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Carbine  Creek

Carbine  Creek Reconstructing  an  Industrial  Stream Alex  Smith ID  1347248   amsmith@orcon.net.nz

Page  1


Site  Location

Mt  Wellington  Industrial  Area

Bowden  Road   Carbine  Road  to  the  Tamaki  River

Page  2


Contents

Carbine  Creek

2  

-­  

Site  Location

13  

-­  

Design  Development





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16  

-­  

Final  Concept

5  

-­  

Case  Study

22  

-­  

Planting  Plan

6  

 

The  rational  behind  the  design

Sweetbrook  Stream  Restoration,  Staten  Island  New  York  

-­  

Initial  concepts  and  workings  

Plans  and  Sections

An  introduction  to  some  region  wide  issues

Site  Analysis

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Page  3


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Marine  and  Aquatic  Ecologies  

Terrestrial  Ecology

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$VHFRQGLVVXHLGHQWL¿HGZDVWKH  poor  connectivity  

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of  the  isthmus  landscape  for  native  forest  birds

contaminants,  such  as  sediment,  heavy  metals  and  other  

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continued  viable  populations  birds  must  be  able  to  move  

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However   the   Mt   Wellington   industrial   area   (the   location  

large   quantities   quickly,   rather   than   slowly   soaking   through  

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GHJUDGLQJWKHHQYLURQPHQWIRUDTXDWLFOLIH More  street  trees  and  vegetation  

To  improve  the  ecological  health  and  viability   of  the  Tamaki  estuary  and  its  waterways,  the   VWRUPZDWHUDQGWKHVWUHDPVDQGV\VWHPVLWÀRZV through  must  be  better  treated,  it’s  quality  improved   and  it’s  amounts  reduced,  something  that  has  been  known  

along  stream  corridors  may  be  

Waitakere   Ranges   Habitat

a  option  that  could  improve  this   FRQQHFWLYLW\

Tamaki  Estuary   Catchment

Hunua   Ranges   Habitat

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Page  4

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Case  Study

Carbine  Creek

Sweetbrook  Stream  Restoration,  Staten  Island  New  York

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challenges  that  renovating  an  urban  stream  to  state  that  even  resembles  the  

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Bottom:   The   completed   restoration,   with   natural   streambed   and   lush   riparian   PDUJLQV,QWKHEDFNJURXQGLVWKHFXOYHUWWKDWLVWKHVRXUFHRIWKLVVHFWLRQRIWKH VWUHDPLQVLGHRIZKLFKLVWKHÀRZGLYHUWHUIRUVWRUPHYHQWV ,PDJHVIURP³6XVWDLQDEOH/DQGVFDSH&RQVWUXFWLRQ´E\:LOOLDP7KRPVRQ-6RUYLJ.0DS)URP*RRJOH0DSV

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Site  Analysis Introduction

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Page  6


Site  Analysis

Carbine  Creek

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Topography 7KH7RSRJUDSK\RIWKHVLWHLVÀDWWRJHQWO\VORSLQJLGHDOODQGIRULQGXVWULDODFWLYLW\7KHRQO\VLJQL¿FDQWVORSHVRQWKHVLWH DUHORFDWHGDURXQGWKHFRDVWDOHGJHZKHUHWKHUHLVDGURSRIDURXQGPHWHUVDQGWKH6WUHDP&DUELQH&UHHNZKHUH WKHUHDUHVRPHVXEWOHGURSVDQGVWHHSUHWDLQLQJZDOOV7KHVLWHGUDLQVWRZDUGVWKHVWUHDPFRUULGRURUWRWKHWDPDNLHVWX-­ DU\ZLWKDVPDOODUHDWRWKHVRXWKHDVWGUDLQLQJLQWRDQRWKHUFDWFKPHQW

History The  Sylvia  Park  region  has  been  subject  to  industrial  and  commercial  development  since  WW2,  with  the  construction   RIWKH0W:HOOLQJWRQ+LJKZD\DQG6\OYLD3DUN6WRUHV'HSRWE\$PHULFDQ)RUFHV%\DQXPEHURIEXLOGLQJVKDG appeared  on  the  apparently  recent  Bowden  Road,  and  since  then  the  sections  between  them  have  been  progressively   LQ¿OOHGZLWKQHZGHYHORSPHQWVRU\DUGVDQGWKHROGHUEXLOGLQJVUHIXUELVKHGRUUHSODFHGZLWKQHZGHYHORSPHQWVVXFKDV 7LPDUX3ODFH$VDUHVXOWWRGD\%RZGHQ5RDGIHHGVDGLYHUVHPL[RIEXLOGLQJW\SHVVL]HVDQGDJHV &DUELQH&UHHNKDVEHHQSURJUHVVLYHO\PRGL¿HGRYHUWKHODVWKDOIFHQWXU\WRFRSHZLWKWKHLQFUHDVHGÀRZVRIÀRRGZDWHUV GXULQJVWRUPHYHQWVDVDUHVXOWRIWKHLQFUHDVHGDUHDVRILPSHUYLRXVVXUIDFHVLQWKHFDWFKPHQW$WVRPHWLPHEHWZHHQ  DQG  D WXQQHO ZDV EXLOW DV LQGLFDWHG E\ WKH GDVKHG OLQH  WR E\SDVV D VHFWLRQ RI WKH VWUHDP  ZKLFK ZDV UHWDLQHGDVDQRYHUÀRZ 7KHUHVWRIWKHVWUHDPZDVSODFHGLQDFRQFUHWHFKDQQHO)ORRGFRQWUROGHYLFHVKDYHDOVREHHQLQVWDOOHGEHORZWKH%RZGHQ 5RDGEULGJHDQGLQD*URVV6HGLPHQW7UDSDQG6HGLPHQW6HWWOLQJSRQGZDVDOVRLQVWDOOHGKHUH

2008

1996

1956

Page  7


Site  Analysis

Hydrology  and  Stormwater  System

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1:10,000

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Photographic  Survey

Carbine  Creek

Stream  Environment

From  Carbine  Road    to  the  Weir  the  stream  runs   WKURXJKDFRQFUHWHFKDQQHODVSLFWXUHGLQ)RU DPVWUHWFKWKLVKDVEHHQFRYHUHGWRIRUPD WXQQHO6KRXOGWKHÀRZVEHFRPHWRJUHDWIRUWKH WXQQHODVHFWLRQRIWKHRULJLQDOVWUHDPFRXUVHKDV EHHQUHWDLQHGWRWDNHDQ\RYHUÀRZ  DOWKRXJKLW ZDVSUREDEO\¿OOHGLQZLWKVSRLOIURPWKHWXQQHOWR GLYHUWZDWHULQWRWKHWXQQHO $IWHUUXQQLQJXQGHU%RZGHQ5RDGWKHVWUHDP HQFRXQWHUVDQXPEHURIÀRRGGLUHFWLRQDQGFRQWURO PHDVXUHVGHYLFHVWRGLUHFWDQGVORZWKHZDWHU   )ROORZLQJWKHVHWKHUHLVDPGHHSSRQGIRUPHGE\ DFRQFUHWHWRFROOHFWVHGLPHQWDQGGHEULV$*URVV 6HGLPHQW7UDSDOVRFDSWXUHVÀRDWLQJGHEULVEHIRUH LWHVFDSHVLQWRWKHVHD7KHWLGHUHDFKHVXSWRWKH weir  through  a  tidal  channel  (3)  and  empties  into  the   7DPDNL(VWXDU\  

Page  9


Site  Analysis

/DQG8VHDQG=RQLQJ

The  site  has  been  subject  to  industrial  development  since  the   ¶VDQGWRGD\LV]RQHGEXVLQHVV]RQHXQGHUWKH$XFNODQG &LW\&RXQFLO'LVWULFW3ODQ7KLVPHDQVWKDWLWLVDQDUHDRIEXVL-­ ness  whose  occupants  activities  (such  as  industrial  processes   WKDWFUHDWHORXGQRLVHIXPHVDQGSRVHDULVN PHDQWKH\PDNH IRU SRRU QHLJKERXUV RI RWKHU ODQG XVH W\SHV VXFK DV UHWDLO RU UHVLGHQWLDO %HFDXVHRIWKLVZKLOHKDYLQJWRFRPSO\ZLWKHQYLURQPHQWDOUH-­ TXLUHPHQWV WKH OHYHO RI DPHQLW\ UHTXLUHG IURP EXVLQHVVHV LQ WKLV]RQHLVOHVVWKDQUHTXLUHGHOVHZKHUHGXHWRWKHGLI¿FXOWLHV WKHVHH[LVWLQJEXVLQHVVHVZRXOGIDFHLQUHORFDWLRQ7KLV]RQH LVSURYLGHGIRUJHQHUDOLQGXVWU\DQGRWKHUEXVLQHVVHVZKLFKGR not   seek   a   quality   environment   and   no   great   amenity   will   be   SURYLGHGIRUDQ\RI¿FHRUUHWDLOWKDWPD\RFFXUZLWKLQWKH]RQH ,KDYHFRQGXFWHGDEULHIVWDWLVWLFDODQDO\VLVRIWKHVXUURXQGLQJ DUHDLQDQHIIRUWWRDQWLFLSDWHZKHWKHUWKLVDUHDPD\EHVXEMHFW

Legend

to   pressure   to   be   converted   to   other   land   use   types,   such   as  

Coast

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km_radius

Legend

Roads_cl

PLGWRORZSRSXODWLRQGHQVLW\ SHRSOHSHU+D 

Coast km_radius Roads_cl

No_Qual_12

)ROORZLQJ WKLV , KDYH GHWHUPLQHG WKDW EHFDXVH RI D JHQHUDO VKRUWDJH RI LQGXVWULDO ODQG LQ $XFNODQG DQG WKLV DUHDV SULPH ORFDWLRQ IRU WUDQVSRUW DQG D ORFDO ZRUNIRUFH WKH OHYHO RI HGX-­ cation  and  income  points  to  a  population  suited  to  the  current   PDQXIDFWXULQJDQGGLVWULEXWLRQZRUN LWZLOOSUREDEO\UHPDLQLQ LQGXVWULDOXVHIRUWKHIRUHVHHDEOHIXWXUH7KLVPHDQVWKDWDQ\ improvements  made  on  the  site  must  be  designed  around  the   IXQFWLRQDOUHTXLUHPHQWVRIDQLQGXVWULDODUHDDQGWKHIDFWWKHUH LVOLWWOHRUQRPRQH\DYDLODEOHIRULPSURYHPHQWV

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Legend

Individual   Education

HS_Qual

No_Qual_12

Uni_Qual

HS_Qual Uni_Qual

Other

Census  Earnings Incomes   Earningsversus  

Legend

Level   of  

Other

Census  Earnings Earnings 0

0

No_Qual_12

1  -­  20200

No_Qual_12

1  -­  20200

HS_Qual

20201  -­  27300

HS_Qual

20201  -­  27300

Uni_Qual

27301  -­  34900

Uni_Qual

27301  -­  34900

Other

Other

Census  Earnings Earnings

34901  -­  48400 Census_extent

Census  Earnings Earnings 0 1  -­  20200 20201  -­  27300

0

27301  -­  34900

1  -­  20200

34901  -­  48400

20201  -­  27300

34901  -­  48400 Census_extent

Legend

Legend

Population   Density   versus   Level   of   Population  Density PopDensity Education No_Qual_12 0  -­  8

HS_Qual Uni_Qual

9  -­  18 19  -­  27

Other

28  -­  41

Coast

42  -­  74

Legend No_Qual_12 HS_Qual

Legend Population  Density PopDensity 0  -­  8 9  -­  18

Uni_Qual

19  -­  27

Other

28  -­  41

Coast

42  -­  74


Photographic  Survey

Carbine  Creek

Street  Environment

7KHVWUHHWHQYLURQPHQWRI%RZGHQ5RDGLVW\SLFDO RILW¶VWLPHZLWKDQDUURZURDG RULJLQDOO\ZLWK GLWFKHVRQHLWKHUVLGH IRRWSDWKVHLWKHUVLGHDQG OLWWOHRUQRYHUJHIRUDPHQLW\SODQWLQJ7LPDUX 3ODFHZKLFKUXQVRII%RZGHQ5RDGKDVELJJHU YHUJHV  EHLQJFRQVWUXFWHGPRUHUHFHQWO\$OO amenity  planting  visible  in  these  photos  (3,  2,  1)   KDVEHHQFRQGXFWHGE\KDQGIXORIWKHRZQHUV $/XQFK%DU  SURYLGHVPRVWRIWKHIRRWWUDI¿F on  the  site,  although  one  industrial  owner   RFFXSLHVVHYHUDOSURSHUWLHVDFURVVWKHURDGIURP HDFKRWKHU$WWKHHQGRI%RZGHQ5RDG7UHHV DUHXVHGIRUFRQYHUVDWLRQVDQGVPRNREUHDNVDV VHHQLQ¿JXUH

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Photographic  Survey Industrial  Sites

7KHW\SHVRILQGXVWU\RFFXUULQJZLWKLQWKHVLWH DUHYHU\YDULHG7KHDUHSUHFLVLRQFRPSRQHQW PDQXIDFWXUHUV  SRZGHUFRDWHUVZDUHKRXVLQJ and  distributors  (1)  and  limited  retail  (5)  scattered   UDQGRPO\RYHUWKHVLWH 7LPDUX3ODFHFRQWDLQVWKHJUHDWHVWQXPEHURI new  buildings,  all  being  built  or  rebuilt  since   7KHUHVWLOOH[LVWVDQXPEHURIPRUHHOGHUO\ EXLOGLQJVGDWLQJIURPWKHµ¶VDQGµ¶V   KRZHYHUPDQ\RIWKHVHKDYHEHHQRUDUHLQWKH SURFHVVRIEHLQJUHEXLOW  

Page  12


Design  Development Initial  concepts

,WZDVWKRXJKWWKDWDJRRGPHWKRGRISURYLGLQJ a  reason  to  reinstate  Carbine  Creek  would  be   WRLQFOXGHLWDVSDUWRIDZDONZD\DORQJWKH ZDWHUFRXUVHWRWKHVHD $FRDVWDOZDONZD\KDVEHHQSURSRVHGIRUWKH

Tamaki  Estuary

Tamaki  Estuary  edge,  and  connecting  to  this  may   also  aide  pedestrian  and  cycling  mobility  through   WKHORFDODUHDFRQQHFWLQJWKHVXEXUEVRI3HQURVH ZLWK6\OYLD3DUNDQGWKHVHD

The  Site

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Sylvia  Park

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Hamlins  Hill

Proposed  Coastal  Walkway Water  permeable  Gabion  baskets   and  other  hard  landscaping  form   retaining  walls  where  needed.

&ůĞdžĹ?Ä?ĹŻÄž'ĆŒÄ‚Ć?Ć?ÄžĆ?ĂŜĚĆľĆ‰ĆŒĹ?Ĺ?ŚƚĆšĆŒÄžÄžĆ?ĞĂĆ?Ĺ?ůLJÄ‚ĹŻĹŻĹ˝Ç Ĺ‡Ĺ˝Ĺ˝ÄšÇ Ä‚ĆšÄžĆŒĆ? to  pass.  They  also  shade  the  stream,  reducing  it’s  water   ĆšÄžĹľĆ‰ÄžĆŒÄ‚ĆšĆľĆŒÄžÍ•Ć‰ĆŒĹ˝Ç€Ĺ?ÄšĹ?ĹśĹ?Ä‚ĚĞĹ?ĆŒÄžÄžŽĨÇ Ä‚ĆšÄžĆŒÄŽĹŻĆšĆŒÄ‚Ć&#x;ŽŜĂŜĚ stabilise  the  streambanks.

Surrounding  Industry

Surrounding  Industry

Stream  banks  allow  for  a   ĹľĹ?ĹśĹ?žƾžŇŽŽĚĚĞƉƚŚŽĨ 1.5m

Stream  width  and  depth   Ç€Ä‚ĆŒĹ?ÄžĆ?ƚŽĆ‰ĆŒĹ˝Ç€Ĺ?ĚĞÄšĹ?ÄŤÄžĆŒÄžĹśĆš habitat  types

Page  14

Stream  width  averages  4  m   wide.  Design  is  intended  to   incorporate  the  current   ŇŽŽĚÇ Ä‚ĆšÄžĆŒǀŽůƾžĞĆ?Ĺ˝Ç€ÄžĆŒÄ‚ greater  area.

Rocky  stream  environment  oxygenates   and  slows  stream  water,  also  providing   ŚĂÄ?Ĺ?Ä‚ĆšÄ¨Ĺ˝ĆŒĂƋƾĂĆ&#x;Ä?ĹŻĹ?ĨĞÇ Ĺ?ƚŚĹ?ĹśƚŚĞĆ?ĆšĆŒÄžÄ‚ĹľÍ˜

Possible  Carbine  Creek  Walkway


Carbine  Creek

Design  Development Concepts  and  workings  

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Initial  Retaining  Wall  and  Seat  Concept

Page  15


A  retaining  wall  that  allowed  people  down  to  the   ZDWHUDOORZHGKXPDQOLIHWRPHVKZLWKDTXDWLF PRUHHDVLO\ZDVWKHSXUSRVHRIWKHVHUHWDLQLQJ ZDOOV7KH'UDZLQJVWRWKHOHIWLOOXVWUDWHLGHDVRQ KRZLW¶VVWUXFWXUHZRXOGDOORZWKLVDQGUHÀHFWWKH GHVLJQGULYHU Far  Right  Top:  How  the  walls  could  mesh  with  the   ODQGIRUP Far  Right  Bottom:  An  experiment  with  a  meshing   SDWWHUQ 5LJKW7RS7KHUDPSVFRQFHSWVNHWFK Right  Bottom:  Experiment  to  determine  the  ramps   V\VWHPZRUNHGLQSUDFWLFH

New  Stream  Centre  line 7KH6WUHDPZLOOEHHQJLQHHUHGVRWKDWLWIRUPVWZRSRROVWRPDLQWDLQLW¶VDWWUDF-­

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UDSLGV

Elevation  (m)  Scale1?200

In  order  to  match  the  streams  current  stream  bed  level,  the  recreated  stream  will  

8 6 4 2 0

Page  16

Distance,  Scale  1/500

100

200

300


Final  Concept

Carbine  Creek

Part  1-­  Stream  Reconstruction E

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N





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B  

)ORRGZDWHUFDQRYHUÀRZLQWRWKHH[LVWLQJWXQQHOKHUH

C

7ZRHI¿FLHQWWUXVVEULGJHVFDUU\WKHZDONZD\DFURVVWKHVWUHDP

D  

Between  Carbine  Road  and  the  diversion  point  the  concrete  stream  bed     ZLOOEHUHSODFHGZLWKDERXOGHUOLQHGFUHHNEHG

E’

u Timar

A

 Place



E

 Road



e Carbin

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F

C

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B

D’

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F

e  Road

Carbin

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A A’

B

F A B’

C’

E  

$¿VKODGGHUDWWKHVHWWOHPHQW   SRQGVZHLUDQGWKHIRUPLQJRIDGHHSHUZDWHU channel  along  the  remaining  concrete  stream     EHGWRPDNHVLWPRUHWUDYHUVDEOHIRUDTXDWLF OLIH

F

5HWDLQLQJZDOOVIRUPHGE\DVHULHVRI  LQWHUORFNLQJUDPSVDOORZLQJIRUHDV\DFFHVV WRWKHZDWHUOHYHO&RQVWUXFWHGIURPJDELRQ baskets  they  allow  water  to  pass  through  and     DOORZSODQWVWRFRORQLVHWKHPRYHUWLPH7KH\ DUHDOVRFKHDSWRFRQVWUXFW

*  

The  Stream  banks  are  planted  with  a  variety     RIWDOOWUXQNQDWLYHWUHHVJUDVVHVDQG  VKUXEVDEOHWRFRSHZLWKVHDVRQDOÀRRGV

    

     

 

Page  17


$ÀRZRQ(IIHFW Region  wide  issues

(

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C

D’

) 5LJKW7KHVWUHDPEDQNSUR¿OHKDVEHHQPRGHOOHGRQRWKHUVVHHQDURXQG $XFNODQGVXFKDVWKH:KDX6WUHDPEHORZULJKW7KLVGHVLJQKDVEHHQLQ-­ ÀXHQFHGE\WKHPKRZHYHULWVHHNVWRVROYHVRPHRIWKHSUREOHPVWKHHQJL-­ QHHUHGSUR¿OHVFUHDWH7KHUHWDLQLQJZDOOVSURYLGHDFFHVVWRWKHVWUHDPZKLOH supporting  the  stream  bank,  the  stream  bed  is  natural  stone,  not  smooth  cast   FRQFUHWHDQGWKHVWUHDPHGJHVDUHSODQWHGWRSURYLGHVKDGHDQGVWDELOLW\

3DJH


Final  Concept

Carbine  Creek

Strategy  Part  2

)

2QWKHEHQGRIWKHQHZ&DUELQH&UHHNUHWDLQLQJZDOOVZLOOEHUHTXLUHGWR SUHYHQWHURVLRQDQGGLUHFWWKHVWRUPZDWHU)RUHDVHRIFRQVWUXFWLRQÀH[LELOLW\ DQGORZH[SHQVH*DELRQ%DVNHWVZLOOIRUPWKHVHUHWDLQLQJZDOOV Held  in  place  by  their  massive  weight,  their  wire  mesh  construction  allows  them   WR ÀH[ DQG KROG WKH EDQN HYHQ LI HURVLRQ RFFXUV 7KH\ DUH DOVR FRPPRQO\ colonised  over  time  by  grasses  and  other  plants,  eventually  becoming  a  stable   SDUWRIWKHVWUHDPEDQN 1HHGLQJ D VWDEOH IRRWLQJ LW LV DVVXPHG DW WKLV VWDJH WKDW WKH H[FDYDWLRQV UHTXLUHG IRU WKH VWUHDP ZLOO UHYHDO WKH QHFHVVDU\ EDVH URFN IRU WKH *DELRQ Baskets  Foundations ,QRUGHUWRIXUWKHUHQFRXUDJHSHRSOHWRPHVKZLWKWKHVWUHDPDQGWKHJUHDWHU ecologies   it   represents,   the   retaining   walls   will   be   constructed   as   to   ramp   JUDGXDOO\GRZQWRWKHVWUHDPVZDWHUOHYHOWKHUDPSVEHLQJFRQVWUXFWHGIURP FXWGRZQ*DELRQVPRXQWHGRQWRSRIWUDGLWLRQDOO\ODLGEDVNHWV *DELRQVGHFNHGZLWKZRRGZLOODOVRIRUPWKHVHDWLQJRQWKHVLWH

B-­B’

C-­C’

8

8

6

6

6

4

4

4

2 0

2 0

Elevation  (m)

8

Elevation  (m)

Elevation  (m)

A-­A’ 1:200

2 0 Page  19


$ÀRZRQ(IIHFW Region  wide  issues

'

Restricted  dimensions  and  buildings  located  very  close  to  the  stream  cor-­ ULGRUGLFWDWHWKDWWKHFRQFUHWHUHWDLQLQJZDOOVPXVWUHPDLQDORQJWKHVWUHWFKRI VWUHDPEHWZHHQ&DUELQH5RDGDQGWKHGLYHUVLRQSRLQW6WUHDP%HGKRZHYHU FRXOGEHVXEMHFWWRDYDVWLPSURYHPHQWZLWKWKHUHPRYDORIWKHLPSHUYLRXV FRQFUHWHOLQLQJDQGUHSODFHPHQWZLWKDEHGWKDWLVPRUHQDWXUDOLQVWUXFWXUH ,WLVKRSHGWKDWWKHUHSODFHPHQWURFN\VWUHDPEHGIRUPHGIURPORFDOTXDUULHG URFNDQGERXOGHUVZLOOFUHDWHDJUHDWHUGLYHUVLW\LQKDELWDWVIRUDTXDWLFOLIHDQG VORZWKHÀRZRIÀRRGZDWHUV7KLVURFN\EHGFRXOGEHLQWHUSODQWHGZLWKYDUL-­ ous  stream  edge  carex  species  to  provide  visual  interest  and  help  to  stabilise   LW¶VFKDQQHO

D-­D’

E-­E’

8

Elevation  (m)

6

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4 2 0


Final  Concept

Carbine  Creek

Strategy  Part  2:  Street  Environment



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A

Additional  street  trees  to  supplement  those  already  planted  by  council  and   WKRVHLQGXVWULHVZKRDUHDZDUHRIDPHQLW\FRXOGDOVRKHOSWRVRIWHQWKHDUHD DQGLPSURYHWKHFRQQHFWLYLW\DFURVVWKHLVWKPXVIRUQDWLYHELUGV

B

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Image:    Copyright  Firth

A.

B.

C.

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Permeable  Paving  could  help  divert  stormwater  into  the  ground,   UHFKDUJLQJJURXQGZDWHUVXSSOLHVDQGUHGXFLQJYROXPHVRIVWRUP-­ ZDWHU&DUHIXOLQVWDOODWLRQVRWKDWLWVORSHVDZD\IURPWKHURDG FRXOGKHOSWRSUHYHQWDQ\FRQWDPLQDWLRQRIWKHJURXQGVKRXOGD VSLOORFFXURQWKHURDG

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Final  Concept

Strategy  Part  3:  Private  Property

A



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B

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C

A.

B.

C.

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Carbine  Creek

Carbine  Creek

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Planting Zone Schedules

Site Boundary Mix (SBM)

Planting Zone Schedules Soft Landscape Stream Edge Mix (SLM)

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CodeLandscape Botanical Stream Common Spacing Height % of Soft Edge Mix (SLM) Name Name Code Botanical Common Spacing 0.5m ctrs Small Carex CV Planting Zonevirgata Schedules Name Name Swamp

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Hard Landscape Stream Edge Mix (HLM)

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Steam Bank Mix (SBaM) Code Botanical Name PC

CF

Phormium cookanium subsp. hookeri Cortaderia fulvida

Common Spacing Name Coastal Flax Toetoe

Height

1m ctrs clumped

1.5 m

1m ctrs clumped

1.5 m

% of Mix

PB Size

65

8

35

8

Total 2

Total

PB Size

Total

30 60

3 8

75 45

% 60 of 10 Mix

PB 8 Size

Total 45

30 10

3 3

75 6

60

8

45

3

3

Code Botanical Name

Common Spacing Name

Height

% of Mix

PB Size

Total

Code Botanical Phormium PC Name cookanium

Common Spacing 1m ctrs clumped Name Coastal

Height 1.5 m

% of 40 Mix

PB 8 Size

Total 90

1m ctrs clumped 1.5m

1.5 m 2m

40 5

8 28

90 3

subsp. Phormium hookeri cookanium Sophora subsp. prostrata hookeri Sophora Hebe stricta prostrata

Flax

Dwarf Koromiro Kowhai

1.5m 1m clumped

2m 1-2 m

5 30

28 12

3 67

HS CR

Hebe stricta Coprosma robusta

Karamu Koromiro

1m clumped

1-2 5 mm

30 15

12

67 34

6Total

CR CA

Coprosma Cordyline robusta australis

Karamu Cabbage Tree

1 m ctrs clumped

5 8m

15 5

12 8

34 11

PC SP

6

SP HS

Coastal Dwarf Flax Kowhai

3PB

Code Botanical Carex CL Name lessonia

Mix % of 60 Mix

PB Size

Total

CA CD

Cordyline Rhopalostylis australis sapida

Cabbage Nikau Tree

1 mctrs ctrs 1m clumped

8 5m

5

8 18

11

0.5m ctrs 1m Carex CL Hard Carex dissita Stream Flat LeavedEdge 0.5m Mix ctrs (HLM) 1m CD Landscape Ruatahi lessonia

60 40

3 3

105 70

CD

Rhopalostylis

Nikau

1m ctrs

5m

5

18

11

Code Botanical Carex dissita CD Name

% 40 of Mix

PB 3 Size

Total 70

60

3

105

australis Name

Tree Name

Common Spacing 0.5m ctrs Name Ruatahi Sedge

Height 1m

Carex lessonia

3

Height 1m

0.5m ctrs

1m

Ruatahi

Code Botanical Common Spacing Height % of Transition Zone Stream Edge Mix (TZM) Name Flat Leaved Sedge Common

105

clumped

Common Flat Leaved Spacing 0.5m ctrs Name Sedge clumped

Transition Zone Stream Edge Mix (TZM)

CL

Size

75

Site Boundary Mix (SBM)

Cordyline n/a 8Height 10 Code Landscape Botanical Cabbage CommonEdge Spacing % of CA Hard Stream Mix (HLM)

PB Size

Total

1m

Mix 40

3

70

Height

% of 30 Mix

PB Size

Total

0.5m ctrs (TZM) 1m Carex Zone Stream Edge CL Transition Carex dissita Flat Leaved 0.5mMix ctrs 1m CD Ruatahi lessonia

30 20

3 3

26

Code Botanical Carex dissita CD Carex virgata CV Name

% 20 of 15 Mix

PB 3 Size

Name Ruatahi Sedge

0.5m ctrs clumped Spacing 0.5m ctrs

1m

Carex Carex virgata Carex secta lessonia

3

26

Height 1m 0.8m

Specimen Trees and Plants Botanical

Common

Spacing

Height

PB Size

Total

Notes

Total

Code

CU

Botanical Cyperus Name ustulatus

Spacing 1 m ctrs

Height 1.5 m

PB 3 Size

Total 12

3 3 8

26 5 26

CU PT

Cyperus Podocarpus ustulatus totara

Common Giant Name umbrella sedge Giant Totara umbrella sedge

1 m ctrs 9m

1.5 m 10 m

3 95

12 1

3 8 3

26 93

PT AE

Podocarpus Alectryon totara excelsus

Totara Titoki

9 6m

10 8 mm

95

1 2

3 3

5 3

AE

Titoki

6m

8m

95

2

VL

Alectryon excelsus Vitex luciens

Puriri

6m

10 m

95

3

VL

Vitex luciens

Puriri

6m

10 m

95

3

ST

Sophora tetraptera

4m

8m

18

1

ST

Sophora tetraptera

Large Leaved Kowhai Large Leaved Kowhai

4m

8m

18

1

Notes Sharp edged leaves make this ideal for control of Sharp people.edged leaves make this ideal for control of people. For use as a specimen tree for Public Amenity. For use as a for Provides food specimen tree for birds Public Amenity. Specimen Tree, Provides foodand for fast growing birds year round food Specimen Tree, resource for fast growing native birds and year food Largeround Abundance resource of Flowersforin native Spring birds Large Abundance of Flowers in Spring

9 3

5 9

with those of the 8

26

Note: Species of the Hard mix are to gradually intersperse with those of the soft to form a gentle transitionn/abetween the Cabbage 8 two. 5 3 3 CA mixCordyline australis

sapida Note: -Plants notes to be clumped are toclumped be arranged in groups of 3 or more, interspersed with the other plants. -Hebe stricta is an attractor of insects Note: -Plants notes toproduces be clumped are to be arranged groups -Coprosma Robusta copious amounts of fruitinfor birds.of 3 or more, interspersed with the other plants.and Rhopalostylis sapida to be clumped in threes or more within other -Cordyline australis -Hebe strictabut is no an closer attractor of 3 insects vegetation, than m to eachother. -Coprosma Robusta produces copious amounts of fruit for birds. -Cordyline australis and Rhopalostylis sapida to be clumped in threes or more within other vegetation, but no closer than 3 m to eachother.

Code

clumped

Common Flat Leaved Spacing 0.5m ctrs 0.5m ctrs Small Name Sedge clumped

Swamp Sedge 0.5m ctrs ctrs 1m 30 0.5m 0.8m 15 Small Purei 0.5m ctrs 1m 30 Ruatahi Swamp Sedge Carex Flat 1m 20 CD Carex dissita secta PureiLeaved 0.5m 0.5m ctrs ctrs 1m 30 CS Cordyline Cabbage n/a 8 5 Sedge clumped CA australis Tree 0.5m 0.8m 15 Carex virgata Small CV Cordyline Cabbage n/a ctrs 8 5 CA Swamp australis Tree Sedge Note: Species of the Hard mix are to gradually intersperse secta Pureitransition 0.5m ctrs 1m two. 30 CS soft mixCarex to form a gentle between the

CL CV CS

6SHFLPHQWUHHVKDYHEHHQFKRVHQIRUWKHLUYDOXHWRWKHDPHQLW\RIWKHGHVLJQ

0.8m

Sedge 0.5mMix ctrs 0.8m Small Carex virgata Stream CV Soft Edge Carex secta Purei 0.5m ctrs (SLM) 1m CS Landscape Swamp Sedge Code Botanical Common Spacing Height Carex secta Purei 0.5m ctrs 1m CS Cordyline Cabbage n/a 8 CA Name Name australis Tree 0.5m 0.8m Carex virgata Small CV Cordyline Cabbage n/a ctrs 8 CA Swamp australis Tree Sedge Carex secta Purei 0.5m ctrs 1m CS

Name Carex dissita CD Code Botanical Carex CL Name lessonia

SODFHGDERYHWKHDQWLFLSDWHGOHYHORIĂ€RRGLQJ

Height

PB Size

Mix % of 30 Mix

Tree

Note: Species of the Hard mix are to gradually intersperse with those of the soft mix to form a gentle transition between the two.

Specimen Plants NameTrees andName

4

Page  23


$ÀRZRQ(IIHFW Region  wide  issues

AE

SBM  Mix

VL

SBaM  Mix

VL

PT Grass

SLM  Mix

AE

12  CU

VL

HLM  Mix

Job  Title

#Project  Name For

#Client At

#Street #City N #CAD  Technician Checked #Architect Creation  Date 09/06/2010 TZM  Mix 3/11/11 Plot  Date Drawn

e

u  Plac

e  Road

Timar

E’

Carbin

E

Drawing  Title

ST

planting  plan

C

D’

C

A’

C’ B

e  Road

Carbin

A

B’

Drawing  Number

102

Scale

N

1:200

1:200

ALL  DIMENSIONS  TO  BE  VERIFIED  ON  SITE

Page  24


Carbine Creek: Reconstructing an Industrial Stream