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LU AN Selected Works 2013-2017 B. Arch Beijing University of Civil Engineering Architecture


CONTENT

Residence with boundary -An exploration and attempt of new residential mode in China

Activating Plug-ins -Extensive scheme of urban public space based on existing structures

Reverse Erosion

-An exploration and attempt of new residential mode in china

New Life For Olds

-Let the eldrly find their own lives

Curriculum Vitae


01

Residence with boundary

- An exploration and attempt of new residential mode in China

Location: Beijing, China Building type: Residential Construction Period: November 2014- December 2014 Faculty Adviser: Ouyang Wen Type: Solo Work

Children in China are losing the sense of boundary, which means, to be specifically, they have been deprived of the opportunities, or even the right, to confront difficulties and take responsibilities on their own. Hence, when there comes the time of independence, most will find themselves absolutely in lack of the ability of problem solving, hereby to get trapped in the contradiction between independence (what they are longing for) and reliance (what they have got used to). In that regard, the apartment was designed to separate the residential space of family members with a specific physical boundary. While the space for family meeting and individual activities are clearly separated, the boundary is highlighted so as to somewhat relieve the inconvenience and discomfort brought by traditional family modes.


Social Problem Caused by Family

Life Pattern & Living

Control Elements “I am not going to school, because I do not want to study and prefer to live outside for a couple of days. Do not look for me, for I will be back some day. But, I DO NOT want to GO TO SCHOOL!” Those words are from a letter left by a pupil in Grade Four.

STUDY

CHILDREN

PARENTS

LIFE

In the modern society, as parents are taking full notice of their “only child” from every aspect of their lives and controlling their every single action that affecting children’s physical and mental health in a negative and freak approach that encourages them to run away.

It is easier and easier for university students to breakdown psychologically: in 2015, Sun Tengxiao, the 24-year-old graduate in Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications jumped from a teaching building and died. Encountered with dissertation rejection and graduate extension, the cheerful young boy got depression in 2015 and put an end to his life after receiving seemingly effective treatment, which was beyond everyone’s expectation.

The Chinese singer Jane Zhang accepted the proposal at the Chengdu concert in 2015. However, her mother released the hand-written letter, I don not want my daughter to go wrong again, on Weibo to express her rejection to her daughter’s marrying to Feng Ke, the man to whom Jane should not commit her lifetime. Interference in children’s marriage is not uncommon for Chinese parents since the ancient time.

As three children are arguing over property division, the sick old man is lying in the hospital with no one to take care of— child-rearing can no longer guarantee a happy and comfortable later life. Although supporting parents is an indispensable part of Chinese tradition, avoidance of that duty due to business or other reasons has led to a severe dilemma.

The Ancient Family

Courtyard House

Strict rules governed all relationships in the family. Each family member knew his/her place & understood his/her duties. And they expected obedience from those further down in the hierarchy, and each respected those above. The family power mechanism can be also reflected in the layout of ancient residence. In the case of Beijing courtyard, “the room on the north is for elders and betters, wing-rooms for family members of less importance, those set reversely for guests, and miscellaneous ones for servants”, according to which the status was clearly graded.

LIFE

SCHOOL WORK

CHILDREN PARENTS

WHAT ARE YOU DOING!

SOCIAL LIFE

DOING YOUR HOMEWORK!!!

JOB PLACEMENT

MATE SELECTION

FAMILY AFFAIR

CHILDREN

PARENTS

UNDERTAKING

PROPERTY

FAMILY AFFAIR

UNDERTAKING

The Modern Family

Apartment Style

CHILDREN PARENTS

PROPERTY

HEALTH

That complex family composition has been, to a large extent, simplified in the modern era. Especially in cities, families of three (parents and a child) and four (parents and two children) are most commonly seen, while those of the second type may consider to hire a baby-sitter. Besides, most ordinary families are choosing to live in an apartment with three rooms and one hall that covers approximately 100 square meters. Hence, the centralized residential mode has made parents’ absolute control rather convenient and deprived children of any privacy.


The Boundary Theroy Analysis

Form Conception

Oh, this serise is interesting!

Enclosed Boundary This always leads to a lack of communication between people who tend to develop into an “enclosed-self” in interpersonal relations.

This kids are so out of contorl.

Thin and Loose Boundary Life without boundary should further confuse people with how to figure out a normal and reasonable boundary when dealing with others.

I'm going to read this book all day.

MASS COMPOSITION I have to sit here and study. FACADE

Although appropriate resistance should favor boundaryestablishment, insufficient transition space and parents with strong desire to control may turn those boundaries into nothing.

Healthy boundary helps people be independent from each other and aware of how to show respect for others’ privacy. Parents and children are supposed to share public space and possess their own private space.

TREE HOUSE

Ma in Pa rt be llis hm en t Em Cut Apart Vertical Transportation

t

nc

Fu

Wait! I'm getting dreesed.

Come to watch the film together!

Clear and elastic self-boundary will contribute to a more desirable interpersonal relations and a harmonious society. Therefore, aimed to establish a healthy boundary, the center-wall throughout the whole building was adopted in the design so as to separate space for public and private use. Nonetheless, the two parts are also connected with corridors to facilitate interaction and communication between family members. it can allow you to very actively take charge of your social situation.

e

at

ar

p Se

STAIRE

CENTER WALL

e

liz

a ion

Conn

ectio

e ry ac da Br un Bo ing en ak We

Healthy boundary

LOOK, your mom wants to come in.

En vel op

Disorderes Boundary

ion

Let's see what the kids are doing!

At ta Re ch sp m on en se t to th e tre e

ert

Ins

Struc ture Com bined

n

FUNCTION SPACE CORRIDOR

The physical space is divided with the long center-wall into separate dwelling and public space for family meeting, in which corridors are inserted to constitute an appropriate spatial streamline and a buffer zone between space for private and public use. The private sectors of children and parents are isolated with vertical transportation attached to the center-wall, which is also the design focus constructed with thick material and decorated with rhythmic window-opening styles. The platform extended from the wall is to echo the ancient tree inside the court and provide an area for children at the second floor to entertain themselves.


Axonometrical Drawing

Rendering

To play at the entrance stands the ancient trees

So

n's

Tre e Da

ug

hte

r's

Ho

Ro

om

us

e

Ro

om

Lo

ft

Gu

es

tR

oo

m

Stu

dio

Ac

ien

Pa

ren

Ho

us

ek

ee

pe

r‘s

Ro

om

ts'

tT ree

New residence beside traditional ones Ro

om

Since the site is bordered with traditional Beijing courtyards to one side, and with urban roads to the other, the division between public and private space appears quite obvious. Inside the court stands an ancient tree that is over 100 years old, beside which the entrance and center-wall are located in a crossed approach to spare a desirable outdoor entertainment area.


Daily Life Scence

8.00 a.m. [Bar Counter]

8.00 a.m. [Living Room]

10.00 a.m. [Studio]

12.00 p.m. [Dining Room]

2.00 p.m. [Corridor]

Sectional Perspective and Structual Details

4.00 p.m. [Loft]

6.00 p.m. [Parents' Room]

8.00 p.m. [Daughter's Room]


02

Activating Plug-ins

- Reform of shared space in Baiwanzhuang village

Location: Beijing, China Building type: Detachable Construction Period: April 2017- May 2017 Faculty Adviser: Duan Lian Type: Solo Work

As the earliest residential area after the founding of New China, the Baiwanzhuang housing estate was built with excellent architectural design, proper site selection and excellent building materials, which have witnessed the changes of the urban planning ideology in the capital and produced a far-reaching impact on China’s urban living patterns and social composition. The present scheme adopts the detachable buildings that have been popular these days, introduces functional space to the modularized modules which are made naturally integrated into the community, and solves the problems in users’ life with minimal intervention.


History Research&Analysis Praised as the “Top Residential Area in the New Capital� after the founding of New China, the Baiwanzhuang housing estate was once a typical case of multi-level residential blocks. However, due to disrepair for many years, lifestyle changes and land appreciation, this residential area that was once a representative of the residential modes of an era now faces the danger of demise.

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Young people leave their communities for more diverse areas for better development

The external walls reinforced after the earthquake.

The vibrant fenced compound has been replaced by simple bungalows or railings into private parking garages

The former children's funfair front yard has been replaced by hard-paved parking, turning it into a cluttered parking lot.

The population density growed and the private cars popularised.

After Tangshan Earthquake, the building was strengthened.

In order to adapt to Beijing's climate, the layout of the house has been designed as a circular pattern.

It became the first self-designed residential community.

Suggestions were made about decision on the location of the Capital Administration Centre.

This area used to be the western suburb of Beijing, it was the place for burying the dead and commonly known as "baiwan graves."

Outsidethe Second Ring Road was deserted

famine from the had fled smal vil age. It o h w e l p a me peo formed Later, so l ing here and we i". built a d "Bai Zhuang Z ed was cal

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rbs ut abso s ole layo The wh t Eight Trigram n e i is c the an community e and th eight groups. into divided


Current Problems

Concept Development Diagram

Live

Work

Stroll

Traffic

Status quo

Solution

1.Lack of space for the old 2.Low child safety 3.Lack of outdoor public space 4.Failure to meet basic life functions 5.Lack of public space in buildings 6.Disorderly parking 7.Lack of community dynamism 8.No elevators

[1]Creating space for the old The module is inserted in the courtyard as space for the old people to communicate, play chess, taste tea, talk and so on.

[2]Providing Street eyes Establish playgrounds in the middle of the complex to allow parents to monitor children's safety at home. [3]Releasing outdoor space Clean up the waste of public space and use space as building entrances.

Community

Community Service Center Communication

Bicycle parking

[4]Increasing Access to Civilian Facilities Take the module as a basic unit and add different life essential functions in it. Modules are put in the community according to population distribution to satisfy residents daily life demand.

Food Store Cultural Architecture

Motor vehicle parking Neighbourhood sightseeing

Restaurant

Piling up private goods

Deliver the take-out

Fruit and vegetable shop

Sun room

[5]Redefining the interior space Modules are vertically accumulated and installed on the building exterior walls, adding open spaces for each floor and enhancing indoor and outdoor links.

Primary school Garden Plants

[6]Setting up bicycle parking space The vehicle parking area is limited and provided to make the static traffic space partition clear.

[7]Activating outward appearance with color The modulus module is painted with different bright colors, which brings fresh color to the old community and brightens up the neighborhood.

[8]Insert vertical module The elevator is inserted in the vertical modulus to facilitate the entries of the old buildings.


7

The new building provides a good view and can plant flowers, which is healthy for old people.

3 The yard provides a playground for children and I can keep an eye on them at home. It's so safe.

2 11 4 5

6

It's so great to have an elevator that I can easily go out and do exercises.

The new building provides us with a good space to communicate.

1

10

Generation

8

9

3 Planting Space

1 Entrance with Courier Cabinet 10 Playground 6 Bicycle Shed

8 Animal Shelter

2 Sun-chatting room

4 lecture Space 5 Leisure Space

7 Clothes Drying Space

9 Child Care Center

11 Elevator


The convenience store is on the main road of the community. Next to the residential building is the drinking water station.

We can play here and wait for our parents after school.

The waste recycling station is at the edge of the community.

The picture visualizes the living scene after the introduction of supporting structures. It presents the spatial relationship between the internal space of the original residential area and the new buildings and shows its residents’ primary range of activities, exploring more possibilities for the refurbishment of the old residential area.


03

Reverse Erosion

- Extensive scheme of urban public space based on existing structures

Location: Changsha, China Building type: Renovation Urban Landscape Construction Period: September 2017- November 2017 Faculty Adviser: Li Xin Type: Team Work With Hu Tingzi

Most of design of layout of China's contemporary city derived from motor-driven cities: it is overall plan outlined by government, which roads for motor vehicle was the clue to the delineation and separation of urban space in the functional blocks of the basis. The rank of road also determined the right to use the public space :different public space was formed between high-rank roads and low-rank roads and their surroundings.Therefore, the space reserved for pedestrian activities outside the streamline of motor vehicles is completely decided and defined in such a city by the rank of the driveway.This scheme attempts to explore how, based on the current situation of the city, it can enhance the value on publicness and accessibility of motor-driven space of road in a moderate manner.


Site and Background

Intervention Strategy

The bridge connects the traffic streamline for motor vehicles of city on both sides of the Xiangjiang

At this point, the urban public space on both sides of the bridge will be extended to both sides of the river through the bridge.

River, while the sidewalk and the moving space which were disconnected on the shore were still interrupted at the bridge head. The area, by the bridge above the river named laodao, in Changsha city,crossed the north of the city, is the border of Changsha's burgeoning city, whichits south side isthe urban area and north side is the new residential areacan stay a large number of people.The green space of the city is blocked by the river, and the bridge above the river connects the two sides of the streamlinefor motor vehicles.

In the original architecture, the space for maintaining transference, as well as accommodating activities, generating consumption, and events will be loaded as attachments on the bridge itself.The two sides of the public space will no longer be in the state of separation, and eliminate the city's public space in the fault. Status of Fracture

Extension of Pedestrian

Functional Placement

Bridge sonly provide accessfor driving of motor vehicle

The extended sidewalk is attached to both sides

attributes of green belt and park are given to extended sidewalk

The nterrupted green belt

The problem is that the bridge does not yet extend the green public space to the other side. In fact, the pedestrian space on both sides of the strait is still in a divided state.It also forms the division of public space between new and old urban areas.

Connecting both sides The expansion of driving and Public Space

Pedestrian and non-motorized side walks were mixed together

With the original vertical height, Commercial and functional monomers another layer for moving is placed are attached to the lower space

Under the bridge is a passage space of waterway

Constructing a space between the Both sides of the space are connected sidewalk and the underside for stay by the structure under bridge

The existing pedestrian space for pedestrians and non-motor vehicles weremixed togetherso that the traffic condition is not so good

Therefore, attributes of participatory and public space for stay needs in such a situation to be attached to the bridge’s function, while the bridge itself currently does not reserve any space to support public activities and stay.


Bridge’s Space to Be Expanded

Mode of Entry of Pedestrians

This space is divided into two parts that consist of functions for motor vehicles and human:The middle is separated by a lightweight soundproof wall. Pedestrian space is endowed with such functions as green belt, traffic space and staying platform, as well as the view space to see the river.

In addition to the ramps from both sides of the river to the bridge, vertical elevators are added at both ends as a convenient way to enter the green belt of the city for demanders’ necessity on vertical traffic,as well as meet the demand onlower commercial volume of freight, and improve accessibility of the site.

Therefore, the space of bridge deck connect the urban space on both sides.

Pavement and Planting In the part of the pedestrian platform, shrub planting is introduced on the platform, thereby extending the urban greening space on both sides of the river to the other side to fill the fault caused by the river and traffic barrier.And, lay the landscape track system composed of anticorrosive wood, and insert the platform to extend and stay outside and add the seats for the user to rest on both sides of the trail, and related facilities, to enhance the participation of the venue.

View Ladder Seat Constructing the additional viewing-ladder platform on both sides of the walkway system, the river itself is a part of the urban landscape. Therefore, with this as the main body to add opening space for the river, the bridge has become an important link to become the urban landscape.


Under-Bridge Space for Activities to Accommodate

Connection on Both Sides

Under the space of the bridge deck, the Under-bridge-living space is formed by using the scale above the pier to accommodate the consumption and experience.

In this layer of space, the passage and platform are added to the space between the piers, thus breaking on both sides the barrier of the motorway on the bridge, and essentially connecting the space on both sides, and can also connect in this layer of space commercial space on left and right without hindrance, with variety of this site.

The publicity of the city includes the possibility of consumption and experience in different places. Therefore, in this layer of space, the indoor space will be implanted into the frame structure as a unit. A place with various scales is formed by connecting and combining various combinations while enhance the abilities to be response to different weather conditions.

Viewing Platform in Outdoor Space On the volume of the implant, another layer of platform is formed between the Under-bridge space and the pavement, which is located at the top of each volume, accommodating more outdoor activities.

Steel-Frame Structure While connecting the public space on both sides, the Under-bridge space located in the inner side of steel-frame structure also conveniently provide the opportunity to use the site under the rainy or snowy weather.


As An Extension of Reality

The ultra-scale-urban space make the users feel the sense of distance after all:Inaccessible-enclosed areas and hard-tocross roads further magnify this inconvenience on its original scale so that the definition given to each block and building is ultimately implemented. Because whether the yardstick fit for a personal ready was defined at the beginning, which only the scales for indoor and home are friendly.

Breaking the discipline with this scale and absolute domination signify the return of people's scale and existence.As a result, these spaces are no longer dominated by the dualism that originally sought to oppose them, but turn into more objective rules:changing the block as the unit into the city as the unit.


04

New Life For Olds - Let the eldrly find their own lives

Location: Beijing, China Building type: Nursing Home Period: April 2016- May 2016 Faculty Adviser: Jiang Fang Type: Solo Work

Supporting parents has been deeply rooted in Chinese traditions. However, as the modern society is developing at a relatively high speed, to pay attention to and satisfy every single requirement of aging parents has become increasingly difficult for the young, especially for those struggling in developed cities. While the number of empty-nesters has witnessed a sharp rise in this era and elderly people living alone has developed into a serious social issue, a considerably large proportion of Chinese senior citizens are still remaining over-dependent on their children and reject to get rid of the indifferent and unfriendly urban life that they are not used to. Much different from those in other countries or from other cultural backgrounds, it is typical that the elderly in China have no life of their own, which is also the key to the current supporting-system targeted to the aged. Therefore, how to bring positive changes to the old mode and have the senior independent from others psychologically is the direction to which the study is conducted.


THEME I. [LOVE ]

Jiang

undue oppressopn car accident deteriorate desperate

daughter in law

Ya

buried

cataract familiar assistence together Hospital

THEME III. [MISERIES]

I. 3 Jiang took Ya Zhi’s bone ash back to their hometown, and buried her in Anhui.

wedding grief

meet

Lv

IIa. 1 Ya Zhi had been indulged to her son all the time, and even continued to support him with her own savings after he got married. However, her greedy and selfish daughter in law considered what Ya Zhi did was out of duty and threw her out of the apartment to spare space for the newly born baby.

son

abuse

unwatched minder

hire time

son&his wife

supervised at home

pretended

escape camera

ask for

at daughter's home

Mrs. Lv got sick and lost the ability to speak and take care of herself. Fully occupied with the work, her son and daughter in law hired an experienced carer called Lai Shiqin. IIIa. 1

feel loneliness

see doctors

death

relief

When she was at home, the death of her friend always reminded her that there was something wrong with her health. However, encouraged by friends in the nursing home, she gradually got rid of the shadow of death. IIIb. 2

sent to can't stand

nursing home

better life

ORDER

father

Jiang

friends

young daughter's

elder daughter's

household saving real estate

Fang

With friends at the same ages successively passed away, Fang Qiong came up with a different solution to overcome the sense of fear. IIIb. 1

family

Fang

nursing home

in nursing home

As Lai got insulted by her husband, she chose to relieve the hatred by abusing Lv when others were not home, which was discovered by the daughter in law who installed camera in the apartment after feeling something was wrong. IIIa. 2

moved in

let go

wife

fear look after

conflict

support

anxious despair

IIb. 1 IIb. 2 Drown in loneliness, Fang Qiong chose Living there gradually changed her to live her daughters, which made attitude towards life. Fang Qiong her even lonelier since her child was started to make new friends and too busy to figure out and satisfy her develop new hobbies, which not need. So she did a lot that ruined her only opened her mind, but also children’s lives, and was ultimately inspired her to make up with her sent to the nursing home. children.

Jiang

punch kick starve husband

IIa. 2 Ya Zhi had to move into the nursing and started her own life. After experiencing all of those, she decided to let go of her son to turn him into an adult capable of taking responsibilities.

Ya

THEME IV. [OWN LIFE]

I. 2 During the communication afterwards, they helped and supported each other and fall in love. However, after dealing with difficulties of all kinds, they were separated forever by a car accident before the wedding.

THEME II. [AFFECTION]

I. 1 When receiving the cataract surgery in the hospital, Jiang Kaiguo met Ya Zhi who happened to come from Anhui, the same place as him, and they hit it off.

see doctors planting fishing

nursing home assistance

price

people surroundings

recommend

condition

new life happy elders

dancing dinner

staff

Without any intention to become a burden for his daughter, Jiang Kaiguo decided to move into the cheap nursing home with fine environment that was introduced by a staff working there with her aged father who was suffering from senile dementia. IV. 1

He did a variety of activities with other dwellers there, and encouraged them to help each other, thus to leave a happy life. IV. 2

CONVERGE

SEPARATE

TV SERIES NARRATIVE STRUCTURE: 40 Episodes, 4 Themes, 4 Main Characters

To Elderly With Love

The story about four senior citizens may reveal the difficult situation. Jiang Kaiguo is a father suffering from cataract—with his wife passed away at an early age, he has to support his aged father. Fang Qiong was a retired leader who, although having three daughters around, still feels lonely and sometimes goes to extreme. Ya Zhi, a mother that is so indulgent to her son with epilepsy that continues to take care of him after his marriage, has been treated even worse by her children. Mrs. Lv is seriously ill and has to stand the maltreatment of the carer on account of the incapability of speaking. In other words, the play is all about the stories of those four characters aforementioned, hereby to show what problems the elderly are confronted in the modern urban society.

Jiang kaiguo line Ya Zhi line

Fang Qiong line Ms. Lv line

JOURNEY


Conception and Generation

As the earliest residential area after the founding of New China, the Baiwanzhuang housing estate was built with excellent architectural design, proper site selection and excellent building materials, which have witnessed the changes of the urban planning ideology in the capital and produced a far-reaching impact on China’s urban living patterns and social composition. The present scheme adopts the detachable buildings that have been popular these days, introduces functional space to the modularized modules which are made naturally integrated into the community, and solves the problems in users’ life with minimal intervention.

SITE

PATTERN

NEED&FUNCTION

Village

ELEMENT&MATERIAL

Natural Elements (Native)

Considered Material

[1] LOVE

Developed Zone Road Lake

[2] AFFECTION

Considered Spots Selected Spot

[3] MISERIES

animal plant pig, dog, cock, trees, crops, cattle,fish grassland

nature stone, timber

man-made brick, cement, concrete

Selected

Traffic Routes [4] OWN LIFE

contour line

FORM GENERATION

terrain

Restaurant Entertainment Wander Health Residence Communication Undertaking Outside


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Chess Room Computer Room Small Theater Grand Theatre Gym Painting Studio

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15 16 17 18 19 20

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Rehabilitation Room Treatment Room Regitration Outpatient Department Emergency Department Activity Center Classroom

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Dwelling Suite Nursing Center Shared Space Open Kitchen Nurse's Station Pharmacy Health Room

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Center Corridor

Activity Center

Courtyard

View From The Other Side


Axonometrical Drawing

Sectional Perspective of The Complete Center Wall


EDUCATION 09/2013-06/2018

Beijing University of Civil Engineering Architecture (BUCEA) Bachelor of Architecture

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCES 07/2017-10/2017

China Architecture Design Group, Intern Project: Middle School in Inner Mongolia Contribute for preliminary design and for construction stage: design analysis, plan, final booklet and construction details Project: Hotels & Resorts in Henan Province Contribute for site investigate, modeling and master plandesign

06/2017-07/2017

Walking Measurement Workshop Project: Walkability Research in Open space in Contemporary Chinese City (The dissertation of the University of Edinburgh) Launched the semi-structured interviews, take target observation and present the investigation result

06/2016-09/2016

China Urban Construction Design & Research institude Co.Ltd., Intern Project: Night Scene Lighting Planning of Changchun City Collected street's data, designed night scene of street facade and illumination model.

07/2016-10/2016

Beijing Design Week DSL – Dashilan Design Community

Project: Micro-public Space Design with The Subjects of “Hu tong Vision” and “Laozihao Revival” that Related to Dashilar’s Built Environment and Cultural Heritage investigate the problem in Hutong, design modular furniture, set up the exhibition

EXTRACURRICULAR

LU AN t: 86-18518377893 e: iamluan096@outlook.com Room 2011, Building No.1, 15 Beitaipingzhuang Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China.

07/2013-now

Elected board member of Entertainment Department, the University Student Union

08/2016

Student ambassador of Beijing young college students for Service Club Cadre Study Camp with Taiwan’s university students

05/2014

The third prize of Garment Design Competitiont in BUCEA

2013 - 2015

Elected board member of Entertainment Department, the University Student Union

SKILLS 2D Graphic:

AutoCAD, Adobe Creative Suite, Vary

3D Modeling:

SketchuUp, Rhino, Grasshopper, Revit

Language:

Native in Chinese · Professional in English · Conversational in Japanese, Korean and German

Lu An's portfolio  
Lu An's portfolio  
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