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SEPTEMBER 2011

ARIZONA EDITION


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Save the date! September 9, 2011 A party you don’t want to miss. Live music, apertifs and good company.

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Journal of the American Latino Dream

Volume 8

22

{September 2011}

The Latino next door

We all have stories to tell, no matter where we’re from. This month, Latinos in our community share theirs

Issue 1

53

The good, bad & cholesterol

HDL and LDL - can you keep them straight? Cholesterol is essential and needs to be kept in healthy balance

42 7 8

From the editor

It’s our seventh anniversary

¿Será posible?

A warning from the Better Sleep Council: Beware of Zombieitis

12 LP journal Bye-bye, George Lopez; cry me a Colorado River, Arizona; Arianna Huffington appeals to Latinos

14 Vibe Teatro Bravo brings us Frida Kahlo; CALA kicks off this month; Andrés Alcalá directs Zoot Suit

19 Rincón del arte Daniel Martin Diaz, visual artist

33 Valle Movin’ up del Sol’s Profiles of Success; del Castillo joins Cox; Del Rincon is Melnick scholar; Soto and Tineo get Tucson LUMIES; Cañez to direct Raul Castro Institute

49 Education College makes it easy to take classes Phoenix on campus, downtown or online; tutor children

in the love of reading; dance classes for Parkinson’s patients at ASU

58 Time out 39 Entrepreneur Dionna and Geoffrey Carranza want to pamper Too rushed to eat before you head off to you at Salon Embellish+Wellness Studio

exercise? Not a good idea. Fueling up for fitness is crucial to get the most out of your workout

41 Briefcase Manly advice on getting fired; GPCC forms new 61 P.S. board for VYP; GoGreen ‘11 comes to Phoenix; Stomping foot signals Mexican Independence keep your taxes in order and tío Sam happy; MAHC and EVHBA host symposium in Mesa

47 Those who serve

Nancy Ochoa, police officer, Scottsdale Police Department

perspective 62 My Maricopa County Attorney Bill Montgomery

on working in partnership to build a stronger community

Coming in October:

breast cancer awareness and you www.latinopm.com

¡ September 2011!

Latino Perspectives Magazine

5


¡! from the executive editor

September 2011 Publisher/CEO Ricardo Torres Executive Editor/COO Cecilia Rosales, Ph.D. Editor Rosa Cays Art Director Jorge Quintero Contributing Writers Catherine Anaya, Dan Cortez, Bill Montgomery, Robrt L. Pela, Stella Pope Duarte, Georgann Yara Director of Sales and Marketing Carlos Jose Cuervo Advertising Account Executives Grace Alvarez and Barry Farber Webmaster QBCS Inc.

Contact Us

www.latinopm.com P.O. Box 2213 Litchfield Park, Az. 85340 602-277-0130 Advertising: sales@latinopm.com Editorial: editor@latinopm.com Design: art@latinopm.com

Happy Anniversary LPM !! By Cecilia Rosales, Ph.D.

September marks the 7th anniversary of Latino Perspectives Magazine.

Also this month we commemorate Hispanic Heritage Month (September 15-October 15). For sure we’ll hear and read proclamations touting the many contributions of Americans of Hispanic heritage to the political, economic and social fabric of the United States of America. In fact, in anticipation of the observance, late last month the U.S. Census released its popular “Facts for Features” with tidbits of information on the country’s Hispanic or Latino population. Among this year’s featured data:

50.5 million: The Hispanic population of the United States as of April 1, 2010. 63%. The percentage of Hispanic-origin people in the United States who were of Mexican background in 2010. $345.2 billion: Receipts generated by Hispanic-owned businesses in 2007, up 55.5 percent from 2002. 1.1 million: The number of Hispanics or Latinos 18 and older who are veterans of the U.S. armed forces. (Updated figures are to be released later this month). 4: The number of Hispanic surnames ranked among the 15 most common in 2000 (Garcia, Rodriguez, Martinez, Hernandez). 14%: The percentage of the Hispanic population 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher in 2010. 1 million: Number of Hispanics 18 and older with advanced degrees in 2010. 67%: Percentage of Hispanic children living with two parents. 9.7 million: The number of Hispanic citizens who reported voting in the 2008 presidential election, about 2 million more than voted in 2004.

Subscriptions

For home or office delivery, please send your name, address, phone number, and a check for $24 to Latino Perspectives Magazine at the address above. Subscriptions also available for credit-card purchase by calling 602-277-0130. Visit www.latinopm.com/digital for a free digital subscription. Latino Perspectives Magazine is published 12 times a year and is selectively distributed throughout Arizona. The entire contents of this publication are copyrighted by Latino Perspectives Media, LLC, all rights reserved, and may not be reproduced in any manner, in whole or in part, without written permission from the publisher.

The numbers paint an interesting demographic portrait. But, what are stories behind these numbers? In this month’s feature, Georgan Yara presents profiles of seven individuals in our community who represent different iterations of the Hispanic experience in the Grand Canyon State. We are proud to share these stories and invite you to read more and share yours at latinopm.com. On behalf of all of us at LPM we thank you for seven years of continued support! Hasta la próxima.

www.latinopm.com

¡ September 2011!

Latino Perspectives Magazine

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¡! ¿Será posible?

Attack of the bride zombies By Robrt L. Pela

Very little surprises me anymore.

After all, we live in a world where people voted George W. Bush in for a second term and where Tyra Banks has her own television show. Clearly, anything is possible. But when my editor sent me a press release about a consumer education outfit’s attempt to do battle with zombies, I thought she was playing a trick on me. Oh, fine. I thought. She didn’t like that piece I did on Cher, and this is how she’s punishing me – with a cheesy practical joke. But it turns out that the Better Sleep Council (BSC) is a real thing and they are, in fact, out to cure something they call “Zombieitis” with a campaign launched this past May designed to warn consumers about the dangers of the disease, inform them of the cure and to help stop the spread of Zombieitis. But rather than going after more mundane, George Romero-type zombies, the maneating kind who grunt and shuffle after dress extras, their arms stretched out before them, the council is starting at the top of the monster list by targeting a truly terrifying creature: the zombie bride. “Planning a wedding can be very exciting, but it can also be very stressful,” sleep council flack Karin Mahoney explained to me when I phoned her. “Brides have to plan the ceremony, the reception, make a guest list, deal with family politics and drama, and so much more. In addition to that, most brides want to get into tip-top shape to look their best on their wedding day. Brides are often so wrapped up in the wedding planning process that they forget the most important thing: getting a good night’s sleep, which turns them into zombies.”

Your thoughts? Tell us what you think. Send your thoughts to editor@latinopm.com 8

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¡ September 2011!

Zombieitis, according to the BSC press release, is a condition triggered by sleep deprivation, one that can “cause sufferers to exhibit Zombie-like symptoms, including bags under the eyes, weight gain, a slow gait, distracted disposition and apathy.” What it mostly is, I suspect, is a catchy way to make a point about the health benefits of a good night’s sleep. “We want to enlighten people about how important it is to get your rest,” Mahoney says. “We’re taking a different group every few months, like brides and college students and mothers-to-be, and focusing on them, with the zombie angle.” OK. But there’s got to be a better way to promote the value of a good night’s sleep than riffing on late-show monsters and reality TV programs about badly behaved brides-to-be. How about quoting some medical studies or quoting a sleepdeprivation expert? Like this: “Sleep loss is associated with striking alterations in hormone levels that regulate the appetite,”

Latino Perspectives welcomes feedback from readers regarding published stories or topics of interest. Please include your name and phone number. Mail letters to Editor, Latino Perspectives, 3877 N. 7th St., Ste. 200, Phoenix, AZ 85014. Or, e-mail letters to editor@latinopm.com.

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says Dr. Michael Thorpy, director of the Sleep-Wake Disorders Center at Montefiore Medical Center in New York. “Anyone making a commitment to lose weight should probably consider a parallel commitment to getting more sleep.” But I guess that’s a whole lot less fun than zombies. And speaking of fun, the Better Sleep Council has pulled out all the digital stops in its campaign to stamp out zombie brides, with a website (stopzombieitis.com/brides), a Facebook page, a Twitter account and even a vaguely amusing, animated YouTube video in which colorful line drawings take jabs at sleeplessness and the narrator mispronounces the word attributes. (Perhaps he was sleepy.) The Facebook page is especially helpful, with instructions for overcoming Wedding Planning Stress Syndrome (it’s a real thing, apparently, with its own acronym: WPSS) and articles about how to deal with problem bridesmaids, who can really mess up a zombie bride’s day with complaints about ugly dresses, the high cost of being at a bride’s beck and call, and (worse yet!) screwing up your wedding photos by being overweight and not smiling correctly. If the Better Sleep Council is going for camp over caution, it may be because the council is more interested in selling mattresses than in solving sleep issues. The BSC, it turns out, is the consumer education arm of the International Sleep Products Association, a trade association for the mattress industry. It’s no wonder they want to get rid of zombies. Zombies don’t buy high-end mattresses. And they never sleep.

Editorial mission statement Latino Perspectives creates community, cultivates cultural pride and provokes, challenges and connects Latinos who are defining, pursuing, and achieving the American Latino Dream.


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Revolutionary, customized care. From the moment you walk in the door, you’ll feel a difference in our approach. You’ll meet with a clinical navigator who will guide you and your family through the entire treatment process. You’ll immediately feel cared for, so you can focus on getting better. And because every person’s cancer is different, an entire team of cancer specialists trained at MD Anderson Cancer Center collaborate on each case. They’ll provide you the latest treatment options that will be best for your specific situation. Once your treatment plan is in place, our team is armed with some of the most advanced technology available so you can feel confident knowing that we have the right weapons for your fight against cancer.

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Conversation starters from the world around us

12 LP Journal

George Lopez gets axed; Colorado River gets help from Latinos; Huffington Post adds “Hispanic” news

17 Anaya says 19 Rincón del arte

Listen to that inner voice

Daniel Martin Díaz, visual artist

i say... Earthquakes hit Washington, next week hurricanes, after that frogs and locusts, then the worst plague – Congress returns. —U.S. Rep. Jeff Flake (R-AZ) via Twitter @JeffFlake on August 24, 2011

Arizona deserves an apology from Sen. McCain for fanning racial tensions during the largest fire in state history. —State Sen. Steve Gallardo (D-13) after cousins from Tucson and Benson, Ariz., were charged for the Wallow fire. McCain had claimed evidence indicated illegal immigrants were responsible for the blaze

We need to remind President Obama that we elected a president [who] serves beneath the law and did not anoint a king [who] is above the law.

page

19

Tucson artist Daniel Martin Diaz is this month’s Rincón del Arte profile. Above: Fatima Prophecies, 2010. Oil on wood, 13” x 10”.

www.latinopm.com

—Gov. Jan Brewer on the Dept. of Homeland Security’s expansion of the Prosecutorial Discretion Guidelines, which she dubbed “backdoor amnesty,” on azgovernor.gov

¡ September 2011!

Latino Perspectives Magazine

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¡¡!!

LP journal

Comedian George Lopez: Relying on ethnic stereotypes for his humor is “so last millenium.”

Lopez (Not) Tonight Late last month, cable network TBS announced the cancellation of Lopez Tonight, the George Lopez-hosted late night comedy/talk show that was just wrapping up its second season. And while Lopez fans – and anyone who liked a late-night television landscape that wasn’t lily white – are probably unhappy about the former standup comic’s cancellation, many Latinos are not. “The thing is, George Lopez’s comedy relied heavily, if not completely, on ethnic stereotypes,” journalist Cindy Casares wrote in Turnstylenews.com. “And that is something that, to the young late night audience, is so last millennium.” Casares and other former viewers of Lopez Tonight, which debuted in 2009, are convinced that they’re better off without the MexicanAmerican comic’s particular brand of humor. Although sources close to the show and its network are being typically 12

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ September 2011!

diplomatic about what led to the show’s dwindling ratings, at least one pop culture critic is willing to draw a line between Lopez getting the axe and his approach to a mainstream audience. “Lopez used to do more universal comedy that sprang from his Mexican-American life,” says Scottsdale-based author Bonita Anaya-Blick. “But when he got the talk show, it was all at once this litany of ���Mexicans are lazy and shiftless and ill-behaved’ jokes.” That, according to Anaya-Blick, author of the forthcoming book Mi Loca Vida: Latino Life in the Last Century, backfired on Lopez. “He was taking us back in time by turning on his own people,” she says. “No bueno.” In interviews following the cancellation of his show, Lopez has focused on how his declining ratings had little to do with a recent time-slot swap with Conan O’Brien, whose new late-night chat show recently took the 11 p.m. slot previously owned by Lopez, bumping Lopez Tonight to an www.latinopm.com

hour later. But it’s not lost on most viewers – nor on several blogiteers and web wags – that what happened to Lopez is precisely what happened to O’Brien last year, when Jay Leno returned to The Tonight Show, booting O’Brien from his new seat on that venerable show. Lopez told his audience that he’ll be busy making a sequel to his recent hit movie, The Smurfs – and couldn’t resist the kind of self-effacing ethnic crack that Casares griped about. “Sony announced they were doing a sequel to the Smurfs movie,” he told his final talk show audience. “So, today I lost some work because I’m brown, but also I got some work because I’m blue.” “The sad part is there is no Latino on the horizon to take George’s place,” Casares says. “I have faith, though, that he or she is out there, honing their comedy skills on YouTube or maybe just making their classmates squirt milk out their noses.” Anaya-Blick is more cautiously hopeful. “If another

Latino talk show does come along,” she says, “I hope it’s hosted by someone who’s not going to use the color of his skin to set back anyone’s human rights.”

River, run dry Don’t look for involvement from Arizona in the launch of Nuestro Rio, a powerful, just-formed Latino coalition determined to save the Colorado River. While the coalition is being launched with three events in three nearby states – Colorado, New Mexico, and Nevada – our fair state is conspicuously absent from any kind of kickoff for the new group, which has dedicated itself to addressing issues of water conservation and the influence of the Latino community in preserving and maintaining natural resources. Nuestro Rio’s timing couldn’t be better. The group is tying its launch to the 89th anniversary of the Colorado River Compact, an agreement that allocates water rights for the river. And all those recent national polls indicating that


LP journal environmental issues are a top priority for Hispanic voters, not to mention the still-high-profile green movement, means that water conservation is about to become a hot political topic in 2012. Look for President Obama and his opponents to start slipping references to water conservation into stump speeches. But water preservation isn’t just the new political rhetoric. Water levels in the Colorado – thanks to dwindling water supplies, climate changes, increased demand and recent drought conditions – are dangerously low. (Or are they? Watering the Sun Corridor: Managing Choices in Arizona’s Megapolitan Area, a Morrison Institute for Public Policy report published in August, investigated present and

future water use for Phoenix and Tucson. The report claims that of the annual 2.8 million Colorado River acres to which Arizona has water rights, nearly half are used along the river itself. Therefore, the report suggests, about 8 million Arizona residents could be supported in the Sun Corridor at current rates of consumption.) But Nuestro Rio’s call for immediate action to save the river is focused on threats to environmental and economic health of the region caused by all this drought – in other words, the amount of water delivered to commercial agriculture. The group has prepared a meeting with Interior Secretary Ken Salazar to discuss water usage issues and the ways in which the Colorado is being abused and

neglected. And while this new group of tri-state Latino activists is gearing up for that address, one can’t help but wonder: Where is Arizona in all this, one among the states to which the Colorado provides drinking water, irrigation and recreation? “It’s not that anyone in Arizona is objecting to our program or is uninterested in our work,” insists Andres Ramirez, head of the coalition project. “It’s just that we don’t have the infrastructure in Arizona that we have in these other states.” Ramirez says that Nuestro Rio is busy building a collaboration with existing Arizona agencies, among them Mi Familia Vota, a national Latino civic organization whose Nevada chapter is already partnered with Ramirez’s group. “It’s a slow process, getting other states mobilized to join us,” Ramirez says. “But this time next year, we think we’ll have to drop the ‘tri-state’ from our description, because our mission will have been embraced by all the states that benefit from the Colorado River.”

I cover the (Hispanic) waterfront

The Colorado River has an ally in Nuestro Rio, a Latino coalition that wants to save this much-needed water supply. Arizona is slowly catching on.

Last month, the digital news conglomerate AOL Huffington Post Media Group announced a new, Hispanic edition of its popular online news journal, The Huffington Post. The English-language HuffPost LatinoVoices will offer a Hispanic American perspective on the events and cultural trends reported on in its sister publication, as well as all-new, Latino-specific reporting on www.latinopm.com

¡!

stories breaking in the U.S. and Central and South America. At a press conference on August 11, Huffington Post editor-in-chief Arianna Huffington trotted out the usual facts and figures about how Latinos are the largest and fastest growing minority in the country. “Yet, at the same time, we are witnessing the scapegoating of Hispanics in Arizona and elsewhere,” she announced, “and an immigration policy that runs contrary to the very principles at the foundation of America. HuffPost LatinoVoices will cover both halves of the narrative.” While the new publication will allow wider coverage of Latino issues, not everyone is dancing and singing – including some of the Post’s own scribes. “It may be a step in the right direction,” Huffington Post correspondent Alicia Morga wrote in a Post op ed piece, “but I worry that a section that highlights our voices might also corral our voices and distance us from where I believe we belong: in mainstream media.” Of greater concern is the fact that HuffPost LatinoVoices will share an editorial staff with the Spanish-language AOL Latino. Some wags in the Hispanic community worry that the new publication will offer little more than a Spanish-toEnglish translation of material already published in AOL Latino. It remains to be seen whether the new publication will attract third- and fourthgeneration Latino readers away from mainstream media, nearly every portal of which has pumped up its Hispanic coverage in recent months.

¡ September 2011!

Latino Perspectives Magazine

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¡!

vibe CALA kicks off

Alcalá to direct Zoot Suit

The Celebración Artística de las Américas Festival

Arizona State

University’s School of Theatre and Film has tapped Andrés Alcalá to direct Zoot Suit by Luis Valdez. Alcalá, who hails from Portland, Oregon, is an associate artist at Childsplay. He’s the recipient of numerous grants and awards for his work as an actor and director. Set in 1940s East Los Angeles, the musical drama Zoot Suit is inspired by the Sleepy Lagoon murder trial, the lives of the Mexican American youths who were falsely accused of the murder and the ensuing Zoot Suit riots. The play will be staged at the Lyceum Theatre on the ASU’s Tempe campus, and opens the 2011-12 MainStage Arizona Centennial Season. Get tickets for October 7-22, 7:30 p.m. or 9:30 p.m.; October 16-23, 2 p.m. or 4 p.m. For more information and a complete season schedule, visit theatrefilm.asu.edu/events.

kicks off on Wednesday, September 14. CALA supported or affiliated events seek to foster cultural awareness and understanding between people of the Americas. Some events are ticketed; others are free, like the City of Chandler’s Nuestras Raíces, a photographic history of the town’s Hispanic families on view at Chandler Center for the Arts through October 1. Audubon Arizona’s Enchanted Trail/ Sendero Encantado is another gratis option: a nighttime adventure of magical lights for families to explore the desert night and learn about its creatures and critters. Venture out October 22, 23, 28 and 29 from 5:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. For a full list of CALA partners and schedule of events, visit calaalliance.org.

Get more Vibe at www.latinopm.com

Frida Kahlo on stage Kahlo by Rubén Amavizca-Murúa. Directed by Israel Jimenez, the stage adaptation of Kahlo’s life is complete with puppets, an art gallery and a deeper exploration of the universal struggles of the artist.

Pay-what-you-can Preview: September 23, 7:30 p.m. Opening Night: September 24, 7:30 p.m. Continues: September 30, October 1, 7 and 8, 7:30 p.m.; October 2, 2 p.m. Venue: VIAD Playhouse on the Park, 1850 N. Central Avenue in Phoenix (north of McDowell Road). Buy tickets at phoenixtheatre.com or by phone at 602-254-2151. Discounted tickets at showup.com. Visit teatrobravo.org for more information.

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clockwise from top left: courtesy of A. alcalá; City of Chandler; teatro bravo

Teatro Bravo’s 12th season opens with Frida


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¡!

vibe

Happenings at Phoenix Art Museum

Pocho keen

Image courtesy of Phoenix Art Museum; Gallery photo by Ken Howie

Like peachy keen, pero different School of hard knocks I never imagined I would become

In celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month Pintura al Aire Libre PhxArtKids, Phoenix Art Museum’s

hands-on, family-friendly gallery, offers kids an opportunity to experience Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre, the open-air painting schools of Mexico. The gallery features paintings created by children who participated in the art education programs in Mexico in the early 20th century, along with activities guaranteed to inspire creativity, build skills and encourage thinking. Professional artists of the era saw the importance of providing access to the arts where children lived – in their own neighborhoods and parks, as well as in their schools. They encouraged students to draw what they saw and what they knew from their history – Mexican subjects, colors and patterns. PhxArtKids gallery activities mirror the philosophies and methods of these schools. Young children can learn to recognize and sequence patterns in artworks and develop fine motor skills as they trace designs. Older children begin to combine patterns to generate full compositions. Using these skills, everyone can create drawings of their world, just as children did in Tlalpam, Mexico City, and Xochimilco 100 years ago. Continued on next page 16

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the parent that I am today. I used to think that if I were to have a son, I would teach him how to hit a baseball and throw a football and leave the book-learning stuff to my wife, along with all the diaper changing. Besides, that’s what schools are for, right? The book-learning part, that is. You may find it comforting to know that reality hit me square in the face about as hard as I’m sure you wanted to after reading my naïve and macho view of fatherhood just now. So what’s changed? A lot. First off, I actually had a child. I am now a father. Mijito was born just over a year ago (and yes, he is already learning how to play around with his little baseball and his little football). Suddenly, I realized that without my full participation as a parent, my own kid might not get the full attention he deserves in all aspects of life. It hit me that the statistics about Latino males not graduating from high school were pointing right at my son. I’ve always railed about the seemingly unchanging number of our youth that fail to graduate from high school each year. Numbers do not lie. It is estimated that about half of Latino males will ever don a cap and gown. Yet, we lie to ourselves every day when it comes to the future of our children – especially we men. We wouldn’t think twice about teaching our hijo how to fight if we

knew someone was bullying him on the playground. We might even figure out ways to toughen him up, maybe wrestle with him, and make him eat more carne asada and extra helpings of nana’s frijoles. We might even enlist his tíos to ready our boy for that playground battle. That would help him teach that bully a lesson. But what we’re failing to realize is there is a more serious battle that too many of our niños are losing: the one in the classroom. Forget about the black eye — that will heal and even build his character. So, what am I doing about it? I teach my little boy everything I possibly can, and he’s not even 2 years old yet. I even find myself teaching other little boys I run into wherever I go. They usually just stare blankly at me, probably wondering who the strange man is asking silly questions. Probably a good thing I don’t own a van! And even though these kids may not have the answers, I’m sure they’ll remember the time someone engaged them about something more than just how far they can throw a football. And maybe one day, they’ll study hard to make their papas proud.


Vibe

¡!

Anaya says Inner voice of reason By Catherine Anaya

I had been having horrible nightmares for weeks. Every night, like

Film stills from The Bad Intentions (Las Malas Intenciones).

Phoenix Art Museum continued

Mexican Cinema Showcase through September, the museum

presents the latest documentary and narrative films from Latin America. After nearly four decades of decline, Mexican cinema has experienced a renaissance in the last 10 to 15 years. Directors like Iñárritu, Cuarón, and del Toro have ushered in the Nuevo Cine Mexicano, thus helping Mexican cinema regain its status among international audiences. Phoenix Art Museum is proud to be one of the only venues in Phoenix to host these critically acclaimed, culturally significant and entertaining films. Many of these films have screened at the best film festivals around the world, but until now, have not been available in the U.S. Highlights include the Arizona premieres of The Bad Intentions, A Stone’s Throw Away and Teo’s Journey, festival gems Circo and Presumed Guilty, and a collection of the best live-action and animated short films from Mexico. For dates, showtimes, tickets, trailers and more information, visit phxart.org.

clockwork, these “dreams” have been invading my sleep in various scenarios, but with the same underlying theme. I knew the message, because my gut instinct had been speaking it to me for the better part of a year. Sometimes I listened and acted, but the gut and the heart aren’t always in synch, and I’d fall back into the same pattern. But this time my subconscious was screaming at me, making it impossible to ignore in my sleep what my inner voice had been telling me in my waking moments for far too long. I made the decision I could no longer avoid. Only days after that, my copy of O, The Oprah magazine arrived in the mail. Usually I tuck it away until the weekend when I can dive into it, but one of the headlines jumped out at me: “When to Trust Your Gut.” I don’t believe in coincidences – I’m convinced this was a purposeful reminder that the inner voice is not a joke but a force to be reckoned with. In fact, this article had a scientific explanation for it. Our brain learns to recognize and organize patterns and stores it as information in our longterm memory that surfaces as a glimpse of the so-called “big picture” when we recognize some form of familiarity. In essence, following your gut instinct or intuition doesn’t necessarily deliver an immediate answer, rather it can help guide you to whatever decision it is you’re trying to make.

My friends, close and not so close, had been trying to steer me toward this decision for months on end. Even family members raised red flags. But it was my children who cemented it for me when, after confiding in them about it, my daughter said, “Well, duh. I could’ve told you that a long time ago!” Gotta love teenagers. Even my son, in his 8-yearold words, echoed the same sentiment. It seems everyone heard my inner voice but me. I wish I could tell you the bad dreams have stopped. They haven’t. But they are less frequent. I suppose I’m now in that phase where I’m questioning why I didn’t listen to my inner voice more closely and, perhaps subconsciously, I’m still looking for the answer. I consider myself a smart, strong woman and the situation I was in was so obviously wrong, had I listened to my instincts, I more than likely would have saved myself many months of unnecessary drama. Lessoned learned: Don’t wait for your inner voice to scream before paying attention. Even the slightest bit of doubt is reason to pause and question what that voice might be saying. Catherine Anaya anchors CBS 5 News weeknights at 5, 5:30, 6 and 10 p.m. She is the mother of two, a marathon runner and motivational speaker. Reach her at canaya@kpho.com, connect with her on Facebook or follow her on Twitter.

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Become a member and see this exhibition free! Visit phxart.org and use discount code LPMAG to receive 20% off a new annual membership.

On View through September 25 Visit PhxArt.org

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rincón del arte

¡!

Día de Diaz Daniel Martin Diaz, visual artist Daniel Martin Diaz is a self-taught, Mexican

American artist whose work has gained him international renown. His style is a combination of Northern European art, Spanish Colonial art, surrealism, and post-modernism. While he primarily works with oils on wood, he also works with a wide variety of other mediums such as etchings, block printing and stone lithography. In addition to his solo exhibitions, his work has been featured in magazines, TV documentaries, on book covers and his own book, Mysterium Fidei. The multi-platinum band P.O.D. commissioned Diaz to design and paint the cover of their self-titled album Payable on Death, which went gold in four weeks and was the subject of controversy across the country because of the cover artwork. In 2010, he designed and painted the cover of Good Charlotte’s album, Cardiology.

Christ and Two Thieves, 2010, Oil on wood, 12” x 16”

adorned the portals, walls and altar screens of the churches. Like my predecessors, I provide a unique, artistic shorthand to bring viewers to an inner, higher world.

Website: danielmartindiaz.com

Upcoming shows: • La Halle St Pierre Museum Paris, France Sept. 12, 2011–2012 • Gallerie Toxic, Luxembourg Sept. 16–Nov. 12, 2011 • La Luz de Jesus Los Angeles Dec. 2–31, 2011

Images courtesy of Daniel Martin Diaz

Inception and influence: One of my earliest memories as a child was the way death and religion played an important role in my family’s life. My parents were born in Mexico with traditional beliefs, and their beliefs made their way into my subconscious. The fact that many of those beliefs seemed to render no logical explanation has also influenced me. These unanswered questions find a home in my work, which evokes the mystery, fear and irony of those vivid memories of my past. I do not claim to understand these questions. I just paint and let them reveal themselves to me. My influences include an eclectic mix of fantastical Mexican retablos, mystical votive offerings, the Flemish Primitives, Gothic ornamentation, arcane, religious sigils and medallions, alchemy and symbolism culled from assorted secret societies such as the Rosicrucian Order. Symbolism plays a central role in my art. It harks back to an earlier Christian culture where a mostly illiterate populace could read the paths leading to the world of the Spirit in the figures, colors, symbols and gestures of the sculptures, paintings and mosaics that

Help us highlight the local arts Send information to editor@latinopm.com.

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Ehas veryone a By Georgann Yara

story A

And each one is different

rizona’s Latino population has kept up a steady pace over the decades, adding its own history to the state that has drawn much attention due to its political climate and legislation aimed at a group that has been a vital part of Arizona long before statehood. Over the last 10 years, Arizona’s Hispanic population has grown by 46 percent, according to the 2010 U.S. Census. Of the state’s 6.4 million residents, 1.9 million, or 30 percent, are Hispanic. In 2000, that statistic was 25 percent, and in 1990, it was 19 percent. And, of the businesses in Arizona, nearly 11 percent are Hispanic owned, compared to the national average of 8 percent. But amidst all of the numbers, data and complicated formulas that examine, evaluate and dissect the impact of Latinos, individuals with real lives comprise the largest and fastest growing demographic in the state. What the census does not magnify are the people whose efforts at professional and personal success reflect inspiration and motivation sparked by a variety of intangibles, ranging from respect for their family’s history to dreams of their own future. Their backgrounds, experiences and how they got here may differ, but the fact remains that the impact of the Latino-nextdoor is significant and often inspirational. In honor of Latino Perspectives’ seventh anniversary, we share seven of their stories here.

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he Mesa resident and first-year medical student at the University of Arizona College of Medicine is the first woman in her family to graduate from college and is on track to be the first to earn more than a four-year undergraduate degree. Everyone in Nina Lara’s family is proud of her, but being a woman who brings home the bacon is a concept that some family members are still getting used to. “I come from a pretty traditional family where women were raised to be the caretaker of the home and not the

PHOTO BY JORGE QUINTERO

Nina Lara: on a new career path career woman,” Lara says. “They’ve always realized I’ve had a drive and that I was always different from the females in my family. It took a while … it’s still an adjustment. My grandparents have trouble understanding. They ask, ‘Why a career?’” Lara’s grandparents were born in Mexico, her father in New York City and her mother in El Paso, Texas, where most of her family hails. While attending Gilbert High School, Lara started working at a bank when she was 16, and moved up the ranks from teller to manager, where, while in her early 20s, Lara was supervising employees much older than her. When she graduated from Arizona State University with a finance degree, Lara received a promotion and a new position as a financial planner in the bustling city of Atlanta, Georgia.

All the while, Lara relied on her own motivation, as there were no female family mentors who could relate to the path she was on and the goals she desired, none of which included getting married and immediately having babies. “It’s frustrating when you were raised to be a mother and then to go a different route and put that on the backburner,” Lara says. Lara is close to her mother, who has always been her biggest supporter. “I used to ask my mom why she didn’t push me to go to school. She said she didn’t know. She said she wished she would have,” Lara recalls. In Atlanta, Lara’s professional life was successfully under way. It was a dream career for many young women. But Lara wasn’t one of them. Memories of her experiences volunteering in various healthcare and medical fields while growing up and throughout college never left her head and ultimately had captured her heart. Lara realized working in dollars didn’t make any sense. “It wasn’t something I loved. It was not something I saw [myself] doing for the rest of my life,” she says. Lara asked for a job transfer back to Arizona, so she could complete requirements to earn another degree, this time in biology. She got it and the sheepskin, all while working full time and putting herself through school. She has not yet decided what field of medicine she wants to practice, but Lara will continue to use her experiences with patients as her inspiration to keep going, no matter how tough the classes get or how many sleep-deprived nights she has to endure en route to her goal of becoming a doctor. “Every encounter you have with patients, it lets you know this is the field you’re supposed to be in,” she says. “Taking home their experiences, being part of their life is what keeps me going.”

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would be best if they stayed in the U.S. in the wake of the political upheaval and the potential for civil war in their homeland at the time. “I had a mixture of feelings. I understood I wasn’t going to be able to go back. But at the same time, I was excited. It was a perfect opportunity to become the person I wanted to be and approach different opportunities,” he says. Cadenas excelled at McClintock High School, where he immersed himself in every facet that would make him the ideal student and college candidate: honors classes, sports, school activities and volunteer work. But when an ASU recruiter found out he had overstayed his visa, Cadenas realized that he would be rejected and could not attend the school of his dreams. “That meant we left everything behind for nothing. It was heartbreaking. It was a tough time,” he says.

German Cadenas: he has a dream A

s a teenager living in Tempe, German Cadenas would see Arizona State University students walking or riding their bikes to class as he rode in the car with his mother. This is when the cofounder of the Arizona DREAM Act Coalition first began to dream. “I would tell my mom, ‘One day I will go to this university,’” Cadenas recalls. “My mom would just smile....” But Cadenas’ lack of legal residency status, personal funds and accessibility to traditional financial aid did not stand in the way of disproving his mother’s belief. Despite the roadblocks to a college education, the native Venezuelan went on to obtain bachelor’s degrees in business administration and psychology from ASU, earning magna cum laude status along the way. This fall, Cadenas is one of seven students admitted to the university’s doctoral program in counseling psychology. The determination that got him to this point is what gives him the fuel to come out of the shadows and fight for his dream, and those of others who share his struggles. “Before I graduated, I didn’t go out that much. You didn’t want to be in a situation where, if anything goes wrong, you might be deported. You lived with extra precaution. I used to be fearful,” he says. “But now, I think people need to know I’ve done it.” When he was 15, Cadenas, his mother and brother came to visit his father, who was living and working in Arizona. At that time, his parents decided it

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But he remained intent on a goal he felt was within his grasp, if he continued to work for it. And when voters passed Proposition 200 in 2004, it forced him to pay out-ofstate tuition. But he was not discouraged. “I was like a soldier on a mission. I was very focused,” he says. “I was thinking, one way or another I am going to a university because of my dream.” At Mesa Community College, he earned two associate’s degrees, taking full loads each semester and working 60 hours a week to pay for tuition. On his third attempt to enroll at ASU, he was admitted. He spent his entire savings to pay for his junior year and received a private scholarship that paid for his senior year. In 2009, he and his peers founded the Arizona DREAM Act Coalition to advocate for hardworking students who want a shot at being rewarded for their desire to contribute to society. Cadenas launched a blog (gofundme.com/germansdream) to help pay for his continuing education and to raise awareness about the issue. If his dream comes true, he will be working as a psychologist, helping others through therapy and research. “Right now, I think people need to know ... there are many undocumented students here because they want to make this a better country. By sharing our stories, we make progress toward a more unified view of immigration,” he says. “People need to know this. That’s why I’m out and that’s why I’m fearless.”


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rowing up, Susanna Pineda was accustomed to neighbors and her own family being victimized by crime in her South Phoenix neighborhood. But one particular act of burglary was instrumental in setting the Maricopa County Superior Court judge’s career path. While in the eighth grade, Pineda witnessed her father tackle a burglar in her home. The thief was a juvenile from the neighborhood. Threats were directed at her family – including a brick thrown through a window of her house - in attempts to intimidate her father and discourage him from pressing charges. Her father ended up pressing charges and the threats eventually stopped. At a young age, Pineda was determined to pursue a career in the legal field and help to bring justice and protection to the innocent.

FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: PHOTO COURTESY OF JOSE DANIEL CADENAS; PHOTO BY JORGE QUINTERO

Susanna Pineda: judging by experience “As a child, there were a number of situations [where] I thought I could make a difference when it comes to victims of violent crimes,” Pineda says. Prior to her appointment in 2007, Pineda served as Arizona assistant attorney general for 20 years. During that time, she occasionally came across familiar names she recognized from the neighborhood. “Growing up, I remember in grade school there were individuals who were aggressive and always in trouble. So, it didn’t surprise me to see their names on a list up for parole,” she recalls. “But as a prosecutor, I had met individuals who were in law enforcement that I grew up with, too.” The daughter of an Arizona-born father who worked construction and stay-at-home mother raised in Madrid, Spain, Pineda talks about not realizing her family was poor until she lived on her own and started putting childhood memories in perspective. Pineda remembers how her mother would strategically place grocery items on the conveyor belt at the checkout stand, with the staple food products first. At a certain point, she would ask the cashier to stop the belt and give her a subtotal. Depending on how

much the items cost, her mother would evaluate the contents of her cart and tell Pineda and her brothers to return unnecessary items to the shelves. “I didn’t realize this until I started shopping on my own. I thought, I can afford to do what my mother couldn’t afford to do,” she says. A graduate of the Arizona State University College of Law, Pineda and her brothers were the first in their immediate family to graduate from college. “Our parents always pushed education. Without education, we would struggle, and they didn’t want us to struggle,” she says. “They had very high standards for us. You want your family to be proud of you and you don’t want to disappoint them.” Very early in her career, Pineda encountered a long-serving, male judge who commented, “What about the good old days when women weren’t allowed in law school?” Sentiments like these fueled her desire to succeed in what was a male-dominated field at the time. “It gave me more resolve to prove him wrong,” Pineda says. “If someone tells me, ‘You can’t do this,’ I will show them that [they] are wrong.” Today, Pineda mentors law school students. She tries to make them understand that they can overcome any obstacles they face. Her life’s experiences have influenced her mentoring as well as the decisions she has made from the bench, which usually result in her own unique way of dealing with those who end up in her courtroom. “If people know how you’ve grown up and where you’re coming from, they treat you differently. But I don’t treat people that way,” Pineda says. “All of my experiences allow me to see people from a different perspective. I’ve seen people who struggle economically and the paths they’ve taken and I try to give them guidance.”

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While the thought of starting over at his age and experience level was daunting, ZavalaAlarcon focused on what was much more important: the safety of his family. “I’m a tough guy. I hang on. I have a high endurance,” says Zavala-Alarcon, whose wife was also a doctor in Mexico, but chose not to revalidate her certification in the United States. “My wife is awesome. It was very tough for her, too. She gave me full support.”

Edgardo Zavala-Alarcon: safe at home W

hen Dr. Edgardo Zavala-Alarcon packed his young family and everything he owned and moved to the United States two decades ago, he was not searching for the American dream. In a way, he was leaving the Mexican version of it. Zavala-Alarcon was a respected cardiologist and had grown a successful practice in Mexico City. But his prominence came with a price. His family was a target of kidnapping attempts, including two on his wife. “A lot of people were going through this. It was pretty ugly. People thought I had more than what I had. You become a target with these groups,” Zavala-Alarcon recalls. “It became quite scary for my wife and children. To leave everything behind, it was really tough.” His children were 15, 12 and 11 at the time Zavala-Alarcon made the decision to take his family out of danger. He realized that not only would he have to start over in a new country and in a new house, but his career would have to start from square one, too. Zavala-Alarcon first moved to San Diego. But he discovered his certification to practice was not valid in the United States, so he faced the process of getting certified all over again. With his family in tow, Zavala-Alarcon came to Phoenix in 1995 to complete his residency in internal medicine at the Maricopa Medical Center, which offered him a visa that would allow him and his family to remain in the country permanently.

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While working for hospitals, ZavalaAlarcon grew weary of dealing with insurance companies and seeing patients denied treatment if they didn’t have health coverage. He saw the quality of care deteriorate and wanted to sever all ties with insurance firms. This inspired him to open his own practice in 2007, Ciao Bella Medical Spa and Vein Clinic in Chandler, where he treats patients from all over the world who come to him for less aggressive and less invasive cosmetic surgery procedures and vein disease treatments. “I wish I had made the decision sooner to start my own business,” Zavala-Alarcon says. “I think I did well, anyway.” Latinos comprise more than half of ZavalaAlarcon’s patients. Often, they come from large cities like New York or Chicago, where word has spread about his methods among the Hispanic communities. “It’s amazing how people connect to each other,” Zavala-Alarcon says. “This population deserves physicians who can provide a safe environment, and we are taking care of them.”


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eacher Sylvia Gonzales was spared the prejudice against Spanish speakers that left a negative fingerprint on her older siblings and many other youths in public schools decades ago. In fact, as a child, positive school experiences with the language influenced her career path, which has resulted in her position as director of the English Language Learning Program at the Tempe Elementary School District. Born and raised in Phoenix, Gonzales was adopted

FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: PHOTO COURTESY OF EDGARDO ZAVALA-ALARCON; PHOTO BY JORGE QUINTERO

Sylvia Gonzales: moved by her culture by a foster family as an infant. Like her five older adoptive brothers and sisters, she grew up speaking English and Spanish. Her foster mother completed the second grade and her foster father never went to school, but acquired the ability to read. When she entered the fourth grade, Gonzales started taking Spanish at school. The lessons were primarily verbal, but the course proved to be a pivotal point that would influence her education and her life. At that time, she started to realize the languages were separate from each other and viewed Spanish in a different light. “That’s when in my brain I began unraveling the two. My English got a whole lot better and my Spanish kept growing, and later I developed a better appreciation of the language,” Gonzales says. “I realized what Spanish was doing to me. I could pick up library books and read them.” A teacher who quickly became a mentor also enhanced the experience. “She was a Latina who grew up in the neighborhood. She was able to talk to us about her upbringing. That’s when I noticed the value of continuing to learn Spanish and that’s when I knew I wanted to become a teacher,” Gonzales recalls. “I admired her so much.”

She continued to formally study Spanish, which would eventually become the fork in the road that would separate her from her older siblings, who “had unfavorable school experiences and [were] not fans of Spanish.” Gonzales went on to be the first in her family to graduate from college. “I think it did something culturally to me, also. I became more inquisitive about the culture. It’s one of the reasons I went into the field I went into,” she says. Legislation in recent years that has made it increasingly more difficult to provide children with a bilingual education has been discouraging for Gonzales, who credits much of her professional success to being exposed to two languages and the positive school experiences she received as a child. “It’s disheartening to those who believe it is possible to learn in two languages in a classroom setting,” she says. “That door remains closed and it is sealed off for a dual-language approach. It’s doable, but we can’t go there because we want our kids to know English as soon as possible and keep up with their schoolwork.” Being Latina, Gonzales is proud of her heritage and the fact that the culture is evident everywhere. “What’s unique about being Latina is that our ancestors and homeland are in our backyard,” she says. “That’s what makes the Latino experience more affecting.”

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“I remember it because no one owned an automobile in town,” he says. “It took us two days to get to Nogales. We crossed the border at Nogales and at that time, we had to be vaccinated at the border. And then it was another two days to get to Santa Rosa,” Fernandez says. The move was a culture shock for the young boy, who had come from a town of 900 people and a house with no running water or electricity, to an American-style home with all the appliances in a city of 40,000. Collecting a paycheck since the age of 9, Fernandez’s youth was filled with days going to school and working evenings and weekends. Getting up at 4 a.m. has become a routine the longtime educator and corridos expert continues today.

Celestino Fernandez: total immersion W

hen Celestino Fernandez first stepped into an American classroom, the experience was terrifying for the University of Arizona sociology professor. He was 8 years old and had just arrived in Santa Rosa, California, from Central Mexico. He did not know any English. He and his family were the only mexicanos in town, and no one in the class spoke Spanish. “It was very frightening to hear people speak and not understand a single word they said,” recalls Fernandez, who has taught at the University of Arizona for 35 years. “It was a total immersion program.” Fernandez’s move to the States came courtesy of his father’s employer, an apple orchard owner who helped him get his green card that allowed him to bring his family over in 1957. Prior to that, Fernandez’s father was recruited to work in the U.S. under the Bracero Program, an agreement that brought young Mexican men to do seasonal agricultural work during World War II, which created a shortage of American labor. After working in several states, he ended up in Santa Rosa as an undocumented worker when he was hired and sponsored by the orchard owner. Fernandez vividly describes the car trip from his tiny hometown of Santa Ines to California in his father’s 1956 yellow and white Ford Fairlane.

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After quickly picking up English, excelling in school was a talent Fernandez exhibited from grade school to his doctoral studies at Stanford University. Within a year, he and his sister served as interpreters for his parents, who each had a fourth-grade education. “They encouraged us to stay in school from a young age. They would say, ‘You know how difficult physical labor is … you see us do it,’” he says. Fernandez talks about the positive influences in his life, such as his fourth-grade teacher Mrs. Neff, who helped him with pronunciation, so other children wouldn’t make fun of him. In high school, when a teacher told him he had to go to college, he replied, “I don’t know what that is.” She explained and helped him fill out applications and scholarship forms. While in college, a professor told Fernandez he needed to go to graduate school. His response was the same and again, Fernandez was mentored and encouraged to enter Stanford, where he earned a master’s degree and a doctorate degree in sociology. Fernandez has carried all of these positive experiences and influences with him into his classrooms. “I’m very responsive to students. I [have] tried to model myself after my teachers,” he says. “My life is directly related to what I do and who I am.”


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oing through old family photos is a pastime that has nearly fallen by the wayside in the modern era of digital cameras and advanced mobile phones. But the family photographs that capture Phil Reina’s attention were taken lifetimes ago and are definitely tangible. They are also reminders of the Phoenix resident’s deep family roots that date back almost three centuries in the region that eventually became Arizona. One of Reina’s hobbies is collecting photographs. He has collected family pictures and other mementos for years. Once, he discovered a photo taken of a male ancestor in 1905.

FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: PHOTO COURTESY OF CELESTINO FERNANDEZ; PHOTO BY JORGE QUINTERO

Phil Reina: deep family roots “He had a handlebar mustache and one of those old corduroy suits with a carnation,” Reina recalls. “Seeing that even makes my family’s history here more interesting.” The owner of the Phoenix architectural design firm Reina Design Studio says he can trace the Reina family tree back to the 1720s in the Green Valley area of what is southern Arizona today. Hailing from a long line of cattle ranchers from both his father and mother’s families, Reina discovered this through an old receipt that recorded a sale of cattle by ancestor Dominic Reina. Reina’s maternal grandfather worked at a bean factory in Glendale at the turn of the century, and his paternal grandfather fixed wagons with the man who would be the grandfather of Linda Ronstadt.

His past is kept alive in the stories Reina recalls hearing as a child. “My mom told me about my grandfather coming up from Mexico to bring cattle to Glendale on the railroad. Dad remembers bringing the cattle up here, too,” he says. “My family has been going across the border for generations on both sides of the family. To hear that really makes it pretty interesting.” Job offers over the years provided unfulfilled opportunities to move out of state. But understanding his family’s extensive history and contributions to Arizona made staying much more appealing. “This is where I belong,” he says. Reina’s children feel the same. Although his youngest daughter may move with her fiancé, who is continuing his studies in another state, Reina says she tells him, “We’ll be back.” The Glendale of Reina’s youth is much different today than it was when he rode his bike through the neighborhood as a child. He longingly reminiscences about being surrounded by orchards and grape vines as far as he could see. Today, his old neighborhood near 59th Avenue and Glendale Road is filled with stucco walls, tile roofs and houses that look like each other. “It used to be very distinctive, but now it is conglomerate. In retrospect, I miss what I remember Glendale to be, but I understand growth is inevitable,” he says. Although the current political climate around immigration debates has caused Reina to shake his head occasionally in disappointment, he maintains a positive outlook on his home state and does not imagine living anywhere else. “At one time people used to get a long so much better and were more tolerant of one another,” Reina says.” Hispanics have contributed a lot to Arizona and being Latino, I’m very proud of that.”

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Thank you from the bottom of our canisters and our hearts!

Your small change makes a big dierence. Thanks to the generous donation fo Circle K employees and customers, canister collections this past year on behalf of United Cerebral Palsy of Central Arizona exceeded $4 MILLION! 100% of all change collected at the canisters at local Circle K stores right here in Arizona are given directly to United Cerebral Palsy of Central Arizona, where we serve thoursands of childrens, adults and familes who have cerebral palsy, autism, Down syndrome and developmental delays. Thank you to the over 6,000 Circle K employees and their generous customers, for giving back in such a signiďŹ cant and impactful way. You have dedicated yourself to the betterment of our community, and we are grateful that Circle K Cares! Sincerely, Armando A. Contreras CEO United Cerebral Palsy of Central Arizona

www.UCPofCentralAZ.org


Step up and help deliver our promise! Step 1: Register online. Step 2: Join the pledge program. Learn more at www.komenphoenix.org

19th Annual Komen Phoenix Race for the Cure速 State Capitol District

October 9, 2011

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41 Briefcase

On the brighter side of losing a job; GoGreen ‘11 comes to Phoenix; keeping tío Sam happy; Hispanic business symposium in Mesa

Movin’ Up

Photos courtesy of Valle del Sol

Valle del Sol announces honorees

Valle del Sol’s 21st annual Profiles of Success Hispanic Leadership Awards luncheon takes place September 9 at the Phoenix Convention Center www.latinopm.com

Valle del Sol will host the 2011 Profiles of Success Hispanic Leadership Awards Celebration on September 9 at the Phoenix Convention Center. This year’s honorees are José Gabriel López and David Luna (Hall of Fame Award); U.S. Attorney for the District of Arizona Dennis K. Burke (Special Recognition Award); Lisa Urias (Raúl Yzaguirre Community Leadership Award); Eufemia Amabisca, María Manríquez and John Morales (Exemplary

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¡!

movin’ up

Leadership); Rebecca Ríos (Rosa Carrillo Torres Humanitarian Award); Daniel Hernández Jr. (Manuel Ortega Youth Leadership Award); The Molera Álvarez Group (Lorraine Lee Latino Advocacy Champion Award); ErLinda Torres (Latino Excellence in Arts and Literature Award); Anabell Castro Thompson (Latino Excellence in Health and Sciences Award); and David J. Bodney (APS Peacemaker Award).

Cox hires del Castillo Ixchel del Castillo has joined Cox Communications as multicultural marketing specialist. Most recently, Castillo served as account supervisor for multicultural communications with CKPR, a Cramer-Krasselt company. GCMSDC presents awards The Grand Canyon Minority Supplier Development Council (GCMSDC) recognized Valley minority business enterprises at a ceremony on June 9 at Tempe Buttes Resort. Among the award recipients were Steve Macias, president of Pivot

CPLC hires general counsel

Diaz graduates from BLI Suzanne Diaz, an associate in the Tucson office of Fennemore Craig, is one of 13 attorneys who recently graduated from the Arizona State Bar’s Leadership Institute (BLI). The BLI is a one-year leadership program aimed at fostering mentoring and professional growth opportunities.

Muniz rejoins GateWay CC

Ixchel del Castillo

her full-time teaching role at Phoenix College.

Manufacturing (Supplier of the Year Class II); Lorena Valencia, owner of Reliance Wire and Cable (Advocate of the Year); and Jose Diaz, representing Hensel Phelps Construction Co. (Volunteer Member Organization of the Year).

Diana Muniz is the new vice president of Student Affairs at Gateway Community College. She is returning to the Maricopa County Community College District after four years serving as vice president for student success at Northwest Vista College in San Antonio, Texas.

Angel interns for Olympic Committee Jacklyn Angel recently joined the U.S. Olympic Committee’s communications division as an intern. The Arizona State University graduate will be responsible for disseminating information related to Team USA and the Olympic Movement and for Hispanic media outreach.

Yessica Del Rincon

Del Rincon selected as Melnick scholar Yessica Del Rincon, a recent graduate of Westview High School in Avondale, placed second in the ASU Melnick Scholars awards program and won a $1,000 ASU scholarship for her essay, “Ethnic Studies Don’t Dull History’s Vibrancy.” The awards honor entering college freshmen for their innovative ideas and solutions for key issues in the state. The program is administered by the Morrison Institute for Public Policy in partnership with ASU’s Center for Civic Education and Leadership.

Cañez to direct Raul H. Castro Institute Ofelia Cañez has been named director of the Raul H. Castro Institute (RCI), a public policy “do tank” housed and supported by Phoenix College. Cañez’s experience includes 25 years in teaching and program development in preK-12 and secondary educational institutions. She replaces Maria Enciso, who held the position since 2009 and returns to

Movin’ Up Know someone who has been promoted, elected or honored? Send us the news of their achievements! Email movinup@latinopm.com 34

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¡ September 2011!

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Maria Morales Spelleri joined Chicanos Por La Causa, Inc. (CPLC) as its general counsel. Prior to joining CPLC, Spelleri was a partner at Lewis and Roca LLP, counseling nonprofit organizations, public agencies, small manufacturers and affordable housing developers. Spelleri received a law degree from Boston University School of Law and an MBA from Boston University School of Management.

Angela Soto

Soto, Tineo receive 2011 LUMIES Tucson-based artists Angela Soto and David Tineo were recognized for their work during the Tucson Pima Arts and Business Awards 2011 LUMIES. Soto received the Emerging Artist Award and Tineo received the Lifetime Achievement Award. The awards are presented annually by the Tucson Pima Arts Council in partnership with business, government and the arts community.


Heart. Mind. It started as a decision of the heart. To do more for my neighborhood … dedicating myself to something I believe in. By helping others, I’m building a business that will last. Imagine what you can build if you put your mind to it.

BECOME A STATE FARM® AGENT. statefarm.com/careers Learn more:

Contact Chris Cruz to learn more about getting your business started: (602)319-7508 or chris.cruz.gukv@statefarm.com

Linda Gomez Dyster State Farm Agent P097044

Think outside the mailbox. LPM, sent to your Inbox.

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For six years, LPM has been the only Arizona magazine focused on the local Latino community. Sign up for the free digital edition: www.latinopm.com/digital

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                   ­




presents...

Perf

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Live Fest i

nce s

Mus ic

val F

Fall Into the Arts

Saturday October 1, 2011 1-5pm

Chi Actldren ivit ’s ies Art wor k Film es ShF orttival s Win e Ta stin g

FREE admission for kids age 12 and under $5.00 admission for adults & age 13 and up

www.HerbergerTheater.org (602) 254-7399 x117

Billie Jo & Judd

Herberger

ood


HALL OF FAME AWARD Jose G. López-Plascencia, M.D. • David Luna

ROSA CARRILLO TORRES HUMANITARIAN AWARD Hon. Rebecca Ríos

SPECIAL RECOGNITION AWARD Dennis K. Burke

RAÚL YZAGUIRRE COMMUNITY LEADERSHIP AWARD Lisa Urias

EXEMPLARY LEADERSHIP AWARD Eufemia Amabisca, Ed.D. • María Manríquez, M.D. • John Morales

LATINO EXCELLENCE IN ARTS & LITERATURE AWARD ErLinda C. Tórres

LORRAINE LEE LATINO ADVOCACY CHAMPION AWARD Molera Álvarez Group

LATINO EXCELLENCE IN HEALTH & SCIENCES AWARD Anabell Castro Thompson, MSN, RN, NP-C

MANUEL ORTEGA YOUTH LEADERSHIP AWARD Daniel Hernández, Jr.

APS PEACEMAKER AWARD David J. Bodney

Thirteen individuals will be recognized for their service to community, advocacy, and leadership. Profiles of Success is Valle del Sol’s largest fundraiser supporting behavioral health, human service, and leadership development programs, which helps thousands of children, elderly, men, women, and their families who are in critical need of services.


¡!

entrepreneur

Embellish in a good way Dionna and Geoffrey Carranza, owners, Salon Embellish+Wellness Studio Salon Embellish+Wellness Studio provides all your beauty and wellness needs from head to toe – we like to say affordable luxury! The salon and studio provide all services using AVEDA products and education from stylist to guests, provider to patient. We founded Embellish in 2009 and now have 17 employees. Geoffrey, massage therapist: What makes my business great is knowing how to bring relief, comfort and wellness to the mind and body through the power of touch. Dionna, hair stylist: What makes my business great is the passion and love that I have for what I do! I love education, keeping up with the latest fashion and trends and executing both to my team of stylists and guests.

Résumé highlights: Geoff: Continuous education with AVEDA and various modalities; in the medical field 12-plus years at John C. Lincoln Hospital. Dionna: Educated for six-plus years specializing in hair shows, cutting and coloring; fashion show co-chair for Hispanic Women’s Conference; showcased hair trends and makeovers on 3TV Good Day Arizona; participated in fashion show for Free Arts of Arizona; styled celebrities’ hair for Phoenix Fashion Week 2010.    

What makes your business unique? We are a place full of love

and passion for what we do! Not to mention we all work as a team – or I should say, we are family!  

economy, but a very wise and successful businessman said to me, “Always do the opposite of what everyone else is doing.” That led us to where we are today!  

In one word, your life as an entrepreneur: Busy!  

To be successful in business, you need … As Larry Fitzgerald puts it,

“Faith, focus, finish.”

Books of inspiration:

Geoff and I are both inspired daily by the Bible, and I would add Vidal: The Autobiography.  

Photo by Charles Sanderson

Elevator pitch:

Historical figure you woubld like to meet: Geoff: Franklin D. Roosevelt; Dionna: Vidal Sassoon.  

Plans for the future: The Wellness Studio was our future until April 1, 2011. Now to make it grow in success!  

Favorite aspect of owning a small business: It’s a constant challenge.  Economic adjustments: If you could do it all over again, what you would do differently? Nothing. Why look back? Look ahead and make each day better. 

What prompted you to start your own business?

Advice to emergent entrepreneurs: Do it! Be open

Many negative things were happening at the end of 2008, including the failed

minded, but with caution. Take baby steps and grow …

Simplify, simplify, simplify! We must lead a simple lifestyle in order to have enough time for our children, energy to serve others and money to pay for our needs. Then once those things are met, it’s time to play!  

Salon Embellish+Wellness Studio 3508 N. 7th Street, Suite 105 Phoenix, Arizona 85014 602-368-4855 salonembellishllc.com

Suggest an entrepreneur

Send your information to editor@latinopm.com.

www.latinopm.com

¡ September 2011!

Latino Perspectives Magazine

39


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Firing up the fired A man-to-man guide on the brighter side of losing a job to have everything going for him: a well-paying job with benefits, a loving wife, great kids and a pet pug named Lola. What more could he ask for? A job he actually loved, for one. Straight out of the college gates, Kilbride made the mistake of taking the first decent job offer with good pay and benefits, even though working in broadcasting and sports media was his dream. He took the easy route and started a pattern of unfulfilling work and a string of firings until his last job in 2009. It was in finally seeing his career pattern that Kilbride realized it was time to look at his life and figure out why a guy like him wasn’t finding satisfaction in his work. What was he doing wrong? Why would he feel excited and passionate at first, only to lose interest once he’d been at a job for so many months? (Does this sound familiar?) After a period of soul searching and bookstore trolling, Kilbride knew what he had to do: write a book about getting fired. Nothing on the shelves addressed a man’s experience of being fired and the uncertainty that comes with it, not to mention the havoc it wreaks on his ego. Sure, plenty of books have been published on how to find a job or “paths to success,” but not how to get through losing a job and moving forward. Kilbride’s A Man’s Guide to Getting Fired is exactly that: a compassionate buddy in the form of a book, there to help readers get through the crush of being fired as they figure out their next move.

The book is mostly geared toward men, but could easily apply to women in the same situation.

Image courtesy of Andrew Kilbride

A couple of years ago, Andrew Kilbride seemed

The book is mostly geared toward men, but could easily apply to women in the same situation. Kilbride’s voice rings through loud and clear; he makes no bones about using profanity or telling it like it is. Words like kickass, screwed and bullshit are sprinkled in amidst advice and humorous anecdotes; he even quotes The Big Lebowski (“You’re out of your element, Donnie!”). Male bonding aside, Kilbride has a message: “Embrace the firing, find clarity and pursue [your] life’s work.” A Man’s Guide to Getting Fired is meant to reveal a process toward disconnecting from the termination, reflecting on it and moving on to a life of passion and dignity. And what’s Kilbride’s passion now? He loves to connect smart people with great ideas to those with money to make those great ideas come to fruition. He is the founder of Foster Bridge Partners, LLC, a management and consulting firm in Ann Arbor, Michigan. A Man’s Guide to Getting Fired is available on amazon.com. Read more about it at andrewkilbride.com. www.latinopm.com

¡ September 2011!

Latino Perspectives Magazine

41


¡! AMERICAN FAMILY INSURANCE expect more for my hard work and determination.

Learn more about a career as an American Family Insurance Agent. We’ll give you what you need to succeed— help with locating and staffing your office, financial support early on and marketing support throughout your career. American Family seeks only the highest quality and motivated individuals to represent one of the fastest growing

briefcase

Young professionals get their own GPCC board The Greater Phoenix Chamber of Commerce (GPCC) has formed a new board of directors for Valley Young Professionals (VYP). Prospective VYP board members will be professionals ages 25 to 39 actively involved with the GPCC or VYP and who feel passionate about their community. The Greater Phoenix Chamber of Commerce is the state’s oldest and largest chamber. The GPCC represents 2,600 businesses across metro Phoenix, with local chapters in Anthem, Deer Valley and South Mountain/Laveen. Todd Sanders, GPCC president and CEO, says the chamber wants to foster the entrepreneurial spirit by creating a separate board of directors. “It’s an opportunity for young professionals to influence positive changes in our community while expanding their professional network and enhancing their leadership skills,” says Sanders. Selected board members will be responsible for overseeing VYP programming by identifying relevant content, timely speakers and new event venues. They will also be asked to help promote the VYP and the GPCC through their personal and professional relationships. Board members will serve an initial twoyear term with the option to renew for an additional two years. For more information, contact member services coordinator Amber Back at 602-495-6479 or aback@ phoenixchamber.com.

insurance companies in the nation.

The Astorgas to chair Crozier Gala

Jumpstart your career with us today!

Milena and Tony Astorga – who recently retired from his position as senior vice president, CFO and chief business development officer of Blue Cross Blue Shield – have agreed to chair the Catholic Community Foundation’s 2012 Crozier Gala. Now in its 24th year, the fundraising event will be held for the first time in downtown Phoenix on Saturday, April 14, 2012. A reception will be hosted in the plaza of the Diocesan Pastoral Center, followed by dinner, entertainment and dancing in the North Ballroom of the Phoenix Convention Center. The Crozier Gala has raised over $3 million over the years to support the Catholic

Contact Josh Pelligreen at 602-377-3691 or jpelligr@amfam.com.

American Family Mutual Insurance Company and its Subsidiaries American Family Insurance Company Home Office – Madison, WI 53783 © 2011 005349— 8/11

42

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Community Foundation, an independent nonprofit organization that serves families and individuals in their charitable giving and fosters philanthropy in support of the mission of the Roman Catholic Church. The Astorgas are active philanthropists. Tony serves on various boards, including the Arizona Community Foundation, ASU Foundation and currently serves as the board chairman of the Arizona Hispanic Chamber of Commerce. Milena is a master docent at the Phoenix Art Museum and has served on the board of Friends of European Art. She has worked with several charitable organizations that educate and benefit children in our community, including the Assistance League of Phoenix and the Mexican Cultural Center. The Astorgas were recently honored by the Phoenix Art Museum with the 2011 Exemplary Service Award. Visit ccfphx.org for more on the Crozier Gala and the Catholic Community Foundation.

GoGreen Conference comes to Phoenix For the global sustainability effort to work, we all have to do our part, little by little or all at once – if we can afford it. A simple act of earthly kindness like recycling or cutting back on energy consumption is a good place to start. But for businesses, established or not, who want to get on the sustainability wagon sooner than later, will want to plan on attending the inaugural GoGreen ’11 Phoenix Conference in November. Established in 2008, GoGreen has been held in other large cities including Seattle, Portland and Austin. Like-minded community leaders gather to share the latest in sustainable practices for business. The one-day conference is comprised of keynote speakers, educational panel sessions and networking opportunities. Case studies on statewide sustainability are showcased so attendees can take advantage of opportunities to apply best practices and establish viable partnerships within the community. The keynote speakers at GoGreen ’11 Phoenix will be Derrick Hall, president and CEO of the Arizona Diamondbacks; Al Halvorsen, senior director of environmental sustainability at Frito-Lay North America,


briefcase and Donald Robinson, president and COO of Arizona Public Service (APS). Phoenix Business Journal will present the Green Pioneer Awards in the morning, and panel sessions the rest of the day will cover such topics as managing water resources for business; overcoming barriers to sustainability; how to fund green programs and “greenwashing,” the truth about green advertising. City of Phoenix, Phoenix Recycles and Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport are sponsoring the conference, which is presented by Arizona Public Service Company (APS). GoGreen ’11 Phoenix is on Tuesday, November 15 from 7:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the LEED Silver Certified Phoenix Convention Center West Building. A hosted networking session will take place immediately after the conference. Special rates are available for students, community partners and nonprofit organizations. Go to phoenix. gogreenconference.net or call 602-541-3472 for tickets or more details.

How entrepreneurs can keep Uncle Sam happy Maricopa SBDC, in partnership with the IRS, is offering free tax information sessions geared to those contemplating the start of a new business as well as established entrepreneurs, freelancers and independent contractors. IRS Tax Education Workshop for Startup or New Businesses is the first part of the session, and covers basic startup information, like recordkeeping, selecting the right type of business entity, business expenses and office in the home, depreciation and basic forms. The three-hour course is presented by tax professionals volunteering their time, and will be offered throughout Maricopa County. Sessions will be held:

Paradise Valley: Sept. 13, 9 a.m.–noon Avondale: Oct. 6, 2–5 p.m. Chandler: Oct. 28, 9 a.m.–noon Mesa: Nov. 10, 2–5 p.m. (in Spanish only) Downtown Phoenix: Nov. 17, 9 a.m.–noon  

¡!¡!

The second session is for existing small businesses and will cover retirement plans, hiring employees/independent contractors and an overview of payroll taxes and other necessary information for businesses with employees or thinking of hiring employees. Sessions will be held:

Downtown Phoenix: Aug. 18, 2–5 p.m. Scottsdale: Sept. 8, 2–5 p.m. Paradise Valley: Sept. 22, 2–5 p.m. Avondale: Oct. 19, 9 a.m.–noon Chandler: Nov. 2, 2–5 p.m. Mesa: Nov. 15, 9 a.m.–noon (Spanish only) Downtown Phoenix: Dec. 6, 2–5 p.m. To get exact locations and register for a session, visit azsbdc.net/upcoming-events.

MAHC and EVHBA to host free business symposium The Mesa Association of Hispanic Citizens (MAHC) and the East Valley Hispanic Business Alliance (EVHBA) are hosting the 7th Annual East Valley Minority and Small Business Symposium, “Juntos ...We Build Stronger Communities” on September 16. The event, free and open to the public, will present “highly motivated and dynamic” speakers, workshops and networking opportunities for small businesses and emerging entrepreneurs. Topics to be covered include successful marketing techniques, financial assistance and management skills. More than 15o businesses are expected to be represented. The Small Business Entrepreneur of the Year will also be announced at the symposium, and a free continental breakfast and lunch will be provided. State Farm, SRP and Hensley are event sponsors. A reception will be held the evening before on September 15 from 5:30–7 p.m. The event will take place at Southwest Ambulance at 708 W. Baseline Road in Mesa. Email your RSVP to mahcinfo@gmail.com. For more information about MAHC, visit mahcaz.org.

Oportunidad en la era digital

Oportunidad en la era digital How do you become among the most reliable and trusted providers of communication and entertainment services in America? By connecting people with nearly endless opportunities to learn, grow, share and succeed. With Cox Communications, there’s no shortage of possibilities for our customers or our employees. Add your talents to the team that’s advancing communications into the Digital Age. Establish a career connection with a real, and rewarding, future with one of the industry’s most respected and exceptional employers. To learn more about Cox Communications, or to apply for open positions, visit us online. Crece con nosotros.

www.cox.com/coxcareer

Send us your briefcase items

Have a business story idea? Email us at editor@latinopm.com.

EOE

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13th Annual Hispanic Festival Everyone is Welcome! Sunday, October 9, 2011 Noon to 8 p.m. FREE ADMISSION Live Entertainment

Power Drive, Folklor y Cultura Mexicana, Mariachi Corazón Latino, New Frequency Band, AZTex Band

Free activities for children Arts and crafts, face painting, inflatables, balloon animals, The Game Truck and dancing.

Museum Exhibit Hispanic Family History Albums will be on display in the Tempe History Museum.

Food and Mercado Enjoy a variety of delicious foods for sale in the Safeway air-conditioned food court. Visit the Mercado to purchase arts & crafts and Farmer’s Market items.

Tempe Community Center Complex

SW Corner of Southern and Rural

www.tempe.gov/tardeada Presenting Sponsor

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Through the “Here’s to the Heroes” program, sponsored by Anheuser-Busch,* military personnel and their families can receive complimentary admission to select theme parks. Since 2001, more than 5 million troops and their families have visited the parks. Search “Here’s to The Heroes” on the web for details. In 2010, Budweiser and its wholesalers donated $250,000 to the USO’s Operation Enduring Care to help wounded veterans and their families. Anheuser-Busch is proud to have received the Secretary of Defense ‘Outstanding Public Service’ Award in 2009. Anheuser-Busch and its charitable foundation have given close to $11 million to military charities since 1987, including the Intrepid Anheuser-Busch Fallen Heroes Fund, Fisher House and USO. Over 5,500 Anheuser-Busch employees have served in WWI, WWII, Desert Storm, Iraqi Freedom and other military campaigns.

©2011 Anheuser-Busch, Inc., Budweiser® Beer, St. Louis, MO

* Not sponsored in CA.


The making of a detective Nancy Ochoa, police officer, Scottsdale Police Department

Years of service:

Two years and 10 months.

Duties:

I respond to emergency and non-emergency calls that are unique and require a wide array of tasks, from taking phone reports and checking on residential alarms to tending to collisions, family disturbances and handling burglaries in progress.

photo courtesy of Scottsdale police department

Inherent dangers you face: I will preface my comments by saying that no work week or shift is routine. Every shift is different and poses new challenges that incorporate many unknown factors and circumstances. Most people know the inherent dangers officers face on a daily basis; it is our responsibility to be mentally and physically prepared to answer the calls of duty without hesitation. Proudest moment: Graduating from the police academy is my proudest moment. It took dedication, commitment and four months of hard work. On the job lessons: I believe that there are valuable learning experiences for me each day, as I am able to learn from training, my peers and the public. Why did you become a police officer? I have always found the criminal justice system both necessary and interesting. I pursued a degree in Criminal Justice. After graduating from college, I applied to be a police officer for the City of Scottsdale.

Balancing service and family: I always make sure that I do what is necessary to be fully prepared to serve each day. At the same time, I dedicate my free time to maintaining the relationships I have with my family and friends.

Satisfaction of serving: I derive the greatest satisfaction when an individual or family expresses their gratitude and thanks for the service I have provided to them. Next professional goal: I want to continue to grow as a police officer, which may give me future opportunities to explore becoming a detective. In closing:

To serve, it is important to put others first and strive to protect those who rely on you for a safe community. Nothing is impossible. Always follow your dreams!

Nominate a candidate

Help us acknowledge those who serve. Men and women currently in the military or a first responder. Send your info to editor@latinopm.com. www.latinopm.com

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Client: Ballet Arizona

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Job: BAL-032 Latino Perspectives Cinderella Ad Final size: 7.4375” x 4.8281” Colors: CMYK Bleeds: No

Created by: DAVIDSON & BELLUSO • 602.277.1185 • www.davidsonbelluso.com www.latinopm.com


Phoenix College makes it easy On campus, downtown and online It used to be that an education was a distinct

steppingstone before a career, a time to ruminate on what profession to pursue as you took prerequisites related to your field of choice. Along with the required classes, you could explore history, science, philosophy, literature and the arts. But as the cost of education has steadily increased, and the emphasis has moved from the scholastic journey to the job-focused end goal, many students now choose to detour directly to training and instruction for a specific vocation. In response to the constant evolution of technology, many institutions now offer custom and training education, or CTE courses. Students just entering the workforce, or those with careers already established who need to catch up and compete with the latest innovations and new hires, can take courses in health care, computer information systems and green building, just to name a few, without chocking up tens of thousands of dollars in student loans. Several vocational avenues are available to students and professionals through Phoenix College – on the campus at 12th Avenue and Thomas Road, at the downtown historic building on 1st Avenue and McKinley Street (PCDT), or online from the comfort of a home office or computer. With jobs in the healthcare industry rising despite today’s economy, several new courses in the medical field are being offered at PC. Beginning this fall, participants can take a medical transcription certificate program. Jobs in the medical transcription field are expected to grow by 11 percent through 2018, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The course through PCDT is being offered in partnership with Career Step, an online healthcare education company. At their own pace and on their own

schedule, participants can earn a medical transcription certificate through online coursework. Other courses offered at PCDT include a pharmacy technician program and a dialysis technician program. “Health care is where the jobs are, and we can help students prepare for successful careers … in less than a year,” says Roberta Jeffers, director of Business and Industry Partnership at Phoenix College Downtown, 640 N. 1st Avenue. Also getting quite a bit of attention, albeit not positive, is the real estate industry. With foreclosures at an all-time high, no thanks to an overvalued housing market, the need for appraisers – and general knowledge of how the industry values properties – is also at an all-time high. As part of its expanded real estate certificate program, Phoenix College’s Business Department is offering two www.latinopm.com

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As a Girl Scout volunteer, you’ll add meaningful experiences to girls lives and to your own as well. Tackle everything from global warming to election reform. Travel to incredible places. Share your personal passions and create experiences together you’ll never forget.

interested in volunteering? volunteer@girlscoutsaz.org

119 E Coronado Road | Phoenix, AZ 85004 602.452.7000 | 800.352.6133 www.girlscoutsaz.org 50

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new appraisal courses this fall and a real estate finance class in the spring that can help with understanding the complexities of valuing property. “Basic Appraisal Principles” and “Basic Appraisal Procedures” are both two-credit courses that will go toward the 18 credits required to earn the real estate certificate. The real estate finance course will be worth three credits. “In today’s housing market, it is essential consumers know about the appraisal process,” says Doula Zaharopoulos, director of PC’s real estate program. “Even if someone is already a real estate sales agent, these classes will help them.” The courses will be offered in a hybrid style of traditional and online classes. The appraisal courses are open to the public and do not require any prerequisites. For those who want to start their own business on a solid foundation of information, Phoenix College is offering a Small Business Start-Up Certificate program completely through online courses. Entrepreneurs can learn business concepts, so they can successfully start and run a small enterprise. Online classes such as “Internet Marketing for Small Business” and “Starting a Home-based Business” can be taken for credit toward the certificate, which requires 12 total credits. Classes can also be taken for personal enrichment and not necessarily for the certificate. For more information about other courses and certificate programs or to register for any of these courses, go to www.phoenixcollege.edu.

Love to read? Want to help children love it, too? Even though books are becoming relics, and little by little, texting is unfortunately changing the face of language and spelling, reading will never go away. Nor will the need to help younger generations build their reading skills. While educators cover most of the bases, young students can always use extra

help when it comes to improving their reading proficiency. Southwest Human Development (SWHD) is one of many organizations concerned about early childhood literacy. SWHD’s Raising A Reader is a leading, early childhood literacy and parent engagement program that rotates award-winning books into children’s homes on a weekly basis. During the program, the average child is exposed to 80 books per year. To meet the needs of local families, Southwest Human Development has partnered with the Arizona Multihousing Association to address the issue of early childhood literacy and parent engagement, and offer Raising A Reader to low-income apartment community residents. “We are constantly looking for ways to fine-tune our program to meet the needs of families,” said Alan Taylor, director of training. “We saw an opportunity to provide Raising A Reader resources directly to the families that need them the most.” The most pronounced, positive effects of the reading program have been among English language learners, children from low-income families and children from households where parents had less than a high school education. Southwest Human Development Fund could use some support for Raise A Reader and their other literacy program, Reach Out and Read. Volunteers are needed to read to children and help with literacy activities. To learn more about volunteering with SWHD, visit swhd.org, or contact Sandy LaCava at 602-633-8778 or slacava@swhd.org. Experience Corps is also looking for reading tutors. The organization is recruiting volunteers ages 50 and older to provide one-on-one tutoring to children in first through third grades in select Tempe Elementary and Kyrene District schools in Tempe. Experience Corps members will be matched with four students to tutor twice a week for a full school year, with the goal


in mind “to improve students’ reading proficiency and to help them develop confidence and skills to succeed in school and in life.” Experience Corps is a nationally recognized literacy program with 2,000 volunteers coaching more than 20,000 students in 21 cities across the country. Volunteers also help with homework and become a consistent, caring role model for many students who don’t have one. Sun Lakes resident and Experience Corps member John Pompay says, “I have had few moments in the last three years since I retired that have been as rewarding as watching the light of progress and achievement go on in these children. When they look at you and they know that they are making real progress, the reward for me is as positive as anything I did in the commercial world.” To learn more about becoming an Experience Corps volunteer, contact Peggy Goldberg at 480-858-2465 or peggy_goldberg@tempe.gov.

Dance classes for Parkinson’s patients at ASU Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative brain disorder that progresses slowly in most people. Normally, neurons in the human brain produce dopamine, a chemical that relays messages to control movements of the human body. It helps humans to have smooth, coordinated muscle movements. When the dopamine-producing cells are damaged, the motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease appear. Individuals with PD live with the disease for 20 years or more from the time of diagnosis. Because there is no cure, doctors focus on and are dedicated to finding treatments that help control the symptoms of PD and enable patients to manage the disease. In spite of this, having Parkinson’s disease does not mean those burdened with the disease can’t have good quality of life. And that includes the joy of dancing. The ASU School of Dance in the Herberger Institute for Design and the

Arts is offering two dance classes designed especially for Parkinson’s patients. The goal is to improve confidence in movement and to have fun while they’re at it. Do you know someone with Parkinson’s who would love to dance? Check out the classes below: Movement & Motion for Parkinson’s Patients | Ages 18 and up This newly created 5- or 10-week program is designed specifically for Parkinson’s patients and provides dance techniques that address the disease’s limiting symptoms with focus on improving rigidity, tremor, slowness and balance. Class participants have shown enormous progression after each 10-week session. Improved posture, wider gait stride, confidence moving backwards, cross laterally and turning increased markedly among participants. Instructor: Claudia Murphey, ASU Herberger Institute School of Dance Faculty When: 11 a.m.–noon, Tuesdays; 5-week session Sept. 13 – Oct. 11 or Oct. 18 – Nov. 15; 10-week session Sept. 13 – Nov. 15 Where: ASU SkySong, Building 1 Price: $25/5-week session; $50/10-week session Latin/Ballroom for Parkinson’s Patients | Ages 18 and up This class explores great dance rhythms like the cha-cha, foxtrot, tango, swing and waltz. Designed for both Parkinson’s patients and their partners in a fun-filled class. Sign up for 5 or 10-week sessions. When: 11:00 a.m.–noon, Thursdays; 5-week session Sept. 15 – Oct. 13 or Oct. 20 – Nov. 17; 10-week session Sept. 15 – Nov. 17 Where: ASU SkySong, Building 1 Price: $25/5-week session; $50/10-week session

G O FA R , CL OSE T O H O M E .

Register Now!

Fo l l ow us on www.phoenixcollege.edu

The classes begin this month, with the deadline to register quickly approaching – September 13. Visit http://dance.asu.edu or call 480-965-5029 for more information about registration. www.latinopm.com

¡ September 2011!

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The cholesterol scale Balancing the good, the bad and the essential By Robrt L. Pela

Cholesterol gets a bad rap. It’s cited, it seems, as

the source of nearly every health issue from backache to baldness. In fact, cholesterol is essential for human life, and without it, we’d all be in dire straits. Eighty percent of the cholesterol in your blood is manufactured by your own liver, which uses this wax-like structure to make acids that help digest food. It builds and repairs your body’s cells, insulates your nerves, helps you digest food and assists in the production of certain hormones. Still, cholesterol levels among Americans are at an alltime high. And it’s not just lazy good-for-nothings with lousy eating habits battling boosted cholesterol counts. Even those among us who exercise regularly and watch what we eat can be driving our cholesterol counts through the roof. The secret is to maintain a higher level of “good” cholesterol, or high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and lower levels of less-healthy, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. High concentrations of HDL cholesterol in the blood are generally associated with a lower risk of heart attack, because it helps remove cholesterol from artery walls. HDL also carries cholesterol to the liver, where it’s either reused or disposed of in the bile. LDL, on the other hand, becomes oxidized and attaches to artery walls, which can initiate hardening of the arteries and lead to a heart attack. Striking a healthy cholesterol balance is relatively simple. And while doctors are preparing a new cholesterol-lowering vaccine for medical trials, and health gurus are touting Indian tree sap as the latest LDL blocker, we’ve compiled a more traditional set of cholesterol-busting tips.

The obvious: diet and exercise Among the quickest cures for high cholesterol is a change in your diet, according to Margo Denke, M.D., of the University of Texas Medical Center. To reduce your cholesterol intake, eat meat no more than three times per week. Choose lean cuts like top sirloin or flank steaks, and remove as much fat as possible before cooking. Bet-

ter yet, skip red meat altogether and eat more fish and poultry – skinless, of course. Salmon and catfish are high in polyunsaturated fat and among the lowest in total fat of most seafood’s. Stay away from shrimp and lobster, which are high in cholesterol. Dairy foods are notorious for fat content, so Denke recommends switching to lowfat milk and skipping most yellow cheeses. Keep a keen eye on the amount of saturated fat in your diet. Saturated fat, found in both animal and dairy foods, is a real culprit in elevating cholesterol levels, because it’s more easily converted into artery-lining cholesterol than any other food component. Eggs are nutritious, but just one of them contains the American Heart Association’s recommended daily intake of cholesterol. If you have to have an omelet, remove the yolks. And remember that mayonnaise and many salad dressings contain eggs, so read the ingredients or check the nutritional information before glopping them onto your favorite condiments. www.latinopm.com

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It’s not all about what you don’t eat; you can keep your cholesterol level in check by adding certain foods to your diet. Start with a fiber-rich breakfast that includes oatmeal, a whole-grain muffin and a piece of fruit. Choose dried cereals that contain more than four grams of fiber per serving, like rice bran or oat bran flakes. If you eat pancakes or waffles, make sure they’re made with whole-grain flour. Beans provide a lot of protein and are low in cholesterol. Five-bean salads are great, and hummus is even better, especially if it’s made with garlic. Cooked or raw garlic contains compounds that can lower your liver’s cholesterol production. Snacks like almonds, walnuts and avocados are high in monounsaturated fat, which helps to improve cholesterol levels. And Denke suggests eating as many servings of fruit and vegetables as you can each day. Whole fruit provides more fiber than fruit juice does, unless you’re juicing your fruit with the skin on. But diet alone isn’t enough to lower cholesterol, according to Marcia Stefanick, associate professor of medicine at Stanford University. One of Stefanick’s studies, published in The New England Journal

of Medicine, reports that a low-fat diet alone can adversely affect levels of HDL cholesterol, but the same diet combined with a regular workout routine can improve HDL levels. That’s because regular exercise reduces triglyceride levels, according to a recent Report on Physical Activity and Health from the Surgeon General. Exercise also increases the secretion of enzymes that remove cholesterol and fatty acids from the blood, according to the same report. And Stefanick’s study points out that weight lost from dieting alone is usually muscle mass, whereas weight lost from exercise and diet is mostly fat.

Medicinal boost If you’ve changed your diet and bumped up your exercise routine, but your cholesterol levels remain high, there’s still hope. A number of lipid-lowering medications can help reduce cholesterol while still maintaining favorable HDL levels. The most popular among these drugs are statins, which block cholesterol production by obstructing an enzyme called HMG-CoA reductase. Statins can be found in prescription agents like

Lovastatin, simvastatin, and atorvastatin. Although some people experience sore muscles while taking statins, these enzyme blockers are among the most effective in lowering cholesterol. Another way to promote better cholesterol levels is with L-arginine, a nonessential amino acid that reduces body fat and the formation of collagen in arteries. Bile acid sequestrants, found in drugs like cholestyramine and colestipol, can also lower cholesterol counts by binding with bile acids (made from cholesterol) in the intestines and flushing them out. This causes the liver to burn up more cholesterol by producing more bile acids. Niacin, found in Slo-Niacin and Niaspan, reduces the liver’s ability to produce lipoproteins, the precursor of LDL. And drugs like Lopid and Atromid contain fibrates, another good cholesterolbusting agent that activates an enzyme that speeds the breakdown of triglycerides in the blood.

Soy protein may help People who already eat a low-fat diet to reduce cholesterol might lower it even more with a soybean extract containing high levels of plant sterols, according

Keep cholesterol down Your doctor has lowered the boom: You have high cholesterol (called hypercholesterolemia). You need to change your diet to get your cholesterol numbers down and to lower your risk of heart disease. But how? Here are 10 quick, easy tips for keeping cholesterol levels in check. 1. Set a goal. How low you need to go when decreasing your cholesterol numbers will depend on several factors, including whether you have cardiovascular risk factors, your personal and family history of heart disease, and your own weight and standing blood pressure. Most doctors will treat for a target LDL of between 70 and 130, depending on your personal list of risk factors. 54

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2. Run from saturated fat. Dietary cholesterol isn’t the only evil that’s dogging your cholesterol numbers: saturated fat causes increases in cholesterol, too. It’s more about the butter on your toast and the cream in your coffee than it is the eggs on your plate. Substituting foods lower in saturated fat is therefore a wise choice. Try canola oil or olive oil in place of butter or margarine, and put that tin of shortening straight into the trash. www.latinopm.com

3. Go nuts. Walnuts and almonds are particularly beneficial in lowering cholesterol, but be cautious: nuts are high in calories, so making a meal of them will only cause you other problems. A half-cup a day will help, not hurt, your LDL levels. 4. Fake it. Because butter is a cholesterolraising culprit, there

are a dozen or more margarinelike spreads that are fortified with cholesterol-lowering plant compounds, known as stanols, that one can buy in the butter aisle at the grocery. Find one you like and stick to it. 5. Get fiber fit. Dietary fiber is key in lowering bad cholesterol, so adding more fruits and vegetables to your diet is a wise choice. Whole grains are also good sources of heart-healthy


A low-fat diet alone can adversely affect levels of HDL cholesterol, but the same diet combined with a regular workout routine can improve HDL levels. to Agricultural Research Service Administrator Floyd P. Horn. Preliminary research suggests that soybean and other plant extracts containing sterols – found in a number of fat-based foods including salad dressings and margarines – can increase the cholesterol-lowering benefits of an already low-fat diet by limiting cholesterol’s intestinal absorption. Other components of soy protein that may contribute to its cholesterollowering ability are trypsin inhibitors, phytic acid and loads of fiber. But keep an eye on your soy protein intake, and try to stay away from it in hydrogenated oil forms. Soy is available as a liquid, flour

antioxidants, and foods containing soluble fiber – dried beans, oats, and barley – can help lower cholesterol. 6. Go fish. Fish and fish oil are standard cholesterollowering fare, thanks to their high content of omega-3 fatty acids. Fish oil supplements will help bump down your numbers, and eating fish three times a week helps, too – especially salmon, which contains more omega-3 acids than most other fish. If you’re not a seafood lover, plant-based sources of omega-3s include soybeans, canola, flaxseed and walnuts.

or concentrated powder, none of which contain the high levels of trans fatty acids that result from the hydrogenation process used to make liquid oils into solid shortening or stick margarine. Trans fatty acids increase LDL cholesterol and decrease HDL cholesterol that started out as a good polyunsaturated fat before hydrogenation. Look for margarines marked “trans fatty acid free,” or use unsalted butter, in moderation, of course, since butter is a saturated fat that increases the LDL cholesterol in the blood. Speaking of moderation, alcohol use has been linked with higher HDL cholesterol levels, but that’s not an

7. Bottoms up! Believe it or not, some doctors claim that moderate consumption of alcohol can raise levels of good HDL cholesterol by as much as 10 percent. Apparently, up to one drink a day makes sense for women, and guys can down up to two cocktails per day. Still, most docs also caution against excessive drinking and of increasing your alcohol intake or even starting to drink if you don’t already. Hic. 8. It’s teatime. Substituting green tea for the

invitation to go on a bender. Increased alcohol consumption can also contribute to high blood pressure, obesity and stroke, not to mention good oldfashioned alcoholism. Because it’s possible to have high cholesterol for many years without symptoms of atherosclerosis, it’s a good idea to periodically check your blood cholesterol levels. The good news is that it’s possible and relatively easy to slow and even reverse the buildup of fatty deposits in artery walls. And really, what’s a few more pushups and a few less sticks of butter when you’ve got your health?

sodas and sweetened beverages you might normally consume is a great idea. That’s because green tea contains compounds that can help lower LDL cholesterol. 9. Add a pill. Those with high cardiovascular risks may want to include a cholesterollowering drug in their daily regimen. These drugs typically speed up the cholesterol-lowering process, and are readily available with a prescription from your MD. While niacin, bile acid resins, and fibrates are popular over-thewww.latinopm.com

counter remedies, statins are the treatment of choice for most people and can lower LDL cholesterol by as much as fifty percent. 10. Hit the road. Exercise is good for lowering LDL “bad” cholesterol, and can raise HDL “good” cholesterol by up to 10 percent. This is true with even moderate exercise, such as a brisk half-hour walk each morning. If your mornings are jammed, a short jaunt around the block every couple of hours each day will do the trick.

¡ September 2011!

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YOU CAN CHANGE A LIFE. REALLY.

Fuel up for fitness What and when you eat can make a big difference By Rosa Cays

Like many “recreational athletes,” I

BE A HERO!  BUILDING FUTURES   MENTORING PROGRAM    Our Building Futures Mentoring Program is one of  our most rewarding services, and we are in desper‐ ate need of mentor volunteers.  We have so many  great kids, ages 6 to 18, who are at risk due to low  self‐esteem, social isolation, family problems, etc., ‐ who just need a friend, a role model.  A person who can spend a little time sharing interests, listening  and ultimately raising a child’s self‐confidence and  outlook on life.  You would be amazed at what an  afternoon at the ball game or a trip to the park can  do for a child in need of adult companionship and  guidance.    Give us a call or email and we’ll explain how our  program works, and how you can change a life.   Really. 

To learn how to become a Mentor,          contact the following directors in your area:   Chandler, Tempe, Ahwatukee  Kate Clarno 602‐212‐6179  kclarno@vosymca.org     Mesa  Susan Long 602‐212‐6186  slong@vosymca.org     Carefree, Cave Creek, Paradise Valley, Scottsdale  Barb Harp 602‐212‐6289  bharp@vosymca.org     Central Phoenix, South Mountain,  Chris Town  Marta Grissom 602‐212‐6187  mgrissom@vosymca.org     Maryvale, Glendale, Southwest  Valley  Jessica Mena 602‐212‐6192  jmena@vosymca.org     Regional Director  Robert Neese 602‐212‐6071  rneese@vosymca.org  

like to get my exercise in first thing in the morning – earn my day, so to speak. Not one to eat breakfast right away, I’ll drink a cup of coffee with a little cream and sugar, then hit the bike trail or take a power walk for 30-40 minutes, something to get my heart rate up and work up a good sweat. Then I come home and make a custom smoothie with a high-protein chocolate shake (30 grams), blend in a half-cup of soymilk, a dollop of almond butter and lots of ice. Mmm, delicioso. It’s like having dessert for breakfast. This works for me, but I wonder if it’s the best way to maximize my workout? Should I be giving my body nutrients before I exercise so I don’t burn the little muscle I have? What about all that protein – is it too much all at once? No, yes and no. According to Raphael Calzadilla, a certified trainer with the American Council on Exercise (fitbyraphael.com), my preworkout cup of coffee is most certainly not cutting it. “The worst thing someone can do … before or after a workout, is not eat,” says Calzadilla. “It’s important to view food as fuel for the body that will both propel your workouts and help you to recover immediately after.” Calzadilla says that working out on an empty stomach (going three or more hours without eating), causes blood sugar to drop. “It will affect the quality of the workout from a physical and mental standpoint,” he says.

What and when to eat and why Calzadilla says what and how much you eat before a workout is important, and depends on the type of workout and the intensity. For example, if you haven’t eaten for three hours and want to do a 30-minute cardio workout, then a small snack is sufficient

    Youth Development  Healthy Living  Social Responsibility 

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about a half hour before the workout. If you’re weight training with intensity and adding cardio on top of that, then he suggests a scoop or two of protein powder and a banana or oatmeal about an hour before heading to the gym. Protein helps to build muscle tissue that has been impacted during weight training sessions. “After a workout, it’s important to give muscles a good supply of protein,” says the personal trainer of 20 years. Good carbohydrates are also important. This means whole grains, fruits and vegetables, not a Coke and a bag of chips. Delve into the intricate science behind nutrition and fitness and get taken on a head-spinning ride of information about protein, carbs, glycemic index, insulin processing and metabolism, pro athletes versus recreational athletes and many other factors. Throw in the avalanche of new products on the market that promise to maximize your muscle mass and supply you with essential amino acids, antioxidants, minerals, etc., in an 8-ounce can, bar or powder, and you’ll be dizzy when you get off that ride. It’s all so complex. But one common goal for most people who exercise is to build or maintain muscle, and one crucial element to do this is an essential amino acid called leucine, which is found in most protein drinks. Leucine is the key amino acid that stimulates muscle protein synthesis. Quick fact: Amino acids link up to build different types of protein and play a big role in metabolism. Of the 22 amino acids, eight are considered “essential,” because we mere mortals have to supply ourselves with it from an outside source: food. Our bodies can’t create essential amino acids via other chemical compounds. Two papers published in the September 2011 issue of The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition reported on how leucine affects protein synthesis; that is, how cells


Healthy Employee is a Happy and more Productive Employee! A

build proteins in recreational athletes after working out. Scientists measured how the body absorbs the leucine in one, big dose of whey protein (25 grams) compared to ten smaller doses of 2.5 grams after exercise, and found that downing the protein all at once increased muscle protein synthesis more than the smaller doses over a period of time. The deduction? The best time to refuel your body with protein is right after working out or in the “post-activity recovery period,” when it seems leucine has the most affect on stimulating muscle growth. But humans cannot live on protein shakes alone. Leucine can be found in other foods like soy protein, almonds, oats, peanuts and wheat germ. Calzadilla suggests eating low-glycemic carbs (fruits, vegetables, whole grains and nuts) and quickly absorbed proteins (like whey or egg whites) before you exercise, allowing 30 minutes to an hour of digestion before you get started. If you don’t have time to spare, have an apple and a handful of nuts or string cheese to get fueled up for fitness. For your post workout, eat high-

Contact the YMCA Corporate Wellness Team to add Wellness to your Employee Benefits

glycemic carbs (a banana or baked potato) and protein (fish or poultry are best) within a half hour after working out to help your body recover.

 

Burn fat, not muscle Although studies have shown that working out on an empty stomach burns more fat compared to eating before a workout, “what most people don’t realize,” says Calzadilla, “is that not eating before a workout also burns more muscle tissue compared to eating prior to the workout.” A person’s entire nutrition and fitness regimen needs to be taken into consideration to know if they’re likely burning fat rather than muscle. “If someone doesn’t eat before their workout and also consumes excessively low daily calories on a consistent basis, then they can definitely lose muscle,” says Calzadilla. Normally the body will use stored glycogen or carbohydrates when starting a workout and “contrary to popular belief,” he adds, “the body doesn’t compartmentalize in such a way that you’re only burning fat [or] only burning muscle.” Fuel up, folks, and burn that fat.

Phone: 602.404.9622 Email: corporatewellness@vosymca.org Website: www.valleyYMCA.org

A YMCA Membership is the Valley’s BEST VALUE for Health, Fitness & Life Enrichment Programs

FREE Health Assessments .  FREE Fitness Classes  including Zumba, Body Pump, and Yoga . FREE  Water Fitness Classes . FREE Amazing Kids and  Teen Center while you work out for Family     Memberships . FREE Senior Programs

Fun with protein Delicioso as it is, the same protein drink every day can get old. I’ve asked a few of my recreationally athletic amigos to share their own protein recipes. Go get that blender, you weekend warrior you. Ben’s post-run smoothie 2.54 oz packet of vanilla Met-Rx Complete Protein 1 cup berry yogurt 1 cup fresh berries 8-10 oz 2% milk 8-10 oz water 1 banana

Tammy’s whey-good shake 1 scoop of Muscle Milk whey protein powder 1 cup of frozen fruit (mango, pineapple, papaya or strawberry) 1 handful of spinach/greens A shake of cinnamon and water or green tea to blend it all together

Ed’s vegan protein shake Tomato juice Water 3-4 cups fresh spinach Squeeze of lemon 1/8-1/4 tsp cayenne pepper to taste 2 tbs olive oil 1 scoop Garden of Life raw protein Himalayan salt to taste

Reduced Rates on Swim Lessons, Youth Sports,  Summer Day Camp, After School Programs .    Priority Registration for all YMCA Programs .   Access to computerized Fitness Software.      The YMCA has something for everyone:  kids,  teens, adults, & families.  Come visit and let us  show you why a YMCA membership is your best  choice!        Youth Development  Healthy Living  Social Responsibility 

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¡ September 2011!

Latino Perspectives Magazine

59


P.S.

Stella Pope Duarte

Doña Josefa’s signal By Stella Pope Duarte

Doña Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez

was affectionately called la corregidora, which connected her with her husband who was el corregidor, the mayor in the capital city of Querétaro, Mexico. Her love for the Indians, who suffered gravely under Spanish rule, was well known throughout the state of Querétaro. Doña Josefa was a stern-looking woman whose good nature posed an opposite to her serious, dark looks. She was a generous woman, kind to all, and one who was not afraid to resist the rule of the the native Spaniards who had plundered the indigenous populations and were in control of Mexico. They had created for themselves an elitist group, light skinned, and clear eyed, who ruled with little empathy for the dark-skinned Indians and mestizos. Doña Josefa lived in dangerous times, times when any resistance against Spanish rule could be viewed as treason, and imprisonment or death would follow. She became part of Querétaro’s Literary Club, which was a group of citizens who met in the chambers above the city jail to discuss art, poetry and culture. The group’s true purpose was known only in secret, and it was a single purpose

conceived in urgency by the citizens of Querétaro: the overthrow of Spanish rule. The group worked hard, led by leaders such as Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the Father of Mexican Independence, and Ignacio Allende and Juan Aldama. The group sought to put their plan into action on December 8, 1810, but was betrayed by a postal clerk who advised the Spanish of the Querétaro uprising. Doña Josefa learned of the betrayal and instantly took matters into her own hands. She immediately signaled the jailer, Don Ignacio Pérez, by stomping her foot three times on the wooden floor. This was a prearranged signal, indicating an urgent request. Hastily, Pérez came to the door and listened to Doña Josefa tell him that he must get a message to Father Hidalgo that they had been betrayed, and the revolution must begin at once! It was September 15, 1810. Don Ignacio Pérez rode swiftly to San Miguel (which later became San Miguel de Allende) to deliver the message to the lieutenant general of the independence movement, Ignacio Allende. In turn, Allende rode through the night to the city of Dolores to wake up Father Hidalgo and give him the message. Early in the morning of September 16, 1810, Father Hidalgo climbed the tower of his church in Dolores and rang the church bells,

signaling the citizens to mass and for one other very important reason: to implore the people to follow him in a revolution against the Spanish. Himself a member of the criollos, Father Hidalgo was also prepared to plead with criollo friends he knew to join him in forging a free Mexico. The crowd that gathered at the sound of the incessant ringing of the church bells were the poor Indians, laborers and those who were enslaved by Spanish masters. “Who will follow me?” shouted Hidalgo, as he spoke to the people of his vision of a country that would truly belong to them. “Que viva la Virgen de Guadalupe!” he cried, waving a banner of the dark Virgin. “Muerte a los gachupines! Que viva la independencia. Que viva México!” Father Hidalgo’s words stirred the people to action. Armed with machetes, sticks and stones, they marched to many victories until they suffered defeat. The leaders of the independence movement were eventually executed by the Spanish. And still, this did not hinder Mexico’s freedom, won in 1821. Doña Josefa’s brave act – her stomping foot – had been the signal for the creation of a free Mexico.

Stella Pope Duarte was born and raised in South Phoenix. She began her writing career in 1995 after she had a dream in which her deceased father told her that her destiny was to become a writer. Her work has won awards and honors nationwide. www.latinopm.com

¡ September 2011!

Latino Perspectives Magazine

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my perspective on: a stronger community

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By Bill Montgomery National Hispanic Heritage

62

Month offers us an opportunity to reflect on the contributions and hard work of a diverse Hispanic community in helping to build our great nation and our local community. For me personally, that reflection includes my own memories of growing up in a largely Hispanic neighborhood just south of Los Angeles. Many of the children I went to school with and many of the families I worshiped with at Mass each Sunday were Hispanic. We played, learned, prayed and shared the same dreams of a better future together. Locally, our community reflects a rich and various blend of cultures with a strong Hispanic influence. We are made a stronger community when individuals bring the best of their respective heritages forward to add to that peculiar recipe of what it is to be an American. After all, to be an American is to simply buy into the truth that we can be the men and women God created us to be when government is limited and we can pursue our own dreams using the talents and abilities each of us are blessed with. That is true whether your family came to this country on the Mayflower, from Torreón in Durango, Mexico, Tegucigalpa, Honduras or San Salvador, El Salvador. Today, as the chief prosecutor for the nation’s fourth largest county, I work every day to make our community safe for the nearly four million residents within my jurisdiction, so they can realize their own dreams of a better future. That means working in partnership with law enforcement and the entire community, business and civic leaders alike, so that Maricopa County is the best place in the country to live, work and raise a family. It is a job I do for the benefit of all – without regard to the ethnicity or place of origin of the people I serve. Key in this effort is the involvement of anyone who witnesses or is a victim of a crime and reporting it to the police. Unfortunately, crime may go unreported in Hispanic neighborhoods, because residents may fear their immigration status will be questioned if they contact police. However, this fear only makes it easier for

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ September 2011!

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criminals to escape accountability and undermines the safety of neighborhoods we all live in. While heated rhetoric over illegal immigration may contribute to reluctance among some to interact with law enforcement, the fact is that no one should worry that their immigration status will be a law enforcement concern when reporting a crime, whether as a victim or a witness. My goal is to ensure that people who harm other members of our community are held accountable. Importantly, crime victims have specific rights under Arizona’s Constitution, including the right to be free from intimidation, harassment or abuse throughout the criminal justice process. Honoring and respecting victims’ rights is another pledge I made when I took office and one to which I am fully committed, regardless of the ethnicity or residency status of the victim. Whether it’s in your neighborhood, mine, or somewhere else, crime must be reported. It is only by working together that I can fulfill my third pledge as county attorney: to protect and strengthen our community – and that means all communities. Bill Montgomery was elected Maricopa County Attorney in 2010 on a pledge to serve, to fight crime, honor victims’ rights, and protect and strengthen our community. As a West Point graduate, decorated Gulf War veteran and professional prosecutor, he has dedicated his personal and professional life to serving others.


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