Glenn Dambrauskas gives a guide Glenn Dambrauskas gives a guide to fly fishing rods Fast action rods are very stiff, which makes it easier to cast quickly, and more casts can mean the chance to catch more fish; however the fast action rod does have its disadvantages. Its long length makes it more challenging to fish in small streams, and the stiffness means that the fast action rod will not be able to absorb the strain on a light tippet. Medium action fly rods are one of the most popular choices, as this rod offers a nice balance between flexibility and stiffness. When casting, about half of the medium action fly rod will bend, from the middle up to the tip, and lower half with stay stiff. Provided the fly fisherman is experienced enough, it will be relatively easy to conduct long casts with this rod. One of the most crucial pieces of equipment for fly fishing is the fly rod. The choice of fly fishing rod could mean the difference between precise casts, and ones which are just short of the mark. Fly fishing rods are available in various flexibilities, and the ‘action’ of the rod is a measure of its flexibility. There are three main rod ‘actions’; fast, medium and slow. The most flexible fly fishing rod is the slow action rod. Almost the entire length of the rod will bend when it is cast, to the point where it will almost form a U shape at the back cast. The flexibility of the slow action rod means that it cannot generate a lot of speed, so short, slow but very accurate casts can be made. Much of the fish strike strain can be absorbed by the rod with a light tippet; this means that there will be less fish lost due to breakages. The slow action rod is best suited to catching smaller fish species.