Somos Erasmus + The refugee crisis
ore than a million migrants and refugees crossed into Europe in 2015, sparking crisis as countries struggie to cope with the influx, and creating division in the EU over how best to deal with resettling people.
boat and overland. In September, EU ministers voted by a majority to replace 120000 refugees EU-wide, but for now the plan will only apply to 66,000 who are in Italy and Greece.
The symbolic milestone was passed on 21 December the International Organisation for migration (IOM) said, with the total for land and sea reaching more 1,006,000.
Most of those heading for Greece take the relatively short voyage from Turkey to the islands of Kos, Chios, Lesvos and Samos (Often flimsy rubber dinghies or small wooden boats).
The figure covers entries via six European Union nations (Greece, Bulgaria, Italy, Spain, Malta and Cyprus)
More than 700 died in the Aegean crossing from Greece to Turkey.
Since April 2015, the European Union has struggled to cope with the crisis, increasing funding for border patrol operations in the Mediterranean, devising plans to fight migrant smuggling, launching Operation Sophia and proposing a new quota system to relocate and resettle asylum seekers among EU states and alleviate the burden on countries on the external borders of the Union.
Amid this crisis, children are the most vulnerable of all. Many are travelling with their families, while many others are on their own. Every one of them is in need of protection and entitled to the rights guaranteed under the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Migrant children and women, especially those migrating without documentation, are vulnerable to trafficking, abuse and exploitation. In countries of transit and destination, migrants and their families often find themselves victims of discrimination, poverty and social marginalization.
Where do come from them? The conflict in Syria continues to be by far the biggest driver of the migration. But the ongoing violence in Afghanistan, abuses in Eritrea, as well as poverty in Kosovo are also leading people to look for new lives elsewhere.
Angela Pardo ( EspaĂąa)
T e n sions in the EU have been rising because of the disproportionate burden faced by some countries particularly Greece. Italy and Hungary where migrants have been arriving by 34