Part. EOI II: DESIGN APPROACH
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR Part B
B.1. Design Focus B.2. Case Study 1.0 B.3. Case Study 2.0 B.4. Technique: Development B.5. Technique: Prototypes B.6. Technique Proposal B.7. Algorithmic Sketches B.8. Learning Objectives and Outcomes
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.1. Design Focus Stream: Sectioning It is quite confusing to understand what sectioning is in our project. Soon, we try to make a definition to it, which an object is cut or divided into pieces, these pieces do not need to be equal gap or same, but these sectionings could form a continuous shape when we put them together. Therefore, I got lots of examples online by searching key words such as “contour”, “waffle”, “grids”.
Project: Shan-shui City Architect: MAD Architects
The first precedent is “shan-shui city” which designed by MAD architects. This project’s concept is useless to me, but its streamlined profile quite attractive. As Leader of MAD architects-Ma yansong said, people hate large buildings, his idea is to insert weave to link individual parts together, architecture and nature.1 Therefore, I can assume that the characteristic or advantage of sectioning could be flexible, dynamic, and diversified.
Project: Zebar Architect: 3Gatti Architecture Studio
1. http://www.designboom.com/architecture/mad-architects-shan-shui-city-guiyang-china/ Fig.1 Fig. 2 2. http://www.dezeen.com/2010/12/15/zebar-by-3gatti-architecture-studio/ Fig.3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.1. Design Focus Precedent 2
Project: Zebar Architect: 3Gatti Architecture Studio
The second precedent is a zebar in Shanghai which designed by 3Gatti Architecture Studio. Significantly its concept is sectioning, designers explained that this idea was born naturally from the digital 3D modelling environments where clients could enjoy playing with virtual volumes and spaces. Exactly, the visual impact is strong, this enclosed space could push us into a sense that in a mystery tunnel, this is really interesting theme, perhaps drivers will be engaged by this affect and like it without influence their normal driving. The space was subdivided into slices to bring it back from the digital into the real world; to give a real shape to each of the infinite sections of the fluid rhino nurbs surfaces.2 Thus, as our project is about gateway, I hope our group would get inspirations from this project on visual affect, which could create some familiar affect as this one when motorists are driving under our project.
Project: Hatert Tower Nijmegen Architect: 24H > architecture a sturdy tower with free formed balconies around, which make a recognizable sculpture from all directions; the new 'crown' of Hatert. Flexible is an advantage of sectioning, it can be unlimited in 2 vectors. That is undoubt, this building looks like familira as my second precedent, but this one provide me some inspiration on external profile.
Project: Phuket Gateway Architect: IDIN architects To make the building interact with the local climatic character, the architect allows the rain flow and the daylight into some part of inner spaces under the concept of life is under natural condition.
Fig. 8 http://www.e-architect.co.uk/holland/hatert_tower_nijmegen.htm Fig. 6 Fig. 7 http://www.archdaily.com/315505/phuket-gateway-idin-architects/50e74c47b3fc4b10a300016b_phuketgateway-idin-architects_6-jpg/ Fig. 8
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.1. Design Focus Precedent 5
Project: Godsell’ wood Architect: AIX architecs The result of Godsell’s wood screening is simultaneously solid as well as transparent and dissolving, depending on the sun’s orientation. At first meeting, our group all agree that light element could be a spotlight in our project. We will go further on this project to see what interesting thing they get about light and shadows.
Argument As my discourse in Phase A, architecture is a landmark in a city and the carrier of the spirit of the city. My group members’ discourses are about culture, arts and nature. Our group members and I try to work out an argument which suitable for ourselves and this project. Architecture is sculpture which as a result of local arts, culture, nature and landmark. As one characteristic of section, sunlight could drip through the gaps of sectionings and hit on ground to form an effect as the zebra. We will go further on searching how light could affect on our project in future. Finally, we decide our concept is definition. After research, we find that Wyndham city is in plain, just seems like planar surface. Therefore we want to create something which is more “3D”, if the profile of regular order sectioning is 2D planar, we will develop some changes of curve on X, Y and Z axis. Aim is to make a contrast with geometry of Wyndham city. On another hand, we will make our project be dark inside at daytime. It is also a definition, we try to push drivers from bright world into a dark “tunnel”. In evening, tunnel will be bright when car’s lamp hit to our sectioning which could create reflection of lights inside.
About location: Wyndham city Wyndham city is located at south-west of Melbourne CBD, it is the interchange of western Melbourne metropolitan. After some useful information research, we found that this is a rapid development city as the 3rd fastest growing city in Australia just in almost ten years. Probably ten years ago, Wyndham city is just as a natural area which full trees and grass. To go back longer, this is aboriginal area in the past.
Proposal Therefore, some elements we can determine are motional, irregular, dynamic, natural, etc. Motional, dynamic because of its rapid development, Wyndham will be a potential city in future. Irregular and natural because of its history (not a urban before). Hence, we will process our project which basis on these key words. Plusing some outcomes from my precedent, a rudiment of our project is dynamic, streamlined, profile could be some transitions, gaps of each sectioning could let light go through to create some unexpected effect. http://michellekaufmann.com/2010/09/out-of-the-woods-2/ Fig. 9
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.2. Case Study 1.0 Starting point
Project: Banq restaurant Architect: Office dA
Our group choose Banq restaurantâ€™s file as our starting point. Flowing profile shows its activity and dynamic, it just looks like a natural work instead of a firm artificial ceiling. A perfect integrity of column, ceiling and decoration.
Create plain for each sectioning
vectors form X,Y,Z conponment sectioning outcome order
Control X,Y,Z vectors
UV surface on base
Move points and create surface Image sampler
Amplification of movement
Find the extents of the surface and create intersection planes
1. http://www.yatzer.com/BANQ-restaurant-by-Office-dA Fig. 10
Project object on base Intersection events
Sectioning outcome order
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.2. Case Study 1.0 Matrix
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.2. Case Study 1.0 Process We use Grasshopper’s definitions which from Case Study 1.0 to have some tests, some changes we do are the image samplers, bases. For image samplers, we use different images to test different effect of sectionings. Profile will be created as concave-convex texture on the surface. The profile of sectionings will be changed in Z direction as we change images because of differences of colors. However it only can distinguish black and white. After tests of image samplers, I change the shape of bases. The vector linework basically start from a plain to polysurfaces. Aim to see different outcomes from different bases, it is also a compare with just changing image sampler. Because Wyndham city is a rapid development city, it could be understand as full of activity. Therefore, I create some very dynamic lines which try to corresponding rapid development of Wyndham city. To follow our group’s concept, these sparkling lines make contrast with local geometry. After that, we try to break the orders of loft lines which create sense of irregular such as cross curves in three vectors, drawing some curves which looks like rotary DNA. Finally, some chaos outcomes were birth. They are mess and without logical. But, quite bad tests in our group’s matrix.
Fig. 11 1. http://morphopedia.com/files/alessi-teapot-contour-rendering Fig. 11
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.2. Case Study 1.0 As origin concept, we had an idea about making our project as a “cave” (It was declined in mid-term presentation as wrong relevant with Wyndham city). Because the project is a gateway on Princes highway. We want to get something that drivers can drive through so that allowing them experience very differently. This experience could leave to drivers a very deep impression, as when they talk about Wyndham, they will remember our project immediately. Therefore, we built some digital rudiments by using grasshopper. “Cave” was grouped by two parts, each of them located on each side of highway. They could be taking together on top or opening shape. Toughly, we think that we can give drivers a specific experience which a change from a wide area to a narrow area, and then they will come back to wide space. Sense of nervous and constriction are which we want to give to drivers. Outcomes always be unexpected, it is quite exciting to see what we will get at next second.
Smooth frame can represent motion, , extruding surface is dynamic in Z direction.
Smooth frame can represent motion, give drivers a flow feeling.
Closing “Cave” frame can restric drivers’ view in the gateway building.
Opening shape of “cave” conception.
These four outcomes are as some interesting elements from many tests. They have their own characteristics. As our intention is try to give the driver a contrast experience, “cave” surface and form are quite important, they should represent in well design. Basically, the profile should ups and downs, inside and outside, concave and convex. Because Wyndham city still be natural almost 10 years ago, floating curves indicate past Wyndham and rapid development from current Wyndham. After discussion, the length of project is good at 100 meters. 5 to 6 seconds travelling will not disturb drivers’ concentration so much, it will be a spotlight on a boring highway. Finally, we will combine these good outcomes a form a better outcome. The form for further outcome should be half cave on top, variable sectionings on side, extruding surface with smooth frame. As the zebra effect when light go through sectionings, it is necessary to do some work about light affection which trying to make it more interesting!
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.2. Case Study 1.0 Group precedent
Project: Cave restaurant Architect: Koichi Takada Architects
It quite surprises us that we can have such familiar project with what we want to build. Sectionings structure, continuous opening, these elements are our elements as well when we are considering our project. Moreover, the Cave integrates aspects of nature into the design, it indicates that we are right to say that this kind of shape could relate to nature. The exposed timber profiles not only help to create an acoustically intimate dining experience but also an innovative and unique environment. In higher level design, the Caveâ€™s designers think a lot about sounding, this is our very original intention, but we have limited time and ability, it is pity to abandon.
1. http://www.totalvenue.com.au/venues/cave/cave.html Fig. 12
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.3. Case Study 2.0 Case study 2.0 Group precedent Project: The Marilyn Monroe Building Architect: MAD Architects Year: 2006 Location: Canada, Mississauga, suburb of Toronto
Fig. 13 In this design, continuous terraces surround whole building, vertical lines in traditional building which to emphasis altitude were disappeared. Intention of this project is to waking metropolitan peopleâ€™s longing to nature. Design manner does not follow Modernismâ€™s Simplified method any more. It explains out a kind of higher level complexity, the aim is to close to contemporary society and life in diversity.
1. http://www.mississaugachinese.ca/?action-viewnews-itemid-13156 2. http://www.ydzsw.com/shownews.asp?id=10562 3. www.businessinsider.com Fig. 13 4. www.e-architect.co.uk Fig. 14 Fig. 15
This is landmark architecture in Mississauga, Absolut Tower (Alternate Name The Marilyn Monroe Building). Mississauga is a rapid development suburb in Canada, maybe she will not be a metropolis as other typical suburbs, she need to think of her specific of region. Therefore, a special method is needed to answer the demand of growing city. This Absolute Tower was gave a kind of blurry freedom. At here, there is no blind angle in life, people can arrange themselves space as casually as possible. Different perspectives could get different views, tower is twisting in 360 degrees in different altitude.
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.3. Case Study 2.0 Design Intent As explain from previous paragraphy, this building has change the traditional form of the high building, which is the vertical lines, the form of the Monroe building is sort of an irregular form with some smooth curve surfaces. It has created a strong dynamic effect. Like the pervious description of the building, the whole building is processing a twisting in different perspectives and levels, which for corresponding the landscapes and context in different level. More important, it looks like an sectioning type building, so that it might useful for development of our project.
Why we choose this building? This building has change the traditional form of the high building, which is the vertical lines, the form of the Monroe building is sort of an irregular form with some smooth curve surfaces. It has created a strong dynamic effect. Like the pervious description of the building, the whole building is processing a twisting in different perspectives and levels, which for corresponding the landscapes and context in different level. More important, it looks like an sectioning type building, so that it might useful for development of our project. We were tried to create an outcome which is looks like the Monroe building by using the definition and other knowledge that we’ve learnt of grasshopper in this subject. To thinking the tools that we can use by looking the outcome of the building, we start to use the one of the definitions of our sectioning project.
Process Step 1 Using the first definition to create a surface of cylinder as the basic surface, and a curve (line) to create a number of equally space, perpendicular frames along a curve. The frames will have intersection events for the brep that we set before, and then extrude them with xyz will get the sectioning outcome. But it is just a straight structure, not a twist surface that we want to achieve. Step 2 Then we were thinking to rotate this geometric that we created, in order to try to get the twist outcome, however, it only rotates with the axis as a whole group, which means we can only change it orientation, but not the surface shape. So we we’ve got an unsuccessful result with this test. Step 3 We were keeping thinking the methods that can get what we want to achieve. From the outcomes that we have made, we’ve found that the sectioning structure is made from some single sheet frames, so we’ve tried to think another way to create a sectioning structure, which is move a curve with a series of numbers, and then create planar surfaces from the collection of edge curves. Step4 By learnt from the videos from LMS and research the knowledge of grasshopper, we’ve known two tools that might help us to get the goal, which are the Ellipse (create an ellipse defined by based plan and two radii) and “Cull Index” (remove indexed elements from a list), and combine what we’ve done before, and use the graph mapper (controlled by another series order) to control the twist degree of the frame. We finally get a similar outcome with the Monroe building. Step 5 As we can see the outcome above, it made by curves, however, sectioning pattern is not curve, is should be a solid with a curve, which means a sheet frame. So we need to create plane with the every single curve, by using a “planar Srf ” order.
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.3. Case Study 2.0 Outcome The final outcome has similar shape as the original Absolute Towers, however, it still lack lots of components, and three significant differences will be demonstrated. Firstly we did not make the twisting angel be accurate 209 degrees, and the digital model is not generated in scale. Secondly, the original building has many components in horizontal surface, such as windows, while the grasshopper model only is represented as a simple ellipse surface. Thirdly, the original building has a curtain wall in the top of building, which is disappear in digital model. For the future development, the curve will be considered in later design of our group, it is benefit to generate a harmonic and nature space. Furthermore, curve could break the static balance, and reforms object in dynamic form. This will be useful especially when we try to create a significant contrast in a static space.
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.4. Technique: Development 50 iterations
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.4. Technique: Development 50 iterations
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.5. Technique: Prototypes Prototype This is our projectâ€™s prototype, we will use two ribs to connect these sectiongs together. Firstly we lay one row of concrete footing at each side of highway, then some timber frame works are set on footings to fix all sectionings on footings. Rib on each side will be laid on top of project and middle hight of project.
Location of our project
In this image, this elevation faces to direction of Melbourne CBD, it is the exit of our project.
The connection method between rib and sectionings. Both cut into some parts, then embeding toghter, juctions will be screw on cleats.
The connection method between sectionings and bottom plate. Cuting a channel into bottom plate, so that sectionging could insert plate.
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.5. Technique: Prototypes Final Model
Exit Elevation For 1:100 model, we use another connectionmethod to connect them. Wire ropes are used to connect each two pieces, so that they could bear mutually. For real project, reinforece concrete will be used as footings, bottom plate are made by timber. Sectionings are made by plywood. Overlaying all parts of sectionings, whole profile is twisting, dynamic and natural.
Model at night
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.5. Technique: Prototypes Model at night
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.6. Technique proposal In reality, concrete footing directly connect with timer structure seems not logically, so that we need to resolve this connection issue. Therefore, we want to use galvanized steel instead of timber bottom plate. Material of sectioning remains plywood. Hence, reinforced concrete connects galvanized steel, and then galvanized steel structure connects with plywood. The combination of modern material and traditional material indicates a fuse between human and nature, it is also a transition from past to modern. It is lucky that sectioning can allow rain flow and daylight go through our project, because of this characteristic, we make project interact with the local climate character. Therefore, our half closing structure is under the concept of life is under natural condition. Plywood is not a kind of expensive material, we guess out project will be lower budget and maintain fee. As we want to make drivers to have significant definition when they driving to our project, deep memory could leave to motorists so that as they talk about Wyndham, they will remember our project immediately. On another hand, we hope that drivers could love this 5 seconds journey by the motional curves. However, our structure is so boring at now, this point has to be admitted. We cannot confirm its wind resistance and earthquake resistance. A lot of work need to do in next 3 weeks that trying to solve some interesting outcomes and specific technique proposal.
Expression of concept in Grasshopper style Past
Wyndham City Contemporary
Rapid development Rising city
Need its own Landmark
Sculpture Motional, activity, dynamic
DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.8. Learning Objectives and Oucomes From mid semester presentation feedback, we found that our group is not on right rack. Our group put more concentration about seeking metaphor for our project. We always asking us what can we do with light. However, we did not ask us why we have to do something with light and what is Wyndham city really needed. The project is to create something specific for Wyndham city, we always try to pursuit something full of metaphor, so that people cannot understand or get some impacts. In previous weeks, our group did not achieve to the point which we need to achieve, it seems like we were turning around and around it. That’s why our matrix is not relevant to our model. These drawbacks belong to critical think. Our group also lack explore on grasshopper definition. This is so worse, because of our limited knowledge, we cannot got a lot of unexpected outcomes. In next 3 weeks, we will put more focus on these two parts. From feedback, I think we really need to create something which Wyndham city people will be proud of. A silly idea was criticize which we use cave as our one of original concept. Now, we have rethought our intention and model. We will use contrast and definition as our intention. As mentioned in part B.1. we find that Wyndham city is in plain, just seems like planar surface. Therefore we want to create something which is more “3D”, if the profile of regular order sectioning is 2D planar, we will develop some changes of curve on X, Y and Z axis. Aim is to make a contrast with geometry of Wyndham city. On another hand, we will make our project be dark inside at daytime. It is also a definition, we try to push drivers from bright world into a dark “tunnel”. In evening, tunnel will be bright when car’s lamp hit to our sectioning which could create reflection of lights inside. To be honest, I still be poor at create, manipulate and design using parametric modelling. So, in this semester, I just catch up, catch up and catch up.
Expression of agenda in Grasshopper style
Of the track
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DESIGN STUDIO_AIR B.8. Learning Objectives and Oucomes
This is our new model, we have made a totally upgrade from our previous model. It is more dynamic, more activity. It is twisting, overlap, isolated, ups and down, inside and outside. Different time shows different shadows of lights. A very sparkling form which try to engage driversâ€™ attention, of course, premise is it will not influence safety of driving.
Expression of agenda in Grasshopper style Intention
Digital tests In rush
Last week in theree days