Page 1

ENGLISH HUNTERS LAB

Sir Timothy John "Tim" Berners-Lee (born 8 June 1955, also known as "TimBL"), is a British physicist and computer scientist and MIT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) professor credited with inventing the World Wide Web, making the first proposal for it in March 1989. On 25 December 1990 he implemented the first successful communication between a *Hypertext Transfer Protocol(HTTP) client and server via the Internet. * Hypertext ['haɪpətekst] is text displayed on a computer or other electronic device with references (hyperlinks) to other text that the reader can immediately access, usually by a mouse click or keypress sequence. Apart from running text, hypertext may contain tables, images and other presentational devices. Hypertext is the underlying concept defining the structure of the World Wide Web, making it an easy-to-use and flexible format to share information over the Internet.

Berners-Lee is the director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which oversaw the Web's continued development. In 2004, Berners-Lee was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his pioneering work. In April 2009, he was elected as a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences, based in Washington, D.C. Tim Berners-Lee was born in London, England, 1955. He received a firstclass degree in Physics. In 1980, Berners-Lee proposed a project based on the concept of hypertext, to facilitate sharing and updating information among researchers. While there, he built a prototype system named ENQUIRE. In 1989, Berners-Lee saw an opportunity to join hypertext with the Internet: "I just had to take the hypertext idea and connect it to the Transmission Control Protocol and domain name system ideas and—ta-da! — the World Wide Web." He wrote his initial proposal in March 1989. He used similar ideas to those underlying the ENQUIRE system to create the World Wide Web, for which he designed and built the first Web browser. The first web site was put on line on 6 August 1991. In 1994, Berners-Lee founded a Consortium, which comprised various companies that were willing to create standards and recommendations to improve the quality of the Web. Berners-Lee made his idea available freely, english-hunters.ru

info@english-hunters.ru


ENGLISH HUNTERS LAB

with no patent and no royalties due. The World Wide Web Consortium decided that its standards should be based on royalty-free technology, so that they could easily be adopted by anyone. In a Times article in October 2009, Berners-Lee admitted that the forward slashes ("//") in a web address were actually "unnecessary". He told the newspaper that he could easily have designed URLs not to have the forward slashes. "There you go, it seemed like a good idea at the time," he said in his lighthearted apology. In November 2009, Berners-Lee launched the World Wide Web Foundation in order to "Advance the Web to empower humanity by launching transformative programs that build local capacity to leverage the Web as a medium for positive change." In April 2010 Berners-Lee said that: "Information should be in the public domain unless there is a good reason not to - not the other way around." He went on to say "Greater openness, accountability and transparency will give people greater choice and make it easier for individuals to get more directly involved in issues that matter to them." Berners-Lee is one of the pioneer voices in favour of Net Neutrality [njuː'trælətɪ], and has expressed the view that it should supply "connectivity with no strings attached," and “should neither control nor monitor customers' browsing activities without their express consent”. He advocates the idea that net neutrality is a kind of human network rights: "Threats to the Internet, such as companies or governments that interfere with or snoop on Internet traffic, compromise basic human network rights."

english-hunters.ru

info@english-hunters.ru


ENGLISH HUNTERS LAB

The Father OF INTERNET WORLD WIDE WEB Всемирная сеть physicist физик available доступный ['FɪZɪSɪST] credit with cвязывать с royalty автор.гонорар proposal предложение due подлежащий оплате to implement внедрять to admit признавать hypertext гипертекст there you go, видите ли, ну ['haɪpətekst] что… reference ссылка lighthearted беспечный access доступ apology извинение sequence последовательность to empower уполномач ивать, поддержать to define определять (Lever)age действие рычага ['liːv(ə)rɪʤ] to oversee следить medium средство ['miːdɪəm] knight рыцарь accountability подотчётность facilitate содействовать transparency прозрачность [træn'spær(ə)n(t) sɪ] enquire[ɪN'KWAɪƏ] запрос in favour of за, в пользу initial изначальный threat угроза browser обозреватель interfere with вмешиваться в to browse[brauz] просматривать to snoop подглядывать to comprise включать в себя available доступный to be willing to желать to improve улучшать

english-hunters.ru

info@english-hunters.ru


ENGLISH HUNTERS LAB

1. Имя этого физика связывается с предложением создать всемирную сеть. Он был посвящён в рыцари. Признаем, что это забавный факт для 21 века. 2. Его предложение было внедрено через 2 года, в 1991. Он создал идею всемирной паутины, соединив её с идеей гипертекста, которая определяет структуру паутины. Изначально система называлась «Запрос». 3. Ссылки дают немедленный доступ к различной инфо, используя клик мыши или последовательность клавиш. 4. Интернет планировался содействать запросам людей, но оказался угрозой

личному (privacy).

пространству

Государство уполномочено вмешиваться в личную жизнь граждан в любой момент. 5. Рыцарь принёс беспечные извинения за лишние символы в интернетадресах.

english-hunters.ru

info@english-hunters.ru

The father of Internet  
The father of Internet  

technology

Advertisement