Page 1

THE

PROVINCIAL TOKEN-COINAGE OF THE

18th CENTURY ILLUSTRATED

BY

R. DALTON & S. H. HAMER

1910

Reprinted 1967


' Others have laboured,

T

and we enter into their labours."

H E copper currency of this country, towards the end of the eighteenth century, was in such a neglected condition, by reason of the meagre supply, and the very inferior quality of the design, that tons of imitation regal halfpence and farthings were in circulation. Such being the state of things, it is no wonder that when the Provincial Token Coinage made its appearance, with the issue of the Pennies and Halfpence of the Parys Mines Company (of Anglesey) and others, many persons made collections of the novel specimens. The law of supply and demand, and vice versa, makes itself felt under all conditions. So long as the tokens were of good weight, and the supply was not in excess of the need for small change, tbe issue was advantageous to the public ; but when the supply exceeded the demand, and the quality had materially deteriorated—not to mention the number of counterfeits which got into circulation— they ceased to serve their purpose, and were superseded by the issue of the copper Twopenny and One Penny pieces of 1797. The following list of publications, mostly contemporaneous with the issue of the tokens, will be of interest:— Thomas Spence, of No. 8, Little Turnstile, High Holborn, London, in 1795, published " The Coin Collector's Companion, being a descriptive alphabetical list of the Modern Provincial Political and other Copper Coins." There are 50 pp. and an Addenda. Some copies have a " Supplement" of vi. pp. Christopher Williams published " A Descriptive List of the Provincial Copper Coins, including those of London, MDCCXCV. Price Sixpence." 30 pp. Another—" The Virtuoso's Guide in Collecting Provincial Copper Coins, being a copious and perfect description of all that are now extant. London : Printed by, and for J. Hammond, No. 12, St. Martin's Lane, and sold by Jones, No. 17, Butcher Row, and Denton, Hospital Gate, Smithfield. MDCCXCV." 45 pp. and Addenda—describes 428 specimens. In a notice " To the Public," the author refers to " Two Publications which bear a similarity to this," which have been published, and to the inaccuracies in such. This is rather amusing, seeing that he printed the Descriptive List by Christopher Williams. He further continues—" It is to be lamented, that there are some persons who have been stimulated by the hopes of gain, to have several Dies made, and by striking the reverse of one Die with the obverse of another, and vice versa, they have produced a great number


of different Coins, which are vulgarly called ' Bastards,' and are in general esteemed unworthy a place in the Collections of the Curious." The author refrains from describing the " B a s t a r d s " or "Mules." A more extensive work is " A Descriptive List of the Provincial Copper Coins or Tokens issued between the Years 1786 and 1796, arranged alphabetically, by Samuel Birchall, of Leeds. From the originals in his own Possession." This title-page is an impression from a copper plate, and has an illustration of the obverse and reverse of his Private Token ; also—" Leeds: Printed for 8. Birchall, and sold by Henry Young, Ludgate Street, London. 1796." There is also a title-page in letterpress—"An Alphabetical List of Provincial Copper-Coins or Tokens, issued between the years 1786 and 1796. Leeds: Printed by Thomas Gill, 1796." There is a notice " To the Collectors of Provincial Coins," in which reference is made to the innumerable errors which have crept into the previous publications. The names of thirteen Collectors are given, who have contributed information as to specimens which appear in the Appendix, having an additional number in small figures, corresponding with the number opposite the name. " The Virtuoso's Companion and Coin Collector's Guide. London : Published for the Proprietor, by M. Denton, Hospital Gate, West Smithfield, 1795." Some copies have vol. 1 dated 1797, though the plates are dated 1795, &c. The Preface informs the reader that four hundred and eighty different coins will be illustrated, in four volumes, for twenty shillings. Early copies have some pages erroneously numbered, viz., pp. 195 and 198, each of which are repeated, pp. 199 and 201 being omitted; but the engravings are not in duplicate, and agree with those in a copy (evidently a later issue, the illustrations not being so sharp) where the paging is continuous. In this, the page having the Gloucester and Berkley Canal token, is numbered 201; and that having a view of a church—St. Catherine's, Coleman Street—is 199. This erroneous pagination has been the cause of some copies being described as imperfect or incomplete. James Wright, Junr., Esq., F.A.S.S., wrote an interesting article, headed " Observations on Coins," referring to the several types of design as represented on the tokens, &c. After the four volumes had appeared, there still remained such a number of specimens not illustrated, that it was decided to continue the publication, hence it was extended to eight volumes; T. Prattent, of 46, Cloth Fair, being responsible for it during the publishing of vols. 7 and 8. The work appeared at intervals of from ten to fourteen days, in paper covers, price sixpence ; twelve coins, on three plates, constituting a number. A frontispiece appeared with vol. 1, and at the end of vols. 4 and 8 an Index, but no explanatory or descriptive letterpress. This work, and also the octavo edition by C. Pye, are gradually becoming scarcer, many having been cut up to illustrate books of letterpress only. Charles Pye, engraver, of Birmingham, published by subscription his octavo work, having an engraved title-page : " Provincial Copper Coins or Tokens, issued between the years 1787 and 1796. Engraved by Charles Pye, of Birmingham, from the originals in his own Possession." Below is a figure of a female seated under the shade of a tree


contemplating the portrait of George III., which she supports with her right hand. In the "Advertisement," dated " Birmingham, Sept. 1, 1795," the author refers to "productions not being intended for circulation ; many of them so infamously base, that, in my opinion, they are a disgrace to the age we live in, and such as I don't think proper to admit into my collection." He published the work in twelve numbers, three plates in each, at lialf-a-crown per number; a few proofs on large paper, at five shillings per number. The Index contains, as far as he was able, the names of the Die-sinkers. This was succeeded by a quarto edition in 1801, with 55 plates ; an Index giving the names of Die-sinkers, Manufacturers, Proprietors, Quantities issued, and Observations ; a two-page Advertisement, in which lie describes the lines adopted in arranging the engravings, &c. A second edition was published by Matthew Young, about the year 1834. James Conder, of Ipswich, published " An Arrangement of Provincial Coins, Tokens and Medalets, issued in Great Britain, Ireland and the Colonies, within the last twenty years; from the farthing to the penny size; in two volumes, octavo, with three plates of illustrations." There are large paper copies printed on one side only. Some have, at the foot of title-page—" Ipswich : Printed and Sold by George Jermyn. Sold also by T. Conder, No. 30, Bucklersbury, and H. Young, No. 10, Tavistock St., London. 1798 " ; others—"Ipswich: Printed by George Jermyn; sold by Messrs. Cadell and Davies, Strand; Messrs. Rivington, St. Paul's Churchyard, and T, Conder, Bucklersbury. 1799." Some copies have an Appendix, finishing at p. 320; others have it continued to p. 333, following which is " Appendix Second," concluding with p. 348. The Index, paged 321-328, shows that the continuation of the first Appendix, and also the second Appendix, were compiled after the Index was printed; the paging of the letterpress following p. 320, and disregarding that of the Index. With the exception of the privately printed Catalogue of Sir George Chetwynd's Tokens, by Thomas Sharp, Conder's work was the book of reference till the publication of " T h e Tradesmen's Tokens of the Eighteenth Century," by James Atkins. This publication has been, and is, of such service to Collectors, that no better evidence as to its usefulness is possible than the fact that the collecting and study of the specimens has brought to light such a number of varieties of dies, especially in the Cheshire, Lancashire, Warwickshire and Anglesey series, as to warrant the publication of a work illustrating and describing all the known varieties. This will be published in sections—obviously an advantage to those who limit their collection to one or more counties—and, as nearly as possible, will follow the arrangement in Atkins' work ; Mules will be described but not illustrated; the rarity of the various pieces will be stated ; the " Building " tokens will form a separate series, but will be also included in the letterpress of other series to conform with Atkins' arrangement. Thanks are tendered to all who have so willingly helped to make the publication so complete ; should others appear, the owners are asked to communicate with the authors with a view to having them described in an Addenda. Collectors will find their interest in the subject deepened by a study of the circumstances which brought about the issue, also by a consideration of the French Revolution, the Birmingham Riots, and their association with Priestley, &c. W. R. Hay, M.A., Vicar


of Rochdale, the issuer (along with Mr. Tomlinson and Mr. W. Orme) of the Buxton Tokens, was the Chairman of the Justices, and ordered the reading of the Riot Act, on August 16th, 1819, on the occasion of the great meeting at Manchester. The Political Series, although many are " Mules,'' is most interesting, having reference to many historical events. A visit to the Abbeys, Castles, Cathedrals or Churches, as represented on the specimens, mutually adds to the interest in the structure and the token ; in fact, the more attention is devoted to the subject and appertaining circumstances, the greater becomes the intellectual pleasure which a collection will furnish. Some knowledge of the theory of die-sinking is helpful. Specimens exist from dies which have been " lapped" or polished up, after having been used for the order for tokens; these may have a brilliant appearance on the "field," but the fine lines will be found to be wanting, and, to the uninitiated, such may appear to be from different dies (compare Nos. 5 and 6 Cheshire; Rochdale 89, rev. die ; Wainfleet, Atkins 9e; also among the tokens of Norfolk and Suffolk are some of this class). Thomas Sharp, in his Introduction to the Catalogue of the Provincial Coins in the Collection of Sir George Chetwynd, Bart., states that these specimens from polished dies " were eagerly bought by inexperienced Collectors as proofs." Collectors are cautioned against what are described as " unpublished edges." If the wording is entirely different, they may regard it as correctly described; but if only a " blundered edge," i.e. incorrect by reason of the lettering having been imperfectly impressed in the process of " rolling " it on, let it pass. " PAYABLE IN LONDON, the remainder engrailed."—One having this " edge" may be offered as " unpublished" with a small • x • added. This would appear on all if not "blundered," and in many instances may be seen partly obliterated. Charles Pye refers to the Collector who, when he finds it difficult to procure a scarce variety of a coin, by means of filing and chasing a common impression of the same coin, contrives to patch up an imitation of a rare variety. Unfortunately, the evil which such men do lives after them, and as a result, an unpublished " Plain edge, in collar, may appear. A careful examination may show traces of filing, in which instance the specimen should be regarded as an ordinary one, the edge of which has been tampered with; or, an apparently genuine "Plain Edge in Collar" may have been produced by " t u r n i n g ' the edge in a lathe; but as such treatment would render the specimen smaller in diameter than the ordinary ones, a comparison will reveal the true character of the piece. \ e t , all things considered, there is less chance of a novice being deceived who has taken up the collection of tokens, than is the case in many other pursuits ; and, considering the number of specimens which may be obtained for the sum required for a moderately expensive painting, the number of Collectors should be much in excess of what it is at present, and a true Collector is always willing to instruct a beginner. Extracts from the " Bazaar Notes " and " The Universal British Directory," and works previously mentioned, have been used where such would add to the completeness of the description. S. H. HAMER. HALIFAX,

January 1st, 1910.


March, 1910. OME apology is needed for the delay in the issue of this Work, as it has taken much longer than was anticipated to get the necessary information—especially with regard to the various dies used for the Macclesfield series. It is hoped in future to publish a section every three months.

S

Our best thanks are accorded to all Collectors and Dealers who have so kindly assisted with descriptions, etc.; they will be more fully referred to at the completion. As far as possible, the general arrangement is in accordance with Atkins' valuable Work on the E I G H T E E N T H C E N T U R Y T O K E N S ; his numbers have been quoted thus—A Experience has indicated the extent of research accomplished by him in compiling his work, and the care bestowed ou its arrangement. All the Tokens which he mentions have been traced, with the exception of the ten following, which are inserted on his authority:— C A M B R I D G E .

No. 30 „ 31 „ 32 38

... ... ...

Atkins' No. 18 ,, 19 „ 24 .. 25 27

M A C C L E S F I E L D .

No. i) „ „

8 ... Atkins' No. 6 15a ... ,, 11a 68fc „ 42c 76a from a note given to a collector ^ Mr. Atkins „ 78c ... Atkins' No. 52a

Atkins' 46a.—This he states was a doubtful edge, and the specimen was destroyed. A cordial invitation is given to all Collectors of Tokens, and Curators of Museums containing collections, who have not already been communicated with, to supply informa tion as to varieties, etc., that such may be noted and appear in an Addenda. RICHARD DALTON. PARK

HOUSE, COTHAM

PARK, BRISTOL.


Bebforbsbire. F L I T W I C K .

1. O: View of Flitwick church. R: A cypher P. S. d Co., 1797. A. 1 2. R: SuniJar, but without the date. These formed part of S K I D M O R E S issue of churches, and will be illustrated with the others L E I G H T O N

&

B U Z Z A R D .

¥

3.

0 : A girl making lace, &c. R: A lamb, &c. E: Milled. 3a. E: PAYABLE AT W. G O L D S M I T H S TREE ESSEX.

V.

% ->s*.

A. 2 BRAINA . 2b

3 h. E-. PAYABLE AT JOHN ROOK NORWICH. 3c. E : CHAMBERS, LANGSTON HALL & CO. A. 196, Middlesex 3U. E: Plain. A. 2a No. 3c was also struck in silver. Issued by Messrs. C H A M B E R S , L A N G S T O N , H A L L & Co. E in/rarer—WYON.

Manufacturer—KEMPSON.

This firm also carried on business as haberdashers at 46, Gutter Lane, Cheapside, London Nos. 3 and 3ft, RR. 2, R. 1 and 3a, scarce. 3c, common. P U D D I N G T O N .

-'0.

= > v, \

l<

^

4. 0 : Bust to right. Unfinished die. The 5. U : As last, but with the eye filled in and eye not filled in. the hair altered. R : A ship sailing, &c. A. 3 R : As last. Both of these are very rare, especially No. 4.

B e r k s h i r e . W I N D S O R .

0 : A stag lying under a tree. R: WINDSOR HALFPENNY TOKEN 1 7 9 5 . A. 1 E: Plain (not in collar). A . la la. E: SKIDMORE HOLBOKN LONDON. lb. E: SPENCE X D E A L E R X IN X COINS X LONDON X A . lc lc. E: Milled. This was one of S K I D M O R E ' S specious Tokens made for sale to collectors. 1.

Engraver—JACOBS.

Nos. 1, 16 and lc, RRR.

la, scarce.


Bucfunobamsbire. PENNY

SIZE.

A Y L E S B U R Y .

1. 0 : Bust of William III. li : Cap of liberty, &c. E

: ON DEMAND IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OB ANGLESEY.

Struck on thick flan from tlu; Halfpenny die No. 7. Very rare. HALFPENNIES. A M E R S H A M .

2.

0 : Musical instruments, &c.

AMERS-

HAM . TOKEN . 1 7 9 7 . R : A . SPEEDY

I AND | LASTING

| PEACE

In four lines, &c. E: Milled. A. 1 2a. E: Engrailed. A. 1 a Scarce. Manufactured by S K I D M O R E , for sale. One is known with plain edge. As this shows marks of tiling, it is considered a doubtful edge, and is not included with the others. is

A Y L E S B U R Y .

h If

:

\> v

3. 0 : A figure of Justice seated. R : Shield of arms. BUCKINGHAMSHIRE . . 179G. E : Plain. A. 4 4. 0 : Initials F. W. 1797. li : Shield of arms, &c. E : Plain. A. 3

5. 0 : Ii: E: 6. O : II: E: (ia. E :

These were issued by Eiuj rarer—JAMES.

----- - V 7

As obv. of No. 3. As obv. of No. 4. Engrailed. As obv. of No. 3. As rev. of No. 4. Milled. Plain.

Manufacturer—SKIDMORE.

7.

O : A. laureate bust of William III. II: A cap of liberty on a pole. E : Milled. A. 18

la.

E

AT

ANGLESEY

LONDON

LIVERPOOL. 7b.

E

A. 5

FRANCIS W H E E L E R .

No. 5 was also struck in silver. Pye states only three impressions.

: PAYABLE

A. 2

: CELEBRATED

OR

A. 1 8 a FOR

PURE

AIR

&

SEA-

BATHING

A . 18fc

7c. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 18c

Nos. 4, 5, 7a and 7b, RRR.

-V

3 and 7c, scarce.

7, common.

- •%.


JBucbtnobamebfre. A Y L E S B U R Y .

MULES.

9.

9a. 10. 11. 12. 13.

Nos. 8-13. 0: As No. 4. R : Heart and hand. See Spence, Middlesex. E : Milled. A. 6 R : PANDORA'S BREECHES. See Spence, Middlesex. E : Engrailed. A. 7 E : Milled. 11: A shepherd under a tree. See Spence, Middlesex. E : Milled. A. 8 R\ A true-hearted sailor. See Spence, Middlesex. E : Milled. A. 9 R : An archer standing holding a bow. See Warwickshire. A. 10 R : An anchor and cable, IN COMMEMORATION OF, &C. See Not Local. E: Milled. A. 11

Nos. 14-19. O : As No. 3. 14. R : View of a church, HENDON, &C See Middlesex. E : Milled. A. 12 15. R : A man with a wooden leg. MR. JOSEPH ASKINS. See Middlesex. E : Engrailed. A. 13 15a. E: Milled. 10. R : A man haDging; p—T, &C. See Corresponding Society, Middlesex. E: Milled. A. 14 17. R : Laureate bust to right, LONG . LIVE . T H E . KING. See Sussex. E : Milled. A. 15 18. R : Bust to left, MAY THE FRENCH, &c. See Not Local. E : Milled. A. 16 19. R : An anchor, &c., as No. 13. E : Milled. A. 17 Nos. 9, 9a and 11, RRR.

The others, R.

C H E S H A M .

20cI. E

20. O: A cypher A. S. R : Shield of arms. A. 19

E : PAYABLE AT ADAM SIMPSONS

Issued by

: LONDON OR IN LANCASTER

A . SIMPSON,

Engraver—DIXON.

Draper, Chesham.

Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE.

No. 20a, RR.

20, common.


36uckin0bamsbirc. S L O U G H .

&

21. 0 : Shield of arras, etc., 1794. R : Lion rampant to right.

22. 0 : Ii: 23. 0 : R:

As obv. of No. 21. A lion rampant to left. As last. View of an inn.

A. 23 A. 24

24. 0 : R: 25. O: Ii: 26. 0 : R:

As As As As As As

27 27. 0 : Shield of arms,

JOHN

A. 26

rev. of No. 22. rev. of No. 23. obv. of No. 21. obv. of No. 27. obv. of No. 21. obv. of No. 28.

A. 22 A. 24

28 PECKHAM,

28. 0 : A shield of arms, very similar to

CHEMIST & DRUGGIST.

No. 27

R : A Phoenix, 1795. A. 21 tf:AsNo.27 No. 21, very rare. 25 and 26, rare. The others, scarce. Nos. 22 and 27 were also struck in gold. ,, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 and 27, in silver. â&#x20AC;&#x17E; 22, 23 and 24, in white metal. FARTHING

A. 20

SIZE.

S T O W E . .

'rvu

>

29.

O: View of building and tree, STOWE FARTHING. R : BUILT | ANNO DOMO. | 1 7 0 4 , & c .

E : Plain. 29<i. E : Milled. Both of these are rare.

A 27

o.via


Cambri&flesbfre. PENNIES. C A M B R I D G E .

1.

0 :

A building. CAMB. A D .

BISHOPS

.

HOSTELL

.

4. 0 : A building.

1670.

II: A globe between a rose and thistle. E :

I

PROMISE

TO

PAY

ON

DEMAND

BEARER ONE PENNY

2. O: A gateway,

KING'S

.

COLLEGE

CHAPEL . CAMBRIDGE. THE A.

5.

1

CAJTFB. A . D .

CHRIST . C O L L E G E . GATE .

CAMB.

6.

R : and E : As No. 1. 8. O A building. E M A N U E L

A. 2 .

COLLEGE

E : and E : As No. 1 0 : A gateway, T R I N I T Y

A. 5 . C O L L E G E . GATE .

154G.

li: and E : As No. 1. O: A gateway, Q U E E N ' S li : and K : As No. ].

A. 6 COLL . G A T E . CAMB.

.

C H A P E L . CAMB.

li: and E : As No. 1.

A. 3

These formed part of a series issued by S K I D M O R E , and will be illustrated with the other portion. 7. 0 : A different view of No. 4. It : West front of the new building, &c. A. 4 Issued by D A V I D H O O D .

(=/r , vtiu &=.

t m rmmum

This was also struck in silver and white metal. •V-Oi

8.

A proof in tin before the inner legend and artist's name on the rev. were inserted.

E : Plain.

9.

O : HOBSON C A M B R I D G E C A R R I E R , & C . li:

J

JAMES

BURLEIGH'S

TOKEN

CAMBRIDGE,

&c. E :

VALUE

ONE

PENNY

BRIDGE

PAYABLE

AT

CAMA. 7

9a. E : Plain. Also struck in silver, edf/e as No. 9 ; and in lead, with plain edye. This private Token was issued by J A M E S B U R L E I G H . Enyraver—HANCOCK.

Man ufactnrer—KEMPSON.

T h e obverse (rives UK a representation of t h e celebrated Cambridge carrier, T h o m a s Hobson ; and the reverse, the handsome stone conduit he erected in t h e market-place. T h o m a s Hobson was born about 1543, and died in 1630. He succeeded to t h e business of his f a t h e r , as carrier between Cambridge and London. H e also kept a livery stable, and had about forty horses It was an unalterable rule t h a t each horse should have an equal share of rest and work, and t h a t no horse should be let out before its t u r n ; 41 hence the proverbial saying H o b s o n ' s choice," viz.—" this or n o n e . "

Nos. 6 and 8, RBR.

1, 4, 9a, RR.

9, R.

The others, scarce.

7 is the commonest.


dambrifcocsbirc. C H E S T E R T O N .

10. 0 : View of a church, &c. R: and E : As No. 1. This also formed a part of

CHESTERTON

A. 8 series of buildings.

SKIDMORE'S

Scarce.

N E W M A R K E T .

11. 0 : Two horses running.

VX* COOZSOslS

•ICirlLi

R : CRAVEN MEETING, &C., &C.

Engraver—WYON.

G4 jd: JZ Wwov

Scarce.

HALFPENNIES.

/V>

C O U N T Y .

12a. E: As last, the dot after omitted.

12. 0 : A beehive and bees. R : A Druid's head. E : CAMBRIDGE BEDFORD . AND HUNTINGTON

A. 10 Engraver—WYON.

12h.

E

BEDFORD

A. 10a

: CURRENT E V E R Y W H E R E .

12c. E : As last, Plain (not in collar) A. 106

Manufacturer—KEMPSON.

Nos. 13-176. 0 : As rev. o f No. 12. R E 13a. E 136. E 14. R

A figure of Hope. See Essex. Plain. A. 11 PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. Milled. A figure of Britannia seated, RULE BRITANNIA. 1795. See Hainpshire. A. 12

E: 14a. E

BERSHAM BRADLEY WILLEY SNEDSHILL

13.

15a. 156. 16. 17.

and engrailed. A 126 14 c. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 12c

See Hampshire. and engrailed. A. 13 A. 13a

Milled. Plain. A river deity. See Lanarkshire. Milled. A. 14 A plough and shuttle. See Norfolk. PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE LIVER-

A. 1 2 a

PAYABLE IN LONDON,

A stork.

PAYABLE IN LONDON,

PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE LIVERPOOL

146. E

15.

POOL

17«. E

PAYABLE IN LONDON,

176. E

Plain.

18. 0 : The obv. of No. 12. R : A figure of Britannia seated, 1797 E: Plain. 18a. E: PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed.

See Middlesex. A. 16

Nos. 126, 12c, 13a, 136, 14a, 156, 176 and 18a, RR. 14, 14c, 16, 17 and 18, scarce. The others, common.

A.

15

and engrailed. A. 15a


C a m b r i f c o e s b i re. HALFPENNIES. C A M B R I D G E .

-~^T>

19.

c>

O : A wheatsheaf.

Tjavts

K : DAVID HOOD, &C., &C.

:'r-Nf-_r s,'z'^z,'z'k

E

: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON

19a. E: Plain (not in collar). 196. On large Han, plain collar. Engraver—MILTON.

20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

30. 31.

Nos. 20-24. O : As No. 19 R : A fat man at table eating. See Spence, Middlesex. A 20 R : A lean man gnawing a bone. See Spence, Middlesex. A. 21 II: Bishop Blaize and woolpack. See Surrey. A. 22 R : Bust of William III. See Not Local. A. 23 R : A crown radiated. See Not Local. A. 27 No. 23, RRR. 19, 22, 24 and O: As No. 19. R : A beggar receiving alms.

A. 18

R : TO T H E ILLUSTRIOUS DUKE OF BEAUFORT.

Issuer—D.

A. 17

siLDsa •

A. 17a edge in HOOD.

Nos. 25-29. 0 : As rev. of No. 19. 25. R : Arms of Orchard. See Middlesex. A. 28 26. R: H and a bugle horn, &c. See Dublin. A. 29 27. It: Prince of Wales' crest, &c. See Dublin. A. 30 28. R : A wheatsheaf and sickle between two doves. See Mnnster. A. 31 29. R : An anchor, &c. LIBERTY PEACE COMMERCE. See Not Local. A. 32 26, RR. The others, rare. 32. 38. 34.

Ii •. A pair of scales. R : A pair of scales, 3£ lbs. R : A pair of scales, 6 | lbs.

A. 24 A. 25 A. 26

A. 19

Nos. 30-34 are inserted upon the authority of Atkins' works on Tokens.

N E W M A R K E T .

35. O : A stag lying under a tree. R : A snail, a tree, and a bridge in the distance. A. 33 Rare. Engraver—JAMES.

Issuer—SPENCE.

EARTHINGS. C O U N T Y .

36.

38.

6&-j^

O : Beehive and bees. II: Druid's head to right. E : Milled. A. 34 86a E : Plain (not in collar). A. 34a 37. O : As No. 36. R : SR. ISAAC NEWTON. See Not Local E : Milled. A. 85 37 a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 35a ) : The rev. of No. 36. Cornucopia and olive branch. See Not Local. A. Nos. 36a and 37a, scarce. The others, common.

rJ

<?>

86


Cheshire. N O T E re C H E S T E R T O K E N S N O S . 5 AND 6 . — C . Pye states 8 cwts. struck. Specimens of No. 6 may be obtained in apparently "proof" condition, but, on examination, traces of die corrosion will be found on the reverse and slightly also on the obverse. These specimens were struck after the order had been completed, the dies being re-polished, which accounts for the " prooflike'' appearance. The polishing having partly removed the design, the legs of the owl were re-engraved carelessly, being now fully double the thickness of those on the tokens struck previous to the re-polishing of the dies. The wreath, being partly erased, now appears as a series of six diagonal dots. See Introduction.

M A C C L E S F I E L D

T O K E N S .

The dies for this interesting series were engraved and the tokens struck by Hancock, for the proprietors—Messrs. Roe & Co.; the original partners being Charles Roe, Robert Hodson, Brian Hodson, Roland Atkinson, John Walker, Joseph Stockdale and Cookson Atkinson. The likeness was taken from Roe's monument in Christ Church, Macclesfield, of which he was the builder, where, at the altar, is his bust, and Genius weeping over him, holding a cogwheel in her hand. Bacon—Sculptor. The Church was begun on March 22nd, 1775, and opened October 10th of the same year. Pye states that one ton of 1789, and ten tons of 1790, 1791 and 1792 issues were struck. Unless stated otherwise, all edges read "

PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD, LIVERPOOL OR C O N G L E T O N . "

1789 ISSUES.—The points to be noted in the various rev. dies:—The position of crown under p, and the top bar of windlass and period ; the hand to H ; and the number of spirals on boring tool. The author of the "Bazaar Notes" describes one as being without the "thread" or "screw" on the drill; but as it in other respects corresponds with No. 10, and as the thread on No. 10 is only faintly defined, they are probably from the same dies. The issues of 1790, '91 and '92 have been grouped for each year under the different obverses; the mode of identification being the letters of the word "WORKS," with which the front edge of coat lines, and the last button points. There are minute points of difference, such as the edge of coat being in line with the first part, the middle, or the last part of the first limb of R or K, etc. Such will be found by examining the token, but are not verbally described. For the reverse — The letters in the word " The letters in the word "

HALFPENNY," HALFPENNY,"

to which the top bar of windlass points. and the period, to which the lower bar points.

In common with all other large issues of tokens, a number of counterfeits and tokens made for collectors were struck. These have been separated, and added at the end.


Cheshire. C H E S T E R .

1. O : View of fortress. CHESTER CASTLE. R: A globe, &c. BRITISH PENNY, 1797. E :

^'

-v>

-

A. 1

I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND T H E BEARER ONE PENNY.

2. 0 : an< An ancient gateway,

^

EAST GATE, C H E S T E R .

^°- !•

A*. ^

See Globe series for illustrations. t*r

n ,

%

M A C C L E S F I E L D .

L - 2 |

8. 0 : Bust of Charles Roe. R : MACCLESFIELD PENNY. A . 3

N t

K : Plain. Manufactured by W E S T W O O D , for sale to collectors.

j^SJl^TrCJ "• 7 & C/

B E E S T O N .

=

4. 0 : 7£: E : 4a. E :

.

Beeston Castle A cypher 6'. A C. Engrailed. A. 4 Plain. A. 4a

Issued by P.

SKIDMORE.

C H E S T E R .

r,-r

^

z* V V Tiff* 77^ f < I <± ,' r —f—

\

•a'np Tt

< I\

-5

'If j-i

1 JJ

.

- -r'zl - ^ O: R: E : 5 a E:

Three castles. A cypher. Engrailed. A. 5 A. 5a Plain. Ma n u fa eturer-

6. 0

R E

As last. The feet of owl rest upon the two centre dots. Plain.

-KEMPSON.

M A C C L E S F I E L D .

si •**'. ~ "

r

~

7. 0 : As last. R: A cypher, R. t£ Co. E : Plain. A. 48 Manufacturer—KEMPSON.

Rarity—No. 4a, RR.

3 and 4, R.

1 and 2, scarce.

The others, common.

"


10

Cheshire. M A C C L E S F I E L D ,

1789.

Unless stated otherwise, the edge of all the Halfpenny Tokens read PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON.

8. 0 : Blank. R : A female seated by a windlass from which a rope depends, MIIACCLESFIELD (sic). Ex: 1789. A. 6 This is an artist's proof, and most probably unique.

9. 0 : A cypher R. tf Co. R : A female holding a cogwheel with 6 spokes. A. 7

10. 0 : Similar to last. R: The cogwheel has 8 spokes.

11. 0 : The right hand bee comes between the E and L. R : Similar. A. 9

A. 8

12. 0 : The right hand bee comes under i. R : Similar. Eight threads on screw. A. 10

U

'

o ! ^ s N a X f< As No. 12.

13. 0 窶「 The top right hand bee is under F. R : Similar. Nine threads on screw. A. 10 Bis.

15. 0 : As No. 13. />窶「 Que 0 f the spokes of cogwheel comes between the fingers of female. A. 11 1 5 a . K:

PAYABLE AT CRONEBANE OR IN DUBLIN. A . 1 1 a

Rarity窶年o. 8, unique^ 15a, RRR. 15, RR. 9, R. Nos. 10-14 are common in medium condition, dlfhcuJt to obtain very fine ; of the five, Nos. 11 and 13 are the commonest.


11

Cbcsbtrc. M A C C L E S F I E L D ,

1 7 9 0 .

*

5

^

Nos. 16, 17 and 18.

Edge o f c o a t in a line w i t h s e c o n d l i m b o f R, a n d last b u t t o n o v e r s p a c e b e t w e e n R a n d K.

16. R: Top bar points between first and second N, lower bar between Y and period. A. 14

&

i

17. R : Similar to No. 16, less space over head, loop of rope longer, and 1 of date nearer foot.

@ ^

X 18. R : Top bar points to lower limb of second N, lower bar below period. A. 18

Nos. 20, 21, 22 and 23.

0:

19.

Edge o f c o a t lines b e t w e e n R a n d K, a n d l a s t b u t t o n o v e r 1st l i m b o f K. R : As No. 16.

Edge o f c o a t in a line w i t h f i r s t l i m b o f K, a n d l a s t b u t t o n o v e r K.

20. R : Top bar points to second limb of first N, lower bar to foot of Y. A. 12

4

22. R : Top bar points to second N, lower bar points just below period. A. 17

21. R: Top bar to first limb of second N, lower bar between foot of Y and period. A. 15 *

23.

%

R: Top bar points between N and Y, lower bar below period.


12

Cheshire. M A C C L E S F I E L D ,

R

1 7 9 0 .

Edge o f c o a t lines b e t w e e n f i r s t a n d s e c o n d l i m b o f K, a n d b u t t o n oven last l i m b o f K. Top bar points to second limb of first N, lower bar to foot of y.

Nos. 25, 26 and 27. 0 : Edge o f c o a t in a line w i t h s e c o n d l i m b o f K, a n d , b u t t o n o v e r t h e o u t e r e n d o f l a s t l i m b o f K. /, . rop bar points between first and 2G. R : Top bar points between first and second N, lower bar to foot of y. second N, lower bar between y A. 13 and period. A. 16

27. R : Similar to last. The loop of rope shorter and level with top of stand. R a r i t y , 1790. Nos. 17 and 19, rare. 23, scarce. medium condition.

18 and 22, not common.

M A C C L E S F I E L D ,

The others, common m

1791

g ÂŁ 28. 0:

Edge o f c o a t in line b e t w e e n f i r s t a n d s e c o n d l i m b o f R, a n d b u t t o n o v e r space b e t w e e n R a n d K. R : Top bar points to Y. \ 20


13

Cbcsbtrc. M A C C L E S F I E L D ,

1791.

A

4

Edge o f c o a t in a line w i t h last l i m b o f R, a n d b u t t o n o v e r s p a c e b e t w e e n R a n d K. 30 R : Top bar points to centre of N. R : Top bar points to first limb of 29. A. 22 second N. A. 21 Nos. 29-82. 0 :

M:<

-v

I

31. R : Top bar points to second limb of second N. A. 28

&S?

I

w

-J

/ 11

A 24

82. R : Top bar points to Y.

J-rM

r - j h

Nos. 38-42. 0 :

Edge o f c o a t in a line w i t h f i r s t l i m b o f K, a n d b u t t o n o v e r space b e t w e e n f i r s t a n d s e c o n d l i m b o f K. 88. R : Top bar points to first limb of 34. R : Similar to last, but the lower second N, lower bar to period. A. 25 bar is below period. A. 26

-

f?

%

7

85. R : Top bar points to centre of second N, lower bar to period.

86. R : Similar to last, but the lower bar is below period.

%


14

Cheshire. M A C C L E S F I E L D ,

Nos. 33-42.

1791.

0 : Edge o f c o a t in a l i n e w i t h f i r s t l i m b o f K.

37. R : Top bar points to second limb of second N, lower bar close to period. A. 28

39. R : Very similar to last, except that the bars are both shorter.

38. R : Top bar similar to last, lower bar below period. A. 27

40. R : Top bar similar, but the lower bar is a considerable distance below period. A. 29

J: 41. R : Top bar points to foot of Y, lower bar below period.

42. R : Very similar to last, the lower bar further from period, and date wider. A. 30

0 : Edge o f c o a t b e t w e e n first and second limb o f K, a n d b u t t o n o v e r first l i m b o f K. R : Similar to No. 37, less space over head, and date closer together.

V*


16

Cheshire. M A C C L E S F I E L D ,

1791.

8wss Nos. 44-54.

0 : Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h c e n t r e o f K, a n d b u t t o n o v e r l a s t l i m b o f K on s p a c e b e t w e e n K a n d S. 44. R : Top bar points to first limb of 45. R: Top bar similar, end of lower second N, lower bar does not bar further under period, reach period. A. 31

2? <#

"

%

46. R : Top bar similar, the end of lower bar is under period. A. 32

A? k3

^

/ยง?

-

&

47. R : Top bar points to centre of N, lower bar to period.

_

48. R : Top bar similar, lower bar points just below period.

49. R : Top bar similar, end of lower bar under period. A. 33

v

60, Z?: Top bar points to second limb of N, lower bar below period.

51. R : Top bar similar, lower bar points below period.


16

Cheshire. M A C C L E S F I E L D ,

Nos. 44-54. 0:

1791.

Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h c e n t r e o f K, a n d b u t t o n oven l a s t l i m b o f K o r space b e t w e e n K a n d S.

52. R : Top bar points between N and Y, lower bar points below period. A. 84

53. K : Top bar points between N and Y, lower bar is below period.

54. H : Top bar points to foot of Y. A. 35

J f * * ? % |5

ÂŁ

coa *"!' 'r, c '^ e - t lines w i t h S. 11 : l o p bar points to second limb of N.

A. 8G

R a r i t y , 1791. Nos. 39, 43 and 51, rare. 35, 36 and 50, scarce. The others, fairly common. Nos. 23, 33, 47, 48, 53 and 54 are tho rarest.


17

Cbcsbtrc, M A C C L E S F I E L D ,

1 7 9 2 .

56. 0 : Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h s e c o n d l i m b o f R. R : As before, but dated 1792. A. 44

Nos. 57, 58 and 59. 0:

Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h f i r s t l i m b o f K.

57. R : Top bar points to second limb of N.

A. 89

These are found with and without flaw in date.

58. R : Similar to last, but the hand points between c and L, and more space over head. A. 40

59. R: Top bar points between N and Y. Some have a die flaw, joining the top bar and period. A. 41

R a r i t y , 1792. Nos. 56 and 58, scarce. 59, not common. 57, common, and usually found in fine condition. Those without the flaw are the scarcest.


18

Cheshire. M A C C L E S F I E L D

60. 0 : The same as No. 25. R : A man seated at a table, writing ; an inkstand, pipe, and drinking cup upon it, and a woman, also seated, holding a lighted candle. Behind, a person in a clergyman's gown, and wearing a wig, is in the act of putting a fool's-cap, with asses' ears, upon the man's head; and at a little distance is a small round table, on which stands a jug. Leg. " T A K E T H I S IOHN NOTT WEAR I T . "

E : As usual.

A. 49

Sharp states that of this remarkable piece only one other instance is known, being an indented impression of one of Wilkinson's busts. Both specimens were obtained from the artist by Mr. Sharp, and presented by him to the respective cabinets of Sir George Chetwynd and the late Mr. Conder. It is obvious that only the Reverse die of the intended piece was completed, and Hancock gave no information as to the reasons for its being abandoned, or for whom it was executed. Dr. Priestley having, as is well known, made himself unpopular at Birmingham by the part he took in the intended celebration of the anniversary of the French Revolution at that town, had his house attacked by rioters, and burnt, together with its valuable scientific contents An angry warfare, through the medium of the press, followed ; and amongst other writers who entered the arena, one, whose assumed signature was ' John Nott the Buttonmaker," considerably distinguished himself; and it is upon the head of this person that Dr. I'riestley is represented as putting the fool's-cap. The likeness of the Doctor is admirably preserved by Hancock, who, on another occasion, was equally happy in giving a striking resemblance of him. T h e workmanship of this rare token is in the artist's best manner ; and it is to be regretted that the entire design was not finished. This, piece is now in the collection of S H Hamer.

C O U N T E R F E I T S .

A copy of the 1790 issue on a much smaller flan. This die was used for Nos. 62 and 76. Copy of the rev. of 1789 issue. PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON +

. +

A. 19 PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL A . 1 9 a PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L

Plain (not in collar). No. 61a, rare. The others, fairly common. Same die as last. A poor copy of the obv. of 1789 issue, li. it C. instead of li. it Co. This was used again for No. 73. PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER LONDON

BRISTOL E : PAYABLE

, 62ft. E :

PAYABLE AT LONDON

A. 19ft A. 19c

OR

A. 47 IN

LANCASTER

OR BRISTOL.

(This is a " blundered " edge of No. 62.) OR DUBLIN 62(Z. E PAYABLE AT

W. PARKERS

BIRMING-

A. 47c 62c. E: PAYABLE ATLONDON . + A.47ft 62c. E: Milled. A. 47d One is known with plain edge. As this shows marks of filing, I consider it a doubtful edge, and do not include it with the others. Nos. 62c, 62d, 62e, rare. 62 and 62ft, common. 62 in brass, rare. A. 47a

HAM WAREHOUSE


19

Cbesbire. M A C C L E S F I E L D .

COUNTERFEITS. 1791.

G3.

The workmanship of this is very much rougher, and letters larger. The obv. appears to have been struck from a corroded die. Flaw between L and i in " E S T A B L I S H E D . " The obv. die was used again for Nos. 67, 69 and 74, and rev. for Nus. 66 and 77. E : As usual. Rare.

64.

This is on thin flan, and the workmanship quite different to any of the other issues. Sloping top to the l ' s of date on obv. and rev. E

: PAYABLE IN LONDON ANGLESEA AND L I V E R P O O L .

Rare.

65.

65a.

This is very similar to No buttons on the coat. E : As usual.

A. 37

E : PAYABLE IN LONDON E V E R Y W H E R E . A . 3 7 a

0 : The period is before the date. The obv. die was used for No. 75, and the rev. for Nos. 63 and 77. E : As usual.

6 6 a . E : PAYABLE AT SHARPS PORTSMOUTH The rev. die was used for No. 78. AND CHALDECOTTS CHICHESTER These are usually found in Mint state, 6 6 b . E : PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE OF and were no doubt struck for sale THOMAS CLACKE to collectors. Nos. 66, 66a and 66b, rare ; especially a and b. 65, scarce. 65a, fairly common.


20

Cheshire. MACCLESFIELD. COUNTERFEITS. 1792.

\

-"I

0 : Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h f i r s t l i m b o f K. R : Top bar points to first limb of second N. E : As usual. A. 38 Struck on large and small flans.

Nos. 67-70.

a

T i f

I-

-3 : S

67.

f.

67a. E :

PAYABLE

AT

ANGLESEY

LIVERPOOL

OB CONGLETON.

A. 42a

67b. E PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 43a The obv. die is the same as Nos. 63, 69 and 74, and the rev. same as No. 79.

1 ST

•4 r

%x o\ n\

1

68.

0 : No period after date. R : Top bar points to second limb of N. E : As usual. A. 42

6 8 a . E : PAYABLE

IN

ANGLESEY

LONDON

LIVERPOOL

OR

A. 42b

Struck on small flan. 68FC. E : PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR LONDON

Nos. 67a, 68, 68a and 68A, rare.

A . 42C

67b, scarce.

67, fairly common.

•-

69. 0 : This is the same die as Nos. 63, 67 and 74, but better struck; slight flaw and no rust marks. R : Top bar points to foot of Y. E : As usual. A. 43 The rev. die was used for Nos. 70, 71, 80 and 81.

r<t

-

70. 0 : Very similar to last, but not the same die. See 7 in date. R: As Nos. 69, 71, 80 and 81. E : As usual.

71. 0 : Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h s e c o n d l i m b o f K. R : As last. E : PAYABLE

-4

IN

OR BRISTOL

LONDON

LIVERPOOL A. 434

This is struck on small flan. Nos. 69, 70 and 71 are all rare.

*

i

f

V • ; / .


21

Cheshire. M A C C L E S F I E L D

COUNTERFEITS,

ft

j

y.

MS

/•'

'U'V- •]

72.

A poor - i copy of the obv. and rev. of 1789 issue. Die flaw across obverse. 0 : A cypher R. G., crest a beehive, and BEES.

J

MACCLESFIELD.

h': A female seated, holding mining tools. HALFPENNY.

E x \

1792.

E : BRISTOL AND LONDON

As last, but E:

A. 4 5

PAYABLE AT LONDON OR

ANGLESEY

A. 4 5 a

As last, but E :

LONDON J||||||| ANGLESF.A

|;i Ml OR ; ;|i|i BRISTOL

As last, but E:

A. 45b

LONDON

BRISTOL

AND

A. 45c

LIVERPOOL

Plain edge. J'

73.

74.

0 : Same die as the rev. of No. G2. R : Dated 1793. E

: PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON OR BRISTOL

No. 74, RRR.

A. 46

72</, scarce.

0 : This is the same die as Nos. 63, 67 and 69. R : Dated 179(5. E : As usual. A. 51

The others, common.

Nos. 72 and 72a are the scarcest.

M U L E S .

PENNY. 75.

O: Same die as No. 66. R : Struck from ANGLESEA rev. die.

PENNY,

E : WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E BEARER ONE P E N N Y .

This is Halfpenny size oo thick flan. Rare,

^C\


22

Cheshire. M A C C L E S F I E L D .

HALFPENCE. M U L E S .

"".iT

76.

O: As Nos. G1 and 62. l i : Vulcan seated.

77. 0 : The rev. of Nos. 63 and 66. R : Bust of Stanhope.

E : PAYABLE AT G. GILBERTS NORTHIAM

E

: PAYABLE BY T. FOSTER LAMBERHURST

A. 50 7 6 a . E : PAYABLE

IN

ANGLESEY LONDON OR

LIVERPOOL

766. E : Plain. Struck on small thin flan. A. 50a

%

78.

0 The rev. of No. 65. R 'Z TP PAYABLE IN LONDON . + . + . + . + . A . 5 2 JJj f 78a. E PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. 786. E PAYABLE BY HORTOND COMPANY Is 78c. E PAYABLE AT SHARPS PORTSMOUTH AND

,

CHALDICOTTS CHICHESTER

A 52a

78tf. E

79. O : Rev. of No. 67. R : Bust of William Pitt, M.P. E : Plain A. 53

a

.

'^3?

t

-I

80. 0 : The rev. of Nos. 69, 70, 71 and 81. R : Arms of Liverpool.

81.

I ? : PAYABLE AT LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL.

A. 54 No. 77, RRR.

\

si-

c

i £V\

'

I 1

' "

0 : As last. R : Figure of Bishop Blaize. E : PAYABLE AT LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL. A . 5 5

81a>

Plain edge.

76a, 78a, 786, 78c, 78d and 81a, rare.

The others, fairly common.


23

Cheshire. M A C C L E S F I E L D .

FARTHINGS. 82.

4-P

0 : A cypher R. Co. MACCLESFIELD. R : A female seated holding raining tools. HALE HALFPENNY. Ex : 1789 E : Milled. A. 56

82a.

As last, but E: Engrailed. A. 56a

Bust to right. There are no buttons on the coat. R : Female seated holding mining tools. MACCLESFIELD HALF HALFPENNY.

E : Engrailed.

85.

87.

E x :

O: Similar to last, but the coat has three buttons on it. R : Same as last. E : Milled. A. 58

86.

O : and E : Same as No. 84. R : Similar to last, but the arrange ment of the bars of windlass, and spokes of wheel, different. E : Milled. A. 60

1790.

A. 57

0 : and E : Same as No. 83. R : Similar to last, but dated 1791. E : Engrailed. A.

59

0 ; Same as No. 83. R : Slightly different to any preceding, and dated 1792. E : Milled. A. 61

O : Same as No. 84. R : and E : Same as last. E : Milled.

These farthings were manufactured by No. 82a, rare.

84.

Tho others, scarce.

WESTWOOD,

A. 62

for sale to collectors.

82 and 83 appear to be the commonest.


21

Cornwall. HALFPENNY C O U N T Y .

, 4

<3?* >XrJ>'*•% J^r* : ''^h. • -/? *-i' •• i'l ~ d -.7% "•3%

Q \

1. 0 : Blank. 2. 0 : A Druid's head to left. R : Shield of arms, ONE AND ALL, &C. R : Shield of arms and coronet, &c. E : Milled. A. 1 E : Plain in collar. A. 2 Unique. Common. Engraver—DROZ. Manufacturer— B O U L T O N . F A L M O U T H

P E N R Y N .

I TXJ'£.s ygiSgTi %VOIrfTc* ' - f 2 s e s

3.

B

0 : A spread eagle, &c. / I : FALMOUTH

|

INDEPENDENT

|

TEERS | 1 7 9 7 .

Sa.

E :

i

PROMISE

TO

PAY

ON

A. 3

DEMAND

ONE

HALFPENNY +

Rare. Engraver—ARNOLD.

Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE.

' I F

4. 0 : A shield of arms, &c. R : A laureated bust, &c. PENRYN V O L U N T E E R S upon a ribbon. E : Plain. A. 4 Common. 4a. E : Milled. Bare. No. 4 wax also struck in silver.

VOLUN-

E : Milled. Scarce, in fine condition.

!J ;

Engraver—PONTHON.

Manufacturer—BOULTON.

(IU mberlanb. L O W

H A L L .

1. 0 : A man with a horse in a gin. R : LOW HALL | COLLIERY | 1 7 9 7 .

E: Plain in collar. Scarce. Engraver—WYON.

A. 1

Manufacturer—KEMPSON.

FARTHING.

A'; ;

L A K E T O K E N .

2. 0: A lake, with remains of a castle. R : CUMBERLAND LAKE TOKEN, &C. A 2. Raro. 3. A brockage, struck on a blank, which had previously received an impression from P I D C O C K ' S Antelope die; the singular thing is that both sides show impressions from the reverse only of No. 2.


(^"\ART II. has taken much longer to prepare than was anticipated, owing to the A

number of Tokens with various edge readings, which have been very difficult

to trace and to determine their relative rarity. has been traced.

In many instances, only one specimen

As, however, there may be others in cabinets of collectors who

hitherto have ignored the edge readings, we have marked these RR, instead of RRR. Later, we may be able to give a complete list of those Tokens where only one or two edge readings have been discovered.

The following pieces have not yet been

traced, but are included on the authority of Atkins' work on Tokens and also from notes that have been supplied by various collectors :— DURHAM.—No. l O i . E S S E X . — N o s . 4b, 8c, 10c a n d 13a. HAMPSHIRE.—Nos. 1 2 a , 1 6 a , 2 1 a , 26, 2 9 d , 82, 6 7 a , 7 4 a , 9 3 a n d 1 1 8 a . KENT.—Nos. 4 a , b a n d 1 1 « .

Collectors who have any of these pieces, or meet with them at a later date, will greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so that they may be recorded in an Addenda. Since the printing of Part II., a new variety has been traced :

DORSETSHIRE.—

No. 4a, plain edge. R. DALTON, PARK

HOUSE,

BRISTOL.

S. H. HAMER, BLEAK

HOUSE,

HALIFAX.


25

D e r b y s h i r e . BUXTON.

'J.

2. O : and E : As last. l i : Similar, but with date 1706. 3. O : Similar to No. 1, but without the CENT. helmet. E : BUXTON TOKEN, and engrailed. A. 1 II : and E : As No. 1. A. 3 The following manuscript note appears in the interleaved copy of "The Virtuoso's Companion," formerly the property of the late Rev. W. K. Hay, M.A., vicar of Rochdale:— "Mr. Kempson of Birmingham was employed by Mr. Tomlinson, Surgeon of Manchester, Mr. Wm. Orme, Draw1? Master & myself to get a Token Executed the Obv. of which sli'.1 be ye Crescent, the Rev, the Duke of Devonshire's Arms. He employed Wyon to execute who struck an obv. die as rep. in 4to Pye PI 12, No. 2, without a date, only 6 impressions were taken, when the die 1 broke, of the Rev rep' here & in 4to Pye as above, about 27 or 30 Imps, taken when that broke also, having been used with the new Obv as below. I never c'! get an Impres. of ye very scarce one, Mr. Barker & Mr.-Welch each had one." No. 1, RRR. 2, R. 3, scarce.

O: The sliield of arms, &c. R : Semicircular row of buildings.

Devonshire. EXETER. A three-quarter figure of Bishop Blaize. The date 17—92 divided by the figure. Shield of arms, &c. EXETER HALFPENNY. PAYABLE

AT

THE

KINGDON PAYABLE

AT

WAREHOUSE

. x .

THE

OF

(In collar)

WAREHOUSE

OF

SAMUEL

A. 1 THOMAS

CLARKE.

/-A!

I

2.

1

r -;i j><>

%1L 3.

0 : As last. K: The first letter of legend starts level A. 2 with the top of the pegasus' head. : As No. 1 (but not in collar). Also struck in silver. 3a.E : As last, except that " K i n g d o n " is spelt KINDON in error A. 3 Proprietor—S. KINGDON. Enyrarer anil Manufacturer—HANCOCK. Nos. 4-5. 0: As t h e rev. Of No. 2. GENERAL Bust to left. IOHN HOWARD F R S 5. R Bust to left in cocked hat. ELLIOT. See Warwickshire. PHILANTHROPIST. Similar to Hampshire, No. 53. /<: Milled. A. 4 E : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR BRIGHTON. A . 5 Nos. 1 a and 3, RRR. 1, 3a and 4, RR. 5, R. 2, common. Similar, but without date. Similar, but with date. As No. 1.


2G

Devonshire. P L Y M O U T H .

f ^ n — r

G.

0 : A female spinning, SAIL CANVAS MANUFACTORY. EX: 1706 K \ A man in a loom weaving. PLYMOUTH above, HALFPENNY beneath. E

: PAYABLE AT SHKPHEAKD DOVE HAMMETT & CO. X

X

A. G

6(1. E: Plain (not in collar). A. 6a 7. O : As last. 11: The legend is continuous, and the loom smaller. E : Plain. A. 7 No. 6 is also found with "blundered" edge, "PAY" omitted. The writer of the " Bazaar Notes" states that Shepheard, Dove, Hammett & Co., were Hemp and Flax Manufacturers. Originally the firm consisted of eight persons, one being the Rev. William Winterbothani (see Newgate Token, Middlesex), at whose trial Benjamin Shepheard was one of the witnesses. 1 he object ot its foundation was to find employment for the poor, and to provide for the education and clothing of destitute children. Engraver—ARNOLD.

8. (J . Laureate bust,

Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE.

Proprietors—SHEPHEARD

& Co.

11: Oval shield of arms, VISITED PLYMOUTH. This piece 'is also struck in silver. E.v: AUGUST 1789. A. 8 This and other Medalets mentioned by Atkins will be included but not illustrated. GEORGIVS HI R E X .

E X E T E R .

,r/

<L -<r\ Vr

9. 0 : II: K: 10. O : It: :

Three-quarter figure of Bishop Blaize, &c. 11. O : Shield of arms, EXETEK HALF HALFPENNY 1791. H: Milled. A. 9 E : As last. Similar, but dated 1792. Milled. A. 10 Manufactured by W E S T W O O D , for sale to No. 6a, ERR. 11, RR. 7, 9 and 10, scarce.

itmnrrrr,

Similar, but date 1702 added. Similar, but without date. Milled. A. 11

collectors. 6, fairly common

Dorsetshire. B L A N D F O R D .

1.

O

A pair of scales above a counter, <fcc. W.

SANGER TEA DEALER.

li: PRO 1!ONO PUBLICO. BLANFORD HALFPENNY 1 7 9 8 . E : Milled. A. 1 la. E : Plain. A. l a Manufactured by S K I D M O R E , for sale to collectors.

l

y, out.


27

©orsetsbire. POOLE

r ffVii c ' £ ii Aji FMZlf S

-".-A. ?zMM

2 5. O : T h e P r i n c e o f W a l e s ' c r e s t , &c. R. ALLEN IRONMONGER POOLE 1 7 9 7 . An anchor in an oval. 4. It: A cypher II A, &c. Engrailed. A. 2 /••': Engrailed. A. 4 Plain (not in collar). f>. II: A Marine Society Boy. 2'/. / See MidPOOLE HALFPENNY &c. dlesex. Engrailed. A. 3 K : Engrailed. A. 5 He/. /•:: Plain (not in collar). Manufactured by S K I D M O R E , for sale to collectors. There are uniface pieces from the reverse die of No. 2, or very similar, some being of smaller size.

A figure of Hope leaning upon an anchor, &c. The Arms of Poole, <tc. I PROMISE

TO

PAY

ON DEMAND ONE HALFPENNY

. + . Milled.

A. 6 A. 6n

PAYABLE AT BANBURY OXFORD OR READING.

A. 64

6c. /•: Plain. F.mjrarer—ARNOLD. Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE. Proprietor—J. BAYLEY.

SHERBORNE. A cypher P I' <<•' IF, &c. A spread eagle, A SHERRORNE HALFPENNY . 1793 PAYABLE AT T H E BANK IN SHERBORNE +

DORSET +

A. 7

Manufacturer—WESTWOOD. Proprietors—PRETER, PEW & Co. Atkins' No. 8 is not known, and may possibly have been described as a variety from a specimen which had been subjected to some pressure, whereby the claws appeared thicker.

ems?

A building,

0 II

PRETER

SHERBORNE HALFPENNY.

| PEW

| SHERBORNE

K

:

PAYABLE AT T H E

&

W11ITTY |

|

DORSET

BANK IN

|

179G.

SHERBORNE

-)- DORSET +

Manufactured by

BANKERS

A. 9 J.

WESTWOOD,

0: A cypher P SHERBORNE

W ,(• P, 1796, &c. TOKEN

VALUE

ONE

HALFPENNY

1!: A spread eagle, STET E : Plain. JUNR. ; for sale to collectors.

FORTUNA DOMUS.

A. 10

In the Universal British Directory, the name of firm is given as " Pretor, Pew, and Whitby." As Nos. 8 and 9 were manufactured by Westwood, for sale to collectors, and hence made without the authority of the fictitious proprietors, this may account for the manner of spelling the names. S. Pretor was postmaster.


28

Dorsetshire. P O O L E .

10.

0 : A figure of Hope leaning on an 11. 0 : anchor, &c. R: The A r m s of Poole, Sec. R : E : Milled. A. 11 11«. E : 10a. /'. : Plain. jfo. 10a was also str/tclc in

Similar, but the small s is inverted, and the large dot omitted. and K : A s last. A. 12 Plain (not in collar). A. 12a brass.

W E Y M O U T H .

12.

0-: Bust to right, c . i . under, <tc. VISITED

R:

Nos. 2, 2d, 3a and 5, R R l l . condition.

|

WEYMOUTH

|

JUNK 3 0

|

1789.

A.

13

1 a, 4, 6b and 6c, RR. 1, 3, 8 and 9, R. 7, scarce in fine 10« and 11a, scarce. The others, common.

©u r b a m . B A R N A R D

1.

O : An ancient ruin .

C A S T L E .

A. 1

BERNARDS . CASTLE . DURHAM.

I h i s f o r m s part of the Globe series, and will be illustrated with the others. S U N D E R L A N D .

BfllDKfi he —

(/ 3 egtrn-5 e p-24' SUifiS 2.

0 : View of a bridge, &c. NEAR

SUNDERLAND

HEIGHT

100

IRON

SL'AN

FEET.

Ex

BRIDGE

236 \

3.

OPENED

R : IRON BRIDGE OVER THE RIVER WEAR, &c. E

PENNY

TOKEN.

SUNDERLAND 1 7 9 7 .

This was also struck in lead. Engraver—W YON .

EX

: ON

:

A. 2

SUNDERLAND .

TOKEN, & c .

AUGT. 9 . 1 7 9 6 .

R : Two ships, &c.

O : View of a bridge, &c.

FEET

DEMAND

IN

ANGLESEY . за.

E

: ON DEMAND

WE

LONDON X

LIVERPOOL

.

PROMISE

OR

A 3 TO

PAY

ONE

PENNY.

зб. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 3a

Aos. 3 and 3b appear to hare been struck over Avi/lesea Pennies, and show some oj the former impressions ; A'o. 3a over a Bath Penny of M. Lamb <(• Son. I ye docs not include these or the halfpennies, and there is every reason to believe they were made for collectors, though possibly No. i may have been made as a sort of medalet to celebrate the opening of the bridge. 1 his undertaking was estimated to cost upwards of twenty-five thousand pounds. Sir Ralph Milbanke, Bart., of 39, Hurley Street, London, Mr. Lambton, and Mr. Rowland buidon, M.l ., also of Ilarley Street, contributed several thousand pounds. No. 3a, RRR.

3 and 3b, RR.

2, R.


'20

Diubam. SOUTH ** m

4. l«

&

SHIELDS.

y 0

A figure of F a i t h s t a n d i n g , h o l d i n g a book. SOUTH S H I E L D S HALF-

I

PENNY . 1 7 9 4 .

n

A

E

PAYABLE

ship.

S U C C E S S TO T H E AT

COAL T R A D E .

SHIELDS

AND

. X X .

DON

This

SOUTH

LON-

A. 4 - 5

was also struck

in silver.

Atkins 4 and 5 are described in a similar manner to those in Sharp, but the latter adds that the die-flaw extended from the 7 in date. There are specimens where a die-flaw commences to the left of the exergue line and follows the legend till it reaches the die-flaw in date ; these are in very fine condition, but are from dies which have been polished up, thereby effacing some of the design. The reverse die has also been similarly treated, but not to so great an extent. The probability is, Atkins repeated the error of Sharp, who regarded as from other dies what was only from the cracked and polished ones. Emjraver— W Y O N . Manufacturer—KEMPSON. Aifcjw. NOS.

6.

O: A s t h e

E: II-

MAY I P E A C E I i t P L E N T Y PIUNCE 1 &

Grt. E:

8.

| ACCOMPANY | T H E

PRINCESS 1 OF 1 WALES.

Middlesex. As last.

E: 7.

rev. of No. 4.

A figure of H o p e , S U C C E S S TO 1T R A D E AND COMMERCE. See Essex. P A Y A B L E IN L O N D O N , a n d e n g r a i l e d . - X - A. 6

/>':

5.

5-7.

See

A. 7

Plain.

II: E:

ASSOCIATED

0:

S h i e l d of a r m s .

As No.

IRISH

MINERS ARMS.

5. PAYABLE

A.

51

.

IN

, Wicklow .

DURHAM

. OR . L O N D O N .

An a n c h o r a n d cable,

I!:

SOUTH

.

SHIELDS

.

HALFPENNY 1 7 9 G .

E: 8M.

Engrailed.

A.

8

E : Plain. Issued b y

GORTON.

STOCKTON. 9.

%

O : H e l m e d b u s t , PROMISSORY HALFPENNY. 11: A l a r g e s h i p sailing. P R O BONO P U B L I C O 1794. :

P A Y A B L E AT K I N R T O N S S T O C K T O N .

A. 9

9<J. E

: L O N D O N L I V E R P O O L Olt M O N T R O S E .

9h.

: P A Y A B L E AT S . S A L M O N S I C O U R T N E Y & E F R O S T

E

PORTSEA

X

T h e r e is o n e w i t h " b l u n d e r e d " edge, " i omitted.

COURTNEY"

Emjraver—WYON. Manufacturer—KEMPSON. 1 'ruprietur—KINUTON.

^fSlgjgte c J "M1


80

Bur bam. :0'T7-y/> . S U N D E R L A N D . 10.

O : . WEARMOUTN BRIDGE . E R E C T E D , &C. 11 : IRON | BRIDGE, &C.

K : Plain (not in collar). lOrt. J'j : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER

A. 10 I,ONIM)N OR BRISTOL.

in;

b'

A

lVll.

r. : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

A . 1 Ob

JOE.

]•. : PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR BALLYMURTAGH.

"

10

"

1 0 < i . h : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OK THOMAS CLARKE.

10,'. E • Milled

I I " •

'•

n • TI V/ FLLES!LME

AS

^

LART

A r m s of

Orchard ' A. 11 (ace note after No. 3.) Tim was also struck in lead. Nos. 6a, 9, lOn, 10/-, 10c, 10rf and lOe, RR. H, 8a, 9a, 96 and 10, R. 11, scarce. 5, 6 and 7, fairly common. No. 4 is common with the flaw, but rare without it.

£ssej\ E P P I N G .

SI 11 r.LINCr

1.

(struck

ill copper).

O : A stag and a tree. It : A star and garter I s

VALUE ONE SHILLING. EPPING FOREST 1 7 9 6 .

A : SPENCE X DEALER X IN X COINS X LONDON X

The 9 and 0 are retrograde. A. 1 l a . K : Milled. A. l a 16. K : Plain (not in collar). A. 1 6 Issued hy S P E N C E , for sale to collectors. No. la, RR. 1 and 16, R. W A N S T E A D .

1'h'NNY. 2.

O : View of a gentleman's seat .

WANSTEAD . HOUSE . ON . E P P I N G . FOREST.

J P h i s f o r m s part of the Globe series issued by S K I D M O R E , and will be illustrated with the other portion. s u m ZF

gi M9 ?mr

B R A I N T R E E .

8

-

0 n

MT..m

A building, BKAINTREE cfc HOCKING HALFPENCE. V..I : MDCCXCIV. I* igure of 1 fope. SUCCESS TO TRADE AND COMMERCE. Period close to anchor. PAYABLE AT W GOLDSMITHS BRAINTREE E S S E X

M m m

J

1

&

Ktujraver

8a. K PAYABLE O: As last.

IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER.

/&F11 %r

11. Similar to last. Period midway between legend and anchor A. 4 4a. K : Plain (not in collar). A. 4a 4B.

K : WE PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ONE CENT.

4C.

]', : PAYABLE AT SOUTH S H I E L D S AND LONDON X

4'/.

H : PAYABLE AT DALLYS CHICHESTER X

—WYON.

X

X

A . 4b X X

No. 4 was alao struck in silver. Proprietor.—W.

Manufacturer—IVEMPSON.

NOS. 3a, 4a, b, c, d, RR.

3, R.

GOLDSMITH.

4, common.

A. 2


31

j£ssey. C H E L M S F O R D .

S rrrr

5.

O : A building, SHIRE HALL. 7?: A crown, sceptre, Ac.

56. 7'7 : PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON . X X KING

A. 66

AND

CONSTITUTION 1 7 9 4 E : PAYABLE AT CLACHAR

5c. &

Co's

FORD E S S E X .

: PAYABLE

CHELMS-

IN

LONDON

BRISTOL

&

CASTER . X X

A. G

5ll.

LANA . 6C

E : CURRENT EVERYWHERE

5e. E: Plain (not in collar). A. G(? The reverse of No. 5 generally shows die flaws, and by reason of the die having been polished up, the design is partly obliterated.

5(1. E : RICHARD BACON COCKY LANE.

A . 6(1

Nos. 6-8. 0 As G. Ft: As rev. of No. 4. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON. The remainder engrailed. A. 5 6«. E: Plain. A. 5a 7. R: A figure of Hope, PROSPERITY TO OLD ENGLAND. See Norfolk. E : Milled. A. 7

rev. o f No. 5. 8. II: A dove flying, PEACE AND See Hampshire, No. 11.

PLENTY.

E : RICHARD BACON COCKEY LANE.

A. 9

8a. K: CURRENT EVERYWHERE. S b. E: Plain (not in collar). 8c. E: PAYABLE AT DALLYS CHICHESTER.

A. 9rt A. 96

7(7. E : PAYABLE AT I . IORDAN DRAPER GOSPORT.

76. E : Plain. For Atkins' Nos. 8-8c, see No. '20, Hampshire. Engraver—WYON.

Manufacturer—KEMPSON.

Proprietor*—CLACIIAR

& Co.

William Clachar, Bookseller, Printer, Bookbinder, Distributor of Stamps, Agent to the Sun Fire Insurance Office, Appraiser and Auctioneer, at the Medical Warehouse and Public Library. C O L C H E S T E R .

Ay J m i

r.

% 9.

0: A view of Colchester Castle. E.r: 1794. The castle does not extend to the edge of the coin, and a flaw runs down the centre of the die. [I: A loom. SUCCESS TO THE BAY TRADE.

0 : A slightly different view of the Castle carried out to the edge. R : and E : Same as last. A. 11 10tt. E : RICHARD BACON COCKEY LANE. A. llrt 10.

106. K 10c.

hni/raver—WYON.

.

A. 10

Manu Manufacturerfacturer-

NOS. 5a, c, d, Go, 7a, b, 8, 6, c, 106, c, d, IiR.

SNEDSHILL

BERSHAM

E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE STRIDE X

X

X

5c, R.

Proprietor—C.

9 and lOo, scarce.

OF IOHN

X

10f/. E : Plain (not in collar). -KEMPSON.

BRAD-

A. 116

LEY.

E : PAYABLE AT CHARLES HEATHS BAY MAKER COLCHESTER . X

: WILLEY

A. 11c

HEATH.

The others, common.


32

£sscy. ul 0

DUNMOW.

..

0 : Shield of arms. N A flitch of bacon, E Milled.

MAY DUNMOW PROSPER 1 7 9 3 . PAYABLE AT DUNMOW EKSEX.

A. 12

SKIDMORE HOLBORN I.ONDON.

•i ' j D j f , The i) of

Plain (not in collar). A. 126 No. 11 was also struck in brass. D D N M O W " has been cut in the die retrograde, then altered.

Nos. 12-21. 0 : As last. 12. I I : Hendon Hendon Church Church. See Middlesex. A. 13 12a. E: Milled. 13.

II: A

register stove. See Middlesex.

(Skidmore.)

]•', : SKIDMORE HOI,HORN LONDON.

As last, but E : Milled.

13«. 14.

15.

16.

A. 14

A. 14a

R : Two men working in a forge. (Skidmore.) See Middlesex. /•.': Milled. A. 15 I!: Destroyed by fire, &c. See Middlesex. Rev. die. A. 399 E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON A. 10 11: St. Paul's, Covent Garden. See Middlesex. Obv. die. A. 399 7*.': SKIDMORE HOLIIORN LONDON.

17.

11: The Tree of Liberty. See Middlesex. J?: Milled.

(Spence.)

18.

11: View of a street, itc. shire.

See YorkA. 11

19.

I I : Two busts, LOUIS XVI ET M. ANTOINETTE Ac. See Not Local. A. 91 E : Milled. A. 19 This nas also struck in brass.

A. 17

E : SKIDMORE IIOLBORN LONDON.

A. 18

20. I I : As last, but with the date 17 95 at sides. See Not Local. A. 94 E

20a 21.

: SKIDMORE HOLUOKN LONDON.

Milled.

A . 1 till

A. 2 0

Nos. 22 32. O; T h e r e v . of No. 11. 22. It Bust of David Gairick, Esq. See Middlesex, A. 155. E Milled. A. 22 22a. E Plain (not in collar). A. 22a 23. 11 and E : The same as No. 13. A. 23 23a. E Milled. A. 23a 236. E Milled. Over SKIDMORE LONDON. 23c. E Plain. 24. 11 The same as No. 14. E Milled. A. 24 25. I! A guillotine, Ac. See Middlesex. E SKIDMORE IIOLBORN LONDON A. 2 5 20. 11 The same as No. 15. ]•;

SKIDMORE IIOLBORN LONDON.

A. 20

20a. E 206. E 27. II E 28. li

Milled. A. 20a Engrailed. A cat. See Middlesex. (Spence.) Milled. A. 27 Odd Fellow. See Middlesex. ]•: Milled. (Spence). A cypher II' G M Ac. See Wilt29. it shire. A. 28 30. 11 A cypher 1 O M &c. See Yorkshire. A. 29 E SKIDMORE IIOLBORN LONDON. 31. 1: An anchor and cable. See Hampshire, No. 33 Rev. A. 30 E Milled. 31a. E Engrailed. See 32. 11 MUR D BY THE FACTIOUS & c . Not Local. A. 31 E: Milled.

R : Bust of Earl Howe, &c. See Hampshire, No. 33. E : Milled. A. 21 No. 20 is from the same die as No. 19, after same had been softened and the date added. (Compare the marks of die corrosion and defective letters.) Issued by SKIDMOBE, for sale to collectors. The custom of giving the flitch of bacon to those who would on oath declare that neither had at any time transgressed or offended the other, or wished themselves unmarried again, for a twelvemonth and a day, was instituted by Walter KiUwalter, who died in 1198. For a description at length, see Hone's Every-Day Book, Vol. 2.

Nos. 12a, 13, a, 14, 10, 18, 20, 236, c, 24, 25, 20a, 6, 27, 28, 29, 31 and 31a, RR. 11a, 15, 17, 20a, 21, 23a, 20, 30 and 32, 11. 11, 22, a, and 23, scarce. 116 and 12, fairly common.


33

£escy. H O R N G H U R G H .

UA.VZ.il 1UC,

33.

(): Crowned bust, with sceptre. II: A castle within a shield, &c.

34. A. 32

Kn<jrm>er-—PONTHOK.

f t

O : Similar to last, excepting that the 1 in the date lias a square top. A. 33

Manufacturer—BOULTON.

MALDON. 35.

0 : Shield of arms, Ac.

SUCCESS

TO

T H E 1IOROUGH O F MALDON.

II: The arms and crest of the Watchmakers Co., A;c. K : PAYABLE AT W. DRAPERS WATCHMAKER MALDON E S S E X . X X .

/•,' ii ;i rare r-

1 >AVIES.

M r i

A. 34

Manufacturer—GOOD.

W A R L E Y .

i jf. &

jy . -•?

t>-\

3G.

0 : Bust to right,

*

GEORGE

,

PRINCE

OF

WALES.

II: The

prince's

crest

and

motto.

HALFPENNY 1 7 9 4 . K : WARLEY

CAMP

E : WARLEY

CAMP

HALFPENNY

. X . X . X .

A. 35 3G<(.

.X.X.x

HALFPENNY

R

m,..'

Similar to preceding, excepting that the line of forehead comes to the letter N, whereas in the former it came to the letter E ; the end of legend is closer also to the bust, and K : As No. 30a. A. 36

MDCCXCIV

A. 35a O : As last. H : A period at end of legend. K : Same as No. 36. A. 37 38a. As last, but A' : same as No. 36a. A. 37a

With the exception of these for Warley Camp, and those for Brighton Camp, Sussex, all having a reference to the Prince of Wales are placed to London.

Nos. 3Ga, 37 and 38, scarce.

The others, fairly common.


34

£seey. W O O D F O R D .

39.

0 : A wheatsheaf and sickle between doves, 1790. It: A pair of compasses, wheel, saw, and axe. T O K E N E S S E X 1796 within a circle. w. B R O O K S C A R P E N T E R WOODFORD .

E : Plain (not in collar). PAYABLE AT

HIS

PAYABLE

N.

AT

OFFICE

I i O I X l N G ltltOOK

PAYABLE IN L A N C A S T E R PAYABLE

AT T H E

A. 38

NEWPORT.

A . 38(7

HABERDASHER

LONDON

ifcc.

NORWICH

OR B R I S T O L .

W A R E H O U S E O F IONATHAN

GARTON

&

CO.

Milled. Nos. 40-1. 40. 41.

- [ytio (/•

0 : As t h e r e v . of No. 3 9 .

It: The Prince of Wales' crest, &c. See Herts. A. 39 11: A man weaving in a loom, N O T H I N G WITHOUT

INDUSTRY

1795.

Dublin.

See

A. 40

As Denton is the person responsible for these tokens, it is questionable whether W. FSrooks had any more to do with them than James Metcalf, of liedale, had to do with those bearing his name.

Nos. 39a, b, c, 11 and e, PR.

39, 40 and 41, P.

L E I G H .

42.

0 : View of a church, 11 • D E A L E R

IN

ALL

i

SjZ.-.LE

HEMMIN L E I G H .

KIND

OF

179G.

HARDWARE

lri.t.hL,

A. 41

Scarce. This farthing was a puzzle to the writer and readers of the "Bazaar Notes." The nearest approach to a solution which I can get, is John Fleming, Whitesmith, of Worcester; there is, about seven miles distant, a large parish named Leigh, l'ye does not record it, and probably it was no more a currency token than those of Woodford. W O O D F O R D .

Atkins' No. 42 error; no one has and the reference 35-12) agrees with 42.

is evidently an seen this piece, given (Conder, No. 43 and not

43.

O: Struck from the ccntre of rev. die of No. 39. R : The Prince of Wales' crest, &c., from the centre of No. 40. A. 43 Scarce.


(Slouccstcrsbire.

35

G L O U C E S T E R .

4• p i I L f cnoo

GLOCESTKR CATHEDRAL.

A.

ST.

A. 3

MARY 1)E CKYPT C H U H C I I .

S T . MARY D E L O D E .

1

A. O

Similar to last, but with two mttresses and a spout added. A. G ST.

MICHAEL S CHURCH.

ST.

NICHOLAS'

ST.

JOHN'S

CHURCH.

CHURCH.

A. 8 A.

10

A.

17

8.

O : WHITE FRIARS.

A.

19

10.

O : T H E COUNTY G A O L .

A.

12

9.

0 : THE

A.

15

11.

0 :

A.

14

HIGH

Nos. 1-11. 12. 0 : As No. 13. (): As No. 14. (> : As No.

CROSS.

ST. liARTHOLOMEw's HOSPITAL.

li. K E M P S O N S ' S die, A.—These are easily met with. No. 4 is the scarcest. 1—A. 2 15. O: As No. 5—A. 9 18. O : As No. 8—A. 20 2—A. 4 l(i. 0 : As No. 6—A. 11 19. U : As No. 9—A. 16 4—A. 7 17. O : As No. 7—A. 18 20. 0 : As No. 10—A. 13

Nos. 12 t o 20. Ill the nineteenth century Ottley engraved a new reverse die B, and using the obverse dies hy Wyon, struck a set in white metal, with the exception of No. 3 (St. Mary de Lode, without the buttresses), as this die had been altered by Wyon, who a d d e d the buttresses anil spout, and No. 14 (St. Bartholomew's Hospital), the die of which broke. Nos. 14 and 19 are known in copper bronze.

Ihese are all scarce.

No. 14 (white metal) and Nos. 14 and 19 (copper), rare.

At tl>e Chetwynd sale, J u l y 1872, lot 161, a set with the exception of Nos. 3, 4, and 7, struck in silver, with Kempson s reverse, were sold for jQ2 I i v ; and lot 162, a set with Ottley's reverse, struck in silver gilt, were sold for £2 7s. T h e s e are extremely rare, if not unique, and are in the British Museum collection. At a later period, after the dies had become corroded, copper bronzed specimens of Nos. 12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19) a n d 20, were struck with Ottley's reverse. T h e s e are rare.


36

Gloucestershire. GLOUCESTER. 21.

O: View of

cathedral.

ST.

PETER .

GLOUCESTER.

R: A c y p h e r T It b e t w e e n p a l m branches. B R I T I S H . P E N N Y . 1797. E : I PROMISE

TO

PAY

ON

DEMAND

BEARER ONE PENNY X

Engraved by

THE

A. 21

and issued by T H O M A S for sale to collectors. Rare.

JACOB

GORTON

B A D M I N T O N . 0

A beggar receiving alms.

I WAS HUNGRY

frrrr>l

AND YE GAVE ME MEAT.

It:

TO T H E

I L L U S T R I O U S D U K E OF BEAUFORT T H E

FRIEND

OF

MANKIND

K

TENANTS WHO

REDUCED

THEIR

TO

WHEAT

9.1

PR.

HIS THE

WORTHY PRICE

BUSHEL

OF A.D.

!-y JllUSTiUUUa. Pt&VY.2 4 ZJ.t/3U

/?,

|/

THZ

tU&iWQ/l S

-

jriiiiiinrj -rental Vp f -

1795. In ten lines between sprigs of laurel and oak. E : BADMINTON TOKEN . X . X . X . X . X . X . X . X . A .

22<i.

: Plain.

i".

T h i s obv. f o r Nos. 2 3 - 3 0 . 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

R : R: It: R: R : R: R: R : 44. 45.

The obv. of No. 22. The rev. of No. 22. A ship. A plough. A wlieatsheaf. Pair of scales. Pair of scales, 3 | lb. Pair of scales, 6J lb.

22

A. 22(7.

r*"'"-. M l.

T h i s o b v . f o r Nos. 3 1 - 7 . 3 3' 8 3

f

R : The obv. of No. 22. R : The rev. of No. 22.

R: R: R: R: R: R: R:

T h i s obv. f o r Nos. 38 43.

The obv. of No. 22. The rev. of No. 22. A plough. A wlieatsheaf. Pair of scales. Pair of scales, 3 J lb. Pair of scales, OA lb.

46. 47. 48.

T h i s obv. f o r Nos. 4 4 8.

38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43.

R: R : R: R : n : It:

The obv. of No. 22. The rev. of No. 22. A wlieatsheaf. Pair of scales. Pair of scales, 3 i lb. Pair of scales, 6J lb.

R : Pair of scales. R : Pair of scales, 3^ lb. R : Pair of scales, 6 A lb.


37 Gloucestershire. B A D M I N T O N .

3 sn

M

Ir „ o

This 49. 50. 51. 52.

o b v . f o r Nos. 49 52. H : The obv. of No. 22. /(': The rev. of No. 22. 11: Pair of scales, 3 i lb. 7)': Pair of scales, lb.

I'.ngrarer—WILLETS.

PA- i •'

3 a i a •/jg

This 53. 54. 55.

obv. f o r Nos. 5 3 - 5 . 11: The obv. of No. 22. 11: The rev. of No. 22. 11: Pair of scales, 6 i lb.

Manufacturer—KEMPSON.

j j 02 li >L

T h i s o b v . f o r Nos. 56 7. 5(5. 11: The obv. of No. 22. 57. B : The rev. of No. 22.

Proprietors—JELLY

<FE ARNOTT,

of Bath.

I lie Badminton series Die not currency tokens, Init were struck to perpetuate the memory of llie Duke of Beaufort, and to illustrate incidents connected with a period of scarcity of corn, and arc all rather scarce. B R I M S C O M B E

y

P O R T .

„ ' '

\

" & - .

T7T8T 0 : A barge, with striped sails, B : The entrance into a tunnel.

TFIAMES AND SEVERN CANAL.

K : PAYABLE AT BRIMSCOMBE PORT X

0 : Similar to last, excepting that the sails are plain. R: and V, : As last.

A. 38

^

j'.dc Similar to last, hut without the two dots — x Similar, but not from same die. As last. GOrt. k

A. 39

GLAMORGAN HALFPENNY.

0 : Similar to last, but with a flaw at the edge of sails. 11: Similar ; a line cuts the brickwork level with the bottom of arch. V. : As No. 58. A. 40 No. 61 iran also struck in silver. Nos. 58 and G0«, E R R . The others, fairly common. hngraver anil Manufacturer—HANCOCK. Proprietors—THE T H A M E S & S E V E R N CANAL C O . The reverse shows the entrance to the tunnel at Sapperton, which is two and a half miles in length


38

Gloucestershire. GLOUCESTER. <£

I

: A distant view of the city of Gloucester.

IB

SUCCESS TO T H E TRADE & COMMERCE.

: A ship sailing,

GLOCESTER & BERKLEY CANAL.

: PAYABLE AT GLOCESTER.

- -

A . 11

:

PAYABLE AT I.JORDAN'S DRAPER GOSPORT

A . 4 1 (I

: : : :

Milled. Plain (not in collar). As last. The middle E is now added to

A. 416 A. 41c BERKELEY.

: PAYABLE AT GLOCESTER.

A. 42

: Plain (not in collar). A. 42a No. GS was also struck in silver and brass. it <1 racer—WYON.

Manufacturer-—KEMPSON.

Proprietors—THE

h, and (ion, RJ.llt.

CANAL

62c, E .

Co. (S3, fairly common

NEWENT.

A shield,

&C.

INDUSTRY

HONOUR. J . MOUSE NEWENT &C.,

LEADS TO

GLOCESTERSH IRE,

1796.

The remainder engrailed. A. 43 Engraver—WYON. Manufacturer 65, scarce No. 65a, 11RR.

PAYABLE AT NEWENT.

65.

O : As last. It: Similar, but THOUSAND instead of " Thousands." K : As last. A. 44 65a. E : As last. Plain (not in collar), on thin flan. A. 44a KEMPSON. Proprietor—J. M O R S E . in line condition. 64, common.

CHELTENHAM. 66.

HALFPENNY SIZE. Bust to right, GEORGIYS H I . The; order and motto of the garter.

71. 72.

CHELTENHAM . 1 7 8 8 .

SMALL FARTHING O: As No. 66. It: As No. 66.

SIZE.

U : and It: Similar, but -with c . i under bust. O : and R : Similar, but with i B under bust. EARTHING

A. 50

73.

0

LARGE FARTHING SIZE, Scolloped Edges. 68. 0 : Laureated bust to right, DAVIES under it. GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA. R : Shield crowned, the date 1788 under it. CHELTENHAM . JUI.Y . 12. A. 45 69. 0 : Very similar to No. 68, but without the period after GRATI V. R : As No. 68. 70. 0 : Similar to last, but with w. A. & co. under the bust. R : Shield as before, but the date follows the legend. A. 46

74.

0:

75.

It : 0 :

and R : Similar to No. 70, w. A. it co. under bust. Bust as before, with c . i . under it, the last i between the two laurel leaves. Similar to last. A. 47 Very similar to last. The second i is between two laurel leaves. As last. Bust as before, with i . B . under it. Similar to last. A. 48 Similar, but with i. H. & co. under bust. Similar to other.

76.

R: <>\ R:

77. It:

SIZE,

Sc

Edges.

SMALL

67.


89

Ibampsbirc. In arranging these tokens, it has been thought advisable to transfer to this section those having reference to Earl Howe, John Howard, Nelson, and Naval Farthings, and which appear in Atkins under

" N O T LOCAL."

The edge-reading cannot always be taken as a guarantee that the specimen was intended for local currency.

By reason of the quantity struck, and the fact that the edge-reading

was "rolled" on the " b l a n k s " previous to such receiving the impression from the dies, it will be readily understood that, in some instances, it has no connection with the design on obverse or reverse. The grouping of tokens on the lines here indicated, will be of material assistance in the identification of

specimens,

especially to those with whom the study is a new pursuit.

SHILLING. B A S I N G S T O K E .

1.

O: A barge, HASINGSTOKE CANAL. 1!: A wheelbarrow, &c. IOIIN PINKERTON.

WMW2

OiJ

VALUE ONE S H I L L I N G .

]\ : Engrailed.

A. 1

passed current among the workmen engaged in making the canal. John Pinkerton was the Secretary, and doubtless several of the early impressions would be given to shareholders and others who would naturally be interested in the undertaking and also in the novel local cunency. G O S P O R T .

J.I AW

The British Standard and a drum between four flags, DRITAIN TRI-

2.

ING RAFTS.

UMPHANT.

IX K

E : As No. 2.

T. WOOD, &E. I

PROMISE

TO

O: As last. II: A large raft.

PAY

ON

BEARER ONE PENNY X

DEMAND

THE A. 2

FRENCH FOLLY IN RUILD-

Ex:

A.D.

1798. A. 3


40

1b a 111 p s b i r c . NETLEY. 4.

0 : N E T L E Y AliBY H A N T S .

It: A cypher T G. E :

I

PROMISE

TO

BRITISH PENNY PAY

ON

1797. fa

DEMAND

BEARER ONE PENNY X

Issued

BY T H O M A S G O R T O N

THE A. 4

for sale to collectors.

SOUTHAMPTON. 0 : Helmed bust

SR.

BEVOIS.

SOUTHAMP-

TON H A L F P E N N Y .

7? : Shield of arms, &c. E

: ON

DEMAND

WE

PROMISE

TO

PAY

ONE

PENNY.

T/ti.s is struck on thick flan from the halfpenny dies of No. 84. Probably this was a die-sinker's speculation, with the intent of it being disposed of as a rarity to some Collector. See Fieldings, Manchester; Dennis. Middlesex, etc.

6.

0 : ADMIRAL EARL

HOWE.

I I : T H E MEMORABLE VICTORY, &C.

7.

A. 22, Not Local.

O: As last. II: Very similar, but with trefoil after date. These are medals, and struck in white metal.

8.

0 : Bust of Admiral Nelson, &c. It : IN M E M O R Y , < t c . !窶「' : I P R O M I S E

TO PAY T H E

A. 2G, Not Local. 1 A. 26</, Not Local.

I a. E : Plain.

Rarity窶年os. 5 and 8<i, ERR.

HEARER ONE PENNY.

8, RR.

2, 3 and 4, R.

1, G and 7, fairly common.


41 Ibampsbiic. E M S W O R T H .

0 : A ship sailing, EMSWORTH. R: A female seated, HALFPENNY. E: PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF

9. '4- jr

Jg m

X

:

X

X

0: and E : As last. R: Similar to last, but dated 1791. 0: The rev. of No. 9. 1798. R: A dove Hying, &c. PEACE AND P L E N T Y . E: CURRENT EVERY W H E R E —•— —>— — H a . E: EAMES HOLLAND & ANDREWS P E T E R S F I E L D . A. 7a lib. E: PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER. Hi'. E: PAYABLE AT T H E STORE OF X X X X 11,1. E : PAYABLE AT LEEK STAFFORDSHIRE. lie. E : Plain (not in collar). 12. 0 : The rev. of No. 10. 1794 1!: T h e r e v . of N o . 1 1 . PEACE AND PLENTY. E EMSWORTH HALFPENNY PAYABLE BY IOHN

^ 4'

/•G

X

1793. IOHN STRIDE

sMm.

STRIDE.

12a. E : 126. K : 12c. E :

EAMES HOLLAND & ANDREWS P E T E R S F I E L D . PAYABLE IN HULL AND IN LONDON

X

CURRENT EVERY W H E R E —

12d. E : PAYABLE AT DALLY'S CHICHESTER. i2c. : Plain (not in collar).

A. Nr A. 8d

A

;

13 13.

0 : EARL HOWE OF J U N E .

&

THE

GLORIOUS

A. 96 13a. E : Plain (not in collar). This is struck on large and small flans. 14. 0 : As last. R : A ship, VAL . T BRITTISH TARS.

FIRST

The queue points to j, the & is close to the E and T. R : Britannia seated, RULE BRITANNIA. 1794. The point of spear touches the R. E

PAYABLE

AT

LONDON

LIVERPOOL

7<! • PAYABLE

LONDON

14a E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 9a

BRISTOL.

AT

OR

BRIGHTON 1 5

. . . .

OR

A. 15a Y.1 j

Similar to No. 13. The queue points between u and j, the & further from E and T. R: Similar to No. 13. The spear does not touch R. E: EMSWORTH HALFPENNY PAYABLE BY IOHN STRIDE X A. 9 Engraver—WYON. Proprietor—JOHN

Manufactu rer—KEMPSON. a Grocer and Tea-dealer.

STRIDE,


42

Ibampsbire. • o -:

^'Ts

E M S W O R T H .

Nos. 16-21. T h e s a m e o b v . d i e a s No. 15. i«. n : A ship, P R O BONO P U B L I C O . K : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E . A. 13 16". K : W E P R O M I S E TO PAY T H E B E A R E R O N E C E N T . ': A ship, H A L F P E N N Y above. ': As No. 16. a :

1

-9 •

t * J-.

'j 'V * &

<«r

A MAP O F F R A N C E .

: As No. 16. : Plain (not in collar).

'

%\U %: * • *A§ HOUGH *.^lh

A. 16

: MAY G R E A T B R I T A I N E V E R , & C .

: As No. 16. : Milled. :

A. 17 A. 17a K I N G AND C O N S T I T U T I O N 1794. See Chelmsford. PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN L O N D O N . A. 8, Essex.

:

CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

:

/ is,

• PAYABLE AT J . J O R D A N D R A P E R G O S P O R T

: Milled. : Engrailed. : Plain (not in collar). Similar to No. 15. Dated 1795. :

A yij-rz "•TO yjizrzers 2 1 1A v a a G ^ninG

21 a .

h

Vr'<

E M S W O R T H H A L F P E N N Y P A Y A B L E BY I O H N S T R I D E X

..... , : Milled. The rev. of last.

and 23U.

/-.

/'. : A s N o .

PORTSMOUTH

v

/

y i \ •*- <£ s&L

21

BRITANNIA 1 7 9 5 .

A. 18 The lint, points to E. 21.

BBITANNIA 1 7 9 5 .

HALFPENNY

PAYABLE

AT

SHARP'S.

A.

11

fW %

THo's A.

11a

The remainder engrailed. A. 11/)

P A Y A B L E IN L O N D O N .

PAYABLE AT W . G O L D S M I T H S HRA1NTREE E S S E X .

. , As last.

A. l i e

R U L E BRITANIA, 1 7 9 7 .

The remainder engrailed. A. Similar to last. The front of hat under H. A female standing. L I B E R T Y IT C O M M E R C E . : As last. A. 20 As last. PAYABLE IN L O N D O N .

26.

and

27.

A bust.

: As No. 23.

BRITANNIA 1 7 9 5 .

1797. &c. See Spalding. The remainder engrailed.

ADMIRAL E A R L H O W E ,

S U C C E S S TO C O M M E R C E , BUXTON T O K E N .

As last. As No. 24. PAYABLE

BY

engrailed.

M —y §) J

A. 10

A WAY TO P R E V E N T K N A V E S G E T T I N G A T R I C K

P'f'"A larger bust.

i

RULE IOHN

BRITANIA STRIDE.

1797.

The remainder A

12

.<(

»Co


43

Ibampsbire.

i

-9 rr^" • o <? z?) -r<i Wb^/vMr , J-W *

O: V e r y s i m i l a r t o No. 13, with

Nos. 29-34. 29.

\

B : A large ship.

THE

GUARD

&

30.

GLORY

HALFPENNY

B: A . smaller ship sailing to left.

; PAYABLE

AT

BANBURY

OXFORD

OR

A.

112

READING.

29a. E

; PAYABLE

IN

DUBLIN

OR

AT

MURTAGH.

29ft. E

'

29c. E

: PAYABLE

E: 30a. 80ft. 30c. 30*/. 31.

BALLY-

. +

.

A. 112ft SUFFOLK

BATH

CHESTER.

OR

MAN-

A.

PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER

LONDON

BRISTOL.

A. 112«

P A Y A B L E IN D U B L I N OR X.ONDON + IN

THE

WOODEN WALLS OF OLD ENGLAND.

OF BRITAIN.

E

and 1795 added.

112c

A. 112i/ 29«/. E : Engrailed. 29c. E : Milled. 29/. E : Plain. On a very small flan. A. 112c

32.

A.

OR 113

E : P A Y A B L E AT LONDON . + . - j - . A . 1 1 3 ( 1 E: P A Y A B L E AT LONDON OR D U B L I N . 1 1 3 f t E : CURRENT EVERY WHERE. A. 113c E: Plain. R U L E BRITANNIA. B: Britannia seated. No date. See Middlesex, A. 343. A. 114 E : Engrailed. R U L E BRITANNIA B : Britannia seated. 1794. E: P A Y A B L E AT L O N D O N L I V E R P O O L OR BRISTOL.

B : Female seated holding mining tools. K x . \

HALFPENNY. II:

1790.

A.

115

M U R ' D BY T H E F A C T I O U S , & C .

E: Milled. 0 : A rather different bust. FRENCH

EVER

KNOW

A. 116 MAY THE HOWE

TO

R U L E T H E MAIN +

B : An anchor and cable. ORATION

OF T H E

OF J U N E

+

17

IN COMMEMGLORIOUS

E : Milled. 35a. E : Plain (not in collar).

30.

B : Bust of E

36a. E:

DAVID

FIRST

94.

A. 117 A. 117«

The obv. of No. 35 occurs with the following reverses :— 37. B: A cat, &c. GARRICK, E S Q .

: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

A. 118

38.

See Middlesex.

A. 119

B : M C H " BY T H E F A C T I O U S , &c.

E : Obliquely grained.

Milled.

0 : A much smaller bust than before, with sprigs under it. I N S C R I B E D TO T H E TARS OF OLD E N G L A N D .

B : An anchor and cable. ORATION

OF

THE

IN C O M M E M GLORIOUS FIRST

OF J U N E 1 7 9 4 .

A.

120

This is struck in white metal. 11 a, c, d, 12, a, d, 16a, 18a, 19a, 20b, d, 21 a, 23a, c, 26, 29'/, e, SOd 31, 32, 34, 36, a, 37, 38 and 39, BR. lift, c, 12c, 13a, 14, 20c, 22, 23ft, 24, 29, 30c and 35a, R. 14a, 27, 28 and 35, scarce. The others, fairly common.


44

Ibampsbire. G O S P O R T .

s.-l

40.

O: Helmed

bust

of

Sir

Bevois.

41.

0 : The same as last. h . Similar, but the top of mainmast comes to centre of o. E: As No. 40. A. 22

41a.

E :

PROMISSORY H A L F P E N N Y . R:

A

large ship sailing. PUBLICO.

E x :

PRO

BONO

1794.

The

mainmast to left of o. E

PAYABLE

: PAYABLE AT I. IORDANS DRAPER GOSPORT

X X X

IN

LONDON

BRISTOL

LANCASTER.

A. 21

416.

E

: PAYABLE AT T H E STORE OF X X X X

41c. E: Plain (not in collar). 42.

0 : Similar. The p and Y of legend close to bust. U: Similar, but the mainmast comes between the o and the p. E : As No. 40. A. 23

42a.

E :

PAYABLE

E :

& E. FROSTS x A. 2 3 a PAYABLE IN LONDON E V E R Y W H E R E .

426.

AT

s.

SALMON

I.

Manufacturer—KEMPSON.

A. 22a

COURTNEY

A. 236 A. 23c

42c. E : Plain (not in collar). Engraver—WYON.

Proprietor—J.

JORDAN.

&Ov

44.

• ii: E: 0 : Ii:

figure of Hope standing, PAYABLE AT BENN. & IONN. .TONES GOSPORT A ship sailing, T H E GUARD & GLORY OF G T . BRITAIN. E.v. 179G Milled. A. 24 Similar, the finger points to centre of o. and E : As No. 43. Manufacturer—PITT.

Proprietor—B.

& J.

OR S H E E R N E S S .

JONES.

L Y N D H U R S T .

4i>.

0 . Laureated bust to right, It:

GEORGIVS H I R E X .

VISITED LYNDHURST LYMINGTON SOUTHAMPTON WEYMOUTH, &C.

No. 41a, b, c, 42a, 6, c, BE.

40, B.

k

A. 226

44, scarce.

1789.

A. 2 5

The others, common.


45

Ibampsbue. NEWPORT

(ISLE

OF

WIGHT).

O: Bust to left, ROBERT BJRI> WILKINS. / R : An antique ship, ISLE OF WIGHT HALFPENNY 1792. fe E : PAYABLE AT HIS OFFICE NEWPORT.

46a. E

A. 2 0

Plain. This is very rare. Engraver and Manufacturer—MAINWARING. Proprietor—E. B . W I L K I N S . PETERSFIELD.

AL\

-5

!.:.i

MM

-

48

O : A man on horseback, P E T E R S F I E L D . Ii: A stork, standing upon a piece of ground, the bottom margin of which is irregular. PROMISSORY HALFPENNY . 1 7 9 3 . E : EAMES

HOLLAND & ANDREWS P E T E R S -

FIELD —

x

A. 2 7

47a. E : FEAR GOD AND HONOUR THE KING. A. 27a 476. E : Milled. 48. O: The gender of the horse is distinguishable. R : Very similar, the ground different. E : Same as No. 47. A. 28 48a. E: Engrailed. A. 28a 486.

E :

PAYABLE AT N.

49-50. 0 : As. No 47. 49. R Britannia seated. Same as No. 21. E PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. 50. R BLOFIELD CAVALRY. See Norfolk. A. 30 E Engrailed. 51. O As N O . 4 8 . As Nos. 49 & 21. 51. R Britannia seated E PAYABLE IN LONDON, & engrailed. A. 29 51a. E PAYABLE ON DEMAND, & engrailed. A. 29a A. 296 516. E Plain (not in collar). 52. O The rev. of No. 48. R Female standing holding a pole with cap of liberty, &c. See No. 25. E PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE L I V E R POOL x

BOLINGBROKES HABER-

x

x

A. 31

52a. E PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. 526. E : Plain (not in collar).

DASHER LIE., NORWICH.

48c. E: Plain (not in collar). A. 286 Engraver•—WYON. Manufacturer—KF.MPSON. Proprietors—HOLLAND 46a, 47a, 48c, 51a, 526, RR. 476, 516, 52a, R. 48a, 6, 49, 50, 51, 52, scarce. PORTSMOUTH.

& ANDREWS.

Others, common.

/ => zy> WS

53.

0 : IOHN

HOWARD

.

F.R.S.

PHILANTHRO-

The front edge of coat is on a line with the second limb PIST.

of t h e N of " I O H N . "

R : Arms

of

the

MOUTH

AND

PENNY.

Ex.

E : PAYABLE

borough. CHICHESTER

LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON.

PORTSHALF

546. E

PAYABLE

AT

ANGLESEY

AT SHARPS PORTSMOUTH AND A. 32

54c. E:

PAY

OR

A. 336

STOCKTON.

"blundered"

A. 3 3 a

LONDON

LIVERPOOL.

1794.

CHALDECOTTS CHICHESTER.

Edge of coat between the H and N. The period is further from R. : As No. 53. A. 33 54a. k : Milled over, PAYABLE AT ANGLESEY

edge

This of

AT KINGTONS STOCKTON.

is

a

PAYABLE


46

Ibampsbire. PORTSMOUTH. A^^.o

55.

0 : Similar to last, but without a period after '• HOWARD." R : As No. 53. A. 34 55a. E: Milled. 56. 0 : As No. 53. Pi: Female standing. As No. 25. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON. The remainder engrailed. A. 35

57.

0 : As No. 55. R : Britannia seated. 1795. As No. 21. E : As last. A. 36

57 a.

E : PAYABLE

AT THE

WAREHOUSE

POOL. bib.

E :

LIVERA. 36a

CURRENT EVERYWHERE.

A. 3 6 6

57c. E : Milled.

A. 36c

57<1. E : PAYABLE AT I. IORDANS DRAPER GOSPORT.

57c. E : Plain (not in collar).

The writer of the " Bazaar Notes" says Thomas Sharp was a Mercer, and T. Chaldecott a Silversmith and Cutler. John Howard, F.R.S._, was born at Hackney, 2nd September, 1726. Ilis name will always be connected with improvements in prisons. He died of a fever, January 20th, 1790.

. 0 » £ z -J^>r 'A

58.

0 : An anchor and cable between sprigs of laurel, PROMISSORY HALFPENNY. R: Shield of arms, PAYABLE AT PORTS-

Very similar. Bust

MOUTH 1 7 9 7 .

E 58a.

E

BY

G.

ROBINSON AT

I.

MOONEY

WYON.

AND

E

A. 37

ANGLESEY

LONDON

LIVERPOOL . X .

Engraver—

left.

STANHOPE

NOBLE

WITHOUT NOBILITY.

I . CARTER . X X . PAYABLE

to

The wreath different.

A

YORK

BUILT

A.M.

1223

REBUILT . A.D. 1 0 7 5 .

OR 37(1

59a.

Manufacturer—PITT.

. CATHEDRAL A. 38

E : PAYABLE AT ADAM SIMPSONS ROMNEY.

Proprietors—ROBINSON,

MOONEY, & CARTER.

Charles Earl Stanhope, born 1753; died 1816; was the founder of the Revolution Society. He declared nimsell a firm and steady supporter of the unalienable rights, and of the happiness of all mankind.

0 :

VISCOUNT J E R V I S & THE GLORIOUS 1 4 FEBV.

1797. R: A man-of-war sailing, YE INVINCIBLE

UNDER PROVIDENCE

Ex:

FIFTEEN.

A small

ornament. PAYABLE

AT

I.

BRENTS

PORTSMOUTH

PORTSEA X X X

60a. h

" PAYABLE

AT

H . BRENTS

Manufacturer—PITT.

PORTSMOUTH

AND

erased.)

Proprietor—JOSEPH

AND A. 4 3

PORTSEA.''

A. 43a BRENT,

Shoemaker, Tortsea.


47

Ibampsbtve. P O R T S M O U T H .

s?j0irhzj&z.r& YllTl'l i5 SAIL,

JOHtJJ SjUi

IxlL, ZiLZUZls iUlSI'J-i l

JiiOJ!' 'J'iJJC UMZ

XEili WA 61.

0 : Neptune standing in his chariot. It:

SR.

JOHN

J E R V I S | WITH

PERSUED & DEFEATED E : PORTSMOUTH

HALFPENNY

15 |

62.

SAIL |

&C.

PAYABLE

AT

. x . (In collar) A. 39 TOKEN (In collar).

THOS SHARPS

0 : and E : Same as No. 61. R : Inscriptions as before, the "PURSUED" being now correctly, but the figure turned the wrong way.

word spelt 4 is A. 40

61a. E: COVENTRY 63 0 : As last. R : Similar to last, except that the 4 is correct and 1 straight, the 2 of 27 is under the TH o f " T H E . "

E : As No. 6L.

A. 41 Nos. 62 anil 63 were also struck in silver.

JVHtumrs \SVXil iSSAJi jf UilS UEDdJJD Si.FZ'AXqq shz&r oi ''feu uw& • rznamKVMr i'l :j'1

64.

0 : R: E : 64a. E : 65. O:

As last. Similar to last, the 2 of 27 is under second limb of H. As No. 61. Plain (in collar). Similar, the bottom edge of the officer's coat being straight, and there is more water shown at the bottom. R : and E : As last. A. 42 65a. E : Plain (in collar). Engraver—WYON. Manufacturer—KEMPSON. Proprietor—THOMAS S H A R P , a Mercer. Nos. 54a, b, c, 55a, 57c, d, e, 58a, 59, a, 61a, 62, 63, 64a, 65a, 67a, RR. 61, R. 53, 54, 60, 64, 66, scarce. The others, common. t. i—* \

ri VJJ» ZdU'-i* O: R: E 67. O R E 67a. E

66.

THE GALLANT J E R V I S D E F E A T E D T H E SPANIARDS 1 4 F E B .

man-of-war. BRITISH VALOR TRIUMPHANT. A. 121, Not Local Milled. Tbe Union Jack, within a circle, MAY IT BE DISPLAYD AT ALL POINTS OF YE COMPASS A fleet of ships sailing. Ex: CAPE ST. VINCENT reby. 14. 1797. A VALENTINE P R E S E N T E D TO SPAIN BY ADML. J E R V I S . A. 122, Not Local Plain.

A


48

"Ibampsbtre. PORTSEA. il A.

M m Nos. 68-72. T h e s a m e o b v . The point of the javelin is just above the second limb of A. 68. R : A ship sailing, at bottom sprigs of 69 11: Similar, with H A L F P E N N Y added. : As No. 68. A. 45 leaves. 69a. E

: AT

GEORGE PORTSEA.

EDWARD

The

SARGEANTS

remainder

grailed. 68a. E : Plain (not in collar). 71.

72.

enA. 44

A. 44a

E

: PAYABLE AT THE

STORE OF

+

+

-T- +

A. 45a 70. R: PAYABLE in place of HALFPENNY over ship. The top of masthead is to left of A. E : As No. 68 A. 46

R : Similar to last. Top of masthead touches the first limb of A. E : As No. 68. A. 48 It: The leaves are all single. Mainmast to left of A. E : As No. 68. A. 47 -

^

,

' i s? /C> -â&#x20AC;˘< ,j,. iN.

iv /

t-c-

O : The javelin points to first limb of A. R : Similar, but with only one row of port-holes and no lantern at stern of ship. F,: As No. 68. A. 49 73a. E : Plain.

(): The javelin touches the first limb of A. R : Similar to last. The pennant touches the A and first limb of B.

73.

E

: PAYABLE AT S, SALMONS I COURTNEY k

E

: PAYABLE

E FROST PORTSEA 74a.

AT

LIVERPOOL.

X

ANGLESEY

LONDON

A

75.

O : The javelin is above the A. R : Similar to No. 70. The port-holes are not over each other. E : As No. 68. A. 50 75a. E : Plain. 76. O: and E : As No. 75. R: As No. 70. 77-8. O: T h e rev. of No. 71. 77.

78.

R : RULE

BRITANNIA 1 ^ 9 7 .

A. 51

R : Britannia seated, no date. E : Feather pattern.

Nos. 68a, 69a, 73a, 74, a, 75a, 77, 78, 79/), 80a, b, c, RR. 71, 76, R. 72, 69, 70, 79a, 80, scarce. The others, common.

OR


49

Ibampsbiic.

PORTSEA.

fir •N.

•«

><fo J J J ; <

79.

0 : St. George and the Dragon, MISSORY - HALFPENNY.

Ex

PRO-

BO.

\ 1790.

R : A man-of-war sailing. E:

PAYABLE AT S, SALMONS I COURTNEY & E FROST PORTSEA

7 9 a . E : PAYABLE

X

A. 52

O: Similar to last, but without spines on the neck of the dragon. R : Similar, but no stern lamp to ship. E : As No. 79. A. 58

80(1. E

E . FROSTS X

A. 52a

79b. E: Plain (not in collar).

A. 526

: PAYABLE AT SHARPS

PORTSMOUTH

CHALDECOTTS C H I C H E S T E R .

AT S SALMON I COURTNEY &

80ft. E

: PAYABLE

AT

LIVERPOOL

ANGLESEY

AND

A. 53a

LONDON

. X .

OR

A. 53ft A. 53c

80c. E: Plain (not in collar).

S. Salmon kept the "Brown Bear" ; John Courtney, the "George" ; and Edward Frost, the "Ship," Anson. The "salmon" on the reverse refers to one issuer, St. George and the Dragon to another, and the ship to the other. Evidently the licensed victuallers experienced difficulty in gelling regal copper coin, and thus acted in conjunction to meet the occasion. Engra.ver-WlLl.ETS. Manufacturer-KEMPSON.

SOUTH AMPTON.^--

4 81 and 82.

Proofs of obverse and reverse dies of No. 84 without legend; reverse blank; and the edges in each case PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON .

83.

X

/T7/ M

0 : A helmed bust to left.

%

R: Shield of arms, 1790. AND

BLOCK

E :

PAYABLE AT H . BROWNBILLS S I L V E R S M I T H .

UNITED

COMPANY. E

: PAYABLE AT T H E OFFICE OF W . TAYLOR R . V. MOODY AND CO. . X .

ir

m

Copy of the last (by Westwood), only two blossoms on the branch of hops E : As No. 84. A. 55 86. Another copy (by Jacobs), no blossoms on the hop stem. E : As No. 84, except that instead of AND it is & co. A. 56 86ft. E : Engrailed.

BREWERY

MANUFACTORY

85.

86a.

SOUTHAMPTON

HALFPENNY.

.

Proof of obverse die No. 84 with legend; edge as last.

p

84.

A. 56a

A. 56ft

m

A. 54


50

Ibampsbtre.

PORTSMOUTH.

87.

0 : Sir Bevois in a rather different helmet. S O U T H A M P T O N H A L F P E N Y . R : Shield of arms, 1791. SUCCESS TO

THE

BREWERY

AND

89.

0 : A helmed bust to right, R : Shield of arms, 1791. E

MANUFACTORY.

88.

PROMISSORY

HALFPENNY.

BLOCK

E : As No. 84. A. 57 Artist's proof of rev. die No. 89, edge as No. 89.

SR. BEVOIS

SOUTHAMPTON.

89(7.

: PAYABLE AT T H E O F F I C E O F W . TAYLOR R . V. MOODY & CO. A. 58 E : P A Y A B L E IN A N G L E S E Y OR L O N D O N .

89/). E: Plain (in collar). In silver with edi/e as No. 89.

SOUTHAMPTON.—W. Taylor, whose mil! was at South S t o n e h a m , about four miles from S o u t h a m p t o n , was a maker of rope-blocks for ships and gun carriages, as shown on the shield. T h e r e is a Samuel Taylor described as a brewer in the Universal British Directory of 1790-5. Richard Vernon Moody died in 1792 ; the writer of the Bazaar N o t e s states that he was a member of the Corporation. Sir Bevois is recorded as being a very powerful man ; a sword of great size is shown at Arundel Castle, said to have been his weapon. On the wall of Bar-gate are sculptured a representation of Ascupart, a giant, and of Sir Bevois, who fought and conquered him. On the rare specimens he is described as ST. BEVOIS.

No. No. 8 7 .

81

Engraved and Manufactured by

Engraver—DUMAREST.

HANCOCK.

Manufacturer—BOULTON.

1

r

¥

$

? w #

i

* r m 91. 92.

O: 11: O: R: 0: R:

A poor copy of the preceding, the helmet without any plume. A figure of Justice, &c. See Warwickshire. A. 59 A poorer piece even than the last, the helmet appears only as a skull cap. A female holding mining tools, H A L F P E N N Y . Ex: 1796. A. 60 Similar to last, ST further from bust. The same as last. A. 61 The obv. dies of 90-2 were also used in the imitation of Regal Halfpence. W E S T COWES (ISLE OF WIGHT). <L, . • m j

93.

0 : A draped bust of Fox, upon a large halfpenny tlan. R: Blank. E :

PAYABLE

AT

THE

WAREHOUSE

T H O ' S WORSWICK & SONS . x

.

OF

A. 62

94.

$

0 : The bust as before, the date 1798 under, W E S T C O W E S H A L F P E N N Y . R : Arms of the town. E :

PAYABLE

. X .

AT T I I O S .

AYRTON

&

co.

.

X

A. 63

N o . 93 Pye says, " T h i s was made from a puncheon of Hancock's used for a button-die," but he does not state whether he refers to the obverse or reverse. 1 he writer of the " Bazaar Notes ' suggests the probability of the reference being to the reverse, though there is a possibility of the bust of Fox being used as the design for a button.


"Ibampsbue.

PORTSEA.

FA HTHING

SOUTHAMPTON.

S.

' i7ao

,||| 1 | 96.

J

0: Shield of arms, crest a hand holding a javelin. PORTSEA HALF

96.

0

: A helmed bust to left.

SOUTHAMPTON

HALF HALFPENNY.

R: Shield of arms,

HALFPENNY 1 7 9 1 .

/i': A ship sailing, at bottom sprigs of leaves, PAYABLE. A. 64 E : Milled.

AND

BLOCK

1790.

BREWERY

MANUFACTORY

UNITED

COMPANY.

A. 65

E : Milled.

'CO > /

98 97.

0 : Bust to left, ADMIL. LORD BRIDPORT. 7?: A naval crown, between sprigs of oak.

PROMISSORY

THING

98.

NAVAL FARTHING

0

% r-4

IOO

Naval Crown.

HOOD.

A. 205

O : Same as last. R : As No. 98.

PROMISSORY

ADMIL. LORD

Anchor.

A. 206

A. 204

101. . / -if)

O: Bust to right, R: As No. 97.

FARA. 2 0 3

0 : Same as last. R: An anchor and cable,

(4 1

NAVAL

99.

9<)

O: Bust to right. ADML. EARL H O W E . R: A man-of-war sailing to left, FART H I N G under it in curved line. GLORIOUS 1 S T OF I U N E , 1 7 9 4 .

A. 207

102.

O: Similar to last, but both bust and legend smaller. R: A ship sailing to right, FARTHING in a straight line under it, a straight line under FARTHING, and a small annulet before date. E : Milled. A. 208 102a. 1< : Plain. A. 208a 103. O : Same as last. R; No annulet before date, and no line under FARTHING. A. 209 102

103


52 Ibampsblrc. -r • f5

•jBJ. / a ' % j ' i o '/Ajy/G'

y

It T

'••r w

?£>iC£

104 104.

106

0: A slightly different bust,

ADMIL.

10G.

EARL H O W E .

R : As No. 97. 105.

Naval Crown.

A. 210 107.

0 : Same as last. R\

• TH-.U1 .-DLLOV • J-lSPZ£ij-?AlT£ ''HOilUSLXiiH

108.

BRITANNIA, 1 7 7 7 .

112

O: Bust to right, in naval uniform.

112.

ADJIL. S R . JNO, J E R V I S .

110. 111.

As No. 97. Naval Crown. Milled. and K : Same as last. As No. 98. Anchor. and K : Same as last.

R :

As

108.

HAY

O: Bust to left, in naval uniform. ADML. MACBRIDE.

R: K: O: R: O:

No.

A

TRADE, &C.

A. 214 A. 215 FLOWING A. 2 1 0

R : As No. 97. Naval Crown. E : Milled. 113. O: and E : Same as last. R: As No. 98. Anchor. 113<\ E : Plain. 114. 0: and E : Same as last. R: As No. 108. TRADE, &c.

115.

0 : Bust to left, w.

CRAGG

under it.

GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA.

R : Shield of aims, between laurel branches . V I S I T E D SOUTHAMPTON . JUNE . 2 6 . 1 7 8 9 .

E : Milled.

108

O: A still different bust, with a period before as well as after legend. R : As No. 97. Naval Crown. E : Milled. A. 211 O : and E : Same as last. R: As No. 98. Anchor. A. 212 O : and E : Same as last. It MAY A FLOWING TRADE, &c. A. 2 1 3

109 109.

r/'jc

116.

A. 217 A. 218

FLOWING A. 2 1 9

O : Same as last. R: A monogram cypher H.S., a barrel above it. Legend same as last. A. 67 This was also struck in silver.

A. 66 117.

O: Different die, without w. CRAGG under bust. R : Monogram and barrel smaller. Nos. 115-17 are lanje farthing size.

Nos. 81, 82, 83, 86a, 88, 89a, 93, RRR. 8i, 85, 866, 87, 896, RR. 86, 95, 96, 103, 105, 108, 111, 113a, 114, 115, 116, 117, R. With the exception of Nos. 101, 102 and 104, the other Naval Farthings are scarce. The remainder of pieces, common.


53

tbcrcforbsblrc. PENNIES. HEREFORD.

1 1.

2.

0 : A bull breaking his chains, J U N E 3D. 3. 0 : A more powerful animal than be1796. fore. HEREFORDSHIRE. Ex / R: An apple-tree and a plough within JUNE 3 1 7 9 6 . an oaken wreath. A. 1 II : Same as No. 1. A. 3 Also struck in silver. 4. 0 : Same as last. O : Same as last. R: Same as No. 2. A. 4 R: Similar, but without the exergue Also struck in silver. line, the handles of the plough also are longer. A. 2 Engraved and Manufactured by M I L T O N . Proprietor—R. B I D D U L P H . Pye says these were originally intended for Halfpence, but found too expensive.

5.

H A LFPENNIES. SUCCESS 0: An apple-tree. CIDER

TO

HEREFORD

TRADE.

THE HALF-

PENNY, &C.

It : Figure of Justice, FRAUD.

E x :

FOR CHANGE NOT

1794.

E : Milled. (Large and small flans.) A. 5 5a.

E :

PAYABLE

IN

ANGLESEY

LIVERPOOL . x

.

5b. E: Plain (rounded). Enqrarer—ARNOLD.

Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE. •'"44

LONDON

OR

A . 5a

A. 5b I'ro/n ictur—C.

1 HONIATT.

C Y

A,

T> Mi

6.

0. R: E : 6a. E : These were issued Nos. 6, RRR.

Bust to left. T . GORTON H E R E F O R D . 1794 (the 4 inverted). An apple-tree and a cask, CYDER . MERCHT. Milled. (This is on a large Han.) Plain. by S K I D M O R E , and the portrait on the obverse very closely resembles that on Wiltshire 17, Atkins. 6a, RR. 3, 5 (on thin flan), 5b, R. 1, 2, 4, 5a, scarce. 5, common.


54

Ibertforfcsbtre. PENNY. SAWBRIDGEWORTH. I.

0 : Full face bust in very high relief. R O BE RT . ORCHARD . SAWBRIDGEWORTH . . H E R T S . .

R: A book lying at the foot of a tree, a church in the distance. #

SAWBRIDGEWORTH #

PENNY #

TOKEN # F..v : *

#

PAYABLE

#

#

FEBY.

xi * 1801 #

A. 1

This is an exceedingly rare Private Token, only four specimens being known, one of which is badly defaced. In all probability J A M E S was the Engraver. HALFPENNIES. Kr

ST. A L B A N S . O : The Prince of Wales'crest,

~-/J 2.

AT ST. ALBANS H E R T S

PAYABLE 179G

R : A crown, 179(5 over it, a radiation, and a circle of lions. A. '2 2(1.

E

: PAYABLE AT N. BOLINBROKE, HABER-

"Arjfi •J.-r" '> /

D A S H E R , & C . , NORWICH.

Issued by 8.

DENTON.

SAWBRIDGEWORTH. 0: A church, Sic. ROBT. ORCHARD

"^4

SAW-

BRIDGEWORTII HERTS.

R : A shepherd under a tree. E

™Tni r

: COVENTRY TOKEN.

3d. E : Milled. Issued by

4.

A. 3

c,

A. 3a JACOBS.

STORTFORD. O: Shield of arms, crest, and motto. SIR GEORGE JACKSON BAR : SOLE

ZA-Jt:

PROPRIETOR.

R: View of a river, with barges, &c. E : 4a.

PAYABLE AT BTSHOPS STORTFORD .

lb. E : Plain. Engraver—KUCKLER.

5.

Nos. 1, BRR.

A. 4

E : PAYABLE AT BISHOPS STORTFORD & c o .

A. 4a Manufacturer—BOULTON.

FARTHING. ST. A L B A N S . O: The Prince of Wales' crest, and motto. R : A crown, &c. This is made from the dies of the halfpenny No. 2. A. 5

2a, 3a. 46, RR.

2, 3, 4a, R.

5, scarce.

£

-SOtem

•j * - —

4, common.


Ikcnt. PENNY. 1.

GRAVESEND. 0 : A Gravesend boat sailing,

GRAVES-

END TOKEN.

fl

Ii: A crown and naval coronet between sprigs of laurel. NAVAL PENNY.

17

E : Engrailed. Issued by

97.

y

A. 1 SKIDMORE.

ORPINGTON. O: A hand firing, horses, &c. THEIR VALUE UPWARDS OF £500, &C. 11: Arms of Kent, A MARK OF RESPECT, &C. This iras also struck in silver. This is really a inedal to perpetuate an action to prevent the spread of disease in horses. 2.

HALFPENCE. A P P L E D O R E . 3.

.

-JU13 J3'i

| HZ • lAXZTil •

,/HU• i j> i \" idyl <I• t .lzu> GV/Ziiljp u'y 'shz' caijus /liiw / WU2JLZ -iz HEy-y/

O : A m a n c a r r y i n g a sack to a w i n d m i l l . • T H E UNION OF

APPLEDORE

KENT.

1794. Pi . A lion and lamb lying together in standing corn. PEACE INNOCENCE AND PLENTY. E : PAYABLE AT W . PECKHAM S APPLEDORE

. X . X . X .

A 2.

8 A . E : PAYABLE BY W. F R I G G L E S GOUDHURST. A . 2A 31.

E : PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER

LONDON

OR

BRISTOL.

3c. E : Plain. Ent/rarer—WYON. Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE. Proprietor—W. PECKHAM.

4.

BENENDEN. 0 : A wheatsheaf. PEACE AND PLENTY. R: Shield of arms, BENEHDEN HALFPENNY. E : PAYABLE

• nexs-y

1794.

BY THOMAS REEVES BENEN-

DEN -F

+

+•

A.

4 a . E : PAYABLE BY F. HEATH BATH.

3

A. 3 a

4.1. E : Plain. Emj rarer—WYON. Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE. Proprietor—T. KEEVES. < H / </

I

y

f , \ -A

S) <<

>—,

5.

BROOKLAND. 0 : The Kentish horse in a beaded oval. KENT HALFPENNY PAYABLE AT. U: A cypher I K, over it a fleece. GROCER AND DRAPER. E : PAYABLE

_

BY

LAND +

THOMAS . +

1794.

KING'S

. -t- . +

BROOKA. 4

E mj rarer—ARNOLD. Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE. Proprietor—T. KING.

Nos. 1, 3b, 3c, 4a, b, KR.

2, 4, scarce.

- .

Others, fairly common.


56

Ikcnt. CANTERBURY. 6.

0 :

A

side view of Canterbury Cathedral. UNITY PEACE AND CONCORD : GOOD W I L L TO ALL TOKEN in

MEN

Ex

\

CANTERBURY

two lines. Shield of arms of the city of Canterbury. PROTECTION TO OUR KING AND COUNTRY LAWS AND TRADE +

1794

-F

PAYABLE AT JOHN MATTHEWS® -F- + -F +

6a. E

A. 5

PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL.

A. 5a

and R : Same as No. 6. PAYABLE AT JAMES ROBERTSONS + + - f +

Engraver—DIXON.

Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE.

A. 6

Proprietor—J.

ATTHEW.

tr

• -• -- *

mi 0 : A very similar view. CANTERBURY TOKEN. Ex : a cypher E.P. Ft: Same arms and crown as before. OUR

KING AND COUNTRY LAWS AND

1795. A Maltese cross before and after date. TRADE.

E : PAYABLE AT CANTERBURY + + +

8a. E: Plain (not in collar).

-F- A . 7

A. 7a

9.

0 : Similar to last, the cypher is larger, and there is no period at end of legend. II : and E: Same as last. A. 8 9a. E : Plain. A. 8a 10. 0 : and E : Same as No. 9. Ii: Similar, but with a dot on each side of date in place of Maltese cross, and a dot in the legend after "COUNTRY."

Engraver—DIXON.

A. 9

Man ufacturer—WARING.

Pye records these as for Edw. Pellew. There is not a "Pellew" in the Universal British Directory for 1790 under Canterbury; but Edward Pillou, who was a Tailor. sr S i o i l D E A L .

0: A man of war sailing.

THE

GUARD

& GLORY OF G ' BRITAIN.

R: Shield of arms of the Cinque Ports, DEAL HALFPENNY TOKEN. 11j

PAYABLE

AT

RICHARD

LONG'S

• X . 11«.

1794. LIBRARY

A.11

E : MASONIC TOKEN I SCETCHLEY FECIT. A . 1 l a

116. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 116

11c.

A. lie'

Engraver—WYON.

E :

AT RICHARD SHIPDENS.

Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE.

NOS. 6a, 8a, 9a, 11a, b, c, RR.

9, 10, R.

Proprietor—R.

LONG.

Others, common.


H A HE

Tokens in this part are chiefly those made for currency; some few were

made for sale to collectors. Tlie Godington specimens appear to have been used as tallies, and it is strange that, though at one time so plentiful, they are now very scarce. The rare variety of the Eccleston Token is the Chetwynd specimen. Richard

Fowke, the issuer of

the

Elmsthorpe Token, was a coin collector.

He compiled a manuscript chronicle of local antiquities and history, commencing with " T h e creation of the World, and of Elmsthorpe." The following pieces have not yet been traced, but are included on the authority of Atkins' work on Tokens, and also from notes that have been supplied by various collectors :— KENT.—Nos. 18a, 20a, 36a, 38a.

Atkins' No. 25 is the same as his

No. 22, but in copper. LANCASHIRE.—Nos. 5, 41c, / , 4 3 a , 5 4 a , 5 9 a ,

79a,

85,

90a,

1086,

10oa,

106i, 108a, b, j, k, 111, 112a, 114a, 118a, 125, 136, 137, 140a, 150a. LINCOLNSHIRE.—Nos. 2, 3 a . 7 , 8 d , f .

Collectors who have any of these pieces, or meet with them at a later date, will greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so that they may be recorded in an Addenda. R. DALTON, PARK

HOUSE,

BRISTOL.

S. H. HAMER, BLEAK

HOUSE,

HALIFAX.


57

1kcnt. DEPTFORD. C

/rrh*

is

V

'-

t\Zy sFrrrrrV*, '•]. /& , r'

; —r'^

^aMissairw

12.

0 : The Kentish men meeting \\ llliam the Conqueror. KENTISH LIBERTY

18.

P R E S E R V E D , &C.

R : The stern of the " KENT HALFPENNY E

: PAYABLE,

AT

ROYAL 1795,

DEPTFORD

GEORGE," &C.

CHATHAM

DOVER.

AND

A. 13

O 0: : As last, after die had cracked. R: Similar, but centre lamp touches E, and water-line extends almost to T and D. E : PAYABLE AT T H O ' s HAYCRAFTS D E P T F O R D , A. 12

13a. E

: PAYABLE

AT

DEPTFORD

CHATHAM

DOVER.

AND

A. 12a

0: Similar to No. 12, but with a small ^ quatrefoil separating the beginning /--7 _ r 2 and end of legend; the 6 in date j-i touches the exergue line. 'i i R : The centre lamp touches E ; the waterline extends almost from I to D. E : As No. 12. A. 14 Manufacturer—

MYND.

Proprietor—THOS.

HEYCROFT,

Ironmonger.

DIMCHURCH. 15.

0 : A cypher IV.P., crest a lamb,

ROMNEY

MARSH HALFPENNY.

R : Figure of Justice standing, FOR THE HONOR AND USE OF TRADE. E

: PAYABLE AT W. PARRIS DIMCHURCH . X . X . X

.

A. 15 A. 15a

15a. E : Plain.

Some have"blundered" edge, t h u s — P A R R D I M C H U R C H . Artist—WYON.

Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE.

DOVER. 16.

0 : Bust to right, T H E . R. HON. W. R : The arms of Dover. 1794.

PITT,

&c.

CINQUE

PORTS TOKF.N PAYABLE AT DOVER :

E :

AT HORN'S LIBRARY.

engrailed. 16a.

E

: PAYABLE

IN

The remainder A. 16

LANCASTER

LONDON

BRISTOL.

OR

A. 16a

16i.

E

: PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN.

16c.

E

: PAYABLE BY I GIBBS LAMBERHURST.

16'/.

E

: PAYABLE AT W PARKERS OLD BIRMINGHAM

16?.

E

: PAYABLE AT RICHARD MAPLESDEN WINCHELSEA.

A . 16fc

WAREHOUSE.

Charles Pye engraves and indexes this a s T. H O R N ' S , but the t o k e n only states H O R N ' S . John bookseller, stationer, perfumer, proprietor of the Apollo Circulating Library and 1'ublic Reading Room, and organist. Engraver-—DIXON. Manufacturer L u i w \ C H E . Horn was a

Rarity—No. 12, RRR.

14, 15a, 166, c, d, e, RR.

15, 16a, scarce.

The others, common.


58

Ikent. 17.

0 R E

DOVER. Bust full face. R. HON. Same as last. PAYABLE

IN

W. PITT, &C.

LANCASTER

LONDON

BRISTOL.

18.

0 R

OR

A. 17

Same as last. A ship sailing,

THE

WOODEN

WALLS

OF OLD ENGLAND

E

PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER

LONDON

BRISTOL

18a. E

The remainder A. 18a

PAYABLE IN LONDON.

engrailed. "A

fev

OR

A. 18

ipressions; the dies not being hardened, were immediately spoiled."

19.

0 : Dover Castle and a distant view of ships at sea. Ex : DOVER TOKEN. R : Military trophy within a laurel wreath, DEDICATED.TO.COLLECTORS. OF.PROVINCIAL.COINS.1795.

E

: PAYABLE IN LONDON.

engrailed. Dies by Jacobs.

The remainder A. 19

Skidmore probably the issuer, for sale to collectors.

FAVERSHAM. 20.

0 : An

ancient

sloop.

PAYABLE

AT

FEVERSHAM.

R : Shield of arms of the Cinque Ports. CINQUE PORT H A L F P E N N Y .

17 94.

E

: PAYABLE AT IOHN CROWSS COPPER SMITH

E

: PAYABLE IN BRISTOL.

x . x 20a.

A. 20 LANCASTER

LONDON

OR

20h. E : Plain, John Crow was a brazier [edge reading in error].

Engraver—DIXON.

Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE.

FOLKESTONE. wi 1"'//%, 21.

0 : PAYABLE . AT . FOLKSTONE . KENT. ONE . HALFPENNY.

1796.

VALUE In

twO

circles, with date in centre. R : Ships lying at a quay, MAY.COMMERCE. FLOURISH.

E : Milled

over

SKIDMORE,

LONDON.

Probably made by Skidmore, for sale to collectors.

HOLBORN, A. 21

C. Pye did not include it.

Rarity—Nos. 17, 23 and 24, RRR. 18a, 20a, 20b, 22, 28c, RR. 18, 19, 21, 25, 2G, 27, 28, 28b and 29, R. The others, common.


59

Ikcnt. GODINGTON

22.

0

23.

R O R

The name of proprietor, TOKE, in monogram. GODINTON. HOP-TOKEN. 1767. The two T'S O£ the legend come by the corners of the T of the monogram. A basket heaping full of hops, NO PAINS NO GAINS. N O band round the basket. A. 2 2 The first N of " G O D I N T O N " and the P of " H O P " come by the corners of large T. Similar to last. There is a band round the basket, which is only level full; the handles point to i and above o. A. 23 24.

0 : There is no dot after " G O D I N T O N " nor hyphen after " HOP," but there is a dot after " TOKEN."

T h e T o f " GODINTON " a n d t h e

p of "HOP" come by the corners of large T. Similar to last. The handles of basket point to o and N. A. 24 22 was struck in silver, copper and brass. Nos. 23 and 24 in brass.

25. 26. 27.

O : Crest of the Toke family within a broad rim. O: Initials of John Toke within a broad rim. O : Similar to last, within a narrow rim.

These are all reverse blank, and are cast ; the last appears to be of recent manufacture from an old pattern. See Note, page 62. -o">.

is\Tgai GOUDHURST.

; 'J

">t-

--

j

•m• -A MA

28.

0 : The Kentish horse, TOKEN.

E x :

28a.

KENT HALFPENNY

R : Shield of arms of the City of Canterbury. FOR GENERAI, CONVENIENCE. E

: PAYABLE BY W. F R I G G L E S + + + + +

28c.

GOUDHURST A - 2 6

29.

The name >m the cdije of this piece being spelt wrong it u-as suppressed, and when any are mtt with an attempt has usually been made to erase the name.

PAYABLE

BY

W.

FUGGLES

E

GOUDHURST

A. 26a

: PAYABLE AT W. PECKHAM'S, A P P L E D O R E . + +• +

0 : and R : Same as last. E • PAYABLE BY W. MYNS GOUDHURST + +

+ + A. 27 These pieces are met with countermarked ; A7». 26a with an E, and No. 29 with an M.

William Fuggle was a tallow-chandler. Engraver—ARNOLD.

E :

.X. X.x .X 28b. E : As No. 28a, but + + + +

1794.

William Mynn, a shopkeeper.

Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE.


GO

Ikcnt. HAWKHURST. O : A cypher C.H., crest a wheatsheaf.

30.

HAWKEURST HALFPENNY PAYABLE AT

R : The

Kentish

JUSTICE

&

horse in CONFIDENCE

a

shield.

THE

BASIS

OF TRADE. H : CHABLES

HIDER'S.

milled. 30(7. E

The remainder A. 28

PAYAIILE AT W. PARKERS OLD BIRMINGHAM WAREHOUSE

A. 2 8 a

HYTHE. 0 : Shield of arms of Cinque Ports.

31.

CINQUE PORT HALFPENNY.

1794.

• Zj~'/<•, >*

ffit,

-

R: An ancient sloop, PAYABLE AT HYTH. E: AT RICHARD S H I P D E N ' S . X . X . X . X . X A. 29 31a. E MASONIC TOKEN I. SCETCHLEY FECIT . 1794 . + A. 296 31/;. E: Plain (not in collar). A. 29a Engraver—A K N O L D . Manufacturer— L U T W Y C H E.

t

LAMBERHURST.

Qj

32.

0

A man picking hops.

MAY

HOPS

FOR EVER F L O U R I S H .

Shield of arms, TOKEN. PAYABLE

SUSSEX HALFPENNY

1794. BY T.

FOSTER

LAMBERHURST

+ + + +

32a. E

A. 30

CHKLSEA. X . X .

35.

34.

PAYABLE AT RICHARD MAPLESDEN'S WIN-

• -ZP. *• i'T.-'f

: Similar to last, the corner of the hop bin comes to the letter R in " F L O U R I S H , " whilst in the former it came to the letter u. : and E : As No. 32. A. 31 ; Similar, the legend is closer, and the hop bin comes near the letter s in

A. 3 0 a

" FLOURISH."

R : and E : As No. 32. Shield of arms of the city of Chichester. Below on a label SUSSEX. FOR CHANGE Shield of arms of Canterbury, KENT HALFPENNY TOKEN. 1 7 9 4 .

0 R E

PAYABLE BY I. GIBBS LAMBERHURST

^ 5 ^ ,

fi '' ~

-*•'*-_*or

^Sa.

l ,5^.

E :

+

+ +

A. 33

PAYABLE BY + I - ) - G I B B S SUSSEX.

A. 33a

T' :

PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER

LONDON

BRISTOL. 35C.

A. 32 NOT FRAUD,

E : PAYABLE BY M. LAMB & SON -

Artist—WYON.

Manufacturer—

OR

A. 336 - : - -

L U T W Y C H E.

Lamberhurst being only a small town, partly in Kent and partly in Sussex, 1 Gibbs probably had his place of business in the latter county, and, not to unduly favour either, used the Arms of the county town of each.

Rarity—Nos. 30a, 31a, 316, 32. 32a, 33, 356, 85c, 3Ga, 39a, b, c. RR. The others, common.

42a, R.


Ikcnt.

61

MAIDSTONE.

Inrfrrr-rri

36.

S h i e l d of a r m s a n d s u p p o r t e r s a s before, MAIDSTONE a b o v e , H A L F PENNY u n d e r . R : View of a p a p e r m i l l , PAYABLE BY

0 : S h i e l d of a r m s a n d s u p p o r t e r s of t h e b o r o u g h of M a i d s t o n e . 1795. MAIDSTONE H A L F P E N N Y .

R

Figure

of

Justice

SPRING

OF

BLESSING.

standing,

FREEDOM

J.

(-

SMYTH

AT

PADSOLE

PAPER

1795. E : Milled.

E x : KENT.

PAYABLE BY HENRY O L I V E R S H

36a.

THE

ENGLANDS A. 34

MILL

A. 3 5

P l a i n ( n o t in collar).

Henry Oliver was a cutler. Engraver—DIXON. Manufacturer—LUTYVYCHE. Note that the name is SMYTH. Pye engraves it as such, but in the Index has SMITH. Denton engraves it as SMLL'H, and Conder describes it as such. James Smith is recorded in the Universal British Directory as being Agent to the Sun Fire Office. The writer of the " Bazaar Notes " states that S M Y T H is the correct form. ROMNEY 38.

0 : S h i e l d of a r m s of t h e t o w n of R o m n e y . ROMNEY H A L F P E N N Y TOKEN

It:

A s m a l l a n t i q u e sloop,

THE

••

1794. SUCCESS.

E : PAYABLE AT IOHN S A W Y E R ' S ROMNEY . X . A . 3 6 1

38a. E : P l a i n (not i n collar). John Sawyer, was a house carpenter and joiner. Artist—WYON. Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE. SANDWICH. 39.

x

An

0

ancient

sloop.

SANDWICH

HALF-

PENNY TOKEN FOR

II

s\

jtA i H vy y

MANUFACTURERS TRADE AND COMMERCE.

E

PAY'ABLE

AT

THOMAS

BUNDOCKS

X

x . X 39a. E

PAYABLE

. X

.

A. 37 AT

LANCASTER

BRISTOL.

LONDON

OR

A. 37«

BRIGHTON CAMP H A L F P E N N Y A. 37b 396. E 39c. E Thomas Bundock, junr., was a weaver, and a Member of the Common Council. Engraver—DIXON. Manufacturer—Lu'l WVCHE.

STAPLEHURST. 40.

O : A c y p h e r I.S.,

crest a stag's head.

S T A P L E H U R S T HALFPENNY 1 7 9 4 .

R : T h e Kentish horse, FRAUD. E : PAYABLE BY

.;.

E x :

FOR CHANGE NOT

1794.

I I SIMMONS S T A P L E H U R S T

A. 3 8

According to the " Bazaar Notes," John Simmons was a freeholder of Staplehurst, and a tallow chandler by trade. Engraver— A R N O L D . Manufacturer—LUTWYCHE. 2 cwts.


62 fliCltt. S T O N E .

'

0: A cypher M.S. within a circle,

SNOW . H O P . FACTOR . STONE . 1 7 9 7 .

snritrs. H A L F P E N N Y . •ft: A thistle between sprigs, COVENTRY TOKEN and a wavy line. A. 39 41a. E : Plain.

m j p ' V

'k

/ 4 -~~W/ M . I / V f

/

.j

i ^ ^ \ •£ ""

Jl

.

R

£ :

I his was not included in Pye, and as Snow's name is not in the Directory for the period, it is probably a specimen made for sale to collectors. Some specimens show traces of filing on the edge ; this may account for some with plain edge.

yf"! -v j

TENTERDEN.

% M

42.

r

0: Shield of arms of the Brewers' * Company, T E N T E R D E N H A L F P E N N Y » 3 1796. R : A horse and dray, and part of a brewhouse. Ex: TO C H E E R OUR

t. i W

- —

HF.ARTS. E : PAYABLE AT I & T CLOAKES BREW H O U S E . X 42a.

E

: BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H & SWANSEA.

42A. E : Plain (not in collar). Engraver—DAVIS.

X . A. 40 A. 40a

A. 406

Manufacturer—GOOD.

Ranity—Nos. 41, 41a, 42i, RR.

GODINGTON

42a, R.

The others, common.

TOKENS.

In the MS. notes of the Rev. W. R. Hay, M.A., Vicar of Rochdale, is the following:—"' 'The History of Mr. Toke's Hop Sixpence.—In 1767, a remarkably, fine hop year, Mr. Harrison,, Attor Attorney (>eneral of Jamaica, was on a visit at Goddington, where, during the hop-picking season, he was so much struck with the novelty of the scene and the busy employment of so many persons collected on the occasion, that on his return to London he had a dye (sic) made in commemoration of a circumstance that had given him so much pleasure, and sent down 500 sixpences to Mr. Toke, which have been used ever since that time to supply the scarcity of silver. Before the year 1767 a copper token, marked I.T., was used for the same purpose." The writer of this record overlooked the fact that an obverse as well as a reverse die were necessary to enable the tokens of 1767 to be struck. It is interesting to note that, though without any indication of value, they passed current as sixpence. By a query in the Kentish Express, the editor states, on the authority of Colonel Toke, that some doubt exists whether the Godington Tokens had any fixed value as money, as the price paid for hop-picking varies nearly every year; and suggests that they were used as "tallies" or "checks," to represent bushels or baskets of hops picked, and were afterwards exchanged for coin, at the price for the year per bushel or basket. 1 he late Mr. Edward Greenhill, when he lived at Chilmington Green t^arni, had a large number of these Godington Hop Tokens, and used them in his gardens as "pickers' tallies." 1 he note by the Rev. W. R. Hay suggests "checks" or "tallies," rather than currency, by the statement that ''before the year 1767 a copper token was used for the same purpose, marked L.T." Obviously a copper or brass token as the specimens referred to, would only be accepted as of currency value to the extent of sixpence when and where it was known that such exchange could be effected.


63

TLancaebire. *

f z &d,?* / / •>. ^ •• .f? /

PENNIES. HALSALL. 1.

O: Shield of arms, &c. R:

HALSALL D

E : Engrailed.

A. 1

LANCASTER. ,.-c -ST <2r< -- 1 e - v / V '< H: W \

/ r

£ii

-,

/:-!>

#V

4.

0 : LANCASTER CASTLE, & C . i ? : LANCASTER B R I D G E , &C.

A. 2

0 : As last. E : E cuts into building at end of bridge.

0 : L further from trees. E : As last. No. 2 was struck in copper, brass ami white metal.

Nos. 3 and i in white metal.

LIVERPOOL.

5.

O:

HALFPENNY. This is the ob. of No. 103. E : Bust to right, J . PHIESTLF.Y, & C . LIVERPOOL

E : MANUFACTURED

BY

W.

LUTWYCHE,

6.

O:

HALFPENNY. This is the ob. of No. 103. R : Bust to left, STANHOPE NOBLE, & C . E : Blundered edge, L A M B E R H U R S T AND LIVERPOOL

LUTWYCHE.

BIRMINGHAM.

7. =s

S§7

r

? &

y n ^ '(? Hi

> , ' / / 1 Ir f 7 >J 3

u

]

MANCHESTER. 0 : Grocers' arms, &c. This is the obv. of No. 128. R : East India Co.'s Tea Mark. This is the rev. of No. 129. E : Plain. Nos. 5, 6 and 7 are struck on penny flans from halfpenny dies.

Rarity—Nos. 5, 6 and 7, RRR.

2, 3 and 4, R.

No. 1, fairly common.


64

^Lancashire. HALFPENNIES. LANCASTER. The points noted as a mode of identification : O : The position of the front point of crown to the letters of the word " G A U N T , " and the centre point of crown to the letters of the word " DUKE," also the star under bust. R : The centre line of shield to the letters on either side, and point of shield to the date. Edges, unless otherwise stated, read PAYABLE AT T H E W A R E H O U S E OF T H O S . WORSWICK & SONS . x .

/

8.

ar

0 : Proof impression from the puncheon for the Lancashire tokens. R: Blank. E : PAYABLE AT T H E

WAREHOUSE

John of Gaunt's head.

OF THOMAS C L A R K E . X X . 1791.

At P i'A

. : M

*

10

Centre of crown between D and u. Line of shield between c and A. A. 4

10.

• -jfjr.'.wn ""««/.

VJC'•

11.

0 : As last. R : Line of shield cuts c and E. Lower point of shield over 7.

0 : Centre of crown points to u. R : Line cuts c to left, and between p and E to right. A. 5

12.

0 : As last. R : Line cuts between c and A, and p and E . .

A ' •< *

0 : As last. R : Line cuts just after c, and through E to right.


G5

Xancaabtrc. LANCASTER. 1791.

ツ」/ 'j

14.

O : Centre of crown between u and K. R : Line of shield between CA and centre of E. A. 6

15.

0 : Very similar to last, two points of star to ermine. R : Line cuts c and E, as No. 10. aT^^gS

I <=

16.

O: The bust closer to I of IOHV, and star under the centre of ermine. R : As No. 13. A. 7

17.

O: Similar to last. The star further from bust, and different angle. R : As No. 14.

0 : The point of crown under first limb of K. R : As No. 14. A. 8

19.

0 : Very similar to last, i of of ermine to left. R : As No. 14. Rarity窶年o. 8, RRR.

IOHN

clear

20.

0 : As last. R : Line of shield just above E to right. On large and small flans.

10, 12 and 13, RR. 17, R. The others, common.

11, 15, 16, 18, 19, scarce.


Xancasbire,

66

. LANCASTER. 1792.

21. 0 : Centre point of crown to n, and front one to u. R : Line of shield cuts c and p. Point of shield over 9. H

22. 0 : As last. R : Line cuts between c and A, and p and E. Shield slightly to left A. 9 sTx. ; > •; < " , > • :

23. 0 : Centre point of crown to D, and front one to N. R : Similar to last, but wider space between R and H. A. 10

0 : Centre point of crown between D and u, and front one to u. R: Similar to No. 22. The point of shield between 7 and 9. A. 11

DO* .%V

0

V

A -J

\

>j 1

rj /

& 26. 0 : Similar to last, but the front point of crown to N. 25. R : As No 23. A. 12 26. R : Line cut c to left, and between p and E to right. a X rr r- v,v^ Ci.f-\. 29.

Trial piece of ob. die No. 28. blank.

PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOiMAS CLARKE.

28. O

Centre of crown to K, and front one to T . As No. 23. A. 13

0 : Centre of crown to K, and front one to N. gives an impression of a nose-ring. R : A period after legend. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER

29a. K : As last, but with . x . instead of — x — 29fc. E : CAMBRIDGE BEDFORD AND HUNTINGDON. 29c.

E:

29'/. E 29e.

Rev.

PAYABLE AT CLOUGHER OR IN DUBLIN. : PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON.

E : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

29f. E: Milled. 29#. E : Plain (not in collar).

X

A flaw

A. 14

A. 14(7 A

146

A. 14c A . 14(i

A. 14e A. 14/

Nos. 29a to 29.7 bave the obverse struck from a worn and afterwards polished die, hence part of the design is absent. (Compare with No. 29.)


Xancasbire.

67

LANCASTER. 1 7 9 2 .

With hexagonal star under the bust. Similar to No. 29. PAYABLE IN CASTER

LONDON

BRISTOL

X

&

LAN-

31. O : No star under bust. R : Line cuts c and E. E

I PAYABLE

A. 16

IN

LANCASTER

BRISTOL.

31a. Plain edge (rounded). 316. „ „ (rough). Nos. 31-38 tire poor imitations of the last. No period after legend on rev.

LONDON

OR

A. 17 A. 17a

D'JKz

32. 0 : Centre of crown to first limb of K. Line between A and s. Plain.

33. 0 : R: E : 34. 0 : R: E

Centre of crown to K. As last. Plain. A. 15a Centre of crown to last limb of k. Less space between R and H.

: PAYABLE AT C L O U G H E R OR IN D U B L I N .

35. O : Centre of crown between u and K. R : Inscription and date smaller letters E

: PAYABLE IN D U B L I N CORK OR D E R R Y .

36, 37, 38. 0 : Similar. The points of crown curve downward. 36. R : As No. 34. E : PAYABLE AT C L O U G U E R OR IN D U B L I N

37. R : Similar, line cuts the A and p. E

: PAYABLE AT C L O U G H E R OR IN D U B L I N

38. R : Line cuts between c and A, and p to right E

: PAYABLE AT C L O U G H E R OR IN D U B L I N .

Ranity—No. 27, RRR. 31, 316 and 36, RR. 26, 29a, 32, 34, 35, 38, R. 27, 296, c, f , (j, and 37, scarce. The others, common.


G8

U a n c a s b \ r e. LANCASTER. "H'l'/h,

^Vu s y ?

'jj

39.

-

. ' —-

1 7 9 4 .

&

-r

0 : As No. 31. No star under bust. li : Similar, but dated 1 794. E : PAYABLE

IK

LANCASTER

BRISTOL. 39a.

LONDON

40. OR

E

A. 19

E : MASONIC H A L F P E N N Y TOKEN MDCCXCIV .

0 : Centre of crown to first limb ot D. R : Wider space between R an'd H. : AN ASYLUM FOR T H E O P R E S S ' D OF ALL NATIONS.

A. 20

40a. E : Plain.

A. 20a

X . X . A. 19a 39b. E : Plain, rounded (small flan).

S t a r u n d e r Bust. Star under bust, centre of crown between u and K. As No. 39. PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR B R I S T O L .

4 I a. h

PAYABLE AT W. G Y E S P R I N T E R BATH.

X

. X

PAYABLE AT W . P A R K E R ' S OLD BIRMINGHAM W A R E H O U S E . PAYABLE IN CHANDOS S T R E E T CONVENT GARDEN +

41a. E PAYABLE 41,'. E PAYABLE 41/. E : Plain.

IN S U F F O L K - S T R E E T HAYMARKET .

X

+ . X

.

BY W. F U G G I N S G O U D H U R S T .

A. 18e

LI \n:j.

OB.

.

A. 18 A. 18a A. 186 A. 18c A. 18rf

O : Centre of crown under last limb of K. li: As No. 39. E : Plain.

Nos. 43-48, rev., shield of arms. HALFPENNY 17 94 larger letters. Similar, period after legend No period after legend, line cuts H and Y. PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A . 2 2 PAYABLE AT S . & T . A S H L E Y .

A. 2 2 a

PAYABLE AT T H E T E M P L E OF T H E M U S E S .

A . 22&

No. 43 uas also struck in brass.


G9

U a n c a 0 b i r e. LANCASTER. V

1794.

O: No period after legend, centre of crown to last limb of K. ]{: Line cuts before the H and after Y.

44.

E : PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER

LONDON

BRISTOL.

44a.

E

: PAYABLE

44ft. 44c.

E

: CURRANT E V E R Y W H E R E .

E

: HALFPENNY

AT

LONDON

A. 23a A. 236

XO X O X 3 PAYABLE

H O R S E TOWER

AT

THE

0 : As last. R : Period after legend. E

: PAYABLE

BLACK

IN

LANCASTER

45a.

E

: PAYABLE AT LONDON . + . + . + . A . 2 4 a

456.

E

: PAYABLE AT M A C C L E S F I E L D L I V E R P O O L

45c.

E

: PAYABLE AT LONDON OR D U B L I N .

OR CONGLETON

0 : As No. 41. Star under bust. R : No period after legend, space between 17 and 94 wider. : PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER,

LONDON

BRISTOL. 4Ga. E

X .

45d. E : Milled.

A. 246

A. 18/

HILL.

47.

0 : As last. K : As No. 45. E: PAYABLE IN

OR

A. 25

/

47a. E:

A. 25 bis. LANCASTER ' I 0 0 < W 3 A R L HO

NOUNOT PAYABLE AT A N G L E S E Y L I V E R P O O L OR

476. E : PAYABLE BY M . LAM BE 47c. E : Chain pattern. 47 </. E : Plain.

E

X

CONGLETON.

: PAYABLE AT w . G Y E ' S P R I N T E R BATH.

48. 0 : As No. 39. R: As No. 45.

5 -

r

j

E

OR

A. 2 4

窶「j V'M u

4G.

LONDON

BRISTOL.

OR

A . '23 DUBLIN

OR

45.

No star under bust.

: PAYABLE AT T H E THO. AND A L E X .

WAREHOUSE HUTCHISON.

S y / /

& SON BATH.

r/ \ ^

/ツォ

OF

Rarity窶年os. 39a, 40, 41a, c, ツォ,/, 42, 43a, 44, 446, 44c, 456, c, d, 47, a, 6, c, d, and 48, RR. 416, 41d, 46a, R. 45, scarce. The others, common.


70

l a n c a e b i re. LANCASTER. tU£C

i.

ttomo///,,

M t/L&S'.

£ 0 : As No. 29. / ? : A r m s of L i v e r p o o l , see No. 90. K : PAYABLE IN LONDON, a n d e n g r a i l e d .

O : V e r y s i m i l a r to No. 41, b u t n o t s a m e die. R : A r m s of L i v e r p o o l , see N o 107. E

: PAYABLE AT LIVERPOOL OB BRISTOL.

A. 26 51.

52.

<';

0 : H: E : 0: R:

As last. B i s h o p Blaize a n d l a m b , &c. A. 27 As No. 50. As No. 31. As l a s t . A. 5 0 Y o r k s h i r e .

-»/

z<o T

S i^ ^ / - o

<•

-4,

m

53.

54.

54a.

0 : R: E : O: R: E :

As No. 49. A r i v e r god, <4c. PAYABLE IN LONDON,

A. 2 8 and engrailed

As No. 49. F i g u r e of B r i t a n n i a s t a n d i n g . Plain. A. 29

55.

O : T h e rev. of No. 45. R: B u s t to r i g h t , GEORGE

PRINCE OF

WALES. F.< : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LOODAAAN HO

NoaNoi 55a.

L : WILLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

R a r i t y — N o s . 49, 50, 52, 5 4 a a n d 55a, R R .

: PAYABLE

A. 3 0 AT

BANBURY

READING.

51, R.

OXFORD

OR

A. 30a

55, scarce.

The others, common. rhe TI Lancaster Series were issued by Thos. Worwick, Sons & Co., of New Street, Bankers. 1 nomas Worwick was a goldsmith and silversmith. There was one Alexander VVorswick in Church street, a merchant. Artist ami Manufacturer—HANCOCK.

rhere were a large number of counterfeits of both Lancaster and Liverpool Halfpennies. Pye an Sharp give 1791 and 1792 as the only dates of genuine issue. It is probable that all Lancaster alter No. 2b, and Liverpool Nos. 79 to 84, 89, and 100 to the end are counterfeits. Pye states that 5 tons ot 1792 counterfeits were made by Kempson, and that 1793 were not circulated by Mr. Clarke.


71

X a n c a e b i r c.

CmCULT- JIAWO»*CX-^>

£. o'fnetc*

56.

0 : Bust to left, R : A ship, &c. E : Milled.

DANIEL THE

ECCLESTON

LANCASHIRE

In raised letters. 1794. A 31 -

LANCASTER.

HALFPENNY

inQj^ S e e k following there a p p e a r e d a " l e t t e r " which he » a s supposed to have wrttten from the othei world .

I CMit • tUUU t

67.

0: The legend is incuse, and P O N T H O N added on the bust. E : The legend is incuse upon a broad rim. E

58.

: PAYABLE .IN. LANCASTER. LIVERPOOL. & . MANCHESTER.

Ob., rev. and edge, as No. 57; but no period after COMMERCE—this is due to polished dies, by which the liner lines of the design have been erased.

A. 32

57a- E '• Plain.

V V ?x<

59.

0 : A hand holding a scroll inscribed " O U R CAUSE IS J U S T , " &C.

: PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER

BRISTOL.

R a r i t y - N o . 56, unique.

E :

AN

ASYLUM

FOR

THE

ALL NATIONS.

H : Fifteen stars radiated, <fcc. E

59a.

LONDON

OR

596. E : Milled. 59c. E : Plain (not in collar).

OPPRESS D

A. 33c

A. 33

57a, 59a, 59b, RR.

59, 59c, scarce.

OF

A. 3 3 a A 336

The others, common.


72

U a ncasbire. L I V E R P O O L .

1791.

( S t r a i g h t l ' s in d a t e ) .

F r e ° / ^ l l J ^ a c ' n g t h e ,1 ! es o f t h e 1 7 0 1 s e r i f i s , the straight l's and curved l's in the nd i t l'l the proper edge reading coming first. The straight l's are arranged with Wpr , i n ? p e n ° 011 o b T f ' u a n d h y t h e position of the top of mast-head to the letter L of legend, commencing with the top of mast-head to the centre of L.

Edges, unless otherwise stated, read :

-S? /; / Ww*

;• j V.

GO.

PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS CLARKE

. x . x

rial piece of rev. die before the twig was added to the mouth of the bird which forms the crest. The legend reads DEUS NOBIS HAC, &c., 1791. . PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE OF THO® & ALEX. HUTCHISON.

/«/

y, ~

k Mu

.ciVtZ

,r

'• r

61.

o-

0 : A ship sailing, LIVERPOOL H A L F PENNY. The mainmast to centre of L. R : The outer rush-head to right, close to i. A. 37

62.

v*"/

^

V

O : As last. Fi: The inner heads of rushes are above the shield.

-

- S E C K o:

4* *

f

p

>

/.i

n.'

-

i

m ? '

vM• V

63, G4, 65. 63. ir

0: {!: i. !• I

N ,,

'V-fe

The same obv. die. The top of mainmast nearer to last limb of L. A mS a n d C r e s t -' ' N o l l e a d t 0 t h e bulrushes. A.0 *3 4 Similar, but with two heads added to the rushes on either sideci 6 u PP e r to right points to F. A. 35 Similar to last, but the upper flag to right points between F and E.


73

^Lancashire. LIVERPOOL. 1791.

( S t r a i g h t l ' s in d a t e

& r<""%

r « GG.

s-

•;(

0 : The masthead to last limb of t . /f: The upper two flags to right point to E .

r;C>^l>x

68.

"

/O

G7.

0 : As last. R : Similar, but inner heads of rushes are above the shield. A. 36

.

•'J-C r ~i * T £>-• <y v ,J

0 : The bowsprit below centre of Y A. 38 R : As last.

69.

'i.t £L n

i

*hS

%

#

)vl 0 : As last. R : Similar to last, the top flag to right points between r and E.

f

# %

r

f'J

,-7

*

70.

O : A period at end of legend. R: As No. 66.

'7

.

A. 41

Iff,

ZJ*>rU&

JS> A? :

<£? -n -J/ ' « "< .

v

.

10

£

/ i

71.

0 : The mast comes between L and H. A. 39 R : As No. 6'2.

Rarity—No. 60, RRR.

63, RR.

72.

0 : As last. R : The outer head to left does not reach the B.

61, G2, 65, 67, 69, 72, scarce.

The others, common.


74 ^ L a n c a s h i r e . L I V E R P O O L .

1791.

73.

0 : Top of mast to foot of H. R : As No. 61. 75.

76.

( S t r a i g h t l ' s in d a t e . )

74.

0 : As last. R : Similar to last; the outer head on right to the first limb of A.

U: The mast points between, but is just below, the line of L and H. No period. R : A period at the end of legend. A. 42

79.

O : As last. R : Head of crest under second limb of m. A. 40

77. 78.

0 : R: 0: R:

Similar to last, but with period. As last. A. 48 The period in the bend of Y. As No. 76. A 44

O: A copy of No. 70, but stern lamp larger. R : Crest further from legend. E : PAYABLE IH AWGLESEY LOWDOM OR LIVERPOOL : PAYABLE AT LANCASTER LONDON OK BRISTOL.

A. 4 9 a

79fc. E

: PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEY.

A. 49ft

79c.

: PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEA.

E

7 9 ' / . E:

m

A. 49

79a. E

LONDON IHII ANGLESEA HILL OR HILL BRISTOL.

79c. E

: LONDON BRISTOL AND LIVERPOOL.

79/'. E

: LONDON LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL.

A.

49c

A. 49<Z A.

49«

79;/.

E : AT NUNEATON III HINKLEY |||| OR | | | BEDWORTH.

A.

49f

79h.

E :

A.

49'/

79i.

E

NUNEATON BEDWORTH AND HINKLEY. : PAYABLE IN BEDWORTH HINKLEY OR NUNEATON.

79/. E : Milled to right (coarse), M M 79k. E: Milled to left (fine). M l

A. 49h A. 49i


75

^Lancashire. LIVERPOOL. 1791,

( S t r a i g h t l ' s in d a t e . )

fSTr

O : Top of masthead further from L. R: Rushes longer.

MaiUt

E : PAYABLE AT LONDON L I V E R P O O L OR B R I S T O L .

P ツサ*

fturn 81.

82.

0 : Ball on mast between L and H. R : All rush-heads above shield. E

: PAYABLE AT M A C C L E S F I E L D L I V E R P O O L

0 : Quite different to the preceding; end of bowsprit touches the N. R : Head of crest under H. E

OR CONGLETON.

: GOD

SAVE

THE

KING

AND CONSTITU-

TION.

Very poor imitation. Very poor imitation.

88. 0 : Bowsprit nearly touches last limb of Y. R : Pointed top to figures. E

: PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON.

88a.E :

PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER

E

A . 4 9 bis.

LONDON

: PAYABLE

84a. E

BRISTOL.

AT ANGLESEA LONDON OR

LIVERPOOL.

OR

A. 50

; A N G L E S E Y LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L .

C u r v e d l ' s in d a t e .

% 85.

0 : Top of mast nearly touches the L. R : Top flag to right between E and c. A. 45 87. O : As last. R; Top flag to right to first limb of E. Rarity窶年os. 74, 75, 79a, c, d, / , g, j, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84a, 85, RR. 79b, 86, R. 78, 79k, 83a, 86, scarce. The others, common. 0 : Top of mast to centre of L, bowsprit between N and Y. R : The wings of L I V E R point between c and o.

86.


76

Xancasbire. LIVERPOOL. 1791.

88.

(Curved

0:

T o p of m a s t t o t h e c e n t r e b e t w e e n L a n d H. R : T o p flag t o r i g h t p o i n t s t o first l i m b of E. A. 4 6 ( T h i s w a s s t r u c k f r o m p o l i s h e d dies.)

l's

89.

in d a t e . )

0 : As last. R : T o p l e f t h a n d flag p o i n t s b e t w e e n u a n d s. E : PAYABLE

89a.

WAREHOUSE

LIVERA. 4 6 a

E : EMSWORTH H A L F P E N N Y . IOHN

90.

AT T H E

POOL.

PAYABLE BY

STRIDE.

T o p of m a s t n e a r l y t o u c h e s l e f t h a n d s i d e of H. R\ T h e t o p l e f t h a n d flag p o i n t s bet w e e n u a n d s. A. 4 7 90a. E : P l a i n .

91.

0:

O : S i m i l a r , e n d of b o w s p r i t c l o s e t o Y. R : Very similar to last, but top left h a n d flag p o i n t s t o c e n t r e of s.

92.

0 : As last. R : T o p flag t o r i g h t t o first l i m b of E.

94.

O : T o p of m a s t t o c e n t r e of first l i m b of H. R : T o p r i g h t h a n d flag t o first l i m b of E. A s No. 8 8 b e f o r e t h e d i e was polished. A, 4 8

#//fe

93.

O : T o p of m a s t j u s t t o u c h e s l e f t h a n d s i d e of H. R : T o p r i g h t h a n d flag p o i n t s t o c e n t r e of E.

R a r i t y â&#x20AC;&#x201D; N o s . 8 9 a , 9 0 a , 9 2 , 97, 101, 1 0 2 a , R K .

93, 100, R

The others, common.

90, 9 5 , 9 9 , s c a r c e .


77

Xancasbire. LIVERPOOL. 1 7 9 2 .

•u r

0>.

&

f£/l/

y*

tafeM . .

95.

h.

-7S O:

S i m i l a r , e n d of b o w s p r i t f u r t h e r f r o m Y. R : T o p r i g h t h a n d flag to c e n t r e of E.

of E. : PAYABLE

6

2

'-y

0 : T h e e n d of b o w s p r i t c l o s e to Y. R : T o p r i g h t h a n d flag t o s e c o n d l i m b E

&

AT

THE

THOMAS CLARKE.

>

WAREHOUSE

OF

E

: PAYABLE

A. 5 2

AT

THE

WAREHOUSE

THOMAS CLARKE.

OF

A. 58

i j u b l 'i

i•

sUKi

0 : Similar, but m a s t h e a d a little c l o s e r t o H. R : T o p r i g h t h a n d flag to s e c o n d l i m b of E . E

: PAYABLE

AT

THE

WAREHOUSE

O : S i m i l a r , b u t less s p a c e b e t w e e n L a n d H. B : S i m i l a r , b u t t h e t o p l e f t h a n d flag b e t w e e n u a n d s.

OF

E

: PAYABLE

THOMAS C L A R K E .

E : PAYABLE

AT

THE

WAREHOUSE

THOMAS C L A R K E .

-

100.

OF

7tJ

OF

A . 5-1

in f'/

'

: PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON. A . 5 6

0 : As last. R : T h e t h i r d flag c e n t r e of c. E

WAREHOUSE

^

0 : S m a l l dot under stern lamp. R : No period. T h e t h i r d flag t o r i g h t points between c and i E

101.

THE

0 : \V i t h p e r i o d a f t e r l e g e n d . R: W i t h p e r i o d a f t e r l e g e n d .

MfT-rJ

^ I/£/ f f 7r 4 W -A' C~r

AT

THOMAS C L A R K E .

102.

O : As l a s t . R : Similar, the third p o i n t s t o i. E

102<i . E : to r i g h t points to

: PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON.

flag

: CURRENT E V E R Y W H E R E .

Plain.

to right A . 56rt


78

Xancasbtre. LIVERPOOL. 1792.

103.

O : Similar, but no stern lamp. R: D a t e d 1 7 9 2 . E

: PAYABLE

AT

THE

WAREHOUSE

THOMAS CLACKE . X X . 103a.

E :

PAYABLE

AT

THE

OF

A. 51

WAREHOUSE

THO. & ALEX. HUTCHISON.

OP

A. 56b

1036.

E

: CAMBRIDGE BEDFORD AND HUNTINGDON

103c.

E

: PAYABLE

AT

THE

WAREHOUSE

OF

THOMAS CLARKH.

O : Bowsprit nearly touches last limb of Y. N o s t e r n l a m p . R : T o p flag t o r i g h t p o i n t s to c. E : PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR BRISTOL.

A. 55

E : PAYABLE * *

AT *

IN DUBLIN -* *

PAYABLE IN

CRONEBANE * *

LANCASTER LONDON OR

BRISTOL.

104c.

E

A . 55fc

PAYABLE IN SUFFOLK BATH OR MANCHESTER.

104,1. E

OR

A. 5 5 a

PAYABLE

AT

A. 55C THE

WAREHOUSE

THOMAS CLACKE . X X .

OF

A. 55d

Plain. ( N o . 1 0 4 a . S o m e a r e o n l y "PAYABLE * AT * CRONEBANE T h e remainder blank.)

1 7 9 3 .

105.

U : M a s t h e a d b e t w e e n L a n d H. R : D a t e d 1793. E \ PAYABLE

AT

BRISTOL. 105a.

ANGLESEA

LONDON

OR

A. 5 9

E : PAYABLE AT LONDON 4 LIVERPOOL.

1056. E :

Plain.

S o m e s h o w d i e flaw t o l e f t of m a s t o n obv., a n d t o l e f t of s h i e l d o n rev

<<p

r

:"

106.

O: M a s t h e a d t o u c h e s f o o t of L. R: A s l a s t . E: PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON

OR

106a.

E:

BRISTOL. LONDON / / / / / ANGLESEA / / / / / OR / / / / /

106ft.

E :

A. 5 7 a BRISTOL. PAYABLE IN SUFFOLK BATH OR MANCHESTER.


79

Xancasbiie. LIVERPOOL. 1 7 9 3

107.

E

W

'

: PAYABLE

IN

ANGLESEY

LONDON

LIVERPOOL.

i & *»

fi'n %

0 : W i t h oak branches u n d e r ship. R : W i t h period after legend. OR

^ I f h-t^

A. 5 8

107a.

E :

PAYABLE IN LONDON L I V E R P O O L OR

1076. 107c.

E : Milled, i m m / m m E : P l a i n ( n o t in c o l l a r ) .

BRISTOL.

x-. y /\ f\ \ •

A. 5 8 a

A. 586 A. 58c

1794.

108.

O : : S t e r n l a m p n e a r l y t o u c h e s b r a n c h to l e f t .

R: D a t e d 1 7 9 4 . E: PAYABLE IN A N G L E S E Y LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L . 1 0 8 a . E : AT i n s t e a d of IN. 10Hb. E : PAYABLE BY IOHN F I L M E R CHURCH L A N E . 108c. E: PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON. 10Kd. E: PAYABLE AT LONDON L I V E R P O O L OU B R I S T O L . 108c. E : PAYABLE AT LONDON CORK OR B E L F A S T . 108/". E :

PAYABLE AT DUBLIN CORK OR B E L F A S T .

108i/. E:

C E L E B R A T E D FOR P U R E A LONDON L I V E R P O O L OR

108/i. E :

C E L E B R A T E D FOR P U R E AND SEA BATHING.

A. GO A. 6 0 a A . 606 A. 60c A. G0</ A . 60c A. 6 0 /

108i. E :

BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H & SWANSEA.

108/. E :

PAYABLE IN S U F F O L K S T R E E T HAYMARKET.

IOWA:. E :

PAYABLE AT W. PARKERS OLD BIRMINGHAM W A R E H O U S E .

108/. E : P l a i n .

A. 60;/

(Nos. 10H</ a n d h a r e " b l u n d e r e d " e d g e s ; t h e c o r r e c t e d g e should

read

& JM, % ^

CELEBRATED

/•y

0:f,

/? ,

dpm| rjf • \ ^

109.

PAYABLE

AT

THE

PURE

C>r

;

AIR AND SEA B A T H I N G . )

7

^

/// ^ , ; ^

*

ijjp WMl

O : M a s t h e a d t o u c h e s f o o t of L. R : Larger lettering. E :

FOR

WAREHOUSE

110. OF

0 : M a s t h e a d b e t w e e n L a n d H. R : As l a s t . E

: PAYABLE

THOMAS CLACKE.

AT

THE

WAREHOUSE

OF

THOMAS CLACKE.

R a r i t y — N o s . 103a, 6, c, 104c, d, e, 105a, A, 107c, 108a, 6, c, e, g, h, i, j, k, 109, 110, RR. 1 0 4 a , 6, 100, a, 6, 1 0 7 , 108/', I, R .

103, 104, s c a r c e .

The others, common.


80

Xancasbire. LIVERPOOL. MULES. hp J 111.

0 : S i m i l a r t o No. 91. R : Britannia seated. HALFPENNY. E : PAYABLE

IN

BRUNSWICK

1795. ANGLESEY LONDON

LIVERPOOL.

I l i a . E : PAYABLE IN LONDON. ' -

fe

.

The remain-

der engrailed. 111/-. E : COVENTRY TOKEN. 111c. E : PAYABLE BY IOHN

OR

A. 7 1

A. 7 1 a

T h e r e m a i n d e r e n g r a i l e d . A 71 b PILMER CHURCH LANE x x A. 71

0 : As No. 103.

112.

R : Bust

M M i

to

left,

STANHOPE . NOBLE

WITHOUT NOBILITY E

: PAYABLE AT ADAM SIMPSON'S ROJINEY.

A. 69 ( S o m e h a v e " b l u n d e r e d " edges.) 112a. E

: PAYABLE

AT

W.

PARKERS

OLD

BIR-

MINGHAM WAREHOUSE.

-£ --0/ N.

Kp

g

f : ~-rf %

r* r j r :

113.

du

r

114.

0 : As N o . 104. H:

EARL HOWE 1 7 9 5 , & c .

E

E : PAYABLE AT SHARP'S PORTSMOUTH AND CALDECOTT'S C H I C H E S T E R

••

115.

R: E

A. 6 2

IN

LIVERPOOL.

ANGLESEY

: CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

114a. E : P l a i n .

A. 61

A. 6 1 a

'ii

Nos. 1 1 5 - 1 1 7 . O : As No. 107. Bishop Blaize and lamb. See Yorkshire. : PAYABLE

0 : A s No. 100. R : Bust. S e e L a n c a s t e r , No. 56.

LONDON

116.

WASHINGTON P R E S I D E N T 1 7 9 1 .

See

Not Local. E : As last. A. 64 ( S o m e h a v e " b l u n d e r e d " edges.)

OR

A. 6 3

R:

117.

R '• EARL HOWE, &C.

E:

Plain.


81

Xancasbire. LIVERPOOL. MULES.

N o s . 1 1 8 - 2 2 . O : T h e o b v . of No. 1 0 8 . 118.

R:

METAL

&

PENNY. E

: PAYABLE

COPPEK

COMPANY

R : B u s t Of CHARLES ROE, & c . E

: PAYABLE

1795.

IN A N G L E S E Y

LIVERPOOL . X .

IN A N G L E S E Y ,

LONDON

OR

A. 66

LONDON OR

A. 6 5

LIVERPOOL.

118a. E :

119.

HALF-

Plain.

120. 120d. 120ft. 120c. 120</.

R: Bust of E A R L H O W E , &C. E: BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H IFE SWANSEA. A. 6 7 E: AN ASYLUM FOR T H E O P P R E S S ' D OF ALL NATIONS. A. 6 7 « E: PAYABLE AT DUBLIN CORK OR B E L F A S T . A. 676 E: PAYABLE AT LONDON CORK OR B E L F A S T . A. 6 7 c E: PAYABLE AT S H A R P E ' S P O R T S M O U T H AND C H A L D E C O T T ' S A. 67<Z

CHICHESTER.

1 2 0 f . E:

PAYABLE AT LONDON OR BRIGHTON.

120/'. E:

P l a i n (not in collar).

R E 121<i. E: 121.

1216.

J

122.

( S m a l l t h i n flans.)

A. 67e

: G E O R G E P R I N C E OF W A L E S . : PAYABLE IN A N G L E S E Y

LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L .

PAYABLE IN LONDON OR BRIGHTON.

E: : P l a i n ( n o t in c o l l a r ) .

A. 6 8 A. 6 8 a A. 686

R : A b i s h o p ' s h e a d w i t h c r o z i e r , &c. E

: BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H & SWANSEA.

A. 7 0


82

^Lancashire. LIVERPOOL. MULES.

123.

O

R E

124.

T h e rev. of No. 86. B r i t a n n i a . , as No. 111. PAYABLE IN LONDON, a n d e n g r a i l e d .

0 : T h e rev, of No. 107. R : B i s h o p B l a i z e a n d l a m b , as N o . 115. E

: PAYABLE AT LIVERPOOL OR B R I S T O L .

A, 7 2

0: As l a s t . R : F e m a l e seated holding fasces, as No. 118.

125.

E

: PAYABLE IN LONDON.

The

der engrailed.

m

i

126.

remain-

A. 7 3

0 : T h e rev. of No. 108. R : Britannia seated,

R U L E BRITANNIA.

1794. A. 74 E : P l a i n (on s m a l l a n d t h i n flans). ( A t k i n s ' N o . 7 5 is t h e s a m e a s h i s H a m p s h i r e No. 3 6 a . )

There was a Thomas Clarke, who was a saddler, at I, Paradise Street. Pye states that 6 tons were issued. That a man in a saddlery business could conveniently utilise six or more tons is astonishing !

Artist and Manufacturer—HANCOCK.

Rarity—Nos. 112, a, RRR. 125, 1276, R R .

I l l , b, 113, 114a, 117, 118a, 119, 120a, <1, 121, a, b,

116, 120, e, 122, 123, R .

1 1 1 a , 112c, 120c, 124, 126, 130, 134, scarce.

T h e others, c o m m o n .


83

^Lancashire. MANCHESTER.

127.

O:

EAST INDIA H O U S E .

R : The Grocers' arms, 1792 E : PAYABLE

AT

CHESTER 127a.

I.

HALFPENNY

FIELDINGS

O

h

MANA. 7 6

F. : LONDON BRISTOL AND L I V E R P O O L . A . 7 G a

E:

P l a i n ( n o t in c o l l a r ) .

127.

A. 1Gb

S o m e h a v e l e t t e r i n g of e d g e partly inverted).

CV-73 g ,

ftL

f r 1tH

d

128.

I "

—y-

^ r

0 : The Grocers' arms. PROMISSORY

MANCHESTER

HALFPENNY

T h e t i p of r i g h t G r i f f i n ' s w i n g l i n e s w i t h first l i m b of A. E a s t I n d i a C o . ' s b a l e m a r k , Ac. T h e c e n t r e p o i n t of s h i e l d t o u c h e s t h e first l i m b of v. A. 77

R:

' I

S- T

129.

1793.

130.

W

O : As l a s t . R: T h e c e n t r e p o i n t of s h i e l d c l e a r of v. O : T h e Griffin's w i n g to second l i m b of A. R : As last.

V

Jtf

V

if'

^

g

- ' i - A

TO-

&

,

yjjs, 131.

0:

D a t e closer together. The tufts a t e n d of G r i f f i n s ' t a i l s f o r m e d of t w o l i n e s . R : T a i l of & t u r n s d o w n , c e n t r e p o i n t of s h i e l d n e a r l y t o u c h e s s e c o n d l i m b of v. A. 78

134.

£

132.

133.

O : As last. R : V e r y s i m i l a r . T h e t a i l of & t o u c h e s T of TEA. F l a w u n d e r i i n s h i e l d . O : T a i l s of G r i f f i n s solid, a n d p o i n t outward. R : A s No. 131. A. 7 9

O : Similar, except t h a t the tails point downward. R : C e n t r e p o i n t of s h i e l d c l e a r of v.


84

^Lancashire. M A N C H E S T E R .

R

A p o r t e r c a r r y i n g a p a c k . MANCHESTER HALFPENNY. Ex: 1793. S h i e l d of a r m s , sic DONEC o n a r i b b o n u n d e r , SUCCESS TO

E

PAYABLE AT I. F I E L D I N G 3 MANCHESTER O

135.

0

NAVIGATION. A. 8 0

(On l a r g e a n d s m a l l f l a n s . )

135a. E PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR BRISTOL. 1356. E PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON. 135e. E PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. 135il. E LONDON LLLLL ANGLESEA LLLLL OR LLLLL BRISTOL. 135c. E E n g r a i l e d . 1 3 5 / . E : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN. 135;/.

A. 8 0 a A. 806 A. 80c A. 80d

A. 80e

: PAYABLE AT THE SHOP OF DUNHAM & YALLOP GOLDSMITHS.

135/i. E

13G.

O K

137.

O R E

Artists—MAINWARING,

A. 8 0 /

Plain.

As l a s t . PROMISSORY HALFPENNY A stork. A. 8 1 1793. See H a m p s h i r e . As last. A s t o r k on a c o r n u c o p i a . See W a r PENNY PAYABLE AT wickshire. A. 8 2 Engrailed.

ARNOLD

and D I X O N .

Manufacturer—

LUTWYCHE.

There was a John Fielding, warehouseman, of 12, Back Fatkner Street, and a grocer of the same name at 27, Withey Grove. It is within the range of possibility that the warehouseman was the issuer of the token No. 135, if not also that of No. 127, as both have the same edge reading. No. 138.—Sharp gives Lutwyche as manufacturer; the artist is not stated. R a r i t y — N o . 139. R R R .

135;/, 136, 137, 1386, 1 4 0 a , 143a, 1 4 6 a , 148a, 149a, 1 5 0 a , R R .

142, 1 4 4 a , 145 a n d 151 to 157, R .

1356. d, /

h, 138, a, 141, 146, 147, 148, 149, scarce.

The others, c o m m o n .

138.

I>U&g"x

OS.

O : FREDERICK DUKE OF YORK.

R : T h e B r i c k l a y e r s ' a r m s , Ac. PAYABLE

AT

J.

CHESTER

1793.

RAYNER

HALFPENNY &

CO.

E : ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

MANA. 8 3

1 3 8 a . E : BIRMINGHAM REDRUTH & SWANSEA.

A. 8 3 a

1386. E : P l a i n ( n o t in collar).

A. 836


85

X a n c a s b ire. ROCHDALE.

>

139.

U n f i n i s h e d proof of rev. die. Rev. blank. E : PAYABLE

AT

140.

O : A

fleece,

-d

ROCHDALE 1 7 9 1 .

R : A m a n w e a v i n g in a l o o m , HALFPENNY.

MACCLESFIELD

E

: PAYABLE

LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON.

AT

THE

WAREHOUSE

IOHN KERSHAW . X .

1 4 0 a . E : P l a i n ( n o t in c o l l a r ) . 141.

0 : As last. II: Similar. K : PAYABLE

4

OF

A. 84

A. 8 4 a

N o t e p o s i t i o n of t h e feet, also t h e legs of t h e stool. IN

ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL . X .

A. 8 5

Issued by John Kershaw, mercer and draper. There was also John Kershaw & Co., woollen manufacturers.

Artist 142.

and Manufacturer—HANCOCK.

0 : S i m i l a r , b u t d a t e d 1792. R : As l a s t .

A. 8 6

This was also struck in silver. T h i s is a n i m i t a t i o n by WESTWOOD.

143.

0 : A r m s a n d crest, ROCHDALE HALFPENNY. 1792. A line d r a w n a c r o s s t h e t w o p o i n t s of shield c u t s t h e last l i m b of A on l e f t . R : A m a n w e a v i n g in a loom. K : PAYABLE

AT

KERSHAW . X

THE

WAREHOUSE

OF

0 : T h e line a c r o s s shield j u s t c l e a r s t h e f o o t of L o n l e f t . R : and E : As last. 144a. E : P l a i n 145. O : T h e line c u t s t h e t e r m i n a l of L on left. R : a n d E : As last. A. 8 8 Issuer as last. Artist—WYON.

IOHN

A. 87 A. 8 7 a

.

1 4 3 a . E : P l a i n (not i n collar). 144.

/ I |

146.

O : R: 146a. E : 147. O : R:

T h e p e r i o d n e a r e r to t h e 2 of d a t e . a n d E : As l a s t . Plain. A. 8 9 As last. P o l i s h e d rev. d i e ; o n l y t h r e e t r e a d l e s a r e n o w visible.

Manufacturer

-KEMPSON.


86

Xancaabire. ROCHDALE. MULES.

»

' V

ouzxmz &*7a 148.

A s No. 1 4 5 . B e e h i v e a n d bees,

149. INDUSTRY HAS

0 : A s N o . 146. II: A mounted dragoon.

I T S SURE REWARD. . +

148(7. E

PRO REGE

ET PATRIA, &C.

PAYABLE IN LONDON.

mainder engrailed. Plain 150.

The

re-

A. 9 1 A. 9 1 a

E : S a m e as No. 148. 149<i. E: P l a i n ( n o t in collar).

O : T h e rev. of No. 147. K : D o v e a n d olive b r a n c h .

A. 92 A. 9 2 a

PEACE AND

PLENTY.

J-<Ti

E 1 PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON

150a. E

X

A. 9 3

X —

WILLY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

FARTHINGS.

LANCASTER. r

, 'L

, n

151.

0:

Crowned

b u s t to left,

IOHN OF

GAUNT D U K E OF LANCASTER.

i - i - -C

li : S h i e l d of a r m s .

LANCASTER HALF

HALFPENNY 1 7 9 1 .

z-A-Lj:

152.

E : Milled. S i m i l a r to last, b u t d a t e d 1792.

153.

0 : A ship sailing,

A. 94 A. 9 5

LIVERPOOL. LIVERPOOL HALF

HALFPENNY. li:

S h i e l d of a r m s ,

y -

D E U S NOBIS HVEC

OTIA FECIT 1 7 9 1 . ''

154. 155.

E : Milled. S i m i l a r to last, b u t d a t e d 1792. On a small flan, an impression t h e c e n t r e of t h e H a l f p e n n y t o o s m a l l to s t a t e t h e N o .

A. 9 6 A. 97 from dies,

ROCHDALE. 156.

, a« 4

O : A

fleece,

B: A

man

ROCHDALE 1 7 9 1 .

weaving

in

a

loom.

HALF HALFPENNY.

157.

E : Milled.

A. 9 8

S i m i l a r to last, b u t d a t e d 1792.

A. 99

T h e H a l f H a l f p e n n y pieces were m a n u f a c t u r e d by WESTWOOD, f o r sale to collectors.


87

Xciccstersbire. ELMSTHORPE.

VLUUGH 0

: RUINS

OF

ELMSTHORP

CHURCH.

2.

E x '.

0 : Similar, but with the final letter E to

1800.

" ELMSTHOltPE."

R : A w h e a t s h e a f , &c.

HALFPENY PAYABLE

BY RICHD. F O W K E .

R:

Similar,

A. 1

but

with

GOD SPEED THE

PLOUGH a d d e d i n Ex:

A. 2

E : P l a i n in collar. No.

1.

This

A'o. 2.

is struck

Struck

in silver

only in tin. and

cojiper.

RRR. RR.

The private token of Richard Fowke, a farmer; a collector of coins, etc. A rtist— H A N C O C K . Manufacturer— KEMPSON.

Xtncolnshire. LINCOLN. 1.

0 \

k

wheatsheaf.

PEACE . AND . P L E N T Y .

HALFPENNY.

R : T h e a r m s of L i n c o l n , LINCOLN . OR . LONDON.

PAYABLE . AT . 1795.

A.

1

This is not a currency token; it is probably one of Skidmore's. 2.

0 : S a m e as l a s t . R : T h e a r m s of L o n d o n ,

SCALES WEIGHTS

& STEELYARDS.

No. 2 is inserted on the authority of Atkins, but it has not been traced. It may possibly be a description of the token placed by Atkins to No. 12 Munster.

SLEAFORD. 3.

O : C r o w n e d b u s t to l e f t ,

IOHN OF GAUNT

D U K E OF LANCASTER. R : Arms,

SUCCESS TO NAVIGATION.

E : PAYABLE

BY THOMAS

BALL

+ .+ .+ .+ . 3d.

SLEAFORD

.

A. 3

E : PAYABLE BY I . SIMMONS S T A P L E H U R S T .

3b. E : P l a i n (rounded). Thomas A rtist—

Ball

was

DLXON.

a

grocer and

Manufacturer—

A. 3a ironmonger. L U T W YC H K.


88

Lincolnshire. SPALDING.

si M 3<i";

4.

O:

F i g u r e of B r i t a n n i a . ahove B r i t a n n i a .

A

small

SUCCESS

lion

TO

THE

COMMERCE OF BRITAIN

A c y p h e r T. I. in a s h i e l d b e t w e e n s p r i g s of d o w e r s , c r e s t a d e m i - l i o n .

II: :

E

PAYABLE

AT

T.

IENNINGS'S

SPALDING

HOLBEACH — - X

VlXlJZJl

Aa. E : 5. O : R : 5a E : 6. O : 11: ба.

E

A.

& 4

Plain. S i m i l a r , b u t t h e s m a l l l i o n i s n o w below t h e figure. a n d E : A s No. 4. A. 5 Plain. a n d E : A s No. 5. T h e t a i l of t h e d e m i - l i o n i s m u c h n e a r e r t h e l e t t e r H.

:

P A Y A B L E AT I. IORDANS SPALDING i t H O L B E A C H

This

is also struck

X

A. 6 A.

6a

in silver.

Бб.

E

:

P A Y A B L E AT IOHN FINCHAMS S U F F O L K .

A.

6<•.

E

:

P A Y A B L E IN LONDON B R I S T O L & L A N C A S T E R .

A.

6l». E

:

P A Y A B L E AT L E E K S T A F F O R D S H I R E .

A.

Ge. E : P l a i n ( n o t in c o l l a r ) .

66 6(* (ill

A. 6e

T h o m a s J e n n i n g s w a s an i r o n m o n g e r a n d stationer. Artisl—W

Y O N.

Manufactu

rer— K b. M r s o N.

T h e e d g e r e a d i n g to No. 6a is e v i d e n t l y an error, a n d c o m m e n t e d on as s u c h by the writer of the " Bazaar Notes." J. J o r d a n w a s of Gosport.

WAINFLEET. 7.

0 : V i e w of W a i n f l e e t A b b e y , BY W I L L I A M

11: A

figure the

WAYNEFLETE

FOUNDED *

1459.

of H o p e s t a n d i n g , a s h i p in distance.

WAINFLEET

HALF-

PENNY. Ej- : 1 7 9 3 . T h e finger of the figure p o i n t s to t h e s e c o n d l e t t e r E in "WAINFLEET." E

8.

:

BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H & S W A N S E A .

A. 8

0 : T h e same as last. 11: S i m i l a r , b u t t h e figure i s n o t s o l a r g e , and its pointing finger touches t h e first E. E

: PAYABLE

AT

THE

WAREHOUSE

OF

D.

W R I G H T & S. P A L M E R . X .

8<i. E : r e a d s WAREHOUSES.

A. 9a

86.

E

:

P A Y A B L E IN HULL AND IN LONDON.

8T.

E

: P A Y A B L E IN LONDON

Sll.

E

:

ON DEMAND WF. PROMISE TO P A Y .

8?.

E

:

CURRENT E V E R Y W H E R E .

A . 9c

TER.

8/. E

A. 9b

BRISTOL & LANCAS-

: Plain. D. W r i g h t a n d S. Palmer.

Artist—WYON. R a r i t y — N o . 7, R R R .

Manufacturer—

K EM P S O N .

6b, c, d, e, 86, c, d, e, f, R R . 1, 8a, 6, 4 a , The others, common.

scarce.


BRIEF PARTICULARS RESPECTING

THE

EIGHTEENTH CENTURY CONNECTED

TOKENS

WITH

THE COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX.

( The names printed below that of the issuer are those of the die-sinker and manufacturer, according to Pye or Sharp.) For fuller particulars see Waters's " Notes on the Middlesex Tokens."

8vo.

1906.

G O O D M A N ' S F I E L D S — N o s . 3 a n d 4. These were issued by Thomas Jordan & Co., at 21, Leman Street. B R I T A N N I A - — N o . 6. This was made for sale. The puncheon used for the obverse die was the same as that used for the die for Spence's Britannia Halfpenny No. 678. Denton, the coin dealer, was the issuer. C H R I S T ' S H O S P I T A L — N o . 13. This was probably a forgery of Halliday's (see the note to the Halfpenny, page 125, No. 281). A similar note appears in both of Sir George Chetwynd's copies of Sharp. G O R T O N ' S — N o . 16. This may be a genuine token, but Pye rejected it as such. he used the reverse die upon some of his pieces made for sale.

Skidmore was the manufacturer, and

H A C K N E Y — N o s . 17 to 22. These are tokens made by Skidmore, for sale to collectors. H A C K N E Y — N o s . 23 and 24. David Alves Rebello resided at Mare Street, Hackney ; his business address was 7, Bevis Marks, St. Mary Axe, City. He died April 24th, 1796. H A L L ' S — N o s . 2 5 t o 30. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. Hall's token with Mrs. Newsham wearing the necklace, is exceedingly rare. The sale catalogue of the Welch Collection of tokens sold in London in 1801 states that only three were struck. M E N D O Z A — N o . 35. These dies were cut by Mainwaring. ( 1 )


MILTON'S—No. 36. Milton's address was Rolls Buildings, Fetter Lane.

He was also employed at the Royal Mint.

O R C H A R D ' S — N o s . 37 and 3 8 . Robert Orchard was probably buried in Stepney, where he died, in 1833. H E N R Y YOUNG'S—No. 39. (D) Thomas Wyon. Henry Young was the father of Matthew Young, the issuer of the next token. MATTHEW Y O U N G ' S - N o s . 4 0 and 41. \ oung s stock of coins were sold between 1838 and 1841, the sales occupying 61 days. K E M P S O N ' S — N o s . 4 2 to 80. These were made for sale by Kempson, the Birmingham manufacturer, from dies by Thomas Wyon. LONDON A N D W E S T M I N S T E R — N o s . 81 to 113. These were made for sale by Denton and Prattent ; the dies were probably the work of James. S K I D M O R E ' S — N o s . 114 to 173. These were made for sale by Skidmore, the coin dealer and ironmonger, of High Holborn from dies cut by Jacobs. S W A N T O K E N S — N o s . 174 and 175. These were made from dies by James, for sale by Denton, the coin dealer. N A T I O N A L S E R I E S — N o . 185. According to the European children at Windsor.

Magazine

of May 1789, this was made for the Sunday-school

Nos. 191 a n d 202. These were made for sale by Skidmore, the coin dealer. C O R R E S P O N D I N G SOCIETY—No. 203. The silver impressions of this piece were presented to the jurymen who served upon the trial. Specimens in fine condition are exceedingly rare. H A R D Y ' S — N o s . 2 0 4 to 206. Thomas Hardy was a shoemaker, at 161, Fleet Street; he died October n t h , 1832. P A I N E ' S — N o s . 2 0 8 and 209. Thomas Paine's "Rights of Man" was published in 1791. At his trial he was defended by Thomas Erskine. A verdict of Guilty was returned, but Paine had left England, having been elected the Deputy for Calais, in the French Convention ; so the Government could not execute its sentence upon him, which would doubtless have been death. ROMAINE—Nos. 214 to 216. Rev. W. Romaine was born 1714 ; died 1795. Skidmore's Churches No. 553). ( 2 )

He was Rector of St. Ann's, Blackfriars (see


W I L L I S — N o . 220. Rev. Dr. Willis was the Rector of St. John's, Wapping (see Skidmore's Churches No. 640). He was very famous for his treatment of the insane, and his advice was secured when George III. had his first illness, in 1788. FOX—Nos. 221 to 225. C. J. Fox (the famous statesman), born 1749 ; died 1806. Parliament, in 1784, 1790 and 1796.

He represented Westminster in

ELECTION TOKEN—No. 226. This election commenced on May 28th, and closed June 13th, 1796. Fox was returned at the head of the poll with 5,160 votes, Admiral Gardiner 4,814 votes, and Home Tooke 2,819 votes. C A B B A G E SOCIETY—No. 227. This was struck for some Jewish Society (see also Nos. 1005 and 1149). MAP OF F R A N C E — N o s . 2 2 8 and 229. Sharp describes the design thus :—" France divided by serpents, the Land in mourning, Throne turned upside down, Honour trodden under foot, Glory defaced, Religion cut in pieces, Law and Justice two bubbles, Liberty nowhere to be found, Life in danger, Property insecure, Fire in every quarter." A similar design occurs on the Halfpenny No. 1016. B U C K SOCIETY—Nos. 2 3 0 and 231. These and the Halfpence No. 1041 and the Farthing No. 1126 were probably issued by, or with the intention of appealing to the sentiments of the members of the Luck Society (see the London Magazine {or October 1786). S L A V E T R A D E — N o s . 2 3 3 to 238. Were probably issued by the Society for the Suppression of the Slave Trade (see also the Halfpence Nos. 1037 to 1039). The design and legend appear on a wax impression from a seal, measuring i t inches by i i inches. POLITICAL—Nos. 239 to 241. It is probable that Spence had something to do with the issue of these pieces—for in his " Pigs' Meat" he mentions this very subject; at any rate his remarks may have suggested the design to the artist of the token. Sharp says the dies were cut by Hancock. A book by Thomas Hunter, dated 1800, is entitled—"The Newcastle Sportsman ; or, a Race to Hell. Being three noted characters : A Hypocritical and Debauched Clergyman, a Cruel Military Man, and a Religious Corn Dealer, a monopolizer of Provisions, and Starver of the Poor. A Satire." ALLEN'S—No. 240. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. Allen's address was 36, Chandos Street. About 16,000 were made. A N D E R S O N ' S — N o s . 247 to 249. Pye gives the die-sinker and manufacturer as Jorden. The address of the issuer is unknown. A S K I N S ' — N o s . 250 to 252. These were made by Skidmore, for sale, from dies by Jacobs. BAYLY'S—No. 253. (D) and (M) James. Bayly's Exhibition was opposite St. James's Church, Piccadilly. ( 3 )


B E B B I N G T O N ' S — N O . 254. John Bebbington's address was 8, City Road. B I G G A R ' S — N o s . 255 a n d 256. Pye says the dies of No. 255 were cut by Arnold, and those for No. 256 by Good. B L A C K F R I A R S — N o . 257. Although not dated, it was issued about 1795. made the tokens.

Jacobs was the die-sinker, so probably Skidmore

B U R C H E L L ' S - N o s . 258 to 274. Pye says the artist of No. 274 was Arnold, and the manufacturer Lutwyche. There were of this die 1 cwt. made ; this would represent about 5,152 tokens. N o particulars of the others are known. C A R T E R ' S — N o s . 275 a n d 276. (D) Willets.

(M) Kempson.

Of these there were 10 cwt., which would represent about 52,000 tokens. C H E L S E A — N o . 277. (D) Arnold. The issuer is unknown.

CM) Lutwyche.

There were 4 cwt. made, or about 20,600 pieces. CHING'S—No. 282. (D) T. Wyon.

John Ching's address was 4, Cheapside.

(M) Kempson.

Five cwt. were made, or about 26,000 tokens.

C L A R K & H A R R I S ' S — N o s . 2 8 3 and 2 8 4 . (D) T. Wyon. General Washington died in 1799.

(M) Good.

Pye did not state the amount struck.

C O R R E S P O N D I N G SOCIETY—Nos. 2 8 5 to 291. Thomas Hardy was the Secretary to this Society (see the Pence Nos. 204 to 206, and the Halfpence Nos. 1024 to 1028). The dies of Nos. 290 and 291 were Jacobs' work, so no doubt Skidmore made the tokens. It is probable that these were never struck by the Society's order, but were made for sale. C O V E N T R Y S T R E E T — N o s . 2 9 2 a n d 293. This was issued by J. Henderson, at 6, Coventry Street. sinker. DAVIDSON'S

Sharp says that Jacobs was the die-

Nos. 2 9 4 and 295.

(D) Hancock.

(M) Dobbs.

Davidsons were pocket-book makers, at 18, Size Lane. tokens.

Ten cwt. were made, or about 51,000

D E N N I S ' — N o . 297. (D) Arnold.

(M) Lutwyche.

There were 4 cwt. made, or about 20,000 tokens. It is uncertain where the issuer resided. was a William Dennis, a baker, 100, Bishopsgate-Within. ( 4 )

There


DENTON'S—Nos. 2 9 8 and 299. M. Denton, of Hospital Gate, West Smithfield, was the issuer of these. They were struck for sale, with the object of satirizing token collectors. Westwood was the die-sinker and manufacturer. DODD'S—No 300. Pye or Sharp give no particulars of this token. The issuer removed to 92, St. Martin's Lane, in I OO9.

EATON'S—No. 301. (D) Dixon. (M) Good. This was issued from the " Cock and Swine," at 74, Newgate Street. F O R S T E R ' S - N o . 302. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Mynd. The issuer came to London about 1759 ; he died in 1808. He was a famous musical instrument maker of his day. About 5,000 pieces were struck. F O U N D L I N G F I E L D S - N o s . 3 0 3 to 305. (D) Wyon. (M) Hancock. The issuer's name is unknown. Of No. 305 about 16,000 were struck. FOWLER'S—No. 306. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Mynd. This was probably issued by J. Fowler, oil merchant, at 78, Long Acre. F R A N K L I N P R E S S — N o 307. The writer of the Bazaar Notes says these were issued by the Proprietors of Watt's Printing Office, known as the Franklin Press, because Benjamin Franklin at one time worked there as a journeyman printer and also as a compositor. GUEST'S—No. 308. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. There were 7 cwt. made, or about 35,000 tokens. The issuer afterwards became a quack doctor, and went out of the boot business. R E B E L L O ' S - N o . 309. Pye states that 10 were struck in silver and 24 in copper. (See also Nos. 23 and 24.) Milton was the die-sinker and manufacturer. No. 310 is a poor copy made for sale by Skidmore, from dies by Jacobs. HACKNEY—No. 312. This is not a genuine token ; it was made for sale by Skidmore, from dies by Jacobs. HALL'S—Nos. 313 to 319. (I)) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. Of No. 319 there were struck about 21,000 impressions. HANCOCK'S—Nos. 3 2 0 to 322. (D) Jacobs. (M) Skidmore. Pye could supply no particulars as to the amount struck of these. ( 5 )


H A T F I E L D ' S - N o . 323. This was issued from 5, King Street, Snow Hill. H E N D O N — N o s . 3 2 4 to 335. This was issued by the owner of the "Greyhound" Public House, at Hendon. tokens are Nos. 324 and 325. All the rest were made for sale by Skidmore.

The only genuine

H ESLO P ' S — N o . 336. (D) Jacobs. (M) Skidmore. This issuer resided at this address for many years. H O R N S E Y — N o . 337. According to Sharp, this was made by Skidmore for sale. I B B E R S O N ' S — N o s . 3 3 8 to 343. (D) Ponthon. (M) Boulton. Ibberson was the proprietor of the "George and Blue Boar" Coach Office, 270, High Holborn. No. 338 is a trial piece from a die not used for any tokens. There is not a " boar," and the final letter of the issuer's name runs into the beading. J A M E S ' S - N o . 344. James was his own die-sinker and manufacturer. K E L L Y ' S — N o . 345. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. Kelly's address was 130, Strand.

About 51,000 were struck.

KILVINGrTON'S—Nos. 3 4 6 and 347. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Kempson. These tokens of Kilvington are of a very doubtful character. They may have been made for genuine commercial change by the issuer, but the omission of the address is very suspicious. About 100,000 were struck. Nos. 348 to 350 bis. were copies of the above. L A C K I N G T O N ' S — N o s . 351 to 361. No. 352 was made by Westwood, and about 15,000 were struck. All the others were made by Lutwyche, from dies by Dixon. Pye says there were over 7 tons made ; this would represent about 736,000 tokens. LYCEUM—No. 362. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. The Lyceum Theatre was in the Strand.

About 26,000 were issued.

MAIL COACH—Nos. 3 6 3 to 366. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Mynd. An engraving, showing a Mail Coach dashing past a wayside inn, has the following inscription "To John Palmer, Esq., Surveyor and Comptroller-General of the Post Office. This plate of the Mail Coach is respectfully inscribed by his obedient humble servant, James Fittler." As the initials of J. F. appear on some, they may reasonably be regarded as having been issued by James Fittler. Those bearing the initials A. F. H. were probably issued by Anthony Francis Haldimand, Merchant, 51, St. Mary Axe. This is put forward in the absence of any definite information. ( 6 )


MASONIC—Nos. 367 to 374. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. The " Black Horse" Public House was in Victualling House Square, Tower Hill. It will be seen that a Birmingham issuer also used the dies. Pye says 5 cwt. were made, or about 26,000 tokens. MEYMOTT'S—Nos. 375 to 379. These are the genuine tokens struck by Jorden. The rest were made by Skidmoie for sale that is, from Nos. 380 to 388. MOORE'S—No. 389. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Kempson. There were 10 cwt. made, or about 51,000 pieces. NEETON'S—No. 390. This was probably issued at the " Brazen Head" Public House, 1, Lower Lisson Street. N E W G A T E — N o s . 391 to 397. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Kempson. Ihis records the imprisonment of the four persons named, for sedition, in 1794. 5 tons made, 01 some tokens. Nos. 394> 395 ^nd 397 were made for sale.

There were

O P P E N H E I M ' S — N o . 398. (D) Arnold. (M) Lutwyche. Oppenheim's address was 115, Aldersgate Street. ORCHARD'S—Nos. 3 9 9 to 413. Nos. 399 to 402 may be termed the genuine tokens; the remainder were mules made for sale to collectors, probably without the knowledge or consent of Orchard. PIDCOCK'S—Nos. 4 1 4 to 458. Pidcock's tokens of the eighteenth century were the work of James. Sharp says the nineteenth century issues were made from dies by Jacobs. Exeter Change Exhibition was in the Strand. PRATTENT'S—No. 459. This was issued by Thomas Prattent, engraver and printer, 46, Cloth Fair, West Smithfield. He engraved the plates of the " Virtuoso's Companion." Nos. 460 to 463 are mules. C. Pye does not include Prattent's, hence, probably they were all made to sell to collectors. P R E S B U R Y ' S - N o . 464. (D) Jorden. This was issued by Charles Presbury & Co., 9, New Street, Covent Garden. struck, as the order was countermanded.

Only a few were

RATLEY'3—Nos. 4 6 5 and 466. These dies were cut by Wyon, and the tokens made by Kempson. R I C H A R D S O N ' S — N o s . 4 6 7 to 471. (D) and (M) Milton. The Lottery Offices of Richardson, Goodluck & Co. were 104, Bank Buildings, Cornhill, and 8, Charing Cross. ( 7 )


R U P E R T S T R E E T — N o . 472. This was issued at the "Plough" Public House, 40, Rupert Street. unknown.

The issuer's name is

SALTER'S—No. 473. (D) Jacobs. (M) Skidmore. This business was carried on many years after the token was issued. SCHOOLING'S—No. 474. _ This firm is still represented in London, at 8, Great Garden Street.

Jacobs was the die-sinker.

S H A C K E L T O N ' S — N o s . 475 t o 477. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. The address was 12, Little Suffolk Street. There were 5 cwt. made, or some 26,000 tokens. SIMS'—No. 478. (D) and (M) James. This was issued at the " Garrick Head " Public House, in Russell Street. STONE'S—No. 479. This is not a genuine token, but was made for one of the London coin dealers. Gorton, as being responsible for it.

Sharp gives

SKIDMORE'S—No. 4 8 0 , etc. The token No. 480 was the only genuine one made for commercial circulation. were made for sale. This remark applies to the Buildings series, ending with No. 675.

The rest

SKIDMORE'S—No. 520. The Free-born Englishman with a padlock upon his mouth was doubtless designed as a sarcastic allusion to the Gagging Act against sedition, passed in 1795- This remark likewise applies to Spence's die, No. 709. S K I D M O R E ' S — N o s . 522, etc. This famous church was built after designs by Inigo Jones. The fire was occasioned by the carelessness of some workmen employed upon some repairs to the roof. S K I D M O R E ' S — N o . 534. Skating upon the Serpentine River, as the lake in Hyde Park was then called, has been a winter pastime of Londoners for many ages. The dies of No. 534 were executed by James, and the reverse of No. 535 is Jacobs' work. S K I D M O R E ' S C H U R C H E S A N D GATES.—Nos. 536 to 675. These were all made for sale. Some of the dies having developed cracks in the hardening process, they soon became damaged, so that quite a number of tokens cannot be obtained in perfect condition. Jacobs cut the dies of the entire series. SPENCE'S—No. 676. This was issued by Spence before the token issuing period proper. At the time of its date—viz. 1775—Spence resided at Newcastle-on-Tyne, where he first advocated his reform of the Land Laws. ( 8 )


SPENCE'S—No. 677. Spence was arrested upon a charge of high treason, on May 29th, 1794. The crime consisted of publishing his" Pig's Meat ; or, Lessons for the Swinish Multitude." He was discharged, without a trial, in December of the same year. He was prosecuted again in 1801 for publishing his own work, entitled " The Restorer of Society," which the Government termed a seditious libel. S P E N C E ' S — 8 3 3 , etc.

End of P a i n .

These " End of Pain " tokens were possibly not issued by Spence, for he was an ardent supporter of Paine and his " Rights of Man," and would scarcely have held him up to ridicule in this manner. The date recorded upon the book shown on the reverse of Nos. 833, 834, and 838, is that of the execution of Louis XVI. SPITTLE'S—Nos. 9 0 2 and 903. John Spittle was a grocer, at 6, Broadway, Ludgate Hill ; and John Kirby and Richard Lashmar were in the same trade at Brighton. Spittle became a bankrupt in October, 1797. The letters I.-P. upon the obverse of No. 903 are doubtless those of the die-sinker. STINTON'S—No. 9 0 4 (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. There were 5 cwt. made, or about 26,000 tokens. years after the issue of this token.

The firm was in St. James's Street for over 30

S U M M E R S ' - N o s . 905 and 906. Pye could give no particulars of this token ; he only knew of the one die, but Sharp records both as being in the Chetwynd Collection. S W A I N S O N ' S — N o . 907. (D) Milton. This quack doctor did a very large business in his day. His address was 21, Frith Street, Soho. His private residence and botanical garden were at Twickenham. He died March 7th, 1812, and was buried in the church there. W H I T F I E L D ' S — N o s . 9 0 8 to 912. These were doubtless made for general circulation. The omission of the address looks very suspicious, and the name cannot be traced in any of the contemporary directories. No. 910 is a curious mule, and has hitherto not been recorded. W I L L I A M S ' S — N o s . 913 to 922. (D) Smith. (M) Williams. The issuer, William Williams, was a button maker, at 103, St. Martin's Lane. were made by Skidmore for sale. LONDON, ETC.—Nos. 9 2 3 and 9 2 4 . (D) Wyon. (M) Kempson. There were 3 cwt. made, or some 15,600 tokens.

The issuer is unknown.

LONDON, ETC.—Nos. 925 to 927. No particulars of these pieces are known ; they were not recorded by Pye. ( 9 !

Nos. 919 to 922


LONDON A N D M I D D L E S E X — N o . 9 2 8 . (D) Mainwaring. (M) Lutwyche. Pye says the issuer's name was W. Sheward. 56 lbs. were made, or about 2,300 tokens. W E S T M I N S T E R — N o . 929. (D) Mainwaring. (M) Lutwyche. The reason of Hickman, the Birmingham Iron Merchant, calling this token a Westminster Halfpenny, has not been explained, and this is remarkable seeing that he made it payable in Birmingham. N A T I O N A L S E R I E S — N o s . 930 to 939. These all record George the Third's recovery from his first attack of insanity. to have become quite sane by February 26th, 1789.

He was reported

Nos. 941 to 9 4 3 . Were no doubt made by Skidmore for sale. N o s . 945 and 946. (D) Arnold. (M) Lutywche. About 3 cwt. were made for general circulation, or about 15,500 tokens. NATIONAL S E R I E S — N o s . 947 to 951 bis. These are all of the medalet type, and were not struck for circulation purposes. Nos. 952 to 967. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. These were made in very large quantities, and sold to any one who cared to buy and circulate them. Pye states that a total weight of 10 tons were manufactured; this would represent about 1,030,000 tokens. Some of the die varieties are difficult to obtain. Nos. 969 to 978. These are of the medalet type. Nos. 977 to 983. (D) Wyon. (M) Kempson. Made for general circulation. Nos. 985 to 993. (M) Lutwyche. Made for general circulation. No. 994. Made for sale by Skidmore, from dies by Jacobs. The O: die is used upon the Penny No. 202. Nos. 995 to 1004. Made for sale by Skidmore. COOPER—No. 1007. This is probably the portrait of the Rev. W. Cooper, of Ringmere, Sussex. portrait of him at 20 years of age. ( 'o )

There is an engraved


D l M S D A L E - N o . 1009. Made for sale by Skidmore, from Jacobs' dies. This has been placed here in error ; it should have been given under its locality in Surrey.

E R S K I N E — N o s . 1010 to 1013. Sharp gives the die-sinker as Wyon, so without doubt Kempson was the manufacturer. FOX—Nos. 1014 and 1015. Made for sale by Skidmore. MAP OF F R A N C E — N o s . 1018 and 1017. Mainwaring was the artist, according to Sharp. LOYAL B R I T O N ' S L O D G E - N o s . 1030 to 1032. Probably struck by Denton from dies by James. NEWTON—Nos. 1033 to 1035. (D) Wyon. (M) Kempson. Pye says io cwt. were made ; this would represent about 51,500 pieces. ROMAINE—No. 1036. Made for sale by Skidmore. S L A V E - N o s . 1037 to 1039. See the note to No. 233. S T A N H O P E — N o . 1040. Made by Skidmore for sale. Earl Stanhope on Jan. 6th, 1795, moved >n the House of Lords that England ought not to interfere with the internal Government of France. On the division being taken, the numbers were 61 against, and 1 for it—that being his lordship himself. STAG—Nos. 1041 to 1043. (D) Willets. (M) Kempson. Pye says that of No. 1042, 1 cwt. were made, and 2 cwt. of No. 1041. to No. 230.

See also the note

H O R N E TOOKE.—Nos. 1044 to 1047. John Home Tooke, the Parson, Political Reformer, Patriot and Author; born 1736; died 1812. TOM TACKLE—No. 1048. A song upon Tom Tackle being Rich and Poor was printed in the Britannic

Magazine,

Vol. I.,

1793W A S H I N G T O N — N o s . 1049 to 1052. American collectors are very much interested in these tokens. Pye says the dies for No. 1051 were made from puncheons of Hancock's. DENTON'S—Nos. 1053 to 1058. The first has been circulated as currency ; the others were made for sale.


H A R R I S O N ' S — N o . 1059. A portrait of Harrison occurs in the "Bell Man" series published in the Wonderful " Sir" J. Dunstan also figures in the same set.

Magazine.

O R C H A R D ' S - N o s . 1060 to 1063. These Farthings were probably struck from dies by Jacobs. PIDCOCK'S—Nos. 1064 to 1073. Sharp says the 19th century dies were cut by Jacobs, but they do not much resemble his usual style. S K I D M O R E ' S — N o s . 1074 and 1075. These were struck from the centres of the Halfpenny dies of Nos. 480 and 517. S P E N C E ' S - N o s . 1076 to 1123. Of this section, those attacking Republicanism were made for sale by Skidmore, who, along with his own dies, used some he had bought from Spence. MISCELLANEOUS—No. 1125. This was a production of Denton, the coin dealer, and made for sale. Nos. 1130 to 1139. These are mainly medalets, and not tokens proper. Nos. 1140 to 1148. These were made for sale, and sold by weight to any one who cared to take the trouble to circulate then), and so make a profit for himself. T h e same remark applies to almost all from Nos. 1151 to 1174. It is most probable that the Nos. 1171 to 1173 are Edinburgh tokens.

( 12 )

B-L  

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