? Māne Romānī parvum cibum sumēbant. Aliquandō Romānī nullum cibum māne comedēbant. Amāsne comedere cibum māne? Merīdiē multī Romānī prandium comēdērunt. Plērumque prandium nōn erat magnum, sed aliquandō erat magnum. Amās cōnsūmere magnum prandium? Multī Romānī sedēbant dum prandunt. Aliquandō Romānī recumbēbant dum prandunt. Postmerīdiē Romānī cēnam consūmēbant. Cēna erat magna. Romānī plērumque in triclīniō cēnābant. Multī Romānī in lectīs recumbēbant dum cenant. Romānī saepe in lectīs iuxtā sē recumbēbant. Aliquandō duo vel trēs Romānī in lectō recumbēbant. Omnēs Romānī in lectīs nōn recumbēbant dum cenant. Aliquandō Romānī in sellīs sedēbant dum cēnam sūmunt. Amās recumbere in lectō dum tū cēnam consūmis? Amāsne magnam cēnam comedere? Amās in sellā sedēre dum cēnam consūmis? Amāsne magnam cēnam comedere? Quid Romānī sūmpsērunt? Multōs cibōs sūmpsērunt Romānī. Romānī quoque vīnum bibērunt, multum vīnum. Saepe Romānī ūsque ad noctem cenābant. Amāsne cēnam noctū consūmere? Aliquandō Romānī epulās habēbant. Amāsne epulās? ter in diē, three times a day Amāsne, do you like plērumque, usually stābant, were standing iuxtā sē, next to each other vel, or ūsque ad noctem, up through the evening


UNIT 2 Didactic