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January 2013


The crazy, the naughty and the nice





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Journal of the American Latino Dream

Volume 9

{January 2013}

18 The year that was


Ruben Hernandez recaps most outstanding AZ news stories

7 8

From the editor Best wishes for the New Year

¿Será posible?

Memorable campaign triumphs of 2012

14 Mary Vibe Jane Montoya to be new “face” of Gerber; Hallmark Movie Channel’s new Latino film; Adiós, Jenni Rivera


Anaya says

Last decade was the most rewarding of her career

16 Chicano Rincón del arte illustrator, Jon Garza, brings folk art sensibility to modern themes and media

Issue 5

Bubbling, hustling, swarming

Millennials prefer collaborative strategies to effect social change

17 Latina still standing

New Year’s resolutions don’t need to be all about denial and suffering

30 TLisahose who serve Campoy relates the thrills and chills of a police dispatcher


25 Movin’ up Hugo Medina wins first “Mayor’s Award” for public art; Antonio Bustamente receives 2013 King Leadership Award; AACHE’s most recent scholarship recipients; Tony Banegas now on board of Arizona Forward; Jessica Gonzalez joins ranks of StartingBloc fellows

28 Briefcase Historic U.S.-Mexican agreement regarding restoration of Colorado River Delta habitat; “boomers’” experience channeled into service to non-profits; annual golf tourney passes one million dollar mark for fundraising in 2012


Reading aloud to young children is the best prescription for a well-developed brain

35 Health Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of sexually-transmitted diseases

38 Time out 2012’s notable fitness innovations 41 P.S.

A cross-cultural look at New Year’s customs 42 My perspective Community leaders chimed in during 2012

Coming in February: Matters of the heart

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


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José Feliciano

Friday, January 18 | 7:00 & 9:00 p.m. Tickets: $52.50–$62.50 (7:00 p.m.) Tickets: $47.50–$57.50 (9:00 p.m.) Virtuoso guitarist known internationally for musical hits including his rendition of “Light My Fire” Sponsored by

International Guitar Night

Sunday, January 27 | 7:00 & 9:00 p.m. Tickets: $34.50–$38.50 (7:00 p.m.) Tickets: $25.50–$29.50 (9:00 p.m.) The world’s premier touring guitar festival that brings together the most interesting and innovative acoustic guitarists including Martin Taylor, Solorazaf, Celso Machado, and Brian Gore

Spanish Brass

Saturday, January 19 | 7:30 p.m. Tickets: $27.50–32.50 Established as one of the world’s finest brass quintets known for virtuosity and versatility

Joe Lovano and Us Five

Saturday, February 2 | 7:00 & 9:00 p.m. Tickets: $42.50–$47.50 (7:00 p.m.) Tickets: $32.50–$37.50 (9:00 p.m.) GRAMMY-winning saxophonist with the dynamic young band Us Five featuring James Weidman, Esperanza Spalding, Francisco Mela, and Otis Brown III

Winter/Spring 2013 Concert Series On Sale Now! Winter/Spring 2013 Concert Series sponsored in part by:

View the complete concert series lineup at To Purchase Tickets: • Order online at • Call 480.478.6000 • Visit MIM’s Ticket Office at 4725 E. Mayo Blvd., Phoenix, AZ 85050 (Corner of Tatum & Mayo Blvds., just south of Loop 101)



Located in the Musical Instrument Museum

ยก! from the executive editor

January 2013 Publisher/CEO Ricardo Torres Executive Editor/COO Cecilia Rosales, Ph.D. Copy Editor Virginia Betz Art Director Jorge Quintero Contributing Writers Catherine Anaya, Alison Bailin Batz, Diana Bejarano, Virginia Betz, Erica Cardenas, Yvonne Funcke, M.D., Ruben Hernandez, Robrt L. Pela, Stella Pope Duarte Director of Sales and Marketing Carlos Jose Cuervo Advertising Account Executives Grace Alvarez and Barry Farber Webmaster QBCS Inc.

Contact Us P.O. Box 2213 Litchfield Park, AZ 85340 602-277-0130 Advertising: Editorial: Design:


For home or office delivery, please send your name, address, phone number, and a check for $24 to Latino Perspectives Magazine at the address above. Subscriptions also available for credit-card purchase by calling 602-277-0130. Visit for a free digital subscription. Latino Perspectives Magazine is published 12 times a year and is selectively distributed throughout Arizona. The entire contents of this publication are copyrighted by Latino Perspectives Media, LLC, all rights reserved, and may not be reproduced in any manner, in whole or in part, without written permission from the publisher.

From all of us at

Latino Perspectives Magazine Editorial mission statement

Latino Perspectives creates community, cultivates c u lt ural pr ide and provokes, challenges and connec ts L at inos who are def ining, pursuing, and ac h iev i n g t he A me r ic a n L at i no D re a m .

Your thoughts? Tell us what you think. Send your thoughts to

Latino Perspectives welcomes feedback from readers regarding published stories or topics of interest. Please include your name and phone number. Mail letters to Editor, Latino Perspectives, P.O. Box 2213 Litchfield Park, Az. 85340. Or, email letters to

ยก January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


¡! ¿Será posible?

Happy campaign trails! By Robrt Pela

(Lachowicz’s Warcraft character is named Santiaga and is, according to the senator herself, “an orc-level 85 assassination rogue” possessing green skin, fangs, a Mohawk and pointy ears.)

More than proving that we live

in a deeply divided country, the 2012 elections established, once and for all, the fact that there’s no such thing as a good deed going unpunished – at least among politicians running for office. We’re talking about Paul Babeu, who dropped his congressional bid last May after one of his former boyfriends outed the Pinal County sheriff and accused him of threatening to deport the poor slob, whose visa was expired. Babeu sought re-election as county sheriff, thus causing every wag who laughed at the thought of a gay sheriff being reelected to eat his words when Babeu handily won his race by a wide margin on November 6. Apparently, sullied reputations are the new black in political races. Colleen

Fear sets in.

Cancer diagnosis.

Paul Babeu

Lachowicz won her contest for a Maine state senate seat even after a nasty campaign by opponents who made much of her admitted “addiction” to the on-line game, World of Warcraft.


Your treatment team collaborates on your case.

You meet your personal cancer navigator.

¡! ¿Será posible?

Kerry Bentivolio

“Certainly,” one opposing-party official was quoted as saying, “the fact that she spends so much time on a video game says something about her work ethic and level of immaturity. Is this really who we want in office?” Michigan’s 11th Congressional District representative, Kerry Bentivolio who makes his living as a reindeer farmer, was lambasted publicly by his own brother, who described Bentivolio as

“mentally unbalanced.” Bentivolio won re-election with no trouble. Elsewhere in Michigan, Brian Banks was elected as a state representative from Detroit with 68 percent of the vote, even though his rap sheet includes eight felony convictions for writing rubber checks and using other people’s credit cards. His campaign slogan? “You can bank on Banks.” Then again, these races may have been won thanks to help from volunteers at polling places. Just before a primary election in June, an Albuquerque news station apparently caught a poll worker on camera offering tiny bottles of whiskey to potential voters during shuttle rides to early voting centers. And Los Angeles’ KCBS-TV reported that pamphlets sponsored by the Progress and Collaboration Slate for its local candidates in Eagle Rock, California, offered $40 worth of “medical-grade marijuana” as a special incentive for voting. (Not every politico got away with offering free attitude enhancements

during election season. Carme Cristina Lima, who ran for town councilor in Itacoatiara, Brazil, was arrested on the campaign trail for allegedly passing out packets of cocaine, which were stapled neatly to her promotional leaflets.) Who needs a platform when you’ve got questionable morals?

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Conversation starters from the world around us

15 Anaya says

Happy Tenth Anniversary to me!

15 Vibe 17 Latina Still

A little Latina becomes new face of Gerber baby food


New Year’s resolutions you’ll be delighted to keep

i say... There are 47 percent of the people who will vote for the president no matter what ... who are dependent upon government, who believe that they are victims. These are people who pay no income tax ... and so, my job is not to worry about those people. I’ll never convince them that they should take personal responsibility and care for their lives. Former Massachusetts governor and presidential candidate, Mitt Romney (The #1 quote of 2012, according to the Yale University librarian, Fred Shapiro)



The Hallmark Channel will air the premiere of Meddling Mom, starring an all-Latino cast, on February 23

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine



LP journal

Latino millenials counter the stereotype that today’s youth are complacent and politically apathetic

Latino Millennials: Creating the future in the U.S. Each American generation leaves its own special imprint on U.S. society. The Lost Generation of the Twenties wrote about U.S. racial strife and the excesses of capitalism. The Baby Boomers of the Fifties enjoyed the economic benefits of a post-WWII boom, and initiated the great expansion of a consumer culture. Now the Millennial Generation (18- to 32-year olds) emerges at a time of significant unemployment and student loan debts averaging about $26,000 per student. Young Latinos became high-profile as the Millennial Nation in the 2012 presidential elections with their voter registration campaigns and get-outthe-vote canvassing. The resulting increase in Latino voters helped propel Barack Obama to another term and grabbed the attention of both political parties. Recently, the MTV cable television network surveyed young America in a study titled “Generation Innovation.” Millennials were interviewed about what they believed, and how those beliefs affected their actions. What did the researchers discover? 12

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ January 2013!

“What we found was counter to the often-cited caricature of today’s youth as ‘entitled’ and ‘coddled,’” Nick Shore, senior vice president of MTV Insights and Innovations, wrote in a column. “Instead, we found a vibrant and strong fixer/maker/builder culture where nearly three of four Millennials believe that ‘our generation is starting a movement to change old, outdated systems.’ Put more broadly, if the American Dream isn’t working as promised, Millennials will take it upon themselves to create the next ‘version’ of America.” Latino Perspectives elaborated the MTV study findings with interviews with Valley Latino Millennials. We spoke with Antonio Valdovinos, a leader and DREAMer in the informal organization of the Millennial age calling themselves Team Awesome. This group of civic activists were involved in the election of Daniel Valenzuela to the Phoenix City Council, the recall of state Senator Russell Pearce, and advocacy for the federal DREAM Act. In addition, we chatted with Andrew Sanchez, 30-year-old Guadalupe town councilman and political activist who has worked to

empower his community of 6,000 residents. Young local Latinos, we discovered, perfectly express the Millennial traits that empowered them in 2012, and give promise of the achievements that the Latino community can celebrate in the years to come. Here are the main takeaways from the MTV study, supported by local Latino responses: Millennials are highly creative, innovative and express themselves confidently. Valdovinos says that the Team Awesome concept of young Latinos driving change came about because of necessity. “We came together at a time when people were counting on Latinos disengaging from politics,” he says. “We knew we had to learn how to move a community and how to defend it against people who were attacking it. Latinos weren’t engaged and didn’t know how to be engaged.” He adds that Latino Millennials incorporated the very Hispanic trait of “family” into the Team Awesome concept. “We are very organic. We were unpaid students who didn’t want to apply for non-profit status. We are more like a family growing in the Latino community, working for the

LP journal sustained involvement that leads to sustained power.” Millennials “swarm.” They are a communal generation that crowdsources ideas and actions. They also “hack,” which in Millennial lingo means to solve problems collectively using few resources but actions infused with sparkling creativity and surging energy. Valdovinos says that Team Awesome brainstormed solutions together and worked around obstacles using innovative methods. For the Millennial creative class, group meets and “Tweet-ups” for civic action replace the dance clubs and raves for entertainment. Millennials do the “chill-hustle.” They are multi-taskers, juggling several projects at once, and making it look easy. “That’s what attracted more of us to Team Awesome. It wasn’t just one issue,” Valdovinos says. “It was getting Obama and Latinos elected. It was about the DREAM Act, police, education and, right now, we are going around collecting cans for the local food bank. For us, it’s not about a (political) party. It was having the choice to choose issues. We challenged Republicans and Democrats to work together. We let it be known that we needed stronger leadership in Arizona.” Millennials use technology to interconnect. They use social media and smart phones “to leverage change on a small, and even, large scale.” Andrew Sanchez, a Guadalupe councilman who just made out the application to run for town mayor, describes how having access to social media empowers Latino Millennials. “Today it’s come to the point where you have to check your social media all the time. It’s an awesome tool for bringing hundreds of people together. It’s been a blessing for organizers. It allows people networks to connect and grow much larger. If you announce a

community organizing event or press conference, it reaches more people, and they bring their friends.” Millennials “bubble.” Bubbling is the concept of putting an imaginary safety bubble around projects that screen out “haters” and nay-sayers. In other words, it allows constructive criticism, but keeps the negative energy outside. Valdovinos says Team Awesome doesn’t allow “haters” of any kind. “But we need them as well. When we have backlash against us, such as derogatory comments against Spanish speakers at a public hearing, we tell each other we need to get to the cause of the anger, and try to talk it out. We need to use reason, and that way they (the haters) will respect you.” He adds that Team Awesome has a philosophy of diverse people coming together. “We have a student from China and two girls from Israel.


They recognize that our issues are their issues as well. We have old, white and gay people helping. We are moving together as a community. We are not professionals. We are just people who are driven to do the right things; a small group that is incredibly organized and incredibly motivated by our ideals.” Sanchez adds that Latinos must show “haters” how not to hate; nor should Latinos become “haters” when they become the majority population in the U.S. “I think ‘haters’ don’t see that Latinos are capable of representing them, too. But I think Latinos will reach out. They will advocate for all, not just themselves. Now is our best chance to change their views. We don’t want to lead by what we were shown. We know what it feels like to be a minority. I think we will be mindful of not doing that to other generations or cultures.”

latino ls millenia

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine




Meddling Mom premiere

Jenni Rivera– encore

The Hallmark Movie Channel is diversifying its

After tragically losing her life in a plane crash in

telenovela-esque original programming! The 24-hour cable network will air the premiere of its latest Latino-centric, made-for-TV movie, Meddling Mom, on February 23, 2013 (8 p.m.EST/PST, 7 p.m. CT). The film, directed by Patricia Cardoso (Real Women Have Curves), stars Sonia Braga (Angel Eyes) and Tony Plana (Desperate Housewives), and costars a long list of equally talented and attractive Latinos: Mercedes Renard (NCIS), Ana Ayora (Marley & Me), Saundra Santiago (The Sopranos), Rose Abdoo (Gilmore Girls), George Meddling Mom features a star-studded cast, Contreras (The O.C.,), including Ana Ayora (above) Rafael Amaya (Ugly Betty) and Rob Mayes (Jane by Design). Carmen Vega (Braga), a widowed mother of two adult daughters, can’t seem to mind her own business and stop interfering in her daughters’ lives (sound familiar?). Oblivious to the heavy atmosphere she creates, Carmen is about to get a crash course in butting out.

December 2012, Mexican American banda and norteña singer, Jenni Rivera, continues to dominate Billboard’s Latin albums chart. Postmortem, the late singer’s compilation album, La Misma Gran Señora, debuted at the top of the chart, and previous records hit the second and third spots on the Latin albums chart. Rivera is only the third recording artist to simultaneously occupy the coveted top three positions in the chart. Sadly, she shares the distinction along with two other artists who we lost too soon – Selena and Celia Cruz.

Get more Vibe at

Sunday A’Fair offers free concerts If your New Year’s resolutions include

appreciating more of the finer things life has to offer (and save some dinero), our friends at the Scottsdale Center for the Arts got you covered. The Sunday A’Fair free, outdoor winter and spring concert series starts this month and continues through April, 2013, at the Scottsdale Civic Center Park. Start cleaning your garage to look for lawn chairs, picnic baskets and blankets and get ready to enjoy great performances, au plain aire. Visitors and concert-goers can also enjoy an arts and crafts market, activities for the kids, food, wine and spirits vendors, and free admission to SMoCA. (7380 E. Second St. in downtown Scottsdale; visit for a full listing)


Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ January 2013!



Anaya says Not just another job By Catherine Anaya

This month I celebrate ten years at

Mary Jane Montoya, the new face of babyfood

New Gerber bebé reflects America’s future The changing face of America’s

iconic Gerber baby food brand gurgles, giggles and is Latina. Gerber recently announced that eight-month-old Mary Jane Montoya of Fresno, California, is the new Gerber baby products advertising image. Mary Jane is only the second baby face in Gerber’s 85-year history. This little Latina will toddle in the footsteps of Ann Turner Cook, now 85, whose cherubic baby cara now graces Gerber’s product labels. However, Turner Cook is not yet ready to retire as Gerber’s ad representative. Mary Jane’s face won’t replace Ann’s on all the brand’s packaging, but instead will be the new image on the company’s 2013 “Start Healthy, Stay Healthy Nutrition System” ad campaign. Sara Montoya, the tyke’s proud mami, was thrilled her bebé was selected from 308,000 infant cuties whose photos were entered into the 2012 Gerber Generation

CBS 5 News and my return to the Valley. It’s been the most professionally and personally rewarding decade of my life. When I first came to “the nickel” in 2003, I had just given birth to my son a month before, leaving my husband and daughter behind in Los Angeles so she could finish the school year. It was just my son and I, living in an apartment the station put me in for three months to give me time to find a home. I scrambled to find someone to care for him while I worked, feeling immense guilt at leaving such a tiny guy in the hands of someone else while I went to work each day. But there was something special about the place. I knew it wasn’t “just another job” and, though I’d go home each night to a very colicky baby, I sort of felt like maybe he understood. The people who hired me then were caring, deeply supportive and never caused me to reconsider for a moment that returning to the Valley after a fouryear stint in Los Angeles was the best move I’d ever made. One of the things I stressed the most in my interview was that I was very passionate about my involvement in the Latino community, and I wanted to know that the station would support me in those endeavors. They did then and they do now. The people who hired me then are no longer here. But, the people who now hold those positions are equally supportive – not just of me personally, but also of my commitment to this community. And so, I would be remiss in celebrating this milestone at CBS 5 News

if I didn’t share it with all of you in the community. I would not be here without your support through the years. Some of you might remember when I came to the Valley the very first time, just 24 years old with only a few years of broadcasting experience under my belt. KPNX had hired me and the lovely Lucia Madrid (in charge of station community relations) put together a reception in my honor, to welcome me to the community and give me a chance to get to know many of you. You welcomed me with open arms and, when I left 6 years later, it felt like I was leaving family. Coming back was like coming home. In the cumulative 16 years I’ve lived and worked in the Valley, we’ve collaborated on many community events together. We’ve sat on boards together. We’ve spent weeks in leadership training together. We’ve worked on projects to inspire and encourage our youth together. You’ve respected when I’ve had to ask the tough questions, and you’ve appreciated the objectivity that comes with my job. You’ve welcomed me into your home. You’ve cheered for my personal triumphs and have been quick to offer a hand when I’ve taken a fall. For all that, I celebrate with gratitude and appreciation. Catherine Anaya anchors CBS 5 News weeknights at 5, 5:30, 6 and 10 p.m. She is a mother of two, marathon runner and motivational speaker. Reach her at, connect with her on Facebook, Twitter and at

Continues on page 17

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


rincón del arte


A folk/modern mezcla Jon Garza, illustrator and graphic designer Background:


Sources of inspiration: I’m really influenced by my culture and upbringing as a MexicanAmerican. The music, food, imagery and artistic traditions of where I’m from impact my work greatly. I take a lot of inspiration from Mexican muralists, lowrider arte, hand-painted signs, vintage design and vintage motorcycles.  

Future plans:

To do what I love doing more and to keep making a living doing so! I plan to work with awesome new clients, do more art shows, get my work published and keep educating and inspiring others through my work, especially my son.


Help us highlight the local arts Send information to


Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ January 2013!

Images courtesy of the artist

I was born in San Antonio, Texas, in 1987 and raised in Phoenix, Arizona. My mom went to school for art and my dad has always been creative, so growing up I received support to pursue art. As a kid, I drew a lot and was heavily influenced by cartoon shows and video games. When I was 13 years old, I got into skateboarding and that became my life throughout my teenage years. Skateboard deck graphics and skateboard magazines filled with amazing illustrations inspired me to do similar kinds of work. I became interested in illustration and design in college. I got more immersed in that field through working various graphic design positions. While pursuing a degree in graphic design, I became involved in the art community and did a lot of live art at events. In 2006, I had my first art show at the Gallery Celtica, followed by others in galleries in downtown Phoenix. More recently, I’ve displayed my work at Phoenix Design Week events, booths at Phoenix Comic Con, and remain active in the Chicano art community. Currently, I do illustration and design freelance and, when I’m not working, I love spending quality time with my beautiful wife and four-month-old son.   Career Highlights: I graduated in 2008 with a Bachelor’s in Graphic Information Technology from Arizona State University. My first big design commission was from the Boys and Girls Clubs of Metropolitan Phoenix. At that time, I also had my first big-time freelance gig with Houston rapper, Chingo Bling, for whom I did some really cool illustrations. Of the many art shows I participated in, the most noteworthy include the Deck Show in 2009 at Bragg’s Pie Factory, A Failed Entertainment group show at the Monorchid in 2011, showings at the ALAC and Xico galleries, and being part of the Phoenix Pedal Craft events in 2012.   Description of my art: My work is very illustrative with gritty line work, vibrant colors and Chicano-related themes. I enjoy drawing typography, portraits, motorcycles and comics. I’m very passionate about social issues, especially involving la Raza, so I tend to make very strong statements with that kind of work. However, I try to keep some of my other work light-hearted, like comics, because you can’t take life too seriously! I use traditional methods such as drawing, inking and painting, and do as much work as I can by hand. I feel that’s important because I’m able to apply my unique style to whatever it is I’m doing.


Continued from page 15

Photo Search on the corporation’s Facebook page. The campaign also generated 2.5 million new “likes.” “Our baby looks just like the Gerber baby, but we still can’t believe the photo of our baby won the Grand Prize!” Sara said in a press release. “Like parents everywhere, we think our baby is cute, but to have this honor is something we’ll cherish forever. To us, winning $50,000 is like winning a million dollars!” The prize money will be saved for Mary Jane’s college fund, mom said. From a marketing standpoint, Gerber’s campaign winner reflects the changing demographics of America. Latinos are predicted to be the majority minority population in the United States by 2050. New generations of U.S. niños y niñas will likely be raised on Gerber products. “Gerber past” met “Gerber future” on the Today show in November. Anna Turner Cook was introduced to Mary Jane Montoya before millions of TV viewers. “She is just adorable, and she is a delightful little person,” said the elder brand model of the new baby ad ambassador. Mary Jane just beamed the winning smile that earned her newly found fame.

Mary Jane Montoya, who had the winning photo in the 2012 Gerber Generation Photo Search, poses with her parents and the original Gerber baby, Ann Turner Cook

Latina still standing


No-tears resolutions By Diana Bejarano

The beginning of a new year gives

us a chance to refocus our lives. We can begin to think and act differently. We can break old habits and start new ones. We have a brand new year to better ourselves and change our lives. Every January, the majority of people start setting their annual fitness goals, financial goals and health goals. And, while all of those are worthy goals, I am going to propose incorporating five fun and easy goals that can make your life better in 2013. My list of “New Year’s resolutions” doesn’t even mention the gym, finances or diets. The items I am proposing might sound like fun and games but, in fact, each one has been proven to be very beneficial for the mind, body and soul. And I believe they can make a real difference, if we choose to do them. Here are five easy New Year’s resolutions we can all incorporate into our lives in 2013: Imagine more. Albert Einstein said, “Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand. Imagination is everything. It is the preview of life’s coming attractions.” Let’s start imagining great things for ourselves. As adults we tend to use our imaginations less than we did when we were children. The ability to imagine is one of our greatest assets. Imagination can bring new ideas, help solve problems and release creativity. Carve out a few minutes every day to imagine and dream! It worked for Einstein. Laugh more. Studies have shown that the average four-year-old laughs 300 times a day but a 40-year-old only laughs four times a day. It’s a proven fact that laughter relaxes the body, boosts the im-

mune system, lowers stress hormones, releases endorphins, enhances resilience and can strengthen your heart by improving the function of blood vessels and increasing blood flow, which can help protect you against a heart attack and other cardiovascular problems. Start laughing! Sleep more. The experts say there are many benefits to getting more sleep, including weight loss, improved quality of life and lower stress levels. Adequate sleep can also spur creativity and curb inflammation, which can lead to heart disease and other ailments. Sweet dreams! Play more. Studies show that playing contributes to creative problem solving, better language skills and better math skills. Scientists believe that play can also improve memory and stimulate the growth of the cerebral cortex. The exercise benefits of physical play are also extremely beneficial to the body. Tag, you’re it! Own your power. Realize that you hold the power to your own happiness. Only you have the power to create and live your dreams. No one else owns this – only you! Make a promise to yourself to incorporate one or more of these five things into your daily routine each week for the 52 weeks in 2013. These are realistic goals that can have a tremendous impact on every area of your life. Stick to it and you will reap the benefits. A true Latina Still Standing perseveres and achieves success despite life’s difficulties. ¡Adelante, Latinas! Diana Bejarano is an Arizona native and a graduate of Arizona State University’s Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication. Reach her at or

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


Ay, what By Ruben Hernandez

In Arizona, 2012 was auspicious, not because our state was being destroyed along with the rest of the world (as erroneously predicted by some based on a Mayan inscription indicating that something big was to happen on 12/21/12), but because of the emergence of Latinos center stage, here and nationally. 18

Latino Perspectives Magazine

ยก January 2013!

a year! In December, 2012, the latest U.S. Census estimated that Latinos will become the majority population in the U.S. by 2023, a mere generation away. That national trend is reflected in Arizona. Latinos here will become the majority about the same time. As Joseph Garcia, director of the ASU Morrison Institute Latino Public Policy Center, noted in the September 2012 issue of Latino Perspectives: “If Arizona were to take an honest look in the mirror, she might be surprised by the permanent tan looking back.” Arizona is getting browner and younger, with 46 percent more Latinos living here than a decade ago, and, as Garcia points out, Latino issues are now, and for the future, Arizona’s issues. Looking further back, Arizona has been no stranger to controversy this past decade, with a Republican-dominated state legislature creating the harsh antiimmigrant, anti-abortion, anti-voter fraud laws that other, like-minded lawmakers in other states used as models for laws

passed in their own backyards. Certainly, Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio has angered some in the Latino community because of his anti-immigrant law enforcement and imprisonment policies. The year 2012 marked not only the Centennial of Arizona’s statehood, but also the start of a transition in power from the status quo. This review of 2012 shows patterns both positive and negative for Latinos and, by extension, for our state. For example, more Latinos voted, but Latinos also dropped out of school at a higher rate. Arizona voters sent more Democrats to Congress, although Republicans still hold almost all statewide elective offices. More Latinos were elected to the state legislature, but more Latino elected officials were forced to resign because of criminal or corruption charges. In this edition, Latino Perspectives presents an array of the highlights and “lowlights” of 2012. As the Mayans indicated, something big did happen in 2012: The world is changing and Latinos are on the transition team.

JANUARY Brewer wags finger in Obama’s face Arizona governor, Jan Brewer, aroused her critics and supporters by waving her index finger in President Barack Obama’s face after greeting him at Phoenix-Gateway Airport in Mesa on January 25. The state official and the U.S. leader debated fiercely and briefly on the tarmac, an image that local and national media distributed widely. Brewer claimed that the President chided her for describing him in her book, Scorpions for Breakfast, as lacking in cordiality when she met him at the White House. Brewer’s body language during their little chat had tongues wagging in Arizona, Washington, D.C., the nation and the world; arguments for and against Brewer’s reaction set social media on fire. The Republican governor’s angry gesture in early 2012 foreshadowed the sometimes rancorous presidential election debates between the two major parties’ candidates.

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine



Congresswoman Giffords resigns January 25 was a sad day for Arizonans; U.S. Congresswoman Gabrielle Gifford of Tucson resigned. Just after the oneyear anniversary of her being shot in the head in front of a Tucson supermarket, she announced on Facebook that she was resigning her seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. “My district deserves to elect a representative that can give 100 percent of their time,” she wrote in a prepared statement read by a colleague on the House floor because the shooting affected her speech. The shooter, 22-year-old Jared Lee Loughner, killed six people and shot a dozen others who had gathered to greet Giffords on that tragic day. He was sentenced to life in prison without parole this year. After the shooting, state politicians eased up on the bitter debate between the political parties – at least for a while.

FEBRUARY Phoenix celebrates Arizona’s statehood Valentine’s Day 2012 was a salute to the special relationship between Arizona and the rest of the United States. That was the day the Grand Canyon State turned 100 years old, and Centennial projects 20

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and festivities blossomed in cities across Arizona. The events were organized by the state’s Arizona Centennial Commission and the non-profit Arizona Centennial 2012 Foundation. Its vision was to “inspire all Arizonans to appreciate our state’s rich past, celebrate the present, and, together, create a vibrant and sustainable future.” In downtown Phoenix, Washington Street was turned into an area for Centennial events. The nearby Arizona Latino Arts and Cultural Center mounted an exhibition titled, “100 Years of Latinos in Arizona” to honor our state’s Hispanic history and legacy.

Gay Mexican lover derails sheriff’s campaign The second month of 2012 was when ultraconservative Pinal County sheriff, Paul Babeu, had his campaign train to Arizona’s 4th Congressional District seat derailed after he was – literally – caught with his pants down. Media exposés claimed that the elected lawman threatened his Mexican, male and undocumented lover with deportation. One investigative article revealed that the then-popular Pinal politician had sent a near nude photo of himself to a gay magazine. Babeu claimed

he was the “victim,” but his campaign contributions dried up, his poll numbers plummeted, and he was forced to settle for his eventual re-election to sheriff.

MARCH Disgraced legislator admits he stole from non-profit In mid-March, longtime lawmaker, Richard Miranda, admitted that he looted $145,000 while serving as executive director of a west Phoenix non-profit. Forced to resign his elected position in February, he pleaded guilty in court to charges of wire fraud and tax evasion in March. A Democrat from Tolleson who represented state Senate District 13, Miranda had sold a building owned by the non-profit, Centro Adelante Campesino, and used a big chunk of the stolen money to pay off his credit card debts. He had served 13 years in the Arizona legislature. He was subsequently sentenced to 27 months in federal prison.

Garcia named Phoenix top cop On March 26, Daniel V. Garcia, previously Dallas’ assistant police chief,


was announced as the new chief of the Phoenix Police Department. Garcia’s strengths include experience with community patrolling and enforcing immigration laws with respect. He was the first top officer in a generation to be hired from outside the city’s police force. Garcia replaced former chief, Jack Harris, who was forced to retire after Phoenix officials set up a citizens’ committee to deal with protests against police actions. Phoenix Council member, Michael Nowakowski, said he’s glad that Garcia speaks Spanish and has the potential to establish good relations with Phoenix residents, over 40 percent of whom are Hispanic.

APRIL Thomas loses legal license On April 9, former Maricopa County attorney, Andrew Thomas, and his former deputy, Lisa Aubuchon, were disbarred by a panel convened by the Arizona Supreme Court. The panel described the former prosecutors as unscrupulous, hypocritical and self-centered. Another former deputy, Rachel Alexander, was suspended for six months and one day. Thomas was criticized by some Latinos for interpreting

a state anti-immigrant smuggling law to include undocumented immigrants who hired smugglers to transport them into the U.S.

Matuz named to Time’s 100 most influential In mid-April, Time magazine named Valley undocumented immigrant/ DREAMer Dulce Matuz, 27 years old, to its list of the 100 most influential people in the world. Matuz, who graduated from ASU with an engineering degree, is a leader of the Arizona DREAM Act Coalition. She pressed political leaders, including President Barack Obama, Arizona Governor Jan Brewer and Senator John McCain, for passage of the DREAM Act. Matuz’s recognition by Time validated her and thousands of other DREAMers who came out of the shadows and proclaimed themselves productive – albeit not yet legal – Americans.

Study connects Latinos’ education with state’s economic future “Dropped,” a study produced by the ASU Morrison Institute, drew a grim

picture of the economic future for Arizona if state leaders fail to address its Latino education gap. This report was a follow-up to the 2001 landmark study, “Five Shoes Waiting to Drop on Arizona’s Future.” “Dropped” focused on the consequences for Arizona’s future economy if no action is taken to improve the educational advancement of our state’s future workforce.

MAY Arredondo indicted in FBI sting State Representative Ben Arredondo was charged with bribery, mail fraud, extortion and lying in an FBI sting in which he offered to exchange favors for sports tickets. The indictment alleges that he demanded tickets and gifts from a fake company ostensibly planning development projects in Tempe. The longtime former Tempe councilman resigned his state House seat after the indictment. The FBI sting is unrelated to the Fiesta Bowl scandal Arredondo was previously involved in. As councilman in 2005, Arredondo had received expensive tickets to sporting events after helping Bowl executives secure a $6.45 million subsidy from the City of Tempe.

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine



JUNE DREAMer deferment sets off legal battle On June 15, President Obama issued an executive order suspending deportations of young Latino DREAMers for two years. In a speech, Obama said, “It makes no sense to expel talented young people who are, for all intents and purposes, Americans.” Phoenix DREAMer, Carla Chavarria, said she and other DREAMers realized that Obama acted to influence the Latino vote in the November presidential election, but “it’s great he took this action; we’re thankful he did, but we are still holding him accountable.” Arizona governor, Jan Brewer, promptly issued her executive order denying DREAMers public benefits and driver licenses. The Maricopa County Community College District defied the governor by approving in-state tuition for DREAMers. In December, local and national coalitions filed a lawsuit against Brewer’s order.

AUGUST Browns will change state from red to blue In early August, the ASU Morrison Institute Latino Public Policy Center 22

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released a study, titled “The Arizona Emerging Latino Vote,” predicting that Arizona will change from a Republicandominated state to one electing more Democrats and Independents in the coming decades. This transition will be driven by the disproportionate growth in the number of young Latino voters. Latinos will be the majority of Arizona’s population by mid-century, the study says. The major impacts of these demographic changes on statewide voting patterns will be felt in the arenas of education, health care and workforce issues.

OCTOBER Courts rule for “show me your papers” law Both the U.S. Supreme Court and a U.S. District Court approved the most hotly disputed part of Arizona’s anti-immigrant law, SB 1070. Section 2B, referred to as the “show me your papers” requirement, allows the police to determine the immigration status of anyone arrested or detained when there is “reasonable suspicion” they are not in the U.S. legally, and authorizes police to demand documents proving immigration or citizenship status

from anyone they stop. The courts’ decision has instigated the formation of a statewide network of civil rights organizations that say they want to protect all people – undocumented immigrants or citizens – against racial profiling.

NOVEMBER 2012 election increases Latino voter turnout, counting snafus Latinos turned out in record numbers nationally and in Arizona for the November elections. They heavily favored Obama in swing states and manifested their new status as an organized voter segment with a powerful influence on national and state elections. Nationally, Obama garnered 71 percent of the Hispanic vote and Mitt Romney 27 percent, a gap of 44 percent. Arizona Latinos, bolstered by intense voter registration campaigns instigated by 12 groups statewide, significantly increased their share of the total number of state voters by 23 percent compared with 2008, gaining influence that could be decisive in future elections. These efforts also added Latinos to early voting lists, from 96,000 in 2008 to 225,000 this


year. Also, more Latinos won seats in the State Legislature. In Maricopa County, election officials attributed the need for 300,000 additional ballots to the large increase in Latino voter registration. About half of this number were provisional ballots for first-time Latino voters. A two-week delay in counting all the ballots left some races up in the air, with some community advocates claiming electoral fraud. Arizona Secretary of State Ken Bennett said his office would study ways to streamline the counting process for the next election.

Arizona sends five Democrats to Congress Arizona Democrats won five seats and the Republicans four in the House of Representatives. Our state sent a majorityDemocrat delegation to Washington, D.C., for only the second time in 45 years. Democrats Kyrsten Sinema, Ann Kirkpatrick and Ron Barber won seats in competitive districts in November. Democrats Ed Pastor and Raul Grijalva easily won re-election. Democrat Richard Carmona was defeated by Republican Jeff Flake in his bid for Congress. Some of the races were so tight that the outcomes


weren’t certain until several days after the election. The Congressional races this year were made more competitive by once-in-adecade re-districting.

Adiós Arpaio coalition narrowly misses in ousting sheriff Controversial Maricopa County sheriff, Joe Arpaio, hung on to win his election by six percentage points, the lowest percentage in his long career. The near ousting was coordinated by a coalition of groups, including Adios Arpaio (a project of the hospitality workers union), Unite Here, and the community organizing group, Promise Arizona. In addition, Randy Parraz’ group, Citizens for a Better Arizona, and some Latino elected officials joined the effort to defeat the sheriff. The U.S. Justice Department’s accusation of racial profiling against Arpaio in 2011 and his continued “sweeps” of undocumented immigrants at workplaces mobilized Latino voters and their allies against him. Despite the sheriff’s narrow win, his political opponents also are claiming victory because they have created a movement that will continue to challenge him during his current term and possible future re-election bid. “In four years,

we’re going to do it again,” said Lucia Vergara, president of Unite Here. After the election, Arpaio said he wanted to develop better communication with the Latino community.

DECEMBER The Real Arizona Coalition Just before 2012 came to a close, the Real Arizona Coalition (RAC) presented a proposal for national immigration reform. The Coalition’s “S.A.N.E. Solution to Federal Immigration Reform” proposes that undocumented immigrants should be issued temporary visas, but requires them to pay a fine and back taxes owed. The proposal suggests a path to legal residency and citizenship via a legal process that Congress would determine. RAC leaders include Republican Maricopa County Attorney Bill Montgomery, attorney Danny Ortega, and business leaders Lisa Urias and Denise Resnick. Former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor and other elected and appointed officials have expressed support for the Coalition and its proposal. RAC members plan to present their policy points to Congress in 2013.

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine



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U.S.-Mexico agreement to restore Colorado River Delta; Hensley Beverage raises over one million for scholarships

Movin’ Up ASU promotes Robles

Photo courtesy of ASU

Judy Robles has been recently promoted to parent/family outreach specialist at Arizona State University’s Educational Outreach and Student Services. In her new role, she will work primarily with first-generation aspiring college students and their families to provide guidance and information on the steps needed to pursue higher education. In addition, Robles also serves as the director of parent and family engagement at the ASU Preparatory Academy where she assists with a variety of family programs. ASU created ASU Preparatory Academies to improve academic achievement for K-12 students, as well as college completion rates, through integration with a universityinfused environment.

ASU’s Judy Robles to assist first-generation college students in new post in Educational Outreach and Student Services

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine



movin’ up

Hugo Medina

Medina receives Mayor’s Art Award Phoenix mayor, Greg Stanton, recently presented the first-ever “Mayor’s Arts Awards” at the Phoenix Festival of the Arts, and selected Hugo Medina as the recipient of the City’s Public Art Award. Born in La Paz, Bolivia, Medina immigrated to New York as a child, where his interest in art was fostered by his architect father. While completing his undergraduate work in New York, Medina volunteered to teach classes at a summer program at the Kumayya Indian Reservation in California. His experience at the reservation is what led him to become an art teacher. Hugo’s desire to give back to the community and his love for children led him to a teaching career. Medina’s great appreciation for the Southwest brought him to Phoenix, where he has been the mastermind behind some of the city’s best public murals.

Piper Trust selects fellows The Virginia G. Piper Charitable Trust recently named its 12th class of Piper Fellows. Among the five non-profit leaders

selected as 2012 Piper Fellows is Carlos Galindo-Elvira, chief development officer of Valle del Sol. The newly selected Piper Fellows, chosen via a competitive process, will complete individual sabbaticals in 2013 and become part of the Piper Fellows “alumni” group that meets monthly to share professional issues and challenges common among non-profit leaders. Up to five new Piper Fellows are selected each year and 51 non-profit leaders have participated in the program to date.

StartingBloc Fellowship selects Gonzalez Jessica Gonzalez, current program manager with Dress for Success Phoenix, was recently accepted into the StartingBloc Fellowship, an organization that has been training the next generation of leaders from around the world since 2005. Through the StartingBloc Fellowship, young leaders are selected through a competitive application process and provided with access to resources to address today’s most pressing global challenges. The Fellowship begins with the Institute for Social Innovation, a five-day experience that presents a social innovation case challenge, as well as sessions with industry leaders. Upon completing the Institute, new Fellows join the global network of 1,800 StartingBloc Fellows from over 55 countries and more than 221 universities. Over the years, StartingBloc Fellows have launched their

own organizations to continue to effect social change of global import.

AACHE recognizes scholars The Arizona Association for Chicanos in Higher Education (AACHE) recently recognized the recipients of its annual scholarships. The following individuals were awarded 2012-2013 scholarships: Karen Villegas, currently a sophomore at Glendale Community College; Karina Hernández, currently a sophomore at Mesa Community College; Jesús Contreras Rodriguez, currently a junior at Arizona State University; and Enrique Bojórquez, currently a sophomore at Phoenix College. Consisting of ten chapters, AACHE was founded in 1983 to promote equitable educational and employment opportunities within Arizona colleges and universities.

Esparza promoted to house supervisor Regina Esparza, until recently charge nurse in the Women and Infant Services Department at Banner Ironwood Medical Center, has been promoted to RN house senior manager. In this capacity, she will provide administrative supervision of campus workflow and manage operations for the Department. In addition, Esparza will facilitate patient placement and serve as a professional resource for patients, families, physicians, and staff by prioritizing, mediating and resolving clinical and departmental concerns.

Movin’ Up Know someone who has been promoted, elected or honored? Send us the news of their achievements! Email 26

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¡ January 2013!

Antonio Bustamante

Bustamante receives leadership award Local civil rights leader, Antonio Bustamante, was recently selected to receive the 2013 Martin Luther King Jr. Servant Leadership Award. Bustamante grew up in Douglas, Arizona, and from an early age was inspired by his mother to fight for social justice and human rights. Bustamante worked avidly to bring justice to undocumented farm workers through his involvement with the United Farmers Workers (UFW) Movement. He created the National Coalition as a result of the court case that brought national attention to the beating and torturing of undocumented farm workers by members of the Hanigan family. Bustamante formed the Coalition to push the case to the federal level and, after several years of courtroom battles, Patrick Hanigan was convicted and sentenced to prison. Now an attorney in Phoenix, Bustamante has dedicated his law career to civil rights advocacy for immigrants and others in the Chicano/ Latino community.

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¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine



Bilateral water pact restores delta and friendship The Colorado River meanders 1,450 miles, out

from the Rocky Mountains of Colorado and down through Utah, Arizona, Nevada and California. The river crosses the border with Mexico where it forms a delta at its hydrological termination point in the Sea of Cortez. However, because of heavy usage of the water upriver, the flow now ends about 75 miles short of its former route. The Colorado River Delta’s demise has turned the once-lush habitat into a large, dry mud flat. However, a new, historic water-use agreement between the United States and Mexico seeks to change that scenario and restore the delta, to the delight of environmentalists in the U.S. and Mexico who had a hand in creating the pact. “The delta at one time was enormous. If it were in existence today, I would speculate that it would be one of the eight wonders of the world; it was that massive and impressive a place,” says Patrick Graham with the Nature Conservancy in Arizona. The Colorado is an important water source for urban areas, agriculture and recreational use by almost 40 million people on, or near, the watershed. The flow is controlled by a system of dams, reservoirs and aqueducts. The majority of the time, the delta is dry, as it has been since the Glen Canyon Dam in Page started holding back water in 1960. The new agreement will add a thousand times more water to the delta over the five-year period of the pact. The river could begin delivering more water to the delta as early as spring, 2013. That’s welcome news to Mexican conservationists, like Francisco Zamora, who directs the Sonoran Institute’s Colorado River Delta Legacy Program in Tucson. The Sonoran Institute also has offices in other western U.S. states and in

Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico. He’s already seen how the delta can flourish when the water flows. His volunteers planted trees in the area last year, irrigated them with just a little water and watched as the trees quickly bloomed. Conservationists in both countries predict that the increased flow will produce wetland habitat for many fish, birds and mammals, like bobcat and beavers. Zamora is optimistic that commercial fishing and recreation in the delta will undergo a resurgence. The bilateral agreement is also an excellent example of two countries being good neighbors for their mutual benefit, Zamora adds. “And that’s why the delta is a good example of hope,” he says.

Experience Matters connects boomers and non-profits Experience Matters (, a local

organization that connects baby boomers with non-profit and social service organizations to improve the quality of life in Maricopa County, announced the graduation of the inaugural Encore Fellowship class.  The class, comprised of 13 individuals, completed a yearlong fellowship with their respective non-profit hosts. Encore Fellowships represent a new life-stage in which experienced 28

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boomers find meaningful ways to engage with the community by bringing skills and professional resources to organizations that are often under-resourced.  The organization reports that, nationwide, 31 million boomers indicate an interest in opportunities to use their skills, and that, in Maricopa County, there is significant demand on the part of both boomers and non-profit organizations for such opportunities.

¡!¡! 21st Annual Bud Shootout Golf Tournament reaches milestone The 21st Version of the golf tourney, held in November of last year,

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Image courtesy of Hensley Beverage Co.

raised $45,000 to support Latino students in pursuit of a higher education. For over two decades, several scholarship organizations such as the Hispanic Scholarship Fund, ASU Hispanic Business Alumni and, most recently, the Victoria Foundation, have been the recipients of the funds raised through the golfing event. 2012 marked an important milestone in the history of the tournament: “We are quite proud of the fact that, through the sustained efforts of both our company as well as our partners, we have now reached an aggregate total of one million dollars toward this important cause,” stated Bob Delgado, President and CEO of Hensley Beverage Company, in a company-issued press release. Manny Frklich, manager of ethnic community development at Hensley, tells LPM the inaugural tournament was organized by George Quezada, then vice president of marketing, now retired. Frklich has been running the event for 16 years and, although many things have changed, the community and loyal corporate sponsors continue to rally behind the noble endeavor.

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On call for all

Lisa Campoy, police communication dispatcher, AZ Department of Public Safety

Years of service: I have been in law enforcement for 10 years and have spent the last five and a half years at the Arizona Department of Public Safety. I have also been serving as the Recording Secretary of the Arizona Highway Patrol Association (AHPA), and a civilian representative for six years.

Career highlights: I feel rewarded every day being able to help people, especially the Spanish-speaking community. There are many instances where the public needs assistance, but have trouble conveying their needs due to a language barrier. One 911 call has stuck in my memory. A Mexican woman was looking for a family member, about whom she had received troubling information here in the United States. Due to the language barrier, she found it difficult to obtain much information, and she was eventually transferred to our agency. I was able to determine her needs and got her the help and information that she desired. Although this incident was handled by another agency due to the location, I continued to assist with the translation until a Spanish-speaker from another police department was able to take over and advise her further. With Arizona bordering Mexico, there is a great need for those who are bilingual to offer emergency assistance. Inherent dangers you face: I am not on the road, however, I do face dangers indirectly. I am entrusted to protect the public – including police officers. When officers encounter a hazardous situation, I face it with them. During frightening moments, like critical police incidents, tensions and adrenaline are high and it becomes more of a challenge to get all the information that is needed. Once, I had an officer come on the air to advise that he’d been shot at. His life was essentially in my hands, because I was the one who could send him the assistance he needed. I dispatched help, and I was happy that the officer and other co-workers went home to their families at the end of the day. I care about the people with whom I work, but dispatchers have to put emotions aside for all 911 calls when people’s lives are on the line. Proudest moment:

My proudest moment was seeing an officer, who was involved in a shooting, come into

Campoy’s contribution to law enforcement – relaying critical info quickly and accurately

the radio room safe and sound with the assailant in custody. I was a part of a team that made sure our agency did not lose an officer and put the bad guy behind bars.

On the job/valuable learning experience: Patience is something you learn as a 911 dispatcher.

Why did you decide to pursue this career? I have always admired those who choose a career in law enforcement. Although I did not want to be a sworn officer on the road, I could still help people by dispatching.

Next professional goal: I am considering being a dispatch trainer and possibly move up to be a supervisor. Advice to others considering your profession: There are many ways to contribute to our community through law enforcement without having to be a sworn officer. Whether serving as a sworn officer or civilian, police work is an honorable and fulfilling career.

Nominate a candidate

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Immunize your kids against illiteracy By Dr. Yvonne Funcke, M.D.

Reading aloud with our children used

to be a favorite American pastime, as beloved as baseball and apple pie. What’s happened? Reading to young children is the single most important early experience for later success (in learning to read in school), yet only 43 percent of Arizona parents report reading every day to their children. Nationally, fewer than half of young children in the United States are read to daily. And we wonder why we have fallen to 14th in reading in the World Education Ranking and our success is only rated “average” when accounting for our science ranking (17th) and our math ranking (25th). Literacy is a vital skill that forms the basis for academic success and upward mobility. In addition, low literacy and poor academic achievement have been correlated with poor health outcomes and numerous social and economic ills, such as teen pregnancy, increased rates of hospitalization, high school dropout, unemployment and crime. For parents and pediatricians alike, both dedicated to promoting the overall health and development of young children, this is cause for concern. Proficiency in reading by the end of third grade is a crucial marker in a child’s educational development. A stunning 68 percent of fourth-graders in public school were reading below proficient levels in 2011, according to a report of the Annie E. Casey Foundation. Also, a welldocumented achievement gap exists in literacy performance among different racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. Recent research suggests that the difference in literacy achievement between Latino children and non-Latino white children is even greater than that between black and white children, and that gap appears as early as four years of age. Latinos are the largest and youngest minority group in our

nation, and the Latino population increased 43 percent between the 2000 and 2012 Census. In Arizona, Hispanics now make up 30 percent of the state’s residents, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. One in five schoolchildren is Latino and one in four newborns is Latino. Never before in U.S. history has a minority ethnic group made up such a large percentage of the youngest Americans. How well public school systems respond to the Latino population surge will determine America’s economic prosperity and ability to compete globally decades from now, stressed Rep. Raul Grijalva (D-Ariz.) at a recent education conference. The future of these young Latinos is our future. What you may not know is that pediatricians across Arizona are playing a role in the literacy of our kids, and they’re doing so without a box to check for any reimbursement. For the 800-plus signed up as Reach Out and Read

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


Arizona (RORAZ) providers, it’s about treating the whole child – from ear aches to excellence in the classroom. The way this 14-times peer-reviewed program works is to have pediatricians talk with parents during all well-child visits about literacy and reading to their child every day to stimulate their learning abilities. The RORAZ program, serving children from 6 months through 5 years of age, is a low-cost intervention at $60 per child over the five years of support. At each well-child visit, pediatricians give a brand new, developmentallyand language-appropriate book to the child and advice to the parent about the importance of reading aloud every day to their child. For some families, it could be the only book they have in the house. For others, it’s an important and regular reminder about an ongoing, steady diet of pictures, spoken words and written words

that end up developing critical parts of the young brain. The role pediatricians play is critical to the success of the program because of the importance parents place on guidance from their child’s physician, as well as the regular contact between parents and pediatricians during the infant, toddler and pre-school years. Years of research have informed us that parents who participated in ROR were more likely to report reading as a favorite activity, to read aloud to their children, and to have richer home literacy environments than those not exposed to the program. Furthermore, children participating in ROR show higher receptive and expressive vocabulary scores than non-ROR children. The program also shows benefits for at-risk Latino children, including those whose parents do not speak English. Latino children living in poverty, from

households where English is not the primary language and who participate in ROR beginning at 6 months of age, have average or above average literacy skills by the end of kindergarten and good home literacy environments. Of all children participating in early literacy programs, 76 percent of them could identify a favorite book by name, demonstrating print awareness, an important skill. So many families struggle with balancing the busy demands of work, extracurricular activities, community activities and the draw of TV and other media. Pediatricians believe, however, that the best prescription for a welldeveloped brain, an inquisitive mind and a successful life includes carving out time to support your child’s development by establishing reading routines in your home. Remember the very important role you play, as a parent or grandparent, in getting your child ready to learn to read and succeed. That could mean

Which books to choose and what to do 6-12 months: Choose books with board pages, pictures and faces, bright colors, familiar objects, short in length with limited text. Hold your child comfortably with a face-to-face gaze. Follow your baby’s cues for “more” and “stop” and point and name pictures.

12-24 months: Choose books with board pages, familiar objects, routines (nap time, bedtime), rhyming words and new concepts (zoo animals, shapes, colors). Respond to your child’s prompting to read and let your child control the book. Remember to be comfortable with your child’s short attention span, particularly around ages 12-18 months. Ask “where’s the ... ?” and let your child point, or “what’s that?” and give your child time to answer. 32

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ January 2013!

simply saying the words for things you see around you – in your house or as you drive somewhere – and then being descriptive about it. “Look up at the sky.” “The sky is blue.” “Blue is a color like red and yellow.” Look at the fluffy white clouds.” You can even spell out any of these words. While not all pediatricians or health care providers are ROR providers, you can find out more about the program at and let more people, including your pediatrician, know about it. There are also more tips on the site that will help you bring up your children ready to excel throughout life. RORAZ could also use your help to spread the proven, evidencebased program around the state. As our volunteer corps of pediatricians throughout Arizona continues to spread the “good word about reading,” we encourage all of you – parents, grandparents and community members – to play a role in infusing literacy early and

often. We know it’s the best medicine for our future. Dr. Yvonne Funcke, a Phoenix pediatrician with the Pediatrix group practice, attended medical school at Cornell Medical College and completed her residency at the University of California-San Diego. She has spent considerable time in her career working in community health centers taking care of the underserved. She is an active member with the Arizona Chapter of the Academy of Pediatrics where she serves as the Chair of the Reach Out and Read Arizona Advisory Committee and as the program’s Medical Director. Dr. Funcke was born in San Diego, California, and grew up in Baja California, Mexico. From her parent’s strong values and beliefs she learned to serve those in need and to encourage those around her to strive for the best. She is married to a pediatric cardiologist and they have two young children.

24-36 months: Choose books with paper pages, rhyming words, humorous/silly books and more advanced themes (big/small, over/ under). Use books according to a routine (e.g., read at bedtime) and be willing to read the same story over and over. Relate books to your child’s real-life experiences and on occasion provide crayons and paper.


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Fo l l ow us on 36-60 months: Choose books with folk tales and legends, alphabet and counting books, and books and illustrations that exercise the child’s imagination. Ask your child “what’s happening?” and let your child tell the story. And remember to encourage writing and drawing at this age. Call 602.285.7800 A Maricopa Community College.

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


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¡ January 2013!

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Having “the talk” By Alison Bailin Batz

Let’s talk about sexy, baby – as in sexually transmitted diseases! And all of our sexual partners! And getting tested! The above discourse might be the least

romantic conversation one can have with a new love – ever. But, however awkward it might be, this talk might also be one of the most important topics to discuss honestly as the relationship blooms. Why? According to the American Cancer Society, there will be more than 12,000 new cases of cervical cancer diagnosed this year in the United States alone, making it the third most common cancer in women. The disease forms slowly, but has few symptoms in its early stages.  The number one risk factor in developing cervical cancer – the human papilloma virus, or HPV. This virus, which can also cause genital warts, comes in more than 100 different strains of varying degrees of severity. About 40 of these strains can affect the genital area, potentially leading to cervical cancer. The bad news?  Genital HPV infection is very common among sexually active people. It is so common, in fact, that some estimate that half of all men and three-quarters of all women have been infected with HPV at some point in their lifetime.  “Men can be carriers of the disease for years without a single symptom, until they eventually transmit it to their significant other,” said Dr. Rhianna Meadows, program director for Primary Care and Male Services at Planned Parenthood Arizona. The good news? Most HPV infections will go away on their own without treatment within one to two years. “However, some will continue to ‘hide’ in the body for many years before they cause problems,”

said Dr. Meadows. “This makes it nearly impossible to determine when patients became infected with the disease, how long they’ve had it and who gave it to them.”  

The importance of Paps

In addition to STD screenings, which both men and women should regularly undertake, it is highly recommended that all women have a Pap test done to detect early changes in the cervix. A Pap test, which is not painful for the patient, is done by a medical provider inserting a metal or plastic speculum into the vagina, which is opened slowly to allow the clinician to visually examine the cervix (the opening to the uterus). The provider then uses a small

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


brush and/or spatula to gently collect cells from the cervix. The cells are then sent to the laboratory to be tested for abnormalities. The current recommendation for when to begin Pap testing is at the age of 21, regardless of when women first started having sexual intercourse. Pap testing can then be done every three years – some women may need them more frequently – depending on a health care provider’s recommendation. Women should continue to have a Pap test until they are 65 years of age or maybe later.

HPV is just the tip of the STD iceberg According to Dr. Meadows, in addition to HPV, the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Arizona are: Bacterial Vaginosis – the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age, occurs when the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina is disrupted. Symptoms including discharge, odor, itching and burning.  Chlamydia – the most common cause of female infertility and the most widely reported STI in the United States, this infection may not present immediate symptoms, save for possible discharge from the penis, but is 100 percent treatable if caught in time. The chlamydia rate for Hispanics is nearly three times the rate among non-Hispanic whites. Gonorrhea – able to grow in moist areas of the body including the reproductive tract, cervix, uterus, urethra, mouth, throat, eyes or even anus, the symptoms of this disease can often be confused with those of a common bladder infection, but can lead to both male and female infertility as well as high-risk pregnancy. In 2010, the national average of Hispanics with gonorrhea 36

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ January 2013!

was 2.2 times the rate among whites and higher in men than in women. Syphilis – this potentially fatal disease often first appears via sores on the body, then develops into a rash around the mouth, vagina or anus. Lack of treatment can eventually lead to late-stage symptoms including paralysis, numbness, gradual blindness and dementia. In 2010, more than 16 percent of all cases of syphilis reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were by Hispanics, more than twice as often as for non-Hispanic whites. “With so many of these diseases easily confused with common ailments, or symptom-free in early stages, the only defense is a good offense,” said Dr. Meadows. “In this case, the only good offense is open communication with one’s partner.”

Some questions to get started: Have you ever been tested for any STDs? If so, which ones? Are you involved with anyone else, or when was your last sexual activity? I believe in safe sex and condom use, do you? “It is also worth offering to get tested together,” adds Dr. Meadows, who notes that if cost is an issue, there are four Planned Parenthood Centers in Arizona that are funded by Title X (Mesa, Maryvalle, Tucson and Yuma), which allow women and men without health insurance to receive reproductive health care at reduced rates, or in some cases free, depending on their family size and income at the time of their visit. For more information, please visit

Genital HPV infection is very common among sexually active people. It is so common, in fact, that some estimate that half of all men and threequarters of all women have been infected with HPV at some point in their lifetime.  Surest ways to avoid getting an STD Preventive care is the first defense in reducing the risk of contracting an STD. The most effective ways to reduce one’s risk include: Practicing abstinence Having only one sexual partner who has no other intimate partners Having sexual contact that does not involve anal or vaginal intercourse Using condoms every time





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¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


Fitness trends of 2012 Which will fizzle and which will sizzle in 2013? By Virginia Betz

To call it the “fitness industry” is no misnomer; fitness professionals are continually challenged to come up

with new product – new ways to get fit. Fitness junkies get bored with the same old-same old, while exercise resisters require the lure of the chic and unique. Belly dancing has had a fairly long run, but nowadays seems on the decline, whereas a pole dancing-derived aerobics class went “splat” almost before it started. LPM takes a look at some of 2012’s successful exercise innovations, and leaves it to you to predict their likely longevity.

Hot yoga It would seem to defy common sense, but here in the Valley, where saunas are largely absent from your average fitness facility, hot yoga has been warmly embraced. Hot yoga is simply a 60- to 90-minute yoga class conducted in a room kept at a temperature between 95 and 100 degrees F, and sometimes a bit higher. Various class formats can be followed, although most usually a vinyasa (flowing) style is emphasized that consists of a predetermined sequence of poses, such Bikram or Moksha yoga. The result is, not surprisingly, a very warm body and profuse sweating. Devotees of hot yoga claim that the program leaves them highly energized, while others report numerous therapeutic benefits, such as relief from chronic muscle and joint soreness. You’ll have to give it a try to find out what wonders it will do for you. A long list of studios offering some form of hot yoga in the Greater Phoenix metro area can be found at 38

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ January 2013!

Zumba sentao Begun in 2001, Zumba Fitness® has been the 21st century’s most successful exercise program, the one that incorporates dance moves and Latin rhythms. No “phenom” lasts forever, however, and no one knows that better than Zumba founder, Beto Perez, who is constantly finding new ways to make it fresh. There’s Aqua Zumba, Zumba Toning, Zumbatomic for kids, and Zumba Gold for the getting-on-in-years. The latest addition to the “party fitness” line-up, Zumba sentao, is translated as “Chair Zumba” – and what could sound duller? But, the chairs aren’t for sitting; they are used as supports so that participants can perform strength- and stability-building exercises using their own body weight in order to activate muscle groups in a way not possible with “standing” routines. Zumba sentao is completely choreographed and high in cardio. You’ll never dance with a lampshade again!

Converts argue that it can be difficult for the uninitiated to appreciate the advantages of barefoot running, especially its superior biomechanical efficiency, because shoes have spoiled us, weakening the foot muscles as well as encouraging runners to maximize the landing force on the heel (heel striking), the primary source of running-related injuries. According to the Harvard University’s Skeletal Biology Lab website (, it is true that barefoot runners land with a midfoot or forefoot strike, which allows them to run on hard surfaces with little discomfort. Shoe-less running would seem to lead to lower impact forces, but, advises the Lab’s director, Daniel Lieberman, “this hypothesis has yet to be tested and ... there have been no direct studies on the efficacy of forefoot strike running or barefoot running on injury.” The more obvious danger of barefoot running, however, is not repetitive stress injury, but the plethora of ouch-y objects and ick-y substances with which the unshod foot is likely to come into contact. “Minimal shoes” are the answer, designed to mimic the contour and flexibility of the foot’s actual sole while offering a modicum of protection. Numerous options are on the market, from the “foot glove” that resembles a more traditional lace-up trail shoe from above to the “five-finger” models that definitely make a statement. Unfortunately, the “minimal” stops at the price; you pay as much for no padding and no support as you would for a high quality running shoe.

Pound aerobics If a pas de deux with a chair doesn’t strike your fancy, pound aerobics offers another way of integrating upper and lower body exercises. Participants grab a pair of sticks and those over-sized, inflatable body (or resistance) balls do double-duty as drums. The beating of balls and clacking of sticks are combined with calisthenics and dance moves; these classes are a guaranteed high-calorie burn. Interacting with others is also part of the fun. Instructors rave about the bonding power of group drumming and the psychic benefits this brand of stress relief bestows.

Barefoot running A few years back, the clownish “toe shoes” began to appear, a seeming affectation of the Birkenstock crowd – a proclamation of their wearers’ “naturalness.” Quite rapidly, however, serious runners started to take the shoes seriously, and, in 2012, “barefoot” running shoes became ubiquitous in fitness settings. Their rapid adoption begs the question – is there a “right” and a “wrong” way to run?

One website describes barefoot runners as “a fundamentally different group of people ... laid back and open-minded, ... [who] prefer light-hearted runs.” One safe bet is that, if the trend gains momentum, this stereotype is bound to change.

Neon Neon is one of those style trends that never seems to go away, but never really takes off either. But, in 2012, neon finally found its fashion home – in the gym. Perhaps in an environment in which most people are in motion most of the time, the glaring brightness of neon is less visually painful. Even the men, in the aggregate ever so slow to change their dress code, are sporting neon, especially in the footwear department. Orange, yellow and electric blue seem most popular with the boys, while girls favor lime green, coral and hot pink.

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine




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Stella Pope Duarte

First foot, jumping fires and buñuelos By Stella Pope Duarte

According to New Year’s traditions

in Asia and the British Isles, the first person who crosses your threshold on January 1st will either bring you good luck or bad luck. No one wants to open the door to a loser, a cross-eyed person, a red-haired person or one whose eyebrows connect across the nose. British families are even known to leave the house at midnight on December 31st, then have the most powerful person in the family be the first to enter, or arrange for the right person to be the “first foot” over the threshold. Thus, they will have good luck and prosperity in the new year. Don’t be surprised if you see someone carrying a large platter with fish, meat, rice, a dollar bill and other significant offerings to a nearby busy intersection. This is a New Year’s tradition observed by the Vietnamese and represents an offering to the gods to prevent any accidents from taking place there in the new year. In other countries, such as Iran, people observe purification ceremonies. The Persian New Year, or Nouruz, is a 13-day celebration that includes the tradition of jumping over

fires. Bonfires are built and many Middle Eastern men and boys jump over the fires as a sign of purification for the New Year. To avoid problems with city fire codes in the U.S., bonfires are often built on beaches or open land where fire hazard is at a minimum. I recall one child in my second-grade class years ago, who was from the island of Tonga. After a week’s lesson about the dangers of playing with matches and a presentation by Fireman Bob and his trusty Dalmatian, Spotty, he related to us that he also “jumped fires.” The news that “he jumps over fires” went through my class, and through the entire school, like wildfire and, before long, I had to prepare another lesson with Policeman Bill on what happens to people who jump through fires within the city limits. This served as an eye-opener for children already making plans to imitate this curious and fascinating New Year’s tradition. Sweeping the house on New Year’s Day is considered bad luck in many Asian cultures. One must not sweep away dirt on the floor as this could be interpreted as “sweeping away good luck.” Don’t take a shower on New Year’s Day either, as you may be washing away all the good luck. I suppose living for a

day in a dirty room with an unwashed body won’t hurt in the long run. Indeed, the new year will become brighter as the house is swept and the body is washed. Red envelopes filled with money, lai see, given by the Chinese at the New Year are often decorated with gold characters expressing good wishes for the coming year. The color red signifies good luck, and the money signifies prosperity. In one Mexican tradition, buñuelos, thin, fried tortillas topped with sweet syrup or white powered sugar, are often served on New Year’s Eve. I recall my sister making these delicious, highcalorie sweets, which are reminiscent of Indian fry bread and are quite addictive. Taking a shot of mezcal and daring one another to eat the worm at the bottom of the bottle are also amusing practices among Latinos, and, of course, eating menudo in the morning for la cruda, the tenacious hangover, is written in stone. A custom you may want to imitate from our neighbors in the Middle East is offering your loved ones a kiss on New Year’s Day and this wish: May you live for one hundred years.

Stella Pope Duarte was born and raised in South Phoenix. She began her awardwinning career in 1995 after she had a dream in which her deceased father told her that her destiny was to become a writer. Contact her at

¡ January 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine



my perspective

Community leaders chimed in during 2012 Read these and more opinion editorials and guest commentaries at

In times like these

The Centennial legislature

By Lorenzo Sierra

By State Senator David Lujan

Honoring women leaders

Let’s talk about domestic violence

A joyous first Mother’s Day

Pay heed to the disengaged

By Dana Campbell Saylor

By Montserrat Caballero

SHARE How best to serve Arizonans By Dr. Richard H. Carmona

By Martha Duran

By Alberto Olivas

YOUR Adequate wages & self-sufficiency By Gabriela Cervantes

The role of art in our community

Insuring the working poor

By Robert Booker

By Kurt Sheppard

PERSPECTIVE Creating a legacy of giving


By Tony Banegas


Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ January 2013!

Helping victims of Hurricane Sandy Helping youth tackle hunger By Art Canizales, Jr.

By Amy Schwabenlender

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Latino Perspectives Magazine January 2013