Issuu on Google+

Didactic Proposal for Subject 3: The great paradigm of Humanism Renascence, Enlightenment, Human Rights- stamp of morality. Didactic programme for 12 may 2011 E-Class Number two Santa Clara school team for Comenius Between Religions and Ethics. A common ground By Philosophy teacher: Eliseo Rabadán Fernández Introduction to Renaissance Humanism (XVI aC), Rationalism and Empirism (XVII aC) until Enlightment(XVIII aC) and French Revolution Citizens Rights (XIX aC). Ethics and moral values, civic and individual rights after the ending of Middle Ages teo-centered view of life Related OBJECTIVES D.3 : Nrs. 1-2-3-4-5 & 6 total time : 30 minutes 5 minutes for the explanation of the scientific and politic developments which has deeply changed Europe : 5 minutes oral exposition A- a.1)The Copernican Revolution in Astronomics: Johannes Kepler three Laws. a.2) Humanists: Erasmus of Rotterdam,Luis Vives in Spain, Italian humanists such as Pico della Mirandola. Politics after Niccolo Macciavelli view of the Prince as ruler. 5 minutes oral exposition B- England and the Habeas Corpus: all men must have the oportunity to prove their innocence in any judgment. Bill of Rights, after stablishing of the first Parliamentary Monarchy in Europe, after the triumph of Oliver Cromwell, and the Glorious Revolution in 1988. Locke : liberalism and tolerance, a first reference in modern Europe for ethical present values 5 minutes oral exposition C- Copernican revolution in Philosophy: b.1) Kant as a synthesis of rationalism and empirism: God, Soul, and World as the last limits for human reason b.2) considered by Enlighted Men as the only way to advance under the light of reason: sapere aude, be brave enough to know the Truth by the only light of your own reason. Not revealed but natural reason. b.3) Reject of authority based argumentation, and continuing the attack to Metaphysical Universals, started by Ockam: Universals as flatus vocis. 5 minutes oral exposition D- Enlighted men and technic advances preparing the first industrial revolution next XIX Century d.1-The roots of Romanticism , mainly with German Enlightmen such as Novalis, Lessing,(remember his book Nathan the Wiseman),Herder, Schiller, Hölderling. Remember that European Union Hymn, based on the Beethoven Ninth Symphomy, the Ode to Happyness is a poem writen by Schiller, a Romantic peot collaborating to German Encyclopaedia d.2) French Enlightmen: Voltaire, Rousseau, D´Alambert and the spreading of the movement of Reason all over Europe. 5 minutes oral exposition E-French Revolution: fall of French Absolutist Kings, and the reaction against Naopleonic


model based upon Revolution principles of freedom, equalitarianism, fraternity. Laissez faire, laissez passer. The French declaration of Rights for Man and Citizen, means a breaking point on ethical , moral and political values in Europe. All of this must to suffer a strong rejection by other absolutist Kings wishing to maintain the Old Ancient Regime. SOURCES A) online http://www.philosophypages.com/dy/index.htm useful site to read, organize, starter level for introduction to History of Philosophy and names of Philosophers B) Bertrand Russell: A History of Western Philosophy C)Frederik Copleston: History of Philosophy, Vols. 4,5,6,7 D)The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Editor Ted Honderich * Related items to E-sources 1- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Renaissance with information upon Spain Renaissance Era about Music, Architecture, Literature, Religious main changes( Reformation/Counter-Reformation) 2- http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/enlightenment/ for the study of Enlightenment in Europe 3- Benito J.Feijoo, maybe the most important Spanish Enlightenment Philosopher site (in Spanish language) http://www.filosofia.org/bjf/bjf000.htm 4-Novalis and German Encyclopaedia http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/novalis/ 5-Terror and the French Revolution http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/terrorism/ 6-http://www.c18.net/ for the study of XVIII Century


humanism lesson plan spain