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Sergey Brin

The father of Google

(born August 21, 1973) is a Russian American computer scientist and industrialist is best known as the co-founder of Google, the world's largest Internet company, based on its search engine and online advertising Brin immigrated to the United States from Russia at the age of six. Earning his undergraduate degree at the University of Maryland, he followed in his father's and grandfather's footsteps by studying mathematics, double-majoring in computer science. After graduation, he moved to Stanford to acquire a Ph.D in computer science. There he met Larry Page, with whom he later became friends. They crammed their dormitory room with inexpensive computers and applied Brin’s data mining system to build a superior search engine. The program became popular at Stanford and they suspended their PhD studies to start up Google in a rented garage. The Economist magazine referred to Brin as an "Enlightenment Man", and someone who believes that "knowledge is always good, and certainly always better than ignorance", a philosophy that is summed up by Google’s motto of making all the world’s information "universally accessible and useful" and "Don't be evil".

Early life and education Sergey Brin was born in Moscow to Jewish parents, the son of Michael Brin and Eugenia Brin, both graduates of Moscow State University. His father is a mathematics professor at the University of Maryland, and his mother is a research scientist at NASA.

Childhood in The Soviet Union In 1979, when Brin was six, his family felt compelled to emigrate to the United States. Sergey's father explains how he was "forced to abandon his dream of becoming an astronomer even before he reached college". Although an official policy of antiSemitism didn't exist in the Soviet Union, Brin claims Communist Party heads barred Jews from upper professional ranks by denying them entry to universities; "Jews were excluded from the physics departments, in particular..." Michael Brin therefore changed english-hunters.ru

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his major to mathematics where he received nearly straight A's. The Brin family lived in a three-room, 30 square meter (350 square foot) apartment in central Moscow, which they also shared with Sergey's paternal [9] grandmother. Sergey told Malseed, "I've known for a long time that my father wasn't able to pursue the career he wanted", but Sergey only picked up the details years later after they had settled in America. He learned how, in 1977, after his father returned from a mathematics conference in Warsaw, Poland, he announced that it was time for the family to emigrate. Sergey's mother was less willing to leave their home in Moscow, where they had spent their entire lives. "For Genia, the decision ultimately came down to Sergey. While her husband admits he was thinking as much about his own future as his son's, for her, 'it was 80/20' about Sergey." They formally applied for their exit visa in September 1978, and as a result his father "was promptly fired". For related reasons, his mother also had to leave her job. For the next eight months, without any steady income, they were forced to take on temporary jobs as they waited, afraid their request would be denied. During this time his parents shared responsibility for looking after him and his father taught himself computer programming. In May 1979, they were granted their official exit visas and were allowed to leave the country. At an interview in October, 2000, Brin said, "I know the hard times that my parents went through there, and am very thankful that I was brought to the States.” A decade earlier, in the summer of 1990, a few weeks before his 17th birthday, his father led a group of gifted high school math students, including Sergey, on a twoweek exchange program to the Soviet Union. "On the second day of the trip, while the group toured a sanitarium in the countryside near Moscow, Sergey took his father aside, looked him in the eye and said, 'Thank you for taking us all out of Russia.' In May 2007, Brin married Anne Wojcicki in The Bahamas. Wojcicki is a biotech analyst and a 1996 graduate of Yale University with a B.S. in biology. She has an active interest in health information, and together she and Brin are developing new ways to improve access to it. As part of their efforts, they have brainstormed with leading researchers about the human genome project. "Brin instinctively regards genetics as

a database and

computing

problem. So does his wife”, which lets people analyze and compare their own genetic makeup (consisting of 23 pairs of chromosomes). In a recent announcement at Google’s Zeitgeist conference, he said he hoped that some day everyone would

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learn their genetic code in order to help doctors, patients, and researchers analyze the data and try to repair bugs. Brin's mother, Eugenia, has been diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease. In 2008, he decided to make a donation to the University of Maryland School of Medicine, where his mother is being treated. Brin discovered that although Parkinson's is generally not hereditary, both he and his mother possess a mutation of some specific gene that puts the likelihood of his developing Parkinson's in later years between 20 and 80%. When asked whether ignorance was not bliss in such matters, he stated that his knowledge means that he can now take measures to ward off the disease. "Mr Brin regards his mutation as a bug in his personal code, and thus as no different from the bugs in computer code that Google’s engineers fix every day. By helping himself, he can therefore help others as well. He considers himself lucky. ... But Mr. Brin was making a much bigger point. “Isn’t knowledge always good, and certainly always better than ignorance?" Brin is working on other, more personal projects that reach beyond Google. For example, he and Page are trying to help solve the world’s energy and climate problems at Google’s philanthropic arm, which invests in the alternative energy industry to find wider sources of renewable energy. The company acknowledges that its founders want "to solve really big problems using technology." In June 2008, Brin invested $4.5 million in Space Adventures, the Virginia-based space tourism company. In November 2009, Forbes magazine decided Brin and his partner Larry Page were the fifth most powerful people in the world.

"We came up with the notion that not all web pages are created equal. People are — but not web pages." "Technology is an inherent democratizer. Because of the evolution of hardware and software, you’re able to scale up almost anything. It means that in our lifetime everyone may have tools of equal power."

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The Father OF GOOGLE undergraduate degree footsteps

степень бакалавра следы, шаги

acquire Ph.D= Doctor of Philosophy

dormitory room переполнять, наполнять до верху apply suspend применять, использовать для Enlightenment Man Просвещенный ignorance человек cram

motto abandon

felt compelled девиз, лозунг покидать, бросать deny

major

основной, более pursue важный (вид деятельности) entire было меньше желания (меньше хотеть чего-либо) в конечном счете; was promptly fired окончательно

was less willing

ultimately

For related reasons по причинам,

shared responsibility genetic makeup donation possess bliss ward off

связанным с этим поделили ответственность генетическая структура дар, подарок владеть, иметь, обладать блаженство, счастье держать на расстоянии

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получать, приобретать Доктор философии комната в общежитии приостанавлива ть, откладывать невежество, необразованнос ть был вынужден отрицать, отвергать заниматься, выполнять целый, весь был незамедлительно уволен

steady income

стабильный доход

access

доступ

bug

дефект, сбой

hereditary likelihood

наследственный вероятность

in such matters

в таких вопросах

renewable energy

возобновляемый источник энергии

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1. В настоящее время получение степени бакалавра это самое важное для нее. 2. По стопам своего отца, он захотел получить степень доктора философии. 3. Его комната в общежитии была заполнена разными техническими приспособлениями, но он не применял и половину. 4. Она была вынуждена оставить колледж, потому что ее у семьи больше не было стабильного дохода. 5. Сначала он отрицал свою вину, но, в конечном счете, сознался (признал ее), и был незамедлительно уволен. 6. В вашей продукции было обнаружено слишком много дефектов. По этой причине, мы вынуждены приостановить финансирование. 7. У моего партнера было меньше желания разделить ответственность за наш бизнес. Он хотел вести (заниматься) весь бизнес сам. 8. Вероятность, что у ваших детей проявится это наследственное заболевание, очень велика. 9. Все люди обладают генетической структурой, состоящей из 23 пар хромосом.

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10. Чтобы спасти планету необходимо уже сейчас начать использовать возобновимые источники энергии. 11. Наша современная лаборатория это дар мэра города нашему институту. 12. Ее девиз - держать на расстоянии негативные эмоции.

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The father of Google