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April 2013


A Documentary about a Children’s Orchestra & the Power of Social Entrepreneurship

My Perspective U.S. Rep. Raúl Grijalva on Protecting the Grand Canyon Watershed

Turn Off the Sun Latin American Art at ASU Art Museum

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Journal of the American Latino Dream

Volume 9

{April 2013}

Issue 8



Recycled musical instruments

Colección Jumex at ASU

A children’s orchestra from Paraguay brings message of hope

7 8

From the publisher

Momentum now favors green causes

¿Será posible?

New machine a setback for the paperless office concept; the dye job is dead if pills kill grey hair

12 LP journal Disney’s plastic products targets of protest;

media vie for bilingual market; environmental awareness curricula for K-12 students?

14 DaVibe Vinci’s ideas take shape at AZ Science

Center; Third Annual Latina Art Exhibition; Upcoming latin music concerts at MIM; film details ecological threat of plastic waste

Dynamics of geography and identity explored in modern art

16 Latina still standing

Inside and outside solutions to mid-life crises

17 Rincón del arte Flamenco – so much more than technique 29 Movin’ up Small businesses honored by AZSBDC; Addy Award goes to Luis Medina; Zachary Muñoz chosen as Exemplary Principal finalist; Johana Lopez: Boys and Girls Clubs Youth of the Year

32 Entrepreneur Clean Air Cab founder, Steven Lopez, driven by humanitarian instincts

33 Briefcase 15 The Anaya says good, the bad and the drudgery of moving AZ policies encourage telecommuting among state employees; Pew study evaluates achievements of second generation immigrants

On the cover:

A clarinet from the Orquesta de instrumentos Reciclados de Cateura. Image courtesy of Landfill harmonic

37 The Those who serve strong, balanced career of Glendale P.D. Detective Michele Blanco

39 April Education is National Stress Awareness Month:

mobile apps options for stress relief; open course ware - what’s in it for you?

43 Health Prescription drug abuse among Latino teens 46 Time out The culture of backyard cultivation 48 P.S. Calculating our emotional balance 49 My perspective ... on protecting the Grand Canyon Watershed

area: Rep. Raúl Grijalva reports on what’s at stake if mining operations are re-started nearby

Coming in May:


your cerveza

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine







Latino Perspectives Magazine

ยก April 2013!

¡! Publisher’s letter

April 2013 Publisher/CEO Ricardo Torres Executive Editor/COO Cecilia Rosales, Ph.D. Copy Editor Virginia Betz Art Director Jorge Quintero Contributing Writers Catherine Anaya, Diana Bejarano, Virginia Betz, Erica Cardenas, Arturo Gonzalez, M.D., Rep. Raúl Grijalva, Ruben Hernandez, Jonathan Higuera, Julio César Morales, Robrt L. Pela, Stella Pope Duarte Director of Sales and Marketing Carlos Jose Cuervo Advertising Account Executives Grace Alvarez and Barry Farber Webmaster QBCS Inc.

Contact Us P.O. Box 2213 Litchfield Park, AZ 85340 602-277-0130 Advertising: Editorial: Design:


For home or office delivery, please send your name, address, phone number, and a check for $24 to Latino Perspectives Magazine at the address above. Subscriptions also available for credit-card purchase by calling 602-277-0130. Visit for a free digital subscription. Latino Perspectives Magazine is published 12 times a year and is selectively distributed throughout Arizona. The entire contents of this publication are copyrighted by Latino Perspectives Media, LLC, all rights reserved, and may not be reproduced in any manner, in whole or in part, without written permission from the publisher.

Tipping point In April we celebrate Earth Day, and April LPM issues traditionally

highlight stories about environmental concerns and programs and projects created to address them. Progressive social movements usually gain popularity gradually over time until a “tipping point” is reached when the majority of society seems to be in sympathy with their ideals and, seemingly suddenly, great strides are made in a relatively short time. The environmental movement seems to have followed this pattern, and, indeed, the present decade may represent the historical “tipping point” at which mainstream opinion leans green. Just consider our cover story on La Orquesta de Instrumentos reciclados de Cateura. Its seems inconceivable that twenty years ago, a world-class museum could have had a major exhibit of musical instruments made from trash-heap discards, holding them up as objects of cultural significance, not because they are quaint folkloric oddities, but because they are symbols of the future – a future in which waste and excess are frowned upon and in which conservation of both natural AND man-made resources are recognized as critical. It is most appropriate, then, that children are the players in this orchestra. April’s Entrepreneur, Steven Lopez, provides solid testimony via the resounding success of his Clean Air Cab company that the average consumer is more than eager to make deliberate choices for greener alternatives. Ruben Hernandez’ coverage of changes in K-12 curricula in public schools in the LP Journal indicates that “sustainability” might soon take its place beside “phonics” in the list of core education courses. While these are very encouraging reports of our society’s growing desire to embrace environmentalism, Rep. Grijalva’s commentary in My Perspective provides a more somber reminder that the battle is far from won when our policy-makers are seriously considering the re-opening of uranium mines whose operation overtly threatens environmental quality. The clash of environmental values with those of commercial gain is certainly one of the most contentious issues requiring resolution through public consensus. LPM is proud to take a role in providing a forum for the dissemination of information about environmental issues so that a knowledgeable public can also take a role in influencing decision-making at the local, state, national and international levels.

Editorial mission statement

Latino Perspectives creates community, cultivates c u lt ural pr ide and provokes, challenges and connec ts L at inos who are def ining, pursuing, and ac h iev i n g t he A me r ic a n L at i no D re a m .

Your thoughts? Tell us what you think. Send your thoughts to

Latino Perspectives welcomes feedback from readers regarding published stories or topics of interest. Please include your name and phone number. Mail letters to Editor, Latino Perspectives, P.O. Box 2213 Litchfield Park, Az. 85340. Or, email letters to

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


¡! ¿Será posible?

Ride the White Goat By Robrt Pela

There’s an impolite comment to be made, we are

sure, about using office memos as toilet paper. But, don’t tell it to White Goat, a newish miracle worker from Japanese-based Oriental Co., Ltd. The machine – no kidding – makes tight, white rolls of toilet paper out of old TPS reports and color graph printouts. The appliance’s built-in shredder first slices, then pulps, the paperwork before adding water, drying and rolling the former refuse into something more serviceable than old-

Fear sets in.

Cancer diagnosis.

fashioned landfill. While on-line user commentary about the paper’s efficacy and softness have been, er, harsh, there’s no denying that the machine’s got a future. While it takes upwards of half an hour to produce a single roll, office workers will almost certainly embrace the opportunity to use their most recent performance review as toilet paper.

Your treatment team collaborates on your case.

You meet your personal cancer team.

¡! ¿Será posible?

Gray Liberation By Robrt Pela

It’s a drag, getting old. One of the

worst things about having a shelf-life is that no one reading this paragraph will live long enough to see a world where a single pill can slow the aging process. Largely. Because, while no such medicine currently exists, recent breakthroughs in aesthetic science are allowing the more vain among us to banish grey hair by popping a pill. “It’s absolutely one hundred percent safe,” insists Cathy Beggan, president of Rise-N-Shine, LLC, and founder of Go Away Gray, a just-launched hair-coloring agent that one swallows with a swig of water. Beggan says that the secret ingredient in her magic pill is an enzyme called catalase, which counteracts the body’s

natural production of hydrogen peroxide. “Our bodies produce hydrogen peroxide, which bleaches our hair from the inside out,” she says. “Our bodies also produce an enzyme called catalase that breaks down the hydrogen peroxide. When we don’t produce enough catalase, the hydrogen peroxide cannot be broken down. As a result, hair is bleached from the inside out, turning it gray.”

Go Away Gray, Beggan swears, puts the catalase back into our systems and busts up the production of peroxide, halting the graying process and allowing natural hair color to return. The product, which has yet to receive a wide distribution, does away with the use of hair-dying chemicals that are potentially harmful to both the user’s skin and the environment, since dyes get washed into waterways and groundwater aquifers, creating possible environmental risks. The FDA hasn’t weighed in yet on Go Away Gray’s efficacy. While we wait to hear about possible side effects of gobbling catalase twice a day, we can only imagine what Miss Clairol has to say.

Choose the right cancer center and fear becomes hope.

Your plan is carried out with some of the world’s best technologies.

It’s natural to feel afraid when you receive a cancer diagnosis. Research your options for cancer care and choose the right place first. The place that can help you beat cancer and put it in your past. The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, ranked #1 in cancer care by U.S.News and World Report’s “America’s Best Hospitals” survey, has teamed up with Banner Health to create Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center. A cancer diagnosis can be overwhelming. But here we do everything possible to turn your fear into hope.

You’re presented with a leading-edge treatment plan.

US 60 & Higley Road •

(480) 256-4582 Connect with us:

Lee Ester Manager, Water Measurement

Water ManageMent. How do we estimate the amount of water available for the Valley each year? Teams of SRP water experts use the latest technology to monitor and measure our 13,000-square-mile watershed, which feeds into our reservoirs. In fact, SRP has been working to manage and conserve the Valley’s water for more than 100 years. This constant measuring of our rivers, lakes, dams, and canals allows SRP to better manage our water to ensure we meet demand – today and tomorrow. Learn more about the Valley’s water and find water-saving tips at

Conversation starters from the world around us

14 Vibe

Thrilling Latin musicians to perform at the MIM; PBS airs The Undocumented

15 Anaya says

There’s a good reason we hang on to all our “stuff”

Still 16Latina Standing

Coping with middle age

i say... Once she’s on TV for a few episodes and people start to feel out her vibe, I think they’re going to get it. She does a lot more than shake her hips. page


The Voice host Carson Daly talking about Shakira, who replaced Christina Aguilera as a judge in the show’s fourth season

The Los Angeles-based, Mexican American band, La Santa Cecilia, to appear at MIM Music Theater in May

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine



LP journal

Your child’s backpack may be hazardous to their health, according to health advocates protesting the high level of phthalates in products made from vinyl

De-tox for Disney The protesters at the Disney annual shareholders meeting last month at the Orpheum Theater in downtown Phoenix were as welcome as Wreck-It Ralph. The environmental health advocates called on the mega-corporation to stop making products for children that they claimed contained toxic chemicals. The children’s products they targeted were Disney lunch boxes, backpacks and rain coats, some of the most popular items for young students going back to school. These Disney school supplies contain phthalates in quantities up to 59 times the safety level for this category of chemical, according to a 2012 report by the Center for Health, Environment and Justice. “We would like Disney to do what’s right and safeguard our children’s health by eliminating these unnecessary harmful chemicals and plastic,” said Steve Brittle, president of Don’t Waste Arizona, a statewide organization. Brittle pointed out that Latino children constitute a large percentage of the consumers of these school products. Disney markets to Hispanics in a big way, and that outreach will grow, according to a Disney consumer analysis. The number of Hispanic children between between the ages of 6 and 11 years old is expected to increase 40 percent by 2015, and 12

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ April 2013!

marketers will want to develop new ways to increase brand awareness and use by this group. Hispanic characters, such as Dora the Explorer and Princess Sofia (although her Hispanic ancestry has been debated), directly appeal to young Hispanics. The entertainment corporation also has Spanish-language websites, magazines and blogs, and quinceañera balls at their Disney resorts. Disney has publicly denied that their vinyl products pose dangers. “Producing safe and high quality products is our top priority and we meet or exceed all applicable safety standards set forth by the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the FDA and numerous other safety organizations,” they said in a statement. Phthalates have been banned in toys because of their link to birth defects, ADHD, asthma and other health conditions. Brittle emphasized that Hispanic women should be concerned, because they have a higher fertility rate than other populations. According to test results by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), children are the most vulnerable to exposure to these hazardous chemicals. The CDC also reported that many common housuehold plastic products contain phthalates.

Other protest tactics used by environmental health advocates include on-line petitions to Disney on and

Green lessons from California Omar Benitez, a 17-year-old senior at Bioscience High School in Phoenix, combined his talent for bio-engineering with his interest in wildlife to help fabricate a prosthetic tail for Mr. Stubbs, a handicapped alligator. Benitez says his career goal is to attend Arizona State University and become a biomedical engineer. The courses he’s taking at Bioscience include engineering, algebra, geometry, physics, chemistry and biology. But, he also has learned to think critically about major issues such as pollution and global warming. His school is part of a growing trend of “green curricula” in public and charter schools across the country. California is a state leading in the new educational methods that Los Angeles mayor, Antonio Villaraigosa, has praised as “educating the next generation of environmental stewards.” Around Arizona, some schools are teaching their students to use calculators,

LP journal complex math formulas and scientific reports to estimate nations’ energy consumption, civilization’s carbon footprints and global-warming impacts. “Definitely, Bioscience High’s focus on sustainability has opened my eyes as to how things will look in the future. California also is doing the whole sustainability thing,” Benitez says. “The current course that our country is taking is unsustainable. It’s too reliant on fossil fuels and coal. These fuels are cheap, but there is a cost in increasing CO2 levels, mercury in the water and acid rain. Future generations are going to have to live under harsher regulations because of climate change.” Green curricula are the backbone of California’s Education and the Environment Initiative (EEI), which was developed by the California Environmental Protection Agency after a 2003 law mandated it. The EEI consists of 85 units for kindergarten through 12th grade. Kindergarteners use a Resources Bingo game to learn about drinking water and water resources. The goal is environmental literacy for all state students. When fully implemented, the EEI lessons will be used in 1,000 school districts, 9,900 schools and by 6.2 million students. Public and private partnerships will help fund the curriculum’s implementation, accord to the California EPA. While students like Omar Benitez are intensely interested in these classes, not all schools in Arizona offer green curricula. The Arizona Department of Education allows school districts and charter schools wide leeway in the ways ecology might be taught. The Arizona Academic Standards require basic instruction in the “impact of human activities on the environment” starting in third grade, but green lessons plans are just an option. Benitez says that what he learned at school are tools that his and future generations need to be good stewards of our planet. “What I learned was creative problemsolving,” he says. “There are lots of problems in this country that will need

creative problem-solving principles to provide solutions. We have to start thinking about how we do things for a more sustainable future.”

Media compete for bilingual market Reaching out to Hispanics worked for Obama. Now, formerly all-Spanish media networks are partnering with Englishlanguage networks in competition for the rapidly growing Hispanic bilingual, bicultural market. For media companies looking to grow outlets and advertising profits, Hispanics are less a niche market, and more like the U.S. media future. Telemundo, the number two U.S. Spanish-language network, led the parade when it merged with NBC to create NBC Universal. Several years ago, Telemundo created a cable channel, Mun2 (pronounced “mundos,” a play on “two worlds”), which went way beyond traditional telenovelas and offered a range of bilingual programs, including reality shows. The Fox network followed by launching MundoFox, a Spanish-language broadcast network that offered English closed-captioning on some of its shows. Now, both are battling a new competitor – last year the Spanish-language media giant Univision teamed up with ABC News. The network is partnering with ABC News on a 24-hour news and information channel called Fusion that is set to debut in late summer, 2013. Some reports say Univision is also talking to Disney to create an all-English news channel for Hispanics. Another


sign that Univision wants to be a hybrid language network is that it began broadcasting its prime-time telenovelas with English subtitles. This media-merging madness is faithfully following the market research. Most of the Hispanic population growth in the past decade came from native-born kids, not immigration. In addition, the research shows that, currently, only about one-fifth of U.S. Hispanics prefer Spanish-language TV programs. Most, about 80 percent, are bilingual or prefer their shows in English. Nor is the Hispanic consumer outreach explosion limited to television. The on-line news site, Huffington Post, has created Huffington Post Latino Voices. Fox on-line created Fox News Latino. Now, CNN, which already has CNN en Español, is forming its own channel that will carry bilingual news. In the magazine world, Condé Nast and the Hearst Corporation are competing for territory in the Hispanic market. Condé Nast’s Glamour has a new quarterly supplement titled Glam Belleza Latina. Hearst has a bi-annual, Cosmopolitan for Latinas, which will go quarterly this year. Rolling Stone magazine introduced a bilingual insert last fall showcasing Latino music stars, with a different cover featuring Pitbull. The competition for Hispanics also is happening in radio, social media and on mobile platforms. Media biggies that were once adversaries are now becoming friends because they recognize that bilingual, bicultural Hispanics are a force to be reckoned with, particularly secondgeneration Hispanic millennials, ages 18 to 29, who speak little Spanish and would rather be talked to in English.

hello! ¡hola!

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine




Interpretations of womanhood

Plastic unlimited BagIT is an eco-documentary from REEL Thing, a film production team based in Telluride, Colorado, that specializes in bringing attention to social and environmental issues that demand a public response. BagIT explores the pervasiveness of plastic in the modern world and how it endangers wildlife, waterways, oceans and other ecosystems, as well as human health. Tracking the misadventures of world tourist, Jeb Berrier, the documentary takes a surprisingly playful approach to this very serious problem, and has been widely praised. However, the film doesn’t stop at illustrating the negative impacts of plastic proliferation; it also offers recommendations for solutions. The film is available for download on iTunes for $9.99 or for purchase as a DVD (including the version with Spanish subtitles) for $25 at, where information about screening rights for public events can also be found. View the trailer at The Tempe Public Library (3500 S. Rural Rd., Tempe 85281; 480-350-5500) will be hosting a screening on Saturday, April 20, from 1-2 p.m. in Meeting Room B as part of their Earth Day celebration. Admission is Get more Vibe at free and appropriate for all ages.

How Latinas perceive the roles and images of women

in society and history is the theme that unites the contributions to the Third Annual Latina Art Exhibition. This international showcase of women’s art is organized by the Arizona Latino Arts and Culture Center (ALAC) and the works will be on display throughout May and June of 2013 at La Galeria 147 at ALAC, 147 E. Adams St. in downtown Phoenix. The opening reception on the First Friday in May (May 3) lasts from 6 to 10 p.m. and will include live entertainment as well as an opportunity to meet Latina artists. This is a juried exhibition and all the artworks will be for sale. ALAC is open from 11 a.m. - 6 p.m., Tuesday through Saturday. Admission gratis. See more at

Música latina at the MIM Mark your calendars! The Musical Instrument Museum

is hosting three powerful Latino class acts. Doc Severinsen and the San Miguel Five, with their sophisticated Latin rhythms and jazz a la Django Reinhardt, will perform on Wednesday, May 1, at 7 and 9 p.m. Tickets: $37.50–$47.50 The Los Angeles-based band, La Santa Cecilia, features a contemporary repertoire that represents a hybrid of Latin culture, rock and world music employing pan-American rhythms, including cumbia, bossa nova, rumba, bolero, tango, jazz, rock and klezmer music. La Santa Cecilia takes the stage on Thursday, May 9, at 7:30 p.m. Tickets: $19.50-$27.50 Carla Morrison is a Mexican singer-songwriter whose powerful vocals and heart-wrenching lyrics have earned her two Latin Grammy Awards and multiple nominations. Morrison is scheduled to perform on Thursday, May 23, at 7:30 p.m. Tickets: $29.50-$37.50 14

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ April 2013!

Clockwise from top left: Photo courtesy of ALAC; Reel Thing; Musical Instrument Museum



Anaya says Pack boxes; unpack memories By Catherine Anaya

I’ve been up to my eyeballs in boxes Back to the future with reconstructed Da Vinci machines

Insight into genius “Da Vinci: The Genius,” the traveling

exhibit currently at the Arizona Science Center, is a comprehensive look at the imaginative output of the most lauded and mysterious figure of the Renaissance. Most people know that Leonardo Da Vinci’s talents encompassed not only the arts (painting, sculpture and architecture) but also the sciences (astronomy, mathematics and engineering). This exhibit has found a way to display the immensity of Da Vinci’s creative vision. The international team of Grande Exhibitions have assembled an exhibit that includes life-size mechanical inventions re-created from Da Vinci’s notebooks – a helicopter, a bicycle, a parachute, a tank and a submarine. Large, interactive screens allow visitors to comprehend Da Vinci’s understanding of anatomy and military strategy. A high-definition facsimile of The Last Supper has recently been added to the display of artworks accompanied by animated interpretative guides. Audio-tours are available in Spanish. When: runs through June 9; 10 a.m.-5 p.m. daily Where: 600 E. Washington St., Phoenix 85004 Cost (non-members): Adults, $26.95; Seniors, $22.95; Children (under 18), $8 Cost (members): Adults, $ 10; Children, $ 8 More info: activities/exhibit/da_vinci_the_genius; 602-716-2000

and I keep telling myself I will never move again. I knew I’d feel frustrated by having to pack everything I own and physically move it to a new home knowing nothing would be out of its box or in its right place for days, if not weeks. But, what I didn’t expect was the emotion I’d feel for some of the things I was leaving behind. It’s been exactly six years since I last moved. I remember the excitement I felt at getting the keys to my own, post-divorce home. It felt good to buy furniture knowing I didn’t have to ask what somebody else thought first. Everything, from where I’d place my TV to what kind of sheets I put on my bed, was my decision and I loved everything these possessions represented. So, as I stood the other night in the middle of the near empty house, I had mixed feelings. I looked at the holes in the wall where my pictures once hung, remembering that it was one of my bosses and her husband who came over that first weekend after I moved in to help me hang them. I looked at the barbecue grill in the backyard remembering another coworker who came over with his son one afternoon so they could assemble the grill for me, along with a desk and bar stools, too. The boxed Christmas tree in the garage was too big for me to put together by myself that first Christmas in my home. All it took was the

promise of some pizza, and some of our production guys were there to put it up and take it down for me after the holidays. The TV stand? Yup, one of the editors at work put that together for me. On the outside, they’re just things. But I see them as more. They’re also lovely reminders of how much my friends and co-workers rallied around me when I needed the help. We’ve heard it takes a village to raise a child. Well, sometimes it takes the same to help carry an adult through transitions in life and I’m, oh, so grateful for my little village of coworkers I also call friends. As for the neurosis stimulated by the oodles of boxes? I’m learning to temper it knowing that everything will eventually find its place. More important is taking a few moments to stop and appreciate the new beginning these boxes represent; something my son’s fourth-grade teacher affirmed for me with this one sentence e-mail she sent about him: “[He] is glowing with the move, new house, and your upcoming marriage!” It doesn’t get much better than that! Catherine Anaya anchors CBS 5 News weeknights at 5, 5:30, 6 and 10 p.m. She is a mother of two, marathon runner and motivational speaker. Reach her at catherine.anaya@cbs5az. com, connect with her on Facebook, twitter and at

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine




Latina still standing

Latinas y mid-life crisis – bring it on! By Diana Bejarano

Many of my Latina friends are in

Tracking missing border-crossers; some do care

The Undocumented airs on PBS PBS’ Independent Lens, a five-time

Emmy award-winning series, brings new, independently produced, featurelength films to television viewers. The Undocumented will be one of the 22 films aired this season. The Undocumented follows the efforts of the Pima County Medical Examiner’s Office, the Mexican consulate and Border Patrol personnel to reunite the bodies of those who died attempting to cross the desert between Sonora and Tucson with their distraught families in Mexico. In the past fifteen years more than 2,500 migrants have died while crossing the border, and many of the bodies are never identified or returned to their homeland for burial. Award-winning filmmaker and New York University professor, Marco Williams, directed The Undocumented. Williams has dealt with the brutal realities of contemporary racism in previous documentaries, such as The Towns of Jasper (2002) and Banished (2005). The Undocumented is scheduled to be broadcast on Monday evening, April 29, on KAET, channel 8 at 11 p.m. 16

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ April 2013!

their early 40s, and there’s been a change from the topics we conversed about in prior decades to the ones we discuss now. Topics include aging and changing our lives. Some talk about internal changes: belief systems that are no longer working, breaking old habits, exercise and nutrition, and managing stress better. Others talk more about changes they could make on the outside: facials, Botox and plastic surgery. We all want to hold on to our youth. As Hispanics, we are fortunate to have great genes; many Latinas I know look five to ten years younger than their age. Still, they are still women on the quest to remain youthful. Is this what is meant by a “mid-life crisis”? Now entering my fourth decade, I was curious about the phenomenon. According to several sources, some of the characteristics of a mid-life crisis (which usually occurs between the ages of 40 and 60) is that people often perceive their lives as in drastic decline. Some other common feelings are a sense of remorse for goals not accomplished or a sense that one’s goals remain undefined. Others translate their loss of youthfulness to feeling inferior to more successful colleagues. I believe this period can be beneficial for Latinas who often make the best of any situation. It’s a time when we can reevaluate our lives and make changes to shift our efforts to line up with new goals. Working on our insides is often harder than working on our outward appearance. However, some Latinas I know are opting for cosmetic surgery at mid-life. One of them, named Lily, recently underwent a dramatic change and had a “Latina Miami Makeover™.”  At 41 years old, Lily decided that she wanted to change a few things

about her body that nature had altered after having borne three children. She said the surgery gave her a boost in confidence and helped her tremendously in her business interactions as a dance instructor and wedding/quinceañera planner. She was lucky, she says, to have found a board-certified plastic surgeon that speaks fluent Spanish and understands the culture. Many of the other surgeons she researched didn’t have the kind of certifications she felt comfortable with. Lily cautions women who are thinking about plastic surgery to make sure that they feel comfortable with the rapport they have with their surgeon. “Before” and “after” photos can give you some indication of a surgeon’s ability, but they cannot guarantee the result you will achieve. The American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery suggests that you look into the surgeon’s credentials and experience. Ask for referrals from friends, and find out where the surgery will be performed. Each Latina’s mid-life experience is different and, though I have never undergone any type of plastic surgery, I realize that in some cases it can make a huge difference in a person’s life. Sometimes change can be subtle and come from within; other times it comes in the form of a total body makeover. As a Latina, I support other Latinas who choose to make changes in their lives on the inside or on the outside. Diana Bejarano is an Arizona native and a graduate of Arizona State University’s Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication. Reach her at or

rincón del arte


A language of movement Julia Chacón, flamenco dancer Originally from:

Phoenix, Arizona


I started dancing when I was three. I graduated magna cum laude from the University of New Mexico with a B.F.A. in Dance. There, I was exposed to great artists and many different styles of flamenco. Afterwards, I left to study in Madrid, Spain. In Madrid, I studied with El Ciro, Belen Maya, Rafaela Carrasco, and Manuel Reyes, among others. When I returned, Maria Benitez invited me to join her flamenco company in Santa Fe. I danced with her for four seasons, three as a soloist. After that, I started touring with Carlota Santana’s company in New York. My “Aha!” moment with flamenco was the very first time I saw it in Lydia Torea’s studio. In the 1960s, Lydia was a star soloist with Jose Greco’s Spanish Dance Company. It was through her that I first saw and started taking Spanish dance. My mom was late to pick me up so I watched the next class while I waited. It was a private lesson and the student was dancing beautifully; she had incredible expression and spoke volumes with her body. I had never seen anyone move with such intention. After she finished the solo she was working on, Lydia gave her corrections to someone standing behind me in the lobby. It was the girl’s mother. She was translating Lydia’s comments into sign language. The dancer was deaf. In that moment I was set on this course that has unfolded throughout my life. I was introduced to the realizations that true dance is so much more than technique – it is a language that transcends words through movement. That rhythm is felt and shared with all our senses. That dance is a visceral expression of what it is to be human, and can expose a person’s spirit in a way words cannot. This is a vital characteristic of flamenco. Flamenco encourages individuality over uniformity. Although there are group choreographies in contemporary flamenco, at its most traditional, it is a dancer, singer and guitarist creating art together. I saw this in my first glimpse of flamenco. It is what continues to inspire me today. In flamenco I am inspired by the ability to express myself with my entire being. Last year, I was in Seville, Spain, from August to December, where I danced in the cuadro of José Galván, a

prominent dancer in Spain. He gave me the opportunity to perform in the Peña Torres Macarena, the oldest flamenco peña in Seville. It was an honor to dance with him. I plan to return to Spain in late April to continue to work with him.

Current Projects:

Julia is one of the featured artists in the upcoming concert, “Caminos Flamenco, an Evening at Taliesin West,” April 20 and 21, from 7–8:30 p.m.

Help us highlight the local arts Send information to

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


“Through my experience at Cancer Treatment Centers of America, my family and I learned that super heroes don’t always wear capes.”


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No case is typical. You should not expect to experience these results.

© 2013 Rising Tide

All images courtesy of Landfill harmonic

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Transforming trash into beautiful music and better lives

The lilting, graceful notes of Mozart’s “A Little Night Music” emanate from a violin made from a battered aluminum salad bowl with dinner-fork tuning pegs for strings. Tania Vera is the 15-year-old violinist. She, her mother and sisters live in a wooden shack surrounded by a contaminated stream in Cateura, a shantytown atop one of Paraguay’s largest landfills. Tania and 19 other children in the orchestra, named La Orquesta de Instrumentos reciclados de Cateura (“The Cateura Orchestra of Recycled Instruments”), perform classical music by Mozart, Bach and Beethoven, as well as pop by the Beatles, Henry Mancini and even Frank Sinatra’s “My Way.” About 120 children have gone through this music training program, and currently 50 students are taking lessons.

By Ruben Hernandez

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


Most of these young musicians are sons and daughters of parents so poor they must settle on the trash hills near Paraguay’s capital city of Asunción and pick through society’s cast-offs to eke out a living. In effect, these families are throwaway people that have found a useful, needed niche – they recycle the tons of garbage that the nearby metropolis sends to them daily. One man, Flavio Chavez, an environment engineer and music teacher who started the orchestra, has created a remarkable story of hope amid squalor, beauty amid trash, and has discovered innovative ways to address the major global themes of our time – poverty and garbage management. What he has accomplished in Cateura offers creative ways to promote “green” ideas while encouraging young people born in poverty to improve their lives.     One of the handiest shantytown dwellers, Nicolas Gomez, a former carpenter known as “Cola,” has repurposed dump trash into instruments 20

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that have thrilled audiences. Cast-off X-ray film becomes drum skin. Metal cans become the body of a classical guitar. A tall barrel transforms into a double bass violin. A tin can forms the body of a cello. Tito Romero, the other luthier of the orchestra, makes the wind instruments such as saxophones, made of water pipes, metal bottle caps, plastic bottoms, metal spoons and fork candles. Their instruments are rasquache, a term coined by Chicano artists that means high quality aesthetic expressions from recycled discards. All these young musicians make impeccable sounds with their instruments and, thanks to a trio of filmmakers from the Valley, their inspiring story is setting the music world abuzz. The fame of this unusual music group has spread to other developing countries and to the United States on account of the  Landfill Harmonic documentary, and the passionate, talented filmmakers behind it.

In April, the Musical Instrument Museum (MIM) in Phoenix plans to host a permanent exhibit of the recycled instruments.

This story has so many approaches that there is no way not to be moved by it. These children are making music out of trash. That alone is a huge idea, and leads to many other social issues

A documentary is born

That alone is a huge idea, and leads to many other social issues: the environment, The genesis of the Landfill Harmonic film poverty, a community that no one cared occurred when Phoenix filmmaker about before, especially governments in Alejandra Amarilla Nash (founder Latino American countries. All these social and executive producer) contacted issues collide in this film,” says Madero, an Juliana Penaranda-Loftus (producer) experienced film music composer as well to work on a documentary about as a film producer. He created the music the underserved children of Paraguay.  for the award-winning documentary, Together, they started an extensive Artist of Resistance. Alejandra and Juliana had been research process in 2009, during which they traveled to Paraguay to interview researching and filming the story for years, different leads, among them:  the Minister making their documentary on a shoestring of Education of Paraguay, community budget. Using Juliana’s film industry leaders, school principals and children contacts, they have recruited a seasoned team that includes Rodolfo as executive from low-income families.   Through their research, Alejandra producer, the Emmy-nominated Graham and Juliana discovered the Recycled Townsley as director, Jorge Maldonado Orchestra. In 2010, they returned to as co-producer, and Jennifer Redfearn Paraguay to do some initial filming. Since as consulting producer, Tim Fabrizio and then, the production team has developed Neil Barrett as directors of photography, strong connections with the orchestra and and Monica Barrios as production the community and continue to follow the consultant. The team has created a Facebook page story to the present.  Alejandra was born in Asunción. She is and posted a short teaser/trailer on Vimeo a social activist who was formerly married and YouTube that has gone viral, getting to ex-star of the Phoenix Suns basketball more than three million views (vimeo. team, Steve Nash. They have three com/52711779). “I dreamed of the opportunity to help children together. In April, 2012, Rodolfo Madero from my country in a creative way, a way of Mexico joined the team. “I learned about bringing awareness to issues that revolve the Recycled orchestra from Juliana and around children and women ... [the] Los Alejandra,” Rodolfo Madero told Latino Reciclados story instantly took my breath Perspectives. He says that he and Juliana away,” Amarilla-Nash says.   Production for the documentary began have collaborated with each other on film in 2010, when the team went to Paraguay projects for years. This story has so many approaches that to film the children in the orchestra, their there is no way not to be moved by it. These parents and community leaders. They children are making music out of trash. spent time with Chavez and Gomez the

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


garbage picker, who showed the crew how he created violins, flutes and drums from recycled metal barrels, tin cans and plastic pipes. The team filmed through 2012, with a focus on profiling three of the children in the orchestra: Tania, Maria and Ada. Chavez and Gomez are also followed in the film. Their goal is to complete postproduction of the documentary by the end of 2013. Until then, some images of the film will be displayed in the MIM’s permanent

exhibition of the collection of recycled musical instruments in the Latin American wing. The team is planning to show the completed documentary in festivals in spring 2014. The trio hopes for a general release of the film in 2014. The team recently launched a Kickstarter campaign to secure the funds they need to complete the production of the film ( They continue to approach sponsors to get the additional funding to complete the

Documentaries are crossing the line by reaching the larger audiences that movies get 22

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documentary, start the Landfill Harmonic Movement and the Orchestra world tour in 2014. When the Landfill Harmonic documentary is described, two related documentaries come to mind. One, An Inconvenient Truth  (2005), graphically showed the negative effects of global warming and won an Academy Award. Another,  The Buena Vista Social Club  (1999),  was a film about a group of talented, but aged, Cuban musicians that took them from obscurity to worldwide fame. It was nominated for an Academy Award in 2000. Amarilla-Nash  says she hopes the film will achieve the success of these other films. “Obviously, that’s the idea. If God wills … it will inspire the world. I want to help my country. It is understood that music transcends culture and is universal. And it’s not just about music, but the struggles of these children to transcend their environment.” She also would like to see their film shown to millions and have a positive impact on the social problems highlighted. She is passionate about the power of film to help solve stubborn social and environmental issues. People today seem to be more receptive to learning about social issues through documentaries, she says. “Documentaries are crossing the line by reaching the larger audiences that movies get. When you have something that is innovative and has market potential and is relevant, that increases the number of potential viewers.”

The Landfill Harmonic Movement

The filmmaking team is optimistic that this inspirational story will create a “Landfill Harmonic Movement,” with chapter programs in the U.S. and other countries. These programs in turn would inspire youths and adults to recycle,

use re-purposed waste to earn money and provide hope for poor families. The program chapters would partner with environmental organizations to educate the public about sustainability. Social media outreach and recycling messaging would be a big part of these programs once the film is finished, the team believes. The film team have partnered with the GO Campaign (gocampaign. org) to ensure that the donations

they inspire reach the orchestra. GO Campaign connects donors to grassroots projects aimed at changing lives and transforming communities. The group partnered with the MIM to raise funds to bring the Orquesta de Instrumentos reciclados to Phoenix. The film producers are looking for corporate sponsors to support a concert tour with performances and presentations in Los Angeles, New York and other U.S. cities.

The finished documentary will provide opportunities to create awareness globally about the important subjects of poverty and waste management, say Amarilla-Nash. The film’s mission statement is simple, but offers motivation for a global movement: To demonstrate that creative and simple solutions can bring powerful social transformation to the poorest communities.

MIM hosts the landfill orchestra In April, some of the instruments of La Orquesta de Instrumentos reciclados de Cateura will be in a permanent display in the Latin American wing at the Musical Instrument Museum (MIM). They will be showcased alongside the Steinway piano on which John Lennon composed Imagine and the custom guitars of Carlos Santana, Elvis Presley and Eric Clapton. “We want to bring the children to MIM, but also have them interact with other schoolchildren in the Phoenix area,” says Daniel Piper, MIM curator of musical instruments. “We want to show these young people the musical instrument exhibit we have created from their instruments from the landfill and re-purposed trash. We want to show them how what they have done has resonated here.” Piper says that arrangements have been made for a concert by the children’s orchestra in July. He adds that the MIM’s special exhibit of the landfill orchestra will feature eight instruments made by Nicholas Gomez, including a cello, viola, violin, lute and drum. The MIM also will display wind instruments made by Tito Romero, a trumpet repairman near Asunción whom Chavez asked to re-purpose scavenged metal and pipes into saxophones, clarinets and flutes. According to Piper, there will many related projects around the orchestra’s concert appearance and the MIM exhibit. “There’s lots of energy, interest and synergy among a number of different players here, such as between our education department and artist residencies. We want to have educational workshops with the children. We want to have workshops here where we show people how to make instruments from recycled things.” “The significance of this is you have these kids in this town in Paraguay with so little, and where the tradition of music has died out. This provides them with an opportunity to express themselves at a high level. That’s phenomenal,” Piper says.

“Contrast this with the United States, where music is being cut out of school budgets, where it only has value as entertainment. Without this music, those children in Cateura would feel lost.” Piper expresses enthusiasm for an exhibit and concert opportunity that tie such important themes together – music, environmentalism, recycling and sustainability. “We want to highlight this recycling theme throughout the exhibition,” he says. “Traditional cultures for thousands of years have been using recycled materials from the environment around them to make music. In the modern age, you have the waste products of an industrialized world. Take the steel drums of Trinidad. The steel drum orchestra instruments came from trash. They came from discarded 55-gallon oil barrels. They contained chemicals and were health hazards. Now, they are one of the most celebrated musical expressions of the 20th century.” The inventiveness of mankind to make music is the kind of theme the MIM was founded to showcase, Piper notes. “It’s a beautiful story and fits in very well with this theme of the ingenuity of humans around the world using what they have at their disposal to create music.”

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Latino Perspectives Magazine




The fifth annual Arizona Latina Trailblazers community Over 200 guests enjoyed inspiring video vignettes about the lives

of these remarkable women, hors d’oeuvres, and a special musical performance by Carmela Ramirez and her band, Carmela y Más. (Visit to watch the video vignettes). Kathleen Mascareñas, media relations specialist at SRP, served as the event’s emcee. The program included remarks by Dr. Anna Solley, President of Phoenix College; Ricardo Torres, Publisher of LPM; and Tony Moya, Manager of Latino Relations at SRP.

Photos by Alfredo Hernandez and Phil Munroe

celebration was a big success. With generous support from Salt River Project, Latino Perspectives Magazine and the Raul H. Castro Institute at Phoenix College hosted a fun-filled evening in honor of Guadalupe Huerta, Narcisa Monreal Espinoza, Angie Ruiz Tewksbury, and State Senator Anna Tovar. (Read the March 2013 issue of LPM to learn more about these remarkable individuals.)


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Thank you to our sponsors

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Francis Alÿs. Cuando la fe mueve montañas (When Faith Moves Mountains), Lima, Peru, April 11 th, 2002, multi-media installation


n 2002, I took a group of graduate students from the California College of Arts and Crafts in San Francisco to Mexico City, where I was teaching at the time. The class, titled “Multiplicity,” focused on the issues and history of contemporary Latino art and Latin American-based movements. For one week, we did studio visits with artists and curators, as well as viewing current exhibitions in galleries and museums in Mexico City. We visited Museo Rufino Tamayo, the Modern Art Museum, Museo de la Cuidad and some galleries not then known, such as Kurimanzutto. After a studio visit with visual artist Miguel Caldéron, he mentioned that we should visit this new space called Colección Jumex; it was on the way to the Teotihuacán pyramids anyway. We made an appointment (as it is a boutique museum) and visited the “fresa” Colección Jumex. The first thing that hit 26

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me when we arrived at the location was the smell of mango, tamarindo and guava, then a mix of jalapeños with spicy picked mystery veggies. It was as if I had walked into a story by Gabriel Garcia Marquez or the Food Network’s Iron Chef competition, where the secret ingredient was habañero peppers. La Colección Jumex is located inside the industrial plant that produces jugos Jumex and canned spicy products from La Costeña, both intertwining family fortunes. If you are unfamiliar with Jumex, just visit your neighborhood Safeway or Fry’s and you will spot the juices at the end of the American colas and Arizona ice teas; they are the Minute Maid of Latin America. What is the connection between fruit juice and art? The answer is Eugenio López Alonso, heir to the Jumex fortune, who started to collect art in the early 1990s, following a private passion. López decided to make this passion public in the spring of

2001 and opened the space he created inside the juice factory. The museum has existed for more than 11 years now, and the collection showcases over 2,700 artworks representing the production of more than 700 different artists. The oldest piece in the collection is a painting by Alfred Leslie dated 1953; most of the artworks in the collection were produced after 1995. Today Fundación/Colección Jumex is the largest and most important contemporary art collection in Latin America, a spectacular collection of renowned and established contemporary artists from Mexico, Latin America, the United States and Europe ranging from Gabriel Orozco to Andy Warhol. Perhaps even more important than the collection, Fundación/Colección Jumex supports the development of contemporary art in Mexico, spending more than $1 million annually in support of art and educational projects.

Courtesy of the artist and La Colección Jumex, México

By Julio César Morales

for workers – 54 euros for eight hours. From an aerial view, the work reads disturbingly like a graveyard. Every day, African workers like these risk death and board small boats to cross the Strait of Gibraltar to Europe in search of work and better living conditions; their corpses are often expelled by the sea onto the southern coast of Spain. Here, Sierra reveals the laborers’ disconnection from the work they do and from the product that is its ultimate result and uncovers the conditions of marginality promoted by an exploitative system of which everyone is a part – including the artist. The large-scale triptych photographs in the exhibition have an uncanny effect that mirrors that of the current social climate of SB1070 in Arizona, as African participants in Sierra’s project experience ongoing racial profiling against them as immigrants in Spain. An obvious link between the Sierra piece and another work by Francis Alÿs completed in the same year, When Faith Moves Mountains

(Cuando la fe mueve montañas; 2002), is a shovel, which appears in both pieces. As a European living in Mexico City, Alÿs assumes the role of a foreigner and an urban dweller. This role, along with a post-surrealist ability to see the beauty in the everyday, fuels his creativity. Trained as an engineer and architect, he produces paintings, sculptures, works on paper and video, but his primary medium is a form of performance art, a kind of acted-out metaphor produced by a body or bodies in motion, often his own. He enacts “walks,” or paseos, in which he takes long strolls through city streets. He has pushed a block of ice through the streets of Mexico City until it melted away to nothing, trailed a line of green paint from a leaking can through divided Jerusalem, and chased tornados while filming his attempts to run directly into the eye of the storm. In When Faith Moves Mountains, a group of 500 volunteers armed with shovels formed a line at the end of a 1,600-foot sand dune in a desolate

Photo by Francisco Kochen, Courtesy of La Colección Jumex, México

The exhibition, Turn Off the Sun: Selections from la Colección Jumex, which opened March 9 at the Arizona State University Art Museum, presents 36 major pieces and installations by artists rarely or never seen in Arizona, exploring diverse media and practice. The works were selected by the curators of the show, myself, Heather Sealy Lineberry (ASU Art Museum Senior Curator and Associate Director) and Michel Blancsubé of Jumex, to reflect the complex relationship between our state and Mexico, with broad references to borders, labor, movement and site. The earliest work in the exhibition, and very much related to the theme of site, is Upside Down Tree (1969), by American artist Robert Smithson, who traveled throughout Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula and documented the landscape using 35 mm transparency film. Smithson temporarily placed square mirrors into the ground, grass, stones and branches, and named these interventions “mirror displacements,” visually shortening the distance between earth and sky, and developing a new kind of horizon line made by the artist. Another work, made in the same year just months apart from Upside Down Tree, is Dan Graham’s From Sunset to Sunrise, a spectacular installation of 160 photographs shot from the United States looking directly into Canada mounted in a single line measuring 82 feet. Another work related to site and labor is Santiago Sierra’s 2002 3000 huecos (3000 holes), which explores what Sierra calls “non-places” – phantasmagoric locations where hope and deception collide. Conceived in Spain, this project looks at the rise in immigration, both legal and illegal, from Africa to Spain. The 3,000 hand-dug huecos (holes) also became a temporary monument to the deaths of people searching for a better way of life. In Cádiz, Spain, on a lot facing the coast of Morocco, Sierra hired workers to dig 3,000 holes in the soil (each measuring 180 x 50 x 50 cm). The work was performed by a group of African day laborers, most of them Senegalese, the minority Moroccans and a Spanish foreman. They worked with shovels for a month, receiving a salary equivalent to the one stipulated by the Spanish administration

The exhibition, Turn Off the Sun, functions as a site-specific intervention within the current social climate of Arizona. Each of the works completely changes meaning and becomes differently charged once it lands at the ASU Art Museum.

Liza Lou. Security Fence, 2005-2007. Steel and glass beads

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Latino Perspectives Magazine


landscape just outside Lima, Peru. Together, printed with pictures describing the produce guns to Mexico, which ultimately are being one shovel-full at a time, they moved the ostensibly inside – innocuous products like acquired by Mexican drug cartels. In his seminal 1995 book, Hybrid entire geographical location of the dune vegetables, fruits and cornstarch. At first by a few centimeters. Though the physical glance, the vessels are indistinguishable Cultures, cultural critic Garcia Canclini displacement was short, this collective act is from the blue-and-white talavera vases that questions whether Latin America could a powerful allegory, a metaphor for human tourists buy as souvenirs. However, rather compete in a global marketplace without will that has the potential for contemporary than traditional floral and geometric motifs, losing its cultural identity. This question was these vases boast modern hieroglyphs of an important turning point for the art market myth-making. In conjunction with borders and labor, Mexican and norteño drug culture, such and art scene in Mexico. To a degree, Mexico artist Liza Lou has recently developed a as marijuana leaves, guns, skulls, pin-up in the mid- to late 1990s became a major player in the global economy, at body of work that explores dark least in the art market, partly on psychological spaces of violence and account of Fundación/Colección confinement. Security Fence (2005) Jumex and its commitment to the is a full-scale, square structure of art community in Mexico. chain-link and razor wire. It took Fundación/Colección Jumex a year to complete the work with a believes in diversity, not only group of 20 Zulu women in Durban, in terms of support, but in the South Africa, creating the work with a collection itself, acquiring not only collective spirit and a sense of human works from Mexico as one might workmanship. Tiny glass beads cover expect, but work representing the structure, even the nuts and bolts more global sensibilities. After all, and the razor wire. The surface disrupts Mexican identity is more complex our perceptions of physical barriers than others might think, so why and confined spaces. What should limit yourself? appear stark and brutal shimmers with The exhibition, Turn Off the a strange and sparkling coating. Once Sun, functions as a site-specific your focus extends beyond the surface, intervention within the current you realize that this is a cage; there is social climate of Arizona. Each no gate, no way in or out, and those of the works completely changes trapped inside would find no exit. Lou’s meaning and becomes differently art is distinguished by the thousands charged once it lands at the ASU of tiny beads that cover every inch Art Museum. This “curatorial of her life-sized sculptures and intervention” calls into question Hand-painted ceramic vessel, part of the installation, A Thin Line between Love environments. Her most famous piece how these artworks can transcend (1991-1996) is a full-scale kitchen, and Hate (2005) by Eduardo Sarabia whose counters, cupboards, sink, dishes and models, bottles of liquor, packs of cigarettes their original objectives while reflecting and even the gushing water are all picked out in and animals that symbolize specific drugs: re-imagining the complex relations between beads. She has created a beaded trailer home the rooster, marijuana; the goat, heroin; and the U.S. and Mexico. and a backyard with beaded blades of grass, the parrot, cocaine. Sarabia’s title makes beaded portraits of all the U.S. presidents, reference not just to a physical border, but Julio César Morales is a curator at the ASU and a beaded toilet bowl with beaded stains. also to a dividing line in the identity of one Art Museum in Tempe. Thanks to Michel Lou’s beads make the ordinary beautiful; the who feels at once close to, and distant from, Blancsubé, Brittany Corrales and Heather dull sparkle, along with the tedium and pain his cultural heritage. Sealy Lineberry for their contributions to A Thin Line between Love and Hate this article. of her work, is a kind of martyrdom. Eduardo Sarabia’s installation, A Thin is a great example of adaptation and the Line between Love and Hate  (2005), on reclamation of cultural identity, and raises Turn off the Sun: Selections from la Colección view at the ASU Art Museum’s Ceramics the question: “Is it possible to develop a Jumex is at the ASU Art Museum, 51 E. 10th Research Center, revolves around the themes new collaborative cultural identity between Street, Tempe, through September 7, 2013. of movement and borders. The artist mounts Mexico and the U.S.?” In spite of everything, Admission to the exhibition is free. For more a display of  mock  contraband: a series of we are more in need of each other than we information, visit ceramic vessels of various think, while we continue to “fight the war on sun-selections-la-colecci%C3%B3n-jumex or sizes are individually packed in boxes screen- drugs” and continue to allow the export of call 480-965-0014 28

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32 Entrepreneur Clean Air Cab company proves mass appeal of green transport options

33 Briefcase

No consensus on value of telecommunting; womenowned businesses fastest growing segment of small business enterprises; are second generation immigrants better off?

Movin’ Up Barajas joins Cox Israel Barajas was recently hired as the Phoenix Hispanic marketing coordinator by Cox Communications. In this role, Barajas will support Hispanic marketing initiatives across the country for Cox products and services. Until recently, Barajas served as the marketing communications coordinator for the Helios Education Foundation, where he developed and coordinated marketing, communications, advertising plans and strategies for both Arizona and Florida.

Israel Barajas to direct Hispanic marketing initiatives nation-wide for Cox Communications

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Latino Perspectives Magazine



movin’ up

Johana Lopez

Lopez named Youth of the Year Johana Lopez has been named the Boys and Girls Clubs of Metropolitan Phoenix Youth of the Year award recipient, the Club’s highest honor. Currently a senior at North Canyon High School, Lopez will be the first in her family to graduate high school. She is a member of the National Honor Society, maintains a 4.3 GPA and has volunteered over 660 hours in the past year. Lopez serves as an after-school assistant at Palomino I Primary School and also volunteers as a counselor with the Camp Swift program, providing educational and summer camp activities for children. Each year, 22,000 youths benefit from the programs and services at the 12 Valley Boys and Girls Clubhouses, as well as through the Clubs’ outreach programs in local schools, juvenile detention centers and dental clinic.

Medina receives ADDY Award Luis Medina, current creative director with the full-service

Phoenix ad agency, Park&Co, has received the 2013 Creative Director of the Year ADDY Award. This award is given to a creative director who has consistently conceptualized outstanding ideas for clients and most inspires his/her creative team to strive to achieve peak performance. The ADDY Awards represent one of the advertising industry’s largest competitions and attracts over 50,000 entries every year in local ADDY competitions across the country. Prior to working with Park&Co, Medina served as the creative and art director at a number of Phoenix advertising agencies, including SRO Marketing, Moses Anshell and Off Madison Ave.

Andrea Moreno

Moreno, Martinez join DFS board Andrea Moreno and Sal Martinez have both been appointed to the board of directors for Dress for Success Phoenix. Moreno is the senior community outreach representative for SRP; Martinez is the president of SHIFT Employment Services,

a full-service recruitment organization and a subsidiary of Chicanos por la Causa. Dress for Success Phoenix serves job-ready women, by referral only, from nonprofit organizations including domestic violence agencies, homeless shelters and jobtraining programs. Their programs transition women towards self-sufficiency by offering them professional attire, career development tools and a network of support.

AZSBDC honors businesses The Arizona Small Business Development Center Network (AZSBDC) recently recognized fourteen Arizona small businesses and their accomplishments in 2012. Among the award winners were Hortencia Rosales of Yuma, owner of Mariscos Mar Azul, and David Carrizosa of Mesa, owner of Cellulars Conexion. The AZSBDC Network serves as a resource to assist small businesses throughout the state. During 2012, the Network served 3,177 clients and helped create or retain 1,471 jobs. AZSBDC clients started 352 new businesses last year and created more than $38.6 million in capital.

Muñoz named Exemplary Principal finalist Betty Fairfax High School principal, Dr. Zachary Muñoz, is among the 13 educators in the state selected as Rodel

Movin’ Up Know someone who has been promoted, elected or honored? Send us the news of their achievements! Email 30

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Foundation of Arizona Exemplary Principal finalists. Muñoz has been in public education for 23 years and has served as the principal at Fairfax since the school opened in 2007. Finalists were selected for their ability to inspire their staffs to contribute to schoolwide success, as well as for the development of a campus that is high achieving and safe. Muñoz holds a bachelor’s degree in education from ASU, and master’s and doctorate degrees in educational leadership from Northern Arizona University.

Veronica Hernandez

Hernandez joins PRfect Veronica Hernandez has been hired as the senior account executive by PRfect Media International in Phoenix, a Hispanic-owned, full-service marketing agency. Until recently, Hernandez worked as a public relations account executive at Torres Consulting and Law Group in Tempe. With more than ten years of public relations experience, Hernandez will manage several of the agency’s key accounts.


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People – planet – profit Steven Vincent Lopez, founder of Clean Air Cab, puts his priorities in order In business since:

The company was founded in July of 2009, and the Grand Opening took place on October 19, 2009

Number of employees:

27 full-time employees and 80 independent contractor drivers

Elevator pitch: Clean Air Cab is a national leader in environmentally friendly, 100 percent carbon neutral taxicab fleets. Our triple bottom line sustainability business model is unique in the entire industry: people, planet, profit – in that order! We are helping to develop the 21st century’s green economy by integrating eco-conscious products and services into the everyday lives of our clients.

giving back to the community with our “Community Cares Program,” in which one dollar of every fare in our specialty cabs is donated to a designated charity, including Susan G. Komen for the Cure, the ASU scholarship program, Phoenix Children’s Hospital and the United Way. At ASU, the Clean Air Cab Scholarship helps high-performing students with financial needs and an interest in innovation, entrepreneurship and sustainability attend Arizona State University in either the College of Technology and Innovation or the School of Sustainability.

Business milestones:

Our business was started at the height of the recession in 2009. We started with ten cabs and zero calls. By the end of 2012, we successfully completed 200,000 calls with 44 cabs. We have grown our fleet 400 percent since opening our doors and we see no end to our widening popularity.

Career highlights:

Instituting a program to provide scholarships to ASU students; getting a letter from Congressman David Schweikert congratulating us for making the community proud; meeting the mayor of

Photo by Cassandra Tomei/Tomei Studios

Tell us about Clean Air Cab’s philanthropic efforts: We are committed to

Phoenix’ senior policy advisor for sustainability, Colin Tetreault; signing with the NFL to be the service provider for the 2015 Super Bowl hosted by Phoenix

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Arizona’s telecommuting program By Jonathan Higuera

The decision by Yahoo, Inc.’s chief executive

officer, Marissa Mayer, to end its telecommuting program ignited a firestorm of controversy and criticism from the tech community, and it has also sparked a deeper look at telecommuting policies in general. There is no disputing that many companies believe telecommuting is a viable option, both in terms of worker productivity and providing needed flexibility to attract and keep good workers. American Express, Best Buy, Dow Chemical and other companies have concluded that teleworkers can, indeed, be more productive than their peers in office cubicles. Recent figures from the Telework Research Network show that about 3.15 million people worked primarily from home in 2011. The figure did not include the selfemployed or unpaid volunteers. That’s an amazing increase of 73 percent from 2005, when about 1.82 million people considered themselves full-time telecommuters. In addition, another 16 million employees work at home at least one day per month. One needs to look no further than the Arizona state government, which has been providing a telework option to some of its workers for the past two decades, to see a robust telecommuting program in place. In 1993, the state established a telework program through an executive order. Back then, the main reason was to reduce employee travel in order to combat Maricopa County’s poor air quality. In 1996, then-governor Fyfe Symington asked all state agencies to reach the goal of having 15 percent of its Maricopa County workforce telework and, in 2002, former governor Jane Dee Hull increased the goal to 20 percent. With the increasing acceptance of telecommuting, in 2003, former governor Janet Napolitano re-affirmed the 20 percent telework mandate and cited its value as a business strategy that increased productivity, reduced absenteeism and turnover, and attracted quality employees to state service. By 2007, state agencies were reporting meeting this mandate for its Maricopa County workforce. To combat the perception that home workers are getting a better deal than office workers, the state emphasizes that

a teleworker’s arrangement can be ended at any time by a manager. The guidelines also make it clear that working from home doesn’t substitute for child care; workers with small children must make suitable child care arrangements. As many teleworkers are surely aware, the work-athome arrangement comes with drawbacks. Some studies indicate that home workers are more likely to be passed up for promotions and other forms of company recognition. It turns out that there is value in physical interaction with colleagues around the water cooler and in the hallways. In Yahoo’s case, Mayer defended her move as necessary to stimulate innovation and creativity through collaboration. Yahoo faces dire times as a company and Mayer was brought in to turn around the company’s fortunes. Drastic times require drastic actions. However, there is no concrete evidence that better ideas come more often from a conference room than from a bedroom office.

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


This child can’t wait.



A raise in 2013 Though not exactly on the level of the raise Baltimore Ravens quarterback

Joe Flacco received with his six-year, $120.6 million deal announced in March, civilian U.S. workers did see their pay go up slightly in 2012. According to the Federal Bureau of Labor Statistics, workers’ wages and salaries rose 1.7 percent for the year ending in December. When this is coupled with the increase in benefits (2.5 percent), the total compensation costs for workers rose 1.9 percent. Private industry workers in metro Phoenix saw their wages rise by 1.2 percent, which did not keep pace with pay increases for workers in the Los Angeles area (2.4 percent), San Francisco area (2.4 percent) and Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia area (2 percent). As the old saying goes, in Arizona we get part of our pay in sunshine.

Women-owned businesses A study, commissioned by Arizona

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Hispanic Chamber of Commerce (AZHCC) and the Women’s Business Enterprise Council-West, revealed that nearly half of women-owned businesses in Arizona conduct business on a national level, and that the great majority rely on personal loans and/ or profits from the business to finance expansion. Released in March, this study also indicated that the majority of business owners surveyed were optimistic about the coming year. “Given the state of Arizona’s rapidly improving economic recovery, it’s critically important that we understand how women-owned businesses survived the recession and how they feel about our state’s future prospects,” said Pamela Williamson, president and CEO of the Women’s Business Enterprises Council-West. The study, funded by Arizona Public Service, also compiled the following statistics regarding women-owned businesses: Companies’ greatest needs were help with marketing (30 percent) and finding capital (14 percent) Two-fifths of the companies were sole proprietorships Median revenue in 2011 was $155,910 Median age of companies was 16 years


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¡ April 2013!

Customer bases include both retail (54 percent) and businesses (56 percent) 46 percent of the companies conduct business nationally 21 percent of the companies conduct business internationally During the past 15 years, the number of women-owned businesses nationwide has grown more than 54 percent and revenues are up more than 58 percent. And, Latina entrepreneurs make up the fastest-growing single segment of small business enterprises, notes AZHCC president and CEO, Gonzalo de la Melena, Jr. “When women-owned and minorityowned businesses do well, our entire economy does well,” he said. “Our goal with this study and the others we’ve authored is to gather research that provides decision-makers with the data and analysis they need to make informed choices about Arizona’s economic destiny.”



Second generation study The immigration debate has certainly consumed many hours of thought

and argument surrounding the contributions immigrants make to the country’s well-being. In fact, the pervasive focus on new immigrants may have stunted our consideration of how the children of immigrants fare and what they are bringing to the table. Leave it to the Pew Hispanic Center to rectify that information gap. Its latest study on second-generation adult Americans, a group consisting of about 20 million people, found that they are “substantially better off than immigrants themselves on key measures of socioeconomic attainment.” The study looked at Hispanic, Asian and European second-generation adults and found that they are generally doing better than their parents. It found that they: Make more money, with a median household income of $58,000 versus $46,000 Are more likely to earn a college degree (36 versus 29 percent) Have higher rates of homeownership (64 versus 51 percent) Are less likely to be in poverty (11 versus 18 percent) Less likely to drop out of high school (10 versus 28 percent) These findings seem to document what immigrants themselves intuitively know – their kids will have more opportunities than they have in the U.S, especially if they have a strong work ethic and pursue education. But Pew researchers warn against interpreting the findings as proof positive of upward mobility for second-generation immigrants. They refrained from making that claim because the study included many second-generation adults who are not the children of the most recent immigrants from Latin American, Asian and European countries, but rather the children of earlier 20th century immigrants. They found substantial differences among subgroups. Given current immigration trends and birth rates, virtually all (93 percent) of the growth of the nation’s working-age population between now and 2050 will be accounted for by immigrants and their U.S.-born children, according to a population projection by the Pew Research Center. These findings raise the stakes on the current immigration debate. It’s as much about the offspring of today’s immigrants as the immigrants themselves.

One of the most important benefits of achieving a college education is learning how to learn. This will enable you to adapt as the world around you changes.

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Meet Gonzalo de la Melena

CEO, Arizona Hispanic Chamber of Commerce and alumni of a Maricopa Community College Which of the Maricopa Community Colleges did you attend? I attended Mesa and South Mountain, transferred to ASU to complete my bachelor’s degree then attended Thunderbird School of Global Management for my MBA. Most valued experience? Having the opportunity to do business in more than 30 countries before the age of 30 was incredible, especially considering the only international travel that my family had done was when my father immigrated to this country. What is your strongest personal characteristic? Optimism. Most influential person? My mother, because of her dedication and encouragement to our family. Of what are you most proud in your career? Graduating from college at the same time as my mother. We were the first in our family to finish. What is your favorite thing about your career? Helping small businesses succeed. It’s gratifying. You make a difference in your Community. We make a difference in you. Chandler-Gilbert | Estrella Mountain | GateWay | Glendale | Mesa | Paradise Valley Phoenix | Rio Salado | Scottsdale | South Mountain | Skill Centers

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Life of crime (fighting) Michele Blanco, Detective, Glendale Police Department Years of service: 16 Education/training:

Bachelor’s Degree in Criminology; Master’s Degree in Education

Career highlights: I graduated from the Phoenix Regional Police Academy in 1997 and worked as a patrol officer for two years. Following my time in patrol, I was selected as the first female Public Housing Officer for the Glendale Police Department. In 2001, I was assigned to the Special Enforcement Unit, an undercover stolen property and narcotics unit, and was recognized with the Detective of the Year award in 2003 for my work in this unit. In 2004, the Special Enforcement Unit received the Unit of the Year award for the amount of undercover investigations and narcotics seized. In 2006, I transferred to the Fraud Investigation Unit and then moved again to the Violent Crimes Unit in 2007. I was the first female detective assigned to the Homicide Unit. Most recently, I joined the Personnel Management Unit as a Recruiter/ Background Investigator in 2011. On the job/ valuable learning experience: Through my experiences in many different assignments, I have learned to treat the citizens of Glendale with respect and compassion. Police officers typically come in contact with citizens when they are in need and sometimes it’s the worst time in their lives. I have learned to empathize with people and treat them as I would want to be treated.

Why did you decide to pursue this career? My father was a Marine and served in the Vietnam War. He was my hero and I wanted to follow in his footsteps. I chose to become a police officer to make my parents proud.

How do you balance your career and personal life? I have spent the majority of my career working in Investigation Units where calls out

and long hours are routine. To keep balance in my life, I remind myself that my family is the most important thing in my life. I take an active part in their lives and make sure I am always there for them. Having a strong, balanced family life tends to make you have a strong, balanced career.

Final word:

Law enforcement is a very rewarding career and I couldn’t see myself doing anything else, except for being a stay-at-home mom. As a recruiter, I get the opportunity to be a role model for women who are considering a career in law enforcement. Many people have the misconception that you need to be the biggest and the strongest person to be a police officer. That’s not true. You do have to be mentally and physically fit and be prepared for what you may encounter on the streets. For those who genuinely want to help people and make a difference in their lives, a career in law enforcement provides that opportunity. My role with the Glendale Police Department allows me to guide people looking at this career and help them to realize their dreams.

Nominate a candidate

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Om on your phone Take time to tune out – with the help of your hand-held device

By Erica Cardenas

Finding ways to successfully manage daily stress

can seem like a daunting task. Although studies have shown that stress can be useful in moderation, high levels of stress can impair cognitive function and trigger problems such as insomnia, headaches and anxiety. Research has yielded the following statistics: Forty-three percent of all adults suffer adverse health effects from stress 75 to 90 percent of all doctor’s office visits are for stress-related ailments and complaints The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) declared stress a hazard of the workplace; stress costs American industry more than $300 billion annually The lifetime prevalence of an emotional disorder is more than 50 percent, often due to chronic, untreated stress reactions April has been designated National Stress Awareness Month. This month, health care professionals and health promotion experts across the country will join forces to increase public awareness about both the causes and cures for the modern stress epidemic. Sponsored by the Health Resource Network (HRN), a non-profit health education organization, Stress Awareness Month is a cooperative effort to inform people about the many dangers of stress, successful coping strategies and harmful misconceptions about stress that are prevalent in our society. So, where might one find a convenient daily dose of stress relief? Look no further than your smartphone. Take a look at some of the top-rated apps that might just reap big benefits. Stress Tracker – a free app compatible with the iPhone, created by a team of leading clinical psychologists and researchers using cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

and mindfulness principles. Among other features, the Stress Tracker tracks your individual stress levels, moods, sources of stress, symptoms and lifestyle/behaviors in real-time. Relax: Stress and Anxiety Relief – an app compatible with Android; $3.50 to purchase. The app’s guided breathing exercises use calming music to help you relieve tension or combat insomnia. Use the quick start feature at the first sign of a panic attack or use the skills you’ve learned in the app’s yoga practice.

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


Think outside the mailbox.

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Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ April 2013!

Stress Check by Azumio – a free app for Android users that measures heart rate variability (HRV) and doesn’t require any additional hardware. Instead, it uses the camera to measure your stress level and gives you a score from 1 to 100, so you can gauge how stressed you are from anywhere. Total Relaxation – for Blackberry users, this app is a powerful hypnosis session for deep relaxation by Darren Marks, a hypnotherapist with an international reputation. This app costs $2.99 and includes video interviews and relaxation tips. iShatter Stress Relief – available for 99 cents, this iPhone app invites you to take out your aggression after a long day by virtually busting up mirrors, wine glasses, light bulbs, vases and more. Users can vent by tapping the screen to hear the sounds of breaking glass while watching the objects on their screen shatter to pieces. Workout Trainer – one of the best stress relievers is exercise. Take your workout digital with this free app

for Droid users that offers thousands of workouts with no equipment needed, including Crossfit, Tabata, and highintensity interval training. Whichever apps you use, be sure to put your phone in airplane mode or “do not disturb,” if possible, to avoid distractions and losing your concentration.

Free on-line college courses Over the past decade, the web has become a free source for college-

level course materials called OpenCourseWare (OCW). Whether you’re a college student, a self-educator or a homeschooler, OCW provides an on-line format for anyone interested in learning on their own. What are some of the advantages of OCW? It’s free and available to anyone with web access. In China, a site called Netease attracts 1.2 million visitors a day; users see OCW as a way to learn English, find out more about the studyabroad experience and establish their own study groups, according to the OCW Consortium, a worldwide community of hundreds of higher education institutions and associated organizations committed to advancing OCW and its impact on global education. The drawbacks of OCW include not being able to take courses for credit and the inability to interact with the professors who create the materials. Nonetheless, OCW continues to attract more users each year with seemingly endless options from which to choose. A good starting point might be tapping in to the OCW Consortium at The OCW Consortium’s search index currently contains 6,974 courses from 65 sources in 19 languages.

Youth Soccer Academy Beginning next month, the Phoenix College Men’s Soccer coaching staff

and players will host their annual Youth Soccer Academy, open to girls and boys of all ages, kindergarten through grade 12. The program will focus on individual soccer technique for beginners to advanced levels, with May camp dates beginning the first of the month. Registration cost for the four-week May camp is $60 with June camp dates also available. Pre-registration is encouraged, however, walk-up registrations will be accepted. The Youth Soccer Academy is held at the Phoenix College Hoy Stadium or the PC Practice Field. For more information, contact David Cameron at david.cameron@ or call 602-285-7665


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The “Human Face of Sustainability” Attention writers! ASU’s Walton

Sustainability Solutions Initiatives’ Sustainability Solutions Festival and Creative Nonfiction magazine are seeking personal essays and true stories about innovative solutions for sustainability. One writer will be awarded a $10,000 Walter Sustainability Solutions Best Creative Nonfiction Essay Award and all essays submitted will be considered for publication in a special “Human Face of Sustainability” issue of Creative Nonfiction magazine. The deadline for submission is May 31, 2013; full contest guidelines and details are available at human-face-sustainability. In addition, ASU’s Global Institute of Sustainability and Creative Nonfiction magazine are seeking an artist to illustrate the winter 2014 issue of Creative Nonfiction magazine, “The Human Face of Sustainability.”

A variety of media will be considered (e.g. line drawings, watercolor, collage, etc.) and the selected artist will receive a $3,500 cash prize from the Sustainability Solutions Festival. The deadline for art submission is May 31, 2013; full contest guidelines and details are available at submissions/artists-wanted. The Rob and Melani Walton Sustainability Solutions Initiatives are the result of a $27.5 million investment in ASU’s Global Institute of Sustainability by the Rob and Melani Walton Fund of the Walton Family Foundation. Within the Walton Sustainability Solutions Initiatives, diverse teams of faculty, students, entrepreneurs, researchers and innovators collaborate to deliver sustainability solutions, accelerate global impacts and inspire future leaders through eight distinct program initiatives.

Have an education story idea?

Fo l l ow us on Call 602.285.7800 A Maricopa Community College.

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APRIL 13, 2013 | 2 - 9pm | Feast on the Street brings people together around a half-mile long dining table in downtown Phoenix, transforming First Street into a pedestrian promenade in celebration of food and art in the desert. This free public event is a community project initiated by the ASU Art Museum, Roosevelt Row CDC, and the artists Clare Patey and Matthew Moore.

Photo Credit: Feast on the Bridge, a Thames Festival Project. Photo: Tim Mitchell

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Transforming Lives! Unlocking Futures!

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¡ April 2013!

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An alarming trend Our teens in jeopardy By Arturo Gonzalez, M.D.

As teenagers, we were exposed to cigarettes,

alcohol and we probably knew of someone who smoked marijuana. Their harmful effects are well-documented and kids are made aware of the related dangers at an early age. Sadly, today’s teens and young adults are also experimenting with another type of drug that can be addictive and have deadly consequences – prescription medicine. It’s a frightening fact that there are more Americans who die from drug overdoses than in car crashes, and this increasing trend is driven by prescription painkiller abuse. Research shows that the 12- and 13-year-old kids’ drug of choice is prescription medication. Their faulty reasoning for experimenting with these drugs includes such cavalier statements as “they are legal and prescribed by doctors, so I should be okay.” We’ve heard this far too often from our patients. Let me share one revealing conversation I had with a 14-year-old boy who came in for a scheduled annual physical. (By the way, these routine exams provide the best opportunity for pediatricians to have critical discussions on the issues of potential substance abuse, sexual activity and depression, as well as trouble at school or in the home environment.) As usual, I asked permission from his parents to have this conversation with their son and then requested privacy with my patient, not only to examine him for a typical wellcheck, but to discuss any personal issues he wanted to discuss without his parents present. I asked him if he was experimenting with drugs? He said, “Yes, do you want me to list them all? Marijuana, cocaine, black tar heroin, Ecstasy, Adderall, mushrooms and Vicodin,” indicating that two of these were prescription medications obtained from home or school. He shared that he had been using drugs since the age of 12 and then pleaded with me to help him stop. He said, “I don’t want to do this anymore, I need help.”

With his permission, we discussed this revelation and plea for help with his parents. We were all shocked by the revelation and his parents were also angry, disappointed and disbelieving. But I helped them understand that this was a cry for help and, while we can’t undo the past, we can get him help now. The result of treatment and support helped this young man stay clean and move onto college and potential great success. Now this is an exceptional case of substance abuse that, with intervention, had a positive outcome.

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


Unfortunately, not all adolescents and young adults are as forthcoming, or as lucky, as my patient. Preventing this kind of abuse from even starting is paramount. It begins with awareness. Parents often don’t know that this kind of abuse is even occurring. If and when they do find out, they don’t know how to deal with a user or possible addict in the family. There is often a lot of anger, confusion and floundering around as they try to figure out what to do. Easy access is the most significant reason underlying the abuse of prescription drugs. A first step to consider is: what is in our medicine cabinet? From old prescriptions to over-the-counter pain relievers, teens are raiding medicine cabinets of friends and relatives alike. They are looking for painkillers and other prescriptions as a means to get high. This trend is especially impacting our Latino youth. The national “Partnership Attitude Tracking Study” from 2011 shows that nearly one out of four Hispanic teens report using a prescription drug without a doctor’s prescription. Latino youth 44

Latino Perspectives Magazine

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are also more likely to be surrounded by peers who use drugs. Our youth are also more likely than other teens to have used prescription medicine, Ecstasy or crack cocaine to get high. Medical professionals know that children who begin using substances during adolescence are much more likely to become addicted later in life than someone who begins using after his or her teenage years. To educate myself more deeply, as well as to help get the word out about the urgent need to prevent medicine abuse, I’ve been volunteering with the Arizona affiliate of the “Partnership for a Drug-Free America.” Dedicated to preventing and reducing youth drug and alcohol use, this non-profit foundation offers a prescription drug prevention page at, provided in English and Spanish. You’ll find valuable information that will help you: Learn which medicines kids are abusing Talk with your child at any age about the risks of using medicines without a prescription

Understand how parents and youth are being impacted by medicine abuse through their personal stories is working to reach out and educate 15,000 youth by 2014 in the hopes of preventing prescription medicine abuse. Pediatricians are also dedicated to raising healthy and drugfree children, and we urge parents to join us and follow these steps to protect your kids. Here are the steps you can take to put an “L-I-D-D” on this issue: Lock it up To ensure that your teen doesn’t experiment with prescription or overthe-counter medications that are in your home, lock the medicine cabinet or keep medications in a secure place. Inventory Many teens do not understand the dangers associated with prescription drug abuse. Unlike illegal drugs like heroin or cocaine, teens often feel prescription drugs are safer because they are legal and prescribed by a doctor. What they don’t know is that prescription drugs are just as

Easy access is the most significant reason underlying the abuse of prescription drugs. A first step to consider is: what is in our medicine cabinet? dangerous, addictive and deadly as any of those illegal drugs. By not monitoring medication in the home, parents risk their teen abusing medication. Be a proactive parent and take routine inventory of all prescription and over-the-counter medications. Discuss Drug abuse of any kind is a parent’s worst nightmare. To help avoid potential drug abuse, communication is essential. It is imperative that parents discuss the dangers of abusing prescriptions with their teen. offers helpful ways to start conversations with teens. The more open the conversation, the more likely they are to be honest about their activities or concerns and any curiosity they might have about painkillers, prescriptions and other drugs. And, starting early in building awareness with your child can help as well – don’t wait until peer pressure can’t be overcome. Disposal When old or expired prescriptions and medicine are not being used, it is important to dispose of them appropriately. Instead of disposing medications at home in the trash or flushing them down the toilet, parents should place them in a plastic bag that can be sealed, crush them, then mix with coffee grounds or kitty litter. Only then is it safe to throw in the trash. You can also take prescriptions to drop-off locations around your community for safe disposal. (See Sidebar) Together, we can help our teens live healthy, productive lives.

Arturo Gonzalez, M.D., FAAP, graduated from Medical School at the Autonomous University of Guadalajara. He was chief resident in St. Vincent’s/NYU residency program in New York. Dr. Gonzalez has held several leadership positions within the Arizona Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AzAAP) for the past 20 years. His current position is Immediate Past-President of the AzAAP. At the national level, he’s been involved with the AAP’s special interest group on immigration. He’s been in private practice for 20 years with Scottsdale Children’s Group.

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine


How does your garden grow? Local sources can provide answers to all your gardening questions By Virginia Betz

The desert gardener is a special breed – too much heat,

too little rain, poor soil drainage and constant health advisories to stay indoors! Regardless, the irrepressible desire to look out a window and see something alive and green, or eat something they grew themselves, compels the home horticulturalist to flout the negatives and make a go of plant cultivation. Experts claim that desert gardening needn’t be an exercise in futility, but due diligence and the adoption of strategies proven efficacious in arid environments are essential. Fortunately, gardening is such a popular avocation in the Valley that there is an abundance of resources to assist anyone who wishes to establish or upgrade their gardening credentials. Take a class! There are gardening classes galore for every level of learner from beginner to pro; formats vary from two-hour workshops to multiple-week courses; and subjects range from growing kitchen herbs to planting an orchard. A single class can help you bypass the frequent disappointments (and costs!) of relying on the trialand-error method. Here is just a sample of up-coming classes in some of the most reputable venues for gardening instruction in the Valley. 46

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ April 2013!

Landscape for Life: Sponsored by the Desert Botanical Garden When: Thursdays, April 18, 25, May 2, 9, 16; 6:30-8:30 p.m. Where: Desert Botanical Garden 1201 N. Galvin Parkway, Phoenix 85008 Cost: $169.00 (non-members); $135.00 (members) This five-lesson course was developed by the United States Botanic Garden and the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center to guide homeowners in applying sustainable practices to the planning and maintenance of residential landscapes. Participants will work throughout the sessions with a base map of their own property. Check out more classes at: Jump Start Your Garden: Sponsored by Root Phoenix, When: Saturday, April 27; 10:30-12 p.m. Where: The Orchard Room, 7120 N. 12th St., Phoenix 85020 Cost: $ 15.00 The class is taught by green living expert and permaculture advocate, Greg Petersen, who brought the Urban Farm concept to Phoenix. This class focusses on the fundamental techniques for growing things in the desert. For info on more classes and workshops: classes

Hot Season Gardening: Sponsored by Southwest Gardener, 602-279-9510 When: Sunday, April 28; Noon Where: 2809 N. 15th Ave., Phoenix 85007 Cost: $ 35.00 Local grower, Gregory Ware, advises participants how to maximize yields of vegetables and herbs during the hottest months of the year. Each participant will receive three starter plants from the instructor. See other gardening and gardening-craft (such as “upcycling” and art gardening) classes at: Start Your Own Edible Garden: Sponsored by ChandlerGilbert Community College/Pecos Campus, 480-732-7072 When: Open entry/open exit through August 19; new classes begin each month Where: Internet Cost: $ 119.00 To take this on-line class, complete the “Enroll Now” process at, then register with CGCC; check the website for specific start dates. Course will guide students in selecting the right crops for the micro-climatic conditions of their yards and preparing a proper garden bed. To investigate related classes at other Maricopa Community College campuses, check Join a Club! The Arizona Federation of Garden Clubs website (azgardenclubs. com) has a listing of all its member clubs and is the place to go to find a garden club near you. Joining a club not only allows you to network with, and learn from the experiences of, other growers, but they often sponsor lectures and garden tours. Club activities permit apartment and condo dwellers, as well as those who are physically unable to keep up a garden on their own, the opportunity to keep involved with this gratifying hobby. Furthermore, local garden clubs are the main vehicle through which many community projects are realized, such as neighborhood beautification, micro-climate amelioration, and turning unused land into urban gardens for growing fresh produce. Clubs provide valuable services and can be influential change agents with respect to environmental stewardship at the local level. Garden clubs often partner with institutions like the Master Gardener Program. Master Gardeners are individuals who have received special training through the University of Arizona’s Cooperative Extension. Certified Master Gardener Associates volunteer their expertise and leadership to their communities in various public education efforts: manning plant question phone lines, giving talks and tours, working with schools to instruct children in gardening principles, organizing conferences, and maintaining demonstration gardens that introduce new plants

and planting and irrigation techniques. There are four Master Gardener offices in Maricopa County (Phoenix, Sun City West, Mesa and Scottsdale). The Maricopa County Master Gardners have a hotline and also host walk-in “clinics” once a month; contact them at 602-827-8200 (ext. 301). Or, you can e-mail your questions to Anyone interested in becoming a Master Gardener should check out extension.

The most basic question for the gardener is ... not what would you like to grow, but WHAT CAN YOU GROW? Successful desert gardening depends on selecting plants that are right for the environment you can provide for them. Make informed choices based on: Sunlight exposure (hours per day) Soil quality; need for fertilizer and/or mulch Amount of space and capacity to mix with other species Potential pests (diseases/predators) Weed control and desirability of herbicide use Watering regime and optimal delivery system Equipment needs (for thinning, spraying, etc.) Ability to invest the time required to raise healthy plants Based on the University of Arizona’s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Cooperative Extension document, “10 Steps to a Successful Vegetable Garden.” See all at cals.arizona. edu/pubs/garden/az1435

¡ April 2013!

Latino Perspectives Magazine



Stella Pope Duarte

The debts we owe By Stella Pope Duarte

Tax time. Every April, millions of

Americans face a tedious task – figuring out if they own the IRS any money. For those who get a refund, tax time is a profitable one in which the IRS will send out much needed cash. But, for those who face the disturbing opposite, tax money that must be paid, April can be a time of added stress and anguish. There are few things that can make law-abiding citizens more nervous than having to contend with the IRS. Just receiving a letter with “Internal Revenue Service” given as the return address is enough to send a person into a tailspin. The word “audit” can make the strongest American tremble. When I was a child, there was a tax man who would come to our house on 7th Avenue and Pima Street and sit with my father with a small calculator and papers that made no sense to me. My father would invariably get a refund and that made me happy; el gobierno was sending us money, so life was good. I had no idea that we were receiving a refund because my father’s income was low, below the poverty line, or close to it.

Over the years, I have wondered about “tax time,” with a new anticipation and, certainly, with great concern. Millions share that concern as they try to figure out how much money they made, what percentage of that is taxable, and how much tax they might still owe? The numbers are often not in their favor, and they discover they must pay more tax even though their take-home pay had been habitually diminished by various tax obligations. Several years ago as I wrote my novel, Let their Spirits Dance, I sat at a table in a small restaurant off Central Avenue in South Phoenix. As my hand rested on the table top, I felt a warm spot on the surface and thought perhaps someone had placed a warm plate or hot coffee cup on the table. However, there was no evidence that anyone had sat there before I came in. I even ran my hand under the table, thinking there might be an electrical outlet under the table that was shorting out. There was none. Understanding that, as a writer, things come to me from “left field,” I immediately took a small notebook and wrote a reflection that fit into the story of Sergeant Jesse Ramirez, the Vietnam veteran who had been killed in 1968 during the Tet Offensive. His sister, Teresa,

was voicing her pain over losing her brother, and it came in the form of a debt she owed the universe. There was a balance owing in my life that day – a debt of tears, pleas, cries, energy pushing to the surface. How can you owe a debt to the universe? But I did. And the universe wouldn’t be conned into taking anything less than the cold chill in my heart, strange payment for the warmth that was to follow. At tax time, millions of Americans owe money. But what does a person owe when a cold, hard chill exists within? Teresa owed a debt, but it had nothing to do with money. It had to do with the bitterness and anger she felt over her brother’s death. Her debt was to be an exchange: the cold chill for the warmth. Sometimes the debts we owe have little to do with tax time, or the IRS. We owe hatred, anger, revenge, remorse; the list is endless. Until we pay the debt by giving it up to the universe, we will not receive the opposite – love, forgiveness and peace.

Stella Pope Duarte was born and raised in South Phoenix. She began her award-winning career in 1995 after she had a dream in which her deceased father told her that her destiny was to become a writer. Contact her at 48

Latino Perspectives Magazine

¡ April 2013!


my perspective on: protecting the Grand Canyon Watershed area

Re-opening mines is a bad idea about the American West, the Grand Canyon is often the first thing to come to mind. A few issues have clouded the image – immigration battles, Supreme Court cases – but the Canyon and its environs remain the heart and soul of our region and one of the most iconic landscapes on Earth. Its economic impact equals its reputation. According to a recent study by Michigan State University for the National Park Service, in 2011, 4.3 million visitors saw the Grand Canyon, generating $467 million in economic activity and supporting 7,361 jobs. In more ways than one, the Canyon really is a critical part of Arizona. That’s why I was so encouraged last year when President Obama made the historic decision to protect nearly a million acres of federal land adjacent to Grand Canyon National Park for the next 20 years. Unfortunately, that move is under attack and may well be undone. The Executive Order protecting the Canyon is being challenged by the mining industry in federal court. Just as seriously, the U.S. Forest Service has decided to allow the re-opening of the uranium-producing Canyon Mine in the Kaibab National Forest, just six miles outside the boundary of Grand Canyon National Park. The mine is within the area covered by last year’s withdrawal order. It can re-open because the withdrawal order only prevents new claims; old ones, however out of date, remain binding. Canyon Mine was shut down in 1996. The Forest Service recently allowed it to re-open based on the 1986 Mining Plan of Operations and Environmental Impact Statement. You read that right. A mine, shut down almost 20 years ago, is going to be re-opened and operated under an environmental review conducted almost 30 years ago. The story doesn’t stop there. After approving the project, the Forest Service designated the Red Butte area adjacent to the mine as Traditional Cultural Property (TCP), recognizing it as a sacred site of the Havasupai Nation. As a TCP, the area is on the National Register of Historic Places and is under the jurisdiction of the National Historic Preservation Act, which guides the protection of historic and cultural resources, and formalizes consultation with tribal governments.

We don’t know yet what impacts Canyon Mine will have on Red Butte. Because the Forest Service didn’t initiate formal consultation before allowing the mine to reopen, concerns from the Havasupai and other interested stakeholders have been swept under the rug. That’s led, very predictably, to litigation. Now, the Forest Service is spending taxpayers’ money to defend a decision that shouldn’t have been made in the first place. The unfortunate decision to permit the re-opening of Canyon Mine sends the wrong message about the importance of this precious watershed and the future of the 20-year withdrawal. I’ve introduced a bill, the Grand Canyon Watershed Protection Act, that would make the withdrawal permanent. Until that happens, I encourage federal land management agencies to err on the side of caution when it comes to permitting claims in the withdrawal area. This area is very ecologically sensitive and is economically irreplaceable for the entire region. The Grand Canyon area already faces plenty of other external challenges, such as upstream pollution sources and too many competing claims on Colorado River water rights. We shouldn’t let short-sighted industry demands make things worse. Updated environmental reviews and diligent stakeholder consultation should be mandatory for any new mining activity, whether it’s six or 6,000 miles from the Grand Canyon. The previously mentioned lawsuit challenges the withdrawal’s legality; Yount v. Salazar had a recent hearing in the U.S. District Court of Arizona. The ruling is expected in a matter of weeks. The decision will determine the federal government’s ability to make decisions about the fate of taxpayer-owned land. Keep an eye on it. That we’re even in this position tells me that we need congressional leadership to provide permanent protection for the Grand Canyon Watershed, a network of waterways that provides drinking water to over 25 million Americans. I won’t stop working to protect this area so that future generations can enjoy it, just as I have and hope you will. If we’re not careful, it may not look the same much longer. Raúl Grijalva has been the Representative (D-Ariz.) for Congressional District 3 since 2002. He champions proenvironment causes as a member of the Committee on Natural Resources, chair of the National Parks, Forests and Public Lands Subcommittee and co-chair of the National Landscape Conservation System Caucus.

¡ April 2013!

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Advocates for Latino Perspectives Magazine proudly salutes the honorees of the Victoria Foundation’s 2013 Advocates for Education Awards Friday, May 3, 2013

Advocates Fo

Arizona Biltmore – Gold Room 2400 East Missouri Avenue, Phoenix, Arizona 85016 Registration: 11:30 am • Lunch/Award: 12:00 pm - 1:30 pm


For RSVP and Sponsorship Information Contact Bertha Salas at 602-253-9533 or

luncheon 201

Presented by

Presented By

Friday, May 3, 201


Advocate for Excellence in Youth Education Mr. Alberto Esparza Si Se Puede Foundation

Benefactor of Education Mr. Rick DeGraw SCF Arizona

Patron of Education Dr. Sylvia Lee Pima Community College

Champion of Education Dr. Steven R. Helfgot Maricopa Community Colleges Foundation Architect of Education Facilities Mr. Paul Ahern Architect

Congratulations Priscilla Giguere - Mrs. Sonoran Desert

We are proud to have you as a friend to the Estetica family. We wish you the best of luck in the Mrs. Arizona America Pageant. Mrs. America State Pageant will take place April 5 & 6, 2013 at the Tempe Center for the Arts, Tempe, AZ. Tickets available for this event at the box office and online. To learn more about the Mrs. Arizona America Pageant, find us on Facebook or at: Mrs. Arizona America Pageant

Priscilla Giguere Mrs. Sonoran Desert

Mrs. Arizona America Contestant 2013

Dr. Corwin D. Martin


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Latino Perspectives Magazine April 2013  
Latino Perspectives Magazine April 2013  

Magazine focused on the Arizona Latino Market