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The voyage of hanno or hanno The navigaTor


The voyage of hanno


The Phoenicians were known as the greatest navigators in the Antiquity and the first to have sailed over all seas of the ancient world. They established cities in the eastern Mediterranean: Ugarit, Arwad, Byblos, Tyre, Sidon ... Their descendants settled in various trading posts and all known territories of the time, especially the Carthaginians, marked history with their journeys and their exploits.


Ancient texts have kept some of these narratives and discovery journeys such as: the voyage of King Hiram of Tyre and Solomon to the country of Ophir (tenth century BC), the expedition funded by the Pharaoh Necho II (late seventh century), exploratory trips of the Carthaginians Hanno and Himilcon , to Africa and to North Europe (the British Isles and Ireland, 450 BC). All these voyages were intended to find gold and riches as well as indispensable raw materials for the handicraft development and trade. They also sought new routes as well as strategic locations for the establishments of the new trade counters to facilitate their progression on the road for discovering new lands.


Phoenician/Carthagenian Trade


The commercial network of the Phoenicians


The only trip which has reached us is that of the Carthaginian Hanno in the first quarter of the fifth century (425 BC), It was named in the annals of maritime exploration as the Periplus of Hanno. The narration of the journey was engraved on the walls of Melqart temple at Carthage, which was destroyed by the Romans as well as the entire city. This story has been reported through the transcriptions carried out on site by visitors and Greek historians.


The translation of the Greek text recounts the following: "This is the story of the long voyage of Hanno king of the Carthaginians into Libyan lands beyond the Pillars of Heracles, which he dedicated on a tablet in the temple of Kronos (the Carhaginian Melqart):


I. The Carthaginians decided that Hanno should sail beyond the Pillars of Heracles and found cities of Libyan phoenicians He set sail with sixty penteconters and about thirty thousand men and women, and provisions and other necessaries.


And the narrative goes on and on to describe the places, the people and the dangers they encountered during this trip.


Account of Hanno’s journey This is the Palatinus Graecus 398, a 9th century Byzantine manuscript today located at the University of Heidelberg, in Germany, and is the oldest surviving account of Hanno’s journey that we have.


The most enthusiastic are convinced that Hanno has reached the shores of Cameroon (the Chariot of the gods -mentioned in the transcript- would correspond to the Mount Cameroon volcano). They claim that he has reached the Senegal River.


hanno’s rouTe


Carthage in ancient literature • • • •

Bellum Punicum of Naevius Punica (Silius Italicus) I niad of Virgile Poenulus of Plaute


Carthage in modern and contemporary literature: • Sophonisbe (tragedy), Gian Giorgio Trissino (1524) • Salammbô, Flaubert (1862) • Cartagine in fiamme (novel), Emilio Salgari (1908)


The voyage of Hanno is depicted in a brief Greek text presented as the translation of a phonicien inscription in the temple of Baal in Carthage. The translation goes through a unique manuscrit, Palatinus græcus 398, a byzantine manuscrit of the late quarter of the ix century (a text of 101 lines, fol. 55r-56r). The e Vatopedinus 655 (preserved in the British Library, Add. 19391), ofxiv , century A French translation is given in a volume entitled Historiale description de l'Afrique, tierce partie du monde..., published in Lyon in 1556 byJean Temporal. A Latin translation is found in an edition of De totius Africæ descriptione of Léon l'Africain published in Zurich in 1559.

The voyage of Hanno or Hanno the navigator  

It's about the voyage of the Carthagenian hero and navigator who was believed to have sailed all the way from Carthage to Cameroon

The voyage of Hanno or Hanno the navigator  

It's about the voyage of the Carthagenian hero and navigator who was believed to have sailed all the way from Carthage to Cameroon

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