Somos Erasmus + The effects of migration on the country of origin and on the host country
he consequences for the country of origin are divided into positive and negative.
were done by local people. These countries earn workforce in areas where there is labor shortage (e.g. agricultural, livestock, industrial space). In addition, the immigrants paid with low wages, contribute to the reduction of inflation. Furthermore, immigrants contribute to the support of the social security system with the contributions paid, in countries where there is an ageing local population.
The positive is as follows. Initially, the migrants send to their country valuable foreign exchange. In addition, some are returning to their country and do business with the money they have accumulated. Moreover, they take home positive elements from the culture of their host country and create bridges of communication with their new home.
The consequences for the host country are also divided into negative and positive.
This situation, however, has some implications for the country. Firstly, it is the increasing unemployment among locals in some areas as the immigrants work with lower wages and often uninsured. Secondly, illegality and criminality are increased because most of the times immigrants can't survive otherwise or are exploited by local people. Finally, the demographic composition of the countries in which immigrants resort is threatened, since the number of immigrants is huge.
The positive include securing cheap labor. Many jobs would cost a lot more if there
Konstantina Maraki (Greece)
The negative is the fact that the country loses a part of its workforce and even young people who could offer in the development for their country. Finally, some regions are becoming depopulated.