Stand With monolingual grammar reference
. Ge t i r a e
Studentsâ€™ Book Bachillerato
Cathy Myers Jennifer Parsons Jane Comyns Carr
•R ead, listen and talk about culture and the arts • Practise reported statements and reporting verbs; vocabulary related to arts and culture; suffixes • Focus on giving an opinion • Write a narrative
Do you want to be an author? Join our online creative writing class. Write the first sentence of your novel. Here’s the beginning: ‘The day after my 18th birthday, my parents …’. Now finish the sentence. Here’s a selection of your responses so far: The day after my 18th birthday, my parents … a … asked me what I planned to do with my life. b … told me they were going away and might never return. c … asked me if I had seen them hide the money the day before. d … said they were sorry they had forgotten my birthday. e … told me that they had a special present for me. f … told me to meet them at 11 p.m. that night.
1 Read the introduction to the website and answer the questions.
1 What does it invite people to do? 2 Would you be interested in a course like this? Why? / Why not? 34
2 Read the responses (a-f). Which is the most
original? Which make you want to read more?
Language in Use 3 Look at the responses (a-f) in Exercise 2 again and answer the questions. Which response(s) report(s)... a b c d
an affirmative sentence? a question? a yes / no question? an imperative sentence?
Work it out
4 Complete the rules in the grammar box with the
6 Rewrite the sentences in reported speech using the time expressions below. there then 1 2 3 4 5
words below. had to there
Grammar Reference, pages 10-12)
5 Report the statements using the prompts. 1 2 3 4 5
‘Sea levels will rise in the next fifty years.’ Dr Morris said that … . ‘I’ll see you later, Sally.’ Rob told Sally … . ‘We’re having a party on Saturday.’ She said … . ‘You’re a very creative writer.’ My teacher told me … . ‘We haven’t seen a good film for ages.’ They said … .
‘I saw them together yesterday.’ She said … . ‘We’re going to meet them tonight.’ He said … . ‘I’ll phone them now.’ He said … . ‘He’ll meet us here.’ She said … . ‘I’ll give it back tomorrow.’ He said … .
1 To report a wh- question use the same question word. ‘What do you plan to do with your life?’ He asked me what I planned to do with my life. 2 To report a yes / no question use if or whether. ‘Did you see me hide the money?’ He asked me if / whether I had seen him hide the money. 3 To report a command or request use tell or ask + pronoun + to + infinitive. ‘Meet me at the cinema.’ He told me to meet him at the cinema.
the day before
Reported questions, commands and requests
Past Perfect said Past Simple then
•T o change from direct speech to reported speech we often use told + indirect object or … 1 + (that). He said (that) he was sorry. • Verb tenses change from the Present Simple to the … 2 and from the Past or the Present Perfect to the … 3. • Modal verbs change from will to … 4, can to could and must to … 5 . • Time expressions and pronouns also change. For example: here to … 6 , … 7 to the next day and now to … 8 .
the next day that night
Grammar Reference, pages 10-12)
7 Rewrite the questions and commands in reported speech.
Example: 1 Emily told Nathan to … Emily Stop making so much noise! 1 Nathan What are you doing? 2 Emily I’m trying to write a story. Nathan Is it about me? 3 Emily No, it isn’t! It’s a mystery story. Nathan When can I read it? 4 Emily When it’s finished. Nathan Please let me read it now 5 Emily No, go away. 6
Language in Use 8 Read the texts.
Work it out
9 Read the rules. Then complete the Grammar
box with the verbs in bold in Exercise 8.
Dear Ms Rowling, We would like to thank you for sending your manuscript of Harry Potter. We apologise for not being able to publish your book but it is too long for children. We advise you to cut it. Yours sincerely, A Publisher
b Brian Epstein discovered The Beatles in 1961 and became their manager. The record company Decca insisted that he was wasting his time. They explained that four-member groups were unfashionable and suggested going back to Liverpool.
Reporting verbs Verb + to + Infinitive Verb + object + to + Infinitive Verb + for + -ing Verb + that + clause Verb + Gerund (
promise, … 1, … 2 invite, … 3 thank, … 4 insist, … 5 deny, … 6
Grammar Reference, pages 10-12)
10 M atch sentence beginnings (1-5) with endings (a-e).
1 2 3 4 5
He He He He He
a b c d e
see her again in six months. they didn’t have a role for her in the show. for coming to the audition. finding an agent. go back to dance school.
advised her to … suggested … insisted that … offered to … thanked her …
11 C hange the sentences into reported speech, using the verbs in brackets.
c Superman was the creation of two seventeen-year-olds, Joe Shuster and Jerry Siegel. The publisher of Action Comics saw potential in the character and offered to pay them $65 each for the rights. The boys agreed to take the money. 36
Example: 1 She apologised for being late. 1 ‘I’m really sorry I’m late.’ (she / apologise) 2 ‘I didn’t cause the accident. It was the other driver.’ (Tom / deny) 3 ‘You really must read this book.’ (he / insist) 4 ‘I think you should become a professional dancer.’ (Mr White / advise) 5 ‘It was so kind of you to invite us.’ (they / thank) 6 ‘Would you like me to take you home?’ (Sally / offer) 7 ‘All right. I’ll help them.’ (he / agree) 8 ‘Why don’t we go to the theatre tonight?’ (I / suggest)
3 3 Add the words in the box to the table in
Exercise 2. Use a dictionary to help you.
Arts and culture (
Word list, Workbook, page 31)
concert rehearsal sculpture
1 Read this entertainment guide. Which event would you prefer to go to? Why?
abstract band classical
4 Choose the correct option. 1 Jesus Christ Superstar has broken box office / performance records. 2 Don West plays the cast / leading role in a new play. 3 I thought he gave a poor production / performance in his last role. 4 Paula North has a(n) rehearsal / exhibition of her new work at the local gallery. 5 I think I’ll go for a(n) audition / playwright for the school play.
Van Gogh A marvellous exhibition of Van Gogh’s self-portraits and landscapes. Don’t miss the opportunity to see this unique collection of paintings by the Dutch artist.
Listen to four conversations. What cultural events are the people talking about?
Billy Elliott: The Musical
Based on the film, with a spectacular cast and brilliant choreography, this box office success continues to run at the Victoria Palace. Music is by songwriter Elton John.
BBC Symphony Orchestra The Mozart festival continues with this performance of his popular Mass in C Minor, with conductor David Robertson. Jeremy Irons returns Actor Jeremy Irons returns to the London theatre for the first time in nearly twenty years. He plays the leading role in this drama by playwright Christopher Hampton.
2 Complete the table with the underlined words in the guide. Some belong to more than one category. Art
Listen again and complete the table b) with the words you hear using some of the suffixes below.
-ing -less Adjective
enjoyment amazement fault wonder profession
6 Form adjectives from these nouns using the
suffixes from the table in Exercise 5b. Use a dictionary to help you. impression beauty danger
fashion amusement use
music creation child
paintings Now go to the Exam Trainer CD-ROM 37
Reading People of all ages are discovering the pleasures of moving their bodies to the rhythms of music. Is this a temporary craze? 1
oving to music appeals to our most basic instincts. Throughout history, people have expressed themselves through dance in rituals and ceremonies, on social occasions with friends and family and as professional artists. Nowadays, clubbing is one of the most popular forms of socialising for young people and TV programmes like Fame Academy are very popular and have encouraged people to try dancing themselves. Medical experts agree on the benefits: ‘Dancing is a great way to put physical activity into our lives. It stimulates the senses, it’s great fun and it’s good for our bodies and minds.’ Several kinds of dance are especially popular at the moment. ‘I go to Flamenco classes every week and more people are joining all the time, both men and women,’ says Monica, 21. ‘Some people get rid of stress after a day’s work; some want to be professionals. It’s really an art and takes years to perfect. There’s an annual flamenco festival in London and you
see there how flamenco is getting more popular every year. There are still those who perform it in the traditional way but others are experimenting with a fusion of styles, mixing flamenco with jazz, modern dance, even ballet. To me, flamenco is the ultimate in self-expression. It’s all about the way people feel. When I dance flamenco, I feel as if I’m dancing my life.’ ‘Capoeira is a sort of Brazilian martial art but, actually, it’s much more than that,’ explains Micky, 24. ‘It originated nearly 400 years ago as a form of self-defence amongst African slaves. They disguised it as a folk dance. Brazilians say they ‘play’ capoeira, like a game, not a fight. It’s quite difficult to learn and I don’t do it just to get fit; it’s the mind-bodyspirit connection that begins to change you. I used to be very shy but I’ve lost some of my inhibitions – I enjoy life more since I started capoeira. It’s helped me to find my identity. Anyone can find some sort of identity in capoeira. For instance, a big city person might see it as a form of self-defence, while for others it’s a way of life.’
Listen and identify these different types of dance music. ballroom hip hop Scottish country dancing flamenco capoeira salsa ballet
Discuss these questions in pairs. Then read and listen to paragraph one of the text and check your answers. 1 What roles has dance played in our society and culture? 2 Why is dancing good for us?
b) Now write the answers to the questions in your own words.
Read and listen to paragraph two and three of the text and answer true (T) or false (F). Find evidence in the text. Example: 1 True. The text says: Some people get rid of stress after a day’s work; some want to be professionals. 1 People learn flamenco for different reasons. 2 It doesn’t take a long time to learn to dance flamenco well. 3 There are currently many different styles of flamenco. 4 To dance flamenco well, you mustn’t show your feelings. 5 Capoeira was originally created as an African dance. 6 Brazilians learn capoeira to fight. 7 Capoeira can make you feel more confident about yourself.
4 Match the words (a-f) to their synonyms (1-6). a b c d e f
today eliminate combination shyness change appearance best
1 2 3 4 5 6
get rid of nowadays fusion ultimate disguise inhibition
5 Change these statements into reported speech. 1 ‘I go to Flamenco classes every week and more people are joining all the time.’ 2 ‘It’s really an art and takes years to perfect.’ 3 ‘It originated nearly 400 years ago.’ 4 ‘It’s quite difficult to learn and I don’t do it just to get fit.’ 5 ‘It’s helped me to find my identity.’
Now go to the Exam Trainer CD-ROM 39
Writing A narrative 1 Read the narrative and choose the best title.
a An embarrassing evening b Dancing the night away c My salsa class
I’d always liked dancing but I’d never had the confidence to join a dance class. Then two years ago a friend told me about her salsa class. She complained that there weren’t enough men in the class and she persuaded me to try it. The first day I felt so embarrassed and clumsy. Everyone seemed to know what they were doing except me but luckily I didn’t step on anyone’s toes. After a few weeks I had learnt the basic steps and quickly began to improve. Then one night after class the teacher invited us to go with her to a salsa club. When we arrived, it was hot and crowded but the energy and atmosphere of the place was magical. Everyone was dancing madly. I asked a girl to dance and amazingly she accepted. That was it. For the next four hours I didn’t stop. I must have danced with about twenty different girls! By the end of the night I was totally exhausted but extremely happy. Since that night I’ve been to several different salsa clubs but I’ll never forget that first evening – the best I’ve ever had!
3 2 Which paragraph(s) ...
7 a) Look at the time expressions below. Which
ones can you find in the narrative on page 40?
a describe(s) the main action and events? b set(s) the scene, gives details of time, place and characters? c end(s) the story and describe(s) the consequences?
3 Answer the questions. 1 2 3 4 5
Is the narrative written in the third person? When did it take place? Who is the main character? What did he do? How did he feel at the end?
4 a) Find adjectives in the text which describe ... a how the narrator felt on the first day of class b the atmosphere in the salsa club c the end of the night
b) Find six adverbs in the text.
5 Find examples of the following tenses. a b c d
The The The The
Past Perfect Simple Past Simple Past Continuous Present Perfect Simple
when while finally
by the end then after
first since ago
b) Complete the sentences with a time expression from Exercise 7a. A few months ago 1 I went to a great concert. … 2 we arrived, a lot of people were waiting outside the club. … 3 we were waiting to go in, we saw the band arriving. … 4 we had gone in, we went to find a good place to stand. … 5 the band played some of their new songs. … 6 they played the well-known ones. … 7 they invited people to dance on the stage with them. … 8 of the concert, I was really exhausted.
8 Write a narrative with the title:
A Fantastic Night Out. Follow these guidelines: • Set the scene and introduce the characters. Last month my friends and I decided to go … I had never… • Develop the narrative. When we arrived, there were ... and ... were ... First we went … • End the story with your reactions to the event. I felt so … It was the most … night of my life! Writing a narrative
6 Choose the correct verb tense to complete the
• Plan your narrative carefully: who? when? where? what? • Make sure it has a beginning, middle and end. • Use a variety of tenses: the Past Perfect Simple, the Past Simple, the Past Continuous. • Use adjectives and adverbs. • Use time expressions to sequence the events. • Give your narrative a title.
I had never been / was never 1 in danger before that day. I had been invited / have been invited 2 to a party in a big house in the country. When I arrived / was arriving 3 , it rained / was raining 4 hard. All the guests were inside and a band played / was playing 5 loud rock music. Suddenly, I was hearing / heard 6 a shout. I looked up and saw / had seen 7 a man running wildly towards me ... (
Writing Reference, page 96)
Now go to the Exam Trainer CD-ROM 41
Communication Listening and Speaking u
1 Look at the films. What do the symbols
u u u
represent? Match them to the definitions. a b c d e
u u u
u u u
u u u
u u u
1 The students in the survey were between … and … years old. 2 … percent thought the adult rating should be reduced to sixteen. 3 They thought that the … rating should be abolished. 4 Stuart’s sister wanted to see a … film.
u u u
u u u
u u u
Diary Of The Dead 18
Listen to the programme. Are the statements true (T), false (F), or is there no information (NI)?
Listen again and complete the sentences with the missing information.
u u u
The Orphanage 15
Meet The Spartans 12A
Good evening and welcome to this week’s edition of ‘Express Yourself’. Tonight we’ll be discussing freedom – the freedom of young people to watch whatever they choose on TV and at the cinema!
u u u
The Spiderwick Chronicles PG
1 Most students at Tommy’s university think that sixteen-year-olds should be able to see any film they want. 2 The presenter agrees with the film ratings. 3 Stuart took his sister to see a 12A film. 4 Stuart thinks the 12A film rating is a good idea. 5 Kelly doesn’t let her children watch television. 6 Kelly thinks that TV programmes present a more serious problem than films. 7 Wendy says that most children are in bed before 9 o’clock. 8 Wendy thinks that it’s difficult for parents to control what older children watch.
High School Musical 3 U
Under twelves must be accompanied by an adult. For people over fifteen. For adults over eighteen. Universal – everyone can see it. Parental guidance is needed for children.
Read and listen to the introduction to the radio programme. What is it about?
Read the questions below. Then listen again and choose the correct option. 1 Kelly says … a banning films causes problems. b people shouldn’t do illegal things. c if something is illegal, people often want it. 2 She thinks … a film ratings are a problem. b kids control what they watch. c television can have a bad influence. 3 Wendy thinks … a children should go to bed earlier. b young children are difficult to control. c some evening TV programmes are not suitable for children. 4 She says … a some teenagers have their own television. b all teenagers should have their own television. c her teenagers have their own television.
Discuss these questions.
1 In your country, how much control is there of TV programmes, film ratings and the Internet? 2 In your opinion, should there be more or less control? Why? Now go to the Exam Trainer CD-ROM 42
Discuss the different forms of artistic expression and say which you think is the easiest and which the most difficult. Give reasons. e
Read the task above and then follow the steps. 3.8
Step 1 3.7
Make sure you understand these useful words. Listen and repeat them. skill talent
Step 2 3.8
b) Listen again and complete the sentences with the expressions. 1 … all these professions are difficult. 2 … the most difficult is the musician. 3 … , they need the same amount of dedication and discipline. 4 Yes, … but an artist is born with a talent. 5 … . Artists have to learn a lot of skills.
Listen to Carmen and Richy doing the task. Which professions do they discuss? What is their opinion?
A So what do you think? B I think the easiest / most difficult profession is ... . A Why do you say that?
a) Look at the expressions in the box.
Do the task. Use the vocabulary and the expressions in the box. Start like this:
Useful language Express opinion • I think … . • In my view … . • In my opinion … . Agree • Yes, you’re right.
Disagree • I see your point but … . • I don’t agree at all. Asking for a reason • Why do you say that?