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321

Siirah 3. Al '1m ran (Part-4) Nay, they are alive, provision. ,PI

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Qatadah, Ar-RabI' and AeJ-l)al).l)ak said that these Aydt were revealed about the martyrs of Ul)ud. [2) Abu Bakr Ibn Marduwyah recorded that Jabir bin 'Abdullah said, "The Messenger of Allah looked at me one day and said, '0 Jabir! Why do I see you sad?' I said, '0 Messenger of Allah! My father was martyred and left behind debts and children.' He said,

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((ShOUld I tell you that Allah never spoke to anyone except from behind a veil? However, He spoke to your father directly. He said, 'Ask Me and I will give you.' He said, 'I ask that I am returned to life so that I am killed in Your cause again.' The Lord, Exalted He be, said, 'I have spoken the word that they shall not be returned back to it (this life).' He said, '0 Lord! Then convey the news to those I left behind. ')) Allah revealed, ~~;·\..1;1 y,

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~Think not of those as dead who are killed in the way of Allah .. . ~" [3)

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Imam Al)mad recorded that Ibn 'Abbas said that the Messenger of Allah ~ said, :,'\';u:, n-:[..i'"'-'

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((The martyrs convene at the shore of a river close to the door of Paradise in a green tent where their provisions are brought to them'from Paradise day and night. » 1

1

(1)

Al}.mad 1 :265.

[2]

At-Tabari .7 :389-390.

[3\

Dala'iI An_}'vubuwwah by Al-Bayhaqi 3 :299.


322

Tafsfr Ibn Kathfr

A1;lmad P ] and Ibn JarIr[2] collected this I;ladrth, which has a good chain of narration. It appears that the martyrs are of different types, some of them wander in Paradise, and some remain close to this river by the door of Paradise. It is also possible that the river is where all the souls of the martyrs convene and where they are provided with their provision day and night, and Allah knows best. Imam Al:1mad narrated a I;ladrth that contains good news for every believer that his soul will be wandering in Paradise, as well, eating from its fruits, enjoying its delights and happiness and tasting the honor that Allah has prepared in it for him. This I;ladith has a unique, authentic chain of narration that includes three of the Four Imams. Imam A1;lmad narrated this I;ladrth from Mul:1ammad bin Idns Ash-Shafi'i who narrated it from Malik bin Anas AI-Asbul:1i, from Az-Zuhri, from 'Abdur­ Ral:1man bin Ka'b bin Malik that his father said that the Messenger of Allah said,

ÂŤThe soul of the believer becomes a bird that feeds on the trees of Paradise, until Allah sends him back to his body when He resurrects him .11[3] This I;ladith states that the souls of the believers are in the shape of a bird in Paradise. As for the souls of martyrs, they are inside green birds, like the stars to the rest of the believing souls. We ask Allah the Most Generous that He makes us firm on the faith. Allah's statement,

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rejoice in what Allah has bestowed upon them" indicates that the martyrs who were killed in Allah's caus'{f are alive with Allah, delighted because of the bounty P~d happiness they are enjoying. They are also awaiting ('their brethren, who will die in Allah's cause after them, for ~!;:(ey will be meeting them soon. These martyrs do not have fear about ---~

......-

--­

[1]

AQmad 1 :266

[2]

At-Tabari 7 :387

(3)

~~ad 3 :455.

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[PDF] Qur'an Tafsir Ibn Kathir Surah 3 (آل عمران) Al Imran  

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[PDF] Qur'an Tafsir Ibn Kathir Surah 3 (آل عمران) Al Imran  

LINK TO ALL CHAPTERS: https://issuu.com/lasjan/stacks/d645040b7e3f4db7b1b8e4f079ab7443

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